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# KELOMPOK 1

Andriyani Hutabarat
Maryam
Moses
Ridho A Sianturi
Roniati Sinaga
Bentuk Virial
Bentuk lain persamaan suatu gas dapat
dinyatakan :
bentuk virial

Untuk gas ideal :
PV = RT A = RT
........
2
+ + + =
V
C
V
B
A V P
Bentuk Virial Persamaan Gas Clausius
P(v-b) = RT
b = vaktor koreksi volume

Bentuk virialnya :
=

= +

+
= +

2

A = RT
B = RTB
C =

Persamaan keadaan gas : PV = RT PV RT = 0
f (P,V,T) = 0 mempunyai 2 varibel bebas
dan 1 variabel tak bebas
P = P (V,T)
V = V (P,T)
T = T (P,T)
Kita ambil : f (x,y,z) = 0
x = x (y,z)
y = y (x,z)
z = z (x,y)
Contoh :
dz
z
x
dy
y
x
dx
dy
y
z
dx
x
z
dz
z(x,y) z
y
z
x
y
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
=
dy
y
z
dz
z
x
dy
y
x
x
z
dZ
x
y
z
y
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
(
(

|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=

x y
z
z
y
x
z
1
y
x
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
y
x
z
x
z
y
z
y
x
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
V
P
T
P
V
T
v
p
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c
Analog :
checking untuk gas sempurna
RT pV =
2
T
V
RT
v
P
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c
R
PV
T =
R
P
V
T
P
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c
1 = |
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
z
x
y
x
y
y
z
z
x
1
y
z
z
x
x
y
x
y z
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
V
T R
P =
R
V
p
T
V
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
v
p
T
p
T
v
T
v
p
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c

dz
z
x
x
z
dy
y
z
y
x
x
z
dZ
y y
x z
y
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
dy
y
z
y
x
x
z
dz
z
x
x
z
1
x z
y y y (
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
(
(

|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c

variabel bebas : y, z
misalkan : dz 0 dan dy =
0
maka :
0
z
x
x
z
1
y y
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c

1 = |
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
y y
z
x
x
z
y
y
z
x
1
x
z
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c
z
z
y
x
1
x
y
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
= |
.
|

\
|
c
c
atau
misal : dz = 0 dan dy 0
maka :
0
y
z
y
x
x
z
x z
y
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
x
x z
y
z
y
1
y
z
y
x
x
z
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
1 =
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
x z
y
y
z
y
x
x
z
Rumus minus satu

R / v
R / p
V
RT
2
=
v
p
V
pv
2
=
v
p
V
p
=
Rumus di atas dipakai untuk gas sempurna