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Sargon the true king or the

king is legitimate Great leader of the Akkadian Expanded the empire by launching military campaigns Appointed local officials to administer and oversee farflung territories

Became the world's first empire Succeeded in uniting the city-

states Set up a centralized government and established the capital of the kingdom at Akkad (Agade) King Sargon I launched military campaigns to expand his territories Appointed local officials to administer and oversee farflung territories

Lack of natural barriers


Led to the invasion of

different ethnic groups


Bad leadership after the

death of King Sargon I Overexpansion


Inability to control the

empire

Leader of the

Ammorites that conquered Mesopotamia His famous feat was the codification of law which became known as the Code of Hammurabi

Chose Babylonia as the center

of the empire Added Assyria in their territories Patterned Sumerian civilization in running the affairs of the empire
Usage of cuneiform Embraced Sumerian

B A B Y L O N A I A N I

literature, religion and art Adopted Sumerian calendar and mathematical concepts

Invasion of Indo-

European groups Hittites was one of the successful groups to crush Babylonians Lack of superior weaponry

B A B Y L O N A I A N I

Composed of 25 laws about

home and land ownership, commerce, family matters, peace and order, and equality Punishments are equated on the weight of the crime or offense Mutilation and death are perceived as fair punishments Showed Babylonians belief in social justice

Known as one of the

fiercest and most skillful warriors in the world They are armed with iron weapons and war chariots

Overexpansion
Bad leadership of the

succesors

Prominent leader of the

Babylonian II Empire Ordered the construction of the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Known as one of the fiercest

and most skillful warriors in the world They are armed with iron weapons and war chariots

A S S Y R I A N S

Overexpansion
Bad leadership of the

succesors

A S S Y R I A N S

Empire
Akkadian Babylonian I

Capital
Akkad (Agade) Babylon

Prominent King
Sargon I Hammurabi

Feature

Written laws (Code of Hammurabi)

Assyrian Nineveh Babylonian II Babylon

Nebuchadnez Hanging zar Gardens of Babylon