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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System V100R003C03 Commissioning Guide (U2000) Issue 01 Date 2011-10-30 HUAWEI

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System

V100R003C03

Commissioning Guide (U2000)

Issue

01

Date

2011-10-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

System V100R003C03 Commissioning Guide (U2000) Issue 01 Date 2011-10-30 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2011. All rights reserved.

No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice

The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Address:

Huawei Industrial Base Bantian, Longgang Shenzhen 518129 People's Republic of China

Website:

Email:

support@huawei.com

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

About This Document

About This Document

Related Versions

The following table lists the product versions related to this document.

Product Name

Version

OptiX RTN 950

V100R003C03

iManager U2000

V100R006C00

Intended Audience

This document describes how to commission the OptiX RTN 950, including preparations before commissioning, site commissioning, and system commissioning.

The intended audience of this document are:

Installation and commissioning engineers

Symbol Conventions

The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Symbol

Description

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided, will result

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided,

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

About This Document

Symbol

Description

Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time.

Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time.

Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

General Conventions

The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention

Description

Times New Roman

Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman.

Boldface

Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root.

Italic

Book titles are in italics.

Courier New

Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New.

Command Conventions

The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention

Description

Boldface

 

The keywords of a command line are in boldface.

Italic

 

Command arguments are in italics.

[

]

Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional.

{

x | y |

}

Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected.

[

x | y |

]

Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.

{

x | y |

} *

Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all items can be selected.

[

x | y |

] *

Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

About This Document

GUI Conventions

The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention

Description

Boldface

Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles are in boldface. For example, click OK.

>

Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Change History

Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all updates made in previous issues.

Updates in Issue 01 (2011-10-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C03

This document is the first release of the V100R003C03 version.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

Contents

Contents

About This Document

ii

1 Safety Precautions

1

1.1 General Safety Precautions

2

1.2 Warning and Safety Symbols

3

1.3 Electrical Safety

4

1.4 Environment of Flammable Gas

7

1.5 Storage Batteries

7

1.6 Radiation

9

1.6.1 Safe Usage of Optical Fibers

9

1.6.2 Electromagnetic Exposure

11

1.6.3 Forbidden Areas

11

1.6.4 Laser

11

1.6.5 Microwave

12

1.7 Working at Heights

13

1.7.1 Hoisting Heavy Objects

13

1.7.2 Using Ladders

14

1.8 Mechanical Safety

16

1.9 Other Precautions

17

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

19

2.1 Operation Guide for the Toggle Lever Switch

20

2.2 Operation Guide for the IF Jumper

22

2.3 Operation Guide for the IF Cable

23

2.4 Operation Guide for the IF Board

24

3 Commissioning Preparations

26

3.1 Commissioning Process

27

3.1.1 Site Commissioning Process

27

3.1.2 System Commissioning Process

29

3.2 Determining the Commissioning Method

30

3.3 Preparing Documents and Tools

31

3.4 Checking Commissioning Conditions

33

3.4.1 Site Commissioning

33

3.4.2 System Commissioning

33

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

Contents

4 Site Commissioning

34

4.1 Powering On the Equipment

35

4.2 Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Web LCT

37

4.2.1 Connecting the Web LCT to the IDU

46

4.2.2 Creating NEs by Using the Search Method

48

4.2.3 Logging In to an NE

51

4.2.4 Changing the NE ID

52

4.2.5 Changing the NE Name

53

4.2.6 Setting NE Communication Parameters

54

4.2.7 Configuring Logical Boards

55

4.2.8 Creating an IF 1+1 Protection Group

56

4.2.9 Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link

58

4.2.10 Creating an XPIC Workgroup

59

4.2.11 Setting the Hybrid/AM Attributes of the XPIC Workgroup

60

4.2.12 Synchronizing NE Time

61

4.2.13 Configuring the Orderwire

62

4.2.14 Checking Alarms

63

4.3 Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Handheld Tool

64

4.3.1 Connecting the Handheld Tool to the IDU

64

4.3.2 Setting NE Attributes

66

4.3.3 Configuring a Radio Link

68

4.3.4 Checking Alarms

72

4.4 Testing Connectivity of Cables

73

4.4.1 Testing Connectivity of E1 Cables by Using the Web LCT

73

4.4.2 Testing Connectivity of E1 Cables by Using the Handheld Tool

74

4.4.3 Testing Connectivity of Network Cables

76

4.4.4 Checking Fiber Jumper Connection

77

4.5 Aligning the Antennas

79

4.5.1 Main Lobe and Side Lobes

79

4.5.2 Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas

82

4.5.3 Aligning Dual-Polarized Antennas

85

4.6 Checking the Status of Radio Links

88

4.7 Querying the DCN Status

89

5 System Commissioning

90

5.1

Configuring Networkwide Service Data

92

5.1.1 Creating NEs by Using the Search Method

92

5.1.2 Changing the NE ID

94

5.1.3 Changing the NE Name

95

5.1.4 Setting NE Communication Parameters

95

5.1.5 Configuring the Logical Board

96

5.1.6 Creating an IF 1+1 Protection Group

97

5.1.7 Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link

99

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

Contents

5.1.8 Configuring ATPC Attributes

101

5.1.9 Synchronizing the NE Time

102

5.1.10 Creating the Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services

105

5.1.11 Configuring the Clock Sources

106

5.1.12 Configuring Orderwire

107

5.2 Testing E1 Services

108

5.2.1 Testing E1 Services by Using a BER Tester

108

5.2.2 Testing E1 Services Using PRBS

110

5.3 Testing Ethernet Services

111

5.4 Testing ATM Services

115

5.5 Testing AM Switching

118

5.5.1 Testing AM Switching by Using a BER Tester

118

5.5.2 Testing AM Switching Without a BER Tester

120

5.6 Testing Protection Switching

122

5.6.1 Testing IF 1+1 Switching

122

5.6.2 Testing N+1 Protection Switching

125

5.6.3 Testing SNCP Switching

128

5.6.4 Testing ERPS Switching

132

5.6.5 Testing MPLS APS Protection Switching

133

5.6.6 Testing Linear MSP Switching

136

5.7 Checking the Clock Status

140

5.8 Testing the FM over a Radio Link

140

5.9 Testing 24-Hour BER

144

6 Introduction to the Handheld Tool

147

6.1 Functions and Features

148

6.2 Operation Interface

148

7 Configuration Example of Service Data

150

7.1 Networking Diagram

151

7.2 Board Configurations

151

7.3 Service Planning

152

7.4 Configuration Process

154

A Parameters Description

158

A.1 Parameter Description: NE Searching

160

A.2 Parameter Description: Login to an NE

164

A.3 Parameter Description: NE Attribute_NE ID Change

164

A.4 Parameter Description: Attribute_Changing NE IDs

165

A.5 Parameter Description: NE Communication Parameter Setting

166

A.6 Parameter Description: Link Configuration_XPIC Workgroup_Creation

168

A.7 Parameter Description: Link Configuration_XPIC

173

A.8 Parameter Description: Link Configuration_IF 1+1 Protection

180

A.9 Parameter Description: IF 1+1 Protection_Create

183

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

Contents

A.10 Parameter: Link Configuration_IF/ODU Configuration

186

A.11 Parameter Description: IF Interface_ATPC Attribute

196

A.12 Parameter Description: NE Time Synchronization

198

A.13 Parameter Description: SDH Service Configuration_Creation

201

A.14 Parameter Description: Clock Source Priority Table

204

A.15 Parameter Description: Orderwire_General

205

A.16 Parameter Description: Orderwire_Advanced

207

B Glossary

209

B.1 0-9

210

B.2 A-E

210

B.3 F-J

219

B.4 K-O

224

B.5 P-T

230

B.6 U-Z

239

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

1 Safety Precautions

About This Chapter

This topic describes the safety precautions that you must follow when installing, operating, and maintaining Huawei devices.

