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Gejala, Penyebab, dan Akibat Stroke Stroke termasuk penyakit serebrovaskuler (pembuluh darah otak) yang ditandai den

gan kematian jaringan otak (infark serebral) yang terjadi karena berkurangnya al iran darah dan oksigen ke otak. Berkurangnya aliran darah dan oksigen ini bisa d ikarenakan adanya sumbatan, penyempitan atau pecahnya pembuluh darah. WHO mendefinisikan bahwa stroke adalah gejala-gejala defisit fungsi susunan sara f yang diakibatkan oleh penyakit pembuluh darah otak dan bukan oleh yang lain da ri itu. penyumbatan_pembuluh_darah Stroke dibagi menjadi dua jenis yaitu: stroke iskemik maupun stroke hemorragik. Stroke iskemik yaitu tersumbatnya pembuluh darah yang menyebabkan aliran darah k e otak sebagian atau keseluruhan terhenti. 80% stroke adalah stroke Iskemik. Str oke iskemik ini dibagi menjadi 3 jenis, yaitu : 1. Stroke Trombotik: proses terbentuknya thrombus yang membuat penggumpalan. 2. Stroke Embolik: Tertutupnya pembuluh arteri oleh bekuan darah. 3. Hipoperfusion Sistemik: Berkurangnya aliran darah ke seluruh bagian tubuh karena adanya gangguan denyut jantung. Stroke hemoragik adalah stroke yang disebabkan oleh pecahnya pembuluh darah otak . Hampir 70% kasus stroke hemoragik terjadi pada penderita hipertensi. Stroke hemoragik ada 2 jenis, yaitu: 1. Hemoragik Intraserebral: pendarahan yang terjadi didalam jaringan otak. 2. Hemoragik Subaraknoid: pendarahan yang terjadi pada ruang subaraknoid (rua ng sempit antara permukaan otak dan lapisan jaringan yang menutupi otak). Tanda dan Gejala-gejala Stroke Berdasarkan lokasinya di tubuh, gejala-gejala stroke terbagi menjadi berikut: 1. Bagian sistem saraf pusat : Kelemahan otot (hemiplegia), kaku, menurunnya fungsi sensorik 2. Batang otak, dimana terdapat 12 saraf kranial: menurun kemampuan membau, m engecap, mendengar, dan melihat parsial atau keseluruhan, refleks menurun, ekspr esi wajah terganggu, pernafasan dan detak jantung terganggu, lidah lemah. 3. Cerebral cortex: aphasia, apraxia, daya ingat menurun, hemineglect, kebing ungan. Jika tanda-tanda dan gejala tersebut hilang dalam waktu 24 jam, dinyatakan sebag ai Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), dimana merupakan serangan kecil atau seranga n awal stroke. Faktor Penyebab Stroke Faktor resiko medis, antara lain Hipertensi (penyakit tekanan darah tinggi), Kol esterol, Aterosklerosis (pengerasan pembuluh darah), Gangguan jantung, diabetes, Riwayat stroke dalam keluarga, Migrain. Faktor resiko perilaku, antara lain Merokok (aktif & pasif), Makanan tidak sehat (junk food, fast food), Alkohol, Kurang olahraga, Mendengkur, Kontrasepsi oral, Narkoba, Obesitas. 80% pemicu stroke adalah hipertensi dan arteriosklerosis, Menurut statistik. 93% pengidap penyakit trombosis ada hubungannya dengan penyakit tekanan darah tingg

i. Pemicu stroke pada dasarnya adalah, suasana hati yang tidak nyaman (marah-marah) , terlalu banyak minum alkohol, merokok dan senang mengkonsumsi makanan yang ber lemak. Derita Pasca Stroke Sudah Jatuh tertimpa Tangga Pula, peribahasa itulah yang tepat bagi penderita St roke. Setelah stroke, sel otak mati dan hematom yg terbentuk akan diserap kembali seca ra bertahap. Proses alami ini selesai dlm waktu 3 bulan. Pada saat itu, 1/3 oran g yang selamat menjadi tergantung dan mungkin mengalami komplikasi yang dapat me nyebabkan kematian atau cacat Diperkirakan ada 500.000 penduduk yang terkena stroke. Dari jumlah tersebut: * * * erita 1/3 --> bisa pulih kembali, 1/3 --> mengalami gangguan fungsional ringan sampai sedang, 1/3 sisanya --> mengalami gangguan fungsional berat yang mengharuskan pend terus menerus di kasur.

Hanya 10-15 % penderita stroke bisa kembali hidup normal seperti sedia kala, sis anya mengalami cacat, sehingga banyak penderita Stroke menderita stress akibat k ecacatan yang ditimbulkan setelah diserang stroke. Akibat Stroke lainnya: * * * * 80% penurunan parsial/ total gerakan lengan dan tungkai. 80-90% bermasalah dalam berpikir dan mengingat. 70% menderita depresi. 30 % mengalami kesulitan bicara, menelan, membedakan kanan dan kiri.

