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WATER TREATMENT PLANT

INTRODUCTION
The objective of designing this water treatment plant for ALDEL campus is to provide clean water for the entire campus. The Water treatment plant is being designed for water that has been drawn from the ground.

POPULATION ESTIMATE
No. of students 1469

Teaching & non teaching staffs

108

Hostel and staff population

95

Canteen staff

20

PER CAPITA PER DAY WATER REQUIREMENT CPHEEO NORMS

1. Domestic 2. Industrial, Commercial and Community requirement based on 45000 litres per hect. per day

140 to 172 lpcd 47 lpcd

3. Fire protection based on 1% 3 lpcd of the total demand


3. Floating population and special uses like hotels and Embassies 52 lpcd

WATER REQUIREMENT ESTIMATE FROM GUIDELINES


Heads Water required for 1469 students @ 47 liters per day Water required for 108 teaching & non teaching staff @47 liters per day Water required for 95 hostel and staff population @ 140 liters per day Water required for 20 canteen staff @ 47 liters per day liters 69043 5047 13440 940

Water required for Gardening purpose @ 3 liters per 5076 person per day for 1692 Total Required Design requirement 93596 1,00,000

TESTS PERFORMED

Removing Hardness
SOFTENING
The two basic methods of softening public water supplies are
chemical precipitation (Lime and Soda ash) and ion exchange.

Other methods can also be used to soften water, such as electrodialysis, distillation, freezing, and reverse osmosis. These processes are complex and expensive .

Lime and Soda Ash


The chemicals normally used are lime (calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2) and soda ash (sodium carbonate, Na2CO3). Lime is used to remove the chemicals that cause the carbonate hardness. Soda ash is used to remove the chemicals that cause the noncarbonate hardness. In this process Calcium and Magnesium ions are precipitated by the addition of lime (Ca(OH)2) and soda ash (Na2CO3).

Reactions
LIME ADDITION:-

LIME AND SODA ADDITION:-

Lime and Soda dosage


Theoritical Quantity Actual Quantity

Lime Required

229.13 mg/L

Lime Required

330 mg/L

Soda ash Required

70.25 mg/L

Soda ash Required

130 mg/L

Experiments performed
Total hardness test Jar test pH meter test Titration for chlorine content test

Components and flow Chart of water treatment plant

Aeration Tank
Design Criteria For Cascade Aerators

Number of trays Spacing of trays Height of the structure


Space requirement

= 4 to 9 = 0.3 to 0.75 m c/c =2m


= 0.015-0.045 m2/m3/hr

Design Calculation
Qmax = 0.1543 m3/sec. = 17 m2 =5m = 0.4 m = 50 cm Provide area at tray Diameter of bottom most tray Rise of each tray Tread of each tray

Aeration (cascade type)

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