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MICHIGAN ECCE PRACTICE

6 COMPLETE EXAMINATIONS
e-COMPANION

Special thank you to Jain Cook

Text and design by Graphi ELT Publishing Printed and bound in Greece It has not always been possible to identify the sources of all the material used and in such cases the publisher would welcome information from copyright owners.

Graphi ELT Publishing, 2006 Reprinted 2008 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior permission in writing of the Publisher. Graphi ELT Publishing Apostolou Pavlou 51, 17343, Agios Dimitrios, Athens, Greece Phone: 210 9730497 Email: info@graphi.gr www.graphi.gr ISBN 960-7518-51-9 (Students Book) ISBN 960-7518-52-7 (Teachers Edition) ISBN 960-7518-53-5 (Audio CDs) ISBN 960-7518-54-3 (Transcripts & Key)

CONTENTS

Page

Introduction

EXAMINATION ONE EXAMINATION TWO EXAMINATION THREE EXAMINATION FOUR EXAMINATION FIVE EXAMINATION SIX REVIEW TEST 1 REVIEW TEST 2 REVIEW TEST 3 ANSWER KEYS

5 17 29 41 53 65 77 81 85 89

INTRODUCTION
The Purpose and Format of This Book This book has been written as an aid for students working with our publication, ECCE Exam Practice. It covers words, phrases and expressions occurring in parts one and two of the Listening Section and the GVR section of all six examinations. Each unit also includes consolidation activities covering the more challenging grammar and vocabulary problems of the ECCE. How to Use This Book The lists in each unit can be used either to pre-teach or post-teach the vocabulary encountered in the examinations. Students should be allowed to work on each list in pairs or in groups. The teacher should get students to come up with explanations for some of the words and phrases in English in order to generate more language. Another worthwhile activity will be to have students create their own dialogues using phrases and expressions that are focused on from part one of the Listening Section. Grammar and Vocabulary Review Each unit focuses on two types of grammar problems and two types of vocabulary problems based on how language is tested on the ECCE. Each review begins with highlighted items (e.g. dialogues, sentences) taken directly from the corresponding sub-sections in the Student's Book. The selections have been made based on the grammar and vocabulary problems students have when sitting for the ECCE. The teacher should have students study the language highlights and discuss them in class. The teacher can also have students look for other items similar to those being focused on. Especially for the grammar items, the teacher can have students reproduce their own dialogues similar to those being studied. After students have completed their review work, the teacher should have them complete the activities. These activities can be done as homework, but they can also be done in class. If the teacher decides to complete them in class, she should allow students to work in pairs or in small groups. Some Closing Words for Students The glossary has been prepared to help you, but this doesn't mean that all your vocabulary problems have been solved! You should try doing the following things with the words in the glossary: Try to write out explanations or definitions in English based on how the words, phrases and expressions are used. Try doing this at first without a dictionary.

INTRODUCTION
Think of your own examples for the words and phrases listed. Try to use some of the expressions from part one of the Listening Section in your own dialogues. If you encounter other words in the examinations that have not been listed in the glossary, try to figure out what they mean from the context. Don't immediately look for a Greek translation. When doing an extended listening activity or a reading comprehension activity don't worry if you have a few unknown words. You can still understand a passage enough to complete the comprehension activities even if you do not understand all the words. Always focus on what you understand and you will be able to answer the questions. Use dictionaries on the Internet, like www.onelook.com. They are free and practical. Listen to the pronunciation of the words and repeat them.

It is a good idea to start making your own glossary where you write out any new words that you have learned. You should write the sentence where you first read or heard the word along with an explanation in Greek or English. If you have a computer, this will be a lot easier since you will even be able to keep your words and phrases in alphabetical order. In this way, you will find that you will more easily learn and remember new words, phrases and expressions. Don't forget, the more you use these words, the more easily you will remember them. In addition, the more words you learn the easier it will be for you to learn even more words. One final bit of advice involves reading. You should try to read as much as you can, even in your own language. When you improve your knowledge of your own language, especially through reading, you will improve your ability to learn a foreign language. You should always remember that your main goal is to learn the language. If you focus on learning the language, then you will definitely succeed on the ECCE and any other language exam.

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
EXAMINATION 1
Part 1 - Listening
1. the sink - fridge - Just do as youre told! - ! 2. tool box - Be serious! - ! dirty laundry - the basement - 18. sleeping on the job - didnt sleep a wink - 19. matching - 20. cloudy - weather forecast - 21. block - 22. unclaimed luggage - pull - 23. client - 24. electrical work - Yours truly! - ! electrician - retired - 25. Oh, dear! Were lost! - , ! ! keep going straight - sign - 26. comfortable - casual (clothes) - slacks - 27. Believe it or not - 28. grocery shopping - reveal - , 29. PDA - this pen-like thing - 30. upset - the opposing team - bother - referee -

4. a pole - ( ) run a red light - smash into - , 5. cooked up a storm - 6. She was dynamite. - . 7. cage - 8. a big-ticket item - 9. the tremendous line - downtown - 10. vacation - 11. Whats your secret? - ; 12. portable TV - 13. a piece of cake - 14. snacking - munching - , 15. symptoms - sore throat - 16. really neat - 17. sportswear - slippers - lingerie department -

EXAMINATION ONE

GLOSSARY
Part 2 - Listening
accommodate - animation - assemble - digital format - do-it-yourselfer - food court - food outlets - for all tastes - get into shape - multi-media - - neglected - non-fiction - novel - on-line bookstores - participate - promote - really particular - recreation - seniors - spoiled for choice - teens - work-related - 90. 91. 89. aware - careful - arranged - alert - - Keep alert - . applicable - practical - realistic - accurate - casually - regularly - easily - cheaply -

92. miss - ( , , .) confuse - fail - - I failed to learn ... - ... 93. question - , doubt - suspect - refuse - 94. permission - - To ask for or give permission - license - - drivers license - certificate - , diploma - , 95. sour - pale - sharp - pointed - 96. mail - send - drop - - Drop me a line. - . write - 97. cover - - covered by insurance - assure - include - manage - ,

VOCABULARY 86. towels - blankets - cloths - cushions - 87. 88. reassure - reconsider - respond - refer - progress - wn - lift - increase -

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
98. 99. number - , measure - type - size - , , , . curriculum - lesson - course - period - 108. invest - (, , .) save - (, , .) grant - deposit - 109. tub - bowl - , drain - 110. division - deposit - debt - , loan - 111. salary - profession - work - living - , - To do something for a living - 112. exhaustion - breath - , To be out of breath - air - shape - - To be out of shape - 113. light - fortunate - bright - , - the bright side - 114. glance - watch - glimpse - , 115. mistake - misplace - confound - , 116. equivalent - exchangeable - 117. wash - scrub - brush - - Brush my teeth - rub -

100. arrest - charge - enforce - , Enforce a law - account - , - account for something - 101. engrave - , grw - enlarge - 102. tell - , to tell jokes - imagine - 103. present - invite - attend - , accept - 104. loosen - , trap - tangle - trip - 105. instill - install - , attach - establish - 106. step - standing - stability - balance - - I lost my balance - . 107. unpredictable - inconsiderate - minor - rapid -

EXAMINATION ONE

GLOSSARY
118. charge - expense - price - cost - - cost of living - 119. scene - view - sight - , image - , 120. medal - award - , (.. , , .) prize - , success - READING TASK 1 arise - aromatic - beauty aids - crush - current - , explosive increase - extinct - extract - fears - fell (a tree) - fertilizer - harvest - , Illicitly - immature - , incense - , incentive - increasing demand - keep up with - labor intensive - lead to - literally - lotion - mature - - maturity - medicinal - , mixed results - poacher - , primarily - rash - sandalwood oil - scent - , strip - , , temple - trafficking - trunk - uproot - widespread - TASK 2 agricultural - air-purifiers - allergens - apply - arsenic - ( ) assist - bacteria - cheap - coastal areas - commercial - , component - , conduct research - conservation network -

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
consumer - domestic - , dust - ecological - effective - energy consumption - energy efficiency - experimental stage - facility - , fountain - germ - household - implement - industrial - - industrial products irrigation - , non-governmental organizations - - nutrient - odor - participation - pollutant - process - raw materials - reclaim - , , sulphuric acid - toll-free - unpleasant - vapors - , ventilation system - virus - waste water - , waterway - TASK 3 activist - , , boycott - brochure - chapter - clean up my / your / their act - , circulate - community - , corporate sponsor - corporation - demonstrate - detect - , distribute - , donation - , expose - , ( , , .) finance - financial assistance - investigate (an) issue - leaflet - local level - member - ( , , .) non-profit organization - - petitions - pressure - sources of pollution - vigilantly - written permission - worksheets - worthwhile -

EXAMINATION ONE

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Item 1 - Expressing Preferences - would rather, prefer + past forms / prefer one thing to another
Study the examples below: I like shopping on my day off. I dont. Id rather visit my friends. Do you prefer to cook at home or eat out? I prefer home cooking to eating out.

I prefer soccer to baseball. Id prefer to have dinner now rather than later. Shall we go to Connies by car? Id prefer to walk. Its a lovely day.

Activity 1 Complete the sentences below using d rather, prefer, prefers, or d prefer . would rather 1. I ____________________ not go to the party. I dont feel well. 2. I ____________________ have a swim in the pool than the sea. 3. I ____________________ to stay in tonight. Im tired. 4. Paul ____________________ playing soccer to watching it. 5. Would you like to sit down? I ____________________ to stand, thank you.

6. Matthew ____________________ to go to the movies on Friday rather than Saturday. 7. I ____________________ that dress to the one you had on last night. 8. We ____________________ stay home for Christmas than go visit anyone. 9. I ____________________ watching DVDs at home to going to a movie theater. 10. Shall we watch TV? I ____________________ read a book, thanks.

11. I ____________________ to learn Spanish rather than Italian. 12. Peter ____________________ the Internet to a book to help him with his school project

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Write one word to complete each sentence below. rather 1. Id __________ go to the movies than Jodis party. 2. Mom said she would __________ not cook. Well get a take out instead. 3. Betty __________ cycling everywhere rather than using public transportation. 4. Would you __________ get a take out than cook tonight? 5. I __________ prefer to have piano lessons on Thursday rather than Friday. 6. I prefer milk __________ orange juice. 7. I __________ traveling by train to driving long distances. 8. Stella would rather study law at university __________ medicine. 9. Id __________ you didnt make so much noise after ten at night. 10. __________ you rather have milk or fruit juice? 11. Id rather watch a documentary __________ a horror movie. 12. Jenny prefers casual clothes __________ formal clothes.

Item 2 - Adverb Clauses of Cause and Effect - Since, Because, Now that, As, Seeing (that), So, Because of, Due to (the fact that), As a Result, etc.
Study the examples below: Since its really late now, I want you to turn off the TV and go straight to bed. Sonia went to the dentist because she had toothache. A B Are you ready? Yes, we can go now that Ive finished my homework.

Seeing that its raining, well stay home today. Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate word or expression. 1. I had no money on me ____ I couldnt get a cab home. A because B so C as a result D seeing that 2. You can go home ____ youve finished typing that report. A now that B because of C due to D so

EXAMINATION ONE

11

GRAMMAR REVIEW
3. Sally rang and said shed be late ____ a traffic accident was blocking the highway. A since B seeing C as D due to 4. 5. 6. The game was called off ____ bad weather. A because B seeing that C because of D as ____ the train was full, we had to stand for over an hour. A Since B Now that C Due to D Because of The banks were on strike and ____ we couldnt make a deposit. A seeing that B due to the fact that C because D as a result 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. It was their 40th wedding anniversary ____ we thought wed get them a present. A so B because C since D as ____ she was the best qualified, Carla got the job. A Because of B Since C Now that D As a result We couldnt start the car ____ wed lost the keys. A as a result B so C as D because of A B Why are you sweating so much? ____ I ran all the way here. A Now that B Because C Because of D As a consequence

7. We couldnt get to the mountains ____ there were so many forest fires. A because B now that C because of D seeing 8. 9. ____ the weather was so nice we had lunch outside. A So B Because of C As D Due to ____ he was late, Brian decided hed better run to school. A As a result B Due to C So D Seeing that

Fewer people are buying cars. ____, automobile companies are not hiring employees. A Because B Now that C As a result D Seeing that

____ its raining, we cant do any gardening today. A Due to B As a result C Because D Because of

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Complete the dialogues below using the appropriate words or phrases. 1. A B Why were the police at your apartment last night? Because my apartment was broken into while I was at work yesterday. Mandys got another promotion! Yes. Her success is __________ all her hard work. What did you have for lunch? Nothing. __________ the fact that I wasnt hungry, I didnt have anything. Arent you supposed to be at a lecture? __________ that the professor is ill, it was canceled. Can we go to the park now? Yes. __________ youve finished your lunch you can go. What took you so long to get here? Well, I couldnt remember the directions, __________ I got lost. I rang you last night but you werent in. No. My grandmother was taken ill. __________ I spent all evening at the hospital. 8. A B 9. A B 10. A B 11. 12. A B A B What are you going to order? __________ Im on a diet, Ill just have boiled chicken and vegetables. Will the stores be open tomorrow? __________ its a national holiday, no they wont be. Why do you need a baby-sitter on the weekend? Were going out to dinner __________ its my moms birthday. Why didnt you come with us last night? We had a great time. I couldnt go __________ having to get up early this morning. How do you manage to work full-time and study in the evenings? I can do it __________ I organize my schedule and time so well.