1.1 General Safety Precautions

This topic describes essential safety precautions that instruct you in the selection of measuring and testing instruments when you install, operate, and maintain Huawei devices.

1.2 Warning and Safety Symbols

Before using the equipment, note the following warning and safety symbols on the equipment.

1.3 Electrical Safety

This topic describes safety precautions for high voltage, lightning strikes, high leakage current, power cables, fuses, and ESD.

1.4 Environment of Flammable Gas

This topic describes safety precautions for the operating environment of a device.

1.5 Storage Batteries

This topic describes safety precautions for operations of storage batteries.

1.6 Radiation

This topic describes safety precautions for electromagnetic exposure and lasers.

1.7 Working at Heights

This topic describes safety precautions for working at heights.

1.8 Mechanical Safety

This topic describes safety precautions for drilling holes, handling sharp objects, operating fans, and carrying heavy objects.

1.9 Other Precautions

This topic describes safety precautions for removing and inserting boards, binding signal cables, and routing cables.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

1.1 General Safety Precautions

This topic describes essential safety precautions that instruct you in the selection of measuring and testing instruments when you install, operate, and maintain Huawei devices.

All Safety Precautions

To ensure the safety of humans and a device, follow the marks on the device and all the safety precautions in this document when installing, operating, and maintaining a device.

The "CAUTION", "WARNING", and "DANGER" marks in this document do not cover all the safety precautions that must be followed. They are supplements to the safety precautions.

Local Laws and Regulations

When operating a device, always comply with the local laws and regulations. The safety precautions provided in the documents are in addition/supplementary to the local laws and regulations.

Basic Installation Requirements

The installation and maintenance personnel of Huawei devices must receive strict training and be familiar with the proper operation methods and safety precautions before any operation.

l

Only trained and qualified personnel are permitted to install, operate, and maintain a device.

l

Only certified professionals are permitted to remove the safety facilities, and to troubleshoot and maintain the device.

l

Only the personnel authenticated or authorized by Huawei are permitted to replace or change the device or parts of the device (including software).

l

The operating personnel must immediately report the faults or errors that may cause safety problems to the person in charge.

Grounding Requirements

The grounding requirements are applicable to the device that needs to be grounded.

 

l

When installing the device, always connect the grounding facilities first. When removing the device, always disconnect the grounding facilities last.

l

Ensure that the grounding conductor is intact.

l

Do not operate the device in the absence of a suitably installed grounding conductor.

l

The device must be connected to the PGND permanently. Before operating the device, check the electrical connections of the device, and ensure that the device is properly grounded.

Human Safety

 

l

When there is a risk of a lightning strike, do not operate the fixed terminal or touch the cables.

l

When there is risk of a lightning strike, unplug the AC power connector. Do not use the fixed terminal or touch the terminal or antenna connector.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

System Commissioning Guide (U2000) 1 Safety Precautions NOTE The preceding requirements apply to wireless fixed

NOTE

The preceding requirements apply to wireless fixed station terminals.

 

l

To avoid electric shocks, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network voltage (TNV) circuits.

l

Do not look into optical ports without eye protection. Otherwise, human eyes may be hurt by laser beams.

l

Before operating the device, wear an ESD protective coat, ESD gloves, and an ESD wrist strap. In addition, you need to get off the conductive objects, such as jewelry and watches, to prevent electric shock and burn.

l

In case of fire, escape from the building or site where the device is located and press the fire alarm bell or dial the telephone number for fire alarms. Do not enter the burning building again in any situation.

Device Safety

 

l

Before any operation, install the device firmly on the ground or other rigid objects, such as on a wall or in a rack.

l

When the system is working, ensure that the ventilation hole is not blocked.

l

When installing the front panel, use a tool to tighten the screws firmly, if required.

l

After installing the device, clean up the packing materials.

1.2 Warning and Safety Symbols

Before using the equipment, note the following warning and safety symbols on the equipment.

Table 1-1 lists the warning and safety symbols of the OptiX RTN 950 and their meanings.

Table 1-1 Warning and safety symbols of the OptiX RTN 950

Symbol

Indication

  This symbol is for ESD protection.
 

This symbol is for ESD protection.

A

notice with this symbol indicates that you should wear

an ES wrist strap or glove when you touch a board. Otherwise, you may cause damage to the board.

CLASS 1

This symbol is for the laser class.

LASER

A

notice with this symbol indicates the class of the laser.

PRODUCT

 
LASER RADIATION DO NOT VIEW DIRECTLY WITH OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS CLASS 1M LASER PRODUCT
LASER
RADIATION
DO NOT VIEW DIRECTLY
WITH OPTICAL
INSTRUMENTS
CLASS 1M LASER
PRODUCT

Avoid direct exposure to the laser beams. Otherwise, it may damage you eyes or skin.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Symbol Indication A notice with this symbol indicates where the subrack is grounded. A notice
Symbol
Indication
A
notice with this symbol indicates where the subrack is
grounded.
A
notice with this symbol indicates that the air filter should
ATTENTION 警告
be cleaned periodically.
CLEAN PERIODICALLY定期清洗
This symbol is for fan safety.
严禁在风扇高速旋转时接触叶片
DON'T TOUCH THE
FAN LEAVES BEFORE
THEY SLOW DOWN !
A
notice with this symbol indicates that the fan leaves
should not be touched when the fan is rotating.

1.3 Electrical Safety

This topic describes safety precautions for high voltage, lightning strikes, high leakage current, power cables, fuses, and ESD.

High Voltage

DANGERleakage current, power cables, fuses, and ESD. High Voltage l A high-voltage power supply provides power

l

A high-voltage power supply provides power for device operations. Direct human contact with the high voltage power supply or human contact through damp objects can be fatal.

l

Unspecified or unauthorized high voltage operations could result in fire or electric shock, or both.

Thunderstorm

The requirements apply only to wireless base stations or devices with antennas and feeders.

DANGERwireless base stations or devices with antennas and feeders. Do not perform operations on high voltage,

Do not perform operations on high voltage, AC power, towers, or backstays in stormy weather conditions.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

High Leakage Current

Guide (U2000) 1 Safety Precautions High Leakage Current WARNING Before powering on a device, ground the

WARNING

Before powering on a device, ground the device. Otherwise, the safety of humans and the device cannot be ensured.

If a high leakage current mark is labeled near the power connector of the device, you must connect the PGND terminal on the shell to the ground before connecting the device to an A/C input power supply. This is to prevent the electric shock caused by leakage current of the device.

