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Science 2 (Perak's PMR Trial 2012)

Science 2 (Perak's PMR Trial 2012)

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55t2 Science Paper 2 Ogos 2012 I % hours

El,;d,3-rrrl-+h
YAYASAN PEKAK

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PERAK

KSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH NEGERI PERAK TAHUN zA12
PEPERI

SCIEI{CE
Paper 2 One Hour Thi4y Minutes

DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTIOI\ PAPER TJNTILYOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

1.

This question paper consists of two sections: Section A and Section B. Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper.
The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

Section

Question

Full
marks

Marks

2.
.
3.

1

6 6 6 6

A

2
3

4
5

4.

Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
The time suggested to complete Section A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes.
B

I

6
7
8

I
9
11

5.

6.

You may use a non-programmable scientific
calculator.

60

Total marks

'l

.

Hand in your entire answer sheet at the end of the examination.

This question paper consists of 17 printed pages and 3 unprinted pages.
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For
Exsminer
{Jse
b

Section

A

Bahagian A (40 marks) (40 markah) Answer all questions " Jawab semua soalan

l.

*. Diagram

fr.ajah

I

shows the cross section of a human eye. menur$ukkan herata:n rentas mata manusia.

I

(a) Name the parts X, Y and Z using the words given in the box below.
Nemakan bahagian-bahagian X, di dalam petak di bawah.
Y dan

Z dengan menggunakan perkataan

l,ens

Vimeous humor

Optic nerve

Karcts

Gelernsc&

saraf optik

I (a)
Diagram I Rajah I

(3 marks)

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(b)

3

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Draw lines to match each device with its function Lukis garisan untuk memadankan alat dengan fungsinya. Function

Device

Alat

Fungsi

To see distant object Untuk melihat objekjauh

To see very tiny object Untuk melihat objek seni

To enlarge image of an object Untuk membesarkan imej objek

I (b)
(3 marks)

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2.

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For
Examiner's
Use

Diagram 2.1 shows the observation when a wooden block and an iron block are each put into measuring cylinder filled with water. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan pemerhatian apabila satu bongkah kayu dan bongkah besi masing-masing dimasukkan ke dalam silinder penyukat yang berisi air.

water

wooden block bongkah lrayu

qff
.t

iron block bongkah besi
Diagram 2.1 Rajah 2.1
(a) Based on Diagram 2.7 state your observation Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1 nyatakan pemerhatian anda

Iron

block

:

Bongkah besi

2 (a)
Wooden block Bongkah kayu
:

(2 marks)
(b) Table 2 shows several liquids and their respective density. Rajah 2 menunjukkan beberapa cecair dan ketumpatannya.

Liquid Cecair

Water

Air

w

X

Y

Z

Density (g/cm3)
Ketumpatan

1.0

1.1

0.9

1.9

1.5

Table2lJqdual

2

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The liquids are then poured into a measuring cylinder. In Diagram 2.2 label W, X, Y and Z Cecair tersebut kemudiannya dituang ke dalam silinder penyuknt. Dalam Rajah 2.2 labelknn W, X, Y dan Z.

For
Examiner
Use
b

Diagran2.2
Raiah 2.2 (2 marks)

2 (a) (i)

(ii)

Based on the answer in 2(bxi), reilrange the liquids based on their densities in descending order.

Berdasarlcanjawapan di 2(b)(i), susun cecair mengihtt ketumpatannya dalam urutan menurun.

NNE[]E
Descending

Menurun

2 (a) (ii) (2 marks)

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3.

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For
Examiner
Use
b

Diagram 3.1 shows a habitat occupied by four types of organisms K, L, M and N. ntW 3.1 menunjuftlmn san habiiatyang didiami oleh empat jenis organisma K, L,
dan

M

N

KN MK
N

L
N

K

KK
N

Diagram 3.1 Raiah 3.1
(a) Based on Diagram 3.1 name the Berdasarkan raiah 3.1 namakan
:

(i) (ii)

Producers
Pengeluar Secondary consumer Pengguna sekunder
:

:

(2 marks)

(b)

(r)

Usrng the letters in Diagram 3.1 complete Diagram 3.2to shows a pyramid of number. Dengan menggunalan huraf-hurufdalam Rajah 3.1 lengkapkan Raiah untuk menuniukknn piramid nombor'

j.2

3 (b)

Diagram 3.2 Rajah 3.2

(2 marks)

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(c)

7 Construct a food chain using organisms K, L, M and N . Bina satu rantai makanan menggunakan organisma K, L, M dan N.

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n-+n
(d)

EN

For Examiner
(Ise

b

3 (c)
(1 mark)

Predict what will happen to other population if population of M decreases Romalkan apa akan berlaht terhadap populasi lain sekiranya populasi M

3 (d)

berhtrangan.

(l mark)
4.