2. A B 3. A B 4. A B 5. A B 6. A B 7. A B

EXAMINATION ONE

13

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Item 1 - Word groups - Ways of looking, cleaning, and walking.
Study the examples below: I glanced at the clock and saw that I was late. Dont forget to brush your teeth before you go to bed. She tiptoed into the bedroom to see if the baby was asleep. The student was marched to the principals office. Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate verb for each blank from the list below. Make sure you use the verbs in their correct forms. Some blanks have more than one possible answer. glimpse glance observe watch stare wash mop shine wipe sweep pace tiptoe crawl stroll march

wipe 1. Penny used a cloth ___________ the dust from her computer screen. 2. I just caught a ____________ of Jack as he was driving away. 3. He ____________ up behind Jennifer to surprise her. 4. I ____________ the broken glass from the floor before my mother saw it.

5. He _____________ from one side of the room to the other. He was nervous about his job interview. 6. She ____________ him stealing a magazine from the store. 7. May ____________ in the mirror to check her appearance before she left for the interview. 8. The baby has just learned to ____________. He wont be able to walk for a couple of months, though.

9. Your shoes are dirty. You should ____________ them if you want to wear them to the party. 10. I have to ____________ the car before we go to the wedding. 11. I sat at an outdoor caf and ____________ the people go by. 12. The soldiers had to ____________ twenty miles every day. 13. Nancy ____________ the floor until it was clean. 14. We ______________ through the park, enjoying the beautiful weather. 15. Everyone ______________ at the man because he was wearing really strange clothes.

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 2 Choose the most appropriate word from the answer choices. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. We spent the evening ______ a movie on DVD. A viewing B staring C having D glancing Your shirt is dirty and it needs to be _____. A washed B wiped C swept D whipped The teacher _____ into the classroom because she was late. A limped B rushed C rolled D resumed We enjoy going into the forest with our binoculars and _____ birds. A staring B peering C watching D indicating 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I always get tears in my eyes whenever I ______ onions. A peel B clear C brush D put Youve spilled coffee on my suit and Ive just had it ______! A dry-cleaned B rinsed C straightened D wiped As he looked out of the window, he ______ a man jumping over the back fence. A glanced B stared C looked D saw I want you to _______ up your bedroom before you go out with your friends. A scrub B dust C make D tidy The player ______ off the soccer field after injuring his ankle. A limped B marched C carried D lifted

I slowly ______ into the house because it was late and I didnt want to wake up anyone. A crept B raced C pounded D jogged

Item 2 - Words which express a specific function - Advise, claim, believe, threaten, say, etc.
Study the examples below: Mary said shes coming, but I doubt it. Its illegal to smoke in restaurants, but the police almost never enforce this law. It was one of the most enjoyable weddings Id ever attended. Its too hot in our apartment. I really think we should get an air-conditioner installed.
EXAMINATION ONE

1

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 1 Match to make sentences. 1. The actress asked her co-star to accept 2. The police suspected 3. He was arrested ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ A B C D E F G H I J her work colleagues to the wedding. that he had the ability to do the job. she was involved in the crime. the offer of a promotion. for possessing an illegal firearm. him with murder. the new script they were given. the school rules. the report to her boss herself. a movie premiere.

4. Eventually I started to doubt 5. Everyone has to follow

6. Millie considered whether to invite 7. Helen would have liked to present

1 ____

8. Sandra thought about it and chose to refuse ____ 9. I would love to attend 10. The police have charged Activity 2 Circle the correct word in italics. 1. He lost / loosened his grip and let go of her hand. ____ ____

2. The teacher was totally confounded / confronted by the students reaction. She just couldnt understand it. 3. Her hair was tangled / tied from riding on her bike in the wind. 4. The technician instructed / installed a new stereo system in my car. 5. The secretary told me they had lost or mistaken / misplaced my application form. 6. I was confused / confessed by the amount of choice I had. 7. Do you want me to help you attack / attach the scanner to your computer? 8. She was trapped / tripped in the elevator for two hours. 9. We consider / consist Mary to be one of our best friends. 10. This Ford Motor Company was founded / found in 1912. 11. He was convinced / convicted of stealing a police motorcycle. 12. Mary had to revive / revise her essay because it was poorly written.

1

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
EXAMINATION 2
Part 1 - Listening
1. How do you expect me to read ...! - ...; vacuum cleaner - 2. food drive - spoil - , - 3. double pockets - hood - 4. Great! - ! subway - on strike - 5. Dont tell me ...! - ...! repair - mechanic - I bet ... - 14. pottery course - community college - 15. I cant figure it out. - . note - handwriting - neatly - print - ,

16. look forward to - ..., ... 17. obviously - miss - , , . 18. witch - costume - ( ) 19. out-of-order - go ahead! - ! emergency - 20. bright - 21. Ive already had plenty! - ! 22. recycling bin - dump - () receptacle - corresponding sign -

6. elevator - 7. SUV - , 4 4 luxury sedan - 8. burglar - get away with - ... 9. personal check - 10. get fined - Theres not a police car in sight - flashing light - ambulance - firetruck - pull over - 11. on the expensive side - special occasion - (.. , , .) 12. key - punch - , , . pause - 13. groceries - printer -

24. cluttered - 25. tempt - 26. unforgettable - desert - impress - 27. backpack - closet - kick - 28. tray - 29. Congratulations! - ! 30. precaution - extreme sports -

EXAMINATION TWO

17

GLOSSARY
Part 2 - Listening
administrator - commute - campus - convention center - cost of living - course load - entry requirements - grad - - graduation - guidance counselor - ( ) handle - issue - , lab facilities - med school - post-secondary - () pursue - reps - residence - resource center - scholarship - specialize in - ( ) sushi bar - trends - tuition - volunteer - worthwhile - VOCABULARY 86. wonder - expect - , , convince - pretend - , 87. decided - stubborn - determined - assured - , 88. absolutely - exactly - eventually - directly - 89. reach - catch - , - catch my eye - touch - 90. system - standard - - standard of living - limit - quality - - quality of life - 91. native - - resident - tenant - original - , 92. peak - () - peak time - top - - top speed - last - full - , - at full speed - 93. outcome - , behavior - relation - expression - 94. hurt - suffer - , ( ) pain - , ache - , 95. overpower - , defeat- overcome - ( ) 96. contents - () ingredients - ( ) additives - ( )

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
97. crisp - hard - , harsh - tough - , 98. outfit - , suit - combination - 99. sign - signal - , flash - 100. Opposing - Disagreeing - Contrary - - contrary to popular belief - ... 101. effort - - make every effort - , task - , job - , duty - 102. contact - communication - touch - - keep in touch - , connection - 103. alternative - choice - opportunity - 104. shake - - shake hands - , wave - , 105. potential - , oncoming - - oncoming traffic - predicted - forthcoming - 106. hypothesis - plot - , , . basis - , () 107. bruise - scar - mark - 108. prescribe - / take - - take medicine - provide - , 109. wish - expectation - dream - - ... of my dreams - ( ) plan - 110. reflection - , position - , occasion - , occupation - , 111. confirm - assure - , clarify - insure - 112. achieve - administer - , perform - , - perform an operation - 113. believe - report - notify - 114. come to - get over - ( , .) show off - , turn up - , 115. spoiled - flat tire - wrecked - failed - 116. overlook - .., .. view - oversee - , regard - , 117. stir - pour - , turn - -, 118. residential - () familiar - , neighborhood - , convenient - ,

EXAMINATION TWO

19

GLOSSARY
119. tear - burst - - burst into tears, laughter, etc. - , , . 120. vase - jar - ( , , .) batch - slice - READING TASK 1 animal skin - () buffalo herd - combined with - ... consequences - countless - earth - encounter - enemy - establish - , excel - extended family - full-blooded - fur trapper - gather - - house - hunger - irrigate - , locate - lodge - master - merchant - Native American - nomadic - number - , outbreak - (, , , .) plaza - reservation - settlement - smallpox - squash - starvation - , store - survivor - , The Great Plains - trade - tribe - unfenced - unique - water - well-tended -

TASK 2 annual subscription - anti-spam - email appropriate - balance-sheets - correspondence - download - expenses - floppy disk - format - / , , function -

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
graphics - highest resolution - historical figures - illustration - , invoice - It is a must! - ! multimedia tool - / multiple-licenses - pay-roll - practice - / quotation - round the clock support - 24- sales-slip - spreadsheet - template - , thesaurus - tons of time - updates - , version - , visual - digital sound - explore - fast-paced - firm - focus on - fully functional - galaxy - glorious - , hands-on - housefly - innovation - interactive - inter-connected - investigate - land-based - located in the heart of - ilky Way - mood - nanotechnology - , , . optic wire - platform - rated as - satellite transmission - scope - /, international in scope - senior - , Silicon Valley - K, / stunning - , themed galleries - wallpaper - / / wrap-around -

TASK 3 3D - 3-story-high - artificial intelligence - baby-sitter - combo tickets - computer-generated - / current project - day-care facilities - dedicated to -

EXAMINATION TWO

21

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Item 1 - Wish, If only
Study the examples below: A B Im sorry Im late again. I really wish you would come on time. Oh, dear! I broke your favorite cup! I wish you hadnt broken it because it used to belong to my grandmother.

If only / I wish I was / were relaxing on a beach instead of studying for exams. I wish / If only I knew how to use this MP3-player. I think those jeans are too small for you? Yeah! If only I could lose some weight!

Id have met you at the airport. I wish you had told me you were arriving today. If only / I wish I could have gone to the ball game last night. I heard it was great! Activity 1 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form. Add any other necessary words. 1. A B 2. 3. 4. I told you to drive carefully! You wouldnt have gotten that fine! had listened I know! If only I ________________ (listen) to your advice.

I wish you ________________ (be) quiet while Im trying to study! If only I ________________ (get) into my favorite blue suit. Its too small for me now! I would phone her if only I ________________ (know) her number. Whats wrong? Nothing really, but I wish I ________________ (work) anywhere but here.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Do you ever wish you ________________ (be) invisible for only one day? I wish ________________ (buy) two return tickets to Toronto, please. If only Sandy ________________ (realize) that we only want what is best for her. I wish I ________________ (get) to the station in time to say goodbye to my brother.

10. If only I ________________ (have) the time to learn another language! 11. Im sorry, but we dont give refunds. In that case, I wish ________________ (speak) to the manager.

12. Dont you wish we ________________ (stay) with our friends rather than in this terrible hotel?

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Choose the most appropriate word or expression. 1. If only it _____. I wanted to clean up the back yard. A mustnt rain B wasnt raining C hasnt rained D doesnt rain I didnt go to the movies, but now I wish I _____. A would B had C have gone D had had I wish _____ a complaint about the service in this restaurant. A was making B would make C had made D to make If only I _____ the first prize of $10,000! Id be driving a nice car right now! A to win B had won C won D was winning I wish this lecture _____ soon. Its so boring! A would finish B had finished C to finish D wouldve finished 6. Cant you keep quiet! I really wish you _____ talking! A had stopped B must stop C have stopped D stopped I wish I _____ to your party tonight, but I unfortunately have another commitment. A were coming B to have come C will come D come Were going to be really late. I wish you _____ up. A would hurry B hurrying C hurry D have to hurry I miss Mary. If only I _____ her again, but it means traveling to Alaska. A see B had seen C might see D could see

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

Item 2 - Expressions of Concession - In spite of / Despite (the fact that), But, However, Even so, Even though, Although, Though, No matter how, While, Whereas, Nevertheless, Nonetheless, However, ... may . but, ... but .. anyway ..., etc.
Study the examples below: I have a terrible headache, in spite of the two aspirins Ive taken. You may be the bosss son, but that doesnt mean you can make serious mistakes! Bill may be short, but hes a really good basketball player. No matter how hard I try, I cant understand Math. It was raining heavily but / yet we still took the dog for a walk. Even though / Although / Though it was raining, we took the dog for a walk.
EXAMINATION TWO

23

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 1 Combine the sentences below using the word in bold. Make sure you use the correct punctuation and make any other necessary changes. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. We live in the same apartment building. We never speak to each other. despite Despite living in the same apartment building, we never speak to each other. ___________________________________________________________________________ The earrings were expensive. I bought them. but ... anyway ___________________________________________________________________________ He practices piano often. He still plays badly. no matter how much ___________________________________________________________________________ There were strong winds. We went fishing. yet still ___________________________________________________________________________ The teacher said I had to do my homework. I didnt. although ___________________________________________________________________________ I like comedies. My girl friend prefers romantic movies. while ___________________________________________________________________________ She doesnt have any children. She does have two dogs and a cat. however ___________________________________________________________________________ I was very tired. I went to Carlas birthday party. may ... but ___________________________________________________________________________ The currency in most of Europe is the euro. In Great Britain they use the pound. whereas ___________________________________________________________________________

10. I wasnt really hungry. I ate two hamburgers. even though ___________________________________________________________________________ 11. Research hasnt finally proved that cell phones are dangerous. Small children shouldnt use them. even so ___________________________________________________________________________ 12. Gasoline prices have skyrocketed. People continue using their cars even for short distances. nevertheless ___________________________________________________________________________

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Put the sentence fragments into the correct order. Make sure you use the correct punctuation. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. that / ill / she / Maria / fact / carried on / in spite / working / the / felt / of In spite of the fact that Maria felt ill, she carried on working. ____________________________________________________________________________ enjoyed / it / rained / day / we / vacation / our / although / every / still ____________________________________________________________________________ bought / couldnt / it / but / I / really / anyway / the car / afford ____________________________________________________________________________ fourteen / am / slept / I / however / I / tired / still / hours / for ____________________________________________________________________________ went / on / a coat / it / yet / freezing cold / Thomas / was / out / still / without ____________________________________________________________________________ house / in / place / she / small / is / a nice / though / her / lives ____________________________________________________________________________ in the room / kept / Chris / but / it / her / still / was / on / dark / sunglasses ____________________________________________________________________________ continued / I / the / back yard / nonetheless / very / weather / working / was / in the / hot ____________________________________________________________________________ over / tall / I / short / my / two meters / whereas / brother / am / is / very ____________________________________________________________________________

10. bought / I liked / wasnt / however / I / sure / the dress / if / the color / I ____________________________________________________________________________

EXAMINATION TWO

25

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Item 1 - Adjective / Noun Collocations
Study the examples below: The best thing you can do is ignore his insulting remarks about your appearance. This car has a top speed of 200 kilometers per hour. I only eat food that is made with natural ingredients. Were late because we had a flat tire while we were driving here. Activity 1 Complete each sentence with a noun from the box. link remarks tire twins sweetener exams excuse house shoes passport belongings weather memory hands ice

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

remarks At the meeting Andrew made insulting ____________ about all the staff. Please leave your personal ____________ outside the examination room. The boy made a feeble ____________ about why he was home so late. If were going on hiking, then wear comfortable ____________ . Bill was caught trying to leave the country using a false ____________ . You should always carry a spare in the trunk in case you get a flat ____________ . I was late for work again and knew I was on thin ____________ . For three weeks now weve had nothing but rainy ____________ . Carol uses artificial ____________ in her coffee, not sugar.

