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MITOSIS

1.

Regeneration is the ability of living organisms to replace damage or loss body parts.
a. Give three example regeneration.
i. ___________________________________________________________
ii. ___________________________________________________________
iii. ___________________________________________________________
b. Why is regeneration is possible ?
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c. Some lower animals can regenerate themselves after they are cut into parts. Each part will
form a complete individual. Give two example of such animal.
i. ___________________________________________________________________
ii. ___________________________________________________________________
d. What regeneration process is describe in (c) ?
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e. What type of reproduction occurs in (d) ?
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f. Which cell in the human body divide in the following ways in order to carry out regeneration
?
i. Continually : _______________________________________________________
ii. Only when necessary : ________________________________________________
g. Name two types of cell in the human body which are not regenerated when they die.
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2.

Diagram shows a full cell cycle.

a. Define cell cycle.


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b. Based on the given information in the following box, label the phases of M in the diagram.
Anaphase

Telophase

Prophase

Cytokinesis

Mitosis

Metaphase

c. Explain briefly what will happen in phase J, K and R.


i. J : ________________________________________________________________
ii. K : _______________________________________________________________
iii. R : ________________________________________________________________

3.

Diagram shows two consecutive phases in the division of the cell.

a. Identify the phases labeled.


i. S : __________________________________________________________
ii. T : __________________________________________________________
b. Based on the diagram, named phases below :
i. Before phases S : __________________________________________________
ii. After phase T : ____________________________________________________
c. Based on your answer in (b) (i), give two properties of phase before phases S.
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d. Explain briefly the movement of chromosomes after the phase T.
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4.

Diagram shows two situation on cell division.

a. Explain what happen in situation S and situation T.


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b. State the cause lead to situation T.
__________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

c. Evaluate the importance of process involved in situation S.


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5.

Figure shows the longitudinal section of banana tree root.

a. Name the type of cell division that takes places extensively in P.


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b. State one important characteristics of this form of division.
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c. State another part of plant where you can find the same process takes place actively.
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d. State three reasons why this process important.
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6.

Figure shows one of the phases of cell division .

a. Identify Q, R, S and the phase shown in the figure.


Q : ____________________________________________________________
R : ____________________________________________________________
S : ____________________________________________________________
7.

a) Define the following term :


i. Diploid and haploid
____________________________________________________________________
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ii. Chromatid and homologous chromosomes


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b) Describe cytokinesis. Include and compare diagrams to shows the key differences between
cytokinesis in animal and plant cell.
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c) Discuss the regulation of mitosis and the effect of uncontrolled cell division
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