Diagram 4 shows an experiment to determine the products of the combustion of charcoal. Raj ah 4 menunjukkan eluperimen untuk menentukan hasil pembakaran-arang.

gas Jat spoon sudu balang gas

aff udara

burning charcoal nyalaan arans

lime water

air kapur
Diagram 4

(aXi) State the changes that occur to:
Lime wat€r

Rajah 4

Nyatakon perubahan yang berlalu terhadap:

Air kapur
Temperature in the gas jar Suhu dalam balang gas
:

4 (a) (i)

\

(ii)

\

(2 marks)

Based on the experiment write a word equatibn for the reaction

Berdasarlran eksperimen uliskan percamaan perkataan bagi tindak balas ini.

heat and light energy tenaga haba dan cahaya (1 mark)

4 (a) (ii)

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(b)

For

If the charcoal

is replaced with kerosene:

'

Examiner's
Use

Jikn arang diganti dengan kerosin

(i)

State one other product produced:

4 (b)
(ii)

Nyatalran satu lagi bahan yang dihasillan

Mark

(

j

Tandalmn

) the indicator that can be used to test the product in (b)(i) fl ) penunjuk yang boleh digunakan unnk menguji hasil di (b)(i)
Anhydrous cobalt chloride paper Kertas kobalt klorida kontang
Bicarbonate indicator Penunjuk bikarbonat

4 (c)

(2 marks)
(c)
State one usage of kerosene in transportation. Nyatalran sotu kegUnaan kerosin dalam pengangkutan

(l
5.

mark)

Diagram 5.1 shows the electrical power transmission and distribution system. Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan sistem penghantaran dan pengagihan lansa eleHrik

Power station Stesen janakuosa

1lkv

Diagram 5.1

Rajah 5.1

s (a) (i)

(aXi) What is the function of transformer
Apakah fungsi transformer
Y?

Y?

(1 mark)

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(ir)

9

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What is the value of voltage produced by transformer Y Apakah nilai voltanyang dihasillcan oleh transformerY

For
Examiner
(Jse
b

(iii)
r+ *

5 (a) (ii)
Name the tYPe of transformer
Namakan i enis transformer
X:
o

t a.. ' t t t t ' "

o

"

t t l tt t o t " r t o t " t " t t t " t o t ' t t Il t ' " '

Zi

. r. a...r.

roa.........

r..a.......

a....

a..............

(2 marks)

(a) (iii)

Diagram 5.2 shows a type of transformer. Rajah 5.2 menuniukkan seienis transformer.

Diagram 5.2

Jadual 5.2
(b)

(i) Why is it called a step-up

transformer?

Kenapakah ia dipanggil trantfor*er iniak naik?

s (b) (i)

':""""""'--" (il)
Explain the effect of increasing the number of turns of wire at Q. Terangkan kesan menambahknn bilangan lilitan woyar di Q'

(l

mark)

' ""'
Urun'

'

ii *"z">

(c)

A charger of a handphone contains a step-down fiansformer. Explain its
importance. Alat pengecas telefon bimbit mengandttngi transformer injak
kepentingannYa

Terangkan

(2 markt)

E E E
s (c)
I I

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i

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For
Txaminer's
Use

10

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of blood cells. Diagram 6 shows two Rajah 6 menunjukknn dua ienis sel darah.

ffis

tu= F;f
X
Diagram 6

Rajah 6

6 (a) (i)

(aXi)

Name the blood cells. Namaknn sel-sel darah.

X: Y:
6 (a) (ii)

(2 marks)

(ii)

State the main function of:

Nyatakanfrngti utama:

X: Y:
tiiil
6 (a) (iii)
State

(2 marks)

two differences in structure between cell X and cell Y.
Y.

Nyataknn dua perbezaan struktur antara sel X dan sel

(2 marks)

(b) A victim of an accident needs
6

0)

(i)

blood transfusion. According to the doctor he can only receive blood from a donor with blood group O. Seorang mangsa lcemalangan memerlulran pemindahan darah. Menurut dohor

beliau hanya boleh menerima darah dari penderma htmpulan darah o.

(i)
6 (b) (ii)

What is his blood group? Apalwh latmpulan darah beliau?

(l
(ii)

mark)

Predict what will happen if he receive blood from a donor of blood group A? Romallran apa terjadi jika beliau menerima darah dari penderma httnpulan

darahA
(1 mark)

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Section B

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For
Examiner
Use
b

Bahagian B 20 marks 20 markah Answer all questions Jawab semua soalan

7.

iiAgtu* 7.1 below shows some wet clothes hung on a line under different conditions. Rajah 7.1 menunjuklmn beberapa helai pakaian basah dijemur di ampaian di bawah cuacayang berbeza.

ffssd##r? C

DiagramT.l Rajah 7.I

(aXi)

What inference can be made based on Diagram 7 .I. Apakah ,nftrens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan Raiah 7.1

7 (a) (i)

(1 mark)

(ii)

State the hypothesis for this activity.

Nyatakan hipotesis bagi aktiviti ini.