10. Its so long since I lived in Chicago that its just a distant ____________ . 11. At our school we always have mock ____________ to practise for the real thing. 12. My mom always checks we have clean ____________ before we eat supper. 13. Mary and Helen are identical ____________. They even dress in the same way! 14. It was a full ____________ at Central Stadium for the championship game. There were no empty seats. 15. Health professionals agree that there is a direct ____________ between smoking and cancer.

26

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 2 Complete each sentence with an adjective from the box. clear top remote natural 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. counterfeit residential convenient traffic slim heated strong good

top Dale was driving at ____________ speed when he saw the flashing light behind him. A spokesperson for the bank have warned that there is a lot of ____________ money in circulation. I can always rely on my grandmother for ____________ advice when it comes to problems. Do you think we could arrange a ____________ time for us to have a meeting? This dish is made with ____________ ingredients; there are no artificial flavorings or colorings. People with children prefer to live in ____________ areas, while single adults dont mind living in downtown areas. Martha thinks she only has a ___________ chance of getting the job, as shes not really qualified enough. As its such a ___________ sky I think its the perfect day to go to the beach. In the headlines today, a ____________ accident last night blocked the freeway for three hours.

10. My grandfather lives in a ____________ village in Greece. 11. Nick drinks one cup of ____________ coffee every morning before he leaves for work. 12. They always get into ____________ arguments when they talk about their favorite teams.

Item 2 - Nouns Referring to Units (e.g. a box of / carton of / tube of / tin of / etc.)
Study the examples below: Could you buy me a jar of jam when you go to the supermarket? Jack got Paula a huge bunch of flowers for her birthday. The waitress gave me a slice of bread. Alice picked up a tube of toothpaste from the supermarket shelf. There are packs of stray dogs in many Third World cities.

EXAMINATION TWO

27

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate word for each blank. 1. Would you like a ______ of soup for supper? A tub C box B bowl D carton Id like a ______ of flour, please. A bag C carton B bottle D slice Could you please give me a ______ of paper? I need to write something down. A tube C jar B sheet D bag Dennis slipped on a ______ of soap in the shower and hurt his knee. A can C bar B pot D packet Dont put more than one ______ of cheese in my sandwich because Im on a diet. A slice C amount B bunch D bag 6. Theres a ______ of rice in the cupboard. A tub C package B bottle D bar I gave my girlfriend a ______ of roses. A bouquet C group B slice D pack David was so thirsty that he drank a whole ______ of fruit juice in a few minutes. A package C pot B carton D tube I found this ______ of keys outside. A box C carton B amount D bunch

2. 3.

7.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10. We saw a ______ of ducks just as they were landing on the lake. A flock C school B pack D team

Activity 2 Cross out the word that does not belong. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. a drop of oil / water / salt 9. a swarm of flies / cars / bees

a grain of rice / bread / salt a gang of hooligans / cars / thieves a pack of wolves / cards / fish a chain of hotels / movie theaters / houses a slice of bacon / sugar / lemon a scrap smoke / evidence / paper a token of appreciation / thanks / metal

10. a batch of meat / cookies / bread 11. a carton of milk / juice / butter 12. a flock of birds / sheep / cows 13. a bottle of shampoo / soup / water 14. a school of fish / dolphins / deer 15. a litter of kittens / birds / puppies 16. a puff of breath / smoke / wind

28

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
EXAMINATION 3
Part 1 - Listening
1. bother - look after - 2. Come on! - ! at least - 3. wide-screen TV - first prize - 4. frown - cell phone bill - I dont blame you. - . 5. 6. Im off! - ! on sale - high heels - sandals - 15. make a reservation - misprint - 16. library card - a piece of ID - passport - drivers license -

17. the day after tomorrow - 18. Youre lucky - 19. I guess Ill manage - 20. a couple of rows behind you - right behind us - 21. balance beam - pommel horse - rings - 22. diner - burger - outdoor caf - 23. note - supper - 24. folder - filing cabinet - briefcase - trunk of your car -

7. Before you knew it ... - They were a thing of the past. - 8. e needs to be changed. - ( ). diapers - 9. 10. download - I had a flat. - . a spare - give someone a lift -

25. This jacket should fit you. - . zipper - 26. ATM - safe - 27. graphic artist - drawing board - 28. light load - 29. slippery - 30. wildlife - the occasional bear - Now youre lucky if ... - ...

11. Are you kidding! - ! courier - 12. stapler - 13. How do you manage ...? - ; stay fit - train with weights - 14. home cinema - to catch a movie -

EXAMINATION THREE

29

GLOSSARY
Part 2 - Listening
charitable organisation - crazy about - cross-section - decade - domestic chore - ecologically conscious - endeavor - aware - free room and board - founder - gang - , generous - government funding - hardship - , impression - maintenance staff - / mission - on-site visit - open-house - picturesque - plentiful - racial background - rural road - solar panels - tax-deductible - track and field - VOCABULARY 86. place - , amount - helping - portion - 97. idea - belief - influence - , impression - - under the impression - 87. aim - mean - , - meant to be - regard - 88. take down - set - , 89. price - include - , charge - mark - , 90. appreciate - oblige - , - I feel obliged - thoughtful - , pleased - 91. confusion - , matter - - whats the matter - case - 92. predict - avoid - consider - , refuse -

93. acquaint - meet - introduce - , 94. face - - face a danger run - - run the risk - 95. agreement - signature - subscription - 96. provide - , invest - pass - ,

30

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
98. slightly - , , partially - vaguely - , 99. continued - graduate - higher - - higher education - advanced - 100. disapprove (of) - disagree (with) - discourage - disappoint - 101. portable - adjustable - adaptable - changeable - 102. virtually - gradually - precisely - extremely - 103. place - drop - direct - , 104. pull - - pull myself together stick - 105. warn - threaten - endanger - frighten - 106. strain - , , stretch - - stress - , , settle - , 107. pointless - , wasteful - , unsuccessful - 108. signature - autograph - 109. command - release - , control - lower - 110. inform - vote - agree (with) - support - 111. put on weight - 112. remember - remind - imagine - inform - 113. mark - separation - line - border - 114. brand new - clean - perfect - whole - 115. choice - taste - - to have good taste - sense - , 116. program - timetable - schedule - - behind schedule - plan - , 117. deposit - grant - ( ) charity - debt - 118. react - scatter - - land - -

EXAMINATION THREE

31

GLOSSARY
119. unfamiliar - , considerable - , ( particular - , unfair - 120. measure - refer - proceed - , evaluate - , mass production - merchant - noblemen - , population - prevent - , , printing press - publish - rare - skyrocket - ( ) READING TASK 1 accessible - afford - , ( ) affordable - () aristocrats - available - become history - , calf skin - chained to - clergy - , coincide - dawn of the 20th century - 20 e-book - exclusively - , found their way - , hand-written - high-ranking - illiterate - invention - literacy - TASK 2 continental cuisine - cross-country skiing - gourmet restaurant - hiking paths - hunting - laptop - / laundry service - luxury - moderate - panoramic view - secretarial service - socio-economic classes - - spread - , , substantially - , theft - trend - unprecedented - , vast majority -

32

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
shuttle bus - snowmobile - stunning - , trainer - walking distance - wine cellar - Native North Americans - on behalf of - () pricey - provincial capital - reconstruct - reduced to rubble - , renowned - TASK 3 acclaimed - array - , bombard - capture - , chapel - cockpit - , commercial aircraft - countless - debut - delights - devastate - displace - edifice - , exotic - , exquisite - , frtification - gain - , greens - head of state - inhabitant - innovative - launch - , mayor - munch - , settlement - sophisticated - , steady stream - treasure - unified - world heritage - worth the expense -

EXAMINATION THREE

33

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Item 1 - Some, Any, No, None, Nothing, Nobody, No one, Nowhere, Anything, Anybody, Any one, Anywhere, Somebody, Someone, and Something
Study the examples below: A B Could I have some coffee, please? Im sorry, but there isnt any left.

I cant leave now because Ive got some work to do. A B How much change do you have? None.

Its Sunday and there are no shops open. Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate word or expression. 1. We went to the mall to buy a birthday present, but in the end didnt buy _____. A nothing B any C anything D none Rose called to see how Bobby was, but there was _____ there. A something B no one C nowhere D no Can _____ tell me the quickest route to the airport? A anybody B something C any D nothing There were _____ cabs yesterday because they were all on strike. A some B any C none D no _____ of the witnesses could describe the bank robbers. A None B Nothing C Somebody D Someone 6. I cant find my keys _____! A nowhere B everywhere C wherever D anywhere This city always stays the same. _____ ever changes. A Anything B Nothing C Something D Everything Would you like _____ to eat and drink after your long journey? A something B anywhere C nothing D any We had to stay in this terrible hotel. There was _____ else for us to stay. A anywhere B where C somewhere D nowhere

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10. Make sure all the windows are locked and ____ of the lights are on before you go. A no one B any C no D none

34

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
11. Ive understood almost _____. Youll have to explain everthing one more time! A anything B something C nothing D no 12. In Brussels, you can buy a waffle _____ you go! A somewhere B anywhere C where D nowhere

Activity 2 Use the most appropriate word to complete each sentence. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. anybody Has ___________ seen my book? Im sure I left it here. Are there ____________ cookies in the kitchen? Im starving! I had ____________ money on me, but not enough to buy the sweater I wanted. When I told them the news _____________ said ____________ . Theres ____________ milk in the fridge! Who drank it all? When I opened the bag there was ____________ in it except a potato. ____________ rang for you while you were at the bank. Peter asked for some more French fries, but there were ____________ left. Were going to a remote place thats miles from ____________ .

10. Whats that smell? It smells like ___________ is burning. 11. I told Vicky she could invite ____________ she likes to the party. 12. There is ____________ in this country free from the effects of pollution.

Item 2 - Like, As, How something is vs What something is like


Study the examples below: A B Does your mother work? Yes, she works as a teller in a bank.

I couldnt see clearly what it was, but it was fairly small like a cat. When Tom answered the phone he sounded like he had been running. Im not as tall as my brother. You look just like your brother. I made the cake just as you told me to. Why does it taste so terrible?
EXAMINATION THREE

35

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 1 Complete the sentences below using like or as. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. like My niece is very shy, ________ her mother. Whats your new English teacher ________ ? David is working ________ an accountant at the moment. Ray is not ________ clever _________ his twin brother. The bruises have gone now, ________ you can see. My sister doesnt look at all ________ me. Chris isnt married, ________ most of her friends. When it comes to the Internet, Martin speaks ________ an expert. Joanne worked ________ a cashier in a supermarket when she lived in Florida.

10. ________ your friend, I would advise you not to do that. 11. On Saturday, ________ on Sunday, well start work at seven. 12. Their garden is so big its ________ a park. 13. I dont feel ________ going out tonight. I want to stay home. 14. _________ all of you know, we need to be more careful with our garbage. Activity 2 Complete the dialogues below using like, as, what or how. 1. A B 2. A B 3. A B 4. A B 5. A B I dont want to do my homework! You will do _______ I tell you! _______ do you like my new dress? It looks pretty good! Did you enjoy visiting Cairo? Yes! It was so exciting, just _______ I expected it would be. Is Karen a good cook? She certainly is! She cooks just ______ if she were a chef! What did you think of the food at that Chinese restaurant? Okay. In fact, it was almost _______ the food I was eating when I lived in China. 6. A B 7. A B What do you think of my new perfume? Great! It smells _______ a flower garden. _______ does our new teacher look like? Shes medium height and she has dark hair. Are Canadians similar to Americans? In some ways they are. But in many ways, Canadians are nothing ______ Americans.

8. A B

36

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 3 Complete the sentences below using like or as, and a phrase from the box. an accountant mud my bedroom Jan or Jo 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. fruit a bird my brother an observer a dessert you know accent his father

as an accountant Ive worked ___________________ for the past twenty years and its time for a change! My dog snores just ___________________ . ___________________ , Im getting married next Saturday. This coffee is horrible. It tastes ___________________ . Connie has a beautiful voice and can sing ___________________ . We have so little space at home that I have to use ___________________ an office. Henry attended the meeting ___________________ . Carl is tall, slim and handsome ___________________ . Why cant we have yogurt and honey ___________________ .

10. I have the same ___________________ my mother. Thats why we speak in the same way. 11. There are many names, ___________________, which can be used for both men and women. 12. What perfume are you wearing? It smells ___________________ .

EXAMINATION THREE

37

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Item 1 - Words with a similar meaning
Study the examples below: You have to work a lot faster. Youre already behind schedule. The college is starting a new literacy program for adults next month. Do you have a copy of the latest train timetable, please? Her plan is to have a gap year before she goes to university. Activity 1 Put a word from each word set into the correct blank. Make sure you put the words into the correct form. 1. wound - hurt - injure - damage a. Many homes were damaged by the hurricane, leaving thousands homeless. b. c. d. They were all suffering from shock but no one was seriously ____________ in the explosion. My new shoes are really _____________ me. Three soldiers were ____________ in the attack and one died.

