Anda di halaman 1dari 6

Document No.
HPP-GYM-DC-ENG-ED-xxx

Penstock Design

## CLIENT PROJECT NAME PROJECT TITLE LOCATION PLN DOCUMENT NO

: : : : :

PT. PLN (Persero) GENYEM HYDRO POWER PROJECT (2x10MW) HPP GENYEM, PAPUA 2168-GY02-S-07-DC-DSGN-002

REV

DATE

DESCRIPTION

PREPD

CHKD

APPD

Document No.
HPP-GYM-DC-ENG-ED-xxx

Penstock Design

## Rev.: 0 Page Number Page 2 of 6

Document No.
HPP-GYM-DC-ENG-ED-xxx

Penstock Design

1 1.1

## EMBEDDED PENSTOCK LONGITUDINAL STRESSES

The main longitudinal stresses for embedded penstock at Between Surge Tank and Bend 3 are as follow : Longitudinal Stress at Point Before Power House Inlet 1. Poissons effect stress

t 3 = t
Where:

t3

= Stress due to Poissons effect (kgf/cm2) = Poissons effect ratio of steel (0.3) = Circumferential stress (kgf/cm2)

P s ois on'seffect = 0.30 Location bend 1 - bend 2 bend 2 - bend 3 section 1 2 h (kg/m) 9,365,073.53 13,220,168.07 t3 (kg/m) 2,809,522.06 3,966,050.42

2. Temperature stress

t 2 = E T
Where:

t2
E T

= Stress due to temperature change (kgf/cm2) = Coefficient of linear expansion (1.2 x 10-5 /C) = Elastic Modulus of steel (2.1 x 106 kgf/cm2) = Temperature change (20C)

## Temperature stress : = 1.20E-05 /C E= 2.10E+06 kg/cm

Document No.
HPP-GYM-DC-ENG-ED-xxx

Penstock Design

T = t2 = t2 =

## 20 C 504.00 kg/cm 5,040,000.00 kg/m

1.2

BUCKLING CHECK For buried pipe, Section 1 (between bend 1 and bend 2) Stress due to external pressure and critical buckling pressure is calculated using E. Amstutz formula

k0 N rm 2 N rm F * N 1 r F * N m + * 1 + 12 2 * = 3.36 1 * t Es t Es Es * rm Es 2 t Es * = Es 1 vs 2

F* =

F
1 vs + vs 2 1 Es 1 + 0.002 F
2

= 1.5 0.5

Where F N t rm ko = Yield point of material, 5,079.90 kg/cm2 = Circumferential direct stress at deformed pipe shell, iterated = Penstock thickness, 1.0 cm = Penstock radius to center of shell, 113.1 cm =gap between concrete and external surface of pipe, 0 by means of grouting

Document No.
HPP-GYM-DC-ENG-ED-xxx

Penstock Design

## Rev.: 0 Page Number Page 5 of 6

N 113.12 1 + 12 2 6 1.0 2.31 10 5, 079.90 N 1 113.12 5, 079.90 N 113.12 = 3.36 1 3.0 2.31 106 2.31 106 2 3.0 2 N = 1,351.61kg/cm
With N calculated, pk can be determined by following equation:

## N 0.0004 112.5 + 2.31 106

pk =

N rm r * 1 + 0.35 m F * N t t Es 1,351.61 = 113.1 113.1 5, 079.90 1,351.61 1 + 0.35 3 3 2.31 106 2 = 11.23 kg/cm
pk 11.23 = SF 1.5 = 7.49kg/cm 2 = 74,881.84 kg/m 2

pall =

Soil density,

=1,800 kg/m3

Depth of embedded penstock is designed to be not more than 4 meters Then Overburden stress at top of penstock = x H = 7,200 kg/m2 lower than the allowable buckling pressure, pall ( 74,881.84 kg/cm2)