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REDHOUSE'S TUEKISH DICTIONARY,

En
foo

^parts,

ENGLISH AND TURKISH,


AND

TURKISH AND ENGLISH.

f REDHOUSE'SJ

TURKISH DICTIONARY,
En

ENGLISH AND TURKISH,


AND

TURKISH AND ENGLISH.


IN

WHICH THE^ TURKISH WORDS ARE REPRESENTED IN THE ORIENTAL CHARACTER, AS WELL AS THEIR CORRECT PRONUNCIATION AND ACCENTUATION SHOWN IN ENGLISH LETTERS.

BY

J.

W. EBDHOrSE, M.R.A.S.

MEMBBB OF THE IMPEBIAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCB OF CONSTAlfTINOPLB, ETC.

Wtitian, Ee&t^etr antr

CHARLES WELLS,
Formerly Professor at the Imperial

Ph.D.
of'Mehemet

(Leipsic),

Naval

College, Constantinople, Author of

Ci)l*^-J^
other

**

(An Essay on

Political

Economy

in Turkish),

the

Surd and

Tales from Eastern Sources."

Late Private Secretary

to Lieut. -General

Sir Arnold Kemball on the Turco-Persian Frontier Commission,

Turkish Prizeman of Sing's College, London,

<5fo.

^X^^-^""*

LONDON: BERNARD QUARITCH, 15 PICCADILLY.


1880.

PL
f?6'4

pf-f

WYMAN AND

SDKS,

ORIENTAL, CLASSICAL, AND GENEBAL PBINTBBS,

GBEAT QUEEN STBBET, 1OWDON, W.C.

INTKODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION.

an extraordinary and lamentable fact that the language of the Turks has hitherto received little or no attention in England, although it is spoken by millions of people belonging to a vast empire with
is

IT

which we are
less used,

closely connected
official

in

circles,

by mutual vital interests, and is more or from Tunis in Africa to the walls of China.
Persia,

It is the

Court
spoken
it

language of
as

and
It

in
is

many

provinces of
to

that
for

country
the

is

much
of

as

Persian.

difficult

account

absolute

considering that
world,

who
of

thrones

study important language, used by a people who once influenced half the overturned and established empires, who have possessed the Persia, Syria, Greece, and Arabia, whose power was once
neglect
is

the

of

such an

dreaded by Italy, Germany and France, and to whom our proud Queen The Turkish lanElizabeth applied for aid against the Spanish Armada. the greatest consequence to us, owing to the guage has always been of

importance of

our

political

and commercial

relations with

the

Ottoman

Empire, and the complete ignorance of it on the part of our countrymen has greatly impeded proper communication and intercourse between the two
nations and given rise to most serious misunderstandings and difficulties, both
in the diplomatic and commercial world.

Hitherto, the only means of com-

munication between the two peoples has been the employment of Levantine interpreters, who seldom or never know either English or Turkish properly,

and speak the

latter unidiomatically

and with a vulgar accent peculiarly

dis-

tasteful to the educated Osmanlis.

have become in one sense identified

Recent events in the East, by which we with the Turkish Empire through having

undertaken the Protectorate of Asia Minor and the administration of Cyprus, now render the acquisition of the Turkish language by English officials and
commercial
pensable
if

men more urgent than ever, and indeed it is we wish to fulfil our task efficiently and avoid
and the Turkish Government.

absolutely indisendless complica-

tions with the natives

We
it

may therefore hope

that this subject will at last receive the attention


of the
for the

deserves on the part

Government and the


acquisition

nation, that proper facilities will be afforded

of the

language by a Professorship of Turkish being

vi

REDHOUSE'S TUEKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

founded at one of our Universities, and encouragement and reward being Persons offered to those who devote themselves to this arduous study.
wishing to become student-interpreters, or officials in any part of Turkey, in Asia Minor, or in Cyprus, should be required to possess, at least, some knowledge of Turkish before being appointed and before leaving England, as
they will find the want of proper teachers in Turkey an insuperable barrier The only persons who teach against beginning its study in that country.

Turkish in the East are Greeks and Armenians, most of whom appear physically incapable of pronouncing Turkish correctly, and possess in general little

As we have in English nearly every sound existing in Turkish, an Englishman, if properly taught, can pronounce far better than a Greek or an Armenian. For the same reason, as I found from
or no knowledge of the literary language.

experience in instructing the students at the Imperial Naval College of Constantinople, Turks can pronounce our language far more purely than the
Christian races under their government.
for acquiring

good dictionary is indispensable and Mr. REDHOUSE rendered a national service any language, when he produced his excellent work, which I hesitate not to say is incom-

parably the most correct and trustworthy Turkish lexicon in any European

The original edition having been exhausted, I willingly consented to Mr. QUARITCH'S proposal that I should edit a second issue, as all students of the language would find such a book most necessary, and the
language.

learned author sanctioned

undertaking. While preserving all the valuable matter contained in the first edition, I have attempted to increase its use-

my

fulness
for
last

by the addition of a considerable number of words omitted originally want of space, or which have been coined by the Turks during the
twenty years to meet the requirements of their advancing
civilisation.

Amongst

other things, the names of countries, towns, rivers, mountains, and

other geographical words were entirely left out of the English-Turkish part, and nearly completely omitted in the other part. These I have supplied,
giving special attention to names of places in the East.

The English-Turkish
to read

portion being scarcely copious enough book, or an Englishman to write or speak on

to enable a

Turk

all subjects in
it,

an English Turkish, I have


also, to

introduced a large number of fresh words into


extent,

and I have

some

Thus, the present edition will be found to contain several thousand more words than the original work
part.

augmented the Turkish- English

published twenty-five years ago, which, however, was far more correct and
copious than any other European Turkish lexicon. It is a strange fact that the number of Englishmen

who can

read and

write Turkish

hand.

The

so small that they can be counted on the fingers of one and what is more astonishing, the English English
is

public,

INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION,


residents in Turkey,

Vll

know

scarcely anything of this curious

and interesting
;

tongue, and rarely succeed even in speaking a few words properly


to understand
essential.

yet

nation

rightly

a knowledge

of

its

language

is

most

As

I once remarked in an article in the Gentleman's

Magazine

and published some years ago, the physical features of the East, the length breadth of its rivers, the height of its mountains, and the costumes of its
peoples,
travellers

have been ascertained and described by enterprising European but the spirit of the East, which only can be comprehended by a ;

thorough acquaintance with its language and familiar intercourse with the Indeed many works natives, has remained a sealed book to Europe.

which have been written

for the purpose of enlightening us

with regard to

the East, have, with rare exceptions, only misrepresented and burlesqued it, although, I admit, that the writers did this in all sincerity and unconsciousness.

If Europeans
find that

ever learn what the inner

life

of the East

is,

they

have been wonderfully narrow and one-sided; that many things they believed to be universally true are, under certain circumstances and in certain places, absolutely false; and they will discover
will

their ideas

that is good and valuable in the institutions, and much that is admirable in the manners and customs of the Turks, as well as some things

much

which we might with advantage imitate. lengthy discourse on the language and

literature of the

Osmanlis would

be somewhat out of place here, but a brief account of them may be interesting to the general reader and, especially, to those about to commence the

The Turkish language is of Tartar origin, as the Turks study of Turkish. came from Central Asia, and is consequently quite distinct from Arabic and Persian ; although it is true that in modern times the Arabic characters have
been adopted for all three languages, and that the Constantinople dialect is half filled with Arabic and Persian words, but these have been incorporated
without affecting the nature or framework of the Turkish, which is as different from Arabic and Persian as Anglo-Saxon from Latin and Greek.

The

original Turkish tongue

was somewhat barbarous, but extremely

forcible

and concise when spoken.

Very

often,

in colloquial language, a whole

sentence in a European language can be expressed by one or two words in Turkish. For example, the phrase " The book which I have written," can be expressed in Turkish in two words, viz., In fact, kitab.

yazdighim

Turkish

is

a language in which pronouns personal and relative, conjunctions,

and other parts of speech constantly recurring in European languages are


almost entirely dispensed with, by the help of certain peculiar inflections of which the verb is capable. Unfortunately, this superiority in Turkish has

been more than counterbalanced by the cumbersome and inflated style which

viii

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

has become prevalent in writing, especially in official documents, sentence on sentence being strung together into one, until the reader is at a complete loss to catch the writer's meaning. Another mistake the Turks have made is in adopting Arabic and Persian words ad libitum ; so that to understand their

language

it is

absolutely necessary to be acquainted with nearly all the words

in the other two,

and something

of their

grammars.

Thus in

reality to

comprehend written Turkish you have to acquire three languages, in great This fact, no doubt, is one great reason why so few part, instead of one.
Europeans have succeeded
in mastering

Turkish

and a Turk must study


it

his

own

language

many

years before he can either read or write

properly.

There are almost always in Turkish three names for everything the original Turkish, the Arabic, and the Persian and thus the student has a triple
vocabulary to acquire.

Had

Persian and Arabic words been taken only

when

was no Turkish word to express what was required, Turkish would have become an extremely rich and powerful language ; but words
there

having been adopted indiscriminately has led to a redundancy which is only embarrassing both to the native and the foreigner, while thousands of abstract
but most useful words are
therefore, the enormous
it is
still

non-existent in Turkish.

Notwithstanding,

number

of words to be found in a Turkish dictionary,

an extremely

difficult

thing to express one's self in Turkish on any civilised


it.

subject, or to translate

any ordinary European work into

Great progress,

however, has been made during the last twenty years in simplifying the Turkish style, and in coining words to express scientific ideas. Ali Pasha and Fuad Pasha took the initiative in this matter, and they have since had

many worthy
Bey.
useful

imitators, such as

The Imperial Military and Naval Colleges have


laboratories
for

Ali* Suavi Effendi, Kemal Bey, and Zia also been most

the

production of

new

words,

the necessity for


arts

which was found in instructing the students in European and in translating French and English works for them.

and
great

sciences,

number

of very useful books have been prepared by the professors of those excellent
institutions,

and although generally not

original,

they are very creditable,

and have done much good in shaping and improving modern Turkish. Some enlightened and unprejudiced officials, such as Said Pasha, who was
Minister of Marine in 1878, and formerly Governor of the Naval College,
* Ali Suavi Effendi, a well-known Turkish savant and a very able writer, was the editor of a Turkish newspaper, called the " Mukhbir"
f

^s"

),

published some years ago in London,

to which I myself contributed, which aimed at introducing not merely political reforms into Turkey, such as parliamentary government, financial control, &c., but also recommended

and inaugurated a reform of Turkish composition, orthography, &o., and the introduction of a clear and simple style similar to that approved of in most European languages.

INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION.

IX

have also lately set the example of writing Turkish in a simple and practical and promoted this improvement. This able statesman style, and encouraged
a striking illustration of what I have stated above, that Turks and Englishmen can acquire each other's language with remarkable purity, as
(Said Pasha)
is

he speaks and writes English like an Englishman. Yet, notwithstanding the eumbrousness I have above complained of, the language of the Turks possesses a great and interesting literature ; works

on almost

all

subjects

known

mathematics,

logic, theology,

to Orientals history, geography, astronomy, geometry, arithmetic, &c., were to be found in


:

Turkish hundreds of years ago in manuscripts only, of course. Indeed, books on those subjects had been written at so remote a period as a century
prior to the conquest of Constantinople,

and some

historical, astronomical,

and poetical works by celebrated writers of that day are still in existence. It is also to the credit of the Turks that they always had in ancient times,

and

still

have, a deep reverence for learning and literary men, while their

sovereigns have been great patrons of literature, and have treated authors

and

savans with the most liberal favour and munificence.


last

It

is

reported that the

words of Sultan Othman to

the faith and

his son Orkhan were, " Be the upholder of the protector of science ; " and no sooner had the crescent been

planted on the walls of Broussa than Orkhan gave orders for the erection of a royal college. This example was followed by his successors, who have vied

with each other in the protection and encouragement of letters. The Turkish writers excel particularly in historical composition. They have many valuable works of history, written by private individuals, and
a regular series of public annals from the most remote times to the present, compiled by the official historiographers of the empire.

Among
grapher of

their

most celebrated historians are Sead-u-din, the

historio-

the Third, the author of " Taj-u-Tevarikh," ("The Crown " Tarikhi Jelal of Histories,") Jelal Zade, the author of Zade," the Annals of the reign of Suleiman I. and Selaniki, whose works are only to be found in

Murad

manuscript, and Kashid Effendi, Sami, Shagir, and Subhi, whose works have been printed by the Imperial press. Amongst historians also must not be forgotten the learned Haji Khalife, who wrote several historical and geographical books, and a work on Oriental bibliography, a universal history in Arabic, and also the History of the Maritime Wars of the Turks, the History of " Jihan Numa" Constantinople, and the celebrated Oriental geography called
("

considerable success.

cultivated poetry with the greatest zeal and Poets have ever been greatly honoured and muniTheir poetry, it is true, is somewhat wild and ficently rewarded by them.

The World-Shewer"). The Turks have always

extravagant, but full of power and imagination.

Amongst

others, Fazli's

version of the Gul-u-Bulbul (" The Rose and the Nightingale ") is a really beautiful poem, and a mere list of Turkish poets of respectable ability would
fill

pages.

its original

In conclusion, the Turkish language, in the simplicity and regularity of framework and mechanism, is only equalled among European languages by the Spanish, in the attention it pays to euphony by no
resources, if

European language, except perhaps Hungarian, and in the richness of its it would make but proper use of them, it might rank with any

language of Europe or Asia.

and the friendship which have existed for so many years between England and Turkey, and to promote the interest of both nations, nothing is more indispensable than that they should acquire each
alliance
other's language.

To cement the

The Turks have made great

efforts

and spared no expense

to this end.
after

my

Hundreds of young Turkish officers studied English under me, appointment by the Turkish Government as Professor of the English

Language at Constantinople, and nearly all of them displayed the greatest zeal and ability. It is to be hoped now that the same ardour will be shown and the same attention given, on the part of the British Government and people,
in promoting the study of the Turkish language in England.

Having had great experience in connection with the acquisition of Turkish and other Oriental languages, I venture to call the attention of the Governpublic to the fact that sending out gentlemen to Turkey who have merely given proof of possessing an ordinarily good European education, and who have evinced no special aptitude for acquiring Eastern languages, is

ment and the

not the best method they could have adopted for obtaining a body of Oriental Facilities should be afforded scholars who would be really useful to them.
for studying

capability to master

Turkish in England, and then only those who gave proof of Turkish a feat by no means in everybody's power

should be appointed student-interpreters. Austrian and Russian officials in the East learn Turkish at their respective universities before going to Turkey,

scholars in their service.


until

and Russia and Austria have consequently had for many years good Turkish We shall never have good Oriental scholars in ours

we adopt the same system. No one can learn to speak and write Turkish by mere residence in the country, as is proved by English and other European residents in Turkey not being conversant with the language who
for twenty and thirty years. But any one who goes to Turkey, having already studied the language He will find plent) successfully, will speedily become thorough master of it.

have lived there

of opportunities for practising his knowledge of Turkish, if he have any

but

INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION.


if

XI

he have none, he will never pick the language up, as


for

breathing the air of Constantinople.

and spoken

it is called, by merely Without study, Turkish, as written diplomatic purposes, can never be mastered, and facilities for

this study at

first,

at least, are best found in England.

Moreover,

it is far

better that the


their ability,
here,

government should only help those who have given proof of and this could be tested by establishing a Turkish Professorship

and sending out only those who should have passed an examination in
the plan already adopted, I believe, in the case of Chinese students.

Turkish

CHARLES WELLS.
LONDON, December, 1879.

CONTENTS.
PAGE

INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION


NOTICE
.
.

V
.

XIV
1

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION


REDHOUSE'S DICTIONARY.

...

ENGLISH AND TURKISH

...

25

TURKISH AND ENGLISH

...

383

ERRATUM

...

882

APPENDIX.

883

NOTICE.
The abbreviations
English,
\

and

j\

in

the

Turkish character, and et and 61


stand
respectively

in the

used in

both

parts

of

this Dictionary,

for

the

auxiliary verbs C^XtiLH and ^L4\\ t

and

their pronunciations fetmek

and olmak.

KEDHOUSE'S TUEKISH DICTIONAEY.

PREFACE TO THE FIEST EDITION.

TN Legion,

the spring of 1855, on the occasion of the formation of the Turkish the author of the present work published a " Yade-Mecum of
of

Ottoman Colloquial Language," in the Preface


" for the information of those prepare,

which he promised

to

who may wish

afterwards to penetrate

deeper into the arcana of this really beautiful tongue, complete and scientific works."

a series of more

are a first instalment towards the redemption of the then given. From the size of this volume, the reader must at once pledge perceive that it has not the pretension of being a complete dictionary of the two languages, which it would require several years of constant labour to

The following pages

But as there does not exist in English any similar bring into existence. work, it has been judged that a book which shall contain the more usual
terms of the two languages, and explain the more striking modifications of which shall give, not only the orthography of the Turkish their meanings

words (whether of Arabic, Persian, or Turkish origin), but also their correct pronunciation and accentuation two things never achieved, and the latter
never attempted, even in the best dictionaries published on the continent could not fail of being acceptable to the very great number of our countrymen now interested in obtaining quickly a competent knowledge of the
language of our Eastern allies ; and the author has therefore undertaken to provide them with as good a dictionary as could be prepared within a
reasonable space of time.

For the materials of

this

book he

is

indebted to no one, even of the

continental authors, unless in so far as he has used two dictionaries to arrive

without loss of time at the alphabetical arrangement and selection of the words contained in either part of this publication. He does not pretend to be absolutely and entirely free from mistakes of any kind ; but he confidently appeals to all capable of judging, to pronounce whether the great number of
errors to be traced in every page of the

more voluminous continental works,

ancient or modern,

is

not a circumstance which greatly deteriorates the value

REDHOUSE

TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

of their productions, although, at the

same time, the greatest

credit is

due to

the authors for the

works

for the use of the public.

immense labours they have undertaken in preparing their They have done their best, and the thanks
spirit of detraction that the

of a host of students have been, and will continue to be, their just meed.

Neither

is it

in

any

author here notices these

but, on the contrary, by alluding to them, he ; desires to stir up their authors, or others, to investigate the subject with renewed zeal and acumen, under the conviction that the greater the facilities
defects of his precursors

afforded for an interchange of ideas between the East

and West, the more

rapidly will be effaced those invidious distinctions of caste or class, or nationality,

or religious denomination, which ignorance and intolerance set

bygone times, but which in England have generally given place to becoming rule and feeling of respecting in all the conscientious dictates of
faith

up in the more

and

taste,

even as we ourselves wish to have respect and consideration


all.

shown

to our

own by

As above
Dictionary,
if

noticed,

the publication of a complete Turkish and English

ever undertaken, will be a

work

of considerable expense, and

will require years for its performance.

Hitherto the number of those

who

might have occasion for such a book has been too limited by far to induce any one to make the attempt. These circumstances appear now likely to be
changed, through the attention drawn to Turkey by the recent aggressions of
Russia, and also

by the

vitality so
"

Empire
answer

the " sick

man

unexpectedly discovered in the Ottoman The author would be proud to of the aggressor.

this change, if effective,


left

by an energetic attempt to
of such a work.
;

fill

up the void in

English literature
is,

by the

want

The Turkish language

in

itself,

well worthy of the labour

and, whatever the ideas on the sub-

ject hitherto current in England, as in the rest of Europe generally, there


exists in that language a literature, mostly in

varied and as refined as that which


it

is

manuscript as yet, it is true, as known to be found in the Persian

does not embrace those periods of time, the middle ages, tongue, though which render the study of Arabic and Persian doubly interesting. In a
political

and in a commercial view, the tongue of the Osmanli merits


its

as great

attention as any, since its use, or that of

congeners,

among

natives of

every sect and nationality, or among official people, is spread from Tunis in Africa, throughout the Turkish Empire, the northern half of Persia,

Khorassan, to Independent, Chinese, and Russian Tartary. But -it is as true, as it will appear singular, that whether from apathy, or from the fatal
delivering themselves

up into the hands

of double sets of interpreters (one set

consisting of Greeks, Armenians, Jews, or Levantines,

who

explain verbally

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

between Europeans and Turks, and the other of Turkish writers, who reduce these verbal expressions into written forms of their own), the greater part of
are unable, with a few rare exceptions, to read a

our merchants and consuls living in Turkey, some for periods of fifty years, word of the language, or
it

perhaps to understand

when read

to

them

and many are even incapable

The fact, however, of Turkish in a short time, servants, working engineers, and others picking up without books or aids of any kind, is sufficient to indicate that there is
of uttering a single phrase in

common

conversation.

nothing peculiarly
be got over with a

difficult in

the language itself; while the mere mechanical


is

difficulty of the handwriting, as


little practice.

known

to all students, is equally easy to

Hoping, therefore, that a taste for

this useful

language

may

spread,

and

that the occasion will thence arise for the preparation of

more extensive
his

works on the
abilities,

subject,

to

which he engages to respond to the best of


present work
its

the author

now

offers the

to the public, in the trust

that

it

will be

found as useful in

sphere as he could wish or expect.

LONDON, 1856.

c 2

REDHOUSE

TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

ON THE SYSTEM OF ORTHOGRAPHY EMPLOYED TO REPRESENT THE TURKISH WORDS, AND ON THE POWERS OF

THE TURKISH LETTERS AND ORTHOGRAPHICAL

SIGNS.

IN we

representing the sounds of one language with the characters of another,


find that
all

or

many

of those characters generally possess

more than

one value

in their original language.

We

observe, further, that the authors of

pronouncing

dictionaries are obliged to

have recourse to various systems of

orthography, in order to represent to the mind, through the eye, in a

way

freed

from doubt, the sound of every

letter in

each separate word

and that a con-

siderable difference exists between the current orthography and the results of

each such system.

The reasons of
:

this divergence, in respect to the


1

English

language, may Many words of foreign origin have preserved their original orthography and pronunciation (this latter more or less vitiated), which do not follow the same rules as the words of our own language

be reduced to three

st,

2ndly,

Many

other words of foreign origin, though they have more or less been
still

submitted to a process of adaptation to our pronunciation and orthography,


retain so

many

traces of their origin as to require explanation on the former,

and

authority for the latter, inasmuch as the two do not agree together with sufficient
simplicity, or according to our received ideas of the

fundamental values of their

component
words

letters

3rdly,

The

difference of pronunciation of even indigenous

in different parts of the country,

whereby an orthography more or

less in

consonance with the pronunciation of one part, at a certain period of time, was
adopted by some one or other of the early English writers, and has since become
(either with or without modification) generally or universally current, although
it

does not accord with the usual pronunciation

now

in use

among

the educated

classes in the greater part of the

kingdom.

Causes analogous to these have also affected the orthography and pronun-

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


elation of the

Turkish language, the present alphabet and orthographical system


In the pure Arabic the simple short vowels are

of which are originally Arabic.

never written, being merely marked over or under the consonant affected by

them, and are but three

in

number

a,

i,

and u (Latin).

When

these are long,

they are represented by separate


consonants,
viz.
\,
,

letters,

which have

still

their special values as

and
u5 of
i

Of

these, the '\ represents the

sound of

a,

thej of

(oo English), the

(ee English).

This system of the Arabic language

(common when they embraced


(c
?,

also to the other Semitic dialects)

the religion of

Muhammed

was next adopted by the Persians and although four consonants


;

,J vJ")
,

were added to the twenty-eight of the Arabians, nothing was

done to extend the number of vowel-letters, or of the vowel-points, beyond the


original three, excepting the
definite adoption of

a fourth consonant (&)

to

represent the terminal broad e or surd a found in so

many

Persian words.

The

three original vowel-letters received also a second value each in addition to the

Arabic one,
of

was made to represent the broad a of the English, the j the European languages, and the t-? the e of the same as heard in our word there.
viz.
\

The Turkish

coming from the eastern parts of Central Asia, first encountered the Arabian system of writing, under its modified form, in Persia.
nation,
this,

Adopting

and, by their chief and early conquests in Greece and Asia Minor,
in their turn

escaping from the direct influence of the Arabians, they


value to one consonant (C-!) by

gave a new
its

making

it

represent a nasal n in addition to


(gli,

Arabic value of

k,

and

its

Persian value of g hard

or gu), and they also

greatly extended the use occasionally

made by

the Persians of the three long

vowels as representatives of their cognate short vowels.

Passing over, therefore, the consideration of the true number of different

vowel-sounds which

may

exist in

Arabic or

in Persian,

or of the

number which

may

exist in

any uncultivated Turkish or Tartar dialects,

we may now proceed


Ottoman

to observe that there are eleven distinct vowel- sounds in the cultivated

Turkish language, besides the modifications of certain of them by mere prolongation of

sound

whereas there are


them.
;

still

but three vowel-signs, and but four voweldifficulty,

letters to represent

This necessarily causes great confusion and


it,

especially to learners

and to

in great

measure,

I attribute

the prevalent use


in

of Arabic and Persian words

(in

writing,

much more than

speaking) in

preference to

many

of their most

common

Turkish equivalents.

In

all

three of

these languages a combination of two, three, or four letters,

may

often be read
;

several different ways, the signification varying with each modification of sound

and there

is

no system

in use

among

true vowel-pronunciation of each

through the medium of the eye,

the nations speaking them whereby the word can be depicted to the intelligence in a manner entirely free from doubt. The

Persians have adopted two terms whereby they describe the different values of

the vowel j as representing u and

o,

also of

as representing e

and

but
;

further they have not gone, and these terms have no equivalent
so that the

mark

in writing

number

of vowel-letters

remains but four,

and of the vowel-points

but three, to represent the eleven vowels existing in Turkish.


of words they

At the beginning

employ two combinations

(j\
;

and u3V of these vowel-letters,


but this
is

which have been looked upon as diphthongs


represent no separate vowel-sound
;

not really so

they

they are merely used, or rather the j


\,

and

the

are introduced to define the value of the


in

which in Arabic takes the


as the other consonants.

three vowel-sounds indifferently,

the same

way

These, then, are


j!
is

no true addition to the number of Turkish vowel-letters, and


is

read u the same as j3

read ku, and

L\

as Ji

is

ki.*

The
1st,

eleven Turkish vowel-sounds are the following a


in
. .

of
.
.

all.

7th,

of
. .

in
. .

girl.

2nd,
3rd, 4th,
5th,
6th,

a a
a
e
i

far.

8th, 9th,

go.

about.

u
u
u

in the
. .

French
full.

tu.

pan. pen.
pin.

]0th,
llth,

..

..

fun.

Our system
of the Turkish

of orthography in this

book

for representing the pronunciation


:

words

is

founded upon the two following axioms

First,

No

character shall have two values ;

and second,

No

value shall be represented by

more than one special character.


In applying these two rules to the eleven vowel-sounds,

we have been

led to

* There exists even at the beginning of some Turkish words the combination

<-$)

>

which may have been considered in

like
<-

manner a triphthong
at the ends of

but in

this case, as in
syllables, the

that of the two combinations, <-' and

some words and

is

a trne consonant, and therefore

we

are justified in totally denying the existence of

diphthongs or triphthongs in the Turkish language.

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

1st,

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.


English grammarians have laid
it

down

as a rule that

w and

y are consonants

at the
It

beginning of words or syllables, but vowels at the end or in the middle.


in the middle of a syllable is a

must be conceded that y standing alone

vowel

but

is

never so used in English.

As

the second letters of diphthongs in the

middle of syllables they


without

may be

considered either as vowels or consonants,

much

practical inconvenience resulting

from the error

in either case

and

y, at the

end of

syllables,

when immediately preceded by


a syllable

a consonant,

may

certainly be considered a true vowel.

There remains then to be considered the

case of these two letters

when they terminate


difficult to establish

and are preceded by a

vowel.

In this case Oriental grammarians have justly regarded them as con;

sonants

nor would

it

be

that the practice of the English

tongue fully confirms that decision, as regards the letter y, and also as regards
the

if

preceded by an

o.

Take

for instance the

words flow and flay

now,

in

forming from them the

participles

flowing and

flaying,

we can

perceive that

and y are as much consonants

as

though the division of the two words into

separate syllables was flo-wing and fla-ying, when, even

by the admitted

rules of

our grammarians, these letters would be consonants.

This being established,

more

as a

means

of comparison between certain conditions of our language

and

the elements of the Turkish,

any y as consonants

in

all

we may now state that we consider the letters w cases where we use them in our system of orthography
;

as here adopted for representing the sound of the Turkish language

and, to

complete our system of syllabic formation,

we have but

to follow out the series

of vowels preceding or following these two letters in the same

manner

as for the

other consonants

thus

Ab bA

AW

WA
Ay
YA

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


will

pay

read like pie, rey like ray, soy exactly as in English, and

kz'y,

as also

muy,

will

each be readily understood, though


It will

we have no

similar combination in

our language.

thus become apparent that these are not diphthongs com-

posed of two consecutive or combined vowel-sounds, but, on the contrary, a pure

and simple vowel, followed by a simple consonant.

The foregoing remarks


not only
is

are of

more consequence than appears

at first sight
itself,

a correct appreciation of any subject a great desideratum in

but

this particular bears also in

no

slight degree

upon the question of reduplicated


t_

consonants, since

we

frequently meet with both the j and the

reduplicated,

and

this could

not be unless they were true consonants.

It has also a very great

grammatical influence upon the words, and roots of words, which have these
terminations, as
it

will

be seen throughout the Turkish

Grammar

that affixes and

inflexions vary, according as they are joined

on to a word ending with a vowel,


be found that in
all

or to one ending with a consonant

and

it

will

these cases

the doctrine here laid

down

agrees with the principle upon which that language

moves.

It

has the further advantage, too, of confining the letters

w and

y to

one sole value, instead of using them sometimes as vowels,


consonants.

sometimes as

Proceeding, now, to a consideration of the Turkish characters in themselves,

and of

their values,

as also of the

mode

of transcription here adopted for the

consonants,

we

first

observe that the Turkish alphabet consists of twenty-eight

simple and primitive characters of Arabic origin, the ordinary

names and primary

forms of which are as follows


\

elif,

C.J bE, CLJ tE, cL> SE,

jim,

hX,
1?

^ kh,
z,
<-

dXl,

zel,

j n, j ZE,
<_J fs,

(^- sin,

^
cJ

shin,

^a

sXd,

^a

dAd,

\s it,

"
ayn,

ghayn,

(J kXf,

kfif,

lam, * mim,

^ nun,

^ w6w,

JE.

To

these original Arabic letters are to be added the three following, received

from the Persian, which have a special form, distinguished from the originals whence they are derived by the number of dots under or over them, viz.

pi,

derived from

<

.>

bis.

^ chim, J zhii (French j) ....... j


The
written,

jim.
ZE,

additional dots of these letters of Persian origin are often to be found in

and even

in printed, books.

The

last of

them

is

only used in a very few

(five or six at most)

words of Persian

origin.

10

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

The
without

fourth letter added


its

by the

Persians,

namely, the

\^5,

is

generally left

distinguishing points,

and these, even when added, are sometimes

used as marking, not the Persian value of the character, but a third use to which
this letter is universally applied

by the Turks, that of a nasal

n,

equivalent to our

English ng at the end of sing, ring, &c., but softened down to a

common

n in the
of the

pronunciation of the capital, and of people of refined manners in


provinces.

many

second method
:

is

also in use,
it

by which

to distinguish the Persian


all its

value of this letter

it

consists in giving
;

a double dash in

positions,

whether
dash
one.
is

initial,

medial, or final

whereas,

in the case of the

Arabic value, the

single in the
It results,

two

first positions,

and

totally

wanting in the last-named

therefore, that in printing,

and

in

common

or

official

writing,

the one character


are employed
;

cJ

has three distinct values, for which no discriminating signs


it

and

is

only in some manuscript books, generally


diacritical

when the

whole of the vowel-points and other


distinction is

marks

are inserted, that any

made

of the three values of this letter.

There

is

also a

compound character
and which,

in use,

which

is

always to be found
in silence.

inserted in alphabets,
It is the character

for that reason, cannot

be passed over

called lam-elif, being, in fact, nothing


\

more than
to that

lam

joined calligraphically to a following

elif,
/

in a similar
fl,

manner
i

whereby

our printers continue to join the/ and

in

or the

and

in

fi,

&c.
\

Of

these thirty-one (or thirty-two or thirty-three) Turkish letters, the

(lif),

in its various uses, requires the greatest

amount of explanation.
;

This letter

is

sometimes a vowel, and sometimes a consonant

the latter in

some words

of Arabic origin only, and even then only in the middle or at the end
initial.

of these words, never as an

To denote
mark
,

this

consonant value of the


b.EmzE, so that

',

it is

always surmounted by the

diacritical
\

named

no confusion

can occur between the vowel


affecting an
initial
!,

and the consonant.

This rule of the

hEmzE never

is

a practical rule of Turkish, and does not apply to the

Arabic language, which

we

are not here considering.

The consonant

1,

then,

we proceed

to say, follows the

same

rules as

do the

other consonants in point of being followed or not by a vowel in the same syllable,

and we need not dwell upon that subject here

we

shall only

remark that

its

power
sented

is
it

that of a slight hiatus, or catch in the breath,

and that
of

we have

repre-

"
in this

work, as

in

our

little

Vade-Mecum
(').

Ottoman

Colloquial

Language," by an inverted apostrophe, thus

The

sign

hEmzE

represents in

Arabic, I apprehend, the transition from the natural state of the organs of

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

11

speech
it

when

in perfect repose

and closed against the passage of vocalized breath


applied,
;

represents, also,

vice versa, the stop

when

speaking, to cut off sudit

denly the emission of this vocalized breath


therefore,

and the action


is

represents differs,
to follow the

altogether from that whereby a vowel- sound

made
is

formation of any definite consonant, or whereby that sound

cut off
itself

formation following

it,

or whereby

it is

simply allowed to cease

by such a from being

emitted without any change of position in the organs of speech.


the value of the

This view of

hEmzE

is,

as before stated, altogether overlooked, however, in


;

Turkish, at the beginning of words a simple vowel.

and the

(e"lif)

is

then regarded always as

As

a vowel at the beginning of words the


in the language, in the

may

represent every vowel-

sound found
followed

by every such sound.

same manner that any consonant may be Nor does it differ from the consonants in the
it
;

modes

of determining the vowel-sound to be given to

and, as those

modes

are general,
It

we proceed

to state

them

here.

has already been noticed that there are three signs of Arabic origin, used
is to

in

Turkish to indicate the vowel which

follow a

letter.

These are named

harekE (motion, or movement), and the first, consisting of an oblique &j>straight stroke marked above the letter from right towards the left in descending usstun and kste fetha (t-h.) It indicates that the (thus '), is called

^^\
6,

letter over

which
a, a, E,

it is

placed

is
it

to be followed in pronunciation
will

by one of the

vowels, A,

or

which,

be perceived, form a series of vocal sounds

of a cognate character, varying merely in breadth, and capable of infinite sub-

modifications of tone.

In

fact,

these five vowels do not correctly and fully

express

all

the modulations which an experienced ear can detect in Turkish

pronunciation, which
violin, in

may be

truly compared, in its nicety of differentiation, to a


left to

which the notes are

be formed by the player, rather than to any


Therefore,

instrument in which the notes or half-notes are absolutely fixed.

although

we have deemed

it

useful

and very necessary

to indicate, to the extent

we have
still

done, the different vowel-sounds of Turkish words,

we admit

that a

to

greater variety exists, which we leave to practice and experience to indicate learners, believing that the extent to which we have pushed the subject will
sufficient for all practical purposes.

be found

The second vowel-sign


letter,

consists in a precisely similar stroke placed under the

and

is

called

x^A

esse^E, or Xj~
i

kessrs.
i.

It indicates that the letter is to

be followed by one of the vowels

or

The

third

is

a small character some-

thing of the shape of the figure 9, or of the Turkish letter j, placed over the

12

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.


it

letter

affects,

where the usstun would otherwise be.

This sign

is

called

wturu (and rarely


is

<UJ damma

or

zamma), and
o, u, u,

indicates that the letter affected

to

be followed by one of the vowels

or u, which

it

will

be perceived

are of a kindred kind.

According to what
usstun,
is

is

stated above, the letter

\,

when
five

it

bears the

mark

equivalent to any one or other of the

same

vowels indicated by
itself,

the sign

itself,

and

it

may
it

thence be correctly inferred that of

and

at the

beginning of words,
representative of the

has no real value.

It is in fact, in that position, a


itself

mere

hemzE, which

is

never introduced into Turkish


it is

writings at the
1,

beginning of words, though in Arabic

figured over or under the


writings, is

and

in ancient manuscripts,

and even common African

sometimes

made
It

to precede that letter.

may now be

readily inferred that according as the


it

is

affected

by ope of
i

the remaining vowel-points esse"rE or wturu,


x'

takes the value of either


e"
\

or
is

i,

or

of

p, u, u,

or u.

Thus

is

read A,

a, a, E,

or

is

read

or

and

read

o, u, u,

or u.
to have to repeat

Not

what

is

thus explained,

we here

shortly mention that

the same rule applies generally to the whole of the remaining letters, the vowel
following, but never preceding them.

Thus, f^J

is

either bA, ba, ba, bE, or be"

C->
s

is

either bi or bz

and iL)

is

either bo, bu, bu, or

bw

and so throughout.

It

may

not be amiss to notice particularly the case of the two letters and c5, ^
that,

and to remark

as with their English representatives

w and
is

y,

they are

always consonants at the beginning of words, and consequently j


?

to be read, '
;

VA
is

(or

WA, &c.),

va, va, VE, or

v6

j as

vi or

vz*

as vo, vu, vu, or \u

while c5

read, yA, ya, ya, VE, or y&\

as yi or yz

and

as yo, yu, yu, or yu.

To make

certain of these vowels long (the others never being prolonged in


is

Turkish), the letter bearing the vowel-point


three letters
\

followed up by that one of the

\,

or <-, which
is

wturu.
*~
,

when the vowel-point To avoid the repetition

homologous with that vowel-point; namely, by usstun, by u when it is esserE, and by j when it is
is

of the

itself in

following out this rule the sign


first
\

named J^ medd,
s

or
I

*J^ me'ddE,
is

is

placed over the

in lieu of the
i

usstun,
f

and the second


is

suppressed.

Thus
9

is

read A or

a, <-i

or

?,

and
9

read bA or ba, <J. bi or bz; and

bu

&c.

The combination

is

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


not to be met with in Turkish.
after a

13

The

u>

final,

as a vowel in

some Arabic words,

consonant marked with usstun, takes the value of a or A, and the same
is

word, adopted into Turkish,


in

very frequently written with

instead of the c5,

consequence;

as, for instance,

^1

iila

for ^J)\, LaJ\ AksA/or

^aA,

&c.

As, however, these vowel-points are never marked in


printing, the three Arabic letters of prolongation,
to
as
\,
,

common

writing or

and

c5, have, according

what has already been remarked, come to be very frequently used in Turkish, and the medd over the \ is sometimes indicative in Persian, as short vowels
;

of the short sound of A, when, without

it,

this letter is

more frequently read with


diffi-

one of the four remaining values.


culty

To

obviate the almost insurmountable

which hence may seem to

arise in relation with the distinction of long

and
here

short vowels in Turkish words, a very simple and seldom varying rule

may

be noticed.

It

is,

that in words of purely Turkish origin there are scarcely any

long vowels (European authors generally state that there are none), whereas in

words of Arabic or Persian origin these


vowels.

letters are generally

esteemed to be long

There remains now to be noticed the use of the


been seen that
a.
1,

letter

Jb

as a vowel.

It

has

as a vowel after a consonant, represents one of our vowels A or


is

The other

three vowels, of which the vowel-point usstun

the representative,

are therefore left without an equivalent.


final
Jb t

But even

in the original Arabic, the

in the case of feminine nouns,

has always been sounded as a vowel


in its sentence
;

of the fetha class,


into the value of

when
(t)

the

word

is final

though

it is

changed

CU

on other occasions, and although


final,

this letter, in the case

of other words, even

when

preserves

its

value as an aspirated h.

This

value of the

wherewith so

was accordingly adopted by the Persians to represent the a or E many of their words are terminated and the Ottomans, finding it
>

so used, have extended

its

sphere of

utility by introducing

it,

in certain deter-

minate cases, into the middle of words, but always at the end of a syllable, with
the same vowel value of
ticiple, into
ttell

a, E,

or &

as, for

example, into the future active parfirst

the second gerund, sometimes into the

and second persons

(as

as the third,

where

it is

final) of the conditional aorist, into the root

and

entire conjugation of the impotential verb,

and

at the

end of the roots of various


at the

verbs.

It is

sometimes to be seen introduced into the very body of nouns


syllable
;

end of some

but these are generally words of foreign origin, and the

example

is

never to be followed without good and sufficient authority.

This

circumstance of the
syllable establishes

& vowel never being used unless as the final vowel of a a marked difference between itself and the three letters,

14

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.


in the

and o, which are commonly to be found alone is ever used as an initial vowel. again,
t

),

middle of syllables, though,

Into whatever part of a

word

this letter

Jb is

introduced with a vowel value,

the greatest care should be taken by the student of Turkish (as by those of the
Persian, Arabic, and cognate languages)

never to transcribe
less

it

by using our

English

letter h,

as this practice,

more or

followed, has the very great

inconvenience of incapacitating us
aspirate consonant value of that
aspirate, the letter
~.

letter,

from properly distinguishing it from the and of its cognate, though stronger

This incorrect and incommodious practice


almost every English author

may be

seen,

and

will

be
;

felt in use, in

who has

yet written on
defect, as is
first

the subject

and even the French are by no means

free

from the

volume, second edition, of his

noticed and reprehended by Bianchi in a note at the foot of p. xxviii of the " Dictionnaire Turc-Frangais."

Of the mere consonants


by which
it is

the letter *-> has the value of the English letter b,

also represented in our

system of transcription

although some-

times, at the end of words, and

when preceded by

certain sharp-sounding letters,

such as

t,

ch, or sh,

it

acquires the sound of p.


t

c-J has always the sound of p, C-> of


graphically into

(but

is

sometimes changed ortho-

d),

and

d>

of s sharp or double, never degenerating into z


is

under any circumstances.


letters

This remark
to

equally applicable to the other two

which we are forced


;

represent

by our

they must

never
in

be

degraded into z

and to avoid the tendency, so strongly pronounced


as well as to those placed between
it

English-

men, to give to
the sound of
z,

all final letters s,

two vowels,
occasions,
to

we have thought
first letter

better to double that letter on


Theoretically,

all

when
so,

it is

not the

of a syllable.

we

are

wrong

do

but in this instance

we

reluctantly sacrifice consistency to the practical object

of trying to prevent the malpronunciation of whole classes of words of which the

well-known Kars and fez are instances.


5
/

In both these words the final letter

is

and

if

they were written according to our system Karss and fess respectively,
;

every one would pronounce them right


delicacy has

whereas, in the latter word, French

even changed
it,

the orthography, and

our travelling countrymen


allies.
is

have adopted
letter

so

corrupted, from the writers of our gallant

The

d;

is

equivalent in

Arabic to our th in think, but that value

not

known

in Turkish.
-

has the value of our English

j,

by which we invariably represent


sometimes hard, as

it,

to the

exclusion of our equivocal g, which


gully,

is

in gat, get, gird, got,

and sometimes

soft, as in

gem,

gin, gymnastics.

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


-. is our ch in church,

15

and the addition of a

before these letters, as

is

often

done,
-.

is

of no use in English, though necessary in French.


Jfc

has the sound of h, as has also the letter


it

when

a consonant.

We have

not thought our

necessary to establish any difference between these two letters in


is

mode

of transcribing them, as there

no

difference, perceptible to English

ears, in the

mode
at

of pronouncing

them

and, besides this, the Turkish ortho-

graphy being

hand, no error

is

likely to occur,

and our transcription

is

system of guidance to pronunciation, not to orthography..

+
is

is

transcribed, according to general custom,

by the

letters

kh

its

power

equivalent to that of the combination ch in


learnt

German and
true value
it

in Scotch.

This can

only be
acquired,

by practice;

but, until the

of this consonant

be

we recommend

the learner never to sound

as a k, but always as a

strongly aspirated h.

Thus the word khan must be sounded hXn, and not ksn.
t
;

J
(its

is

a d, sometimes, after sharp letters, acquiring the sound of


it

is

a z

Arabic value being that of our th in though; but

is

never so used in

Turkish),
letter s in

j an

and j another z J is equivalent to the French j, and of the We have represented it, in the very few words where it pleasure.
r,
;

occurs,
(j~

by the combination
is

zh.

the true Arabic

s,

is

equivalent to our sh, and \jz

is

also a pure s

in Turkish.

Of

the difference between the

^
in

and the
soft

we

shall
is

have occasion
generally a
z,

to speak further in treating of the

hard and

letters,

^o

but in some few Arabic words has the value of d.

is

generally a

t,

though, as an

initial

some few words of purely Turkish


z.

origin,

it

takes the sound of d.


t

1? is

another
is

We

may

here remark, that, in

a few words, one of the letters


or
(^.
Jfc)

(CL? or t)
in

followed by one of the letters

forming the succession th


t

our transcription.
in

When

this

does
t

occur, the

and the h are to be kept separate

pronunciation, as the
first letter

is

generally the last letter of one syllable, and the h the


syllable.

of the following

is

a letter that has generally been considered


writers, always excepting the learned

and treated as a vowel by


Sacy, and a few scholars of

European
his stamp.

De

Nothing can be conceived more erroneous, since, in the mouth of


It
is

an Arab, no consonant exists having greater claims to the appellation.

pronounced

in the deepest part of the throat,

with an

effort that

must be learned

in infancy, or
letter

which can never afterwards be attained.


silent at the

In Turkish, however, the


is

becomes

beginning and end of words, but

indicated

by a

16

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

kind of hiatus in the middle.


treating of the
^
;

We

have mentioned the hiatus of the hEmzE,


letter &

in

and we may here notice that the

and the hEmzE have


and t,
as also that

the same relation to each other that

^~ and ^, and
;

that

CU

and CJ, and j and ^a or &, have to each other namely, the one is hard and Jj the other soft in pronunciation, as is to be hereafter noticed. Of the two, the

is

the hard hiatus, and


in this

we have
;

therefore represented

it

with a double inverted

apostrophe (")

work

and we repeat

that, at the

beginning and end of

words,
it is

it is

generally quite or almost silent, after the fashion of our silent h, but

never a vowel.
is

a hard g, taking sometimes a gliding sound, of which


in English.

we have no

example

The French

in Algeria

have taken

it

to be the equivalent

of their r grasseye, or r pronounced, as

they have formed the

now

so

by some people, like a w. From this " well-known word razzia," which is the Arabic
a crusade). In the present work

gazya

(a military expedition against infidels,

we have

uniformly transcribed this letter by gh, instead of using a single g, on


letter,

account of the double value of this


reason, for rejecting
it

our

sole,

though amply
This letter
is

sufficient

in a

pronouncing dictionary.

sometimes

softened

down

to the value of

w when

preceded or followed by o or u, and even


in the pronunciation.

by

at other

times

it

becomes almost imperceptible


italics.

This

we have
u-9

designated by putting the gh in

is

our

f (it

would be mere

folly

and pedantry to represent


first

it

by ph).

J>

and
is

cJ

are both simple k, as far as the

or Arabic value of the latter letter


in a

concerned.

We

see

no advantage
Jj,

to

be gained

pronouncing dictionary
a further violation of

by

using the letter q for

as

is

sometimes done, and

it is

the special rule which requires the letter q to be followed by a u.


c is

The

letter

sometimes used

for

Jj

and

for

cJ, but

it

has

the disadvantage of a
s.

double value, being sometimes equivalent to k, and sometimes to In


its

second, or Persian value,


it,

CJ

is

a hard g,
in
all

somewhat
cases,

like

4 and we
,

represent
distinction

equally with that

letter,

by gh

though with this

namely, the Persian value of

CJ

is

susceptible in Turkish of being

softened

down

to a value approaching that of y, as the

does that of w, and at

other times becomes imperceptible also.


designate this by placing the gh in
letters better appreciable
italics.

As with

the 5, so with the cJ,


this

we
two

To render

quality of the

by our readers,
in

we

here point out that the very same

thing obtains in our

own language

the case of the combination gh.


is

For
in

example,

in the

word

throughout, that combination

sounded as w, and

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


it

17

sighing

is

pronounced as y ;

so, in Turkish, ^Ic^^?

sog^An (onion)

is

pro-

nounced sowAn, and Jj J


^}, the
letter,

di^Ail is

pronounced

diyil.

In both these values of


a, o, u,

when

followed by any of the vowels

u, u, takes before
intro-

the vowel a short and incipient sound of y, which

we have denoted by
y
in italics.

ducing

after the

CJ, and before the vowel, a

letter

This

is
it

often
also

heard in English, as in the words cure, pure, &c., some persons using
before an a in the same manner.

The

third,

or purely Turkish value of cJ,

when

it

is

called

surd kisf

ring, &c.

(t^&fcl*), and even surd nun (^y^L?), is that of our ng at the end of sing, It is never to be found elsewhere than at the ends of words or

syllables,

and consequently never

can be
it

initial.

At

Constantinople,

and

generally

among

the educated classes,


is

loses,

almost constantly and entirely,


a

the influence of the final g, and


indicate

sounded

like

common

n.

This also

we

by placing the

in italics,

though dropped by others.


the

by some people it is sounded, In the two words, fj^s\ and cXc<JoJ, where
showing that

CJ

is

followed by J, the sound of the

is lost

and the

first is

generally

pronounced anuamak, the second dinEmek, instead of anglamak and dinglEmek,


their true original,

and even now their provincial sounds.

When

followed by
is

other letters, whether vowels or consonants, the


to be sounded as a separate letter
;

of this combination

never

but the English words singer, ringer, are to

be imitated, while those of anger and finger are the models to be avoided, the
division

of syllables being different in the two classes

as,

sing-er,

ring-er

an-ger, fin-ger.
fj is

our

1,

is is

our m,^a,nd

our n.

The only remark necessary

here,

is,

that

followed by a or a (jJ with its Persian value, forming, in ^, the transcription, the combination ngh, it is to be understood that the combination is not solvable into ng-h, but only into n-gh.

when

the <j

Also, as remarked above, the

sound of the

is

entirely suppressed, in the ordinary pronunciation of

Constan-

tinople, in the

words (j**&s\ wnglamak, and

cX<<uj

dinglEmek (pronounced

respectively

wnnamak, dinEmek).
^ requires

The

letter

more

particular remark, as

it

has three distinct proper


It is

values as a consonant, besides one other incidental.

sometimes a pure

v,

sometimes, though not frequently, a pure w, and more generally a combination


of the two,
its
it

pronunciation beginning as a v, and ending as a w.

In

its

value

as a pure v,

may be

classed as a soft consonant, since


<, E,
i,

it

takes this sound


a,

before the soft vowels

and u

whereas, before A,

a,

o,

and

u,

it is

sounded as a combined v and w.

At the end
D

of syllables, the same rules occur

RKDHOUSES TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.


with regard to the preceding vowel, to which
after
i

we may add

that

it

is

a pure v

and
its

u.

In

incidental value as a consonant, the letter


;

is

always surmounted by

the sign hEmzE, before mentioned, thus j a consonant when so surmounted, whether
or whether
it

and
it

it

is

necessarily and constantly


syllable,

be placed at the end of a


it,

begins one.

In the former case the vowel preceding

and

in the

latter case its

own

vowel, must be an wturu (and confined to the two branches


;

of that class u or u, to the exclusion of o and u)

and

this

is is

the reason
the
\

why
the

the

letter^

is
is

then selected as the recipient of the hEmzE, as


usstun
;

when

vowel-point
point

and,

it

may now be
it is

added, as

is

the e

when

the vowel-

is esse'rE, this letter


is

also being then

always a consonant.
placed

Whenever the

hEmzE

used, the letter over which

may be

considered merely in
letter,

the light of a support, the

hEmzE

itself

being the real and true consonant

which

in

Arabic

is

capable even of reduplication in the same way with every

other consonant.

We

have therefore always represented


recollect

it

with the inverted

apostrophe

but

we do not

many
its

instances of the

employment

in

Turkish of those Arabic words in which

reduplication occurs.
in fact, the idea of a silent h

The

JJ>,

as a consonant,

is

an aspirated h
;

has

never occurred to an oriental

and whether the A consonant or the


it

be at the
fully

beginning, or at the end of a word or syllable,


aspirated as a rule of

must be equally and


it

grammar and language, whatever degradation

may

occasionally be subjected to in the tongue of the

common
like

people,

and of every-

day intercourse.

It is, in this

respect,

something

our English letter r at

the end of words and syllables, which

we

so generally omit in pronunciation,

but which no grammarian has ever held up to notice and imitation as a silent
letter.

The two

letters

J*

and

are,

however, generally sounded, the omission

being quite the exception, even at the end of words.


It

may be

as well to notice here the circumstance of the use of the


-fc,

placed over the letter

when used

as a vowel at the

end of words.

It

only

occurs in the case of nouns, substantive or adjective, which are connected with
the following

word

in the

sentence by the Persian rule of construction, which


its

governs the relation of a noun with


its

qualifying term.
it

The

J&,

then, performs

proper function of
its

final

vowel in the word where

occurs,

and the hEmzE

takes as
.

own

separate vowel the esserE, which


i,

may

always, in these cases, be

represented by the letter


riitbE'i-saniyyE, &c.

as in the terms,

lj^

S.XJ bendE'i-khuda

IM;I:KA(

i;

TO THK FIRST EUITIOX.

19

The 5 consonant
words or
syllables,

is

our English y, both at the beginning and at the end of


in the latter case

being

always preceded by a vowel.

It is

really a sad mistake for us,


its

who

possess this useful consonant, and are aware of

nature, to adopt the

lame expedient to which other languages are forced to


i,

have recourse, namely, the use of the vowel


it.

with or without the

diseresis

over

Take, for instance, the word <Uy, where the consonant t_ is reduplicated, and compare the lame and erroneous transcription by an eminent French author,
terbiife,

which

is

at variance

even with the French rules of

diseresis,

with the

plain

method rendered

use of possible by our estimation and

y, as a consonant

equivalent to the oriental ^J consonant, namely, terbiyyE, in which the syllables


are ter-biy-yE, precisely as in the original, the reduplication being merely

what

we sometimes

practise ourselves

by placing a dash over

or n,

when we have

omitted a second
practised in

one, as

in

the

word comon.

This was very frequently

manuscripts before the invention of printing.


in this, to us, natural

French authors have

an excuse for not using the y


not recognise
it

manner, because they do


;

as a consonant in their
is

own language

but for us to adopt

their imperfect substitute

to

abandon gratuitously an advantage of no mean

character.

When

the

hEmzE

is

placed over a

L_

in the

middle of words, the two dots

which usually distinguish the

letter are omitted.


i*J

But

it is

frequently the case,


is

that whereas, in an original Arabic word, a

with a

hEmzE

correctly used,

the same word, on passing into Turkish, loses

its

hEmzE, and the u5 becomes a

long vowel, resuming


(issti

its

suppressed dots.

Thus the Arabic word ^iifcJ


(isstizan).

zan) becomes generally in Turkish


finish

J jui^l

what we have to note respecting the various uses of the hEmzE, we may here say, that at the end of a very few words it is found without any
letter to support
it,

To

though sometimes a ^

is

added under
if

it

to those words.

Ex.

*js>.

(or^js*-) juz',

*&
it is

(or j^j) bed'.

In this case,
to

the word be alone, or

at the

end of a phrase,

very

common

add to
is

it,

in

pronouncing, a vowel

homologous
and so

to the one in the word,

and *j>-

then uttered juz'u, *JJ as bed'i,

forth.
i

In a kind of imitation of this rule, a certain

number

of nouns

ending in

(but which, in the original Arabic, have a


after

hEmzE

after that letter)

assume a hEmzE

them, with esserE as

its

vowel-point,

when they
\su\

are in

Persian construction with a following noun.


*Uul
is,

Thus the word

ifa (originally

ifa'), in

construction with the

word

J deyn, becomes

J*Uj\ ifa'i-deyn. ^jj


instead of the

It

in

however, more usual nowadays to use a supplemental this case, so that the same two words would be written

hEmzE

^j

JuSlJu! ifayi-deyn.

D 2

20

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY,

Having had occasion


and
soft,

to mention the distinction of the Turkish letters as hard

we may here

elucidate the

meaning of the terms,

as the subject has a

very great part to play in the

euphony of the language.

Any Englishman can


call, tall,

appreciate the distinction between the value of a in wall,

&c.,

and of
is

the same letter in father, arm, part, &c.


broad, hard, and masculine
;

and perceive that the


latter is
soft

first

value

whereas the
is

and feminine.

So

to

an ear accustomed to French


boule.

the difference between the vowels of bulle and


;

We

do not, however, carry our distinctions any farther than the vowels
letters

whereas the Easterns, as the alphabet shows, not having vowel


to paint their distinctions, have introduced

by which

them

into the

consonants instead.
;

We

will

not contend that this

is

the correct view of the case

for

my

practical

knowledge of spoken Arabic,


to judge of the shape into

in its purest dialect, is

not sufficient to enable

me

which the organs of speech have to be thrown, when pronouncing respectively CJ and L, - and <j~ and ^, J and \ff, J and viJ,
Jfc,

for

instance.

We

believe

they

are really the representatives

of effectively

different

modes of utterance

in the original

language

but

we

are also convinced

that

it

would be impossible to convey to an English, or to any European mind,


Nor, as
far as the

a just appreciation of the differences.


is

Turkish

is

concerned,

this necessary

and, for

all

practical purposes,
effect

we

are convinced that

by

throwing upon the vowels alone the


hard and
soft,

of the distinction of the letters into

we have adopted
^'
i,

the most effective

method

of rendering the

subject clear

and easy to our readers.


'

We
ai>

will

therefore simply observe that

r* T' U' hard vowels A,

^'
a,

& an ^ O
u
;

are

^e h

letters, generally followed

by the

whereas CJ, J, u~, ^J, Us, and hEmzE, are the soft followed by the soft vowels a e" or E, i, u, or u ; and that consonants, generally
o,
,

the remaining letters

may be

considered neutral, both because they are not

ranged
class,

in pairs,

and because they are followed by vowels, sometimes of the one


far

sometimes of the other, though


It is, indeed,

more frequently by those

of the soft

class.

one great characteristic of this beautiful language, to soften


it

and embellish every word

adopts.

Reduplication of a letter in Turkish


that
it is

is

not the mere matter of orthography


letter is

in English.

On

the contrary,

when a

doubled in writing,
/

it

must be doubled

in pronouncing, as

we do with
less

the letter d in mid-day, with


t

in

full long, with n in thin nose, with 5 in

smoke, or with
:

in

fat turkey.
first
is,

In
with

Turkish there are two modes of reduplicating a letter


ourselves,

the

as

by simply writing the two one after the other, as in the word JJ-T^y (kullAnmak), where the" /is doubled, in the word ^J^cjl (ummak), where the m

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


is

21

repeated,

and

in

many

cases where the locative preposition *J (d

or da)
is

follows a

word ending

in d.

The second method

is

of Arabic origin, and

confined in use to Arabic words mostly, with a few Persian exceptions.

By
is

this

method the
again at the

letter to

be sounded double, that

is

once at the end of a

syllable,

and
only
is

beginning of the next following syllable of the


;

same word,

written once

but in manuscripts where the diacritical marks are used there


(teshdld), and figured thus
,

sign, called J^JuLJ

which

is

placed over the

letter written, just as the

dash

is

sometimes employed in our old manuscripts


it is

to indicate that the letter over

which

placed should have been repeated in

writing

the difference

is,

that the Arabian sign indicates that the letter


to be equivalent to

must be
This

repeated in pronunciation, or so dwelt upon as

two

letters.

Arabian rule of reduplication

is

carried

still

further

for in cases

where a noun,
letters

preceded by the definite article Jl,

commences with any one of the


]0,

CU,

Cj,

J, j,

j j,
t

^,

(jZ,

js, yo, L,
first

or

jj,

then, in pronunciation, the

of

the article
is

is

omitted, and the

letter of the

noun

is

doubled.

As

this rule

of pretty

frequent

application

in

compound proper names and

adverbial

expressions, adopted bodily into Turkish,

we have

represented this suppression


apostrophe, followed by the

or conversion of the J, by using our


letter the

own common

sound of which takes the place of the original one of the


to the adoption of this
\

being

further

moved

method by the consideration


is

that, in these

compound
utterance,

expressions, the

of the Arabic article

also suppressed in the

and

its

place

taken by the vowel which, theoretically and gram-

matically, always terminates ordinary Arabic nouns.

Thus the proper name


Abdu-'r-Rahhn, &c.
In

"
A>-j}tju
is

figured

by

us,

as

it

is

pronounced,

further illustration of this subject,


ilah

we may

explain that in Arabic d\ (for ^\)

means a god, and

this

word, with the

article

Jl, forms by contraction

<d! \

All Ah,

the God, the true and very


is

God

from which again, by composition and


"
Abdu-'llAh," generally written erro^

suppression,

formed the proper name

neously Abdalla, or Abdallah.

We
when

now come

to the consideration of the Turkish consonants

when they
:

follow a vowel in a syllable.

This

may be

divided into three branches


it

First,

the vowel begins a syllable, having no other consonant before

(and
is

we
not
it

may
the

here remark that in Turkish a vowel can never begin a syllable which
of a word)
;

first

secondly,
thirdly,
in the
it

when

the vowel has another consonant before


consideration
is

in the syllable

and

when the consonant under


same
syllable.

followed

by another consonant

As

to the first case,

follows,

from what we have already explained, that

is

22

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

the only vowel fhat can

commence

a Turkish word, either followed immediately


;

by a consonant or with
is

^J intervening j or a

thus d^l

is

either At or et,

d^
I

6t or ut, t>~*$

is it

or, as in the last


It,

example, the intervening vowel


sole
\

may be

long,
jjl

and the word read

and the

may

itself

be long, as in

al,

an, &c.

With
the
first

respect to the second case, the syllable


if

of which bears (or would bear,

composed of two consonants, marked) the vowel-point, and may be


is
\,
,

or not followed

by one of the three vowel


Ex. <^1
tlz.

letters
dil,

or

^, and
;

these again

may

be either long or short.

leb,

Jj

Jj

zull

^b bXsh,

J^J! kol,

jj

kzz;

~U-

hAjj,jjJ zvr.jJ
final

In the third case, the


the same

consonant follows the preceding one in exactly

manner

as in similar

words of our own language, but with


is

this dif-

ference, that with us the preceding consonant

limited to a small class (except

in cases of orthographical reduplication or composition,


th, ck, &c.) called liquids,

such as

11,

ss,

ch, sh, ph,


if

namely

1,

n,

r,

with
is

s,

and sometimes

p,

followed

by

whereas

in

Turkish every consonant

capable of being followed by every


'$

other.

Thus we have the words J^-J dakhl,


J&-j vejh,
jjfej

"Xfv,

"tizv, -j*\

emr,

j3
two

kAtl,

rehn, &c., which must appear quite unnatural to

English eyes and ears, and which,


syllables
are,

we may explain,
final

are generally Arabic words of

originally,

from which the


in perfect

vowel has been dropt.


spirit of

These

words

however, not

keeping with the

the Turkish, for in

that language

we meet with

a less combination of consonants than even in


is,

English or any of those derived from Latin. The consequence


very frequently intercalate a
a vowel does not follow the

that the Turks

vowel between the two following consonants, when


;

word

and we generally hear them say emir


though they correct this

for emr,

hukyum

for

hukm,

&c., in the first case;

when

the

opportunity offers,

and say

emn'-'ali, hukmu-sherif, &c.

This quality of a consonant,


its quiescent state

viz. its

not being followed by a vowel,


is

is

called

and (^^1** sukyun),

denoted in manuscripts by the sign

placed over

it.

The

sign
a

is

called

*j>- jezm.
will

We
in the

must here add

remark as to two circumstances which

be noticed

body which are only the necessary and regular consequences of two leading bases of the Turkish language, its euphony and its euphuism. We have already touched

of the dictionary,

by our readers, as seeming incongruities, but

1'KKFACE TO

THE FIRST EDITION.

23

soft vowels with upon the sequence of hard vowels with hard consonants, and but the first of the 'circumstances to which we now allude is, soft consonants
;

that in words or inflexions and affixes of Turkish origin,

if

the syllables bearing

the vowel-point fesslre (or value of

i,

i)

be immediately preceded, in the same


(o, u, u, u),

word, by a syllable having the vowel-point wturu


or syllables having the CSSLTE are influenced
f 9

then the syllable


all

by the preceding wturu, and

are

sounded as though they bore that vowel-point.


instance
:

The word wturu


is

is itself

an

its

orthography

is

^y^>
rule
is,

but the last syllable


that

affected

by the vowel

of the preceding one.


is

The

when the value of the preceding wturu


esse"rE

one of the hard vowels o or u, then the


the preceding vowel
'
*

takes the sound of u


u, it
<\ ;

and

when
of u.

is

either of the soft


" '

sounds u or

takes the value

Ex.

^**=D&- hukmunu, L
These

^^

wzrumu

u^JJy

kolun^ruzu, or

kulun^uzu.

latter syllables are

always short and unaccented.

Attention

to this rule, and freedom from obtrusiveness in the pronunciation of the affected
syllables, constitutes

one of the niceties of the Turkish language


the sound
i

and

may

add,

that after the

first

affected syllable,
to,

is

again slightly modified in both

cases towards, but not


is

the value of u or

respectively, according as the tone

of the hard or soft class.

The second

of these two circumstances


it

may be

said to be the very reverse


i

of the former, inasmuch as


point

consists in the pronunciation as

or

i,

of the vowel-

Muni accompanied by

a vowel j.

Its occurrence is limited to

one syllable

of a few classes of words, viz. the last syllable of the aorist indicative and aorist
active participle, of such verbs as

form them

in

jj,

which

is

then pronounced
is

ir

or

ir

accordingly as the tone of the

word

is soft

or hard.

Ex. j^>

pronounced
is

ghelir, jj\\\^ is

pronounced

sAllanzr.

The

last syllable of the first


is

gerund
Ex. c

also

affected in this

way when the tone

of the verb

not that of wturu.

Ju
these

ghidip, C-JjlS ghelip, c-Jjjl; bXkip, &c.

Purists,
^1

however, pronounce

all

words
is

as they are written.


li

Again, the syllable

which ends so many

adjectives,

pronounced

or

\i

in a general

way.

To conclude
guages,

these remarks,

we have now

only to add that, as in

all

lan-

there are in Turkish a few words of every-day use which have an

accepted pronunciation more or less at variance with their orthography.

We

have pointed these out

in parenthesis,

by the side of the correct pronunciation


itself

(when

this is also

used by persons of education), or by

(when everybody

24

REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

uses the incongruous pronunciation alone).


also, that, in ordinary conversation,

We
is

shall not

do amiss to notice,

a few words are used as Turkish singulars,

which

are, in reality,

Arabic plurals

but this
;

not correct in writing.


rijal

Such are
;

the words J^jl

evlad (children) child

Jl^j
is

(men) a state functionary

jL

kibar (great men) a grandee, &c.

Even

in writing, the
;

Arabic singulars

of these words are not used, but the phrase

turned

as,

one of the children, one

of the

state functionaries, fyc.

EEDHOUSE'S DICTIONARY.
PART I.-ENGLISH AND TUEKISH.

A, An,

art.

j>

bir.

Abdomen,

5.

Abaft, ad.

and pr.

x)j

gherida,

^
;
;

^13

karn.

Abed,

ad. ^jJJl^j yatakda.

HS^^s
Abandon,
tsrk-et,

kich-tarafznda.
v.a.

Abet, v.a. CLX^yjJ^J yuz-vErmek; ^f^V.

Jk*3|/ brakmak,

IcJy

yardim-et.

cJ**f$j^
;

vaz-ghechmek

Abhor,

v.a.
u

LtXcUj^-j/^^

hich-SEvma-

<j^*Ju>- chzkmak

ed, p.p.
"arsz'z,

^1*^3 kXchmak t^jj^o mEtruk j~)j\c.


;

mek, (j fj\yjjs&<< menfur-tutmak.


Abhorrence, s.ybJ ten^ffur.
Abide,
v.a.

j^j-JuU-

chXpkm.
utAndzrmak,

(J^j^3^ oturmak,

(j-^^i

Abash,
(J-**j+s

v.a.

JUjJolky

kXlmak,j1 ,J^^ sakin-61.


Ability, 5. J\ JcJi! iktidar, LTJ^jJ kudret;

khmak, It-Jj^:^ mahjub-et.


v.a.
(J~(d\j\

Abate,

XzAltmak,

jJt> hunEr,

Jj^JuU
-<

kAbiliyyet.
;

kzrmak, ^JjJ*J tenzil-et, (J*

Abject,

a.

^<~*

misskin

^.o ^^.^^o

Ashaghz-varmk;
Azllmak.

v.n.

misskin-ghibi.

Abjure, v.a. (J*$\rf L.J>jJol


mXnastir.

^^ yemin-

Abbey,
Abbot,

5. 5.

j^\^c

-edup-brakmak, l(jjy
Ablative, s. or a. k*z

tErk-et.

^JL}jZ~i\sc
v.a.

mAnastir-bAshf.

J^*^< mefulun *'anh.


miishta"il.

Abbreviate,

^^vlLaJi
;

kzssAltmak,
ed, p.p.
<UaJ

Ablaze, ad.

J^C^e

^l

ikhtissar-et

Able,

a.

^jljf kldfr,

j^ jjAill

Elindan-

sr raukhtAssar.
Abbreviation,

ghelir,jJCJUi
10

muktedir.

s.jUiX^

ikhtissar; -MaXsr

Able-bodied,

a.

^L? sagh, AcL? sagh[ghussl.

mukhtAssar.
Abdicate, v.n.
tAnXt-et,

10m.

^c^iLLs

cJy

tErki-s.\l-

Ablution,

s.

L^-ujJj\

abdesst,

J---i

cJ Jls^JcoLL:

sXltAnXt-

Aboard, ad.

y<.\;.^J

^^^

ghfemi zchinda.

dan-chekilmek.

Abode,

s.

j\ fev,^> ysr, jjC-,^

messken.

ABOLISH
Abolish,
v.a.

ABUSE
^iS

(jp<jjJl3

kXldzrmak,

Abroad,

ad.

tjo

tXshra

(d^sharz),

laghv-et \?~*

fesskh-et.

tXshrada (dhharda). yJj^ll?

Abominable,

a.

Ui fsna,

j\j* murdar

Abrogate,

v.a. u. abolish.

(mun-), j^'&^c menfur.

Abrupt,

a. C3-J*> dik,

^1-2*1

^V bXsh-

Abominate,

v.a. v. abbor.
s.

Xsha^Az; (j-y terss.


:

Abomination,

CU>yD

nefret

Jfy bok,

Abscess,

5.

j^V^" chiban.
v.w.

tJbj-j&i** menfur-shey.

Abscond,
Xssl-yisrliler.

^4.j^\Jf

kXchmak;

Aborigines,

s.

pi.

JjyJ

J^

CJ^Jj.^ ghizlEnmek,
lanmak.
Absence,
$.

j;^JJJ'u?

sk-

Abortion,
Abortive,

5.

cJ-^J
^*J

dushuk.
bosh,
<djl3

[ghaybubet.

a.

nafila,

J&jj.

yokluk,

u^J^-^
gha'ib
self,
;

a^fo
Abound,
^Jf/i,iJy

bihudE.
v.w.

Absent,
chok-6l,
i

a.

J^

yok,
;

u^
one's

^Jfj-

,3^^-

^J^\

J dXlghm

VM.

ch6k-bulunmak.

CJv*^

ghitmek, j\+^t\

gha'ib-o!,

/L*.-ij\*tf

sawushmak.

About,

/>r.
;

etrafmda
L;*/csr

Jj\

iLJ^l etrafma, J da'ir


;
;

JJj1Jt1

Absinth,
tAkriba,

s.

^^^^ pelin-otu.
a.

l-J.ytf

takhmma

Absolute,

jJJa^

mutUk,

Jii^.o

yj^ij^. jzwarinda,
;

musstAkzll.

^JkJ^LwJij

yakmlarznda

JJG^,-^ uss-

tunda

Absolutely, aa

1
.

UU

mutlAka.

&OJM.&
;

Absorb,
ad.

u.a.

d)*4csrl ichmek,

sularznda

dJ^,x^

chekmek, ijd\ Xlmak.

^'^^.

L/^
;

Ash^Ai-yukkri;

Abstain, v.n. *LJbJ perhlz-et,


dolasbabout,

^Lf^l^

muhztan

jhj
;

^Ju^*J^L
to

sakmmak, CL)-^^>- chekinmek.


Abstemious,
Abstinence,
a.
5.

masszla-beraber
v.a.

go or

set
;

jKj^J

perhizkyar.

JuLi>b
(J^*>^V.

bXshlamak

Jr^^

perhiz.

etmek,

Absurd,

a.

{jfiXjSf**

mAsskharah'k

Jlsr*

yol-tutmak.

muhal
A^MJ^ljj
yukan'sstna,
;

(impossible).
5.

Above,

pr.

Abundance,
chokluk,

jll^J

bolluk,

Jjl*j>-

SJOw^jtj^j
kz'na,

yukarzssmd

AiJJy

fev-

^JCJji
;

fevkmda
,

jl>J

^
,

CJy.i^
a.

kessret.
bol,

dan-

Abundant,
Abuse,
s.

J^J

J^ chok.
jijJo
yol-

ziyadE

ad.

<-^\JJj..>

yukarz,

JU
;

fessXd;

2fJJj\5*J yukarida.

suzluk

^Ulljl^JjJ
S& kyufr,
;

yolsuz-kul

Abrade,

v.w.

Jj4,^ij!

Ishznmak;

VM.

lAm'sh;

^LsL-^-j
v.a.

sv-

(J.scj*teJ*\

Xshmdzrmak.
,

Abreast, ad. A)b ^\j yan-yana.

yolsuz-kullXnmak
nick.

Abridge,

I>.CL u.

abbreviate.

ABUT
Abut,
v,n.
(

[27

ACCUSED
5.

dayonmflk

Accord,
,

J\AJ\

ittifXk,

jW^

ittihad

varmak.
Abyss,
s.

v.a.

(^hcjij, VErmek,

n^k ih-

*k
5.

varta, Hjks>-

hufrE.
<
;

san-et, ^/*Uj^ in"am-et.

Academy,

mektsb

Accordance,

s.

c^-JijlL^

mutAbakXt,

medre"ssE.

Accede,

v.n.

ka'il-61,

According

(to
*j

or

as),

p\ ^^^=<U
ly,

muwlfakXt-et.
Accelerate,
v.n.

-E-gnyrE;
tessri"-et,

uzerE;

ad.

IjLs*-' ta"j71-et,

J
i

hzzlan-

Accouchement, 5. J^^*--^ vwaz'i-hXml.


Accoucheur,
Account,
s.
s.
**^-fi>

dzrmak.
Accept,
v.a.
5.

[bul-et;

akhz-et.

&i ebE-hfekim.
hissXb
:

Xlmak ^<*i!

kX;

C->1

,>

v.a.
Ijj:
for,

Acceptance,

j^l akhz
5.

kXbul.

Jj-.L? saymak,

J^"^

tutmak,
;

Acceptation, Acception,

ma"na.

"dd-et, tjUs&l
v.a.

i"tibar-et
;

Access,

5.

^JAJ
s. (*zs

dukhul.

CJ<;^ demek

cJ^.^c-J^*^ JE-

Accident,

kXza
,<9\i^

wXb-vErmek; LlX<jl-jy /-*.* sebeittiflkz,

Accidental,
tessadufi
;

a.

^ij*oJ'

bini-ghywsstermek,

^J^l ^ix*^^;

^j^-^
ac?.

"^WBW.

hikmetini-n^/amak
deftEr.

book,

5.

^J J

Accidentally,

Lzi^ ez-kXza, ^IJ^


ittiflka, aLU^aJJ kAza[ila.

kAzara,
Acclivity,

Ij'lijl

Accountable,

a.

(J-

-<

mess'wl.

s.

^^ yokush.
v.a.

Accumulate,

v.a.

d)^*.^=^
;

birikmek,
,

Accommodate,
-vErmek;
-ghy^rmek.

toplanmak
ishini.^

r.a.

ClLe.* ^v

birikdirmek,

fj^jjb

top-

lamak,
5.

^^=^
s.

jem"-et.
(j^j&~=:j)
;

Accommodation,
L5"*^J!/
i

yEr

Accumulation,

birikdirish

^JLf^J^a t6planish

^^ yzghzn.
d6(jr7iruluk,

Accompany,

v.a.

CXca^M

beraber-

Accuracy,
sihhXt.

s.

^L\..^o

c^sS^

-ghitmek, le^Jlij

refakXt-et.

Accomplice,

s.
(

g-ilj^^c^>vl.J kXba(jL\tej\
arkadash,

Accurate,

a. a.

^j*$* dbghru, ^js!


^.xLc mel
s.

sahih.

hat-arkadasht,

Accursed,

'un.

^U^s

mu"avin.
v.a.

Accusation,

LI

.l-i> shikyayet,

SJ\

Accomplish,

(^^ojsr

beJErmek,

issnad,

p\\

itham.

(J^LSj'y bXsharmak,

cXuS^i!^>-

Accuse, v.a. lc^o\C2JkX*fih hXkkenda-shikyayet-e-,

hussula-ghetirmek

LV
1JU^\

tXmXm-et,
ikmal-et,

^/^^

itham-et.

Ll^l
\

itmAm-et,

Accused,
-"alevh.

5.

<UXc

^.x* W'

mudda^a-

J-w^Cf tekmll-et.

ACCUSER
Accuser,
s.
l

[28]
Acquit, v.a.
;

ACUTE
^-J
tebriyye-et;
one's

cc ^'< v.a.
self,

mudda"i.
Alzshdzrmak

Accustom,
one's

^j^Jk^Jl
v.n.

self,

v.n.

IL^A^J*JJ-J

tebriyye-i-

^^\

Alz'shmak,

-zimmet-et.
Acquittal,
s.

"adet-edinmek;
i"tiyXd-et.

J^*JC~iUA*&jJ
s.

tebriy-

[me'luf.
Xlzshik,

y6-ma"nassinda-hukm.
Acquittance,

Accustomed,
Ache,
sizi,

a.

<J-J*

<-J^'^jJl<> rnXkbuz-

s.

LJ\

\ghri,

,^^
J derd
;
,

senedi, L^JC**!V' ibra-senedi.


v.n.

-~-j veja",

&j

Acre,
Acrid,

5.

*3^J

dwnum.
AJZ,

(J~f.\ tyhrimdk,
Achieve,
v.a.

CX*h-

s$zle"mek.

a.

^^-1

d^

sert.

(_^*>{V.

ypmak,

<U*i

Across,

jor.

tiUJb

-Jjl^JcJb

J bir-yanznI

CtX^
Acid,
a.

fi"lE-ghetirmek.
ekshi
:

dan-o-bir-yanzna,
a.

j^l^l

sub-acid,

hAchwari-olarak,

-OV^"^** arkm (ay-^jj\


\3j^j\

^^rkrl* maykhosh.
Acidity,
5.

LhumuzXt.

km),
Act,
5.

Cl^uldi
v.a.

ekshilik,
\)\j*\
.

^^^^s>ikrar-et,

(jl)^ ish,

^UJ
,

fi"l,

J*

"AmEl;

Acknowledge,

J^

fxssl;

v.n.

C-ULl->! ishlE-

lu-J^c!

i^tirXf-et, ^>-i

tesslim-et,

mek, CtX^2jl etmek, ^^jV.

C^X*Jj bilmek,

^KJ^L tAmmak.
5.
JCM-J

Ic^^pAction,
.

har6kEt-et.

Acknowledgment,
',

sened;

^xU

^Lj\

ish,

Jxs
;

fi"l,

teshekkyur j\J*\ ikrar.

"XmEl

L^c J da"wa

lc^ ghawjfenk,

Acme,

5. 5.

p^1 evj.

gha (kawgha), C)j^>-

Aconite,

c. 53J\

^l^-

khlnik-u'zzib.

Acorn,

5.

b^b
v.a.

pXlamut.

[vErmek.

Active, a.

ishghyuzar
sert;

^*
active,

Acquaint,

CX<^^*-

khXbEr-

kesskin,
/

V6r#
<<

Acquaintance, s.ji- khAbsr,

cuU^U^!
Actor,
5. s.

fi

li-ma"lum2-

ma"lumat
Acquainted,

<jJ^b bildik L^^ill Mfet.


;

nmta"ddi.
^l

a.

j\Aj*&* khXbErdar,

j^i

oyunju, jJjto mukXllid.

Actress,

^j:^^
Assl,

oyunju-kAn.

Acquiesce, v.n. ^K**\) rizt-61,


kl'il-ol,

Actual, a.
j^J-Jil^

t!L^J zat.

muwAfakXt-et. lL^\ilJ^'<
5.
\*aj

Actually,

arf.

>- hala,

O(X*-i shirndi,

Acquiescence,

riza,

l~Us^4

JM
Acute,

el-an;

Jxallj

bi-'l-fi'X

muwlfakXt.
Acquire,
v.a.

hXktkXtan,

J
sivri
;

fi-'

^J^l Xlmak, CL

a.

JUs.V.1

inja
;

ElE-ghetirmek, ^JuJ peyda-et, IL-.


kfessb-et,
I

dirayetli

(disease)
;

J-^asT

tahszl-et,

JJ yen^ri-zuhur-etmish
angle,

isstihsAl-et.

jj

zaviyye-i-haddE.

ACUTENESS
AcutenesS)
ferasset,

[29]

ADMINISTER
5.

dirayet,
Akl.

U^-iy

Adhesion,

Jj^

lussuk>

^U^l^

ya-

pzshma.
Adhesive,
a.

Adamant,
Adapt,

5.

pulld.
jj\

iJJ&J\J

ypzshkAn,

v.a.
a.

uydurmak.
uyghun,
<*^~i\^o

ji^-jijJ luzujiyyetli.
Adieu,
int.

Adapted,

<d!i^\

ey-vl-'llah,

munassib, <J^-c

muwAfz'k.

^\+*\

Xlllha-issmarladik;

Add,

v.a.

<J/J'JJ

kAtmak, Ujlc "ilavE-et,


;

l**s

zamm-et

up,

v.a.

yekyun-et,

<J*^b

toplamak,

khosh-ghMdin^
Ujll ed-du"a
;

<iLj
yakm,

selametla

jem
Adder,

-et.
s.

JLJ^j

wfe-'ss-selam.
j\y>-

C^ol

enghe"rek, ^_c*^

ef"a.

Adjacent,

a.

^*^.

jzwar,

Addict one's

self, v.n.

^j^lJl Ah'shmak,

j\js*&
(JM0L

hemjz'war;

cXl^J

bitishik,

CJvwJolkiJjU "adet-edinmek.
Addicted,
Addition,
(arith.)
a.
s.

mulass/k, J^aX^ muttlsszl.


5.

il^c miibtela.
XjLc
j<

Adjective,
+*a

L^^A^

s?fAt.

[terflk-et.

"ilavE,

zamm

Adjoin,

v.a.
v.a.

^^J'^

kAtmak,

^<J^->

%-*>-

Adjourn,

Jp*J^M'jJ?j^;ll.j
; ,

bashka-

-wAkta-brakmak
Additional,
cNjl
;

v.n.

s.

<UJ'lJ!

kAtma, *^lc "ilavE,


[churuk.

za'id

LiJjo yedek.
a.

bashka

wAkzt

toplanmak

Addle, Addled,

^>-

jzlk,

cJj^>Adjournment,
5.

Address,

v.a.

C^X*w*->

suweylemek,

dll^-U^aJllj bashka-

!*_j\la>- khztlb-et;

v^X<^ Joi ghywn-

wAkta-ihllE.
Adjudicate, v.n.
-et
; ,

dErmek;

(a

letter)

^i-^!dXj^^o
;

IJ^tJ^frJ da"wa-fAssl-

JUjb
,

mektubung-usstunu-yazmak
Afc hunEr,

v.a.

l*s- hukm-et.
tetimmE, <U-***3 zAyardimji.
\^>-j

s.

CL^J^^C ma"rifet,

Adjunct,

s.

<U>^

mimE
mektubAng-usstu
yir, (j-j^
;

.c-^^;^

CI-^/K-J

semt, ^>

Adjure,

v.a.

(J^^V. yAlvarmak,

adress.

rija-et, ^jlJ niyaz-et.

Adduce,
Adept,

v.a.

\\j>\

irad-et.

[usstaz.
jl^-jl

Adjust,

v.a.

(J^j^-?.j\

uydurmak,
i

5.1^-jjl ussta,

J\^>\ usstad,
elvErir, jj2*Zf
t

(JAskje.jo
tAsshzh-et.

do^Arultmak,

\^m**

Adequate,
shir,

a.

j^\

yeti-

jli kyafi,
v.n.

^j

wafi.

Adjustment,
(J*+'Jjb

s.

^sf^
s.

tAsshzh.

Adhere,

^J^L.^ yapzshmak,
\+z~~*jL

Adjutant,

s.

_^*\

t->^ Alay-femini.

tutmak
Adherent,

mulazemet-et.

Admeasurement,
Administer,
v.a.

te>-\~< m^ssahE.

s.

j\J tabz", jlj^i tarafdar.

(j^b

bAkmak,

tw^j

ADMINISTRATION
ru'yet-et,
\Sj\J\

30

ADROITNESS
s6kmak,

idarE-et

^J
s.

kXbul-et,

U-l-J

tess-

vErmek, LlX^Jo ykdirmek,


ichirmek,
-ettirmek.

c
tenavul-

lim-et,

CX^jj^Jl
5.

izin-VErmek.

cXcj^sj \Jjto

Admittance,

JUpt) dukhul.
U.JIJJ

Admixture,
s.

kAtma, fUJjJw^lj}

Administration,

Sj\\

idarE

oibj

kAHshdzrelma, *j)U "ilavE.

/JfU? -viikela-takzim.

Admonish,
uV.^*

v.a.
j

nAssJtfenblh-et.

Admirable,
asT
jj-j

a.

Jjj-^=

ghyuzel,

hat-vErmek,

shayAm-tahsm.

Admonition,
tenbih.

5.

UaJ nAsszhat, <U--J

Admirably, ad.
Admiral,
s.

WcJj

pEk-a-"la.

^llbajysr
amiral
; ;

bahriyyE-

Adolescence,

s.

ghenjlzk.

-pashassz, J\^?*l

l-LU^ljjJ
,

Adopt,

v.a.

tutmak

kApudana pasha

lord -high

uymak,
kAbul-et;
kAbul-et.

imtissal-et;

lib^Jj-S kXpudAn-pasha
pXsha),
vice - - of the fleet,

(kXptAn;

evladl^a-

bjJ^\3^l kApudXni-dErya
vice

^^^JAJ^OS?
,

Adoption,

s.

J..JJ
I

kAbul-u-

bahriyyE-ferikz

L2U^Jw
L&uAJLjjl

-imtissal;

akhz-u-kAbul.

pAtruna-pasha
iriyala
-

rear

Adoptive, Adorable,

a.
a.

akhiretlik.
tApinzlir,
^J^js.^

pasha

superintendant,

L>

Ltlj
's

^jU^UJ
ship,

HmXn-re'yissi-pasha

sejdE-ve-"ibadetE-shayAn.
Adoration,
5.

^w^iJ^'ldilj pasha-ghE-

["ibadet.
sejds,

missi,

?*&
5.

J^-

SAnjak-ghEmissi.

CUjL*.
lcL?oLc

Admiralty,

^-j^-JdUy^
jfirst

bahriyyE-

Adore,

v.a.

sejdE-e-,

-kApzssz; (at

Constantinople) A/lffHjJ
;

"ibadet-e-,

.-^

perestish-e-,

diwAnkhanE
L^-islj

lord

of the

tApznmak.

AJ .rsT
5.

bahriyyE-nazm.

Adorn,

v.a.

cXcj^il^Jj zmetlEndirmek,

Admiration,
1

L/'.i.=uJ
^^.jCL.^^

b^AEnish,
musstahsEn.
bfe^^Enmek,

J^^jiJjS

tezyin-et.
s.
<tij<3\

^.^ssT
Admire,
l^j-

tahsin,
v.a.

Adrianople,
Adriatic,
Adrift,
s.

edirnE.

[fez/.

CJv*.*^r-J

ufj? i^

cJ^Jj Ven6dik-kyr-

zsT tahsm-et.
5.
5.

[merAkH.
"Ashzk,

arf.

ciU^ Ju^j jcJil cXj^jCJl

Admirer,

J^-S\-e

^Juil^x
kAbul;

*}J^ yaln^zz-suyung-Akmdz'ssila-ghit-

Admission,

^\

akhz,

JJ

(^-^
Admit,

ghirish,

J^->
kAbul.

dukhul; A-L-J

Adroit,

a.

LLXjl>- chabwk,

CJ^J' tetik,

tfesslim,

J^Ji
(JK*S1

ma"rifetli. ^Lxto hunErli, j\.ijXsc

v.a.

Almak, \&-\ akhz-et,

Adroitness,

5.

cJlSoUy v

chabwklik, J.-j&

icheri-komak,

hunEr, L^v3.^< m;V'rifct.

ADULATION
Adulation, lulation,
Adult,
a.
t s. fejbfju* :

31

AERIAL
SErmaye i-tijar-sssESs
id-yl*5>" jcssaret-et
; ; ,

miidabanE.
biyuk,

v.n.

and

s.

cJj-J

jJWJjic

v.a.

(Jf<ji

"ikkr-blligh.
Adulterate, v.a. (j-<jtf

komak.
.yJttil*
sXfti-

Adventurer,

s.

^.^.^3

sErsEri,

texsC*

ghim-bbzmak,
-shey-kAtmak.
Adulterer,
5.

J^U^Si^ifl^
zam,

ichina-

^~*& JJI\ ^fr*j*j=>


Adversary,
s.

bakhtzna-

ghyiighEnir-mejhulu-'l-Xssl-kiraessnE.
j\$\j

^Jl

zinakyar,

#&->*

khassm,

.^-U
[klmlif.

dushmEn.
Adulteress,
s.

&~~>)\

zaniyyE,

15-^**^^

Adverse,
Adversity,

a.
5.

^*yJ*

tferss,

u-cllsr*

mu-

rosspz (orosspo), <C^-vj fahishE.

cJ^~^=tT
dushkyunluk,
felaket.

bakhtsizlik,

Adulterous,
zina'i.

a.

j&tij

zinakyar,

^^J

cJl5j->^
nikbet,

L^-^rirJ

c^^li

Adultery,
relik

5.

IjJ

zina,

cJJ^--JJ zenpa-

Advert, v.n.

Tma-et,

(zampardzk),

ross-

pilik (orosspoluk).

Advertise,

v.a.

\.>lpi

^'k7n-et

Advance,

v.n.

CX*1^
ilerilEinek
;

LiX^^>Advertisement,
Advice,
5.

khbEr-vErmek.
5.

(.j^i i"lln.
;

rs-

khlbEr

vT

ileri-ghfetirmek,

c
!j
<

^j|

ileri-

-szhat

j+)

jJ tedbir.
munassib.
J

chekmek,

C
der-pish-et,

il^ri-surmek

Advisable, a.

irad-et,

Advise, v.a.

nAss2ht;

siiweylEmek,

zkbtar-et
tedbir- et
;

^^'
isstiIll-

il^ridn-vErmek
ilferil^yish,

v.w.

U^ll--^

t/V^Jc

-sharE-et, Jp*,.U!j

dlnzshmak.

VErish.

advised,
5.

JJjic
s.

"aklsz'z.

Advancement,

^i-Jjy^l

ilerileyish;

Advocacy,
sababet.

iltizAm,

L^

^A^j
Advantage,
-&3 nef",

ilerilEdish.
5.

jli

kyar,

^J^jli

fa'idE,
;

Advocate,
-edfin
,

5.

^jJo!^

shabetda"wa-vekili
;

c^-.%i^c mEnfa"rtt

to take

^>jt
Advantageous,
fa'ideli.
'a.

fursati-kullanmak.

v.a.

sahib-chik-

^y

kyarK,

mak

(sa'ab),

cu-o^

sahabet-et,

\^<z^
^^s kudum.
s.
,

tassabhub-et.
tarikh
;

Advent,

s.

Adventure,

|y^-U majera,
c ^<

L^.

L&jUVj ^,lJ mebde i-ta"dadz-evkAt.


Aerial, a.
r

5.

SErgbyuzesbt,

ha\va"l.

ESTHETICS
^Esthetics,
s,

[32]
"ilrm-

AFRICAN
s.

pi.

Cl^U>s>- JuC

Affirmation,
issbAt
;

^j<A^J tXssdlk, CL
iddi"a.
.

jemalat.
Afar, ad.
jjljjjl

Ic Jl

uzXk,

*tX5V>jl

uzlkda.

Affirmative, a.
subuti.
Afflict,

^,

JuJu^Jf tlssdzkz,

Affability, s.

^LA^ chelebilik,
j^fl-Uj
tlltzf,

tlattuf,

v.a,

cX^jg^M kEd
duchar-kilmak.

wazish.
Affable, a.
-tzfjz
;

CX*i-5jW^J
L5

A^

chelebi,

Affliction, s. j<l
slbet, 5b bela.

ksdEr

L^^sz^

miis-

to be affable with, v.a.

tlltzf-et.

Affluence,
ish,

(iU**jj

zEnghinlik.

Affair, s.

yiA

c^js.^2^ mAsslahat

Affluent, a. .*j*Jj zEnghin.

Ct)^^

jenk, <U ^\5S*

muhar^bE

<tw

Afford, v.a.

cX^j

virmek,

CiXy3^b
; 1

gh^tirmek, !cL?^JJ
Affect,
t7. a.

Trass-et

J./i.sr

l^J
s.

thammul-et.
te'sir-et.

[-nezakEt.

Affectation,

CU^jJ^jJIy
l^o

bokdn;

Affranchise, v.a. |jljl azad-et.


Affray,
Affront,
5.

Affected,

a.

^3

miit6'essir

<U.J lj

Ic^c kawgha.
^flj^je

s.

*L'jt

mu"AmEle'i-

ypma.
Affecting,
Affection,
s.
.

[dokunur.

y^

mu'essir,

j^*^
;

-ghayri-layzka,

dLljcJJ
J^jd^&jlj

bed-mukarshz-

"AmElE

v.a.

^ij^>.
;

hssi-kAlb!

c^-*^r c mahttbbfet,
^3^*sr>-

k6mak
khuluss,
"zllet,

^y^*-

i^^cjJ^^
dlrtltmak.

ghyuJEndirmek,

khussuss

L^Lc

^^-

^jp*sljU3

mraz.
Affectionate, a.
Affiance,
5.

Afghan,
[bet-meshmul.

a.

^Ui! afghan.
5.

Jj^^jC^*^ mhbi"timAd,

Afghanistan,
Afire, ad.

^l^Jlxs!
yanzor.
yiiziyor.

afghanisstiin.

jUocl
,

J^J

te-

jy^l

vekkyul

v.a.

110

Afloat,

nikyah-et,

ad.j^j^

\*&

"akd-et.
5.

Afoot, ad. yjJbl ayakda.

Afore- mentioned,
Affidavit,
said, a.

afore-named,

afore-

j&sc

mezkyur, jj*> mezbur,


<uS!

beyan.
Affinity,
5.

j)L~so

messfur,

^j*f*

muma-

^-o l^Js
-

ileyh,
- 61

dUJ^ll^ musharun-ileyh.

tezevvujdan

hlsszl
;

An

karlbet,

Afraid (to be), v.w.


khavf-et.

j&jf k6rkmak,

c^-J^*tf sihriyyet
bfet.

<*z-~+i\

Afresh,

arf.

^*Xj>
*
;

yen^idan,

Affirm, u.a.
issblt-et,

^Juw
llcj|

tXssdlk-et,

mujedd^dan
Africa,
s.

X-j miikErrEran

iddi"a-et,

tAij*
j!<&>

afrika.

suwevlEmek.

African,

a.

J\ afrikalu.

AFRONT
Afront, ad. jAji bErabEr,
-hizada.
Aft,
ad.

[33]
fc^i^J
bir-

AGREE
5.

Aggrandizement,
mekh'k,

ii^J*Jj;J

biyut-

jj+Z

gheri,

^jj^

gheriya,

Aggravate,

v.a.

(UfUj
;

daha-fEna,

et,

*<^doghru.
After,

gherida,

cjy:^L<k:\

l^uUj
dzrmak,

daha-beter-et

^j^
mejmu".

kzz-

JJ^jlj
5.

dXrzltmak.
igzab.

pr.
;

^Jl^aJJ
,

dan-sow^ra,
sbngra,

Aggravation,

^Licl
s.

ba"da

ad.
,

*JLe
a.

Aggregate,
Aggression,

a.

&

<Ksre

'

ba"dahu

(mar.)

5.

jjl^

tejavuz,

gheriki, \^/*4**

gherideki,

Afterbirth,

s.

cJj-0 s6n^.

Aggressor,
ikindi-

s.

^^^i^\
f

Afternoon,

5.

o Jo3j._JjJ=ru!
;

^Jij\ tejavuz- VE-takhtti-birla-niza' a-

-wXkttlart.

[ba"dahu.
ad.

-sebeb-61an.

Afterwards,

^L^
yinE

sbngra,
(ghenfi),

X^xJ

Aggrieved,

a.

*fix* mXzlum, J^AXXJ


sitemdids.

Again,

ad.

&J

^
1

maghdur,
Agility, 5.

x&S*zi

tekrar,

\j\jti

tekraran,

UL>^

bir-

CJK>1^

chabwklwk.

-daha.

Agio,

5.

^Jib bXsh.
v.a.

Against, pr.
k*~~J4j\i

&
;

Agitate,

a\

)t+j3& a-karshz
;

^Z^oUJl^ chXlkamak
l

iztzrlb
;

karshz'ssma

vErmek,

8>&~~J*j\J
^o

muztarzb-et

karshzssmda
JJkifcL:

<Li.^--J-j:
;

"aleyhin,
kXreshdzrmak.
khills.

^ojS^tj\

"aleyhinda

&L>-

fma,

s^a^
s.

khiUfmda.
suleyraAm.
(?)

Agitation,

(JLJ\^\.^-

chXlkXnz'sh

iztzrXb;

^lioLj

telatum,

Agate,

^Uj-La

Age,

s.

^l) ysh,

^
sAbl.

^/J tfemevvuj.

sbn

j<zz
a.

Ago,

ad.

/cXLc(jAjy

bundan^mukXd-

"Xssr,j^J devr,

^y

karn; of age,

jJb blhgh, ^JbjdJi^ "Akk-blKgh


under age,
a.

dEm, (Jj^-tiji bundn-EWEl. Agony, s. C-^^k^\ ^Jac "XzTm-iztzrAb


gyiSlilUhal^tu-'n-nez"i.
1

^-^

Aged,

a.

cJi)/ ghyunluk
y^shmda
;

j!b\ aylzk

Agree, v.w.
;

yjc^b

Jy

kXvl-et,

l^lft^o

mu;

j\~-\

ikhtiyar,

CX*^j^\^J

kXrar-VErmek

&^jj koja, ^p-^j mussinn.


Agency,
atet,
5.

^
-et;

raze-61, lj^Ji3^.<

muwAfakXt(J^-^l

<dj-U wasszta, c^-^Ljj w^ss-

cXiKoJ

lyi-ghElmek,

eu j^x* ma'Vifet.
5.

uymak,
wasszta,

Agent,
/*J)

jL^j

vekH,

dk^lj

mek,

cWf^yUjJ CJviKjL^ muwAfzk-ghMmek


JP**j1

uyghun-ghEl;

adEm (XdAm).
5.

[etmek^'k.
c-).L?
V
t

^! J^lia^e mutAbzk-61,! j;3y tawaffuk-et;

Agglomeration,

c)l*-,>!

t6p

together, v.n.

u}*ushmak.

AGREEABLE
Agreeable,
a.
^Jjll?

[34]
ghyuzel,
l^tif.

ALDERMAN
mXksud
Xh'sh.
;

tXtlz,

Jj

&

^1'^liJ

nishXn-

shirin,

u-aJaS

Agreeably to
tXtbzkan,

(or

with), ad.

Air, 5. \jb

hewa (hawa)
,

y~Ju nefess

ULJy
s. 5.

tevfzkan.

[muklvelE.
swz, aSjU*

jb

tawr;

v.a.

dX</s-jj

<CU\

Xtesha-ghyMSstErmek,

cJ-^-i^-^^
ha-

Agreement,
Agriculture,

J^3

kXvl,

j^>

ghyunesha-SErmek,

cXr^-*>\*A

c^-c^ij zira"at, \~~~&j>*

and

waya-SErmek,

^^j\jS>- hirasset,
s.

e^o-ls

felah^t.

ClX^y^fe

hava-VEr-

mek

to give one's

self airs,

j^^

Agriculturist,

L^-^jJ

Jjb! ehli-zira'^t.

Xtwar satmk. (JK*?l*


Air-balloon,
5.

Aground,

ad.

(J^jysjitef^

kXraya-

^V balon.
(

[(tufe^rAi).

-oturmush.
Air-gun,

5.
s.

Jojtf L(,b

yel-tufenghi

Ague,

s.

<Ua-j sztma, <U*-J\ issztma.


y\

Air-hole,

cJl

A3 nefesslik,

^^jL^J^-Ju

Ah,

int.

ah,

t\j

wah,

Airy, Ajar,

a.
a.

<*- hayf,
Ahead,
ad.

hawadar. [nefess- deli^Ai. jljlyb

-Jj^ dirigh.

J>^
^arL
s.

chzk.

j^
u^l ey.

Akin,

a.

khhsm.

Ahoy
Aid,

i.

Alabaster,
<G

j*j*$ Xk-mErmEr.
.

s.

J;l

yardam,

Alacrity,
;

(j>.^jL-A>

mussara'^t,

0^/e\
,

imdad, L^%3^U^ mu"av^net


\*(3j[j
t

U^J^*
Alarm,
s.

memnuniyyet.

v.a.

yardam-et, \JU

k6rku,

uJ^

khavf,
;
,

i"anE-et, lc

c^^JbO
s.

dfihshEt; ^-ri- khXbsr

Aide-de-camp,
yavEri-harb.
Ail, v.n.

j^b

yavsr, c.

v.a.

J.+zijji korkutmak,

^^^jlj^jf
takhwif-et,

k6rku-vErmek,
ails

\^J^>^sC

what
?

me ? j*)(&
;

nem-var;
him,

\ti\\
Alas,
int.

ikhafE-et.
L^\

thee
her,
it?

j\j)ti nen^-var

ay,

c5^ way,

&\j

wah,

^
;

<~*te

nfessi-var;
<

us?
?

L"-'*- hayf, 5--!j^ dirigh.


Albania,
s.

J)j<&
-var.

nemiz-var

you
?

j^j&&
nel^ri-

,$) ^'^
and
a.

arnaw ^- v ^ a y e ^arnawd.

nen^iz-var

them

j\5^U

Albanian,
Albeit,
c.

s.

^j^j'

jjjijyb

hsr-nakAdar,

Ailing, a. J**fe

keyfsiz, <t^=J- khXssta,

issada.

J*^5-U^o mizajsiz,

r^j^
"illet

namizaj.

Alchymist, g.j\~4J* kimiya-gher.

Ailment,

s.

^JJjJL$
;

keyfsizlik,
;

JJ^S^S>

Alchymy,
Alcohol,

s.

L^-Jx
ruh.

"ilmi-kimiya.

khXsstalfk

e^Lc

J,J derd.
;

5. s.

~jj

Aim,

v.n.

^/*J^,lU

nishXn-Xlmak
;
,

Alcove,

*/sr*" hujrE.
5.
5.

kurmak, \ J^<! emel-et


kA?sd, J.<^ emel, <*^r<

s.

Alder-tree,

^fr\*

\"<*
'

murver-

meram,

Alderman,

d*d

a"y Xn

ALE
Ale,
5.

[35]
beyAz-arpa-suyu.
Allied, a.

ALMONER
,'&<
s. s. <J>

iy+*Jjijg iJ
s.

muttefik.

Alembic,
Alert

(j-~j\

inbik.
j\

Alligator,

timsah.
nutk.
takhsFss-et.

(to

be

on the), v.n.

^V.^

Allocution,
Allot, v.a.

uyan/k-61, jl jjjcLJtjJ dwrt-ghywz-6,

j'jV J/
Algebra,
Algiers,
Alias,
5. s.

gty*z-kulAk-61.

Allotment,

s.

hissE.

^.>- jebr.
Je*za'ir.

Allow, v.a.

brakmak, ^-c^J
izin-vErmek,

j>\j*r

k6mak,

ad.jjJ+\J nAmz
5.

rukhsAt-VErmek,

Alien,

,*i-1

ejne"bi

Alienate, v.a.
ITk-et,

IcXL^Jay^l akhara-temtebrid-et.
(J**jy*

:,

i^^-XJ

ta yin-et,
of,

\-tojJ

[mak.
k6n-

takhszss-et;
for,

IJj-fJ

kXbul-et
,

Alight, v.n.
Alike,
a.

cX*jl enmek,
beu^zEr,

lw_>L-2*.

hisslb-et;

v.n.

jj=^
bir.
s.

<ull**

mu-

'^Ju-J tesslim-et, 1_J^:


Allowable, a.jj\>ja'iz.

sh

abih,y

Aliment,
jek,

\&z ghzda, cJx5-<U.>


bessl^y^jek,

yeye"-

Allowance,

s.

^L1

aylek,
yillik,
(

C.
ta"yin>
for,

cX^A-Lj
$. tiisu

c)^j

ghyund^lik, <jdb

Alimony,
Alive, a.

nfaka.

[yemek.

C^L-^j
v.a.

ta^yinlt;
j

to

.j^^ make

u^J
jjjiil

diri,

61^ sagh, C^L>-J

\.\i

nXzar-et,

l^J^^ljiiuL-^-

bEr-hayat, ^JuLrv. hayatda.


Alkali, s.
All, a.
alkah'.

hissAba-dakhil-et.

AUoy,
bitun,

s.

3\^lj\$J*4}JJjA\
;

Xltma"ayar.

c-^to

hep,

c^j
;

ghyumisha-kAtzlAn-blkzr

jUc

jemi", <U^s>- jiimlE

above
*

AUude

to,

v.a.

IWjl ima-et, ,j+jAisa\

khususA
las^-'i

after

^^JL^. khu-

Xn^d/rmak.
Allure, v.a.

k^lam.

\iJ^s.

jezb-et.

Allay, v.a.

t^^-J
5.

tesskm-et.

Allurement,

foj\>- jazibfi.

Allegation,

u^j-^J

da"wa,

Alluring, a. (Jj\>- jazib.


Allusion,
5.

kXziyyE.
Allege, v.a. \3\J\ irad-e.

UM

ima,

^j&>\

an^dzn'sh.

Allegiance,

s.

L^-.j^-J

tbb

rAbzta'i-wahidE-tahtma-idkhal-et
s.

L^S^Ju? sXdakXt.
Alleviate, v.a.

j^<>

muttefik.
s.

cX^A-Ari-

khXfifletmek,

Almanack,
salnamE.

/*>^-A-J

tXkwim,

l^.?.J.aT takhHf.et.
Alley,
5.

jUj-tf

dar-s6kAk,

Almighty,

a.

^JjJ

kXdir.

Almond,
Alliance,
5.

s.
s.

*4\) badem.
*\+\

j\su\

ittifXk.

Almoner,

imAm.
E 2

ALMOST
Almost, ad.
c^JiJlSj!

[36]
Altar,
Alter,
5.

AMAZE
^fcX-o

^L*Jb hemAn

m^zbah.
dip'Aishdirmek,

Az-kAldz.

v.a.

CX;*XL>^

Alms,
Aloes,

s, aJjutf

sAdaka.

(J-<ji

<Ls...Jb<UllJ

bXshka-hey eta-ko-

s.

~**a

sAbr;

wood

of

mak, l,Jj<XJ tebdH-et,


,

mahv-u-issblt-et
Aloft, ad.

v.n.

<J>;ljJ

yukan, SJjjljy

yu-

di^Aishmek, ^-jw taghayyur-et.


Alteration,
s.

kart'da (yukarda).

JjJuJ tfebdH;

mahv-u-issbAt.

Alone,

a.

l~dl>

yAln<7/z,

lyi?

tenha,
Altercation,
s.

^bLlb
Along,
ad.

bAshh'-bAshma;

all

c^

niza",

<ilcjlixj

mu-

naza"o:,

Alternate,

a.

cLsXjo

boyunjcc;

come
;

U^c ghawgha (kawgha). J jLi^ mut^badil, c.-?ll


;

mut(6navib

on alternate

days,

along!
along,
>

J
U
q
it

ghEl-bXkXb'm
^
<z-,

go
Alternate, v.w.

ghit-bAkAlzm,

cJviulIiJy

nubetleshmek.

yt-i-f<Ci,>1

ishin^a-ghit,

jJ.Cj^^l^

Alternately, ad.

dl^y

nubetla,

LjL^o
"aifi-'l-

haydi-siktir.

mutenavib6tEn,
^ijb yanina, ^Ji3l> ya-

^LiH^
chars,

Alongside,

rf.

-munavebE.
Alternative,
5.

nmdfl

one another,

*J^\3^\J
borda-bor-

^l^-

Jj^^iiJ

karn-karnrt,

&X3jy*jy
*

bAshka-yol

v=>-^^
j&tijb

tarzkz-akhar.

daya.

Although,
Aloof,
arf.

c.

hsr-nakAdar,

^JJJI uzXkda,

JcU^l

alar^t3<L-j\

issada.
s.

Altitude,

\&j\

irtifa".

Aloud,

pik,

-^?"

jehran,

Altogether, ad.

(j^^^
s.

bitun-bitun.

sXvtz-bulend-ila.

Alum,

s.

t>Li shXb.

Alphabet,

5.

b\
arf.

elif-ba (elif-b E ).
(

Alluminium, ^

\^**}j^j.
-ma"den.
da'ima,

bir-durlu

Alphabetically,

Alluminum,
Always,
ad.

U.J^

^^

Already,

shimdi-bilE,

hEr-wlkzt.

61-wXkta-kllmayarak.

Amanuensis,

s.

u-^Ja kyatib.
toplamak,

Amass,
kfezilik,

v.a.

Also,

(i)J.J5j

ve-

kezalik,

dakhj,

^^^j

Amateur,

5.

havessli.

VE-dakhi,

vfe-hfem-dakhi,

Amaze,

v.a.

-ettirmek;

UX;Jfijrtcy**# ta"ajjubamazed, a. L- ^s^ miV


hayrln
;

to

be

AMAZING
,

[37

AMPUTATION
min-et,

\-^s*>

ta"ojjub-et,

shtfshmak,

(J^'i^j^

hayrAn-kAl-

mek

Xjissini-cht-

mak, JK*!IJ kAlmak, J^!lS<bb baka-kXlmak.

karmak.
America,
s.

a.^
and

Amerika*

Amazing,

a.

^^^sF"
;

"Xjib

(Aja'ib),

Americani

c.jil&^J
sj-

Amerikali.

L_-jyi gharib

ly, ad.

,J^>-

ch6k.

Amethyst,
Amiable,

5.

jeb&okum.
ghyuzel-

Ambassador,

5.

-cf^l

elchi, .-jLj sefir.

a.

Amber,

s.

'j^
a.

kchruba (kehlibar).

-khuylu,^ij'lL?

tAtK.

[dosstanE.
ad.

Ambergrease, Ambergris s.~.z "anbEr

Amicable,

a.

Amicably,
*Jo^j<Gj^l

Ajls^J

Ambiguous,

kApAnzk,

Amidst,
a^ij|j'

pr.

drtassmda,

mughlAk.
Ambiguity,
Ambition,
-shAn,
s. 5.

arassznda.

mughlaklik.
h^rssu-'sh-

Amidships, ad.

^j.^s^j^ji

6rt-

-yErl^rina-doghru.

>^~*

h^rssz-hukyu[-'sh-shln.

Amiss,

a.

Ls fsna, LA-J sakAt.

met.
Ambitious,
a.

Amity,
dossti,

5.

harlssu-

Amble,
kin
;

s.

^
,

j
\

rahwAn,

^^\

fesh-

mukhldenet.

v.n.

C^A^I

eshmek,

Ammonia,
Ammoniac,

5.

jjliJ nishldir.

eshkin-ghitmek, ^\f>\j

s.

jjlU
s.

nishAdz'r.

rahwAn-ghitmek,
Ambler,
rabwAn,
(bEghir).

Ammunition,
s.

^-

harut,

Ambling-horse,

^\j&\j

j^J^^J^
s.

tjsbkin-barghlr

Amnesty,

s. /*lc

^A

"afvz-"amm.
jar.
fc*~:\j\

Among,
4*y pussu
(j<<j
;

Amongst,

aras-

Ambuscade, Ambush,
to

szna, jJc^lj! arassznda.

lay

an

ambush,

pussu kurmak;
bush, Jh*!jjL

to fall into

v^j* an amtutul-

Amorous,

a.
s.

j^s.^\. "AshzkanE.

Amount,

^L^c meblagh
; ,

t^t
jl jJt

top,

&^

pussuyyk

^^J

yekyun

v.n.

bA-

Amen,

int.

amln. (1^c\
a.

[mak.

h'gh-61.

Amenable,

J^--^

mess'ul.

Amphibious,

a.

jl-i^ iJiyJ

*js>

^J*^

>Jb

Amend,

v.a.

JUcJjijL

doghrultmak,

hem-suda-hem-karada-yshar.
Ample,
a.

\^s^
et;

tasshih-et-,
,

LL?1

esslah-

J^J bol,
s.

^i^

ghenish.

v.n.

y\fy
fark.
v.n.

bir-Az-Iyi-61,

Amplitude,

Jy.^

U-j si"a'i-meshnk.

Amputate,

v.a.

CX*~^

kessmek, l^SaS
[kit".

Amendment,
Amends,
to

s.

^j*

[-tutmak.

klt"-et.

make,

\++*i

tAz-

Amputation,

s.

<ul ^ kessilmE,

r ^^

AMULET
Amulet,
s.

[38]
(rmsska).

ANNEX
s.

*?*> nusskha

Angel,

CJi*
a.

melek,

4#L>

mela'ikE.

Amuse,

v.a.

cJ
self,

Angelic,
v.n.

^Lo

melekl.

one's

Anger,
[mek.

5.

jii^L^
t<ifi

darghmlzk, ^^L-.J^JJ

An,

art.

j>

bir.
a.

kzzghml/k, L.-^^ ghAzAb.

Analogous,
makzss.

