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Hubris: arrogant pride (which invites misfortune) Hamartia: an injury committed in ignorance (when the person affected or

the results are not what the agent supposed they were). In tragedy, hamartia is often described as a hero's fatal flaw. Hamartia covers a broad spectrum that includes ignorant, mistaken, or accidental wrongdoing, as well as deliberate iniquity, error, or sin
Tragic Hero: main protagonist of a tragedy.

has one major flaw and the audience usually feels pity, sympathy, empathy, and compassion commits an action or makes a mistake which eventually leads to his or her defeat. must suffer more than he deserves. must be doomed from the start, but bear no responsibility for possessing his flaw. must be noble in nature, but imperfect so that the audience can see themselves in him. must have discovered his fate by his own actions, not by things happening to him. must see and understand his doom, as well as the fact that his fate was discovered by his own actions. Hero's story should arouse fear and empathy. must be physically or spiritually wounded by his experiences, often resulting in his death. should be a king or leader of men, so that his people experience his fall with him. must be intelligent so he may learn from his mistakes. usually has the following sequence of "Great, Good, Flaw, Recognition, Downfall." Tragedy: form of drama based on human suffering that invokes in its audience an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing Tragedy was intended to be a cathartic experience, allowing the audience to run the gamut of emotion and therefore purge themselves It was a higher form of theater than comedy, using more noble language than the base-level scatological and sexual jokes employed by comic playwrights. Pathos: Pathos represents an appeal to the audience's emotions. Pathos can be accomplished in a multitude of ways: by a metaphor or story telling, common as a hook, by a general passion in the delivery and an overall emotion and sympathies of the speech or writing as determined by the audience. The

pathos of a speech or writing is only ultimately determined by the hearers