Power Cables

DANGERshock caused by leakage current of the device. Power Cables Do not install or remove the

Do not install or remove the power cable with a live line. Transient contact between the core of the power cable and the conductor may generate electric arc or spark, which may cause fire or eye injury.

l

Before installing or removing power cables, you must power off the device.

l

Before connecting a power cable, you must ensure that the label on the power cable is correct.

Device with Power On

label on the power cable is correct. Device with Power On DANGER Installing or removing a

DANGER

Installing or removing a device is prohibited if the device is on.

or removing a device is prohibited if the device is on. DANGER Do not install or

DANGER

Do not install or remove the power cables of the equipment when it is powered on.

Short Circuits

When installing and maintaining devices, place and use the associated tools and instruments in accordance with regulations to avoid short-circuits caused by metal objects.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

System Commissioning Guide (U2000) 1 Safety Precautions CAUTION To avoid short-circuits when using a tool (such

CAUTION

To avoid short-circuits when using a tool (such as a screwdriver), do not place the tool on the ventilation plate of the subrack.

CAUTIONnot place the tool on the ventilation plate of the subrack. Prevent any screws from dropping

Prevent any screws from dropping into the subrack or chassis to avoid short-circuits.

Fuse

into the subrack or chassis to avoid short-circuits. Fuse WARNING If the fuse on a device

WARNING

If the fuse on a device blows, replace the fuse with a fuse of the same type and specifications to ensure safe operation of the device.

Electrostatic Discharge

ensure safe operation of the device. Electrostatic Discharge CAUTION The static electricity generated by the human

CAUTION

The static electricity generated by the human body may damage the electrostatic sensitive components on the board, such as the large-scale integrated circuit (LSI).

l

The human body can generate static electromagnetic fields in the following situations:

physical movement, clothing friction, friction between shoes and the ground, plastics in the hand. Such static electromagnetic effects can remain for an appreciable time.

l

Before operating a device, circuit boards, or ASICs, wear an ESD wrist strap that is properly grounded. The ESD wrist strap can prevent the electrostatic-sensitive components from being damaged by the static electricity in the human body.

Figure 1-1 shows the method of wearing an ESD wrist strap.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Figure 1-1 Wearing an ESD wrist strap

1 Safety Precautions Figure 1-1 Wearing an ESD wrist strap 1.4 Environment of Flammable Gas This

1.4 Environment of Flammable Gas

This topic describes safety precautions for the operating environment of a device.

DANGERprecautions for the operating environment of a device. Do not place or operate devices in an

Do not place or operate devices in an environment of flammable or explosive air or gas.

Operating an electronic device in an environment of flammable gas causes a severe hazard.

1.5 Storage Batteries

This topic describes safety precautions for operations of storage batteries.

DANGERsafety precautions for operations of storage batteries. Before operating a storage battery, you must read the

Before operating a storage battery, you must read the safety precautions carefully and be familiar with the method of connecting a storage battery.

l

Incorrect operations of storage batteries cause hazards. During operation, prevent any short- circuit, and prevent the electrolyte from overflowing or leakage.

l

If the electrolyte overflows, it causes potential hazards to the device. The electrolyte may corrode metal parts and the circuit boards, and ultimately damage the circuit boards.

l

A storage battery contains a great deal of energy. Misoperations may cause a short-circuit, which leads to human injuries.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Basic Precautions

To ensure safety, note the following points before installing or maintaining the storage battery:

l

Use special insulation tools.

l

Wear an eye protector and take effective protection measures.

l

Wear rubber gloves and a protection coat to prevent the hazard caused by the overflowing electrolyte.

l

When handling the storage battery, ensure that its electrodes are upward. Leaning or reversing the storage battery is prohibited.

l

Before installing or maintaining the storage battery, ensure that the storage battery is disconnected from the power supply that charges the storage battery.

Short-Circuit

power supply that charges the storage battery. Short-Circuit DANGER A battery short-circuit may cause human injuries.

DANGER

A

battery short-circuit may cause human injuries. Although the voltage of an ordinary battery

is

low, the instantaneous high current caused by a short-circuit emits a great deal of energy.

Avoid any short-circuit of batteries caused by metal objects. If possible, disconnect the working battery before performing other operations.

Hazardous Gas

CAUTIONbattery before performing other operations. Hazardous Gas Do not use any unsealed lead-acid storage battery. Lay

Do not use any unsealed lead-acid storage battery. Lay a storage battery horizontally and fix it properly to prevent the battery from emitting flammable gas, which may cause fire or device erosion.

Working lead-acid storage batteries emit flammable gas. Therefore, ventilation and fireproofing measures must be taken at the sites where lead-acid storage batteries are placed.

Battery Temperature

lead-acid storage batteries are placed. Battery Temperature CAUTION If a battery overheats, the battery may be

CAUTION

If a battery overheats, the battery may be deformed or damaged, and the electrolyte may

overflow.

When the temperature of the battery is higher than 60°C, you need to check whether the electrolyte overflows. If the electrolyte overflows, take appropriate measures immediately.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Battery Leakage

Guide (U2000) 1 Safety Precautions Battery Leakage CAUTION In the event of acid overflow or spillage,

CAUTION

In the event of acid overflow or spillage, neutralize the acid and clean it up appropriately.

When handling a leaky battery, protect against the possible damage caused by the acid. When you find the electrolyte leaks, you can use the following substances to counteract and absorb the leaking electrolyte:

l

Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 )

l

Sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 )

In the event of acid overflow or spillage, neutralize the acid and clean it up as recommended by the battery manufacturer and any local regulations for acid disposal.

If a person contacts battery electrolyte, clean the skin that contacts the battery electrolyte immediately by using water. In case of a severe situation, the person must be sent to a hospital immediately.

1.6 Radiation

This topic describes safety precautions for electromagnetic exposure and lasers.

1.6.1 Safe Usage of Optical Fibers

The laser beam can cause damage to your eyes. Hence, you must exercise caution when using optical fibers.

DANGERHence, you must exercise caution when using optical fibers. When installing or maintaining an optical interface

When installing or maintaining an optical interface board or optical fibers, avoid direct eye exposure to the laser beams launched from the optical interface board or fiber connectors. The laser beam can cause damage to your eyes.

Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Optical Interfaces

your eyes. Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Optical Interfaces CAUTION If fiber connectors or flanges are contaminated,

CAUTION

If fiber connectors or flanges are contaminated, optical power commissioning is seriously affected. Therefore, the two endfaces and flange of every external fiber must be cleaned before the fiber is led into the equipment through the ODF for being inserted into an optical interface on the equipment.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

The fiber connectors and optical interfaces of the lasers must be cleaned with the following special cleaning tools and materials:

l

Special cleaning solvent: It is preferred to use isoamylol. Propyl alcohol, however, can also be used. It is prohibited that you use alcohol and formalin.

l

Non-woven lens tissue

l

Special compressed gas

l

Cotton stick (medical cotton or long fiber cotton)

l

Special cleaning roll, used with the recommended cleaning solvent

l

Special magnifier for fiber connectors

For cleaning steps, see Task Collection "Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Adapters" in the OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Maintenance and Troubleshooting.

Replacing Optical Fibers

When replacing an optical fiber, cover the fiber connector of the unused optical fiber with a protective cap.

