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RANGKUMAN MATERI BAHASA INGGRIS SMK 1. Adjective.

-ed / -ing -ed----------bersifat pasif ( di / ter ) Contoh : bored = bosan Exhausted/tired = lelah Annoyed = terganggu Amazed = senang Admired = kagum -ing--------------bersifat aktif ( me ) Contoh : Boring = membosankan Exhausting/tiring = melelahkan Annoying = menggangu/ menyebalkan Admiring = mengagumkan

2. Preference ( kesukaan / lebih suka..daripada. Like Verb ing better than Verb ing Noun Noun Contoh : She likes drinking better than eating She likes drinking tea better than coffee She likes tea better than coffee Prefer Verb ing Noun to Verb ing Noun

Contoh : She preferred drinking to eating She preferred drinking tea to coffee She preferred tea to coffee Would rather Verb 1 than Verb 1

Contoh : She would rather drink than tea She would rather drink than eat

11. The Future Perfect Tenses


Rumus : S + will have + verb 3 + Object + keterangan waktu a. Menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang akan selesai sebelum waktu yang tertentu dimasa yang akan datang. Contoh : 1. Jack will have met my loyal friend by next week (jack sudah akan bertemu temanku yang setia minggu depan). 2. Andi will have written all the letters before she comes (andi sudah akan menulis semua surat sebelum dia datang). 3. Before next Monday yiu will have stayed here. (sebelum hari senin yang akan datang kamu sudah akan tinggal disini). b. Menunjukkan suatu perbuatan / peristiwa yang selesai sebelum perbuatan yang lain u yang akan datang. Contoh : 1. The school will have started by the time you get here. (sekolah telah akan mulai sebelum kamu sampai disini). 2. When my father comes tonight , my mother will have cooked the dinner. (pada waktu ayah datang malam ini, ibukku sudah akan memasak makan malam). 3. Hurry up ! or he will have left before we arrive there.(cepat! Kalau tidak, dia sudah akan berangkat sebelum kami sampai disana). Keterangan waktu yang digunakan dalam The Future Perfect Tense : By ... + keterangan Future Tense By the end of the next = menjelang minggu depan By this time next month = menjelang saat ini bulan depan By this time tomorow = menjelang saat ini besok

12. The Future Perfect Continous Tense


Rumus : S + will have been + verb ing + object + keterangan The Future Perfect Continous Tenses digunakan untuk : Menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang masih sedang berlangsung pada saat tertentu di maa yang akan datang, sementara pada waktu yang sama kita menganggapnya sebagai suatu perbuatan yang mulai di masa lampau. Contoh : 1. On February 20, next year, we will have been living here for six months. (tahun yang akan datang kami telah tinggal disini selama enam bulan). 2. Tomorow my uncle will have been staying at the hospital for three weeks. (besok paman saya telah tinggal di rumah sakit selama tiga minggu). Keterangan waktu yang digunakan untuk Future Perfect Continous Tense : Next year/ tomorrow S + Future Perfect Continous tense + For/since Next + ... / by the end of .... Would prefer to Verb 1 rather than Verb 1

Contoh : She would prefer to drink rather than eat She would prefer to drink coffee rather than tea 3. Adjective clause ( Who, Whom, Whose, Which ) Who Pengganti subyek orang Whom Pengganti obyek orang Which Pengganti subyek benda Whose Pengganti kata ganti milik Contoh : Mr Andi is the man who came to the party last night Neli is the student who is the first winner in beauty contest This is the box which contains old books Mr Andi is the man whom I met at the party last night You

He She The president 4. Gerund ( Verb + ing ) Setelah kata depan (After preposition ) Of For On In + Verb ing By With Without Setelah kata ganti milik ( After adjective possessive ) My Your Her + Verb ing / Noun His Their Our Setelah kata kerja tertentu ( After certain verbs ) Stop Finish Enjoy Mind + Verb -ing Hate Admire PostponeLook forward to 5. Conditional ( Pengandaian ) Tipe 1 ( Simple Present ) IF + S + is, am, are Verb 1 s/es Do / does +not + Verb 1 S + Will / Can / May + Verb 1