<ul**

mushabih,

Angina,

5.

(J^-

khunnAk-^illeti.

Cu*
s.

Angina

pectoris,

5.jJuJ^

j;^ fj^/

bir-

Analogy,
Analysis,
5.

c^~$ll~

mushabe'het;

nev-"i-ziku-sadr.

J.>- hall.

Angle,
,

s.

<Li>^==>

kywshE, <L;|j zaviyyE

Analyze,

v.n.
5.

IJl^

hall-et.

v.w.

(J^<^1

^V

^ ^^^
;

61ta-ila-

Anarchy,

jLJ
5.

fessad,

JL>-\

ikhtilal.

bXlzk-awlamak.

Anathema,

e^**J

la"net, IcJJo bed-

Angry,
v.n.

a.

(1

^-^

darghzn

to be

-du"a, j)jfi aforoz.

JU)/J

darilmak, i}*j**

kkmak,

Anatomize,

v.a.

\if2r~>

teshrih-et.

LL)v*^^^=

ghyuJEnmek, C-U.li<Ujji

Anatomy,
Ancestor,

s. s. 5.

<f^r~3

teshrih.
(pi.
;

ghXzAba-ghElmek, CJvJ-JJkrs- hiddetlEnmek.

a>- jedd

J^Jc^t ejdad.)

Ancestry,

ejdad

c-^-J nesseb.
(demir),

Anguish,

s.

i^JJlafi "Azim-dErd,

Anchor,

s.

tlrnur
,

jU
Angular,
a.
s.

lenghEr;

v.a.
v.n.

viX*3jj*-5

demir-

j&J*i
^\j.+^>-

l^mek
mek,

LL)^j^*-J

demirl^at
,

Animal,

haywln;

a.

JU^Uy*.^
&))***

demir-Xtmak;
to
;

l<^j*>" haywlnl.
Animalcule,
s.

demirli;

cast
to

J^kMjd*

haywanjzk.

JH*?1 j*-*3
,

demir-atmak

weigh

Animate,

v.a.

CX^j

jj'-s^

jXn-vErmek,
ll*>-^

(J*<j^\*

^j^<^

de'miri-kaldirmak.

Jj;^jc\-iJjU>ihya-et.

jXnlandzrmak,

Anchorage,

s.

(Jjjj*~j

demir-yeri,

j(^,s*- tj>j y**3 demirle'ye'jek-yer.

Animated,
Animation,
Animosity,

a.
s.

jb^llJ

beshashetli.

Anchored,

a.
s.

}jf**3

demirli.

c^-2*l^J bfeshashet.
.

Anchovy,
Ancient,

AJJ^L; sardela.

CLJyjLC
kinE.

"adavet,

^^=5

a.

(j*1

esski,

AJJJ

kXdim,

km, ^*-^
Aniseed,
s.

^jJ^l^ kyarz-kXdlm.
Ancients,
s.

^j*^
^jyo

anass6n.

pi.

mutakXdesski-za-

Ankle,

s.

JjjJjk t6puk.
s.

dimin,

Annalist,

muverrikh, ^~>j <Ujj


[tawarlkh).
tarikh
(pi.

mAn-XdAmlari.

wXk"a-nuwiss.
dE,
fzkra,

And,

c.

^ VE,
s.
5.

J
*i*

dakhi.

Annals,

s.

pi.

i&fi

*-?jrjJ

Anecdote,

mankabfi.

Annex,

v.a.

IjLffil

ilhlk-et,

1^

Anemone,

4JU

manissa.

zamm-et.

ANNIHILATE
Annihilate,
v.a.

[39]
vulUil

ANTiaiJITY
a.

J^jJlS ^yjJ^j
ljy
.J

Answerable,
Ant,
s.

mess'ul.
kXn'nja.

judini-kAldirmak,
ifna-et.

y6k-et,

Antagonist,
5.

s. **3z>~

khAsszm.

Anniversary,

^j

ghyun.

Antarctic, a. .*>}*>- jenubT.

Announce,
vErmek,
ifadE-et.

v.a.

clX^Jjy-*^

khXbEr-

Antecedent,

a.

salif,
s.

^^

sabzk,

i^J-^J

tebllgh-et,

UjLj!

mukXddEm

>J& mu-

mevsulun-bih.
Jj-^sf

Annoy,

v.a.

ta"jiz-et

Antechamber,
Antediluvian,
EVVE!.

5.

diwAnkhanE.
l?

sekmti-vErmek, L
eziyyet-VErmek, \\~x>-\j rahatstz-et;

a.

tufAndan-

ghyuJEndirmek,
ghyiijuna-ghitmek.

Antelope,
j&\

5.
\

jeyrAn

(jeylAn),

ahu.
a.

Annoyance,

s.

t-ojl

eziyyet,

Antemeridian,
evvel.

^)<^^. j^

wylsden

Annoying,

a.

Anterior, a.

salif,

^l~>

sabzk,

-ghyujuna-ghidEr.

Annual,

a.
s.

Anthropophagi,
**$* s^him,
irad.

s.

pi.

U^
ummak,
EWEl-dawt^^lb
tXleb-

Annuity,

Antichrist,

s.

Jlf^

dejjal.

Annul,
et,
\

v.a.

\~*

fesskh-et,

1J

\lsjl

ibtAl-

Anticipate, v.a. <jU*<^

Jlkj
5.
5.

bXttll-et.
iXi/4w}j
<JLJlL>-

[minda.
hXlka-ress-

mfi'mul-et

(JNVJ^j^Jj^
s>-

Annular,

ranmak

Lr

J ji ^ JJ-fiJ,!
S-'j^

Annum,

<^-j

sens

per annum, ^^i^

Jh*J^ ^y*-^ CJ-c^j

yzlda, <*Jj~i

SEnEvi.

61unmazdan-EvvEl-hisss-edwp-vErmek-

Anoint, v.a.

cJ-b
^u~<
a.

ya^A-surmek,
[dehhen.

yakhud-yapmak.
Antics,
5.

tedhm-et.
Anointed,
a.

pi.
s.

J!* /sr~

<

mASskharalzk.

messih,
5.

mu-

Antidote,

-.Ic
s.

"ilaj.

Anomalous,

Anomaly,

Antimony,

(J^j^jy^

timur-b6zAn

(demir-b6zAn).

Anonymous,
Another,
a.

a.

\(**\

imzassiz.

Antipathy,

s.

CL^iJ

nefret;

LL^W
,

j>&Lj

bAshka-bir,

"adavet, L^-v<fl>- khussumet.


Antique,
5.

dighEr-bir.

<U^

"antika
"atik,

a.

Answer,

s.

<-->^>-

JEwIb;

v.a.
,

esski,

(j~z2-

>-^^-JJ

kXdlm,

CX^j JEWAb-vErmek;
61mak, (J>*Jj\ iiymak
kefTl-ol;
;

v.n

Ajjj^l^ kyar/-kXdim.

forj

Antiquity,

5.

djbi

"antika;

mess'ul-ol.

esski-zamXn.

ANTLER
Antler,
s.

[40

APPETITE
5.

jyj$

bdynuz.

Apostle,

(Jj~>j

ressul,
.

J-y* mursel

Anus,
Anvil,

5.

JjtJU

mak"ad.
wrss.

the

apostles

of Christ,

^Jjl^-c-

s.

v~jj\
5.

hawariyyun.
kXssavet
;

[isspenchiyar.
ig**])

Anxiety,

Cl^Usi*

^^

Apothecary,
Appal,
v.a.

s.

ejzajz,

jLs^U*^

telashl (telash).

(JH**jJijjJ

k6rkutmak,

Any, pro.

bir,

j\j) bir-AZ;

^/Uj bx"zz;

IcjbysT
Appanage,

takhwif-et.
s.

*j&

hich,^J-^.J&

hich-bir.

(j>&j\ arpalzk, ^jljUJl>U

Anybody,

pro.

&,.\ ...

kimessnE

bAshmaklzk.
Apparatus,
s.

(kimssE).

JJU? takzm,

CL^ijJ^C-?^

Anyhow,

ac?.

A-^jlJ*aJ nassl-6lursa
hich-bir-durlu.

alat-edawat.
;

jJjJ^-AJb
Apace, ad.

Apparel,

s.

LL*\jJ\

esswAb (essbAb),

C^U.

chabwk.

^^Ul

libXss, ^L-Jl elbissE.


a.

Apart, ad. u^jl ayrz.

Apparent,
;

yfe

Us

zahir,j^Ju)Jo bedidar,

Apartment,
Apathy,
fcXJU
s.

4?j\

6da

^J^J

da'irE.
,*Jtc

Wy&

huwEyda, jl^^il Ishikyar.


ad.

^J-sJuJ

kaydszzh'k,

Apparently,
zahira.

LIU

ghAliba

l^JbU^

"adEmi-ttfkayyud.

[yals.
s.

Ape,

s.

^y****

maymun,

cXJ

shebek

Apparition,

j^

zuhur

^L^

kha-

v.a. IjulaJ' tAklid-et.

Appeal, v.n. LlXfc-^t} dushraek,


sighinmali
;

(J^J^a

Aperient, a. J.-~<> miasshil (ss-h).

id-^t>-UA! miiraja' at-et.

Aperture,

s.

dXJj

delik,

^^
zirvE.

aralzk,

Appear,

v.n.

OX*J^^
it

ghywrunmek,
ij^-^J0

^JjL>-l achzkb'k,

C3L-A3

nefesslik.

CLX-^_iJ
zuhur-et;
ghlliba
runiyor.
;

--^=>

ghywzikmek,
appears,

Apex,

5.

u~\j
5.

re'ss,

^j J

v.imp.

Ulc

Aphelion,

^a^>a.

haded.

^^li ghelir,

jj*Jjj=z ghyw-

Apiece, ad. tej^j behErina.

Apocryphal,

v^Jjx^c meshkyuk.
[Ifimek.

Appearance,
hey'et;

5.

^-^^

surst,

Apogee,

5.

i^a~as>- hadid.
v.n.

(J^j

ghywrunush;

Apologize,

clX^^bt^nXc

"wzr-di;

zuhur.

Apology,

s.

6~<\jj&-

"wzrnamE

cJLjj j^

Appease,

v.a. v.a.

^;jx-

^ tesskm-et.

"wzr-beyani.

Append,
dXmla,

1^

zamm-et,

Apoplexy,
Apostasy,
Apostate,
<UJjt)

s.
s.

AL*i>
*>1jJj1

Ji3

nuzul.

"ilavE-et.

irtidad.

Appendage,
(mfirtXd),

Appendix,

s.

<Ui3'

te-

5.

Ju^

miirtedd

timmE, <U-,^ zaminiE, *j!c


Appertain, v.w.

"ila

dwnma.
v.n.

j^^U

rajz"ol, j'l

Apostatize,

cJviJJJ^iJJ

dmin-

menut-ol,
Appetite,
5.

^^i^Jc

muta"allik-oL

dan-dknmek.

1^-1 \ ishtzha (ishtah.)

APPLAUD
Applaud,
Applause, Apple,
v.a.
5.

[41

APTLY
v.a.

^^Aia
Mma.
a.

sitayish-et.

Apprehend,

tutmak,
.

^^L^

sitayish.

ytfkalamak,
-ghirift-et;

I^

3^^^ akhz-u-

5. 1*1!

=^

anglamak
;

Applicable,

J^^
^iJcJitJ

dokunur

(annamak), IcJ

derk-et

munassbet-AKr. j^!!L^v-jlxx)
Application,
5.

korkmak.
Apprehension,
-gbirift
;

dokundu;

5.
/

akhz-u;

rush, (j^Ju^A; yapzshdm'sh

^JJ*y$

liW^
a.
i

j f^hm-u-idrak

dushush,

u~jj\u^-l

bXsh-urush
muraja"at;

y^y

k6rku.

[kussu-6lAn.

(wurush),

o*^-]^

Apprehensive,
Apprentice,
5.

^..iJW

chXb'shzsh,

CLJ^CJ^JC-J sa"ysarfz-zihn,

shay^ird

v.a.

-u-ghayret,
Jk$sj-

^J^j^?
jidd-u-JEhd.

iX>-

Apprenticeship,
p'Airdlik.

5.

LlJ^=l-l

sha-

Apply,

v.a.

(jU^XJjJ

d6kundurraak,
;

[mek.

(JKCjjjb
surmek
tzla-et
;
;

y^ptshdtrmak

LlX*^
; I

St

Apprize, v.a.

tX*j j*
J^
v.a.

khlbEr-VEr<*-*j&J
\<*-Jj

\(J~bu
,

tatbzk-et

Approach,

y61

takartakar-

($*jj\ij& bXshJ dushmek, wurmak, i^Lt-ij U^-Jej^^c


v.n.

rub;
rub-et,

&

n.

/^A-i>jl^&j

yakznlashmak,
[isstihsan.

muraja'^/t-et

for,

cJv^-ct

isst^-

cJ^ljijA yakzn-varmak.
Approbation,
5.

mek,

lUjaJ

isstid"a-et,

l<u!lL^c

T:?

rs^ tahsm,

^LaCUJ
;

mutal^bE-et,
,

1^-J^ll^o

niAtlub-et

Appropriate, v.a,
,

^^--^sr

takhsfss-et

one's

self,

JUhiJl>- chXh'shmak,

a.

U^M*^M miinassib.
5.

l^yui sa"y-et, iCL^jfijf^JUi sa"y-u-ghayret-et.

Approval,
,

^ugcLji

isstihsan

on

ad.

j^*
a.

mukhXyy&r.

Appoint, v.a.

I^.JU

ta"yin-et,

Ic^*a3

Approximate,
takhmini;
rub-et.

^^^ tlkribi, ^j^asC


,

nXssb-et, l^^u^^kr

takhs?ss-et.

v.n.

v^jQ

takar-

Appointment,
riyyet
;

s.

o jj^U

mfi'mu-

[takhmma.

(A;!

ish.

Approximately, ad. \+>J& tXkriba,


hisssE[nassib. y611u,
<

l^-sT
;

Apportion, v.a.
-hisssE-taksTm-et,

Approximation,
(

5.

<-r-yi3

takarrub

j^sC takhmm.
5.

Apposite, Appraise,

a.

jJJjj

mu-

Apricot,
April,
5.

,c-^

kayssz,

^<^;J

zerdali.

v..

klmetl^j

^jl

J
&

nissan.

-tlkdir-et,

ClX*^
v.a.

baha-bichmek

Apron,

5.

JUkllJ peshtamAl.
a.
aa".

(pAha).

Apropos,

w^^aL^ munaszb.
[vwejil^.

Appreciate,

|^,^

tAkdlr-et,
.

Apt,
/

a.

AJO-^O mussta"idd.
.

kXdr ini-bil mek

Aptly, ad. ^4^*, ' v * ^


.

^U^>U<< 2
.

mun-aszb^ti-

APTITUDE
Aptitude,
ti"dad.
Aquafortis,
s.

AROMATIC
iss-

Aptness,

s.

)***

Arid, a.
Arise,

kuru,

[kEZAb-suyu,
<~~>\j~i tizib,

v.n.

kAlkmak

.yj0u^
v

j
nesh'et-et,

tulu"et; Ici-llJ

Aqueduct,

s.

^jj.y*

su-y61u,

-*^==

j^ lazzm-ghElmek.
kibar.

Aristocracy, 9,j\

Arab,

s. '-

"arab.
fe

Aristocrat,

s.

u^
^.

kibar-den-biri.

Arabia,
Arabic,

s. s.

"arabistan.

Arithmetic,
(hes-).

"ilmi-hissAb
["ilmi hissab.

tef^f- "arabja.
a.

Arable,
J5J!/*

jk*&jy*\ mezru"
;

ekilir-bichilir
,

Arithmetician,

5.

^
,

Jjbl ehli-

land,

s.

jf"

Ark,

s.

Noah's
;

mezra"a, j^L
Ararat, Mt.,
s.

tarla.

-ghemissi

of

the

covenant,

,PV U^cl

Aghri-dAghi

tabuti-sekinE.

Arbiter, Arbitrator, *j>Arbitrate, v.n.


\

hakEm.

Arm,

5.

k61

silah;
;

v.n.
v.a.

J^l ayrd-et.

silahlanmak

Arc,

^.

(j~

kavss.

silah- VErmek

Arch,

5.

j+$>
s.

ksmEr.

d6natmak.

Archer,

^J&)\*=, kemankesh.

Armada,

s.

U.i3^J d6nanma.
s.

Archery,

s.
s.

cJi~lOU

kemankeshlik.

Arm-chair,
^J!jki-tf

J^y

k61tuklu,

Architect,

kAlfa. jt*Jt^ mi"mar, <ulU


s.

k61tuklu-SAndAliyyE.

Architecture,

c^U^o^.i
;

fEnni-mi"-

Armenia,

s.

^\&MMCJ! ermenisstln.
a.

marl

LJ bina
s.

J\^

bin alar.

Armenian,
kuyudlt

,***j\
;

ermeni

s.

Archives,

pi.

cA^-$

r<*^
Armfull,

ermeni
^.

teste~<j\

ermenTJE.

<Olri^Jj

deftErkhlnE,

ci/^*^'^

\$\>-f kuJAk, \e*$y \$&~j*

evrAk-makhzEni.
Arctic, a.

kuJAk-dolussu.
Armillary sphere,
s.

uJU1
.

shim all.
ateshli
;

**

s^s

kyurE-

Ardent, a.ji~J'l

jlil? y^nar.

'i-mushebb^kE.
Armistice,

Ardour,

s.

n~+~*j* ghermiyyet.
a.

mutarekE.

Arduous,
chetin,
.

^^=

ghy&cli,

^;*^>

Armlet,

s.

blzubend.
kzlijji,

JC^ muta"assir.

Armorer,
fenkji, ^

tu-

^^yp"***

Arpn -Mica, o.

^J*H sAth (t-h.)


!i-J>Jii

chakmakjt.
jebE-khanE.
zirh
;
.

Argue,

v.n.

lakfrdz-et,

\AX^VM

Armory,

s.

mubah^ssE-et
-yarzshz-et.

'i*^;^^"
lakirdi,

Armour,
Armpit,
/

s.
s.

.L9 silah.

J
a.

k61tuk.

Argument,
kelam,
j

5.

u^J^Ji!

Army, s.jJj 6rdu,


Aromatic,
k6kulu.

** suz.

AROUND
Around,
X*s\Jb\
ad.

[43]
etrafa,

ASCENSION
a.

and pr.

ti\Jb\

Artful,

toUa-j-A

sheytAn,

j\j

etrafda.
v.a.

Arouse,

kaldnrnak,

Artfulness,

5.

^Jjj

hilfibazlik.

b.\ uyndz'rmak.

Artfully, adi

Arrange, v.a.
tErtib-et,

cX<^
;

dizmek, ^c-^-

Artichoke,

s.

,[&>\ inghinar

Jerusalem

nizA'ma-k6mak
lashdt'rmak.

kArar-

Article, s. -cli^e

mata", Jto mAl


;

^
,

bend,
s.

^w
J
t

f tkra

definite
;

u-^

Arrangement,

u.^.Jy

tErtib,
[ i_j2<?

harfi-ta"rif

indefinite

nizAm
Array,
5.

j\Ji
i

kArar.
tertib,
ghiyili,

sAff.

edati-t^bhlm.

-Jy

/Ui)

nizAm,

Artifice, s.

Arrayed,

a.

^L*J

u~*^'*

mu ~

Artificer, 5.

uJli^l essnaf,

L^-^*:

lebbess.

[bAkaya.
s.

ehli-san"at.
Artificial,
a.
,

Arrears,
Arrest,

pi.

mandfi,

\>\b
,

sun"i,

^-i*^
-'

mii-

5.

hAbss

v.a.

sanna",
Artillery, s. ^JojL t6plar,

tAklid.

akhz-u-ghirift-et
tevkzf-et.

t6pjz-"AsskEri
;

man,

s.

Arrival,

s.

kudum, ^lo ghelish


var/sh.

t6pji.

[ehli-san"at.
5.

vussul, (j^j\)

Artisan,

uJlx*^ essnaf,

U&^KS^Jjbi

Arrive, v.n. LL)vJj ghfilmek,

(^^

var-

Artist, s. ,*L>) ressam.

mak,

^J
s.

wAssil-61,
[tfekebbur.

Artless, a.
hilESsiz.

slfd^run

j*s+
ad.
;

wussul-bulmak.
Arrogance,
Arrogant,
a.

Jaw

ta"azzum,

As,

e.

teJj^
iken
;

chiinku,

>.

chun

^-o

mute'kebbir.
self,

ijL\
(J.+.~&

as ... as

.,

jjJ kAdr
;

Arrogate to one's
kXlkfshmak,
-Xlraak.

v.a.

as soon as,
it

^-0^30 J

-di^Ai-ghibi

as

uzErinE-

were, as though,

A&L?
;

sanki;
as

as

for, as to, *fld

ghelinJE

much,
(6-)
;

Arrow,
Arse,
5.

5.

j^

6k, ^.J

tir,

sehm.

bu-kAdr,
as

,J^.^ 61-kAdr

C5. 5.

^J dubr,

^
..

kyun.

much

as

.,

jJ kAdr

as well as,

Arsenal,
Arsenic,

4jUr.jL t6p-khan.

ghibi, jJ^J kAdr.

^y^^-

szchAn-6tu.

Ascend,

v.a.

and

w.

^j

chzkmak,

Arson,
Art,
5.

s.

J^^lj <OU- khanE-yakmak.


L^%*. san"at
;

su"ud-et.
;

finn

Ascendency,

5.

J^ftj

i"tibar,

C^'yt^o ma"rifet;
Artery,

*^sAscension,

hukm.
5.

.4t*lA

shah-dAinar.

J**^ su"ud.

ASCENT
Ascent,
s.

[44]
rumek,

ASSISTANT
\
yuruyush-et,

Jyu? su"ud

Ascertain, v.a.

\sT
s.

^^ yokush.
tahklk-et.

hujum-et.
Assay, v.a.

Ascribe, v.a. \jls-1 issnad-et.

mahekkE-tut<to
;

Ash, Ashes,

J^
1

kyul

ash- tree,

mak
rma-bakmak.
Assayer,
s.

iUc "aya-

^^Ic^jlj^j^jJ dish-budAk-At^AJt. to be Ashamed, a. cJ.-s^ mahjub


;

v.n.

(J.*^j\ utAnmak.

Assemble,

v.a.

tf J
,

toplamak,

Ashore, ad. ty^s kAraya, &xjs kArada.


Asia,
5. L-J!

jem"-et

v.n.
^

toplanmak,

Assia.
Assiali.

jl^^f- jem"-ol,
Assembly,
<^f*V birXAJjbjJ
5.

mmu"-et.
jem"iyyet.

Asiatic, a.

^)LJ

Aside, ad.
-tarafa
;

^bj

bir-yana,

Assent,
,

s.

L^> riza,

muwAfakAt;
j

^^V.y

bir-yanda,
ayri.

v.n.

cX^->^
\\c.<3\

riza-VErmek,

bir-tarafda;

o^l

Iw^^AJl^o muwAfakAt-et.
Assert,
v.a.

Ask,

v.a.

(j**j)*e

sormak, IJ^j-j su'al-et;

iddz"a-et,

C^Jv*>**>i

isst^mek.
ad.

demek.
Assertion,
s.

Askew, Aslant,

^jj\ arkuri(aykm),
^j^c^\ uyu-

L3<ljs*i

laktrdi,

swz,

C?Jj^
Asleep,
a.

charptk.
j)}J,j\ uyuyor,

Jy
Assess,

kavl,
v.a.

Ujl

lddi"a.

lc-il

^rj /
JU mAl-ila-Xkcha.
tt

mush,

xJ*i;bj\

uykuda.

ta"yini-vergu-ichiN-keshf-et.
Assets,
5. />/. JLssrl^Ll
s.

Asparagus,
Aspect,
s.

s-jujs^js

kush-k6nmaz.
;

tj&< mlnzara
hey'et
;

^^b bXkzsh;
nezaret.

Asseveration,
Assiduity,

j^

yemln.

w^-

Jb

Cl^Ui)

s. *\>\s\

Tkdam.

Aspire, v.n.

ijJvi^J j

ghyuz-dikmek,
[khar.

Assiduous,

a.

/JJi< mukdim,

\<jo\ emel-et.

Ass,

s.

<*^J*\ eshek,
s.

jl^>- hzmar, y>-

Assign, v.a.
takhsz-s-et;
\<

taym-et
j>hawalE-et.

Ass-colt,

<U-*?

spa.

Assail, v.a.

\ffsP* hujum-et.
s.

Assignee,
AJS?*

5.

J->-^=^ vekH.
.

Assailant,

^?.^s&
kAnh',

hujumju,

Assist, v.a. ^/*^

yardim-et,

j^Joi hujum-edEn.

mu"avenet-et, \ jt*Xl imdad-et

Assassin,

s.

^ijli'

JjU

kAtzl.

v.n.

(J*+^*J bultinmak,
hlzzr-ol.

c3v*K

Assassinate,
^

v.a.

^XcjjJ^l

wldurmek,

mek, jLjUAssistance,
s.

Jw

kAtl-et, Ifc^Jj telef-et.


5.

/*^^,

yard/m,

Assassination,

J,*^ kAtl.
t

imdad, JjUl i"anE,


venet.
Assistant,
s.

d-OjU*

mu''a-

Assault,

5.

(j^.jj)j
C^Jv4J
i4-

yuruyush,
fc*fj)

[mu^avin, jj^. yamak.


^^js^u^b yardzmjz, ^j\**<

hujum

ASSOCIATE
Associate,
refik,
s.

[45]
Astrologer,
5.
5.

ATTAIN
munfejjim.
:

^^JAJjl arkadash,
kArin
; ,

^y
1

v.n.

Astrology,

"ilmi-nujum.
ehli-hey'et.

kon^ushmak, cJ^-^^^=> ghywrush.mek,


\

Astronomer,

5
s.

jLibajjl
ikhtilAt.et,
5.

arka-dashKk-et,

Astronomy,
Asunder,

"ilmi-hey'et.

UL^\

Ij^t

ulfet-et.

ad.

<>

iki-parcha

Association,

L^~,<

shirkfit,

LjL^JJ

u^.;! ayri,

mimfXssil.

k6mpanya.
Assuage,
v.a. v.a.

Asylum,

5.

j}

V.f*~ J

tesskin-et.
\

Is.^

raelja.
;

Assume,
-et;

(jd\ Xlmak, J*-J kAbuluzErinE-Almak


;

At, pr. ^j E, a

dE, da.

Jf^JUijjjJ

Atheism,
Atheist,

5.

aUb jlC\
<d!b^^o

inkyar-bi-llah.

CJ^^s ghirmek.
Assurance, s.j^s SMZ,
(pi.)
;

s.
s.

munkir-bi-'llah.

CuU-^U
;

te'minat

Athens,

L-J! Xtina.

ij+A^

yemln

jUc*c! i^timAd,
"ars/zlzk
;

Athletic, a.

ufy kawT, ^ijy kuwetli.


,^jjS.

sebat;
k+~s sighurta.

J^U
emm-et.
(*) j--&l

Atlantic,

s.

kJBf ^sT

bahri-

muhit-gharbi.

Assure,

v.a.
;

\^<\j

te'mm-et

Atmosphere,

5.

\b *j=

kyure'l-hawa

yemm-et
Asterisk,
5,

L^!

Atom,

5.

IjA

zerra.

Oyi> hawa.

C-^U,^

Atone, v.n. !c^,U? kef^ret.et.

Astern,

arf.

<U-jOjl arkassina,

Atonement,
Atrocious,

5.

cl^jlfi

kefUret.

arkassmda;
arcjmda.

&^j\

ardma,

a.

%-^^

sh^ni",

^-i>!

eshna".

[shena'^t.
Atrocity,
s.

Asthma,

^.

^^^ftj^^.^

z?ku-'n-nefess,

Atrociousness,

L^vcLi
1

jkX^aJi^JU^ zzku-'ss-sXdr.

Attach, v.a.

jj^JLcfy

iX^Alamak,
;

iaj^

Astonish, v.a.

cXjJaJc.^.s*^ t-"j-

rAbt-et, ^JCJ bend-et


v.w.

-r- one's self,

jub-etdirmek.

J^jLfiLj bX^Manmak,

Astonished,

a.

L-^^S**^ muta"jjib

to

"alaka-et.

be

^-,

v./?.

le-^s-^

ta"ffjjub-et,

Attach^,

s.

(French)

i^j*U
[mflhabbet.
"alaka,
;

J^^jli> shshmak.
f

ma"iyyet-m4muri.
t-' ajjub,
[-sXlmak.
tij4>-

Astonishment,

s.

^-^-s^

Attachment,
Attack,
s.

s.

AJJlc

c^-^sr<

d>^
Astound,

hayrfet. v.a.

/*^s^

hujum

L^-oy nubet,
; ,

^*!U?
go

hayreta-

tl^jU?l issabet j^^l? zuhur,


!/*y?^

v.a.

Astray, ad.,

to

astray,

v.n.

^/Kb

hujum

r et;

J^Jlo^^-lc
;

J^/Jj-L>J^j
(vanish)
.

yanglish-y61-tutmak

"aleyhina-ch^kzghmak
bet-et,

\^^*i\&\ issa-

lj^5 zuhur-et.
j^J 1

Astringent,

a.

Attain,

v.a.

9 '*

wassfl-ol;

^^

*Jb

ATTAINMENT
baKgh-61
;

[46]
;

AUGUR
<

jr'Jjto

na'il-61

Attract, v.a.
;

>X>. jezb-et,

d
[-jazibE.

muzaffEr-61,

^^y%
>

muw^ffak-61
kessb-et.

chekmek.
Attraction,
j.

^L.^rsT'tahszl-et, 1t-^

JLJjl.s~Ll^J

kuvveti-

Attainment,
Attar,
.

s.

J*>^a^ tahsH.

Attractive, a. t_jjl=^ jazib.


;

(Arabic)

Jaz "hr

of

Attribute,

s.

^^La
\j

szfAt

v.a.

roses, (C^V. <J^ gyul-yagAi,

^cb
;

jac

C3*<^j vErmek,
issnad~et.

"zv-et,

"hr-yagAi.

Attempt,

s.

^^Lftllj

kXlkzshz'sh

v.n.

Auburn,
Auction,

a.
s.

aji^
J\j*

lipisska.

^4.^-Jilljf

kXlkzshmak.

mezad (mezXt),
[dellal

Attend,

v.a.

CX^IL
JPJ^

b^klfimek

ks^iU|

muzay^dE.
Auctioneer,
s.

refukat-et;

bAkmak, lc^^^>-

t^-^j*

mezadji,
;

J^J

khMmet-et (hizmet).
Attendance,
s.

Audacious,
;

a.

j^**^.jessur 'j^j^&

"arstz.

e^-jjlj; refakat
;

L^-^Joetba"ctba".

Audacity,

5.

Cl^L-j^

jessaret

^j^j^

khzdmet (hizmet)
-taktmz.

^IjlLcljjl

"arst'zlzk.

[?W^
s. s.

Audible,

a.

Ji.LjuLjl J
*

ishidilir.

Attendant,
Attention,

JH^J

refik

attendants,

Audience,

s.

cl^lJjL*

mulakAt (interview)

L^~JL> dikkXt, JuJu takay-

C^\cU^
kurmak.
Audit, v.a.

jema"at, ^-x^Lj sami"?n


,

yud,
\

/%U^
c^JJJ

ihtimam
;

to
call

pay

to hold an

(j*jf

uyjfc^

diwAn-

c>J} J dikkat-et

to

to,

Ij^^L:*-

dikkat-jelb-et.
;

jjU^J^t-^L-^ hissAb-yokcU-jls.x
'

Attentive, a.
v.n.

<xJU mukayyed
dikkXt-et.

to be

lamak,
office,

miihASS^bE-et
tU-jlsr*

Ic^JJ

s.

,j*ks

muhass^be-

Attest, v.a.
,

tlXj

*,}**

yemin-VErmek

kalEmi.
Auditor,
s.

v.n.

^r*
5.

yemm-et,

Id^jl^
[shahadet.

^U^^

dingl^yen (dineyen),

shahadet-et.
Attestation,
Attic, s.

^-^L: sami"; ^

^.-^o yemm

CUJl|^&

Auger,

s. s.

,fjj> burghu.

i**yi*}$*
s.

tawXn-arassz.
u?) ziy,
;

Aught,

^jfy bir-shey

Attire,
kzb'k,

<L-J^
Cl^^...^

elbissE,
1-)

^J
,

hich-bir-shey.

kissvet

v.a.

Augment,
(j^j*
k/-et
;

v.n.

(J^J^

artmak,
^ {

tJMjJ*
Attitude,
(pi.
s.

ghiyindirmek.

izdiyad-bulmwk,
,

^f/

terak-

/jiJ
evza")

durush, %-^^ wXz"i


;

v.a.

(J-*fj\

artzrmk,

9^y
5.
;

ti-i-A hey'et.

\j~=Z
tezayud,

teksir-et.
s.

Attorney,

J-,^ vekH, ^JiJj l: J da"-

Augmentation,

i>b*>^1

izdiyad,

&$j/>

wa-vekHi

power

of

^ay

terakkt.

vekyalet-namE.

Augur,

s.

^jfcl^

kyahin,

AUGURY
Augury,
August,
5. s.

[47]
Avalanche,
; ,

AZURE
5.

Jls

fXl.

(French) j-^>~ chzgh.


khissset,

(j~j^~*\ a^osstoss

a.

Avarice,

s.

e:^ ^-

JU
Aunt,
nal)
5.

"all,

.^b

saml.
<*ll>-

khXssisslik.

(paternal)

hAla

(mater-

Avaricious, a.

^^-*>.

kh.Xssiss.

*|J teyzE;

(uncle's wife)

iLj

Avenge,

v.a.

(J^\ ^sc\scJ\ intiklmtnione's self, v.n. ( J^\*\sc>'A

yenghe".

[sa"adE.
<t;Lo

Xlmak;

Auspices, s.pl.
Auspicious,
Austere,
a.
a.

says, fcXfiL*" mus-

intikAm-Almak.

.XcL^c mussa"id.
sert-tAbz"tli
;

Average,

a.

k-jj wXssAt,

<0'^ 6rta

on

^l^JrCl^-j

an
Averse,

feaw^U^J
^J^e>\j
s.

bir-biri-usstuna.

liJbj
Austerity,
Australia,

riyazatli.
s.

a.

razi-di^M.

L^-v4?bj riyazat.

Aversion,

Lj^AJuc

"adEmi-riza

5.

U^x^^

Avstralia.
[bfir.

i^jju
Avoid,

nefret.

Austria,

5.

b^3-jj\
a.

Avstria.

v.a.

kXchmmak. ^
chekinmek.
ikrar-et,

Authentic,

^s^ sahzh,
s.

-** mu

t^-

sakz'nmak,

Authenticity,

c^s**

szhh<it.

Avow, v..
badi,
rlf-et.

l^Jcl

ti-

Author,
^-Jl*o

s.

u^cb

ba"iss,

c^jb

slnz";

u-fl!^-<

mu'ellif, u-ft

Awake,

a.

uyanzk
,

v.a.

mussannif.
Authoritative, a.
&J\j<\

\}**\iy uyanmak;
amiranE.
;

v.a.

(J

uyandzrmak.

Authority,

s.

*^- kukm,^! emr


amir,
lajL?
;

Award,

s.

*>- hukm,

klrar.

hakim,
izn,

**\

zabit

Aware
(to

(to be), v.n.

khAbEri-61

c^-*2_~Lj
;

rukhsAt

L^-%-3

become),
ad.

me'zuniyyet
burhan.
Authorization,

Xl^i

sened,

Away,

&.\jj

\iz\gha,

uzAkda;
kaldirmak.

to do
5.

with,

^^.jJ

(*)\

izn,

L^^*a^-i

Awful,

a.

korkunjlu.

rukhsXt

c^J^t) U

me'zuuiyyet.

Awhile, ad.

bir-wAk?t,J^
y akz'shmaz, j

bir-Xz.
.,..,<?. *..

Authorize, v.a.

CX^.;^ ^jl izn-vErmek,

Awkward, a.J^^JJ
Awl,
5.

j?

\us+s>3

terkh?ss-et.

J-J
s.

biz.

[ytfkz'shzkszz.

Autumn,

5.

J^^= ghyuz, jl^cJ^? sony-

Awning,

&xJ tent.
charpzk.

-bahar, cJ.;y>^

J^

fASsh'-kharif.

Awry,
Axe,
Axis,

a.

(_*/>

Autumnal,
Auxiliary,

a.
5.

<Ju.j*-

kharifT.
yardzmjz'.
;

5. <dalb

bAlta.

^^^jb

s.jjS^
s.

mihver.
dinghil.

Avail, v.n. Uju'j fa'idE-et


of, v.n.
\

one's self
[2fJw!

Axle,

J6J

Available,

JjJ a. .^W

kXbul-et.
hlz/r,

MdE.

Azure,

a.

^bcj^-l

achtk-ma'i (mavi),

^f-vc mevjud,

ghyuk-ma'lssi (mavissi).

BABBLER
B.
Babbler,
s.

[48]
Balance,
s.

BARB
j\\Ji
terazi
;

^Lsi

&jj> gheve"zE,

J^^y boshBalanced,
a.

muhass6b6-deftEri.

bo^Az.
Babe,
s.

cJj J denk.
.l^&lii shahnishm.
bXshJ-tlss
;

(js>-J>- chojuk,
s.

cXj
cXj

bebek.

Balcony,
Bald,
a.
5. 5.

s.

Baboon,
Baby,
s.

^+*-~<>

maymun.
bebek

J^ kM.

(Jfc-j>- chojuk,
s.

Bale,
Ball,

C)J J denk.
L-^^ top
;

Babylon,

u^i Jjlj
ard
;

Babel- shehiri.

JHCJJ

yumak
;

<d

Bachelor, s.j^Lj bikyar (beykyar).

ghyullfi;
s*rt
;

^~>j

kurshun

jib

balo.

Back,

s.

J\
;

&\

arka
;

tJ>*
gheri

Ballad,
Ballast,

s.

^$j
.

tiirkyu.

zahr
;

(j-y
,

tsrss

-<

x&
te-Ji

sXfra.

ad.

gheri, fa

Balloon,
,

s.

^V>

balon, ^ JtW chAdzr.

gheriya,

*^j

gherida
in

v.a.

Ballot,

s.

kur"a,yi3l.,j piyanko.

and

n. (a

boat
5.

rowing) I&M* siyE-et.


iP*-tjl <UjU

Bamboo,
Band,
5.

s. jjj~<\3

klmish.
;

Backgammon,
6yunu.

tawla-

JlL takim,

bMuk
<U~
tErssina,

^
5.

muzika.

Backwards, ad.
tirss,
Jj

Bandage,

.&/<*

sarghz.

jj>

*j

gh^ri-gheri,

^^

Banish, v.a.

c
^^Ai

surmek,
nefy-et
;

kzchm-kzchm.
don^uz (do-

surghyun-et,
def"-et.

t-

*^

Bacon,

s.

muz) passdirmassi.
Bad,
a.

Banishment,

s.

^yjy^

surghyun, ^Ju
l

Li fena
;

bozuk

nefy.

k.\lp

kyutu,

lU

l>l

ish-yok.

Bank,
sedd

s.

u^^s
<^AJJ

su-kEnari

Bag,

s. fo

keyssE.
5.

banka.
sarraf (saraf).
mufliss.
muflisslik.

Baggage,
Bail,
s. 5.

L-il eshya, cJy, yuk,


kefil.

^^J
[pirti.

Banker,

s.

uJ
^.

Jutf
*J

Bankrupt,

^jJ^o
s.

Bait,

\em
;

^,

v.a.

cXoj V

Bankruptcy,
Banner,
j
s.

cA-fU
bayrak,

yem-VErmek
Bake,
v.a.

cJ>^x/*j

yemlEmek.
fmnda-pishir-

J^J

ju
szrik
;

sXnjak,

cX^-J^jJjJ
,

bandara.
s.

mek;
pishmek.

v.n.

tiX4-lJ

Banquet,

u^%L5

ziyafet.

Baptize, v.a. \j~A\) waftiz-et.


s.

Bake-house,
Baker,
5.

(j

ri

^rm,
etmekji
(ekmekji)
;

Bar,

5.

kol
;

^^
fmnji.
l

kumsAl

v.a.

^
Bakery,
s.

[kyani.

mant-61.

J>

^^-^\

etmekji-duk-

Barb,

s.

J>\ L-^c.

"arab-Att.

BARBARIAN
Barbarian,
5.

BEACON
*jt^-J*>j
{sizlik.

cJ^

turk,

Barter,
v.a.

s.

<LJy
n.

tranpa,
tranpa-et,

vahshi-AdAm.
Barbarity,
5.

and

^<UJ^J'

cJ^~-~?Jl~-^

insaniyyet;

dtyAish-et.

Barbarous,

a.

JO-jLjl

insaniyyetsiz

Base,
>

s.

^ij>

kyursi

^Acljj

ka"idE

LJ kAba, LccLjJ tErbiyyessiz.


Barber,
5.

(J-*\ Alchttk.
s.

JJ bErbsr.
5.

Base-line,

*jLjt*o

^.L?
10
-'

d^'z-ma^lum.

Barberries,

(j^b.*^
sha"z'r.

"anbErbariss.

Bashful,

a.

c^sr
5.

mahjub, ~.UjlLj!

Bard,
Bare,

s.jS\J*
a.

utAnghAch.
;

jV=*- chiplAk
,

J^-S

achzk

Bashfulness,
Basin,
Basis,
s.
s.

C-jl-sr^ hijab.

jjs kuru;
Barefoot, ad.

v.a.

J^*-^ achmak.
yAlm-ayak.

<LJO
(j~\~i\

kyassE,
fessass.

,y+&* chanak

jy^jJU

[^>-

hawz.

Barely, ad.

^~-

ghyuch-bela.
pazarh'k
;

Basket,
,

s. s.

+,**

seped,

&

kyufjE.

Bargain,

5.

J^jJ/J

v.n.

Bason,

^^J le^En.
s.
s.

WjljV,
Barge,
5.

pazarh'k-et.

Bassora,
;

^2;
and
s.

bassra.
a.

&j*\*

maghoua

Bastard,

-^u pich.
dayak.

sAiidAl,

^Ij

fh'ka.

Bastinado,
Bastion,
s.

jUt

Bark,

5.

^-Juz tAbiya.
;

ov
lamak

navi
;

hawkA-

Bat,

s.

(J***^ chomak

&~> J yerassa.
i

v.a.

Bath,

5.

*Uk- hAmmAm

(hAniAin).
;

bughunu-soymak.
Barley,
s.

Bathe, v.w. Ci^^-ji

<V.^ suya-ghirmek

toj\ arptz.

Barn, s.j(*J\ anbar.

yzkamak.
hawa-terazissi.
Battalion,
s.

Barometer,
Baron,
5.

s.

\^*)j\j* \j&

jyb

tAbur.

^.^A! J bir-lakb.
5.
*.

Batter, v.a. LL^/..jJ

du^^mek.

Baronet,
Barracks,
Barrel,
5.

C-^A! j bir-lakb.
i^Ji keshla,
fzchz,

Battery,
kzshlagh.
;

s. 4-jjlb

tAbiya.

dl^J

Battle,

s.

LLXi^- jenk, Ic^i (kawgha)>

^^^

tfe^j

varil

gun-

<oA.sr*

muharebE.

[ba^Azrmak.
xi-<.clj

barrel,

(^^^^'cX^-i-A-j tufe^ingdouble-barrel

Bawl,

v.w.

^<Ji*>- haykzrmak,
kywrfez
;

-demiri;

gun,

<&zs>~

Bay,

5.

(gulf)JJ;^

(tree) <U5t>

O-iAJ' cbift^-tuf^k.
Barren,
a.
-

defnE; (colour) jj 5 J doru.


;

Ji

kssr
;

<Jj->-

ch&l,

Bayonet,
Be,
v.n.
j^
5.

5.
L

,-0^-j

sunghyu.
(JP^|*J

J-J^Asr*
Barricade,
Barrier,

mahsulszz
5.

J-^^-

khayrszz.

(J^*\ olmak;

bulun-

j^>^
kApi.

^ib

^^ bir-nev'i[mani"-duwar.

mak,
Beach,

^Ty*

mevjud-ol.
yAh'-kEnari.

.^J
5.

iJ^\*3.Jb

Barrow,

^^.ttojS. Jl

El-"Arabassz.

Beacon,

5.

^lU

nishAn,

c^^^ "alamet.

BEAD
Bead,
s. 5.

[50]
tessbih-dane'ssi
;

BEHIND
(stratum)

J
pi.

tAbAka

(of flowers)

beads,

*A+~3 tessbih.
;

tesC takhta.
Bedridden,
a.

Beak,

s.

^clc ghagha ^*jj> burun,


emzik.
(of
J*-$>

kyuturum.
jfy,

cJ^
Beam,
light)

Bedroom,
(J^J>

s. 5.

Vtak

odassi.

5.

wood)

kirish

(of

Bedstead,
Bee,
s.

ker^vet.
>j\

shu"A",^-J pirtev.
;

^J\
s.

Jb

bXl-Xrisst.

Bean,

5.

(broad) &i]Jb bXklo

(kidney)

Beech,
Beef,

ghyulghsn,
s^Az'r-eti.
s.

<uLusi fassulyflf.

Bear,

s.

y\
;

ayi

v.a.

<j^o^)lJJ

Beehive,
Beer,
s.

*~j\ Xri-k6wXni.
arpa-suyu, ^-^ bira.

klld/rmak
Cl3v*x>-

(j~<*-J

L*i
i

dayanmak,
>

chekmek,
(fruit,

cj,/.cs^

tahmvir-

Bees'-wax,
Beet, Beetroot,
Beetle,
s.
s.

bXl-mumu.

mul-et;

&c.)

clX^5

jssrb pXnjr.

mek;

(children)

<j^j^

doghur-

(insect)

C3^j

bwjek

mak
Beard,
Bearer,

der to bear in mind, \js\^j^

(fullers',

&c.)
(in

J^CXJ*3
front)
;

dlbek-Eli.

s.

JUus skAl.

[khltzr-et.

Before,
X&'*j\

j9r.

tej\ uny\ma,
time)
jJ^i^jH

s.

J^>s.

hamil, ^JJj^J

darends.
jihet,

wn^unda
;

(in

Bearing,

(direction)

^~~$FT

dan-EWEl

ad.

Jjl

Evvel,

arma. &J> k^rtE; (armorial) ^<j\


Beast,
s.

miikAddEm,
dErna
;

UjJi-o

-mukXd-

(Jj~=>~
s.

haywAn.
murdArlik.

Beastliness,

J^j]^*

Beg,

v.a.

jjj cX*->!
; ,

isst^mek,

Beastly, a.

j\j*

murdar.

dilEmek
;

v.n,

CX.^L J

dilEnmek.

Beat,

v.a.

(jj^t3

du^Amek

(overAlt-et.

Beget,

t;.a.

UUU-

hlsszl-et,

^J
7^P'

come)
Beating,

(J-*)jj
s.

bozmak, Ic^J^
dayak.

Trass- et

(procreate)

J^V.

jLL
a.

mak, M*XJ peyda-et.


ghyuzel,
;

Beautiful,

Jj^^=
kunduz.
(to be)

Beggar,

5.

Beauty,
Beaver,

s.

Ci)JJj/

ghyuzellik

c
[hussn.

Begin, v.a.

^^aclLj dilEnji. and w. ^jkLl^ bXshlamak.


5.

5.

)j^>
a.

Beginning,

^Ij
Ijcjl

blsh

^i^lj
EWE!.
tawr-uha-

Becalmed,

J^'V.

}*$)&
chunku,

bAshlanghzj

ibtida, Jj^

ruzghyarsiz yXtmak.
Because,
c.

Behaviour,

s.

e^=r^ j j>
\

\jj

zira,

^j->-

Xtwar,

Le-

ijf+~ij&
Beckon,
v.n.

shu-sebebdan-ki.
^CUj'-l!
isharet-et.

Behead,
(suit)

v.a.
t

bXshini

Become,
^i.lJJb

v.n.

(J^j\

olmak

kessmek,

boyununu

yak/shmak.

-wurmak.

Bed,

s.

Jflsj

ytak,

cXij^

dushek

Behind,

pv.

ardm,

BEHINDHAND
ardmda
;

[51

BENEFICENT
and
s.

arkassma,
;

X>

Belligerent, a.

L-^s"

muharib.

arkassmda Xi~sjjJ=a
3j*>

rfLi.-jj^O

gherissina;
;

Bell-man,

5.

J!ta

tellal.

gherissinda

ad.

Bell-metal,

s.

~3 or ~jb
kywruk.
karn.

tuj (tunch).

gheri,

iJi^Jrb gherida,

&*\jj

Bellows,
Belly,
s.

s.

\#j&

VErada.

^j\s
v.n.

Behindhand,
,

ad. K*

^er^ ghech

to be

Belong,

^a&*

makhsuss-61

v.n.

ghech-kAlmak

muta"allik-61;
;

dX<ted^j yetishEmamek.
Behold, v.a.

mensub-ol.
Beloved,
a.

<J^b bXkmak, cX^U=5


,

jjjz

"AZIZ

^-^

SEvghili

ghywrmek; U na.
Being,
s.

int.

fc~s\

ishta,

(mas.)

jj^x^c

ma"shuk;

(fern.)

ma"shuka.
shey;

(thing)

K
var-

Below, ^r. Aii

Altma, *Jc^

Xltmda

kya'in,

f~j* mevjud, ^j'j^j


(existence)

Aijc^^
yrtnmda
;

Alt-ynma, Jf)cju^
fcr+ss?

Xlt-

6lAn

^j\j

varlzk, t)j>-j

tahtena,
zirina,
a^!l

X&^zsT
zT-

viijud,
kfevn,

v^oJ^-^c
1*1^3^1.0

mfevjudiyyfet,

^^

tahtmda
rinda;

^V j
,

^'^JyJ

k^ynun^t.
<d!\

ac?.

Being, the Supreme,


Belabour, v.a.
Belch,
v.w.

All Ah.

cJ^J

du^Amek.
ghfyAirmek,
,

zirda

CJ-^C^D
;

CA^,^ ghfeyirmek
Beleaguer, v.a.
Belgian,
a.
s.

s. &*.(.:==:

Belt,

s.

(strap)

^\s
s^ra,

kayish

(waist-

ghe^Airma, i**J gheyirma.

band)

^> kEmEr,
s.

,3'i
<s-j

kushXk.
(car-

llsr*

muhlssera-et.

Bench,

Xj*

peyks;

^U-.s~

Beljikali.

penter's,

&c.)

desstghyah

Belgium,
Belief, 5.

Ifuy
v.a.

Beljika.
;

(tezghyah).

jUifi\ i^tikld

^Ujl

imAn.

Bend,

v.a.

cLL*i

^Amek
v.a.

v.n.

Believe,

^jlij|

inwnmak,
;

>*

charpzlyatir-

CX^;^
Believer,

Jjjy kulXk-vErmek
;

I^^Ji

mak

bend down,

i"tikXd-et
5.

l^twl imAn-et.

mak

--

(J-<^>\\

v.n, ^-4.5 w

ytmak.
;

^j^,

mu'min,

Beneath, pr. teA\ Xlt/n, iJccll Xltrnda

musslim.

ma-dun und
Xn^
(of
;

one's

BeU,

5.

(large)

(small)

notice,

J^oJ de^mz;
s. Lj?<Aiii s.

one,

J^^piece)

chingharXk;
zil.

time-

J^^jjlj ytfkzshmz.

[veli-ni"met.
efendi,

Jj

Benefactor,

Bell-hanger,

5.

LI^JC.^ Jjb!

Beneficence,
Beneficent,

l~ =*-' ihsan.

chingarak-asan-ehli-san"at.

a.

*K *

kerim.
F 2

BENEFICIAL
Beneficial, a.

BILGE
,

j^l; yarar

to be

v.n.

Bessarabia,
Best,
a.

s.

*^^

bujak.
en^-a^la.
\A\XJ\

(J^j^l yaramak.
Benefit,
s.

jJcJ ^-Tyi, \.\^}\


v.a.

.->

khayr,
;

CiJW
(jl~>-!

wilik,

Bestow,

CJ^j
[\

VErmek,

menfa"at
u ni"met
;

ihsan,

in"am-et.
Bet,
5.

L->ssr bahss-et.
,

v.a.

<J^e y, yara-

c^o?
v.a.
\

bahss
(

v.a.

and

n.

mak, Ujjls

fa'idE-et

by,

v.n.

Betray,

J^J\^

kha'inlzk-et,

LlX<^*Jol5 fa'idE-ghywrmek.
Benevolence,
endishlik.
s.

khzyanet-et.

[kyah-et.

cJi^-JJ^L*>-

khayr-

Betroth,

v.a.

akd-et,

n-

[-endish.
a.

Better, a.^^ltoJ daha-iyi,

Jj^ Uj daharasszn,
beynina,

Benevolent,

^Jjj^*-^
khayrli.

khayr-

ghyuzel, lei

Uj

daha-a^la.
jor.
;

Benign,

a.

J**5.

Between, Betwixt,
^J^.-^1
*'^^i-J

di-^j!
<UU-J

Benignity,

e^&Ll
a.

shwfakAt.

arassmda
beyninda
;

Benumbed,
(j;*j.>jl
i

^,*u>^J
^

uyushmush,
be
(with
,

<Ui-jLo mabeynina,
,

uyushuk

to
;

v.n.

iJ^i...'!^

mabeyninda;

ad.

fa\J

uyushmak
don^mak.

cold)

araya, ij'jlarada; iJuj-jUjmabeynda.

Bevel,

5.

Beveled, a.j--i shev.


z??^.

Bequeath,
Bequest,

v.a.

\<^+*a* vwXssiyet-et.

Beware,
Jfj)ltf

,^'^

sakz'n

v.n

5.

LZ^-^j vwAssiyet.

skmmak.

Bereft, a, **

^? mahrum.
t

Bewilder, v.a. ^^iJ^l-ij shashirtmak.

Berry, Berth,

s.

^*? yemish,
j

<5J^ danE (tans).


L^-^^cA>-

Beyond, pr, &*~&j,\ wt^ssinE, &^~i<ti j j

5.

ysr

(employ)

khMmet
Beseech,

(hzzmet).

Ashm.
yXlvarmak,
\

v.a.

(J*j$\

\&-j

Bias,

s.

J^*Xc "udul
s.

J-*^e

meyl.

rija-et, |jlj niyaz-et.

Bible,

a^lJlc-jl^ kitlbu-'lllh

(God's

Beset, v.a.

^^^ic^^r'^ etrafzm-Almflk,

book.
Bid,
Bier,
v.a.
5.

[^^/.J

VErmek.
a
sale)
j

^jLi>^J; kushXtmak, ^^-s^ hujum-et.


Beside, pr. fcj u

^
_y...

^mr-et

(at

ym'na, iJCJu ytfnznda,

t-^.jlj tlbut.

Big,
Besides,
pr.

a.

cJ-J
(

biyuk, u?'y^ ^ >

i _

<L<LL

J^J

dan-bXshka,
dan-

kojamln;

with child) <U^= ghebE.

^J
;

dan-ma"ada, ^LsJ^J
,

Bight, s.^ij^ kywrfez,


Bigot,
5. 5.

0*3 koy
c^v^sx^o miitassub.
[

ad.

iiJUj^Jo^

Andan-

Bigoted,

a.
tii'

bXshk,

A&l.j^jO^

bundn-bXshk,

Bigotry,

^^^jfj

Assz'b.

Besiege, v.a. \2^\JK* muhlssara-et. [&c.

Bile, s. \jk* SAfra (sAfra).

Bespeak,
r

v.a.

^/iJjU^l

issmarlamak,

Bilge,

s.

A^-^-J sentina

bilge-water,

>\*--

siparish-et.

sentina-suyu.

BILIOUS
Bilious,
a.

[53]
;

BLEACH
5.

Ojyu?

sAfravi

Blab,

^/-^
tj* kAra,

bosh-b6^AAZ

^L<j[^3
Bill,
s.

sAfrassz-kAbanmsh.
deftEr,

(account) jziJ
;

<tL^J
;

Black,

a.

siyah

pussla
(bird's

(for advertising) dcJb yAfta


)

(negro)

S-^
5.

"arab.
i

<Jiclc

ghagha;

(for cutting)

Blackamoor,
1

arab.

j^LLo
tAhvTl

sAtzr
;

of exchange,

J*^^

Blackberry,
Blackbird, 5

s.

(cheque)
<nLjJ

<^^>- hawalE;
pussla
;

kara-tawuk.
5.

of parcels,
,

exchequer

Blackboard,
tahtassi.

derss-

^^s-Yojj^s.

kh^zmE-tahvIli.
/*~s

[kyulkhani.
s.
5.

Bill-broker,
-simsarf.
Billet,
5.

c_>jL,

^
pusslo,

tAhvfl-

Blackguard,

chApkzn,

^xs^i

Blackguardism,
(note)
<sL?4j

chlpkmlik.

xj*&*
;

Blacking,
bdyassz.

s.

^
s.

kundura[demirji
or
.

tezkE>E

LLJoj==
)

or

(soldier's
V

*\J^s

cJjj konak

kyutuk
; ,

v.a.

Blacksmith,
Bladder,
s.

^s-^cJ

v;Uy

konak-et.
s.

[nama.

^e^
)

sidik-kawu"tid.

Billet-doux,

(French)

<ulvLc "Ashk-

ghu;
Blade,

(gall
s.

3*-

Bin, s.jUj^ anbar.

(sword

^J^^clJ

nAmh'

Bind,

v.a.

^J^Lib

ba^Mamak
;

(knife

)ji\\ghz; (shoulder
;

)cJ^
;

books) CXtJjuS^- jildl^mek

^lbti
[kAb.

kyurek
Blame,
s.

(grass

J^ y^prAk.
(cen,

kAblamak.
Binding
(of a book),
5. 5.

(fault)

O-o-LJi kAbahat
;

jl>-

jild,

^l^

sure) j\j\ Azar

v.a.

<*z~+->-^-?3

Birch-tree,
Bird,
5.

^sj-lc!

^U

kayn-A^ajt.

^jtj.^ kAbahat-hulmflk, (^lj|j^ Azar-

^y
5.

kush.
[ladet.
(JLJJjf.
vfe-

lamak, \*._^++AJ ttt"yzb-et.


Blank,
a,

Birdlime,
Birth,
5.

<L-^1 uksE.

^4.'

bosh;

(without ball)

^ifiji?
5.

doghush,

J^.-ij^J kurshunsuz; point-blank,

Birthday,
Biscuit,
s.

^^
<fcj\5

CUJjL veladet-ghywnM.

J^.i^-c/*lj

tAmm-menzil

to fire with
4;
s.

CL?U*Jj peks&net, (iJ^Ss


kalyeta.
,

blank

cartridge,

JUJl
;
..

JL^ j^J
(space)

ghevrek,
Bisect, u.a.

kuru-sikz'ya-Atmak

^o

^.\7 tanszf-et.

Bissextile, 5. <L~-Bit, 5. (piece)

kebissa.

Blanket,
;

s,

^Ujy jJjls
s.

^neia-yurghAn.

^jb

parcha
tU^.llalJ!

of a

Blaspheme,
Blasphemy,
Blaze,
s.

v.a. lu-^-- sebb-et.

bridle)

+=> ghem,
Jscfa

kAntarma.

kyufr.
;

Bitch,

5.

kXnjik.
zsstrmak.

^Lc

"alev

v.n.

Bite, v.a.
Bitter, a.

^^^^

"alevlEnmek.
Bleach, tf.. Jp^lil A^^armak,

<&-\ Xii.

BLEACHER
beyAzlanmak
;

[54]
mak
;

BODY
out,

v.a.

ti^-"-^- chizmek,

mk.
Bleacher,
s.

^i'^Jy

bozmak, Lir?V tErkm-et.

,e.f^\j^^eliU

chirpiji.
,

Blow,
v.a.

5.

Bleed, v.n.

kXnamak;

of the

j^jj (wurush), u^l>~ chAb'sh; fist, &x.L,,-c mushta (mis;


;

fortune) L^-^lj felakEt

(injury) j.*^

Blemish,

5.

.A.^ sakAt,

zarar

<UJz-

J'

tekmE.

Bless, v.a. (man to

man)
to

Blow,

v.w.

(wind)

c^X,*:!

essmek

du"a-et
et
;

(man
to

God)

(mouth or bellows) <J>*^j\ uflEmek


(flower)

(God

man)

<_*>^ achmak

one's
;

khayr-nASszb-eylEmek.
Blessing,
s.

nose,

cJv^!:^J^j

burnunu-silmek

(prayer)

Uj^>-

khayri-

C-^y^-j
Blow
Bludgeon,
s.

sumk^/urmek.

du a

(fruits

of

God's goodness)

up, v.n. J^aijU pXtlamak.

C^y
Blind, a.

bere"kEt.

^y*

sopa.

kywr,

^f\

a"ma

v.a.

Blue,

a. (light)

,JJ^<

ma'i (mavi), cJ^J

\j<> kywr-et.

ghy?k,

.^..jUcJ^a
(deep)
s.

ghywk-ma'issi
lajivird.

Blister, 5. (of the skin)

^^jlJ klbarpk
;

(mavissi);

^jf^

(vesicatory) .Jil

ykz
v.a.

,i>.rc.

(J'*;^

Blunder,
*3-o

^i^V.

ycmgilish
;

(yanish),
,

kXbarmak,

(J}*3j\+i kAbart-

sehv,

Ua^

khlta

make a

mak.
Block,
s.

^/iilj yangz'lmak (yangilmak).


(block of stone)
kyiituk
v.n.
;

^UrtAsh;

(of

Blunderbuss,
Blunt,
a.

s.

ix-J^J
i

kanzbina.

wood) cJyii
(kXh'p)
;

(mould) L^Jlj

j^

kyr, J/*

kfessmaz

(plain

^.^L.Jf

kXpamak,

spoken)

lakirdisszni-

^J^cla-b t^kamak.

sakmmrtz.

Blockade,

s.

teju\ abloka, *j*\s.*


,

mu-

Blush, v.w.

k/zarmak.
ferkek-donguz (d6Xzzlz-domuz.

hlssara

v.a.

W^Ll
eshek.

abloka-et.

Boar,

Blockhead,
Blood,
5.

5.

cXll

JJJ kin.
s.

Board,

5.

takhta
J

(food)

C3^.

Blood-horse,

L^lj^-i*- jinss-at.

yemek,

yeyejek; on board, ac?.

Bloodshed,

5.

U^
s.

ciXi- sefki-dema.

and pr.
Boast, v.n.

ghemiyE, X&~*

ghe[midE.

Blood-vessel,

dXmar. j*\y

w^Enmek.
kayik;
5. s.
JLJJ^lJ

Bloody, a.^blJ! kXnli.

Boat,

5.

filika,

JU^

Bloom, Blossom
v.n.

s. CtX=sri.>-

chichek

Boat-hook,
Boatswain,

<^T

lJ5

kAnja.

[sAndXl.

^*&-\ LL^^sa>- chichek -achmak.


v.a.

^y0jj>t porsun.
)

Blot,

^/*JjL*L v^^o.^)
;

miirekkEbkurut-

Body,

5.

(man's living

&fr} vujud,
;

dXmlatmak

up,

^JJ

beden, K&

ghyuwdE

(dead or

BOG
alive) <-V~,^- jessed
;

[55]
(substance) *>>-

BOTHER
5. (j 5.

Bone,

keraik.

jissm; (troop)

*JJlL?

takzm, <*jj~ suru,

Bone-setter,
chzkzkjz,

^.^
kitXb.

jerreh,

^s

ic^s.'' r*J

kzr/kjz.

Bog,

5.

jb
5. s.

bXtak,

bltaklik.

Book,

5.

c^'^

Bohemia,

&>

chE.
a.
chfili.

Bookbinder,
Bookseller,
(

5. JkLsr*

mujellid.
kitlbjz
;

Bohemian,
Boil, 5.

and

5.

.jflizJi

(of

j^V^
;

chibXn

v.n.

Corans) uJls.-^ sahhaf.

kaynamak

suda-pish-

Boom,
Boot,

5.
s.

^*>
&~<j>-

sferen.

mek

v.a.

kaynat-mak

chizma

v.a.;

what

gJ^eL&W- hlshlamak,
suda-pishirmek.
Boiled meat,
Boiler, 5.
5.

boots it? j^j ^>SJj\J

JO

na-faidcrssi-

Bootmaker,
suyush.
(kXzAn).

s.

^jsf^.jb plpuchji.

[var.

^J^^

Booty,

s.

^*J yag^ma, ^^.^.^A ghnT-

^Uji kAzghln
s.

Boiler- maker,

^sTlj^JJ kAzgAnji.

Border,

5.

ju^=> kEnar;
^-iljjji,-.-

(frontier) Jo-y-j

Boisterous, a.jltO'l^ shmAtali,


firtmah'.

ser-hdd,
Bore,
5.

sinirbAshi.

[shmAta.
5. c^J-)J.j

(of a gun)

^^
herif
;

chip, fc^XJj

Boisterousness,

sertlik,

<0'l/*-2>

delik,

^c! a^Az; (troublesome fellow)


sttkil ; ,

Bold, a.j*-5>" jessur,

*ljjl

j>- jfessaretli,

l>*-(J-^

v. a.

dfelmek

(trouble)

Boldness,

s.

C^,^?~

jfessaret.

Bolster, 5. Jf J^l>, y^ssdz'k.


Bolt,
5.

Born,

a.

^^i?
v.a.

dog^mush

to be

^$j*~*

surghu,

d-o

surmE

v.n.

(large nail }

Borrow,

(jJA frf^ wdunj-Xlmak,

yj
Bomb,

perno.
s.

\^jO\J&*i\ isstikraz-et.

khumbara (kumbara).

Borrower,
Bosnia,
s.

5.

^1
s.

*f^j\ wdunj-Xlan.

Bombard, v.a.
top-Xtmak.

&*~ij]

B6ssn.
)

Bosnian,
5.
s.

a.

and

<<-**jJ

Bossnali.

Bombardier,

(kumbarajz).

Bosom,
<UXwJ

s.

(j~^
5.

ghywkss,

^^

koyn,

Bombardment,
^jiJUjjji

smE.
^*jd*JJs

[kalHssi.

t6p-vE-khumbara-ila-wur[gechmaz.
a.

Bosphorus,

;U>- chwnak'ilmi-nebatat.

maklik.

Botany,
Botch,
Both,

s.

CUuuJj^^
(J-*j)J
.

Bomb-proof,
Bomb-shell,

J^-^-

^,*x.>-

khumbara-

v.a.
r.

bozmak.
ikissi
; ,

5. x***s>~

khumbara.
temessuk
;

Os***^^^^
hem
. .

c.

*Jb
j

Bond,

s.

tahvTl,

*i5j
s.

vE-hem.
s^kindz
;

zinjir.

Bother,

Lj?JcJu*3

v.a.

BOTTLE
szkz'ndz
-

[56
vErmek,
[putkAl.
,

BREAK
kutu
<'?**
;

(on
slli

the
(SI!E)

ear)
;

jU->

shamar,

\jtss*

ta"jiz-et.

(wood)

Bottle,

s. &L.~JA

shishE; wine
;

JlsJ'tJ

chimshir

(of

instruments)
[ghassi.
<&.t~*

Bottom,

s.
s.

u.-o^ dib

(fundy)

Cl^i

usstuj (usstunj).

Bough,
Bounce,

Jb

dAl.

[ghywt.

Boxing,

s.

^>\j.

mushta-kawchojuk.

v.w.
5.

j^iyBf*

szchramak.

Boy,

s.

^^\
s.

o^AlAn,

^^-^

Bound,

Jo- hadd,

^bb

payAn, cJj-*

Boyhood,
Boyish,
a.
s.

^J&^-&-- chojukluk.
chojwk-ghibi.
chift
;

s6n<7, ~>j\ uj, Jjl>-J

bujak.
sinir.

,f^^^^(pair)

Boundary,
Bounteous,

s.

cSJo- hudud, j^-

Brace,

c^i^>-

(tie)

4y

Bountiful, a.
;

Jy

b61,

^!c>=y

~bagh,

J^y
brassa
Xsskz.
;

kushXk
braces

(of a yard)
(for

bere"kEtli

^r<^
J

jwmErd, ^J-^iJ^

<u?\J

trousers)

Mi-chik, L c^** skhT,


vetli.

j^j^

skha-

&*^
Bracelet,

j^o bilezik,

Bounty,
5

s.

^L*-l ihsan, /U3^ in"am

Braid,
v.a. L

sherid

kharj

U.- skha,
Bouquet,
s.

ci^U-

skhavet.
,J^-<^

wrmek.
b6yn,

(French)

CJssa^-

Brain,

5.

chichek-dem^ti.

Bramble,

Bow,

s.

(in

reverence)

<u\^lj
(of a ship)

bAsh-

Bran,

5.

LL)-^ kepek.
s.

Branch,

J!t> dXl
;

(of a road, &c.^

(weapon) ol> yay

Jy
<Ux-i>

kol

(of a family, science, &c.)

blsh

v.n.

v^XfcJ^i^j^
<

shu"bE, c^3 fEr".


s.
5.

e^Amek

LlW ~^(j.

bAsh-kess-

Brandy,
Brasier,

,J\j

rakz.

mek

down and worship,

^ss-ysb bAkfrji;
pirinj.
^.

jU^o mXn[ghal.

Brass,

s.

^r.i

Bowels,

s. s.

pi.

($>*>j**.

Brassfounder,

^J&$*

dwkuju.

Bower,

<U>lix^,<
.<?.

mehtabiyyE.
bzchAk.

Brave,

a. L^-^-x> yi^Ait,
int.
,.jj.j*\

j^>-

jessur.

Bowie-knife,

jjW^

Bravo,
jli
;

afErm (afErim).

Bowl,

s. cLili

kyassE,

^U0

tXss,

Bray, v^n.

^>^=^\ Xn^zrmak.
;

[mz.
utan-

chanak

(wooden)
IU!E.
<)Jj)

AJ'UJs

klwAta

Brazen, ^,cXrsAj pirinj den


Brazier,
s.

Ujby

(of a pipe)

ij
s.

^^

bXkirjt,

^srlc^JJ
[(kAzanjz).

Bowline,
Bowsprit,

s. &'+^** 5.

bolina,

&

+lj

borina.

Brazilwood,

*\&j

bAkk^m.

#tJur>- jiwAdzra.
^J~Ji>

Bread,

s.

tl)^1 (ekmek),^U^l5 nanz["arz.


s.

l^owstring,
:,

s.

kirish, ^j zih.

""Xziz.

s.

(chest)

JfJki-*
;

sXnktk

(desk)

Breadth,

^\

en, cJ^J^lil enlllik,


i

^^c
-

chekmEJE

(small)

i^V

Break,

v.a.

krmak

off,

BREAKFAST
9

[57]
a promise,

BROTH
5.
L

koparmak
;

Bridegroom,
Bridge,
Bridle,
s.

Jo^

ghyuwe^^i.

khulf-et
n.\kz-et
; ,

- a treaty, \^SAJ
^J^^JJ
kzrzlmak,

^j>&

kyupru.
bXshlzk
;
,

v.n.

s.

jl*\>

v.a.

^^jy
Breast,
s.

k6pmak, cJ-**L-^=5 kkssilmek.


s.

^oj^
Brigade,

/^ ghem-wurmak.

Breakfast,

^^
memE.
5.

kahwAltz.
<U-~o sins
;

Brig, Brigantine,
s.
\

^^
t

ibrik.

\jL:=:

ghyfikss,

J liwa.
U!
.*-

(teat) <U*

Brigadier,

5.
5.

miri-liwa. [izbandut.
khzrszz,

Breastwork,
Breath,
5.

.-j sipsr.

Brigand,
nefess.

j~>/>-

CU^JjyJJl
;

<Jj)0 soluk,

^Ju

Bright,

a. (light)

^>1

chzk

(shining)
jilah'.

Breathe, v.n.

^<J^
!

solumak, /^4Jijj-x>
tenefFuss-et.

J^b

parlak
v.?z.

(polished)

j&s.

nefess-Xlmak,
Breathing,
5.

Lr jfcJ

Brighten,

^i^>-\

chzlmak.
;
,

^UU^]^
soy,

solumakluk.

Brilliant, a.

J$j\] parlak

Breeches, s.j\Jj* shXlwar,j^l?^ potur.

p?rlanta.
,

Breed,
v.a.

5.

L/4*s

^Jw*-

jinss

Brim,

s.

^
.

ksnar

"*\

A^r^

CLX^J|Lj^b
tiirEmek
1
;

yavrz-vErmek
,

Brimstone,
Brine,
s.

LT-o-^

kibrit,

LLX.<<!h*J

v.a.

C^)/J.j

c sXlamura.
jjp

[kyukyurd.

turEtmek,

J*cU;

hasszl-et,

Bring, v.a.
tEr5.

gh^tirmek.
[-kzh*.

yfetishdirmek
biyyali
;

well-bred, a.

Brink,

9.

ksnar.

good

breeding,

&+)JJ

Bristle, s.
Brittle,
a.

JJ

k?l,

(d6muz)pek-ghfevrek,

tErbiyya.

cJi

Breeze,

5.

j&))j riizghyar

(light
;

j .Jj

.-uS^j?^Ji^Jj pek-k61ay-k2rzlir.
a.

kh.\f if-ruzghyar

(fresh

Broad,

^Jjl

enli,

^^

ghenish,

tkz-ruzghyar.

Brethren,
Brevet,
Brevity,
5.
5.

5.

pi. ,.ta>l

ikhwln.

Broadside,

5.

(ship's)

*^,y borda

(of

berat.
kessalik.

guns
Broil,

fired)

*Jjbj^ alabanda.
kzzartmak,
\

v.a.

jAJ^jj*

bjL^\

Brew,

v.a.
s.

rpa-suyubiraji.
s.

isskra-et.

Brewer,

[yApmaklik.
arpa-

Broken,
Broker,

a.
s.

jj^J

Itirik.

[simsar.
(tfellAl),

Brewery,

^\
rishvet
; ,

J3b
<->l=>-

dellal

suyu-fabrikassi.
Bribe,
5.

Brook,
v.a.
,

s.

chay,

^-tf

su,

Xj

t^Dfij

v.a.

chekmek,

C-^j^
Brick,

'--y^J rishvet-VErmek.
tughla.
[diwarjz,
yapzjz,

kXbul-et.

5. dL:*!? s.

Broom,
Broth,

5.
s.

supurghE.
^->\

Bricklayer,
Bride,
s.
,. r

^r^ljlj

<^rj^J<^

et-suyu,

Ji ghelin, u~),z "aruss.

chorba.

BROTHER
Brother,
s.

[58]
(kar-

BUSH
v.a.

^JtljJj
biradEr.
5.

karndush

Build,

^J,
\\LJ\ insha-et.

dash),jjl^
Brotherhood,

ypdz'rmak, Ita bina-et,


Builder,
5.

J^-S^Ju J karnd^shlik.
5.

(founder)
)

^ylj

bam

Brother-in-law,
^jjli

(wife's

brother)
&+2*J\

(working
Building,
s.

^alli kXlfa.

kayn
;

(sister's

husband)

.jjl*

yp,

bj bina.

enishtE

(wife's

sister's

husband)

Bulb,
Bulk,

s. s.

^b-.*-^

so^An.

[/^rT jurm.
f-s^"

jli^lj

bAJantfk, ^iisf-b bXj

cJ-Kj-J biyukluk,
5.

hAjm,

Brown,

a.

j+*i\
;

essmEr,
sugar,

Bulkhead,

<uS

kahwE-rEnghi
khXm-shekEr.
Bruise,
,

^Li*U.
churuk

Bull, s. lejj
Bullet,
5.

boghA.
kurshun,
<0

\z)y*j
5.

s.

^
a.

here,

cJjj^>-

Bullock,

jf>j\ ukyuz.

v.a.

ct)^i.J dityAmek; cXJ\j^>-

Bump,

s.

^.--^

shish,

**$j*

yumru

churutmek, LiXcl^J berElEtmek.


Bruised,

against, v.n. ^JA3\J>- chatmak.

^^J*^ berElEnmish, J*^ berEli; cJj^- churuk; to


become
,

Bunch,
Bundle,

*.
s.

J&t* sXlkim
&s.
^J

c^v<J demet.
;

bo^^cha

?jt top.

v.n.

c)*i!^J
f h-cha
;

berElEnmek.
(fine

Bung,
Buoy,

5.

mAntar. jlLi^o
^jJul/wi)

Brush,

&>y9 painting) Jj kalEm


supurmek.

5.

for

5.

shmAndara
kAldzrmak,

v.a.

cX^*y-

up, v.a. ^J^J^lJJ

^*>j&

tutmak.
insaniyyetsiz.
insaniyyfetsiz[lik.

[(^JoJi-tf szkzndz.

Brutal, a.
Brutality,

JijLjl
s.

Burden,
Burglar,

s. s.

h^mulE cJ^> yuk, ^^i>j^j^khzrsz'z.

^\y~z+j[~j\

Brute,

5.

J^*-

haywln.
kywpuk,

Burglary,
Burial,

s.

C^Jjj^j^" khzrszzlzk.

Bubble,

s.

^^
dlc^j

^^bjj.-?

s.

.jjilajU^"

jenazE-Xlayz

kywpuk-tanESsi, <_->u5- hrtbib.

^JJu
Burn,

tedfm.
^J^-Jb

Bucket,
Buckle,

5.
s.

kogha.
toka.

v.n.

ynmak

v.a.

<J^'b

te^y

yakmak.
,

[(pfertevsiz).
5.

Bud,

s.

^*j*b

tomruk;

v.n.

Burning-glass,
Burnish, v.a.

Jj^^j^

pertevsuz

^*Jjy*L> tomruklanmak.
Buffalo,
s.

4^>-l

chmak,

WjLa^

ajjtc

mXnd,

^j*+*

mXsskAl-et,
Burnisher,

CX<^ ^~

jila-VErmek.

sij-sighiri,

^j*.^W- jamuss

(jAmt'sh).

5. (tool) (djua^c

mAsskAla.
; ,

Buffoon,

5.

J^Ulb

dXlkawuk,
.

ij^s.-^

Burst, v.w. ^^clj'b

pXtlamak

v.a.
i

mXsskhara (mAsskr)

Jp4j)fc& pXtlatmak.

[defn-et.

Bug,

s.

^
s.

&XST takhta-biti,

^^

xxs?

Bury,

v.a.

CX*^^
5.
,

ghywmmek,

takhta-kEhlESsi,

^jj**

<&>=*? takhtfl-

Burying-ground,
i

^j*jo
^-^

m^zarl/k.
chAh'.

Bugle,

boru. L^JJ]

[-kurussu.

Bush,

5.

7-lc! A^AAJ, V^.

JW
v

BUSHEL
Bushel,
5.

[59]
Buyer,
s.

CAKE
^2>\

AUn,

^jsti] AKjz,

Business,

s.

jLj

ish,
'10

<g

mushteri.

[jzzzlamak.

ghyuch

CL-vsr'*2

mAsslahat

Buzz,

v.n.

/^^jj
dan
;

wzzzlamak,

^<1^yanzna,

e^Jjxl^
Bustard,
s.

meshghuliyyet.
(greater) <*sjb toy
;

By, pr.
(smaller)

<Uj|

HE

<&J

l>

4JGJl>

yanznda,

^^V.
int.
;

wJjkLJ.
Bustle,
s.

mezmeldek.
telash,

bye, good-bye,

^JJ

As*

"AJ!E.

AllAha-zssmarladek
lar-olA.

A!J!

J^^ijl 6<jrAur-

Busy,
But,

a.

J^A^o meshghul.
lakin,
\*o\

c.

^)

omma,
,

^j

VE-

Bye-and-bye,
J
r

ac?.

(^^^
bir
-

bir-Azdan,
-

lakin,

L&J fkAt

pr.

d&j^J
dan-fAzlor,
all

Azdan
-

sbngra,

dan-bAshka,

cLL-JJ^J
;

\\

bir-Az

wAk/tlardan-

dan-ma"ada

but,

Bye-law,
Xz-kXldz.

s.

/llaj

nizAm.
zarbi-messel.

Bye-word,
t_jl^Ji klsssXb

s.

jJi^cC-^J

Butcher,

5. s.

(kAsslp).

Bygone,

a.

^'^

gechmish.

Butchery,

jJglaJ kXsslblik;

UjLiXLo
C.

sfefki-diraa.

Butt,
v.a.

5.

^llJ nishln, uJ^Ji


w.

hfedef

Cab,

s.

fajZ

araba.

and

v<^<

C~V

toss-wurmak.
;

Cabbage,

5.

^xs!

lahana

v.a.

Butt-end,
Butter,

5.

C^^V,t}
^l.>

dibjik
;

c->U? sip.

^*ll>- chAlmak.
Cabin,
s.

[^olji
;

kamara.
(ship's)

5.

ya^A

(fresh)

9^*p*

(hut)
5.

^Jj kulubfi
micho.

tErE-yagh, ^clj^J tEFE-ya^rAi; (clarified)

Cabin-boy,
Cabinet,
Ll^^li5.

^=fVc

^bu^U
5.
s.

(say-yaghi),

^jL^,^

(private room),

<bj\

oda,

rughAnz-sadE.
Butterfly,

khlvet

(chest)

tLsr*^^"

cJo^K
L?y

kel^bek.
;

chekmEJE,
kaynak,
C-^jJ^L

Buttock,

but

.jUj^

J^c^ doUp
;

swndzk
(

(cupboard)

of ministers)
council,

oy J^^
Button,
,

kaynak-yEri.

M ^*jli?
(duymE)
;

wukEla-takzmz;

s.

<u,j du^AmE
cX*)<U,=c>
iliklEmek;

jjoU-jj^Lsc* mejlissi-khASss.

v.a.

Cabinet-maker,
Cable,
s.

s.

^^-^

tawshAn.
;

CXfcliU

u..

^.<i ghomana

chain

duyniElEnmek, cXuJdJjl iliklEnmek.


Buttress,
5.

^-ssTj zinjir.

^Jcjb payends,
Xlmak,
1

Buy,

v.a.

J.^\

jM J^^^Ut

ayak.
sA-

Cadet,

s. s. 5.

j*\

sha^Aird.
kAfess.

Cage,
Cake,

^~JiJ9

tm-Almak, 1^-1

ishtira-et,

(pastry)

^\j^
-^

kurAbiyyE

mubaya"a-et.

(moulded form)

CALAMITY
Calamity,
s.
\

[60]
Callipers,
s.

CANE

kXza, ^o bela.

Calcine, v.a.

<J^V, y#kmak

ed, a.

ghyari (pErghMi).
Callous, a.J^J^J

,,^*jy yanrmsh.
Calculate, v.a.
\<

duymaz.

?L^;

hissab-et.

Calm,

s.

and
;

a.

(wind or water)
,

Calculus,

5. s.
s.

fj^b tXsh

C A~,o- hissab.

ITmXnlzk

a.

(morally)
;

Caldron,
Calender,

^\j* kXzghln

(kXzAn).

assudE, ^.>-\j rahat


rahat,

5.

+}.&> tXkwIm, &*<\jjj ruz-

w
,

j[~:\

assavish.
[yish.

namE.
Calf,
s.

[j ^^
4

bXldir.

Calmly, ad.

^tU> yawlsh.
(J^sJj
rahat, (j^j

<Glj
s.

dXna;
chXp.

of the leg,

Calmness,
Calomel,

5.

assa-

Calibre,
Calico,

L.J\

s.

^/Jj jb'lL
\

tAtli-sulumEn.

5.

bez. Cl^JiJlj kalinkot, JJ


s. s.

Calumniate, v.a.

\jzs\

iftira-et.

Caligraphist,

Lliar^ khXttAt.

Calumny,
;

s.
s.

\fj\

Iftira,

^j^

buhtan.
(tulbent)
;

Caligraphy,
L>^j.~->Caliph,
s.

jiLUac*.

khXttAtlik

Cambric,

JuJ J dulbend
J devE.
s.

hussnu-khXtt.

Camel,

5.

[<b-Jb

batistcr.

^La-1^ khrtlifs.
5.

Camelopard,
Camlet,
s.

te\jj

zuraffi (zurafa).

Caliphate,
Call,
5.

L^Jll^

khzlafet.

^lll
s.

shlli,

uJ^
,

s6f.

^j.\&-

cha^^zrzsh,

^il>,

Camomile,

&u>l>\J pXpXdiyE.
;

cha^'rma, CL?^J da'V^t;


/*,!
~c^i

v.n.
w.

Camp,

j^ lordu
s.

v.n.

*jf

*^j\

o^Aramak

v.a.

and

Campaign,

j~i

sefEr.

[6rdu-kurmk.

Camphor, s-jj*v kyafur.


;

on

or

upon,
(visit)

(invite)

Can,

s.

<&J ten^kE
s.

^JL^ (mAshrab).
(strait),

da"vet-et;
;

(j*\fj\
isstemek
;

Canal,

j\j] bbghAz
;

-;Ju^

for, cX*>3-jl

(hindek) (ditch)
-nehir.

.^3

<Wjl5

kXzma-

in,

(visit)

^* [7^5
(JP*^

'

o^^ramak

(collect

again)

j^

gheri-Xl-

Canary-bird,
Cancel,
v.a.

s.

kanariya.
t

bozmak,

(J^&^jb toplamak

out, v.n.

^j^cb

tErkm-et,

bXttXl-et.

Cancer,

5.

(sore)

u^. yeyEn-"illeti,
[suweylEr.

da vet-et

over,

<d^\ akilE.

^
1

yoklamak

JK*

okumak

Candid, a. (truthful)^L^-j
Candle,
5.

^f-^ ^ghrv[(shmdan).

together,
Cl?^Ci3

^efjjo
;

toplamflk;

up,

*yo mum.
s.

da"vet-et

CJ-j j5^

**^>-j

Candlestick,

^<3&x.*JSi

shem'^-dln
;

vuj uda-ghktirmek.
C 'ailing, 5. L^->*i*tf san"at,
fet,

Cane,
^~>4j>hir,

s.

^l^oljj kXrazsh,

^Jj* hezarEn

v.a.

cJ^A^t) dii^Amek,

Ll^Jyt^-^ meshghOliyyet.

dayak-Xtmak.

CANISTER
Canister,
s.
s.

[61

CARDER
mek
61
;

A&J

tene"kE.

Capitulate,
;

Cannibal,

f^A; yamyam,
mErdumtop.
5.

^
^
5.

ioV) ray-ila-tessllmVEra-vErmek.
;

mErdumkhor.
Cannibalism,

OX^
5.

Capitulation,

L^!J ray

^
"Ajayb-

Cannon,
Cannonade,
,

[khorlik.

Capon,

(jM
a.

eblzk (imlzk).

top-Ateshi

Capricious,
-tAbi"ath',

v.a.

jL

top-ila-

-du^Amek.
Canon,
5. s.

-ishthah';

bir-dAlda-

kanun,
shemsiyyE,
;IL tAk.

ka"idE.

durmaz.
Capricorn
(tropic
of),
s.

Canopy,

jedi,

sayebAn,
Canter,
s.

c^J^jlj^
; ,

mexlari-jedi.

(j~J^

tznss

v.n.

Captain,

5.

(warrior)

jenkji
;

CX*c

tmss-ghitmek.
5.

(army)

^c-^Vj^.

yuz-bAshz

(navy)

Cantharides,

^^>-y\*&
5.

kunduz-bw-

LJ^^-J
(kAptAn)

suwAri,
;

^^J^-J

kApudAn
;

Cantle (of a saddle) >

^J$3 kAsh.

(merchant) ^j-^j re'iss

Canvass, Cap,
s.

5.

wJ^^CL
ffess
;

yelken-bezi.
shApkfl
Ic
p
i

(European) ^*>^5 kApudAn (kAptAn).


v'uijj

^j-J

<ub-2>

Captive,

s.

j^J\

essir (yessir).
essirlik.

percussion-cap,

ejza

Captivity,

s.

cJL~^

of a mast,
Capability,
5.

^.&~: J

dsstam6ra.

Capture, v.a. ^*Ji Almak, /LJ4i? tutmak,


liv-* zAbt-et
;

L^Jj'.i' klbiliyyfet.
kAdir, jjcju muktedir.

1^1

essir-et.

Capable,

a.

j^U
a.

Carat,

5.

b^--J
5.

kzrAt.
<dilji

Capacious,

^j^-J

ghfenish,

-~^j

Caravan,

^t^S ksrwAn,
s.

kAfik.

wassi", cJj-J biynk.


Capacity,
s.

Caravanserai,
;

^^ khAn.
kEraviyyE.
karabina.
J^saj V v/"

(size)

CJl^-j biyukluk
;

Caraway,
Carbine,

s.

Qyf
k~J\J*
s.

(capaciousness) L^->*~JJ vuss"at


telligence)

(in-

s.

JJLs

"Akl,
;

l/j zekya,

Carbuncle,

(disease) /

shlr-

jlA*^J
sifAt.

issti"dad

(quality)

penchE
-;

(stone) JoJ la"l.

[cloak)

yka.
(of a

Carcase,
rf-lS

s.

b^

ghywwdE,
(lesh);

J^

s>-

jessed;

Cape,

s.

(headland)
a.

burun
.

lashE

(of

war)

jU\>

Capital,

(good)

a"la

(great)
;

^Wri^
Card,

ya^Mi- pacha vra.


kyzghid
;

biyuk,
(principal)

AzTm,
;

-^ kebir
,

5. Jc-li

\*
,

mukAwwa;
v.a.

^>tb bAsh

s.

(city)

(comb) j\Jy tarak

^'<U?

U^asX?b payztakht;

(of a

column)
[mayE.

tramak, (J^3\ atmak.

U&

bAsh,

jllb
^jU
;

bXshlik.

Cardamum,
Carder,
s.

s. adJJ'j

kakulE.

Capitalist, 5.

v^^5>-L; sahibi-SEr-

L>

hAllAj (hAUj).

CARE
Care,
5.

[62]
L^-\J 3

CASHIER
.

(attention)

dikkXt

Carrion,

&
5.

lashs (lesh).

(anxiety)

J^
for,

derd,

Carronade,
Carrot,
s.
,

^jU

kulumbir.

iU hawuj.
\Jty*
sXrz*.

mek

(J*$\J

hXkmak

Carroty,

a.

saymak

take care, v.n.

(J**H>-

Carry, v.a.

J^-A^t tXshtmak
(a

-achmak, Ic^o^) dikkXt-et,


?

ghj/Mturmek;

gun, &c.)
1

c
;

sakznmak;

(take

pains)
of,

surmek

(by assault)
or
;

ia-^ zXbt-et

uzEnmek
<J/*3lj

take

care

away

off,

^,*Jj
on,

c-^1

Xh'p-

bXkmak, ^c^JU> sklamak.

ghywturmek
5j1

^4^^. y^P^^k,
uydurraak,
the
day,

Careen, v.a.

*J b^Llali kXlafXta-yatzr,

etmek, (J*jty\

mak

v.n.

(jPi?\

yatmak.
;

sr
,

beJErmek

Careful, a. JuJU

mukayyed

to be

v.n. lu^-JJt) dikkXt-el,jl

^^U; mukXy[yed-61.

ghllib-61,

Carefulness,

s.

cu-J?J dikkXt.

Cart,

s.

tejZ
s.

"araba.

Careless, a.^-JJJ dikkXtsiz.

Cartilage,

Jll^lJI

kzkzrdXk.

Carelessness,

^h

^JJ

dikkXtsizlik.
;

Cartridge,
,

5.

(small arms) cJ^^-i flshenk

Caress, v.a. ^^li*^-^


5.

okhshamak

(fishek)

(cannon)
s.

^Ljl>- hartuj.

&<\2+s>-j\
s.

okhshama.

Cartridge-box,

<U.Jb pXlXsska.

Cargo,

c^J^ yuk, <u^>- hamulE.


5.

Carve, v.a. (meat, &c.)

^c|^J

do^Ara-

Caricature,

L^*~J/ j-sP hijv-ressmi.


>

mak
Carver,

(wood, &c.) (J^^l


s. (in 5.

6ymk.

Carmine,

5.

J^l
s.

la"l.

wood) ^>-kAJj\ oymajz.

Carpenter,
(joiner)
(ship's)

(house)

j&y$ dulghsr
d6^Aramajz

Cascade,
Case,
s.

^IJ^U*- chap^layXn.

;>^^L*LxjJ
J^fli!-<

(box)
;

JJ^

sXndzk;

Alois.-

10

marankoz

(maran-

mahfaza
(sheath)

te>j*

kutu,

^13

kXb

ghoss).

^JJ km;
ftjUo

(condition)

Carpet,
<!l5^

5.

^Jlj
;

kAli

(hXK),
,

J&

kilim,

hal

(matter)

mddE,
;

(j

kechE

prayer

tfjlsr4 sejjadE.

khussuss,

-1 emir

v.a.

^JseL^J

Carpet-bag,
Carriage,
hint6,
s.

s.

<uajls- chXnta.

kXblamk

(kXplamak).
L^-%X~~

(vehicle)

<0^

"araba,

^^>;

Case-shot,

s.

misskEt.

<Ui-] b*

talika,

u^.l-J

fayton

Cash,

5.

JJU nXkd, ^>b parE (pra).


s.

gun
vlwiJ'J

(field)

&-

"araba, (ship's)
of
;

Cashier,

j^jJ^X^^ sXndekdar,

j^^jj

kundXk;

(act

carrying)
(

veznEdar,

jljJLXJJ^.
;
,

khXzmEdar

Jl)

nXkl, <U--1\L tXsh/ma

hire)
[kltzrji.

(khXznadar)

v.a.

J^
4

<Lliu nXkliyyE.

rutbEssini-Xlmak,

Carrier,

s.

JU^- hXmmXl

CASK
Cask,
5.

[63
varil.

CELEBRATED

^c=^y
s.

fichi,

J^j^

Categorical, a. ,y^2i kAt"z.

Casket,
sAndzk.
Cassia,
5.

iJt^?"

chekmEJE,

Category,

s.

&&<

makulE.
kurt.
[poss-kellssassi.

Caterpillar,

s.

^jj*

<U;JjjL>- kheyarshenbE.
j

Catgut,

s.

^JLJ)
s.

kirish.

Cast, a.

<ujJ dukmE
Atish;
;

5.

+i\ Atz'm,

Cathedral,
Cattle, 5.

^LJi^^Jw
hay win At.
$j>-

pisska-

u *}\
Atmak

(in
,

the
v.a.

eye)

C^ l3^->5.

shashzlzk
;

(throw)
;

Caucasus,

^l^

cherkessisstan

(metal)
(j^j!**

ciX^v) dwkmek
kzrmak;
kfidEr-

Caulk, v.a.
Caulker,
5.

Ll&U kAlafAt-et.

down,
iizmek,

LlALj kAlafXt.
5. c^jl^J karnabit. ci^cb ba"iss, c^-lc.

cX^j J^

Cauliflower,

up, (accounts)

I^^TJ

yekyun-et,

Cause,

5.

"illet,
,

lj-*r jem"-et,
(vomit)
(jAtcii

^cL^y
kussmak

toplamak
;

C ^-wj

sebeb

u5^^J da wa

v.a.

off,

jlci^cL
Iv*4jt

ba"iss-61, j!c-^--j sebeb-ol,


Irass-et.
s.

CX^jJl
1

ItzvErmek, l^jj def"-et,

CiX^^JU sAKvErmek, CXo^JU^^jlj kApip-SAKvErmek def"out, JK*^ ko^Amak, I^Jj


i^Jg

tard-et;

Causeway,

*jtNV(

Caustic (lunar), s.

>-^ jihennem-

tAshz (jihannam).

-et, IL)^ tard-et.

Cauterize,

v.a.

Castle,

5.

<uL- kal'a (kayla).


s.

Cautery,
Caution,

s.

^Jy

yakz,
bAsszret,
; ,

Castor-oil,

^e^

A^JS>

hind-ya^Ai.

s.

CL3.+<^)

Casual,

a.

^^^
klza.
kedi.

tessldufT,

^^
[IttifAki.

tE'enni,

jjo- hazEr

v.a.

Casualty,
Cat,
s.

5. \~as

khAber-VErmek.
Cautious (to be), v.n.
*-\

^J^

ihtiraz-et,

Catalogue, s.j^sJ

deftEr.

t^!jO>-t ihtizar-et, Cavalry,


s.

L? sakmmak.

Cataplasm,
Cataract,
5.

5.

j*i

lApa.
(

u^C*A
AtH.
5.

suwan'-"ass-

^>-j^

~^}?

sulfln'n^-

kEri,^lj!

-uchmassz, JjCs>- jendel.


Catarrh, s.

[newazil.
nezlE,

Cave, Cavern,

^U-c

^j zukkyam,
(j*JJb
;

<Aj)

Jj^y

Cavity, s.jj$^>

chukur.

Catch,

v.a.

tutmak,
A\

(J^^
Ma-ghes6#Auk-

Cease, v.n. cJv*i

kEssilmek,

ywkalamak
tirmek
;

cXoj^
cold,

munkAU'"-61.
Cedar,
5.
\j\

J^\j^^

jj~t

SErvi-azad.

-Almak.
Catching,
Catechise,
a.

Cede,

v.a.
s.

\^Ji
^Ijle

tErk-et,

CXyj VErmek.

OjL
v.a.

sari,^*^J bulashzr.
isstintlk-et,

Ceiling,

tAwAn.

IjlLiiJ

Celebrate, v.a. ILffJ ijra-et.

imtzhan-et.

Celebrated,

a.i*/

meshhur.

CELERY
Celery,

[64]
Chagrin,
s.

CHAPLET
(grief)

s>*J>

kere"viz.
j

taiA-u
kelsr.
;

tE'essuf;

Celestial, a.

ojU

semavi.
;

(kind of skin) 1

Cell, s.

*/*^" hujrE
s.

<OU- khans, j
[ghywz

Chain,

s.

j^^j

zenjir (zinjir)

v.a.

Cellar,

^jte*
s.

makhzsn.

Cement,
,

**=! Alchz,

^^^

ma "jun

Chair,

s.

d^Jctf SAndAliyyE
k61tuklu.

arm

v.a.

ji&Sy
tutdurmak.

Chairman, 5. (j-Lp* \j~~*j

re'issi-mejliss.

Cemetery,

5.

(JyU*
^Ji*

mezarh"k,
(bu-

Chalk, s.jr&Lj tebashir (tXbeshir).


Challenge, v.a.

kXbristan,

mAkbErE.

^<^^ ^'V*
bda
;

meydAn-

Censer,

s>

^J^sT. bukhurdan
jj

okumak.
Chamber,
s.

khurdanlsk).

db*\

(of a mine, gun,

Censure,

s.

azar:

v.a.

\\^~++AJ
levm-et.

&c.)

^
s.

i>-

khAzmE (hXzn).

ta"yib-et,

1*0 zemm-et,
t)^JcO'

!/j)

Chamberlain, s. ij"> \li&'jf* kXptjt-bldlH

Census,

5.
(j^j-ftJ

ta"dadz'-nufuss.

Chance,
fXk,

uJjLaJ' tesslduf,
;

-s\su\

itti-

Cent, (per cent.), ad.


Central,
a.

*}

yuzds.
[wXssAt.

L^sT. bakht
; ,

by
v.a.
\

^L^-^
<&\j

^5^^<

mErkezi.

rXsst-ghElE

Centre, s-j*/* mErkEz, &jj\ brta, la-^

bakhta-hawalE-et.

Centurion,

5.

Century,

s.

^yiU ) yuz-bAshz. AjU mi^. J-.J jy yuz-yzl,

Chancellor of the Exchequer,

s.

<u

oiilj mlliyyE-nazzri.
Chandelier,
s.

b^\

avizE.

Cerecloth,

s.

*-*** mushemma
Lteklif
+~>j
;

(mu-

Chandler,

s.

JU; bAkkd.
dig^ish,

sh#mba).

t-JllxJ tfekelluf.

Change,

5.

^i^

^^^J
C.A&1

di-

Ceremony,
Certain,
a.

s.

rfessm (ressim); i^JXj'

^Aishish,

A^^L^zJ di^Aishma, (JxJ

/*Lv

ma
;

'lum,
^JLs

-^sz
s^
filAn
;

sahih,
(_/=*j

tebeddul,

^JuJ
,

tebdil,

inkz-

j~&Qj*

shubhEssiz

llb

v.n.

c3v.^^
; ,

di^Aishmek,

bA"zz, AilL j bir-takm.


Certainly,
ac?.

LLX*.3^J

dwnmek
;

v.a.

cX<j*A.l^J

<&J! MbettE,

Jj^^

shub-

di^^ishdirmek
1

CX^^>;

chevirmek

Certificate, s. Jc*-j sened.

[hfssiz.

JjxJ

tebdil-et
a.

viXcJ^J

bozmk.
lxjjjj

Certificated, a.

jljo^ senedli.
clbAil
mkz'ta'
,

Changeable,

jj\

kXrarsz'z,

'Cessation,

5.

kessilmE.

Channel,

5.

Jy

y61; jlc

Cession,

s.

cJy
fUu0
5.

tErk,

L^^ily feraghXt.

ytak, Usr* mejra.


Chap,
5.

Chafe, v.a. ^^wi>l


Chaff,
5.

Ishmmak.
[ghAl).

J^'^
5.

chatlAk
;

hferifi

smAn.
(jUi-

Chaplain,
Chaplet,

/*U1 iniAm

Chafing-dish,

mAnkXl (mAn-

s.

*%~~J

tessbzh.

[(p.Xp\7)

CHAPMAN
Chapman,
s.

[65]
Chase,

CHEESEMONGER
s.

jbtj<X

mXdrabAz,

j\

Xv,
to,

jK-> shikyar

koltukju.

give chase

v.a.

Chapter,

s.

C-^b bib, J-AS


s.

fXssl.

lamak

away,
Vjb

^
biyuk-yarik.

Character,

(moral)

L^x--i> IXbt'^t,
;

Chasm,
Chaste,

s. 5.

^^

L^J.*>-

jibillet,

L^>- khuy
khAtt;

(writing)

^o,

,,o.c
;

"af if, (woman)

<-jb yazz,
harf
(pi.

la>.

(letter)

u_J^-

"af TfjE

(simply elegant)

dJ^^

huruflt).

sadE-ghyuzel.

Charcoal,

s.^c^
5.

orj^ kyzifmur.
Lr-v<A>.
(khiz-

Chasten,

Chastise, v.a.

Charge,
met),
ish
;

(employ)

tErbiyyE-vErmek,
Chastisement,
dayak.
Chastity,
s. s.

f^-J/ tErbiyyE-et.
tErbiyyE,
;l-L

ci^Jj^U> m^'muriyyet, ^.jj


(command)
;

Oy

^c\

emir,
*j!

<^^J

[met.

tenbih

(of

powder)

Xtm

e
uj
\(

(attack)

^Jjj^j
(thing
;
,

yuruyush,
confided)
(fill)

Chat,
,

5.

lAf,

lakirdf;

hujum
emanet

v.n.

llf-et,

v.a.

^cj J!L
hu-

konpushmak.
Cheap,
a.

d61durmak;
jum-et
i

(attack)
^

^fj-s^

Jj=*
s.

ujuz.

(command)
tenbih-et;

L<!

emr-et,
1

Cheapness,
Cheat,
5.

<*-~J

(accuse)

J'CM-J|

^j^5-^ ujuzluk. (fraud) ^>- hzls


;

(knave)
\

issnad-et.

J&&+>(alms)
<Gj>tf

hzlfikyar;

v.n.

<d-^

Charity,

s.

sXdaka;

hzlfi-et.

(humane

consideration)
insAf.

Check,

s.

(pattern)
;

^J^
accounts)

shXtrenj

insAniyyet, uJLail

(sXn trench)
sihr
;

(in

^j^
ghem
;

Charm,

5.

(spell)
s.

JV buyu,
hussn,

mizln

(upon conduct)

t^
\

charms,

pi.

(slight defeat) jUwl


<*S1jj>-

shamar, (banker's)
L-^J zXbt-et,

ghyuzellik.

hawIlE

,v.a.

Charmer,
sihrbAz;

5.

^j*-^
(beloved)

buyuju,

^j^c^SJl Xlzkomak,

ma"dilbEr.

mak

(defeat)
1

^J^J^J^J durdurtb6zmak (the <J**j}>


;

king at chess)

kish-et.

Charming,

a.

Jj^

ghyuzel,

Checkmate,
Cheek,
s.

v.a.

IcuLo mAt-et.

cj^y
Chart,
5.

latif.

jljj y^nak.

4aJj^. kharlta.
s.

Cheer, v.a.
bsrat
;

shenlEndirmek,
ferahlandzrmak.

Charter,

fErmXn,

nevla-tutmak
(navluna),
kzra-ila-

Cheerful,

a.

shen,
penir.
s.

ferah

Cheese,

niuferrih.

tutmak.

Cheesemonger,

JUu

CHEMIST
Chemist,
s.

[66]
kimiyaghEr
;

CHRONOLOGY
s.

1&?\j9Z\
Chemistry,

j=L*+ kjzajz, jLsVl

Chintz,
hip, 5.

L^-S,*^- chit, <Uw?

blssma.
,

isspenchiyar.

AAJ*
;

y6ngha
,

v.w.

s.

J^Jc^-t^U^Ap

"ilmi-

fzrlamak
hisel, s.

v.a.

^
ikhtiyar,
a.

-kimiyayi-jedid.

Jj kalEm.
^L^jA>- chikolata.

Cherish, v.a.

J^tjijf
;

"Aziz-tutmak

Chocolate, 5.

CX*L-J besslEmek.
Cherry, ?.j]j> kiraz
Chess,
5.

[vishna.

Choice,

5.

jl^s^l
,

morella

<^-t
;

inttkhlb;

A*^

sechma,

^J^>

shAtranj (slntranch)

e.^s^< muntakhAb, jtJf*


y

mukhtar,

board
-takhtassz.

^tedC^f^L-S*

sAntranch-

iXjJ^s ghyuzidE.
v.a.

Choke,

^j^c^ b6^Amak
)U-L

up,
,

Chest,
(j-

s.

(box)

jj^^

sAndzk

(bosom)
SIDE;

tzkamak

v.n.

ghywkss,jJ.-tf sXdr,

<!&+*>

tzkAnmak.
Choose,
v.a.

of drawers,

&s*^^~ chekmEjE.
kesstanE.

CX*^

sechmek,

J^l

Chestnut,

s.

jfew

ayrmak, Ic-jlkW
ikhtiyar-et.

intzkhlb-et, \j\~>-\

Chew,

v.a.

LtX^k-^- chine'mek.
s.

Chick, Chicken,

pilij.

Chop (mutton),
,

s.
<uljjjj

brizolya
;

Chickpea,
Chide,

s.

Jj^

nokhud.
Azarlamak.

v.a.

cXf

kessmek

up,
(large)

v.a.

Chief, a.
Chiefly,

<J^j\} and s. cJj-J biyuk,


rf.

v.a.

(small)

<jA-3

kzymak,
;

^b

bXsh.

^cLiji?
Chopper,
s.

do^^ramctk

(wood) ^^<;V.
[yarmak.

L?^^- khussussa;

l^^l

j^bU

sXtzr.

eksmyya.
Child,
s.

Chopping-block,

s.

cJj^.= kyutuk.
(sXtzr).

^T>^"
with

chojuk

children

Chopping-knu^e, s.j^LLs

and

family,
;

(jfe-J^-jij^
child,

ch61uk-

Chord, ^.yj veter.


Christ, s. ^^ " <..
.

choj uk

<U^

ghebE,

CL?.^^
-X

Hazre"ti-"lssa.
<^'

jd^W
Chill, v.a.

hamilE.
cJv*Jj<$>y

[j^J^
ushutmek
;

so^Auk.
;

Christen, v.a. ^J-^^lj waftiz-et, (J>*

s.

ad-k6mak, ^J^.j ^^ ad-vErmek.


Christening,
Christian,
a.
5. s.

Chilly,
v.n.

a.

^f-y

s6^Auk

to feel

U ^!?
2

waftiz.

CXc^-isjl
s.

ushumek.
ojak,

^Uu-J^-

khrisstiyan

Chimney,
Chin,
s.

J^-^
(old)
;

<^-b

u^j-M-fi. "iss^vi, L
5.

ysn,^ messihL
khrissti-

4^>- chen^E (chenE).


s.

Christianity,

.^jljL^-J^c*.

China,

^J^c^^l
j)**3
chini.

esski;

yanlzk.

[-passkalya.:
5.
5.

-ma"dEn
(stone)

(new)

faghfvr

Christmas,
Chronicle,

aJljLjbcJ^f^
tarikh.

kuchuk-

i^?^

tfeft
s.

Chink,
,

s.

v.n.

jjb yarzk, ^JiCJvJl tictmek.

chatlXk

Chronology,

<^}$\

>&

Ac

"ilmi-

-Ukvim-u-tewarikh.

CHRONOGRAM
Chronogram,
Chronometer,
Church,
s.
s.

[67]
Circumlocution,

CLASP
5.

tfZj^

tarikh.

1^

d6-

5.

rA*^-*(JJ* tul-sa"ati.
kilissE.

lashikli-lakzrdz.

<L-J
s.

Circumnavigate,

v.a.

Churchyard,
Chyle,
5.

(J\j\j<*

mezarlzk.

(j~^ keyluss.
(j~j*j> keymuss.
v.n.

Circumstance,

s.

^^^ khussuss, *ol<


sarnij, k+].\=>-

Chyme,

s.

mlddE, C^*-A-^ keyfiyyet.

Cicatrize,

^**jL-Js

kApAnmak,
[kywmur.

Cistern,
Citadel,

s. s.

ffj^>

(khXzna).

(J^JjJj-j kAbuklanmak.

<^^\
^J^

ich-kal"a.

Cinder,

5.
5.

j )+=z ^i/4J j~
(

swnmush-

Cite, v.a.

da"vet-et. ij&J zikr-et; ^CL^cJ

Cinnamon,
Cipher,
s.

^>-J ^
(

darchin (tarchin).
szfr;

Citron,
City,

s.

(zero)
<$&>-

JL?

(secret

s.&2

shehr, L
tXtlz,

writing)

jifnz;

(initials)

\jb
(for

Civil, a.

^JjU?
;

^\

edebli,

tijghra (for the Sultan),

sahh
(for

chel^bi

(not military)

a high officer),
individual).
initials in

\*e*\

imza

any
not

ghayrz- "AsskEri.
Civilian,
s.

N.B.

These

are

J^j^^c-^^

bAshz-bozuk,
"AsskEridan-ol-

Turkish, but each a kind of

^LJj^J^^ri*,^
mayAn.
Civility, s.

signature.
Circle, 5.

yij
s.

da'irE;

v.a.

jLLflt

tAtlzlzk,

^i

kushAtmak,
Circuit,

\<b\sJ\ ihata-et.

Li>

kAza,
;

L^^

Civilization, 5.
,

<LJ^J tErbiyyE.

da'irE'i-hukyumet

to

make a

Civilize, v.a.

^Jy
;

tErbiyyE-et.
lcJ*^-j\ isstid^a;

dolashmak.
Circuitous, a.
Circular,
a.

Claim,

s.

L^cJ

da"wa,
,

dolashzk.

C-^lk* mAtlub

v.a.

IL^CJ

da-

mudevvEr,

\4*r

"wa-et,

llcJCu-j!

isstid"a-et,

de^irmi.
Circulate, v.n.

matlub-et,

Wlk^

mutAl
(<

devEran-et
tedavul-et;
neshr-et.

(as
v.a.

Claimant,

s.

icPT^jzA

da wajz,

money)

Clamp,

s.

L^%i.=> kinet.
a.

[mudda"i.
M-Altmda,

Clandestine,
;

Circulation,

s.

devEran

(of

ghizli,

skb',
(disease)

.c^-

khafT.

money, books, &c.) Jj^JJ tedavul.


Circumcise,
v.a. \(^~*~i sunnet-et,

Clap,

s.

^C4j^>.J bel-so^^uv.n.

ghv

hands,

(J-^l-^J! M-chAl-

khztln-et.

mak, ^^\JL^\ Alkzshlamak.


.

Circumcision,

sunnet, chevrE,

Clarify, v.a. IdULaJ tAssfiyyE-et.

Circumference,

L*

Clasp,

5.

&sf *i kopcha
t

v.a.

muhit.

kujAklamak.

o 2

CLASS
Class,
5.

[68]
,

COAL
chevirmek
; ,

smf;
*'>

v.a.

v.n.

tErtib-et,

tanzzm-et.
-

lJL*&&ie sMashmak, ^V4->^LJb yakznlashmak


;

Clatter,

s.

chatirdi,

(the

evening)

/*l~>)
;

takirdi,

pAtirdt.
ftknz. <XJ bend, Xj&
'^jl? tzrnak
$

^^JjljjJ Akhsham-(tez)-61mak
up,
v.a.

Clause,

s.

(j^+* kXpAmak;
;

v.n.

Claw,
v.a.

^.

&saj

^J^jLj klpAnmak

with, v.a. (in


(in

^Jl<^>

tzrmalamak.

agreement) <J^-$^! uyushmak;


fight) (JiAj\j0

Clay,*. JfSb

bllchzk,

J^
<jJb pak,
v.a.

SArzlmak.

prak,

(-^cl>- ifrty lulEJi-chamuru.


a.

Closet,

5.

(room) J^>-^j\ 6dajzk; (cup-

Clean>

J*AJ
,

temiz,
cleanse,

board) i-J^tt dolAp.


Cloth,
s.

tAhtr;

(broad)

<^^
)

(choha)

(cotton)

temizlemek.
Clear,

Jj bez; (table
temiz-,
;

(^Sji^Jua

s6fra-bezi.

o.J^J

j^J berrXk; (free)


up,
v.n.

Clothe,

v.a.

JuAjVj^ ruba-y^pmck,

^5>-l

achzk

^*1>-^

CA^j*A-.^=!b^ ruba-ghidirmek, b^j

chzlmak.
Cleave, v.a. Cleaver,
s.
t

[^^4-ljb yapzshmak.

C^^j ruba-vErmek,l^.Lll ilblss-et,


1

^<j\ yarmak
sXtir.

to, v.n.

1^=1

iksa-et

LlXiJjjl
s.

^rtmek.

j^LL
s.

Clothes, Clothing,

\]jj

ruba (uruba),
elbissE.

Clemency,

t*z-**y~^c

mErhamet.

>lyl
5.

esswAb (essbAb), <L-J!


3

Clergyman,
Clerk,
5.

s.

(jM*

pXpAss.

Cloud,
yazejz.