Connecting Optical Fibers

l

Use an attenuator if the optical power is excessively high. A high received optical power damages the optical interface.

l

Directly connect an attenuator to a slanting optical interface. Install the attenuator on the IN port instead of the OUT port.

l

Do not directly connect an attenuator to the level optical interface. Use the optical distribution frame (ODF) to connect an attenuator to a level optical interface.

Figure 1-2 shows a slanting optical interface, and Figure 1-3 shows a level optical interface.

Figure 1-2 Slanting optical interface

Slanting optical interface
Slanting optical
interface

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Figure 1-3 Level optical interface

Level optical interface
Level optical
interface

1.6.2 Electromagnetic Exposure

This topic describes safety precautions for electromagnetic exposure.

If multiple transmit antennas are installed on a tower or backstay, keep away from the transmit directions of the antennas when you install or maintain an antenna locally.

antennas when you install or maintain an antenna locally. CAUTION Ensure that all personnel are beyond

CAUTION

Ensure that all personnel are beyond the transmit direction of a working antenna.

1.6.3 Forbidden Areas

The topic describes requirements for a forbidden area.

l

Before entering an area where the electromagnetic radiation is beyond the specified range, the associated personnel must shut down the electromagnetic radiator or stay at least 10 meters away from the electromagnetic radiator, if in the transmit direction.

l

A physical barrier and an eye-catching warning flag should be available in each forbidden area.

1.6.4 Laser

This topic describes safety precautions for lasers.

Laser This topic describes safety precautions for lasers. WARNING When handling optical fibers, do not stand

WARNING

When handling optical fibers, do not stand close to, or look into the optical fiber outlet directly without eye protection.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Laser transceivers are used in the optical transmission system and associated test tools. The laser transmitted through the bare optical fiber produces a small beam of light, and therefore it has very high power density and is invisible to human eyes. When a beam of light enters eyes, the eyes may be damaged.

In normal cases, viewing an un-terminated optical fiber or a damaged optical fiber without eye protection at a distance greater than 150 mm does not cause eye injury. Eye injury may occur, however, if an optical tool such as a microscope, magnifying glass, or eye loupe is used to view an un-terminated optical fiber.

Safety Instructions Regarding Lasers

To avoid laser radiation, obey the following instructions:

l

All operations should be performed by authorized personnel who have completed the required training courses.

l

Wear a pair of eye-protective glasses when you are handling lasers or fibers.

l

Ensure that the optical source is switched off before disconnecting optical fiber connectors.

l

Do not look into the end of an exposed fiber or an open connector when you are not sure whether the optical source is switched off.

l

Use an optical power meter to measure the optical power and ensure that the optical source is switched off.

l

Before opening the front door of an optical transmission device, ensure that you are not exposed to laser radiation.

l

Do not use an optical tool such as a microscope, a magnifying glass, or an eye loupe to view the optical connector or fiber that is transmitting optical signals.

Instructions Regarding Fiber Handling

Read and abide by the following instructions before handling fibers:

l

Only trained personnel are permitted to cut and splice fibers.

l

Before cutting or splicing a fiber, ensure that the fiber is disconnected from the optical source. After disconnecting the fiber, cap to the fiber connectors.

1.6.5 Microwave

When installing and maintaining the equipment of Huawei, follow the safety precautions of microwave to ensure the safety of the human body and the equipment.

to ensure the safety of the human body and the equipment. WARNING Strong radio frequency can

WARNING

Strong radio frequency can harm the human body.

When installing or maintaining an aerial on the tower or mast that is installed with multiple aerials, switch off the transmitter in advance.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

1.7 Working at Heights

This topic describes safety precautions for working at heights.

WARNINGtopic describes safety precautions for working at heights. When working at heights, be cautious to prevent

When working at heights, be cautious to prevent objects from falling down.

The requirements for working at heights are as follows:

l

The personnel who work at heights must be trained.

l

Carry and handle the operating machines and tools with caution to prevent them from falling down.

l

Safety measures, such as wearing a helmet and a safety belt, must be taken.

l

Wear cold-proof clothes when working at heights in cold areas.

l

Check all lifting appliances thoroughly before starting the work, and ensure that they are intact.

1.7.1 Hoisting Heavy Objects

This topic describes the safety precautions for hoisting heavy objects that you must follow when installing, operating, and maintaining Huawei devices.

WARNINGwhen installing, operating, and maintaining Huawei devices. When heavy objects are being hoisted, do not walk

When heavy objects are being hoisted, do not walk below the cantilever or hoisted objects.

l

Only trained and qualified personnel can perform hoisting operations.

l

Before hoisting heavy objects, check that the hoisting tools are complete and in good condition.

l

Before hoisting heavy objects, ensure that the hoisting tools are fixed to a secure object or wall with good weight-bearing capacity.

l

Issue orders with short and explicit words to ensure correct operations.

l

Ensure that the angle between the two cables is less than or equal to 90 degrees during the lifting, as shown in Figure 1-4.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Figure 1-4 Hoisting heavy objects

1 Safety Precautions Figure 1-4 Hoisting heavy objects 1.7.2 Using Ladders This topic describes safety precautions

1.7.2 Using Ladders

This topic describes safety precautions for using ladders.

Checking Ladders

l

Before using a ladder, check whether the ladder is damaged. After checking that the ladder is in good condition, you can use the ladder.

l

Before using a ladder, you should know the maximum weight capacity of the ladder. Avoid overweighing the ladder.

Placing Ladders

The proper slant angle of the ladder is 75 degrees. You can measure the slant angle of the ladder with an angle square or your arms, as shown in Figure 1-5. When using a ladder, to prevent the ladder from sliding, ensure that the wider feet of the ladder are downward, or take protection measures for the ladder feet. Ensure that the ladder is placed securely.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

Figure 1-5 Slanting a ladder

(U2000) 1 Safety Precautions Figure 1-5 Slanting a ladder Climbing Up a Ladder When climbing up

Climbing Up a Ladder

When climbing up a ladder, pay attention to the following points:

l

Ensure that the center of gravity of your body does not deviate from the edges of the two long sides.

l

Before operations, ensure that your body is stable to reduce risks.

l

Do not climb higher than the fourth rung of the ladder (counted from up to down).

If you want to climb up a roof, ensure that the ladder top is at least one meter higher than the roof, as shown in Figure 1-6.

Figure 1-6 Ladder top being one meter higher than the roof

Figure 1-6 Ladder top being one meter higher than the roof Issue 01 (2011-10-30) Huawei Proprietary

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

1.8 Mechanical Safety

This topic describes safety precautions for drilling holes, handling sharp objects, operating fans, and carrying heavy objects.

Drilling Holes

WARNINGoperating fans, and carrying heavy objects. Drilling Holes Do not drill holes on the cabinet without

Do not drill holes on the cabinet without prior permission. Drilling holes without complying with the requirements affects the electromagnetic shielding performance of the cabinet and damages the cables inside the cabinet. In addition, if the scraps caused by drilling enter the cabinet, the printed circuit boards (PCBs) may be short-circuited.

l

Before drilling a hole on the cabinet, remove the cables inside the cabinet.

l

Wear an eye protector when drilling holes. This is to prevent eyes from being injured by the splashing metal scraps.

l

Wear protection gloves when drilling holes.

l

Take measures to prevent the metallic scraps from falling into the cabinet. After the drilling, clean up the metallic scraps.

