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REGULATED MARKETS IN INDIA & ITS FUTURE

Presented by: Sakshi Arora

INTRODUCTION
Regulated market is a wholesale market, where buying and selling are regulated or controlled by the state govt. through a market committee, which includes the representative of producers, traders, agent, local bodies, co- operative societies and govt.

Regulated markets in India


The first attempt to regulate the Indian agricultural market was made as early as 1886. Karanja was the 1st regulated market in India situated in Hyderabad.

The process of regulation received wider acceptance in 1918 when the General Cotton Committee appointed by the government of India recommended regulation of market

as a solution to agricultural marketing problems.

In pursuance of this recommendation, the then government of Bombay was the first to enact the Bombay Cotton markets act in 1927.

Contd..
Since then further act have extended the scope of agricultural legislation to the commodities other than cotton. Today market legislation in India covers almost all agricultural as well as horticultural produce, livestock's and these products and forest produce.

Progress of regulation in India


In 1938 a model bill was prepared by the central agricultural department (now known as Directorate of marketing information). On the lines of this bill several states drafted and passed their own bills.

The progress of regulation was very slow due to the 122 markets were regulated till the end of the war.
After independence the planning commission in its 1st and subsequent 5 years plan emphasis the vital role played by regulated markets. Due to this the number of regulated markets grew rapidly after independence. The number of the markets increased from 432 in 1950 to 3631 in 1976.

Contd..
A number of steps have been taken in the last 50 years to regulate markets.
These are aimed at regulating marketing practices, standardizing weight and measures, developing certain infrastructure facilities in assembling markets and introducing quality standards AGMARK certificate.

FUTURE OF REGULATED MARKET


Agriculture Sector : Agriculture market would continue to be regulated, in future it would be a highly regulated in India to help farmers, traders and middlemen by appending more strict and effective policies. Fuel Sector : As petrol is already moved out of regulated market, but diesel kerosene LPG all other are still in regulated market. In future all other energy sources will also move out of regulated market and soon will be deregulated.

ENERGY SECTOR
There are many possibilities of electricity to move out of regulation because of following reasons:
New generation technologies, such as combined-cycle gas turbines (CCGT), have reduced the optimal size of an electricity generator.

The competitive global economy requires input cost reduction; electricity is a primary input for many industries.
The State, as owner and manager of traditional infrastructure industries, cannot respond as quickly as private owners to economic and technological change, prompting privatization. Information technologies and communication systems make possible the exchange of huge volumes of information needed to manage electricity markets.

Transport and communication


Railways Railway is consider as life line of India, India has biggest network of Railway in the world. It is been regulated since its inception and continues to be so with changing policies according to time and need.

Airways At present Airways is deregulated, and in future their is no hope of being regulated.
Communication Communication sector is the huge sector, and it is working as deregulating body, and it would be continue to be deregulated, as it helps consumer to choose best among rest.