L^b

bulut, L-jls.** sihlb.

u.^^ kyatib,
hunErli.
*jy>-j\

^ss? jb

Clout, Clove>

*. 5.

*)j^^ pachavra.
J^JJJ kXrEnfil.

Clever, a. jmt>
Cliff, s. jl> yar,

uchurum.
[su"ud-et.

Cloven,
Clover,

a.
s.

(J^>~ ch^tAl.
&=};> yonja.

Climate,

s.

yb hawa.

Climb,

v.n.

chzkmak,
J

\4j**y

Club,

5.

^~*- chomak; by way


"arifanE.

of

Clinch, v.a.

pErchin-et.

clubbing together, <0l^l&


Clue,
s.

Cling, v.n.
Clip,
v.a.
5.
s.

sXrzlmak.

[kessmek.

i^Tj Sr^
'

^P"^J U

'

Sf khkmak,
shinel, t*-JJ
u^i

cJv*~*==

Clumsy,

a.

(person) j/i.~

Cloak,
Clock,

kXpud.

(thing)
Cluster,
s.
5.

meydAn-sa"atz.
,

t6p.

Clog,

5.

^M (nXlm)
~e
szk
;

v.a.

Coach,

&.

"araba,

hmt6,

d61durmak, ^<liu^ tzkamak


Close, a.
s^ktnttli;
,

^4lajlJ fay ton.

szkz
(^jA-,-^

Coagulate, v.w./^iS *o donpnnflk; C^v*J->*


t

jlUJi
(J^>\+*

kXpAlz;

^^

yakm
,

kessilmek
Coal,
5.

CJv^=r;

pekishmek.

v.a.

kXpAmak;
in,

v.n.
v.a.

j%/^ kywmur, u5<4i^;A*-

ma-

klpAnmak;

COAL-HOLE
CoaUhole, Coal-house,
murluk.
Coal-mine,
Coarse,
Coast,
5.

[69]
Coil, 5.

COLT
JlcJ kXnghXl;
ajLs
;
,

5.

cJ^j^-^ kyu-

v.a.

[kyumur-madEni.
Coal-pit,
5.

kXnghXl-et.
Coin,
5.

^j&t*
iri.

JJ^j*

sikkE

Xj\j

para,
; ,

a.

LJ kXba

Xkcha

\J!j\

(of a

gun)

J-*-o sil

v.a.

(J^Ls
;

sahil,

J t-^liji den^zzkzyz.

Ic-^J

dar6-et,

cXf*-^

kessmek,

-kEnari
Coat,
s.

Ub yaka,
setri,

^s
;

^4-K?b bAssmak.
Coincide, v.w.
Coition,
5.

LJ^M-J
;

^Ojye

surtu; fijsjye
(of a horse)

y^Ua^c

mutAbtk-61.

surtiko

tej>-

khzrka

^Cj
5.

sikish,

^l^>- jima".
;

jji? don.

[-tokhmu.

Cold,

a.

and

^fy<0

s6^7*uk
<Jj3

(in

the
/*l^J

Cocoa,

s.

i**?
s.

ti'ijSL^-

chikolata-

head) Jj^y new^zil,

nezlE,

Cocoa-nut,

*-$jj>~

(jli^JJJb
.

CJj-J

zukkyam.
Colic, 5,

[-A^Arzssz.
sAnjz, L5*wj /c:! u^lj karn;

biy uk-hin dostan-j evizi

LysT^
5.

Cobbler,

5.

^s^jjb

papushju (plpujju),

Collar,

Ub yaka
,

(horse

\y^>-

*s\~i\ esskiji.

h^mut

v.a.

<J-*JUb,

yakalamak.

Cobweb,

5.

Collate, v.a. i/L(ft

mukADElE-et,

Colleague,
Cochineal, s.^cjs kzrmzz,

s.

(J+Sj refzk,

i~\A&}\ arka[toplamak.

dash.

Cock,

5.

(bird)

<j~)J>;

khoross

(tap)

Collect,

v.a.
s.

\^*>~ jem"-et, <^<kj ^o


%-+>- Jem"
;

^Lax> mussluk
khoross
v.a.
;

(of a gun)

^~)f>*
a gun,

Collection,

<U^sr* mej[dressE.

(penis)

cX-j

sik

ma"a;
College,

^alL tak/m;

^?

ska.
;

5.

i^^iCc mektEb
^^blS

Jy-s;'^<

me;

Xlmak.
Cock's-comli,
5.

Collier, 5.

J^^

Jcyumur-kav \gh\

khorossk6zalXk.

^MM^Hli ^3<Xv<j^<^ kyumur-ma"dEni-ishjissi.

Cocoon,

5.

SS

kdza,

[dEni.

Cod,

s.

Colliery,
wJ>

5.

^Jo^^xi^D ky&mur-ma"&*2J\j>- chatz'shma,


;

(of beans)

kXbuk

(scrotum)

Collision,

s;.

/*jLa3'
,

tassAdum
Coffee,
s.

to

come

into

v.n.

*j{
s.

kahwE.
**j>-

^JU^Ul^;

chatzshmak,

\*S*
(

tas-

Coffee-pot,

JCZWE
ibrik.

(large)

sldum-et.
Collusion,
s,

[^.^ ighmazz-"ayn.
^sr*L^< mussamaha,
mlr-Xlay
;

ghyii^/iyum,
Coffer, 5.

^*J\

^Uxl
(kay-

vJC-tf sXndzli.

Colonel,
,

5.

o^--<

lieutenant-

Coffin, s. tl^y^J tXbut.

5.

/U^^j'Js
5.

ka'im-makAm

Cog,
J
j

s.

" (A>^

dish.

Colony,
\^*^e mu"tEna,

J^y
ClXJj

ojak.

[makXm).

Cogent,

a.

+$* muhimm,

Colour,
Colt,
s.

5.

rEnk.
;

mubrim (mybrem).

L5w

tay

(of an ass) U-*? szpa.

COLUMN
Column,
^j^**j
5.

[70]
"amud,
tAbur,
jj

COMMEND
birleshmek
<GiJk-^o
;

cj-jJ
;

direk,

J^/4-c

to

light,

sutun

(of soldiers)

j^o
v.a.
;

meydAna-chzkmak,
up,

Jy
Comb,

k61.
s.
'i\J0

[taramak.
tarak
; ,

belli-ol

^J^L^- chk;

^<U?
,

mak

CtX<;^vj

surmek

upon,

Combat,

s.

^y3
s.

du^Aush

v.a.
iu

bXssmak,

(3**$
; ,

tutmak,
#.

yakalamak

L^J dsy,

Combination,
ittiflk.

\^>j>3 tErkib

Jfl&

dEy-bAkXlz'm, L^tX<lu^J dsy-

-imdi (dfiyindi).
v.a.

Combine,

Ic-^-^J tErkib-et,
,

Comet,
<uljj

mezj-et;
\

v.n.

Ijltfl ittifxk-et;

JjJj y^y.y kuyruklu-yzldz'z, J zu-zewabE. [kErlEniE. j

s.

*Jjf*d imtizaj-et.
;
,

Comfit,

s.j=:
s.

shekEr, <u!y=i-l she-

Combustible, fl-j^V. or j^. yanar


s.

Comfort,

(ease)

m^o-\j rahat
tesselli
;

(con,

(0* '*ib yakajak.


>

solation)

iJ-*^

v.a.

Combustion, s. ^lil' yanzsh, <UJl> yanma.

CiX^j^

(J^
a.
s.

tessfelli-VErmek.
(*z~*>-\j

Come,

v.n.

CXK

ghMmek
;

along,

Comfortable,

rahat.
(emir),
;

CiJ^Oj-Af ghMivErmek

asunder,
;

Command,

j*A

emr

^<f
emr-

^*jy
at,

kopmak,

^J^J

aynlmak
^_^<;\j

&+*+3

tenbih
; ,

(military)
\j*>\

C*X*2LS

yetishmek,
;

<^v,

komanda
et, \&~'*J

v.a.

yanma-varmak

away,
;

c-y l^j
back,

tenbih-et, ^l-o^J fErmln-et,


;

ClXJ^ brak/p-ghMmek

^L<j^j buyurmak
et
;

tirjulc^i

komanda;

CXui
again,

j^.i

ghEri-ghElmek
or
IfeJ^J
;

back

(as a

gun) C^XJ.A*J supurmek


dti^Amek
;

l*XJ&

bir-daha or

(as

fort)

yinE (ghens) -ghMmek

between,

muhlfaza-et, (JK*^

kApA-

CX^<ol;1
v.w.
1

araya-ghirmek

cJv^jsr

ghechmek

--

by,
,

mak.

v.a.

Commander,
cJj.*4

s.

^o\
;

amir,

JajL?

zabit,
;

|ju^ peyda-et,
(JK*!J!

off,

(J^^ bulmak olmak (J^f kopmak


;

biyuk

JL~s.j~A spr-^AsskEr

(navy) ^Jj>-J'/*jx<c mulazzm-kAp udln


(kAptAn),

^4JL^- ch^kmak

on, (jAjfc tut-

ijf&A
v.a.

ikinji.

mak; ^cLislj bXshlamakj CX*iJ^-li out, ^ju>- chkghElivErmek


;

Commence,

and

w.

^L2ib
Ujj
EWE!,

bAsh-

lamak,. IjUl Aghlz-et,

bed'-et.

mak

short,
;

CtUi^cX-^1
to,

eksik-

Commencement,

5,

J^l

^\J

ghMmak

cXi^jl
together,
2NJ

etmek,

bAsh, Ija^ ibtida, *JJ


bAshlanghij
.

bedX

j^bbah'gh-ol;
t6planmak,

JK^^J^
bir-yEra-

cJs^S^

Commend,
SEna-et
;

v.a.

medh-et,
tavsiyyE-et.

ghElmek,

^J^J^^

bulushmak,

COMMENT
Comment,
shiyyE
;

[71]
Commonly,

COMPARE
ad.
f.j

s.

r j~*
,

shErh,

eksEriyya.
5.

oJ^Sl
v.a.

laktrdi,

Commons,
shErh-et
;

the

House of Commons,

yEjek

\<r-;

^-Ls^ u^L
millfet-mfejlissi.

^byL^b

mebussani-

upon,

v.n.

l^lo

JSxJllx*

mutala"a-

beyAn-et.

Commotion,
s. 5.

5.

^2^J*

telashT,

^ji^J

Commentary,
Commentator,

^
jl$>

shErh.
sharih.
ijaret,

telash.

Communicate,

v.a.
;

\8\\

ifadE-et,

Commerce,

s.

tebligh-et

with,

v.n.

Xh'sh-vErish,

bXzer-ghyan/zk.
.

khXbErleshmek,

l^jlsr

Commercial,
muta'^llik.

J^Wr

tijareta-

mukhabErE-et
Communication,
teblighlt;
y61.

;jl
5.

J.2^< muttXsszl-ol.
^c>U!
if ads,

[tarahhum-et.
v.a.
5.
\

CuU-i-J
;

Commiserate,
Commissariat,

Xjimak, iJ*^3

^jlsr* mukhabErE
[millet, c^-'^U^>s.

Jy.

^j U
z^khlrE.

Jy

niizal-

jema"t.
ci-->Lo

emaneti

Community,
nuzul-emmi.

cJ^tx-il ishtirak;

Commissary,
Commission,
khzdmet,
s.

Compact,
,

5.

djliU mukAv^lE,
szk,
.

Jy

kXvl;

i/*;U*d siparish

Ll^^e<A>
;

a.

J^tf

szk*. L5%-tf

L^OJ^-

me'muriyyet

Companion,
arkadash
;

(Jfc&j

refzk,

jji!*>A3^1

^jjj^U
lor
;

me'murin,
fErmAn,

}j^ U

me'murbuyu-

^
(set)

esh.

^<^
;

uf jJ^^-J

Company,
guests)
present)

5.

Jilt takzm

(set of

ruldu

^j~~*<js komission.

^iL~<
^Ui>-

mussafirlEr
hiizzar,

(people

Commissioner, s.jyo\* me'mur.

^j-^\^-

Commit,
etmek,

v.a.
It
^

hAZtrm
irtikyab-et
s ;

(public)

^LjU^oJ

k6m-

panya

(companionship)
;

^li*^J^I
;

tesslim-et,

siparish-et,

arkadcrshlzk
soldiers)

L^oli;
bwluk
;

rfef akXt

(of
,

tevdi"-et.

cJjl-J

to keep

Committee, 5.

v.n.

J^.^-ijJ? kon^ushmak, cJ^-i^jJ

ayrija-vE-makhsuss-6lAn-mejliss.

ghywrushmek.
Comparable, a.^^Jix) mak?ss,jyj^^jj~U5
kyass-61unur,
olunur.

Commodious,

a.

-j rahat,
k61ayhTdt.

kullXntlishli,

j^JjltU-^J

teshblh-

Commodity,
^^s>-\j

s.

mAt"a,

JU
filobXsh-

rahat.
5.

Comparatively, ad. <U~jLj kzyassla.

Commodore,

Compare,

v.a.

(jk^ttb^u yan-ynamuklb^lE-e
<U.

Common,

a.

_.

"adT,

^Uj

baya,

k6mak,

l<djliU

musht^rfek;
chayrlik, te~*

5.

mukay^ssE-et, ^^-Ui kzyass-et,


teshbih-et.

COMPARISON
Comparison,
teshbih.
s.

[72]
Complicate,

COMPUTE
n.a.

kzyass,

karzshkArzshik-et.

[bwlmE.
5.

dz'rmak,

Compartment,
Compass,
sJj\J
s.

khanE,
9j\dJ\

Compliment,
;

5.

/*ilj

selam

A>- hadd,
;

EndazE

isstihsan-ifadEssi.

da'ira
;

(mariner's)
,

<^jj

Comply,

v.n.

\J\2Zsc\

imtissal-et

pussla

to fetch a
,

v.n.

^tJ^jb
kush-

luu-jiii^o

muwlfakXt-et.

dolashmak;

v.a.

Jp*?l&jJ

Compose,

v.a. \\^

r^ijj

tEitib-et,

Atmak

one's ends, v.n.

(j^^O

tErkib-et;

^jb
;

yazmak, JK

uydurmak, j\J5\j4*\j< merammana'il-61.

kalEma-Xlmak

Cl)*L^j
;

suweyl6-

[(pErghEl).
(pair
5.

mek,

Ja3 nXzm-et

j^ Jl^

Compasses

of)

s.

jl^

pErghyar

tErkibina-dakhil-61, jl^-J
ejzay*
-

Compassion,
Compatriot,

i^-vi.s*-^

niErhamet.

miirekkibEssi

61,

^ .,
self,

s.

Lj^*4Jb

hemshehru

a"zassi-61;

one's

Compeer, s.^ib kyufv, ^j)\ Xkran.


Compel, v.a.^^- jebr-et,^U^\
Compendious,
mukhtASsar,
a.
<UaJ>
5

sLfcUu yatzshmak.
Composition,
tirtib
;.

ijbar-et.

5.

u-^-Sy tErkib
ejza
;

khsa,

j&
;

^sf-

(j^^
shi"r.

ma' jun

J^s^

miijmel.

d^^i>
Compost,

kitabet,
s.

jui>

Compensate,
,

t'.a.

tXzmln-et
karshiltk-ol.
s.

Vji

gbyubrE.

v.n.

Compound,
v.a.

a.

c_-^^< murekkjEb
tErkib-et.
v.a.
\

Compensation,

^j?*^

tXzmm,
kar-

Comprehend,

toW

ihata-et,

dulsk.

j^J^Li
v.a.
t

shamil-ol,
;

jl^J^-i>

shu(anna-

Compile,
>-

tAssmf-et,
te'llf-et.

muli-61

^<^>\

anglamak

jem"-et,
v.a.

mak), IcJtjjl idrak-et.

Complain,

\t**Jb
a-l

shikyayet-et,
ishtikya-et.

Compress,
Comprise,

s.

>^j\*> sarghz.

J
shekwa
<Jj

teshekki-et,
s.

v.a.
s.

^^JJ^
^r^
v.a.
,

shamil-ol.
<U-iJ5j^i

Complaint,
;

U^oA

shikyayet,

Compromise,
"illet,

sulh,

uz-

^s^
5.

maraz,

L>le

lashma;
dz'rmak;
1

^J^jJj^lJJ
(

kAnsh-

dfird.

pizm

<UcJ tetimmE.
tErtib,
/^li? ta-

J^L-^c mess'ul-et;
sulh-61.

J^i\^

Complement,
Complete,
a.

u-^-^'

uzlashmak,jl^^
Compulsion,
s.

J^^

tekmil,

mukemmel, /U tXmm,
-

|*UJ

J-^=u tAmAm

M-*JJ+S*

mejburiyyet,

jWr^ ijbAr,^!^!
Compunction,
,

izttrar.

v.a.

tJ-*&

tekmil- et,

^Lcl-tJ

t^^iJj
.

nedamet,
|

tAmAmlamak, CJ-^IJ bitirmek.


Complexion,
s.

IJJJ U^^J

(pishmXnlik)

C3 Jj rnk,

levn.

Compute,

v.a.

IC-J'P*

hissab-et.

COMRADE
Comrade,
s.

73

CONFECTIONERY
J^iic

iJJly

arkadash, ,j

"akd

jiy>

kArar

^i>l<=s1 fln^-

y61dash.

layz'sh
a.

(nnayfsh),
^^tlajj

!^^V-jl Isstikhraj.

Concave*
chukur.

^xJU muka"

"ar,

Conclusive, a.

kAt"z,

*jJU muknz".
mu-

Concord,
*fcs\<0

5.

wifAk, c^-J jlsT

Conceal,!;. a.

saklamak, (^kdj<

khad^net.
Concourse,

[(kAlabXlzk.

ghizlEmek.

izdzham,
6dalzk.

Concede,

v.a.

\d~~3
a.

tesslim-et.
s&so

Concubine,
Concur,
v.w.

Conceivable,

mutassAWEr,

bErabEr-61.
sarszsh,

Concussion,
Conceive, v.a. \j}*
"Akl-et;
,

tassAvvur-et,

sarszh'sh,

v.n.

J*!U<U=

ghebE-

Condemn,
-bulmak

v.a.
;

^*lyvj^^-Lj kAbahat(

kAlmak,

*\

<*1* \s>-

hamilE-61.
(j>*kj jb

J^J^^x>-l.Ji

kXbahath'-

Concentrate,

v.a.

toplamak

-bulmak

>x^-

&*0jj?

j^zassma-

^<L^L>- khulassa-et.
1

hukm-et

d</^ j\Js
5.

j*\A

yara-

Conception,
tflkhayyul,

JJA) tassXvvur, J-*^ <L\>- hamilfi^jfljUlj!

maz-deyM-kArar-vErmek.
Condensation,

<*J&& tekessuf.
t<_jLi&' teksif-et
;

61maklk.
Concern,
5.

Condense,
^jto
mwddjE,

v.a.

^\

ish,

v.a.

UJ&&

tekessuf-et.

^..^^LK mXsslahat; CL\Lj*


vet,

klssa-

Condescend,

v.n.
5.

\^>

tknezzul-et.

jJ^ kMfir

v.a.

^J^Jy^J
Ici^LJ}

Condescension,

J tenezzul.
mussta-

dokunmak;
kXssavet-et.

one's

self, v.n.

Condign,

a.

xjJOrCL^.^

Concert,

5.
Cr

j\su\
c*!l>-

ittifAk,

jlas?l ittihad
;

Condiment,
Condition,

L^~*Ls'

chXlghz-mejlissi

together,

v.w.

\J\ti\

ittifAk-et,

j\Js

t^A

sbart.

CX<^>^ kXrar-vErmek.
Conciliate, v.a.

Condole, v.w.

^s^

ta"ziyyE-et,

Ic-^i^

jelb-et.

Condolence,

5.

&j*i ta"ziyyE.
l-u^; muntij-ol,
'*
_5

Concise,

a.

j&JsP
s.

miikhtXssar, &*2S kzssa.


kzssalik.
;

Conduce,

v.n.

Conciseness,

^4*a!

mujib-ol.
;
,

Conclude,
"akd-et

v.a.
:

cXc^XJ bitiymek
,

IjJlr.

Conduct,

har^kEt

v.a.

v.n.

LtX*^J
(

bitmek

ghyuturmek.
Conduit,
5.

(J^o A-^=

anglamak
isstikhraj-et,

nnamak )
l^v

^J^y*

su-yolu.

wlykL:!

CiX^Jj

Cone,

5.

W^^
5.

makbrut.

ma

na-VErmek.
5.

Confectioner,
s6n^,
\

^-jLt>
^^-2

sbekErji.

Conclusion,

cJ

akhir

Confectionery,

5.

sbeker,

CONFEDERACY
Confederacy,^ jlful
Confederate,
s.

[74]
miit-

CONJECTURE
iktii^,-et,

ittiflk;

(1

^AX^

mumass^let-et,

JJ&*
5.

muttefik.
;

[tfefikzn.

(jk*Jjl

uymak.
a.

Confederation,

l&l ittiflk

Conformable,

mumassil.
rf.

muttefikm.
Conference,
Confess, v.a.
i

konferanss.

Conformably,
^

imtissalan

iLJaJ* tXtbzkan.
ikrar-et,

Conformity,
'tiraf-et.

mumasselet.

Confession, s.J\Js\ ikrar, uJtjS&l i"tiraf.

Confound,

v.a.

mebhut-

Confide, v.a.

^f-L,

3*

tesslim-et,
v.n.

l^j^j
emkXrzshdzrraak,
1

tevdi"-et
niyyet-et.

lc^^

^-.Irsr takbHt-et.

Confuse,
[i"timad.
s.

v.a.

JuJ,->l-2>

sbXshzrtmak

Confidence,

u^*-^
be),

emniyyet,
v.n.

J^jJ^ljj
Confused,
to
a.

kArz'sbdzrmak.
(tbings) (J-J
(a person), v.n.
(J.

Confident
^JJ*<U]j|l

(to

hich-shubhEssi-olmamk.
^jj.!>;

become

Confine,

v.a.

hXbss-et,

shashz'rmak.
^J^JLJ!
;

kApAtmak
confined,

l^*a>.

hXssr-et

to

be
;

Confusion,

s.

^lii^b

kAn'shfldtk,

v.n.

fy*jk^o
one's

do^^urmak
room,

Congeal,

v.n.

JJ-*.=jJ?

don^mak,
;

to

^.ib
;

munjemid-ol

v.a.

^oUjL^- tlshra (dzsharz) chzkmamk


(one's

don^durmak.
Congelation,
5.

bowels)

jU-s^l injimAd.
Jus siiddE.
v.a.

Congestion,

s.

Confinement,

^.JjuJ

ichEri-

Congratulate,

lcX>?2
;

tebrlk-et,
!

!***? tehniyyE-et

you

CJjy

dsbarz~ch?kmamaklzk
^jiji^jijb
(

(j^=>-

habss

^.Jol ghywzun^-aydm.
Congratulation,
s.

[tehniyyE.
tebrik,

Jj>-^ chojuk-do^Aunnak4js>hiidud.
[h*k.

C-b ; -J

Confines,

s.

pi.

Congregate,

v.n.

toplanmak,

Confirm, v.a.
(in ofi^ce)

(ratify) l^JJJuaJ* tassdlk-et;


\

l^^rsT tejemmu"-et,
temz"-61.

mujjem"iyyet.

lw! ibkA-et.
\

Confiscate, v.a.

zXbt-et, \X\*a,o

Congregation,

jema"t,
Cl
mejlissi-

mussldara-et.
Conflagration,
Conflict,
s. s.

[h^rzk.

Congress,

s.

-meshvErEt.

tassAdum;
chekishma,
.

Conic, Conical,

a.

subu,
J9/.

jenk

makhrutz; conies,
makhruteyyAt.

C^L

munaza
Conform,

v.w.

imtissal-et,

Conjecture,

s.

.J&

znn

^+*as? takh-

CONJOINTLY
mm
;

[75
\
(

CONSIDER

v.n.

J&

zXnn-et

Conscious (to be), v.n. ^j^tJ^J duymak,


hisss-et; ^^SjJ>-

takhmin-et.
#

khXbEri-ol.
ISLS\J

Conjointly, ad. \*fJL

mushtErekEn.

a5|i

wAkzf-61
s.

a.

wAkzf.
*

Conjugal,

a.

\&~jj

zevji,

^x^o
;

te>-\*

<

Consciousness,

j+s-

khXbEr,

-yj

wukuf
Conjugate,
a.

(j^>v.a.

hisss.

>g*<3j< muzdevij

v.a.

Consecrate,

l^JjJu

tXkdTss-et

.*o7

tXssrif-et,

ciXt^^^^Ax*^

\ljA~ass? takhsfss-et.

jhasszm-chekmek.
ojugation,
s.

Consecrated,
LSK*

a.

^fy^s?*

makhsuss,

Ax^e szgha.

mukhXsssess;

.-.jJU mu-

Conjunction,

s.
s.

i-oW- u-

ijS*

harfz-"Xtf.

kAddess.
Consecutive,
mutetali,
a.

Conjuncture,
Conjure,
1

L^-Jj wXkit,
\

JU*

hal.

.Jta** mutevali,

v.a.

\p-jCJ-J

pek-rija-et,

L^Sdc*
&

muta"akzb.

jUcJ-J

pek-niyaz-et,
; ,

(jrj\jfy&*
3

Consecutively, ad. 1-JU^c muta"akzbon,

pek-yXlvarmak
Conjurer,
s.

v.n.

\jS-~

sihr-et.

<u!ui^ mut^valiyyetEn.

^ J^-5

sihrblz.

Consent,

5.

L^>

riza

v.n.

cX^>j t^;
X.AJ

Connect, v.a.

cX^Ju^J
ulashdzrmak

bitishdirmek,
;

riza-vErmek,

^^^j
5.
,

razi-61.

Consequence,

<tes^j

netiJE,

semErE
Connexion,
\y\Jj\
s.

of

j^LL?u,Ll>,

khxttrt;

^^Jc^o
<Gic

munassebet,
-sayzh'r
;
;

of no
,

irtiblt,

"alaka

*^>-

J^b
tali;

sayilmaz

that

is

of no
s.

\^Sjj>e zararz-yok.
,

khhsm, ly! Akraba.


Connivance,
s.

Consequent,

tJLsr^L*^

mussamaha,
tab*",

^\3

a.

-;lJ

k^

menut,

l*)*&uO\A\ ighmAzz-"ayn.
Connive, v.n.

word and act)^ IL^c


ghywrmEyi-

^^ ^

niErbut

(in

cJ^^-j^^s

VErmek, l^^^iUcl ighmAzz-"ayn-et.


Conquer,
-et
-et,
;

v.a.

(men) Ic-J^LsU maghlub-

Consequently,
-"aleyh,

ad.

iLLc^Uj

bina'an-

(places) l.jtj feth-et,

!k^

zAbt-

C^JJJ^^b
0lj$U

bina'an-^ala-

tjjji^ tesskh?r-et.
s.

-zalzkE,

binabErin,

^W^jJ

Conqueror,
Conquest,

^U

fatth;

C.JU

ghAlib.

bun^a-bina'an,

s.

feth,s*^

tesskhzr;

Conserve,

s.

^^V*^ bun^a-mebni. of roses, J^; rechel


;

J^i^ ghyul-b^-shekEr.
Conscience,
s.

t-

kXlb,

^4^

zamir

Consider,

v.a.

(a

thing)

WHlaxc

ujLaj!

inslf.

[munsif.
LaJl insAflz,

miitala"a-et,

!<drs>OL<j

mulahaza-et,
;

Conscientious, a.

Cj/>iJ

dushunmek

(a

person)

CONSIDERABLE
saymak;
I

76]

CONSUME
ac?.

as,

&

"add-et,

Constantly,

UulJ da'ima, ^buJ^aJ j

jLiscI z"tibar-et,
a.

(JU^b saymak.
biyuk,

bir-duziyE, ^kftyJI la-yankAtz".

Considerable,

v^X-J

+~~.;>-

Constipation,

5.

^cljijl ink/bAz.

jessim

kyulli,
s.

*^IF- "AZZHI.

Constitute, v.a.

cX^yl etmek
olmak,

\^^
i^J^U^

Consideration,

4a=>-Lc
<J*
\3

mulahaza,
te'emmul,
z"tibar
;

nXssb-et
hAsszl-et.

(J^j'

mutala"a,

sayghz;
karshzlzk.

j\~&\

Constitution,

s.

(man's)

iJjsj-j
;

vujud,
(state's)

^loj bunyAn, ^|^< mizaj


l*jJ*j

Consign,

v.a. l*JuJ> tesslim-et,


;

^ylj^^Lji
Constitutional,

essassz-kanun.
a.

tevdz"-et
Consist,

\(j^j\+* siparish-et.
j\

^JlLsL
do^Aushdan
l

khzlkz,
-

v.n.

CU^Uc

"ibaret-61,
[tessliyyet.

6lAn

jlc-^J/x^ mutErettib-ol.
Consolation,
5.

essassi-kawa;

,J~i'

tesselli,
'
1

c^JJ
tesselli-

Console,

v.a.

cJv<^ .J^
v.a.

mna-mutAbfk-6lAn; ti^l^c meshrut JuJU mukayyed.


Constrain, v.a.
I

vErmek, lL^N*L-J
Consolidate,
et,
1

tessliyyet-et.

-o- jebr-et,

Ici^JJ

tAkviyyet-

z6rlamak,
Constraint,

j\?>-\ ijbar-et.

CX^Jj L^^^J (Xa1/ te'kld-et.


s.

tAkviyyet-VErmek,

s.

,Ji^>
;

s?kz

[mutAbzk.
; ,

s^kmdz

j+s>- jebr

\j^>- hXbss.
i"mal-et,

Consonant,
Consort,
(

uJ^^^ harf

a.

<jP^-<
ZCVJE
;

Construct, v.a. IJU-cl


insha-et,
\

s.

~jj

zevj

^^J
\

\u bina-et,
5.

^4J l> yapmak.

jL\ 3i3j\ arkadash, (J**j ref Ik;

,v.n.

Construction,

JU-d

"imal, lljl insha;

(J*+JL=tjS kon^ushmak,
llt-et.

L^-^l

ikhti-

l^ bin^,
Consul,
Consult,
\Zj\Lz~i\
v.n.
5.

^c-^V, yap/.

[-wn^unda, ^jJ^-^c meydlnda.


a.

(^Ljjlf
v.a.

konsoloss.

Conspio\ious,

SJ^^i

Jj^3

ghy^z-

^/i-Ulj
;

dXneshmak,
together,

Conspiracy, 5. t)L9 jh
Conspirator,
5. 5.

ghizli-fessad, ^^ii
[fitnE.

jsstisharE-et

jl<J^ii fitnE-kyar.

\Xjj\JL* mushavErE-et,
;

IcJ^^o
\jj~j

Constancy,

CuLJ

sebat,

^-^j

ru-

meshvErEt-et
k6nsulto-et.

(doctors)

sukh, c^Jlju? sXdakAt.


Constant,
raszkh,
a.
v

/*jJi^l)

sabitkXdEm,
;

**f*\)

Consultation,

s.

Xj\Lz~t\
;

isstisharE

jL

sAd/k

AJ!J
sabit,

da'im,
^42--*^)

mushavErE
jAj+HJji

CUjjt~< mesh-

e^jlj
(

da'iml,

Ojl5

k6nsulto.

musst^mErr,
Constantinople,
5.

Consume,
J^jAixJ
isstanbol
;

v.a.

clX<^J bitirmek,

cJvi^ J
,

dukfetmek,

CXw

yfemek

v./z.

C^JyujjJ
Felicity).

dEri-sa^adet (the Ga,te of

cX^bitmek,j1u-aij'
ghitmek.

telef-61,C.

CONSUMMATE
Consummate, v.a.
itrriAm-et;
,

[77]
Contend,

CONTRACT
v.n.

Ijjp

niza"-et,

I^UijU^o

a.

Jwt^SU muk^mmel.
jS> kharj
;

munaza"^-et;
Content,
a.

!Ut>! iddz"a-et.
razT,
,

Consumption,
*j) vErEm.

s.

~~

(disease)

^>\j

Jy^l^- kh6shnud;
1-

Jlj klnz";
a.

v.a.

razi-et

Consumptive,
Contact,
5.

j^jj

vErKmli.

"

(j-Uj temXsss,

,^^

telak?,

Contention,

5.

c|jj

niza", <lcjlx^

mu-

JLaJl

ittissAl.
s.

naza'^,
*

(kawgba).
5. <j^-%clijf

Contagion,

L^-O^ -d "

sirayet,

<U->^ :
Lc-

Contentment,
Contest,
5.

kAna"at.
4is-L<j

bulsbma, <k*^ gbechma; <OiLjLi


"illeti-sariyyE.

^jlsr*
,

mujad^lE,
v.a.
1

mubahassE;

J\i

"inad-et.

Contagious,

a.

(-5^l~j sari,

jy^^.

bulashzr,

Context,

s.

JjU->
a.

.U-j siyAk^-siblk.

ys-

gh^chsr, ^Jolc^oJ ^ sirayet-edEr.


v.a.

Contiguous,

JLsl.* miittXsszl, ^-<?L<

Contain,

<jul!

Xlmak;

^1

u^U>^

miilasszk, ClXliJ bitishik.

bavT-61, jlJ>^eLi} shamil-61,

j^J^i^o
one's

Continence,
Continent,

s.

**^*+az "zssmet.
3,3

mushtemil-61;
self,

]a~e zXbt-et;

s.

kAra,

bsrr

^*jLL

dayanmak.
(j~*j*i

Contaminate,
ifsad-et,
>

v.a.

b6zmak, \jLj1
bulashd/rmak,

Contingent,

a.

^J\su\
,

ittifAk?,

(jJ^Lo

^cj^\^
telviss-et.
a.

meshkyuk;
Continual,
a.

s.

<Ua?^ hissE.
ly,

L^U^ mut^madl;
bUa-fAssilfl,

Contaminated,
fassid;
levvess.

-ijy

boztik,

Ju*)lj

ad. aLtfli

L
5.

jJa&J

^ la-

J^jJ
s.

bulasbzk, cJ>*Lo
[ifsad
;

mu-

jdnklts".
Continuance,
j\j+2*J\
/^j

<J^^

telviss.

J dewam,

liu

bXkA,

Contamination,

^~*}\j~> sirayet

jLJ^

isstimrar.
v.n.
; 1

Contemn,

v.a.

^cUoU?

saymamak,
tjU-srLs
iss-

Continue,

\p\*<3

dewam^et

j\+3\<3
;

luJUsTw-j! isstikhfaf-et,
tibklr-et.

da'im-61

Jj=^

tekerrur-et

[mulabaza-et.
v.a.
s.

v.a. \\M\ ibka-et^,

\fys3

tekrar-et^

Contemplate,

\Jiu nXzar-et,

t^b^lx

^^^^^^
l^mek;

W5^' Alt-yanznz-suwey*~i Y

Contemporary,

and

a.

j0\9t**
;

mu"Asszr.
t_jlisrLj|

J^V.
s.

m^

(gb^ns)

yp-

Contempt, s.jliirdL:! isstihklr


isstikhfaf;
ayet,

mak.
Contortion,

L^olcj pte "adEmi-ri"adEmi-hurmet.

L-jljj-^j pich-tr-t5b.
a.

L^^O^-AJ^
a.

Contraband,

Jj^

yassXk,

tf"***

Contemptible,
tabkar,

(person)

jg\~*

muss-

memnu";

ttc^lJJjjjk^:

ghyum-

JJ j

zelH,

JjJj rezH; (tbing)


-

c-i>^

la

shey- makulEssi,

Contract,
pazarlzk,

s.

jij'jbu^j^
Jk^xJ

ghywturu;

ta"ahhud

jb\jhj*s

CONTRACTION
konturato
\
;

[78]
;

CONVERT
5.

jdjjLc mukAve'lE
;

v.n,

Control,
idarE
;

j*>

emr

la^J zXbt
; ,

Sj
\

J^*j'

t"ahhud-et
;

J.d\(~$.j

ghyu

d^\SoJ nAzaret
;

v.a.
1

Lu-j

turu-Almak

c
;

zXbt-et
J

^jilf kullXnmak
aJ nXzar6t-et.
5.

^1

turu-vErmek

biizulmek,
dlrXl;

idarE-et,

chekilmek;

Controversy,

mubahESSE
x>

mak,

AzAlmak
;

v.a.

munaza"a.

Ah'shmak
\

LL^Aj

edinmek,
(

Controvert, v.a.

tekzlb-et.
a.

JJuJ peyda-et;

JJU "Akd-et;

Contumacious,
CN!^*

mute"rnErrid,

kAssmak;
XzXltmak.
Contraction,
chekilish,
s.

4jJll J darXltmak,

_Ja^5

.-

ghayrz-mutz",

,^^

Contuse, v.a.

cX*!^
^J berE.
5.

berElemek.

^ILaJ

kessAlish,

^t

Contusion,

5.

*)
s.

bwzulush.

Convalescence,

L^-^5U\ ifakXt.

Contractor,
multfezim,

J>^*>c muta"ahhid,

Convene,

v.a.

l^i^
5.

jem"-et,

wturu-XlAn.

toplamak. Convenience,
kolaylzk
;

Contradict, v.a.
Contrariety,
"aksTlik,
s.

u-^o?

tekzlb-et.

w^>-^

rahat,

^J

<_J)U- khHAf,
tErsslik.

cJi-

ll/*^o

memsha,

<Ols:i)Jo

CLXLJ'

abdesstkhanE.
"aksl,

Contrary,

a.

^Ji
v

tErss,

,<

Convenient,
k61ay;

a.

d-o-^j

rahat

Ujllfe^ mukhalif, Juc zzdd.


Contrast,
5.

jlftljjj^l

kolay likli.
l-J

fark.

Convent,
khzll-

5.

uJa-j\ix)
5.

kzz-mAnasstzn.

Contravene, v.a.
fzna-har^kEt-et.

L^->=,^-AX9-

Convention,

J^c.

"ahd,

mu-

Contribute, v.n. ^<^;V. yardim-et,

\<ti

Converge,

v.w.

^_L*jibjt

toplanmak,
ya-

VErmek,
\AJ\s\ i"anE-et.

CjJ
lakzrdz,

birleshmek,

^^-ib

[virghyu (vErghi).
&J\c\
i

kmlashmak.
Conversation,
5.

Contribution,
Contrition,
s.

s.

anE,

t^w^s.** sohbet,

cu-^Ju nedame
.

uJS

L\f.

p^chimlnlik (pishmlnh'k)
Contrivance,
s.

5 Converse, v.n. tc^-^* sohbet-et,

J^

yol,

L^^i' kolay,

lakirdi-et,

^S
;

laf-et,
,

C^^lj"akss,

5jl^- charE, c^%3yc

ma-'Vifet,

suweylEshmek
(j-y
tErss.
s.

s.

^j~c

Ijad

^L>v.a.
;

hzljB.

Contrive,

^^F?5

ijad-et,

Convert,

u^X^o muht^dl

v.a.

bulmak

y.w.

^*;Jk/jl uydurmak,

^JJb! ihtidayE-ghairmek;
chevirmek,

(JH*Jj^i_5-J^jl

y61unu-bulmak,

\^$f
dErmek.

L^^J^j^

dwn-

<J^)j k61aymz-bulmak.

CONVEX
Convex,
a. c-JJcs.'
10

CORN
Copious,
a.
6\

muhMdkb,

^J b61,

tumsek, i_^j<ui kubbEvari.

Copper,
nAkl-et
;

(metal)

j-J berekEtli. y b bXkz'r (boiler)


;

Convey,

v.a.

(carry)
;

JJU

Jucji kXzghln (kXzAn).


Copperas,
shz;
5.

i^)*cjf

ghetirmek
;

cX*^
\

ghywte-

(blue)

ic-^^J^ ghywz-tAzAjz-kzbrzss.

turmek

(communicate)
(a

%-^->

(green)

^-J^-J^j
kzbtz.

bligh-et;

meaning)

\yJ\s\ ifads-et,

Copt,

5.

^JaJi

^oj^3
Convict,
\

kAldz'rmak.

Coptic, a.
;

^jLJ

(J^-J k^btz-lissani.

s.

jl*i3^ pranghah*

v.a.

Copulate, v.w.C-U-lC: sikishmek J cU>-

CUUJ

,c^**5 tes^>- j unhasszm-issbAt-et.

jima"-et,

CX^ffc^>- chiftlEshmek.
writing)
exercise)
(J..2+~*
<U>!

Conviction,

5.

AJS>;

jezm,

^^AjJlAc

Copy,

5.

(model of
;

"ilmu-'l-yakm
-junha.

<*ai>,C^UJl issbltz-

meshk

(writing
;

xjs

kXralama
1

(sample of scholar's wri;

Convince, v.a. ^J^jJlj kXnd/rmak,


ilzam-et,

Jpi

ting) A*i*J ta"lim

(of a book)

&sz~ J
;

Id^lx-st

isskyat-et,

iclisl

nusskha
(of

(of a writing) <*ZJjy*> surEt

ikna"-et.

[-jem"-et.

a
;

drawing)
,

^.c

"ayn,

CJjj^^

Convoke, Convoy,

v.a.

l^^^OjjfJ
5.

da'Vetla-

wrnek
lid-et

v.a.

(imitate) IjuLftj tlk-

v.a.

liJ^Jy convoy-et; \U^olrj


;

(a writing)
1

(J-jb or (j^J^^>surEtini-Xlmak,
;

refaklt-et

.g**^

or

(JpA^i&J)*^

or

convoy-ghemissi.
Convulsion,
5.
i

chekarmak, or yazmak
teshennuj.
,

(a drawing,

/.f^J'

&c.)

(J*b\

^f^

"ay

mm

Xlmak,

Cook,

5.

Ashjz;
,t;.a.

v.w.

CJv^lJ

(J^^e&Jj^
Coral,
5.
5.

wrne^Aini-Xlmak.

pishmek;
Cool, a.

cX^ylj
;

pishirmek.

(J^^-j^c niErJAn.

li ^**<

sferin

(brave) jy~t>,

Cord,

L-^J! ip.

[iksir.

jessur; (impudent) J^^U "arsz'z ;

s.

Cordial, a.

^j**4>
5.

samimi

s.

.~~\

CSJl-JjH

serinlik

v.n.^c^^a
CL
;

so-

Cordovan,
Core,
5.

**$& telatm.
ich.

t^\

Coolness,
jessaret

5.

cJi^-j
jj^ltf

serinlik
"arsz'zb'k

Corfu, s.jij

kyurfez
(J

ij>j^

korfa.

(want of

Coriander,

5.

L^J* kishnish.

affection) <-^t>jy burudet.

Cork,

s.

jb^n

mAntar

(stopper)

Ur

Coop,

5.

jj,^i kyumess.
5.

tApa.

[tApa-achajak.

Cooper,

L <-=s^y
v.n.

fichiji.

Corkscrew, s.^jtf burghu,


Corn,
s.

^^^l LL?
<bj!
;

Co-operate,

CJL^j^j^l ^J^^r^j

Lj\.y

b6^Aday, tdzi^ hmta,


;

birlikdE-ish-ghywrmek.
Co-operation,
Copal,
5. ^.

Xj^d
arpa
;

zakh^rE
(on

(for

horses)
^*a}

c^NJ^U^o mu"av^net.
sXndar6ss.

the

foot)

nAss/r

WI&M0

(grain) <0lj

danE

(tanfi).

CORNEL. BERRY
Cornel-berry,
Cornelian,
5.
s.

[80]
Corrode, v.a.

COtJCE
yemek,
j

<J-s!^

kzzzljik-.

<J-Afi

"k?k.

churutmek,

plsslan-'dzr-

Corner,
Cornice,

s.

&

kywshE.

mak.
Corrupt,
a.

5.

jfo) pErwAz.
s. As^.'iJ

(bad)

Ju-\5

fassid,

Corollary,

netiJE.

b6zuk; (mercenary) ^j OJ^JLj rishvet-

Coronation,

s.

ifflfS
tAj.

tetwlj,

~fj

te-

-yEr;

v.a.

(jt-<j^

bozmak,

Coronet,
Corporal,

5.
s.

~\2

[tevvuj.
,

ifsad-et; (with

money)

^isLj^l onbXshz;
;

a.

rishvet-VErmek,

^U,-*^- jissmAni

punishment,

(p^ra)-yedirmek.
Corruption,
5.

jU?
liss,

dayak.
5.

^*.LA-/cjj-J

bozmaklik,

Corporation,

ahali
^jlfcl

m &j(j-lsi*

Ll)ixx>Jjj^^Corsair,
5.

churutmeklik.
den^iz-khzrsz'zz.

o^M
a. s.

shura; u-JU-01 essnaf.

^f-^- J^^
Xjj

Corporeal,

^Usf
^liw^;

jissmAni.
;

Corselet,
;

5.

CJi^f ghywksslik-zirh.
k6rsetE.

Corps,

cJjb bMuk

j^J^ tXbur
takzm.

Corset,

5.

te^sjjs

L^Sl Xlay;

^Jjlis

Cortege,
Corvette,

5. i-f^l .\lay.
5. 5.

Corpse,

5.

}l:o- jenazE,
a.

%X-^- jessed.

CJ^jy

kurvfet.

Corpulent,

^Ui-ij shishmXn,

Cosecant,

^LlSvUJ tAmAmz-kAtz".
rahat.

mulahham.
Correct, a.
^b*

Cosey,
sabzh,
,

a.
s.

^^s>-\j

u^e^0 do^Aru, ^^-^ tXmm, fUi* tXmAm;


d^ghrultmak,

Cosine,

i^>- /*l*J*
<^j
s.
;! JJ

tXmAmi-jeyb.

v.fl.

Cossack,

5.

kizak.
JljjLo

JxJyC^l?
tXsshlh-et.

1^,^*^

Coss-lettuce,

marul.
'(pXha)
;

Cost,

5.

l$J
;

baha
,

cJ^x

Correspond, v.w. (by letter)

cJ^^L^^U
'(in

mXssnrf

v.a.

J^Jj^ 61mak.

mektublEshmek, 1*^lsr mukhAbErEmukyat^bE-et


;

Costiveness,

5.

^^vJUl InkzbAZ.

quality)

Costly, a. jjl^j pXhAlii

cJlCo

mukellif.

uymak, Li

Costume,
Cot,

s.

Li^jUS keyafet.
kulubE, jCp-j! evje^Aiz.
s.

5. <ulj

Correspondence,

s.

<L

Cotangent,

^-l^,*Uj

tXmAmz-

CL-v&Ux

mutAbakXt.
*.

[mukhbir.

mumASSS.
Cotemporary, 5 and
Cottage,
Cotton,
s.

Correspondent,
Corroborate,

jlfc* mukhabir,
JjJjX*
\

j^^
;

a.^Ux;
ky^y-evi.

mu"Asszr.

v.a.

tassdk-et

u/^u^

\m~ljf8 tXkviyyet-et,
Corrob oration,
Corroborative,
s.

Ju^sli* te'kidtassdik.
[-et.
;

5.

J^^

pXmuk

(pAmbuk),

^'jJuaj

<UiJ penbE.

a.

^J^-^K

mussAddik

Couch,

5.

<uli5 kanapE; jJ^.< mindsr;

mukavvi.

C)^jJ

dushek,

jta

COUGH
Cough,
s.

[81
v.n.

COUSIN
shadadet-ichun-imza-komak
,
;

c^
u~^*
5.

wksuruk

CX~
Council,

wksurmek.
mejliss.

s.

djj^

parola.
s.

[yhaza.

s.

Counting-house,

Aby

6da, Xj\ksc

ma-

Councillor,
-

Country,

5.

(native) ^l?j
;

wAtAn, i^-^j

a"zay* mejlissdan
musste'shar.

wilayet (wila'at)

(territory)
;

c^jCL*^
(out of
chiftlik
;

mEmlekEt, lil ulkya (ulks)


nXsszhat,

Counsel,

5.

c^^La
,

town)
"Akl-

uj
)

kywy

CLJis^b*k?r.

uAut

v.a.

(open

^j^ sahra,^JJ
s.

Countryman,
Count,
s.

^.^

kywylu

(fellow

^Jj^^jj
,

rutb^'i-salissE,

wJ^L^iJb
s. s. s.
s.

hemshehri.

-b&ghi
v.n.

u.a.

^4jU> saymak;

County,
Couple,
Couplet,

liwa. jjlrs^-j sAnjak, \^

J^JjL? sayzlmak.
s.

'*z^&3- chift.

Countenance,

j
l^-

yuz, ^f>- chfihrE,


sima.

ij^J

bfeyt.

[yi^r^itlik.

jO^o mXnzar,
Counter,
5.

Courage,
a shop)

Cl^L*r>- jessaret,
a.

c3l^o
j^ ^"

J^j

pul

(of

Courageous,
jessur.

C^-^o

yi^Ait,

teS3JL*J

peshtakhta;
sayyz
;

(who counts)

[kuriyel.

^sX'ltf
karsha.

(opposite)

^*j^
&j\!>~

Courier, s.j\2J tatar, Jj-** menzil,

J^j^
;

{.(J"^^.

charE-bulmak.
b6zraak,

Course,

5.

(whole time) Cl^j^ muddet


Jwjjt)

Counteract,

v.a.

(J~*}jl

(of studies)

^tf szra-dErsslEr

Counterbalance, v.a. j\(JLJS>j\$ karshzltk-61.

of

<fcJ! ElbettE.

Court,
a.
s.

s.

(royal)
;

Lj\j~t

saray,
'l^j

(1

^^<

Counterfeit,

^_Jlif

kXlp,
;

Jlir^Lj
,

mabeyn
^^li-J

^^
;
;
;

dzwAn, ^
(of

rikyab,

sakhtE
\

jJjtf tAklid

v.a.

bmish

justice)

jJju

tXklid-et.
s.

mehk^mE
|^--Jlj
kXlpazan,

(martial)

<> ^>

Counterfeiter,

diwan-i-harb

plaster,
;

jli<^Ls

sakhtfikyar.
v.a.

^b

Countermand,

^J^\

jamfess-yakzssz
havh'
;

yard,
v.n.

\J^.j*\

to pay

(jOj&
^ji

emrini-gheri-Xlmak,

^>J

^^Ll>
ghbri-

"arzz'-"ubudiyyet-et,

U--JJ y^pzlmassm-deyu-tenbih-et.

C^XiJ*^ El-zipmek, ^-^*^',JV.' ^y#k-

Countermarch,
dwnush.

s.

^^ JJ!^
t

wpmek, cX<J^lc3^^ etek-wpmek.


Courteous,
a.

^Jjijiy nuwazishli,

J?l>.

Counterpane,
Counterpart,

s.
5.
s.

^\jj} yurghAn.
(

j\i

khxtzr-nuwaz.

^-

"ayn.
karshzhTs:.

Courtesy, s. ^jij^jJ ^lai* khAt/r-nuwazh'k.


Cousin,
(

Counterpoise,

^jL^lJJ

s.

^Acjt

^^^

"Xmuja-6ghlu,

Countersign,

v.a.

\^\^^}^^[t

J^cj!u^!j day-6ghlu, &c.

COVE
Cove, s.jj
kyurfez, ^Jjs k6y.

[82]
Craft,
tfl^ijU
s.

CREATION
(trade)

san"at

Covenant,

s.

J^c "ahd, J^Ji kavl,

(cunning)
&'*&

(shipping)

mukAve'lE.

teknE,
a.

kayzk.
hil^kyar,

Cover,
(lid)

s.

^J>jj\

wrtu
;

(case) c-jlj

kXp

Crafty,

jLs kXpAk
;

(shelter) ^j>-<fcj jlj


,

sheytAn,

dubaroji.

barinajak-yEr
;

v.a.

cXiJ^jl

wrt-

Cram,

v.a.

mek J^blS kXplamak;


Covering,
Coverlet,
s.
5.

<J^tJJ kApA-

durmak.
Cramp,
s.

^J)jj\

rtu.

[mak.

sn^irlEr-tu;

^^^ yurghAn.
*Jca!lJ!
sakli,

tulmassz

v.a.

^A^y
kinet.

sikmak.

Covert,
ghizli,

a.

M-Altrnda,

#=>

Cramp-iron,
Crane,
s.

s.

^^^

yjl*

,c&>

kh^fi.

(bird)

^j^

turna;

(ma-

Covet, v.a.
^ta.

cX*XjJJ^

ghywz-dikmek,

chine)

&^>\A machuna.
Jl
il,

Crank,
Covetous,
a.

s.

Jy kol,

CiX-y.*3 dirsek;

jlxx/ib tAma"kyar,

O'j^.j^
s. s.

c5^jJi kolay-devrilir.

h^nss, ^j<> ~\ aj-ghyMzlu.


Covetousness, s.(^j\x^b tAma"kyarlik.

Crape,
Cravat,

cJ^J^.y burunjuk.

^Vii^jJ
CiX*Jj
-

b6yun-bl^Ai.
5.

Cow,

s.

ClX^I

mek

v.a.

(J.+jj3jjS

Crawfish, Crayfish,

CJ^j-jJ bwjek.

kdrkutmak.
Coward,
5.

Crawl,

v.n.

^y
5.

k6rkak.
sutji.

-surun^rek

yurumek

Cowkeeper,
Cowl,
5.

^^yff
1?^J

^iL&b

kAput-bAshh'^/',

Crazy,

a.

(mad)

(J*>^*

kAchzk

^l^jb blshltk.
Crab,
s.

(tumble-down)

^>f-^.
bAtfljak.

yzkzkjak,

-^ yenghech,
\L,

^*J\x>- cha-

(ship)

(J^T^'V
v.n.

Creak,

^J^Jj^l^-

chatzrdamak,

Crack,

5.

J&>l->-

chatlAk,
;

Jjl> yarzk

^c^J^s^ ghyzrdamak.
Cream,
)

Ij^ijlj
,

pAtlayzsh

(^^

wurush

5.

icJ^J ^y*> sud-yuzu

(clotted

v.n.

^cilJls*- chatlamak,

(J^j\\
; ,

c^^
v.a.

kaymak.

yarz'lmak,
v.a.

(J^*^^

pAtlamak

Crease,

&*j*? kkmak
kzrma.

s.

^^J'ij'lj*-

chatlAtmak,
pltlatmak.
chwtlAk,

(^c^\>

j*

kmm, <^-J
kh^lk-et

yarmak,
Cracked,

^J,4J'^Jb
a.

Create, v.a.

^^]j. yarltmak,
;

\j\j var-et,

J^>^
jlU-

j^l)

l^jlcs-

(appoint to a rank or
nXssb-et.

yarzk; (mad)

chAKk,

J>\J

office)

CXcj\ etmek^L^-a;
s.

kAchik.

Creation,
s.

(act

of)

n <JZ.<*\j>

yarA-

Cracker,
Cradle,
s.

^ijL'U pAtlanghzch. <^~) beshik.

dzsh,

^jlsL

kh^lk;

(being

created)
khilkXt,

U&^.

yarAdilish,

ci-^U

CREATOR
afErinish
sr*
;

[83]
mi!ij rim
;
,

CROW
a.

(thing created)
(all

(wrong)
[
t

,-AJJ

kXbih,
kzrmizi.

makhluk
;

creation) Jlc

Ll*** 1^ kh^biss.

-^rV'

"alEm
Creator,
khllik,

(of officers)
s.

c-^^3 nXssb.
yarAdzjz,

Crimson,
Cripple,

a.
5.

Jl
LA-J

XI,

(_/-^
;

ghuwess,
,

^jsf^\^

^jlUafEri-

sakAt

v.a.

0;l)

ban,
afe'rin.

SJuiJyT

(J^cj^ ,^-iOLji

,^^>

k61unu-kAnA-

nendE,
Creature,

^^\
s.

dmz-kzrmak.
[i"tibar.
Crisis,
5.

J^s-'* makhluk.
s.
s.

(of disease)

^lArsT buhran

Credence,

jU^l
pi.

i"timAd,
N

(of events)

L^JjCJjli nazik-wAkzt.
ghevrfek.

Credentials,

JUl>i- Ui-l

Crisp,

a.

cJ^^=
jU*^

-naraE.
Credit,
s.

[<U-ijrj^ vEre'ssiyE.

Criterion, 5.

mi"yar,

<^s^ ma[h^kk.

j\~z\
a.

i"tibar;
ad.

on

Criticise, v.a.

\<j>- j^rh-et.

Creditable,

Creditably,

jA

iyi,

Criticism, s.

rfr
and
a.

j^rh.

[-mEml^kEti.
Khirvat-

Jj/
Creed,
Creek,

ghyuzel, 5L1 a"la.


s.

Croatia,

s.

^jiQ***

f^^

Creditor,
5.

jljU-^ll AlajakK.

Croatian,

<-^jy^

Khirvat.

^.^jj

imAn

L^^Xol amEntu.
;

Crockery,
Crocodile,

s.
5.

C^l^j^^l^-L*4J timsah.
/*

chanak[ch^mlek.

5.

jU.j bo^AAz, ^c\ A^Az


ders.

u5U-

chay,

^J
v.w.

[rek-yurumek.
t

Crocus,

s.

(flower)
a.

J^-s*' chi^A-dem.

Creep,

c)viJjy t)j*&jj*
s.
'j\j*-\

siirun^-

Crooked,
Crop,
s.

^jj>\ e^Ari, ^*J^l>- charpzk.

Cremation,
Creole,

ihrlk.

(produce)
hasszlat
,
;

J^ts.'*
(bird's)

mahsul,

s.JL m^lez.
s.

cult's*hilal
;

^j
kessmek,
;

Crescent,

(new moon) Jito

(de-

kursAk

v.a.

cX*i

coration) u^lay; (placed on spires, &c.)

dX^sT. bichmek,
(trees)

jj*
Cress,
Crest,

"alsm.
^.
s.

C^f/ ^
^y

s u-tfer^ssi.

(j**^ kzrkmak J^c^y budamak.


hAch,
titiz,

^y
(ridge)

tferE-otu; water
szrt.

Cross,
,

s.

*g\>a.

fc^j^
(j-yJ'

charmzkh
.^--c^l

L^y?
}&)

J-iJ
;

tisrss,

Cretan,
Crete,

s.

and

a.

Ghiridli.

darghm
Crossbow,

v.a.

ClX^s? ghechmek.
tatar-oku.
,

s.

&J
s.

Ghirid.
aralzk,

s.

^J^jGte
ad.

Crevice,

^\J\

J&U-

chat-

Crosslegged,

to

sit

Crew,

5.

cUjlL ta'ifE.
s. (insect)

[L\k,

j^lj yarik.

^'<tkJ ba^Adash-kurmak.

Cricket,
Crier,
s.

*>-

chekirghs.

Crosspatch,

s.

.j^;'

Jb

dellal,

c5jl^ munadi.
Crosstree,
s.

Crime,

s.L^o-U

kXbahat, (iLs?^ junha,


such.
klbahatli,

fa^j^s kurcheta.
J^>
<SjU>

j>- jurm, -.^0


Criminal,
5.

Crossway,
Crotchet,

s.
s.

slpa-yol.

^A.x^UJ

(fancy) Jfi/*

merlk.
;

>^-LJ5 kAbahat-sahibi,

Crow,

s.

&.j&

kargha

cock's

H 2

CROWBAR
>-

[84]
;
,

CUMMIN
a^rmak;
J^clc
(weep)

kh6ross-wtme'ssi

v.n.

Lt*J^ wtmek.
s.

a^Mamak
<

out, J^-

Crowbar,

^^Sjyi+j (demir)-k61.

haykzrmak,
aloud,
1
1

^< r

Crowd,

s.

<j)Uj or <j3<uli (kXlabllzk),


-,

JJ nida-et,

JUyc
;

/U>-Jjl izdibam;

v.a.

(J^j*^??*
sz-

^J^.l>- cha^Afrmak
medh-et,
Crypt,
s.
1

up,

szk-k6mak

v.n.

p,lJL-tf>

Uj sena-et.

jj&
j^lb

b6durum,

*^

Crown,

s. '(regal)

M\J tXj
,

(of head)

<UJ (tep6);
tetvij^et,

v.a.

(king)

WjSJ

Crystal,

5.

billur

(of salts)

&>

C^X^Jui .Jo tXj-ghidirmek;

Cube,

s.

^xL*
.

miikya'''^.

(heights)

J^^L.sAj&J
?jj

(tepe"yE>

Cuckold,
kerata.

dXijjJJ

pezeVimk,

tS

Crucible,
Crucifix,

s.

puta.
Crelmassi.

Cuckoo,

s.

L c-s.

>

y J^y
;

ku^Auk-kushu.

~l:>- hXch.
*-.

Cucumber,
Cud,
5.

jb>-

kheyar.
to

Crucifixion,

ghev

chew the

v.n.

Crucify, v.a.

c^
khXm.
[mek.

iiX^j*

ghev-ghetirmek.

mek,
Crude,
Cruel,

c3v^^X^;l>- charmzkha-ghera. *\s>.

Cuddle, v.a. ^.^JjU? sAnlmak.


Cudgel,
5.

<U^
a.

sopa.

a.J^*^-^ merhametsiz,J-^jLjl
s. (at

Cue,

s.

L5 5rj^w T ^l ip-uju.
(person)
;

insaniyyetsiz, jl^^i^- jefakyar.

Culpable,
volta
;

y^y^

suchlu,
to
n

Cruise,
,

sea) jJL sefEr,

dj^

^Ji^lJJ
kerlh.
Culprit,
hatlz,
s.

kXbahatli

(act)

U fsna,

v.w.
s.

^JU^^^j
(not
;

v61tfl-wurmak.

Cruiser,

^^ ghemi.
crust)
,

^>~ye

suchlu,

^5-Ujj kXba-

Crumb,

s.

j*yf^ mujrim.
v.a

(ekmek)-ichi

(fragment)

Cultivate,

(sow)

cX^l
dikmek

ekmek
;

(plant)

dJ~i-

(the

Crumple, v.a.

^j ^Jjj burushdurmk,

ground)

^c^%^^ hirasset-e
;

dX<jl ezmek.
Crupper,
s.

zira"t-et

(science,

&c.)

^Jjm saghn.
kAbuk.

ishtighAl-et,

JJjkL*

meshghul-ol,

Crush, v.a. LlX<)! ezmek.


Crust,
s.
s.

^J^Jl>-

chXlzshmak.
;

jyU

Cultivation, 5. US^el^J zira"t


ishtigAi.

Crutch,

^J^i^Jsty k61tuk-deyne#Ai.
sess, lju*
;

Cry,

s.

^~~i

sXda
,

IjJ nida,
\

Cumbersome,
hXntXl.

Cumbrous,

a.

ib ba^Airma
et,

v.n.

\&J nida-

(J*oL>r haykirmak,

Cummin,

s.

^^

kemmun

(kimiy6n).

CUNNING
Cunning,
a.

[85]

CYPRUS
j**J
L
tlmar-et
.

^l^---*
; ,

sheytAn,
s.

Curry, v.a. (comb)

6rosstop611u
tAnlzk.

^jJjlk^ shey-

favour, v.n. ^jptjJj'cL yAltAklanmak.

Currycomb,
*\

s.

tarak,

Cunt,

s.

Am, ~ji

fEij,

^~
;

kyuss.
,

Cup,
\

s.

(jl=\3 finjAn (filjAn)

v.a.

Curse,

cu^*!

la"net,

Ujjj bed-du"a;
^J^jSjlc^uJ

y^^cUr*- hAjamet-et (bAjamAt).


s.

,r.aJc^^J

la"net-et,

Cupbearer,

^Js\~*

sak?.

la"net-6kumak.
Cursed,
Cursory,
a.
a.

Cupboard, s
Cupid,
5.

doUb.
"Ashk.

(jj*L<

mel"un.
mukhtXssar.
kzssAltmak.

(j
s.

jazJss*

Cupidity,

tAma",
kubbiii.

u^p"

hzrss.

Curtail, v.a.

^J^\^

Cupola,

s.

<

Curtain,

s.

JJ^J pirdE.

Cupper,

5.

Hsc\P~ (hAjamAtjz).
s.

Curve,
(hA-

a.

^si*
5.
f

munh^ni;

curve-rline,

Cupping-glass,

^^Wc^o
horn,

??*""

^^s^U}
Cushion,
^,-JU

Lr>- khXttz-munhani.

jamXt)-j^mij
Curacoa,
s.

j^jy

b6ynuz.

J0w?l> yassdzk, (cylindrica))


;

\f*\

k^ras6a.

balin
s.

(seat)

j'~* mindEr.

Curb,

v.a.

\z~e zXbt-et, (J"j)\ (&&}.)&


.

Custom,

C-?jlc "adet.
5.

Ap'Azma-ghem- wurmak
Curdle, v.n.

Customer,

u^i^
5.

mushteri.

ClX^L-.^

kessilmek.

Custom-house,
duty,
:

CJ^

ghyumruk

Cure, v.a. \jA Tyi-et; \^La\ zsslah-et.


Curiosity,
s.

cJj* ghyumruk, cJ^*i *-^


;

ress-

(rare
;

thing)

->uJW L$
;

mi-ghyumruk
ghyumrukj u,
Cut, v.a.

officer,

tuhaf-shey
tiveness)

^*^c

"antika

(inquisi-

(j

'i\j*

merAk.
I^^-JK^ "ijib
;

C
,s.

Curious,

a.

(surprising)

-et;

(wound)
5

^,l>

yara

(shape)

("Aja'ib),

i^ijZ
;

gharib

(rare)

Cutlass,

s. -srs.

kzlij.

[j*^*

bichim.
;

^jW
Curl,
s.

tuhaf

(inquisitive)

*^\s*

Cutler,

(knife)

^^'^
kzlijji.

bzchAkjz

merXkh',

J^jy^^^j^ hEr-shey-s6rar.
zulf
;

(penknife)

^-s-^^uJj kXlEmtrshjz
5

(of hair) u-fllj

(general)
;

(sword) ^^s.-^
Cutter,
rayzji
; .

i^-J>

kzvrim,

Ji^ buklum

:,

v.a.

(who

cuts) jjfljj\)*y*
v
1

dogh(ship)

^c^^i
,

kh'j'rmak,

cX*^J bukmek;
kzvrzlmak, C^/*Ji^;

(knife)

bzchXk

v.n.

^Jj^^J
(fresh)

XjjjS

kotra.
s.

bukulmek.
Currant,
s.

Cut-throat,

Jj\5
da'irE.

katil;

J5l5

^iJlj

^jj^CJ-Jy

firEnk-

Cycle,

5.

iyb
5.

[kAnli-kAtil.

-uzumu
-uzumu.
Current,

(dried)
[ra'ij,

^jj^t/"^
a.

kush-

Cylinder,

djUk-j! usstuwanE.

J^^J^< mut^davel.
;

Cypress,

5.
s.

u^Li

selvi,

j^-a

sErv.

s.

^J^s\ Xkmdi

Cyprus,

(j~** Kibris.

DAB

[86]
Danger,
5.

DAWN
lfi|7 tehlikE, jijj'i

korku,

D.

l^tUt* mukhAtara.

Dab down,

v.a.

*3\ Xtmak,

c
J

Dangerous,
tehlikEli,

a.

}<j*jj*

korkulu,

}*&$

XtzvErmek, i^kcJ*+S\J braldvErmek.

J^Ur

mukhAtarali.

Dabble, v.n.

julp^l oynamak;

Dangle, v.w. JUJjU? sarkmak.

kXn'shmak.

Danube,
5.

s.

Ujt Tuna.
a.
s.

Dad, Daddy,
Daffodil, s.

^^bt
Xltm-t6p.

Dapple-grey,
Dardanelles,
-kalEssi.

u^-JJiJ

blklfl-kzrt.

c-^^yJl

^dJj
>.

J^ CbnakjjO.^.M^iUV

Dagger,
Daily,

s.

jf^>- khXnJEr

(khXnchar).

a.

^j<f j*
;

hEr-ghunki,
*

Dare, v.w.
;

^d^l
;

jessaret-et, \^~5jt>v.a.

yuvmi

ac?.

^J Joj

ghytmdE-bir

jur'et-et

^/y*
Dalmatia,

hEr-ghyun.
s.

J^t^J
Daring,
,

yapamazsm-deyu-kzzdtrmak.

Dalmachia. Ljjl^lj
\j\

a.

j^

>" jessur,
jessaret,

Dam,

s.

(mother)
,

ana; (of eartb) <Xj


*L!
^X-j

5.

Cl^L^-

cJii

sedd

v.a.

L~0

sedd-ila-

yi^^itlik.

zXbt-et.

[Cl^L,^
5.

kbassaret.
ziyan,

Dark,

a.

<jWy
s.

kXranltk

lantern,

Damage,
Damages,
Damascus,

jj>

zarar,

^^[J

u^jUi j^j**
Darkness,
Darling,
s.

kbzrs/z-fEnEri.
^jijlJ'

[zulmet.

s. pi.
5.

cul^-/^' tXzmmAt.

kXranlzk,
iki-ghywz,

(JJL*

Damashk.
damassko
;

)ff&
<

Damask,

5.

jji-ilolj

rose,

nuri-"ayn,

Ji^j^ m6r-ghyul.

Darn,
Dart,

v.a.
5.

cXc^^l wrmek.
X^s>jirld
; ,

Damn,

cX;JJj> <U^sj~ ji -ghyundErme.k damn you,


;

v.a.

v.a.

Xtmak
Dash,

v.n.

^Jj!

Xtilrnak.

v.a,

A^yb ^->y^

parcha-parcha^JL^J^Le>-

Damned,

a.

cAU^fs.

jihimnEmlik.
;

-et;

^*JL>-

chalmak,

Damp,

a.

and

v nem

a.

jJli^J nem;

charpm^k, Jk/|1 wurmak.


Dastard,
s.

nak (nsmlXk), fafj


(*z~~*jaj

rutubetli
,

s,

J\*j}i k6rkk.

rutubet

v.a.

cXt^LiJ
;

Date,

5.

(fruit)

U^
,

khurma
v.a.

(epoch)

nemlEtmek,
Damsel,
s. L*J

~*~}\~e\

esslXtmak

kzz.

\j^^-y0 so^Autmak.
v.n.

^Cjb* tarikh-komak.

turikh;

J^5

^;lJ

Damson,
Dance,

5.

i^lj^c-jY6 mwrdum-eri^Ai.
*>-

Daub,

v.a.

JKO;^^
5.

bulashdzrmak.

5.

hora;

%j*

>

Daughter,
in-law,

jJ

kzz, ^'iJ/

kerimE

CX^J
Dane,
s.

h6ra-tepmek, \^/^j rXkss-et.


5. bjoJfc

^^ ghelin.
(J^^j^ k6rkutmak. A shafAk,

Dandelion,

hindiba.

Daunt,

v.a.
s.

JteiUJlj

Danimarkali.

Dawn,

DAY
brtalik-tyharmassi,
v.n.
fejir
;

[87]
-chzkmak

DECEMBER
;

v.a.

^cL^>\J

^e
Lilj
r' sechil-

ghemtdan

chzkarmak,

d
,

bAshlamak;

kAraya-dwkmek.
Debate,
s.
j

tll**

meshv^rEt;

Day,
ruz

5.

^/

ghyun,

^
after

y^vm, j
15*-^

v.a.

before yesterday, (jj


;

lakz'rdz'ssmt-et, \&s*\+<>

mubahe'ssE-et.
;

EWElsi-ghyim

to-morrow,

Debauch,
v.a.

L^V^
Daybreak,

6-bir-ghyun.
5. v.

^LiL.c "ayyashlzk (^JjW ayartmak, jLJl ifsad-et.


\

s.

Dawn.
s.

[dfilikji.

Debauchery,

s.

^LlLc.

"ayyashlik,

Day-labourer,
Daylight,
5.

Lfs^*jJj=

ghyunaydmlzk,

^JuUDebilitate,

chApkmlzk.
v.a.

^l^J^jJ

Ic-d-xJ

za"if-et,
[za"iflik.

^J^xU-j*^ za"iflatmak.
Daytime,
s.

JjJu^

ghyiinduz.

Debility,

s.

i^Jj^a
b6rj,

za"f,
dfeyn.

^Jux*e

Dazzle, v.a.

^^cX^Ui* J^=> ghywz-k-

Debt,

5.

-^-^

^jJ

mAshdzrmak, ^ill
Dead,
a.
*\

J^

ghywz-Almak.
wlmush, tX*

Debtor, s.^s>-j^ b6rjlu, (jy.iX medyCn.

ulu,

^/^Jjl

Decadence,

J1.J zewal.
^4,-ii^ltf

murd, ^t^o murdfi, U^x< muttiweffa.


Deadly,
a.

Decamp,

v.w.

sawushmak,
firar-et.

cJl^o

muhl/k,

<U,jJl

J^-li* kAchmak, 1 jly


Decanter,
s.

^-\f0
v.a.

surahl.

muzzrr.
Deaf,
a.j\*a. saghir,
s.

Decapitate,

^i'^J.uj

b6yunu-

^JLA
(wood)

ishitmaz.

nu-wurmak, t^^j....^
kessmek.

\*A* bXshani-

Deafness,
Deal,
,

^LrU?

saghirlik.

5.

j^ ch6k;

/U- cham;
;

Decay,
,

s.

jLj
(j<^j

zewal

JL-J

fessAd

v.a.

^/cxAL dX^Aztmk

in,
1

v.n.

b6zulmak, <-^v<jj^'~

v.n.

(J^jL? sAtmak,

I^JjLsr

tija-

churumek, ^j^J^J^J zewal-bulmak.


Decease,
s.

retini-et.

[ghyan.
J

Cl?ls

wefat

v.n.

Dealer,

s.

Lys^
(in

sXtzjz,

^l^jb

bXzzr;

CiXJji Mmek, Icjl^ wefat-et.


Deceased,
a.

Dear,

a.

price)

^Slg

(pAhalz)

U^
b

mut^weffa,

/*^>^c
[kizb.

(in affection) ^>J.c "Xziz.

mErhum.
Deceit,
kitlik,
s.

Dear me! tW.


Dearth,
5.

e^jU^
gnzla.

"Ajaib.

yalAnjzh'k,

jJjJ'^j pXhalilik,

jLJ

Deceitful,

a.

yalAnjz,
iki-yiizlu.
1!

ks?
.Death,

kaht,
s.

1U

kyazib

jlj

J^ Mum, CUy

mevt, culi.
helak.

Deceive, v.a.

Aldatmak,

wefat, cJ;-* mergh,

cJiU

Debark,

v.?z.

(jA&^u^Z

ghemidan-

December,

s.

Jj^J^

kyanuni-EWEl.

DECENCY
Decency,
s.

[88]
haya.
edebli.
'j^

DEFAMATION
cJ^*p
[nishan.
5.

t-jj

fedeb, Lr>;

Decorate, v.a. \^j^f tezym-et,

Decent, a.\+*i temiz


Deception,
5.

j\

bezEmek.
;

<tL^- h?lE,
;

dyun

Decoration,

(J*
;

tezyin
,

j^UJ

Aldadash

jiJ

Aldamsh.
AdAim-Aldadz'r.

Decoy,

5.

tuzXk (J\j$e

v.a.

&\jjb

Deceptive, a. jjl

J^^J^
; ,

CJ^C-jJ tuzX^Aa-dushurmek.
Decrease,
s.

Decide, v.a.

J-AJ fAssl-et, (Jr


v.n. Ci

^\.^\
eksilmek,

eksilish

v.n.

kArarlashdz'rmak

C-Ul~^
,

J^])\ XzAlmak
eksiltmek,

kXrar-vErmek.
Decimal, a. i-fjllxl a"shari.
Decipher,
**<<*\
v.a.

v.a.

CJ^L^l
iradfi

J*A\j\

XzAltmak, cJ-**-^ kessmek.

J^jUu>-

chzkarmak,

Decree,

5.

*j|^1

v.w.

& a. \&J\j\

okumak, cJ/*5*5 swkmek.


;

iradis-et,

l;'
\^<\

fErmAn-et,

Decision, s.^J' kXrar


Decisive, a.

e^-Jli^ metanet.

buyurmak,
Decrepit,
a.

emr-et,

^fb&

kXt"?, j^JJ bitirir.


,

^^\i^i

bunamish

Deck,

s.

v.a.

utuh-ghetirmish.
Decrepitude,
Dedicate,
s.
*jiX

j^,f tezym-et,
J

"atuh.
takhsiFss-et
;

bezEmek.
two-deck two-decker,
s. s.

v.a.

^^s^
one's
self,

Decker,

vLj
uch-

^*jl>Ai^lJLLLj[J

birinin^

nAmma-

three-decker

-yazmak

"wmrunu-sarf-et.
Declaration,
s.

^jsu

tXknr

^Lj

beyan,

Deduce,

v.a.
1

^i'^r

anglamak (nna-

Declare, v.a.
-et;

l^lj beyan-et, l^jUl ifadE-

mak),

l^il^jl isstintaj-et.

\jjj& tHoir-et,cX*Jjj-i suweylE[the needle)


5.
Isllajsr! inhitAt.

jU.a.J^J

tenzil-et, ^J

mek.
Declination,
Decline, hzraf;
s.

k?rmak.
;

(astr.)

J-.^ meyl

(of
in-

Deduction,
netiJE
;

s.

isstintaj

^^V^

JViJ
v.a.
\

zewal;

uJ^a^

Jj UJ

tenzil.

cJ^cUx^J^
;

kAbul-

Deed,

s.

^.A
;

ish,

Jxi

f i"l,

-etmamek,

Aj redd-et
;

C
mun-

jli kyar

Jcj sened, ei~.sP~

hujjet.

ghirishraamek

v.n.

Deem,

v.a.

(J*A*
add-et,
derin,

saymak,
zann-et.

zewol

bulmk

sanmak, ^c
Deep,
a.

harif-ol,

(J*jtf

bozulmak, yjc^sr*
[^jb bayzr.

.^ i*3

amek
;

mukhtell-61.
Declivity,
s.

(crafty)

^^^
**
s.

sh^ytAn

s.

^\ [J

fenish,

j^^,

y6kush,
*s

den^iz.

Decoction,

s.

L^-Jl. shErbet,
Jj>- hall-et;

su.

Deer,

5.

cXj

gheyik

<^|/

karaja.

Decompose,

v.a.

cXJ
'

Deface, v.a.

bozmak.
iftira,

churutmek;

v.n.

C)<j^>- churumek.

Defamation,

\j\

^\+# buhtan.

DEFAME
Defame,
v.a.
s.
\

[89]
Definite,
a.

DEJECTION
JJk^r

iftira-et.
\ji*\

mahdud

(fixed)

Defaulter,

[^t^^J^Tj^
;

borjunukhzd-

..j-**
belli.

mu"ayyen, ^^jt^ ma"lum,jIL

-VErme'yEn

^l^-lj^Jc^Jkri(hiz).

metdan-kAchAn
Defeat,
s.

Definition,

s.

A>- hadd

u-W^'

ta"rif.

&*}
; ,

bozghun,
v.a.

^^-)^.
b6zmak,

Definitive, a.

J^l

Assl,

^ytLjJ

kXt".

b6zghunluk
1

fj-<j^

Deform,

v.a.

^^^

b6zmak,

l*

C^JjL<5 maghlub-et.
s.

chirkin-et.

Defect,

^--^

"*tyk>

JJ^* kussur,
eksik,

Deformed, a.
a

^^l^
;

JU~

khifclel,

CX~=1

^LaSJ

zassz-^ndamindan-kharij-olAn

noksan,

^jikft-j

sakAth'k.
;

j^jljj kXnbur, LJisj-b bXjakstz, <^"^fJUJE, ^L-jii X^Asaik.

Defective, a. LA~J sakAt

jJ~-=V eksik,

^J3\j nakzss, ^LaaJ noksan.

Deformity,

5.

C)li-^;^

cbirkinlik.

Defence,

s.

^Isr

muhAfaza, v^^jU-^
;

Defraud, v.a. ^j^Jj^S? d61andtrmak.


Defray,
v.a.

seyanet, X>l5j vikays

tJ>\y>- jewXb.

clX<^

vErmek,

Defend,

v.a.

<J+lj
- et,

k6rumak, ladails^
siyanet
-

ghywrmek, I^XfJFt^l wdfimek.


Defunct,
a.

muhAfaza
\

\\^i\~e
\

et,

Ijj^o

muteweffa,

^IS, vikays-et;

^^
himayE-et.
Defendant,
Defender,
s.
s.

^^^
<&&<

tassahhub-

mErbum.
Defy,

sahzb-chzkraak,

<^jJj! J(X-_ meydlnokumak; (J^^ie^j^ karshz-komak.


a.

v.a.

<Llc

mudda"a["alfeyh.
;

Degenerate,

jjy
,

bozuk,

i/ttjjfjj

,^>-

haml.
tedafu"i

b6zulmush
Degradation,

v.n.

(jd)# b6zulmak.
tenzU-i-riitbE
;

Defensive, a.
sive

,*3^ JJ

offen-

5.

<LJ^j

JjpJ

and

defensive,
f

.Ji*\*j(J>jAaf?
;

c^-lUj
Degrade,
"ayb-61

rezal^t.
v.a.

tejavuzT-VE-tedafu'
zirh.

armour,

Xjj

ljj3j
(J-^\

rezil-et

;)w^

i^^j

Defer,

v.a.

|^-u
5.

ta'khzr-et

v.n.

-Xlmak.

CX^^jj^J boyun-eghmek.
Deficiency,
Deficient,
a.

Degree,

5.

&+ <^-j^ dersJE,

LL)=1

^^e menzile,
Deign,
et,

tij

ksrtE, tU^J peressE.

eksik, ^^-oaJ noksan.


Defile, s.

v.n.

^oL!

lutf-et,

^
Xlllh,

kErEm-

jUy

b6^Xz, J^s^ ghechid,


(devrent)
\j\Jj<
;

lu^oUfi "inayet-et, l^j^ tenez-

derbend

v.a.

zul-et.

[ma"bud.
rf\

szchmak,

murdar-et

Deity,

s.

ilab,

<M

(mundar), \^j~+^j tenjiss-et.


Define, v.n.
!cji.'

Deject, v.a.

^^sr*
5.

mabzun-et.

^^^~

tahdid-et

(explain)

Dejection,

<UJi>j^ dushunma,

,J

ta"rlf-et.

tekessur, *c

ghXm,

DELAY
Delay, s.j*~\j ta'khzr, ^.fa te'ekhkhur

[90]
;

DENTIST
^.

Deliverance,

^J^jf

kurtarzsh

*~<j^

durma,
;

<ullj

kAlma
muhlet,

^pJ^
Delivery,

kurtulush, (jo^>- khlass.


s.

bekle'mE

L^J^-c
,

\j&$j** kurtulush,

wAkzt;

v.n.

(J^<j*

durmak,
;

khalass; >*Lj' tesslim.

kAlmak,

eUKj
j-j-f

bekldmek

Delude, v.a.

J^jJl
(jUji?

Xldatmak.
;

te'ekhkhur-et,^ IS^ghfec
gheri-kAlmak
; ,

Deluge,
v.a.

s.

tufln

(flood)

seyl (sel).

Delusion,

5. s.

JjU* merak, i&j]* kuruntu.


lcJ&~4
isstid"a
;

Delegate,

s.

vekH;

me*; ,

Demand,
isstedik

CJJCwyjl
,

mur

(^ft**
vekH-et;

mebuss

"

v.a.
;

L^ytJ
;

da'Va

v.a.

\JJfj

1*!^

hawalE-et

(Jscjye

sormak
/jl>
s.

cXcu1

isstEmek.

Ija^U

me'mur-et.

Demi,

a.

yarzm.

Deleterious, a.
Deliberate,
a.

$jf0 zararli, -i< muz^rr. ^^ais kXssdl, -?4X4^


,

Democracy,
Demolish,

L^OJ^*J>- jumhuriyyet.
(J^)^.

v.a.

bozmak,

(j*&

"amdi

v.n.

J dusbuncXd^iij

yzkmak, UjJfe

hMm-et.
s.

mek

^li*x; mushavErE-et.
s.

Demolishment, Demolition,
9j)\~*

/JJb hedm.

Deliberation,

^yU

te'enm

Demon, s.

^^-^
v.a.
\

sheytXn,

^Vj

zoblm.

Delicate, a. CJjlj nazik.


Delicious, a. ^b'\L Utlz,

[musbavErE.
jj JJ lezlz.

Demonstrate,

Ic^Ljl

issblt-et.

Demur,

v.n.

JJ^j tereddud-et,

Delight,

s.

iffj*

SEvinj,

L^Jji^c
;
,

bXkmmak.
Den,
s.

memnuniyyet,

jj^
\

surur

v.a.
-

^i\
.

In,

^U*
(refusal)
/^

CJv<jjJi4-o sEvindirmek,

-x> mess >r


\

Denial,
lrsT
1

jl&l inkyar;

rur-et

v.n.

}a>- hXzz-et,

<5 jjj

"tfdEtni-injaz.
s.

telfezzuz-et

CX-*J*

SEvinmek,

Denmark,

lijU-.Mj Danimarka.
v.a. I<U**-J tessmiyyE-et.
s.
\

^^J'+ASO
Delighted,

mfemnun-61.
a.

Denominate,

bjias.'*

mahzuz.
l^tif.

Denomination,
tessmiyyE;
fzrka.

ad,

>1

issm,

&+*~3
AJy

Delightful, a.

Jj/
s.

ghyuzel, uJ-laJ

(sect)

(j^L

millet,

Delinquency,
Delinquent,
kAbahatl/.
Delirious, a.

ci^^-UJ kAbahat.

5.

fay*

suchlu, jil^-Lj

Denote,

v.a.

jl

cu^lc.

"alamfet-ol,

\jL-!2!j delalet-et.

[mek.

^-^f-

chzlghm.

[junun.

Denounce,
Dense,
a.

v.a.

CX^j j*>- khXbEr-vEr;

Delirium,
Deliver,

5.

^jJo-^L>- chHghmlzk,

^^^~

,<>y k6yu
JhJ.,f.

o .* s ^**^ sk, L,

v. a.

(J^J^J^

kurtarraak,

kessif,

ghaliz.

\ljeJksC takhlzss-et,
-et; ^*-L-J tesslim-et,

1^^>- khlass-

Dentifrice, 5.

L^jy^^jJ

dish-t6zu.

C^xJj VErmek.

Dentist,

s.

.*rdS

dishji.

DENTISTRY
Dentistry,
s.

[91]
Depredation,

DESCENT
s.

cJ*s
\

dishjilik.

Cl^L-ci-

khXssaret,

Denude,

v.a.

^J^j^y s6ymk.

^jl&bj
;

ziyankyarlzk; (J^j^j>- khzr-

Deny,

v.a.

j\&\

inkyar-et

(refuse)
I

sz'zKk.

Cl*Usj|jl*fH injaz-etmamek,
redd-et.

J;

Depress,

v.a.

LJiJ
1

fak?r-et

IXSL-*

rmihtAj-et

jJkCo

mukEddEr-et

Depart,

s.

^IL^s.

chekish

v.n.

C3v<^^
Depression

J\^
(of
;

kessad-vErmek.
spirits),

(JAJLs*- chzkmak, cJv*^ ghitmek.

Department,
fer";
(of

(branch)

Jy

kol,

y
;

keduret

(of market)

CUjj<=> jL-^s kessad


;

s.

state)

C^UaJ

nXzaret

(of ground) jfi>- chukur.

(business) *ikj wXzifE, *A$c "uhdE.

Deprive, v.a. ^pjj^* mahrum-et, ^J\&~


(J-+$\jj

Departure,

s.

^<A-

ghidish, *\*

kzyam,

khali-brakmak.

UU/iJj.
Depend,
tabi"61

"azimet.
(j-+$\j

Depth,

s.

CtXLjj^
winter,

dferinlik,

J^c

"umk;

v.n.
;

bXkmak

j\%->^

of
J
\j$-<j

(j~2*j$
\.j+x*j\

kXra-kzsh,

j\
;

^y*j-*

merbut-61,

jfe^o

zemh^rir,
s.

erba"m.

menut-61
\

<^J^^^ ghyu^Enmek,

Deputation,

iLj

vekillEr,

jUi^l

i"timAd-et,

leJj

\z)j

rXbti-

meb^usslsr.
Depute, v.a.
1

-kXlb-et.

J-.^ vekil-et.
;

Deplorable,
fena,

a.

^5*-<^>-l

Ajtnajak,

Li

Deputy,
na'ib
;

s.

J--j vekil

judge,

^ll-^J penshAn.

governor, ^IjU^jlj kx'im\

Deplore, v.a. ^J^Lci

A^Alamk.

Deride, v.a.
Derision,
s.

\fcJ\

isstihza-et.

[makAm.

Depopulate,

v.a.

(J***~s

rj^* (j*\JW

\fe~>\
s.

isstihza.

ahalTdan-khall-kelmak.

Derivation,

(source)

J-^l

Xssl;

(of

Deportment, s.j!jW Atwar,


Depose, v.n.
\

?^j^ evza".
;
,

words) jlft^l
Derive,
v.a.

ishtiklk.

JiJ

tXkrlr-et

v.a.

(J^*>
\

bulmak,

\f

-\ ss^J\

j-i^

khfll"-et,

C^tXJ^Atfir
emanet

takht-

isstikhraj-et,

JLa-s^J

isstihsAl-et.

dan-endirmek.
Deposit,
s.

Derived,
;

a.

<JXl*c mushtakk.

h*-0l*l
;

^J pey
; ,

Descend,

v.n.

cX*Jl enmek,
\

j\

JjU

tortu

<L?^J

possa

v.a.

nazil-61, j! lajLs sakit-ol,

l?*-Jb

hubut-

-et

^i^jJi)^! evladindan-61.
s.

tesslim-et
-et;

^4J

komak, '-*^j wXz"-

Descendant,
-61 An
;

^ji^^J^I

evladindanal-u-

(jA\ji brakmak.

descendants, oU>-!jj!

Depositary, s.j\4cJ\**\ emanetdar.


Depreciate, v.a.

-ahfad.

-XzAltmak
-inkyar-et.

^aJ^^c^JJ j&\ ,^j^

kemetinikXdrini-

Descent,

s.

jjL'A

enish,

Jjjj

niizul,

UA-J sukut,
ship)

Lj.Jb

hubut;
;

(relation-

u^L^i

intissab

(degree

of

DESCRIBE
dere"JE,
(

[92]
bXtn,

DESPONDENCY
-i>

Jb)

M^J

shehvEt
isstedik,

(thing

desired)
;

karn

(attack)
v.a.

*}sP kujum.
It-jyyO*
ta"rif-et;
(a
v.a.

L-^ll^c mXtlub

Describe,
circle)

cJvC-j! isst^mek, ^Jj^ arzu-et,

L-J; ressm-et.
s.

^5^
ta"rif;
^>

Aramak, J-l emel-et, l^^JJb


1

Description,

cjwyw

(sort)

tXleb-et;

emr-et,

l^ij

tenbih-et.

JjJ durlu, C**P s6y, /~^f


nev".
Descry,
Desert,
a.

jinss,

cy

Desirous,

a.

<X*tJ^ arzumend.

[-gyurmak.
v.a.

Desist, v.n.

CX**^J^ vaz-ghechmek.

LlX;_

(j-Vj^ uzakden; ,

Desk,

tjs*^~ ch^kmEJE.
;

s.

<_]>- chwl, <k^b badiyyE

Desolate, a. (person) J-:<!L-40 kimsESsiz

t^^^
;

kharab,
>

JU*

khali, j~+J\

c^^i.* menkyub
(place)

c_->^>-

kharab

v.n.
,

^4^lj kXchmak,
v.a./JU^ j brakmak,
)

^;^j

viran,

^w

jL-?^>-

irar-et;

kharab- u-yebab, u>jlr>-L!l>- khaliyy^tun-khavi;


,v.a.

1^^^ kharab(^^Ju^
LIU-

-et

deserts,
s.

s.

pi.

j&j

isstihklk.

-et,

^U> j
5.

viran-et.

Deserter,

-^;^

firarl,

^p^f^

kXchkin.

Desolation,

t-^^>- kharab,
;

Desertion, f.j^J firar.

kharabiyyet

(desolate

place)

Deserve, v.a. y^^rsL-x musstahXkk-61.

u^Ui- khaliyye'tun-khavi.
Despair,
sizlik
\
;

Deserving,

a.

(J.^~*^

musstahAkk

s.

Jj-j

^/~
,

yfe'ss,

cJoLj Ju.<i umld-

seza, <teujl-i> shayesstE,

^V.^

shay An.

v.n.

j\<j-)fi* rae'yus8-61,

Design,
4X^33

5.

c^J

niyyfet,

/^-o raeram,

v
;

^\

Uj
s.

kXt"e-umTd-et.

kXssd,

Jwaiu
&j

mXksXd, ^-^s^c
(drawing)
niyyet-et,

Despatch,

(^\JjssC

tahrirAt,

mXksud,
ressim +~*j
;

kurduk;
,

v.a.
;

^c^J
Jwa-5

Desperate,
Despicable,

a. a.

^*V<
JJJ

umidsiz,

(J~*H-*

kurmak

kXssd-et

(person)

J^SM Xlchak,
thing,

(plan) \^^.^Ji tertib-etj

(dra

JjJj
i^J^J;

r^zil,

zelll;

ressm-et.

rezalet.
v.a.

Designate, v.a.

j^

ta"ym-et,

Despise,

^xiUjl^ saymamak;

({

C3v*i.;^-j issmini-suweyl^mek.

man)
tess-

Designation,

5.

cM&t&d

<U4w-

k6mamak.
Despite,
s.

miyyE-etmeklik.
Desirable, a.

in despite,

<fcJ t>li^

"inadma

j jl;j*J

isstenilir,

jj^y

*)j\

in despite of,

j^<U*jb^Jb

hich-bXk-

arzu-61unur, L-JjZfc mErghub.


Desire,
s.

mayarak.

^z~\ isstek, j\j\ arzu, <*^^j


^j^hzrss; (yearn-

Despond,
,^4J}|

v.n.

Jv~y.^

me'yuss-61,

raghbet; (strong)
ing)

<^^'
5.

kendini-brakmak.

^Ls-M

ishtiyak;

(concupiscence)

Despondency,

^u

y^'ss.

DESPONDENT
Despondent,
Despot,
ruler)
s.

[93]
Detective,
s.

DEVISE
ghzzli-

a.

(j~j}\> me'yuss.
;

(tyrant) Jll? zalim

(absolute

-zXbtzyyE-neferz.

[habss.
tevkzf;

J**&>< hakimi*mutlAk.
5.

Detention,
Deter, v.a.

s.

Despotism,

^UilL^

c^-vc^G*- hukyumet-

^J^i^iulU mani-"61mak.
;

-mutlAka, Ju? zulm.


Destine,

Deteriorate, v.w. c3v*,^JLj fenaleshraek


\^j*\j

VM.\^I*<V^ takhs?ss-et;
;

^Ji^oj^j

b6zmaklik.
s.

nAmzed-et

\j

jJl<

mukAddEr-et.

Determination,
niyyet
;

>*^*aJ tXssmim,

sjj
sebat
;

Destiny, s.j^i kAdEr, i^vt~J> kzssmet,

j\f
;

kXrar

C^Lj

JIL

tah'">

c^os^ bAkht.
fakir- u-bikess.

jlxc "inad

J-^o meyl.

Destitute, a.

^^ruJ^JiJ
\Jy
t

Determine, v..

v^X^J^

^K-3

kXrar-

Destroy, v.a.

y6k-et,

\^^

mahv-et,
vuju-

-VErmek; !*,*4^ tAssmim-et, Ic^vJ


niyyet-et,

\\^\ ifna-et,

^^jJlS^j^s^
;

(J-<j^

kurmak

v.a.
;

dini-kAldzrmak

\<-r>\j>;

khrab-et,
yzkmak,

\^r^^i^>.^, M3j

tAssmima-sebeb-61

\^\J^
{Jr))i

perishln-et

(jh-*^.

CXcpJtS^Jg* mfeyl-etdirmek.
Detest, v.a. ^J^JjLj^A^j menfur-tutmak,

b6zmak

cX^jJj! wldurmek,

^Jk^l^Jl*- janznz-Xlmak, \j& kahr-et.


Destruction,
takhrib,
s.

CXW^M4

^.Jb

hich-sevmamek.
1

^|/^- kharab

Dethrone, v.a. !-L>- khaf'-et, ^JOrkT


;

u-^^sT
;

c^-J^
ifna.

kharabiyyet

j?*

CX<;JJ! takhtdan-endirmek.
Detonation,
s.
<

mahv, Lil

^^~~*

"-->

JjV barut-sessi.
M>

Destructive, a.

i~J\jS>-

\*L*s\)

ba"iss-i-

Detract from one's merits, v.n.

^s\&s?

kh<)rab

CLXi$* muhlik.

\j\j\ isstihkAkmz-inkyar-et.
Detriment,
s.

Detach,

v.a.

CX-J.^sXh'vErmek
;

ckwzmek;
Deuce,
J(L^l-j
.Ji

j^e
;

zarar.

5.

^ J du
int.

^^2.-i>

sheytAn

the

i^^L^J^JL?

deuce!

k6parmak; ^J^\ ayrmak.


Detachment,
>j]\ May,
Detail, 5.
5. Jill?

^^^Ufjll

AlUha-SEn;

takzm,

cJ^b bMuk,
^

L^J^-i^J

yo^Aundu.
5.

Devastation,

*y

firka.
tafszl

C-^1^- kharab.

Develop, v.a. ^I^^jL5-<U]Ju^^Jlc-ftj^


muteferri atznz-meydAna-chzkarmak. Device,
;

J-^AJ
;

in detail,

LaA?
birEr-

(one by one)

s.

L^-v^*i3 san"at

-birEr
v.a.

details,

f^L^sj
tafszl-et,

tafszlat
4*

*wj ressim,
Devil,
s.

J.i>

shekil.
;

IJ.j^aJj

^^r^

sheytln, u~Aj\ ibllss

tXfsnon-nlkl-et.
Detain, v.a. JPo^AJl Xlzk6mak. Detect,
v.a.

(imp)

Devious,
;

^Vj a. u^^Jo^l
v.a.

z^bint.

eghri-bw^Ari,

(J^jjb

tutmak

^-l^^ir^L?
Devise,

sApzk-d61ashzk.
ivSr

bulmak.

(bequeath)

wAs-

DEVOID
siyyet-et;
(invent)

[94]
bulmak,
Dice
(pi.

DIG
of die),
5.

(J^)i

^Jj^j &)*o tawla-

(^XtwMwiuJ dushunmek. j

zarlar/.

Devoid,

a.

^J^
\

khali.

Dictate, v.a.

^J^JjU^-JuAj
;

tXkrir-

Devolve, v.n. ^JL^JjjJ dushmek, iCUol*^


isslbet-et,

-edup-yazda'rmak

C
;

Jl&Jl

intikil-et.
\

jebran-kXbul-etdirmek
IjJ

v.n.

Devote, v.a. \(jc+*assC takhszss-et,


feda-et.

amir-ol,'^J **!*-,= io*l^Li-ilj


-zabit-kessilmek.
[lii

blsbma-

ghat-kit abi.

Devotion,

s.

(jol

>r

"

-^\

ikbtisslss
Jki

Dictionary,
Die,
s.

*.

CL?U1 lughat,

^l^CjU)
;

^jA^essC takhszss
lik
;

^jj^li'

fedakyar-

Lj\jAju0

tawla-zan

(for

stamp<ix-

e^oJ>j;

"ubudiyyet;

CUobj
nAmAz,

ing)

i^^lJS klh'p,
,

(for coining)

diyanet

devotions,

jL*J

sikkfi;

v.n.

C-L^J^l

wlmek,
wfefat;

tUjLc
Devour,

"ibadet, IftJ du"a.

CJvi^-^ ghy^chmek, Icjlij

v.a.

C3v^>

yemek,

CX<^J
dindar,

-et

(a beast)

cX^^=

ghebErmek

bitirmek,

(J^y. yutmak.
,<Jy* sofu, ^tjCiAd

(a plant) (Ji*jj*

kurumak.
;

Devout,
^^io^

a.

Diet,

s.

^/^
!

j^j{ pErblz-yeme^Ai

muttaki,

\yujAl

ehli-tXkwA.

<U4o- himyE, J-J^J pErbiz.


Diflfer, v.n.

Dew,

5.

C^X>5.

chi^A, A^-wi> sbebnem.

.IjJjJjJ (turlu-turlu)-ol,
mukbtelif- 61
;

Dexterity,

^J L^J
ikhtilif,

^J& bimer.
Dexterous,
a.

jl biri-birina-uymamak.
CLX>1>
\J

Eli-chabik.

Difference, 5.

jy fark

cJL^l
;

Diadem,
Diagonal

s.

tXj.

LZJjAk* mughlyeret
vetEr.
Different, a. JLUlJ

^j)

niza".
dighsr,

line,
5.

Diagram,
Dial,
s.

*.^ JiA sbekil,


plate,

blshka,

^o J

j~\
ghyunesh-

akhar; J^-J^UllJ bAsbka-bAshka,


mukbtelif,

(sun)
;

<_iiLsr

(j^^

ghyuna-

sa"ati

ghyun.
[zabln.
lissan,
,

sa"at-takbtassz.
Dialect,
5.
5.

Difficult, a.

<>==
s.

ghyucb,

^>- chetin,
c "ussretli.

Jj

dil,

,.jb;

^bjyua su^ubetli,^^
Difficulty,

Dialogue,

cXL>-^=

ghyucbluk,

iki-kishi-beyninda-olAn-lakzrdz.

cbetinlik,
ussret.

i^^jj** su"ubet,
sr*

Diameter, s.JaS kutr.

Diamond,
Diarrhoea,

s.

^UJl
J'^J

Mmass.
issbal,

Diffidence,

s.

u^-J^s
5

mahjubiyyet.

s.

Diffident, a.

C-^s

mahjub,yJ;L-^

karn-surmESsi.
Diary,
s.

jessaretsiz.

&**\Jjjj

ruznamE (juznamE),

bufr-et Dig, v.a. (J*j^ klzmak, \j&>-

mejma"a, Jlj>ij zhurnal.

CJ^ib baifimek;

up, v.a.

(ground;

DIGEST
;

[95]
C.
;

DIRECTLY
ufAltm,

(plants)

swkmek, (^jliu^- chzkarmak

(find

tAklil

j**&J tXssghzr.
a.

by digging) (j^tf biilmak.


Digest, v.a.
{Digestible,
\
/

Diminutive,

,J^

ufXk, jjjsf \Jji ufXjzk,

^^> hAzm-et.
*aft>J-J

vJ^
,

kuchuk,

CJ^^f^

kuchujuk;

a.

c--Ji>- khAfif-

s.

j*d?*M1 issmi-tXssghtr.

Digestion,s. ^ito hAzm. [-VE-tez-hazm.


Dignified,
a.

Dimple, 5.jyb- chukur, al>- chah.


Dine,
v.n.

Jjj^j wwkaretli,

CX*JCJv4>

yemek-yemek,

l/l*L ta"am-et.
Dignitary,
s.

(J$}\^j^(j.J

rijfili-

Dinner,

5.

C^X*J yfemek, ,*U1? ta"am,

-kibardan-olAn,

^j^Ju^l^e.-)[s^\
Diploma,
s.

AsshAbz-manasszbdan-olan.
Dignity,
ftl

^U^J

ffirmAn,

^]jj

berat,

s.

^^^
;

temkin, ^lj

wakar

\j~jj ru'uss, Xj^U- ja'izE.

Aghr

<fLJ^

rutbE.
;

Diplomacy,
-suf^rat.

5.

d-?l.a*j

t ^)Jl

adab-i-

Dike,

s. Ju*-

sedd
s.

(JJ^^ himdek.

Dilapidation,

L-J\J- kharab.

Diplomatist,

5.

CjlJLa L_->^1 L-^O-^

Dilemma,
Diligence,
/*lfcXJi

s.
5.

Jl~<> mushkil.

sahib-i-adab-i-suf^rat;

tI->tbJj di-

^UUllJl>- chAl/shkAnb'k,
LZJj+.j^i*i
-cy-j

p!6mat.
Direct, a.

ikdlm,
;

sa"y-u-

^.Lyo doghru,

u^*c.b..^JkJ

cl^

-ghayret
Diligent, a.

L^

sur'^at.

^UiJW

chAh'shkhAn, /%AL<
[sulu-et.

wlsszta, ,*?l3 zati, jJc*


v.a.

kendi

mukdim.
Dilute, v.a.

(on
-

the

road)
;

CX^j
(manage)
;

^LcL?
l^lj]
(point)
'atf-

JUJlS j* su-kAtmak,

sa^Alzk

vErmek

Dim,

a.

yjLc^J dumAnK, ^Ais^l

idarE-et,
^jJj
^Jl42JJ

IcL^tai

nAzaret-et
I

^.o

dumAn - ichinda - ghibi

Lc J?

d6^Arultmak,

^Q^^

kAranlz'k.

-et, \<Lf>-jj
.

tevjih-et, lu-J^o sarf-et

Dimension,
three

C3l^-J

biyuklik;

the

(a letter)

j^J\J.>lij1
I

usstunu-yaz-

dimensions,

<sil5jU;t

eb"adi-

mak

(order)

^ol

femr-et,

1^*-^

-selassE.

tenblh-et.
;

Diminish, v.n. (J^\j\ AzAlmak

LLX*J^^
;

Direction,

5.

u_3us

taraf,

^u yn,

L^->^^-

kuchulmek, (J^\j)\ ufAlmak

v.a.

kessmek,

y<i^

emr, <L-^J tenbih, Cl?UJjO' ta"-

^
Diminution,
5.

Jj\

ufAtmak.

llmat;

.JU^^C Iji^SM mektub-usstu;


saghh'k, (j-jJ^ "adress.
ac?.
^^,

<iu!lj!

^IcU?
Directly,

^A^WM)

eksilma;

<UJ\Jji

ufAlma,

<U^JUj

61-sa' at, /4JOl4^

shimdi; (^^Lj/Ji ^r J hem and fern; ..^Jo .c

DIRECTOR
d6ghrudan-doghru,
bila-wasszta,
lj'\

[96]
Disburse,

DISCONTENTED
v.a.

\^j=>~

kharj-et,

zatan.

sarf-et,

\>^J^2^ mAssraf-et.

Director, s.j^J^o mudir,


Dirt,

jf^A direktor.
pisslik,

Discard, v.a.\J^> tard-et, J.*>j* kbgh-

s.j~=>

kir,

LL)1~J

^J\^

mak, IjJj def"-et.


Discern,
v.a.

murdarlzk.
Dirtiness, s.

J
izin,
;

ch?karmak,

Dirty,

a.

C^^J
\

kirlilik.

CJv*^
piss,

sechmek,
5.

^ ghywrmek.
rukhsAt
Atesh
;
;

kirli,

jlj^o

Discharge,
<U^.J

^1

murdar, Cj^Lc mulevvess.


Disable, v.a.
JaiLs
s.

tebriyyE

^Uj!

skAt-et.
zarar ;

Atraa, <uij| Atzlma,

o^s^l jJl Endakht;


,

Disadvantage,
<fc~j sektE.

jj*

jjU mani",
bozushmak
;

v^^-^J^ jerahat;
izin-vErmek,

v.a.

^
sAh'-

Disagree,
(food)

v.n.

metdan-ch^karmak
VErmek, ^

^J^-lj^

hAbssdan;

jHcJy^aJ**
a.
5.

mi"de'yi-b6z-

mak.
Disagreeable,

[<0^

kerih.

chzkarmak

b6shAltmak

J-J'U? tXts/z, Ju bed,

^J^J^ Atmak,
\
{

Endakht-et,
\

Disagreement,
niza.

uJ)L>-!

ikhtillf

c
tji

JS\

Atesh-et

\u\ Ifa-et,
; !

lU-aJ
ijra-

isstlf^l-et,

VErmek
v.n.
;

\.t>~\

Disappoint,
-'*

v.a.

(J**3\ ^\

Xldatmak

-et;
;

yiikunu-

1^

b6shAltmak
ishini-b6zmak,
jjlJi
Disciple,
s.

Akmak.

kAzzk-sokmak.
Disapprove,
v.a.

CXU^=
takbih-et.

telmiz

(jj^j^^^ hawariyyun.
.

mamek,

Discipline,

/Uai)^/lla3
\

nizAm-u-inLtizam.

^^-AJ'

Disclaim, v.a.

jl&! inkyar-et.

Disarm, v.a.

s6ymak
;
,

Disclose,

v.a.

silahmz-almak

v.n.

JLo
keshf-et,

CX^i-^

ghywstErmek,

<Ulju^ meydlna-k^mak, lu-il^ ^xsjj


^/CJ^-tf silah-s6yunmak.

cLUL^-> suweylfimek,

^13

Disarmament,

5.

-.L*CJy
p-

terk-i-silah

flsh-et.

szkmdi.
rahatszzhTc,
v.a.
rahatsz'z-et.
teselli-

Cjl,!jJ

te-

Discomfort,

darukyat-barbiyyE-ber-taraf-etmeklik.
Disaster,
s.

Discommode,

UzJ kAza,

bela,

e^ila

Disconsolate, a.

felakEt.

-kAbul-etmaz.

Disband, v.a.
v.w.
^J^ilcl
5.

^xi

Discontent,

khoshnud/

suzluk,

Itfj

Disbelief,

jljbcUtXc "^dEmi-l"tikid.

Discontented,

a.

jy^u^

suweylEniyor,

Disbelieve, v.a.

^Ujlij inanmamak.

khoshnudsuz.

DISCONTINUANCE
Discontinuance,
s.

[97]
faf-et;
;

DISINHERIT
cXoU^J J^J
^j&
5.

^Joi*

kit".

tenezzul-etma-

Discontinue, v.a.
v.n.

cX*

kessmek

mek.
Disdainful, a.
kzbrh'.

cX*L5.

kessilmek.
nifAk.

Discord,

jU)
s.

Disdainfulness,

kibr.
"illet,

Discount,
,

bXsh,

^ajlJ

fa'iz

Disease,

5.

(jj* maraz, <^^Lc


keyfsizlik.

v.a.

bXshla-Almak,

J^t) dsrd, LL)<Jj~JL

^^^Ji

kzrmak.

Disembark,

v.w.

^J^A^^-^jS^^^ ghe5.

Discountenance, v.a.

dXixc^j

j^> yuz-

miden-kXrayE-chikmak.
Disembarkation,

VErmemek.
Discourage, v.a. <J*Jj*jj*
JjJ

^ijuA-.^^^J^^.^o

korkutmak

ghemiden-kXrayE-chikmaklik.
Disengaged,
a.

yuz-vErmamek.
kelam, L^C^A!
lakz'rdz;

^j^

bosh, *<A-ly boshda,

Discourse,
v.n.

5.

^=>

jjl>. khall,
khali-6lAn.

(^^(J^-ic^J

wXkte-

IfK"
a.

ia)

bASstz'-kelam-et.
ri"ayetsiz.
ri"ayetsizlik.

Discourteous,
Discourtesy,

Disentangle,

v.a.

CXj^>-

ch^zmek,

5.

^*^^

achmak.

Discover, v.a.
kfeshf-et,

bulmak, IL,O*.^

Disfigure, v.a. ^J^jj^J


chirkin-61,

b6zmak ^\^^=^;

meydlna-

^oU-ljb yakzshmamak.
dush;

chzkarmak;
Discovery,
6?.

Disgrace,
b_ft*

5.

c-^^& "ayb, U^llj; rezalet;


dJlJ^^rruljJ
v.a.
)

keshf.

d--kXJ

nikbet,
; ,

Discreet, a.

^Ujb "Xklli, JjU "ikil; ketum ^\-^3J bXsszretli.


;

kyunluk

c-^->^

ayb-61

IJ^Jj

rezil-et.
a.

Discretion,

5.

JJLe "Xkl, j-JJ^' tedblr,


;

Disgraceful,

c--^.^c

"ayb,
kerih,

J-JUJb
c^/>~

bXssmit, *j>- hXzrn CL^.**2J


inslf
;

yakzshzksiz,
,

^r^=>

to arrive at years of

chirkin.

yJb
at

"xkla-blKgh- ol
,

to surrender

Disguise,
,

5.

ij^LjJj<xJ

tebdili-kzyafet ;

CX

8jJj

VEra-vErmek,

v.a.
;

IjJjtXsJC^iui kzyafet-tebdil-

shartszz-tesslim-61,

-et

CiX^XC-^JO di^hishdirmek.
5
^.^s.*

XmAn-demek; \^r^y (J^>\


aman-tXleb-et.
Discriminate, v.a.
Discuss, v.a.
i

Dish,

5.

sahn, jjy^ tXbAk.


khzrs/z
;

Dishonest,
\
t

a.J-j^cs5.

^y

Iri-

kh^'in.
(J^V,^-^;

jfcji3

tefrlk-et.

Dishonour,

L^^
,

rezalet,

cX^lL^i

suweylEshmek,

russvaylzk;

v.a.

!jj*ij

rezil-et

ii2>-U^ mubahessE-et.
s.

bill,

CX*Wy\JjJ

kXbul-fetma-

Discussion,
Disdain,
s.

mek,
isstikbar,

Ll3-'<^ *-Ji

XtzvErmek.

j\*zJ\
,

Disinherit, v.a.
isstikh-

M^SL^^JO^,-^ mirass-

isstikhfaf ;

v.a.

lujUsdLl

dan-mahrum-et.

DISINTERESTED
Disinterested, a.
(

[98]
Dispense, v.a.
tevzi"-et
tefrik[-et.
;

DISPUTE

J^c It dl^ztmak,
,

gharaz-vE-"ivezdan-khali-6lAn.
Disjoin, v.a. <jU^>J ayrmak,
Dislike, v.a. LtXU)j**j

v.n.

vaz-

\(jjt

ghechmek.

[V.TZ.

sevmamek.
cbzkarmak.

Disperse, v.a. ^J-^ill?


Displace, v.a.

dA^Aztmak
t

Dislocate, v.a.

JK;^^>

(j^>J^u^^^J

yErindan-

Dismal,

a.

jJjJcJL-^

s$ktndtli.

-chekarmak.
Display,s. ^ji^-.y ghy^sstmsh,

Dismay, s.

j
v.a.

korku, t^-^Ub J dehshet.


1

L^-^y
ghywss-

Dismember,

/**&' taksim-et.
++~A* taksim.
^j

sXltAnXt;

v.a.

CX^^

Dismemberment,
Dismiss, v.a.

5.

tErmek,
;

J^-M

ibraz-et.

dX-o^
;

o\ izin-VErmek

Displease,

v.a.

ghyiijuna-

(J^-sy k6^Amak
Disobedience,
-ita"at,

^uU?

sawmak.
"

-gbitmek,

kerih-

%&\lpif*Ae
ita"atsz'zKk.

ghy*runmek.
Displeasure,
s.