Sharp Objects

Fans

WARNINGdrilling, clean up the metallic scraps. Sharp Objects Fans Wear protection gloves when carrying the device.

Wear protection gloves when carrying the device. This is to prevent hands from being injured by the sharp edges of the device.

l

When replacing parts, place the objects such as the parts, screws, and tools properly. This is to prevent them from falling into the operating fans, which damages the fans or device.

l

When replacing the parts near fans, keep your fingers or boards from touching operating fans before the fans are powered off and stop running. Otherwise, the hands or the boards are damaged.

Carrying Heavy Objects

Wear protection gloves when carrying heavy objects. This is to prevent hands from being hurt.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

System Commissioning Guide (U2000) 1 Safety Precautions WARNING l The carrier must be prepared for load

WARNING

l

The carrier must be prepared for load bearing before carrying heavy objects. This is to prevent the carrier from being strained or pressed by the heavy objects.

l

When you pull a chassis out of the cabinet, pay attention to the unstable or heavy objects on the cabinet. This is to prevent the heavy objects on the cabinet top from falling down, which may hurt you.

l

Generally, two persons are needed to carry a chassis. It is prohibited that only one person carries a heavy chassis. When carrying a chassis, the carriers should stretch their backs and move stably to avoid being strained.

l

When moving or lifting a chassis, hold the handles or bottom of the chassis. Do not hold the handles of the modules installed in the chassis, such as the power modules, fan modules, and boards.

1.9 Other Precautions

This topic describes safety precautions for removing and inserting boards, binding signal cables, and routing cables.

Removing and Inserting a Board

CAUTIONcables, and routing cables. Removing and Inserting a Board When inserting a board, wear an ESD

When inserting a board, wear an ESD wrist strap or ESD gloves, and handle the board gently to avoid distorting pins on the backplane.

l

Slide the board along the guide rails.

l

Do not contact one board with another to avoid short-circuits or damage.

l

When holding a board in hand, do not touch the board circuits, components, connectors, or connection slots of the board to prevent damage caused by ESD of the human body to the electrostatic-sensitive components.

Binding Signal Cables

electrostatic-sensitive components. Binding Signal Cables CAUTION Bind the signal cables separately from the

CAUTION

Bind the signal cables separately from the high-current or high-voltage cables.

Routing Cables

In the case of extremely low temperature, heavy shock or vibration may damage the plastic skin of the cables. To ensure the construction safety, comply with the following requirements:

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

1 Safety Precautions

l

When installing cables, ensure that the environment temperature is above 0°C.

l

If the cables are stored in a place where the ambient temperature is below 0°C, transfer them to a place at room temperature and store the cables for more than 24 hours before installation.

l

Handle the cables gently, especially in a low-temperature environment. Do not perform any improper operations, for example, pushing the cables down directly from a truck.

High Temperature

the cables down directly from a truck. High Temperature WARNING If the ambient temperature exceeds 55°C,

WARNING

If the ambient temperature exceeds 55°C, the temperature of the front panel surface marked the

flag may exceed 70°C. When touching the front panel of the board in such an environment, you must wear the protection gloves.55°C, the temperature of the front panel surface marked the IF Cables WARNING Before installing or

IF Cables

environment, you must wear the protection gloves. IF Cables WARNING Before installing or removing an IF

WARNING

Before installing or removing an IF cable, you must turn off the power switch of the IF board.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

About This Chapter

This chapter provides notices for the operations that may cause bodily injury or equipment damage if they are not performed properly during the commissioning and maintenance of microwave equipment.

2.1 Operation Guide for the Toggle Lever Switch

The ODU-PWR switch on the IF board is a toggle lever switch which must be turned on and off

as per the following instructions to avoid damaging the IF board.

2.2 Operation Guide for the IF Jumper

Before removing or installing an IF jumper, turn off the ODU-PWR switch to avoid bodily injury or damage to the IF board and ODU.

2.3 Operation Guide for the IF Cable

Before removing or installing an IF cable, turn off the ODU-PWR switch to avoid bodily injury or damage to the IF board and ODU.

2.4 Operation Guide for the IF Board

Before removing or installing an IF board, turn off the ODU-PWR switch to avoid bodily injury or damage to the IF board and ODU.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

2.1 Operation Guide for the Toggle Lever Switch

The ODU-PWR switch on the IF board is a toggle lever switch which must be turned on and off as per the following instructions to avoid damaging the IF board.

Position and Description of the Toggle Lever Switch

The toggle lever switch is located on the IF board and controls the power that is fed to the ODU, as shown in Figure 2-1.

Figure 2-1 Toggle lever switch O: OFF I : ON
Figure 2-1 Toggle lever switch
O: OFF
I : ON

Turning On the Toggle Lever Switch

1. Gently pull on the toggle lever switch out.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

Guide (U2000) 2 Notices for High-Risk Operations 2. Turn it to the left. 3. Release the

2. Turn it to the left.

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations 2. Turn it to the left. 3. Release the toggle lever

3. Release the toggle lever switch.

2. Turn it to the left. 3. Release the toggle lever switch. Turning Off the Toggle

Turning Off the Toggle Lever Switch

1. Gently pull on the toggle lever switch.

Lever Switch 1. Gently pull on the toggle lever switch. Issue 01 (2011-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

2. Turn it to the right.

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations 2. Turn it to the right. 3. Release the toggle lever

3. Release the toggle lever switch.

2. Turn it to the right. 3. Release the toggle lever switch. 2.2 Operation Guide for

2.2 Operation Guide for the IF Jumper

Before removing or installing an IF jumper, turn off the ODU-PWR switch to avoid bodily injury or damage to the IF board and ODU.

Procedure

Step 1

Turn off the ODU-PWR switch on the IF board. For details, see 2.1 Operation Guide for the Toggle Lever Switch.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

1 2 DANGER
1
2
DANGER

Ensure that the ODU is completely powered off before removing or installing the IF jumper.

Step 2

Remove or install the IF jumper.

----End

2.3 Operation Guide for the IF Cable

Before removing or installing an IF cable, turn off the ODU-PWR switch to avoid bodily injury or damage to the IF board and ODU.

Procedure

Step 1

Turn off the ODU power switch on the IF board. For details, see 2.1 Operation Guide for the Toggle Lever Switch.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

2 1 DANGER
2
1
DANGER

Ensure that the ODU is completely powered off before removing or installing the IF cable.

Step 2

Install or remove the IF cable.

----End

2.4 Operation Guide for the IF Board

Before removing or installing an IF board, turn off the ODU-PWR switch to avoid bodily injury or damage to the IF board and ODU.

Procedure

Step 1

Turn off the ODU-PWR switch on the IF board. For details, see 2.1 Operation Guide for the Toggle Lever Switch.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

2 Notices for High-Risk Operations

1 2 3 3 DANGER Ensure that the ODU is completely powered off before removing
1
2
3
3
DANGER
Ensure that the ODU is completely powered off before removing or installing the IF board.
Step 2
Step 3
Disconnect the IF jumper or IF cable.
Remove or install the IF board.