2. mark - brand - make - logo a. What ____________ is your new scanner? b. These dolls dont have the official ____________ showing they are considered safe. c. Their ____________ is instantly recognizable all over the world. d. Why dont you try a different ____________ of shampoo if youre not happy with that one? 3. gain - win - earn - take a. John ____________ home a lot more money than he used to in his old job. b. c. d. Most of our employees ____________ more than $40,000 per year. The companys shares ___________ in value on the Stock Market last week. They are so lucky! They ____________ $50,000 on the Lottery yesterday.

4. prize - bonus - present - reward a. Our company pays a _____________ to every employee at Christmas. b. c. d. Did you get a____________ from your grandfather for your birthday? Charlotte received a ____________ for handing in the wallet she found on the sidewalk. This is the first time I have ever won a ____________ in a competition.

38

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 2 Choose the most appropriate word. 1. My brother recently _____ to Australia. He prefers the way of life there. migrated immigrated emigrated Im going to have my university _____ framed and hang it in my office. degree certificate diploma The authorities have warned that there are thousands of _____ $50 notes in circulation. false counterfeit artificial Lets go in the garden and have a picnic in the _____ of the tree. silhouette shadow shade The _____ of the Internet means people have access to information on every subject under the sun. invention discovery finding We _______ our room in the islands best hotel. leased booked engaged I had to run so many ______ this morning! tasks errands chores The speed limit is 50 kilometers per hour everywhere within the city ____. borders limits boundaries 9. The store now has an online _____ of their products on their website. brochure leaflet catalog

2.

10. Terry says that one of his _____ was a famous sea captain. forerunners ancestors descendants 11. Its unbelievable that after a winter of constant rain we now have a water _____ ! shortage deficiency lack 12. Can you _____ me what time my dental appointment is, please? remember recollect remind 13. The teacher ______ her class after she assigned homework. dismissed discharged excused 14. The salesgirl ______ me how the new cell phone worked. displayed showed demonstrated 15. My father used natural ______ for all the things he makes at his bakery. additives components ingredients

3.

4.

5.

6.

7. 8.

Item 2 - Prepositional Phrases


Study the examples below: I was under the impression that you didnt want any more pizza! Tania knew from experience that it wasnt worth complaining to the manager. I am writing with reference to your advertisement. In comparison with the female chimpanzee, the male is much larger.

EXAMINATION THREE

39

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 1 Put the correct preposition before each group of words. One group requires two prepositions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ fault, length, all costs, present, a glance, the present time average, occasion, paper, strike, suspicion of, fire anger, progress, touch, fashion, particular, person orders, control, consideration, discussion, investigation, stress doors, place, practice, season, the ordinary, print a word, a doubt, success, warning, delay, a sound

Activity 2 Use the correct prepositional phrase from the box to complete each sentence. out of practice at a glance without a doubt on average 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. at length in particular in progress on strike without warning out of the ordinary under stress under control

Im told that firefighters now have the blaze __________________. Third Avenue bridge only has two lanes open while work is __________________ to build a new bridge. I could tell __________________ that Monica was not in a good mood. __________________ , women outlive men in nearly every country of the world. I just heard that all cab drivers will be __________________ on Monday. Students are always __________________ when theyre sitting for their university exams. Natasha is __________________ the best essay writer in the school. The expert spoke __________________ about the worsening situation in our schools. Suddenly, __________________ , the dog bit me!

10. We visited them on the weekend, but I didnt notice anything __________________ . 11. All the candidates were impressive, but I liked the last one __________________ . 12. I used to be good at chess, but now I am __________________.

40

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
EXAMINATION 4
Part 1 - Listening
1. dustpan - get rid of - , sweep up - broom - gather up - dust - plug in - 15. Hurry up! - ! rush - , Theres no need - 16. major in - , ( ) economics - I was accepted into law school - . 17. rent - opposite - 18. What for? - ; 19. leave a message - Great! - ! 20. cut down - two orders of fries - burger - 21. chat - bus stop - 22. news bulletin - the news in brief - collapse - state visit - 23. Besides - , 24. act - , mistreat - silly - , 25. martial arts - 26. on the blink - 27. Sounds good! - ! 28. Im just calling ... - ... 29. miss - , () personally - 30. top drawer - bottom -

2. pay a fine - parking lot - change - 3. carry (something) up - on the house - 4. awfully - - awfully worried - locker - 5. originally - 7. too tight - 8. adjust - 9. cute - protection - scare - vicious-looking - cuddly -

10. soft drink - handle - 11. (something) is killing me! - , combined - 12. a small percentage - community - , 13. western - star - Youve got to be kidding! - 14. huge -

EXAMINATION FOUR

41

GLOSSARY
Part 2 - Listening
booth - clarify - collector - enthusiast - entirely - , exchange - , existence - finance - helmet - icon - independence - individually - , legendary - , maintenance - marvel - mass produced - modify - , non-stop - on top of the world - participants - pedestrian - take for a spin - (, ) tinker with - tour - 87. take (a course) - register - pass (an exam) - 88. amount - period - matter of time - length (of time) -

89. shoulder - - a shoulder to cry on - support - 90. linking - combination - collection - collaboration - 91. assign - , sign - form - 92. come up with - , put down to - go after - , 93. abbreviated - brief - simplified - compressed -

94. result - effect - , - side effect reaction - affection - 95. against - - against the rules - opposed to - opposite - 96. 97. mishap - , inconvenience - , inconsistency - obstacle - highly - incredibly - extensively - increasingly -

VOCABULARY 86. steadily - usually - favorably - frequently -

42

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
98. incapable - sore - - a sore loser - unsuccessful - defeated - 99. selection - , opinion - preference - choice - 109. eventually - , virtually - , directly - gradually - 110. risk - - put myself at risk - danger - accident - injury - 111. cme as a shock - appear - 112. similar - , - similar to - alike - , - to be alike - related - associated - 113. outcome - , situation - consequence - , development - 114. resemble - value - welcome - admire - , , 115. generous - smooth - mild - , tender - , 116. account - ( ) deposit - ( ) installment - , credit - 117. service - duty - - in the line of duty - pursuit - , 118. reveal - , release - refer - point - ( )

100. catch a cold - 101. make every effort - propose - 102. point - - boiling point - zone - 103. investigate - inspect - examine - 104. interesting - expected - informed - curious - 105. favor - , - in favor of - , opinion - - Im of the opinion that - belief - thought - 106. planned - package - - package holiday - , chartered - scheduled - 107. refuse - , disagree - exclude - deny - , , 108. express - - express an opinion - talk - comment - discuss -

EXAMINATION FOUR

43

GLOSSARY
119. attempt - - in an attempt - try - process - approach - , 120. disagree - contradict - , contradict myself - retreat - confront - recovery plan - refuge - set aside - survival - woodland - vegetation - versatile -

TASK 2 READING TASK 1 agricultural industry - assume - breed - , brink of extinction - clear away - , conclude - , confirm - decline - , , empty-handed - , endangered species - exhaustive - , flock - () former - , funding - habitat restoration - major role - native - (, , ) nesting - , prove - , adventurous - allergy - altitude - , azure seas - bungalows - discomfort - , discount - distinctive tribes - divine - elusive - , , fabulous - , fragrance - gradual ascent - guest house - hike up - , integral part - intriguing - legendary - , long-lost civilization - luxury - magical land - majestic - , misty - ,

44

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
mountain peak - peek over - pristine forest - remote - , retain - , ritual - ruins - savor - serenity - , snorkeling - sumptuous - teeming with wildlife - timeless - , trek - , unique - untouched - , Venetian fortress - virgin rainforests - witness - global network - issuing office - ... multilingual - respect - operator - post-secondary studies - promote - recognized institution - retail outlets - services - ultimate - , , validated - values - worldwide community - youths -

TASK 3 access to - benefits - collect-call - cultural exchange - economic contribution - educator - eligible - , endorse - , entrance fees -

EXAMINATION FOUR

45

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Item 1 - Reflexive Pronouns (Myself, Yourself, Ourselves, etc.)
Study the examples below: I blame myself for everything that happened. The actor walked me to the door himself. Enjoy yourself at the party. She doesnt live by herself; she lives with her family. I told them to help themselves to anything they needed. A B Who helped you make this wonderful cake? No one! I made it myself!

Activity 1 Cross out the reflexive pronoun if it is unnecessary. 1. How often do you exercise yourself? 2. Jackie made herself a sandwich, but she also made one for her brother.

3. Dont worry. I have enough money and can pay for myself. 4. The story itself isnt very good, but I like the authors style of writing.

5. Shall we decorate the apartment ourselves and save money? 6. Donna tried to relax herself before the job interview by listening to some music. 7. They looked at the reflection of themselves in the lake.

8. What time shall we meet ourselves tomorrow? 9. I want you to behave yourselves while I go to the principals office.

10. Tim couldnt shave or dress himself because he had both his arms in casts. 11. A B I was sick this morning I hope you feel yourself much better now.

12. People who suffer from too much stress can make themselves ill. 13. A B Thanks for coming to my party. We thank you. We really enjoyed ourselves.

14. I always shop myself around before I actually buy anything. 15. You should pull yourself together a stop worrying so much!

46

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Complete the dialogues below using the appropriate reflexive pronoun where necessary, and a verb from the box in the correct form. cut make introduce take care of 1. A B 2. A B 3. A B 4. A B 5. A B 6. A B 7. A B Where did you buy this dress? I didnt. I made it myself. Can I have a cookie, please? Of course you can. _______________ . Who is going to cook for you while your mother is away? Dont worry! I can _________________! Have you finished your homework? I tried, but I couldnt ________________ as Ive got a headache. Do you ever get bored? No! I always ___________________ busy. Are you still going to martial art classes? Sure. I believe everyone should learn how to ______________________. Have you met Robert? Yes, he _____________ when I arrived. keep lock help hurt 8. A B defend stay write concentrate Why are you sitting there? I ___________________ out, so Im waiting for mom to come home and let me in. Why are you wearing that bandaid on your finger? I ____________ while I was preparing breakfast. Whats wrong? Are you nervous about the exam? Yes. I just cant ______________ calm. Did you hear that Bill and Cindy have taken up bungee jumping? I know. Lets hope they dont ________________ doing it! How do you remember so many things? Because I __________________ notes.

9. A B

10. A B 11. A B 12. A B

Item 2 - Verb + preposition


Study the examples below: Greenhouses protect plants from dying in cold weather. The police accused him of breaking and entering. I cant choose between the red or the blue suit. Whats your reason for coming so late today? I was under the impression that Mary was your sister.
EXAMINATION FOUR

47

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 1 Put the prepositions below in the most appropriate sentence. Some prepositions can be used more than once. on about with at to 1. A B from in into for against over between without under beside

about What are you so happy ______________? I succeeded _____________ my final exams!

2. George is color blind and cant distinguish ____________ green and blue. 3. A B Shall we listen ____________ the news? No, lets watch it ________________ TV?

4. My father advised me ____________ traveling by car in such bad weather. 5. Im going to apply ___________ a job __________ that new book store next door. 6. A B 7. A B 8. A B 9. A B 10. A B Rick and Bobby arent talking __________ each other. Really! What have they quarrelled ____________ this time? Sandra is always complaining ___________ one thing or another! Dont pay any attention _____________ her. Thats the way she is! The doctor said he may have to operate ____________ my hand if it doesnt get better soon. Let us know if you go _____________ the hospital. Andy has developed ______________ a really good athlete. Its no accident. __________ what I know, he practices several hours a day. Harry was driving too fast and collided ____________ another car. I hope he wasnt ____________ the influence of alcohol.

11. The children looked up and smiled _____________ their teacher when she told them they had done good work. 12. A B Daniel was expelled ____________ school and I dont know why. Listen. You cant get expelled _______________ doing something really serious.

13. I sit ____________ my two best friends at school. One sits on either side of me! 14. A B 15. A B Do understand the book were supposed to read? No. In fact, most of it is really ___________ my head. Matt is still living ___________ his parents. I thought he had moved ____________ his own place!

48

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Put the correct verb + preposition into each pair of sentences. Put the verb into the correct form. 1. experiment on / experiment with a. Personally I dont think scientists should experiment on animals. b. Why is your sister always experimenting with the color of her hair? 2. provide for / provide with a. The college ____________ you _____________ all the books you need. b. The contract _______________ four weeks paid vacation a year. 3. dream of / dream about a. I was ________________ this beautiful island when the alarm clock woke me up. b. When I was a child I ________________ becoming a train driver. 4. disagree with / disagree about a. Connie ________________ me and said all my ideas were stupid. b. We _____________ nearly everything that was written in the new contract. 5. enroll at / enroll in a. My sister couldnt ___________ her son ____________ the local school because it was already full. b. Edward decided to _______________ an engineering course at night school.

6. argue about / argue with a. Susan is constantly ________________ her boyfriend. They should split up! b. The children started to _______________ which TV show to watch. 7. divide by / divide among a. The problems easy. If you ____________ four _____ two the answer is two. b. His property and money was _______________ his four grandchildren. 8. think of / think about a. Brian promised he would ______________ their job offer. b. I often _____________ the house where I grew up. It had a huge garden. 9. shout at / shout to a. Two men were angrily _______________ each other on the corner of the street. b. Mom _____________ me that my friend was on the phone. 10. throw to / throw at a. The kids were in the back yard ____________ a ball ______________ each other. b. She lost her temper and _____________ a plate ____________ him.

EXAMINATION FOUR

49

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Item 1 - Collocations with Make
Study the examples below: We make every effort to help our clients. Tony tried to make amends by buying Roberta a bunch of flowers. The children made fun of the boys pink sweater. The club was so noisy that you couldnt make yourself heard. The children started making faces at one another. They made money by working hard. Activity 1 Match to make sentences.