^li-^iJ

darghmlik,

Disobey,

v.a.

ClXoxUiJ dinglEmamek,
Dispose, v.a. Ic-^-Jy tertib-et,
i

CXoUcj^L^^clLl itA^at-etmamek.
Disoblige,
v.a.

**h*5
;

tanzzm-et

of, v.n.

^^J'L? sXtmak

khAtmni-saymank,

VErmek;

<

J^JilljJ
;

kullAnmak;

wldurmek
Disobliging, a.j~*j)j<<

^^
(

muruvetsiz.
kXrishiklik;
;

!^Jj

def"-et,
a.

\j*\

emr-et.

Disorder,

5.

^jAjL^jU

Disposed,

JL<

meyyal,

UUt-^jLihJ
ikhtilal
?. a.
;

JJ perishAniyyet

JL^-!
;

^^Uoj

nizAmszzlzk

issti"dadz-6lAn

to

be

*c<\J*\s kArzshdzrmak,

^cUiu

well-disposed, cX^j-a
ill-disposed,

SEvmek

to be

(J**)j*

nizAmmz-b6zmak.
a.

cJ^t^j SEvmamek

Disordered,

(J->j^ klrishik

of,

jjljjl* SAtilmwh,

^^1/j

vEril-

perTshln

JSLSK* mukhtell.
s.

mish,

^i./*^ ghitmish,

^i^J^!%.Jt)
kXtl-

Disorganization,

^ji^cliaJ

nizlmsizlik.
;

def"-61unmush,

yiujjjljjj
tertib,

Dispatch,

s.

cJJXjl-

chabtklik

-olunmush.
Disposition,
5.

L-^--.-^'

/Uii3

cl

kyayAtd;
-

v.a.

LLX^cL^^
(J^;

nizAm

c5p- khuy, e^x*.!?


jibillet,
^

tXbz"at,

chabik

bitirmek,

1^1.^ "Xj&E-et

U^L>-

jU.
fjj^

khulk.

CX^Ju^
kltl-et.

ghy^ndsrmek,

Dispossess, v.a.

mahrum-et.
"adEmi-

chzkarmak; cX^jJjl wldurmek,


[def"-et, \A\j\ izals-et.

Disproportion,
-tenassub.

s.

L-^wjliJAcXe

Dispel, r.a

Dispute,

s.

tip niza"

Uji (kawgha)

DISQUALIFICATION
,

99

DISTINGUISH
5.

v.n.

nizii"-et,

<sr

muja-

Dissolution,

Jjl

wlum, CUlij wefat,

delE-et.
Disqualification, 5.

[-i-ehliyyet.

Jj^

hll, Lafi^JJ^w tbfriki-a"za.


v.a.

(*<Jjbtf

Xfi

"Memf

Dissolve,
hall-et
;

cXX)jl

critmek,

Disregard,s.

L^oU^/J^c

"adEmi-ri' ayet,
;
,

^^caill? dA^r^ztmak,

^
,

CXJj~>*lA;

ri"ayetsizlik

v.a.

l^Jj^aJ

a"zassmz-tefrik-et

v.n.

^i-^l^jLj bAkmamak, {jpU^j$j3


kulAk-Assmamak, <J>cUjL> tznmamak,

CXi^l
j!

erimek; J^Icll? dA^rMmak,

Js ^
5

munhaU-61.
v.a.

J^Ujltf saymamak, clX^U


i"tibar-etmamek.
Disreputable,
rezil,

Dissuade,

cXo^^^JoxJ

niyye-

tindan-chevirmek,

cXc^^

j^j

vaz-

a.

<*-^+z

"ayb

Distaff,

<J^j!
5.

wrekE.

[ghfechirmek.

-jlj nlmusssiz.
s.

Distance,
<Gl

(jiSjj^l

uzAklzk, iXw bu"d,

Disrespect,

fV ^
2

cJJ^-Sjl^

ri"ayetsizlik,

mfessaffi, Jfc> y61,

Jj^< menzil;
uzAk-bir-yEr
;

AkXc "adEmi-ihtirAm.

jljjl

uzAk,

jlj^l

Disrespectful,

a.j~zj\j

ri"ayetsiz.

Dissatisfaction, 5.

(j^*JjXl> kh6shnud-

Distant, a.

vij^i

uzAk,

sun
if-y

irAk, Ju*J

suzluk.
Dissatisfied,

ba
a.J-jJ^l^*- kh6shnudsuz;
v.n.

'id

(in

manners)

sbghvk.

Distemper,
khAsstalzlc

s.

mraz,
rsnkli-

to be

c3v*Jjjj suw^ylEnraek.

Dissect, v.a. \&?\ZJ teshrih-et.

-bAdana.
;

Dissemble, v.n.
v.a. \*z

IjliXo

mudara-et

Distend, v.a.

Ermek, ct

ketm-et.
v.a.
vlaj
f

[neshr-et.
t

shishirmek,
Distension,

kAbartmak.
shish,

Disseminate,
Dissension,
Dissent,
5.
s.

(j*J\f

yaymak,

cJi^^s
inblkdan;

nifAk.

Distich, 5. Li^-J beyt.


Distil,

[ghErghilzk.

L^&s yc/*Ju: "adEmi-muwA-

v.a.

cXi^^-^AL-J
l^Jat?.?

fakAt, w^illsr* mukhal^fet.

-chekmek,
l^kiu

tAkti"r-et

v.n.

Dissertation, 5.

C^s^bahss; ^L,rissalE.

takAttur-et.

Dissimilar, a.

^ll^cc. ghayrz-mushabih,

Distillation, s.
Distiller, 5.

jAaM

tXktir.

[eden.
rakz-taktzrwlzzli,

^Jol^JaftJ

^ij

Dissipate, v.a. ^*

Distinct,

a.

jib
;

belli,

^lj
(Jfyfu

mahv-et.
Dissipated,
Dissipation,
a.
5.

[sefih

(jLc "ayln
Distinction,
5.

<ULlj L^J>! ayrz,

bAshka.
tefrik
;

chApkzn,

<Ua

f
;

fark

"

e:

jL^cl imtiyaz
Distinguish,

ri"ayet.

chApkznlz"k.

v.a.

ghywrmek,
chzkartefrlk-et;

Dissolute, a.

^Ji

fasik-u-

C)^^

sechmek,
fark-et,
i

-fajir-chApkzn.

mak; Ijy

DISTINGUISHED
one's
dini
-

[100]
kenDiversion,
5.

DO
eylsnja
;

self,

ii

ghywsstErmek,
1

taghHt, JUJ^l-i.
ishghll,
Divert,

shdshirtma,

shwhret-kAzanmak,
nAm-et.
Distinguished,
a.

JU^t

ighfal.

v.a.

cXo^>-

chevirmek,

j'j^lj nlmdar,

JUajU
dirmek.

slpitmak;

C
;

meshhur, j\z*~< mumtaz, -iu/c mu"Distracted, a.


Distraction,
s.
(

^J>-

chilghm.
..;,,
(

Divest, v.a.

^jU^* soymak
;

^^i>- chtlghmlik,
szkmdz,
,

ch^karmak

(^^
.

tejennun.
Distress, 5.

Imdan- chzkarmak

JJ

dird,

Divide,

v.a.

bwlmek,
*5
;

kEdEr;

v.a.

^*Juo

szkmak,

ayrmak,

U-

taksim-et,
,

v.w.

Distressing, a. jj
Distribute,
v.a.

ci-^b ba"iss-i-kEdEr.

lunmek,
Divine,
a.

Ju
ilahl,

taksim-kAbOl-et.

^J^clL

^dA^/iztmak,

^^J

rXbbAni

1-Jjy

tevzl"-et U*^A!> taksim-et.


s.

"ulumi-

Distribution,

^->j

tevzi;

*--JiJ'

District, 5. <^>-to nahiyyE.

[taksim.

Divinity,

5.

<dH Alllh
f

ilahiyyet

Distrust, 5.

C^j~o^l

emniyyetsizlik,
; ,

Lb
"ilm-i-din.
Division, s.

ma' budi-bAtzl;

c^-^^/Ju:
v.a.

"adEmi-emniyyet

LlXUajlw^-,i^

emniyyet-et-

>,<,..!?

taksim

mamek,
-edamamek.
Disturb, v.a.
l

oc^.~

emniyyet-

^J bwluk,

AJ

kzssm

^3

f grka

jU3
rahatin*
-

nifak;
5.

uJL^I
talak,

ikhtillf.

Divorce,

^jll^
<j

^J-lkf

tltiik

"^J
Disturbance,
5.

b6zmak,

v.a,.

b6shamak,

rahatszz-et.

tltHk-et.

u^JJj^i
;

ghy^ruldu,

Divulge,

v.a.

suweylismek,

shamAta
fessad,

jilLljlJi kXn'shiklik,
ikhtilal.

llli! ifsha-et. \fjZ\s flsh-et,

Jib^l

Dizziness,

s.

LL^Uj^J^U
<J*j]/}jj*

blsh-

Ditch,

5.

VJ^=^ hEndek.
^11^ dXlmak.

-dwnmeklik,

ghy&zlor-

Dive, v.w.
Diver,
s.

-kArarmak.

**-$\4 dXl^Az'ch.
v.n.

[sXpmak.
(J^)
ba^zz.

Do,

v.a.

C4Cj

etmek,

Diverge,
Divers, a.
Diversify,

(JJ

ayrilmak,

XJ^l eylEmek,
ijra-et, C

J*s kzlmak,
3
; ,

($&
v.a.

bir-takim,

^^

fi"lE-ghetirmek
v.n.

|jul^.*3uL>.

cheshid-

irmek
harekEt-et;

-cheshid-et.

61mak,

DOCILE
uymak v
pishmek
CX^-I^J yetishmek J
*

[101]

DOZEN
v.n.

CX*-J y

Domineer,

CX^L*^

LjLjfU-llj bA-

away
;

with,

^cj ^!U
you
do
?

shma-zabit-k(issilmek.

kAldzrmak
i^^u*:^].^

how

do

Dominion,

5.

C->^^r.L<

mele"kyut,

nassl-szn^iz,
;

ix-^.ju<!j

hiikyumet

dominions,

nE-y^piyor-szngzz
elve"rir,

that will do,

jj*j\

memalik.

j+\\

yetishir, ujJj! oldu.

Don

(the river),
5.

s.

^.*<*

tfen-suyu.

Docile, a.

/J.!x

mAzlum,
munkAd.

<

~^

-^J

Donkey,
himar.

cX2>^ eshek,^rv. khar,jU>-

kuzu-ghibi,

t)liu*>

Dock,

s.

u**^

hawz;
ujunu
-

v.a.
;

Door,

s.

^J

kApz,
5.

jJ

dsr, C-jb bib.


kApzjz,

kessmek

Door-keeper,
Dormitory,
s.

L<^-^

(^Vj

hawza-komak.
Dockyard,
Doctor,
s. 5.

(jZjji ko^Aush. [dErbAn.


ghida.

<ULy

tErsanE.

Dose,
Dot,

s. liXe.

(of medicine)
;

*=uJb heykim,

s.

<da& nokta.

u-^-Jp tabib

(of laws and divinity)


(of philosophy)
JLe

Dotage, s.

^l^ ^/^^ UJ^ ^


2

ikllti -

muderriss;

yarin-bungalmish-haleti.

[ikhtiyar.

"ilm-i-hikmet^<J"ilaj-et,

Dotard,

s.

jl.is.\

^LoU^J
CUlS.

bunamzshr^l

muderrissi;

v.a.

Double,
,

a.

and

s.

tf

iki-kAt

u.a. Ic^lS.

^jl iki-kAt-et. ^^, **

Doctrine,
liyyAt,

s.

Jyf CL?Lxlc

kAvl,

<-^UjJi
;

kAvJoliU

Doubt, 5. ^-i>shubhE,CJJb

shekk^U^s

"ilmiyylt

ghyurnXn
Doubtful,
a.

v.n.

\^-2> shubhE-et.
;

"Aka'id.

J&&J*

shubhEli

cJ^C^o

Document,
UU^sr*^
evrlk.

5.

Jci^ kya^Aa'd,
;

<&*~t

sened,

m&shkyuk.
Doubtless,
ad.
teJI

[shubhEssiz.
ElbettE,

hujjet

documents,

^jj\

J-jA^-i,

Dough,

>r

-^

(khAmur).

Doe,

s.

tiL^D^^ljJ

dishi-ghfeyik,

Dove,

5.

L^**J
s.

kumru.

[1^3
;

nikyah.

^-^j^ljj
Dog,
s.

dishi-kAraja.

[^-vJ

it.

Dower,

J^j^-o^o
tuy
;

mihri-mu'ejjel,
,

C)j^^= kywpek, t-^K

kslb,

Down,

c_jj'

^IjjJ pufla

ad.

Dog-days, 5.^/. jj**\*p\i\ eyyAmi-bahur.

cl-g^

Asha^z',

Doge,

*.

VenedikDowncast,
iriyal,
a. a.

doghassi.
Dollar,
s. 5.

mahzun.
ad.

xjs

kXra-

Downward,

Downwards,

,f\

Dome,

<L3 kubbE.
a.
s.

[ghurush.
EVE-Alish-

Domestic,

Doze,

v.n.
5.

(JJ^
on-iki.

uyuklamak.
;

mzsh-6lAn
i.

ushAk,

Dozen,

fc^jyS duzina

<&*> J desstE

(khzzmetkytir).

\\

DRACHM
Drachm,
Drag,
s.

102]

DRESS
ghechmek
;

/^<^ dirhEm.
cJ^Ju^ij-i
suruklEmek,

up,
;

<J

v.a.

durmak
tErtib-et

ctX<^J dizmek
;

li^^J^

CJv*,>- chekmek.

(J^^
;

<ulJJ

kalEma-Almak,

Dragoman,
'Dragon,
s.

s.

(jU^J* tErjumln.
azhdEr,
lfc>Jj'\

C^V.
ezhdiha

yazmak

(J^ J ^

yapmak

jj\

UX*i^u^l5^J yukari-chekmek.
Drawer,
5.

(ejdErha).

["Asske'ri.
j\
;

^js-^^f^

ch^km^JE
chekiji.

/L^

Dragoon,
Drain,

s.

^L~s.
\hghim

^Ls~

kilijli-Atlz-

resslm
Drawers,
don,

^s^.^>.

s. *xi

pi.

^^^\

ich-donu,

^^>

suzghe"chi,

/
jZjjbj
rutubetini-suzdur-

cJj^ don^.
5.

Drawing,

**^ ressim.
s.

[fir-odassi.

Drawing-room,
Dread,
,

.^dkjl

J l< mussauJj&- khavf;

mek

v.n.

cX*5j*

suzmek,

5.

^jji' korku,

CLX*K^>- chekilmek.
Drake,
s.
s. s.

a.

fa\4*
;
,

mhabetlu,

u r ^>
^JcJj

cJ^j^cJ^l

erkek-wrdek.

muhib
Dreadful,

v.a.

^j^jy

korkmak.
;

Dram,

^y^

bir-raki.

a.

^fj
ru'ya,

korkulu

Draper,

^>-<Gj.>- (chohajz); .<ok-Jk*-lj

pek-ffena.

(tulbentji); j\jt bezzaz.

Dream,
v.n.

5.

Ljj

(j^^ dush;

Draught,

s.

j&jjj riizghyar; *gl\ ichim,


;

cXci
5.

bjj ru'ya-ghyMrmek.
<U*^i

>0J yudum
LJS

^Jj*,^
;

mussveddje

Dreamer,

ii>^

^J-^

ru V^"

klba - ressim

ghyuren-kimsE.
Dreary,
a. .ijJCsfl.*^ sikintili,

U-i1 hssiz,
5.

A^A-dolussu
<*J
%M*
<f

board,
;

Dredge, Dredging-machine,

dXma

takhtassz

horse,

kJjSjy&jS.
&~*\

araba-(beghiri);

^=f

irmak - VE

limanin -

draughts,

dXma.
;

-kum -VE -chamurini-chikarmak - ichin1^*^


bir-alet.

Draw,

v.a.

cX*x>- chekmek
,

ressm-et;
t~tj

v.n.

CLX/*>- chekmek;
;

Dredge,

v.a.

J^J^y c^Ji Jy&* mez.


,3jf
tortu, *j!J telvE

ressim-ypmak

away,

kyur-alet-kullanmak,

^==L >4=x>- chekup-ghywtur-

Dregs,

5.

pi.

mek

back, cX*ix&-j^.o gheri-

of the people,

^iSlL vW
lii

ayak-taktmt,

chekilmek;

ciXiC>-ji^
breath,
(
l

gheri- cheknefess;

Drench,
Dress,

v.a.
5.

^*J^L?1

fena-sslXtmak.
(---'tjjl

mek

J^\ ^fJu

^j

ruba

(uruba),

Xlmak
in,

out,

JkV^1 uzAmak
;

esswAb (essblb),
ziy, jjls kzh'k,

<L-J! elbissE

t-?j

^^ILsJJ k^ssAlmak
(jptMwilljt)

near,
;

c^iUi
v.a.

keyafet, ClJj

nigh,

yaklashmak

on,

kissvet

cX<sj<X^

ghiyin-

DRESSER
dirmek
(food)
;

[103]
Dropsy,
Dross,
s. s.

DRY
Uu*1
isstisska.

(a

wound) tj*j^> sarmak


pishirmek
;

cJw<.lJ

(with a

jjy b6k, tSjj>- juruf.


s.

dressing) \*+lj tErbiyyE-et

(smooth)

Drought,
Drove,
Drover,
5.

(J$J\jj*

kurXklzk.

CXiJjjJ duzetmek
ghiyinmek.
Dresser,
5.

v.n.

C-Ui-i

*-$jf*
,

suru.

[chobXn.
sz^Azrtmaj,

5.

U^yL-0

ijl^~
;

^teJ^-^k*
;

(mutfAk-

Drown,
,

v.a.

(jAz^faja suya-bdyfanak

-tezghyahz)
Dressing,
s.

^^sTjL?

sArijt.

v.n.

(j&zy^ye
self,

suya-b6^Aulmak;

(surgical)

^-j^

sArghi

one's

v.a.

^yl&j*?^o*x

(for salad, &c.) <-jy tErbiyyE.


Drift,
5.

^^ilcjJ kendini-suya-Xtz'p-b6^Aulmak.

f*^*-*

mefhum,

Lx^c ma"na,

Drowsiness, s. C3l/il
-ghElmekhlc.

L_5^

^^ ^ uykussuj
**J
*

*\j*
Drill, s.

meram.

[-ghMmish.
uykussu-

&* (mXtkXb)

*J*J ta"lim;

Drowsy,
Drub,
v.a.

a.

cJvOjJ du^Amek.
s.

ta"lim-etdirmek.
Drink,
ichki
s.

Drubbing,,
icliEJek,
(

jLL

dayak.

Cjc^&srl
,

Jfcg\

Drudge,
v.n.

5.

&

kywlfi,

j~~*
t

yessir

v.a.

(^A^f\

ichmek.

^^J \^-^+=3j+~,)
5.

yessir-ghibi-

Drip, v.n.

^-cLtb dXmlamak.

-chXh'shmak.
;

Drive, v.a.
off,

cX^y-s surmek
out,

away,
;

Drug,

\^1
s.

JLc

<!-.
ilaj.

(J*-}i kbghmak gheri-surmek

Druggist,
;

back,

cXcj^jj^
s.

isspenchiyar.

on, cX<j^-ij^ljJ ileri- surmek.

Drum,
dawul

<&J
\Ji
;

tranpeta

(big)

Driver,

^s^j^-j
;

suruju

^^T^.

(kettle)

L^XL)^ dunbelek.

"arabajz

^^f

koch^ch.
inJ

Drum-major, s.^js^Lcj^li? tXbur-maj6r.

Drizzling rain, j^*J<t2S\jJ

Drummer,

s.

^^<L^--Jyj

tranpetaji,

Drogman, Drogoman,
DroU,
a.

s.

(jUc^-y tErju-

L5js!^lL dawulju,

^ysrV

dunbelekji.

uJ lac? tuhaf.
s.

[mln.
[tenbel.
;

Drumstick,
-deyne^Ai.

5.

^ite^\jj

tranpeta[keyf.

Dromedary,
Drone,
s.

^j^s^ hejin.

^~*J^l^l-J yabAn-Xrzssz
^J^jjltf

J^J

Drunk,

a.

^t^j^
s.

(sarkhosh),

c-L

Droop,

v.w.

sarkmak; oXJjjl

Drunkard,

^f~{
s.

bekri.

uzulmek.
Drop,
5.

Drunkenness,
; ,

*Ltb dXmla
;

v.n.

^JscL*b
; ,

Dry,

a.

^jL^j^-j or kuru jij^ <~$jj


;

ser-khoshlik.
;

>jL<veya
kXra
;

dXmlamak
v.a.

cXJi^
<U
t

dushmek

sussamz'sh
v.n.

dry land,

xji

cX<^j-$jJ dushurmek.
a.

(J^jjj* kurumak;
;

yV.a.^^J^j^

Dropsical,

shska,

kurutmak

up,

(j*jjf

kurumak

musstasskz.

kurutmak.

DRYNURSE
Drynurse,
s.

104]

DUTY
s.

(woman)

4_>t3it)

dAde,

Dung,

v^J

bok,

<*z~*~s\f nejass^t

dAda

(man)
a.

lAla.

[meshkyuk.

^<Al,J fzshkz;

8j)ij$

ghyubrE.
(hXpss),

Dubious,
Ducat,
s.

^J^-J* shubhEli;

Dungeon,

s.

(j~+z>-

(Dutch)

^Isj-b
;

mahbess, ^1 AJJ zindXn,


(AusDunghill,
s.

J
trian) tian)

f ilEniEnk-Altz'm

LL)J<djj-<

mezbElElik.
; ,

mAjar-Altmz
')j

(Vene-

Dupe,

s.

(J^.^\ jJl Aldanmzsh

v.a.

VEn^dzk-Altrnz,

^JL^JWI Xldatmak.
Duplicate,
5.
(

b
Duck,
s.

yAldz'z-Altzm.

^^j^ \^f^\
ad.

ikinji3

jjj^j^

ifrdek

v.a.

&U>

-surEt

in

^jtyi^jy*

\$

suya-dAldzrmak (one's head)


;

iki-surEti-61arak.

bAshzm'-dAlmak.
Duckling,
s.

Duplicity,

s.

^jLsrL

yalXnjzlzk,

u^b^JJ^
;

wrdek-pAlAzz.

Duct,

5.

^Jy.
*j$

ye su-yolu j*b

dAmar.
;

i^]^j^^j\ iki-yuzluluk, ^Ijlla.*-! sheytXnlik, L^oU>- khiyanet, L^Lokhbasset.


Durable,
Duration,
surek,
J\J*Z+A\
a.
s.

Due,

a.

lazzni,

c^sj-lj wajib

(pay-

[dayanzklz.

able)

{jZ.^ i^X^-j wa"dEssi-ghEl;

jj>\+*

dayanz'r,
;

mish

s.

*y

ressim,

u-c-Kj

OJ&o muddet
imtidad,

teklif,

j>.)

(vErghi) virghyu.

fc>l*XL!

j\j

kXrar,

Duel,5.lc

(kawgha), .ji.^r:J du^Aush.

isstimrar.

Dug,

s.

<U^
5.

memE.

[-be^Ai, tej J duka.

During,
^Jc*r2^1

pr.
ichinda,

JO*-jW

essnassmda,
;

Duke,

^xjA-Ju &+Jj rutbE i-saniyyEs.

^J da

j&sfyte^'cJ
[kArarmassi.

Dukedom,

L^-^^x^-^AJsJ

dukalik-

bitinj^yE-kAdar.

-hukyumet;
Dulcimer,
Dull, a.
s.

^^^Iv^^ijJdukaliksXntur.
[-payEssi.

Dusk,
Dust,

s.
s.

^^oj\j ^L^-\

Akhshamghubar
;

jb^e

jy
s.

t6z,

jU^=>
chwp.

(boy)

JjJ^i-;\

issti"dadsiz
;

(sweepings) L

>>

(in spirits)

v^^L,^ keyfi-yok
szkmtzlz,

(place)

Dustman,
Dusty,
a.

^=fv^>" chwpju.

(superficially)

Jy

toz

(mixed

(edge)

with dust) ^!jy t6zlu.


;

kessmaz (day)
;

^^ klpXnzk
.r-L?

(pain)

Dutch,

a.

cJ>x*li fiilEmimk.
s.

Dutchman,
;

C^Jo**^ filEmEnk.
(person)

(colour) d)^j<->
(of hearing)

dwnuk

(ear)
;

Dutiful,

a.

fr^j

rizaju

^1

\ghir

saghir

(conduct) &}l^-L^j rizajuyanE.

(sight) ^^^ghywrmaz; (trade)

^ij^J

Duty,

s.

(j^^, ish, c^-^tJcs- (khkmet)

durghun, jL,^ kessXd.

Dumb,

a.j*J
;

dilsiz;

creature, i*j^j>isharet.

wajib^'i-zimmet

C-

ghywmruk,
;

haywAn

show, C^,Li>l

ressmi-ghywmruk

L^-oy

DWARF
nubet
to
;

[105]
niibetji-61;

EASEL
5.

to be on

^sUjJ
to

Eagerness,
^^j-V^tf

cJji^o

cj

pek-isstek,

present

one's
All

person,

sXbrsizlik.

ClX^J^^^J

EllErini-wpmek,

Eagle,
Ear,

s.

(J^fXj*

kXra-kush.
(of corn)
;

dJv*J^ ete"gAini-wpmek.
Dwarf,
s.

s.

JijS kulXk;

jllb

A^-f*- JUJE.

bAshak,

<)lLij sunbulfi

a box on the

Dwarfish, a.j^^i b6dur.


Dwell, v.n. (j^j)

^U-i
Earl,
5.

shamar.

oturmak,
sakin-61
;

^J^Jj^s^Jj^
ghenjlikda
arf.

kAlmak,
(in

^\^Lj

on,

Early, a. ^J>j\ erken; sjJli^L tur/andE;


rs^^
;

thought)

cX*Jj4jJ dushunmek,

Jj\

EWE!,

esski;

^J\

erken;

kayd-et;
tekrar
-

(in

pek-sabAh.
tekrar
-

be" -

An^dz'rmak

CtXj

Earn, v.a. (J-*>\f kXzAnmak.


Earnest,
a.

^^

jiddi, L5
;

%*>
,

mek

(a note)
.

cfJ'jj uzXtmak.
<ul> khanE,
j\

^L-^
Earpick,
Earring,
s.

ghErmiyyetli

s.

^ pey

Dwelling,
(1

yisr; j! ev,
;

<O^J numunE. [kulXk-klrz'shdzrajk.


J^Jo- khzlal,

f^^o

messken

house,
[^^^L^o

ev,

(j^Xj^j^^j*
;

A)L>- khanE.

messken.
yurd,

s.

<U^ kyupE.
t6prAk
,

Dwelling-place,

s.

j^

yer,
,

Jj
v.a.

Earth,
arz;

5.

jf\^t

ysr,

(^1
LjJ

Dye,

s.

l^.

b6ya;
,

(J-o^
boyan-

the

^jfi;}. ycr-yuzu,

b6yamak;

v.n.

^Jb^j

dunya, ^J*j+*Ji kyiir^'i-arz.


Earthen,
a.

mak, JK*S^^J boya-Almak.


Dyer,
s.

^j^>
s.

t6prAk.

^^V.^
s.

b6yaji.

Earthenware,
<U)j!

i^+Ajfij?* t6prAk-ishi,
ul?

Dying,
,

Jj!

wlum
wliyor.

wlmE

ll- chanak-chwmlek,

a.
5.

j^jl

Dyke,

JXcs- hEndek;
s.

Juj sedd.

Earthly, a. t-^-J J diinyEvi,

khaki.

Dynasty,

J\^l
5.
s.

6jak,
^IjlJJ

dU-j

silsilE.

Earthquake,

s.

Ajj

zelzElE (zErz^lfi).

Dysentery,

Jl^\
>*ifc

kAnh'-isshal.

Earthwork,
Ease,
5.

s.

4{tt?j^JI0 toprAk-tabiya.
k61ayhlc,

Dyspepsia,

cjUJ
E.

za"f-i-hazm.

c^o-lj rahat, ji>^y


suhulet
; ;

c^)jf*3

X\3j refah,

w^x-Jbl^

ref^hiyyet

^.{l-J^
,

asayish,

^jj~i\

Each, pron. s.jjto hEr-bir;


Jt> bEr,j.*j&
bir-biri,

pron.

a.

asud^ghT

v.a.

LlX^ L^s-^
rahatlan-

hEr-bir

each other, u^J^

rahat-VErmek,

J^Jci^w^

^J^>

yek-dighEr.

d/rmak;
-

\
(

.j+>~~3 tesskln-et;

Eager,

a.

jJjjjlcXj

pek

arzulu,

ghevshEtmek.
Easel,
s.

jj pek-isstekli.

.*U*/%lrfj ressam spassi.

EAST
East,
s.
.*

106]

ELAPSE
bozmak,

shark,

'iJL*

meshrik,

EiFace, v.a. (J-*)jj

cX-j

sil-

L_f~?4jk

<

^
;

ghyun-doghussu (dbghpasskalya.
sharks.

mek, dLoj.*>. chizmek.


Effect,

Easter,

s.

UljLU
^j~*

[russu).

s.^JU

te'ssir; J>\ essEr;


1

v.a.

Eastern,

a.

CT*iV.

ypmak, CX43jl

etmek, J-^U[salzh.

Easy,

a.

u$Xy
assan
;

kolay,

jM^*

suhuletli,
;

hasszl-et.

^U
Eat, v.a.
t

L^s-tj rahat

CLXijji

Effective, a.

^U

sa^rA

j\^

yarar,

JU
**-

>

ghevshek

jluflt tAtK,
\

^ly, yawAsh.
tenavul-et,

Effectual, a.

CX*J yemek, Jjl^

j^l-^i^LK^)^ merami-

-kyulliyyan-muntij -6lAn.
Effervesce, v.a. ^j^Ujlj
yeye"jek,

Jfl ekl-et.
a.

Eatable,

j^J

yenir,

C-U-4-J

kaynamak.

d)>-&j yenjek, Jj^sU mk'kyul


eatables, s.j9/.

Efficacious, a. j*y* mu'essir,


;

^^o^o\j^>

d^jL^sU

mfe'kyulat,

^\

meramz'-muntlj-6lAn.

^L-iCXx<U> yey6jek-sheylEr, CX^^U.'


Eaves,
5./?/.
s.

Efficiency, s.
Efficient, a.

c^Jjb!

ehliyyet.

;l>-Lj sAchak.
1>

[yfey^jek.
v.a.

jJaiU

muktedir, Jjbl ehl,

Echo,
\

^53

yanko;

and

n.

t^bjl

erblb, -srLs salzh.


.^*-''

u^s. "akss-et.
s.

Effluvium, 8.j3j$ koku,

ta"affun.

Eclipse,

(sun's)

<_Jj~

kyiissuf;
,

Effort, s.

L5

x-j

sa"y> \J***
;

ghyushish,

(moon's) t-J^*j>. khussuf;


LlXi--^ ,-^LjJol ^^r
**

v.a.

^tjjj
Egg,
5.

VErzish

<iJv4,p-

hXmla.

**

avdmh'ghmi-kess*

te>jj<+f,

yzmurta.
pXtliJAn.

mek

(fig.)

JUJ^
Ishmak

jj
;

gheri-brak-

Egg-plant,

s.

yLfirb

mak, ^jU-A^

to be eclipsed,

Egotism,

s.

L^^Jlj!
kh6dbmlik,

enaniyyet,

<jk*Jj*L tutulraak.

v^XL-J^
idarE-et.

c)l*Xi-JJ^

Economize,

v.a.

\Xj\o\

kh6dpessendlik.
Egotist,
(

Economy,

s.

Xj\J\

idarE.
s.

5.

^Jjsi. kh6dbin, Jo*J Jp[hesht.

Ecstacy, Ecstasy,

Jc^j vejd,

i)\<*~)

kh6dpessend.
Eight,
a.

Eddy, 8.jfi>\
Edge,
.

anafor.

[vijdan.

jC-: sekiz,
a.

^U^

seman, L^lLfr

(margin) jli=) kfinar; (cutting)


.tffi^J kzla^Az.

Eighteen,

ix-j^l

6n-sekiz.
sekizinji,

J^l Ayhiz,
Edible, a.
Edifice, 5.

Eighth,

a.

^sT^Lj
,

(j-<^

J^ U
(g-jl^

m^'kyul.
l^o

samm
Eighty,

s.

* J

sumn.

ypz,

bina.

a.

^,-

seksEii.

Editor,

s.

<-^Jc
v.a.

<^c

ghazetA-miadiri.

Either, prow. ^Vj^V. ya-6-ya-bu;

^J^AJ

Educate,

(J.*3j3j\

okutmak,
tedriss-et,

nE-6-nE-bu
\&

^J

bir
;

L5*^^ c,Ja^jl
,

ta"lim-et,

\y~Jjti

ikissindan-birissi

conj. y.

tierbiyyE-et, \(j^jjl pErvErish-et.

Elaborate, a. <tesn^ inja.

[murur-et.

Eel,

s.

Elapse, r.w.

CX^

ghechmek,

ELASTIC
Elastic,
a.

107

EMBARRASSMENT

j^J\

essnisr

Eligible, a. j)\z~i\ isstEnilir, LL)


isstEnilEjek,

uzXnz'r-chekilir.

j^J \j\
ikslr.

Xr^nzlir.

Elbow,

s.

cX*j^

dirsek.
; ,

Elixir,
s.

s.j~~&\

[-nak/ss.
^^aJJ
lj

Elder, a. *jJj-J biyuk

^-llj

Ellipse, s.

,"4^

beyzT,

*JaJ kXt"z-

k6ja-bXshz,
tree,

^lllft^ Xk-sakAlK;

Elm,

5.

-UUy kAra-A^Ach.
.

^cf-b^ J^r*
son,

Elogy,

-tXo
;

medh, LJ ssna,
medhiyyE.
fAssahtft,

jj^.

Eldest, a. cJj-J biyuk;

sitayish

iUo-J^tj
5.

ilk-o^ul;

brother, Icl

Eloquence,

e^r^Loi

sister, <ta! Xbla.

belaghAt, fyj^r JErbe'zE.

Elect,

a.

t_^^lix3 muntakhab

Eloquent,

a.

li^-^3 mlri-kElam,

fyj^

mujteba,

jerb^z^li.

intikhlb-et,

Else, ^row. ajLJbJ

bXshka, ^Ot) dighEr,


,

t^Uf.** sechmek,
Election,
s.

J.^\ ayrmak.
ilektrik.

u^c

ghayri
ad.

c.

<*~^. yokhsa.
bXshka-yEra,

c-^Lk\j\ intikhlb.
s.

Elsewhere,

Xjf &AZ+t
t

Electricity,

<jj.j&u\

Electrify, v.a.

^^Jj^W
<

^JJxCjJ

ilek-

Elucidate, v.a.
Elucidation,
s.

l^-^l

izah.

trik-charpdirmak.
Electuary,
s. s.

[tzryak.

*~\^\ izah.
san'^at-

jj^s*'

ma'jun,

C^.j

Elude,

v.a.

(J^iJfU?<djlL^oC*3
;

Elegance,
zarafet,

cJllj^

ghyuzellik,
(

^^i>\^
hussn.
zarif,

-ila-sakinmak

J>*bjy kurtulmak.

c^Jiy
Jjj

latafet,

j^>-

Emanate,

v.w.

j\

j jL?
1

sldzr-ol,

j^^

Elegant,

a.

ghyuzel, c.

>^

sudur-et.

Emancipate,
Elegy,
s.

v.a.

4\j\

azad-et (XzXd).

aJijo mErsiyyE.
s.

Embark,
;

v.n.

cJv*^^^*^
v.a.
;

ghemiya-

Element,

^U
,

fessass

*;>.

juz"
ussul

-binmek;

elements, ^\Sj\ erkyan

Jj-0!

ghfemiya-komak

^J

the

four
5.

^jl
fil.

j*\+-

"nassz'n[erba".

ghemiya-bindirmek.

Elephant,

JJ

Embarkation,

s.

^r

Elevate, v.a.
-et,

\^J>j ref"-et,

1^-Jy

tErfe"-

CXi-L^JCJ
bindirmeklik.

ghemiya-binmeldik-VE-

J^,^!ls kXldzrmak,

CX^sL^jJ
jLc "uluvv

yukseltmek.
Elevation,
5.

Embarrass,
rif"at
;

v.a.
;

cJ^^ju^JcJu^ stkmdt-

C^ow^

-VErmek

to be embarrassed, ^JjL-tf

CJiC-^j
Eleven,
Elicit,
1

yukseklik; <OJ (teps).


6n-bir.

J^|j^
jjb

b6zulmak,

^J
;

a.

j ^\

dili-tutulmak.
s.

v.a.

JU^LiL^
isstikhraj-et.

chzkarmak,

Embarrassment,

oJoJL<?

sikmdt*

Uadul

dili-tutulmassz.

EMBASSY
Embassy,
s.

[108]
djskjL:
Emolument,
wa"id.

ENCAMP
s.

Cl^U^
v.a.
\
(

sefaret,

m^"ash;

sefaret-khanE.

Embellish,

.j-+-ft

jJ

tkzym-et,

Empale,

v.a.
5.

kXzzklamak.
-j

CX-c^k^J^Jj
Embellishment,

zinetlEndirmek.
s.
(

Empalement,

<uJj)lJ5

kXzik-

^^
t

tezym.

lama-siyasseti.

Embers, s.pl. u^jyCJoJLjIj^^


Ateshinin^-korlan, ypfijji

6dun-

Emperor,

s.

padishah,
J\

k6r-Atesh.

hukyumdar,
Empire,
s.

impErat6r.
LZ~~CJ

Embezzle,

v.a.
s.

^J^Sl*-

chXlmak.
"alamet,
C-^li>l

devlet,

Emblem,
isharet.

L*vc)lfi.

hukyumet;
memalik.

impEratorluk;

Embrace,

v.a.

^*lJJW^5 kujXklamak
cXfclJ*! w
;

Employ,
sons)

v.a.
)

(J.^j^^s

kullAnmak

(per;

J^jb

sXrzlmak;

xU\.^Ly>l

isstikhdAm-et
;

mek; JUjLiy kushXtmak


ihatA-et, j\ J^cll

(things)

Iffl^!

isste"mal-et
;

^1)1
ish,

shamil-61,

CX^Jj

ish-VErmek

s.

^J\

shumulz-61.

c^^cJci- (khizmet).
<Jlcj<
.

Embrasure,
Embroidery,
ishlEinE,

5.

mXzghAl.

Employment,
(khzzmet),

s.

^jL)\
v

ish;
t

L^-^*%^^

s.

JL>\te*\ InE-ishi, <uilj! '' "

u^J tyU mk

muriyyet

^.A) nAksh (na^Aash).

C^-JyclAj meshghuliyyet.

Embryo,
Emerald,

s. s.

^^>-

jenm.

Empress,

s.

&sgljb\j+*)\ imperat6richa,

Jycj zumrud.

(regnant)

aLiJb padishah.
bosh,

Emerge,

v.n.

<j^JL>- chzkmak.
5.

Empty,
tehi
;

a.

^^
,

^J^

khali,

^
;

Emergency,
,

U->Wl

M te*-j)
.

& ^J^^
s.

ijab

in case of

v.a.

^J^JUuJ boshAltmak

ijabi-tXkdzrja.

itself,

v.n.

^JlA^J boshAlmak,
;

Emery,
Emetic,

^U^-J simparE
and
5.

(zhnpara).

^^JUjy boshAnmak
(jAi\

(by flowing)

a.

.-JL* mukayyz.

Xkmak

(by

flowing

into)

Emigrant,
Emigrate,

.s-l^e muhajir.

munsabb-61. jt c.^^31^
Emulation,
s.

v.w.

IJ^cJ^

tErki-wXtAn-et,

CU^c

ghayr^t.

l^j^^c. jUi>-!

ikhtiyarz-ghurbet-et,

Enable, v.a. ^Ijjl ikdar-et, J^Ljlj^XiiU

ICL^JB*

hijret-et.
5.

muktedir-kzlmak.
L
-V-'

Emigration,

^tj

terki-wXtAn.
;

Enamel,

5.

L^J mina

(minfi)

v.a.

Eminence,

s.

vyu tefevvuk

ilL dXgh,

C^/illjll^j minE-ishlEmek.

<UJ (tepE).

Enamoured,
f a'iku-'l-XkrAn
;

a.

to be ^jLilc ^Ashzk;

Eminent,

a.

^Uljjls
^-.Ip-

(delighted)
(j.AjkXif:*-

^^.J-jlj

bay?lmak,

j^l^o meshhur.
Emissary,
s.

kkoshlanmak.

jassuss (shashid).

Encamp,

v.n.

<j*)f

y^

ordu-kyrmak.

ENCAMPMENT
Encampment,
6rdughyah
;

[109]

ENFILADE
kessmek;

s.

jj\

6rdu

ciiJ
;

dukEt-

^j^>3

-^
C. ^

mek;

!/l^J'l
. .

itmam-et
. ,

to

make an

kurulmish-bir-kAch- chAdzrler.

end of

C-Li ,== kessmek,


of

Enchant,

v.a.

^s^
;

sihr-et;

CA^J
kh6one's

bitirmek;
self,

sevindirmek

LlXtJi

cX^^^^^'Jo^
;

shuna-ghMmek.
Enchanter,
5.

kendi-kendini-Mdurmek
sihrbaz.

to

put an

jU^stf**

end

to,

cX^xj

bitirmek,

i3*$\j

Enchanting,

a.

^J<J

dilbEr.
1
9 ;

wngunu-llmak, ^_^o men"-et, Xj\>(j*\


life,

Enchantment, s.^s^ sihr; ff^y* sevinj

charE-bulmak

to to suf-

^.ijLi^^ kh6shlanzsh.
Enclose,
v.a.

dXjjJj\ wldurmek;

C-Lc^j>-

chevirmek,
^uJJ
leff-et,

ferings,

tJ'OJ^jj*^^:^ eziyyetdan-

kushXtmak;

kurtarmak,

cX^jJ^l

*jJ

^-Jjj^-j
[-komak.

Ucsr! ichina-komak.

kurtulsun-deyu-wldurmek.

Enclosure,

5.

L5l>- ha'it.

Endanger,
j.^/1
jjjdj*'

v.a.

{j*f

JU^J^J' tehlik^yE-

Encore,

int.

(French)
;

Endeavour,

v.n.

^*jl>-

chXh'shmak,
[tassz.

afErim-afErim

IfcJ

J bb?-daha.

\\^~* sa"y-et,
Endive,
Endless,
.

^*^V

bXkmak.

Encounter,
c

s.

^JOs^i-^j^ rlsst-ghfilish,
;

^Al^iXy
J*-Jjl^3

firEnk-sXla-

JusJ tesslduf
,

\jZ*^ du^ush

a,

nihayetsiz,

UJ^J

VM.

cJ^ic^-j^
tessAduf-et

rlsst-ghMmek,
;

dukEnm^z, 4J\|},J bi-nihayE.

'<_JjW>*

CJv4*l^SjJ

Endow,
lamak
;

v.a.

julebj^jj
o>r?';^

Irad-bA^A-

dii^Aushmek.

JpLj'i_

muttAsszf-kzl-

Encourage, v.a.cX^Jj j^J yuz-VErmek;

mak.
Endure,
v.w.

C. CX^JuJi^^j yureklEndirmek, cL^^Jj jessaret-VErmek


VErish-et.
;

jj^ijLl?

dayanmak,
bakt-61,

surmek,
o

j^l?
dushmEn,

paydar-61.
s.

Encouragement,

s.

J^j-U

teshvik.
;

Enemy,

^j^-lJ

.>^3.<.

Encumber,

v.a.

j\

jb

bar-61

^
sekmdz'-

khXssm, jtXc "adiivv.


Energetic,
a.

S2kz'ndz-61,

L^X<r> j ^&*3u*o

^ j^llj!
arf.

ishghyuzar

-VErmek.

^UJl^
uj
;

chXb'shkln.

[I!E.

End,

5.

j!

CJyo

sdn^r

C^ol^3

Energetically,

aLlc^-ji ghayret;

nihayet,
,

d^^Vc ghayet, /*^^i enjam; CX*CJ


bitmek,

Energy,

s.

CL^s. ghayret

CLJyi kuvvet.

v.n.

tlX^Ju-^:
dukfinmek,

Enfeeble, v.a. \<~JLx*y za"if-et.


Enfilade,
v.a.

kessilmek,

CiX*i.^=^J

(J^^^'^

yndnyandan-

-Almak,
kAriz-61
;

cJ^^^^^JJb

v.a.

CJ^J

bitirmek

ENFORCE
Enforce,
v.a.
\

[110]

ENTER
Cvi^-l^i ghenishlEtmek
;
,

\^\

Jjra-et,

v.w.

(J^<j\su^

(&xi

hukmunu-fi"la-chkar-

CXe^J biyumek

upon, iO'L^aAj

mak.
Engage,
v.a.

C^UJ^s tXfszlAta-ghirishmek.
JP*?j}*

tutmak

\JjitZ~4
;

Enlightenment,
Enlist, v.a.

5.

CuUjU^

ma^lumlt.

meshghul-et,
Jk<;V.

1JU-M
^J.j^C
,

ishghal-et
tahrir-et

J^jU*fl^Lx "XsskEr%Aa-

yazmak,

-yazmak,

.^

tahrir-et;

v.n.

lcl^>. jenk-et;
SMz-vErmek,
I

v.n.

CXc^J^
-yazzlmak.

J^t7

ta"ahhud-et;

J^b
1

yazzlmak; \<&\Lo muklvelE-et,


;

Enmity,

s.

dushniEnlzk,
'

Jy

kavl-et

one's

self,

C-U^Jj j-

J^c

'davet,

swzlEshmek,

cX^JjJ^-s

swz-vErmek.
;

nefsaniyyet.

Engaged, a.^jtszA A$XJ ta'ahhad-etmish


N^j

Ennui,

s.

(French)

U- jan-

va"d-vermish

sekmdzssz.

meshghul-olmish.

Enormity,

s.

c^&-lc3 fXzahat.
a.

Engagement,

s.

^j\
;

ish,

U
va"d;
;

Enormous,

Ll-WCJj

p^k-biyuk,

m^shghuliyyet
LLX^^jenk,

J^-o

s^z, *\cj

*>ji+
'

muhare'bE

Enough,

a.

and

ad.

f^y.

yetishir,

yu

<djUU mukAv^lE,
Engine,
s.

Jy

kavl.

yetEr, j &s
alet.

C^^ JJLz.\ y etish&j ek-kXdar,


^jye s6rmak
l^-^ruj
;

+f>5.

charkh,
r

uJi

u^ljJuij^jU^ kifayet-mikdarz.
Enquire, v.n.
after,
for,

Engineer,

Lys

^f-

charkhji;

(civil

or

or military)

^-JO^o muhEndiss.

^cjt^> sormak.
v.a.

England,
English,

s.

9J&j\ Inghilterra.
Inghliz.

Enrich,

zEnghin-et
;

a.

jJ&!
s. s.

[hkk-et.

(embellish)

^^
r 'J ;

tezym-et

(with

Engrave,
Engraver,

v.a.

fj*fi*

kXzmk,

jewels) \*-+*>

tersz"-et.

cJ&>- hekkyak.
*~}j&**>\) bXssma-r^ssim.

Ensign,

5.

jjlr^V^ sXnjk,

jVJ

bayrak,

Engraving,
Enjoy,

3b bandara

jljJl^-j

bayrakdar,

v.a. (possess)

^C)!U
(derive

malik-61,
pleasure)
dJ/*cJo!
;

sAnjakdar.

jlj

na'il-61;

Enslave, v.a. \j~*\ esslr-et (yessir).

kh6shlanmak,

Ensue,

v.n.

^J^u^
Ic-^J/

chzkmak,
terettub-et.

^ j jix<
one's
self,

miit61ezziz-ol

hasszl-61,

khoshlanmak, ^f^ci-i^i.

Enter, v.a.

eghlEnmek,

IU^

safa-et,

dukhul-et,

tiX<^ ghirmek, ^ Jr^b dakhil-ol


kayd-et
;

(write

down)
Enjoyment,
Enlarge,
5.

JuJi

into (com-

telezzuz.

mence),

LlX/-^ j-^

ghirishmek,

v.a.

biyutmek,

Ici-SiU^ mubash6ret-et.

ENTERPRISE
Enterprise,
s.

[111]

ERRONEOUS
*.

^L\\

ish,

jK

kyar,

Equality,

dAL~
7
.

m6ssavat.
^>

CL^-lL^

miibashe'ret.
\

Equalize, v.a. IcJjl

mussavl-et.

Entertain, v.a.

Jj-3 kXbul-et; Jf^S-ll

Equally,
-UZ^FE.

ao

^jjlLU^L^) mussavat-

Xlzkomak

cXc; jJa
C,

CX*^ cX^yeinek-VErmek;
besslEmek IjU*^ izmar-et ,1
;

Equalness,

5.

d^^L^j
L>-

mussavat.

Equator,
ziyafet.

s.

\ji*\

khXtt-i-isstiwa.

"Xklma-kXbul-et.
Entertainment,
s.

[L^iLJ
<)L2

Equatorial, a. C-.^>.^< A>^-*'

^^ khatt-

-i-isstiwaya-mensub.
*

Entice, v.a. It-Jjs*- jezb-et,

Equilateral, a.

cLJi\i*Sj\~s*c mutessa-

Enticing, a.
Entire, a.
l*\j

i^o &&
t

dilfirib.

[datmak.
bitun,

viyyu-'l-Azla".

Xj\** yekpars,

\^&J
;

Equinoctial, a.

C-.^\< <b^^j! ia^

kbatt-

tXmm,
Xt,
s.

J-AO

tekmil

horse,

-i-isstiwaya-mensub.

[-leyl-u-nihar.
tessavl'i!

d>\

jkA

ayghzr.

Equinox,
Equip,

5.

jl^jJJ-^^Lj

Entrails,

pi. Jj^-yV ba^Azrsak.


5.

v.a.

<J^l)j J donatmak,

J-fsT

Entrance,
i- J

(act)
;

^j+^>
(place)

ghirish,

tejhiz-et.

[hXkklniyyet.

dukhul

j-J

kXpz,

Equity,

*.

U*j)&c

"adalet,

C^JU>; ,

medkhal.
i

Equivalent, a.
\

tJjL^ mussavi

5.

Entreat, v.a.

\s>-j rija-et,

jl-3 niyaz-

^ojc
Era,
s.

"zvez, jL^jlJJ
j\j

karshilik.

\^>

mebd^'i-tarlkli,

Entry,

s.

kXpz,

J.>- J^

medkhal

(registering) <xJ kayd.

[ta"dad-et.

Erase, v.a.^oj^ bozmak,


-et,

^iy tErkmJljj

Enumerate,
I

v.a.

(j^ul* saymak, Ij^J^j

IcL^

hakk-et.
dik,

Envelop, v.a.

J-;U
uJi

sarmak.
[hassud.

Erect, a.

C)o J

-^cjt do^Aru,
;
,

Envelope,
,

5.

zarf.

ka'im,

J^c "amud
;

v.a.
;

Envious,

a.

^^

kezkXnj,

Jj-^etraf,

dzkmek, \i^^zj nXssb-et kXld/rmak


-et,
1

Environs, s.pl.j\f>- jzwar,

uJtJW

^J^V. y^pmak,

lliJ

bina-

c-y
j

kurb.
5.

lUl

insha-et.
s.

Envoy,

*dl<J^y

6rta-elchi,

Erivan (capital of Persian Armenia),

^tf^VJ^o^asr
'

makhsuss-^lchi.

L^^-i (J^j Rfevan-shehiri.

Envy,
,

5.

Ju^j^ hassed; <UJl^J! kzzkXnma,

Ermine,

s.

fja\J

kakiim.

v.a.
5.

^^)\sji kizkXnmak,

Vv.v.r-

Err, v.n. (mistake)


\

<J^
(wander)
[khAta-sawAb.

Epilepsy,

^^ sXr"a.
bir,

[hassed-et.
;

\L>. khXta-et;

Equal,
aSe )

a.

j
,

t^jL-tf mussavi
(in

(in

d61ashmak.
Errata,
5.

u!/^ Xkran;
v.a.

rank)

.=>

pi.
a.

erratum,

5.

<

>l^*

Uari.

kyufv;

!(^5 L^o mussavi-61.

Erroneous,

^/J^V, yan^flish (yanish).

ERROR
Error,
s.

112

EVAPORATE
v.a.

^j.

y^n^zlzsh

(yanish),

Establish,

(J-^^-\

achmak,
te'siss-et,

Uas^ khXta, jlliflj (yanishlik)


sehv,
in

^
;

kurmak, l^j-^-oU
paydar-et.

c^Jl*

dAlalet,

J5U

dXlal

one

[diikkyan.
5.

error,

JU?
Jlc
5.

cUll

one who leads


[bahhir.

Establishment,
Estate,
s.

jj~-*,-jG

te'siss

^^^
arazT,
;

into error,

J*J* mudell.
"ialim,

cJW
;

emlak,

,^^

Erudite,

a.

^^V ^
2

route"-

i^jLc mulk

L&1;

JU

mAl-u-eshya

Erysipelas,

^jjsrib yilAnjtk. [-shehiri.

fjjuj\

Erzrum-

-haysiyyet

*-J; rutbfi.

kurtulush,

U^1U.

Esteem,
,

s.

j\~-\ i"tibar; J&) nXzar;


\j\~s-\

v.a.

selamet;
firar
;
,

i"tibar-et,
\

^'^.^
'Ydd-et.

say-

v.n.

mak, \J& nXzar-et,


khalass-

Ac
(

Estimate,

s.

u.a.1^ keshf,
v.a.
\
(

j^^ takh-

^i
-JJ

yakayz-kur\

mm;
Eternity,

j~*sC

takhmin-et.

kXchmak,

Eternal, a. ^Jj\ j L^JJ! eb6di-vE-ez61i.


s.

(past)

Jj!

ezel

(future)

Jul ebed; (state of)


^.

u^o Jo^

ebediyyet,

yassAkjz;
ihtiylton- tErf ik,

CuJjl
Ether,
5.

ez^liyyet.

v.a.

C^/i^y^
[khlsss.

^^jj

u;^
^Jl

16kniAn-ruhu;
essir.

(ethereal matter)

bErabEr-ghitmek.
Especial, a.
Especially,
l*tfj^r>-

^y*^ &
ad.

makhsuss,

^U
tezev-

Ethics,

5.

J9/.

jil^Ac
5

"ilmi-akhlak,

Cl^Ljjl ed^biyyat.
Ethiopian,
5,
s.

U^AS--*

makbsusson,
khAsssatan.
Etiquette,

^-V:
cUjlc
.

^^r- siyah-"arab.

kbussussa,
v.a.

^L>-

"adet.

Espouse,
vuj-et
;

J^JI Xlmak,
cause)

Wjj?
'

Etymology,
Eulogy,
s.

jlsh-lUshtikak;

uJ

(a
''

^^
;

iltizam-et,

jjj2jli-j sitayish.

["ilm-i-sarf.

Ic.^^2
Essay,
,

tssahhub-et.
tejribE

Eunuch,
^Lj^
rissals
;

s.

(^^

khasi; /*jU- khldzm;

s.

^y^

^^>'h

tawashi.
river)
s.

v.n.

and a. (<*s\t bXkmak,


tejribE-et
;

Euphrates (the
furat-nehri.

uf^J Cl^y
[takhliyyE-et.

denEmek,
imtzhan-et,

b
Issl,
*!

tartmak,

J^4%
rub.
;

Evacuate, v.a. ^4JL>^- chzkmak;


Evacuation,
s.

\^s^

yoklamak.
Essence,
s.

^ kyunh
;

[^jj

<ui^sT takhliyyE.

(spirit)

Evaporate, v.n. ^A^*-^ uchmak, (J^>jjj*

Essential, a.

Assli

(volatile)

jLt

kurumak;
mak,

v.a.

^/*Jlx)lJJ

kaynat^J,

tayyar

(necessary) *fi lazz'm

(JsCj>-*\

uchurmak,

miitahXttim.

kurutmak.

EVAPORATION
Evaporation,
s.

[113]
Evident,

EXASPERATE
a.

SJoJ

uchup-bukhar-61maklik.
Eve,
^.

ifjjlju^

meydAnda,

jl

Ashikyar,

|*ll^>-!
5.

Akhsham.
;

y&ll?
,

zahir,

^.JJ

bedlhi,

^tX>*V

Even,
duz,

/ll^l Akhsham
iU4Jb

a.

Jj J
;

bedldar,
Evil,
s.

lfcX>y&

huweyda.
kywtuluk,

hemvar

<*-!? d6g^ru
;

CJiJ^>
^j
;

<jiLi

*jJfL^~>jj bzr-siyAkda
bAsha-bAsh
=*-^
lh

<jlj<L-lj
is

fenalzk,

su*

jjo

z^rar,

iJl^io

ad. <d-j bils,


so, ad.

da,

mXzarr^t
s

L bela, CL^**^

musstbet;

dakhi
s.

_c

even

J\Jj\ uy\E.

felaket;
;

^^c
^J>

"Ulet,

^^
JaJ
;

Evening,

/*ll.^!

Akhsham,

^xSj/UrM

a.

kyutu, LJ fena,

Akhsham-wAktz.
Event, 5.

uJ kXblh

the evil one, ^.^xl^lk.-*


;

UJj wak"a.

sheytlm
nXzar
bir;

la "in

the
s.

evil eye,

Eventually, ad. L^-^lfr "akzbet.


Ever, ad.

evil-doer,

fjS? m^jrim

Ujlj da'ima; ^JCJ^^J


;

evil- speaking, 5.

^^ buhtan.
\*f\t ***f*
dishi-

Ewe,
-wAkztda
for ever

5.

for

ever,

Jo!

eb^dsn
eb^de?

l^U
a.

mariya,
ibrik.

Ewer,

5.

and

(JJj>\

[k6yun.
/%uJ tlniAm,
; ,

ever, tib^Jo!

l-

Exact,

-abad; ever and anon, fy)jj> bir-duziyE


;

u^c^L do^Aru,

/*lj

tAmm,

ever since, ^-JJcjjJj! 61(_*)!

^^
;

sahzh

v.a.

-wAkztdan-beri.
Everlasting,
a.

Xlmak, ^jjJic-J^Dj-a swkyub-

Xlmak,

^J^c.J^.^l^^Ua^
!J.r^rsr
>

mutlXktahszl-et
;

J^i^jJ

dukEnmaz,
-isst6yub-Almak
ff

j!jj^
Evermore,

bi-zewal,
ad.

JjJ.J lEm-yezil.
fimaba, d,

Iv^Jit Oleb-et.
Exactly, ad. A\J

J^jU,-J

tlmm, /Uj tAmAm

il^-'l-ebed.

U^
hsr, ^jyb

sahzhan.
s.

Every,

a.

j&

hsr-bir;

Exactness,

jpjjjt

d6^Aruluk.
mubAligha-et.

day,

\jfjb

liEr-ghyiin;

other

Exaggerate,

v.a. l^ulU^j
5.

day,

LjjJ*\^p3
j^^r^f.
^<

ghyun-Xshzrz,
;

Exaggeration,

<ull-^ mubAligha.
.

^j

X Ju

iki -

ghy unda-bir
;

Examination,
one,

<uljj.>

yoklamak,

thing,

_5~>/k

hJEr-shey

imtzhan. ^jls^l^i

body, u~jlb hEr-kess


hEr-yEra,
iftyjjb

where,
hEr-yErda,

Examine,

v.a.

^J^^.
!<!UjW

yoklamak,

JUJ^
et
;

Xj)Jb

bXkmak,

mu"ay^nE -

- whit,
-wejhila
;

bit,

&p*-jJb

hir-

imtzhan-et. IjjlsdLot

jji^V^sj bitun-bitun.

Examiner, s.j+**> mumeyyiz.


Exasperate,
v.a.

Evidence,
delalet.

s.

CJ J\^&

shahadet

Vi^lS J

&*jj3*

kizdzrmak,

dAnltmak.

EXASPEKATION
Exasperation,
s.

[114]
Excite, v.a.
te'sir-et.

EXERTION
IcX^/a^
tahrlk-et
;

^li-^lj Ui
[6ymak
;

\j\>

darghmlik.

Las*- hufr-et.

Excavate, v.a. ,J^J3 kXzmak;

JUJ^

Exclaim,

v.n.

^J^cU*-

cb^Azrmak,

Exceed,

v.a.
\

CJvks? ghechmek, (J^>\

^J^iU

ba^Azrmak,
s.
\

\\AJ nida-et.
;

Asbmak,

j^f tejavuz-et.
Cl*-^
ghayet,
<jd^>lc

Exclamation,
y

Jo nida

note of

Exceedingly, ad.

IjJ t-J ^>- harf-i-nida.

gbayetla, u^-olu beghayet.

Exclude,

v.a.

^^\ jf^

icheri-alma-

Excel, v.n. and


Excellence,
a"lal*k;
5.

a.

jl Jjls

f a'ik-61.
lyilik,

mak, cX**cjl J^-J kabul-et-memek.

cJJjjl

<j!W

Exclusion,

5.

'adm-i-kabul.

jyJ
a.

tefevvuk,

L^-jUfT;

Excusable, a.j^J^o

mazur.
<Gl#

rujhaniyyet.

Excuse,
pek-iyi,

s.

j&&

"uzr-,

bahanE;

ExceUent,

j^Ck

IWcJj

v.a.

*$. "Afv-et.
\

pek-a"la, jd'j^>- ch6k-Tyi.

Execute, v.a.

\j&-\ ijra-et,

Except,

arf.

(UllJ^J

dan-bXshka,

fi'lE-ghetirmek;
Execution, 5.^5*-!
Executioner,

\J

kXtl-et;

tj^Ui^J dan-ma' 'ada, <d*3i(jJ ^anfXzla,

ijra; JcjkXtl. [Assmak.

L^i^J

dan-ghayri

v.a.

s. <SL>-

jellld.

Ui2o\

isstissna-et,

^J^lgl^>r.^^

Exemplify, v.a. <^**jf& J'd^ missal-ghetirmek,

musstessna-tutmak.
Excepting,
arf.

\^t^j

temsil-et.

JLjllJ^J

dan-bAshka,

Exempt,
jjjl

a.

t^J
,

beri,
v.a.

uJ^
1

mu"Af,
"Afv-et,

Ijccl^^t) dan-ma"ada, J^Lai^J dan-flzla,

azad;

^ic

u^c^J
s.

dan-gh^yrz.
isstissna.

lu^lx^ mu^lf-et.
Exemption,
ifrXt; to
5.

Exception,

L.lJ

u^-ilxo mu^Afiyyet.

Excess,

5.

*Lai

fazla;

t^l

Exercise,
(for

s.

(bodily)

L^*^-

har(6kEt

commit excesses, ^4^2>lb tXshztmak,


(J*jy*\ Ashirmak.

improvement)

++^

ta"lim

(military) *-L*Jta"lim; (performance)


\j>~\ ijra
;

Exchange, s.
Ji!jL p61icha
,

^^4 dtyAish, <^5/


bill

(lesson)

^P

derss,
; ,

^J
v.a.
(a

miibad^lE;
;

of

ta"llm,
;

<ull!a^

mutala"a

course of

y^\
v.n.

kanbiyo

ta"lim-etdirmek
profession)

v.a.

cX*)J&gj
; ,

dighishdirmek,

cXcjl etmek

(a horse,

!Jj JuJ tebdH-et

^Aish-et, \&?>\J> tranpa-et,

\\j&3 Wjl-^mu-

di-

&c.)

Exert,

Cj^o;^ ghezdirmek. v.a. luJ^ sarf-et


one's
self,

jl^l

Exchequer,
Excise,
s.

fcJJs*

kh^zinE. [bade"lE-et.
ihtissab.

ibraz-et;

et \^_^ sa"y
1

L-jl^^-1
s.

!d^c
ih-

ghayret-et,

J^

chabAla-

Exciseman,

<*3+<

C-^L-^>-l

mak.
Exertion,
5.

[<u]L^>- chabAlama.
x-s sa"y*

tissab-me'muri.

^-

ghayret,

EXHALATION
Exhalation,
s.

[115]
"AJ61E;

EXPLODE
irsal;

Exhaust,

v.a.

[bitirmek. j\sT bukhar. J dukEtmek, c CXii

W sefEr-arkadashlarz-takzmz.

yL

seffir

Exhaustion,

s. C

dukEtmeklik;

[sri".
a.

J bitirmeklik.
Exhibit,
v.a.

Expeditious,

CX'Isw chabzk,

c
,--J

ghywsstermek,
seyr-etdirmek
;

Expel,

v.a.

J^^ji'

k6^Amak,

jj nefy,

def'-et.

ibraz-et.

Expend,

Exile, s.

jf*
;

surghyun,
,

sarf-et,

lp- kharj-et, ^U-^. kharjamak.


v.a.
s.

J&* menf I

v.a.

sur-

Expense,
raf,

</=>- kharj,

u-o^o mXss-

mek, \o nefy-et.
Exist, v.n. j\j\) vftr-61,

u_^La

mXssarif,

j^tf

kya'in-61,

mXssarifAt.

T^* mevjud-61,

bulun\
(

mak;

CJ
s.

Expensive, a.jtij^o mXssraflz.


Experience,

ghfechinmek,

J~*3
kevn,

t^"ayyush-et.
[Existence,
varlzk,

^j ghy^rghi, C ma"lumAt, <sT tejrub^; ghywrmek, c


5.

v.a.

i^oy**} keynunet, L^*oJy>-^


judiyyet,
corbitant,

mev-

bAshma-ghMmek,
>-

l^sT
,

tejrubE-et,

<^-j vujud.
a.
Jjjlrs^.*

chekmek;

CX<UJ

^J^s*- haddenpek-plhAli.

d^nsmek.
Experienced,
a.

-mutejaviz
ixotic, a.

jllg

^J

^Ij'UjU^o ma"lumAtK,
E,

c_^^

mujerreb.

xpand, v.w.
pansion,
ect,
s.

JKWJW yayzlmak.

Experiment,

s.

tejsz?

tejrubE,

^LsULb
(J*-!\)

yayzlmaklzk.

v.a.

bAkmak,

Expert,
Expire,

a.

j^o

iisstaz (ussta).

ummak,

I^JA^UJ me'mul-et.
s.

v.n.

C3^)jl

wlmek

c3v*3j-s
(a

xpectation,

jj^t<
^j^ry

me'mul,
terejjT,

s^nmek,
term)

unrid (umut),

c.

jlj^kuj C-L*Ju ghfilmek,

muntafi-61;

terakkub.
Expectorate, v.a.

tXmAm-61,

\&~<}

j!j*Uj munklzz-61.

cJ^^j
L^wsU^o

tukyurmek.
munass6bet,

Explain, v.a. !ujl> yt7 ta"rif-et,

pxpediency,

5.

anglatmak (annatmak).
Explanation,
s.

luzum.
Expedient,
i4.>

cjj;j

ta"rif.

s.

Xj\>- charE, <_$j3


,

kolay,

Explicit, a. <fl>j* slrzh, ^J^-^ achik

y61

a.

C_^VM:W< munassib,

Explode, v.n.
v.a.

^<

pXtlamak
Xtesh-VErmek,

i>

>j^ laztm.
xpedite, v.a.
xpedition,
s.
!

LlX*^ ^f!
;

Hi

J^js:^

ta' jfl-et.

Xtmak
;

CX*jjj^=- churutmek,

L^vC^o

siir"at

Jcs

ibtAl-et.

K 2

EXPLOEATION
Exploration,
s.

116

EXTRAORDINARY
uzXtmak
;

<Ujl*^

j u-Q^ keshf-

v.w.

^*j>

yayzlmak

-VE-mu"aye'nE.
Explore, v.a. <J*ksj}. mu"aye*nE-et,
Explosion,
Atzsh
;
......

^J^^j varmak.
yoklamak,
\teJ\x.*

Extensive,

^lj VASZ", ^j^& ghenish,


;

\^ *rf

tejesssuss-et.

<jJ -J biyuk ;

kyuUI.

s.

^Stb
sess,
\

pAtlayish,

^1
(p/.)
;

Extent,

s.

jlja^l

imtidad

y~~>
s.

Ju<?

sAda.
ikhrajat

mikdar

<L^

Export,
,

C-?U-^1

v.a*

CX^^JJjic^llbjl?

dzsharz-

Extenuate, v.a.
Extenuation,
s.

i*Jj*&ss? takhflf-et.
1

ghywndErmek.
Exportation,
s.

u.o ;0'^ takhflf.


i

*^jt

ikhraj,

t^b
L

Exterior,
>

s.

^^>
^^"
v.a.

dzsh,

^j^>- kharij

&*jAJZ dzshan-ghy^ndErma,

o.
i^c

kharijT.

Exterminate,
Exporter,
s.

bitirmek,

cJ

^^.J kzrmak, (J^J^.


-kXzzmak.
Extermination,
s.

unu-

-61an-bAzzrghyan.

^
itfa

isstlssAl.

Expose,

v.a. (to view)

<J>y

^3^ Ju^j

meymey-

External, a. <^TJ\*~ khariji,


Extinction,
s.

dAna-k6mak, ^<;VJu>dAna-chzkarmak
rezil-et,
;

<OiJu^o

UW

^lylil inkerAZ.

(to

shame) !(Jj3;

Extinguish, v.a. LlX^jJ^-j swndurmek,


llstl itfa-et.

CX*^ydl

Ela-vErmek, <OLJ
;

CX<^^ lissAna-ghetirmek
l^lo beyan-et,
I

(explain)

Extirpate, v.a.

c^^^swkmek,^jlJL>c

U^Jj^i

suweylfimek,

chzkarmak, l^Jj kXl'


Extort,
v.a.

-et.

la*J bAsst-et,
a.

(J*^

achnwzk.

Express,

\^yej&

makhsuss
;

^J^L^

jebran-Xlmak

s.

j\j\3 tatar,
i!

^jfljf* suruju

v.a.

CXicd^-j^Ls*-! ijbaran-suweylEtmek.
Extortion,
s.

ifadE-et,

l-ajyw

ta^rif-et,

^ijull ^jb

\j+s>-

jebran-

lj

beyan-et,
j

\^*^
J^

ta"bir-et,

-parE-Almaldik.

siiweylEmek,

Extra,

a.

<UuoJ fAzla, Juij za'id,

^JoL-^-

mak;

^jAA-Mtf

szkmak,

-^.jl^.

hissAbdan-kharij.
v.a.

suyunu-Xlmak.
Expression,
5.

[ujb^*J

ta"rif.

Extract,
^J'./*J1
\,

^^\JL->;

chzkarmak;
ikhraj -et,

-.-*} ta"bir;

^J\j\ ifadE,

Xlmak

l-ri-l
s.

Exquisite, a. <jJjl>C>J pek-nazik,

CJJ

l^sdLJ isstikhraj-et,
;

8&*J nebzE;

uJJal

pek-l^tzf.
a.

jt jJt^J bir-mzkdar

<U?iL>-

khulassE.
fevka-'l'

Extempore,

^& j

<u!\L

bila-

Extraordinary,

a.

^jUJt

j^3

-mutala"a-vE-bedihi.

Extend,

v.a.

(J^V, yaymak

gharib.

EXTRAVAGANCE
Extravagance,
s.

117]

FAIL

issraf

Fabricate, v.a.

CXJ^
'i

duzmek,

J^.
,J^^

sXchma,
massi.

^->

deli-sXch-

ypmak.
Fabulous,
a.

j*e\

Assh'-yok

Extravagant,
deli,

a.
;

mussrif;
&j\jj*s?

i^fjg
mejFace,
5.

Xssh'-y6k-ghibi,

u^-s?" mejnun

mXssAl-ghibi.
J^> yuz,
;

nunanE.

^f>- chehrE,
,

Extreme,

5.

c:

-fy

nihayet,

<^y.lc

surEt (surXt)

v.a.

^j^Jd^jJ*;
kar;

ghayet, tej-jJd-ol^J nihaye'ti-derejE;


,

yuzuna-bXkmak
shz-durmak,
l

(J^j^^f^^

a.

ly, ad. a jj^JJu*-

hadddan-

^J4JL.J?

dayanmak

-ziyadE, u&! Xshiri;

Jo<xi> shedid.

wrtmek, ^<ibljj kXplamak.

Extremity,

5.

C^olf
L

nihayet,
fErt,

cyjJb
Extricate,

shiddet,
v.a.

L\

^1

uj

Facet,

8-.

&>-\* facheta.

ifrAt.

Facetious, a.

^
s.

&*J5jf

kurtarmak,

Facetiousness,
Facilitate, v.a.

c
tesshil-et.

1^^>-

kh^lass-et.
\

J-f-J

pet.

Exult, v.n. dX*3^-o SEvinmek,


-et,
\

}e>-

hXzz-

Facility,

suhu^j^Sjj k61ayh"k, L^l^^-j


<tcil;U j^> yiiz,

~~* messrur-61,

AJ^)

Facing,
pr.

5.

kAplama

khdshlanmak.
Exultation,
s.

<!&~++ijs karshissma, 8&>~*+}jJ


[-hal.

&*+J~i SEvinmE.

karshzssznda.
Fact,
5.

Eye,

) cheshm

s.

ghywz,
;

^
and)

"ayn,

<UJ>j
s.

vak"a
sXtzji.

(hook
,

Factor,

^jsnj'U?

kopcha;

v.a.

JK*?^

bAkmak,

Factory,
Faculty,

5.

<&>li

fabrika.

j
Eyeball,
s.

ghywz-dikmek.
ghywz.

s. tUslsi-

khlsssa, Cl?j3
;

kuwet

j\^j>\ ikhtiyar, ^J\j re'y

(^.0.:^

smf.
;

Eyebrow,
Eyelash,

s.

^15
CJ-J/

kXsh.
kirpik.

Fade,
7=-

v./z.

^ju)j-tf

solmak, ^*Jl Xtmak


za'il-61,

s.
5.

Eyesight,

J^ ghyuz,
s.

^
J

away, j^Jj|j

jlc-^jU

bAssar.

gha'ib-61.

[-ghibi-chXlzshmak.

Eye-witness,
-shahidi,

cJJ!>l$>

Fag, v.w. Faggot,


5.

JH^LJI^I^JU^

hXmniAl-

JJbll
f

shahid,

^^<! J^jLjl JL^jJ inja-odun-

shahidu-'l-' ayn.

-dem^ti.
Fail,

v.n.

(j.+&+>- tJ*jj

bosha-chzkmak,

F.
^JxiU.Jjl

uymamak; ^*jj^ bozulmak;


uyduramamak;
J^j)t-J^L
;

Fable,

5.

Jli^

missal,

^jU^^jJOj!
mufliss-61,

jt^^Lftxi
;

top-Xtmak

Fabric,

5.

ypz, LJ bina
^il^JJ

(J^

kussur-et
mazlzk-et.

!c3JuU^l etma-

hey'et,

jCfc heykM;

kumXsh.

FAILING
Failing,
s.

[118]
ayb,
[lik.

FALSEHOOD
^
-et;

jy

kussur, c,^*?.

uykussu-ghMup-

C^s-LS
Failure,
5.

kAbahat.

-uyumak; cXJj! wlmekjc-jlijvefataway, ^4j|^c.-y^J dwnup;

^/Jls! iflass,

C^UJU mufliss;

Faint,

a.

^j^^Lb

b&ytlajak

(colour)
\

-brakmak

cX/
;

dushmek,

v_p.i^- khAflf, (j^~\


-c\

tichik

(smell)

^Jjy

y^kilmak

^J*^Jux*a za"iflan-

\ghir
;

(voice)
,

tecu!

inja,

,.^\>

mak, J^llif^Jft^^llj yAltn^tz-kemik-kAlmak;


-chekilmek
;

bayghm

v.n.

(j*4iH bayzlmak.

back,

C^^K^-j^ gheri;

Fainting-fit, s.

<UJjlf bayzlma.

down, LLX*-iJ dushyzkzlmak


in

Fair, a.

(beautiful)
(fine)

Jj^

ghy&zel,

^Jj

mek,

(Jjksij

with,

dilbEr;
;

(^jy

ghyuzel,

<^>-\

luJjLaJ* tessaduf-et, C-Ul^Ptft-w^,

(favorable)

^^Vjl uyghun,
(not
;

rXsst-ghElmek
* -et
;

U^tAfU* muwAfkXtXzAlmak
; ;
<

muwAfzk
sAri,

dark)
(bair)

o^Ltf

off,

jul^

yl^
out,

^t^J
;

beyAz

d&lj
play,
-61;

brakzp-chekilmek
tessAduf-et,

--

lipisska

(kind) ^Ijll?

tAth"

j^j-J\j

wAki"-

^^-tjy b6zushmak, llc^c (kawshort,

hil^ssizlik

to

give fair play,

<-

gha)-et;

CtUi^LL)-^

eksik-

hilE-etmamek,

ur&TJ***
;

-ghElmek, ^^l/Jy^^jl^J

nissAbmz-

kharijdan-kXn'sbmamak
the
fair sex,

-bulmamak;
lamak;
to

to,

J^.Llb bXshfcalljld^j

J^j^

kXrzlar,

LJ^^UjlL

leeward,

ta'ife'i-nissa,
,

^^J^j^s

kXri-kzssmi;

CiXi^ ruzghyar-Xltma-ghitmek.
False,
JujlJ
a.

s.jf\u pXnayir.
s. s.

jj-i^b
;

y^n^tlish

(yanish),
;

Fairy,
Faith,

i-^J peri.

f assid

^1)

yalXn

^c^^.
yapma,
;

^Uj! ImAn
C^vJwol
;

^J

dm

yalXnj/;

J^jliij

tAklid;

<Ujl>

i^tikAd;

emniyyet,

<tjj J
U..JIJJ

duzniE,

<t^Jjjl

dydurma

l"timid
jilik,

bad

faith,

ji-rsri) yalAn-

kAlp;
;

<U>>L sakhtE; ^SlsL


biwef a,

J^jU-

khi'inlik,

khl'in
kAtsfz

U^-,J

J^SJ^J^
-

sAda-

khzyanet.
Faithful, a.
-i

U
;

muzevvir

witness,
jjX>

the faithful, s.pl.

j^j^X&Lij

shahidi-zur,

c_?*^Jil-i>

musslimm,
Faithfulness, s.

j~~yo

mii'minm.

yalAn-shahidi
iftira,

false-witness,

s,

\JJ\

L^o

sXdakAt.

^li^J buhtan,

^L

yalAn.^j^

Falcon,

s.

u^MA

shahin, jjlc^t
,

FaU,

5.

J dushmE; <U-i>j
^J^iw

v.a.

do^An. C-U^j J
;

tezvlr.

Falsehood,

s.

JL

yalAn,

<?j

kizb

dushmek;
fenmek;

yzkzlmak

cXwl
;

jLsrL
lik;

yilAnjflik;

ji^l^

khl'm-

cX^Jl^ol^ pahassi-enmek
bXshlamak;

^5|j^

sAdakAtsizl/k,

U *J^

*\j

asleep,

adEmi-wefa.

FALSENESS
Falseness,
5.

[119]
sXchma;

FARRIER
,

^Jb yalXn
lli>.

y/B*\i yan-

v.a.

kurmak,

gftish (yanish),

khAta,

<jd-Jju

(yanishlik).

nlm.
[fli

z^nn-et

Fame,

s.

d^->
;

shuhret, jl^a-ll ishtihar,


dosst,

mek

CX^iSo be^AEnmek
.

to

take
JAnt-

Familiar, a.
s*kt-d6sst
tekllfsiz
;

L^v-^J

c^
;

a fancy to

CX*^^ W~
iXf.

<Oli~cjJ

dosstanE

A~

-isstemek

ClUjXj be^r^Enmek.
s.

US kXba.
s.

Fanfaronade,
tekllfsizlik.

u_$

Familiarity,

t^j~&&
^jJwJl
^*-lJl

Far,

a.

jjj^l

uzXk,

j^>!
wide,

irXk,

Familiarize, v.a.

Ah'shdzrmak;

ba"id;
etrafa,

and

ad.
,

one's

self,

Ah'shmak.
j>y

^jjs!

etrafda;

ad.

(much
(very)

Family,

s.

^J>-^>- chojuk,
1

evlad

more)

v^>-fcJ

daha-chok;
ch6k.

tJfJ^iA^
fev-bark,

ch61uk-chojuk,

JjV^^

C)j
Fare,
5.

pek,

j^
;

^JL^j^Jjbi
j^

ehl-u- ayal,

(food)

C^-^CXsr^U
(reception) ^Lelco

yey6-

ev-takimi;
<ul>-

J^j^

ojak,

jek-ichfejek

mu"-

silsilfi,

khanE,

^'jjUal
;

am^lfi

(carriage-hire) ^-j
;

khan^dan, ^LoJ^J dudmln, Jl


c*3

nubet-parassz

(passenger)
,

nev

L^ytf

soy, i*}}*o^*>c s6y-

mushteri;

v.n.

-sop,

(^-^"
5.

jinss.

[Ic ghila.
achl/k;
\z*z 3

yeyup-ichmek; LlXfUs:^ ghechinmek;


(^A*\ olmak
Farewell,
int.
;

Famine,
Famish,

^d^*-^

kaht,
,

(j*f.j\

uymak.
du"akr,

v.a.

(J<*3~\

aj-k6mak;

JUj

v.n. /^i!l5-p.i aj-kAlmak, (JL*&&-\ ajfk-

mak,

cX*^r^^d^\
a.

achlzk-chek-

mek.
Famished,

[pek-aj/kmzsh.

Farm,

s.

cXi^ chiftUk
;

Aja
,

iltizam;

^^CiX> pek-aj.

utli< mukAta"a
;

v.a. <0j|
;

l^=

Famous,
pek-iyi,

a.

j*~<

meshhur

^J^JjL
kb-aya
;

kira-ila-tutmak
-

cX*^>^<Oy
iltizam-et
;

IctcXj pek^a"la. v
yelpazE; j**^* kAlbur

VErmek
JUJjall

\*}jA\

Fan,
,

s.

^y^

iltizama

VErmek

v.a.

^c^JLtfijlJj

yelpazE-SAllafJ

kullAnmak,

^J^V

bAkmak,
out,
<ujy3

mak.
Fanatic,
a.
s.

zba^at-et;
-

i^naxz* muta"Xsssb

al,

VErmek;

c
;

iltizama-VErmek.
5. c_, ^.n^T

Fanaticism,

ta Xssub.

Farmer,
;

s.

^jf\J&~
;

chiftji

Fancy,

s.

Jjic "Xkl,

^J

zihn
;

tl^

ehli-zira"^t
Farrier,
s.

/^^l^

multezim.
nXlbXnt)

&J^l
merAk
;

kuvveti-miitekhayyilE
.

JcJju

(nXlbXn,

,-^J *J

kuruntu,

na"lbend.

FARTHER
Farther,
ad.
a.

[120]

FAVOUR
<^c mu;

ll

bbJ

daha-iJrzAk

l&J daha-wteya, &<tfjl


;
,

b6zulmassma-sebeb-6lAn

daha-wte'dE

v.a.

Vi*^v yardzm-et.
(vE-gheni:),

mu"ayyen
mesh'um.
Fatality, ^.

Farthermore,

c.

&J j VE-yinE

vE-hemdakhi,

u^x^ll^e mesh'umiyyet

\&
a.

vekeza.

i sh^ amet.
en^-uzXk
olsa-olsa.
;

[enjami-kyar.

Farthest,

JfC
duA*
&s"l Xkcha.

at

Fate, s. jjJ kXdEr

J.)

Mum; pHEr
;

li

farthest, ad.

Father,
k'

s.

bb

bXbA, jJo

wife's
,

Farthing,

5.

1^.13 kayn-ata; step

,X^

Fascinate, v.a.

^Icb j^= ghy


ferifte-et.

lamak, I&&JI
Fascine,
s.
s.

Fatherland,

5.

vuAtAn.
kulaj
isskAndil-et
;

i**^i

chibuk-deme'ti.

Fathom,
\

s.

v.a.

Fashion,

CJjU
I

"adet,

ressim,
tarz
;

Jj JjljLsl

^ bichim,
,

J^< moda, jjo

nglamak (wnnamak).
Fathomless,
Fatigue,
s.

[maz.
dibi-bulun-

v.a.

a.

j*Ay.

\^?t.^

bichim-vErmek.
Fast, a. (tight) Lyu*e sikt
;

^JJJ^c^ y6rghunluk, u-^xJ


,

(firm)

ta"b;
;

Ci-Al^c meshakkXt;

v.a.

miihkEm
,

(quick)

C3^l>-

chabtk

(3*J& y^ rma^Fatigued,
a.

s.

uruj,
,

us
;

siyam
,

t^^-j^ ybrghun.
y6rar.
-

Christian
^-'

J^J

pErhiz

v.n.
aj
;

Fatiguing, tfjyj
Fatten, v.w.
v.a.

aj-durmk,

^Li^l

semirmek

kAlmak

uruj -tutmak

besslEmek,

Jbj) pErhiz-tutmak.

semirtmek.
;

Fasten,

v.a.

^J^oL-cLj
szkishdzrmak.
titiz.

bA^lamak

Fault,

s.

Li^r-Lj klbahat,
kussur,
<)irs^5j-

^^

such,

^^lA^JL^

j^5
jurm
;

junha,
;

*j>,

Fastidious, a. l-iJ

^jilaiuj

sokAtlzk

to find

Fasting,

a.

aj

^y^Tjj;^

urujlu

v.n.

jpj|y c^->-U>
jl^j

kXbahat-bulmak
^
>

bahanE-bulmak,

Fat,

5.
t

Q\J ya^A;
;

a.

(meat) ^Lcl>

kussur-bulmak.
Faultless,

(man)
****)

u^-i
semirmek
;

shishmAn
;

a.j^j^
*j*
lutf;

kussursiz.

(beast)

semiz, ^!b' tawli

Favour,

s.

kErEm,

u^\Xe

"inayet,
;

v.a.

^JoiL-^j

mussa"adE
;

besslEmek, ClX/fJ4**s semirt-

hussnu-nXzar
chEhrE,
CI^i*tf
;

J^J
;

yuz,
<U

mek.
Fatal,
s.

surEt

J^i
v.a.

murissi-mevt

sb kordela-bX^^z

to curry

FAVOURABLE
CiX*ij, yeltenmek
hgnE-et.
;

[121]

FENCE

&Jbj^ muda(J^jl uyghun.

Feeling, a. J&AS>-J> mErhametli;

[mussa"id,
a.

hXsssass

5.

j^^f-^-

hisss
;

CL
.....

Favourable,
Favourite,
s.

^J^*

muwlfik, tXcL^o

<IL*<^ kuvveti-lamissE
hAsssasslik
;

^j-L^l

--^

CJ^-J

SEvdik.

\^**&-j*e

mErhamet,
rikkXtz-

Fawn,

5.

-JjjbcX^

gheyik-yawrzssz,

L^N&A-i> shefakAt,

c-^lJJc^J

-kllb.
v.n.

[-ydpmak, U-iiJ tXklid-et.

^iJii
5.

yXltAklanmak.
A-.J

Feign,

v.a.
a.

^~*-jL>^JJ^L>
(jJo)b

yalAndan-

Fear,

^y>

k6rku, t_5j- khavf,


,

Feigned,

yalAndan,

him, L^vlJ&t) dehshEt;


a.
^J^JJ^jJJ
a.

v.n.

and

y^pma,

Jul&Jf tXklid.
s.

korkmak.

Felicitation,

cJy^-J

tebrik,

Fearful,

$jf

korkulu,

JLsf^jf

tehniyyE,
Felicity, s.

^jJulcJj^.
[aydm.

korkunjlu, uJ^s-* makhuf.


Feasible, a.jjHjtfJlj ydkz'shzk-AKr, j^lj!
61 ur,

Cl^jUo s"adet.
JwJ\
ipsid.
herif,

FeUoe,
Fellow,

s. s.

^X'*^ mumkin.
s.

^^p^^jJJl;!
;

^IjJL^l arka(j^^^.
fellows,

Feast,
M\J+J

CU*iL-<?
;

ziyafet;
y6rti.

(religious)

dash,

ayakdash,
ghedikli
;

bayram
s.
s.

L J^y.
tuy.

yoldash

j&^Z

Feather,
Features,

uy
pi.

^j-^M

ikhwXn.
s.

U--; sima.
shubAt.

Fellow-citizen,

u^fC*^> hem-shehri.
arkadashlzk
;

February,

s.

LLi

Fellowship,

s.

jkJ*\Atej\

Fecund, a.jjC.o

c^J?" ^"^"
;

chokJE-

^L)^>-1 ikhwAnlek; cJjo ghedik.


Felon,
5.

ch6juk-d6ghurur
suldar.

J\^J-AS* mah-

/*jV

^^JixjJjlJJ^^^

kh?r-

Federation,

s.

jUil

ittiflk

^.Jii^

khabiss.
Felonious, a.

[khabassetli.

muttefik?n.

[t_^j ayak-tEri.

L2~++<- khbiss,
L5

Fee,

s.

*~ij ressim,
a.

Jo^c "awa'id;

-Aj\

Felony,

s.

-^ jl
<

Feeble,

U-AX<? za"if, J-Jy kuvvetsiz.


5.

<LrsX^-

khersz'zlek -

yakhud - kltillik -

Feebleness,

cJx*? za"f,

(JjJ^-Jy

-ghibi-junha.
Felt, s.

kuwetsizlik.

te* kechE,
a.

<U=

kebfi.

Feed,

s.

eXu

yemek

v.n.

cXw
;

Female,
kXrz
;

and
kzz.
a.

s.

^jl^J

dishi

c^U

yemek,
,

cXwC^-J yemek-yemek
(jAA-j besslEmek
;

^*J>

v.a.

cJ>j Jo

Feminine,

(gram.)

yedirmek.
Feel, r.a.

HESS
l

(womanlike)

J^j^ duymak,
yoklamak.

t>/

->. hisss-et;

kXrzyA-yakzshtr.

JUiJjt) dokunmak,
->

J^b

bakmak

Fence,

5.

^J^^isTtakhta-

parmaklfk,

j^.^

diwar, L^w->- chit

FENCING
,

[122]
Feud,
Fever,
5.

FIELD-PIECE
C-|j3

v.a.

chevirmek

niza".

v.n.

mech-ta"limi-et.
s.

s.

U>- humma;
(shma)
a.
;

(ague)

Fencing,
.Fennel,
Feoff,
s.

mech-ta"liini.

issztma

(heat)

5.

derE-6tu.
timar, e^-clcj zi"amet;

Feverish,

*j\f>- hrareth.
s.

[hararet.

jU-J

Feverishness,

CL2j\jS>-

hararet.

^jUWy
Ferment,
s.

(J^^j^. yurdluk-ojaklik.

Few,
Fibre,

a.
s.

\\

Xz

a few, J\^J bir-Az,

7^^
teUi,

4>U mays (maya)


;

JJ
a.

tel; uJ.-l Hf.

[bir-kXch.
j!Jj

kaynama

<Ujj^s>;

churuniE,
,

Fibrous,
(J;

JJJJ
Hf-ghibi.

tel-tel,

kkma

^jOti telash
;

v.n.

^^
Fickle,
v.a.

j^j
a.

kXbarmak

^_^>l_i->U

kaynamak
;
,

J-jL5 sebatsiz,jU^c> JjJb^J

takhammur-et

bir-dAlda-durmaz,
Fictitious,
a.

^^

mut^levvin.

kXbartmak; J^JfUjlj kay-

<Uj^^

duzma,

<U;JOj\

natmak

*+*? takhmir-et.
s.

Fiddle,
Fiddler,

s.

^U^ kfirnXn.
kEmXnjz,

[uydurma.

Fermentation,

j^sC

takhmlr,

s.

takhammur; <U^LJi klbarma,


kaynama
Ferret,
s.
;

[kEmXn-6ku.
Fiddlestick,
s. s.

J^

6k,

jLa3o

sXnsar

(?).

[churumE.

Fiddlestring,
Fidelity,
s.

Jj^US kEmXn-teli.
sXdakXt,

Ferrule,

s.

^j>J^ prXzwXna.

t*z~>3\&>

Ferry,

s.

c5^*X-jsr ghechid-yeri.
5.

BlcUkltk.

Ferry-boat,
bXz,

^U
kelek.

kaytk,

jV^y

tom-

Fidget,

s.s\j* merXkli;
; ,

jU^Jcuo-^
\

CA1^=

rahat-durmaz

v.n.

j\j*

mferXk-

Fertile, a. L^-s-*i^

munbit,

^3^

bfer^-

-et

/J^C\-I)JL^^>~M
f

rahat-durmakXrz'sh-

kMi, jtj^z^-'* mahsuldar.


Fertileness, Fertility,
bitlik,
s.

jnakj
dz'rmak;

v .a.

(JscjJ*j\i

CiXix^o mun-

(j^\*^\-i(~*j**\j

rahat-

LLtt^J
v.n.

ber^kEtlilik.

-brakmamak.
jerabat-

Fester,

^^L^L^^oJ^

Fief,

s.

j\A*3

timar;
;

(J^^ryfjp^j^.

-t6planmak.
Festival, s.

rtu CL//^ y^

yurdluk-ojaklzk
Field,
5.

*jlflU malikyanE.

^^

gbyiin

J^-J bayram

*$J0

tarla;

Sj^

owa,

r>,b-

Fetch,

v.a.

ClX<j^L.->jJ^
C^viKt-J^J^Cpty

gbidup-

chayzr; \j!*
Field-day,
5.

sahra.

-ghetirmek,

^^JlAjjJvJ

biyuk-

gbidup-Alzp-ghMmek.
Fetid, a.

j\3y
.

lij

fena-k6kar,

Field-marshal, s.jL~>j~i SEr-"XsskEr.


Field-officer,
.

Fetlock,
Fetters,
jir,
s.

jj^ t6puk.
pl.j^J
(demir),

lajU?LtJ^-J biyuk-zabit.

j^j

zin.

Field-piece,

s.

^J^^^V**

charkha-

-t6pu, (j~**\ (kubuss).

PIERCE

[123]
Filthy, a.

FIREARMS
^~)
piss, J!L>^O miJrdar.

Fierce, a. CLJ--J sort, Jo Jo- hadid, <X><x>

Fiery, a.
Fife, s.

*J*tJ&\ Xtesh-ghibi. [shedid.


duduk.
dudukju.

Fin,

s.

bAlzk-kXnAdz,

cjy>

Fifer,

5.

^ty
,JM
elli.

Final,

rf.

c^
ad.

s6npr,^c^

akhir.

Fifteen, a.
Fifty, a.

^^\ 6n-besh.
u\jir.

Finally,

e^JiU

"akibet,

^Jd

"aktbfetdo;

J-tfU'i el-hASSzl,

Fig,

5.

.-^l
s.

Fight,

Uj

(kawgha),

^/^^

du^h-

Finance,

5.

umuru-mAliyyE
,

ush; C>isj- jenk, <U^lsr

muhare'bE;
dup'Aushmek,

minister of

maliyyE[-nXziri.
;

Find, v.a.
Fine,
a.
-

^^^
j
;

bulmak.
ghyuzel

(kawgha) -et, )Ooj>- jenk-et,


miihare'bE-et
;

A0
;

inja
,

one's way,

khXsss

jU;

khaliss
v.a.

s.

,<xlj! ishini-uydurmak.
Figure,
s.

JL&

(shekil)

shekl

=?

jerimE-Xlmak,

lJsT
wrmek.
wruju.
;

tejrim-et;

bichim,
-b6ss,
,

/^Jo\ endam, jjoyu^y b6y-

l<U&^aJ' tXssfiyyE-et.

U^-^>
}
(

hey'et

+Sj

rakAm

Finedraw,

v.a.
s.

(&*}$
^f^lj^

v.n.

Finedrawer,
Finger,
s.

CXfcJ^ji ghy^runmek.
Filbert,
s.

(J--*^

parmak

v.a.

jJ^J
/

(J*j^ d6kunmak,
dzrmak.
(of soldiers) ay^
takz'm
; ,

JwjU

kXrzsh-

Filch, v.a.
File, 5.

L*JU- chXlmak.
;

sba

Finger-post,

s.

(of

papers)

Jill?

v.a.

-ghyusteren-direk.
Finish,
.

j-tf

sn^-E

r.n.
;

(papers)

L-ty

CXcJ

bitmek

CJyk^J dukEnmek
bltirmek

t6playup-tErtib-et.
Filial, a.

jUUJ
,

tXmAm-61, ^1J-^J tekmil-61;

L^^J ben^vl.

v.a.

ClX^J
;

klX*^. J

Filings,
Fill,

5.

dukEtmek

J-*&

tekmH-et.

v.n.

(j^b

dolmak

v.a.

Finite, a. J^J^sr*
Fir, s.

doldurmak.
FiUy,
s.

mahdud, ^JbUl- mut6/*U- cham. [nahT.


^Sj!
Xtesh
; ,

u5t

j^J

kzssrXk-tay.

Fire,

s.

v.a.
;

fJ*J\

Film, g.j\j zar.


Filter,
5.

Atmak, Ic^c^lJul Endakht-et


;
,

1,^1

,^=j^*j suzghech

v.a.

Atesh-VErmek;

C3vj
suzulmek.
Pilth, 5.

suzmek
[lik

v.n.

(mun-),

-1

evsakh.

hiddetlEnmek.
Firearms,
s.

CJ~

pisslik,

murdar-

pi.

tesrUlcJo

FIRELOCK
V
-nariyyE.
Firelock,
s.
s.

[124]
esslihe"'!-

FLAMBEAU
mushta,

Fist, 5. &x~<!

^j*

yumruk.

Fit, a. t^r^t\^o

munassib, j^lJta ykz-

t^kJtf tufenk (tufek).

shzr,

J$

layzk,

^L^-cj; ,

jussbln
s.

Fireman,

,&~*&- ^-^C^^M b y^nghm[missi.


.>**

Jjb! ehl,

c->ljl ErbAb
,

-tulumbajzssz.
Fireship,
s.

nubet

tej* sXr"a;

v.a.

-l

jtj\

Atesh-ghe-

lyi-ghElmek; jJI^J^ uymak;

Firewood,
Firework,
Firing,
s.

s.
s.

^^^

6dun, c^Ls*. hXtAb.

uydurmak.
Fitness,
5.

CJsXlJ fishenk (fishek).


6dun-kyttmur.
t_ji'

L^--jl^< munassebet, <j


L^>JlU
liyakAt,

j^^y ^
AXST*
;

yakzshzk;
;

Firm,

a.

muhkEm,
La3

kawi

ehliyyet.
Fitting,
a.

,c%*5

stki

ub

dayanzklz, *bJ l^^<


;

<--**>\^c
;

munassib

s.

metanetli, ^.p?** metin

L^ob
;

sabit;
,

^iH?

takzm

J^si<j&j\ uydurmaklzk.

!^\j
\*a*c\

rasikh,

j^;b

paydar
shirkfit.

s.

Five, a.
penj.

besh, (j-^o- kh^mss,

^
v.n.
itti-

imza;

L^^-i

Firmament, 5.
sema,

L^J^jJ^ ghywk-yuzu, 1^,-j


assman
;

Fix, v.a. !L^-O\J sabit-et; ^r***J'


-et;

ta"ym-

^W;i
5.

cJ^WlLl^Jj

(jX*w~.^ kessmek
;

lZk*j*jj\j}
self,

feleku^l-eflak.

kXrar-VErmek

one's

Firmness,
net
;

Cl^lJ s^bat, L^-Ol^< meta-

(J>*j^ 6turmak

l^lCc jlsr!
,

<^\.*Ls? muhkEmlzk.
^rs^Jbirinji,
a.

khazz-mekyan-et;
Jjl EWE!.

5.

CJ1>-^

First, a.

(*^\

ilk,

ghyuchluk, J^JLx) mushkil.


Fixed,
(J
a.

Firstborn,

jUi^-skT

nukhusstzad,
biyuk,

L^-J\J sabit

j^<
cXu>

mu^ayyen,
dik.

sT nukhusstzadE, C-^-J
ilk.

t^L^ kessilmish
s.

Flag,
pi. SJJljjy turfXndfi.
,

jlsi-

sXnjak,
;

j^-J bayrak,
sXz
;

Firstfruits, s.

^jJub bXndara

jL*

v.w.
;

Fish,

s.

^b

bXlzk;

v.n.
J

y
yorulmak
jl

kuvveti
;

kfessilmek

Xvlamak,

^/i^l-tf>

sarkmak

jLf

kfessXd-61.
s.

Fishbone,
Fisher,

5.

.Jt
s.
*
'
-

Flagship,
Flagstaff,

^^.^A^ib
s.

pasha-ghemissi.
sXnjak-

Fisherman,

^^^Jjl^Ls
u; jJ^= jlsAi
snow)

^5^-,^(j^V bAlzk-Xvlayyz.
Fishery,
5.

[dXlyXn.
;

-dire^Ae

sXnjak-

u5^<jlb
s.

bXlzk-lvi

^U

-ghywndEri.
Flake,
s.

Fishmonger,

,o^b
hawz.

(of

^b^y
C^l5 kAt.

kush-

^rsaJ'l-^ bXlzk-sXtzjz.

bXshi
Flaky,
chatlXk.

(of pastry)

Fishpond,
Fissure,
s.

5.

<^>^>-

a.

(pastry)
s.

4^)\5^J

kXt-kXt.

Jjb

yarzk,

J^'^-

Flambeau,

<d*^o mesh"alE(mlshAla).

FLAME
Flame,
s.

[125]
Fleece,
5.

FLOUNDER
i^w^J
posst
;

<0 ^lc "alev, bj

v.a,

shu"lE;

JJLs; ,

"Xshk;

tejL*~

ma"alev-

s6ymak.
Fleet,
s.

[chabzk, j&c-j** sur"atlz.


;

"shuka

v.a.

ClX^>j

^&

UiJjJ d6nanma

a.

CJoU-

VErmek; to burst into flames,


"alevlEnmek.

Fleeting, a.

j^(^j(^s ^ r i" u - z -

chabzk-ghechEr,

Jy^ti/^
Flesh,
s.

zew^>

15^^

fani.

Flaming,

a.

jl^Lc "alevli,

d?!

et,

>J

lahm, <*z^

ne'kesh,j^<d*-2

shu"levEr.
;

ghy6sht.
;
,

Flank,

s*

^b

yan

^.Lc>- jenah

v.a.

Fleshy,

a.

jbl
a.

etli

^s.^

mulahham.

(_*Nlj-kV. yandan-Almak.
Flannel, s. <OjlJ fanela.
Flare, v.n.

Flexible,

j^>\

fe^Ailir,

[mek.
pek-"alevlEnv.n.

yimushlk.
Flight,
s.

cXJjLcC)j
"alev
;
; ,

^rf-15
L^^-J
;

kAchzsh,

^
cula
*-'

firar;

Flash,

s.
-

j^-

cX^J^jLc
parlamak
in
;

(of birds)

suru

(of arrows)

"alev

vEnnek

(J^j^
;

Jjl> yayzh'm

(of stairs)

kXt.

^^4jl>-

chakmak

to

flash

the

Flimsy,

a.

cJ^-j

seyrek,

C^r

L^U5

pan, ^^Ull Almamak.


Flask,
Flat, a.
5.

[^Jj veznE.

kumAshz- seyrek.
Fling, v.a. (J*J\ Atmak.

*~J*

shishE;
;

(powder
;

Jj J duz

,j#\> jasssi

J*J 3J
;

FHnt,
Float,

5. s.

j^llL^jU-

chakmak-tXshi.
,

lezzetsiz, j~*j$o

j~3\\y
wtu.

tAtszz-tuzsuz
[J*Afta

^JjtiJ* shamAndara;
f

v.n.

Flat-iron,

s.

^^1

"xklsz'z.

L^X<jy yuzmek;
yuzdurmek.
Flock,
s.

v.a.

cLX^jJS^

Flatten, v.a.

ClUslj^
^^L<?\j

duzletmek, du-

[ushushmek.
suru
;
,

zeltmek

y^sszlatmak.

L-$j)~>

v.n.
1

CLU^-Jj^l

Flatter, v.a. \teJt\&<

mudahanE-et

Flog,

v.a.

C-U^jO du^mek, ^J^jljU?


kAmchz.
(sel)
(
;

one's

self, v.n.
\

<j^jL? sanmak; ^A^C\

dayak-Xtmak.
Flogging,
Flood,
s. 5.

ummak,

Ju^l timid- et.

\J*$
,

Flatterer, s.

^y^fefcU* mudahonEJi.
mudahanE.
L ci--^

J-~j seyl
;

^jb

tufXn

Flattery,

5. fcJt>\&< s.

J^ medd
chashni
;

v.a.

J^>\^

su-bAss-

Flavour,

C^ jj

lezzet,

mak ^oj J*-tfb j-o


Floor,

su-bXssdzrmak.

(ch^shni)

tulL Ut.
sakAt,

Flooring,

5.

<U<LjjJ dushEmE,
,

Flaw,

5. iaJLs

c.^** "ayb,

iic^r

takhta;

v.a.

CiU^jJ
[dushEmek.
chichekji-

kussur, CU^cla-j sakamet.


Flax,
Flay,
Flea,
s.

^
s.

Florid, a. u^I-^J kzrmzzz.


Florist, 5.

(kEtsn).

^^^V^^S^"
^J
,

u. a.

cXoji^ yuzmek, ^J
plrE.

2^j

[derissini-s6ymak.

Flotilla, s.

inja-d6nanma.

Fleabane,
Flee,

^^\

XjJ pirs-6tu.
\j\ji
firar-et.

Flounder,
,

5.

r.w.^J^-'Jj kAchmak,

v.n,

yzwarlanmak.

FLOUR
Flour,
s.

[126]
off,

FOLLOW
(J^uchmak
;

un,

dXkzk.
<

(J*^
; ;

ftrla-

Flourish, v.n.

neshv-ubEr-hayat-

mak

^J^>-\s kXchmak

open,
out,
;

-nema-bulmak
-61.

chnzvErmek
j
s

[-hald-6lAn.
a.
(

Xtzlmak

(J*\jf* szchramak
;

Flourishing,

hussnu;

ferlamak

up,

^^SLJ^^

Flow,

s.

Ju

medd

v.n.

(J**
&'*

Xkmak,
+

yukare-fzrlamak.

^U^rT" j&reyan-et; j\ c,
s^bb-ol
;

mun-

Flying-bridge,
yeti-kywpru.

s.

^j^fi ^J^J^ "^riy-

tX

medd-61.
chichek
; ,

Flower,

v.n.

Foal,

s. s.

L^ll?

tay;

v.n.
;
,

chichek-achmak.
Flowerpot,
Fluctuate,
5.

Foam,

cJ^^

kywpuk

v.n.

sXksz.

CX^-J== kywpurmek.
Focus,
s.

[J*j*

merkEz.
;

v.n.

^U
[vE-suhulet.

J^jz.^ttbjaj nokta'i-ihtirAk
6t,

-kArarda- durmamak.
Flue,
5.

Fodder, s. C-Jj!
Foe,
s.

,^U^

&J

j\ arpa-samAn.

^lj
s.

bAja.

^j/fc-iJ
s.
{

dushniEn.
jinm, ^J^-^- ch6juk,
[siss.
a.

Fluency,

u^J^-j j Cl^lf* maharet-

Foetus,

j^>-

Muently, ad.
Fluid, a.

aljlc^!^
;

suhulet-ila.
,

^jV.
Fog,
.

yawrz.

JL-o seyyal

5.

JL-o>~>-

Foggy,
s.

,jUjJ dumln,

jissm-seyyal.
Flurry,
s.

[k6rkutmak.
telash
; ; ,

Foible,

^\^o merlk.
,

^\b'

v.a.

Fold,

5.

CUlj kXt; sheep

Jil

Flush, a.

jjJ duz
-

>

v.w.

birdan

jevelan-et

up,

t6plamak,
J^oj^ff

cXo^-i>j J

devshirmek

kkarmak.
Flute,
s.

slrmak,

cX*jJ bukmek
,

L^U nay, ^y ney,


5.

<d>j

flawta.

^^-J

kzrmak
;

v.n.

jlcuUci>lJJ

Fluting,

j-^ yiw, yiv.


;

kAt-kat-61

^ijilj^i>

toplanmk,

Fly, s. CJVM-O sinek


-"arabassz'j
,

^bjf;

\j=>

kira-

L^U^-ib^^ devshirilmek,
rzlmak,
kzrzlmak.

(J^\*a

sX-

v.n.

(j**>-j\

uchmak;
&s\Jb]

CX*^

bukyulmek,
[(J

kAchmak
i

about,
;

etraf-firlamak
uzErinE
-

at,

Qj)^
away,

Folk,

s.

jU.

khXlk,

jl^jjl

6rtolik,

Xtzlmak

Follow, v.a. CX*J*jJAiMj<iJ^ arkassma-

uchmak;
gheri-fzrlamak
;

back,
for refuge,
iltija-et;

-dushmek,

C^Xtw&jJ

^.^^

ardmaardznaarkassz,

-dushmek,
in

cJvi^=>

<^^

slghiumak,
pieces,

\\sti\

-ghitmek,

LlXji^^ ^sJ^I
j

cX*i!^>b parElEnmek
into a passion, (J

-sera-ghMmek
v.n.
;

^l_j\J tab^'-ol;

lonmak);
parlamak,

(J*JL+^- chekmak,

cXcJjJc^ hiddetlEnmek

lazim-ghElmek.

FOLLOWING
1

[127]
ati

FOREFINGER
s.

Following

a.

<tfj\

ertis

^J)\

Forage,

CL3j\

6t,

^Utf> ^J\ arpa-

j -sr^aJ^J
Folly,
.

zirdE-muharrEr.
"iklsizlik,

[lilik.

jljJjic
v.a.

CJJJj
s

de-

yeye'je'ghini-Aramak

about, v.n.

Foment,

{j^l&ALL* ^
;

*y-

'

szjAk-

-su-ila-yzkamak

(troubles)

-kArzshdz'rarak-Aramak.

dX^j fit-vErmek, cX
mak-vErmek, \(^j j2sf
>

Forbear, v.n. CXt*srj1j vaz-ghechmek

tahrik-et.
u-o
;

t
^>-

kendini-zAbt-et,

j+>-

Fond,

a.

j^C^J
;

pek-SEver,
delissi

su jebri-nefss-et.

[hammul.

chok-SEver

^^J J

Forbearance,
Forbid, v.a.
1

s.

j~a

sAbr,
'Ui.'J

J*ix^

ta-

b6sh, *Jj$j bihudjG.


Fondle,
v.a.

4-^J jj J
Ij^^

etma-deyul,J^--l

J^llr^jl^j
yeyejek, cX/*J yemek,

-tenbih-et,

nehy-et,

kuj A^Ama-AKp-okhshamak.

yassAk-et.
Force,
^.

Food,
l*Xc

s.

C)o-<U

jjj z6r,
;

-^
;

ghyuch,
;

CJy>
,

ghida.
s.

[diwanE.
"Xklsz'z,

kuvvet
v.a.

^-^- jebr

j\?>-\ ijbar
;

Fool,

jjjis.
s.

Jj

deli, ajljjJ

Foolery,

mAsskharalik. ^JJ^s Foolhardy, a. ^J J J^J JJ ^T jessur-

<j^jrjj

z6rlamak
;

J^>- jkbr-et,
,

bV^T^
z6raki,

ijbar-et

by

ad.

^J>\jjj
itf5>-

^o<U/t}j
;

isstem^yerek,

di^M-deli.

jebrcn
Foolish,
deli,
a.

to

force

sale,

(person)

s^JJjL

J~iSu
;

"Xklsz'z,

^Jj
(j^4jU><fc^jL
tutdura-bildi^Aina-

^1j^<3

diwanE

(thing) J-Jjic

sAtmak
itmek,

back,

"iklszz.

cXcjJ jj

gheri;

Foot,

s.

jbl

ayak,

/JkJi

kXdEm, b
C)Jl

pa,

cX^j
(

)**=> gheri-surmek

c^bpay,

^ pey;
szfkt,

(of hiU)

etek.

down, J^>\^^\Mi\ Asha^Ai-bAss-

mak;

in,

Footing, s.jJJhf-^V jVl^ ayak-blssajak-

J^U ^cf\

icheri-kAk-

mak

-yEr

C^AC?
5.

out,
s.

L^%1^ menzelet.
Forceps,
piyadE-kAl-

cXi^-o swkmek.

Footman,
Footpath,
dtrt'mt
;

jl$^

ushAk.

&i\*> mAsha, ^l^sjj kzssAj.

(^jjjJla

jU

Ford,

s.

Ju^

ghechid, cj^j

Ju^
;

ghe,

^J^j
5.

^jl.J piyadE-y61u.

chid-yeri,

**^

ma

bEr

v.a.

Footstep,

^JjM
issr.

CJv**s?
ayak-izi;

y!
Fore,
a.

ghechmek; ij$f&
^n^d^ki,

"ubur-et.
ileriki,
aft,

essEr

[di^Ai.

^s^\
bj

\jj^\

Footstool,

s.

,JUA>J$
(ichin) ichun
;

ayak-yass;

ilerideki;

and

For, ^r.

(j)^
dan
'

^5 a,

<U

ya

'

^J c >J
*

^^jt^J

dan-d61ayz
c^ unku
;

Forefather,
Forefinger,

s.

Jc>- jedd(pl.

jl^l ejdad).
shahadet-

z r^
<fcj

^^^
yin

for

5.

iCUjl^i

all that,

ad.

(ghena).

FOREGO
Forego,
v.a.
s.

[128]
Fork,
5.

FORTH
Jta>- chatAl
a. a.
;

Forehead,

Ovfc^ Jj vaz-ghechmek. ^\ Aim (Ann), ^^^r jebin,

(for digging)

Jj

Forked,
Forlorn,

Jli^. chatAl.
J*--i>-l^ sahibsiz.

[bel.

*&>- jebhE.
Foreign,
a.
s.

Foreigner,

s.

^g~&-\ ejnebi.

Form,

s.

J.-2>
surJEt,

shekil,
e^i,*Jl>

>^

bichim,
;

Foreland,
Forelock,

^jj* burun.
nassiyyE.
(ussta),
<Hs]li'

CL^yitf

hey'et

*~^

s. <L*?li

(ressim),
kAlfa.

Foreman,
Foremast,

s.

