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TUGAS

TEKNIK PENYIMPANAN DAN PENGEMASAN

LAJU BROWNING SUSU BUBUK SELAMA PENYIMPANAN

Oleh:
Dalli Yogyavenny Rachman
NIM A1H010053

KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL


UNIVERSITAS JENDERAL SOERDIRMAN
FAKULTAS PERTANIAN
PURWOKERTO
2012

Perhitungan
ko = 4.25586 x 1020

Ln Ko = 47,50
15021 =

E = 15021 x 1,986
= 29831,706_kal/mol

K = 4,25586 x 1020 exp (

Untuk T = 10oC = 283 K

k = 4,25586 x 1020 exp (

= 4,25586 x 1020 . 8,9335 x 10-24


= 3.802 x 10-3
k = 4,25586 x 1020 exp (

Untuk T = 60oC = 333 K

= 4,25586 x 1020 . 2,5812 x 10-20


= 10,985

Tabel 1. Laju browning susu bubuk selama penyimpanan


suhu 25 C
hari ke-

Suhu 35 C

O.D

hari ke-

Suhu 45 C

O.D

hari ke-

O.D

1.8

1.7

1.7

30
60

4.2
6.1

10
20

5
7.6

2
4

5
6.9

90
120

7.2
9.3

30
40

10.2
13.2

7
11

21.6
24.3

150
180

11.6
12.1

50
60

15.7
19.5

18
28

30.6
42.8

210

14

70

22.4

35

48.8

95

26.8

Grafik 1.

Plot waktu penyimpanan (X) versus parameter


mutu (Y) pada berbagai suhu
Browning (O.D/g x 102

60
y = 1.3351x
50 + 5.1897
R = 0.9468
40

Suhu 25C
Suhu 35 C
Suhu 45 C

y = 0.2726x + 2.2069
R = 0.9925

30
20

Linear (Suhu 25C)


Linear (Suhu 35 C)

y = 0.0569x + 2.3083
R = 0.9891

10

Linear (Suhu 45 C)

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

Hari

Tabel 2. Ln K versus 1/T


K

ln (K)

T(K)

1/T

0.056

-2.8824

298

0.003356

0.272

-1.30195

308

0.003247

1.335

0.288931

318

0.003145

Grafik 2.

Ln K versus 1/T
0.5
0
0.0031 0.00315 0.0032 0.00325 0.0033 0.00335 0.0034
-0.5
Ln K

-1
Ln K versus 1/T

-1.5
-2
-2.5
-3
-3.5

Linear (Ln K versus 1/T)


y = -15021x + 47.504
R = 0.9996
1/T (K-1)