Stroke tak lagi hanya menyerang kelompok lansia, namum kini cenderung menyerang generasi muda yang masih produktif. Stroke juga tak lagi menjadi milik warga kot a yang berkecukupan , namun juga dialami oleh warga pedesaan yang hidup dengan s erba keterbatasan. Hal ini akan berdampak terhadap menurunnya tingkat produktifitas serta dapat men gakibatkan terganggunya sosial ekonomi keluarga. Selain karena besarnya biaya pe ngobatan paska stroke , juga yang menderita stroke adalah tulang punggung keluar ga yang biasanya kurang melakukan gaya hidup sehat, akibat kesibukan yang padat. Stroke sangat dapat dicegah, Hampir 85% dari semua stroke dapat DICEGAH , Karena Ancaman stroke hingga merenggut nyawa dan derita akibat stroke. Hidup BEB AS tanpa STROKE merupakan dambaan bagi semua orang. Tak heran semua orang selalu berupaya untuk mencegah Stroke atau mengurangi fakt or risiko dengan menerapkan pola hidup sehat, olahraga teratur, penghindari stre ss hingga meminum obat atau suplemen untuk menjaga kesehatan pembuluh darah hing ga dapat mencegah terjadinya Stroke. Sumber: Seri Gaya Hidup Sehat: Cara Bijak Hadapi Stroke, Jantung & Pembuluh Darah, Agust us 2007, PT Gramedia. Detail Kesehatan medicastore Stroke Menyerang Usia Produktif Detail penyakit Stroke medicastore.com

Symptoms, Causes, and Effect Stroke Stroke including cerebrovascular disease (blood vessels of the brain) is marked by the death of brain tissue (cerebral infarction) resulting from reduced blood flow and oxygen to the brain. Decreased blood flow and oxygen could be due to th e blockage, constriction or rupture of blood vessels. WHO defines that strokes are the symptoms of nervous system function deficits ca used by cerebrovascular disease and not by others from it. penyumbatan_pembuluh_darah Stroke was divided into two types: ischemic stroke and stroke hemorragik. Ischemic stroke is blockage of blood vessels that cause blood flow to the brain are partly or fully suspended. 80% of strokes are Ischemic strokes. Ischemic str oke is divided into 3 types, namely: 1. 2. 3. to an Thrombotic stroke: the process of thrombus formation that made clotting. Embolic stroke: closure of the arteries by blood clot. Systemic Hipoperfusion: Decreased blood flow to all parts of the body due interruption of heart beats.

Hemorrhagic stroke is a stroke caused by rupture of blood vessels of the brain. Almost 70% of cases of hemorrhagic strokes occur in people with hypertension. There are 2 types of hemorrhagic stroke, namely: 1. Intracerebral haemorrhage: bleeding that occurs in brain tissue. 2. Subarachnoid haemorrhage: bleeding that occurs in the subarachnoid space ( a narrow space between the surface layer of the brain and the tissue covering th e brain). Signs and Symptoms of Stroke Based on its location in the body, symptoms of stroke is divided into the follow ing: 1. Part of the central nervous system: muscle weakness (hemiplegia), stiffnes s, decreased sensory function 2. Brain stem, where there are 12 cranial nerves: decreased ability to smell, taste, hear, and view the partial or total, decreased reflexes, impaired facial expression, impaired breathing and heart rate, weak tongue. 3. Cerebral cortex: aphasia, apraxia, memory decline, hemineglect, confusion. If the signs and symptoms disappear within 24 hours, expressed as a Transient Is chemic Attack (TIA), which is a small attack or initial stroke attack. Stroke Causes Medical risk factors, including hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), heart disorders, diabetes, family history of stroke, migraine. Behavioral risk factors, such as smoking (active & passive), unhealthy foods (ju nk food, fast food), Alcohol, Lack of exercise, Snoring, Oral contraceptives, Dr ugs, Obesity.

80% of the trigger stroke is hypertension and arteriosclerosis, according to sta tistics. 93% of people with thrombosis disease have anything to do with high blo od pressure disease. The trigger stroke is basically, an uncomfortable mood (angry), too much drinkin g, smoking and happy eating fatty foods. Agony Post-Stroke Stairs crushed Fall Pula, saying that's right for people with Stroke. After a stroke, brain cells die and hematoma which will form gradually reabsorbe d. This natural process is completed inside of 3 months. At that time, one third of survivors become dependent and may develop complications that can cause deat h or disability It is estimated there are 500,000 people affected by stroke. Of these: * 1 / 3 -> can be restored, * 1 / 3 -> experiencing mild to moderate functional impairment, * 1 / 3 remaining -> suffered severe functional impairment that requires ong oing patient on the mattress. Only 10-15% of stroke survivors can return to normal life as usual, the rest hav ing disabilities, so that many patients suffer strokes due to disability caused by stress after being attacked by a stroke. Stroke due to Other: * * * * 80% reduction in partial / total arm and leg movements. 80-90% of problems in thinking and remembering. 70% suffer from depression. 30% had difficulty speaking, swallowing, distinguish right and left.

Stroke is no longer just attacking the elderly group, However now tend to attack the young generation who are still productive. Stroke is also no longer be owne d by citizens of the affluent city, but also experienced by rural residents who live with all the limitations. This will have an impact on reduced levels of productivity and can lead to socia l and economic disruption of the family. In addition due to the large post-strok e treatment costs, also suffered a stroke which is the backbone of the family wh o usually lack a healthy life style, due to a solid rushing. Stroke is preventable, Nearly 85% of all strokes could be prevented, Because the threat of stroke by causing the death and suffering of a stroke. STR OKE-FREE life without a dream for everyone. No wonder everyone is always working to prevent strokes or reduce risk factors b y adopting a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise, stress penghindari to take med icine or supplements to maintain healthy blood vessels to prevent the occurrence of stroke. Source: Healthy Life Style Series: How to Deal Wisely Stroke, Heart & Blood Vessels, Aug ust 2007, PT Gramedia. Health Details Medicastore "Attacking Stroke Productive Age" Details disease medicastore.com Stroke