J\sJ

^
,

Cl^jU "adet; m*jye surEt; sba, dCj peykeh; i_&* smf;


v.a.

s.

^J>j>,^

&)jj> pruwa-dire^rAi, t

IJ-ilJ
;

teshkil-et,

J^^U

,J?^
Foresail,

^b bAsh-dire^i.
a.

yapmak

(j*+^)\

olmak,

dL^3LJLj)

Foremost,

^*^W

cJl

en^-ilerideki.

dXo^,^D
Formal,
a.

hey'etina-ghirmek.

s.

L^jy

trinket.

^c^*^;
5.

ressmT

^
<

suri.

Foresee, v.a.

^^r^fj^j^J^

kAbla-'l-

Formality,

>^

(ressim),

-vuku"-hiss-et.
Foresight,
Forest,
s.
s.

Cl^aJ

bAsszret.

Formally, ad.

U*^

ressmon.
;

i^oj^ drmAn.
v.a.

Formation,
pzlz'sh
;

s.

Foretell,

c
demirji-dukdemirji-

(j-^V. y^P^'sh

J-XlJ

teshkH.
L

Former,
Forge,
kyani
s.

a.

^x^jJU mukAddEmki,

^liJ^^-ji^/^-J

slbik

essbAk. (j+~*\

^^T^
; ,

L/T^^"'

Formerly, ad. LcJ^L


SAbzka
;

mukAddEma, Ub

-6jayAz

v.a.

CX*ilj1 ish!6mek,
(a forgery), v.a.
,

/^jJl^Jkj^

bundan-AkdEm,
ghechEn-

du^r^mek;

M
Forger,

^J^UjI EWEllErda,

^r^Ljs^

tAklid-et

v.n.

!!

lErdE
larda.

SJyjtcj

^jX*j^

esski-zamAn-

sakhtEkyarlzk-et.
s.

[makhuf.
a.
s.

L5= ^V.

Formidable,
Fornication,
;

j^j^
l)J

k6rkulur, L-JjS?*

sakhtfikyar.

zina,

cJ^taj
Xj\*j

(zam[para)
.

Forgery,

s.

^SjK^>-Lj sakhtEkyarlzk

paralzk) .

<te^L

sakhtE.

Fornicator,

s.

^J\j zam,
5.

(zam-

Forget, v.a. (JL4jj)j\

unutmak, ^^^l^j
j

Fornicatress,

^-jlj

zaniyyE,

\&**j

feramush-et, ^,1*

nissyan-et.

(orosspo), <H.a-U fahishE.

Forgetful, a. jJy^S unudur.

Forsake,
terk-et,

v.a.

^^J

brakmak,

IC-y

Forgetfulness,

s.

k&J&c
^A^

ghAflet.

cJyi^j^j vaz-ghechmek.

Forgive,

v.a.

"Afv-et,

l^s^
.

Fort,

5.

<ul3 kal'^a (kaylfi),

*wL

pA-

bakhsh-et,

^^L^T
s.

(bA^Azshlamak)
;

langha.
Forth, ad. Xj^o tAshra, iJj\LJb dzsharz;
to set
,

Forgiveness,

j&

"Afv

(by

God)

d^AJt< maghferet, ^^AC ghufrln.

l^lo beyan-et.

FORTHWITH

[129

FOWLINGPIECE
s. *-

Forthwith, ad. uJ-J^-l shimdi, t-^Ji^jJ

Foster- daughter,

J^->

sud-kzzi.

dEr-"0kab,

AJuLtJfc

hemandem,
[mat.
isstihkya-

Foster-mother,
Foster-son,
Foul,
a.
J

5. \J\4

sud-ona.

e^cLojl

6-sa"at.

s.

j-Lcj^J
kirli,

sud-6ghlu.
^-J
;

Fortification, s.
Fortify, v.a.

LL*'UlrUj\

piss,

j\^j
;

dX^j/^lGsaJ
^4jli<ulj
D*

isstihkyam;

murdar (mundar)
LJ fsna,
jj^j

jj^f$- chapariz
(j~ji
v.a.

VErmek,

kaT'a-yapmak
-

b6zuk;
;

terss,

tAkviyyet

vErmek,

mukhllif
;

kuwet-VErmek, u^ota
metanet-vErmek.
Fortitude,

v.n.

mek

to run foul of,

xLJl>- chatmak,
-

s.^0
s.

slbr,

J**sr tah^mmul,

CX*->jJ&J jjj\

uzEruiE

dushmek;

cuLJ

sebat, L^Jl^uo metanet.

jl J^Us- chapariz-61.

Fortnight,
Fortress,

te&St>\
kal"

iki-hAfta.

Foundation,

s.

J**J tfemel; ^^Lsl essass,


;

s.

jj~-^lj te'siss
t^ssldufi,

pious

MJ wAkf,

Fortuitous, a.
ittiflkJ, i

"imaret. CL2\j+s~ khayrat, CUjU-c-

Founder,
bakht-yar.
bakht,
Xj\J

s.

^ib bam, ^LaUky^|j


;

VAZZ-

Fortunate,

a.

"u-'l-fessass
-sahibi,

->

fy-Lg^o.^

wAkf-

Fortune,

5.

^JlL tali";

d>\ -J:M e-^s^^


;

sahibu-'l;

JU
Forty,

mAl,
;

(para), ClXL-Xjj ZED-

-khayrat

(^57^^^ d^tkuju

v.n.

ghinlik
a.

itJij**

mirass.

[ Jf>- chehil.

^JP-fb b^tmak, ^J^l^ljj

kaynamak.

kzrk,
a.

^^1

erba"m,

Foundered,

a.

kft-JuJ^JJW ayaklarz-sakAt;

Forward,

Heri-ghElmish,

dumb
Foundry,
Fount,

J dili-tutulmush. \jL*kjjb J
<Ol>-|^J d^kyum-khanE.
s.

y^^^l
-yetishir
,

Erken;

s.

"arsz'z, J*-J j|

edebsiz
I

Fountain,

<tC*>- cheshnus;

ad.

ileriyE-

jlxj (pun^ar), <^jM ayazma.


Four,
a.

dErmek;
yards'm-et.

chiAar.

Four-cornered,
Fourfold,
a.

a.

d^rt^x'

Forwards,
Fossil,
a.

ad.

C-jU
a.
-

dwrt-kAt.
)

Fourfooted,
;

dwrd-ayak.

-etmish-61an

s.

Fourteen,

a.

C
tawuk;
\(J^

6n-dwrt.
(JZ.<ji

tahajj ur-etmish-n&ssnE.

Fowl,
;

s.

kush

v.n.

Foster,

v.a.

cX*l~J besslemek

kush-Avma-ghitmek.

dXc^

sud-vErmek.
Foster-sister,
s.

Fowler, s.j\+>ji kushblz.


Fowlingpiece,
5.

Foster-brother,

^&
L

j\

Av-(tufe^Ai),

.^fciJuJ sud-(kardashe).

filinta.

FOX
Fox,
s.

[130]

FRET
5.

J or

Lc

tilki

shey-

Frankincense,

LLXU4 srhvunluk, J O *

^ j

tAn, jjj veled.

Fraud,
Fray,

5.

&*>-

hilE.

[bukhur.

Foxglove,
Fraction,

$$p*^S$ Xrz-k6wAni.
5.

s.

li. kawgha.
s.

kessir;

*->yk parcha,

Freckle,

J^

sfl.

j>-

juz',
5.

A-J kzssm.
Cl^j
*

Free, a.
;

ei^jjs
^lj
azad-et.
s.

sErbesst, A\j\ azad

Fractions,
,

kyusurAt
,

vulgar

(of a trade)
\

ghedikli

v.a.

ji

kessr; decimal

A\j\

kessri-a"shari.
Fractious, a. (j*-y terrs.

Freebooter,

JjJus*- hay dud.

Freedom,

5.

cXLi.~-.)y}
SErbesstiyyet,

sirbesstlik,
\j\

Fracture,

s.

u^jy-j
,

km"k-yeri,
;

L^-.^J.J
,

azad,

kmk
v.n.

v.n.

J-^*J kbmak

(j!^
Freehold,

azadlzk;
a.

(of a

trade)

^Jj

(Jjkj**
a.

kmlmak.

& 5. C)l
5.

mulk.

[ghedik.

Fractured,
Fragile,

j^J

kzrzk.

Freemason,
k61ay-km*Kr
;
;

^jMtft^U farmasun.
irade'i-juz'iyyE.
^^

a.

j^Uji^ljii
yufka

Freewill,

s.

rfUj^-^J^

&fy\

inja, ^A3jJ

i-Jux^ za"if

Freeze, v.n.

dX^b
,

don^mak,
v.a.

Ju^t

***!i3l ,<

metanetsiz.
5.

munjemid-61;

(J^j^jo dong-

Fragment,

u^jJ.J kmntz,
^->-^^

durmak.
Freight,
s.

dwkuntu

parcha,

Jy
nevla
;

nevl (navlun)

cJy,

A^J kzssm.
Fragrance,
jj^5 k6ku,

ghyuzel-k6ku,
ra'iha, u5^J

C3>'<^

VErmek

^*Jjb<d)y
yuklEtmek,

buy.

nevlla-tutmak
(jh^jJjL

C^^J^J

Fragrant,

a.

ghyuzel-k6kulu,

doldurmak.

mu"attar,
Frail, a. &z&>?\ inja, ^AJ^J

koshbu.

French, a.J-Jlyi fransiz.

yufka

Frenchman,
;

5.

L-J^i

fransiz.
i

za'if,J*-ijl^ metanetsiz;

cJju nazik

Frenzy,

5.

J|iL.**!>- chelghmlik,

a^.ic

pi

ghayri-"afifE.
s.

jinnet,

u^f junun.
a.

Frailness, Frailty,

c^-jli-</J^"adEmi"adEmi-"iffet.

Frequent,

J^-tf

szk

v.a.

-metanet

L^AC^LXC

ch6k-ghitmek,

J^-Uc
[ch6k.

Frame,

^>-^t>l-^J

chErchivE;
;

^I-IJ

bunyan,
France,
5.

bunyad

v.a

L_^-jy

Frequently,
Fresh,
a.

aa*.

(^^(J^^
;

s?k-sk,

<Ljl
5.

J Fransa.
L^-xJLx^

[tErtib-et.

*j\3

tazE

(water) ^b'lL
;

tXtlz

Franchise,

mu^lfiyyet;

(new) ^^o y^n^i


(horse) .J^.jl

(cool)

^j*

serin

Juix^c' imtiyaz.

6ynk;

(wind)

Frank,

a.^J^^^L^^^j^

ketmFret, v.n.

-etmeyub-d6^Aru-suweyler.

kAssavet-et,

FRIABLE
kiider-et
;

[131]
Frozen,

FUNDAMENTAL
a.

v.a.

(jZ*j& d6nymush,

ghyiiJE-ghitmek.
Friable,

miinjemid.
k&lay-e"zilir,

a.jjj\$ij$

Fruit, s. ^j^*J yemish,

y^

meyvE,

^J

jyljjl k61ay-ufAm'r.
Friction,
5.

sem^rE
surunmE,
jjum/'a-ghyunu.
Fruitful,

J^AST* mahsul.
jl-^J ber^kfitli,

<UJji^>

a.

j\^^zsf

surushniE.
Friday,
Friend,
s. s.

mahsuldar.
Fruitless, a.

&AAS>-

jum"a,

^y^<U^5>-

(JL^ b6sh,

^<^^

bihudE,

e^w* J

dosst,

-^ muhibb,
cu^J
dosst
;

JjU

nafilE,J-j*Jjl3
v.a.

fa'idEssiz.

(j^^
Friendly,

mukhliss.
a.

Frustrate,

^j^

b6zmak,
!

&xC

(person)

ClX^^ sektE- vErmek,


Fry,
s.

Jl

mani' '61.

(thing) (Jj'^jJ dosstanE.

(of fish)
;

^jV-J^
&c.)

bXlzk-yawji^AEr
;

Friendship,

5.

moh^bbet;
Frigate,
s.

^^>^ dosstluk, khuluss. (j ^fzrkatin.


<

(.**+??*

rzssi

(lamb's,
*jlJ

^rc>,

(dish)

tXwa;

v.a.

X4&j\j

\>pj*

CX^lJ
khavf.

tlwada-pishirmek,
,

(*j'fi

Fright,

5.

jijjS k6rku,
v.a.

)}>

kawunnak:

v.n.

(jJv4wljaJilj > V

Frighten,

^4jJj5
*$
>ja

k6rkutmak,
ikhafE-et.

tXwada-pishmek,
Fryingpan,
Fuel,
s. s. &*\j

(J^^w kawrulmak.

lujijysT takhwif-et,
Frightful,
a.

l^W

tXwa.

[j^^

kywrnur.

korkulu,

*rtfj

^J"<^V. y^koj^k, ^j0j\ 6dun;


s.

korkunj, u_?^s-'* makhuf.


Fringe,
s.

Fugitive,
;
,

and

a.

^p^^

kAchkin,

*l>l*

sXchak

v.a.

t^ly
Fulcrum,
Fulfil,

firari.
5.

te** j\*jl

&jJ,W

etrafma

perwlz-

JC~~

messned.
yErina-ghe-

ghibi-61.

v.a.
\

cJw^ji^^^
\j>-\ ijra-et,
1

Fro, ad., to and fro,

^<tf^

M^-beri,

tirmek,
Full, a.

li>\ Ifa-et.

u^M^clll
Frock,
5. s.

Xsha^Ai-yukari, tejyfcj]

^
;

d61u,

^yijt d61ghun,

^U^

enina-b6yuna.

memlu
fisstAn.

moon, jJJ bedr, C3yJ

u lkJ

t^iitf^ ayin$r-6n-beshi.
(horse's)
^ A hAn.
.

Frog,

*Ajj)i kurbA^Aa;

Fuller's-earth, s.

From,
Front,

j5r.

^jJ dan.

[u

Fumigate,

v.a.

J^ kil. cXilL Jy

tutsulEtmek,

s.

cJjl

zing, j^>
sinir,

yuz, ^i-J pish.

C)v*L--jy tutsulEmek,
tutsu-vErmek.
Fumigation,
5.

^-^J^^y

Frontier,

s.j^

J^-j

ser-hadd.

Frost, 5. cJ^l? d6n^,

^\^

khaghi.
1

^s

^y

tiitsu.

Frosty, a. j^^L d6n^iyor,

J^^ s6^Auk.

Fun,

5. lft-1 s.

sh^ka,
\J!!J\

<^i^

eylfinja.

Froth,

5. ^.

CJ;-^ kywpuk.

Function,

ish,L^^cJkw (khezmet).

Frown,
,

^^j^^s
.15

kXsh-ch^tmassz;

Fund,

s.

^.^j-> sermayE,

^^- (khAzna).

v.n.

kXsh-chdtmak.

Fundamental, a. ,J**\ XsslT, ,c-jl-l essassi.


L 2

FUNERAL
Funeral,
s.

[132]
s.

GALLERY
^
ghElejek-

^HJ^Usfkorku.

jenazE-Xlayz.

Futurity,

Funk,

s.

fj
5.
<

-zamln.
;

Funnel,

\J*f>1

huni

^j^.

boru.
possa.
kir,

Fye,

int.

t^^e

"ayb> ^jUsjl utXn.

Funny,
Fur,
s.

a.

Jlccr tuhaf.

[***

C^jjZ kywrk
a.

(dirt)

^^=
t

G.
Gabion,
s. i_f

Furious,

kzzj5jJ^~ hiddetli, j^-j^


(

J^ <Uj? tXbiya-sepedi.
v.n.

gb/n

CL^-J

CJ^
shedid.

pek-sert,

<& ^>-

Gad

about,

cJv^
C^l

h^did,

JoJ^
s.

haylAzh'k-edup-ghezmek.
Gadfly,
(sell)
s.

Furnace,

^>~^
;

ojak.

^Jj~*

Furnisb,i?.a. (give)

cJ^jVErmek;
(a house)

Gaiety,

s.

~\J

ferah, (jJLksj- junbush.

^jl-tf sXtmak

LlXL*-iJ

Gain,

s.

j& kyar,

ff^j* kAzAnj
ljl

v.a.

dushEmek

(a

house by the agency

kXzAnmak,
vasszl-61,

kyar-et;
;

of another person) Furniture,


Furrier,
s. s.

cX*-*^
dushjEmE.

dush-

CX**1^J yetishmek
over,

^<LljJ

[stmek.

ayartmak;
ayartmak
;

^^^

kywrkju.
Furthest,
v.

upon,

Further,

Furthermore,

Farther, &c.

[c
hiddet
;

*&

ghXzAb.
;

ground,

<J^J^J>

^
;

yier
-

kAzAnmak,
time,

Fury,
Fuse,

s.

CUJo-

C^J^ij shiddet
;

CXJj^M

il^rilemek

L^Jj

v.n.

C^^Jjl
eritmek
;

erimek
,

v.a.
fitil
;

wAkzt-kXzAnmak. ^*jljjf
Gainsay, v.a. \jfa\ inkyar-et;

[tekzib-et.
li^.^ojkxj
s.

s.

J-.

[erimish.

Galata (a quarter of Constantinople),


aiaLc.

Fusion,

s.

#\$\ izabE
telash
;

in

\jZ*jj\
,

Ghalata.

[bor,
i

*J^i

ftrtma.
;

Fuss,
\

s.

^lJ
s.

to

make a

v.n.

Gale,

s.

a *jjj^J t* szkz-ruzghyar
"zid,
i^fcj

Xjg

fjLk*

telash-et.

Gall, s.

J^c
;

zehrE
yara
1
;

C^_l^
,

Fustian,
Futile,

t^^lk^i*
<jj^

sheytln-bezi.

meraret

(rub)

^U

v.a.
;

a.

bosh,

a^^i

bihudE,

CX*aacL!

injitmek,

^l>

yara-et
;

JMijyiU fa'idEssiz, ^JjU nafilE.


Futility,
.

cJv*cte-j ghyuJE-ghitmek
ifJ^J
nutgall,
s. LJ?|L<

nut,

ct^^J^-J bihudElik;

mazz.
yi^Ait,

^ijj
Future,

bihudE- ish.
a.

Gallant, a.

e^ Jl.)

j^->- jessur,
; ,

lJJ-4&
61ajak;

ghMejek,
,

s.

^1 ^UjC
,

ati,

jjj(

dilavEr, jt>l^J

bahadir

s.

(J}A\& "ishzk; Xj\+*} (zampra).


Gallantry,
s.

mAn
atida, Jk*jU-J

in

ad.

jJluC)

yip'Aitlik,

cl
.

fT-ma-ba"d,

jessaret;

ji*)^
minarE
-

(z^mparal/k)
;

bundan - bwylE,

CoJAv

bundan-

Gallery,

*.

^ulsrUjJ diwAnkhanE
shurfESsi
;

Z)

GALLEY
usstu
-

[133

GAY
5.

rtuhuy61,

Jf^j^

Garden,

kitchen

sokAk,
Galley,
s.

^j^f

kywpru.

b6sstan

chektirma. [prangha. <UjjJ^5-5.

(zerzawXt)

Galleys,

pi.
s.

CJ;^ kyurek
fi\
kyiireklu

Gardener,
Gargle,
s.

Galley-slave,

Xf-jZ

gharghara

v.a.

pranghali.
Gallipoli (town
of), s.

and

n.
5.

Xj^jZ gharghara-et.

J;^

GhElIboli.

Garlic,

jj^c^-o sarzms^k.
5.

Galloon,
Gallop,

s.

0^-^

sherid.
dttrt-(nXl);
,

Garment,
v.n.

<0^j ruba,
la"l.

S-'y

sfevb.

s.

JjcCi^t)

Garnet,
Garret,

s. s.

J*l

eX*sj*j<J^J
Gallows,
Galvanic,
battery,
5,

durt-(nXl)-ghitmek.

1**]^^$*
5.
-

tawAn-arassz.
'-V^-^-o
-

,eS-lcy<J dar-X^AJz.
.JLJljLc,

Garrison,
;

jZ=z*~c.^ij\

^<^<uJj

a.

ghalvaniki

mevjud

6lXn

"XsskEr,

^iSvb J^J \jLfi


5.

ghalvanik[takimi.
-

musstahfzzmoturXk'Xsskeri
;
,

Galvanism,

JiJ l^lc ghalvanik.

Gamble,

v.n.

J^U^US
\J?j***

kumar-oyna[kumarbXz.

v.a.

mk.
Gambler,
5. s.

"XsskEr-komak
to be in
-?'
,

^M
^J

oturmak

kumarjz, J^j^*^

v.n.

oturmak,

Gamboge,

<U^lk^
cX--tf

pantal6mba.
(chase) jl Xv,

jbW
s.

oturXk-61.

Game,

5.

^j^jl

6yun;

Garter,

jlx-i shikyar,

sayd.

[kumarjz.

Gash,
Gasp,

s.
s.

^tXji J
jj-^3

b^chXk-yarassi.
; ,

Gamester,

s.

jl^Uj kumarblz,
erkek-kXz.

r^yUJ
[bMuk.

nefess
AJ

v.w.

^jUjb

Gander,

s.^JCX?^

^j^Uxdl

(hEmEn)-nefess-Xlama-

Gang,

5. *Jilb

takim, *-^;^ sum,

cJjb

Gate, 5. ^J kXpz, c->lj bib, j^ dsr. [mak.

Gangrene,
Gaol,
s.

5.

^^Ijs
4

kanghrina.

Gateway,

5.

^t j-J

kXpz-Xltz.

5*" hXbss(jtajj zindln, Ajlsrr

Gather, v.a. (pluck)


up,

J^Uy

koparmak

-khanE,
Gaoler,
5.

u^^

mahbess.
zindAnji.

together,
t>
f

^cL jL toplamak,
toplanmak
;

^^^Joj

C^X^-i>y
achiklik,
-et
;

devshirmek,
v.n.

Gap,

s.

^\J\

aralzk,

<J&>\

jl (Jfc^ achzk-yEr.

(fester)

jerahat[v.a.
^

Gape,

v.n.

C3>^iijl

essnEmek; ^JL^i^l
chzk-kXlmak
;

t6planmak.

wlchmek.

achzlmak,
after,

J^JljJ^I
at, v.a.

Gauge,

s.

c-;
s.

chXp

Mchu;
zirh-eldiveni.
;

<J^b

bAkmak.

Gauntlet,

&jj

Garb, 5.

oj ziy, ^JL3 kilik,


kissvet.
[/?/?.

^uoLi' kzyafet,

Gauze,

s.

bwrumjik

wire-

d?*^

uJ^sr* muharref.
;

gauze,

<

teldan-MrmE.
junbushlu,

Garble, v.a. ^cji as? tahrif-et


t

ed,

Gay,

a.

GAZE
eylEnjfili
;

[134]

GET
s.
s.

L_fi;

keyf;

^^
seyrji-ghibi3

Genie,

^^ jin,
.Ub

j^^^s- jinnT.
;

jll
Gaze,
s.

parlak

^y
v.n.

ferah.

Genius,

hunEr

jlkX-CM-sl

issti"dad

^^b^^^^^-j
; ,

^OK>Wj&ft
Genoa,
5.

hunEr- sahibi.

-bAkish

(J**\* ^f> 't^y?*

J^f- jenviz.
;

seyrji-ghibi-bAkmak.
Gazelle,
s.

[ahu.

Genteel, a. J^**3 temiz

(person)
;

,c^
(lady)

\J*j~T jfyran (jeylln),


<tfj

^\

*jlj kishi-zadE, i^JcJl efendi

Gazette,

s.

ghazeta,

^j
edawat
,

AJW hn/m.
Gentle, a. >?Lc mulayim,

tAkwimi-vakaY'.
Gear,
f,
>l\!b

^^.

yawXsh;

takzm,

Ll^jW
in

a^j

mXzlum
5.

5jlL tAtlz.

awadAnh'k;
tfckili
;

Gentleman,
takilz-

aj

khhi-zadfi,

out of

Jj jLSlk

t^JcJt efendi. irJ^o be^AzadE,

dfy/til.

[lanm-kessmek.

Genuine,

a.

jjdl^- khaliss,

^-

tf
-*

sahih.

Geld, v.a.

CtU^^r.U'dg
^J^l
5.

tXshak(bfeghir.

^U-

khlsss.
s.

Gelding,

5.

^Adzsh,

-^b

Geography,
Geology,
s.

l^^r jaghrafiya.
Umi-tXbA-

Gem,

s>

jfewahir).

(^oj^d^U

Genealogy,
General, *
.

L-^v-J nesseb.
;

kAti-arz.

llj pasha

^~

mushir

Geometer,

Geometrician,

s.

muhindiss,
sErkirdE
f erik
;

ehli-hEndssE.
<LoJuJb himdessE.

lieutenant
,

<_>

Geometry,
Georgia,
;

5.

major
;
,

or brigadier
a.

s.

^J^^-jf ghurjistan.
^frj
ghurji
;

[ghurji.

miri-liwa
in
,

s \**5*
\j

"umumi

Georgian,

s.

a.

generally, ad.

Geranium,
*

s.

^L=\.>~dJt^Lj

sardelya-

Generalissimo, s.

SErdar-ekr^m.

-chiche^Ai, ^sr*j^<iU\ ebE-ghyumeji.

Generate, v.a.
irass-et.

hasszl-et,

IC^Il

Germinate, v.n.

cX->

surmek,

(j
filiz-

J^IU, ky^k-sXlmak,
s.

cAJ
v.n. (go)

Generation,
z-

^Js karn

lEnmek.
;

wahid-Xd Amlarz
^-jiJ

&

tekev,

Get,

v.a.

(procure)
n-et;

l^^H peyda-et,
,

vun

tenassul

organs of

CX*
dan-

J~jlx>tJL^| alati-tenassul.

ghitmek
above,

(become) ^fJ^I 61mak ;

Generosity,

s.

CJjlsr' sakhavet, ^jJ>;

J^f^^^l^^^J^
i

CJJ jwmErdlzk
-'sh-shiyem.

^sJ^^

-ziyadE-yukarzya-chzkmak ;

abroad,

CXJJLj>j suweylEnilmek, ^-^Jj ^CJ


neshr-61unmak
;

Generous,

a.

^Jjls*** sakhavetli,

JK*^*
;

duyulmak
;

kErimu-'shGenesis,
.

CJ/KX^ril^Js
a
fall,

dzsharz-ghitmek

tS-J

tevrat.

[-shiyfem.

cXi-i* J dushmek

a foot-

GHOST
ing,
v.n.

[135]
away,
ayrzl,

GIRDLE
^lr>-

CXttaJJ yErleshmek
(J-^Jjj*
;

jXn

Holy Ghost, ^.jJz^jj


;

kurtulmak

J^l/j
;

ruhu-'l-kuduss

to

give up the
-

mak

<_**Ju>-

chzkmak

v.a.
>.>-

tesslimi

ruh-et

.y^"

j\

ayrmak,
;

jXnz-chzkmak.

kurtannak
before, (J~<j\jA^*\

Giant,

5.

/J
L5

wnguna-varmak;
ezberlEmek
;

Gibbet,

s.

P-U

by

heart,

lJ*tL)Jf1

Gibraltar, 5.^11 Jy3j- Jebel-tar.

clear, v.

away
v.a.

down,

v.n.

Giddiness,

5.

LiAl^Uy^ SErsEmlik

//^

LlXiJi enmek;

CX*)^' endirmek;
ile'rilEmek
; ;

forward,
in,

CX*l*jW
ghirmek
on,
r.

ghywzlar-kXrarmassz
sizlzk,
;

^jjj.,jjlr.

"xkl-

CX*^
;

off,

v.

l^<L^sa> khzffeti-mizaj.
*~>j**
,

away

CJU.W
*j\
;

ile'rilEmek

Giddy,
to be

a.

SErsEm

J-JJLc

^Xklszz

J^+JL;*-^*.:.

usstuna-chzkmak

c3vJ^ J^-ilj bXshz-dwnmek,

CX*iJ binmek
out, v.

CJvi*^~> ghiymek
;

(^cj3
Gift,
s.

L^ Jj^^= ghywzlari-kXrarmak.

away

ready, v.n.

&JJb hediyyE; A-la^


ihsan,
*\xj\

^,4.-) *c?l>-hazz*rlaninak,

y j&\5>- hazz'rthe better


-

^Lj>-l

in"am

-61
\

v.a.

{jp*L*l- hazzrlamak,
of,

bakhshish;
ilahiyyE.

t**$\ *+&**

mevhib^'i-

j*^

hazir-et;

[A*;*- jessim,

LX

mefret.

dXiK^jJcJb*- kXkkzndan

ghElmek
ghllib-61
;

Gigantic, a.
Gild,
v.a.

cX*J

biyuk,

*.Jae "Xzzm,

LlXcj yenmek

j! i*_J

^^JjjJLj

yXldz'zlamak,

^JJ^ cV-.Jbj l_0 sawushdurmak


through,
v.a.
v.n.

luj^-JbjJ tezhlb-et.
,

dX*-^ ghechmek;
ghechirmek
;

Gilding,
Gills,
s.

5,

JO>SI> yAldiz.

[kulXklan*.

LtXtfj^dr

to;

^/.

L^jU^yjJ^llj bXlz>Amg-

gether, v.n.
v.a.

^*J^J^9 t6planmak
up,

Gimlet,

5.

,jj* burghu.
raki,
;

(Js^jo toplamak;
kXlkmak;
,

v.n.

Gimp,
Gin,
s.

^IcuJ (ghaytAn).
^Ja\j

^4Jills

v.a.

^jP^Af^
;

(spirit)

jj^c

"arak

chzkarmak;

^xcjjJLJJ
;

kXld/rmak
well,

(trap)

J\j^ tuzAk
5.

(machine)

/?"

C3*x*^ru J dikmek
61,

^\

lyi-

Ginger,
Gipsy,

J^ftaT) zenjeTII.
(chinghEni)

[charkh.

J^lyu^lls! ifakXt-bulmak;

5.

^^=>tiKjJ

^JaJ

kzbti".

with child, V.H. ^Jl3<L^ ghebE-kXl-

Giraffe, 5.

zurafa (zurafa).

mak

v.a.

&*

ghebE-et
f

you

Gird, v.a. (J**j\J*ji


(a

kushXtmak

up

gone,

int.

L^-,^=uJo lto

haydi-ghit,
;

horse)

cX*>-.c*i<|jJ
one's
self,

kolXnmi-

(-iJJu>

yikzl-shuradan

u^JoU

-chfekmek,

haydi-sikdir.

kushXnmak.

Ghost,

s.

<sJLi-

khayalE;

T *j

ruh,

Girdle,

5.

J^jJ kushXk,^

kEmET.

GIRL
Girl, s.

136

GLAZIER
meshghul-61
;

j
s,

klz.

out, v.a.
; 1

Girt, v.a. v. Gird.

^llJ? dzsharz-vErmek
*jf>~
s

^^

Girth,

Vu'*'*

muhzt,

chevrE;

^lan-et

v.n.

(J^j. y6rulmak,
;

horse's

bands,

kolAn.

jH*JLs^ ussXnmak

Give,
\

v.a.
;

VErmek,

virmek;
; ,

mek

over, v.a.
,

tesslim-et,

Ike! i"ta-et
(stretch)

hasszl-et
i\

IjjJ devr-et;

v.n.

wazkessilmek
;

v.n.

essnmnek;

-ghechmek
place,

(frost)

ghevshEmek;

LlX*^^
;

U-^ii^- chekilupsuck,

call,

LlX>flcl>

cha^fo'nvErmek
;

-yEr

VErmek

(X*J1
;

CJ-^jf^l-P^

6^ Arayz VErmek

emzirmek, cXfL-J bessljemek


slip,

the
up,

guess, CXc^Jjbili VErmek;

(jk*-^^

sawushmak;
;

bir-takhmm-et
bAkt VErmek;
jihaz
-

a look,

t^-L-j tesslim-et

cXJj^i

suweylE-

^aportion/^
(chehiz)
;

mek
away,
hibE-et
;

warning,
;

VErmek

-VErmek

way,
;

CiX^WjJjJj VErivErmek,
back, gheri
-

1<U&>

JUjy
Glad,
to
a.

kopmak

yekzlmak

back again,
;

CX^j
;

j^-i

(J^j^ bozulmak.
(j^i^*^<
,

VErmek

battle,

<LxJ*.rs-

memnun,^--*^ messrur;

ijb

jengtiE-bAshlamak
ily

ear,

be

k-

hXzz-et,

kulAk- VErmek

forth,
;

khoshlanmak.
Gladness,

^/lJ^ dzsharz- VErmek


ilan-et
gheri
;

memnuniyyet,
bXkish
over,
; ,

ground,
;

Glance,

s.

v.n.

cXi-j
ghywz[Xtmak.

chekilmek

sekmek
;

^^^

j<>

swzundan-dwnmek
yardzm-et
-et
;
;

a hand,

/*<^j "
-"
I

Gland,
Glare,

s.

beyz (bez).

heed, ^L^^JJJ dikklt;

^J pek-parlayzsh -

in charge, ^/*1 ^ tesslim-et


;

^.i
Glass,
5.

pek-parlamak

at,

judgment, l/lc1 i"lam-et


lie,
\

the
notice,

-o

J^

tfekzib-et

IjEri-Xtesh-ghibi-olarak-bAkmak.

kbXbEr-VErmek
oy,

one
leave,

|L*.JJ
;

jam, j^Ji-J

billur

tebrik-et;
izin- VErmek
;

(drinking)
*i.ol ayina

kXdeh

(looking)
;

Jj^^s^j
one's

(eye)

CJjj^ ghy^zluk
durbin (durbun)

rukhsAt-vErmek
mind,
-et
;

(telescope)

^jy$
/y
;

^.j-J^^I efkyarmz-beyanone's
sarfz

(hour) t^i^cL?

kum-sa"at.
,

mind
-

to
- et,

(a

thing),

Glaze,

s.j*

sirr

v.a.

cXj^fW
[-kXplamak.

t^jJJOujLtf

zihn

C-U-ij.J
- et,

j^m-ghechirmek;
Glazier,
s.

^^cLll^U- jamjmjz.

diishmek,

tj-^^jf

tevghghul

^s^U-

GLEAM
Gleam,
s.

[137]
v.n

GO
-chzkmak
-ghitmek
I-^.'.J^ v L?
/
;

cU-i>

shii'

CXiS>U^C-t
u? x^-^J-c
.^.3

deshari-

^}-<y>j\i

parlamak.

[Xkip-ghechmek.
; <
\

dXgrMmak,
;

Glide, v.n. (JHuti


Glitter, s.

kaymak cX**? -y
;

J^^

neshr

61unmak

(j^-^j^ parlayish

v.n.

against, CiXi2^^-i^^ karshi-ghitmek

^c3jb parlamak.
Globe,
5.

Jo

bed-ghMmek;

along,

Xjj*
a.
<-~j>

kyurE.
kyure"vl.

Uft (hEmEn)-ghitmekda-61;

Globular,

[habab.

ashore,

'gj*5u^to1t

kXraya-

Globule, s. <Us-habbE, Aj'J dans;

-chekmak

(J*jfo\ &*J*
astray,
;

kXraya-

Gloom,

s.

(jfc^Js

kXranlzk

-6turmak

^J^lUi^i^
/L4jwiU.*UJ
asunder,
;

kfidEr, <*^^<j*k.<

maghmumiyyet.
kXranlik
;

y61unu
fsna
-

shoishirmflik
-

Gloomy,

a.

(jfij\f

y61a

sXpmak

maghmum.
Glorify, v.a.
\

[temjid-et

kopmak, CJviL-^ kessilmek


away,
>a?
i

&K>- h^md-et,
j\J~cl5

cX*i^ ghitmek

back,

Glorious,

a.

nlmdar,
revnXkli.
;

^.S gheri-ghitmek

back;

meshhur
Glory,
s.

*^&

v
;

wards,

ClX^iJj r*r^
^^-.y

gherilEmek

tX**-

hamd

tXs:10

mejd

CX*Jj^
backwards

t^rss

yurumek

cuo^j
Gloss,
s.

shevkst

(J^jj revnXk, ^'-1

and

forwards,
;

t^Jui
down,
D ^ tma k
5

shAn, CL^^Ja shiihret.


)b>- jila,

ghidup-ghElmek
parlaklik
;

jd&[)U

enmek
for,

^f*J V

over, v.a. L^LiJj^l wrtmek.

<_4^ c_Ji^JO

ghidup-Xlmak
neshr- 61 unmak

Glove,

s.

i^uJOi

(MdivEn),

/^JjUjJ!

forth,
A'SUS>-

<^*^ ^2-3
chzkmak
;

(MdivEnlik).

[Xtesh-k^ssilmek.

from, dXtJjc)

Glow,
Glue,

v.n.
s.

(JAJ^ y^nmak, f_lWV- ^^/'"\

dwnmek,
halves,
in,

/Li)j!

ayrilmak

Jl'*L

tutkXl;

v.a.

^*->Ll.>

paylashmak
;

c3v^ ghirmek
;
;

pzshdfrmak.
Glutton,
5.

icheri-ghitmek
obur,

off,

j 4j^t
5.

J^\

ekyul.

ghidivErmek

(J^jtf

bozulmak,
;

Gluttony,

J^yjl

oburlik.
sivri-sinek.

^^xUj^ uymamak, ^cU]^t olmamak

Gnat,

s.

Lt3-i}Lj?j4^

CX*^
;

ghechmek
(

cJ-'ilJ

kessil-

Gnaw,

v.a.
5.

CX*^ ghemirmek.
$Jui
"izads.

mek (jd\ j!\


pXtlamak
;

Xtesh-Xlmak;

^^b
-=

Gnomon,
Go,
v.w.

(jAs*~*\

uchmak
;

on,

CX^==
;

ghitmek,
about,

CX*s

^\

il6ri-ghitmek

^oUe^^J

yiirumek

durmamak,
bAshlamak
;

J^<1^

Hi

kXlmamak,
;

dolasbmak
abroad,

^Ix^Llb

^oUJjl^jlj
uymak,

f arigh-olmamak

^JM*>^

^JL

-llJ?

dzshari-

/^jl

olmak,

GOAD
ghiyilmek;
out,
;

[138]
Goodly,
a.

GOVERNOR
Jj^=
s.

<J*Ju^
swnmek,

ghyuzel

dzshan-chzkmak

cJvJ^~>
over,

biyujek, .Jus*- khayh*.

jl^y&ti** muntfi-ol;

CX*.s?
usstun-

Good-nature,

L^->x-~b
a.

jA

Iyi-tXbi"at.
^Ijflt
tXtlt'j

ghechmek
dan
-

CJ

^
;

^tes~sj\

Good-natured,

y\

lyi,

ghechmek
-

c
;

jL>^r- Jj^ ghyuzel-khuylu.

ghyuzdan

ghechirmek

Goodness,

s.

CJ^
JU

iyilik.

ghezmek

J^cLS^j

y6klamak

Goods,

5. jo/.

L^>! eshya,

<U^J emta"a,

through, tfcJUkflr^J&^l ichindfln-

Jl^cl emval,

mXl.
,

-ghechmek;

CX^^^L>j^= ghywz;

Goose,

s.jli'

kXz;
s.

tailor's

^Jfj(

wtu.

dan-ghechirmek
JJjjj

let

go the anchor

Gooseberry,

^o^J^t^-ijuaxj

bek-

f6nda.
^jiAifjl

tAshi-uzumu.

Goad,

^.

w^Ende'rE

v.a.

Gorge,

5.

J^-^
ed, ^.^.

b6^AXz

v.a.

CtUjjjJ durtmek, C-UjtXLJ^J durtushturmek.


Goal,
s. s.

(J^V&J^

d6yurmak;

^<lJLl?

tzka;

[mahalK-rnAksud.
SEr-menzil,

mak

J^c^-s

jy^jU J^sr

ttkAnmtsh

u^+jj^ d6ymush to become


;

Goat,

^^kechi; he
s.

,^^ erghech.
^U- jam,
dJUj
[ilah.

d6ymak
mak.
Gosling,
s.

(j**J\Lb UkXn-

Goblet,

^.JJ

kXdeh,

piyalE.

<-ib jlS
u5.

God,

s.

<d!\

Xlllh,

c^J
lahut.

tanghrz, Jl

Gospel,

5.

injili-sherif.

Godhead,
Godly,
Goitre,
a.
5.

L2JybS

Gossamer,

sheytAn[eniss.

JW
^l

salzh, jljCJJ

dmdar.

-"arabassz.

ur.
Altzn, jj zsr,

Gossip,

s. s.

Gold,

s.

^jA\

L-^^3

zeheb.

Gourd,

j\J

klbAk.
shikemperesst.
nikriss.

Goldbeater,

s.

^??jj

vtirakji.

Gourmand, 5. L
Gout,
5.

Golden,

a.

^jpH Xltm,
s.

^jj

zerm.

^j-J\j&

Goldfinch,
Gold-lace,

^jttji
<tc^*5

U-j saka-kushu.

Govern,
\Xj\

v.a.

Ic^^xrs\

hukyumet-et,

5. 5.

sirma.

J\ idarE-et,

laJj

j Sa-^ zXbt-u-

Goldsmith,
Gonorrhoea,

^^*f kuyumju.
^f-f-y* Jj bel-s6^u^Au.
khayr,
,

-rXbt-et.

s.

Government,
Xj\4\
idare",

s.

(^^*^u

hukyumet,
zXbt-u-rXbt;
vukela'i-

Good,
^.l?

~^;

LL)>5jjl

iyilik,

\&j j
;

felah

a.
i

y\
B.O

lyi

J\^
;

yarar.
in a

u^JjJ

devlet

Good-humour,

s.

keyf

to be

-devlet, Ly*J

vuk^la-takemz.
miitas;

Governor, * iJ

Good-humoured,

a.

j^

ghyulEr-

sarrif,

Ju~x mut^ssellim

lieutenant

dXn'lmoz.

GOWN
Gown,
s.

[139]
fisstAn
;

GRATE
a.

(woman's)
outer)
<Usj-

(jU2*J

Grand,
metli

cJ**J biyuk

jii-ellac

"Xza-

(man's

jubbE

^l^ukJ?
s.

tXntAnali.
J
'alz

blnish; (inner) t^jbj! Entari.

Grandee,

Grace,

5.

*j* kErEm,

i_aM

lutf,

^^^V^J^Tj ri kibardan-biri, u^J^jJl^y^W


^"azimi-rijaldan-biri.
5.

"inayet,
latafet,
!t>]

^L
\^\jj

z>-\

ihsan

nezakfit, . r ->- hussn, l

Grandeur,
tXntAna,

c^-^Uic "Azamet,
heybet.

<t;hvV>

eda

^ClJ teshekkyur,
;

Ic J

du"a
'

C^-Jb
5.

^&c

afv

tr-?

^i^ maghf^ret,
,

^ Lie
zatz-

Grandfather,

bbcJj-^

biyuk-bXbA,
[turXk-kelam.
jjl^k^l?
torn-

ghufran; your
"ain^ri,
letl^ri
;

u^LJlcCJlt)

^JJ dedE,

Jc>- jedd.
5.

u^-xjJjO
his
\
,

tjb
*

zatz-dev;

Grandiloquence,
Grandiloquent,
a.

/*^

^Jjuls-

fakhametlu

Jj^larfi

,^<^

kelami-

r.a.

j^,^

tezyin-et,

-t6mturak.

[^J^lUcJ^J biyuk-validE.
5.

zinet-61.

Grandmother,
a.

l3\L^J*.J

biyuk- ana,

Graceful,
nazik,

~*>-

hussunlu,

Grandson,

s.

^jjb
5.

t6run, XjAs^ hafld,

^>\j>
a.

nezakEtli.
c-fl-!

^J
cJjl5
Grant,

nebirE.

Gracious,
latzf,

(person) +>J* kerim,

Grand- Vizier,
5.

Aes\

j&a
;

sXdr-a"zam.
f^rmAn,

jcj\i&
;

"inayetkyar,

^1*>-I ihsan
,

nazik
j~<\

(act or

word) e^-oliji cU

Cul^J berat;

v.a.

^o/ CX^j

vErmek,

lutf-ve-"inayet-amiz,

<UUjp

l^L*:*-! ihsan-et;

l/^iJ
;

tesslini-et,

kerlmanE, AJ^l^jL^ "inayetkyaranE,


<0lijli

\^i\j^\
Grape,
s.

i"tiraf-et

\^0j*

farz-et.

nazikyanE.
s.

/j>J^

uzum

shot,

t^%~~

Gradation,

&>-j<3 der^JE;

^j&J
;

tedrij.
ly, ad.

misskfit, Jill* sllk/m.

Gradual,

a.

^s?jS5

tedrij I

Grapple with,

v.a.

^*-i>^c^

o^Arash-

f*.j&&\^c.
Graft,
s.
(

"al^-'t-tedrij.

mak, cXwlJl>- chfekishmek.


kalEmGrasp,
v.a.

jt>\

Xshz,
,v.a.
(

^--^IJjl

(J^^>

tutmak,

<J^\jj^*

-Ashzssi;

J*j'L>\ Ishlatmak;

kawramak, \^/^3 kabz-et.


Grass,
5.

Xshlamak. (Jsc\J*\
Grain,
s.

c2J^l

6t.

<Ub danE
zakhlrE
;

(tans), <Ur>A^kT
;
1

habbs
;

Grasshopper,
Grassplot,
s.

5.

tej&- chekirghs.
chim.
;

^*>-<j

tokhum

(of

A-^-

wood) j+b dAmar


grain,

to

go against the

Grate,
,

s.

J^-^ 6jk
cJv.]iJj

J^Uul

isskara

dXti&^--jiC^X<.)l AdAnn'n^-

v.a.

-ghyujuna-ghitmek.

v.n.

C^^3j**

surunmek,

Grammar,

s.

^sC^^jc
5.

sarf-u-nahv.

ghyzrdamak;

on one's

feelings,

Grammar-school,
Granary,
5.

\j*j- C-^^C< mek[tEb-i-"irfan.

\*J\ anbar.

-ghztmek.

GRATEFUL
Grateful,
a.

[140]
Gravy,
Grease,
Great,
s.

GRIEF
ye
su.
;

jlLt*?*-*

mute'shekkir,

^Uw-CJ^ilS)

shakiru-'n-ni"mE.

s.

^b ya^A

v.a.

Grater,

5.

rendE. *jJj
5.

a.

cJj*J biyuk, ~~
;

^JU' kebir, **^


,

Gratification,

ci^\-jl**.-o

memnuni"met
;

"Azim

J^
;

ch6k

the

5.

pi.

niyyet,
^jtJLss?*

U-0

sAf a

L^-~*x3

jUi
\j

kibar,

^^JslL^L^
a
;

kibar-takzmz,
deal,

bakhshish,

(^L*s-\

ihsan,

kyub^ra

many, a

/Ujl

in"am;
;

C^.t)^lj>hAzz, \j~su
ia

khoshhAzzz-

v^-^J

bir-ch6k

grandfather,

nudiyyet
-nefss.

\2^>-

grandson,
v.a.
\

if^ ^^jj
{

torunun^,

Gratify,
1

^.^^,^ memnun-et,
;

Alexander the
;

jJcLJ

t^wl^s-

kh6shnud-et
;

ciX-c^Jj

l^

Isskender-rwmi
deli-PEtro.

Peter the

sAf a-VErmek

^^Joi-i)^.
hasszl-et
;

khosh1

landzrmak;
ijra-et;
-ijra-et
;

IJ^U-

\.=>-\

Great-coat,

5. s.

J^J

kapot.

["Azamet.
;

\jj^\^L^eb}\
tabr'ol,

iktizassini-

Greatness,

CJiSj-J biyukluk
of),
s.

j^J\J

J^.^ uymak.

Greece

(kingdom
;

Gratis, ad. ljJb*>b

badi-hewa (bedawa),

Yunanisstan
Greedy,
a.

(ancient)

/j

rum.

uLsr* mejanan.
Gratitude,
s.

}jf^

flch-ghywzluj^j^

&

shukr,

^.Clj

teshek-

chok-yEr,j^jl obur.

kyur,

C^J^rr-i>
a.

shukraniyyet.

Greek

(in
;

general), a. +jj rum,


(of the
s.

^jj
yunan
;

Gratuitous,

^Jfcjb

badi-hewa (be-

rumi

kingdom)

(^li^J

dawa)

(language)
s.
(

^srjj rumJE.
;

Gratuity,
ihsan,

jtJLs^i bakhshish,

Green,

a. J..1J yeshil
s. s.

/*l>

khXm.

^Ixil

in"am.
^-J>

Greengrocer,
kAbr,

\J**\jj+* sebzEwatjz.
limonluk.

Grave,

s.

j\j* mezar,
?E
;

^
aghir,
,

Greenhouse,
Greens,
5.

JpJ^J

a.

(person) j&\
;

pL

*?
k?r

lahana.

teinkinli

(affair)

jjiJjjJ

Greet, v.a. (jJsAyj

^L: selam-vErmek.
;

korkulur, (Jl>-<&5jj3
v.a.

k6rkuljk;

Grey,

a.

y-J
;

Jy

boz

^*^^
;

<^<fii kAzmak, 1c^>^ hakk-et.


s.

ghyumishz
s.

\J?y*j

kurshuni

Gravestone,

^J*b> j\j*
s. JJs'

mezar-tAshz.

of the morning,
;

^ibj JoJ_Lp

Graving- tool,
Gravity,
s.

kalEm.
.s\

sabAh-aydm%fo'
aghir,

of the evening,

(personal)
(of affairs)
;

^JLri

xb ^j A ll.:>!
Greybeard,
.s.

temkm

J^>y^^"^jij^
(of
,

^Uliu> j!

korkukjak-bir-hal
cj^liO szklet
;

substances)

Greyhound,
Gridiron,
Grief,
s.

s.

ojlj

tAzi.

specific

5.

Xj\JLa\

isskara.

szkleti-zatiyyE.

kider,

tJ

dErd, C-?

GRIEVANCE
kAssavet, J! elem,

[141]
Grot, Grotto,

GUARD
.

*c

ghAm,

*jAJ\

^,^o ma^Aara,
<U?^c

^
;

In.

enduh.
Grievance,s.
ekki
;

Ground,

5.

^J

yr,

arsa

^^J
mujib,

^J^j^^^-^o
dsrd
;

mujibi-tesh-

zemm;
^_^-u-j
,

^j-Lsl essass;

u.^^^*

bela, J> J

j Ac ghAdr

sebeb,

c^-w-jL

munass^bet;

JI? zulm.
Grieve, v.a.

a.

jjwJju^:j!

w^udulmush;

CiX^j j^
ksder-et,

kEder-VErmek

^jL^J-=jJ du^Aulmush,
chekilmish, ^i-Jjl
S

^wlx>; ,

,v.w. ^>j

(iLiJ^Ci^LJ
A

ezilmish
,

v.a.

kAssavet-chekmek, cXtJ.

ghAm-

~*

\j

tk'slss-et;

v.n.

(a ship)

-yemek, jl j JkC
Grievous,
a.

mukEddEr-61.

^J^^lar. "Aznn-VE-elim,
[kzzartmak.

Grounded,

a.

^~~i\Zso
;

mut^'fesssiss,

LJ fsna.
Grill,

^J~

mubteni
a.

j]%^A

Assh'-var.

v.a.

(Jp*3j\j*
(flour,

tXj\JL\ isskarada-

Groundless,

j~*?]4 dibsiz,

J^.^J^'^

Grind, v.a.

&c.) CiX^l^sjl w^Aut;

AssK-y6k,

^y

b6sh.
telvi,

mek; jjv^^^- chekmek


&c.)

(colours,
;

Grounds, s.pl.

uJj

j^^t

t6rtu,

cXj!

ezmek, ^J^-*** sahk-et

(u-on, &c.)

fjAJ^oiJ^o tAsha-tutmak;

Ground-swell,

j*
s.

sXlintf.

(the teeth)

^iS\^jaf ghyzrdAtmak.
^jilt tAsh,
^-?i.j

Ground-work,
Group,
v.a.
5.

J-4J temel.

Grindstone,

s.

bile^Ai,

<t<^ kyiimE,

cJyJ bMuk
,

^^-i'vL^^JJ bile^Ai-tAshz.

^<>jl? t6p-et;
5.

v.n.

^^L-J^b
[t6p-61.

Gripe,
,

s.

Jl M, ^saj penchE, ^J J kAbza


(jk*7^L.JL*tf

Grove,

\*)^*)$

6rmAn.
;

v.a.

szkz-tutmak
;

Grow,

v.n.

CJ^^-J biyumek
;

^^Jyil^ylJJ karn-A^rztmak

gripes,

b6ylanmak

C^-^/j-J

surmek

61mak, LLJ^LGristle,
.

kessilmek.

J^i^J
ujlL1

kzkzrdAk.
in^ilti,

[slnjt.

Growl,
Gruel,

v.n.
s.

^cij^- khblamak.

Groan,

s.

^1

enm

[ijj^-^jj yawAn-chorba.
'i}-

Gruff, a.

b^Auk

J~*^>- khuysuz.

Grocer,
Groin,
-r>,

JlftJ

bAkkll.

Grumble,

v.n.
s.

LlX*Jjy-j suweylEnmek.

Jn^lJJ kAsszk.
*
f_
4
.

Guarantee,
,-wJi isspir.

(person) J-^kefil; (thing)


(

Grroom,

s.

(j~-

se

iss,

t^JU^kefalet; ^Jbj r^hm.


Guard,
5.

Groove, *.^-J yiv, yiw.


Gross,
5.

(man)

^
"isskET,

^j^ic^y^jj!

6n-iki-duzina,
-

,jfl^

klWASS,^ A
;

<LJ^Jd^ J^Jj^j
-(tanE)
;

yuz

kzrk
lii

dwrtfsna,

nubetji

(soldiers)

a.

Li'

kAba,

^^L^JUH^-^M^^IJ
mamish.

darassz'-chzk-

kiri-khlsssa

(time or duty)

L^-Jy

nubetj

(of a

sword- handle) jljl>-

GUARD-HOUSE
chAprXz
;

[142]

HABITATION
lj
>

(of a gun-trigger)
; ,

$$jf
mak.
Gun,
s.
;

(zamk) - ila - yapzshdzr-

korkuluk
\

v.a.

(*&&*

saklamak,

Soa>- hefz-et, l^diJl&r muliAfaza-et

L-)jb top
s.

cJiAj tufenk
ClXkAJ*

(tufek).

bXkmak. <J*3lj
Guard-house,
Guardian,
s.
s.

Gun-barrel,
kulluk.
;

u-xJ

tufenk-

(J&
wAssz

^c^

kJlsr* muhAfz'z.

Gun-carriage,

5.

jjcjf kundAk.

Guerilla, s. Jjjj

^>\J
(

bAshi-bozuk.

Gun-cotton,
;

5.

,yjjV

O>^^

pamuk-

Guess,
',

s.

^
JL~
s.

zdhin,

^ss^ takhmm
\ ;
(

baruti.

[t6pji-bAshz.

v.a.
s.

C-UJj bilmek
mussafir.

j^s^

takh-

Gunner,

s.

^y^jjt
*.

t6pjz;

^b^^jL
t6p-

Guest,

[min-et.
L^-Jj&J

Gunpowder,
Gunshot,
menzili
*.

<-^^;b bant.

Guidance,
delalet.

L^-o|jJ& hidayet;

(distance)

^J^cc-^

^'j^^^jfi kurshun-menwound, ,g**ij\jA


ghyullE-

Guide,

s.

jj&

k^A^Auz, JJt>

delil,
,

zili

hadi,

U;
t

rehnuma

v.a.

yarassi

^^V.
s.

\i)?*J$

kurshunchakraakjz.

y61-ghy<)tsstErmek

-yarass/.

[^s?UA>-

Gunsmith,
Guild,
Guile,
Guilt, 5.
5.

^f*&
^Jo

tufenkji (tufekji),

u-JUwtf

essnaf.

Gunstock,

s.

(^kJi>

tufenk-

jj^jj-c ghHl-u-ghzsh,

L^o-Uf

kXbahat,

A^*- jurm,

Gush,
Gust,

v.n.
s.

*js&&

fzshk/rmak.

X^ ghyunah.
Guiltless,
a.
:. ...... r..

~*^s

kXbabats2'z,

^)&*~i\j)^j&j *j ruzghyann^-bir-essmassz ^J b6r.


;

J^JiL^s
ghyunah.
Guilty,
a.

ghyunahsiz,

*li=uJ

bi-

Gut,

s.

(J*0j\3
s.

or

J)W*J

ba^Azrs^k.

[junhalr.

Gutter,

^\

61uk,

j^l

XwlXk.

jla^AJ
5.
[

kXbahath',

jlfcrtjfc?

Guzzle, v.n. and a.

cX*a;|

ichmek,

Guinea-fowl,
Guitar,
5.

^fj^^

bech-tawu^Au.

^^jl>- chakmak.
Gymnasium,
5.

;^ ghitAra.

^^
H.

i^c^r*^

U^

Gulf, s. (bay)
<d^jj

^j^

ky^rfez

(abyss)

bedEn-ta' 'limi-mahali.

varta, i^ft>(bird)

hufrE.

Gull,

^>j\* martz; (dupe) v.a. sh^shkm jpj1^\ ^.jj^ll


s.
; ,

Haberdasher,
furush.

s.

ij^jj*

X^/>-

khurdfi-

lldatmak.
Gullet,
.

jtojs. gh^rtlXk,
_^*tf

jUy
;

UghAz.
(of the

Habit,

s.

CJ Jlc
a.

"adet

jy^

khuy.
Jjla

Gum,

5.

samgh (zamk)
C

Habitable,

jjjfo\

6turulur,

eyes)

jV?"

^P A^

'>

(f
;

t^ e teeth)
,

^c^Lo

kabili-sukna.
s.

[me'va.

i) J dish-etl^ri

v.a.

Habitation,

.^ru** messken,

u^U

HABITUAL
Habitual, a.

[143]
"adet-

HANDSOME
5.

^.^A^L^CJjU
v.a.
self,

Ham,

but,

Jj.

kaynak

J^=j<^

-hukmuna-ghirmish.
Habituate,
one's

^^ejj^lj
Ah'shdz'rmak
;

^y

d6nguz-butu-pAss-

^^^JuJl

dermassz (d6muz).

^4-lJ^ Ib'shmak.

Hamlet,
;

s.

j^sf^jZ kywyje^iz,
s.

Hack,

v.a.

CXc^^s.

chentmek

Hammer,
t6km^k
,

f^^
sledge
,

chekij

hackney,
f

j**j\)

barghir (beyghir),

(j~j*.^) variyoss

^j}*.\3 r\
Hail,
s.

kiraji-(beyghiri).

v.a.

cJv*L> dw^Amek.
s.

or

d61u
;

v.n.
/

Hammock,

X3J\j)

branda.
;

^j^il) d61u-yaghmak

int.

LlXlc ess-selamu- "aleykE


\

v.a.

, Hamper, 5. v^^iJfLJ} klpAkh'-seped v.a. cX<^ L^JcJL^ szkmtz-vErmek,

JjJf

^J
i

cJ^-J ^j_*^ buyurunp'-bu;

yurun^-deyu-kXbul-et
Hale, a. *=^c> dinj.
Half, a. *jl>
.
.

(JK*^^
s.

cha-

[grAzrmak.
;

Hand,

s.

Jl
/

E!,

C^.O

desst, JJ

yed
<

yanm
half,

<^lj yAn
. .

(man)
ishji
,

j|

Ad Am,

and a
ad. Al

buchuk Jj*^ b yarz-yarzya.


L
yarz'm-ay.

(signature)

Ju nefEr, Li! imza


;

^js: --:ll
(

hour

c-^i&
;

"akreb
,

minute

^j&J
;

Half-moon,
Half-pay,
5.

s.

yelkowXn
over,

v.a.

CX<->j VErmek
;

hAzar-m"ashi.
5.

J tesslim-et tjtJu.

in

Halfpenny,

6n-parE.
a.

hand,ac?.

)jty*j4\$ El-Ela-vErErek;
to live
<0

Half-seas-over,

&*ss~f>-j~>

SErkh6shJE.

Half-witted, a. <*S!jy budAla.


Hall,
s.

jUj'^J^'^-'l-ittifAk; hand to mouth, J^S-<LJ

from

*ll^>-!

aJUr^O

diwAnkhanE.

Aksham-nE-yey^-

Halloo,

int. L^\ ey,

jb

10 bana-bAk.
Handful,
5.
(

Hallow, u.a. l^jjJO* tXkdiss-et, lcJ;L<

_>^\
s.

awuj-dolussu.

mubarek 1

et

<^o Icj
t

ri*

'ayet

- et,

Hand-grenade,
khumbarassi.
Handicraft,
s.

^iifj^^.

^\

E!-

tXccJ^Lo mubarek- "dd-et;

ed,

pp.

cJ;L^ mubarek,

(j*JJU mu-

(^~x*a san"at.
s.

kXddess.
Halt,
s.

Handkerchief,
eylEnish;
v.n.
,

JjJ&*

niEndil,
t

Sjj>.

JbkA
,

a.

Jbjt
;

chevra, ^j^V. yEmEni, (J^\) ya^Ah'k,


ksoj&c makrflmfl-(mah-).

cX*JjJ eylEnmek

.? t6pXllamak,

^J^^~~^ Aghsz-

Handle,

s.

L-A0

sip,

L-J^J kulp, ,J^*3


;
,

mak
Halter,

int. iaJ-U- hXlt.

kulAk, <UiJf kAbza

v.a.

(J^b

s.

j^L> yular

t_^oj ip.
;

tutmak, ^J^jiUy kullAnmak.

Halve, v.a.

viXJy^O^^ol ikiya-bMmek

Handsome,

a.

Jj^

ghyuzel,

A^u

*L\J paylashmak.

ghy^ssterishli,

^JLljb

ycMu'shiklt*.

HANDSPIKE
Handspike,
s.

[144]
Harass,
v.a.

HARDY
(j*j
-

*Jy

to manavela.
(j jj&
s

yormak,

L^.

Handy,

a.

(man)
;

hezar-fEnn
rahat,

OXtc^>j

rahat VErmamek,

iJ*-lXi

(hezarifend)

(thing)
t

C^~1^

rahatsz'z-et,

^-^
v.a.

ta'jiz-et.

^if
Hang,
(

kolay, j\j> 4*-^ isha-yarar.


v.a.

Harbour,
v.n.

s.

(jUJ
,

limAn, ,^-yo or
(Jp*jjb tutmak,
)\

Lyo
tj

(J^\ Xssmak
back,

mersa

J**b0\ Asszlmak;

about, ^J^J^^y

yatak-61.

[dip6rto.
.

dolashmak;
ile"ri-ghElmamek,

cJ*U
}j&
sarkmak;

Harbour-master,

jft>

^^ kaptansert, vi)J

(j^j^

Hard,

a.

.gj
S2ke

kAti,
;

CL^-o
-..jS

pek

-durmak
out,

down,

(J**J>j\*a

jS-Mtf

ghyuch,
;

C1

^^^

fc-

v.a.

(J**p\ Assmak, c3-*<^-

chetin,

Jxl^e mushkil

of belief,

SErmek; ^4cJi^U? sarkztmak, ^^jj^ljj


kAldirmak,
,

(tyit

ghywsstErmek
;

jyL>J^-^ ghyuch- in anz'r, j*J\J\ inanto be believed, maz; j^JjL.^^.^


ghyuch-inanzh'r,
of hearing,

v.n.
;

(J^jj^ sarkmak
over, ^J^J^io
;

^jul^l
;

^JjUjJ
saghir.

inanilmaz

Asszlmak

tXshmak

-c-U?

/L4JLtf sarkmak

together,

t_j
;

Harden,

v.a. L $*)Aj*Lz

kXtzlashdtrmak, SErtlEshdirmek,
;

^UJ!^j^j^ biri-birini-brakmamak
up,

J'^-o

^4^1
5. 5.

Xssmak.

[kzltj.

J pekishdirmek
kltilashmak,
-

v.n.

Hanger,

-r*5 j

^3JUaJ

kzssajek-bir-

cX.lJj^-j

Hangman,
Hank,
5.

tAti- jellAd.

SErtlEshmek, d)v*.^xj pekishmek. v 1

JU^>
after,

kXnghAl, xjo turrE (tura).


v.a.

Hard-favoured, Hard-featured,
chirkin.

a.

,.,

Hanker

cJv*^-j|

isst^mek,

arzukmak,
^>- vL^-i>^

^^^1
olmak,

Aramak,

Hard-hearted, a.j~z*>-j*< mErhametsiz.

ishtiyAk-chekmek.

Hardihood,
Hardiness,

s. s.

C-^l

d- jessaret.

Happen,

v.n.

<J^jl

^^LajUL dayanzklzk.

chzkmak,

j'^^

VAki"61,

Hardly,

ad.

^U^

heman
;

(hEmEn)

tesslduf-et, \j$> zuhur-et,

^
;

^^^
L^.

ghyuch-bela

X&^
<<

vuku"-bulmak.
Happily, ad. 4jjU-j sa"adetla

hich-mussa adE-ghywss-

Hardness,
Happiness,
s.

s.

JP^J
7

kXtzlik,

Cl^jl x_-j

sa^adet

sertlik;

^L^

szkilik;

C^la

c^>Jyx^3 meranuniyyet.
Happy,
ishi
-

chluk,
J
-

C^L..^>-

chetinlik, (J

a.

^^'

^ uX

>

^/
-

i^

^^
;

LT*"

mushkillik, c:^J^x^ su"ubet.

yolunda
'id,

rahatz

yerinda

oUn,

Hardship,

5.

cJcJL*tf s^kmdz,

tXx~9 sa

Jjjc..^
)

mess"ud

L._j

meshakkXt.
Hardy,
a.

memnun

^^

messrur.

AjijLL dayamkh',

^J

dinj.

HARE
Hare,
s.

[145]
[kulXk-VEr.

HAZE
.

^L2i^lb tawshAn.
<UiJ

Hasty,

LL)jU- chabik J*^.


;

Hark,
Harlot,

int.
s. 5.

dinglE (dins),

^j,J^3

j^jJi^joUHat,
5. ajuLi>

chabz'k-kkar.

<C-c^U fahishE.

shXpka.
yawrz-chz;

Harm,
v.a.

^-^

zarar,

^^J

ziy an

>

>

Hatch,

v.a.

<_^ljL>-Lj>^lj
,

CjJw4^^bl injitmek, |^J

z^rar-et.

karmak;

s.

^-J kXpz

^cLj^Lj'

Harmless, a.J-^J zararszz. [muwafakXt.

Harmony,

s.
s.

^jJJjlt tXtlzlzk;
or

OA3^
;
;

Hatchet,

5. <da!b

bXlta.

k6shum Harness, +ja f^-2^ Jilt takz'm; v.a. ^4^3 koshmak


,

Hatchway,
Hate,
5.

s.

c^cl jLj]
bughz, CJ>j\J^ "davet
; ,
;

(^/aij

(3*J^\ J*A
t

takzmznz-wurmak
sarraj.

Cl^w

nefret

v.a.

LLXcLci^^vJb

maker,

^Us.

Tiich-SEvmamek

Ic^j^Ac "adavet-et.

Harp,

s.

CJo*>- chengh.

Hateful, a.j^i^c menfur,

}* noXkbuh.
"adavet;
[(kibir).

Harpoon,

^+$Jj
5.

zzbkzn.

Hatred,

s.

t^aki bughz,

d^l Jtf

Harpooner,

^acCjbj zzbkmjz.
*J

d^ii

nefret.
s.

Harpsichord, s.y LJ
-piano.

J^IS" kyar-kXdim-

Haughtiness,

'j**3 tekebbur, j*

kibr

Haughty,
.^cl

a.

j*z~<

mutekebbir,

Harrow, s.
,

kt^^i>- chiftji-tara^Az
*->C

kibirli,

(jfy* fir"awn,

v.a.

^JKoy? taramak;

one's

Haul, v.a.

^l^y cLU^>- chekmek

ndbran.
;

l^L^Ji)

feelings,

/jUJulj.^0

Haunch,
Haunt,

s.

LJ^U? s^ghri.

fhisa-et.

v.a.

jluJjlt

ta'if-ol.

Harsh,

a.

CU^-o
^.

sert.

Have, v.a.ycJJU
nishXdzr;
(spirit

malik-61.

Hartshorn,
of)

^<jlU

Havoc,

^tj

ziyan,

C1^L*>- khXssaret.
;

^^>^j^vlJ
5.

nishadir-ruhu.

Hawk,

5.

ilLs^l Atmffja

v.a.

L-J^AJ*

Harvest,

oL^.-v.
time,

hlssld,

J^tsr*

^JUJL? ghezdirip-sXtmak.

mahsul

^^ij^sr bichim-

Hawker,

5.

^^jVi^V ^
1

ghezdiriji-

wlktf, ijjj\to\ 6rAk-wXkt.

Hawser, s.jL)L> pXlamar.

[bXzirghyan.

Hash,

s.

^j^sT yahni

v.a.

\^^
cha-

Hay,

s.

tl^l jjy
s.

kuru-6t.

yahni-et.

Haycock,
"XjelE;

,^-^V. C->j\ bt-yighmi.


s.

Haste,

s.

<d^

CJJ^U; ,

Haymaking,
Hayrick,

cX*^ CU^I 6t-bichmek.


s.

biklik,

C^cyo
v.n.

sur^at

v.n.

\&s?

Haystack,

CL

"AJ6lE-et

lc)oU
v.a.

chabzk-61.

Hasten,

cJ-^C^Xjl^,

chabik-

Hazard,
duf ;

5.

L^rkT bakht
,

uJjLaj

tessa-

ghitmek;
Hastily,
ad.

\J~&*>

ta' jil-et.

v.a.
a.

J^yJU^l^?
tehlikEli.

tehlikeyE-

JjWt^

"ijflfe-ilo,

Hazardous,

jJ*lff

[k6mak.

Haze,

5.

(j~^-j siss,

^U^J

dumXn.

HAZEL
Hazel,
5.

[146]
a.

HEEL
s.

jjJoj

fhidik

tiz

Hearsay,
Heart,
s.

Ci^Uj/*****

messmu"At.
<Jt>
;

jKjj kesstanE-rEnkli.
He,j9r.^
6,

t_^Jj kXlb, CJ^JJ yurek,


plant)
ClJ-Jj

Jj! 61

a.

C^

erkek.

dil

(of a

ghyubek
;

Head,

5.

^b
dib
;

bXsh

.* SET,

y\) re'ss;
^

(middle) <d^l

or
;

<U^^1

orta

by by

(of a ship),

^b
;

bXsh; (of a cask) an


arrow)
bXsh,

^jJ^jl
v.a.

ezbErden

to

learn

L-~~t>

(of
,

ctXf^Jj^ ezbErlEmek.

temrEn
birinji
;

a.

^b
j\

Heart-breaking, Heart-rending, a. LL
bAsh-ol,

v.a.

^ib

J^J^M)
Headache,
Headland,

SErkErdE-61.
5. s.

maz.
Heart-broken,
a.

(J**JycV(jt

J Jd^jlij shikesstE-dil.
[J-iLaJ
1

jj^j^ burun.

Hearth, s. J W-^ ojak.


Heartless,
a.

insAfsz'z.

Headlong, ad.

l-i^b
merkEz.

J~JLJl
s.

insaniyyetsiz,
her-ja'i-

Heart's-ease,

ilfiiJ^W^

Head- quarters,
Headstrong,
a.

s.jZjsc

benefshE (menekshE).
Hearty,
j^i-^tf
.

j*o<f.ljjj s&z-dinglEmz

u?y kawi, *lc.U sa^7ilm;


samimi,

^^^>

yurekdan.
siJ

Headway,

J^J yol

&*>j)* yuruma.
,

Heat,

5.

jl^U
;

sijXk,

jlSls^o

Heal, v.n.j\jj\ iyi-61

v.a.

\^\ ip-et.

C^l^- hararet;
kkghznlzk
,

^1 Atesh;
v.a.
\

Health,

s.

c^s^s^
u-fl-^
;

szhhat,

<*^-JU

(j*'~>\ issztmak,
(

"afiyyet;

k^yf>

T^J*
!

m z ^j>
i

t tesskhzn(J*jj** kzzdirmak, j+st~

Jb

tXb"

your

health

la^c

-et.

[^il^jl^
s.

kitlbssz-kyafir.
|

Heathen,
Healthy,
a.

and

a.

jj

ghyawr,^sl^ kyafir,
; ,

4L?

sa^A, A^Lc
(

Heave,
t

v.a.

Xtmak (J*J\

v.n.

^b

Heap,
v.a.

<U^^ kyumE,

j^

y^ghzn

(j*>jj\

bAsh-wurmak.
firdavss.

(Jp**Jt

yzghmak.

Heaven, s. (*^>i>-jennEt, (j"}j*

Hear, v.a.

cXc-M

ishitmek, IcU^-s!

Heavy, a.j&\ tyhir, JJil skzl.


;

isstima"-et;

CJvd^J

dinglEmek

(di;

Hectic,

a.

j^jj verEmli;

fever,

nEmek),
1

CtX*^

^y

kulXk-VErmek
ijabet-et.

<U^j|

jlj-^ ghizli-isshma.
s.

JjJ>kAbul-et, Ic^jU-l
5.

Hedge,
;

^^^
s.

chit.

Hearing,

<U-*L*CJ^i*
,

kuvveti-sami"a

Hedgehog,
Heed,
s.

^^J^
,

ufAk-kirpi.

in one's

L^o J
;

dikklt, JUA? t^kayyud,


v.a.

halda

to

give
izin
-

Jujj

kayd

and

n.

VErup - suweylEtmek,
[mek.
S

dikkAt-et,

JuJ!

kayd-et.
over, v.n.

(dinEmek).

Heel,

s.

Atf^j)
;

wkchs;
,

Hearken,

v.n.

CiX*

kulAkvEr-

yatmak

v.a.

J^/^

yatzrmak

HEGIRA
Hegira,
s.

[147]
^j-Jci^
ghenj-inek.

HEBE
s-.

CJ^p*

hijret

Hem,

khrnlmz'sh;
,

hijre'ti-nebe'viyyE.

[C3-X>

-kEnar

v.a.
;

Heifer,

s.

JG

dishi-dAna,
;

^i

kEnarmz-kzv/rmak
chevirmek,

in,

Height,
seklik,

s.

LJ* b6y

cJ-K...
\1

^ty yuk-

kushAtmak,

ctojl irtifa";

(tepE),^>lj bayzr,

Oy*
drta,

szrt

-y! evj,

Hemisphere,
Hemistich,
5.

s.

zirvE

AJ\

ko

wAssAt.
;

imssra".
s.

Heinous,

a.

,-A.JcJj pek-kAbzh

Hemorrhoids,

J^j<uLo

mayEssil,
oassur.

sheni"; ^Jwil
Heir,
s. (after

eshna".
;

Hemp, s.j&
Hen,
5.

kendir.

[j^V

possession) *^;ij variss

jjjll?

tawuk.
^j-*J^

(before possession) J^c^JI^ veli-"ahd.

Hence,

ad.

bundan

<UXs ta

Heiress,

s.

f.

tij\)

varissE

bina'an-^aleyh, ^l^y bun^-bina'an,


(

veliyye'tu-'l- "ahd.

-i^l^j bun^a-mebni,
'

v^J)<3
(

J^ Uj

Heliotrope,
Hell,
s.

s.

^j^zste* <ulj^

vanilya-

bina'an - 'ala-zalikE.

*+$>

jihennem

(jib^nnam),

Henceforth,

Henceforward,

ad.

u^

>^srT jahim.
Hellenic, a.

bundan -b^ylE, ^La3 Jj^j bundan<dj^J


yunani.
sbngra,

^^
s.

Jk*jUj fi-ma-ba"d,
j-.^D c
J
j

Hellespont,

cfjVcJ

cha-

bir-daha,

shimdidan-

-ghen.

Helm,

5.

dumEn-yekfissi,
s.

Her, pr.
(Ana),
si,

s.

^J\ Anz,
;

6nu;
pr.
a.

Helmet,

<j*lJ

tAss,

fix

mighfisr,

6n^a (6na)
anin^,

Co
s.

Helmsman,

s.

^f&**)A dumEnji.

Herald,

ujlx* munadi

v.a.

Helot, s.j~i\ essir.

Help,

5.
i

/*-^V.

yardrai,

j!*X!

imdad,

Herb,

5.

CJ>j

6t,

CUJ
;

nebat.

^3lc)

anE,

c^-0l*^ mi
yardzmjz,
,

Herbalist, ^.

^^j*
suru

kywkju.
together, v.n.

*'avn;

^sr^t^b

..^ mu"m,
-

Herd,

5.

(J^^i

mu"avin;

v.a.

sum - suru-ghezet
;

dzm

-et,

mu"av^net
;

mek.

ianE - et

imdad -

et,

Herdsman,
Here, ad.

8.
\

imdada
<

yetishmek

bura,

burassz;
burassznz
;

men-et,

charE-bul-

burayi,

^ci^

mak.
Helpless, a.

*V,^ buraya
burassma
s.
\

^<^^ bwrada

<U-jjj^J

Helpmate,

J<\

arkadash.

int.

, *Jc--j^ burassmda ; &J*\ ishtE, U na and there,


; ;

M 2

HEREABOUTS
&tE-beri;

[148]
Heroic,
a.

HIEROGLYPH
<U<jl^J bahadiranE.
5.

L^J'eJJ tek-tek;
na.

here

is,

te-i>l ishtE, li

[buralara.

Heroine,

bahadir^klrz

Hereabouts, ad. ^j^j^. buralarda, tjhjj*


Hereafter,
ad.

mahkiyetun-fiha.

*.rs^JJ*J

bundan-

Heroism,
Hers,
J9r.

s.

cJ>J&-x> yi^Aitlik.
4

C-^3^

Xnzn^r,

s.

d^M
ad.
;

akhiret.

Xnzn^ki, 6nun^ku.

Hereby,
betla

Ak-wA^cjJ
jJ

bu-nmnasse'-

Herself, pr.
kendissi,

L^JOi
-i
5.

kendi,

<W<*kJj
a.

bu-WASszta-ila.

JJc^ kendissini.

Hereditary,

^jjj*
;

mevruss, tjj\fc
variss
;

Herzegovina,

CJ-^A Hersek.

mute* variss veli-^ahd.

i-^/j

J^&

^Jlj

Herzegovinian, ^ix-yb Hersekli.


Hesitate, v.n. JP*^^V l>Akinmak
;

JJy
;

Herein,

ad.
;

*^
^

bunda
.y^J

(j-^^

tereddud-et;

\j=>-\>

te'ekhkhur-et
;

bundan

^ bun^a
tJ-*JiLtf

bunu.
j

isstEmamek

^J*k-&i\}
-

ti

Hereof, ad. tiJjjJ bunun.

nE - yapaj aghtm bilmamek

Hereon,
Heresy,

adf.

&^\\^^^^

bunun-uzErinE.

s.

dAlalet,

^*^i shi

a,

[shubhE.
Hesitation,
s.

l"tizal.

[mii"tezil.

tereddud

A*&.

Heretic,

5.

JU

dall,

^^--

shi"z,
>

Heterodox,

B.

ummeta
[mukhAlif
;

Heretofore, ad.
-kXdar,
-ghelinja
antiquo),
;

shimdiyashimdiya-

Hetman,

s.

^IcJb hetman.

Hew,
v.a.

t;.a.

kV. yarmak
kessmek

down

AJ JcJ

j^

ez-kAdim

(ab

^^

i.-JJ^
arf.

^tEdon-beri.
Ui
leffan,

Herewith,

(inclosed)

Hexagon,
Hiatus,
5.

5.

^Ju~*

musseddess.

mblfufAn.
Heritage,
s.

jj^l

draltk.

<-Aj~*
s.

mirass.

Hibernate, v.w. ^<ll-Jf khhlamak.


Hibernation,
.

<U)^Ll-.J
s.

kishlama.

Hermaphrodite,

^J&-

khunsa.

Hiccough, Hiccup,
rzk
;

?&&,

hmchkz-

Hermetically, ad. djjft^^J^^U^j)

v.n.

(j^j&^z*;

hmchkzrmak.

hich-hewa-Xlmayajak-surEtla.

Hide,

s.

^$j J deri

v.w.

J^jiiU s<
,v.fl.

Hermit,

s.

^jj~o
s.

nwnze'vi.
zaviyyE,
<tjls?^e
'

^4JJ.oghizlEninek;

Hermitage,

ty\j

saklamak, cJvJj-^ ghizlEmek.


a.

"uzletkhanE.
Hernia,
s.

[jd^ Jsj
ju/^tf\j
yi^Ait,

fetk-"illeti.

Hideous,

^s*-^{
s.

pek-chirkin;

LC

*.>

kXsszk-yarz^Ai,

kerihu-'l-mXnzar.

Hero,

5. L^-^^XJ

j^^

bahadir

Hieroglyph, Hieroglyphic,
-ll

u^jl>

^3

mahkiyun-fih.

surEtlu-yazi-ishareti.

HIGH
HigK
a.

[149]

HOCUS-POCUS
a.

cX*^=y.

yiiksek,
;

"^j*

Hindermost, Hindmost,

murtefi",

bala
ref i"
;

JU

"all,

^L
Hindoo,
s. t-JCJZ>

sami,

^Jj

^j*^
^JL-Salb

d61ghun,

hindi.

[Ussani.

l^yi-kjsr joshkun,

tXshkm
the

Hindoostanee,

6-.

\^\~^
;

&>&

Hind;

J^>- ch6k,
High,
tide,
.

CJ>J

pek;

Most

Hinge,
,

s.

Xjj

rezE

&Lx~o ment^shfi

JU5 J>water,

hXkk-t^'ala;
<X

v.n.

LtJv4JjtJ

dwnmek

^j^V^

Jtf\

medd

bXkmak.
Hint,
s.

kyamil.

ajlsljLjfji^
,

wrtulu-ifadE,

UjJ

Highland,

a.

^jasr**jJjict

ima

v.a.

\8\3\^jjj\

wrtulu-

-yEra-makhsuss, ^c^l^ dXghi.


Highlander,
5. ^/.
5.

-ifadE-et, lUjl Ima-et.

^jlilt
9

dA

Hip,
Hire,

s. <JjsJlS s.

kXlcha.
;

j^JW p^
.

dA^r^-ahalissi.

kira
\j>

v.n.
,

CXJj>j4^
LlX^Jj^J^j
kira-

Highlands,

^.

J^ jUU?
da^Aistan.

d^Al/k-

kiraya-VErilmek
kiraya
-

u.a.

-yErlEr, ^Ir^.,

f.ll?

VErmek
;

^^J^L<Uj!^i
out,

Highly,

ac?.

,J^>- chok,
s.

,^>~
ma'ab

khayli.
;

-ila-tutmak

LlX^j^^i
^^wl

Highness,

CJjjLJ^J
shEvket
-

yiikseklik
;

kiraya-VErmek.
His,
J5r. a.

[Xnzn^kz, ^nun^ku.

LlW
s. s.

Xnzn^,

6nun^

Historian,

jyo muv^rrikh.

Highway,.

5.

yjsf

jaddfi,

^>

y61,

History,

f^j^
;

tarikh,

^IcJ^t
shahrah.

tarzkz-"amm,

J^JkLj*

tawarikh
Hit,
v.a.

(pi.)

&.&&- hikyayE.

t+^j^

wurmak

Highwayman,

5.

^sX,*^

Jy

yol-kessiji,

de^Amek,

Iv^jU
y

issAbet-et.
*

Hither, ad. j^> beri, <U


Hill, 5.

beriya, JGu

^
^.

da^A, <UJ (%E).


<IU

bu-y^na, tijy
Hitherto,
ad.

bu-tarafa.
<-$>**'">

Hillock,
Hilly, a.
Hilt, s.

j<^<V.

shimdiya-

jU
d);
,

-kXdar,

<trsil

J^UjJ

bu-zamlnfl-

<U-J

-ghelinja.

Hind,

5.

^^
a.
,

dishi,gheyik

Hive,

s.

^\jS
5.

kowAn,

kywylu
Hinder,

Oj^ ard, ^v,5

kch.

Hoarfrost,

a.

^$}j

gheriki,
v.a.

^sAjjA
k6ma-

Hoarse,

a.

(person) ^j^LaJf^---*} sessi;

gheridEki;
(j*o\A!\ji

j^*jU> mani"-61,

-kzsszlimsh

(voice)

>^cjJ b6^rAuk.

brakmamak,

^L<y
s.

Hoary,

a.

^l Ak,
s.

(j^c^lcl A^rAarnush,

mak, CJ^J^

Jc^L* sektE-vErmek.

Hobgoblin,

^l^j

zeblni.

[^Js

kzr.

Hinderance, Hindrance,
sektE.

jl mani",

Hock,

5.

L-9^ jy^
s.

bir-nev-"i-sherab.

Hocus-pocus,

HOD
Hod,
s.

[150]
Hollow,
a.

HONORARY
ichi-b6sh,
jijA>- chukur,
;

&& teknE.
5.

Hodge-podge,

/UL

9y^

bir-aev"i-

muj^vf
,

^^
,

oyuk

ta"am; (jisLS^U
Hoe,
s.

kXn'shzklek.

S*

jyi>- chukur

v.a.

<U\- chXpa.
s.

[(d6muz).
ighdish
-

kXzmak, Jt^.jl 6ymak.


Holy,
a.
<

Hog,

j>b(jL3*j\
s.

donguz

i^-S*

sherif,

^j*,JJl<
;

mii-

Hogshead,

c^-j-S

C-j-J biyuk-ftchz,

kXddess, cJjLe mubarek


t**$%

Ghost,

manjana.

[chekarmdk.

ruhu-'l-kuduss,
dari-filastm.

Land,

Hoist, v.a. (j^jjJlS kXldsrmak,

^
Homage,
,
.

Hold,

s.

tj<&

tutush, i>43 kXbz,

i^^oJ^c^jc

"arzz-".ubi7-

zXbt;

(ship's)

jlJl anbar;
\

v.a.

diyyet;

u^oJ^%c "u

tutmak,

a^s kXbz-et,

bend^ghT.

zXbt

et

^<LiJ LJ brakmamak,
;

Home,

5.

^1

ev

^s^ wXtXn
o J yerinda
;

ad.

^Jltf sXlzvErmamek
v.n.
v.a.
\

back,
,

Xj\

eva.

gheri-djurmak ; (j^jy }j Xlzk6mak ; forth, (JK<yi-^


va^'z-et
;

Homely,

a.
j

<bj-U

kXbaja

a^u
[pilmish.

v.n.

chirkinja

^^aj
a.
l-

fukaraja.

}&.j

v.a.

(J**3])J

uzXton,

Home-made,
Homeward,

^^V.

*^^ evda-yX-

mak;
v.n.
,'L,

in, lla-u?

zXbt-et;

a.

kendi-vwltAnina;

vaz-ghechmamek

one's

breath,
;

doghru.

[kendi-vwAtAnina-d6ghru.
a.

&
one's tongue,

nefessini-hXbss-et

Jiomeward-bound,
Homicide,
s.

(J^cya sussmak;

^JJJ*-\

J
a.

kXtl

JjflS kltil.

HomogeneouSj
dilini-tutnuzk
;

jj-js^^
5.

mutajaniss.

out,
,

v.. ^jAJ^

Homogeneousness,
;

(j-Jlssr tEjlnus.

dayanmak
!>\

v.a.

(j*i\jj\

uzXtmak

Hone,

^.

Irad-et

true,
;

good, v.n.
up, v.n.

Honest,

a.

(person) \JzjZ Jjfcl ehh'-"zrz,


1

kAvh"-sahzh-61

tenaiz

(-^CjL

do^Aru,

^.t-^o

achftmdk;

v.a.
;

emin
with,

(living)
s.

J^U;

halal.

[luk,

tutmak

Honesty,

^jS. "hz

J
enghyubm,
comb,

Hole,

s.

CJJj

delik,

^
;

Honey,
surakh;

5.

Jb
assel
;
;

bXl,

,^--^3^

^ji

kuyu, j^^->- chukur.


s.

dew,
suckle,
l!

Holiday, Holland,

J-laxj

ta'^tzl

^^jJ

yortu.

ghyubm;
-Mi.

Jl^- hanzm-

s.

^U^
CJ^Lj

cX^J
filEniEnk.

-memlEketi.
Hollander,
s.

Honorarium,
Honorary,
a.

5.

if^U

A'idE.

[ba-payE.

u^U^cl

i"tibari,

HONOUR
Honour,
"hz,
5.

[151]
Horror,
|^>w>
5.

HOT
(active)
;

isstikAmet,
;

^yffo nlmus
uJ^-$

>u nlm,

Li ^..,h heybet

(passive) jijjs korku,

shAn;
,

sheref,

C^c.

"izzet;
p

L^^lfcJ dehshst; C-^iJ n^fret,yij


teneffur.

v.a.
;

\A\^S>-}

mtiram-et,
teshrif-et,

SAymak

Iwjl^lJ

Horse,

s.

d?l

At
;

^\J
blood
,

barghlr
suwari
^
,
;

(bfey-

tebjll-et.

ghir) ^b'l
;

Xtle

LJ^^-J
;

clothes

Honourable,

a.

(person)

**3

temiz,

Jjj klfess
;

C
;

doghru,
f

>J&~*
rz,

musstaktm,

jinss-Xt

led

cjo

yfedek

light

ehli-'

khafif-atlusherif,

sahib-nAmuss
nejib;

u.u J*

t-^jsr
ba"issi-

"Asskeri
-Xti.

race

k6shu-

(thing)

uJ^tJ^^b
,

Ats.

-sheref ; the Right

jkAjA devletlu.
tdjsjs
zzfr.

Horse-breaker,
Horse-cloth,
s. s.

jisj-

*X

Hood,
Hoof,

s.
s. 5.

jLib

blshlzk,

kuku[leta.

J.>- jull,

J^'

chul.

,k
ilik
;

Horse-dealer,

L^jj^*i0\

CL? At-janbazi.

Hook,

>- chenghel; <Lsr

klnja;

Horse-guards,

^.

3i>1

*yy

olta,

<U3j>j

zonka

suwari -"assker - khAssassi

.o

SEr-^Assker-kApissi.

iliklEnmek

v.a.

CJ^JwJji

ilish-

Horseman,

s.

Atli;

u^J^

jindi,

dirmek

cXd^W
s.

iliklEmek.
;

^^^sa-J biniji.

[clXL^Uj
s.

binijilik.

Hoop, s.j~j>- chenbEr


Hooping-cough,
maja-wksuruk.

aL- hXlka.
4

Horsemanship,
Horse-shoe,
s.

C>^^>-

jindilik,

cJ^-^l^sr

bo^A-

J>*J na"l (nXl).


;

Hose,

s.

C->l>- chorab

^- khor[turn.

Hope,
v.a.

s.
\

Ju^l umid,
Juxst

CL^^\ umut

Hosier,

s.

^jsfljjs>- chorabjz.

umid-et, (+**Q*\

ummak x

Hospitable, a.

j^u^^c

gharib-pErvEr,

memul-et.
Horizon,
5.

mihmAn-niiwaz.
Hospital,
itfukz,
s.

(ji\ ufuk.
a.

4jU.&~*r>- khXssta-khlnE,

Horizontal,

j^ail

iLll^jl isspitalya.

ufuka-muwazi.

Host,
j

s.

<0l>^f+s>-\*0

khanE-sahibi
6rdu.

Horn, s.jjiJj) boynuz


Horoscope,
s.

<-^)^ b6ru.

^iL^o
Hostage,

miissafir
5.

^J\

^srij

za'ijE.

^r^
s.

rehm, j-^i ghiriv.

Horrible, Horrid, a.

U^CJj * pek-fEna, V

Hostile, a.
Hostility,
ties, s.

4^t^ dushmim.

AjC*J
-chirkin,

pek-kerlh,

^-CXj

pek-

C)^*-i>J

dushmEnlik

jiyjy C)j

pek-k6rkulu,
Hot,

pi. <-r^r*- harb.


5

i-J^i^CJ^ pek-makhuf, c-^f<C)-^


pek-muhib.

a.

^V^V-

szjXk

^f-j^ kzzghm U- harr.


;

HOTEL
Hotel,
s.

[152]
often
[-ard-dizi.
?

HUMANITY
frequently
?

**x3\ij!
s.

lokanda.

j>

^j

,_.

Hothouse,

ti*o s6ba.

kAch-wAkztd0-bir.

Hough, s.
Hound,
Hour,
s.

<-$j*

J^c
sa"t
;

However,

c.

^^ vE-lakin,
t**c

foij VE-yinE,

,.j zaghar.

&J yinE (ghenE),


<UsUi

"amma

*-*
bu-

s.

ei^b
s.

ma"a-ma-f]h, ^J^ddxj^j

Hourglass,

iji^^Lj/*y
ev,

kum-sa"at.
cUl>,

nassl,

J^sj nassl
5.

^JJiJyb

hEr-nakA[dar.
,

House,

s.

j\

khanE, d^-J

Jj^y konak, J dar beyt,


i\
;

Hdwitzer,

(j~}jj\

6boss (kubuz).

v.a.

Howl,

5.

(^^.^jl

uluyush

v.n.

Jt^

wrtu-Altma-k6mak

(J*>y^ ulumak.

icheri-Xlmak.

Howsoever,

ad. J--a3.i> hEr-nassl, jJJD

House-breaker, s.j~ij~ khzrszz.

hEr-nakAdar.
Huckster,
s.

Household,

s.

^^iLj^

ev-takzim, j\

jWjJU> mXdrabXz,
,

^J&\JSj\ ev-ushXklan,

^s>-^^^

ch61uk-ch6juk,
"^yal^ssass.
stuff,

J^j
LA!

k61tukju,

csQ^jZ
rEnk,

ghezdiriji.

ehl-u-

Hue,

5.
5.

LL^
;

^J
;

levn.
,

eshya,

Cjlj|

Hug,

^jl^?

sAnlz'sh

v.a.

j;

sXrzlmak
s. s.

^Jjy5

.Jb yakzn-sokul-

Householder,

Housekeeper,

^>\a ^.^ \J^s\J


j\

ev-sahibi.

mak. Huge,
a.

ketkhuda-

cJ^.JLLX> pek-biyuk, ^Ute-j3

kXdm.
Housekeeping,

kojamln,

bL

mefret, >^h,c

Azlm.
kzshlaya-

Housemaid,
Hovel,
5.

s.

^-jij^ljl <uL*J bessl^mE.


kulubs.

5.

ev-idarEssi.

Hulk,

5.

^^^dj*^-fa\2J
;

-chevirilmish-ghemi

about, v.n.

AJyi

CX*x^*s
d61ashraak
;

surtunmek.

Hover,

v.w.

^^-i)j!>^b
;

Hulks,

5.

4*^

prangh.

^(Ml-jj' ^xjUJ^j ayr^lmamak kXnAd-usstunda-durmak. (J^cj^

Jua

HuU,

s. s.

*iO

teknE.
Arz-sessi
;

Hum,

^jj^!
,

Jy
;

teren\

How ?

ad. Jy^u nassl,

^^Vi

niJE, ^Jj J <D

num

v.n. C^L*Jj!

wtmek

*Jy

nE-durlu (turlu),
<df>-j
<G
?

ajj^
;

terennum-et.

ne-vejhla

jJJi3
;

na

Human,

a.

c^lJ

beshEri, ^c<^l adfim?,

much
^.lli

J&AJ nakAdar

many ?
;

,<3Lj| insani, cJ<X


being, ^;Lj! insan.

mErdi

kAch,

j jJo nakAdar

many

times?

*j*~^ kXch-kErrE, J^JJ^lj

Humane, a.^lxJLjl

insaniyyetli,

^fi^^

kAch-def"a,
j*~>>^*

^^^^
;

kXch-nubet,
long
?

mushfik, JcJu-i> shafakAtlz.

kXch-sefEr

j^AJ
;

Humanity,
C^vftAA

5.

L^jLjt
;

insaniyyet,

nakAdar,

C1?J^.0 HE

muddet

shafakXt

L^o^lJ beshE-

HUMBLE
riyyet,

[153]
Hurt,
yara
s.

HYPOTHESIS
jj&
z^rar,
jjl>J

^JW-^LJl
a.

Insan-hali; Cl

zlyan;

^b
;

nassut; (j*\j nass.

^'*1 >
;

^ ^l^lij
,

dukulmush-

Humble,
gullu,

j**(J^\ Xlchk-ghywnmiitlwazt",

k^rzlmzsb
,

v.n.

(Jfa&-\ Xj/mak

^e\j*

JM kEmj+su fakir,
<f*f,r**

v.a.

(J*z>-\

Xjftmak;

cXc^bl
zararK.
zevj, Jbj-S

tEr;

&\jj& kEmtEranE,
U nachizanE
;
,

injitmek.

v.a.

Hurtful,

a.^U
s.

muzzrr,
k6ja,

^jj*

kibrini-kzrmAk,

^^j^^J^J^

Husband,

&&-

^J

burnunu-ezmek.

shevhEr;
yalanp, ^^y, yalAn.
wife's

sister's
,

&*U! enishtE;

Humbug, 5. ^sTJJu
Humid,
a.

sister's

^lisj-b bXjanak,

y^,^=>j
s. *3 s.

rutubetli.

L^-b bajanakh,
,

li^fV ba-jenab

Humidity,
Humility,

nem, \*>^yoj rutubet.

v.a.

\xj\A\

idarE-et,

j-^^

tewazu",

5y0j

Xz-kullXnmak.

wiizu", ?^-^>- khushu".

Husbandman,

s.

^s^si^-

cbiftji,

Humour,

s.

c^y>- khuy,

^ji^ khulk,
khilt
(pi.

ebli-zira'^t.

tXbl"at;

UsL
su.

Husbandry,

s.

LL)I..r^U>-

chiftjilik,

=^

akhlat);
s.

yo

\&*&\jj
;

zira-"at,
hirasset,

b**M)j?

and

Hump, Hunch,
kXnbur;
Hundred,
J-osXd.
a.

<f?jj\ t^rghyuj
15

jj+*\3

L^J|^
Hush,
zw#.

L^o-lJ
; ,

felahat.

backed, j^J

kXnbur.

jjfl^
; ,

suss
v.a.

v.n.

^J^^^a
sussdur-

jy

yuz,

<^U

or <C^o mi's,

sussmak

^cj&eye

Husk,
ji^-1
achlzk,
;

s.

J^-JJ

kXbuk.

[mak.

Hunger,

s.

c^>,

ju",

Hut,

s.

<LSy kulubE.
s.

^
aj-61.

ghyurissn^ghi

v.n.j\~\

Hyacinth,

Ji-j

siinbul (zunbul)
;

Hybrid, s.J^* melez

a.

melez.

Hungered,
ja'i",

Hungry,

a.

-\

aj,

^V
(jt]j\

Hydrogen,

s.

Uitjjj*
s.

muwellidu-'l-ma.

te*ij>

ghyurissnE.
;

Hydrophobia,

j^s
ilahi.

kuduz.

[unt, s.

(jiJu^l Xva-ghidish
;

Hyena,

s. s.

^Jj** ^>^\
s.

szrtlln.

Xrayzsh

CJUsgj1
Xramak.
;

Xvina-ghit-

Hymn,

mek

jU^jil
5.

Hyperbola,

Jo!j*JaJ

kXt"z'-za'id.

Hunter,

^j^jl Xvji
s. s.

^yl

Xv-Xtz.

Hyperbole,
Hypocrisy,

<UlL^ mubaligha.
\^j riya,

Huntsman,
Hurricane,
gha).

(j^V^T^
A^^J

Xyjt-bXslii.

s.

Ciljlj^^ol

iki-

kXsszrgha (sker-

-yuzluluk.

Hypocrite,
s.

s.

j^\*,j
i

riyakyar,

.^.V*

Hurry,

<LsP "AJ&E

murayi,

Jj^J.^
s.

iki-yuzlu.

v.a.
"

Hypothenuse,
ta' jH-et.

<UolJ^?

vetEri-ka'imE.
4

c,

J^sr

Hypothesis,

s.

^^ farz,y

JJi5 tXkdir.

[154]

IMAGE

Ignominious, a. Joj^rezil,
I.

Ignominy,

s.

LsJIJ^- rezalet, ^j->

I,

pr.

ben. buz.
buz-Xdassi. [durma.

russvaylzk.

Ice, s. j

Ignorance,

s.

J^5>-JEhl, e^Sl^>- jehalet,


ma"luniAtsz'zlik.

Iceberg, s.^&ib\j

Ice-cream,
Idea,

s.

s.j&

fikr

<^jjL^Jjjs sutlu-d6ngJ--^ takhayyul jyaj


;

Ignorant,

a.

^Jb-

jahil,

J*j

ma* lumAtszz.
IU, s.
J^t3

tassavvur, <ullk mutala"a;


I
'

zonn;

jlLi

fEnalzk
,

j^

z^rar

L bela,
<^:;>^rv.

have

an idea, j

dird;

a.
*

LJ fsna;
keyfsiz,

'Akh'ma-bir- shey-gheliyor,

khAssta,

o.

^>-\yo
[mizajsiz.

/^j! bir-shey-t#ss#vvur-etdim.
Ideal, a.

Ill-bred, a. LJ>

kaba.

zanni, ijtjfai tassovvuri, ^j+io

Illegal, a. J-JjJ y61suz,

c^l-c^ ghayrzkanuna-mu[ghayir.
!^>

^LdEr
Identify,

takhayyuli.
v.a.

-meshru", ^.U^o <OyU


Illegible, a.J^^JJjl

eJv*L bilmek,

okMnmaz.
;

sechmek, ^K*jlL tXnzmak,


Idiot,
.

Illegitimate, a.

>^u pich

yolsuz

*Jb^

budXla.
ishsiz,
,

[teshkhzss-et.

/*^pIllicit, a.

haram.
zj***>
;

Idle, a.

JJi
; ;

b6sh, ^4\-i^
'j~J#\

memnu",
p^f*-

^l-*^ yassXk,

boshda

v.n.
v.a.

i^<j^

ishsiz-

j~^ji yolsuz
Illnature, s.

haram.

durmak

cXc^s^^^j
21
ishsizlik,

b6sh-

J^*Xj bed-khuy.

-ghechirmek.
Idleness,
s.

Illness, s. j!<to~=i. khAsstaltk,

C)Jj-^
kAndH-

C)5j

keyfsizlik, c^XJj*-.^-^-* mizajsizlik.

b6shluk, L^llioc ^Xtalet.


Idol, s.

Illuminate,
<

v.a.

^4.J'UjjJ.JJai'

e^o
s.

(put),

*^o sanem,
putpe>esst

-d^natmak;
s,

IjJu^JJu! aydmHk-e^
(a

Idolater,
s.

cj^-^j

\jtf3

tenvir-et;

book)

c-^JfeJJ

pi.

*\J\ ^Ju^ "abede'i-Xssnam,


*Ju
s.

^(rtijh tezhib-vE-tezyln-et.
Illumination,
s.

^j\

"ab^de'i-evsan.

^U^JjJ Jj<^J

kAndH-

Idolatry,

CLU^-^J
)

putpe"resstlik,
-

-donanmassz*.
Illustrate,

peresstishi

Xssnam,

v.a.
\

cX^fJll^
J-^^'
temsil-et.

missal-

"ibadeti-evsan.
If,

-ghetirmek,
Illustration, 5.
Illustrious, a.

eghsr, e

(even though)

*-^

ressm.

jSj

VE-lev.

jy~*

meshhur; jlJ^U

Ignite, v.n.

J^JI Xlmak,
,

mk

J^Jj^ tutushtutushdur-

"ali-tebar.
Illwill,
.

["adavet, (joyi gharaz.

v.a.

J^fXUjJb

C3ii^> J dushmEnlik, C.

mak';

^^jJ!

Xldirmak;

Image,
ST*

^jy&

suriet, j^,,y^
-

Xtesh-vErmek.

mujessem; ^^c- "ay n

IMAGINARY
Imaginary,
1

[155]
J^
dibsiz

IMPERIAL
s.

a.

^^
s.

bdsh,

Immunity,

^U! eman;
b6zmak,

-Jurs^ takhayyuli,
Imagination,

^^ zdnnl.
mutakhayyilE,
-

mu"afiyy6t,jL^<! imtiyaz.
Impair,
v.o.

<OursX

<j^j

kuvveti

mutakhayyilE

"Akl,^G

fikir,^Lftj tefekkyur,
;

Impale, v.a.

(juSja kXzzklamak.
s.
<C*JjJjlJf

tassavvur, J-^sT takhayyul

Ja

Impalement,
Impart,
v.a.

kAzikloma.

zann,

\jpjf kuruntu, .jV* merak.

CX^j

VErmek;

Imagine, v.a. \j*& tassavvur-et, \ J-^sT


tflkhayyul-et
;

tebligh-et,

cX^.^Mj suweylEmek.
c-Q^T>< munszf,
{.j*j*J

<>

kurmak,

<Jj

Impartial,

a.

munszfanE.
Imbecile, a. d\ Jy
Imbecility,
5.

ghechid-VErmaz.

Impassable,
bucUlalik.

a.^*l^ ghechilmaz;
s.

J^^lj^

Impatience,
Impatient,

(^j^j**
\~>j~0

sXbrszzlek.

Imbibe,

v.a.

LLUrsrJ zchmek.
\

a.

sXbrszz.

Imitate, v.a.

Julju tAklld-et,

Impeach,v.a. \\j- J
millet-mejlissi-huzurinda-da"wa-et.

aymm-y^pmak.
Imitation, s. Julju tXklid.

Impeachment,

s.

^Jjj^^^*Jjs^cu*%L<

Immaterial,

a.

^\=>jj rlJhAm,
;

CJl^*cjJl^cJ millet -mejlissi-huzurinda- da"wa- etmeklik .

ghayrz

heyyulanT

^LJ^
;

pekda

luzumi

olmayAn

Impede,
;

v.a.

jlJt

mani*'-61,

!*-i^j

^U^Jj! pekda-zararz-olmayAn
which,
(^yJjt
<t~,jjjj!jl

it

is

men"-et,

cX^j
s.

te~> sektE-vErmek.
<tex-a

kXnghzssz-61ursa-51sun ;

--- how,

L5.-r

Impediment,

^Jt< mam",

sekts;

of speech,

C^&dj
sevk-et.
-.-c

pelteklik.

j^^Jjl <Lj|^jl J^

nassl-olursa-olsun.

Impel, v.a.
Impenitent,

^^-9
a.

Immature,
-pukhtE.

a.

p\~

khAm, J^k;l3 na-

/jl)

ghayri-nadim.
<-^H/^

Imperative, a.
a.

<uLl amiranE;
mood,
s.

Immediate,

Immediately, ad. t-^Jlc^ J

zaruri;
-i-emr.

j^

&**0 sJgha-

dEr -"kab,

L^sLs J^l

61

sa"at,

^Ls^r^> jx
anida
;

"al^-'l-^Aj^lE;

^Ju3l
chabzk,

Imperceivable,
Imperfect,
eksik,
a.

0"jAj
ip

ghyMrulmaz.
nakiss,

oj^-ij shimdi,

LL^l^
-

^ajl)

j*L*J\J

na-tAmAm,

Immense,

a.

cj-JCJ-J

pek

biyuk;

ghayri-tAmm.
Imperfection, ^J^a&

jkle^ pek-kyMliyyetli.
Immerse, v.a. Jpc^jJlL dXldfrmak, ^J^jb
bXtzrmak.

noksan,
"ayb.

eksiklik,j^ai kussur, !*-*+


Imperial,
a.

[-yemut.

<0la>li

shahanE,

Immortal,

a.

d\

ulmaz, CLJ^J^l

la-

padishahanE.

IMPERTINENCE
Impertinence, s
Impertinent,
a.
a.
*

156]

IMPROBABILITY
5.

"arszzlzk.
2z,J*Jt>l

Imports,

^/. C^^IU^J^ idkhalat.

edebsiz.
;

Importunate, a.js** mu"jiz,jJ


ta"jiz-eder.

Impervious,
rain,

f ghechilm^z

to

j^sr^
a.

ya^mur-ghechm^z.
JJohiddetli,

Importune,

v.a.

J^ojAl.^^

szkz'shdzrmak,

Impetuous,
sbiddetli,

JjJui

l^js^
Impose,

ta"jiz-et,
v.a.

l/^^

ibram-et.
^i'^^Lcb
;

hzzlz.

[kuvvet,

iJ

zor.

<j!^*J
\

k6mak,

Impetus,
Impiety,

5.

sur'^t,

j>-

hiz;
Ji

Cijy
kyufr.

bX^Alamak,
upon,
\i)j?j\
a.

^e$

wXz"-et

s.

*~:J^ dinsizlik,
kyafir,

6yun-et, ^'/ijWl Aldatheybetli.


;

Impious,

a.

~~O

dinsiz,

Imposing,

^uJ^

[mak.

Imposition,
kyafir an E.

5.

^?j wlz"

(jj^ 6yun,
[imkyan.

CJ^
c^J!
alet
(;?/.

dek, <d.o- hflE.

Implement,

s.

tjj!l alat).

Impossibility, s. ^jlC^I

^Jor

"adem-i-

Implicate, v.a.
Implicit,
a.

^j&J*j\s

kArzshdzrmak.
/\J

Impossible,

a.

Jlsr* muhal,

J^l^ kyamil,

tAmm;

ghayri-mumkin,
-'1-imkyan.

^A^
Imply,
1

zzmni.

[niyaz-et.

[kyaz

Implore, v.a. <Jk^yV. y^lvarmak, tjLj


v.a.

Impostor,

5.
s.

.^r^,
^s>-

yalXnjz,

C-^Jo
6yun,

^
X jli!

^\ (

^4^^>

mutaz^mmin-61,
il

Imposture,

hzlE,

(^^
5.

L^ zzmnan-if^dE-et,! t^J
a.j^^Jj
.

J de-

CJ^

dek,

c-$jJ or

<>^L d6Ub.
CJi^lc
[ghayrz-muktedir.

Impolite,

terbiyyEsiz. [lalet-et.

Impotence,
"inmnlik.

Impotency,

Impoliteness,

cJl^<UJ^terbiyy^sizlik.

Import,

s. lijc<

ma"na; A^^< mefhum;


;
,

Impotent,

a.

^z
a.

"innin

jAzLo

j+s.

-J\

idkhal

v.a.
-

Impracticable, a.^xxiLb yXpilamaz.

kharijdan

ghetirmek

Impregnable,

^c&A\

Xlmam^z,
-

dXiJj^=(jJc>-^l>tirtmek,
\

kharijdan-ghe;

i^jL^j+z^j+s?**

tesskhzri

ghayri

JU-jl

idkhal-et

^^^^^^

-mumkin.
Impregnate,
CL>\

hukmu-61,j! JtsL J dMdili.61,j!


medkh^lz-61.

J^J^

v.a.

|^tf

te'sir-et

jj\3

te'slr-etdirmek,

<^'UL-xo
;

Importance,
J^i3 nufuz

s.

quXtAJbt

ehemmiyyet;
khl-

s^ messammatma-.ghechirmek

of

j^L^u^LU-

L? gbebE-et.
Impression,
5.

tm-saylir
Important,

a.

+* muhimm. +< muhimm


^r^>~
&xz><\

j-3

te'sir

yl

esssr

^
^J^lL

z^nn, (j^Uj kzyass.


J
l

j^LU

khAtm-sayilir,^!*^ mu"t6bEr.
s.

Imprison, v.a. \\j~+s>- hXbss-et,


tessjln-et, (J~*\**

ti^jsr*

Importer,

kApAinak.
[mal.

j^l^jb ^J^l dzsharidan-emti^a-jelb-eden-bXzzrghyan.

Imprisonment,
Improbability,
5.

(j~^>- hlbss.

JU-^1

/*J^ "admiihti-

IMPROBABLE
Improbable,
a.

[157]
ghayriA

INCENSE
jo
zarfznda
^.^ol
;

8&>jjj*>

mururinda

-muhtemil,

ghayn-me'mul.
layzkszz,

ALJ

ila;
s.

iken.
kAbiliyye'tsizlik
;

Improper,

a.

J*&&

Inability,

LL^~--ijlj

munasse'betszz.

Impropriety,
betszzlik.

5.

U-yU* munasse'-

Inaccuracy,
sehv.

s.

^l^V. yang^feh, JQA

Improve,

v..
lyilEshmek;
;

ilerilEmek

Inaccurate,

a.

,^-^V. y&ngilish (yanish),

l^

-iVs^^-x. ghayn-sahih.
.;

[-hor^kEt.

ghyuzellEshmek

LLX-<j
,

^t-j^
cJ^j
Jol

Inaction,
Inactive,

s.

L^-OJ=>-

/*Xc

"adm-i[-kifayet.

yoluna-ghirmek;
ilerilEtmek
;

v.a.

a.

J-^J
5.

tenbel.
eu-olft

viXe^*Xliij\

TyilEshdir-

Inadequacy,
Inadequate,

^Jk^

"adm-i-

mek,

(jJv^tXlJJj^^s

ghyuzellEsh-

a.

dirmek,! J-tf!

zsslah-etj^^J^J^bbJ

yetishmaz,

ghayrz-kyafl.
J dikkAtsj'zlik.

daha-bir-y61un-k6mak.
Improvement,
Improvidence,
5. -.^Lj^ ?sslah. s.

Inattention, 5. ^j
[iktiyylt.

Inattentive, a.

dikkXtsfz.

^\*&>-\

/*Ac

"dm-ideli.

Inaudible, a.

ishidilmaz.

Imprudent, a.J*Jjlc "iklszz, ,Jt>

Inaugurate, v.a.
Inauguration,
kyiishad.
i

kyushad-et.
ressmi-

Impudent,
edebsiz,

a.

j~J^-

"arss'z,

J**^jl

JjL><dfcj

hayasszz.

Impulse,
,

5.

vehlE;

on the

first

Inauspicious, a. ^^^rsU;

menhus.

*t$jU<djbj vehlE*i-ulada.
s.

Inborn, Inbred,
jibilli,

a.

^>

_cL>- khzlkz,

Impunity,

^liuJj! u^J (jJjJjW*


;

,<*^
a.

tXbi"z.

mujazatdan-beri-61maklik

with

Incapable,

UJi(jAil\

Elindan-ghElJjblli

<djUU ib bila-muklbelE,
bila-mujazatin.

^Ls^

maz, j Ja^o^c ghayn-muktedir,


na-ehl, Js^lc "ajiz.

Impure,
(j-^sT

a.

j^-j

piss,

j\^j*

murdar,

Incapacitate, v.a. (j*>jjj ^^cu^-^L? sXla-

nejiss,
s.

cJbli na-pak.
pisslik
;

hiyyetmi-b6zmak.
\3

Impurity,

CJi--J

C)J^b

Incapacity,

s.

c^-^L?/**
t^-ltoUtX

na-paklik.