----End

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

3 Commissioning Preparations

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the preparations that need to be made prior to commissioning equipment.

3.1 Commissioning Process

Based on the objects to be commissioned, the process can be divided into two stages: site commissioning and system commissioning.

3.2 Determining the Commissioning Method

By using the U2000 for commissioning, engineers can adopt the network commissioning method.

3.3 Preparing Documents and Tools

This section lists the document and tools that should be prepared prior to commissioning the equipment.

3.4 Checking Commissioning Conditions

Ensure that the equipment meets the commissioning requirements for the site or system prior to performing such tasks. The following sections provide a non-exhaustive checklist for both scenarios.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

3.1 Commissioning Process

Based on the objects to be commissioned, the process can be divided into two stages: site commissioning and system commissioning.

3.1.1 Site Commissioning Process

Site commissioning refers to commissioning that is performed on a hop and sites at both ends of a radio link. Site commissioning ensures that the sites and the radio link between the sites work properly, and is also performed in preparation of system commissioning.

You can use the following methods to configure site commissioning data for the OptiX RTN 950 on site:

l Web LCT l Handheld tool NOTE
l
Web LCT
l
Handheld tool
NOTE

You can commission only basic items by using the handheld tool.

Site Commissioning Items (Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Web LCT)

Commissioning engineers can configure site commissioning data by using the Web LCT on site when they are:

l

Familiar with how to configure radio link data on the OptiX RTN 950.

l

Aware of the radio link data plan for the site.

l

Equipped with a laptop on which the Web LCT is installed.

Table 3-1 Configuring site commissioning data by using the Web LCT

Commissioning Item

Remarks

Powering On the Equipment

Required

Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Web LCT

Connecting the Web LCT

Required

Creating NEs by Using the Search Method

Required

 

Log in to an NE

Required

Changing the NE ID

Required

Changing the Name of an NE

Optional

Setting the Communication Parameters of an NE

Required

Configuring Logical Boards

Required

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

Commissioning Item

Remarks

 

Configuring IF 1+1 protection

Optional

Configuring IF/ODU Information for a Radio Link

Required

Synchronizing NE Time

Required

Configuring Orderwire

Optional

Checking Alarms

Required

Testing Connectivity of Cables

Testing Connectivity of E1 Cables (by Using the Web LCT)

Required when E1 cables are used on the site

Testing Connectivity of Network Cables

Required when network cables are used on the site

Testing Connectivity of Optical Fibers

Required when optical fibers are used on the site

Aligning Antennas a

Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas

Required when microwave services are transmitted by single-polarized antennas

Aligning Dual-Polarized Antennas

Required when microwave services are transmitted by dual-polarized antennas

Querying the Status of Radio Links

Required

Querying the DCN Status

Required

Links Required Querying the DCN Status Required NOTE a: Before aligning antennas, power on the equipment

NOTE

a: Before aligning antennas, power on the equipment and configure site commissioning data on both ends of the radio link.

Site Commissioning Items (Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Handheld Tool)

Commissioning engineers can configure site commissioning data by using the handheld tool on site when they are:

l

Familiar with how to configure radio link data on the OptiX RTN 950.

l

Aware of the radio link data plan for the site.

l

Equipped with the handheld tool.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

Table 3-2 Configuring site commissioning data by using the handheld tool

Commissioning Item

Remarks

Powering On the Equipment

Required

Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Handheld Tool

Connecting the Handheld Tool to the IDU

Required

Setting NE Attributes

Required

 

Configuring a Radio Link

Required

Checking Alarms

Required

Testing Connectivity of Cables

Testing Connectivity of E1 Cables by Using the Handheld Tool

Required when E1 cables are used on the site

Testing Connectivity of Network Cables

Required when network cables are used on the site

Testing Connectivity of Optical Fibers

Required when optical fibers are used on the site

Aligning the Antennas a

Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas

Required when microwave services are transmitted by single-polarized antennas

Aligning Dual-Polarized Antennas

Required when microwave services are transmitted by dual-polarized antennas

services are transmitted by dual-polarized antennas NOTE a: Before aligning antennas, power on the equipment and

NOTE

a: Before aligning antennas, power on the equipment and configure site commissioning data on both ends of the radio link.

3.1.2 System Commissioning Process

System commissioning refers to commissioning for the entire microwave transmission network. System commissioning ensures that various services are transmitted properly and protection functions are implemented over the microwave transmission network.

Table 3-3 System commissioning process

Commissioning Item

Remarks

Configuring Network-wide Service Data

Required

Testing E1 Services

Testing E1 Services by Using a BER Tester

Required when E1 service are available and a BER tester is available on site

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

Commissioning Item

 

Remarks

 

Testing E1 Services Through PRBS

Required when E1 services are available and no BER tester is available on site

Testing Ethernet Services

 

Required when Ethernet services are available

Testing ATM Services

 

Required when ATM services are available

Testing AM

Testing AM

Required when the AM function is enabled and a BER tester is available on site

Switching

Switching by Using

a

BER Tester

 

Testing AM

Required when the AM function is enabled and no BER tester is available on site

Switching Without

a

BER Tester

 

Testing Protection Switching

Testing IF 1+1

Required when the radio links are configured

Switching

with the 1+1 HSB/FD/SD

 

Testing N+1

Required when the N+1 protection is

Protection

configured

Switching

Testing SNCP

Required when the SNCP is configured

Switching

Testing ERPS

Required when ERPS is configured

Switching

Testing MPLS APS

Required when MPLS APS protection is

Protection

configured

Switching

Testing Linear MSP

Required when 1+1/1:N linear MSP is

Switching

configured

Checking the Clock Status

Required

Testing 24-Hour BER

 

Required when E1 services are available

3.2 Determining the Commissioning Method

By using the U2000 for commissioning, engineers can adopt the network commissioning method.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

NOTECommissioning Guide (U2000) 3 Commissioning Preparations In the following instructions for both types of

In the following instructions for both types of commissioning methods, site commissioning and system commissioning are defined as follows:

l

Site commissioning refers to commissioning that is performed on a hop and sites at both ends of the radio link by connecting the commissioning tool to the NE at a single site.

l

System commissioning refers to commissioning that is performed on all the NEs in the network by connecting the commissioning tool to a gateway NE where it configures the commissioning data for each site.

Single-hop Commissioning

The single-hop commissioning method is preferred for small-scale microwave transmission networks (for example, a network with only one or two radio link hops). By performing single- hop commissioning, you can complete all site and system commissioning items at a time. The major commissioning steps are as follows:

1. On both ends of a radio link, power on the NEs.

2. Use the Web LCT to configure all service data on the NEs.

3. Use the Web LCT to complete the site commissioning items.

4. Use the Web LCT to complete the system commissioning items.

NOTEUse the Web LCT to complete the system commissioning items. The Web LCT is used for

The Web LCT is used for single-hop commissioning, and therefore this document does not detail how to use the Web LCT. For details about how to use the Web LCT, see the commissioning guide in the documentation package of the Web LCT version.

Network Commissioning

The network commissioning method is usually used for large-scale microwave transmission networks. The major commissioning steps are as follows:

1. On both ends of a radio link, power on the NEs.

2. Configure site commissioning data by using the Web LCT or configure site commissioning data by using the handheld tool.