1. Bill had to get a second job to make 2. Computers in the workplace have made

____ A ____ B

a noise. Youll wake mom and dad. a decision. We havent got all day! contact with aliens. a start on cleaning up the back yard. a difference to the way people work. a success of your life, you need a good education.

3. Before you enter the exam room make 4. Her appearance was sure to make 5. Rachael makes 6. I always make

____ C ____ D ____ E ____ F

7. The grandparents really made 8. I wish youd hurry up and make 9. I know Charlotte made 10. If you want to make

____ G friends with our new neighbors ____ H ____ I ____ J ____ K _____ L _____ M a mistake as she was trying to install the new computer program. her living as a model. an impression on her new boss. a fuss of their new grandson sure you have an extra pencil and an eraser. my bed as soon as I get up. ends meet. a really important call.

11. I need to use your phone to make 12. Mike and Joan decided to make 13. Try not to make

14. There are scientists who are trying to make 15. We quickly made

1 _____ N
_____ O

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 2 Put the words below into the correct blank. contact certain excuses good 1. I dont want to make waves 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. history sense do conversation money friends way waves

by calling police, but I will if you dont stop that noise!

Call the airline to make ____________ that the flight will arrive on time. Weve been having nice weather, I said, trying to make ____________ . Hes so shy and has always found it difficult to make ____________ . Despite a poor upbringing, hes managed to make ____________ and become successful. He made ____________ by becoming the first man to walk on the moon.

7. Ive been trying to make ___________ with Karen all day. Do you know where she is? 8. It makes ____________ to keep the door locked when you are here on your own. 9. Youll have to make ____________ with what youve got until I get paid. 10. The whole block was demolished to make ____________ for apartment buildings. 11. Dont make ____________ for him. You know he did something wrong! 12. I dont know how that store can make ___________ selling at such low prices.

Item 2 - Phrasal Verbs


Study the examples below: Mary has come up with a clever solution to our problem. Come on! Youre late! I came across this really rare book when I went to a used-book store yesterday. Marlees lease comes up for renewal at the end of the month. We came up against some unexpected difficulties.
EXAMINATION FOUR

51

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate words for each blank. up with back to down to 1. 2. in for out of down on up against down with up for

They have come ____________ a real serious problem; theres not enough funding for the project. It all comes ____________ money; theres just not enough for the project.

3. Do you think anything good will come ____________ helping these people? 4. Thats due to come ____________ discussion at the next monthly meeting. 5. Well come ____________ that point in just a moment. 6. Barry doesnt feel well. He thinks hes coming ____________ that virus thats going round. 7. The teacher came ____________ the students pretty hard for not doing their homework. 8. Lillian came ____________ a great way to save money. 9. The police have come ____________ a lot of criticism after the way they dealt with the riot.

Activity 2 Choose the most appropriate phrasal verb for each sentence. Remember to use the correct form. put over take down come into do without make out fall for bring up catch on cut off deal with bring forward get at

1. The fashion for pink hair didnt really ________ with the majority of young people. 2. Monica ________ a great deal of money when her aunt died. 3. He spent most of the morning ___________ people complaining about the power outage. 4. The time of the game was _______ by three hours because snow was expected later. 5. How could you _________ his lies yet again? This must be at least the sixth time! 6. She _________ her argument so clearly that everyone was in favor of her plan. 7. Theyve put everything on high shelves so their son cant ___________ anything.

8. It was so noisy that I couldnt ____________ what she was saying. 9. We cant continue with the soup kitchen as our funding has been ____________ . 10. I think I can ____________ constantly being told what I should and shouldnt do. 11. Would you like to ____________ my name, address and phone number? 12. I didnt like to ____________ the subject because it caused Mary to be upset.

52

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
EXAMINATION 5
Part 1 - Listening
1. calculator - figure something out - 2. something really funny about ... - tear something up - , power company - 3. mop the floor - it slipped my mind - pail - 4. amusement park - ride - bumper cars - roller coaster - To be honest - 16. raincoat - 17. surf the Net - 18. bake - (, , .) moist - 19. show up - 20. 21. jacket - woolen - refund - go straight to ... - ...

22. medicine - pill - cant stand - 23. armchair - ride the bus - 24. look better - dye - 25. 26. 27. glum - spatula - flip - pancake - spread over - , ointment - under the tap -

5. bowl of cereal - 6. Yeah, right! - , ! ( ) dumb - , 7. put on - () 8. not really up to it - sprain an ankle - 9. mall - filthy - 10. complain - You have a point. - 11. give someone a hard time - tip - some change - , 12. couch - 13. How do you like that! - ! for a change - 14. sports-shirt - tie - 15. next showing -

28. run into something - I wouldve told him a thing or two! - ! 29. coffee whitener - chemicals - 30. business-like - slacks - outfit - cleaners -

EXAMINATION FIVE

53

GLOSSARY
Part 2 - Listening
carving - artistic tradition - Australia Aborigines - bead - - beaded - bio - clay - contemporary art - continent - egg yolk - indigenous - , , Iroquois people - necklace - pebble - precious stone - print patterns - religion - religious objects - timeless - , to say the least - () ! ! trunk - visual art - 93. 94. 95. 87. 88. 89. slash - ( ), slice - peel - crush - , refund - restore - , replace - renew - steer - , () lead - , guide - , contain - ,

90. conclude - , arrive - ( ) - arrive at a decision - reach - , - reach a decision - 91. 92. demand - request - , urge - , insist - label - mark - make - ( ) brand - ( , , .) instructor - coach - educator - counselor - revive - recover - , cure - , relieve - criticize - decline - ( ) disapprove - charge - ,

VOCABULARY 86. condition - , - on one condition - point - , , purpose - situation -

96. covered - occupied - , busy - , - the line is busy - ,

54

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
97. admit - , accept - claim - , confess - , 98. do an experiment - rely (on) - , research - 99. follow through - , get along - come across - put up - 100. please - glance - notice - 101. cash - () loan - rate - regard - , , 102. instruction - guidance - advice - suggestion - 103. careless - indefinite - indifferent - unaware - , 104. invite - party - celebrate - 105. hang - drag - play (with) - put - 106. difference - - to tell the difference between - comparison - characteristic - 107. practiced - known - perfected - fluent - ( ) 108. Practically - Entirely - Directly - Frequently - 109. complete - , result (in) - , end - , finalize - 110. waste - - waste of time - loss - ruin - matter - - matter of time - 111. publication - issue - 112. keep - , - keep company visit - enjoy - 113. skate - crawl - tiptoe - bounce - 114. fall behind schedule - , 115. quickly - silently - softly - , simply - 116. reject - prevent - oppose - refuse - 117. throw - pour - splash - , spill - 118. hope - - high hopes - certainty -

EXAMINATION FIVE

55

GLOSSARY
119. alter - alternate - exchange - reduce - 120. depend (on) - , trust - dairy products - demanding - department store - digital camera - elegant attire - equivalent - , READING TASK 1 access - addiction - , bistro - desire - , gambler - gaming site - grade - horse-racing - internet caf - internet site - obesity - obsessive - , online games - past-time - skip class - ( ) truancy - unaffected - uncontrollable urge - TASK 3 acre - 3 ample - aquatic adventure - aviary - bird sanctuary - breeding marsh - calf - , , . . citrus area - daring - TASK 2 apparel - appliance - convention - devoted to - dine - , discount hotel - exclusive - exercise equipment - fitness center - footwear - fresh produce - garden and patio furniture - motel - organic grower - panoramic view - purchases - quality - recognized -

56

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
dive into - dolphin nursery - flock to - , frost - , gigantic - journey - link to - located in - massage - massive - metropolitan area - musical seals - nature walk - nearby - one-of-a-kind - pack more excitement - perfect - per square foot - petting zoo - popular attraction - rainy conditions - relax - , season - shark tank - showtime - spectacular - sugar mill - surrounded by - theme park - tight budget - tourist attraction - tourist industry - ultimate adventure - vary - , walrus - wildlife preserve - world-class -

EXAMINATION FIVE

57

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Item 1 - Quantifiers - Many, Much, A lot of, Lots of, Plenty of, A few, A little, Few, Little, etc.
Study the examples below: A B A B Were there many people at the club last night? No. In fact, not much was happening. Are you finished yet? I just have a little more work to do and then well go.

There arent a lot of movies on TV this week that I want to see. A B Why are you buying another tie? Youve got lots of them. I know. But I really like this one.

There werent many people at the beach. Robert has little interest in any of his college subjects. Activity 1 Match to make sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I think its sad that I forgot my purse! How My dads not working so we Most of my exams have finished so Jenny has Have another cookie. I made The accident happened Some people left early, but Its great that ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Ive a little more leisure time now. lots of them. only a few. much money have you got? many years ago. I dont think about it now. a lot of friends who are Canadian. very few people recycle their paper. have little money for anything but the basic necessities. few stayed all night. a lot of them this morning. lots of people who speak Spanish. most of the questions on the exam. a few more people are recycling paper. I have little leisure time.

1 ____
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

10. I had studied for hours so I answered 11. No one left early, but 12. My exams are just starting so 13. Jenny knows 14. Have another cookie. I made

58

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Use the most appropriate quantifier along with a word or phrase from the box to complete the sentences traffic to get housework photos money to spare milk friends things to see luggage years time words .

1. You must visit New York. There are lots of / so many / plenty of things to see 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Will you hurry up? I dont have _________________________ . Sue is saving up to buy a car and has _______________________ for vacations. Did you take a ____________________________ when you were on vacation? Bob said he hasnt had a vacation for __________________ . I got to work early this morning as there wasnt ___________________ . George can only say __________________________ in Spanish. Graham only takes __________________ in his coffee. In fact, its nearly black. This is such an unfriendly neighborhood that weve made _________________ .

10. Did it cost you _______________________ the car fixed? 11. We have ________________________ to do over the weekend, so we arent going anywhere. 12. When I go on trips, I only take __________________ with me because I like traveling lightly.

Item 2 - Other, Others, The others, Another, One another


Study the examples below: Those twins are so much alike that I cant tell one from the other. A B Id like to try on those white sandals, please? Which ones? The ones with the bow?

My brother is the one with blond curly hair. Could I have another cup of coffee, please? My family all exchange e-mails with one another. Can you tell the others that Ill be late for the meeting?

EXAMINATION FIVE

59

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate word or expression. 1. How can you tell ____? They look exactly the same to me. A one another B one from the other C others D each other The two sisters help ____ a lot. A each other B another C ones D other I had six e-mails; two from my family and ____ from friends. A another B the other C ones D the others They say this bad weather is going to last ____ three or four days. A one B other C another D others I have some donuts. Which ____ do you want? A other B one from the other C ones D others They looked at ____ and smiled. A the other B one another C ones D another The teacher told us to write on every ____ line. A one B one from the other C the other D other Ill have that ____ with the strawberries on it. A one B other C one another D another 9. We visit grandma every ____ week at the care home. A one B other C others D each other

2.

3.

10. I must remember to tell ____ that the time of the meeting has changed. A the others B one from the other C others D ones 11. My best friend and I tell ____ everything. A one from the other B another C each other D one 12. They helped ____ climb up the steep riverbank and away from the rising water. A one another B another C the other D ones 13. Can I have ____ sheet of paper, please? A one other B another C one another D other 14. Thats my mom and that ____ is my dad. A ones B others C another D one 15. Id like the ____ over there, please. Theyre next to the bread. A another B other C ones D each other

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

60

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Use the most appropriate word(s) to complete the dialogues below. 1. A B 2. A B 3. A B Ill take two kilos of apples, please. Which ones? The red or the green ones? Would you like anything else? Ill have ___________ coffee, please. Have you told anyone else yet about the wedding? No, Im going to tell __________ tonight. That car looks exactly like that __________ . Yes, I have trouble telling __________ . Have you heard from your sister lately? Of course. We ring __________ every Friday evening. Is baby Daniel your only child? No, I have three __________ children at home. So what happened in the end? We all shook hands with __________ and left the office. 8 A B Did you enjoy the book? Yes, but I thought her last __________ was much better. Are these the boxes you want to get rid of? No, the __________ I want to get rid of are in the back yard. Did you listen to his advice? No, I dont like __________ people interfering in my business. These cookies are delicious. Would you like __________ ? What were your students making so much noise about? Billy fell off his chair and the ___________ all started laughing.