-sllahiyyet,
s.

Imputation,

jli

issnad

lc

"azv.

-ehliyyet.

Impute,

v.a.
1

ClX^^ vErmek,
jj
"azv-et.

ULJ

Incendiary,

5.

^s?'^y kundAkji;
cJJj^
ghyunluk,
'ubudiyyet
;

issnad- et,
In, jor.
<L>

mufsid, cJ^s.'* muharrik.

E, a, J J dE,

da; ^icsr! ichina,

Incense,

5.

ichinda,

teJjjJ

derunina,

bukhur
v.a.
/

cs^o

Jj^fi

deruninda;

Ko

zarfma,

^jtS-J

kizdirmak,

INCENTIVE

[158]

INCREASE
a.

dXnltmak, cXc^J^r>-4^= ghyuJEndir-

Incog, Incognito,
Incoherent,
a.

J^.<Xo tebdH.
rXbtsiz.

mek.
Incentive,

[(J^L sa"ik, *3^J^ taziyanE.


s.

j~b*j
a.

-"?~'
5.

sebeb,er^-j' mujib,
shiibhE,

Incombustible,

UJb yanm^z.
;

Incertitude,

&&>
9\iQ\t

cXl

Income,

s.

j|^j!

rrad

C^Oj^j variyyet,
[-vErghissi.

shekk, LT-^jyil^ meshkyukiyyet.


Incessant,
a.

j^K
-

ghelir.
s.

la

yihikAtz'",

Income-tax,

\^*$ji)

&j*\
5.

irad-

ardi

arassz- 61

Incompetence,
tr

Incompetency,

*Jai

mayAn.
Inch,
5.

->-^

"adm-i-sAlahiyyet.
a.

(jAj) parmak,
s.

^**t

ussbu".

Incompetent,

J&1U

na-ehl,

J^J^ljjl

Incident,

*jtc madds,
; ,

X&s

fzkra,

erbAb'-di0rM,

^ul^ SAlahiyyetsiz.
cX-^i
eksik,

a
[ittif akz.

Incomplete,
nakiss,

a.

*$

lazzm.
a.

/Ujl)

na-tAmlm,

Incidental,
Incite, v.a.

i^j^

"^razf,
\

ghayrz-tAmm.
Incomprehensible,
a.

\<^ij2*? tahrik-et,

j**L$ij==i

tahriz-et,

Ic-^^cy terghzb-et.

shilm^z (ann^shzlmaz).
-

Inclement, a.

l^LJ

fzrtznalz;

Inconsiderable,

a.

j\

Xz,

JJJ>
;

^^
\

kuchuk,

rA*tf

s^ghzr

*1.

Inclination, 5.

Ju* meyl

c^--^

ragh-

JUZ

bet, C3cwil isstek, ^iJbl^rsIncline, u.w.


!

khahish.

Inconsistent, a.
tabzk,

J^Uai^^c ghayn-mutabir-WAktz-

J^<

meyl-et, ^^'V.
ma'il-61,

yt-

j^^^J^^5%^

raak

^ J-jUj
raghbet
;

jljkwst

-bir-wXkt/na-uym^z,

iLJj^-^L-^-o^
-

issti''dad-ghyusstErmek;

bir - swzu - bir - siizuna

uym^z,

+j
jAni
-

et,
,

cXiSu! \^J^T
v.a.

isstEmek
1^1

J^y

l>

Inconstancy,
Inconstant,
sebatsz'z
;

s.

j\Js

A^Xa "adm-i-klrar.
kXrarsiz, J*-J\-J

yab'rmak,

tl

imalE-et,

c3"^^ J-^<

a.

j^j*
s.

meyl-vErmek.
Inclined, a.

lJ^*J

bi-wef a.

JSU

ma'il

Jjeu^o mussta-

Inconvenience,
Inconvenient,

C^v^>-j zahmet.

"idd;

jj^a-i^

isstekli,

^^A
raghbeti[lef-et.
;

a.

J-r-. >^

>

rahtsz'z,

isste^Ai-6lAn,

(^>^

^^J

szkfndz, AJ JCsiu-o s^kmdtlt.

-6Un.
Inclose,
v.a.
\

Incorporate, v.a

15

klrishdtr-

4?1>-1

ihatE-et
;

c-fiJ

mak,

\^o

mezj-et;

JUJ'li'

kltmak.

Include, v.a.

Jib

dakhil-et

Incorrect, a.

^j^^.

yangilish (yanish)

shamil-61, _jl.J^*J

shumuli-61,

^s*j+e. ghayri-sahih.
Increase,
s.

Xlmak,

!^Ux\

ihata-et,

^jbj ziyad^,
z ;
,

^V.^j^ izdiyad,

mushtemil-61.

v.n.

CX^-J

biyu-

INCREDIBLE
mek;

[159]
ch6-

INDIGESTIBLE
s.
(

^>\
,

artmak,

^!U>-

Indemnity,

^^ tXzmln, lJ+
s.

CJ^Vj

ziyadElEnmek,
j^J

CX*jJ*J\jj
(J^j>

ziyadElEshmek,

bera'atu-'z-zimmE.

izdiyad-bulmak,

Independence, Independency,
Isstiklal.

trkk/-bulmak, jlj\J^o muzdad-61,


mutorakki-61
;
,

v.a.

Independent,

a.

<fcJbb

L Julb

bXshlt-

J biyutmek

(j*<*j\ arti'rmak,

-bXshma,
c

JsTJ

kh6d-b^-kh6d,

kendi-kendina;
^jiii^
;

Incredible, a. JA\J\IJ\

inamlm^z,

SEr-besst,

mutlAk,

musstAkzll
Incredulous,
a.

J^UJS^^<i^l^l

kim-

J^j

inanm^z,

SEyE-muhtaj-di^rAil;

^rjj
fihriss,

zEnghin.

jyUjJ

ghyiij-inanzr.
5.

Index,

5.

^^U^dJjl^
(j-y^i

sbwhadet-

Incubation,

^**z>- huzun.

-parma^Az;
fihrisst.

L^-w^3
[tan.

Inculcate, r. a. ^*^i*J ta"lira-et,

India,

5.

JCJ&
5.

hind,

h^J>:A hindisshinda-

Incumbrance,
Incur, v.a.

s.

jb

bar,

cJ^>

yiik,

Indiaman,

^Jjjc.-y^l Xrayub-bulmak,
rmek,
cl

-sefer-eden-gbemi.
Indian, a.
hindi.
s.

Incurable, a.
Incursion,
5.

J^cjl J^JU-i

shifa-kAbul-

Indian-corn,
Indian-ink,

missir-

..J^ Akm.
Tj^.
b6rjlu,

[-etmaz.

s.

chmi-

Indebted,

a.

-murekkfib.
India-rubber,
5.

medyun
Indecent,

j^^
^--^

mejbur.
"ayb,
C->jt

pUriU

komnastik.
delalet-et,

a.

Indicate,
l

v.a.

mughayiri-fedeb.

isharet-61.
s.

Indeed,

ad.

<j^Jusb~ hlklkXt,
dAJis
'

Indifference,
;

kaydsizlzk,

hlkikltcn,
,

fl-'l-hAkika
;

"adEmi-temeyyul,

AAC

c.

Jlj

bHE

^i^j^s
y6rulm^z,

m ~+r.j
-kayd,
-di^Ail
;

"adEmi-raghbet.
JuS^I la-

ghErchekmi, ^e<djjl wylEmi.


Indefatigable,
J

Indifferent, a. J-3A.J kaydsiz,

a.

**lj
U

J^J^Jo^JLLi^

wlzifEssindE-

y6rulmak-bilm^z.

^ hep-bir,^j|y bErabsr,
-c^l-J baya^rAi,
t,

Indefinite,

a.
.*c

na-mahdud,
-

v^^ la-fark;
"adl,

ghayri-mahdud,
;

^U
a.

fina,

\J

ghayrz

mu"ayyen

article,

5.

Indigenous,
Indigestible,

jL>

yi;rli.

[klba.

harf-i-tenkir.

a.

j\

A^

Indemnify, v.a.

\+MJ

tXzmin-et.

hAzmf-ghyiich.

INDIGESTION
Indigestion,
s.

[160]
Inert, a.

INFERNAL
<^J
a.

u^jLJ^J^co mi"dE-fes-

tenbel.
"italet.

sadi, fcw<! imtila.

Inertia, 5.

c^!lki

Indignant,
jjjL*!^J

a.

^j^i>.^i

ghyuJEnmish,
[dlrghznlzk.

Inestimable,

J^
e<tjj

dXrelmzsh.
s.

ti-tXkdir-61unamaz.
Inevitable,
.

Indignation,
Indignity,

e^^ic ghAzAb, ^*~&j\ ^


A*U^oJo bkd-mu"am6lE,

kurtulunamaz,

s.

Inexact, a. i>~&\\ yangzlizsh.

Indigo,

s.

<^.f>a.

chivid.

Inexcusable, a. J*odJJjk

JJ&A* ma"zur"iJEmT, uJa-*

Indispensable,

+&\

ehemm,

*irU>

-tutulam^z.
Inexperienced,
miibte'di,
a.

mutahAttem, AjS UUx< mutlAka-lazzm.


Indisposition,
s.

^p

cJh**&-^

keyfsizlik,
-

L-^jsr ^.^ ghayri-mujerreb.


a.

inhzrlfz

mizaj

Infamous,
i^$\j~ij

v_^-*c "ayb,

<Jj<3;

rezil,

isstEmameklik,
'adEmi-raghbet.
Indisputable,
Indistinct, a.
c.

*Ju:

russvay, J*j^l)
.

namussuz.

Infamy,

<*z^\<Jj

rezalet,

(J^^j

,<

musellem.

russvaylik, ^j~~ij<*\j

namusssuzluk.

J*^L

bellisiz.
bellisizlik.

Infancy,

s.

^Jjb>^>- ch6jukluk, C^?jLtf

Indistinctness, 5.

CJ^-*jUJ
fsrd,

sAbavet,
Infant,
s.

d^J*A

tufuliyyet.

Individual,
kishi
;

5.

t^S
a.

^fij

nefsr,

y^l

ayrz, J^fti^o

L mun-

^Js>-^ ch6juk, (J^Tj^iJ^y

ufXk-ch6juk,
Infantry,
s.
s.

cXo

bebek.

[k6ri.

Indolent, a. J.oJ tenbel.

[ferid.

L^SL-c^jLj
C-XLl^

piyadE-"Ass-

Indorse, v.a.

&<*& j
\(Jj*

J^

kXbul-vE-

Infatuation,

delilik.

-tAssdlk-et.

Infection, s. <bjL:<j^Lfr "illeti-sariyyE

Induce,

v.a.

s^vk-et, sebeb-61.

ljfisi$ji

bulashzklzk

L^oL-s

sirayet.

tahrlk-et,

jl^-^

Infectious, a.

<-jLj

sarz,

j?

ghechEr,

Indulge, v.w.j! $z~* mubt^la-61,

j*$
,

bulashzr.

CX<;^
\

kendini-vErmek

v.a.
ibtila.

Infer, v.a. (J*>^\

anglamak (annamak),
isstid-

*JucL~ mussa"adE-et.
s.

[M

^<^\ju>. ch^karmak, IJ^Ja-jl


lal-et.

Indulgence,
Industrious,

^J^L^c

mussa"dE

[isstidlal.
s.

a.

^IfcJU*

chAh'shkAn,

Inference,
Inferior, a.

li**

ma^na

J)I JCL-J!

/tXJU mukdim. jUtCl^t ishghyuzar,


Industry,
5.

^\~>\ Xsha^z,
dbw-4o

^J
,

dun ;
<jJys?

^jLliUJl^ chAlzshkXnlzk,
ishghyuzarlik,
hirfet,

^clj

baya^Az, Lsfsna;
^j jj
1

s.

CJ-^J^ljl

dAm

t^^Jp-

^1^1 L^vdx^ Sana-

ik-

kuchuk,

a 4^3

jJL

ma-

-dunda-olAn-kimessnE.
Infernal, a.
;

Inebriated, a. ij^f>~j* ser-kh6sh. ["at.


Inefficient, a. <J.J^

^^>~
UicJj V

jihEnnEmT, ^yUo-2>
pek-fina. f

^ na-ehl.

INFIDEL
[nfidel,

[161]
mimkirInformant,

INHERIT
5.

s.^ili kyafir,

(j^,^

jf>
s: <

-bi-'llah.
Infidelity,
s.

mukhbir.

S&

kyufr,

Information,

s.

ma"lumAt, JLC "ilm.


wefa
;

[-har^kit.
.jU^c

adEmi-"hsmet
adEmi-"iffet.

Infraction,

s.

d~^>-

miighayzr-

Infringe,

v.a.

^)$

b6zmak,
t^U^o

IJL^l

[nfinite,

a.

iuU

na-mute'nahi,

ikblal-et,

!c^^>s.

mughay/r-

&lg*J bi-nihayE,
infirm,
a.

&lO

bi-ghayE.

-har6kEt-et.

LA-J

sakAt,

UJ

Infringement,
Ingenious,
a.

^3

nXkz.

(person)

jJb

hunErli,
;

"nfirmary,
[nfirmity,

5. <5jl>-<u*,;=U
5.

khlssta-khanE.
t3^c)

hezar-ffinn
(thing)
rifetli,

(hezarifJEnd)

ui^Lc,

"illet,

d^rd;

jJb

hunErli,

ma"-

kussur,
inflame,

"alevlEndirt
[nar,
a.
s.

Ingenuity,

s.

jJt> hunEr,

mek;
mek.

pll

iltihab-ghetir-

ma"rifet, e^-*i*? san"ot,

tutushur.
"alev-ila-ya-

Ingenuous,

a.

sadE-dil,

inflammable,
'nflammation,

>l^s!|

iltihab,

C
ha-

-suweylEr.
Ingot,
s.

hamret.
nflate, v.a.

&^

kywlchs, ^--.-j seblkE.

C
.

Ingraft, v.a. J^JLfcl Ishlamak.

wa- d61d urup- shishirmek


'nflexible,
a.

Ingratitude,
;

5.

(jjjj^jlj

nan-kywrluk
kyufr Anz-

UJal e^Ailmaz

.jJOJwaJ!

(nAmkyMuk),
-m"met.

c^^^i^A^

nflict, v.a.
'

tertlb-VE-ijra-

Ingredient,
(pi.

5. L-

uz'u-murekkib

-et,

rfL^ou^j^-l ejza'i-murekkibE)
5.

nfluence,

s.

JAJ nufuz;
;
,

Jf\j

te'sir;

Ingress,

^A,-,^
;

ghirish

cX

hukm

v.a.

C
te'slr-et.

ghirEJek-yEr

swz-ghechirmek, CJ^/c

medkhal.
Inhabit, v.a.

mek

(dinEtmek)

l^Jt

oturmak,

nfluential, a.

&j nufuz-sahibi,

X0 mut^mekkin-61.
Inhabitant,
s.

ysrli,

nfluenza,

s.

*\j zukkyam,

&j)

nezls,

sekEnE), Qj/.)
Inhale, v.a.

^L JW

sakin (pi.

j^J

n^wazil.
*

cX^^j^^ljlL-^)

nefessla-

nform, v.a. tj3*

-icheri-chekmek.
Inherit, v.a.

[mirass-yemek.

mek,

cJ**JJ^**j

suweylEmek.

INHERITANCE
Inheritance, s

[162]
L^Jijj
Inner,
a.

INSANITY
^jj/sT icheriki,
a.

t*i
irss,
\*

mirass,

JU^b dakhilT.
en^-iche-

verasset
Inheritor,

t.

CJj^J' tevaruss.

Innermost,
rid^ki.

^aJ^csHcJi

5.

variss,

mirasskh6r.

Innkeeper,
i

5.
5.

.^yjjljj

16kXndaji.

Inhuman,
Inimical,

a.

insaniyyetsiz.

Innocence,
L^

jji^-S^-lj kXbahatszzlzk,

a.

dushmEn,
khussumetli.
j

*-->

^...-^^j-x-^c

ma"sumiyyet,

t^.

khAssm,
Inimitable, a.

L^-v<J bera'^ti-zimmet.
Innocent, a.J ^>-LJJ kXbahatszz,
beriyyu-'z-zimmjE, *y&x..<
.

jjju tXklld-oluna-

mz,
Iniquitous, a. Jc-'U fassid.
Iniquity,
s.

ma

sum.

Innocuous, a.
Innovation,
s.

z^rarsiz.

bid"dt,

*U

ghywnah,

yen^i-ussul.

fissk-u-fujur, L^-x-^a*^ ma"siyyet.


Initiate, v.a.

Innumerable,

a.

sayzlmoiz,

CX*-^
yolunu
-

la-yu"dd,
Inoculate,
v.a.

la-yuhsa.

lL&l J^elL&l

Xshlamak
.

ta"llm-et.
Injudicious, a.

chichek- Xshl amak


"Xklszz,

jJjlc

Inoculation,
Inoffensive,
9

Xshlamaklik.
z^rarsiz.

uyghunsuz,Ju."..>^U^)
Injunction,
5.

munass^betsiz.
(emir),

^of

emr

Inquest,

5.

teftish-ressmT.

tenbih, (j^j\*~* siparish.


'

Inquire, v.a.

^ojy^ sormak,

Injure, v.a.

\jj* z^rar-et,

-et; \j\~Ja*A isstifsar-et;

J >JULe
\

sii'al-

issti-

i^*\

bozmak, cX*^,j Ji>- khalelikhlal-et.


zaraili,

"lam-et

IXA^J! isstifta-et

\^~r^
su'al
;

vErmek, IJirM
Injurious,

tejesssuss-et,

\^js^

tah^rrT-et.

*>}/*

j*d*

muzirr.

Inquiry,

5.

(J^jye s6rush,
isstifsar
;

J!jj

Injury, s>jj& zarar, Jir^. khalel, d-'^U-j

/iL-J
-sT
1

issti"lam

skamet, ^^UaJL;
Injustice,
s..*&

sakAtlfk. [hXkkszzlzk.

isstifta,

(j~

tejesssuss,

ghXdr,

J^ zulm, Jpj*Ji>; ,

u^o^

t^harri
a.

(j^j^ pursish.

Ink,

5.

L^i^o murekkEb

v.a.

Inquisitive,

y$\j* merXklz, ^Sajj^-

j\j*>e ch6k-shey-sorar.

red

5. 5.

iyj

surkh.

Inroad,

s.

^JJl

Xkm.
deli,

Inkstand,

^-j^Ubs-c-^J

murekkEb[ky^rfez.

Insane, a.
^^s-ljj

^J^

(j^^f" chilghin,

-hokkassi, <U^- hokka.


Inlet,
5.
s.

kXchzk, cj)*-?* mejnun.


s.

j\

\ghiz, jl^^J

Insanity,

cJLJj

delilik,

Inn,

,.A>-

khln,

16kAnda,

chilghznlzk,
jinnet,

J^Sa^Vj kach&h'k,
junun.

^y&r

INSATIABLE
Insatiable, a.
.1

163

INSTINCT
s.

jjjjp*.^

doymak-bilmrtz,

Inspection,

<Ujy. y6klama, cl^ai

U5^J

da'ima-aj.
J-cjV.

nAzaret
\

<^jU^e

mu"aydnE.
t

Inscribe, v. a.
-et,
1

yazmak,

Jui*

kayd-

Inspector,

s.
(

^^<ul5y yoklamji

jijoc

tahrir-et.

of schools, J+A-* mumeyyiz.


;

Inscription, s.
Insect, s.

oj^. yaz<

&li kitabE.
C^l^Lr*-

Inspiration,

5.

.c^-j vahy,
nefess
-

LL

bwjek, (pi.)

^iX^-j^ij

chekishi

hXsharAt. hAsharAt.
Insecure, a.
Insecurity,
s.

[emm-di^il.
kdrkulur, J^J^j-^ol

ta"lim, (JP^-J teshvzk.


Inspire, v.a.

1*1$
vahy
j

ilham-et, id-Jb
-

C.

emniyyetsizlik;

tarzkJla

bildinnek
;

mukhAtara. a^Lls"
Insensible,
a.

yure^ina-k6mak

1**

y
;

hisss-etmz

ta"lim-et,

IJjU

teshvlk-et,
;

bilmaz
B<

bayzlimsh,

v.n.

blkh&d.

nefess-hekmek, ^
sokmak,
s61uk-Xlmak.
Instalment,
derj.
5.

Insert, v.a.

***

sokushdurmak
\

k^*Ju

tXksit,

kJI
;

kzsst.

Insertion,
Inside,
s.

5.

~j

[idkhal-et.
icheri,
,

Instance,
teklif ;
i3^/*3
,

5.

l>-j rija,

jL) niyaz
;

u-oJ>,j
missal,

ll

*\

ich,

)j*f\

(*jjj<3

C-y J
;

da'Vet

Jll

derun,
dakhill.
I

J^^J

dakhil;

a.

^J^J
bir-y61-

numune

<UJ J def"a,

^kEiTE;
*J

v.a.
5.

missal-irad-et. IjjyJ Jli^o

Insinuate, v.a.

<J-4J^!A^ JjJ> J

Instant,

^
,

an,

<ULJ-5

dXkika,

ila-anglrttmak (annatmak),
-et
;

i^j Tma-

dem

a.

^yu*

skz, /*y^

mubrem.

one's

self,

J>/*JJ^ s6kulmak.
Qezzetsizlik.

Instantly,

arf.

(J^>^^ dEr-hal, t-^&C;t}


^J^l anida.
^>r>
yfirina,
<#

Insipid,
| !

a.^

jib

tatsz'z.

dfir-'^zkab,

Insipidity, 5. cJ>Jj Jib tats/zlzk,


Insist,

cJl^-J 3J

Instead,

arf.

(J^^^J^
JJjJ

v.w.

vaz-ghechmamutlXk-isstEmek.

bedel-61arak,
Instep,
s.
(

JjJ

bedel,

bedelan.

mek,
Insobriety,

JX-i^cJxl>\

aya^Aenp'-iisstu,

SErkhosblik.
edebsizlik,

ClXacbl
Instigate,

injik.

Insolence, s.
"irstzltk.

v.a.

^JK^JU^J kmdzrmak,
1

(J"*fy ayartmak, J^iLo^J parmakJ j!

Insolent, a.

edebsiz, J-^lc "arsz'z,


;

lamak,

IcJoys^

tahrlk-et,

^.l^-^ kyusstakh

OU-li-^ kyussta[(j-i^o mufliss.

tahriz-et, l^Jj^LJ teshvzk-et.

khanE.
Insolvent,
Inspect, v.a.
.

Instigation,
tahriz,

s.

CJJ^asT
teshvzk.

tahrik,

j^/a?

^^-la^,

mufliss

s.

^^J
5.

J^c^J yoklamak

Ici^lkJ

Instinct,

^N-T^

hisss,
(

n.\zaret-et,

U^>U^c mu"ayenE-et.

hisssz-haywAnl.

N 2

INSTITUTE
Institute>
s.

[164]

INTERCESSOR
doghruluk, L^vftl->
issti-

L-^-X,*

mektEb
;

ka-"idE,

$y0y*

mevzu"

v.a.

klmet.
Intellect, s.

^c^U-5>- chzkarmak, ^LL$>lj bXshlamok,


\

JAC

"aid,

^3
"ikl,

zihn.
"ikfl.

9\&->\
;

ibda"-et,

Intellectual, a.

L Jjb

"Xkli,

Jl'U

ikhtira"-et
tErtib-et,

\^*&j wXz"-et,
te'siss-et.

Intelligence,

s.

Jic

<Uji-CJ^

^^.^b'

kuvveti-"AkliyyE,
idrak,

+p fehm, cJ^jl

Instruct, v.a.

C^^^^l

wp^retmek, 1*J
\

uJ

zekya,

Cl^Uj

zekyavet,

ta lim-et, 'j^-JjjJ tednss-et.

L^-^^jJ dirayet, LS^OlLi

ftanet;^^

Instruction,

s.

Ac. "ilm, Cl^LejLcma"luta"lim, (j~}j<


;

khXbEr, d^lxcjbt^) ma^lumAt.


InteUigent, a.

mlt

*!*''

tedriss

^Jjb

"ildlf,

JSU
^Ja-

"ikfl,

d^zss?

tahsil

~s,

s.

pi.

^J zekl^bljJ
Intemperance,
5.
;

dirayetli,

fatm.

ta"lmiAt.
Instructor,
s.
te>-\js>-

c3i'

Cj bekrilik.

kh6ja

Intemperate,

a.

c^-j
;

SErt,

Jj<Xl shedld,
;

&&&Instrument,
s.

hadid

u^J

bekri

L^!l

alet (pi. Cl?^1 alat).

na-pErhlzkyar.
Intend, v.a. ^Cl^j
niyyet-et,

Insubordinate, a.J SLclk! ita"atsiz.


Insubordination, s. ^jjl-afi Ibl ita"atsizlik.
Insufferable, a.

niyyetinda

61,

>->/^'

tXssmim - et,

J^o^uJj^J^aer

t^hammul-

J^y kurmak.
Intense,
a.

[^5%^
SErt,

z '-

-61unamaz.
Insufficient,
a.

L2-?^s
5.

iXr<x>

shedld;

v*jlj\

elvErmaz, U-i*^>
kifayet-etm^z,

Intent, Intention,

c^.J

niyyet, >A^*^'

yetishmaz,

U^iu^oUd

tXssmim, Jl^c murld, JusS kXssd.


Intentional, a.
L^JuaJi
ly,
<o

<^\ jt^ ghayn-kyafl.


Insult,
5.

kXssdi, (j^^as"

C-jU"

hXkaret;

v.a.

makhsuss;
^
Ijk/kc

ad.

(jj^^b bilsrek,

"amdan,
v.a.

IjwaJJ

klssdan.
^jjJt)

nlm ussa- d6kunmak.


Insupportable,
a.

Inter,

ClXi^i gbywmmek,
v.n.

^-/*J^

chfekilm^z,

defn-et.

L^^lj^J^rsr tahammul-olunamflz.
Insurance,
s.

Intercede,

\^^\f^>
-

shifa"at-et,
1

&j)*~> sighurta

com-

CX<^ fo\j\
rija-et.

araja ghirmek,

\.&-j

pany,

s.

^**j<U3 U'-ejJ <Oj4X*-j sighurta-

c6mpanyassi.
Insurgent,
s.

Intercept,
"assz.

v.a.

{j.+5jb
-

tutmak,
;

ft

^^Vc
5.

yMunu kessmek
ayaklanzsh,
Intercession,
.

Insurrection,

^3^1)1

^jLa^
Integer,

"zssyan, (jl^*k tughyan.

iA shim "at, l>y


*

s.

-^^^
5.

^^

"adedi-sahlh.

Intercessor,
;

^.

(Ui

shefi

v\/?-"
,

c^^J

Integrity,

L^-w^eUj

tXmAmiyyet

rijaji.

INTERCOURSE
Intercourse,
ulfet,
s.

[165]
c:

INTERVAL
s.

i?Ai>)

ikhtilAt,

Interference,

<U->^b

kArzshma

c^~JVj"C

mu'ane'sset.

<dsv.!j^ mudakhala.

Interdict, s.Jjyii aforoz,


,

i*x!

la"net

Interim,
in the

&.

^\j\
,

aralzk,

CLJ<X

muddet;

v.a.

jLj

yassAk-et,

1^3

nehy-

gj&ri^d

dEr-iken (dsr-'ken),

-et,

lcji*.
5.

memnu"-et.
nada
l^ijA)
;

Interest,

zeshtE,
\jj

^^\s fa'iz, ^u-isj^b ghyuUj nema (nama), ribv,

ad

L^JJ-<

miiwAkkat

^
j

muwAkkatan.
s.

riba,

4LcU^>

mu"am^lE
j\~-\
(*]&'
;

J^iJ
;

Interior,

nufuz,

.LU>

khltzr,

i"tibar

dakhil

L-^-s^
;

^.yj derun, bltm a. ^Lb


ich,
; ,

J^b
^jj^
bltmi
;

tassahhub,

iltizam,

deruni, .Isi-b dakhili,

,c^^
(-5.1? l>

^1 arka ^^sz*
raghbet,

mahabbet
;

<^~~+j

Minister of the

<uL>b

j^j

merak

J JJj
.;.

telezzuz,

dakhiliyyE-nazm.
CM^JI Al/p-

[jenazE-defni.
defn,

Interment,
Internal, a.

s.

^JJ

^^JyjL^
^iLt
bAtml.

ClX>.Ab
<UJb^

bilEjek,

CJ^^
<L^>-

^i^b

dakhili,

ghywrEjek,
;

wAziffi,

hisssE

Interpose, v.a.
r^

J^J&Jjl araya-k6mak,

gharaz,
Ji^l

araya-ghirmek,

tawAsssut-et.

tass^hbub
iltizam
-

etdirmek,
Interpret, v.a.
;

fetdirmek

\&*>y
s.

tErjumE-et;

v.n.

eylEnJE-VErmek,
re^Aini-jezb-et,
-et,

IL-^-^^J^J
j^tj^Jj

)^LU^>y

tErjumAnlzk-et.

yii-

kllba-te'sir-

Interpretation,

<Uo^j tErjume

^J^o

CLUjy^=L^^<Uj'
;

kXlba-rikkXt,

ma"na.
Interpreter,
s.

gbetirmek

to take an
iltizam-et,

C-

(jU5>y tErjumln.

SEvmek,

i^lj^ll
i

Interrogate, v.a. ijllail-sl isstintll^-et.


,

tsshbub-et

to

have an

Interrogation,

5.

jlk^-!

isstintAk

note

of

j*lyh<j!

L^w}Li

,"alamet-i-

wXzifEssi-61

j\j!
,

J<Lo>- hisssEdar-61
*)j\

isstifham.
;

compound
^^ojls

cX^jU
f

^^U
dilbsr;

Interrupt, v, a. Ci^w-J'

kessmek

\%~^-<

fa'iz-ila-fa izin-fa'izi.

men'^et, j!^3Uj mani"-61.


Intersect, v.a.

Interesting, a.

Jj/gbyuzel ;^J J

^Jo5 kAt"-et;

one

another, !*J?U3' takAtu"-et.


Interfere,
v.n.

J^J^li
;

kArzshmak,

Interstice, s.

J^U

aralzk;

Jjl) yank,

IdsL^ltX*

mudakhala-et

sektE-VErmek, )\%J\*o mant"-61.

Interval, 5. ^jllji araljk,

^U ma-beyn.

INTERVENE
Intervene, v.n.

[166]
Intricate,

INVALIDATE
a.

CX*f
j\

ghechmek
;

*J\j\

(j}

kXrzshzk,

CX*^

tfraya-ghirmek

^J^JysJ^
ha'il-61.

d61^shzk,
Intrigue,
s.

ciX*-^o mushtebek.
4iii fitnE,
,

arada-bulunmak,
Intervention,
s.

JjU-

jLJ

fessad,

L-JJJ

tavAsssut;

to\j\

oyun;

v.n

J fitnEf^ssad-

cJi*jj
Interview,
s.

araya-ghirmeklik.

-chzkarmak,
-chikarmak,

^J^liL^-jLJ
(^<;^^> ^yj^

C^tSLc mulakAt,

oyun-

ghjmrushma.
Intestines, s.

-chzkarmak.
-;L?.*J

pL

Introduce, v.a.
szkz-dosstluk.
;
,

^jtJ^

*js^\

icheri-s6k-

Intimacy,

s.

ja^j^ ^--^

mak; cX^yx^D jjzf\


mek,
\

icheri-ghetir-

Intimate, a.
s.

^U^sr* mahre'manE
,

JUr

Jl idkhal-et;

eXjJ^=
^^-^
tAm'shla^Jol
1

ffz* mahrem;

v.a.

LlX<;Ota

ghyurushdurmek,
kon^usbdirrmak,

<J~*J *X-.^

bildirmek, (J.*3\~=\ anglatmak (an-

^^jALJll?
ch^karmak,

natmak),

cX<y^ j+s* khXbEr-vErmek,


s.

dzrmak

J>;^?"

CX*jJ^j suweylEmek.
Intimation,
j+s>-

ibda"-et,
Tjad-et
;

^/^^
(J^-^>-^

ikhtira"-et,

Jlssri

khXbsr, &\3\ ifads,

^chmak,

^.Ji-J tebligh.

^4->-! lakirdzssmz-achmak;
JJ^Jyj^Js

Intimidate,

v.a.

k6rkutmak,

et;.

tvJ&

tXkdim-et,
5.

Vj^

ibraz-et.
;

luJjjsT

takhwif-et, l^U-1 ikhafE-et.


5.

Introduction,

^UJJi^j

mukXddiniE

Intimidation,

&iU^

ikhafE.

[derunina.
Intrude, v.n.
ishghal-et,
J.ysf

Into, ^rep. Aj E, a, ^U=sT 1 ichina, iiji

tajiz-et,

Intolerable, a.

J^f-

chekilmaz,

j^*jU> manz"-61.

'j4^^\

thmmul-61unm^z.
v.a.

Intrust, v.a. ^/fr-i^'

^^^

emanetEn-tess-

Intoxicate,
ft-^

\<jZjs*-r
ed, a.
(sar-).

SErkhosh-et,

lim-et.

keyf-et;

^_L^ keyf,

Inundation,

s. J-*-j

seyl (sel),

^j-^-^b^

sErkh6sh
Intoxication,
5.

su-bXssmassz

^Ij^

tughiyyan.

L-*i-

keyf,

^l^j^^-a

Inure, v.a.

^J^oj^^ Xlzshdzrmk.
bAssmak, j

SErkhoshluk
Intrench,
v.n.
\

(sar-),^L:

sekir.

Invade, v.a. (j*<0\]

)y^

&H\*Hj*JfA

met^riss;

\^xs? tejavuz-ve-takhatti-et.
Invalid,
a.

ypmak,
v.a.

^assC

tr/hasssun-et

^\*o j+z ghayrz-salih,


,

^y
;
,

CX^jfta^-^^W^/-^
s.

met^-

bosh
v.n.

5.

cJjj^^-

churuk
-

riss-ila-isstihkyam-VErmek.

(j,*A+&-tjj)>- chiiru^Afi
,

chzk-

Intrenchment,
Intrepid, a.

(j~Z< met^riss.
yi^Ait,j^
.5j-

mak;
jessur,

v.a.

(J^&t^tojjj^-

chu-

Li-^^U

ru<7 AE- chikarmak .

C^Uo
Intricacy,

bibak,
5.

^.^

blpErwa.

Invalidate, v.a. (j^j)*

b6zmak,

^ji-ili kArish/kh'k.

<< hukmunu-b6zmk.

INVALUABLE
Invaluable,
a.

167]

ITALIAN
jljJjS^I
Irlandali.

jUCJJ
t

pek-kzmetli,

Irish, a.

luk^j^*^
Invasion,
khdtti,
5.

lumeti-bilinaniflz.

J^^^

tejavuz,

^J3

timur (demir), ^>^>" h^did, Iron,5.j^/-.J


td-

Iron-clad, a $*jj zirhli.

[(^^

ahfin.

iLxJ
\

isstila.
I

[tira"-et.

Iron-monger,
Irony,
s.

5.

^JP-JJA+J demirji.
isstihza.
ittiradszz
;

Invent, v.a.

A\szT\ ijad-et,

t\p>-\

ikhikh.

\\^^:\
a.

Invention,
tira".

5.

jl^rl

ijad,

^\f>>\

Irregular,

l^^\Jb\

J-~<l!JLJ

[te'ri*

nizAmszz,J-^ollix3!

intizamszz
;

;J-j^Jk^lJ
;

[nventor,

s.

^>-^o mujid,
j*s
deftEr.

f^^*
J

mukh-

ka

idESsiz

LJ

.>

y61suz

JLi> shXzz

[nventory,
[nverse,
a.

5.

jjy^-ijb
tErss
;

bAshz'-bozuk.
a.

"aksi,

Irreparable,

J^cjJ J^-J>^^*j
;

ta"mir-

-kAbul-etmz
[nvest, v.a.
\

j~**j\^~

charEssiz.

\~*\ iksa-et, lu^La^o

mut-

Irresistible,

a.

j<kj^b>j\'i

karshz-ko-

tXssif-et;

^J^J'Li}^_5

kushXtmak,

nulm^z.
Irresolute,
a.

chevirmek,

lpU^

mu-

j^'^
>

^-'^

kendi-

-"Xklzm'-bilmaz,

JJ^

mutereddid.

VErmek.
Investigate,
v.a
AJI

Irritable,

a.

j\j*?j;*

tez-kzzar,

CJjl*r

teftish

et

\^J,csC taharri et, \{j~~+s>? tejesssuss-et.

Irritate, v.a. (J^>j^j+*

kkdzrmak, (J-*j J
[km.

[-da'ima.

dAnltmak.
Irruption,
.

Invincible, a.
Invisible, a.

U
'*+*

lj J&iuJI el-muzlffEr-

/^s^ hujum, yffcA) bXss-

gbywrunmaz,

\^\y

Isinglass, 5.

^l&'jL^b
Islet,
s.

bAlik-tutkAli.

ghywzikmaz.
Invitation, 5. CL>
Invite, u.a.

Island,

Isle,

4>l

Ada,

^Jf-

da "vet.
da"vet-et.

jezirE.

lc

Ispahan (town
Israelite, 5.

of), 5. ^l^R-tf! issfahan.

Invoice,

s.

Ac
J

"ilm-u-khXbEr,

^<^J

yhudi.
chzkajak
;
(

deftEr.
-*

Issue,

s.

j (>-&+&-

yir,

Involuntary,
tiyari,

a.

la^l

ghayri-ikh-

T?J^

makhrej, j-JJ klpz


;

^~~^ Ays?
t

nokhud-yakz'ssz

<J>-jf~ ch6juk, j3j!


zurriyyet;
ikhtilaf,

Involve, v.a.

IJ^-b

dakhil

^j et; C
J

kXrzshdzrmak,

evlad,

<-^-V.j^

cJj-cJ

da"wa,

uJL^^l
;

X^jU.*

Tjab-fetdirmek.

mu
dakhili.

araza

v.n.

^J^tJu^-

chikmak

Inward,, a.

Ic^iU
icheriya-

nesh'et-et.

Inwards,
Ireland,
Iris, s.
5.

ad.

=jt ^tjj/sf^l
Irlanda.

Isthmus,

<?.

jU^J bog^Xz,
;

Jj

dil.

It,^r. Jjl 61 (6)


Italian, a.

^1 Xnz, 6nu

(~i\

LJW

Italia.

ITALY
Italy, s. U\sj\ Italia.

[168]
Jealousy,
^.

JOINT
^sTljjJJ kzzkAnjlzk,
^*,5* hissed.
a.

d^*c

Itch,

5.

jJ\
Jj*

uyuz

v.n.

ghayret
Jeer, v.n.

ghidishmek, (J.+J*\i kAshznmak.


Item,
Its,
s.

and
5.

^4^\j^j zevklEnmek.

kalsm.

[Xnrn^ki, onun^ku.

Jehovah,

5: pj$\ L5 ^ el-Hayyu-'l-

pr. a.

dJ-Jt Amngr,
LJ?

6nun^
--

,J&>\
ken-

-Kayyum.
Jelly,
s.

[lu"ab.

Itself,

pr.
;

Jo

kendi,

^-^
;

<UjUJ!
5.

elmlssiyyE

t-^U!
[sherif.

dissi

^**J Ja^=
ljJ JJ
il

kendissini

Jeopardy,

kendissinE.
Ivory,
Ivy,
s.

Jerusalem,
fil-dishi.

A&f? tehliks. 5. uju -i> tJ*J^ ** "j

kudssi-

Li5

Jessamine,
Jest,
.

s.

^^A^
.

yasse"mm.

s. (

Inll*

sarmXshzk.

ULt shaka,

^U-Ial ltifE.

Jesus-Christ,

^J

^Ji

,5^

Issa-'l-

-Messih,
J.
Jet, 5.

2>-

hzreti-"Jssa.

<ULJ
JL.
isskelE.

Jackal,

s.

Jlii>- chakXl.
cJ-i>! eshek,

[himar.
.> khar, jl**-

Jetty, 5.

Jackass,

s.
s.

Jew,

5.

-^^j^

yahudT

Jewess,

Jackdaw,
Jacket,
5.

*c^lj

dji

Ala-kargh(?).

^~jjljj c5J^J yahudl-kArz'ssz.


Jewel,
s.

j^liaix
s.

mintXn.
jellld.

Jewels,

s. pi.

CJ^JJ^sT

mu-

Jack-ketch,
Jail, s.

jL-

jevh^rat.
Jeweller,
Jib, 5.
s.

[jewahirji.

^^j
(

zindAn, ti\z\~*+s>- hAbss-

^sr^jj kuyumju, \^-J^fT


flok.

Jailer, s.

j=zT\AJj zindAnji.

[khanE.

J^5
5.

Jalap,

5.

*jk>~ jXlapa.

Jibboom,
Job,
5.

(jf~h basstun.

[\J~>\

ish.

Jam,

s.

J^-;
s.

rechel, ^IjlL tXtli.

<-r^>J

Cl^3>-

hazreti-eyyut

Janissary,

iJtjfS^ yen^ich^ri.
kyanuni-sanT.
;

Jobber, s.j\~+*~i simsar.

January,

s.

^U^y^

Jockey,
Jocular,

s.

,jf^^
a.

bmzjz.
tuhaf,

[latzfEji.

Japan,
,

s.

^jjV. y^p6nia

^)j

rughln;

ujW*

^^^y
inghilterra-

v.a.

fj^j^zjj rughXn-wurmak.
a.jlw^v
yaponiali.

Jog, Joggle, v.a. (J^ffj\^> sarssmak.

Japanese,
Japhet,
Jar,
s. s.

John

Bull,

s.

jiU

yyjii!

<*^V. yafeth.
;

milleti.

u~j*\f kawan6ss
(J^>-\
s.

on the
v.n.

Join,

v.n.

cX^laj

bitishmek,

IjWB
- ol
;

ad.

achik

^*Jij^

iltihlk-et,

l*tfL<
;

mulasszk
v.a.

Jasper,

Jaundice,

s.

[kXrzshmak. ^-J yeshem. , iL iU? sdrtltk. W /


J-

bitishdirmek
vXssl-et.

IjU'l ilhlk-et;

Jaw,

5.

<^>- chen^E.

Jealous, a. *-^\2ji

kbkXnj

j^L

ghayur;

Joiner,
Joint,

s.
s.

cjJ doghramajz.
ek-yeri;

hAssud,

Ju*>- hAssedli.

JOINTLY
6ynak-yEri,
,

[169]
out of
;

JURISCONSULT
"add-et
; ,

J-^a^o
;

mXfsAl;

v.a.

muhukyumet-et.

<J%^~ chzkzk
,

get out of

be put out of
put out of >
Jointly, ad.
,

<J-*%~*-

chzkmak
#

Judgment,

s.

znn, ^-LJ>

kzyass

fJ^j\A^>-

chzkarmak.

%f~<

musbtere'kEn, K^i-i

hukyum^t;
day of
,

Ijsj-

jeza,

ib

bela

ishtirakfin.

^Jfj*
seat,

^~\?
\^^.<

k^yamet-

Joint- stock
Jointure,
s.

Company, L^-^-i>

shirkst.

-gbyunu

messnedi-hukyumet.
c5^j^ULcb^>^>-jjj zevje'yaJudicious, a.

^DJU
dessti,

Jug,
Joke,
\

s.

s.

&M

shakfl,

*%

ltzfE

v.n.

^A-^
s.

^J~~3

tfcssti.

Juggler,
\JL2>

shaka-et, laiJal lattfE-et.


a.

jl <U^- hokka-bAZ.
s.

[bazlik.

Jugglery, Juggling,
Jolly,

^j\J&>- bokkahablu-'l-

jlj^J

ghyubr
zevkli;

yuzlu

Jugular-vein,
boat,
Juice,
f zlika.
s.

s.

JL&

<^j^\^s>^--i>

keyf;

^Jjj

ya su

shzra.

[-vend.

Jolt, v.a. (jA*0j\<0

sarssmak. [te^ii

Juicy,

a.

^y0

sulu.

Jonquil,

s.

A-Jy fwlya.

Jujube,
July,
s.

s.

cylxc "imnlb.

Journal,

s.

*"^j)j ruznamE; *Jl^*J\^sj


;

jy
v.a.

temmuz.
^.-ojjJ^li'

tAkwimi-vflka'z"
Journalist,
s.

J^jj?j zhurnXl.
ghazetoji,

Jumble,
,

kAr/shd/rmak

^-^T <tJ^-c

s.

^^

(J^J^ &*j

karma-kar-

^-iJj^
Journey,
s.

jeridEJi.

isbik-shey.

JjJ y61,
,

JL^
cXc^
\

y61juluk,

Jump,

s.

(jl^rf*
; ,

szchrayish,

j^iJ^J'!

j~ jLs^
!
(

sefEr;

v.n.

ghezmek,
sefEr-et.

Atlayisb

v.n.

^<Lsf^ skhramak,

yoljuluk-et,
s.

j&~>

Journeyman,

^js~$jJ*~b

ghyun-

Junction,

s.

LaJl ittissAl
(Jp\j\

,J^ telakz
('*J\

Juncture,
Joy,
s.

s.

ralzk,

essna,
bal.

^y*

SEvinj,

L^vJ^^j mem-

d-Jj
June,
s.

wXkz't,

^<j zamAn
ormAn
;

J^>-

nuniyyet,

j)j*

surur, j^*>- hubur,

(^^j
t

s>- baziran.

^yUjLSi shidumAni.
Joyful,
a.

Jungle,

s.

^J^oj)\

jj^JP^l^JI^

^.jj***

memnun,
j

6rmAnlzk-yEr,
lisstan.

^'~J&^>- chengbebghlu, *j!j zadE.

messrur,

jLi

sbld (shlz),

[i^^^
cJ^sr
^jf-^1

sb Ad urn In.

Junior,
2"-

a.
5.

^j:CUi

sinnja-kucbuk
ardij-A^AJi
ardij-tokhmi.
;

Judge,

5.

f^
Xj*
*

hakim,

,j^^
;

Juniper,

7T^

(kAdz),
,

me via
na'ib
;

(molla)
,

deputy

berries,

^j*sf

~J\

^.^jU
;

v.n.

!^-LS

Junk,

s.

^j~+*
s.
L

^^
<^<

chin-ghemissi.
;

kyass-et

-^

znn-et,

Jurisconsult,

mufti

JLiJ fak'ih.

JUKISDICTION
Jurisdiction, s. <*~**<jL>-

170]

KIND
8.
t

hukyumet.
"ilmi-fzkh.

Keep,

jij)
ta^MiyyE;
1

yeyejek,
sak-

Jurisprudence,
Jurist, s. <Uai

s.

^ai

Jx

^.A*j'

v.a.

fkzh.

lamak,
*

laA>. hzfz-et

tutmak,
brak-

Jury,

s.

L5

~is-'10

&

^^i

^/^

Ki-ll

Xh'komak,
(^
; ,

6n-iki-yemmli-kimessnE-mejlissi.

mamak,

Juryman,

s.

^Jj

cJJjU**J

j&*>
[direk.
ariyyeti-

v.n.
;

mezkyur-yemmlilerm-bm.
Jury-mast,
Just, a.
s.

dayanmak,

J^oUJjy

bozulmamak

C^J
"adil,

jJVj^
munsif,
,

^c^jJ durmak, ^JlS kXlmak.


Keeper,
s.

Jjlc

uJo-lj^. hXkk-

laiU-

hlfz'z,

&W*

muhAfz'z,

-shinass,

c^c.av^
;

^bwUas,

^j^
Keg,
5.

bekji.
5.

hAkkAniyyetli
/*tf

ac?.

*UJ tXmam,
;

Keep-sake,

j^J\J yadighyar.
!

tAmm, U>UJ tlmlman

^-y
5. 5.

c*f"

ufXjek-fichi.

heman
iken
;

Kennel,

J^j\
-^1

oluk.
ich, jx~*

now,
;

hem an -

Kernel,

maghz, L-

-shimdi

so,

lubb;

^LJ

beyz (bez).
kXzmir.
;

<^

/%

Kerseymere,
Kettle,
s.

5.^-^jlJi

*by j^Ujb heman-bwylE, heman - shwylE, <djjl ^^


Justice,
s.

j\s
s.

kXzghln (klzAn)

heman-

ghyu^Aum.
Kettledrum,
&j\su

[c3i-^-> dumbelek.

nakkars (na^Aara)

"dalet,
inslf,

Key,

5.

jl^>-l5l

nakhtar, -\^c miftah.

hlkklniyyet,

Khan,
Kick,

s.

hXkk

A*-

hakim.
ja'iz.

s.

^U- khan. <U& tekmE

te&>- chiftE
;

Justifiable, a.

j^~

[-zimmet.

v.n.

_4jl<u)' tekmE-Xtmk
chiftE-Atmak
;

^^>-

Justification, s.

L^-vj

'V.^J' tebriyye'i-

(J/*J\

v.a.

CX*-J
v..

Justify,

v.a.

Icu^oJ

<^^-J

tebriyye'i-

or

(jJ^J J

tepmek

out,
sikdir-et.

-zimmet-et; CJ^J.^s-hXkk-VErmek;

^.4^3 ko^Amak,
Kid,
s.

IjJkC-s

^/*LJjjl^- ja'iz-kzlmak,
Juvenile, a.

^^T

tfej

viz-

jUcjl 6^L\k.
5.

*&

ghenj,
s.

^f>- jiwln. [-et.

Kidney,

C-^^y b^Arek (bwbrek)

Juxtaposition,

JLaJ'l ittissll.
Kill,

beans,
v.a.

^^aJ

fassulya.

cX;jJjl

wldurmek,

\JiJ
helak[-

K.
Kalendar,
Keel,
s.

kXtl-et, It^lJ telef-et,

IcJ^

s.

+JJAJ

takvim.

Kiln,

5.

jV^
^IjJ

^J ak -

et

tej*)\

6ngurgha (omurgha).
kla-

Kind,

5.

durlu,

u^-tf
,

s6y,

Keen,

a.

^^=^ kesskin, jLfiU


biirran,

jinss,
tAtlz.

Cy

nev"

a.

yj

iyi,

<&s>- hadid.

KINDLE
Kindle, v.n. (J.+Jjb tutushmak
v.a.
;

[171]

KNOWLEDGE
>chaki
;

(turkish
;

pen

^*^V, y^kmak; ^J^Ju-J^L


\

tusXttr;

kalEm-trash

(carver)

tushdurmak,
Kindness,
s.

J\su\ IkAd-et.
lyilik,

(long weapon)

CJ^J

*j* kiirEm,
;

L^v;Lc "inayet, ujiy


efendilik.

lutf

CJ^JCjl

Knight,

5.

(chess)

C3o be^A, j CJl At.


,

kawallr;

Kindred,

s.

\3J\
;

Akraba,

\JjJ\^>kArabet,

Knit, v.a.
^rulu,

khzsszm-Akraba

<-^-^^

C^-^^l wnnek; (j^^l wmlmush.


c_

a.

jhjj
[bXbA.

<jL**a- khzsszmlzk.
King,
s.

Knob,
Knock,

5.
5.

J^s

top, jjjjt
;

topuz

bb

Jly

kzrll,

j\&*&s*~ hukmdar,

(/^1 wurush
;

alSajb
melik,

padisbah,

all

shah,

cJLc

klpt-chAlmmasst

v.a.
;

dJJU
5.

malik.
kerlll/k,

wurmak
^jUl-ijjb

J^iJL>-

chXlmak
;

Kingdom,

jiJ^

against, ^4J'l>-

chatmak
in,

down,

padishahhTi,
devlet,

L^-\^*X>-

hukyumet,

(JAM y&mak;
icheri-kAkmak
endirmek,
;

J^jlj

^=
;

CAU

milk or mulk,

off,

c
dushurmek
bitirmek
;

C3

^-ijj
;

kyut.
King's-evil,
5.
,

dX*~
,plc
5.

kessmek

CXy

^K^
**ars-

Kinsman, Kinswoman,

khissm,

dushurmek
tesslim-61.

under, v.n.

^jbyl
Kiss,
5.
J

Xkrabadan.
wpush, jUiiLfc
,

^Jjl
bussE
;

sheftalz,

Knocker,
Knot,
5.

5.

r.a.

CXlJj) wpmek,

du^Aum

v.a.

buss-et.

Kitchen,
Kite, 5.

5.

^vk

mXtbXkh (mutfAk).

v.n.

(bird)

jll>.

chaylak

(toy)

<UJ^>-j! uchurtma.
Kitten,
5.

Know,

v.a.

cXj
j!

bilmek

^^j^ ^^ kedi-yawrussu.
5.

khlbEri-61,
js!

j^f^'

khlbErdar-61,
;

Knapsack, Knave,
5.

dlajU^ chXnta.
hilEkyar,

wakif-61;

^^J^l? tXm'mak
;

j&L>*

^^JjW
another,

ma"lumAtz'-61

one
bir-birini-

chXpkm, Cl)Jt|^ pezEWEnk.


Knead,
Knee,
v.a.
(jjsojfZjf.

^j^jlkj-Jy^J

ybghirrindk.
;

-tXntmak, j^L^l^ljco
-61
;

mu"ar6fElEri;

.Ji^

diz,

ylj zanu

(of timber)

again,

^^-J It tlmmak
sikmek,

CJ^J J
Kneel, v.n.
Knife,
5.

dirsek.

carnally,

d^/..^rj

^Wf^
khXbfir,

tiX^>- JjJ diz-chwkmek.

jima^-et, ^-c^j wAty-et.


)

bzchAk

(pocket

Knowledge,

5.

Ac

"ilm,

^s^

KNUCKLE-BONE
ma"lumAt,
danish.

[172]
"irfan,

LANDLADY
5.

\^f

Lading,

yuklEnmeklik
yuklEtmeklik
;

cJ^
,

yuk,
l

Knuckle-bone,
Kufic, a. ,<Jj

s.

J'-M Xshzk.

hamulE;

bill

of

kyufl.

oj yuk-senedi
policha-di-kariko.

&j\i

^
kepchE.
;

Ladle,

s.

te& kefchs, J;^


JU;

L.

Lady,
Label,
s. ?

s.

hanz'm
<U>lt>l

^J^jJ kdkona

<fcjb

yAfta

v.a.

jt^J dudu
Lake,
5. s.

madama.

yAfta-takmak,

Jp*>jjX*

ghywl.

yAfta-yapzshdirmak.

Lamb,
Lame,
ish,

kuzu

v.n.

(^Z.

Laborious, a.^cl X^Azr, -.^f ghyuch.

a.

topAl
;
,

of one hand,
v.a.

Labour,

s.

cJ>*
ishjilik
;

emek,
,

^\

^Ls- ch6lXk

eJ-L-s-ll
ishlEmek.

v.n.

cULljt
Lameness,
5.

^>^
and
s.

topXllik.

Labourer,

s.

j^j

renjbEr (renchpEr),
zrghad,

Lament,

v.a.

n.

^\^
X^Alama, ^JtJ

shji,

jU;!

Lamentation,
fzghln,

<Cc^Li!

^b
J^XJ
s.

nalish.

Lace,

s.

^Ua-J
jj
; ,

(ghaytAn)
;

Lamp,

5.

kXndil.
hijv;
,

[hijv-et.
v.a.
,

sherid; csJJJ dXntela

(gold) <U.j
(j

Lampoon,
Lance,
s.

yp^
*

IjJ*^
v.a.

k^lXptAn or
v.a

m^zrlk
(J}**>

CX*>c> deshmek,
Lancet,
<

ghaytAmm-ghechirmek.
Lack,
s.

s. 5.

A-l-^ nishtEr (neshtEr).

^LaJLJ
,

n6ksan,

Land,
eksik-61;
(pi.

berr ^5 klra, ji
arazl), liH

eksiklik;

v.a.

j\^~$\

^\j\

^^t arz (ulkE), CJd^


;

j'^x^il
Lacker,
s.

eksi^^i-61.

milk,
;
,

LT^L*w<
;

mEml^kEt,
,

Jf^*
;

rughXn

v.a.

toprAk
v.n.
,

plot of
..

^c

"arsa

&*3J rughXn-wurmak.
Lackey,
Laconic,
s.

(**3us>-fa& L7 v _>
v.a.

kXraya-chzkmak /

j^jl

ushAk.

iJ^j\&^'X?.Xj* kAraya-ch?kar-

a. &*3*

kssa.

[c;^^
delikXnlz,

mak.
Landau,

[usstu-Xchilir-rbir-nev-"i-hinto.
5.

Lad,

s.

,JLcj!
5.

6^lAn, ^J\AJj

^LiJ&
^.

5-

^J

J^^'
L^AAS'

L^-***:?'

Ladder,

nErdibln (mErdivEn); (jU^J

Landholder,
-sahibi.

,^>-l^

emlak[isskelE.

^iCs! isskele.

Lade,

v.a.

CJv*sKJ yuklEtmek,
;

Landing,
Landlady,

Landing-place,
.

s.

<ci-C H
^v

tahmil-et

u.n.

^^B

^f^*^J^

-Xlmak.

-kAdm.

LANDLORD
Landlord,
5.

[173]
surmek;

LAUDATION
J>*iUfl

.g^-tfCJx
t\

mulk-sahibi

dayanmak

^Jjl;

kv-sahibi,

.^-Utf>Ajl>st

^i!U
*61,

bAkl-kAlmak,
./*:x~~<

^l^Jjb paydar;

khanE-sahibi.

isharet.
;

musst^mferr-61
"akzbet,
,

at

>

Landmark,
Landowner,
Landscape,

s.

^e

sinir-tashi

fcX^^ui-L*

s.
s.

emlak[-sahibi.

-JS/Aefb enjamz-kyar.

Ll^liaJ nAzaret.

Lasting,

a.

Lane,

5,

JjJ j\
;

dar-y61

C^j*

y.&jLi: dayanzklz;

jj^ ^^3

ch6k-surEr,

j^.^
p\Z=z

paydar,

^i

dar-sokAk
-s6kAk.

musst^merr.
Lastly,
s.

ad.

<U?}UL

khulassa'i-

Language*
Languid,
JAns/z.

<Jj
(

dil,

(jLJ

lissAn,

-kelam,

J*\J\

el-h5sszl.

a.

j^^

bayghzn,

Latch,

5.

J*Jl>Late,
a.

J^Jo^c mlndXl,

Jj

dil.

[-ghibi-61.
v.n.
5.

^
,

ghej,

^
*

ghech;
\sp*<

Languish,
Lantern,

jl^^^^olj
(fEnEr)
;

bayghm,

slbzk; (*j**j*

mErhum,

jLs

magic

s.

weffa
Lately,

ad. libLj slbzka.

ad.

L^iJ ^s?Lft> khayalji-fEnEri.


Lap,
s.

Jj\;^H

bu?-Az-EvvEl

*^fV

kujak

v.a.

^^y,

^L^lxJu

yakmlarda, jy^-j'* mu'akh[-takhta,


;

CJvffl^!<0^l> yXlaya-yXlaya-ichmek.

kharon.
Lath,
5.

^tjJ padawm.
/*l>-

Lapidate, v.a.

^>-j

rkjm-et,

J^Ll

***-> shishE

te&C

ch^m-

tlshlamak.
Lapse,
5.

Lathe,
-,

5. 5.

f^
; ,

charkh.
Qjijft*

j)f< murur;

v.a.

Lather,

^J==>j+=>
v.a.

sabun-kyii'-

pu^Au
Larboard,
5.

^/Ju^J^

sabunlaraak.
,

<-j

isskelE.

Latin, a.
(

..*^^

Latin;

5.

4rsX*L^

Larceny,
Larder,

s.

cAU-J^

khzrszzlzk.

LatmJE.
Latitude,
5.
1 JJJ ^/s/ "arz,

5.

j^
cJ^J

kilar (kilEr).

(j^
;

'arzi-

Large,

a.

biyuk, ^--5 k^bir, ^kyiilli,

-beled;

LS-UU-J

vuss"at

"Azim;
yfetli.

J
5.

^i*^

kyulliy-

Latter, a.

Larkspur,

i^^i^^^yU^
(^j\^
kAmchs';
;

hezar-

Latterly, ad. ^Oojl>

yakmda, **^i-i{

-rEnk-chich^Ae
Lash,
s.

bezarEn).
,

bu-yakmlarda, U>-j^ mu'akhkharan.


v.a.

^f-"*^
kz.

Lattice,

5.

~s

klfess,

<*^-^-i>

shebikE,

^^.L^U
Lass,
Last,
a.
5.

kAmchzlamak

Laud,

v.a.

\~&< medh-et.
a.
s.
(

J.,

Laudable^

j~+s^~~< musstahsEn.
,< -jj
>

5.

t_jljj kAh'p: f

c
j^
v.n.

Laudanum,
Laudation,

^^ Aiy6n-ruhu,

^i^CzCJ!

^n^-s6w^raki,
;

5.

^J^dLJ^UiL^ mubalagha-

akhzr,

^-^

pessln

ti

-ila-medh.

LAUDATORY
Laudatory,
a.

[174]
Laxative,
a.

LEAD
^-.L* miileyyin.
5.

**2

medh-muta-

Laxity, Laxness,

cJJ^-S.^ ghevsheklik.
,

Laugh,

s.

^.1*.=>
,

ghyulush,

Lay,

v.w.

^J^ll^^^j yemurtlamak;

khandfi

v.n.

CXJ*
at
;

ghyiilmek,
one,

v.a.
5j

k6mak,
wAz"-et;
;

JK^J

yat/rmak,

khandE-et;
birina-ghyulmek
sleeve,

faj

kurmak,
brakmak,
arz-

in one's

tarh-et

aside,
;

^.sf\

icheridenAfftfl

tirk-et
-et
,
;

before,

gyulmek;

out loud, (}t)j

by, v.a.
v.n.

^
^L

kahkaha-gyulmek.
Laughable,
a.

cJvf-iJ^ dinEnmek,

LL^&J^ ghyulenejek.
sXndXl
; ,

rahat-et;

down,
K*J

Launch,

5.

v.a.

k6mak,
-et;

brakmak,

tErk-

out,

v.n.

r^*J\i

p0ra-kharj-et;

yapzshmak,

<JK

yakalamak;

in,

su tAfsila-bAshlamak.

J^^
(tedarik)

t6plamak,
;

Cj^J

tedaruk-et

Laundress,

5.

c^jls

^-wiU-e*- chamA-

on,

cX^i

surmek

^L^Okiltf

sXldzmiak,

1^-^j wXz"-et,

Laureate,
Laurel,
5.

s.^li^b
^.

bXsh-sha"zr.

I_y5 tarh-et;
out,

open, JH/*^! ^chmak;


kharj-et, Ic-JJ^ sarf-et,

^.'^Jj^l-j ybAn-defnESsi.

l^y^
;

Lavender,
Lavish,
,

IJJ^

lavanda.
;

(j^&-f>~ kharjamak;

over,

^l>lj
skla,

a.

u-J^M.^ mussrif
\

<J*V bezul;
Atmak.

kAplamak

up, v.a.

^Ul0

v.a.
s.

Jjj

bezl-et,

^J^

mak, U-.^<.
j\te~~>\(-j>\j>>

khAssta-et;
;

v.n. v.a.

Law,

^,^j

sher",
/*^la3

c^*J^-i> sheri"at,

khAssta-61

waste,
,

^yljf kanun,

nizlm.
jls*-

kharab-et;

v.n.

(jkJ^J J^Jj

Lawful,

a.

9j2~* meshru";
;

ja'iz

viran

kllmak

^HJJ

,Jl>-

khall-

halal

^j^U

me'zun.

Layer, 5. C^lJs kXt, <&!> tlbAka. [-kXlmak.


Lazaretto,
.

Lawgiver,
Lawless,

s.

a.

^s^ilJJ kanunji. ^Ua3 nizlmsiz.


s.

Jyl^-iijbscr

tahafFuz -khans,

kXrantina.

Lawlessness,

dol
^Uw

nizamsizlik.

Laziness,

s.

tenbellik.

Lawmaker,
Lawsuit,
s. 5.

5.

^sTy

kanunji.

Lazy,

a.
5.

J~J

tenbel.
C

LJ^J da"wa.
SJL* mufti,

Lead,
fakih; c^y: J

^-^y kurshun,
isskXndil
;

^1 ussrub;
k^

Lawyer,

Jcilj

J^
Lax,
a.

da"wa-vekili; C-?lj^j! avokat.

luk,

(jUibj
;

Er-bAshzlzk,
,

j-ibj
,

CXljf ghevshek
adfiji,

L5

v.a.

mussa
hoji
;

^^-a^sr*
linetlija.

L-^<

mussama-

turmek, jj.^jjo yedmek;

v.n. 4-i

^ji^J

LEADER
i]<ri-dushmek,
<J*L*-$>jJ tj\

175

LED-HORSE
s.

&ngEet,

Leapyear,
Learn, v.a.

&~*~

keblssE.

dushmek,

\J^c)U k?%Auzluk

CXfc^t

had! -61;

away,
{jf

L_

tahsll-et,

Wjlb->l isstifadE-et,

Ah'p-ghywturmek;

t"tfllum-et.

[JkixCJb danishmend.

Aldatmak, (J*<y4j\ Azdzrmak,


idlal-et,

Learned,
astray,

a.
5.

Jle"alim, \J^f)\ 6kumush,


J^Li> sha^Aird.
s.

ULJl
(j&)j

ifsad-et

Learner,

^J^jUL^-

y61dan

chzkarmak;

Learning,
j^^ijlj

Ac

"ilm,

{ftj*

"irfiin,

Aldatmak, (J?*jj\ Azdirmak,

danish.

[-vE-isstijarin-hujjeti.
Ijar-

^
cast the

idlal-et,
,

bLJl

ifsad-et;

to

Lease,
Least,

s.

\Jpf~ ^j\&sj\jj\af\

JpiJrt JjCJul

isskXndil-

a.

J^j\^\
;

eny-ufAk,

cJ^cJl
;

Atmak.
Leader,
sEr;
s.

en^-kuchuk j\^}\ en^-lz

I)

j| edna,

^y

bAsh, ^_/~-^
fcng-lti,

re'iss, j~a

,eJ>-CJ-J pek-juz'i; at
JL-jUJ^l hich-61mz-issa;

ad. **i&
c.

,jrtcJj\

^^^U
'j

t>^l>
^

^ng-hay wlnz,

L^ JJJ

A^^LJb

cJ>)

<0^^

yakhud
)U!

not in the

ad.

*& hich,
^-

ghazetanm^-bXshb'ja-bendi.
Leaf,
5.

assla,

Uy

kXt"a,

jl^-J yaprAk,
;

jj^ varak, Gjj


,^j^

varaka
-vdrakt

gold,
silver,
;

c^^

Altin-

Leather,

s.

meshm,
^J

,yjj

sakhtiyan,

bulghan;

(sole)

mush-v^rakt

copper or brass, Leave,


s.

^
off,

izn, izin,

L^^Z^J rukhsXt;

League,

5.

L^^c-* saat,

v.a.

fjA&j* brakmak, IcJ^ tsrk<J**\j>


;

sa"fltlik-y61;

jU?l

ittifik;

to-

-et ;

brakmak, CXjs?J^

gether, v.n. \j\su\ ittifAk-et.

vaz-ghechmek
achzklzk,
;

CX*L~= kessilmek,
raiinkAtz"-

Leak,

s.

cL)J^
;

delik,
,

ji^^
su-et.

CXi^JJ din^mek,^^.kft.-.<
-61
;

s^b yank
oj-tf

v.w.

^*Sl Xkmak

out,

C-U^ ghechmek, (JL*ki\


,

sizmak

!j->

Xtlamak, ^c^"<j\> yazmamak.

Lean,

a. ^_r'^xJ za"if, ^i^Jj

zabun,

vjj^
,

Leaven,

s.

&U raayE;
;

v.a.

ilfetsi&l*

Ink;
v.n.

,5.

Cjlj-^b

ya^Astz-et;

mayElEtmek.
Lecture, 5. (j-jt> dsrss

(j^jy^^J^ e^Ari-durmak, kiX*l^


^jh^\J

/U^^J dErssiv.n.

e^Mmek,
v.n.

ywtmak

against,

"amm; lajva"z;
dErss-VErmek
<jdj\j\
;

CXc^j^jJ
,

^iJLL
s.

dayanmak,
,

^*J^JuaJ

loc^ va"z-et;

v.a.

yassdanmak;
Leap,

v.a.

tj^

dayamak.
szch-

Xzarlamak,

Cj^r>

LH-*^\*i23

\jt&\
;

Atlayish,
v.n.

^Jr^/f^

nlsszhat-vErmek.
Lecturer,
s.

[- "amm-kh6jassi.

rayish

J^oLI

Atlamak,

^^^^.^U^^J
s.

dErssi-

sichramak.

Led-horse,

cJj^ yedek.

LEE
Lee,
5.

176]
uzunluk

LET
;

.j
s.

jj
cJ-o
,

at

ad.

c^-Jc

"akibet,

Leech,

suluk;
v.a.

/>&

hekim,

c^-.'l^J

nihayet.
v.n.
;

L-^'-b tXbib ;

J^j Jj\j cJjSj-j

Lengthen,

^<\)^ uzamk, ^J^J^.^


,

siiluk-yapzshdi'rmak.

b6ylanmak
-VErmek,
s61-tarafi,

v.a.

cX^j<J^

b6y-

Leek,
Left,

s.

^>\^ prassa.
Jy-5
sol,

s.

^jjc^yc
;

Lengthy,

a.

^*^y uzXtmak. ^^\ uzun.

jL-j yessar, c-^>- chep

handed,

Lenient, a. ^lcJU-i> shafakAtli.


Lenity,
s.

jSj*
Leg,
s.

s6lXk.
;

L^^A&-J sh^fakAt.

jbl ayak, jU^J bljak


5.

tjj

but.

Lens,

s-.

>W jam.
s.

Legacy,
Legal,
a.

i*^..*^ wAssiyyet.
sher"l, 9jj2~<

Lentile,

Ll)>^>yo niErjumek.

^fj*

meshru",

Leopard,
Leper, s.

s.

^-J

kAplAn. [<j^^ Abrss.

Jjlr>- ja'iz,

^tjLc
d^jU-j

rne'zun,
sef aret
;

J^halal.
house,

**&
.

misskin,

^LJ d!

Xla-tsnli,

Legation,

s.

Leprosy,
"illeti
;

^JxC3ii-~~<>

misskinlik-

djl-sr^ULs

sefaret-khanE.

C^jbJ^H
a.

Xla-tEnlilik.

Legible,

a.

jj*j*^

^kunur,

yJU^JIjl
jell.

Leprous,
Less,
a.

^*x*^o misskin.

okunXklz,
Legibility, s.

^Lc

"ay an,

^^

cJ^s? kuchuk, ^JysrUj dahaXz,

^s\J^\
Alay,
1^1

6kunXklik.
liva.

-kuchuk; j!

jl

W>

daha-Xz,

Legion,

s, <jft\

ClL-^=^

feksik.

Legislate, v.n.
Legislation,
5.

i^^^3\J kanun-wXz"et.

Lessen, w.n. cXJjjsr kuchulmek, ^J/Jlij!

^yl5_^

wXz"-i-kanun.

ufllmak

^^^

XzAlmak

v.a.

Legislator,

Li-JjJ^^^^tj
5.

vwlzi"-

eXd^s
mak,
kessmek.
Lesson,
s.

kuchultmek, J^^lljj^
XzAltmak,

ufXlt-

kawanm-i-devlet.
Legislature,

^J-/ijJijl

C^^

"ibret. (j*<j& derss; ^-^f-c

-mejliss.

Lest,
.

c.

d^Joll

shayed-ki,

*=bL

Legitimate,

^UjJ yollu,

**Xil^.>

y61unda

mfebada-ki, ^Jc-ajSi^S k6rkussundan,

^c^-1
halal.

sher"i,

meshru", J^U9^>r-^

^<Ai:<u!lk^ mutala"assmdan.
Let,
5.

[<*^^ khali-WAkzt.
s.
5.

^3l*<
{

mane";

v.a.

Leisure,

e^ij^~J

b6sh-WAkzt,

^U-

brakmak, J<j* komak


kiraya-VErmek
; ,

Ct

Lemon,

^/^
s.

limdn.
limonata.

v.n.

c
Ct
;

Lemonade,
Lend,
v.a.

<^lj^/iJ

kiraya-VErilmek

down, Lt
loose,

CX^^ VErmek, J^^j ij^


-

^ndirmek

"ariyyetEn

VErmek
1

Cl)^.^ ^^j^
karz-et.
tul,

sXl/VErmek

(J**\ji

brakmak

off,

ztdunj- VErmek,

Length,

5.

^^5

CX^jJU> sAl/VErmek;

^*J'1 Xtmak;

b6y,

J^

lc

"Afv-et;

fly,

J^J'l Xtmak;

LETTER
out,
(

[177]
dzshan-brak;

LIBRARY
^u-^< mussta"idd;
[
,

J.j^La
-

Liable, a. Jjjf kAbil,


Liar,
5.

mak
in,

CX^Jj&l^
ich^ri

kiraya-VErmek
;

^^"^ yalXnjz.
\j\
iftira
;

Jj
\

mess'ul.

^^\^jaf\

icheri-Almak

Libel,
-et.

5.

v.a.

\j\

iftira-

(jl^y

k6raak
;

["inden.
a.

parcha-komak
kXn-Xlmak
, ;

blood,

julj>

Libellous,
Liberal,
a.

^^-^y
3

iftira-nevj^-fl

pp. X3\J*

kirada.

^^^
^J^^
\

Eli-ach^k,

s.

*/>- harf (pi. tJ^/*- huruf,

jumErd,
sakhz;

sakhavetli,

hurufAt);

L_^Co mektub
<d?}L?

Jvi^ mukemmel.
jjjl
\j\

(mektup), <Clj
uce,
ant,
5. 5.

namE.
marul,
sAUta.

Liberate, v.a.
Liberation,
s.

azad-et.

jj>

azad.
\j\

4-JUlc- c3JU^c

memaliki-

Liberator,
Libertine,

s.
s.

^&\
[2
.

azad-eden.
^>l-3j

yAj^>- chXpkm,
[<j!

zen-

ran tine,

5.

^JtA&b

J<UJUlc. C.

parE (zampara)
Libertinism,
Liberty,
s.

^LJ j zmparalik.
chApkmb'k
;

.^ J memaUki-%ssmAniyyEda-d6ghmish-firenk.

SErbesstlik (sErSErbesstiyyet,

Levee,
Level,

s. s.

^J^* bmish
(j&\

L~>1^>

rikyab.
;

besslik),
a.
(

ufuk

J duz j*
1

~jj~>

SErbessti

>- hurriyyet,

LC&JI ufuk?, J^t> duz,


,

t-f-Ctr do^rAru
;

jl

azad,

^
{

azad^ghT; (^jl

izn,

v.a.

ClXcJJj<^ duzlEtmek

at,

zuniyyet,

L^v^r*^
-

^JL4J)^)llJ

nishAn-Xlmak.

rukhsXt

t-)J\

cJ^J

tErki

edeb,

Lever,
Levity,

s. s.

^Jy k61, ^J^Jl< manavel^.


L^-\*L>- khiffet
;

jd^lc
jU^!

"arsz'zlzk,

C-^L->- jessaret;
-jU^> mu"afiyyet;
,

-Jj^c^-&>-

imtiyaz,
;

L^

kh^ffeti-mizaj.

J^J^ hudud
"ASskEr-tahriri
yen^ri
;

to be at

Levy,

5.

^J^jSs?jL~.
1^5^.

ghezmek, (JK*W^'4^Jf

jL~z ^A^jV.
"isskEr
tahsll
;

yazzlmzsh;

61mamak

y*Jt}J bdshda-61,
;

^^^
,

sXlghm

J.-^a^''
tahrir-et,

^^^ij
zun-ol,
,

knali-wXktz-61

j^jt>
;

mfe'-

v. a.
-et,

\jjaC

j\,j\

izni-61

to take the
I

em

^jsckjjb

toplamak;
t6plamak,

CLJj\~~>-

jessaret-et,

tahszl-et, ^jpJlt^b

ijtissar-et,

\(^^j>-

jur'et-et,

Xlmak.

ijtira-et

to take liberties,

^J

Lewd,

a.

t^llc.

^J>)&"
5.

shehvEti-ghllib.
(

"arszzlanmak, l^J^J-olc "arsz'zlzk-et.


Libidinous, a. ^J) lj^-i shehwanT.

Lexicographer,
mu'ellifi.

L c^5'

-~^

lughat-

Libidinousness,

5.

d^^^>

shehvEt.
hafz'z-kyutub.

Lexicon,

s.

*z~J& lughat.

Librarian,

s.

t-^o nJU-

[Liability, s.

* mess'uliyyet. L^^Jjl

Library,

s.

*ilaO2$ kyutub-khanE.

LICE
Lice,

[178]

LIKE
CJj-J kAzazedEleri-kurtarmak-

s.J
5.

hitler.

License,

#.JJ

tezkfirE.

[fassik.
;

ichin-biyuk-SAndAl.
Lifeless, a. j~Jlsj- jansiz.

Licentious, a.

^^^
\(^\

chapkm
;

Lick,

v.a.

<JKeSt>
;

yAlamak
Alt
-

Lifelessness,

s.

jU>- jansizlik. (jbj~


s.

d^mek
Lid,
Lie,
s.

et,

Life-preserver,

,y ^
t

<J^

9y

bir-

maghlub-et,

CXt

yenmek.

jjLS kXpAk,

^j^

wrtu.

Lift, v.a. {jpvjjltil

kAldzYmak.

5.

^ib yalAn, C.JO*

kizb,

Light,

5.

(J--S>I

shzk, ^jlojJ^J aydmh'k,

durugh;

^^ J^ kyul-suyu,
;

u*^ ziya,
;

iJ
,

nur

i^J Atesh
l

/*4^

bughada
^J^Jjl

v.. (^J'b yatmak


^*.iJ^.j

mum

a.

ujLft^- khafif

v.n.
;

61mak,
vaki"-61:

bulunmak,

(JALjjb tutushmak, <j^V.


^JPci^JJul

ynmak

j'*- ^

j^?^j'< mevzu^-ol;
;

aydmlanmak;
;

CtX*J\ en,

LLXJj^j^lj yalXn-siiweylEmek
down,

mek, (Jy*jy k6nmak


yakmak,
1

v.a.

J^V.

Jk^b
-

ywtraak,

^Jb^cl-l!
uzAnmak
;

^J^JtlJjl?
;

tutushdurmak,
i

Asha^Az yatmak,
with,
10

^jPVJjj^

jlib^ IkAd-et

up, v.n. ^j^Jcj Jo


,

!<U^cW*

iDujama"a
- ol,

et

aydmlanmak;

v.a.

J^^jb yakmak;
upon,

jl Jj-s.'

muh^vvEl

j^ \oj*c

^i^

J^JcLjJol aydmlandz'rmak;

re'yina-menut-61, ^cJ^WI^hawalE-

lu-JjLsJ CXiJici^-j^j rXsst-ghMmek,


tessXduf-et,

olunmak
Lieutenant,

arada-61. at stake, j\x\j\

^J^y ^jj^

uzerina-

5.

(navy)

^^Vj^
;

yuz-bAshz;
colonel,

konmak.
Lighten, v.n. ^ijls^cXl-^-i! shimshek-

(army)

/*J^

mulazzm

governor, &c.,
/Uu*tjlJs

of grand-vizier,

chakmak

v.a.

cXcLgr
takhfif
-

..gX-

ka'im-mflkAm (kaymakAm);

khaflflEtmek,

luJ-^sT

et

of a judge,
general,

v^olj
;

na'ib

cxjJo

aydmlandzrmak,
;

&J

ferik

of a civil func-

tenvir-et, U5U?1 iza'a-et

^^

tionary, or individual, Ju^j vekll.


Life, s.

ferahlandzrmak,
Lighter,
s.

^yRJ'

tefrih-et.

,^\&- jln,

C^L^

hayat;

tijk*>

mayAuna,

time,

<*& "^mr,
this
,

^CUJkx>

muddeti-

SAlapuriya, jU^tf t6mbAz.

-"wmr;
"alEmi
-

L>L> d^nya,

U
;

Lighthouse, 5.^jLj fsnEr.


Lightning,
5.

[bsrk.
^ij*

dunya,

LiJU

"
cJ^-^-i> shimshek,
5.

jLJjjjji JU
the
'to

"alEmi-kevn-u-fessad

Lignum-

vitse,

come,

d^p^

akhiret, \A)

j!j
Like,
s.

darz'-bXka.

[sighurtassi.
5.

esh,

shibh

a.

Life-assurance,
Life-boat,
s.

t^j^

& "wmr-

i&

ben^zEr
; ,

mushabih, &*

v.a.

sEvmek,

LIKELIHOOD
hAzz-et,
\

[179]
Line,
ghibi,
5.

LION
lr> khAtt <~5j>- chizi,
;

JJJj
;

telfezzuz-et,
,

.k->

kh6shlanmak
vesh.
Likelihood,
Likely,
a.
s.

ad.

.j

^i

sAtr';

i^i\ ip, CJv*^r>- Ji\z~t\ v

UU- hAUt
Asstar
-

v.a.
;

chekmek
,

JUsjs-l ihtimal.
ihtimal,

^J^c^U kAplamak;
Jjj

branch

^U*-i>

JU^5-1
Jj-cU

shu"bE-y61;
;

main
,

J^>

b\

miihtemil,

me'mul,

^na-y61 Lineage,
Linen,
a.

ship of the

^^^ kaly6n.
,

melhuz
shzldz,

Jjj^ ghyuzel, ^JjLiJb y^kz-

5.

J-J

nessl.
;

y-ij^-3^ ghywsstErishli,

^JJ

^b
;

kstEn
j)

s.

L^J^-IX^S

dilbEr.

^ff-^*5 teshbih-et.

kfitEn-b^zi
shzr
;

b^z
,

j~t>\4&-

chmA;

Liken,

v.a.
5.

CXJLri
e^gjll~ mushabe'hEt
tAssvir.
;

body
,

j+J*\*^>-

chamAshzr
-

Likeness,

table

u^J^a-j

s6fra

bfezl^ri,
-

ressm,

Jy

j+=JL~ j+=z~+^
VEghir)
;

(peshghir
e-^-2jjU)
;

mesh-

Likewise, ad. \&t> hakeza,


ke*za, LtJJ 3

bed

c^-ijU'-

kezalik.

(charshaf-marshaf )
,

draper, L cfy^

Lilac,

s.

w^AJ

leylak

a.

6r.

b^zji.

Liliputian, a.
Lily,
s.

Jf^

ufAk.
;

Linger,
of the valley,

v.n.

LlX<;^ e^Jj L-J +*=>


;

Ji-Jj

z^nbAk

ghitm^yup - wAkzt - ghechirmek


^J*4Jb

*ji)\

sn.>..sX>\ inji-chiche^Ai.
jimb,
s.

L^OJ

-ij^-

^Jjj^>-jt>

wlum-

j+iz

"uzv

(pi.

Lac^ a"za)

-derejElErinda-chok-wAkzt-ytftmak.

Li kenar,
le,

^^
or

muhzt.

s.

~J>
bird

>rj

kirej

^^J

chok-lissAn-bilir-olan-kimessnE.

Iim6n

tree, jj-vks filamur (ikhla,

Liniment,
Lining,
s.

s.

6b

ya^A.
Asstar
;

mur)
Limit,

twig,

<Ljj) wksE.
,-j\ uj,
;

j\z~s\

<tdblJi

kAplama.
;

5.

&>

heidd,

^bb

payan,

Link,

s.

.^->^fll>- vjflyTj

zinjir-hAlkassz

Ji^olj ghayet, L^^.l^3 nihayet

J Jo;

L*< mesh"alE

hud ud,
,

Jcs-^-o
\ (

sEr-hadd, jj*~* sinir

Linseed,

5.

^^skT^

kEtEn-t6khumu,
oil,

v.a.

^*9u&y>- hadd-ta"yln-et

.^rkf^jj

bezir-tokhumu;

\j^>- hAssr-et,
Limited,
a. J..XS-*

^julcb

^jib j3o bezir-ya^Az.


Lint,
s.

mahdud.

(-fj.'*;b
-

yar-bezi,
;

c^J^fc^*
ditil-

Limp,

a.

dX-jj
,

ghevshek,
v.n.

niErhEm
t6pXlla-

bezi

^;b^ ^jiw4,liJ J

mushAk;

^*1H

mish-kEtEn.
Lintel, s.

mak, (j.++2S\ Aksz'mak.


Limpid,
a.
-i\j)

berrak.

Lion,
phir,

5.

jXu&tciu*}t usst-eshi^Ai. (^L^l arssUn (AsslAn),


essed, jk~a.^

-.-1

Limpidity, Limpidness, ^JW' J berraklik.


Linden-tree,
s.

Jk-jl

ghAzAnftr

i*^li filamur (ikhlamur).

ess,

^.JL^-^ijJ
o 2

dishi- (AsslAn).

LIP
Lip,
leb
s.

180]

LIVID
ghyubrE, L >U? sXp
;

JjtapJ

dudXk,

->

shefE,

down,

v.a.

jl* kimar.
s.

C^X*^j ^Jii JU^Ji Xltzna-ghyiibrE-SEr"anbEriyyE.


seyyal,

Liqueur,

&,++

mek
ma'i";
(J"*3\

(or L_jL?

sXp)

about, v.a.

Liquid, a.

JL~>

^JU

Xtmak, cX*^t> dwkmek.


a.

Little,

l^J^*?
;

kuchuk,
,

jUjl ufXk,
Xz,
;
.

nessnE.
Liquidate, v.a.

r**c saghzr ^"

ad.

]\ J

\*2

^.Jjl J'S
,s.

cX*<-^1 wdEmek,

(J^J'lJf

Xz-bir-shey, tes&j>- juz'ija

kXpAtmak,
Liquor,
t_jL
s.

llwl ifa-et, llLi-^ isstifa-et.

j\j
.

bir-Xz,
"

i^j&i-j^ Xz-bir-shey,
,

,jj>-

y>

su

i/&l
;V

'

ichkt

in

L^ ^s'

<-.)

iuz'i-bir- shey, *
;

^.J \^j y _/ J> vs^i^ l^j


one,
*-^^V.

keyf,
s.

^^/^Jb

SErkh6sh.

Xz-buchuk-bir-shey
;

Liquorice,
root,
List, 5.

miyan-bXlz

yavrz;

(J2^j&~ chojuk

by

,c^ uV*
j
J

niiyan-kyukyu.
;

jj^jl XzEr-XzEr,

utyt^j)
te~->-

yawXsh-

deftEr, ^*tfjJ pussla

^j>-

yawXsh, ^Ls^uXj tedrjjk,


ale
- 't -

<&j^^z

u^lii (ch6ha)-kEnarz;
CLXbj^l
ep'Arilik;
;
,

<Ujb yatma,
5.

tedrlj,

^^*^- jesstE-

lists,

pi

}i9u

jesstE.

meydln

v.w.

cXcujl

isstEmek,
;

Live,

v.n,
f

^<llj

yashamak, jL**^5

JUkulXk

JAm-isstEmek
-

mu' ammEr-61; cX*.i^r ghechinmek,


l^i-,*}'

VErmek,
;

ta"ayyush
;

et,

\y~Jo

<

?Ui

dinglEmek (dmEmek)
e^Ailmek
;

JK*?\
,

yatmak,
s.

keflfi-nefss-et
IL^J^XJ

cX^L-J
J

besslEnmek,
upon,

civil

L-^=>-

tghaddi-et;

CX*J
;

)-humayun.
Listen, v.n.

yemek,

cX/*^l

besslEnmek

dX<^j

itf kulXk-VErmek,

C3vjjs:^ ghechinmek.
Livelihood,
s.

CXo^^
Literal, a.
Literally, ad.

dinglEmek (dinEmek).

ctJo-^s:^

ghechinEJek,

^J<^ lughavi.

u-J^x?

s"

harf-b6-harf.

Liveliness,

s.

janlulik

^jJljj

Literary,

a.

^xz~<

fa\'i

kltAbE-mu{danish.

6ynaklik

~jS

firah

the livelong day,

ta"allik.
Literati, s.

trfr Ltf^ bitun-ghyun.

pi
s.

^\4

C-^U^I

Xsshlbi;

Lively,

a.

j)~j.^
r)'" (j"
3

^yniyor,

(jW.J^

Literature,
te'llf.

C^Ulj-c

mu'ell^fat

c-flJ

13*

6ynok;
miiferrih,

>

shcn-shukh; fj*-*
tarab-enghiz.

J^^rulc^L

Lithography,
Litigation,

s.

Lj^c^J

litografia.
ihtijaj,

Liver, s.jZ^

5.

^LsaJ
vl.
*

c5j^t)

Livery,

5.

da wa.
Litter, 5.

hizmetkyarin-ressmT-elbissEssi.

UJi*J
j.,^

pisslik

^^rujJ
-

dess-

Live-stock,

5.

d^U L>-

haywlnAt.

kers,

J^sT takhtz

rawln

Livid, a.< m6r;

LIVING
Living,
s.

[181]
ghechinEJek,
;

LOMBARD
s.

C^<k
;

Locust,

a^^c
">*kj1

j^^Ju^Ui
surEti
^IxJ?
-

kef Zfz-nefss

^jLj*jCJ;j-tf

kechi-b6ynuzu.

ty'ayyush

CJ^J

yemek,
;

Lodge,

5.

kXpzjz-6dassz,

ta

am

L^^cl^i imamet

a.

o^J

diri,

6L?

sa<^, * jJLs- hayatda,


,

-evi;

v.n.

6turmak,

Ci:L^- J bEr-hayat, * J
JAnvAr. Lizard,
5.

^^,

<?>

hayy, S J jV^"

mussafir-61,
-

^
;

dturmak

kXl-

-JjJ\J:==

kErtenkelEr

mak

v.a.
;

(kErtenkelE).

<JUJl

Xtmak
5.

'(^/^c

arz-et.

Load,

s.

cJjJ yuk,
,

jb

bar, A)J^>- ha-

Lodger,

.c^rl;^ kbp5j,^jj-*^

mussafir.

v.a.

cX*Jij

yuklEtmek

Lodging,
;l5jjj

Lodgings,

5.

uoj\

6d,

doldurmak.
Loadstone,
s.

konak.

y~Jb\&o
.

miknatzss

Loft,

5.

i^lj^^jt

tXwAn-^rassi.

[tefi^.

(mzkhladzz-tAshz)

Lofty, a.
;

Loaf,

5.

i^-^ s6mun
*7^^
isstikrAz.

<Uo kEllfi.

Log,
karz,

5.

CX^J yuksek, ^*^/ miir^^m 6dun; cJj^ kyutuk


;

Loan,

5.

?ifdunj,

(joji

<t^ly

paraketa

c_jl-J

en sab

^ol^ai-s^

log. sine,

^wL^~--J

nissbeti-jey-

Loathe,

v.a.

cX*-5^xjj

i^ArEnmek,
isstik-

biyyE; log. cosine,

^^>- L^w*J/Uj
j

CX*x~x>' tiksinmek,
rah-et, \a\J\ ikrah-et.

U^^^x^jl

tXmAmz-nissbeti-jeybiyyE

log. tan;

gent, <ull? L^-Y*J nissbeti-zilliyyE

to

Lobster, s.jjs\z~i\
Local,
a.

isstakoz.

heave the
6

^AJ\
.

^^

paraketa-

jl^>
I,

y^rli,

(^Y

rnevki"z;

Atmak.
Logarithm,
s.

[t ^L-jl ensab.

.^j^- juz
Locality,
s.

munhXsszr. j*sr<\sc

<UJjU!

lugharitma

J yEr, (J^"* mhall, ^-^V*

Log-book, s.
Loggerhead,

^ U^jjj^/i^ghemi- zh urn
5.

ali.

mevki
Lock,
s.

mevzz _*J^
kilid
; ;

(J^>-\

ahmak

to

fall,

*xJi

^^^
,

chkmak
;

go

to loggerheads, (jU-iJ^
s.

b6zush[mak.
paraketa[sijimi.

uOjz*-

hawuz

L^v<J demet

,v.n.

Logic,

(jdai,*
s.
(

mXntzk.
s

C-X*>iJ^Jj

kilidlEnmek,
;

Log-line,

<*w..s.**

ts\J

kitlEnmek

v.a.

IjOgwood,
;

s.

/Uu bAkkam.
bel, t-J*.^ sulb.

kilidlsmek,
in,

cXils^
1

kitlfimek

Loins,
;

s.

Jj

cXili^^^*
out,
;

icheri-kitlEmek

Loiter, v.n.

LL^A'^ ghezinmek, ^JA~$j\y

cJ-^i^t-^llJs
up,

disharz-

dolashmak,
-ghechirmek,
(kaib)-et.

cX^^js? ci^Jj
Ic-^jUu^ij

wXk/t-

-kitlEmek

CX*1^

kitlEmek,

wXkit-

CX<j> Ja
(

kitlEyivErmek.
chilinghir.

Locksmith,

s.jA-

Lombard,

s.

JuJtLwcJ lombardiali.

LOMBARDY
Lombardy,
5.

182]
mek, j\J&x~<

LORD
muntXzzr-61,

Oj^c* lombardia.
of),
s.

London (town

*~$j*f*>

^^JjJ

me'mul-et;

into,!^*^'
;

teftish-et;

Ldndra-shehiri.

\^j~~sC
londrali.

tejesssuss-et
\j+~

on, (J*$\)
out,

Londoner,
Lonely,
a.
a.

s.

^JjjjJjJ

psssfz.

bXkmak,

seyr-et

<k^j

IfJ tEnha;jJl> ya\mgiz;j~*\


(j}j}\
as,
^i

* s\i iyija-bakmak,lL^Jt3
well, j!

dikkXt-et;

Long,
as

uzun,

J-^
;
;

tawll
,

Jj^^s

ghyuzel-61, ^jpt^lSU

j&i
Ash
-

kAdar

v.n.
for,

yakzshmak,

^^.-i ^j

yarashmak

yErmek

isstiimek,

(jJvC^^b- JAm;

Looking-glass,

s.

A*J\

ayinE,

Cl>^

-isstEmek

/-< MI Aramak
j\

after,

Loom,

s.

^jtol^-t^J

bez-desstghyahz,
;

Aramak,

vli^o mushtAk-61,

A\K&4tJ
v.n.

desstghyah (tezghyah)

j^-l
Longer,
ad.
a.

ishtiyAk-et.

CX^J^ JU^ J^>s.

khayal-

&))\
,

\*

daha-uzun
,

-mayal-ghyMzukmek.
Loop,

any
;

no

^pj\
,

artzk,

*^uj

CX*J1 ilmik; CLX^


.

ilik.

ziyadE
daha.

little

1&J

j\ j{

bir-Az-

Loophole,

^^^J bXja,
;

^-c^b c^jJol
kXchamak.
; ,

aydmlzk-bXjassi
s.

^J^^^
;

Longevity,

j*s- J^l?

tul-i-"wmr.

Loose,

s.

^^-

'i$b\ itllki-

bian

a.

Longitude,

5.

J^L tul, jL

J^ tulibeled.
nXzar, 4is^
*j$>-

CJ.^^ ghevshek
ji^jilL?
rXbtszz

jlj j^>-

chwzulu

Look,

s.

^i\J (J

bXkzsh,^lo5

sXllanz'yor;
1

>^

mubhem

lahza;
U-.-J

^$J
;

ben^z,

chehrE,

J*Jajj

J^^L. ^ rlbita88tz,J^>
;
,

sima

c^-iLs

kiyafet,

iZJjyo
kzh'k
;

yaramaz, ^^Jbl^- chXpkm

v.a.
;

surEt,
,

<-^^i^ hey'et,

^LjJ
J^laJ

v.n.

^J^V blkmak,
\

nXzar;

achmak, cJ-j^^- chwzmek J U? sXlzbrakmak


;

C3^^

-et

l^--j seyr-et,

Ljl*J tXmasha-et

VErmek.

[LL/^jL^-oJ

linet-VErmek.
;

d)^
ZEmek

ghfilmek,
;

\^JUj*j
like,

ghyuzEben<?;

Loosen, v.a.
Looseness,
bowels)
5.

ClXc-i^ ghevshstmek
c^K-i)^ ghevsheklik
Imet;
;

-ghywrunmek
;

cJ^j

(of

about, JP^Jb bAkznmak


after,

L^uJ

Jl^J

isshal;

fj^]j\ Aramak;

^JJb bXkmak,
;

(of morals) ^jL-.-ftjU^ chXpkmlzk.

CJ^J^^D
mak
;

ghyuzetmek
big,

^j^yi

Ara-

Loquacious,
Loquacity,

a.

^^ ghev^zs; ^\*^ lafzen.


gheve"zElik.
efendi,

(J'djy
;

kurulmak,

s.

cAl^j^

1^1 JU5
upon,

kXba-daylzk-et

down
yukarziss-

Lord,

s.

kJ&J\
God,

cJo be^A

the

JMb^\4i^Jkjtij
;

Lord

^-^lUJl L-JJ

rXbbu-'l-

dan-Xsha^Az-bAkmak
tihkAr-et,
for,

^U^Vil

""alEmm; the Lord of glory, dJ^xjic^


rXbbu-'l-"izzet
;

JU^U^^
;

kh6r-bXkmak

our

Lord, J/*j^i

^f^ Xramak

c^UKj

beklE-

efendimiz

iJ^/^j rXbbtmtz-t^"ali;

LOSE
our Lord Jesus Christ,
s\

183

LULL
s.

Lover,
- '1 -

^-i>lc

"xshzk;
;

&j\+Jj

(zm-

Issa

Messlh-

para)

Ljyb

havessli

*\j*

merlklz.
;

-efendimiz

hAzretle'ri,

or

Low,

a.

+&

rAbbimi'z-t;

lJ*6\J

Xlchk ^f\&\ Isha^f J4 bXsszk hkzr ^j deni j+fc>; ;

"ala-"issa-'l-mfessih-hAzrfetldri

our

^pibl^.

chXpkzn,

t^^l)

na-merd;
;

Lord and Saviour, U^)leS*jUJj rAbbzmzz-vE-khtfllasszmzz;

yawXsh; ^-J pess

v.n.

our sovereign
padishahzrmzMaster,

^ L^eLXx>J mek-ghibi-sessVErmek.
[-diyari.

Lord,

J-*J JJlj/*Jl>l.$
;

jb

-efendimiz

our Lord and

Low

Countries, t^l) J^^x


a.

Uj JcJl

1^^/ixJ

jjj

veli-ni"metimiz-

Lower,

JlltoJ

daha-Xlchak

-efendimiz.
Lose, v.a.

It^jlc gha'ib-et

(kaybet),

endirmek

\jL?

zaY'-et,

(jHtf^^t^H
dan- 61
;

Eldan-

^J^XJjL? sarkztmak; Ui;tc mayna-et;

-kXchzrmak,

j^^

ground,

\jjjy

terzil-et,

^SL-O

muhAkkar-et

J^&ijLjtJ za"iflatmak;

jV.w.^*;!^
jlil^o

rilEmek

one's way,

!L-

klrarmak.
Loyal,
Lucid,
a. a.

munkAd.
miitz",

y61-gha'zb-et,

shzrmak.
Loss,
Lot,
s.

(J^-i>^J^. y61-sh[telef C^LAlj telefiyj^at.


;

jj^^
^"^j
5.

sAdzk,

^-Ja><

vwazth.

j>
to
-<?

zarar,

^b
lots,

ziyan

UJlU

Lucidity,
Lucifer,

-^j vwuzuh.
.-^

kzssmet;

lots,

s.

L^o

kibrit

^fcj

zuhrE

kura;
Lotion,
5.
s.

draw
su.

^Ua.*-! sheytan.

[kur"a-chekmek.

Luck,

s.

(~~^

bakht,

JH?

talz".

Lottery,

ul-J piyanko.
pfck,

Loud,
Louse,

a.
s.

C>J
L^-o

y
<

[JJ bulend. >Cw pek-sessli,


kehlfi
, ;

Lucky,

a.^
>j& kyarli.
s.

Lucrative, a.

bit,

v.n.

Lucre,

j&
a.

kyar

^b

pars.

CJvuLrj bitlEnmek;

v.a.

Ludicrous,

c3^<^^
L-il

ghyulenejek.

Luff, v.n. \^>j*\ 6rsa-et.

Lout,

5.

cJ-j eshek.

Luggage,

s.

eshya,

.^V

p^

Love,

s.

Jp-c

"ishk,
,

JU51
v.a.

esskAl,

cJ^J yuk,

jJoU

C^^sr*
SEvmek
;

mhbbet;
^l^J-llc
s.

sXndzk-mXndzk.

"ashzk-61.
firi:nk-

Lugger,

5.

JljCMtf>cJj-J biyuk-sAndAl.
a.

Love-apple,
-pAthjlnz
;

^ylacOtbcJ^
<0'^J>

Lukewarm,

^J'^-L!

ilijak

_c.l

\ghir,

(green)

kXwAta.

CJwl^ ghevshek,
Lull,
v.n.

\*~Jj^ ghayretsiz.
;

Lovely,

a.

^~*j~*

siivghili,

Jlj^ ghyuzel,

^J^wUb yatzshmak
tesskm.

s.

LUMINARY
Luminary,
5.

[184]

MAGISTRATE
M.

^-<^^>- jissm-munir.
r-^ munir.
;

Luminous,

a.

Lump,
v.a.

s.

A-f-jb parcha, C-?jk t6p

Macaroni,

s.

<0jlft^

makarna.
^)^*kjjy

ghywturu

Almak

Mace, s.jjo t6puz,

b6zda^an;
hindusstan-

ghywturu
ghywturu

VErmek

^cjJ> -jj^- ^k**jA*fc


jevizi-kXbu^u.

yapmak;

[liwa-i-sElamk.
;

ghywturu-yapdz'rmak.

Macedonia,

s.

<UlJ filibE
5.

ClXjLj

*ij!

Lunacy,
Lunar,

s.

c^
iJfpJM

delilik,

L^-U^

jinnet,

Machine, Machinery,

^>- charkh,
alet, C^iJl alat.

a.

kAmri.
s.

\_^^T junun.
deli,

4i-^=Uj makina, c^-JI


Machinist,
5.

Lunatic,

a.

and

.JJ

^^sr*
[altissi.

^ffj^- charkhji.
\^j**p*J\
deli,

mejnun.
Lunch,
5.
5.

Mackerel,

s.

usskumru.
;

jjfc-jd^J
f>/.

JTj!

wylE-kahwe"-

Mad,

ff.

,J3
(

<^^^ diwanE

jjy^sr*

Lungs,

^^T
5.

ji^^Er,

J^ZTJ^

Ak-

mejnun,

Luscious, o.jSJltcXj pfek-tXtii.

[ji^AEr.

childirmish

to

go

v.n.

d
\
(

Luserne, Lucerne,
Lust,
5.

&ss?j) y6nja.
t

childirmek,

j^^

deli-61,

^s^

te-

CU-i> shehvEt

after, v.n.

jennun-et,
tirmek.

CXc^Sd(J^l>- jinnet-ghe-

C^yV

k6kona.
;

Lustre,
*J)^1

5.

ji^b

parklzk,

^p^j revnAk;

Madam,
Madder,

5.
s.

ufJcJi vl^- khanim-efendi

avizE.
a.

b^JcJjf kywk-boya.
^.

Lusty,
Lute,

dinj,

^by

kuwetli.

Mad-house,

<OLv.^U-J timar-khanE,

.jl**j

saz;

^Ltil

lawuta; Jyi ud.


bEre"-

<OL>.jU.j bimar-khanE.

Luxuriant,
kEtli,

a.

^y kuwetli, ^c^J
jli^LLc sXltanAtlt,
(j-*.^ftJ

Madman,
Madness,

s.

^Jj

deli.

J^
a.
5.

chok, J^*Vo mebzul.


j!

^.

(jJlJj
junun.

delilik,

i^-^irs.

Luxurious,

<Uaib

jinnet, jj^=>-

[yem.
hazreti-mEr;

tXntAnalt; ,J^^ a"la,

nefiss.

Madona,

s.
s.

+),*>

d^*d^-

Luxury,

e^i.laLj

sAltanXt,

iUk^b

Magazine,

*jlv

ma^aza jlj!
;

nbar;
;

tXntAna; U^ft\Li se^h^t;


neflss-shey.

^nj^Ju

(^j-^
powder
Maggot,
s.

makhzEn
,

<L^-c

ghazeta

ajlss^s- jeb-khanE.

Lying-in,
j

5.

t^Oj^j^
;

^jj*

kurt.
;

uk-d6ghurjak- wXkz't

Magic,

s.^^

sihr

lantern,

^sL>-

U^Ui
Lymphatic,
a.

khayaljz-fEnEri.

^^J

bXlghami.

[Ilk.

Magician, s.jb^sr* sihrbAz^ls-^ sahhar.


Magistracy,
s.

Lynx,
Lyre,
Lyric,

5.

^J-ij vAshak,

J^^/

kXr-ku-

LLXL*U- hakimlik

/&>-

s. 5.

LJ^J

berbet.

hukkyam.
Magistrate,
s.

[j^U

rae'mur.

Jki

ghazel.

^Is*- hakim, kjU? zabit,

MAGNANIMITY

185]

MAJORITY
;

Magnanimity, s-. C->L>.jLe "uluwi-jenab,

tuy kuwet
XjsJ*>\

Cl^LjLc

"uluwi-fitret.
a. C-Ai=>~

with
"ali-jenab.

all

his

might and main, <Ljj3^Jj


;

Magnanimous,
Magnesia,
5.
L

^^-

var-kuvvetHa
kAra
;

land,

Assl-

VMgltAL>>.f3 ghyuher-

mast,

wJ^*>A^l

6rta-dlrek,
;

L^/
maghnisia-kAssAbassi.
pach'z).

jJ

u^JJlyi

ghrandi-direghT

sail,

t-^JjLc

ghrandi

topsail,

Magnet,

s.

j^-LLiU

miknatiss (mikhsAltanAt, fokvk


;

u^JoLc^Ljlc ghabiya-ghrandi.
Maintain, v.a. cJv*l~j besslEmek
jl
arka-61,
;

Magnificence,
tAntAna,

s. c:^:.Vtl..i

<^i
llcjl

<UJjJ

deMe"bE

O^ls.-*

<j**j
!Uj!

tutmak

fakhamet.
Magnificent,
a.

iddz"a-et;

ibkl-et;

l^^jL-tf

Jj^^^J

pek-ghyuzel

siyanet-et, \*^3j vikayE-et.

jLu-LLj

sAltanAtK;

*+s?

fakhim,

Maintenance,

5.

dXs-Axs$ ghechinEjek,

*\&
Magnify,

fakhametlu.

ta"ayyush, <&& nafaka,


;

uJU^

v.a.

cX*Jj-J biyutmek

vWsT
Maize,
s.

fefAfi-n^fss;

Uu\ ibkl;

C^OLtf

Ijwsr*^ tahmid-u-temjid-et.
Magnifpng-glass,
(pertevsiz).
s.

siyanet, <ul5j vikayE.

j^^

pertevsuz

^Ij^j^a^
a.

missir-bo^rAdayi.

Majestic,

^Li^j^

ghyusstEnshli

Magnitude,
h.Vjm
;

s.

CJl^j-J biyuklik,

^ia-wJb heybetli.

C^,^4fci ^hfemmiyyet.
5.

Majesty,
[-

5.

L^%^*-i>

shfivkEt,

ci^V*

Magpie,

^U^aL? sAksa^Aan.
5.

mahabet;

His Majesty (the Sultan),


shfivkEtli
-

Mahogany,
Mahometan,

^^sj-lc^^U
oJc^^sr
; ,

map^on-

jAJj&it ^b^*-j

efendimiz
the

a.

His
musslim,

(or

Her)

Majesty

King,

^<U isslami
/*iL;^Jji>'

s.

t^JjU^ J^S^CJfcl^
jenlbleri,
(or

hAshmetli-kzrAlkiralicha,

ehli-isslam,

mussdmi-isslam.

^iltj

the the

liman.

Queen, or jLU-*4J\

impErator,

Mahometanism,
Maid, Maiden,

5.

/*U

isslam,

.^JJ

Emperor, &c.)
Major,
a.

5.

jJ

kzz,

jJ^Li^J

i^J^z\
;

feksfiri

Jit! a"zam,
; ;

kzz-6^AlAn-kzz,

*j=k

bakirE.

jf^s\
bikr.
; ,

fekbEr

J^ kyiilll

Maidenhead,
Maidservant,
(slave)

5.
5.

^jW
(free)

kzzlzk,

X
j

5.

^iLXo

jJb baligh drum bin^r-bAshz


;

<ul

besslemE

jjj\-cjj~b tAmbur-mazhor;
IjekK kyaya;
general,

domo,
;

J^iU- khAlay/k,
;

<^j^
zirh.
-

jariyyE.

^^j

vekil-kharj

Mail,

5.

<l^j possta
v.a.

^j

L&Mjl liwa-pasha.
^ksEriyy^t
sinni
;

Maim,
\

IkjLs

..ill

Mini

sakAt

et,

Majority,

s.

c^o^i
c^lj^^s

C^J
;

\3JL

^j$js

kolunu-skAt-et.
1)1

bulugh,

bulugh

Main,

a.

cJ^-J biyuk,

ana, J-^l Assl;

CJl-^LLj

bin^-bAshzlik.

MAKE
Make,
s.

[186]
surEt,
-!

MAN
towards,
up,
|J

*:=

bichira,

L^^L^ hey'et, <j^V,


i"maliyyE
; ,

yol-tutmak
;

J^
/%

toplamak

\^\.+AJ

v.a.

<j

>j

yapmak,
Jf

tekmil-et,

tlmAm-et

up
it

to,

IJlkc!

i"mal-et;
;

^li
.

Jjflj-j

^Jb yamna-varmak
^JU^jjU

up,
to,

vujuda-ghetirmek

yerAtmak,

bXrishmak
tAzmin-et,

it

up

^^^4^'
eyMmek,

^*i^UJ tlmlmkullXnmak,

J^i

kelmak

a fool

of,

lamak
\

use

of,

^4J ^ji

J^JljJI Aldatmak, UjLf=kpazE-et,

JUxi,-^ issti"mal-et.
5.

CX*^^^<U* r
-chevirmek
yangilmak,
-et,
;

s.~"'<

>

mAsskharaya-

Maladministration,

*^J^-j

su'i-idarE.

mistake,

<J*^&

Malady,
Malaria,

5.

t^J dsrd,

(^-^Lc "illet.

\j&~>

sehv-et,

!Ua- khXta-

s.

>-.:>-ju^y&
5.

h^wa-i-vwakhlm.
erkek, J nEr,

l^jLli^b

yan^zh'shlzk

et

Male,

a.

and

CJ $j\

angry,

J^sJ^

dXrzltmak,

JUjt^J

^J

zekEr

(pi.
5.

kezd/rmak,

CX^J^^^^=
a pen, ^4CJ^J
(a
;

ghyuJEndir-

Malediction,

j^J ziikyur). Uj Jo bed-du"a.


sahib-junha,

mek

Jj kalEm-

Malefactor,
/^jsr*

5.

^s^t-^^l-tf

-y6ntmak,

new pen)
;

mujrim.
5.

kAlEm

chmak

at,

Malevolence,

tU^J^
t

"adavet,

sXldermak, ^/*^s^ hujum-et;


with,
-et
;

away
a)j telef-

"udvln, oJb- hikd, />:Aj bughz.


Malevolent,
Malice,
s.

(J*^jl uchurmak,
for,

It

a.

kyutu.
su'i-kAssd,

JUJjt J^> y61-tutmak

C^-

good, CX*^jPM2J J yErina-ghetir-

su'i-niyyet,

kyutulik.

mek;

haste,

^l^Uland,

chabik-61,

Malicious,

a.

kyutu.
.

Aj^lE-et;

J^J
;

Maliciousness,

cJi-J^

kyutuluk.

den^izda-kXra-ghywranmek

Malign,

v.a.

\j\

iftira-et.

many words,

^J^Jljjl

uzXtmak,
;

Malignant,
Malignity,
Mallet,
s.

a.
s.

^j

kyutu.
kyutuluk.

v^^lj^-j^^^- ch6k-suweylmek off, ghitmek, J*J**\i6 sawush-

CJ^
;

mak

off

with,

(jd\

Xlmak

Mallows,
Malt,

s.

ebE-ghyumeji.
t*

(_*!l>- chXlmak;

one of a company,

s. fa s. <ldJU> 5.

biralik-arpa.

^iilij

refakat-et,

IJr^b

dakhil-61;

Malta,

Malta.
]^J
bira.

one's
(JAAjjup

escape, ^J^^-^s
;

kXchmak;

Malt-liquor,

kurtulmak

out, (J

Maltreatment,

s.

^~+} ^\
t

chzkarmak, (J*>j\ okumak;


issblt-et
;

Mamma,
over,
validfi.

s.

Ui ana,

<fc*J

ninE,

Ic-^L^. hissAb-et;

devr-et;

\A\>- hawalE-et;

Man,

5.

*4\

adsm (IdAm)

nsan,

MANAGE
;

[187]
Manly,
a.

MANUSCRIPT
J^< merd, <U|j^< mErdanE,
[-helwassi.

of war, JP* mErd, f <^r mErdum 3 CX^>- jenk-ghemissi, ^c s"*^

^^J

/j| AdAm.

kaly6n,

of war's
;

man, ^rs^Jli
,

Manna,
Manner,
(turlu),

5.

^ol^ir^d^Jj
\Ja

kudretdurlu
5.

SJ kalyonjz-nefe'ri
ljj

v.a.

W *Jl
/

5.

tarz,
;

^IjJ

XdAm - ila - d6natmak,


Am-komak;

jl

<Jc*j

vejh

manners,
akhlak
;

pi.

d6nat4J^*Jl)^J

j\)o\ Xtwar;
a dab.

ji^-l

<-*\d\

mak, ^^^IjtLJilj bAshma-varmak.

Manage,

v. n.

^J^oj JUj!
;

uydurmak

Mano3uvre,

5.

c-XDjb

d6lAb,
;

^^j'
,

dXiJ Jo! edinmek


mek;
,

<J-)v*^s

ghecbin;

6yun

^yl

manevra

v.n.

v.a.

^J^J^^s kullXnmak

d6Ub 6yun
CX^.)j>.
Mansion,
s.
-

chevirmek,

\\3~e zlbt-et; \Xj\A\ idarE-et;

chekarmak

uydurmak, ct^V.

ypma
[ghywrmek.

^y

Uo

manfevra- chevirmek.

Management,
Manager,
Mandate,
*^=^!>s.

s.