Tipe 2 ( Simple Past )

IF + S +

were Verb 2 Did + not + Verb 1

S + Would / Could + Verb 1

Tipe 3 ( Past Perfect ) IF + S + had + Verb 3/ been + S + Would/could + have + Verb 3/been

6. Be used to / Uses to Be used to + Verb ing Contoh : She is used to sharing her room He was used to walking They get used to doing Used to + Verb ing Contoh : She used to share her room He used to walk They used to do 7. Pair Conjunction Either..or. Contoh : Either my friends or he is here Either my friends or he comes here Either he or my friends are here Either he or my friends come here Neither.nor. Contoh : Neither my friends nor he is here Neither my friends nor he comes here Neither he nor my friends are here Neither he nor my friends come here

Both..and.. Contoh : Both my friends and he are here Neither he and my friends are here Both my friends and he come here Not only..but also.. Contoh : Not only my friends but also he comes here Not only he but also my friends come here 8. Cause and Effect Relationship So + Adjective + That + Clause ( S + P ) Contoh : The Coffee is so hot that I cant drink it I am so hungry that I could eat a horse

Catatan : So..that digunakan dengan ( many, few, much, little ) diletakkan setelah So . Contoh : He has so few friends that he always lonely He has So many friends that he always happy

Such + Adjective + N + That + Clause ( S + P ) Contoh : It was such nice weather that we went to the zoo.

9. Comparisson ( Perbandingan )

More Adjective / adverb than Adjective / adverb ( Lebih daripada.) The most/ the Adjective/ adverb est ( paling ) As Adjective / Adverb as Much / many + Noun Not as / not so Adjective / Adverb as

10. Because / Because of Because = for = since = as = karena Because / for / since / as + Calusa ( S + P ) Contoh : I don t go to school because For/as/since Because of = Due to = dikarenakan Because of / due to + Noun Phrase I am sick

Contoh :

I don,t go to school because of / due to my sickness

11. Asking Direction Asking Direction ( menanyakan arah ) Could you tell me how to get to the ( name of place ) ? Could you tell me the way to the ( name of place ) ? Could you tell me where the (name of place ) is ? Do you know where the (name of place ) is ? Response Sure/ certainty Walk along the street. Go straight ahead Turn right/left Ect 12. Giving opinion ( memberi pendapat )

Why dont you + V1 How about / What about + v-ing 13. Asking Help Could / Would / will you + v1? Example : Could / Would /Will you open the window please ? 14. Making Reservation / booking ( Pemesanan ) I would like / want / am going /am supposed + to book / reserve.......

15. Asking Information about hotel Could you give some information on / about your hotel, please ? Can I get some information on / about your hotel please ?

16. Asking The room rates/(harga) of hotel How much What is Your room rate per night for double room

17. Asking the room rate include breakfast Does the room rate include breakfast ? Your room rate Does the rate include tax ( pajak ) service ? 18. Expressing Complaint ( keluhan ) Im not pleased with 19. Some expressions How nice Adj What a

= I complain about

your dress N beautiful Adj

is P dress N

= betapa bagusnya bajumu

= betapa bagusnya baju itu!

How kind

you

are

= betapa baiknya kamu

20. Noun usually ends by ( Noun biasanya berakhiran ) : - ness : sickness , happiness - ment : arrangement, entertainment - ion : Education , organization -ance/ence : performance, audience - ty : electricity 21. Some verbs are followed by Verb 1 (beberapa verb yang yang di ikuti verb 1 ) Let me go Help me do See him sing Hear you cry 22. Adjective Adjective + to Verb 1 Sorry to hear that Glad / nice / happy to meet you