9. A B 10. A B 11. A B 12. A B

4. A B

5. A B 6. A B 7. A B

EXAMINATION FIVE

61

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Item 1 Comment Adverbs
Study the examples below: This is obviously the wrong time to be discussing this matter. The book is apparently based on her own life and what happened to her as a child. Personally, I would prefer to employ someone with more work experience. Activity 1 Choose an adverb from the box to replace the underlined part of each sentence. naturally typically frankly certainly definitely interestingly seriously probably foolishly luckily wrongly carelessly

1. As you would expect, we did everything we could to help them solve their problem. ____Naturally, we did everything we could to help hem solve their problem. 2. It wasnt right for the two boys to be accused of breaking the window. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. Its surprising that, she didnt deny that she had known him for many years. ________________________________________________________________________ 4. I lacked good sense and believed everything he told me. ________________________________________________________________________ 5. It was fortunate that nobody was injured when the airport caught fire. ________________________________________________________________________ 6. Without thinking, she threw her bag on the table and knocked over a glass of milk. ________________________________________________________________________ 7. Youll most likely have finished cooking the meal by the time I get back. ________________________________________________________________________

8. In most circumstances, an intensive language course is ten hours per week for four weeks. ________________________________________________________________________ 9. All of you will agree that theres no point in trying to help them now. ________________________________________________________________________ 10. Nancy is giving all her attention to thinking about taking up that job offer in Seattle. ________________________________________________________________________ 11. You are without any doubt the best-dressed woman here. __________________________________________________________________________ 12. To say what I really feel, I couldnt have finished the job without Brians help. __________________________________________________________________________

62

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 2 Put the adverb into the correct place in each sentence. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. __________ the student was very rude to her teacher, who rightly sent her out of the room __________ . rightly A passer-by __________ ran into the burning building to __________ help save the screaming child __________ . bravely __________ Bill offered to babysit __________ so that we could go out to dinner on our own __________ . generously ________ can you believe I __________ lent him even more money __________? stupidly Harrys house __________ is __________ big for just one person __________ . surprisingly _________ we found the cost of travelling in Asia __________ cheap __________ . unbelievably I ___________ cant remember anything ___________ since I was knocked unconscious __________ . honestly ___________ my elementary school hasnt changed a bit since ____________ I was there all those years ago ___________ . astonishingly __________ she was very upset ___________ so I went back to my own room __________ . clearly

10. Would you __________ stop making so much noise? Im __________ trying to concentrate __________ ! kindly 11. I dont eat __________ much __________ meat __________ . personally

12. __________ as theyre __________ college students they dont have __________ much money. presumably

Item 2 - Words that look similar or have a similar meaning


Study the examples below: Im sorry I lost your book, but I promise to replace it for you. refund restore replace renew Rachael complimented Charlotte on the delicious meal. complemented complimented completed complained There are a lot of illiterate people in this country because theres no public education system. illiterate illicit illogical illegible I enjoyed the book, but I thought the movie was rather overrated. overreached overreacted overrun overrated
EXAMINATION FIVE

63

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 1 Put a word from each word set into the correct sentence. 1. imaginary imagination imagery image a. You need to have a great __________ to write successful childrens books. b. My __________ of Thailand has changed drastically since I vacationed there. c. Her friend is not real; its her __________ friend. d. Many advertisers use the __________ of the perfect family to sell their products. 2. accompanied accomplice accomplished accomplishment a. Managing to pass all of her exams was a marvellous __________ . b. Both John and his __________ were arrested for bank robbery. c. Joanna gave a very __________ performance in the school play. d. The whole family __________ Alan to the graduation ceremony. 3. living lively live life a. My sister has a very __________ group of students in her IT class this year. b. Unfortunately Penny has no __________ relatives and relies on her friends for help. c. Her husband spends his whole __________ worrying about money. d. We went to a __________ concert on the weekend. It was great. 4. revoke revolt revolting revolution a. The army were planning a __________ , but their plan was discovered in time. b. The food in the school cafeteria is truly __________ . c. Most of the public would like the government to _________ the law. d. Thanks to the Internet, there has been a ____________ in the way people are informed.

Activity 2 Choose the most appropriate word in its correct form. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Everyone joined in the game __________ Rosie, who felt ill. except / accept We __________ our tenants because they wouldnt pay their rent for six months. evict / convict I collapsed onto the sofa as soon as I got home; I was so __________ . weary / wary My boss is very slow to __________ to new technology. adopt / adapt All __________ had left the building when the fire alarm sounded. personal / personnel In this city many of the old buildings are now being __________ . preserved / conserved The new ___________ of the school organized a meeting with parents. principal / principle 8. 9. Ill have to take this skirt in; its too __________ for me now Ive lost weight. lose / loose Betty began to __________ how Andrew has known all the answers to the quiz. wonder / wander

10. They told me in the store that they wouldnt change the blouse unless I had the __________ . recipe / receipt 11. Could you get me some envelopes, please, from the __________ store? stationery / stationary 12. Dont forget you have to __________ the car at the end of the month. insure / ensure

64

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
EXAMINATION 6
Part 1 - Listening
1. Im really into ... - ... sailing - 2. cartoons - documentary - 3. phone book - directory assistance - 4. t took me until midnight - . 5. polka dots - striped - 6. bus terminal - 7. My, goodness! - ! pretty busy - 8. wheelchair racing - I couldnt get into it. - . train - I lift a lot of weights. - . 9. cast - What really bugs me ... - ... 10. majority - 11. Getting up early this morning was murder! ! 12. Dont tell me! - ! 13. turtle - 14. closet - washable - cleaners - 15. pull out - 16. Can I take a message? - ; cell phone - 17. microwave - on second thought - 18. trunk - 19. detergent - 20. keyboard - - keys - similar to - , , 21. Math is behind us! - ! tough - focus on - 22. hire - bakery - It sure beats ... - ... 23. calories - Okay, suit yourself! - ! ! complain - 24. call someone - slip - 25. wallpapering - shovel the driveway - ( ) covered with - , Let me catch my breath. - ! 26. There go the lights again! - ! candles - matches - flashlight - 27. terrified - Ive gotten over it. - . 28. I cant shake this cough. - ! cough syrup - a spoonful of honey - 29. 30. ready - brush over - correction fluid - ink -

EXAMINATION SIX

65

REVIEW TETS
Part 2 - Listening
acoustics - adhere to - , attract - audience - behind-the-scenes - buffet meal - chat - crew - cultural event - director - drama - eye-opening - Kabuki - lecture - off the ground - on par with ... - ... overnight - over the course of - playhouse - playwright - plot - script - simplify - take in - 95. 96. unreal - false - imitation - untrue - sight - , , shape - , reflection - reflex - 88. make my living - manage - 89. explanation - reason - , excuse - - make an excuse story - 90. 91. 92. adjustable - portable - moveable - flexible - preference - liking - , pleasure - character - out-of-order - off-duty - duty-free - out-of-line -

93. turn over - - turn over a new leaf - , get into - / take up - ( catch on - , 94. promote - , improve -

VOCABULARY 86. carefully - exactly - elaborately - responsibly -

87. even - , , balanced - whole -

97. version - decision - selection - , choice - ,

66

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
98. question - opinion - - matter of opinion - theory - 99. invalidate - expire - pass - , 100. popular - famous - typical - , 101. desperate - hopeless - convinced - necessary - , 102. inconvenient - , unsettled - , unreliable - 103. gently - , cautiously - thoughfully - delicately - 104. space - room - - room for improvement - reason - , 105. attack - , get - , - get on my nerves - weaken - , anger - 106. annoy - , interfere - , oppose - prevent - 107. include - , mention - - not to mention - ... feel - 108. document - certification - , certificate - 109. free - - free time - leisure - - leisure activities - time-off - 110. lesson - , subject - , , ., grade - study - 111. point - intention - - I have no intention ... aim - 112. apparent - , available - positive - 113. design - assign - present - suppose - 114. soften - lessen - lower - - lower my voice - reduce - 115. refund - payment - return - cash - 116. making ends meet - going halves - - making a long story short - buying time - , 117. lately - commonly - currently - shortly - 118. inject - fill - - get a tooth filled - ( ) stamp - attach -

EXAMINATION SIX

67

REVIEW TETS
119. avoid - resist - , oppose - 120. temper - , lose my temper - mind - , , nature - mood - - be in a good mood - - be in a bad mood - READING TASK 1 animal fat - burn - () catastrophic flop - coal dust - coconut - cooking oil - diesel engine - engine fuel - feed with - fish oil - myriad - organic renewable fuel - peanut oil - petroleum - powered by - predominantly - run on - soybean - sunflower - unveil - vegetable oil - vision - TASK 3 adult - aid - animator - art form - character - ( , , .) childish - combat - , TASK 2 antique books - childrens fiction - collector - junior high schooler - niece - open-air market - original edition - out of print - poetry - pre-schooler - - prints - profit - racetrack - recordable CD-ROM - refreshing - , reservation - seed - slightly used - take a break - title - toddler - wide selection -

68

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GLOSSARY
comic strip - compete with - concentrate - countless - creator - dialogue - direct at - elementary school - exhibit - funny story - genre - () global warming - hero - hit - , humorous - , hunger - ideal for - ... illiteracy - improve in - ... in his own right - in mint condition - internationally - issue - laughing - - Not always a laughing matter - learning aid - lesson plan - millionaire - monthly - promotion - racism - rare - recognized by - () regular - research facility - scores of - showcase - special effects expert - teens - thrilling - translate - variety - wealthy - ,

EXAMINATION SIX

69

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Item 1 - Prepositions of Place and Movement
Study the examples below: I saw this great movie on TV last night. When we were in England, we spent a week in London. We need to get off the train at the next stop. Stella went into the room and sat down. We drove around the city, looking for an apartment. Activity 1 Put the correct preposition into each sentence. Use on, in, at or into.

1. 2.

The fire department said there was no one _____ the building when the fire broke out. Even though it was very cold, there were still people swimming _____ the sea.

13. Keith arrived at my house _____ a taxi. 14. There were hundreds of people _____ the wedding reception. 15. The students walked _____ the station and boarded the train. 16. Did you see Steve _____ the party last night? 17. Julie noticed a spider _____ the ceiling and ran from the room. 18. Our apartment is _____ the ninth floor. 19. We have to park the car _____ the back of the building. 20. The Smithsonian Natural History Museum is _____ Washington.

3. We stayed in a small hotel _____ a small island. 4. Last night a bird flew _____ my bedroom.

5. My eldest son is _____ college in Kansas. 6. 7. 8. 9. Robin is _____ hospital, but should be out next week. Were going to meet my family _____ the airport. The students asked why the British drive _____ the left. She wandered _____ the hotel and booked a room.

10. Youll never guess who I met _____ the supermarket? 11. Supporters began going _____ the stadium to watch the game. 12. This time last week we were _____ a ship cruising the Bahamas.

70

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Complete the sentences using at, in or on and the words in the box. the back yard the window page twenty the entrance line 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. bed a farm the trunk of the car a first-name basis the way sea a local hotel the zoo the dotted line the coast

We spent the afternoon at the zoo and looked at all the animals. Ive left my purse _______________ . Ill go back to the parking lot and get it. Ill meet you _______________ of the movie theater at seven oclock. Wouldnt it be great if we could live ______________ and be near the sea? Did you enjoy your trip _______________ ? If youre looking for Joanne, shes _______________ sitting in the shade.

9. The woman stood _______________ and watched the children playing in the street. 10. Youll find the article I told you about _______________ of the newspaper. 11. Im _________________ with my boss because we know each other really well. 12. The anniversary party was held _______________. 13. I rang Grace at midday, but her mom said she was still _______________ . 14. _______________ to work Rachel tripped and hurt her ankle. 15. Please put your signature ______________.

7. The survivors were lost _______________ for three days before another ship picked them up. 8. We had to wait _______________ to pay for nearly thirty minutes. There werent enough cashiers.

Item 2 - Word-Level Grammar


Study the examples below: A B June and Fred are getting married. Yes, and everyone is delighted for them. delighted delightful delighting

delight investigation approve

Theres going to be a thorough investigation. investigator investigate investigating He showed his approval of what we were doing by smiling. approval approves approving

Nicol is very creative. She tells her children wonderful stories shes made up. creative creation create creatively
EXAMINATION SIX

71

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 1 Complete the sentences below with the correct word from each set. 1. products producer production productive a. The government would like to see an increase in the __________ of wheat. b. c. d. Australia is fast gaining recognition as a __________ of fine wines. The companys __________ are sold worldwide. New ways of making the land more __________ need to be found soon.

2. developed developing developer development a. Many __________ countries lack even a clean water supply. b. c. d. We provide regular teacher training to help our staff in their career __________ . He used to be a property __________ , but hes retired now. The rich countries of the __________ world should always try to help poorer countries.

3. economics economical economic economist a. Sam works as an __________ for the local authorities. b. c. This new project will be of great __________ benefit to the local community. Its more __________ to do the laundry at night when the cost of electricity is cheaper.

d. Penny is majoring in __________ at Yale university.

4. sensitive senseless sensibly sensible a. Youll have to be tactful when you tell her; you know how __________ she is. b. c. d. Sitting up all night revising before an exam is not a very __________ thing to do. In my opinion the movie had a lot of __________ violence in it. If you dont eat _________ youll put on a lot of weight.

5. entertain entertaining entertainer entertainment a. Were going to __________ some old friends of ours this evening. b. c. d. Bull-fighting is a popular form of __________ in Spain and Mexico. My brother wants to become a professional __________ because he thinks he can sing. Adventure movies like Mission Impossible might be silly, but theyre really __________.

72

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR REVIEW
Activity 2 Choose the correct word to complete each sentence. 1. historic / historical This museum has a fine collection of __________ tanks and warplanes. 2. childish / childlike Getting birthday presents always makes Vicky behave with __________ excitement. 3. thoughtful / thoughtless It was very __________ of Jamie to visit you in hospital. 4. bored / boring I didnt mind this job at first, but Im becoming __________ with it now. 5. opponent / opposing The supporters of the __________ team began to throw bottles and coins onto the field.

6. ensure / assure By doing market research we are hoping to __________ our new product will sell well. 7. unemployment / unemployed Many men over the age of 35 who live in this area are ___________ . 8. applicants / applications __________ for the position must supply proof of identity and nationality. 9. attention / attentive The students were very __________ during Professor Knights lecture. 10. entertaining / entertainment The __________ was provided by a young man playing a guitar. 11. classic / classical Marty is reading the __________ novel Lord of the Rings. 12. belief / believe His __________ is that UFOs really do exist.

EXAMINATION SIX

73

VOCABULARY REVIEW
VOCABULARY REVIEW Item 1 Set Phrases
Study the examples below: My uncle used to smoke, but he turned over a new leaf when his health problems started. By trying to keep everyone happy, Bob is just sitting on the fence and not making a decision. You must put your foot down and stop that class being so noisy. Ive been racking my brains all day trying to think of an authors name! To make a long story short, the police managed to find my stolen motorcycle. Activity 1 Choose a set phrase from the box to complete each sentence. make head or tail of jumped the gun got cold feet black sheep 1. 2. 3. 4. with flying colors once in a blue moon hand in her notice making ends meet on second thought a grain of salt face the music pick his brains

After being offered a much better job Molly decided to ___________________ and leave her old job at the end of the month. Natalie found the exam very easy and passed _________________ . Michelle only phoned John to ________________ about what she should revise for the Physics exam. He has such a bad accent I cant _________________ what he is saying.

