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BAB IV

PERENCANAAN BALOK ANAK


4.1. Penurunan Rumus

Lx

Ly

A.

Beban segitiga:

b/2

= b qa

P1

= b/2 P = P b

Mmax

= P1 ( b/2 1/3 b/3 )


= ( P b ) ( b/3 )

P1

P1

P1

= ( b qa ) b b/3

P1

Meq max = qeq b


Lx=b

Mmax

qeq

= Meq-max

1/24 qa b2 = qeq b2
Lx=b

B.

= qa b

qeq

= qa Lx

Beban trapesium
Ly-b

b/2

P1+P2

qeq

P1

P2

P3

b/2

P4

P1+P2

= (P1 + P2) Ly/2 P1 (Ly/2


Ly - b/2) P2 (Ly

Dimana : P1

= P b/2

P2

P ( Ly b )
2

Meq-max = qeq Ly2


Mmax

= Meq-max

qeq = qa Lx (1 - Lx2/Ly2)

4.2. Perhitungan Penulangan Balok Anak Atap


35/55

Lx = 350 (35/2 + 25/2) = 320 cm

3.50
A.

5.00

35/55

35/55

25/40

Ly = 500 (35/2 + 35/2) = 465 cm

3.50
Pembebanan Plat Atap

Dari data perhitungan pembebanan plat didapat :


qd = 402 kg/m2
ql = 100 kg/m2
B.

Pembebanan Balok Anak Atap

Beban mati (qd)

Berat sendiri balok= 0.25 x 0.28 x 2400

= 168

kg/m2

Beban mati plat = 2 402 3.20 (1 - (3.20/4.65)2) = 1083.33 kg/m2


qd

= 1251.33 kg/m2

Beban hidup (ql)


Beban hidup plat = 2 100 3.20 (1 - (3.20/4.65)2)
= 269.48 kg/m2
Beban berfaktor (qu)
qu = 1.2 x qd + 1.6 x ql
= 1.2 x 1251.33 + 1.6 x 269.48 = 1520.81 kg/m2

C.

Gaya gaya dalam yang terjadi


Koefisien momen dan gaya lintang (sesuai SNI 03-2847-2002 Pasal

10.3.3.5)
-1 / 1 6

- 1 / 1- 11 / 1 1

- 1 / 1- 10 / 1 1
+1 / 14

+ 1 / 14

- 1 / 1- 11 / 1 1
+1 / 14

- 1 / 1- 11 / 1 0
+ 1 / 14

-1 / 1 1
+1 / 14

Momen
o Bentang Ujung
MA

qu l 2 1520.81x 4.65 2
=
16
16

= 2055.232

kgm

MA-B

qu l 2 1520.81x 4.65 2
=
14
14

= 2348.837

kgm

MB

qu l 2 1520.81x 4.65 2
=
=
10
10

= 3288.371

kgm

Bentang Dalam

MB

qu l 2 1520.81x 4.65 2
=
11
11

= 2989.429

kgm

MB-C

qu l 2 1520.81x 4.65 2
=
16
16

= 2055.232

kgm

MC

qu l 2 1520.81x 4.65 2
=
11
11

2989.429 kgm

Contoh Perhitungan Balok Anak Atap :


Data-data : - b

b =

= 250 mm

d = 400 (40 + 8 + 1/2 * 12) = 346 mm

= 400 mm

Tulangan Utama = D 12 mm

fc

= 35 MPa

Tulangan Sengkang = D 8 mm

fy

= 400 MPa

0.85 1 fc ' 600


0.85 x 0.81x 35 600

= 0.036
400
fy
600 + 400
600 + fy

max = 0.75 b = 0.75 x 0.036 = 0.027

min =

1.4 1.4
= 0.0035
=
fy
400

m=

fy
400
=
= 13.45
0.85 fc' 0.85 x 35

D.

Perhitungan Tulangan Lentur

Bentang Ujung

Tumpuan A
Mn

Rn

perlu

2055.232 9,81 1000


Mu
=
= 25202282.4 Nmm

0 .8
Mn
bd

25202282.4
= 0.842 N/mm2
250 346 2

1
2 13.45 0.842
1
2m Rn
1 1
1 1
=

m
fy
13.45
400

= 0.0021
pakai

= 1.33 0.0021

= 0.0028 < min

Aspakai

= b d = 0.0035 250 346


= 302.75 mm2

Maka dipasang tulangan 4 D-12 ( 452.16 mm 2 )

346

400

4-D12

2-D12

250

Lapangan A B

Mn =

2348.837 9.81 1000


Mu
=
= 28802613.71 N-mm

0.8

Rn

perlu =

Mn
bd

28802613.7 1
250 346 2

= 0.0.962 N/mm2

1
2 13.45 0.962
1
2m Rn
1 1
1 1
=

m
fy
13.45
400

= 0.0024

pakai

= 1.33 0.0024

= 0.0032 < min

Aspakai

= b d = 0.0035 250 346


= 302.75 mm2

Maka dipasang tulangan 4 D-12 (452.16 mm 2 )

346

400

2-D12

4-D12

250

Tumpuan B

Mn =

3288.371 9.81 1000


Mu
=
= 40323649.39 N-mm

0 .8

Rn

perlu =

Mn
bd

40323649.3 9
250 346 2

= 1.347 N/mm2

1
2 13.45 1.347
1
2m Rn
1 1
1 1
=

m
fy
13.45
400

= 0.0034

pakai

= 1.33 0.0034

= 0.0045 > min

Aspakai

= b d = 0.0045 250 346


= 389.25 mm2

Maka dipasang tulangan 4 D-12 (452.16 mm 2)

346

400

4-D12

2-D12

250

Bentang Dalam

Tumpuan B
Mn

Rn

perlu

2989.429 9,81 1000


Mu
=
= 36657873.11 Nmm

0.8
Mn
bd

36657873.11
= 1.225 N/mm2
250 346 2

1
2 13.45 1.225
1
2m Rn
1 1

1 1
=

m
fy
13.45
400

= 0.0031
pakai

= 1.33 0.0031

= 0.004 > min

Aspakai

= b d = 0.004 250 346


= 346 mm2

Maka dipasang tulangan 4 D-12 ( 452.16 mm 2 )

346

400

4-D12

2-D12

250
Lapangan B - C

Mn

Rn

perlu

2055.232 9.81 1000


Mu
=
= 25202282.4 N-mm

0.8
Mn
bd

25202282.4
250 346 2

= 0.842 N/mm2

1
2m Rn
1 1
= 1 1 1 2 13.45 0.842

13.45
400
m
fy

= 0.0021
pakai

= 1.33 0.0021

Aspakai

= b d = 0.0035 250 346


= 302.75 mm2

= 0.0028 < min

Maka dipasang tulangan 4 D-12 ( 452.16 mm 2)

346

400

2-D12

4-D12

250

Tumpuan C
Mn

Rn

perlu

2989.429 9,81 1000


Mu
=
= 36657873.11 Nmm

0 .8
Mn
bd

36657873.1 1
= 1.225 N/mm2
2
250 346

1
2 13.45 1.225
1
2m Rn
1 1

1 1
=

m
fy
13.45
400

= 0.0031
pakai

= 1.33 0.0031

= 0.004 > min

Aspakai

= b d = 0.004 250 346


= 346 mm2

Maka dipasang tulangan 4 D-12 ( 452.16 mm 2)

346

400

4-D12

2-D12

250