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# 1.4.

## Perhitungan Tikungan Lingkaran Penuh

Lc L = circular length from point i l l th f i t TC to point CT (m) = R Ts = tangent Length from p g g point TC to point IP (m) = R tan( ) ( ) Es = offset distance from point IP to point CC (m) = R {sec( ) - 1} Contoh dan Latihan
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## Perhitungan Tikungan Spiral- Lingkaran- Spiral

The general equations of spiral curve from point TS to point SC are: = ---------2 R Ls x = l - ------------40 R2 Ls2 y = ---------6 R Ls Where: l = curve length measured from point TS to any point on the spiral curve (m) Ls = spiral curve length (m)
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l2

l5

l3

## Perhitungan Tikungan Spiral Penuh

The equations used to calculate the elements of the full spiral curve and the spiral-circlespiral curve are the p same, except that: c = 0 s = Ls = 2 s R Contoh dan Latihan
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## Kriteria Pemilihan Tipe Tikungan

ya tidak ya

tidak ya

tidak tid k

Latihan
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## Kriteria Desain Tikungan

Latihan
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## Diagram Superelevasi Sp-Lingkaran-Sp

Figure 4 18a : Superelevation diagram of a typical spiral circle spiral curve 4-18a spiral-circle-spiral
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## Figure 4 18b : Superelevation diagram of a typical full spiral curve 4-18b

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## Diagram Superelevasi Lingkaran Penuh

Figure 4 18c : Superelevation diagram of a typical full circle curve 4-18c Latihan
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Modul IV

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