3. Use the U2000 to complete the site commissioning items at sites where services converge.

4. Use the U2000 to complete the system commissioning items at sites where services converge.

3.3 Preparing Documents and Tools

This section lists the document and tools that should be prepared prior to commissioning the equipment.

Documents

The following document should be available before commissioning the equipment:

l Engineering design documents, including:

Network plan

Engineering design

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

l Commissioning guides, including:

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Configuration Guide

Tools

Table 3-4 lists the tools required for the commissioning task.

Table 3-4 Tools and meters

Tool and Meter

Application Scenario

l

Adjustable wrench

Aligning antennas

l

Screwdriver

l

Telescope

l

Interphone

l

Hex key

l

Multimeter that has a test cable with a BNC connector at one end

l

North-stabilized indicator

Laptop on which the Web LCT is installed

l

Configuring site commissioning data by using the Web LCT

l

Testing connectivity of E1 cables

l

Querying the DCN status

Handheld tool

l

Configuring site commissioning data

l

Testing connectivity of E1 cables

BER tester

l

Testing connectivity of E1 cables

l

Testing E1 services

l

Testing AM switching

l

Testing IF 1+1 switching

l

Testing N+1 protection switching

l

Testing SNCP switching

l

Testing linear MSP switching

l

Testing 24-hour BER

Network cable tester

Testing connectivity of network cables

l

Optical power meter

Checking connectivity of optical fibers

l

Short fiber jumper

PC on which the U2000 is installed

Commissioning system items

E1 jumper

Testing 24-hour BER

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

3 Commissioning Preparations

Commissioning Guide (U2000) 3 Commissioning Preparations NOTE For details about the requirements and methods for

NOTE

For details about the requirements and methods for installing the Web LCT, see the iManager U2000 Web LCT User Guide.

3.4 Checking Commissioning Conditions

Ensure that the equipment meets the commissioning requirements for the site or system prior to performing such tasks. The following sections provide a non-exhaustive checklist for both scenarios.

3.4.1 Site Commissioning

Ensure that the equipment and weather meet the requirements for site commissioning.

Details about these requirements are as follows:

l

Hardware installation has been completed and has passed the installation check.

l

Power is available to the equipment.

l

The service signal cables that are connected to other equipment have been properly routed.

l

The appropriate risk control measures to arrest falling objects and ensure personnel safety are in place. Engineers are certified to commission the antennas.

l

There is no adverse weather (such as wind, rain, snow, or fog) that could hinder or impact the commissioning.

3.4.2 System Commissioning

Ensure that the equipment and weather meet the requirements for system commissioning.

Details about these requirements are as follows:

l

Site commissioning at both ends of a radio link has been completed.

l

There is no adverse weather (such as wind, rain, snow, or fog) that could hinder or impact the commissioning.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

4 Site Commissioning

About This Chapter

Site commissioning includes the specific commissioning processes for all site commissioning items.

4.1 Powering On the Equipment

By checking the power-on process of equipment, you can verify whether the hardware system of the equipment and the power system are functioning properly.

4.2 Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Web LCT

This topic describes how to configure site commissioning data when using the Web LCT to perform site commissioning.

4.3 Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Handheld Tool

This section describes how to configure site commissioning data by using the handheld tool.

4.4 Testing Connectivity of Cables

During the installation of the OptiX RTN 900, the cables may be connected to service interfaces incorrectly, or the hardware may malfunction. To ensure that the services run properly, test connectivity of the cables.

4.5 Aligning the Antennas

Aligning the antennas is the most important activity in HOP commissioning. The alignment has a direct effect on the performance of the radio links.

4.6 Checking the Status of Radio Links

After aligning the antennas, query the status of radio links and determine whether the radio links are in the normal state.

4.7 Querying the DCN Status

The NMS manages NEs through DCN channels. By querying the radio links using the Search For Opposite NE, you can determine whether the DCN of the radio links runs properly.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

4.1 Powering On the Equipment

By checking the power-on process of equipment, you can verify whether the hardware system of the equipment and the power system are functioning properly.

Prerequisite

l

Hardware installation has been completed and has passed the installation check.

l

The power system is available. The voltage, pole connection, and fuse current of the power system have been checked in the process of connecting power cables.

l

The power supply (for example, the power box of the cabinet) has been turned off.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials

None.

Context

 

l

For the OptiX RTN 950, the recommended fuse currents are listed in Table 4-1.

 

Table 4-1 Fuse currents

Chassis

Fuse Current

OptiX RTN 950

20 A

 

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the following system control, switching, and timing board:

 

Chassis

Board Type

OptiX RTN 950

CSH/CST

Precautions

Board Type OptiX RTN 950 CSH/CST Precautions CAUTION l If the equipment is configured with two

CAUTION

l

If the equipment is configured with two PIU boards, the nominal voltage for the input power of each PIU board must be the same.

l

The ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board is designed with a locking device. Hence, you must pull out the switches lightly before you turn it. If the switch points to "O", the switch is turned off. If the switch points to "I", the switch is turned on.

l

If the output voltage of the power supply does not meet test requirements, do not power on the cabinet. First, reconstruct the power supply and then test the output voltage again.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Procedure

Step 1

Verify that the power cables of the chassis are correctly connected. Then, power on the equipment and check the status of the indicators. In normal conditions, the PIU and FAN indicators are steady green, as shown in Figure 4-1. Table 4-2 provides the descriptions for the different states of the indicators.

Table 4-2 Status of indicators

 

Indicator

State

Description

PWR

Steady green

Indicates that the power supply is in the normal state.

Off

Indicates a power failure.

FAN

Steady green

Indicates that the fan is running properly.

Steady red

Indicates that the fan is faulty.

Off

Indicates that the fan is powered off.

Figure 4-1 Normal state

 

PIU indicator

FAN indicator

 
 

Step 2

Check the status of the indicators on the system control, switching, and timing board and ensure that the equipment is powered on. The board indicators should conform to the following states and sequences.

1. The PROG indicator should be green, off, blinking green, and off. The process lasts about 1 minute if service data is not configured.

lasts about 1 minute if service data is not configured. NOTE This process lasts longer if

NOTE

This process lasts longer if service data is configured.

2. The STAT and SYNC indicators should be green.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Figure 4-2 Normal state

STAT PROG SYNC ACTX ACTC
STAT
PROG
SYNC
ACTX
ACTC
NOTE

NOTE

l

For detailed meanings of the indicators, see the IDU hardware description.

l

For a board other than the system control, switching, and timing board on the IDU, the STAT indicator is on only after the corresponding logical board is added.

Step 3

Turn the ODU-PWR switch on the IF board to "I".

NOTE3 Turn the ODU-PWR switch on the IF board to "I". l The ODU indicator on

l

The ODU indicator on an IF board is green only after the logical board of the IF board connected to the ODU and the logical board of the ODU are created.

l

In the event of indicator abnormalities, contact Huawei technical support.