7 (a) (ir)

(l mark)

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l2
(b)

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For
aminer's
(Jse

An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of temperature on the rate of rnupo*tion. I cm3 of water was placed on two of pieces 9{anhVdrous cobalt chloride paper A and B. A and B were put far apart and a lighted table lamp was placid closed to A. The results was shown nDiagram7.2.
terhadap kadar Satu elupbtfurien telah diialanlcan untuk menentuknn kesan suhu ,1 cm3 air dttitiskan ke atas dua keping kertas-kab?lt klorida pmyeiaian:' A dan B diletal,rlaniauh antara satu sama lain dan A diletallan berde{atan lampu meia menyala. Keputusan eksperimen dinniul<}ran dalam

t*itirS

Rajah 7.2.
End of experiment Akhir elaperimen

Set

Beginning of exPeriment Awal elaPerimen

A

B

Diagram 7.2

Rajah 7.2

(i)

Complete Table 'l .I . Lengkapkan Jadual 7.1

.

Time taken for cobalt chloride paper to change colour (minute) Masa untuk kertas kobalt klorida bertukar warna (minit)

7 (b) (i)

Table

7

.l I Jadual 7.1

(2 marks)

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13
Based on Table 7.1, wl:o;t can be said about the time taken for the cobalt chloride paper to change colour.

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€D

For
Examiner
Use

Berdasarkan.Jadual 7.1, apakah yang boleh dikatakan tentang masa yang diambil untuk kertas kobalt klorida bertukar warna.

7 (b) (ii)

(l
GD
What is the relationship befineen surrounding temperature and the rate of
evaporation?

mark)

Apalmh hubungan antara suhu persekitaran dengan lmdar penyeiatan? 7 (b) (iii)

(1 mark)

(c)

State the constant variable involve in the experiment in Diagram 7.2 Nyataknn pembolehubah dimalarkan dalam eksperiment Rajah 7.2

7 (c)
(1 mark)

(d) Mark ( _l ) in the box the situation in which application of evaporation
Tanda(J)dalamkotak situasi yang melibatkan
sejatan.

is used.

7 (d)
(2 mark)

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For Examiner's
Use
8. Diagram 8.1 shows the time taken

l4
by two models, X and Y to topple when the planks
is tilted.
Y untuk tumbang Rajah 8.1 menuniukkan masa yang diambil oleh dua model, X dan
ap ab

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il a p ap an dis endengkan.

cork
gabus

wpin
plank papan

X

Y

Timetaken
Masa yang

diambil: 4 saat
Diagram 8.1 Raiah 8.1

-4

second

Timetaken
Masa ynng

:3

second

diombil: 3 soat

8 (a) (i)

(aXi)

Nyatakan perbezaan kestabilan antara Model X dan Model

State the difference in stability of Model

X and Model Y.
Y'

(l
-

mark)

8 (a)

(i1)

(ii)

Write one hypothesis based on the experiment' Tulis sata hipotesis berdasarlcan el<sperimen ini'

'
'

ii -*k)

8 (a) (iii)

(iii)

State one inference about the stability of Model X' Nyatalmn satu inferens tentang leestabilan Model X'

(1 mark)

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For
Examiner I
Use

Diagram 8.2 shows three different models K, L, and M are used in an experiment. A weight is added to each model one by one until it topples. Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan tiga model yang berbeza K, L dan Myang digunakan dalam satu elcsperimen. Pemberat ditambah satu demi satu sehingga model itu tumbang.

Plasticine

Plastisin

Model K

Plasticine

Plastisin

Model L

Plasticine

Plastisin

Model M
Diagrarn 8.2 Rajah 8.2

s$n

Lihst

sebel&h

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16 Table 8.1 shows the results of the experiment'

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For
Examiner
Use
b

Jadual

8.

I menuniukltan keputusan

eftsperimen.

Length of stick (cm) Panjang kaYu
Mass of weight used to topple the model (g) Jisim pemberat yang digunakan untuk merutmbangkan model

Table 8.1 Jadual 8'l

8 (b) (i)

(bxi)PredictthemassofweightneededtotoppleModelN.CompleteTableS.l.

menumbanglran Model N. Ramalkan jisim pembeiat yang diperluknn untuk LengkapknnJadual S.L (l mar$

(ii)

Based on Table 8.1 draw a bar chart Berdasarkan Jadual 8'1, lukis carta bar'

s

t

s s .x

R

$ €
s

a$ gs O-V
Ed
ES
6q)

e$ st
.c,
:,

;T
\ha R3

€s gs,
.9b (l).O
(+{

8 0) (i)

>s

o\ HE

q)

Model

(2 marks)

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(c)

Based on the experiment, state one relationship between the length of stick and

For
Examiner
Use
b

stability. Berdasarkm eluperimen nyatakan saru lrubungan antara panjang kayu dengan
kcstabilan.

8 (c)

**
(d)
State the variables involve in this experiment.

(1 mark)

Nyatakan pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam elaperimen ini.

P emb olehub

Controlled variable ah dimalarkan

P emb o lehub

Manipulated variable ah dimanipulas

i

Responding variable P embolehub ah b ergerak balas

8 (d)

'(3 marks)
(e)
State the operational definition of stability of object.

Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi kestabilan obiek.

(1 mark)

End Of Question Paper Kertas Soolan Tomat

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