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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji suykur ke hadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, karena atas limpahan dan
karunia-Nya, kami dapat menyelesaikan tugas makalah yang berjudul Budidaya
Buah Alpukat untuk mata kuliah Budidaya Tanaman Hortikultura ini dengan
sebaik-baiknya. Dalam makalah ini terdapat penjelasan mengenai cara budidaya
dan lainnya.
Kami menyadari bahwa makalah ini masih perlu untuk disempurnakan.
Oleh karena itu kami sangat mengharapkan saran maupun kritik guna
menyempurnakan makalah ini dan dimasa yang akan datang. Semoga bermanfaat.

Serang, Oktober 2012

Penyusun

i|Budidaya Buah Alpukat

DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................................ i


DAFTAR ISI .......................................................................................................... ii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN .......................................................................................1
1.1 Sejarah alpukat ...............................................................................................1
1.2 Manfaat alpukat ..............................................................................................1
1.2.1 Manfaat buah alpukat ..............................................................................1
1.2.2 Manfaat jus alpukat..................................................................................2
1.2.3 Manfaat biji alpukat .................................................................................3
1.2.4 Manfaat daun alpukat ..............................................................................3
1.2.5 Manfaat daun alpukat untuk batu ginjal ..................................................3
1.2.6 Manfaat buah alpukat untuk wajah kering...............................................3
1.2.7 Manfaat daun alpukat untuk sakit pinggang ...........................................3
1.2.1 Manfaat daun alpukat untuk bengkak ......................................................4
1.2.1 Manfaat daun alpukat untuk hipertensi....................................................4
1.3 Jenis alpukat .......................................................................................................4
1.3.1 Ras Meksiko ............................................................................................4
1.3.2 Ras Guatemala .........................................................................................4
1.3.3 Ras Hindia Barat ......................................................................................5
BAB II SISTEMATIKA DAN BOTANI ..............................................................7
2.1 Klasifikasi buah alpukat .....................................................................................7
2.2 Botani .................................................................................................................7
2.2.1 Daun dan batang ......................................................................................7
2.2.2 Bunga .......................................................................................................7
2.2.3 Buah .........................................................................................................8
2.2.4 Akar .........................................................................................................8
BAB III SYARAT TUMBUH DAN BUDIDAYA ..............................................9
3.1 Syarat tumbuh ....................................................................................................9
3.1.1 Iklim .........................................................................................................9

ii | B u d i d a y a B u a h A l p u k a t

3.1.2 Media tanam ............................................................................................9


3.1.3 Ketinggian tempat ..................................................................................10
3.2 Budidaya alpukat ..............................................................................................10
3.2.1 Persyaratan bibit ....................................................................................10
3.2.2 Penyiapan bibit ......................................................................................10
3.2.3 Teknik penyemaian bibit .......................................................................11
3.3 Pengolahan media tanam..................................................................................12
3.4 Teknik penanaman ...........................................................................................13
3.5 Pemeliharaan tanaman .....................................................................................14
3.6 Pemupukan .......................................................................................................15
3.7 hama dan penyakit............................................................................................16
BAB IV SENTRA PRODUKSI DAN PEMASARAN ......................................20
4.1 Sentra produksi ................................................................................................20
4.2 Pemasaran ........................................................................................................20
BAB V PANEN DAN PASCA PANEN ..............................................................20
5.1 Panen ................................................................................................................22
5.2 Pasca panen ......................................................................................................23
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ...........................................................................................25

iii | B u d i d a y a B u a h A l p u k a t

Type chapter title (level 1) .....................................................................................4


Type chapter title (level 2) ...................................................................................5
Type chapter title (level 3) ................................................................................6

iv | B u d i d a y a B u a h A l p u k a t