*^j! idarE.

*;l3*J w >

k6nak.
s.

j^^o mudir.
*4\j\

Mantel-piece,

Mantel-sbelf,
JcJX-jj!

,J^jl

s.

irads,

^Uy

fiermAn,

uJij
rXf.

^j!

6jak-usstindE-61an-

hukm,^*! emr.
yels.

[mantua-shehiri.

Mane,

5. <idj 5.

Mantua
Manual,
l^jUj!
;

(town
s.

of),
rissalfi

s.

-^^
,
;

|^ut

Mange,
Manger,
Mangle,

jy^l uyuz.

AlL^

a. <djj

Jl

s.
5.

CiLiJ yemlik.
Xj<Mz>-

L>4
L5

El-ila-ijra-61unan

exer-

jend^rE

v.a.
;

cise,

*A*J
;

^XxaJ'

^^
,

"AJEmi-

yzrtmak, ClXJ*;l> parElEmek

tufek-ta"limi

sign

La3) imza.

Manhood,
Mania,
Maniac,
5.

*.

j^jc^ jend6rdan-ghejL4\ XdAmlzk. [chirmek.


delilik.
deli,

Manufactory,
Manufacture,

5.

&&j>\i

fabrika.
fabrika,

s.

^^^
JU
;

CJJJj
s.

kyar-khanE
chilghm,
i"malat,

mal, (pi.)

<OU-^ Cl^UcI
;

^J
.
(

^.^f-

CLJlc^^a^j
,

mAssnu"at

^IjjJ diwanE,
Manifest,
-hujjeti
;

^^s" mejnun.
gheminim/-

(Jltc! i"mal
mcrk,
\

v.a.

^J^V. Y^P'

^sr^cJ^^
,

JU^\
s.

i^mal-et.
5.

a.

jl-S! Ashzkyar,

^.Jo

Manufacturer,

^>.&ji\3
<3\j\

fabrikoji.

bedihT,
Ijjyj)

^fclk

zahir,
;

j^.Jo
,

bedldar,

Manumission,

azad.
azad-et.

huweyda

v.a.

cXo^w^^

Manumit,
Manure,

v.a.
s.

J^jl

ghyMsstErmek,
Manifesto,
s.

\j\$t\ izhar-et.

Xj)

gbyubrE

v.a.

<tliJLj

beyan-namE,

dJv*^jVj ghyubrE-VErmek.
Manuscript,
a.

<t<bolc\ i"lAn-namE.

,<-JjV,J^

M-yazissi

Mankind,

s.

^J\ ^ij beni-adEm,

cy

5.

cA^i L c-^jV, J^

Bl-ykztssf-

S~*>

nev"i-beni-besbEr, ^.Ij nass.

kitAb.

MANY
Many,
,

[188]
wafir

MARSHAL
mak;

a.

ch6k,

i\^

a great
;

^c

J da^Alamak
;

^
dikkXt-et
;

Jj^- chok,
5.

j>^

birchok

a,

essEr-brakmak
of

\<^^a J

Map,

da^sf.

khflrita.

>j+i*"0 mu"te'bEr,

Llb^

belli-

Maple,

~\\
5.

(J~>~ZT j*. bir-jinss-Aghaj.

bXshlz,

uJjl^o

muta"arif,

Marauder,
Marble,
s.

^-**

ya^Amaji.

ma^lum.
Market,
5.

j|j^ pazar
*.

^-^

charsu,

March,

s.

ClLc

mart

marsh
-

Marking-iron,

4uJ dagh.

"XsskEr
^.

yurume'ssi
or

Marmalade,

s.

J>->> rfechel.

yl

v.n.
,

c-ejj^.
v.a.

Marque

(letters of), s.

^\*j*

&

yurumek
yurutmek

kursanlik-fErmlni.

^Jj***'
; ,

sevk-et,
int.

c
arsh
;

Marquee,

s.

j^l^li JJ L/^^

iki-direkli-

ghyuturmek
in,

^j\

-chXdz'r;

j\&~ cJ^

biyuk-chldzr.

CJ-<^
;

ghirmek;

off,

Marquess, Marquis,

s.

.Jo

iiJU

^<ujj

C^^2^' ghitmek

C^^Jji
jl/W

ghy&turil^ri-

mek mek
Mare,

on,
out,
-;

cXc

ghit-

Marriage,

s.

^.&

nikyah,
tezfevvuj,

chzkmak.

evanish,
izdiwAj
.

^f
a.

5.

Margin,

s.

\l

ksnar

^i*oJ

fXzla
<L->

Marriageable,

C
Jjbk< mut^^hhil
;

marginal
Marigold,
s.

note,

kEnar;

CJ
Married,
fl.

ghelinlik.
^Ijl
fevli,

\j~J> nErghiss.

Marine,

a.

L-^asTbahri,

^^
\&
;

bahriyyE

kyaffe'i-

Marrow,
Marry,

s.

C3J^

ilik,

ix maghz.

tejfemmulati

bahriyyE
-

v.w.
-

C*
\

bahriyyE

tuf fenkjissi

kXrz

Xlmak,

Jjb*U
-

tfc'khhul

et

^y
Mariner,
s.

b6sh-putkAl.
ghfemiji.
;

varmak

c?-

v.a.
sahili.

JpJI Xlmak,

tj?

tfezfevvuj-et

Maritime,

a.

^J^> bahri ^Xs^Ls


chizi,

cJl fevlEndirmek, \*
et
;

tfezvij;

Mark,

s.

C-W

isharet,

ul)J*^^^cj-y kojaya-VErmek
z "ikd-et, !-Kj nikyah-et.

lU

nishln
;

(dXmgha)
nishAn,
^J^jl>

^as^

shakhss

^iD
,

Mars,

^.

i-jJj

-^

merrikh-eldzzz

uJcXfc

hedef;
ci)--<^>.
;

v.w.

yazmak,

chizmek;

ma' 'budun-is'smi. Marsh,


5.
5.

Ic^Jic) dikkXt-et

^.a.^Jd^U!
*
~*
nishln-

bXtak,

isharet-komak,

Marshal,

^^

chawush

earl

-k6mak

J <j^\\k^j
f

dXmgha-wur-

lord -^,

,^V U^V

chawush-bAshi;

MART
field
lissi
,
(

[189]
Master,
s.

MATE
uJoj|
fefendi
;

g-i^J<ol>jbw-j sErdar-payEv.a.

Icl

lu^-jy

tsrtlb-et.

usstad (ussta)
f

^>;

Mart,

s.

^1^-jJJ

bedisstisn,

u^~^
;

mu'
ghAlib
;

allim

iaJU? zabit

c-^jlc
- re'issi,

bezisstisn,
/(i,LJj

jjk-ljj^J
;

bezzazisstan
charshz.

^*^J

4**

ghemi

kApAn

^-i^l>-

Marten-sable, s.jj**** (samur).


Martial,
a.

v.a. Jjj-J kApudan (kXptAn); hXkkmdan - ghElmek,


,

tdj*~
;

harbi
,

ib-61
<

hand,

JbLJ
tAmmj~o

"AsskEri

court

usstad-Eli;

key,jl;vl}!>*lj

diWAnz'-harb.

wnakhtar
shehid.

of the Horse, ij>\

Martyr,

s.

X*f^
s.

miri-akhor (emrakhor).
shahadet,
Masterpiece,
Mastic,
5. s.

Martyrdom,

CL?t)UJj

tgj

usstad-ishi.

J*Xjfr$> shehldlik.

[^J/ gharlb.
"ajlb ("aja'ib),

^JiL-^o mAsstak/,j3Lo

sakfz

Marvellous,

a.
a.

c^^s^

(j^s*^ ma"jun.

Masculine,

muzekkEr. J>&*>
tAshjz;

Mat,

s.

j.*&>.
1-^lj

hAssir
bir
-

v.n.

fcJ

> i>

Mason,

s.

^s^^y
s.

r^jtJ
-

birina

yapzshmak,

dzwarjz.

Masonry,

j\

(j^

tXsli

dwar

Match,

s.

kibrit

esh,

J dmarjflik.

"ayn,

Jl^

missl

}&

kyufv,

^
bXsh,
;

Xkrln, (jib^j! arkadash,


/^sr^ hAjm, /^>;

Mass,

s.

jurm

^^J

ErabEr, u^L-^< mussavi


chzkzshzr,
(Js>-

ytghm
tAbur,

>jL top,

<U^

kyiimE

jJb
ghelir
;

tJi+j>~

chz-

^
;

fevj

kzshajak, jjJJ* ^j&^JLz*- hAkkindan;


,

katoliklErin^-badarakz
t6p-et

v.a.

j*JU ^JuJl
Xsha^z
,

Altda
-

kllmaz,
;

J^[s^c.\M>\
s.
/*l

kllmaz

-.^Jj?
;

Massacre,
v.a.

tezevvuj

v.w.
-

j^>

blr-61

j>\j>

<^*j+*

kzrmak,

IJaj

kXtl-et,

CX^^=
esh-61
;

bErabEr
,

ghitmek,

ji^tl

CX;0^
mak).
Massive,
a.

wldurmek,

v.a.

J^^^ll

esh-bulmak^

[f\

tyhir,

Lr"^

esh-Xramak;

^^J^.^^

^^o

metm,

L^-J>y kunt,
sutun,

eshi-y6k-deyu-idd2"a-et,

^1
deytr-

Mast,

5.

CJ0
;

dzrek,

^^-j

^<yf<0^ Ju^o^.O

^>

eshi

y6k

"amud

-meydAna-k6mak.
;

ghy ulghsn - X^r h AJ znm^ - y emishi

top

Matchless,

a.

bi-nXzzr.

Mate,
top-gallant
,

s.

^jib&J^l arkadash^ ^L! esh*,

^^-^^AxJbb

;Wj yamak; /J\U mulazz'm; ij^yV.


yazzjz
;

MATERIAL
Material, a.

[190]

MEANS
kzwAm-bulmush,
\j2-j]
kArarznz
; ,

^y***^;

jissmlni,

}?
kyulll,

heyyulam

,J^>- khayli,
;

Jj
,

bulmush
v.n.

^^^J
61mak,

*Jac "Xzim, ^f>> ch6k

s.

^Ui'
T^T*-

pishmish

kumXsh
kharj
(old)
;

&*Z~~>j-=>
s,

keresstE,

s.pl.

Cl?ljU

lewazzmat;

a.

(Jyoj

Xj Jji

kXrarlflshdzrmak,

^Uil
a.

enkAz.
43^jjUj

!ju4&
madEranE
;

tekmll-et,

cX^j^=<u!jj

Maternal,

lil

kmAma-ghetirmek.
Maturity,
5.

^JoJ^L

ana-tarafmdffn.
a.
s.

/*1y

kiwlm, jly kXrar

Mathematical,

MjJCJb hEnde'ssi.

bulugh;
ink/za.

JW
ka"idE,
-

kEmal;

La&l

Mathematician,
Jb

muhfindiss,

J&

ehli-hEnde'ssE.
s. pi.

Maxim,
hmide'ssE
;

5.

^^15

\s

kanun;

Mathematics,

<LoJoJ&

i^o

^-^

zarbi

messel,

ulumi-riyaziyyE.

mevzu".

[Grammar.
; ,

Matrimony,
zevvuj
;

s.

^^

izdivaj,

^jj

te-

May,

s.

^r-jU mayiss
s.

v. aux.

See

^10
<U*J

nikyah.
seyyibfi,

Mayor,
L.^-3 seyyib,

-ib^U^
;

"ayln-bAshz.

Matron,

s.

Me,

p. ^JJ beni
5.

l$J

ujljf kXrz

Meadow,
-Jfc

jl>- chayr.
\

Matter,

s.

heyyula

*~*&~ jissm

Meal,

s.

un,

^Jj

dAHk

maddE (maddE); ^^^a^


ssuss,

khu-

yemek,

^Ut

ta"am,

^^1

or

(j^

LI^-AO keyfiyyet, ^-<1


ish,

femr (pi.
3^

iimur), (J j

L^^s

mXssirin^
;

Mean,

a.

^2-;^ VAssAtl,

^
,..

orta

lahat

C^o->- jerah^t,
;

c^
;

Xlchak,

J denT; ^r

^ khXssiss,
laytksiz,

^L^- chapAk
,

i.-^

z^rar, (_/-b be'ss

tXma"kyar; J-5j^
lli

u.w.

jtt-^-tf

z^ran-61

no

fsna
;

5.

k-o

vXssXt,

AJl

jiU-V be'ss-yok;
that does not
,

,v.a.
;

C
;

demek-

*5*
?

zarari-

isstEmek

CX*JJ demek,

y6k

what

is

the

nE-var,

j manass/-61
-et,

CiXcjj.^ murAd-

^^^4*^7 tXssmim-et, (J^jfi kur-

dir).

mak, Icu^J niyyet-et.


kXzma.
;

Mattock,
Mattress,

5.

<UjlJi

Meaning,
<fcL$> shiltE.

5.

Ux ma"na

4\j*
;

murXd.

s.

&~* mindEr

Meanness,

s.

l33 dunluk
;

Mature,
mish,

a.

^^^

61mush,

^^^

yet-

tama"kyarlik

(j+&

fakzrlzk.

^jjJUul.rj

yetishmish,

^i^-^,)

Means,

s.

vlssz'ta,

vX-

yerishmish, ^jl<j^AlU
mz'sh,
Jl^l

kEmalfl-var-

ssat^t;

j&

iktidar, CL^.JJ

kudret;

U^n

kEmal-bulmush,

^,b

3 (para), <Hs |

Xkcha.

MEANTIME
Meantime, Meanwhile,
aralzk
;

[191

MEMOIR
Mediterranean
Sea,
5.

ad.

^
5

(6)-

Mediterranean,

^ol^J

der-iken.

JiJ
kzzamuk.
wlchek;

v]

Xk-den^riz.
s.

Measles, s.pl.

^^ or
Xj\J\
;

Medium,
Medlar,

<h~s\* wasszta.

Measure,
(^)ij\
zira";

5.

C. ^f^j\ wlchu;

s.

&*>** mushmula.

arshm,
+) Ju

EndazE,

cljJ

Meed,

s.

^^sX-^o musstahXkk, Cl^UlCo


;

tedbir
v.w.
;

(of poetry)
<JJvii
,

^j^

mukyafat

d^ljls-* mujazat.

vezn

ghfilmek,

Meek,
Meet,

a.
a.

/*^ila^e

mazlum,

+Jb>- halim.

CXcjJ etmek
Mchmek,
-Xlmak.
<JL*i!

v.a.

cX*js^jl

^^t\^< munassib,
jussbln;
,

^J$> layzk,

^M>. ? yjl Mchussunu-

^^^T

v.n.

J*ft
^4J^bi
<t>^J
,

kawushmak, ^,J^'
CL2\
;

telakz-et;

Meat,

5.

et,

*^

lahm,

d^-i>^=

t6plonmak, j1^*^>- jem"-

61,

ghy6sht

CX*J

yemek, /*UL ta"am.


J-tol

bir-araya-ghElmek

v.a.

Mechanic,

5.

L^-^J^-Jjil ehli-hzrfet,

U-ji; rAsst-ghElmek, !ci>lJsL>

L^C^J

ehli-san"at.

[esskll.
"ilmi-jerri-

mulaklt-et

one another,

L^l

Mechanics, s.pl.

J^K^/J-^

bulushmak.
Meeting,
mejliss,
5.

Mechanism,
chakhlar,
rifet.

5.

fj^- charkh,
alat,

^L>^ma"-

cl^lSLo mulakAt;

d^l

(*^>3^o

l^-%*4>- jem"iyyet;
;

c
house,

jema"at
s.

ft^

miiltaka

Medal,

Meddle, v.n.

^^J nishAn; <lx-j sikkE. (j*j ^ kArishmak, lai^lj^


fo\j\

messjid,

^<^"

jami",

ma"bed.
Melancholy,
\djvttj3
5.

mudakhala-et.
Mediate, v.n. (J*>j[s klrzshmak,

ghXmm,jtX=
,

kAra-SEvda;

a.

C3v^ araya-ghirmek,
Mediation,
s.

!k.y tawXss[sut-et.
^da-olj

maghmum, j uxCo mukeddEr


stkmdilt
;

la-^y

to;wASSSut.

Li fEna.

Mediator,
wasszta.

s.

k-^<

mutawAsssit,

MeUow,

a.

\jZ*Aj\
a.

61m ush.
tltii.

Melodious,

jlJlt

Medical,

a.

^b

tebbi

attendant,
;

Melody,
Melon,
5.

5.

ti\jJ

terans

<U^3 naghma.
;

*-^Jb hekim,
tendance,
-khzdme"ti,

e-^-JL? tAbib

at-

(water) jftj^ karpuz

(musk)

^^Jc^CJxLi-,^

hekimlik-

^15 kawun.
Melt,
v.n.

LiXiJjl

erimek

v.a.

<^*3j\ eritmek,
Medicine,
Meditate,
s.

\to\4\ izabE-et.
(pi.

^.Ic. "ilaj,

l^J dewa.

Member,

5,

^o
s.

"uzv

Lcc! a"za).

v.n.

c3v*o^J

diishunmek,

Membership,

^*!UAC! a"zalik.

^jJilL tXshmmak,

l4ffUk

muta-

Membrane,
Memoir,
s.

s.

j\j zar,

LL^s^jJ
;

derijik.

murakaba-et.

JJ t^zk^rE

tesT^ la'iha.

MEMORABLE
Memorable,
a.

192

MERIT

jji<~~*

meshhur.
<U^sr* mejma"a,
dtestnt-et.

w
Mentor,
5,

..

^3

laker-

Memorandum-book,

s.

[nAsszhtji.

u^jSJj^j^^ ahmk-deftEri.
Memorial,
5.

A^-^csa.

khoja

^rs^sx^'

JUtf^c

"arzzhal,

Mercantile,

-^;^r

tujjari,

Xj\^

"0riza; j\A$J bErghyuzar; y!

Memory,

s.

dSasWci^J kuvveti-hlfiza
(J-Jic.

^jA*^o tijareta-muta"llik.
;

j^j&i zihn,
in
of,

"Akl, ^bl>. khlt/r

Mercenary,
;

a.
-

^y^JaL^l^-l^s^CJ^I
-

&**>U nlmzna, ALiJlAj!


;

A^\J

ujret-VE
,

bakhshish

emelindE - 61an

nAimm'-ibkA-niyyetila
of,

within the

5.jlix.-ejo-^l^>.l

ujretlu-hizmet-

^j^Ll)vUi&JJic. "Aklma-ghElmekwAktinda.
yaHng/z-ujret-ichin-hizmet-eden.

-uze"rE, ffJ^&ijj

Merchandise,

s.

Menace,

s.

korku, dJ'o-Wy kAvkn*

JU> mil

(pi.

(j\y<\
.

emwal) &e* mAt* 'a (pi. tJC*\ emta"a)


,

ikhafE,
v.a.

dilri-liw

fi"kn-ikhafE
;
i

Merchant,

s.

^^j)^ bAzirghyan
tajir
(pi.

(bezir-

/_*-^j}"
\

k6rkutmak

JJl^i
ghEn), j*f
j\zf? tujjar,

ikhAffi-et;

4&\&-\ dL \

J U-jjLJ lissanz-

generally used as a singular).

hal-ila-ikhafE-et.

Merchantman,
-ghemissi,

5.

^^^j\ss^

tujjar-

Menagerie,

s.

J\s^L^j\ arsslankhanE.
iyi-61,

.^ai^sS

^^jV

Mend,

v.n.

j\*f\

cJv*-CJyJ

Tyi-

ghyan-teknESsi.
Merciful, a. ^l^^rs^o mErhametli,
re'fetli,

lEshmek, (J^j^jjl^j^ iyi%Aa-yuztutmttk


,

/J^4>iJi

)Ltfi

isslah-olunmak;
I^v4*5 ta"-

^JU-i
(

shefakAtlz; the Merciful

v.a. JL.**1 isslah-et;

(God)

j*=>-j

RahmAn;

the

Most

.mir-et,

^*^J'
a.

tErmim-et.

Merciful (God) *+&-j Rahim.

Mendacious,
Mendacity,

iff*
yalAnjilik.

Mercury,
zibak
;

s.

(metal)

Xj+z?

jiwa,

(J^J

s.

jJu?JU
^adiL|J

(planet) t^lL^ "iitarid.

Mendicant,
Mendicity,

5.

dilEnji.
dilEnjilik,

Mercy,

s.

c^x*,^-^? mErhamet,

L^-^Aa-i)

s.

C3l-s^,^
t^

shefakAt,

\^\j

re'fet

(of

God

to

Menses,

5. ;>/.

"adet,

the blessed)

d-s*>y rahmet.
t>Us

ay-bXshz, ^j&+>- hayz.

Mere,
"ilmi-

a.

jj3 kuru,

sadE,

c^!U>

Mensuration,
-messaha.

s.

sAlt,^il> yAln^z'z.

Meridian,
zihni,

s.

^l^t
;

gr?J

da'ir^'i&Ji\

Hental,

a.

^^
of,

-nzssfr-nihar
,

altitude,
.

Mention,

s.^J

zikr,
v.a.

LJ^&l lakzrdz;
(J^==>\

ghay^ti-irtifa

make
(J,^*

^n^mk,
zikr-et,

Meridional,
Merit,
s.
,

a.

^- jenubi.
isstihkAk,

A^Aza-Xlmak, j^iJ

vlftrsdJ

MERITORIOUS
liykAt,

[193]
Mid,
a.

MILDEW
6rta.

L^jb!

ehliyyet

^Jb hunEr,
;

kEmal,

ia.Ji.MflJ fXzzlet

v.a.

Midday,

ghyunduz-

musstahXkk-61, j!
-61,

\j*

seza-

jlfcu-jlfc
-

shayesstE-61,

jl^tU
-

Middle,
-yisri,

s.

tjj

6rto,
;

^jjtijy

orta-

shayAn

61,

y,jL~>- jussbAn
!

61

la^ vAssAt
;

Jj

bel,

^^
^j^

J^3^5 kXzAnmak,
Meritorious,
a. c

J-j-aas? tahszl-et.
;

meyan

ages,
;

ku*j*A^*j*
aged,

kurun-

>!y

sewAb
[keyf,

^.^sX-^-c
keyfli.

mutewassitE
6rta-yashli.

j^2*jt

musstahsEn.

jUferah,

Merry,

a.
( .

shen>

_^j

Middling,

a.

AJ^!

6rta

iL>y<d.>^2*

Mesh,
Mess,
*5

J^

ghyatz.

jM J^ murdarlik, w bErabEr-yemek-yeyan-takzm v^;


s.
,

-pek-iyi-ne-pek-fEna.
;

Midshipman,

s.

.,.,..

."'lJ

/*J^<

^/^
ra,

V.H.

Message,

s.

cX*Jjt^J bErabEr-yemek. khlbsr, >*U peyam

bahriyyE-mulazim-sanissi.
;

^^
/

Midst,

5.

<tf^l orta,

k^j vAssAt

\j\

^^UM!

siparish,^<l emr.
s.

<OLo meyanE,

^U mabeyn.
yaz-6rtassi.

Messenger,
bfir,

jl

IdAm

p^yamtatar,

Midsummer,
Midwife,

5.

.^^j^ jV,
ebE.

(j-fv*^ peyamress

5. <iu! 5.

j^l
Metal,

ulXk

Jk^U kAssid,

sa"i.

Midwifery,

c^3j<^i ebslik.

Messiah,
5.
j

Hazreti-

Mien,

s.

Xj#>- chehrE, c^Jlji* ktyafet,

[-Messih.
s.

UM-O sima.
Might,
s.

Metaphysics,
-hikmet.

ilmi-

my
,

kuwet, ti^jJi kudret,

jljcJil

iktidar,
v. aux.

e^lCo

miknet, jjj

Method,
tErtib,

5.

Jjj y61, Jj*\ ussul,


tXkrib.
;

z6r

See Grammar.
kudretli,
m
>

c-*-^5j
a.

Mighty,

a.

jj<

j\~"^-

-r

Methodical,
nizamli.

*lu^ muntaz^m

miknetli, j\ JcJ^c.^o-1^ sahib -iktidar;

cJj-J biiyuk, ji^i^ kyulliyyetli,


ac?.

Methodically,

J**^

ussul-ila.

kyiilli.

Metre,

^.

^J^ vwezn.
s.

Mignonette,
payz-takht,

^^sk>* LZ *+&*

Metropolis,

e^-^ub

bbfet-chiche^Ai.

cu^j^Mettlesome,

mErkEzi-hukyumet.
a.

Migrate, v.n. C^X^>-^ ghytahmek.


Migration,
s.

jUjjl 6ynk; <^-^->

ghywch.

yi^Ait, ji^>- jessur.

Migratory,
Mild,
a.

a.

^^f

ghywch^bE.

Mews,

8'jijjS>\ *j*

szr^-akhorler.

(J^\jl

yawlsh, V^t< mulayim,

Miasma, s.j(ss?*+2.j vwakhzm-bukhar.


Microscope,
s.

yjlb

tatli.
s.

j.j*u>. khurdabm.

Mildew,

is*

or

f.

^^ kyuf.

MILDNESS
Mildness,
s.

[194]
yawlshlik

MINISTRY
6rassf-wAzif;

<J--j

j-J

tl^v*jit< miilaye'inet.

all

of

one
;

J>^^
tutmak,

Mile,

s. J-jx)

mil.

["Xsske'ri.

hep-bir-efkyarda

to bear in
-

Military,
Militia, 5.

a.

^j^sut.

harbi,

u^u*c
Lr-

"Xklda

t~$JL~i*JuAj

redif-"Asske"ri.

"xklda-saklamak,

Milk,

tUy
s.

j
Mindful,
siitji-klrz.
;

unutmamak.
aghyah, j\Ap- khXbEr;

Milkman,

s^y*j sutji.
s.

a. *\S!

Milkwoman,
Mill, 5.

SJ3?j*a
de^AirniEn

dar, Xjjj\x\*2J\ intibah-iiz^rE


,

to be

g^t)
haddfi;

rolling

bAkmak,
(Jsc*jjjj

c^Jj

dikkXt-et;

hand

unutmamak; ^J^Uh^JJlc ghlfil- 61mamak


.

Miller,
Millet,

5. s.

Mine, p.
cJ-^J
s.

>io

benim

,X*^
,

benimki,
5.

darz.

JJ

benimkilar;
;

^
,

Milliner,

~-j
milion.

kXri[shXpkajissi.

ma"dEn

v.a.

Million,

s.

(j^J-*<}
s.

Millionaire,

Aj^^jcj
; ,

pek-zEn-

Miner,

5.

ma"dEnji;
a.

(c,

ghin-AdAm.
Mimick,
s.

Mineral,
a.

oiu: mukXllid

^
water,

^Jjt^ ma"dEnT; ,)J

s.

filizz;

tXklid, <UJ
,

Etma, <Ujb yapma;


JulJiJ'

ma

v.a.

tXklld-et.

-suyu.

Mimicry,

5.

Juliu tXklid.

Mingle,
,

v.n.

^'-^--^U
,

kXrzshmak
v.fl.

Mince,

5.

<U-J kzymo
;

v.a.

(j**
;

^l

ikhtillt-et;

kzymak

meat,

<U-3

kyma

it

kXtmak,
1

J^A-^l5
5.

kXrzshdzrmak,

won't do to mince matters,


nfezakEt-wlktt- di

e^=lj3

kL>- khllt-et, \~j* mezj-et.

Minister,

jLC^c.Xj^ khzdmetkyar
"abd, ^"y

Mind,

s.

JJb
;

"Akl,

^J
v.n.

zihn;jl&!
havess,

(hiz-), /*J\> khadim, Ju

efkyar

t^^f^; raghbet, ^~y>


isstek;
,

niikEr;

(of state)

jui'

kayd-et,
;

ladan-biri, ^l?l} nazir,

J--.J vekH

JviJJulJLftJ^j
v.a.

wXzifE-edinmek

(foreign

f-V,!

elchi,

^^
,

sef ir

^*J

bXkmak,

d-w
C
;

ghywz-

(of religion)

c^V^i P^pAss,

*
v.n.

etmek,

L^JJ

dikkXt-et;
I

khAkhlm;
s-

din^lfimek (dinEmek)
to
. .
.

have a

khdmet-et;

<J*&

bXk-

j-l<ulsLe

"Xklzma-ghe-

mak

C-X^Jj

isrUr>- hawa'ijini-

liyor,

-VErmek.
that,

-ede'jfy&im-gheliyor; I don't

Ministry,

5.

e^vJc>- kh^dmet, C^o J

MINOR

[196]
Misbehave,

MISERY
v.n.
5.

"ubudiyyet; uuJlf, vekyalet, C->jl&


nAzaret
;

i^jy.

yaram^zltk-et.

^J^ ^=^
khAkhAmlik.

vuke"la-takmu

Misbehaviour,
Misbeliever,
siz,
5.

^^/o^. yaramazlik.
kyafir,

b pApAssKk, L^-vW imamet,

yl^

J-JUol

imAn-

jjl^ ghyawur.
v.a.

Minor,

5.
tzfl

^^-^>- chojuk,
; ,

^~o
juz'l,

slbi,

Miscalculate,
1

and

n.

\j*

>U

J*k
edna

a.

^j>-

ji

;L->- yanish-hissab-et.
s.

[hissab.

Asia
s.

jjjklil

anadoli.

Miscalculation,

Minority,

jUJLs^^->-

chojukluk,
tufuliyyet;
[sha"ir.

Miscarriage,

s.

d^Ls
Minstrel,

sAbavet,

v^^J^

juk-dushurmESsi,
jinm.
Miscarry, v..

isskAti-

jljl'lzltk.
s.

C-^-k-*
5.

mutrib

^cli
;

c
;

ch6jukj

Minstrelsy, 4 LV"

cXLj^Luj

mutriblik

-dushurmek

yangzh'sh-

yu*>

sni

r.

-ghitmek (yanish),
-61
;

jlc

gha'ib-

Mint,

s.

(herb), and peppermint, 4ix)

(J*+5L&~t
a.

bosha-chzkmak.
*>

or Ux3 or

-^

or c\i*3 (nanE)

(for

Miscellaneous,
Mischief,
s.

mut^nevvi.
yaramazlzk;

coining) <t3ls^*? zarb-khanE.

Minute,
<dz-wJ^

5.

<&~*^

dlkzka
,

(paper)

ziyankyarh'k,

mXzbAta;
^s^jj

a.

j^<^ dXkzk,
down,

khXssaret.

^jljj!

ufXk,

inja

Mischievous,

a.

j*]jf yaram^z.
t

v.a. Ha-^J z.\bt-et, (_^<;V.

Mischievousness,
Misconception,
s.

5.

(jJ/^'V-'.

yaramazlik.

Minutiae,

s. 5.

oJu^ij
*js^

tlfszllt.

(j^^

yanish.

Miracle,

mu"jizE;

d
[-"ads.

Misconduct,

s.

L^-%p-

keramet;
Miraculous,

^jUJlj^Uia.

khariku-'l-

Misdeed,

s.

&ste>- junha.

t-^o^

gharib.

Misdirect, v.a.

Mire,

5.

jycl^-

chamur;

mired,

a.

yanish- sa^l

^j*j\)&jyc\^Mirror,
s. s.

chamura-bXtmz'sh.

Miser,

s.

(j--*

>

khassiss,

j-

jimri,

<^jj ayinE, +\>- jam.

^JJ

pinti,
a.

jl^il? tAma"kyar.
^j>J*j

Mirth,

c-a/

keyf,

^!y

ferah,

Miserable,

dushkyun,

^^^J
v^j.*"^.

hubur,

l?L--Jt

inbissAt,

perishln, ^JLJ fakzr, ^^Jaisr* mihnet-

shAdmanT.
Misanthrope,
s.

kesh,

Ja^t^j
;

derdmend
b6k,

^^ J
^^oW
s.

khabTss

jy
J;J

L$cX{
(J^^Jg

pek-fina,

XdAmlerden-teneffur-eden.

ij+L**
(j^-^lj

mis skin.
.

Misapprehend,

v.a.

ya-

Misery,

dierd,

mihnet,

nish-annamak.
Misapprehension,

[yanish-^nnamaklik.

\s&- jefa, u^JkiA-** szkmdi, )b bela;

^ol

eziyyet.
p 2

MISFORTUNE
Misfortune,
s.

196]

MITIGATION
nassi-dina-dX'Vet-ichin-ghyMndErilEn-plpAss.

LjJi

kXza,
4-jJblj

LJ

bela,

L^=slJ
-

felakfit,

dahiyyE;

s,

5.

pi.

cJ^J^-ijjJ

dushyunluk,

Missive,

s.

<_>yxCj

mektub,

V^++=J
Misgovern,

nikbet.
v.a.
\

[-hukyumet-et.
yolsiz-

tezk^rs, &*0j) pussla,


Misspell,
v.a.
(j~*j\l

cuvj:>- Lj^>
5.

&A
A'J

W
^^

Misgovernment,
Mishap,
s.

e^yo- Jta

y61-

yanish-imla-ila-yazmak.
Misspelt,
a.

UzJ kaza.
v.a.

[siz-hukyumet.
.*>.

^Uijl>

Misinform,

CX^
,

jj^i^b

yanish"imla-ila-yazilmish.

yanish-khAbEr-VErmek.
Mislead,
v.a.

Misstatement,

5.

Jjli!

jriKV,

j'_/O'^jJi

Xldatmak;
ighfal-et.

-ifadfi

^b
s.

yalAn.

^J.^l> yan^2ltmak, IJlail


Misrepresent, v.a.
,'i,

Mist,

s.

jj^--5 siss,

^l^t> dumln.
yangzh'sh
;

Mistake,

(j^i^b

(yanish),

lk>- khata JQ* sehv,

to be mis\j$~*
,

Miss,

5.

J-Jf

JU-

hanzm-kzz, J.J
,

kzz,

taken,
sehv-et,

v.n.
1

^/iib y^n^ilmak,
UL->- khata-et;

AJW- h^Dim;

v.a.

wur(J*\*jj\
isslbet;

v.a.

mamak,
-etmamek;
kussur-et
;

CXl43J^U>ol?1
J^fcl
(jpljl

CJvi^o
Mistaken,
Mister,
a.

^x-j^JHj bXshkassma*ben^-

Xtlamak

S^y^J
fire,

,^1^^
;

yanish.

[zstmek.

Xramak

s. lc-1 \gfiA. s.

u^JJjl efendi.

J^oUli Almamak,

J^UH^/Jl
not

Xtesh-

Mistranslation,

<Uf^J* (j^-^b yanish-

-Almamak
<Ucj
\

do

coming,

-tErjumE.
Mistress,
5.

CJ jy* Uii J L? sakm-ghElma;

*i\&- hanzm, cfJcJl efendi,

mzlik-etm

must not

seeing,

madama
ma"shuka;
6ddtk

(or

^cj^^s ghy wrm^liyim)


5.

(orosspo),

Missile,

^<j**~>-

jissmi-mErmi.

zaniyyE
te~ij\

U?j\s
;

O\^3l

(ussta)-

Missing,
Mission,

a.
s.

c-^jlc gba'ib.

ussta

<^fiJliJ

kAlfa.

d^Jj^to
CL^U-a

me'muriyyet,
;

Mistrust,
yet,

s.

L^^o^Ac
shubhE;

"adEmi-emniy,

i^voJc^ khMmet
elchilik,

(hiz-)

vlXluf^l!

&$+

v.a.

U^-wl

sefaret;
;

d^U<UJ J.
>

shubhE-et.

[(yanish) -(annamak).
v.a.
s.

sefaret- taktmt

^Ij

Misunderstand,

Misunderstanding,
.\

nassz'-dina-da"vet-zzmnz'n;

yanish-annamaklik
luk.

<J^jtf b6zush-

da-ikhtiyar-61unAn- pApAss-elchili^^z

[^L-fl.jbkr takhfif-et.

^jU-j^Ljbb
Missionary.
5.

pApAsslar-sefareti.

Mitigate, v.a. ClX^^La-i^ khXflflEtmek,


Mitigation,
s.

(.u^^^C^ VrV V
**

uo ;Q V
>

>

takhf If.

MIX
v.n.

[197]
\

MONASTERY
a.

kAnshmak

Modern,
kXrish-

^J
^X-tf

yen^i,

.>

yen^i
.ili

ikhtilXt-et;

,v.a.

^j^j\s

-ussul;

Ut

-ch'rmak.

muta'akhkhir;

moderns,

s.

^7.

Mixture,

s.

^&(J&fi
;

karzshzk-shey,

muta'akhkhirm,

J^C^.
i^o

-5' tErkib
Mizen,
5. 5.

L^-J^l sherbet.
kontra-majana.
it

^Isr

*^^

Modest,
ed'ib;

a.

mahjub;
ebli-pErdE,

Moan,
fenm,

|^A$y

in^ilti,
,

ah,

^jJt

^
edeb
j

^Us

fzghan;

v.n.

cJv*^^

"aflfE.

ah-chekmek,

uX**!^

inolEmek.

Modesty,
Li'

5. C-jtssr'"

bijAb, C-^Jt

Moat,

s. s,

jjJc^- (hEndek).

oa "zffet, i^i^vi^AC "essmfet.


*.

Mob,

^^ji^^UJjy
-

ayakj

Modification,
-juz
I.

i^j^T

J^. 4

tebdil-

lanmzsh

khAlk
Jo

(kXlflbA%Ai)

v.a.

^
taklid,

khXlk-

Modify,

v.a.
.

JjJuJJ^
mughul.
a.

bir-Xz-tebdil-et.
[j*ljl

Mogul,

Jjt<5

isslam.
,

Mock,

a.

Mohammedan,
.Moist, a.

.<L^\

isslami;

5.

B^j

yalXnjz

v.a.

cJvf jj J z^vk-

jL*j nemli,
>-

cjj^
rutubet.

rutubetli;

isstihza-et,

<U^sr^*
;

sugar,

khlm-shekEr.

mlsskharaya-cb^virmek
jij

Moisture,

#.

u^J?

taklld-et.
5.

Mole,
mXsskharalzk.

5.

Cky3U*j
isskeLe,

kyzlcsst^bek;

(pier)
;

Mockery,
Model,
5.

^d^Ja-**

<dLjl

f^.j

rekhtim
bfeny.

(on

Jjyc

m6del,

C^
nu-

the skin)

ben or cJj

*~ij ressm,

c^l

Molest, v.a. lc^-J J! eziyyet-et, ^i-llJLs

munE,
Moderate,
khXfif;

ll^ missal.
a.

sXtashmak,

.JJ

ilishmek,
renjish-

mu^tfedil; c,i'*c

AJSijd kXrzshmak,
-et,

\(j^fj

\jj* yawXsb,
insAflz,
;

)Lo mulayim;

JjLajl

^^*^
c

yolunda,

Molestation,

5.

(^/^fj renjish.
an, <tks] lahza
;

klrarinda

Moment,
;

5.

jjl

C^v

kXrardan-ziyadE-yemaz-icbmflz
v.n.

^hemmiyyet.

cJv*3

enmek,
kessilmek,

Momentaneous,

a.

Js kXlmak
; ,

ani-wahid-surEr-surmaz.

sJis>-

khXfiflEshmek

v.a.

Momentous,
Monarch,
5.

a.

+i~<

muhimm.

ta,"dH-et,

!^.^Lj

tesskin-et,

*Li>jb padishah.
^Lfcl-1-jb padishahlzk.
5.

LisT takhf If-et.


Moderately, ad. <Lsr jM 61dukJE.
[sXbr.
;

Monarchy,
Monastery,

5.

Jo-jl^
t

(or

Moderation,

5.

'tidal

mAnasstz'r,

J deyr.

MONDAY
Monday,
<Ui.iJo
s.

[198]
pazar-ertEssi,

MORTGAGEE
.

i*~*j\j\)\l

Mop,

^,1)1) pXpass;
rf^l

v.a. ^^-.bl)

yekshenbih,

At*~\*j>

y&vmi-

CX*L?
Moral,
a.

papass-ila-silmek.
salih,

-aluM.

JU

/Ji^-^j musstaklm

Money,
nAkd
;

s.

te

s
\

Xkcha,
,

*j\J

(para)

JJi3

ma/'ne'vi;

morals,

5.J9/.

ready
;

^b^..-1-.J

(peshinsarraf

akhllk,

<_>U

adab, C-?ljJ\
[edebiyyat.

-pra)

changer,

uJ\^

Morass,

*;j bltak.

(saraf).

More,
L-*~&\j rahib, ^\?&j ruhbln.
J\j

a.

Uo

daha,

*J\jJ

ziyadfi,
,

Monk,

5.

jlfcJ
,

dah^-ziyadE;
^Jjj\
,

no

not
;

Monkey,

^j*** maymun. s. Monopoly, j L-^-scM


s.

any
inhissar,

artik,

1^<^J

bir-daha

and
-ziyadE.

*jbj<Lsjc

ghitdikja-

.Jytflj^-ljJj

yedi-wahid-ussulu.

[vE-dakhi.
c.

Monosyllable,
kelimE.

s.

<ui

^W*

j bir-hfejali-

Moreover,

vE-birdE,
5.

Morn,
a.

Morning,

^-f-**

sabXh,

Monotonous,

c
.

^xjj^jLij^j

kushluk-wlktz.
L^s.**
s

XdAmin-j anini- szkar- 61an

Morocco,

s.

ii)

sakhtiyan

^-^

Monsoon,

5.

Jjlij^
.

m6ssim-

maghrib
shehiri.

<-^)^j

^^^
<^^
;

merakesh-

nam-ru zghy arler


Monster,
s.

ekshi-surEtli.

khblss;

Morose,

a.

v~j
s.

tsrss

jys-khuysuz,

kimessnE

ekshi-surEtli.

biyuk-nessnE.

Morrow,
khabiss.
fErda,

AJ.}\

or
;

tij\

Monstrous,

a. L^..*^>-

J^>
5. <UJil
<

sablh

to-morrow, ^.^V.
[yarin.
wlfijek;

Month,

s. ^J\

ay,
,

*U mah, j$&

shehr

Morsel,
Mortal,

16kma.

calendar
ayi
;

,yj ^Sjlyj^
,

allafrankaarobT-ayi.

a.

lunar
a.

^\ ^fessEr,
;

muhlik,

C^^L^^b
^Lj|
insan,
bfeshEr.

ba"issi-

Monthly,

*Jw1 ayda-bir-kerrE. *J>j.


5.

-mevt

5.

/Ji.JjJ

Monument,
ghyuzar
;

J:\

J^&j*

hEr-

beni-adEm,
Mortality,
5.

^J

(J^b tXsh

LJ bina.
;

^j^-jy*J

yemutiyyet,

uJ

Moon,

s.

kJ\ ay,
,

*U mah, ^*J kXmsr


ay-bAshe;

fEna

<*^JJL)
;

beshEriyyet, CL^-ju
jessedi-f am
;

new
hilal
;

.^ijlju^l
,

nassut

^ Uju->telef,

full

jJo bedr.
5.

kmm,

iilj
5.

C^lij
;

wefat.
^*AS

Moonlight, Moonshine,
ay-aydmlz^^z,

^
(man)

Mortar,

-^/^ kharj

C>\.JJbls mahitAb,

(artillery)

^Ifc (hXwAn).
Ji^c-j! isstighlal
;
,

L-jls^o mehtAb.

Mortgage,

5.

v.a.

Moor,

s.

kzr,
;

^j^

sahra;
"arab.

\JkxzJ\

isstighlal- et.
s.
<d

[lahu.

ie>j*< maghribT

<?,

Mortgagee,

Jxx*-^ musstaghel-

MORTMAIN
Mortmain,
evklf)
;

[199]
Mottled,
a.
5.

MOURNING
jl&J
benekli.

s.

uJtfj
,

wAkf

(pi.

cJlSj

in

uJjJ^o mevkuf.
-s^Jw

Mould,
fc_Jy

^y?

toprAk

\_

^^
,

or
v.a.

Mosaic,

s.

,c^J ^s-rfUJJ^j ^JJ&

kyiif;

c.JU
kAlzb
-

kAlzb
-

sAdeQi-kyari-VE-kAkmEJi-ishi.

^jbc-^115
C3v*x>-

yapmak

J^J

Moscow, <-^">
Moslem,
s.

*A

< mosskof-shehiri.
ehli-isslani,

perwAz

chekmek;

(J^^

*i~>\\&\

6ymak.
Moulder,
v.n.
s.

[LlX^i^jJ dwkyulmek.

musslim,

*< mu'min.

cJ^jj>ej
or

churumek,

Mosque,

s.

(large) %~*\*>-

jami", (small)

Mouldiness,

uJj^ kyuf.

vXsr* messjid.
Moss,
s.

Mouldy,
yossun
;

a.
s.

<j^y.

rose,

Mound,

^J*^ kyuflu. <U J (tepE)

^u
,

J^Jj^tfjj

yossunlu-ghyul.
ad.

Most,

a.

and

Cib

pek,

j*&~ chok,

Mount,

5.

<UJ (tkpE)

v..

c^--jLc.

ghayet,

<LLi^Lc. ghayetla,
;

chzkmak,
,

CiX^J

>^V

yukselmek

c^-o lw

bighayet

the

cJ

&ng,

v.a.

CJvCJ binmek, ^^Ji-^iUx^l


;

ajbjLtJl

en^-ziyadE;

for

the

usstuna-chzkmak

^^jb^lL
J

takzm;

part, mostly,

b^l
s.

eksEriyya.

yapmak,
Ararat,

^J^j'ljj

donatmak

Mosul, (town of)

^+y+

mossul.

^clt u^i! Aghrz-dA^Az

Moth,

s.

*j\ji^

pErwanE;

^ghyuwE;
ninE,

Carmel,

^H?
viJ

J^
!

kirmil-dA^Az

eaten,

^j^+jXj* ghyiiwE-yemish.

Hermon,

J^ jebel-u-sheykh;
J-K
jebeli-harun
;

Mother,
validE,

5.

W
^ or ^ u

ana,

^^J
;

2?Ju^

Hor, (jj^w

jjU
; ,

madsr
J

,c^y possu,
,

Lebanon,
^cfiUs

^LJ

J~s> jebeli-libnan

L5V^

wife's
a.
1)1

^^^Jj
;

i-^t) durzT-dAghi;

Olympus
keshish-

kayn-ana

ana, J*s>l Assl

(Bithynian),

^IL

^1*1^

country, JsJj J-^l Assl-wAtAn,


of pearl, <_Jju* sAdef (sedef).

dAghi

Sinai,

.^^

J'r?" j^beli[jebel.

mussa.
Mountain,
5.

Motion,

CU^^>- har^kst, ^ kzmzldAmsh J-4^ "AmEl


;

s.

Mountaineer,
isharet
j

^IL da^, *j? kyuh, J^5*. >jl i<W ?^ dAgh-

tekllf, jlk^-1

ikhtar

C^UI

ehli-AdAm.

v.a.

Id^Lil
a.

isharet-et.

Mounted,
j\j\ Atlz,
,

a.

(jA/*>;j

binmish, ^.-JJ binili;


;

Motionless,

\~S.s. har^kfitsiz.

j^j

suwar

jLiilL takimb",

Motive,

a.

cJ^sr

muharrik

5.

d6nAlz. ^lljjJ

Mourn,
ba"iss, ^UJ^t) zeri"a,

v.n.

fJ^Ls] Ap'Mamak, ($+^~\

e-^r-^< mujib,

Ajzmak ; l^-b yass-et, ^"U matEm-et.

CL^^O
Motley,
a.

muriss.

Mourning,
CLJ,,x

s.

^l^

yass,

>!U matEm

CJ3 ilC^ rEnghyarEngh.

keduret.

MOUSE
Mouse,
s.

[200]

MUNIFICENCE
a);

aJ\A fane,
;

^Lf^ J^J fmdz'kkXpAn.


Mulatto,
dihln,
*3
beyzk.
s.

j^

yuz,

-sechAm

trap, ^jLJi
s.

(surXt).

Moustache,

^.j

jic melez.

Mouth,

s.

jcl aghiz,

^Uj

Mulberry,
Mulct,
v.a.
s.

s.

Cl^J

dut.
[esstEr.

l^rsT tejrim-et.
kXtzr,

Mouthful,

s. <UJi!
s,

16kma.

Mule,

Jb[s
s.

Jij b^ghl,
kXtirjz.

Mouthpiece,

<j^j^ oghizlik

Muleteer,
Mullet,
5.

^frj^i

Move,

v.n.

(grey)

lufEr

(red)

m
mak,

1^

ghy&ch-et, IJju nXkl-et;

b mErj An-bAlz^^z,

^Jyjb barbunya.
ghyun-a-ghyun.
tiireyish,

ev-d^Aishmek

v.a.

Multifarious, a.
Multiplication,

&)&
s.

jLj*jjJ

durtmek, 1

d^^rtahrik-et

C ^4JL2
terah-

f*
J

ch6^^Alzsh,

j&i

tekessur;

y^mushXtmak,
hum-etdirmek,
ghetirmek
;

CJ^JcjJ>>y
tlX^j^c^O;
,

turEdish,
teksir

^jJU^>;

choghAlzarb.

rkklt~>-

(arith.)

C-^P

begin to

Cjvjo dz&

Multiplicity,

s.

CJ^

kessret.

har^kEta-ghMmek.

Multiply, v.n.

ClLc^y turemek, J^JU^.


tekesssur-et
5

Movement,

s.

v.a.

turEtmek,
f

^c!Uj*.
;

Mow,

v.a.

Cjv*2sr bichmek,

<Uj

teksir-et

It-

CLWsT tbpXn-ila-bichmek.
Mower,
Much,
s.

zarb-et.

Multitude,

s.

^srlj^l? tirpanji.

wefret,
(kXlabAlzk),

a.

Jj^- chok; jljJixi^J^


;

kessret;
kyulli-

izdiham,

>-

-mikdar

ao".

^^

ch6k,

Uo
Mummy,
^. \+ s.
o

jem"iyyet; great

mmi-ghafir.

kyiilliyyan,

mumiya.

Muck,
Mucus,

s,

SjjjJ

ghyubrE, CJl-jJ

pisslik.

Mumps,

5.

t^J^/f-j

sumuk.

Mud,

ff.Ji^l>.
v.a.

chamur.

Munch,
kXr/shd/rmak
;

v.a. a.

chm^mek.
duny^vi.

Muddle,
,

^J^ Juijli'

Mundane,

^.

jLa-ijU kXrishikltk.
a.

[bulAnik.

Municipality, S.

klssAba;

Muddy,
Muff,
Mufti,
s.

jl^l>- chamurlu; ^pSjJ


M-kyur^Ai.

JU!

ahall.
s.
1

^Jj^\

Munificence,
-kyulliyyE,

JL^Lfef

sakhaveti-

s.

^JU

mufti.

sH

t^li

de"rya'i-

Mug,

s.

J^

or

J^J

bardak,

^yl

sakhavet.

MUNIFICENT
Munificent,
Stfkhavetli,
a.
>

[201]
Musquito,
<

MY
s.

L c^-**

sakht,

CiXiwM^^fy***j

sivri-sinek.

jwmErd

(Jj^ (gift) .A
pi.

bezul,
kyulll.

Mussel,

s. <^<J^<
s.

midiyE.

Mussulman,
J.-*K

*it\J&\

ehli-isslam.

Munitions,

s.

LuUjj^l lewazzmXt.
kAtli-nefss-

musslim, ^jUL-^o mussliman.


v.

Murder,

5.

^J^jJu^Ju ^j3
,

Must,

aux.
;

see

Grammar
shzra.
5.

s.

-bi-ghayr*-hXkk ;

v.a.

^oj<^^\

uJ^

kyuf

Xj+J*

Mdurmek,

l^jilj telef-et, IJ^Ji kAtl-et,

Mustaches, Mustachio,

<_^

bzyzk.

CXJdjJ

tepele*mek,

cX^-i"

&jlj

Mustard,
Muster,

s.

^^j>-

khardAl.
;

kAmna-ghirmek.
Murderer,
s.

[-kltil.

s.

^iSjj y6klama

-^,

v.a.

Jjlj

kltil, JjlSjJjti kXnlz-

^^Jj..) y6klamak, ^<U,^Jy. yoklama-et;

Murmur,

s.

<u1jj^<
;

mmldama;
,

^^jilj^L toplamak;

roll,

A*lSj

siiweylEnma

v.n

u^lJJ yoklama-deftEri.
Musty,
a.

suweylEnmek, J^jlj^* mmldAnmak.


Muscle,
5.

^Jj^

kywflu,

^J^
dilsiz,

ekshi,

^Ijl^
<Uiifl

bXlzk-eti,
;

eJU
dJ

cJjj^>- churuk.

kAba-et
midiyE.

"issaba

(fish)

Jwo

Mute,

a.

and
;

s.

j*Jj

(j*>j>^

akhress
5.

v.n.

'\*^\f0 s^chmak.

Muscovy,

.JixL*w<

]L,-o

mosskof[kuvvetlu.

Mutilate, v.a.

cJv*^,

} t*u**l

bX"zz-

-mEmlekEti.

Muscular,

a. cJl3<xl*oc

azalEnak

^JJy

Mutilation,

s.

cXld-;M laJLa

<~>j~

kes

Mushroom,
-mAntar.

*j^^^^j^J

yenir-61an-

sub-sokAt-etmeklik.

[musslkz.

Mutineer,

5. s.

^P^

"ASSI, bjjjj z6rba.

Music,
Musical,

5.

Mutiny,
c

^^2^

"zssyan,

^^
,

a.

tughyan, (J^.j)j z6rbalzk;

v.n.

-mensub.
Musician,
.

ayaklanmak,
ehli-musiki
; * ;

^4^'^ <^W
"zssyan-et,

*.

:,

^L*AC

..rsnjtlU^ chXlarhnz O J v l,_^ v

l^LxL
'

tughyan-et.
a.

Music-master,

5.

^
'

'

^v

Mutter, v.n. and

i^kA^^XS^^^jLiA
k6yun-eti
;

chAlghi-kh6jassi.

dish-arassmda-suwfeylEnmek.

Musk,

5.

cXl^<

mishk

(misk)

Mutton,
s.

,r'^^y
briz61a.

chop,

melon, jjjlS kawun.

*J^y
a.

Musket,

5.

cJiAj tufenk (tufek)

Mutual,

cJp^<
;.c!

musht^rek,

^^\
>

proof, a.

kurshun-gech[Xtmaklik-san"ati.

^2lt^ As^L
Muzzle,
s.

iki-tarafdan- 6Un .

aghz,

^)j

^u1 1711
"

>

Letry,

Urfj'lciLij tufek-

Muslin,

s.

dulbend (tulbent).

My,

p.

A im, im, benim. ^J beni

MYRIAD
Myriad, s. Cl-J

[202]
+J binler.

NATIVE
a.

6n-bin

Namby-pamby,
mizaj.

^^

^^"

h6ppa-

Myrrh,
Myrtle,

s. s.

^\*c j*

murri-SAfi.

^r^\ li^;< mErsin-A0&AJt.


a.

Name,
v.a.

5.

j! ad, >j' issm, /\J

nam;

Mysterious,

J*L$jKl
m

tmglashzlmrtz
;

cXtJj demek,

\<U4w^5 tessmiyyE-

(*mnashzlmaz),j^j t\j* merAk-VErir

et

J^j?*>1 ad-k6mak,

cX^j

6\

Xdcall

$j4

gbizli, ^JJL?

saklz,

^Jj^

khafi,

VErmek,
names,
(

J^lt

j|

ad-takmak; to
s

^cis.-*

makhfi.
s.

^A^^-J^^>
^J**J ya"nT
s.

Mystery,

*jUyj*L$>l=l

(foinaslul.-s

l/UjJ bed-nam-et.

maz)-bir-maddE, l*xx> mu"amina,


sirr, (pi. j\j~>\ essrar),

Namely,

ad.

j>*j

rkmz

(pi.

Namesake,

(jL\4J\

addash,

jycj rumuz).
Mystic, Mystical,
a.

hemnam.

makhfi,

t^*Juc
;

^J^ m

bitim,

J^

Nap,

s.

juj\ uyku

(of cloth)
<L-^i

^W haw.
^*lc

Nape

of

the neck,
5.

en^SE,

tss^vvufI

mystic,

s.

Naphtha,

L^3

neft.

["unuk.

fehli-tSS^WUf,
sufiyyun).

^^

Sufi (pi.

^y^

Napkin,
Naples,

5. s.

^1^ (peshkir).
,J^^
s.

napoli.

Mysticism,

5.

uJ^J

tassavvuf.

Narcissus,

^^(jjjj

zErm-kAdeh,
,

Myth,

5.

JUxj

mAssal;

ZErsn

trumpet
;

^J ^Gs^>- ^^
,

b6ru-chich^Ai
Mythology,
-'1-EWElin,
s.

globe

or daffodil,

-y

essatzrufesski-

L-Jjk^j,^ Altm-t6p.
Narcotic, s.j<\s^ mukhEddJr. [yays-et.

t^j

Narrate, v.a. \JsJ nXkl-et, l<U\i>- hikNarration, Narrative,


s.

<V.^* hikyayE.

Narrator,

s.

S^j

ravi.

N.
Narrow,
Nadir,
.

a.

j\

dar,J-Jl

ensiz.

^fl;.J>>

hadzd

Nasal,

a.

C-j^-i^

semti-kAdEm.

burun^-yakhod-ghen^zE-mensub.
Nasty,
;

Nag,
Nail,

s.

m\

Xt,^-?;\J (b^ghir).

a.

LJ fsna,

jj-J

piss,

5.

(natural)

J^
\

tzrnak

(metal)

murdar (mun-).
Nation,
s.

cJj.*>- chivi, ^*-^ol enksEr,


,

^* m?kh;
mekhlamak,

+js

kXvm, ^LJi
jinss.

kXbilE,

L^
[sub.

v. a.

(j-o

'<^o

millet,

(j~>a.

CXtbj*>Naked,
a.

chivilEmek.
chiplAk,

National,

<-J^-^
yErli
;

^jil-u^>-

u^W

"an,

Native,

a.

jl^J

A^J

berehnE.
5.

^jir^
chipUklik.
country,

khilkz,
^

^^

tXbi"i

Nakedness,

(J&J3$

vwXtAn.

NATIVITY
Nativity,
s.

[203]

NECESSARILY
(^**
^bl

(^ J^Jj

veladet, tdyc mevled,


;

Navigate, v.a.
ila-gezmek, Navigation,
s. s.

^
<

ghemi[sefA'in.

mevlud, ok+so milad

the
miladiissT
!j

1&**
"issa
;

milad

ijSL*
1

^Ji^j^i

J-c "ilmi-seyri-

to cast a

- \^s\^>\

Navigator,

<U*

cJj?

ZAi'chE-lsstikhraj-et.

ghemi-ila-gezen-kimessnE.
;

Natural,

a.

L5

*--i tXbi"f
;

^^c^U-

khilkz,

Navy,

5.

UjJ^J d6nanma.
JjJ y6k.

i^^T jibillT
"ilmi
-

history, C^\j \j+>- Jx.


;

Nay,

ad.
.

haywAnlt

philosophy,
;

Naze,

^j>y
a.

burun.
napolili.
**-r^>j

<U-J? c^-v*>- hikme'ti-tAbi"iyyE


child, -*u pzch.

Neapolitan,

JJ^^

Near,

a.

^A^.

yakm,
;

Naturalization,

s.

nezdik
;

^..? M>rs>
;

khXssiss,
s61,
,

ejn^biyyi-tfeba' 'iyy^ta -kXbul-et


ters of
,

let-

tXma"kyar

J^tf
;

J^
^Ufc

<tclxu*.J teba"iyy^tnamE

s61-tarafdaki

ad.

<^Jb

patenta.
\

L>yij
J^-Jf

tXkriba

,;?r. ii3l>
;

Naturalize, v.a.

&x-*-J

^^-i^t
^>
Y^rli-

jauina,
bz'na,

^rJcJb

yanmda
;

tfcJ^'

kur-

ejn6biyi-teba"iyyeta-kAbul-et.
Naturalized, a.

^Jcj^i

kurbznda
;

<^.*^p nfezdma,

^AJ^
;

c-^

^Joc>p

nezdinda

^jj^5>- jiwarma,

ghibi-61mush
Mature,
5.

^^l^-lJ^ yErlEshmish.

ifJuj^j*"
ITssina,

jiwannda, <U-Jt^- hawa-

L^^Jb
-*U> hich.
s.

^JCM-J^^. hawallssinda
JrjJjJj*

(in

khalzk, ^Jl XlUh. Taught,


s.

time)

sulannda,

***J$j*

kArarlar/nda.
t

Naughtiness,

(\*[j> yaramoizlik.
yaramaz.

Nearsighted,

a.

^--Jbljj^
5.

kyutahbm.
kyu-

Naughty,
Nausea,
s.

o.

JL>

Nearsightedness,
tahbmlik.

ClL-.JilJ'^

j^-^J^jjjJ;^ yurek-bulan[mass/.

Nautical, a. ^Jjs& bahri.

Neat,

a.

-^J

temiz

<J|^ ghyuzel,
;

Naval,

a.

i-^sr?

bahri,

^jix^^UiJjJ

sadE-ghyuzel

cattle,

d6nonmaya-muta"allik.

Nave,

s.

(church) ^^s.^ sahn;

(wheel)

lESsi-haywAnAt.

^L^c muylu,
Navel,
5.

^^V
CU,l

blshltk.

Nebula,
Nebular,

s.

l?jlj

u.aJjv. khafif-bulut.
bulut-ghibi.

ClJjji ghy^bek.
^.
<d.>!

a.

^-^ L^L
5.

Navigability,

J^ils

^^

Nebulosity,

jJjlkjb bulutluluk.

^iLc!

cJAJjliilf

j ghemi-VE-kaytk-

Necessaries, 5.J9/.
z^ruriyyE,

^j^y^r}^ hawa'ijilawaz/mat.
*u!\ Mbetta,

ila-ghesht-u-ghyuzarinm-imkyani.
Navigable,
a.
(

djUj^
arf.

^^o

L^jlJ^

Necessarily,

ghesht-u-ghyuzari-mumkin.

bi-'z-zarur,

jjJb

bi-'z-zarurE.

NECESSARY
Necessary,
a.

[204]
Neglectful, a.

NEST
ihmalji.

*fi
,

lazim

(very)
;

elzem;

s.

<Ujj lazimE

Negligence,
Negligent,

s.

ihmal.
ihrn^lji.

kenef, (L****
desst-khanje,

memsha, Ajl^-jJu! ab[etdirmek.

a.

Negociate,
iX*wli-J

v.a.
*

mukyal^mE-et,

Necessitate, v.a.

cXjJ^c

>^f^ yAb-

suweylEshmek
*5

Necessitous,
fakir,

a.

<^^

muhtlj,

-3

SAtmak,

c
s.

surmek.

Jo^C^Us.

hajetmend.
ihtiyaj,

Negociation,

Necessity,

-\*&>-\

d^j^?
gherdsn,

Ai>-L^) mubahassE. ^ItXo muzake'rE,

zaruret; L^-^-ls>- hajet.

Negro,
\ ,

s.

^-r-V1 "arab,

C-^iU-j

siyah-

Neck,

s.
\

uj)j) b6ynn,

^J*

arab.

^p

wnuk.
s.

-i

Neigh,

v.n.

LlXi^lj kishn^mek.
s.

Neckcloth,
Necklace,

,c^V

&

b6yun-ba^Ai.
gherdsnlik

Neighbour,

.^.^yi k6ngshu (k6m;

s.

C^J^
(^jtj*

shu),^W

jar

j^&*

mujavir.

Neighbourhood,
Necktie,
s.

5.

^jLl^ry
;

kongshu-

,<^V
s.

luk j\)&r jiwar


;

t-L^jW* mujav^ret.
..^w
yakzn,

Nectarine,

,J\j4 durrakz,

Neighbouring,

a.
-

tuysuz-sheftali.

^j^

yakmda

6lA,n,

^ty

Need,

s.

tf^p*^

ihtiyaj,
;

Cl^/*
,

z^uret,

jiwarda-olAn.
Neither, p. j^j^j-^Jb hich-birissi, j(<u
jl^j

t*z~+yf\>-

hajet

v.a.

miihtAJ-61.

nE-6-nE-6
<0

ad.

*J&j VE-

Needful,

a.

*j^ lazim;

the

nedE,

nE.
s.

i^^^**

3*

TJAbi'-mASslahat; <Lsrl Akcha,

Nephew,

^x>

ye^AEn,

^jlijjUj

^b

(para).
s.

biradEr-zadE, yjlj^^-jl^Jb herashlrEighn&, (^)j^ suzEn.

Needle,

&j\
s.

-zadE,

^J^JijU kayn-zadE, ^jJj^^Ul


2rjUr>-li5>-b

Needlework,

^.bJ

dikish

fc>f\

enishtE-zadE,
-zadE, &c. &c.

baj^nakh-

Needy,

a.

rj-i.s'*

muhtlj, ^Jii

fakir,

Neptune, s. L_^JOJ
Nerve,
s.
*\

\*)yo

neptun-yzldz'zz.

tM^x>-U>" hajetmend.

j+~>

sin^zr,

<Lwac "Xssaba

Negation, 9.J&\ inkyar;


Negative,
a.

^3
s.

nefy.
;

j*b

Xk-dAmar; L^Ob^j metanet,

&&\

^u
,

nefy-eden

d^,L^ jessaret.
Nervous,
a.

jjJol redd-eden;

^Ju t-jjp-

,J^j^ ^orkak
61 An

jJ^Ju^o
Ak-

harfi-nefy

v.a.
v

J, redd-et.
JUjfc!

metanetli;

^Sjlc^Lfi^i^tj!
-

Neglect,

s.

j!j-^J d ikkXtsz'zlzk,
,

dAmardan

"ibaret

*}j<b\$

ihmal

v.a.

IJUjfc!

ihmal-et,

(fy\^*~*
Nest,
s.
t

lk-dAmarlara-miita"allik<U ^ lanE.

bAkmamak.

ty yewa,

[6Un.

NET
Net,
5.

[205]

NITROGEN
n- dishlarila-yawXsh-yawXsh-

ji agh
a.

(cast)
{

<U^-? sAchma

yt*&*&' ^>tj\A
jjt*su>- \J?j^*
,

darassi-chzk-

zssrmak.
Nice,
tltli
a. ^>J
Tyi,

mzsh
m/sh
Nettle,
,

mAssrafi*-ch$k-

Jj^"

gbyilzel,

v.a.

(J*j]fi

kAzanmak.
zsszrghXn 6tu
;

^ijj/*

mErAklz,

s.

.yjl^A^/^

Lysr;jo^ pek-dikkAt-ediji.

v.a.

Nicbe,

s. 5.

XjS*> hujrE.

kunmak,
-ghitmek.
Neuralgia,
5.

ghyujuna-

Nick>

CJ^x>-

chentik,

cJj^ ghedik

in the very

of time,
.

tXmlm- wAktmdfl!

Neuter,

a.

^LtJlJi klrishmoyon,

<0

Niece,

s.jJ

X3\jjA\ji

birad

ne-erkek*nedishi-61an.

&c.

See Nephew.
s.

Niggard,

u~+~*-

khXssiss,

Neutral,

a.
j

tXma' kyar, <*5jA? jimri.

Neutrality,

5.

jjj

bitaraflik.

Nigh,
*

a.

^^

yakm,
;

c-^j5
,

kXrib,
L^jJlijI

Neutralize, v.a.

\*s? mahv-et.
hich,

d\> Jp nezdik
Xz-kXldz.

well

flrf.

Never, ad.

^.Jb

Xssla,

tol

[sheb.
gheyjcr,

eb6d E n.
Nevertheless,
c.

Night,

5.

As^
s. 5.

JJ

leyl,

c^Jj

&J ylnE

(ghenfi),

^o
n^v;

Nightgown,
Nightingale,

cAJ<kp
JJj

gheyjalik.

4-jU ma"a-ma-fih.

bulbul,

New,

a.

^J
s.

yen^i, X> J^sj- jedid,


;

"and^llb

(pi.
s. s.
s.

JJ^sr*

mujedded
pi.

^jlj

tazE.

Nightman,

News,

j+>-

khAbEr,

LJJ!^
jeridfi.

Nightmare,
Nightshirt,

(j*^

kyabus.
gheyjalik.

hawadiss.

[tXkwim, ^Joj>s.

C^Ursn^
<-$jij

Newspaper,

&\-

ghazeta, <C^i

fijS

Nile (river),

s.

J^J nil-nehri.

Newsvender,
sXtan.

s.

u^U>

ghazeta-

Nimble,
Nine,
a.

a.

C^U-

chabzk, LL)cJ tetik.

J^ftL d6kuz,

Next,

a.

^^^V. Jndaki ^^Jolt^J!


;

tiss'X <0 nuh.


Nineteen, Ninety,
a.

Xlt-yandaki,
ac?.

^^L?

sbngrdld

<*"jfa^^ 6n-d6kuz.

<^C<9 sbngra,
;

^Joo ba"dahu, ^^J


erte"ssi-

^LJ&?
(J*~*

doksan, ^.^--J tlss"m.

pess

day,

^^^^^t
^alj^s

Nip,

v.a.

$ kessmak.

-gbyiin,

^fi

ferdassi-ghyiin,

Nippers, s.pl.
Nipple,
s.

^U

kzssAj.
^-<i>l>(iU^

[-bXshz.

<U^o

memE,

memE-

6-bir-ghyun.

[klt"-et.

Nitre,

s.

<d>-^=
s.

ghyuhErchilE.

Nib,

5.

jjjjjJ
v.a.

burun

v.a.

Nitrogen,

^Ls*-^! jj^c muweUidu-'l-

Nibble,

tr^(^4tjc

ghyuherchilE.

NO
No,
ad.

[206]
if

NOTHING
5.

jjj ybk,j+* khayr,


hich,
;

la

p.

Nonsense,

<U^-

sXchma,

matter, J'&b hich-bir rar -yk more, ad.


J

bosh-lak/rdz,

^-Jb^Lx^ ma"nassiz[-bir-yEr.

-shey.

artik

JucU-J ff-ma-ba
s.

'd.

Nook,

s.

*J*

kywshE,

^^.^ kuytus.

Nobility, Assalet
;

l^-i

shure'fa;

Noon, Noonday, Noontide,


wyljE-wXktz,^^ zuhr,

^XJjAijjl

(jl^J^U
kerim

ASslzadE-ghian.

,^5 J\y zewal[wlkti.

Noble,

a.

c_^-f^
;

nejib,

c-^-1
Asstl,

sherif,

Noose,

5.

Cl)v*L! ilmik.

*lj^~~'

<J^1

Nor,

c.

<0 HE. *J<Gj VE-nE-da,


5.

Assaletlu.

North,
5.

jU-ij shimal,JJ^lj yHdz'z;


shimali;
west,
a.

Nobleman,

a.

JU-fc
;

east,

AsslzadE.

p6yrAz

J^^J

kXra-yel.
ad.

Nobody, p. <L/t
hich-kimsE.

kimsE,

Northerly,

Northward,

*jjL

u^c^lj? yzldzza-d6ghru.

Nocturnal,

a.

^j!Jco5j^V?
(

gheyja-

Northern,

a.

,JU-^> shimali.

-wXkti'nda-olAn,

J-J leylT.

Norway,
bash-ilan.

s.

L^-jjiy n6rvejia.
a.

Nod,

5.

C^W^J^jU^b
;

Norwegian,
Nose,
5.

^Ls^-jjy

n6rve'jiali.

-edilEn-isharet

v.a.

and

^b
-

u^
5.
s.

burun, u-a3l enf.

blsh

- ila -

isharet

et;

Nosegay,
-demeti,
Nostril,

^^cJC^sa^ghyuldesstE.

chichek-

*ba

Jyijjl

uyku-

<!^-jjJ^

da-bXshi-ghywkssuna-dushmek.
Noise,
5.

(j

sess, \^*tf

sAda

Not,

ac?.

|j-l\.jjjy burun-de%Ai. See Grammar.


ghedik,
,

ghywruldu,

<0'U-i> sbo:mAta.

Notch,
;

5.

cJj

C>2^ ch^ntik,
dL?jj pussla
;

Noisy,

fl.

<Cti-i>

shamAtfl

^^Jdish;
Note,
s.

v.a.

(jJvCJ.^ch^ntmek.

shamAtah'; ^^.aJ'U-i) shamAtajz.

JJ tezkerE, xj*

Nomad, Nomade,
tJjJJ
bfcde'vi.

a.

<U^^= ghywch^bfi,
i^tibar;
iXfzi;
,

v.a.

IL^JSJ dikkAt-et
zXbt-et,
,

Nominal,

a.

^i&

^^\

issmi;

down, yazzvErmek
"ayyin,

\\3+*>

cX^jyjb
miita-

L^Lxc!
Nominate,

i"tibarl.
v.a.
5.

[nXssb-et.

of

^+*Zso

1^^-w ta"ym-et, Ic.^*^


Ijo.^ mubt^da.

J~A*
<U>5l3
s.

mu^
of hand,

Nominative,

beUi-bXshli;

Jj

Nonchalance,

s.

^JsJu5
hich,

kaydsizlik.

bank

ka'imE.
a.

None,

^>.

^v&
kimsE,

^^-^

hich-bir;

Note-book,

<U^sr* mejma'

<L-^^Jb hich-kimsE,

Noted,

a.
5.

fl^o meshhur.
rfj* hich,
/*t\fi
t

hich-bir-kunsE (or

Nothing,

bir-shfey;

"adsm, .^

nisstT

NOTICE
Notice,
s.

[207]
^icl i"lan
,

NUTMEG
arf.

j+~>;

khlbsr;
to give
;

Nowhere,
Noxious,
rXtlt.

tfj^j-^jb hich-bir-yErda.

c^jj J dikkXt

khAbEr-vErmek

-- cXo^^-c*public
,

a.

^U muzzrr, jtijo*
ijJjA emzik,

mXzar-

[(J^J^ burun.
s.

\Jk\

i"lan-et; to take

IL^JJJ

Nozzle,

Ulc ghagha,

Notification,

s.^>-

khAber. [dikkAt-et.
khXberinitassAvvur.

Nucleus,

t.J^ mErkEz.

Notify, v.a.

CiXoj \^iff^
[efkyar),
"aid,

Nude,

a.

J^fs.

chipUk.
[

-VErmek.
Notion,
s.

jy^J

Nuisance,
Null, a.

bela.

jLb

bitil.

Jc

J^

fikr (pi.

j&\

^ji

b6sh,
a.

J-^^>-

hiikmsuz,

Notoriety, 5.

Notorious,

& Jjd*^-S shwhret-rediyyE. a.ft* mut^watir, c


c.

Numb, Numbed,

^&jjj! uyushuk,

^A^j^jl uyushmush.
Number,
5.

-y.1* sayz,

JA^ "^ded

Notwithstanding,

&j

yine"

(ghenE),

v.n.
,

iJ^j\
v.a.
;

61mak, j^j-^V

bXlz^A-61;

<LjU>^c
Nought,
5.

ma"a-ma-fih.
JLs
sifr
;
|

jUgl*

saymak, Ul*tJ> ta"dad,

c-^^^
,

hich-bir-

-et

a great
wafir.

j^
ch6k,

ch6k,

j&

-shey; to

come

to

^J^A^&J^^i

kesslr,^slj

[kessret-uzerE.

bosha

chikmak,

<iUUhjl ^>&j\

Numerous,
Nuptial, a.

a.

j^
<UJjl

^j^d^ii
nuptials,
s.

arkassz-ishlEmamek.

^jLoxca^J^JJuJj! evlEnma;

Nourish, v.a.

cJv*Lj besslEmek.
5.

-du^Aununa-muta"allik
pi.

Nourishment,

C3v4J yemek, C^>-<UJ

^JjJ
5.

evlEnma-du^rAunu,

yeyEJek; ^-:cL5l>-clX4L-.J
-khASssassz.

besslEmek[hikyayE.

<uJj
Nurse,

velinuE, jj~s stir.

^gglalj^j^r.^^
L5^VV ^^r^

khXsstaya-

Novel,

a.

-bAktjt;
.

chojuyAa,

Novelist,

j^

-bXkijt,

u5Jb

dadi; wet
; ,

u!j

Novelty,

5.

C)u
s.

yenyilik;

^^uJ

day^, UtCL^yi

sut-ana

v.a.

(J*i\j
;

tuhaf-shey.

bAkmak,

lt%*%*Jk** khzdmet-et(hiz-)

November,
Novice,
s.

^^^.y^

teshrmi-sam.

LLX^j
Nursery,
s.

CJ^-*) sut-vErmek,

cX^<!
ch6-

L^S^

"XJEmi.

emzirmek; ^lijL9 saklamak.


<d?j! (Jflj^r?'^
;

Now,

arf.

L^X*-i> shimdi, JU. hala, ^H!


j*^l!

ijfiff*g*

el-an,

el-yevm,
;

*^^lU!i

juklera-makhsuss-6da
el-

-hale"tu-hazihi

c.

L^J^l imdi

<?

Nurserymaid,

u^jlj dadi.
;

and then, Ui*j bA"zon,


Xj0\j\

*/^*J
&J\j\

Nut,

s.

J JcJ
s.
s.

ftndik

(of a screw)

ara-sara,

Nutgall,

c5jU mAzj.

[somun.

-sorada, UL>-1 ihyanan.

Nutmeg,
jevizi,

c^j^^l^JoJfc hbdisstan-

Now-a-days, ad.

i_&X*-2* shindi.

\jr jevzi-bewwa.

NUTRIMENT
Nutriment,
s.

[208]
L^->-&~}
Obliging, Oblique,
harif,
a, a.

OBSTRUCT
jl^Lc
e^Ari.
s.

C^X^ yemek,

"inayetkyar.

yeyEJek; ^^^l^CJv*JujbbsslEniek-khASsassz.
Nutritious,
u.

(Jjtc ma'il, c_j-stc

mun[lik.

[-VEiir-olan.

u^l

(^

<^

kuvvet-

Obliqueness, Obliquity,
Obliterate, v.a.

CJ-b^l

eprAri-

(^'^, bozmak, c3vilcbizmek.


nissyan,

silmek,

cX*^^
5.

0.
Oblivion,

^L-J

^^^^
JJa^-^
fahish,
[shet.
9

O,

int.

L\

by,

l>

ya.

feramushi.

[musstAtH.

Oak,

s.

rfH^-c
5.

meyshE,

^^W

JJL+*

Oblong,
Obscene,

a.

^jjjl
a.

uzun

s.

Oakum,
Oar,
s.

,J j2~s\

usstiipu.

^jL^

piss,

j^^i^U

<JJj/ kyurek.
Jol And,
,

^U^<Uj| edeba-mughayir.
to take

Oath,

s.

^/u yemm;
Jj!

Obsceneness, Obscenity, L^-SA-s fehAObscure,


a.

an
Oats,

CJv*^
<

And-ichmek,

1^^

J^J^5

kXranh'k,

JJo^
,

s. j?/.

JjL> yulXf.

[y&mm-et.

muzlim;

^ljL<
5.

mughlak,

{.^

Obdurate,

a.

^cs-Ju^
s.

"inadji.

mubhem.
Obscurity,
(ju\j*
a.
s.

Obdurateness,

jlic "inad.

kXranlzk.

Obedience,
inkz'yad,

s.

L^cW

ita"at,

Obsequious,
Observation,

^>\^c mu

Jli^!

imtissal,

fa
;

nXzar
Jw?^

C
;

mumass^let.
Obedient,
a.

[munkAd,

*\j
,

ram.
i)Us^

nlzar-etmeklik

rXssAd

^a

-Ja^c

mutf

mulabaza.
Observatory,
5.

Obese,

a.

{jU-L-Ji

shishman.
(dinE-

<fcjU-Ju^j

rXssAd-khanE.

Obey,

v.a.

cJv^d^J dinglEmek
ita^at-et,

Observe,

v.a.

<J-^V b^krnak, c3vJjji

mek),

!c^^\t!

ghywzetmek, te^Jf J dikkXt-et; (jrfjo


tutmak,

munkad-61.
Object,
s. *
j>-

^L^oUj
et,

ri"ayet-et,
imtissal

l^l-Jl
-

jissm,

^J^o

mfer'i

ittiba"
;

IJL-.^*!

et

meram, ol^o murad, J^*oiU mXksud a^ mef^ulun - bih v.n.


;

LL^^i-).^^-j

suweylEmek,

^J^oj^J

buyurmak.
Obstacle,
5.

i"tirAZ-et.

*JU> mani", &i~j


5.

sektE.

Objection,
Obligation,
,

s.

^J^
;

i"tirlz.

Obstinacy,
;

jLc

"inad,

C^?JjU^

5.

L^JJ^S*

mejburiyyet

mu"an^det, J^*J temerrud.


Obstinate,
a.

b6rj

Jj^^

tahvil,

CiX-^J

^*~<J\^-

"inadjz,

<^ix<

temessuk.
Oblige, v.a. \^>- jebr-et,
\

mu"<hmid,

J^;^

mut^merrid.

\j^r\
\*j*

ijbar-et;

Obstruct,

i?.a.

LLJv+~-

kessmek, ^J^<^
1

jfrS?

mejbur-et

kErEm-et,

kXpAmak,
-et.

^1*^ tzkamak,

A~ sedd-

"inayet-et, tl^Jal lutf-et.

OBSTRUCTION
Obstruction,
s.

[209]
Occupy,
v.a.

OCULAR
^^.^^/^j
ish-VErmek,

-JLo

mam",

suddE.
Obtain, v.a. i^-w^sa^ tahszl-et,
isstihsal-et,

J^J^^jl
ishghal-et
61,
;

ish-bulmak,
\^jxL.<<

IJU-fc!
;

m^shghul-et
1

^JJU

na'il

jlyiia*
<JK/*J!

^4J*J? tutmak,
-tutmak,

^^'^ (C

wAktint-

miizAffEr

61,

(Jr^jj

bulmak,

dfa&Jby&^ri}

ishindan-

Almak,
)tuse,

^J^by
a.

k6parmak.

-Alzk6mak,^^U mani"61;
kessmcz;
issti^Ab-et, (J*3^y tutmak, JJ

j^i

ky^r, J^s*^j^i^-1
(fern.

dirayetsiz,

ahmak
<L5>^-ftJw

d61durmak

^Isr*

zAbt

^-g-:.-><

munferij

raiinferiJE).

1ix>

vujudi-ila-ghayrm^-dukliuliniC^/*i-*jl

Obviate, v.a.

(J^^^J^^J^-

charEssmi"ilajini-

mkn"-et;
Occur,
v.w.

isstEmek.

-bulmak,

^J^J^J ^cj-lc.

(Jr^^

61mak,

'-^j

-bulmak.
Obvious,
a.

WAkz"61,
(_>~i achzk,^jlx-i>l ashikyar,

^^
s.

zuhur-et,

c^

fz"la-gliElmek.

Occurrence,

yZA

ish,

shey,
;

"ay an.
Occasion,
5.

wak"a
s

(pi.

'j

wakaz)

s,

kErrs,

JxJ J
LjrJl

def"a

s.pl.

wuku^At,

(^J\s

c^^li^

munass^bet,
hajet
;

iktiza,

zuhurlt, c

(^+~> sebeb, c:

Ocean,

s.

c^J yLb
klmuss,

d?sh-den^izi,
*

"ummln,
ikyanuss,
[-b6yassz.
'

y
<^-i> i.*j

fzrsAt,

s
;
,

ser-rishtE

v.a.

>jJ derya.

irass-et,
-et,

intaj-et,
i-61,

Ochre,

s. 5.

(red)

ASnz'-

c
ba"iss-61,
,

Octagon,

Octagonal,
J
t,J5i *

a.

^^A
sekiz-

jlci-^b

muriss-61,

mussemmEn,

*\^~

muntij-61,
a.

Occasional,

<^So

zuhuri,

October,
Ocular,

s.

J^lgt)"*?

teshrmi-EWEl.
ghywz-ilaproof,

a.

Jkj~A&J$
;

Liu

ba"zan,

^ ara-szra,
ikida-bir.

lil-

ghywrulEn

to

give

demonstration,

c
;

Occupation,

5.

c^^
J*A
shughl
kyar,
;

hghuliyykt,
(pi.

ghywz

- ila -

ghywsstErmek

to have

^\

ish,

JU^l
pishE
;

j\
- ila -

ghywz-

feshghal),

jli

4l-J

ghywrmek,
-

^U^l

issti^lb

&

zXbt-

re'ya

"ayn

mushah^dfi-et
ghyuzfta-

-u-muhlfaza.

witness, &j

*".}
o.

OCULIST
->

[210]

OFFER
wakz"-61, jjjycjj} wuku"-bulmak
to
;

shahidu-l-"ayn,

shahid.
Oculist, s. *<jb

go

cXc,= ghitmek
^J^^
,

^frjj* ghy&zju-hekim.

Atesh-llmak;

61mak,
chikar-

Odd,

a.

CX5

tek;

c_~sf
uJlsr

"Ajlb (Xja'ib),
tuhlf.
(short)

uymak
mak,

to take

(J-*j\A*>;

c_^j^c

ghflrib,

(Js*jA\\s

kXld/rmak

cX*"..^
i

Ode,

s.

(long) *Ju*J kXssidE,

kessmek,

l^laj

kXt"-et;
,

JU!AJ

Jji

ghazel.

tXklid-et; to pull

^jb J

kopar-

Odious, a.ji^b*<j menfur,

^C

mekruh,

mak;
,

^j^^J^^I

usstundan-Xlmak;
sagh-

&y

kerih,
a.

2fjz~~o
jiyjjJ

musstekrEh.

a.

say A,

^yjjjbil^
C^l

Odorous,
ra'ihah*.

kokulu,

^JLss^lj

tarafdaki.
Offal,
s.

u^lijt

^UJjL

CiU^
<i^s^
;

Odour,
bu,

s.

koku,

fcs?\j ra'iha,
,

haywAnmg-et-sayilmayAn-taraflarz.
Offence,
5.

u^y buy;
-

sweet

yyjjj^
ra'iha'i-

L^^^-l-Jf

kAbahat,
,.-^?
,

ghyuzel

k6ku, a;^ ^a^ ^


1

junha,
tejavuz
;

j5j-

jurm,
give
;

such

Jj^^T

-tayyibE,

^j^
^5}jU

*-^

buyi

shirin

to

\^<j&*!>,

bad
A^rAir
-

fEna-k6ku,

yJ^cl
ra'iha'i-

ghyuJEndirmek

to take

l^^&-j

k6ku,
;

*i*f*
,

&sx?\j

ghyuJEnmek.
Offend, v.a.

-kerihE

in

bad
1'^'

c-J^i^B menkyub,

cJ^,J^^=
v.n.

ghyuJEndir-

LA*^J^ ^^Vmush.
Of, pr.

i"tibardan-dush-

mek;

tc^j^Li' kXbahat-et;
Uli^
ghyunah-et
;

^^
jJ
lu,
in$r,

such-et;.

cXi niny
Ha
;

(jJ dan

against,

^L^-O^>^jlx^j mughayir-

li,

<U-M

^JJ*}^^
;

dan;

-har^kEt-et.

wturu,
.,.

^j/^L^jJ dan-dolayi
;

ji ez

Offender,

s.

y^y*

suchlu,

mm ^ c
t

#n.

kXbahatb', /*/^ mujrim,

Off,

ad.

^JLV.*;^!
;

usstundan, j^J^jJ^

junha-sahibi; old

iizErindan

,J^Jj^

uzlk;
;

^^|jj^
,

CL^p L5Cl
Offensive,
a.

esski-kurt.

uzXkda,

<tc\j^\

uzXyAa
;

to be

<0^

kerlh,

JJ

bed;

ghitmek

<J^1&

yMmak,

cj^J^lsr tejavuzi;

and

defensive,

sikdirmek, j^^s*- jihan-

jJoljJjL^yWr
Offer, 5.
,
<

tejavuzi-vE-tedafu"z.

nam-61

to be

weU

flJ^J'

teklif;

^^j
,

vErish;

hussnu-halda-61, j^ c

v.n.

cX*4Jj^-i

ghywrunmek,
v.a.

uyghun-61, jl,J U^-*l^ refahz-halz-61,

b^
"arz-et

zuhur-et;

^JUslAyc
come
,

mureffahu-'l-hal-61;

to

VErmek;
;

l^jJ^f

teklif- et;

^4JLs>- chzkmak,
/J^Jjl

violence,

(J
feelings,

k6pmak

61mak,

z6rlamak;

to one's

OFF-HAND
_
tekllf-et.
j
'i

[211]

ON
esskidan, /^.^jl ez-kAdim, AjJkSl!^^*

min-el-kAdlm,
a.

J"^^^

"an-Xsslin,

OfF-hand,

j~LcJj
;

pek-teklifsiz
; ,

fi-'l-Xssl,

^jJJAJjl ittEdon-

~i\z

"arsz'z

C^U;

chab/k

5.

jj.J

J^JLol esskidan-beri.
a.

sa^-tarafi.
Office, s.

Oldfashioned,
*kj!

*J^b ^tcj ^~>\

esski-

JJ kalEm
a
;

6da

*jU

-zeman-tarzi.

L^*v<Jc^ khzdmet (hiz-),


ish.

Oleander,
Olive,
5.

5.

*i zakkum.
;

iU me'muriyyet, (^^J
Officer, s.
Official, a.
5.
j

(jyjj zeytun (zeytin)


Ji

tree,
;

zabit

j^oo memur.
;

oil,

,**^j ressmi
(

ly, ad.

U~^j
Omelet,
s.

&*k*s kayghana.

Offing,
Oft,

j>\

enghin.

[ressman.
ad.

Omen,

5.

Jli
a.

fXl.

Often,

Oftentimes, Ofttimes,

chok,

^\}^
<

Ominous,

ch6k

^Jo^cy Jli

fXl

kirrE,

JJj^>- ch6k-def"a,

*/4^
keraran,

^^j^sX
niJE-

menhuss.
s.

Omission,
^

>T^* klch-kfirfE;

j^s

kussur
;

j+e&

tXkstr

^J.*^ szk,

u
Omit,

>\

Xtlayzsh

cJ/

terk.

(J^fffJ^
meraran.

szk-szk,

|j^

V>^

v.a.

brak^J.^j\ Xtlamak, (J+*\j*


terk-et,

Ogle, v.a. JH*S'J

mak, ijJy
*/VyK*^Uc
"ishvE-

l^laJ^J^
\

sarfz-

nXzar-et;
kussur-et,

an opportunity,

kyaranE-y^n-bXkmak.
Ogre, s.j^^^j^o mErdumkhar.

-kXchzrmak.

["arabassi.
-

Oh

int. *1
\j

ah, c5\j vay, i\j

wah.
;

Omnibus,
,

s.

charshi-

Oil, 5.

yagh,

^j rughXn
l
(

v.a.

Omnipotence,

Omnipotency,

5.

Cl

b ya^Alamak,
Ointment,
Old,
a.
s.

.
r

Jj>jJ

tedhm-et.

j^l J^
Omnipresent,

kudret-"ale.-'l-itlAk.

4>
esski,

Omnipotent, 0.^^J kXdlr.

v
<)

kXdim

a.

Sji^CjjJulx*

mekyan-

esskimish,
(person) te*-y k6ja, !**,
o

dan-munezzeh.
ikhtiyar,

j^>-

Omniscience,
Omniscient,

5.

^jilo^

Ac

"ilmi-mutlXk.

miissinn,

^JujJLj

sal-didf,

a.

A.\ a"lEm, >Jx "alim,

al-khurdE;
plr,
lA-i>

man, ^-J
ikhtiyar
;

**

'all

am.
E,

sheykh,
<*$J&ter
fi

j^>
"ajuz
;

On, pr.

&

a;

2r

O!E,

da
;

<

woman,

koja-klri, ^-J

usstuna,
uzErina,

usstunda

j pirE-zen, j^js.
ment,

Testa-

XJjjj\
; ,

uzErinda
ad.

j)
;

bfir

tevrlt,

J^
,

"ala
usstE,

^\

ilEri

^1
yinE

-''^^; of

yJCL^j!

usstdfi;

<L1J

ONCE
j mutemadiyan
s
jjljb yayan, L->tc
;

[212]
bir
-

OPIATE
5.

duziyE,
ad.
a.

Onion,

^l^tf so^AAn, J*aJ

bAssl.

foot,

Only, af?.J$3b yllm^iz, law fkAt,


silt,

yjL

mashiyan
high,

sadE,

^U

safi,

Lj piyadE

AlLjZjf yiik;

mujerred.

[kitlbz.
g.

^
ghyhghv,

yuksekda

Onomasticon,
Onset,
5.

^*W

C^UJ

lughAt-

Xj*
;

ghywkdE, d
horseback,

fi-'ss-semavati
At-ila
;

Onslaught,

^^ ^^
5.

hujum.
hiijum.
[-tlshi.
5

j\
;

AtK, j\j~s

suwar,

Onward,

ad.

^W

il^ri.

suwari
suss,
1

purpose,

*
JuaS kAssdan,

^y^s^ +
!*X4*c

makh;

Onyx, "s,
Ooze,
v.n.

(^^ ^W^(J^jy szzmak,


1

suleymlni-

"mdan

^^J neshv-et

that day,

^/Jjl

61-ghyun,
;

^
,

(or!c-U
Opal,
.

neshf-et), \Jo\su takltur-et.


l

jijij^ y^vmi-mezkyur

to

put

s*A^\ *#' ^aynu-'sh-shemss.

CJvK

ghimek;
to
;

cXjJ^=
,

ghidiril^ri-

Opaque,

a.

^^ dunuk,
~&*
, \ f

C_P

A
>;

^ kessif.
x,>l A .<^->

mek;

go

i^cS^\A
olmak,

Open,

a.

<J^-\ achfk,

jb

biz,
;

ghitmek

^^^
;

cX*^se
;

kyushadE,

meftuh

v.a.

ghechmek

come

CX*L ghiyilmek CX*K ghElmek,

to
,

J.s feth-et (fet-h);

v.n.

^*>a.

chzlmak.
"<

Opening,

J^

musshil
(jb\j\
;

5.

mek.
Once, ad.
xj*-)

^^^lii^-l

achzklzk,

aralzk,

^-J
;

bir-kErrE,

def"a, j*~j> bir-sefEr;


-wXkzt,
ti^UjiJ 1

^L^J c^JfJ

bir-

kApz

L^-^s
achzlnifl!

fzrsAt
;

^U^*-!

achma

bir-

<ui>-l

JL

feth (t-h),

jll^

(J^jj*

bir-z^mAn,
-

,.r<^j
;

ky u shad.
Openly, ad.

wAktan

min - el - evkAt

^>-\

^chzk,
<?

'^^^^^^^
<*

more, IfcJ^ bir-daha.

^chzkdan-^chzp'^a, \j%>- jehran, IjLc


;

One,

a.J
/*
\

bir;

LlX>
(fern.

yek

Jc^l ^h^d,
; ,

"ayanan, ^lLi>! Ashzkyar.


,Opera,
5.

4X>-lj

wahid

c^Jk^l ihda)
kishi
;

\j

6pEnz.

[durbmT.
\

pr.
,

XdAm, ,^-^=>

some
/*J\

Opera-glass,

5.

^*+3jj

\Jj\

op^ra-

XdAm
,

u^J biri, no
;

^
,

J^J

birissi,

Operate,
i^Lbcjj*

v.n.

LL)-/iljJ ishlsmek,

ytA

<L~/*

kimsE
;

every

ish-ghywrmek;

LJ 0* te'sir-et;
;

yjb
^2~>.j*
;

hsr-kess
birissi,
/*

any

"AniEl-VErmek

t^ifl

biri,

kimsE

's-self, <-(X-

kendi.
[insAf.

One-eyed,

&&
s.

Ophthalmia,
Opiate,
5.

5.

J^

remed.

yekcheshm.
/*

^ic y
.

Onesidedness,

uJUsy!

mak-zchm-bir-"ilAJ

OPINE
Opine, v.n.
Opinion,
kiyiiss,
s.
\

[213]
Oral, a.

ORIENTAL
^j*^l A^zdan,
&

^a

zthm-et.

^JfttiA

shifahi;

cjfy rfc'y,

^
-j

zann, (^/-uJ
SMZ
r

ly, arf.

UU->

shifahan.
;

kAvl,

(legal)

Orange,

s.

JUjj^J p6rtakAl

(SevUle)

\f*

fetwa.
inadji.

^y turunj.
Orangoutang,
Oration,
Orator,
Orbit,
s. s.

Opinionated,

^y*+<<

maymun.

Opium,

5.

Afyun.
s.

[mukhAlif.
liJOKir*

^jbj nutk.

Opponent,
Opportune,

*as>-

khAssm,

s.

/%K -^ mlri-kfelam.
felek
;

[y61.
;

a.

^iy*Jo^*UJ
^i^-iL^o

tAniAm-

5. fciJil

J iyl

da'irE

J^>

-wAktinda-dlAn,
betli.

munasse'-

Orchard,

5.

,c^ ^^
s.

meyvE-bA^Ai.

Orchestra,
s.

^Lrs^ilU^ chAlghfjzler.

Opportuneness,

<j]juJj\

*JcJJ>j

/%UJ

Ordain, v.a. \^r^!JJ tErtlb-et,

\++&J
\\_ -*'*

tAmAm-wAktmda-61maklik.
Opportunity,
s.

tanzlm
L^-OJ

et

\**\

emr

et

\**oj*

fzrsAt,

nAssb-et.

wXkt,

c^A.Mo>l^<i

munass^bet.
-ljljj

Order,

s.

/*Ua3

nizlm, /U;Jl intizSm


Xj0
L-jJ
sira
;

karshz'-durmak,

w_^.Jy
S4\j\

tErtib,

mukhalefet-et,
t -

!c

iradjs,
;

tenbih,

et

siparish

L- P-'M^
t?)rTkAt;

smf,

\j~^*- jinss

karshz

ghywndErmek,

c^Ju^
v.a.

^lU

nishAn

\+*n' ij..^...^ tertlb-et,

t^nz?miradfi-et,

Opposite,
klbil,

a.

,<-^j^ karshz,

Jj\^> mu-

-et;.

emr-et,

\XJ\j\

<^l^o muwajih.
s.

!<U,oJ tenbih-et; \(jy\+~> siparish-et,

Opposition,

e^-^ljsr*

mukhalefet,

issmarlamak
issmarlama.

to

a.

e^x)U* mumana"t.
Oppress,
w.a.

cL^<Jji-^JcJl.*tf

szkmdz-

Ordinar)', a.

.^-^
L

baya^^z, <-jl& "adi.

-VErmek
-et,

^iJu^
Jvb
5.

szkmak,

\^

zulm-

Ordnance,
Ore,
s.

5.

>^t6p,

^^>

(hAvAn).

l^Juo t"ddi-et.
#.

^;J^^ ma"dEn, jls

filizz,

J*f?

Oppressor,

zalim.

jevhEr.

" Opprobrium,
Optician,
5.

c--^*c

ayp'

Organ,

s.

L^J!

alet;

(^y^^

Erghanon.
^ jfcJ

^c^ jj^ ghywzlukji.

Organization,

s.

c^-Jy

tertib,

Option,

5.

jUi^-1 ikhtiyar.
s.

tnzzm.

Opulence,

<-^/

sfervet,

^UL saman,
[temevvil.

Organize, v.a. tu.^.Jy tertib-et, ^*-ia^


tanzfm-et, ^^*-iJ tensik-et, k~i*j,a
(J^c^i

Ll3-Ii-^3j zEnghinlik.

Opulent,
Oracle,

a.
s.

j^j
C*

zEnghin,

J^^o
(k-h)

mu1^

szrassma-k6mak.
f

mekhen

Orgie,

5.

CL^Lc j ^A^^
-2*

"zsh-u-' ishret.

Oriental, a.

shark?.

ORIENTALIST
Orientalist, s. U-ll

[214]
elsinE-

OUT
s.

^j^
delik,

&M

Otter,

i~$jy4+*t40
s.

su-samuru.
ghyul-ya^Az.

sharkiyyE- ashina.
Orifice,
s.

Otto of roses,

^l) J^
5.

ci^b
jji

ji\ tyhz,

j/

Ottoman, a.^L)Ui^ "6ssmanK. ["aliyyE.

ghywz,
surakh.
Origin,
s.

fEm, ^IfcJ dihan,

Ottoman Empire,
Ought,
v.
s.

<uLe

ci^ljJ devleti-

aux.
(troy)

See Grammar.

JJ

assl,

iJwc mebde',

Ounce,

j^^C)!*^)^
;

6n-

menshe',

jjilj bAsh,

^w

-dirhEmlik-tartz

(avoirdupois) jC*j
sekiz
-

langhij, J/4J temel, Jji EWE!, \JCjl


ibtida, *J^ bed'.

^^tuJl^Oj^fls?
-dirhEmlik-tartz
;

buchuk-

(animal)

u^^r^^J
/O
bizim.

Original, a. rJu*l Assli

W"

tuhaf,

bir-nev"-kAplAn.

^-r"^^
ghrlb;

"ajib

aja ib),
,

t-^J^pC

Our, a.pro.j* miz,J^J imiz


Ours,
^pro.

,Jc) deli;

5.

JJlssl;

^
j*i&
s.

bizim

^~*)j bizimki,

ljluJlas?

tuhaf-XdAm,

^J deli.
\je
,

^LCe^
Ourself,

bizimkilar.

Originate, v.a. <jA&r>- chzkmak,

s.

kendimiz.
kendimiz.

zuhur-et,
v.a.

\c^iU

nesb'et-et;

Ourselves,

pl.^*>&

-<\>~

chzkarmak,

Oust,

v.a.

(J*j\su>* chekarmak.
>gj\>*
kharij,

dushunmek, letajl ibda"-et.


Ornament,
s.

Out,
zib,
,

ad.

i^lL

tXshra,

^^J

ziuet,

c-^J
;

L^illJ? dzsharz;

<iUt_^liLJ? dzsharz'ya;
;

L>J

ziba,

^/^bj j zibayish

v.a.

dzsharda

a.

ujllJ?
\jL4Jy**
;

dzsharz'-chzkimsh

lEndirmek, ^J^jUjJ ddnatmak


one's
self,
s.

swnmush,
bitmish,

^ilai^s

munt^fi

^^
-kiu<>

C)/*J^ bezEnmek.
yetim, J*-ijl wksuz.
5.

^i^i^J

dukEnmish, .^sSi^e

Orphan,

munkXzz'i ^joj^^o munkarz'z,

Orthography,
Oscillate, v.a.

^^

imla.

munkXtz";
dan-kharij
^j>
bT,
;

J^Jl^

sXllanmak.

-na;

of,pr.^4 dan; -rj\^^


,

a.

l~*

siz, ib bila,

Oscillation, s.

<UJL0 sXllanma.

of

hand,
;

^<A!!

Ostensible, a. <_^&U0 zahirT,

^^

"al^ni.

Eldan-chzkmzsh

to put

Ostentation,

5.

ij^f**

ghywsstErish.

Ostler, 5. (j~**~i se'iss.

mak
^x-i>
sa'ir.

-place,

Ostrich,

5.

.^ibJijJ d^vE-kushu,

--

humour,

^t^^ darghm;
ijM-sU^

j~)
;

wlkitsiz, J

^x) shutur-murgh.
Other,
a.
7
.

L [akhar,y

munass^betsiz,

J^b
JjiJ*,*

na-be-mahdll;

<UlJ bXshka, jCo dighEr, ^>!

b6shda ^Jji^j

ma"zul ;

Otherwise, ao
,

^JAAlJ
yakhud
;

bAshka-(turlu)

pocket, ^jj> z^rarli,


etmish,

\J^&\jj* zrar*ju

c.

J*r>-b

XjJ/J

\J^&\
;

u^oU

dighsr.

-(kayb)-etmish

--

(pra)-

sight, c-^-jU

OUTBREAK
gha'ib,

[215]

OUTWARD
-shey'inp'
-

uyUxi

mefkud,

ESSEH

bils

kXlmadikdan-

ghywrunmiyor,
miyor;

j^^^j^=>
tune,

ghywzikOutlook,
5.

\j^^j^.^^
zuhur.

CJ;lla3 nXzaret
,

laA-J tey-

ahEnghi-b6zulmush.
Outbreak,
Outcast,
s.
s.

akkuz
;

on the
a.

JuJto

mukayyed.

^U^fi "essyan j^a


te*~*=s

Outlying,

^S^**>>"A^

kharijda-6lAn,

jj&*

mAtrud-

!2^M)Jf^j1

uzXk-dushEn.
v.a.

-kimessnE.
Outcry,
s.

Out - manoeuvre,
velvet,

^ J^

^^
V

f Eryad.

Outdo,

v.a.

dJv4-s?3JkjUjl? " V

yXpmakdaJ

-gelmek.

-gechmek.
Outer,
Outfit,
a.
5.

Outnumber,
-ziyadE
-

v.a.
61, j\

i^L-t dsh, iffjfe- khariji.


if\j-j&. kharjz-rah
;

j^s\^c mutejaviz

61,

*JI 'i takzm.

CXijs^ ghechmek.
Outport,
s. s.

p4ssi.

Outflank,

v.a.

ClXx4-i>t)

^u>-

L&

^^CUyJ?

tAshra-isskeileriki-

CXi^t^pCjli^

kendi-jenAbi-dush-

Outpost,

Jyy
a.

^=>*)j\

mEnin-jenAbinden-gechmek.
Outgoing,
raf
;

-kArakol.

s.

-r-y^- kharj,

u-^*^^

mAss-

Outrageous,
fahish
;

^g&%

tXshkzn,

g)j>- khuruj, ^iS->s.

chekzsh.

c^}.^

kizghin,

y>~\3 ^ i*r-*~j\

itguard,
kol,

Jyjyf^j^LI
nubetji.

il^riki-kAra-

darghm.
Outreach, v.a. ^iJ^jJ! Xldatmak.
Outright, ad.
Outset,

^^Vy
.

Outhouse,

iUjJo^? sundurma.

^^U^
dzsh,

bitun-bitun, Ll^

Outlandish, a,J~JUJlj yakzshzkszz.

s. tjcj! ibtida. s.

[kyulliyyan.

Outlaw, ^.jljU^s fErmAnH,

.^^

"ASSZ,

Outside,

Ji^s

u^llJ? dhhari,
tharij,

U3^J)U JcJ
Outlay,
s.

kAth'-halal-6lAn.
,

^lt
v.a.

tAshra,
; ,

rfe'

^^
;

cJ^-^c mlssraf;

blrun
the

a.

^^-jl^

khariji

at

\L-Jj0
Outlet,
s.

sarf-et.

<LJj\<Ljy

61sa-61sa,

e^/^3

-Try^
-

makhrej,
^-J

nihayet;
;

price,

^ty

<*-^V

chikajak
nefesslik.

ysr,

klpi

LL

nihayet- pXhAssz.

Outskirt,

s.

L^Jc^llJa
a.

dzsharz-yErt.

Outline,

s.

>oj
-

^i^lu^jijy
Jfl^a?

kuru;

Outspoken,
-soweyler.

y^^- U^-CjJe

d6^^ru["inad-et.

-chizilmish

ressim,

tXssUk

J^-i> shekil, >csr bichim.

Outstand, v.a.
^-jAJLlj
sbngra<Ullj

j \j\
<

inkyar-et,

jl^c

Outlive, v.a.

*Lj Jf^ru^j jjJj\

Outstanding,

a.

j^^^Jji

<b*J JyJb

^cl-ll> bAshkassi wldukdan

(july L-^ila^o

henuz-tessviyyE-61un-

-bilE

yashamak,

L_^^ LLXl-i>^j

mayub-mltlub-bulunan.
Outward,
a.

bXshka-bir-

,cf-j^

khariji.

OUTWARDS

[216]

OVERLOOK
jy
i-5 Ja;
-

Outwards, ad. u^j&jl <U c^llJs dzsharz'ya-

tekrar,
;

-blshdan
Outweigh,
v.a.
;

all

is

^^2J
ish
-

bitmish,
;

LL)v*^.Ju>j bAsskm-

bitdi

^JUoJ-jJ

ishi-bitmish

-gliElmek

j\ c-Jlc- ghalib-61.

ishdan

Outwit, v.a. ^^j1u\l!<dj]<L-u*jJ dessissEila-Aldatmak.

-ghechmish.
Overbear, v.a.
a.

ghllib-61;

ing,

Outwork, s.e^UlC^uJ^l
kalE-kharijinda-olan-isstihkyaraat.

JU; zalim,
ad.

mutahakkim.
den^/za,

Overboard,
den^izda.

Oval,

a. ,c*2-J

beyzi
firm.

Oven,
Over,
a.

[kAt"z-nakess.

Overburden,

v.a.

ghechmish,

(j^^,
;

CJvdiJ tahammulinden-ziyadE-yukyuklEtmek.
Overcast,
a.

bitmish,

Uj tAmAm-61mush
Mda;
,

[nzk, ^_j^-* siinbuli.

*Lii fAzla,
usstuna,

ad.

^^
v.a.

bulutlu,

usstunda,

Overcharge,
;

^il

ma-fevkzna,
balassma,
dan-ziyadE,

ma-fevkmda
balassmda

ziyadE-bAha-suweylEmek-vE-Almak.

Overcome,

v.a.

^!c-Jlc

ghalib-61,
(J^>)jf

yenmek, tuJ!
;

Alt-et,

b6zmak.

avz

cJj^lj
; ,

d^vril^rek

Overdue,

a.

jj^^^-W^j
J--J
,

vwa"dEssi-

tXsharak

pr.

dan,

-gechmish.
;

usstundan,
above,

uz^rindan
dan-fXzla,

and

Overflow,

5.

seyl

(sel),

^l^
;

IjkrtcuJ
;

tughyan
,

v.n.

JU$>li? tashmak

dan-ma"ada,
against,

dan-bXshka

v.a.

bAssmak. fJ^*0\J
5.

^-i

a-karshz, <U-*-,-2^lj

Overgrown,
mish,

^&j4i^

pek-biyu;

karshzssma,
to
v.a.

karshzssmda
,

^^.JjyCJj

pek-b6ylanm/sh

run

v.n.

tAshmak

usstun;

^,^^^1^ kAplanmzsh, j^/^i^jl mush.


Overhang,
v.n.
;

fertul-

dan-ghechup-chin6mek
CXfcAjJc>jJjjij
to
ti

to

fall

(J*J>j\<*

sarkmak, (J.*La\

devrilup-dushmek
,

Issilmak j\jd\j* hawaleli-61.


Overhaul,
v.a.

go
;

to pass

(^L*dS? gb^ch-

JLoLl^J

y6klamak;

mek

to

give

cJ./*^J^ waz-

CXCJJ

yetishmek, (J*3Jb tutmak.

-gb^chmek, faj*3\4 brakmak; cX*L~^


kessilmek
-et;
all
;

Overhear, v.a. C)via--2a\ ishitmek, 1 c


isstima"-et.

VyJ
,

devr-et, * JuJ' tesslim1

C-^A hep,

j^^XJ

bitun,

Overjoyed,
mish.

a.

pek-SEvin-

J-^j
-bAsha
;

tekmil,

^Ij^Juib bXshdan(j^J^l yen^z'dan,

again,

Overlook,

v.a.

bAkmak,

OVERLOOKER
nazir-61,
aJ

[217]
Own,
j9ro.
,

PACKAGE
a.

n.\zarkt-et

L^JC.

kendi

pro.

s.

"Afv-et.

my
s.

^l.rn^Jai
ir^Jo
,

kendimin^rki,

Overlooker,

J&\J nazir, ^sCLJb bAkzjz.

thy
her,

kendin^in^rki, his,

Overpower, v. a. j\ u^ilc ghalib-61, CXwo

its

yenmek

^**-

&c.

see

^.Cruj Ja^n Grammar;

kendinin^ki,
v.a.

jlcJJUj
;

msstaghrak-et.

malik-61,
l

jlu-^o-U

sahib-61

^1

Overreach, v.a. ^j
Overrule, v.a. ta^i
jerh-et.

Aldatmak.

ikrar-et, luJj^fil i^tirlf-et.

isskyat-et,

Owner,

s.

c-^^-L? sahib, CJJU> malik.


s.

Ownership,
y.-

LLXLr>-U> sahiblik.

Overseer, s.^lslj nazr,

mudir.
(yanish),

Ox, S.JIMO
Oyster,
s.

sighir,jjZj\ ukyuz.
isstridiys.

Oversight,

5.

^j

dUJjaJ

^>

sehv.
v.a.
^->

kXplamak.
urtmek,
P.

Overspread,
Overtake,

v.a.

yetishmek,

^i-ij^j! ulashmak,

Ji4JJo

tutmak.
;

Pace,

s.

^J.Ju^D ghidish, (j^.J^. ywru;

Overthrow,
kharab,

s.

inhizam

<-->^>,

yush

<UJ\^

yuruniE,

*j j]

Xdz'm,

flj^

inhidam;

v.a.
Pacific, a.

(j^jj* bozmak,

^^s^j^e
yikmak,

miinhe!,*JkJ&

^j^j^jy-*^
5.

sulh-SEver-dlan

zim-kllmak

(j*&

(Ocean),

^y-.k*^^?
sulh, tlsll^^o

bahrz-

hedm-et.
?ture, 5.

-muhzt-gharbi.

c-d-IC

teklif ;

Pacification, 5.

^*
;

mussa-

laha,

(J^jj^iJ^j^ bXrz'sh-ghywrush,
bXn'shik

Overturn,
v.n.

v.a.

cX^j^J

devirmek

J^>b
Pacify,

^jjbS t^sskm.
tesskm
- et,

C-Ui>j^J devrilmek.
v.a.

v.a.

^.^-^^J
;

Overwhelm,
-et,

\j*Z~~< miisstaghrk-

(JU
v.a.

Pack,

^4JU^xiJ yemushXtmak. 5. C33<^ denk ^^J bog'faha;


<txoJ

Overwork,

^
b6rjlu-61, j\^J>-j
dfeyni-61,

desstE

*3li?

takzm
,

v.a.

thmmulinden-ziyadE-chAlzshdzrmak.

iL-a-.ri-o!

isstif-et

v.n.
-M
=

Owe,

v.a.

*\

^Ls^J

isstif-ol

away,
;

*i_

borju-ol,

j^i;O

kXldm'p-isstif-et

off,

C.

medyun-61.
f,

ghitmek

up,
-

ad.

^j^o

mbbni,

^J^i'

devshirup

sXndz^Aa

komak,

munass^betHa,
( .j&'+++~a

rt-L-.-^.-o

\&s
-j)

bo^cha-et.
5.

sebebindan.

[bu^Au-kushu.

Package,
sXndik,

Owl,

s.