5. We only see my brother __________________ now he lives in Australia. 6. 7. 8. 9. It wasnt my turn to speak, but I __________________ and said what I believed. When the police caught him the burglar said he knew he had done wrong and was prepared to ___________________ . He doesnt know what hes talking about, so take his financial advice with ____________________ . Michael called off the wedding because he ______________________ .

10. Now that shes lost her job theyre having trouble ______________________ . 11. Because I never graduated from university, Im considered the ______________ of my family. 12. We were going to go on vacation in the Caribbean, but __________________ we decided to try Europe for a change.

74

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 2 Match to make sentences. 1. I cant think of a solution. ____ A the tip of the iceberg. Theres a lot more! ____ B right out of the blue. I never expected it! ____ C in the same boat. Were all unemployed. ____ D water under the bridge. Lets forget about it. ____ E sit on the fence!

2. Us winning the lottery is just 3. 4. 5. What the newspapers are saying is just We left the demonstration before things My boss offering me a promotion came

6. Prices have really increased. We all 7. Nobody has a job. Everyone is 8. 9. Well only finish this on time if Youre too sensitive. You cant

1 ____ F Im at my wits end!


____ G wishful thinking. Itll never happen. ____ H Lets call it a day. ____ I take what people say to heart. ____ J everybody pulls their weight. ____ K got out of hand. ____ L have to tighten our belts.

10. Weve been working for fourteen hours. 11. Say what you believe! Dont 12. Lets just say our argument is

Item 2 - Noun + Noun


Study the examples below: If you want to prove how old you are you have to show us a passport or birth certificate. The news bulletin will be on at nine oclock. A woman came up to me in the street today and asked if I would take part in an opinion poll. Even though shes a famous actress, she still gets bad stage fright.

EXAMINATION SIX

75

VOCABULARY REVIEW
Activity 1 Choose the most appropriate noun pair for each blank. zero tolerance answering machine attention span 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. bus lanes ghost town media coverage road rage note pad sound bites

In the past, secretaries had to use a _______________ to write down in shorthand what their boss said. The police in this state have decided to adopt a policy of _____________ and punish even minor crimes. The news didnt have the entire interview. There were just some _______________ with the most important parts. People in the area are so scared that the volcano will erupt that nearly everyone has left. The place has become a ___________________ . My ________________ has broken so Ill have to go get it repaired on the weekend. Malcolm was hurt after an incident of _______________ . The other man is being held by the police. A child under the age of five has an ____________________ of about five minutes. ________________, including TV and the Internet, of the World Cup reaches over 4 billion people. Having __________________ in Athens means that its much quicker using public transportation.

Activity 2 Fill in each blank with an appropriate noun. 1. The weather was so hot that we put an ice _______ in our fruit juice. 7. 8. 9. Two hours after the child disappeared, a search ______ set out to look for her. Many teenagers these days live off fast _____ because their mothers cant cook. A passenger suffered a heart ______ so the plane had to land at the nearest airport.

2. Lesley wears contact ________ and has done since she was twenty-one. 3. Were going on a package _________ to Singapore this summer. 4. You must be a mind _______! I was just about to say the same thing! 5. The main side ________ of this medicine is making you feel tired. 6. Jason feels he has gained a lot of work _______ from working during the summer.

10. I slowed down because I saw there was a police ______ in front of me.

11. Call Mary on her cell ______ if you cant find her at home. 12. The exchange ______ between the dollar and the Euro is not as high as it used to be.

76

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

REVIEW - UNITS 1 & 2 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


Grammar Choose the most appropriate word or expression for each blank. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. _____ much I try to, I just cant bring myself to eat spinach. A Although B Nonetheless C No matter how D Despite the fact I would prefer _____ a movie on DVD rather than on TV. A watched B watch C to watch D to watching _____ Ive finished all my exams, we can go on vacation. A Now that B Due to C As a result D Because of If only I _____ some weight before the summer. A lose B would lost C was losing D could lose 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. My brother walks to school _____ I ride my bike. A while B nevertheless C even so D however I wish _____ a good job. Then I would be able to buy a new car. A I could find B to be finding C I am able to find D found I _____ stay in a hotel than go camping. A rather B prefer C would rather D would prefer Ms. Mitchell decided to retire early, mainly _____ poor health. A because B due to C now that D seeing that _____ Louise doesnt have a computer, she still knows how to use one. A But B However C Nevertheless D Despite the fact that _____ their age difference, they seem to have a lot in common. A Though B While C In spite of D No matter how If only I _____ to what my father told me last year. A had listened B listened C listen D listening

Andy was very nervous during the interview. _____, he was offered the job. A In spite of B Even so C Whereas D Even though Personally I _____ rice to potatoes. A would rather B prefer C rather would D preferring _____ you won the race, you get a medal. A As a result B So C Because of D As

REVIEW TESTS

77

REVIEW - UNITS 1 & 2 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


15. 16. 17. 18. Michael _____ any sport to watching someone else play. A would prefer to play B prefers playing C would rather to play D prefers 19. 20. The TV program came on very late. _____, we watched it. A Nevertheless B Although C Despite the fact that D Whereas _____ the subway were on strike, we had to drive downtown. A So B Seeing that C Due to D Because of

The fire department arrived very quickly. _____, there was very little damage. A Seeing that B Since C Because D As a result _____ it was very late, I still cooked dinner. A However B Nonetheless C Even so D Even though The wedding was two hundred miles away, _____ . A whereas we went anyway. B in spite of we went. C but we went anyway D while we went.

Vocabulary Choose the most appropriate word or expression for each blank. 1. 2. 3. The crops in Africa have been destroyed by a _____ of locusts. A puff B pack C gang D swarm Carla was happy because she was ____ by the university of her choice. A accepted B followed C presented D claimed I caught the baby trying to _____ up the stairs. A crawl B stroll C tiptoe D march 4. 5. 6. My feet are covered in blisters! I wish Id worn more _____ shoes to go shopping. A considerate B convenient C comfortable D natural Have you seen my glasses? I seem to have _____ them. A confused B misplaced C confessed D mistaken Instead of writing her essay, Barbara sat there _____ at the classroom wall. A watching B glancing C staring D observing

78

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

REVIEW - UNITS 1 & 2 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Could I have a _____ of bread and some butter, please? A scrap B slice C batch D drop The newspapers say that the man has been _____ with multiple robberies. A charged B arrested C suspected D threatened Its now firmly established that there is a _____ link between smoking and lung cancer. A distant B direct C slim D remote My sister tried to _____ me that I should lend her my new dress. A convict B confront C confound D convince When they opened the mans case, they found thirty _____ passports. A artificial B counterfeit C false D mock My mother swept and then I _____ the floor. A paced B wiped C brushed D mopped To play that game, we need two _____ of cards. A packs B chains C sections D cartons 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Would you like a _____ of soup as a starter? A bag B bowl C grain D slab David made yet another _____ excuse as to why he hadnt done his work. A personal B clear C feeble D full After hearing so many stories I began to _____ that Georgia ever told the truth. A refuse B enforce C doubt D advise Mike made some _____ remarks to my mother and I still havent forgiven him yet. A thin B identical C distant D insulting There wasnt a _____ of evidence to support his claims. A scrap B token C bunch D flock Tanya ate so much for lunch that she had to _____ her belt. A attach B loosen C revive D consider I caught a _____ of myself in the mirror and couldnt believe how dirty my face was. A glance B brush C glimpse D view

REVIEW TESTS

79

REVIEW - UNITS 1 & 2 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


KEY
GRAMMAR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. C C A D B B D A A C 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. B D C A B D D C A B VOCABULARY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. D A A C B C B A B D 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. C D A B C C D A B C

80

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

REVIEW - UNITS 3 & 4 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


Grammar Choose the most appropriate word or expression for each blank. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. I advised you _____ investing your money in the stock market. A for B against C from D to My teacher said I had to do _____ I was told. A who B how C where D what He said hed read the book, but he didnt know _____ about it! A something B anything C nothing D none Would you like some dessert? I made it _____. A itself B my own C myself D me My sister threw the ball _____ me, but I didnt manage to catch it. A to B for C with D for We are _____ our new apartment at the end of the month. A moving into B living with C sitting beside D applying for Do we have _____ of those delicious cookies left? A no B nothing C any D anything 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Robbie acts _____ hes an expert on every subject! A as B like C just as D if Everyone seems to think that he will develop _____ an extremely good tennis player. A into B out of C within D towards My mother shouted _____ me to bring the shopping in from the trunk of the car. A for B about C in D to The movie _____ wasnt that good, but I loved the book. A oneself B yourself C themselves D itself Did you enjoy the concert last night? It was fantastic, _____ I expected it to be. A just B just as if C just as D what if _____ of the staff was willing to work on the weekend. A Nothing B Nobody C None D No one Where are you going on vacation? I dont now yet. My parents cant decide _____ where we should go. A on B to C for D at

REVIEW TESTS

81

REVIEW - UNITS 3 & 4 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


15. 16. 17. Steve is working _____ a delivery boy for the summer. A just as B as C how D like Id appreciate it if you could tell me _____ about your language courses. A something B someone C anything D nothing The veterinarian said they would have to operate _____ the dog immediately. A to B for C over D on 18. 19. 20. Why dont you make _____ at home while I make a cup of coffee? A you B by yourself C yourself D on your own _____ do you think this color would suit me? A How B What C Just D As How about listening _____ the CD I bought this morning? A for B to C at D with

Vocabulary Choose the most appropriate word or expression for each blank. 1. 2. 3. Will you wash the dishes while I _____ the beds? A do B take C make D put Do you have time to _____ me how this MP3 player works? A demonstrate B show C display D explain In the end, it all comes _____ whether we can afford to buy a house or not. A down to B up against C down with D up with 4. 5. 6. The students _____ a lot of experience by working over the summer. A gain B win C earn D take Rather than phoning, I thought Id go and see her in _____. A touch B particular C progress D person What was his point? I couldnt understand what he was _____. A making out B getting at C dealing with D putting over

82

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

REVIEW - UNITS 3 & 4 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Your computer wont work because the electricity has been cut _____. A down B over C off D out _____ occasion, my mom baby sits for us. A At B Under C On D In Do you think any worthwhile information will come _____ all this market research? A in for B out of C across D up with My salary has been reduced. Well have to _____ without a vacation this year. A do B make C deal D fall We have made a lot of ____ on our project this morning. A extension B continuation C advancement D progress I have a very busy _____ this week, so Im not sure when we can have a meeting. A calendar B schedule C order D appointment People are not allowed to water their lawns because there is a water _____. A shortage B deficiency C reduction D lack 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. All day long Ive been trying to find something on the Internet, but without _____. A delay B warning C sound D success

How many people a year do you think _____ down with malaria? A put B bring C take D come Your application for a transfer to Miami is under _____. A thought B control C consideration D orders He _____ me that we had met once before at a conference in Berlin. A remembered B reminded C recollected D recalled Ill met you for lunch at one because I have a couple of _____ to run first. A jobs B tasks C errands D chores Its no good putting it off any longer. Wed better make _____ on cleaning up the back yard. A a noise B a start C a success D a fuss What _____ of detergent does your mom prefer to use? A brand B logo C mark D product

REVIEW TESTS

83

REVIEW - UNITS 3 & 4 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


KEY
GRAMMAR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. B D B C A A C B A D 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. D C C A B A D C A B VOCABULARY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. C B A A D B C C B A 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. D B A D D C B C B A

84

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

REVIEW - UNITS 5 & 6 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


Grammar Choose the most appropriate word or expression for each blank. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. We ______ milk, so we dont need to buy any. A so many B much C little D plenty of Sm all cars are more ______ than larger ones. A economically B economical C economics D economic My brother and I havent seen ______ for nearly over a week! A others B each other C another D others Bill lives _____ 343 Picadilly Street. A into B on C at D in Students say they dont have ______ spare time to read a book for pleasure. A many B few C a little D a lot of My office is ______ the 23rd floor of an office building. A in B into C at D on Did you tell ______ where the spare key is? A the others B another C others D other 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Nancy is so _____ that she always cries when she watches romantic movies. A sensible B senseless C sensibly D sensitive We only have ______ time before the train leaves, so hurry up! A few B a few C little D a little The new courthouse will be built in the ______ style of ancient Greece. A classically B classical C classics D classic

There were ______ guests at the party that there wasnt enough food for everyone. A many B plenty of C so many D lots of I dont want to go to school today. Stop being silly and ______ . Pick up your bag and lets go. A childish B childlike C children D childless My sister and I tell ______ all our news over dinner every night. A others B another C one another D other The story begins ______ a rainy day in Brazil. A at B on C in D into

REVIEW TESTS

85

REVIEW - UNITS 5 & 6 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


15. 16 17. Have all the students brought their costumes for the play? Not really. Only ______ so far. A a few B a little C many D a lot of 18. 19. 20. Wheres everybody? Theyll all ______ the back yard having a barbeque. A at B into C in D on This new system is better than ______ that we have tried. A one another B others C each other D other It is Cindys ______ that her children never do anything wrong. A belief B believe C believable D believing

The village seemed deserted as ______ live there now. A little B few C so many D lots of We stayed in a really ______ hotel. It had a beautiful interior and a wonderful garden. A delight B delighting C delighted D delightful

Vocabulary Choose the most appropriate word or expression for each blank. 1. 2. 3. I wish that for once Denis would make a decision and stop ______ on the fence. A dancing B sitting C hanging D jumping Surviving at sea for ten days without food or water was a remarkable ______. A survival B rescue C goal D accomplishment _____, Annie and Bob have been married for seventy years! A Presumably B Astonishingly C Generously D Typically 4. 5. 6. On the opening night of the play, the star fainted from stage ______. A fright B scare C panic D terror The manager told me that I wasnt ______ enough contributions to the company. A realizing B doing C making D pulling Whenever I sit down to do my homework my mind starts ______ and I dont concentrate. A wondering B waving C wandering D focusing