----End

4.2 Configuring Site Commissioning Data by Using the Web LCT

This topic describes how to configure site commissioning data when using the Web LCT to perform site commissioning.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Configuration Process

Figure 4-3 describes the process of configuring site commissioning data.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Figure 4-3 Configuration flowchart

Start

Connecting the Web LCT to the IDU

Creating NEs

Logging in to NEs

Changing NE IDs

Changing NE names

Setting NE communication parameters

Configuring logical boards

Synchronizing NE time

Procedure for configuring an radio link (XPIC enabled)

Procedure for configuring an radio link (XPIC disabled)

Procedure for configuring an radio link (XPIC disabled) Creating an XPIC group Setting the AM attributes
Procedure for configuring an radio link (XPIC disabled) Creating an XPIC group Setting the AM attributes
Procedure for configuring an radio link (XPIC disabled) Creating an XPIC group Setting the AM attributes

Creating an XPIC group

Setting the AM attributes of the XPIC hybrid radio link

Creating an IF 1+1 protection group

Configuring the IF/ODU information of a radio link

Creating an IF 1+1 protection group

Configuring the IF/ODU information of a radio link

Checking alarms

End

Checking alarms

End

Mandatoryof a radio link Checking alarms End Checking alarms End Optional Issue 01 (2011-10-30) Huawei Proprietary

Optionalradio link Checking alarms End Checking alarms End Mandatory Issue 01 (2011-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

System Commissioning Guide (U2000) 4 Site Commissioning NOTE In TDM microwave mode, the AM attributes do

NOTE

In TDM microwave mode, the AM attributes do not need to be configured for the links where the XPIC function is enabled.

Procedure for Configuring NE Data

Table 4-3 Procedure for configuring NE data

Step

Action

Description

1

Connecting the Web LCT to the IDU

Mandatory.

2

Creating NEs by Using the Search Method

Mandatory. It is recommended that you create an NE in IP Auto Discovery mode.

3

Logging In to an NE

Mandatory.

Enter correct values in User Name and Password. The default User Name is lct, and the default Password is password.

4

Changing the NE ID

Mandatory. Set parameters as follows:

l

Set ID according to the guideline specified in the DCN plan.

l

If a specific extended NE ID is required, change Extended ID.

5

Changing the NE Name

Optional.

6

Setting NE Communication Parameters

Mandatory if special requirements are imposed on the IP address of the NE. Set IP and Subnet Mask as required.

NOTE If the IP address of an NE is not changed manually, the IP address changes to 0x81000000 + NE ID.

7

Configuring Logical Boards

Mandatory.

8

Synchronizing NE Time

Mandatory. This operation synchronizes NE time with the time on the computer that runs the Web LCT.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Procedure for Configuring an Radio Link (XPIC Disabled)

Table 4-4 Procedure for configuring an Radio link (XPIC disabled)

Step

Action

Description

1

4.2.8

Mandatory when radio links are configured with 1+1 protection.

Creating an

IF 1+1

Set the parameters according to the network plan.

Protection

Group a

 

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Step

Action

Description

 

2

4.2.9

Mandatory.

 

Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link

l

In the case of the TDM microwave, set main parameters as follows:

Set Work Mode and Link ID according to the network plan.

 

Set TX Frequency(MHz), T/R Spacing(MHz), and TX Power(dBm) according to the network plan.

Set TX Status to Unmute.

Set Power to Be Received(dBm) to the received signal level specified in the network plan. The antenna misalignment indication function is enabled only after this parameter is set. When the antenna misalignment indication function is enabled, if the actual receive power of the ODU is 3 dB lower than the power expected to be received, the ODU indicator on the IF board connected to the ODU blinks yellow (300 ms on, 300 ms off), indicating that the antennas are not aligned. After the antennas are aligned for 30 consecutive minutes, the NE automatically disables the antenna misalignment indication function.

NOTE

 
 

l

After the site commissioning, however, you need to reset ATPC Enable Status according to site requirements.

l

For radio links configured with 1+1 HSB/SD, you need to configure the IF and ODU information on the main radio link only. For radio links configured with 1+1 FD, you need to configure the IF and ODU information on the main radio link and the ODU information on the standby radio link.

l

For TDM radio links configured with N+1 protection, you need to configure the IF and ODU information on each link. Work Mode must be configured as 7, STM-1, 28MHz,

 

128QAM.

l

For the Integrated IP radio, set main parameters as follows:

Set AM Enable Status and IF Channel Bandwidth according to the network plan.

Set AM Enable Status to Disabled. In addition, set Manually Specified Modulation Mode to Modulation Mode of the Guarantee AM Capacity according to the network plan.

Set Guarantee E1 Capacity and Link ID according to the network plan.

Set TX Frequency(MHz), T/R Spacing(MHz), and TX Power(dBm) according to the network plan.

Set TX Status to Unmute.

Set Power to Be Received(dBm) to the received signal level specified in the network plan. The antenna

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Step

Action

Description

     

misalignment indication function is enabled only after this parameter is set. When the antenna misalignment indication function is enabled, if the actual receive power of the ODU is 3 dB lower than the power expected to be received, the ODU indicator on the IF board connected to the ODU blinks yellow (300 ms on, 300 ms off), indicating that the antennas are not aligned. After the antennas are aligned for 30 consecutive minutes, the NE automatically disables the antenna misalignment indication function.

NOTE

l

After the site commissioning, however, you need to reset AM Enable Status and ATPC Enable Status according to site requirements.

l

For radio links configured with 1+1 HSB/SD, you need to configure the IF and ODU information on the main radio link only. For radio links configured with 1+1 FD, you need to configure the IF and ODU information on the main radio link and the ODU information on the standby radio link.

l

To configure Integrated IP radio links with N+1 protection, you need to configure the IF and ODU information on each link.

3

Checking

Mandatory.

Alarms

Procedure for Configuring an Radio Link (XPIC Enabled)

Table 4-5 Procedure for configuring an Radio link (XPIC enabled)

Step

Action

Description

1

4.2.10

Mandatory.

Creating an

Set the parameters according to the network plan.

XPIC

Workgroup

 

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Step

Action

Description

2

4.2.11

Mandatory. Set parameters as follows:

Setting the Hybrid/AM Attributes of the XPIC Workgroup

l

If the AM function is enabled for the XPIC link, set AM Enable Status to Disabled. In addition, set Manually Specified Modulation Mode to Modulation Mode of the Guarantee AM Capacity according to the network plan.

l

If the AM function is disabled, set AM Enable Status to Disabled. Set Manually Specified Modulation Mode to the modulation mode according to the network plan.

l

AM parameters must be the same in the horizontal and vertical polarization directions of the XPIC link.

NOTE In TDM microwave mode, the AM attributes do not need to be configured for the links where the XPIC function is enabled.

3

4.2.8

Mandatory when two XPIC workgroups need to form two 1 +1 protection groups.

Creating an

IF 1+1

Set the parameters according to the network plan.

Protection

Group

NOTE One XPIC workgroup cannot form a 1+1 protection group. The radio link in the horizontal/vertical polarization direction of the XPIC workgroup can form a 1+1 protection group with the radio link in the horizontal/vertical polarization direction of the other XPIC workgroup.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide (U2000)

4 Site Commissioning

Step

Action

Description

 

4

4.2.9

Mandatory. Configure the IF and ODU information in both horizontal and vertical polarization directions. Set parameters as follows:

l

Configuring the IF/ODU Information

of a Radio Link