(jpUlj

baykush,

<^F^

bo^Acha,

PACKET
Packet,
iXcl
s.

[218]

PALSY
lu,-^
5

<Uf..j

uflk-l%Acha,
top
; ,

ressim-ypmak

(as ladies)

kyaghid,

c-^k

packetPainter,
(artist)

jji^J.J duzghyun-kullAnmak.

boat,

^~+A=> ^^*J
t

yolju-ghemissi;

5.

(house)
o^

^J^SJ

nXkkAsh

.g~+A&iJ)\j) jssC tahrirat-ghkmissi.

resssam.
b6yab'-r^ssim.
; ,

Packhorse,
-(beghiri),

s.

cj^-^jlj

*+*>

skmEr-

Painting,
Pair, s.

s.

j^y
>- chift
,

^Jl^^-CJj^ yuk-haywAni.
s.

L^
;

v.n.

j\^^&eshini-

Packneedle, Packing-needle, Packsaddle,

J^jJ^>-

chift-61

v.a.

(j.4\jJ^J*\

s.j*t
s.

semEr.
5

[chuwAldz'z.

-bulmak
Palace,
s.

(j^

J^A>-

L^-^a^- chift-

Packthread,
Pad,
s.
>

A-sr

sijim.

L^->

saray.

[-chift-komak.

Xa:CJ:s

kiichuk-y^ssdzk,
;

Palate, s.

cUj
sarz

dimagh.

pAmuk (pAmbuk)
(beghir)
;

Pale, a.

(colour)
;

J>-1
,

^chz*k

(face)

v.a.

^;J^k
kherszz.
;

doldur-

<-^j^
da'irE

s.

.J^-

havli,

J
&ji\
;

mak
Paddle,

foot
s.

>j^^

(^<^ parmak,
,

<^,sT takhta
+>

tjj^ kyurek

cJ

to turn

LLUL-= u^^

<-$*

ben^zi-bem-beyAz-kessilmek,
,

*-^J-^-J

v.n.
;

cJviS^^.^
c^jJ<U^

kyurek-chek-

^J^Ullj ben^zi-kXlmemak.
Paling,

mek

box, jL/J .1 J dawlumbAz.


s.

Palings,

s.

X^tzst?

takhta-

Padlock,

Assma-kilidi.

-pErdE.
Palissade,
s.

[parmakl/k.
ft*\j*>

Pagan,
Page,

s. 5.

u^^CJ
te^*
ich

put-perfesst.
sabifE,
-

sharampo;

JW^J
[h'ghz.

J^>

yuz

Palliate,

v.a.

\^ksC
,

takhflf-et;

^J^U^^I
Pail, 5. <Uy>

o^AlAnz,

\^^^f^
Pallor, s.

rEnk-vErraek.

ko^Aa.
Xji,

[ich-ApAASsf.

U>

b&ngzin-sAn-

Pain,

5.

j>-\
|J\
;

u^

X^Arz,
r ^nJ

Palm,

s.

(tree)

^y^

^
hand)

khurma-

vfeja",
rfenjish

elem,
v.w.
;

-A^AJZ;
M-ayassz
; ;

(of the

^J/i.,.,5^1

ajimok, (JK*^-

(measure)

Xj~a

v.a.

^^2*-i

Ajftmak

to

palm

off,

cX<jj~s surmek,

sXtmak.
Painful, a.

jy^

Ajiyor,

.^-

Xjzr,

>

Palpable, a.^fete zahir,j^Li>l ashikyar.


Palpitate, r.w.

bllm
Pains,

jJ^d^ ^e
^jt~
,

murissi-kEdEr.
;

^j^^

^^ ^y

nXbz-

s.

sa"i

4x*Jj^l

iiZEnmE; to

-ghibi-wurmak, ^J^Jl&iU-

chXlkAn[khXfakln.

take
Paint,
s.

ClX*JJ^l
l)^J

uzimniek.
;

mak,
the
face)

(J^l^

dynamak.
heart,
s.
s.

b6ya
;

(for
(for the
,

Palpitation

of the

^ \JLars*
felij-

^fijjA duzghyun

eyebrows)
(J*\]jartists)

Palsy

(paralysis),

^j&e

(J^j

rXsstzk
;

v.a.

-"illeti,

^^jjb ^V.^
j

blr-yaniijinni-

boyamak

v.n.

(as

-tutulmassz,

c^^

PALTRY
-charpmassz
;

[219]
a.

PARAPHRASE
s.

palsied,

~ ^JJ
^^J
;

Pap,
Papa,

&>
.

lApa

<U^c

memE.
pedsr.

men uj
1

ijLitijb

tutulm ush, ^LjjjU-

bb bXbA, jJJ
s.

charpzlmzsh.
Paltry,
a.
s.

[sAchma,
misskin

b6sh.

Papacy,
Papal,

^y^^V, \*)J r6ma-papali^i.

^+\~+so
pi.

<!U>

a.

^W-o

Ai-sblj

Uj^ r6ma-

Pampas,

iJ^J

papassina-muta"allik.

america-jenubi-kzrlen.

Paper,
tijs.

5.

*XcK kya^Azd,
;

(j^^

k^rtAss

Pamper,
i

v.a.

^^\ Jj*
lis

ghazfeta

papers,

5. pi.

^j^

J^JuJl

naz-ve

na"imE - muss-

evrlk.
Paper-mill,
Papist,
s.

taghrak-edup-fEna-A/zshdz'rmak.

AJuJ\*
katolik.

*Xcl

ky&ghid[fabrikassi.

Pamphlet,
Pan,
5.

5.

aJL^

rissalE,

*j>-

jiiz'.

s. tj 5. s. s.

jU^V
\^

chanak,
;

vUt
*

Parable,

missal,
,

J^^J

temsil.

^Tji

ghyup'A^ch

of a gurtlock,

Parabola,
Paradise,

< ^-V?'?
1

kXt'V-mukyafi.

^.ijlj knee
Panacea,

^Ujb^
,

chakmak-(tAwssz)

firdfevss,

'^~+>~
fzkra.

^ft^5ji*3 diz-kApA^'.

jennet.

[a^U

5.

(Jb* Jkz

"ilaj-mutllk.

Paragraph,
Parallax,
s.

bend, <d^^- jumls,


ikhtilAfi-

Pancake,

s.

<uSj^i ghyuzlEmE.
5.

Pandemonium,
i-&heyatm.

^J^L-Sj

*-*'* mejma-

-mAnzar.
Parallel,
a.

L^J^ muwazi
;

(similar)

Pander,

s.

CJjjJJ peze"wEnk

v.n.

JttJ

nXztr

to
; ,

each other,
5.

IcJl&jjj pez^wenklik-^t.
Pane of
glass, s. /*U^
s.

U?jV^U<

mut^wazi
;

u^l^Jadi-

j^m.

khAtt/-muwazi
nAzzrE.

(similar thing)

^^J
mut6-

Panegyric,

<t^Jc5 mfediha.

[waziyu-'l-AdlA"".

Panegyrize, v.a. 1-wVo medh-et.

Parallelogram,
Paralysis,
5.

Pang,

s.

->~j

veja", <^jJ dsrd.

bir-tarafm^-tutulansz'zz'n-musstevli-61an-khavf-umuml.

masse,

ijinni-

Pannier,

5.

<W^
s.

kyufE.
+~>j

[rfcssm.

-charpmassz.
Paralytic,
a.
\

felij-"iUeti.

Panorama,
Pant, v.n.

j^****)

vwuss"atli-

mfefluj

stroke,

J^c^.^C^J pek-s61umk.
s.

Paralyze, v.a.

P5^^"
,j\j
sipEr.
s.

r ^Et-

Pantaloons,

^laiU

panta!6n.

den-mahrum-^t.
Paramour,
Parapet,
5.

[para).
zanT,

Panther,

s.

(^j^
<r*\J
s.

parss.

s.
****

Pantile, 5.

kir^mid.

Pantomime,

jy^
(kilBr).

^jl^sr^ 9y^J

Paraphernalia,

pi.

.yyj!
Pantry,
s.

bir-nev* 'i-mXsskharahk-teatro-

JjlL takzm,

U^t^tc
-<ij

alat-fedawat.

jL

[oyunu.

Paraphrase,

s. -.

shErh

PARASITE
Parasite,
s. s.

[220]
Parliamentary,

PART
a.

^.<)wjl

kyasse"-liss.

j;

Parasol,

t~~**J* shemsiyyE.

millet-mejlissina-muta"lik.
Parlour,
Parole,
s.

Parboil, v.a. <J*<L$>U>-

5.

^-jdj^l^ji^lwj

selamh'k[-6dasse.

-bwchwk-hAshlamak.
Parcel,
s.

djj\J parMa.
s.

4-f-^ \>bgkcha,

Parricide,

^^^

J^J

^^W ^^
^VV

Ajlb takz'm; suru. jjj-J

<^~;

kendi-bAbAssini-kAtl-etmish;

Parch, v.a.

^oj^s kawurmak
kawrulmak

^
;

-khabiss
,

CLU^jl JiS

^<^

sussAtmak;
v.n.

^*J^i' kurutmak
;

^*l^lj
;

(J*<\<0j<0

mek-junhassi.
Parrot,
s.

sussAmak
Parchment,
Pard,
5.

(j>*}j
&J*ji

kurumak.
tirshE.

IxJ bebgha, ^\*+* pXpA^Aln,

5.

or beb^gha,
Parry, v.a. 1^3

^^
J
a.

tut?.

(jLS kAplAn.
s.

def"-et.

Pardon,

ylt

"afv

v.a.

j&

Parsee,

5.^

ghebr.
jj-*-*

"afv-et,

^lsT
** n

bakhsh-et,

Parsimonious,

^-<

khassiss,

j \iic*t
Pare, v.a.

tAiW'kyar, ^-i

misskin.

Parsimoniousness,Parsimony, 5. Jpjlx*^!?
;

kXbu^Aunu-soymak

LL/i,=

kfess-

tAma"kyarlik.
Parsley,
s. *.
s.

mek, ($**f kbkmak, ^jU^JjJ yont-

^yjoto

maydan6ss.

mak
Parent,

^^J^
s.

klzzmak.
na,

Parsnip,

^^jU^-o

yabAn-hawuju.
-

b\j

bXbA,j>J pedsr; U^

Parson,
Part, 5.

A ASS c^V.V, P P

<^3

ninE, *jJl^ validE; both parents,

*^;V, P^rcha,

^b
2-'

y<hi,

p~3
la*-j

^Jkl^ valideyn.
Parental, a.
<Ot^*X>
5.

[madEranE.
pedfiranE
;

kessm, -^5f juz',


k?sst,

<Uar>-

hisssE,

^Ij^Uj

u^b pay
taraf,

c.^.s.'*

tXssahhub
;

Parenthesis,
Pariah,
^.

<U?^x*xj

mu"t6riz.
JOJ&

L-^J^
;

janib

^y;

iSyk< ^^^.^
kAbuk j^JJ
;

hmd-

L^-A^C^^- khzdmet,
parts,

-messkin-mAtrudi.
Paring,
sinti
;

wajibe'i-zimmet

5.

^5JCw-,= kes-

pi.

zekya, *>!*>-! issti"dad;

u^JUJfjJ

kbkintt.
5.

^JJ^L taraflar, c^oljsj- jewanib,

J^
,

Paris (town of),


Parish,
Parity,
5.
s.

<-^*^-^

C^V^i paris[-shehiri.

hawali, jJj^yr

jiwarkr

privy
;

^isr

mhllE.

j?Jj<Jl^^e "avret-yErle'ri

v..

itft-^liL*

mushab^het.

[cha.

^^j!
kXt-et;

ayrzlmak,

Ic^ijli* miifara-

Park,

5.
s.

J*J?
;

k6pmak, C^UL-^D

Parley,

<ullLc milky al^niE.


s.

kessilmek

with,
;

Jh^J
4J'l*tf

ayrilmak

Parliament,

^~Lsr c^>

vErmek

sAtmak;

meb"ussam-millet-mejlissi.

PARTAKE
Partake, v.n.
CJ</*J

[221

PASSABLE
s.

hisssEmend-61

Party,

Jl

takzm,

bMuk,

yemek.

Partial, a.

^j^T

uz ''>

ghay-

Pasha,
Pass,

5.

l>lj pasha.

rz-"umuim,
meyyal,
gharazkyar,
saniyyetli
;
.

ghayri-tAmm

5.

^-sr ghechid, &*]j^ dirbend

muhibb

(devrfend),

jUjj b6^1z,

^J

derE;

nef-

^JJ
hey'^t
;

tezk^rE,

(i^lj^j

yol-emri,
hal, L^x--Jb

to be

to

SEVhisssEssi-61.

u^<Aljj-J

buyuruldu; J^*"
,

mek.
Participate,
v.n.
s.

v.w.

C3v*js^

ghechmek
;

sherik-61,

(through)
\J)+A

1^^
;
; ,

murur-et
(current)
v.a.

(over)
\

Participation,

"ubur-et

Jjl<AJ

hissa-y ab -61mklik.
Participle,
s.

tedavul-et
issmiissmi-

CLLc^ysf ghe;

(active)

chirmek

\j\j<\

imrar-et

along,

-fa"il

(passive)

<^0^>

y61unja-ghechmek,
;

-mef'ul.
Particle, 5.

ghechmek

away, <--^.s
;

^J

zerrs; Cjljt edat.

gheehup-ghitmek
bitmek,
j

ClX/CJ
;

Particular, a.

^jo^k^

makhsuss,

jJs/C^J

dukimmek
by,

\^s

khXsss,

y&sP
;
;

mukhtlsss,

fena-bulmak;

v.n.

mukhAsssass

u^ji

ayri,

<Lj

zm^dan -ghechmek,

bAshka

j\A)te&J\

inja-bXkar,

Ju

yandan-ghechmek

jJulc^-J>J
merAklz
BilAt.
;

pek-dikkAt-edEr
s,

6radan -ghechmek,
tXf-

s.

pi.

CL^^su

ghechmek
ghechirmek,
for,

v. a.

\^stA

"ifv-et;

Particularly, ad. L?j*2>- khussussa.

v.n.
,

^iJj!^^
v.a.

zann-olun-

Parting,

s.

^lb^
j^Jt?
s.

aynlz'sh,

c^-OjU^s

mak

cJ^y^j-O

deyu;

mufarakAt.
Partisan,
s.

[ghayretkesh.
tarafdar,

-VErmek,
one's

^iJ'Lj^jJ

deyu-sAtmak

<jL$jj+.

word,

ClX^j

j^

s^zover,

Partisanship,
tition,
5.

^j\^jb <U^ bMmE

tarafdarlik.
;

-VErmek,
v.a.
v.a.
\j.

jlj^^s
,r

kef 3-61,
;

off,

"ifv-et
;

sentence,

LUl^ bMmek.
ly,

l/L-cl
ba"zz-mErt6bE,

i"lam-et

to

come

to

ad.

*jj<uaxj

61mak,

jJsJU^L^
Partner,
s.

bir-derej'6yE-kAdar.

wuku"-bulmak,
-et,

zuhur-

J^jjl 6rtk,
s.

^L^^

sherik.

^^-Ju^

jayghir-61.
ghechilir,

Partnership,
Partridge,
s.

L^^^-ij shirkst.

Passable, a.

/^r
;

L^K= keklik,
J^-

kabili-murur

*^jj \c_jl ^p-iyij^yf

Parturition,

s.

^^ wAz"i-haml.

ghechEr.

PASSABLY
Passably, ad. te^-y\ c A ep-iyija.

222

PATIENT
chirish
;

v.a.

Passage,
\jZ--f

5.

jj^

murur,
;

jj+s-

"ubur,
-**-

chirish-ik-yapz'shdzrmak.

ghechish

^**

memerr,

Pasteboard,

s.

^iU mukawwa.

rna"bEr,

j(jJ:>-<Ls

ghechejek-yEr,
;

Pastil, Pastille,

^Jj

kurss.
[pAss.
;

J^J y61

\j^\U\ essnayi-rah

$*ye
;

Pastime,
Pastor,

s. 5.

i^CvLl eylEnja.

sokAk, u^JjtJ

^J kApz-dehlizi

*;Lc.

^^

ch6bln

" V PA
;

"ibarE, JCJ bend.

Pastry,

s.

^Lj*4j>
Pasturage,

(khlmur)-isbi

Passenger,
Passer-by,
Passion,
5.

5.

^f^ y61ju.
CJ^?
gechen.

cook,
Pasture,

^s?jtf

bwrekji.
s.

5.

J^
6t
,
;

6tUk;
,

^L-Jijlj darghmlzk, ^oj\

jjU-

chayr;

CU>jl
;

v.w.

^<ib^l
hawess, jjj^

otlamak

v.a.

(j-<j\lj\

m ^r Ak

"Xshk (_^^&
;

6tarmak,
Pasty,
.

^4jL^
J

6tlXtmak.

Sbl

ibtila,

JUwl

infz"al

flower,

cJ;
<tcl>

bwrek.

^saj-Cj-Lj^.
-chich^Ai.
Passionate, a.

charkhz'-felek-

Patcb,
,

5.

yama

^^^
;

parcha

v.a.

(J^I^V, yama-wmmak,
parcha-komak
up,
;

^-^j^ darghm,
ly,

ghAzub
Asbm*.
Passive,

ad.

cJj

p^k,

kXbaja-ta"mir-et

uydurivErmek.
a.

^
; ;

jl^b

Jy Jl
,

E]i-k61u-

Patent,

s.

Cl^^
patenta,
,

berAt,

\J^*j*

f fermln

-bX^Ah'-gbibi
f i"li-mejhul

verb

J^je^J&j
^jxL<+~>\

<^xJl^

^\j)j\*z~*\
a.

imtiyazpatentah',

participle,

-berAtz;
*i

^i&^J'lj

issmi-mef"ul.
Passport,
5.

Ju^'o! imtiyazb'.
a.
5.

L^VJj>

y61-emri,

Jo

Patented,
Patentee,

j!<fciJta patentab'.

buyuruldu,
Pass-word,
Past,
a.
5.

^
6J/J par61a;jU-> shz"ar.
tassz-sahibi.

[ranE.

(j^^
the
,

ghechmish

^c-^^o
ghecheyyami;

Paternal, a.

kJjA eb^vi, ti\j^ pedEs.

mazi;

(^^^/^f-

Path, Pathway,
*\j

J^>

y61,

J^

t^rzk,

mish-zaniAn, <LJLjL-j/Lj!
sabzka
;
,

rah.

pr. &<fJy,.jJ dan-wt6yE


;

Pathetic,

^jy^^T
s.

ji^er-suz.

.jl^^J
recovery,

dan-kharij

cure,

Patience,

j~0

sXbr,

J^or

tah^mmul,

j^j\^-

charsssiz,

^lc

^5L.,X-i>

shekiba'i.

Patient,

a.

4t-^

sXbrli,

j)+& sAbur,

bitmish.
Paste,
s.
-

jJ^sTw< mutahammil, c-^-X-i sheklb;

(khAmur)

5.

&U~ > khAssta.

PATRIARCH
Patriarch,
5.

[223]
s,

PEA
cXi>
kywshk, ^aJJ kXssr
;

(j--.}^

pXtrik

5.

pi.

Pavilion, 5.

Jjljj^jjtjtff!
Patriarchate,
lik-s*fXtz;
5.

ejdadz-beni-issra'il.
jflj

<Ujli^

mehtabiyvE

j^lf~ chAdir.

pXtnk-

Paving,
Pavior,

s. s.

<tLi^t> dushEmE.
,

jr^jlU

kXldirimji.
p^nchfi,

kbnaghi.
Patrician, s.

Paw,
XsslzldE.

^.

^vM ayak, te^^


pay.
5.

pa,

^U
Pawn,

Patrimony, s.<^J\j~o mirass,


milki-mevruss.

C
.i?j

^^
1

rehn

^^
;

rfehm
,

(at

chess)

jj^

^ paydak
-

v.a.

&*~t>j

Patriot, s. k*~+*$^i*\s&'*j.+.

wXtAn-

-ghayretinda-6lAn-kimessnE.
Patriotic, a. ^Ji^\ j^-s

C^X<^^ rehma rehma-k^mak.


Pay,
s.

vErmek, (J^jsk^Jbj

^c^j
v.n.

wXtAnini-

L^i^Ju^

ghyundfilik;

^tiJJb

-SEVEr-61an.
Patrol, 5.

hXftalzk; J^j! ayl/k,

<Ubto mahiyyE,
yfllik
;

JJ

k61
;

CX
sjJ
cj

J.3

<0^i

shehriyyE

jlL
j

^Ux)

k61-ghezmek
ghezmek,
Patron,
5.

v.a.

^=
eda-et, \\&\ \faet
;

^*,-2ljLL>

dolashmak.
vyi-ni"mfet,
et,

cu
;

^-*J, J. L5v

^U
away,

isstlfa

visit,

Jl kffendi

L-^C^

raghib.
;

[zam.

(J^jZ^ 6^ramak, iJl^bj

ziyaret-et;

Patronage,
Patronize,

5.

^.Uo- himayE
1

/*5/^^

^ tz'"
;

t7.a.

-Jj_iJt
;

iltzzam-et
j!

kharj-et

--

cXy j
4

VErmek,

1^*^-

out (a rope),

e f endilik-et
Patten,
s.
l

,^^-j^l^

\&y*

m6la-etj
peshin

down,

}+**
off,

^j

(nXlrn). [miasht^rlssi-ol.
+*aj

{tZJLtJ)

VErmek

Pattern,

5.

C30j^! wrnek;

r^ssim;

karshzlz^^zni-et,
*

,i
;

-Jj-1

kll/b; dJ^yJ

numunE.

j* ss

*'

nz -

ch?karmak

(ji

Paunch,

5.

(j^l5

karn
fakir.

izin -

Pauper, s.^JiJ
Pause,
s.

^15
,

klh'sh;
;

sukyut,

Payable,

a.

^Jb^iifJ^
IjJ^t^^lj
s.

wa"dEssi-

,^^-j
-yEri;

suky un

durAkkllmak,
;

-ghElmish,

wajibu-'l-eda.

v.a.

Pay master- General,

,<*)*
-

cXC-A
umuml-

durmak
^

bXkmak,

UytU
Payment,

^iLx-o

"isskerin

bXkmmak,

O dush1

ma"ash-nazzn.
s.

unmek,
mul-et.

\^

te'enni-et,

J* U te'em[-dushEmek.

4jU>U tfe'diyyB.
kyafir.

Paynim, 5.^sli
Pay-office,
5.

.J Pave, v.a. CJv<^i y

Jj^lL
;

tash-ila-

^_c^-5 SErghi.
;

Pavement,

s.

+fj^\3 kXid/n'm

foot

Pea,

s.

JysT n6khud, iJjJ bezelya


,

Lj piyadE-kAldirim/.

sweet

liikfi "ztri-shahl.

PEACE
Peace,
s.

[224]
^1
Pedigree,
Pedlar,
selas.
s.

PENANCE
^s^
8

(J-Zjy

bXrishik,

shfej^rE,

u.^

nesseb.

bXrish-ghy&rush,

^*
in
!

sum,
rfjcuc^Ld

feiMj*

k61tukju,

^J*?j*j>

mussalaha
metla,
.

go

ghezdiriji,

jb^U
kXbuk

mXdrabAz.
;

^WIl^Sl
!

bi-'l-umni-vk-'l-

Peel, s.

^i^i

v.a.

<J-V.^>

eman

int.

^yc

suss

to be at to

bXnshzk-61;

hold

-s6ymak;
s6yulmak.

off,

v.n.

^L^?
[mak.

ones
Peaceable,

*s

sussmak.
assayzshlz.

Peep, v.n. <jytjb^,jJiHj\ aralzkdan-bXkPeer,


s.

Peacemaker,
Peach,
s.

s.

bXn'shdz'njz.

^^ji

(O^^^u zadEghyandan>

shfeftali

melting
;

6lAn

/*^ hem-payE. jS$ kyufv, ^,V

fe yarma-sheftali

cling stone

Peerage,
Peeress,

s.

^ljUL?t Xsslzad%hyan.

kebad,

jLt_;U> sXn-kebad,

s.

^~>j^

VjJjLfll

XsslzadE[kXr/ssz.

1>! et-sheftalissi.

Peerless, a. j^&>

bi-nXzir.

Peacock,

s.

ifjio tawuss,

^-ky^jlL
dishi-

Peevish,

a.

{j~3
s.

t^rss,

lJ^-

khuysuz.

tawuss-kushu.
Peahen,
Peak,
s. s.

[tawuss-kushu.

Peevishness,

cJly'
chivi.

tfersslik.

\^>j* (j~fiy

^^.^
zirvE,

Peg,

s.

^$ft&~
^.

<UJ (teps),

^jj

&jL

Pelican,

^-iylL-j (saka)-kushu.

kyunghyurE.
Peal,
s.
jj-*~>

Pell-mell, ad. ij~j\* <U^J karma-kXrzsh.

J/^*

niukErrEr-sess

Pelt, v.a.

^cLlll? tXshlamak

v.n.

v.n.

i^vijjL* mukErrEr-skss-et.
ycj\ armud,

Pear,
Pearl,

s.
5.

^<^

emrud.

mak.
Pen,
s.

j^a.^

inji,

jJ

diirr, Jljl lu'lu',

Jjf

kalEm

J.^1 A^Ail

v.a.

JjjVj.^
Peasant,
5.

mErvarid.

J^jl)
[chakzl-tXshz.

yazmak;
;

^UjAcl
(jt^jV.

Aghila-

jU

kyiiylu.

kApamak
up,
in,

down,

yazmak

Pebble,

s.

JjU
s.

chokzl,

^olJifJiL:!

A^Ma-kXpamak

Peculation,

^\^>-

kh^rszzh'k,

C-^-L.j-1-j

>

chinilEmek,

t$f*

me'mur-sirkXtz.

Peculiar, a.

^jOj^zs* makhsuss

c.

:.

[nev"inden.
10

"XjTb (aja'ib), u-^^^c gharib,


tuhaf.
Peculiarity,
s.

Penal,

a.
5.

(jJ^&y
&*}./>;

Cjljls'

mujazat)

Penalty,

jerimE

ci;ljl^
,

<L^3^<^-\Ju=

key-

mujazat, U>- jeza


^-Ll?^-i>

under
-

cJLJljls^

fiyyeti-makhsussa, <L?U- khXsssa.


Pecuniary,
a.

^xJ^\
(

mujazat

olunmakjerimE-

^jljcu)

^J^

5
^

Xkchaya-

shartzla,

^^J^ J^\^y^
\j>-

-muta"allik, <X5*-Xsr| Xkchaja.


Pedestal,
s.
.

Xlmmak-shartzla.

,~s

kyursT.

Penance,

5.

Lj^U^-1

ikhtiyari-jeza.

PENCASE
Pencase,
5.

[225]
kalEtn[ghn-lar.

PERCEPTIBLE
Chelsea
,

j^s

kubur,

^ J^I
lead

k^Jcc^o

<U

J berriyyE-

dan. Pence, 8.pl.JlJ\j bXkzrlar,


Pencil,
5.

mutaka"idi.

J/i-*
,

m.\n-

Pentagon,
Penthouse,
Penurious,

s.

^p^sr* mukhammess.
t**j&Jyo

kalEm
jJJ

^ytjf
,

5.

sundurma.

Jj kurshun-kalEm
tuy-kalEm,

hair

J^o^
,

a.

jlx*^i? tXma"kyar.

d>y

fh-cha;

slate

Penuriousness,5. ^Jjlxx^l? tAma"kyarlik.

f*J&o
jAx-i

tAsh-kalEm;

of light,

Penury,

5.

J$y*&

faklrlzk.

shu"a".
s.

Peony,
People,

5. 5.

J^U-i

shwka'ik.
millet,

Pendulum,
Penetrate,

\j&j rkklss.

o-L*

/y kavm,
;

<^i--J

v.a.

cA-.p^=
<&!

ghirmek,

kAbilE, <Ujll? ta'ifE, (j-^>- jinss

^ji-

C-UiljJ ishlEmek.
Peninsula,
s.

khllk, jJ^jj^ 6rtah"k,


*^jsjjezirE,

Ada,

^,lj/y: "awlmmj-nass,
ayak
great
-

*rfJ^fP
bhi-jezirjE.

nim-jezirE,

Xj)j*~&+J*

shi-

takzmz,
,

^r&. US klba khAlk

^^^
ekyabiri

^^**
-

kibar-taknm,
; ,

Penitence,

5.

jjAjU-.ij

peshimAnlik

(j^u&

nass

v. a.

ma"mur-et, iJ^V'
chillE.
[(*

badan-et,
;

J ^ nadim.

iJuiL.-i>

shenlEndirmek

d,

Penitent, a.

^U-^LJ peshiraAn (pishmAn),


<jJ^uJj kalEmtrsh, (pocket

p.p. jj+jLa
lj

ma"mur, ^l^^ abadan,

Penknife,
)

s.

j& shen.
s.

^yU- chdkf. Penman, s, Llk< khXttAt


khXtt.

Pepper,
;

j*3

bibsr
;

v.a.

ship, k>.

bibEr-kXtmak

corn,

[bayrak.
5.

Pennant,
Penniless,

^Jj^U

filandara

s!

bibEr-kutussu

mint, <Ux) na"nE.

a.J-*jb

parsssiz.

Peradventure, ad. <5&J belki.

Pennon,

5.

.J^
5.

bayrak.

Perambulate, v.n. ^4-S>^L dolashmak.


Perambulator,
|

Penny, s.ji\J bAktr, yc^j mlnghir.


Pension,

s.

Jl

i^^^ <J^^

^-llx^

.Xc'JLJ

t^ka"ud-

g-jdU_c ch6juk-ichin-El-"arabassi.

-ma"ashz, ^iU^o ma"ash,


,

^L!
^L:

aylzk;

Per annum, ad.


Perceive,
v.a.

H^^

yzlda, U^IMI SEUFV!

off,
-

v.a.

JLcli
et,

(jX^ej^-^

ghyzirmek,

m"ashla

taka"ud

^^.*5r-~' tfeshkhzss-et;

^e^=\ angladirk
-

mak (annamak),
(Pensioner,
s.

IcJ^)

et,

^^

^
Greenwich
,

^cJ^l
j

idrak-et,
x^jjj.

^^

fehm-et.

ma"ash - ila - mutaka"d - 61an;

Per cent., ad.


Per-centage,

yuzda.
yuzdalik.

kimessnE

^a^
;

s.

dJJ*Jj^
R

k^ljui-^j

bahriyyE mutaka"idi

Perceptible, a. (j~j~~s? mahsuss.

PERCH
Perch,
5.

226

PERMANENT
tayyeb-et;
L.^.jja^c
ed,

j~* (J^r <KJy jj


'ij+*a

tawuk-

a.J&x~o mu"ttar,
;

-k6najak-smk,

slrik,

_\&

mutayyeb

ing

pan,

(Jj^rkT bukhurdan (bukhurdanlzk).


-arshmlzk-messafE ;
,

v.n.

(j*jjs

Perfumer,

5.

^>ykc
L-l!

"itrji

konmak

v.a.

CX*.=J

dikmek.

Perfumery,

s.

^cJuU
belki.

Perchance, ad.
Percussion,
5.

*b
s.

belki.

"itrjinin-SAtdi^Ai-eshya.

^jj\ wurush.
J^-J^' kapsul.
kharab.
<tfj!

Perhaps,

arf.

^b

Percussion-cap,
Perdition,
s.

Perihelium,
Peril,
5.

s.

~~j\ evj.

t-^^p-

fj$

k6rku,

^i^>

tehlikE,
,

Peregrinate, v.n.

cJ~^
\^jbj

tttE-beri-

^Llsr* mukhltara,
v.a.

^L^

khAtar;

ghezmek.
Peremptory,
Perfect,
a.
a.

[brim.
kit"?,

(J^jS&i&^zkfJ tehlik^yE-komak

*-~G milkyamil,

at

your
i

jWjcjJ et-da-blk,
et-da-ghywrursun,
bilirsin,
i

*lj

tAmm,

J*u

.^-j

,^=if

Jcjl
-

^3

^U-^-Vjl^AJjL-^^c "ayb-u-n6ksandan-khali;
,

.yo^b

SEn

J^^J^J

^^^

v.a. \A\AJ\

itmam-et,

ghyimahz'-b6yunun^dfl.
Perilous, a. jla^L^

[mukhAtarali.
;

!>-^J tetmim-et, ^JU^l ikmal-et,


1

tehlikEli

jl^Llsr*

J-^J

tekmil-et.

Perilousness,

^.

cXLl <^f>

tehlikElilik.

Perfection, s.

JU

kEmal.

Period,

5.

CJJ^o muddet.

Perfidious, a. jjjl>- kha'in.

Periodical, a.

^^ ^Jf^
-

x3k~x*

CJ\jjl
;

Perfidy,

5.

^lojU-

kha'inlik.

evkat-mu"ayyenEda-vwaki"-olan
s.

Perforate, v.a.

CJ/^^ delmek, (j*>-\

achmak, IL-^AJ sakb-et.


Perforce, ad.j\^\J n a- char.

evkat

mu"ayyenEda

neshr-

61unan-ghazeta-vE-emsali.
Perish,
v.n.

Perform, v.a.

^J^V. japmak, li)4Wjl


ijra-et,

j]^Ji& helak-61,

etmek,

11^1

C
kuvvE-

telef-61,

C-U^J bitmek;

fi"k-ghetirmek,
-ikhraj-et,

^^ ^ ^V
;

l^l^

mek;

fj*jjj*
;

kurumak
,

churumek
Periwig,
5.

v.a.

dan-fi''la-ikhraj-et

(as

a machine)

^^J peruk.

[churutmek
hmss-et

CX*il->J ishlEmek,

CJvc^ ghitmek.
ijra
;

Perjure one's
;

self, v.a. \(JL+>~

Performance,
jojjj!

s.

\j&-\

^jtA

ish

6yun.
s.

[mukAllid.
\f>-\

l^^j^-il^- khulfi-yemin-et.
Permanence,
j\*42**\
s.

Performer,

^\^\

ijra-eden

/^J dewam,
*jb

\&)

bXka

Perfume,
tzb
;

5.

yp

koku, ^lac "kr,

isstimrar.
a.

jjs=? bukhur,

^^y

tiitsu

Permanent,
.^KX

da'im,
;

^yb

blk?

v.a.

\bxso mu"ttar-et, l^^Ja^ mu-

^c

musst^merr

yl^J

temelli

PERMISSION
j*&.

[227]

PERTAIN
u^J^^aJ
bassra-kyio*-

Persian Gulf,
fezi.

^^&+*Lj>- chskmayajak, ^y^<L^jj)


b6zulmayjak.
Permission,
5.

[vaz-ghechmamek.

Persist, v.n. Ijlic "inad-et,

LlLeU^rjtj

jj^l izn (izin), d*wr**-j

Persistence, Persistency, t*J[/*\ issrar.


Persistent, Persisting, a.

rukhsXt, CL?jU-l ijazet,


Permit,
s.

j\fr jewaz.
,

-A

musserr.

*^JJ t&zkErE

v.a. .jjjl

Person,

5.

^1^"

kishi,
/

^1^

kimessnE,
;

CJvc^j izin-VErmek, LlX*^ L^wa>^


rukhsAt-VErmek,
1

yes**

shakhss,

j|

XdAm, jfj nefsr


(pi.

iJ^-s^ tejviz-et,

(hypostasis)

*j\ uknum
s
-

++&\

Ij^s..^-^' tErkhzss-et.

akanim)

the three

of the Trinity,
;

Pernicious, a.j*d*> muzerr, jljj^ zararK.

<&)j*jljii
first
,

akanimi

selassE

(gram.)
;

Perpendicular,
*jl5

5.

Jy^e "amud

a.

JJO^jj-ij nefssi-mut^kellim
,

ka'im,

U'J*G> "amudi,
dik.

second
,

u^LLs-* mukhltAb
gha'ib.

third

d6$rAru,

cJj

LM***I
s.

Perpetrate, v.a. <_*^V.

y^P ^^
1

Personage,
Personal,
ly,

^J\<^J>\J

zat-"alT.

^tmek, !L->lCj\ irtikyab-et.


Perpetual,
a.

a.

^^
s.

zati;

pronoun,

*$\J

da'im

ad.

-*/*^

zamir.

Uj^J da'ima.
Perplex,
v.a.

Perspective,
bXsh-l^rArtt-

JO\A Ac

"ilmi-menazir.

J^Jyil^b

Perspicacious, a. ^JcJlkJ fXtanetli.

mak,

dXij u JJU*0
5.

szkzndz-VErmek.

Perspicaciousness, Perspicacity, 5.
Perspicuity,
s.

L^o Iks

Perplexity,
Perquisites,

c-^^L^l
5.
|7/.
<. -,_

izttrAb.

J^A>.1 dchiklik. [rltanet.

JuJlj_

"awa'id,

Perspicuous, a.
Perspiration,
Perspire, v.n.

J^-l achzk.
or

Olc
j

*i

f<_

a idat.
v.a.

s.J

j^

tsr.

Persecute,

^4J u
dXlma-binmek,

CX*L

tErlEmek.

Persuade,

v.a.

^^JuLj^

in^nd/rmak,

^>j

rahat-VErmamek,

renjidE-et,

iC-W^^aJ dushmEnlik-et,
khussumet
-

^<^JuU kXnd/rmak, ld?l$Ls! isskyat-et; CJwiiiiic. "iklmz-chelmek


;

Ict<wy0>
'adavet-et.

et,

Persuasion,
s.

5.

CtM^l^^^^lib

^dint-

jrseverance,

/JjJil

ikdlm,

Pert, a.\3j\. "arsz'z.

[chelmeklik.

dewam

re,

v.n.

JU&*S1 ikdAm-et,
ing,
a.

Pertain,

v.w.

j!

^lx^<
'

muta^allik

61,
61,

dewlm-et
sia, 5.

/JJU

rajz"-61,

bi^o m^nut

1*^^
a.

iran.

[mukdim.
iranl
; ,

mErbut-61,

Js**

muhavvel-

sian,

^^

5.

^
mensub-61,

AJEm;^L>J
-lisslni.

iranl;

blkmak,

dokunmak.
R 2

PERTINACIOUS
Pertinacious,
Pertinacity,
a.j2<<,

228

PHOTOGRAPHER
5.

musssrr.
;

Petroleum,

ma"dEn-nefti

s.

jL.e "inad

Cl^lJ sebat,
[munasse'bet.
5.

jlc ghaz.
Petticoat, s.

*tjJl ikdAm.
Pertinence,
Pertinent, a.
Pertly, ad.

^IkJ^l

ich-fisstAm.

Pertinency,

c^-M-

Petty,

a.

cXtfjUjI

ufXk-tefek,

^J^

.z~*i\^c munasse'betli.

juz'i, <U^>-U>

sAchma.

^^
<Ujjj\

"arsiz

Pewter,
[arsizlzk.

5.

^^^^b beyAz-ma"dEn.
s.

Perusal,

5.

okuma.

Pharmacy,

,y^

LS^V^T

kjzaj*-

Peruse, v.a.

(^^^

okumak.
te'siri-61;

dukkyam (dukkEni).

Pervade,

v.a.^^/U ishljEmek, CXwjr


a.

&+\JLA

Pheasant,

s.

&j&j~* svghlun (sulun or

ghechmek, ^Jjlj

suylun),^jJJ tezrev.
Phenix,
s.

naftz-61.

U^c "anka, (j~j*& kXknuss

Perverse,
Pervert,

^.y

terss

',j^*=>- khayrsiz.

or ^r-.-is kAknuss.

v.a.

(J*3j\j\

ayartmak,
;

Phenomenon,
.

pi.

Phenomena,
gharibE
;

s.

Lr^lc
>jXc

ifsad-et,

IJlil

idlal-et

*'alamet,

&+>,j-

pi.

murtedd (murtAd).
Pest, Pestilence,
s.

"ala'im, \-~3\j* gh^ra'ib.


Phial, 5.

bj veba, (j^cfc ta^'un,

AlMU&jUjI ufXk-shishE.
Philanthropical,
a.
JLtol

^jJdL^-i. khlsstalik,

Philanthropic,

Pestle, s.

,J^la>

(hXwAn)-Eli.

L^&Li> ehli-shafakAt.
Philanthropist,
s.

[kAt.

Pet,

5.

cJ-y
;

SEvdik,

^l^

jAn, u5j

^^SA^Jjt>\ ehli-shfashafakAt.
"ilnaicJ*'.'^^''(*

kuzu, dLl^l*. ji^r^Er-ky^shE, j^^/j


iki-ghy^z

Philanthropy,
Philology,
s.

s.

u^U-i

J ^l^-J^xJ^ darghinltk,

c/~Jj^

-haH;

v.fl.

cX-j-j
;

SEvmek

-tedkzkz-ghavri-lissan.

^ll^-jl dkhshamak
pek-yuz-vErmek.
Petition,
s.

CX^Jjj^C^J

Philomel,

5.

JJj
s.

bulbul.

Philosopher,
"arzz-hal,

*+s*-

hakim

(^/.
(/?/.

U^s^-.-is

Jl^; c
U-j
rija,

^^

nuke* ma) u_3j~-Li feylas6f

"^nza;

j\J
,

niyaz, jc3

E)

's

stone,

L*^

kimiya,

LS-vJy- dEr-khasst;

u.a.

Jl^y[arzuhal.
sahibi-

ikslr,

i/j\ijfS\

Altm-6tu.

CJ^Jj
Petitioner,
Petrel,
5.

"arzi-hal-vErmek.
5.

Philosophy,

5.

L^v^rs-Jji "ilmi-hikmet.
J^liU! 1^,13

^-

c-^o-U

Phlebotomy,

s.

kX

fzrtma-martzssz.
Petrification,

Phlegm,

5.

**b bAlgham.
a.

Petrifaction,
tabajjur.
Petrify,
v.a.
\

Phlegmatic,

./kib bXlghami

J^tf

J&

tXsb-et

v.n.

Phosphorus,

s.

y)yujJ

f6ssfora.
[flajL

cXiL^^lL
tabajjur-et.

tXsh-kessilmek,

Photograph,

5.

A^
5.

ressm.

Photographer,

^fr*~*\j*ff

fotogra-

PHOTOGRAPHY
Photography,
Phrase,
5. 5.

[229

PIGEON-HEARTED
,

4-J^c.jji fotografia.

r.w.

C>/*wlJ4j]

TyilEshmek,
-

Xj\+s.
s.

"ibarE

j++*3

ta"bir.

C3vi^ ^f^
ghilmek
pieces,
j

^y

kuvveti

yirina
;

Phraseology,

Cl^-,*}

ta"birat.

cX<^<*~j

semirmek
;

to

Phrenology,

4lJ

c^vjLj Jis "ilmi[kkat.

cJ^^~>

sz!tkmek

-kzyafeti-diraagh.

dAldzrmak.
Picket,
Pickle,
5.

Phrensy,

s.

c^j^^^j-

junun-muwA-

J^/j>jW
,<^y

i^

Phthisis, 5.

^Ic

^
;

verem-"illeti.
s, s.

(brine)

^^L<? sXlamura
turshu
;

(of
v.a.

Physic,

s.

~.lp

"ilaj

pi.

c^/*>
>-

vegetables)

<U*-J? hikmeti-tabi"iyyE.
Physical,
a.

-^^a\^^ijj
;

turshu-bXssmak.
g2sa*
(

^^
5.

tabl"l
s

^l^

Pickpocket,
j~>/>~

5.

cjl>

yan-kessiji,

jissmAni
Physician,

ly, ao\ \xJb tAb"an.

khzrsz'z.

5.

*& hekim.
O>*V
kzyafet,
ehli-

Picnic, s.

^LiJ^JJ kfr-yem^^Az.

Physiognomist,
-

Picture,

s.

*~y ressim.
a.

Jj^

ghyuzel.
;

ilmi-kzyafet,
s.

Picturesque,

Cef*t**)

ressim-ghibi

Physiognomy,

c^iLS

*^>

Piddle,

s.

(j^^-

chish,

u^-^^j-f-

sima; c^-JUJ'^Lc "ilmi-

kuchuk-chish; CJ<X.-s sidik, J^; bevl;


,

v.n.

liXo4*j1 ishEmek, C.
!

Physiology,

s.

su-dMkmek,
Pie,
.

J^-J

tebevvul-et.

"ilmi-bahssi-hayat-bedEniyyE.
Pianist, 5.

C-^
aj!

bwrek.
Ala,

Jc-J^ls^yLj
s.

piano-chXlan-

Piebald, a.
Piece,
5.

^^l!

Alaja.

Piano, Pianoforte,
Piastre, 5.

jJ^J piano, [-ustad.

^>^^

parcha,
,

^xkjf
v.a.

iJ^jjZ ghurush.

J>-

juz',

*~3 kzssm;

CL

Pick, (pickaxe), s.
,

&*j\s

kXzma; tooth
; ,

eklEmek.
Piecemeal, ad. <^>- ,l> ^>- .b parcha-parcha. C V J V f ^
-t

ear
(

Jl>-

khilal

v.a.

(pull off)

J^byJ k6parmak
(teeth,

(a lock)

Pier, s. <d

isskelE

^^sTj

rikhtzm.

<j>*>-\

achmak;

&c.)^<;*X^lJJ
!

Pierce, v.a.

cXJ J
u^sibj

delmek,

kXrz'sh d/r mak,

Jl-^ ^LJj

Irzklamak

-et; dJvtllj! ishlEmek.

(aytlamak)

(a bone) Cl)vlj--4J temiz(

Piety,

5.

diyanet,

lEmek

(a quarrel)
\

J^j^ Xramak

dmdarlzk, L^yu tlkwa, j.JU sAlah.


Pig,
s.

pockets,
lik-et
;

(jji-rs^-i
out,

^b

yan-kessiji-

J>^o d6nguz

(domuz), jf.j^of lead,

J^l

ayrmak, cJ^s?*'
up,

khmzir,

CJ^>- khuk;

sechmek, !c-;ls^jl intikhAb-et;


v.a.

^^-rf somun,
Pigeon,
s.
(

^ycj'i

klldzrmak

JU^bjL>

^>
a.

t6plamak,

cX^j-2jJ

dfevshirmek,
tahszl-et;

kfebutEr,

Pigeon-hearted,

.^j^

korkak.

PIG-HEADED
Pig-headed,
a.

[230]
Pincers,
s.
5.

PIRATE
pi. -.U:

"inadji.

Pig-headedness, s

"inad.
[nevi"-bAlzk.

Pinch,

cJj^rs;

chimdik
snuff)
sfcki,

Pigmy,
Pike,
Pile,

s.

<^f^>- JUJE.
faj>^.j-Ju

kzssdz'rish

(of

*5jL

tutum

s. 5.

harba;
ytyAin;

^jlb

QJJ*

bir-

(necessity)
ret
; ,

^Ju^

CL^^*?

zf)ru-

LJ
^\r>-

bina;

jjljf
;

v.a.

L^L^i^J^^- chimdiklEkzssmak
;

kAzzk

(of velvet)

haw

s,

mek

(j>+*d*
;

<JK

s.pLjj~>\) bassur,
i

J~:<oU
(

mayAssil; ytghm-et.
,

dz'rmak

^JM+JU* sskmak.
s.

,v.a.(j.*AJ y}ghmak,\
Pilfer,

jJu
;

Pinchbeck,
Pine,
s.

<_~y

tombak.
LS
,

v.a.

^ill^-chAlmak
khzrszzlzk
-

v.n.

/^^*v

chm
,

<:

5^l)/V>-

chm;

](&<**
sirkXt-et.

et,

tc^J-s

v.n.

dXiljy uzulmek
;

dErd-chekmek
hljj, L5

Pilgrim,

s.

^.U
5.

^
;

^V^*

hXjjI (hAJO

CX*>Pineapple,
Pinion,
s.

ishtiyAk-chekmek.
s.

yjj

za'ir

(pl-j\jj ziiwwar).

u~\J\J\ ananass.
(feather)

Pilgrimage,
Pill, s.

^~ hXjj

<-^;Vj ziyaret.

^-2*
;
,

shEh-pEr
v.a.

^^Ubb (hAp).
5.

(wheel)

JJ fEnsr

.jj

Pillage,

LMJ ya^Ama,
;

Cl^jlc gharet,
femwali-

joVV.j^ soyghun

<0^x>J^!

Pink,

5.

^^^ J*^/
;

kXrEnfil-chi
;

-menhubE;
ya^Ama-et,
n^hb-et.
Pillar, 5.

r.a.

^A^y*

soymak,

%^i

a.

<U^ penbs

v.a

Id^U

gharet-et,

Jjl

6yma-achmak.
filzka.

Pinnace,
dirkk, \^f~* sutun, J^^.

s.

& Jj

CJ^^
s.

Pillion, s. j^j^J pXlIn.

["amud.
yuz-y^ssdz^Az,

-dirhEmlik-Mlchu.
Pintle, s.

Pillow,
,

^jJu^JJ^

(&}+**$
s.

balm;

case,

Pioneer,
Pious,
a.

^fi&i\)

bXltaji.
L^jfiJfJjb!

y^ssdzk-yuzu.
Pilot,
s.

jljcj^ dindar,
A^'<
(

ehli-

jj^

kzla^Auz;

v.a.

-tlkwa,
Pip,
s.

muttakz,

,c^^

s6fu.

Pimento,
Pimple,

s.j$)^j
uchuk.

yeii0i-bahar.
;

Pipe,
lip)

<jJj^>- chekirdek. or s. ^J b6ru

c^J

s.

<ls~^-o sivilja

(on the

chibuk

cJ^c5^ duduk
<Ucs:

(^^^
Pin, s.

biyuk-^chz,

^L^L
;

t6plu,

*Ajb}y
;

t6plu-

Pipkin,
Pirate,
Lyj

s.
s.

*j&jbtJ*

t6prAk-tenJErE.
den^iz-khzrsz'zz,

i^^nE
,

<-^>-

chivi

^^*>-

jiwXta

L^J^J^
;

v.a.

Cf^r^lU^LrijJLJjV t6plu;

>.

khzrszz
;

^^^xJ^-j^v.a.

kh^rsiz-

-ila-ilishdirmek

4^X*ijj-^-

chivilE-

-teknESsi

^j^ilU- chAlmak,

mek,

oL^c

mzkhlamak.

sirkXt-et

PISS
Piss,
s.

231

PLANK
v.a.

L/i-^
-

chish,

^JL
bevl
j ,

k6mak,
oturtmak
;

\^*j wXz

-et

kilchuk

chish,

Jy

v.n.

CX*^

dikmek,

\tj-mek,

chish-et,

CX*}J

su-dwkPlacid, a.

tt^xaJ nAssb-et, tf>**7


r

cX^JyfCJ}*?
1

kiichuk-su-

^ly. yawAsh.
\Jj

[ta'

ym-et.

dttkmek,
Pistachio,
5.

J^-J tebevvul-et.

Plague,

s.

veba,

u^^

ta"un,

(j~J

fzsstzk.

^J>-^^4J y^murjak, ^)<H-^rv. khAss-

Pistol, 5. ArsTlJb tabAnja,

^lalJ pishtow.
[hufra.

L
;

bela,
,

c^-^-a^ mussfoet,
v.a.
j\

Piston,
Pit,
5.

5.

\jfc

bAkraj.

dird

J^J dErd-61,

jjjs kuyu,

^i^- chukur,
;

bela-61.
Plain,
ker,
5.

Pitch, s.

u^Jj
*t>lj

zift

A>-ji>

derejE,

<G^

C.J
sadfi
;

duzluk,
; ,

*!
a.

6wa,

raddE,
;

<CJ^

niErtebE,

sahra

duz

x>

menzilE
;

^
,

J^^ol^J niha-

Jj^^jLs
;

sadE-ghyuzel

v.o.
;

Atmak

^/f- chirkin

j;&-! ^chzk, ^lb belli,

CXiiJj
upon,
sfechmek;

ziftlfimek

{j*j$ kurmak

^u^

"ayXn,
"adl,

^wO-<
^l-J
^Jji^s

musste'ban

(j*j\

ayrmak,
one's

C
weylEr,

head,

spoken, jL>^*

dbghrv

su

jU^l ^^-j^iil

lakzrdz'ssmz-

-dushmek.
Pitcher,
5.

essirghEmaz.

-^

dessti (tessti).

PiaintiiF, 5.

^ej-^flj da'Vajz.

Piteous, ^yj-1 Ajz;


Pith,
5.

g^te^
maghz.

Xjmajak.

Plait, s. ^Uf-J

kzrma

<tl
wrmek.

WITHE

Jjl wz,
.

!**<

v.a.fj^o^s kzrmak,
!

zrma-

Pittance,

C^^L^J

kuti-la-yemut.

Pitted with the small-pox, a.

C^sX
niErAjz'mak,
!

Plan,

5.

*~ij

ressim,

&&y
JJ tedbir
, ;

^ijijy chichek-bozu^Au.
Pity,
5.

L-^-Jy
ussul,

tErtib,

j*i

/^>

terahhum, L^vi.
,

J^

y61;

v.a.

hamet;
\(^~*>*z>-j*

v.a.

^^^-1
;

tertib-et,

^JJ

tedbir-et,

(jJ-^jy

niErhamet-et

what a

dushunmek, IJJlc "ikl-et.


Plane,
5.

Jjb
Pivot,

yazik.
s.

^f~~* J^~>
;
,

sAtht-musstevi

J^>
s.

mil,

jjs*
;

mihvEr.
,

rendE
<bJ
,

a.

^~~*

musstevi
;

Placard,

diib

yXfta

v.a.

v.a.

*Nj

rendfilEmek

J^<Xljb
Place,
s.

yAfta-ypzshdzrmak.
ysr,

tree, jl^>- chinar.

j^
,

J^-* mahll,
mevzz",
*

Planet,
<

s. s.

^L-j seyyarE.
takhta
; ,

mevki

.-^4.^
;

Plank,

v.a.
;

mekyan

yir,

L^vcJcL khMmet
me'muriyyet
;

takhta

kXplamak

(hizmet),

sT takhta-dushEmek.

PLANT
Plant, 5. CJ>J

232

PLENTEOUS
chXlmak
;

6t

_U
;

a word,

fidAn

dM-J
'(j~;

nebat

v.a.
;

c
mek.
Player,
s. s.

jjij4*A

mXzmun-suweylE[oyunju.

dikmek,
nXssb-et,
Planter,
s.

gharss-et
rekz-et.

\jj
*4\

jii^

mukXllid;

^J*j\j&\ (J~f- gharss

Plaything,
eylEnja.

^s^.j

oyunjak

<^sT-l

eder-61an-AdAm.
Plaster,
5.

*V*?

szwa or
\

(of Paris)

^
; ,

slgha
(for

Plea,

5.

u^J
a.

Alchz
v.a.

wounds)

Pleasant,

ghyuzel,
tXtli;

ib

ykz

M"*

swamak,

khosh,
tVJJ

jj
s. la-1

sXf aK

leziz.

Plate, s.
Jf

jU?

tXbAk;
ghyiimush
-

takhta

Pleasantry,
Please,

shaka, Ai

takzm
;

v.n.
i

^^J^
isstEmek,

tensib

et,

rfessim

mimassib-ghy^r-

sh^kil;

v.a.

mek;
;

ghyiimush
Aijl
Plater,
a.
s.

kXplamk

glass,

dilEmek

v.a.

ayina-jarm.

kh6sh

ghywrunmek,
-

ghyumish-kAp^-J'
platina.
iflAtun.

khosha

ghechmek,

Platinum,
Plato, s.

[lama.

mAkbula-ghechmek,
ilmek
;

C
\^

jjjUW
.

one's
-

self,

Play,

(jyjl
i*

6yun
;

liL$>

shaka

isstedip'Ai

ghibi-et,

jI

kumar
;

v.n.

^Jk*^^'

keyfinja-harekEt-et.
Pleasure,
5.

oynamak

^'^oLi^ljLiJJ
;
,

kumar;

c-si
slfa,

k^yf,

^j^^T

jun-

-6ynamak
(J~<j*

v.a.

chXlmak jjwwv*'

bush,

\su>

komak,
^j*
;

<J>*^V

bXssmak;
Ch6k-para-

U~su

la*. hXzzz-n^fss,
a.

^^^'1 J 3Jj
; ,

eylEnja,
t^lfezzuz.
s.

high,

xju off*

Plebeian,

klba

+\

L5

-komak

a high game,

*-$))=*

klba-AdAm.
Pledge,
5.

,.jr^

rehm
-

v.a.

the
-et;

fool,

v.n.

IcJ-^

esheklik<f

rfehina

komak

<L.A^L-c

tjlijUlb dXlkawukluk ^*^ mAsskharalzk-et


;

et

Ashkma-ichmek.
Pleiades, s.pl. l^j sureyya,

--eshek;

^
murXkh-

with,

v.a.

il

yedi-(kardash).
Plenipotentiary,
s.

-yiErina-k6mak, ^JL4J\Jol

Xldatmak

^j>~j.^

the truant,

C*Xcd
-

<U-^=r<x>

mek-

khAss.
Plenteous,
Plentiful, a.

ghitmamek,

^J^^
;

Jy

b61,

j^>-

mektsbdan

kXchmak

upon,

ch6k,

l^^:'

berekEtli,

ui ghanT.

PLENTY
Plenty,
5.

233

POCKET
5.

jtty

bolluk,

J^Z*** chokluk,

Plummet,

JLJ

kurshunisskAndH.

<*^~~j> ber^kEt,

L^x^r. ghonimet.
zatu-'l-jenb

Pleurisy,

s.

L-^-J td^J
[jijKl LJ$jS
a.

Plump,
v.n.

a.

J~*~5

or

>

J^'*

semiz

up, shish-

(sAtlijAn).

kolay-e^ilir.

<jdb
JJiW

d61mak,

CJ^i-^

Pliable,

Pliant,
s.

vll^J yzmusbXk,
; ,

mek;
mek,

(into), v.n.

cX*-S>jJ dush-

Plight,

JU;

hal

v.a.

CXc^j

XtHmak,
;

c
,

VErmek
Plot,
5.

Jtc^

wa"d-et.
jl
3

pAtadak-dushmek
fessad
;
;

ad.

i^t

&J

fitnE,

pXtadak,
Plunder,
5.

-iJ^jjf

iXpadak.

of

ground,

<k^
v.n.

"arsa
;

of a
,

L^-x^

tale,

&&L>~ khulassa
;
,

grass

*-,>-

gharet, LU-w*-ii ghanimfet (p/.

Ajii

chim

(J^jj*

&$

fitnE-

ghana'im)
Icicle,

v.a.

U*-> ya^Ama-et,

kurmak, (j^tjUjlj oL-3


natmak.
Plough,
s.

fessad-kay-

gharet-et,

lc-^^3

nehb-et;

(J**ly0 s6ymak.

sab An
;

v.a.

Plunderer,

5.

^^^-Uij ya^Amaji.

CLLc^p surmek
sttbAn-surmek.
Pluck,
s.

,i;.7Z.

Plunge,
(J*A\

5.

Jjjb

dAlz'sh;

v.n.
;

dXlmak,

^jj-kc

ghatss-et

t^
;

ich,

v.a.

/jp;jlU) dXldirmak, ^*Jj*tf

sokmak, l^j-kc. ghatss-et.


<s
,

v.a.

^<jJ^

koparmak;
;

Plural,

^.

^^^- j^m

ijsv \

llmak

^*-U*tf

soymak

^j^*\

Plurality, 5.

C^l^
za'id.

kkssret.

y61mak.
Plug,
5.

Plus, ad.
tzkAJ
,
;

<-\j|j

-^^J?
f itil
;

(for a wound),

Plush,

5.

iA^y

klba-kXdlfE.
;

J-13

v.a.

(JstksUo tzkamak,

Ply, v.n.

dX*lljj ishl^mek
ishl^mek,

v.a.
;

CiULlM
-sokmak.

C-Uwl etmek

^JM^itX^UAiMtf

szkzshdzrmak.
ao*.

Plum,

5.

kuru;

P.M.

(post meridiem),

jyijoo
yasslk-

-uzum

,Ji

ba"d-ez-zewal.

[yErda-Xvlamak.

Poach, v.n.

^Jkjfejl

i^J

Jfl**^

Plumb,

v.a.

CJ^U^
issklndil-et
;

lehimlEmek
line,

Poacher,

5.

^y^- u'A^

*^ J^.

IJjJaU-il

5.

yassXk-yErda-Avlayan-khzrszz.

Jylfc shakul (sha^Aul).

[ekmek.

Pock,

5.

(J-^- chibXn.
s.

Plum -cake,
Plume,
tuy
;

5.

cJ^ii

4-<Jj'

uzumlu;

Pocket,

^^r
;

(j^b)

v.a.

5.

^jZjfe
one's

sorghuch
self,

tJJ

(J~<j3 fc"?~r

j^bina-komak;

book,
c-^-sj-

v.n.

^jlklsl

^l*^s>- juzdan

money,

iftikhar-et.

POCK-MARKED
Pock-marked,
-bozuk.
a.
*J

[234]
chzchek-

POLLARD
zehirl^mek,
(J-<ojj>
!

vj

CX^^;

tkssmim-et

b6zmak,
(J^i*^>
>

jL-J

ifsad-et.

Pod,

s.

J
;

klbuk
,

v.n.

ulc

Poke,

v.a.

sokmak,
-

(~jf
;

v.a.

sokup

kAnshdz'rmak

kAbu^Aunu-soymak,
kab ukdfln - ch zkarmak

J^l&^^tX^J
.

-^

durtmek.

Poland,
ghazel,
(long)
Pole,
(.)j~3

s.

^Uw^
^j~e
;

lehisstan.
szrik
;

Poem,

s.

(short)

Jj^

5.

cJj*3 direk
;

Poesy, s.xJ* shi"r.


Poet,

[aju*2J> kXssidE.

s^ren

^)
;

lehli

L-^LJJ

kutb

s.^\-/

sha"ir (pl.VxJ* shu'Wa).


shi"r.

(kutub);

uybj* Jj=& <jA\


star,

Xltt-bu-

Poetry, s.^J*

chuk-arshm

Poignant,

a.

LJ
kesskin,

fna,
*JI

^c-^
elim,

kutub

yzldz'zz,

sjU 4-w

(demir)-

j^-^rui

-kXzzk, uJc>- judeyy.


Police, 5. (matters of)

vejl", J^~> ^x^- ji^Er-suz.

&Jb+*j^ umuri-

Point,

5.

^kaJ nokta
;

~j\

uj

^jy
2!

man,
\i;

^e\
agent,

burun

^^^
t^b
bAb,
,

khussuss,

jU

maddE,

^1

emir,
aJL

L^s-i-^

u^U zAbOyyE-me'muru.
Policy, 5.^.,JJJ t^dbir,

keyfiyyet, <ioO nuktE,

J^l
,

ussul,

^
;
\

L^sX

msbhass c^ik<

revish

&**> sened.
lehli;
;

&>-j4 derejE, ^jJ^c merte'bE,


<jJ

Polish, a.

s.

&js

lehJE
v.a.

raddE,

&&(of the
;

jila

<UJy tErbiyyE

ii>-

per^ssEj
tij* kErtE,

compass)
,

jila-et,

LLX^Jj^^jila-

j^J^j riizghyar

v.n.

tErbiyyE-et.
Polite, a.
.

bAkmak,

cXJjJ

dwnmek;

ck>.

chel^bi, c^JoJt

efendi,

parmakla-isharet-et;
,

v.a.
,

nuwazishli.

make a
-yapmak.
Point blank,
range,

J^l> u
ad.

< o<*&s.'

makhsuss-

Political,

a.

Lt
;

umur-i-

-milkiyye'ya-miita"allik

economy,

^j^-y^

d6g^ru;
Politically,
arf.

J^c^U

tAmm-menzil.
^

jj

devletJE.

Pointed, a.^y^-^\^Sj^ sivri-ujlu,


sivri
;

Politician,

5.

L-ll ^..Xl^

jyt\

umuri[-devlet.

^Lj^c^t d6^Arulmush
;

-milkiyyE-ashina.
Politics, s.

blkiyor

^j^s*
zehir,

makhsuss,

i-Jjt> rJJJjLe "ilmi-tedbiri.

Ashikyar.

Pollard,
+~3
,

CJ^sAssij!

inja-kepek;
d.\llarz-hep-

Poison,
(6t),

5.

j&j

s&mm, Jl 6d
v.a.

^c\ aghu;

POLLUTE
Pollute, v.a.
tfenjiss-et,

[235]
ij'J^
lAp
-

PORRINGER

murdar-et,
Poltroon,

piss-et.

ichiiri -

ghlrmek

v.a.

korkak.
5. s.

CX*^j-^

J;^

ichbri

Xt/vErmek ;
desharz-

Poltroonery,

k6rkaklik.

out, v.n.

oLc^ll..l>

Polyanthus,
-chichfyhi.

(choha)-

sundurivErmek
s.

Pomegranate,

knar. j\J nar, j\J\

d?shan
,

koyuvErmek

on,
off,

v.a.

Pommel,

5.

^^^J

eyEr-kAshe;

v.a.

ghiyivErmek;

v.n.
;

C3v4.^t> dup'Amek, <j^j^

wurmak.

sawushuvErmek
wluvErmek
;

Pomp, s.'AiLJ* tXntAna, 4'jjJ debdbE,


(j^daLj sAltAnAt.
Pond,
5.

--

v.a.

chekarzvErmek.

J^i ghyM,
a.

^^
\gJiw,

hawuz.

Poplar,

5.

>-l

Ponderous,

j\

JJu

skzl,
5

^J/

ghiran.

Poppy,

^ils.^

h^shhash;

(wild)

4>

Pontiff, 5.

*U1 imAm, /j humam. mAm, /Ujb


s.

ghelinjik-chiche^Ai,

Pontoon,

tombAz.
midilli.

Populace,

5.

(jy.u/*\j

"awAmm/-nass,

Pony,
Pool,

s.
s.

j^bJiU
ayak-takzmz.
zarta;

essafili-nass,

^it jbl

^<f ghywl, ^>f*- hawuz.


,j

Poop,

s.

ossuruk,

bjo

Popular,

a.

>*lcJ^Ju> mlkbulu-^Amm,

(of a ship)

U
fakzr
.

kamara-iisstu.
\jju

Poor,

a.

(pi.

fukara),

Populate, v.a. \j^x^c ma"mur-et.


Population,

(kXripit); c-***tf za"lf

(pi.

xJ

French

zu"afa, the origin of the " denomination of Zouave,"

y~fi Populous, a.jjAx^t ma"mur.


Porcelain,
s.

s.

,J\&\ ahalT,

nufuss.

jfixj faghfvr.
d^hliz.

the infantry in Africa being called

Porch,

"
the poor/' or the weak," because

s.jJ&A
5.

Porcupine,
Pore,

\J>fj&

6klu-kirpi.
;

not able to afford themselves horses


to ride against the

s. (pi.

C15UL*x) messammat)

enemy)

Ixs fsna,

over, v.a.

(jd\

dAlmak,

^j'bc^

pek-bXkmak.
Poorly,
a.

j*,9^->
<&~-^>-

kkyfsiz,

Pork,
,

s.

,^\ j*jo d6nguz-eti (d6muz),

mizajszz,

khlssta
\1J

ad.

jZjB\+^t lahmu-'l-khmzir.
Porous,
a.

>-j<^J fakzrja

fsna.

jLf
s.

UL^o
^JfU**:

messamatli.

Pop,

v.n.

^^eJXbu
,

pXtlamak
fzrlamak
;

^*JJi
,

Porphyry,
Porpoise,

s6mmaki.

Atzlmak,

-<^ri

v.a.

5.

^OTf^Jjj) yonuss-ba%^z.

AtivErmek

in,

v.n.

Porringer, *

7?^Jj|/J^ t6prAk-tenj^rE.

POET
Port,
s.

236

POST
u.a.^c
;

limln;

<

isskels
;

Possess,

^ Lj^Lj!
lumbar;
Portable,
a.

lumbar-kXpA^'

j^

milt^m^llik-61
zXbt-et,

one's self
E!E
-

of,

Ua**

^^

^-LlJj p6rt-sherabi.
khAflf,

cXc;^^Jl
isstihsal

ghetirmek,

*_-*

^^--I'

IJUs^X^
possessed
-

et

whatever

u^y
Porte,
,s.

tAslumassz-k61ay.

you?

CJj^^l^--&,ycJJ
-

Jlzc-Aj
;

bAbz-"alI,

^jJli.l
devleti

(hanghz)

sheytlnfl

uydun^r,

^j 0<U

pasha-kApz'ssz

<ulc

L^-JjJ

-(hizraet)

etdin^

ed, p.p.
<0

^J

Porter,

5.

JUa- hAmml!
klpyt;

(hXmAl)

deli,

c^,ijs.' mejnun,
a.

<!

t>

diwanE.

L^j? 5

^.J^j^W
hXmmAllik.

siyah-

Possessed,

^J
.

dfeli;

jJ^UjCJ^
[-ileyh.

-arpa-suyu.
Porterage,
Port-hole,
Portico,
5.

tassarr ufin da- 61an

s.
s.

J$U^-

Possession,

s.

k_JydJ'

t^ss^rruf.

^C

L^L^cj!

lumbar-de%Ai.

Possessive
Possessor,

case,
5.

*J\u^Li<
sahib
;

muzXfun-

u^JlfeJjJi kXpz-dehlizi.

c_ ->J*-^

*^y*i*

Portion,

5.

^yb
A*Ji

parcha, cJ^lj buluk,

mutESsarrif.
Possibility, s.

J>-

juz',

kzssm,

^*Lj
*^-j

kh"a

^\i*\ imkyan.

[<ltflj

belki.

hisssE,

L^b pay;
d-^i.
**~~z'J
1

sehm,
; ,

Possible, a. ^J*.**

mumkin
jli

bly, ad.

s^him
out, v.a.

,5

kissm^t

Post,

5.

(wooden)
;

kXzjk, cJ^u>

taksim-et, (^X*]J j'


L-j*j)
*
t

direk
(for

(for

letters)

&^
menzil;

p6ssta

bMmek
!*Jt3

oiF, v.a.

^M-J^*^^def"- et
;

horses)
p6sst,

Jj^

(office)

hisssEssini
,

vErup

Ci^-y

L^A^^cUme'muriyyet,

marriage

j\$>-

jihaz

(chehiz),

Ja^^) messnkd,

j&?

sAdr; (sentry)

Jy
Portmanteau,
chXnta.
Portrait,
s.
s.

k61,

Jyy
^c^Jy
f-^^

kXra-kol,
nubetji
;

Jyy
(place)
T-,

.jJk-**

sXndzk,

<a3
kAra^r^ol,

\(2Jjye surEt.
*-^j

jj

ysr,

mevk^',

v.a.

rkssim, j..y
s.

tXssvir,

CX*^j<k<&*jy posstaya-VErmek;

^
i^-JJ
(per;

Portrait-painter,

if^^j j-F^

tXssvir-

k6mak,

^^*jLj brakmak,
; ,

-ressami.
Portray,
Position,
Positive,
v.a.
5.
\

[tAvszf-et.
A-JJ

ta"ym-et

up, v.a. (accounts)

ressm-et,

i^jL^

^<j'j yazmak, \<^s kayd-et,

%^y>

mevka'"; Jlo- hal. &


sahih,
6

CX^js?
sons)
,

dfeftEra-ghechirmek
J

a.

^s.^

*jt*\&$f*

<J-<jVA .^V. yAftaya-yazmak

sahihan-ma"lum,
j^lo

^&-' muhXkkXk;

v.n.

CX<^~ Jj^

menzil-surmek,
ek;
office,

y\

Tyi-bilir
;

Jj^L^y (J^J pek'

-kavi-siiweylEr

^c^J.*^

inadji

p6ssta-khanE
;

--

house,

mutlXk.

master,

POSTAGE
Lx aLi
u->
;

[237]
-

POWERFUL
s.

possta

me'muru

Poulterer,

^**jb

tawukju.
,

menzilji

general,

Poultice, s. fal lApa;

v.a.

^jj\bi
JfjlL

}&\J

teu*:*.)

Jt

possta-nazzn,
*

horse,

iXpa-wurmak.
Poultry,
s.

^bj^* menzil-(beghiri). Jr^fc" ^ possta-ujreti. Postage,


s.
3

j^lt

tawuk,

J^U
;

tawuk-mawuk.
Pound,
5.

Post-boy,

s.
s.

suruju.

(weight)

^.J

libra

(Turkish
;

Post-chaise,
-"arabassi.
Posterity,
5.

U^

menzil-

2 1 avoirdupois)
lira;

<LJi

keyyE (6kka)
cattle)

[jljb-1 evlad-u-ahfad.

(sterling) *,-!
\ghi\-,
,

(for

J^^

zurriyyet,

j<-^l

v.a.

cJ/^jJ

du^Amek,

Postilion, 5.

(^

suruju.
te'khir-et,

^<j\

ezmek, IjJ d^kk-et.


c^Jvf^J
,

Postpone,
J

v. a.

&**
<L-i>l:>-

Pour,

v.a.

dwkmek,

iii!

sow^raya-brakmak. [hlshiyyE.
s.

Xkztmak;

v.n.
;

JU^

Postscript,

j\-^.=>
klb,

kisnar,

(sel)-ghibi-ya^mak
(sfel)-ghlbi-Xkmak.

J^l

Pot,

5.

c-Ai*

^-y^
;

kawanoss,
;

bardak;
tessti

<Ub- hokka

L5

=~J

Pout, v.w. (J**jj*y0 s6mutmak. Poverty,


5.

L ?^ kyup
(klzAn)
;

^-^J' tenJErE,
,

yLJ fkr, aJU faka,

J^-w
^*j)j*

flower

f^kzrlzk,

j)^
Jy
,

frkflralik,

slksz;

v.a.
;

kawa-

zarurEt.

nossa

bAssmak

o^

Powder,
cine)

5.

t6z, jl-.

ghubar
,

(medi-

sAkszya-dikmek.
Potash,
Potassa,
s. s.

cJyL
;

sufuf ; gun
v.a.
-

C^jlj

(^^ potass.
^/-lj^ p6tass.
s.
>j.-**5lJ*j

barut

LLUXLsJy <L^1
; \

usstuna

toz

silkmek
;

J^J t6z-et,
flask,

Potassium,
Potato,
5.

p6tassium.

CX<j^
tijj

fezmek

horn,

^UIL)
s.

yEr-Elmass.

veznE,
;

^^ ^J^
mill,

barut-

Pot-bellied, a.^JjlS karnli.

veznESsi

<0l=kjjb barut-

Potency,

L2J*s kuvvet.

-khans

room,

magazine,

Potent, a. jUj kuvvetli.


Potentate, s.j\J**L>- hukmdar.
Potential

Power, s.jjj z6r, cl^y kuvvet,


slgha'i-

mood,

s.

&jtdCjt*&L*

kudret,

L^iC
devlet,

miknet,^Ja5!i

Potion,

s.

-jJlLc "llaj.

[-iktz'dariyyE.
;

Pottage,
Potter,

5.
5.

ch6rba Vj>>-

<U^ llpa.

nufuz

(^~o=>- hukyumet ; Jt tfe'sir <uU^ hlsssa


;

J^B^^J^.
over,

chknlekji;
Powerful,
-

about,

U
b6sh
shfeylir
- ila -

a.

^Ijjj

zorlu,

Juy

kuvvetli,

u(j3

k^vT,

^j^J

kudretli,
;
S

,^-^r^

eylEnup-wAkzt-gh^chirmek.

mekm,

JoLc muktedir

Jw

nu-

POWERLESS
fuzlu,

[238]
Preamble,
s.

PRECISE
^_,<cw\-Ji_^c

j^JUlfl^iilj

nafizu-'l-kElime';

mukXddimE,
[rEr.

teyn

^y*
a.

mu'essir

CU^j

sert

all

JU^LjJ

dibaJE.
a.
s.

,j>&
Powerless,

kXdir.

[-kuvveti-y6k.
hich-bir-

Precarious,

jJLo

ghayri-mukar-

J^> \J?j> **&


s.

Precaution,
zar,

j<-V>- hlzar,

j^i-\

ihti-

Powerlessness,

^jpJLcU^l

Ll.^1
,

ihtiyat,

aUu!

intibah;

hich-bir-kuvveti-61mamklik.

to take

JK^'^

sakinmak,
\

Pox,

s.

\*J*

firEnghi.

(j^>-\ ghywz-chmak,
-et,

j&>- hXzar-

Practicable,
y^pzlz'r
;

a.

^A** mumkin,
kullAnzKr.

<>*4^ ^b\^s>-\
j\

ihtiyAtlz-bulun-

j^ij^ly

mak,

^JjUUiM

intibah-iiz6rE-61.

Practice,

s.

*Axj ta"lim,
muda.ve'met
;

Precede, v.a. and n. ld^iu-j sabkXt-et;

mussabakAt-et

ding,

"XmEliyyat

CJjU

"adet;

sabzk.

(^L^^LLX-w.-i
ilisri
;

tXbibin^-mushter-

Precedence,
Precedent,
Precept,

s.

mussabakXt.

v.a.
I

cX*ijJ etmek, (J^^V.


ta"lim-et,
1

5.

emsal
ka'idfi
-e
s.
;

y^pmak

/*A*^

/*^

5.

dEWIm-et; IcAU-Jjb hekimlik-et.


Praise,
5.

nASs!ht
Preceptor,

zarbz-messel.

-J^j

medh,

Ii3

sEna, ^jl^-j
-i>

sitayish

(to
,

God) *Xf^ h^md,

tl^^^ri. khoja.

shukr

v.a.

L*)m medh-et,
sitayish-et
; I

1L3

Precious, a.

kzmetli,

L^-

SEna-et,

^(^HJ
a.

zi-kzmet

J-J/-C
(pi.

"AZIZ

stone,
;

h^md-et, l^Ci> shukr-et.


Praiseworthy,
Prance, v.n.

[mebrur.
;

j&jp- jevhEr

j&\f>~ jewahir)

\^r*

mErzi

j^^>
t

rogue, ^-Ju\5*-

S^=>

ghedikli-

t (J.*\ZJ j\

oynamak, (^c\jS.

chApkzn.
Precipice,
5.

L^^J^ varta.
jl> yar,
a.
ly,

Prawn,
Praxis,

s. s.

&>

tekE.

[sechramak.

ftj^y uchurum,
ad.

Jbu

ta"llm.

Precipitate,
\\>~j
;

Pray,

v.n.

(J^j^V.

yAlvarmak,
;

rija-et,

|jL3 niyaz-et

lUt> du"a-et

retreat,

^^LJjUJ
Prayer,
5.

nXmAz-kzlmak.
rija,

-kahkara;
;

s.

Jy
v.a.
\

toz,
<

U^j

jlJ niyaz

IcJ

chwkundu

J^*
ta^jfl-et
;

du"a;
or

(stated)
sXlat.
s.

jU3

nAmXz, Cjl^

Asha^'-atmak
,

J-^

LU^L?

v.n.

cJv^5*-<iU)i3 dibE-ch^kmek
matters,
5.

Prayer- book,
Preach, v.w.
1

^ls

IcJ du'^a-kitabi.

things,
Precipitation,

\&s?

"ijelE[-et.

li^ wa"z-et.
[meklik.
loc

&^P

"lj6lE.

Preacher, iic^ vwa^iz.

Precise,

a.

(person)

^JJ^o

merAkli,

Preaching,

s.

l^U&t?

wa'z-et-

ehli-dikkAt;

(time,

&c.)

PRECISION
*\j

[239]
v.a.

PREPARE
favour,
jjls^.^-^,

tAmm,

*Uj tXralm

hussni-z^nn
z&mf-bA'ttl
; ,

vul,

ta"ym-et,

tefrlk-et,

gar
v.a.

J.LL^.jk
zwrar-et

makhsuss-birini-ghywsstErmek.
Precision,
s.

\jj&

.j&AU

^Jh^y zihnina-shey-k6mak.
dikPrelate, 5.

nerAk
szhh^t.

^^JLJ
a.

pisskoposs.
ly,

kAt

u^ssr

Premature,

ad.

Preclude, v.a.

mani"-61.

Precocious,

a.

wAktmdan-EWEl, ^J^^^c^j wlktighMmadan.


Premeditate,
v.a.

vwAktinden-EvvEl-yetishmish.
Predecessor,
5.

(J~~<jpJL-jjJjJ*j4
!<\-aJJ

u-fiL-*

selef (pi.

uJU

dushunup-kurmak,
p.p.
JJ

kXssd-et;
;

Predestination, s.jJJ kXdfir.

L^XiJ kAssdz
*

[esslaf).

dly, ad.

Predicament,

s.

JU-

Li fEnahal.

kAssdan, |j^c "amdan.


5.

Predicate, s.j+>- khlbEr.


Predict,
v.a.

Premier,

>lic.^Jw?

sXdrz-"z^m
bAsh-vekn.
ev,

(sad-

cX^j-^J^^-XXjJj

raz^m),
Premises,

J^.^b
s.

wuku undon-EvvEl-khAbEr-VErmek,
1

pi. j\
<d>j!

j^fj dukkyan
<Lsfb bA^cha,
;

j^srL! isstikhraj-et.

(dukkEn),

6da,

Prediction,

hudud ^t^c "arsa, ji ysr, J^Jc>(logic)

wuku 'undan - Evvel - khlbEr - vErmekPredilection,


s.

<UjJU mukXddimE
mukAddim^teyn

(single),

J^o

meyl.

[lik.

(double),

Predispose, v.a.

issti-

mukAddimat
Premium,
s.

(several).

dad-vermek.
Predisposition, 5
issti"dad.

^b

bAsh, j(

kyar;
;

Cl^l
chassz.

ujret;

CTJ\jlC

mukyaf at

Predominant,
Predominate,

a.

ghalib.

v.n.

ghalib-61,

^^^>Preface,

chok-61,

ziyadE-61.

Preoccupy,

v.a.

J^xl^ii&J
ied, a.

zihnini-

5.

<UsjJU mukXddiniE,
,

-m^shghul-et

Jjy&^^jftJ

dibaJE

v.n.

<U jJUL.^) bXsstz[tErfi"i-riitbE-et.


l

zihni-meshghul.
Preparation,
j9/.

-muklddimE-et.
Prefer, v.a.

s.

cJ^JJ

tedaruk (tedarik,
;

\^.=>~Jj terjih-et;

culi^ljJ tedarikyat)
terklb.

(compound)

Preferable, a.

^T^
*&ry

murejjah.
terjih.

t-^-^J

Preference,

s.

Prepare, v.n.

Jf^J^fW
;

hAzzrlanmak,
v.a.
\

Pregnancy,
Pregnant,
Prejudice,

j^jUghebE,

hAzir-61
;

^Us6fra-

a.

^[y-

hamilE.
;

hAz/r-et

a table,
(cook)

^^yfiyl*
^f*jl>
;

zarar, C^llii fjsnalik

-kurmak;

yapmak,

against,

su'izann;

in

CJ^^lj

pishirmek

(compound)

PREPONDERANCE
tErkib-et; (arrange)
tertlb-et.

[240]

PRESS
J^asT
bakhshish;
L^-Jfj^^rjkX4-i>

i^Wj?

shimdiki-hal,
s.

shimhal;

Preponderance,
Preponderate,

<uL

ghale'bE.

diki-wAkzt, u>J^*-2j shimdi,


at
,

JU-

v.n.

^u-JU

ghAlib-61,

LJ*JS
Jlsl|
; ,

shimdi,
el-hal,

CXL>oU
^Hl
el-an,

CX*l:*pA*b bAsskm-ghElmek.
Preposition, s. j^-<^J>.s>- harft-jerr, j\s>jarr.

shimdilik,
)Il>-

hala

v.a.
I

\^f-

"arz-et,

[zAbt-et.
v.a.
5.
\

IvJJB tXkdim-et;

^1 ibraz-et,

Prepossess,

L**? J

ghyun^ul;

Prepossession,

meyl

d^jltXc

do^Arultmak;
selam-dur
l.
;

arms
present
!

"Mavet.
Preposterous,
Prerogative,
a.

[-mughayir.

Jt^vSJ

ni-

[dim, jU! ibraz.


5. <>

5. <U0\>-

khlsssa.

Presentation,

arz,

/W

tXk

Presage,

s.

L^-c^Lc. "alamet,
,

J-J^

delil;

Presently,

a6?.

shimdi,

^Ujb
bir-

JU
-ol,

A!

v.a.

^v^Mvelc "alamet-

-shimdi,

^j^
;

IcsJSj

delalet-et;

J^lS=!
iss-

-Azdan.
Preservation,
s.
lifts-

[muhAfaza.
hzfz
ddailsr10

nglamak (annamak), (^1^adL1


tikhraj-et.

[bih-et;

^-^y tertlb-et.
ten-

Preserve,

5.

^b'H?

tXthV
;

u^-j
,^*2y
;

rechel,
tilrshu
,

Prescribe, v.a.
Prescription,
tibi,

KJ

emr-et, I^^^J

shekErlfimE

5.

^*3jJ++j*

hekim-tEr-

k6ru, (jJjjy koruluk

v.a.

<^>-j
5.

recheta.

k6rumak,

^*\&a

saklamk,

Presence,

jy^=>- huzur;

^Jj

varlik,

lofts>-

hefz-et,

^^Jj vikayE-et, lc^oL*tf>

L^oJA5>-^
of
*

mevjudiyyet,

^>j
;

viijud;

syanet-et,

IdJa-jls.-*

muhAfaza-et

mind,

rechelini-ypmak ;
turshusunu-yapmak
;

blshmda

61makh*k

klik; to

rechel-61;

jl^y
hifz-

have, to be in possession of

of mind,

turshu-61.

[-eden-kimessnE.

hich

bozulmamak,

Preserver,
Preside,

5.

k~~*&

^^\

laAsw

"Aklz-bAshmda-61,
tfb

v.n.

^c^-^Uj
re'iss
;

riyasset-et;
[^-* sir.

hich-futur-ghetir-

jUjJjb
President,

bXshda-61.
5.

mamek.
Present, a. j*\&- h^ztr, j\j var,

(j~~>j
s.

^b

blsh,

Presidentship,
Press,
s.

L^v-jbj

riy asset.

mevjud,

jj&)*
;

bulunur,
shimdiki,

^Jblxi-it>^tfU

bXssma-desst-

bulunmush

^X->X^-i
,

s. JU^ hall; U^JL^ plshkesh;

^UJJb

hediyyE

jend^rE, .Ji^V bAsskz

<-r>^ dolAp,
blss-

^J^ yuk;

Jli-tf!

A-^^U^b

PRESSURE
majflar-essnaf/
;

[241]
ghazetalar

PRIME
sayd
;

j&jz(

<Ujl?
;

ta"ma;

upon, v.a.

i^^&*^j>~~s
szkmak
**0\)
;

'\

j)) z6raki-"Ass; ,

CJv*J yemek
tutniAk,
-et;
!

^^
,

Avlamak,

^^^

kEr-t6playAn-k61
;

v.a.

kX-^ sayd-et, l^l^Ji shikyar-

bAssmak
.

<JL

beast

of

^y^fi'at
;

tj^j*.

sekzshdz'rmak

\^J-*~

a."

tAzyik-et,
;

yzrtzjz-haywAn.
Price, 5.
l^J

\^>- jebr-et,

^l*-l
'

ijbar-et

\\jj)

baha, trjtj

bigb

(j^j Vt>
Pressure,
ish
;

^
s.

z6raki- 'AsskEr-yazmak .
sekz'sh,

^*~>*>
szkz,

d61ghun-fi'at
;

low

l^J

(j^J dun;

,&*
c^.*<3.7
^.

,Ji^V bAsskz

-baha,

W^^l

EhvEn-baha

fixed

z6r,

tAzyzk.
<Ol^J

Pretence,

bahanE;

l^^iJu=5 kEssilmish-baha, ckiU d?UJ mAktu"-fi'at assize iy


; ,

ghywsstErish, Jul^J tAklid,

^,L

yalAn.

narkh,
blood,

2\+3^J+so

miri-fi'ati

of

Preterite, 5. .^LojJjtJ fili-mazz.

C^O
^^ruJ

diyyet,

J^
khar;

khun-

Pretext,

s.

<UUj bahanE;

&+>j

vessilE.
dilbsr,

-baha.
Prick,
sik,
5.

Pretty, a.
*\~+r*-

Jj^
hussnlu
iiLs

ghyiizfel,
; ,

^Jj

diksn,

jU

ClU
aleti-

ao*.

^j
v.a.

zeksr,

J-oLj'c^ll

ep-Tyija,

^!

61dukja,

-tenassul; ^Mj^l)<U^rul iyfaiE-yarassz";


;

chokja,

^jr^^/
iyij>

ghere^Ai-ghibi

\Xj\Jt 6\j\^j>i~$jj+~
; ,

sivri-shey;

well, &>-jA
-Tyi.

^^^^^

61dukja-

-ila-yara-et

v.n.

J^b bAtmak

up
v.n.

one's ears,

cX^Jj^i

kulAk-

Prevail,

^^-^11^
upon,

ghllib-61

dikmek.
Prickle,
.

with,

\^^a\j

razz-et,

^J
j*=>

dikEn,

jU kbar.
(kibir),

\.^j3 ghywn^ulunu-et
Prevalent,
a.

(ghywnunu[-et).

Pride,

s.

kibr

u^:>- Jan.
men"-et.
tJ**"

nakhvet,

j-^rJ

tekebbur,

Prevent, v.a. \v~~


Preventable,
a.
5.
(

t^'^zzum;

fakhr; jl^lil

ifti-

^^<

m en"i-

kbar;
iftikhar-et,

one's self in, v.n.

Prevention,
Preventive,
Previous,

*-^e men".
_3Lo mani".

[-mumkin.

CJviJJul

jlr*

s.

edinmek.
Priest, 5. ,U!

a.

^^^

EWElki,
esski.

ImAm; ^-bb pApAss,


^j.lfr-)
kesbisb
;

mukAddEmki, ^~*\
Previously,
EVVE!,
aa*.

ruhbAn,

^^L^>\ esskidan,

kbakhAm.
"
Prime,
a.

/%JJL<
2

let

a"la,

mukAddEma,
^1 EVVEla.
Prey,
s.

-'l-a''^,

v^^^

^\
Av,

a'zam,
AssH;

^
,

IcSl^Lc bAshdan-bAsh
bAsb,

J!

EWE!;

j!

j\&

s.

PRIMER
-a"lassi;

[242]

PROBE
ajls f^- hXbss-khanE,
bess.

of youth,
;

L^o-ijj^Ai
,

"unfuvAm-shebabet

v.a.

^<^js.\
;

tyhzlamdk, ttX*Lk) yemlEmek


lakt rdt
-

L^"

J^fi!

Prisoner,

s.

^,/~f5-

(hXpiss),

ughn&tmok
;

LftJi

mahbuss
(yessir).

of

war, j-?~>\

essir

kurdurmak

CiXJ

l>.^

[ghizlilik.

bdyanmy
-wurmak;
kXfa-kurmak.
Primer,
s.

Asstarim-

Privacy,

s.

d^U.

khalvet

C)!^^
;

one's-self,

^^JUj

Private, a. jjfiUaft*-

^lo
;

baya^Az,

u5^lc "adi

khAsss

^^
<

ghizli, jljl* sakH,


;

\Ju_a! \ elif-bE-juz'u. jJjs*s.

khafT,

Priming,

^J>j])\
;

tyhz-btu
1>^J

<UX*J
;

person, L /Lc "^wlmmi - nassdan-

WK.'

makhfi

yemlfimE

u^l^jl

boya-ASstarz

biri

s.

XsskEr-nefm

horn, <0j^ veznis.


Prince,
5.

edeb-yEri,
;

ujCc

"av-

Jffc

shehzadE

ret-yEri.

Privateer,
Principal,
\j\

5.

^--^(j

a.

^b

bAsh,
;

tjJ**J
,

biyuk,

jenghE-me'zun-bXzirghyan-ghemissi.
Privately, ad.
Privilege,
5.

ana,

J^i

Xssl

s.

&Wfi
mal
;

^^&

ghizli.

SErmayE,

JUil^^j-.^
;

re'ssu

-'1 -

^L>^J

sErkErdE
;
(

.-^

j\^-^\ imtiyaz,

i^^JjJU
mahrEm,
u.c;'^

me'zuniyyet.

Xssl-mAl-sahibi

j^

Privy, a.
j\ j*s>~

^l>-

khAsss
;

/^sr*
,

Xssl-mASslahat-sahibi.

khXbErdar

s.

1-?

Principality,

5.

kenef, ll^x>

memsha,

<Ol^V-:Jj! ab-

Principle, 5.

(^Lj! essass, ^J^J temel

desst-khanE.
Prize,
s.

c^Jyo mevzu",
madde'i
a^Xclj
-

^j
;

rukn,

AssliyyE

JuA
-shfey,

^AjtefAJlJ^J kAzXnzlajakJ$n.jkj]J3

kXzXnzlAn
,

shey

kA"idE;

s,s.pl.
;

J^*l ussul;
;

mukyafat;
XzTz-tutmak
Jjiye ^-i
J
;

v.a.

j\jc.

CL?LJ^1

EWEliyyat

^^j^ erkyan

open,

Julie. "Xka'id;

^LaJl
,

^~y

insaf,e^^clJbM-j|

^j)<r*

uj u-sivri-

isstiklmet;

good
,

UuU&fctfl

iss-

-bir-shey-sokup-^chmak.
tikamet; bad
Print, s. <U-tfb
cU>j'ji-i
;
,

shakavet.
Prize-fighter,
s.

bXssma

v.a.

^J^J
10

pehluwln.

J^-*b
Probable,
a. J/iJLS'
;

bXssmak, 1.J? tXb"-et;

muhtemil, JU^>-I

ing-office,

ihtimal

bAssma

khan

bly, ad.

JUr^l
bility, s.

ihtimal,

mXtba".
Printer, s.

JU-&-1 ihtimalan
Probably, ad.
hXbss,

JU^*-!
[ihtimal.

>-<U0lj bXssmaji.

U1U

ghAlba.

Prison,

5.

(JjJ

zindAn,

Probe,

s.

J.~c mil,

isskXndil;

PROBITY
,

[243]

PROFIT
chzkarmak, Cl

v.a.

(J-<S

yoklamak,
mfl-sokmak.

isskXndfl-et,

^J^i^^^o
rAsstl.

^ey<O^Ju^ meydAna-k^mak,
ibraz-et
;

Jy
,

Probity,

s.

CU^Ui**^

isstiklmet, (J^jZjb

jl^-ll ishhad-et

5.

ddghruluk, ,J*t\j

Problem, s.
(

J^eu^.cJ da"wayi-"AmEli.
a.

4jf Trad
Product,
s.

^-^sr*

mahsul.

Problematic,
Proboscis,
s.

J<tyJ* shuphjEli.

J
s.

t^^.-* tnahsul.

f)&f>~

khortum.
chzkmak,
nesh'et-et,

Production,
Profane,
cf.

J*o-

hussul
;

;y^

esser.

Proceed, v.n.
hASsil-61,

->-

u^jlc "adi

Ic^llJ

\>~~j>

dmE

ghayri

muta"allik

terettub-et,

CX*!^/*^ laz/m-ghElmek;
Alt-tarafmz-su-

muktAzaye-diyaneta-

mughayir-6lAn

y.q.

^.v^'tC^

weylEmek; cJv^sr ghechmek; j^L!

CUc^ il^ri-ghitmek.
Proceeding,
Proceeds,
Process,
IjfiJ
5. s.

[pi.

\^ da"wa.
;

miibarek-nessnE-hAkkmda-mughayzrz- ihtir

<d*U* mu"am^lE

s, s.

am - evza' a-mub Ash ^ret- et

'

pi.

dA^U- hlsszlAt.
ussul;

Profess, v.a.
;

ft

"alEHEn-ikrar-et,
-

s.

J^l
5.

JU-cl i"mal

yjrj&Mt^eJ

da"wassmda

61,

^J^J^
mesh-

da"wa.
^J^
\
\ \

[c^lU
Xlay
;

nesh'et.

sXtmak

!c)L^Jc
jJ

muderrisslik-et,
tedrissila
-

Procession,

J^^- hussul,
^lc|
i^lAn[-et.

j^ jj^xl^o <Uu-jj

Proclaim, v.n.

jJ nida-et,

ghul-61.
Profession,
s.

Proclamation,
Procrastinate,

5.

jj^l

i"l.5n.

v.n.

^
U ta'akhkhur.
muwellid.

ji0 j^l

ikrar-"alEni
;

L^C J da"wa,
san"at.
Professor,
s.

IcJ^ idd*"a

c^-Jytl^o

ishini- sow^ra

meshghuliyyet, e^^s*s.

hirfet, L^oCwtf

Procrastination,

y>-

p^boja, +{**> mu"allim.

Procreator,

s. jJ

(j-J^ muderriss
s.

*>-

Procure, v.a.

^*y
Ma

bulmak, (J
-

Xlmak,
\

Proficiency,
Proficient,
Profile, s.

C^jl^j maharet.

ghetirmek,

hASsil-et, IJj.fng^ tahsil-et,


isstihsAl-et.

a.^JbU mahir. fi^^o+^j ressmi-mussennem


lJIb^lj y^n-bXk/shz-ressmi.

Prodigal, a.
ity,
s.

i*j~~ mussrif

Jy JJ bezul;
.

Profit,

s.'ft kyar,

f klz^nj
JN^

*Jjl*

uJf
a.

issraf;

'idE,

^A3

nef",
kyar-et,
intifa"-et,

mebzuliyyet.
Prodigious,

[biyuk

j,^

ch6k.

v.. !jl
,

i^-.-sf

"^

IUiJl

c
^J^jli

Prodigy,

5.

^s^*

mu'jizE.

fa'idE-ghy^nnek, j! Jo^

fa'idE-

Produce, v.a. IJucU. hASszl-et,

mend-61
-VErmek,

v.a.

CJ^j jli

kyar-

vErmek; lltfb^l

ihzar-et,

CX^j
s

^^j'vi

fa'idE-vErmek,

PROFLIGACY
I

[244]
fa'idia-61,
fa'i-

PRONOUNCE

*JuU fa'idE-et, ^JJoli

Prolix, a. ^jjjl uzun, J-Naft^ mufXssAl.

y^iXSjd
dEli-61.

fa'idEssi-ol, j\ ^iaJoli

Prologue,

s.

<teJJu mukkXddiniE.

Prolong,
5.

v.a.

tJ-^J^ uzltmak,

J^

Profligacy,

jLjuU*
^Aj'-f-

chApkmlik,

^-J
J~L>

medd-et,

l^U^j^ ^<X<\ia->!
.j^-J seyr,
;

issti-

jfS?j fissk-u-fujur, c^JblfLj sefaht.


Profligate,
sefih,
a.

kAm^ti-uzErE-ikhraj -et.

chXpkm,
fejir.

Promenade,

U>UJ j^-o

seyr-

^Ij
.

Profound,

fasszk,y>-U

-u-tAmash,
;

L^J^.--* seyr-yEri,

^
,

^J
^o

J derm, J^us "&nxk


rnute"bahhir.
s.

messirs,

^li^-*^ messirEghyah,^.
,

ly learned,

/sy^

messlr

v.n.

C^X^J ghezmek,
;

Profoundness,
dermlik.

Profundity,

d6kzshmak
ghezdirmek,

v.a.

^^^ Jui)^jL

Profuse, a. Jjj b61,

^c

ghani

dolashdirmak.

mussrif; J^jj bezul.


Profusion,
5.

Promiscuous,
Promise,
s.

^-2j^
swz,

kXn'shik.
;
,

<jij^

ch6kluk.

j^

J^j va"d

v.a.

Progenitor,

s.

Jc- jedd.
zurriyyet.

ClX^Jj J^-J SMz-vErmek,\ XCj va"d-et;


^-, v.n. LL^AJjj* ghywrunmek, <X^<1

Progeny,

s.

L^OjJ
5.
5.
l

Prognostic,

rlc "^lamet.
a^sj^ la'iha.
ileril^yish;

CX^^
Promote,

umld-VErmek.
s.

Programme,
Progress,
5.

Promontory,
v.a.

^jtf

burun.

^i^Ll
,

CX^j
1

^Jj rutbE-VErmek,
!

terakkz;

v.w.

IJLJ^^y
yardzm-et,

tErfi"i-rutbE-et;

/*^V.

mek, C-Uo? ghitmek.


Prohibit, v.a.

L^-O^U.

mu"avenet-et,

'jl-J yassXk-et>

memnu"-et, \^p nehy-et.


Prohibition,
Project,
5.

Promotion,

s.

&~Jj

^^/

tErfi"i-rutbE.
J-.J
5

s.

.jl*^ yassAk twssAvvur,


\

^3

nehy.

Prompt,
(tez),
,

a.

C-^U-

chabzk,

tiz

jyai
,

<uHk< mutassAvvur-et,

Jcj^**j

sur"atb',

f-^-

serl"

tala"a

v.a.

jy

v.a.
;

^-<4JJ^<sJjlc

*'xklma-sheylakzrdz-

mutala"a-et;
ul Endakht-et,

(j>+*\

Xtmak,

-k6mak

CX^!
5.

t^Jyi!

\<^*j remy-et;
v.n.

w^ArEtmek, ^*Jjw ta"lim-et.


Promptitude,

etmek
chzkmak,

^J^JLs*-

CJiijl>- chabeklzk.

CX*J^ jjb\

ileri-ghElmek,

Promulgate, v.a.

^Icl

i"lAn-et,

I^U
muss-

^olj^i uzamak.
Projectile, 5.
Prolific,
a.

neshr-et, JU-^V. yaymak.

^^AJA.*- jissmi-mErmi.
ber^kEtli;
miissmir,

Prone,

a.

Jl-'O meyyal,

^x^

^!c^
;

ta"idd;

^Jw5j^> yuzu-koyun.
j~**a
v.a.

yedi-virEn

^X<

Pronoun,

s.

zamir.
\

mahsuldar.

Pronounce,

laftij

telAfFuz

et

PRONUNCIATION

245

PROPRIETY

^ X^Aza-Xlmak, ^^15
-Xlmak, \XjSU tefevvuh-et.
Pronunciation,
Proof,
s. 5. liiJj telXffuz.

klla-

ghXmbEr-tarafmdfln-VErilEn-khXbEr.
Prophesy,
sened,

v..
-

jV*"^
-

i.yS^*
ikhbar

^^"
-

tulJl
hujjet,

issbAt,
^Ifcjj

JCM-J

kbXbEri

mulhemi

et,

e^-sr"
fzrkAn,

burhan,

^jS
delfl;

,jUaL
shahid
;

sultXn,

J-b
kXrar,

ilham
-

tariklk-nassa
-

gha'ibdan

^Irs^l*!

imtihan,

khXbEr

vErmek,
;

tejrubE;

jly

ghXmbErlik-et
1

LJ

kwlm
tXsshzh

1^=^^I

musstXkbeldon - bahssla - kX-

icbin

bXsszlAn

sahifE

t'^yyan-hiikm-et.
Prophet,
5.

j***+* i
nebi.
\

p^yghXmber, Jk-y
[fakXtm/-tahs?l-et.
t

- ilk -

bXsszlAn

nusskhalan

a.

ressul,

^jJ

>!J.JkXbul:,jy

Propitiate,

v.a.

^+*asn?

,va&L&

she-

LL

dayam'r.

Propitious, a. <\c\~*r< mussa"id.

Prop,

5.

cJcu^J desstek,
,

j\*b dayak,

Proportion,

&.

L^

J nissbet

c^cUj
_jjl

^JOjlj payfcndE

v.a.

<J^y cJ-s^
tutdur-

tenassub
erba
i

rule of

<U-jUx
;

desstek

wurmak,

(Jsoj JJji?

mut6nass6bE

v.a.

raak

(^^^
v.a.

tvtmak.

!>.*Ju *jj)\ L-^-cUj tenassub-uzErEI

Propagate,

cA-;Ju-Jj

SiJ\ evlld-

-taksim-et

^j^jb^Ai^J nissbetinda-

-yetishdirmek, ^jU^b^^?-^- chojuk-

y^pmak.
Proportionate, a.
Proposal,
s.

-y0pmak

^^ijbLj^^L* yavrz-y:pmk

ur^-j\^'<
teklif.

miit^nassib.

CX^y
Propagation,
Propel, v.a.

turEtmek

.J

neshr-et,

c-Q*oJ

^jUob yaymak.
5.

[.iJ neshr.

Propose,

v.a.

I^ji-Kj teklif-et

v.n.
;

SL>\

Had

jJ^f

tevellud
\

\L^*3

niyyet-et,

^j^j^ kurmak
suweylEmek
'

cX4.3j^

yurutniek,

v^-j

CX*Jt> demek,
\

c3>-*.b^*;

sevk-et,

tahrik-et,

CX^^**>
[surmek.
(jjft
;

(jOj

<^J*l&

kendini-

'arz-et,jl <*^\

Ife

Propensity,

meyl.

talib-61.

Proper,
l^yik,

a.

^c
seza,
E,

munassib,

Proposition,

5.

JjS kXvl, u5VcJ da"wa,

(^V.^

shayan
jussban
or c^Jo

^V**^
;

Propound,
I

v.a.

^^;^

dEr-meyan-et,

fchl,

erblb
X c sl,
zati;
s.

j<X^

L--J bXsst-et,

^^-J beyan-et.
s.

kfendi,

<^JC^

(J-tfl

Xssl-

Proprietor,

m. Proprietress, f.
mll-sahibi
;

-kendi,

(jd>- khlsss.

^t*>\*0

Property,

JU
;

mAl,
<U;U-

Jli^ menal,
khAsss.

miilk-sahibi

c_^:>~Utf sahib.

variyyet

Propriety,

s.

L^-^L^

munass^bet.

PROROGATION
Prorogation,
5. J.-ix*J' ta"tzl.

[246]
kuvvfetini
-

PROVIDE
kessraek;

Prorogue,
Prosaic, a.

v.a. Ij-i**^ ta"til-et.

jjl^o

m&nsur

Prostration,
;

s.

jjf
[szklet-VErir.

(JAAJ

yEra-Atmaklik;

Prose, ^13 n&ssr (n&ssir).

C^jJls**
Protect,
v.a.
-

mejalsizlik.
\

Prosecute, v.a.

jA>Ai^jG&
-

^^

m uj4}

lai>-

hzfz-et,

ladaJlsr10
-

rima

da"wa
;

muhAfaza

achmak,

et,

U^U^-

himayE

et,

J^ijjf*^

da"wajz-61

l/Ut> dewlm-et.

iL^OLtf szyan^t-et; ^&j\


da"wa^v^^s.*^ tlssabhub-et.
Protection,
s.

arka-61,

Prosecution, v.a.

[himayE.
<^,

^JU^-I

l^cJ

Aliils^

#chmakh*k.
Prosecutor, 5.
/t>l

muhAfaza;

iJ^-c^J^ ffJ&*W*J &s.&-

Protector,

s.

ioil>- hlfz'z, lij

junha

da"wassinda

miidda"i
[

.<x>l>-bami; tej\ arka; fidaL ^

olan-AdAm.
Proselyte,
s.
<-f

Pro

tern., ac?. l2J5^


s.

muwAkkatan.
pr6tessto;
prot^ssto
, ,

Jc^xj

muht^di,

Protest,

^uJ^J
^L
J |J

v.w.
;

Prosody,
Prospect,

s.

(jjjZ
s.

amz.
nXzaret
;

CJv^-j j
1^^-j^j

VErmek

d^llaj

yemm-et;
>
!

v.a.

Ujl

idd^'a-

umid,

J^U
5.

me'miil.

-et,
1

(j'-J

t;y

kaviyyan-beyan-et

Prospectus,

<tli3lcl i'lan-namE.

jk-jji^J pr6tessto-et.
a.

Prosper, v.n.

^*!v&3
^^.

ffelah-bulmk,
ishi-do^Aru-

Protestant,

L^ol^-j^J
->

protesstant

protesstant.

-ghitmek, j\y Jcjj

ishi-yolunda-

Protestantism,
Protocol,
s.

pr6tess[tantlik.

<l*J* niAzbAta.
+s\
\***j

Prosperity,

s.

c^ljJ

devlkt,

JUSl

ikbal.

Protract, v.a.

uzXtmak,
r^ssm-et.

Prosperous,
sahibi
-

a.

JLjfl j (J^ljJ
-

temdid-et
Proud,
5.

devlet

vE-ikbll

$j*=>
J^-as

kibirli,

^*ra
(f6dul),

mut6-

mussa"id.
Prostitute,
s.

kebbir,
&Ls>-\s
fahishjE,
;

fadul

^yy
,

'*\*e
,

fir"avn

;^ku,c

muftakhzr.
r.w.

^^>^j
\

sokAk-(orosspossu)

v.a.

Prove, w.a. \CjU51 issblt-et;

*\j

dili

c^v-j^.^r^

3 <^->-^
;

fahishEone's

<J*%f- chzkmak.
Provender, v.a.
Proverb,
5.

[-saniAn.

ghibi-rAsst-ghMEna-ram-et
self, jl AJLz*-\i

^Ixi-tf
-

dJ^CJ^t 6t-arpazarbz-messel,

fahishE-61, (c^^*5>-lj

J^c

fahishElik-et.
Prostitution, s. (jJ)<ti-r-U fabishiilik.

oJ^al

lakzrdz.
a.

Proverbial,
;

Prostrate, a.
,

.^y ^j
t

yuzu-k6yun

zarbi-messel-hukmuna-gbzrmish.
Provide, v.a.

v.a.
-

J*Ai yzkmak, JAJ jW ^J


charpmak
;

l^>!jJ

tedaruk-et(-rik)

yEra

C.

tErtlb-et;

CXcj

VErmek

PROVIDENCE
for, v.n.

[247]

PULL
umumi
;

u^

miri,
;

Ciij
tjy*A-<

shunu

VErmek,

ClX<jyj ^j*s

be^Alik

^oLc
;

"amirs
;

hawa'ijini- vErmek,

ma"murE
;

jjoW- khasss
;

paper,

ClXtJJ besslEmek
khzdmet
-

<^i ghazeta
-khanE,

house,

<U

^CU meyservice,

bulmak,
;

(J.

^jjljijl

lokanda

khzdme'ta-s6kmak
t$J&>j

ded
-

that,

^jUJ^c^JjJ
,

devlet-khedme'ti (hiz-);
(j~\j

shu

shartk

ki,

&\ \s^
"aki-

s.

JU
5.

"alEm,

nass, Jjls*-

bi-sharti-In-ki.

khAlk,
Publican,

^d^y

6rtalik;j^fc>- jumhur.

Providence,

s.

CJlj
Jiu
"Aki,
lx?

^5j-4JlaU mey-khanEJi.

bet-endishlik,

daJ
>. hAkkhlft'z,

Publication,

^.U
s.

neshr.

blsslret; A}\ Allah,

Public-house,

<Ul=sX

mey-khanE.
neshr-

-ta"ala;
J

r^zzAk,

laiU;

Publish, v.a. \^Jif\ i"lan-et, \^LJ


-et
;

pErvErdighyar

(J-+<0\j

bXssmak,

1%-J? tAb"-et,

"inayet,

^L-^l

ihsan,
*

tXb"-u-tfemsil-et.
[
;!

mErhamet.
Province,
Provision,
5.

ish.

Publisher,

5.

^J^

kitabji.
;

US-JU ^yalet;
5.

<U^ w
(-ik)
;

Puddle,
;

s.

J^

ghyul

about, v.n.

cJ;^JJ

tedaruk

lj^U- chamurlarda-ghezinmek.
Puerile,
a.
.

ekmek,
shart
;

nan-pars
pi.

["abess,

<U^-U

sachma.

s, s.

*^>-<3

zakhlrE (pi.

jM*^*
(

ch6jukluk,

ci

^>U>J
Proviso,

zflkha'ir).
s.

Pugilism,
[Trass.
;

J^^^ L

^AX

-'

^ ^f5

tl
s.

<

shart.

mushta-kawghassi-ta"limi-san
Pugilist,
s.

'ati.

Provocation,

C-^uicl ighzab

ciji

sq^lci 4al^

mushtE-

Provoke, v.a.^<j<yjs kzzdzrraak, (J*z\j\

-kawghassiji.

dXnltmak; !cj\^l
sebeb-61.

irass-et,

jle^-

Puke,

v.n.

*~i3 kussmak, Ci

kay-ghetirmek,
s.

lc!^j!
;

isstifragh-et.
,

Proximity,

L->Js kurb,

^f?

jiwar
vekyaletbXsszretli.

Pull, 5.

^>;

chekish

v.a.

Proxy,

J.

vekil

fctgj
b'aJ

chekmek

back, v.a.
,

-namE.
Prudent,
a.

gheri-chekmek ;
gheri-chekilmek
;

v.n. (j

^ILb

"lldlt,

JSU
;

"Akil,
,

down,

Prune,

s.

Ci>j )j*

kuru-erik

v.a.

yzkmak, l^JJb hedm-et;

ClU

J^J^J budamak.
Prussia,
s.

dushurmek

in,
;

c
off,

^J^jA ^^9

icheri-chekmek
Prussiali.

(J

Prussian,

s.

and

a.

j$U^/

chzkarmak,

cA^jJul
;

endirmek;
out,
;

Puberty,
Public,

s.

a.

Q^L ic

biilugh.

by

koparmak
dzshari
-

(Jj\^o

"alEni

chekmek

PULLET
s&kmek,
up, v.a.

[248]

PURGATORY
diirAk
-

(j*&t&-

chzkarmak;
etmeklik.

yErlErini

isharet

cJvji
; ;

swkmek, (J^j^f4ajL?
,

chzkarmak

CXX

zabita<J*>j)

Pungent,

a.

tuyo

sert,

^^-^ kesskin.
\

ghywturmek
durmak.
Pullet,
s.

v.n.

Punish, v.a. Ic^ojtl te'dib-et,


tekdir
-

J&
-

[^f i(j^"*^^

bryumush-pilij.

et,

lc^ljlsr

mujazat
-

et,

j^lL ^^=>

ghenj-tawuk,
[$r&Era-mensub.
v!

CX*^^

L^-^ll^"

j^zassini

VErmek

Pulley, s. Xj&<* makara.

CL^OcsXjJ injitmek.
Punishment,
mujazat,
s.

Pulmonary,
Pulp,
s.

a.

^j~

***

xjL>-

Xk-jieti
;

v-^*tf

te'dib,

C^ljl^
"ukubet.

^J)\

ciXi*j~

mey VEnin^-

Ijjf-

jkza, CL*oylc

euLjb^&lJ
Pulpit, s.

lApa-ghibi-hey'et.

Punning,

5.

<*^JdjLi\Jj^^y**sLc

mXzmun-

^c-^ kyursi,^-o^ mmbsr.

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