86

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

REVIEW - UNITS 5 & 6 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Trust Alan to ______ and tell everybody about our plans! A jump the gun B turn over a new leaf C get cold feet D face the music Do you have any previous ______ experience that is relevant to the job? A work B employment C skill D labor 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Please ______ that all the windows are shut before you leave. A reassure B ensure C assure D insure You shouldnt wear black because it doesnt _____ you. A match B suit C go D make Im going on a package _____ with my friends in July. A tour B trip C excursion D holiday Helen _____ from her job after almost forty years. A fired B discharged C retired D dismissed All of us should be trying to ______ water or else it will run out. A deposit B remain C reserve D conserve ______, when my purse was snatched, a police officer nearby caught the thief. A Luckily B Wrongly C Clearly D Bravely Road ______ is happening more frequently these days. A anger B rage C temper D fury

Well ______ be there on time, so dont worry. A frankly B definitely C seriously D kindly It was over a week before power was ______ to all areas of the country. A refunded B renewed C replaced D restored My computer unfortunately _____ a virus. A met B programmed C downloaded D caught ______, I left my vehicle unlocked and it was stolen. A Rightly B Honestly C Stupidly D Naturally A ______ is still out looking for the skiers missing since yesterday afternoon. A search party B mind reader C side effect D opinion poll

REVIEW TESTS

87

REVIEW - UNITS 5 & 6 - GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY


KEY
GRAMMAR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. D B B A D C A D D B 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. C A C B A B D C B A VOCABULARY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. B D B A C C A A B D 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. D C A B B D C D A B

88

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

ANSWER KEYS
EXAMINATION 1
GRAMMAR
Item 1
Activity 1 1. Example 2. d rather 3. d prefer 4. prefers 5. d prefer 6. d prefer 7. prefer 8. d rather 9. prefer 10. d rather 11. d prefer 12. prefers Activity 2 1. Example 2. rather 3. prefers 4. rather 5. would 6. to 7. prefer 8. than 9. rather 10. Would 11. than 12. to Activity 2 1. Example 2. due to 3. Due to 4. Seeing 5. now that 6. so 7. As a result 8. As / Since 9. Since / As 10. because / as 11. because of 12. because 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. B H A I D J F

VOCABULARY
Item 1
Activity 1 1. Example 2. glimpse 3. tiptoed 4. swept 5. paced 6. observed / watched 7. glanced 8. crawl 9. shine 10. wash 11. watched 12. march 13. mopped / swept / wiped 14. strolled 15. stared Activity 2 1. A viewing 2. A washed 3. B rushed 4. C watching 5. A crept 6. A peel 7. A dry-cleaned 8. D saw 9. D tidy 10. A limped Item 2 Activity 1 1. G (Example) 2. C 3. E

Activity 2 1. loosened 2. confounded 3. tangled 4. installed 5. misplaced 6. confused 7. attach 8. trapped 9. consider 10. founded 11. convicted 12. revise

Item 2 Activity 1 1. B so 2. A now that 3. D due to 4. C because of 5. A Since 6. D as a result 7. A because 8. C As 9. D Seeing that 10. A so 11. B Since 12. C as 13. B Because 14. C As a result 15. C because

COMPANION ACTIVITIES ANSWER KEY

89

ANSWER KEYS
EXAMINATION 2
GRAMMAR
Item 1
Activity 1 1. Example 2. would be 3. could get 4. knew 5. was working 6. could be 7. to buy 8. would realize 9. had got 10. had 11. to speak 12. were staying Activity 2 1. B wasnt raining 2. B had 3. D to make 4. B had won 5. A would finish 6. D stopped 7. A were coming 8. A would hurry 9. D could see 12. ... Nevertheless, people continue using their cars ... Activity 2 1. top 2. counterfeit 3. good 4. convenient 5. natural 6. residential 7. slim 8. clear 9. traffic 10. remote 11. strong 12. heated

Item 2
Activity 2 1. Example 2. Although it rained every day, we still enjoyed our vacation. 3. I couldnt really afford it but bought the car anyway. 4. I slept for fourteen hours; however, I am still tired. 5. It was freezing cold yet Thomas still went out without a coat on. 6. She lives in a nice place though her house is small. / She lives in a nice place; her house is small though. 7. It was dark in the room but Chris still kept her sunglasses on. 8. The weather was very hot; nonetheless I continued working in the back yard./ The weather was very hot; I continued working in the back yard nonetheless. 9. My brother is over two meters tall, whereas I am very short. 10. I wasnt sure if I like the color; however, I bought the dress./ I wasnt sure if I liked the color. However, I bought the dress.

Item 2
Activity 1 1. B bowl 2. A bag 3. B sheet 4. C bar 5. A slice 6. C package 7. A bouquet 8. B carton 9. D bunch 10. A flock Activity 2 1. Example 2. bread 3. cars 4. fish 5. houses 6. sugar 7. smoke 8. metal 9. cars 10. meat 11. butter 12. cows 13. soup 14. deer 15. birds 16. breath

Item 2
Activity 1 1. Example 2. ... but I bought them anyway. 3. No matter how much he practices piano, he still plays badly. 4. There were strong winds yet we still went fishing. 5. Although the teacher said I had to do my homework, I didnt. 6. I like comedies while my girl friend prefers romantic movies. 7. ... However, she does have two dogs and a cat. 8. I may have been tired but I went to Carlas birthday party. 9. ... whereas in Great Britain they use the pound. 10. Even though I wasnt really hungry ... 11. ... Even so, small children shouldnt use them.

VOCABULARY
Item 1
Activity 1 1. Example 2. (personal) belongings 3. (feeble) excuse 4. (comfortable) shoes 5. (false) passport 6. (flat) tire 7. (thin) ice 8. (rainy) weather 9. (artificial) sweetener 10. (distant) memory 11. (mock) exams 12. (clean) hands 13. (identical) twins 14. (full) house 15. (direct) link

90

EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

ANSWER KEYS
EXAMINATION 3
GRAMMAR
Item 1
Activity 1 1. C anything 2. B no one 3. A anybody 4. D no 5. A None 6. D anywhere 7. B Nothing 8. A something 9. D nowhere 10. D none 11. C nothing 12. B anywhere Activity 2 1. Example 2. any 3. some 4. nobody / no one, anything 5. no 6. nothing 7. Somebody / Someone 8. none 9. anywhere 10. something 11. anyone / anybody 12. nowhere Activity 2 1. what / as 2. How 3. like 4. as 5. like 6. like 7. What 8. like Activity 3 1. Example 2. like my brother 3. As you know 4. like mud 5. like a bird 6. my bedroom as 7. as an observer 8. like his father 9. as a dessert 10. accent as 11. like Jan or Jo 12. like fruit Activity 2 1. emigrated 2. degree 3. counterfeit 4. shade 5. invention 6. booked 7. errands 8. limits 9. catalog 10. ancestors 11. shortage 12. remind 13. dismissed 14. showed 15. ingredients

Item 2
Activity 1 1. at 2. on 3. in 4. under 5. out of 6. without Activity 2 1. under control 2. in progress 3. at a glance 4. On average 5. on strike 6. under stress 7. without a doubt 8. at length 9. without warning 10. out of the ordinary 11. in particular 12. out of practice

VOCABULARY
Item 1
Activity 1 1. a. b. c. d. 2. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. Example injured hurting wounded make mark logo brand takes earn gained won bonus present reward prize

Item 2
Activity 1 1. Example 2. like 3. as 4. as, as 5. as 6. like 7. like 8. like 9. as 10. As 11. as 12. like 13. like 14. As

3.

4.

COMPANION ACTIVITIES ANSWER KEY

91

ANSWER KEYS
EXAMINATION 4
GRAMMAR
Item 1
Activity 1 1. Example 2. correct 3. correct 4. correct 5. correct 6. delete 7. correct 8. delete 9. correct 10. correct 11. delete 12. correct 13. correct 14. delete 15. correct Activity 2 1. a. Example b. Example 2. a. b. a. b. a. b. a. b. a. b. a. b. a. b. a. b. provides you with provides for dreaming about dreamed of / dreamt of disagreed with disagree(d) about enroll at enroll in arguing with argue about divide by divided among think about think of shouting at shouted to throwing a ball to threw a plate at 14. over 15. A with B into Activity 2 1. waves 2. certain 3. conversation 4. friends 5. good 6. history 7. contact 8. sense 9. do 10. way 11. excuses 12. money

3.

4.

5.

Item 2
Activity 1 1. up against 2. down to 3. out of 4. up for 5. back to 6. down with 7. down on 8. up with 9. in for

6.

7. Activity 2 1. Example 2. help yourself 3. take care of myself 4. concentrate 5. keep myself 6. defend themselves 7. introduced himself 8. locked myself 9. cut myself 10. stay 11. hurt themselves 12. write myself

8.

9.

10. a. b.

VOCABULARY
Item 1

Item 2
Activity 1 1. A Example 2. between 3. A to 4. against 5. for, at 6. A to 7. A about 8. A on 9. A into 10. A with 11. at 12. A from 13. beside B in B on

B over / about B to B to B from B under B without

Activity 1 1. N 2. E 3. L 4. J 5. I 6. M 7. K 8. B 9. H 10. F 11. O 12. D 13. A 14. C 15. G

Activity 2 1. catch on 2. came into 3. dealing with 4. brought forward 5. fall for 6. put over 7. get at 8. make out 9. cut off 10. do without 11. take down 12. bring up

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH

ANSWER KEYS
EXAMINATION 5
GRAMMAR
Item 1
Activity 1 1. G 2. D 3. H 4. A 5. F 6. B 7. E 8. C 9. M 10. L 11. I 12. N 13. K 14 J Activity 2 1. Example 2. a lot of time 3. little money to spare 4. a lot of photos 5. many years 6. much / a lot of traffic 7. a few words 8. a little milk 9. few friends 10. much to get 11. plenty of / lots of housework 12. a little luggage Activity 2 1. Example 2. another 3. the others 4. one, one from the other 5. each other / one another 6. other 7. one another / each other 8. one 9. ones 10. other 11. another 12. others 9. Clearly she was very upset so I went back to my own room. 10. Would you kindly stop making so much noise? Im trying to concentrate! 11. I dont eat much meat, personally. 12. Presumably as theyre college students they dont have much money.

Item 2
Activity 1 1. a imagination b image c imaginary d imagery 2. a accomplishment b accomplice c accomplished d accompanied a lively b living c life d live a revolt b revolting c revoke d revolution

VOCABULARY
Item 1
Activity 1 1. Example 2. wrongly 3. Interestingly 4. foolishly 5. Luckily 6. Carelessly 7. probably 8. Typically 9. certainly 10. seriously 11. definitely 12. Frankly

3.

4.

Item 2
Activity 1 1. B one from the other 2. A each other 3. D the others 4. C another 5. C ones 6. B one another 7. D other 8. A one 9. B other 10. A the others 11. C each other 12. A one another 13. B another 14. D one 15. C ones

Activity 2 1. Example 2. A passer-by bravely ran into the burning building to help save the screaming child. 3. Generously, Bill offered to baby-sit so that we could go out to dinner on our own. 4. Can you believe I stupidly lent him even more money? 5. Harrys house is surprisingly big for just one person. 6. We found the cost of travelling in Asia unbelievably cheap. 7. I honestly cant remember anything since I was knocked unconscious. 8. Astonishingly, my elementary school hasnt changed a bit since I was there all those years ago.

Activity 2 1. except 2. evicted 3. weary 4. adapt 5. personnel 6. preserved 7. principal 8. loose 9. wonder 10. receipt 11. stationery 12. insure

COMPANION ACTIVITIES ANSWER KEY

93

ANSWER KEYS
EXAMINATION 6
GRAMMAR
Item 1
Activity 1 1. in 2. in 3. on 4. into 5. at 6. in 7. at 8. on 9. into 10. at 11. into 12. on 13. in 14. at 15. into 16. at 17. on 18. on 19. at 20. in 3. 2. a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d developing development developer developed economist economic economical economics sensitive sensible senseless sensibly entertain entertainment entertainer entertaining Activity 2 1. F Im at my wits end! 2. G wishful thinking 3. A the tip of the iceberg 4. K got out of hand 5. B right out of the blue 6. L have to tighten our belts 7. C in the same boat 8 J everybody pulls their weight 9. I take what people say to heart 10. H Lets call it a day. 11. E sit on the fence 12. D water under the bridge

4.

5.

Item 2
Activity 1 1. note pad 2. zero tolerance 3. sound bites 4. ghost town 5. answering machine 6. road rage 7. attention span 8. Media coverage 9. bus lanes Activity 2 1. ice cube 2. contact lens 3. package tour 4. mind reader 5. side effect 6. work experience 7. search party 8. fast food 9. heart attack 10. police car / vehicle 11. cell phone 12. exchange rate

Item 2
Activity 2 1. historic 2. childlike 3. thoughtful 4. bored 5. opposing 6. ensure 7. unemployed 8. Applicants 9. attentive 10. entertainment 11. classic 12. belief

Activity 2 1. Example 2. in the trunk of the car 3. at the entrance 4. on the coast 5. to a farm 6. in the back yard 7. at sea 8. in line 9. at the window 10. on page twenty 11. on a first-name basis 12. at a local hotel 13. in bed 14. On the way 15. on the dotted line

VOCABULARY
Item 1
Activity 1 1. hand in her notice 2. with flying colors 3. pick his brains 4. make head or tail of 5. once in a blue moon 6. jumped the gun 7. face the music 8. a grain of salt 9. got cold feet 10. making ends meet 11. black sheep 12. on second thought

Item 2
Activity 1 1. a b c d production producer products productive

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EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY IN ENGLISH