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JURNAL PRAKTIKUM

(LAB. ACTIVITY)

PENGELOLAAN INSTALASI KOMPUTER


SI021

Oleh:
___________________________________

Materi:
Konsep Dasar Hardware
Komponen (Hardware) PC
Instalasi Komponen PC
Prinsif Kerja Komputer

S1 SISTEM INFORMASI

SEKOLAH TINGGI MANAJEMEN INFORMATIKA DAN KOMPUTER

STMIK AMIKOM YOGYAKARTA


2012

Lab.III
Hardware / Software
A. Sistem Penilaian
Nilai Akhir Praktikum = 40% Tugas + 30% Jurnal Praktikum + 30 % Responsi

B. Tugas
1.
2.
3.
4.

Praktikan (Mhs) menyerahkan / mengumpulkan tugas via E-mail atau CD


Tugas ditulis manual atau diketik untuk format kertas A4
Cover tugas dicetak dengan disertai logo kampus
Praktikan (Mhs) yang terlambat mengumpulkan tugas tersebut dinilai 0

C. Jurnal Praktikum
1. Praktikan (Mhs) langsung menyerahkan jurnal setelah praktikum selesai
2. Jurnal praktikum ditulis manual-tidak diketik
3. Jurnal praktikum bersifat individu-bukan kelompok

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Konsep Dasar Hardware
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
Memahami arsitektur komputer
Memahami komponen utama komputer

1. Mampu memahami fungsi komponen utama komputer.

B. Peralatan Praktikum
Mainboard

C. Praktikum
1. Memahami Komponen Utama Komputer
a. Tiga Komponen Utama Komputer
1. ____________________________
2. ____________________________
3. ____________________________
b. Software Komputer
1. ____________________________
2. ____________________________

2. Mengenal Arsitektur Komputer


Tulis daftar singkatan komponen sesuai gambar arsitektur PC dibawah:
GPU

= ____________________________________________

AGP

= ____________________________________________

HDD

= ____________________________________________

FDD

= ____________________________________________

FSB

= ____________________________________________

USB

= ____________________________________________

PCI

= ____________________________________________

RTC

= ____________________________________________

PATA

= ____________________________________________

SATA

= ____________________________________________

ISA

= ____________________________________________

IDE

= ____________________________________________

MCA

= ____________________________________________

PS/2

= ____________________________________________

3. Hardware pada sistem komputer terbagi atas 3 bagian utama,


yaitu :
1. Input Unit
2. Processing Unit
3. Output Unit
Tuliskan jenis perangkat input unit tersebut:
1. ____________________________
2. ____________________________
3. ____________________________
4. ____________________________
5. ____________________________
Tuliskan 3 Komponen Utama Processing Unit:
1. ____________________________
2. ____________________________
3. ____________________________

Jelaskan masing-masing fungsi utama 3 komponen utama Processing unit


tersebut:

Tuliskan jenis perangkat output unit tersebut:


1. ____________________________
2. ____________________________
3. ____________________________
4. ____________________________
5. ____________________________

Catatan lain-lain:

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5

Komponen (Hardware) PC
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. Mengenal komponen-komponen PC
2. Mampu menjelaskan spesifikasi masing-masing komponen PC

B. Peralatan Praktikum
Casing, Power Supply, Mainboard, HDD, FDD, CD-ROM, RAM, Kabel Data, Kabel
Power, Card VGA, Sound & Network.

C. Praktikum
1. Mengenali karakteristik dan spesifikasi komponen PC
Jelaskan jenis masing-masing komponen berikut:

Casing __________________

Konektor ____________________

Tipe Socket _________

Tipe Slot ________

5
2

6
7
8

11

10

12

17

13
18
14

19
15

20

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Gambar Mainboard dan port yang terdapat pada mainboard

Keterangan Gambar
1. _______________________

11. _________________________

2. _______________________

12. _________________________

3. _______________________

13. _________________________

4. _______________________

14. _________________________

5. _______________________

15. _________________________

6. _______________________

16. _________________________

7. _______________________

17. _________________________

8. _______________________

18. _________________________

9. _______________________

19. _________________________

10._______________________

20. _________________________

Card SVGA dipasang pada port _______________

Harddisk tipe ______________

2. Menjelaskan cara kerja masing-masing komponen PC


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Pilih salah satu komponen yang terdapat pada komputer anda, dan jelaskan
mekanisme kerja komponen tersebut, Bandingkan kinerja tersebut dengan
komponen sejenis yang berfungsi sama dengan spesifikasi yang berbeda.
(Tidak boleh sama dengan teman lain satu jurusan yang mengambil mata
kuliah hardware software).
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Instalasi Hardware PC
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. Mengenal komponen-komponen untuk merakit (instalasi) PC
2. Mengenal fungsi dan kedudukan (penempatan) tiap-tiap komponen
(hardware) PC

B. Peralatan Praktikum
Casing, Power Supply, Mainboard, HDD, FDD, CD-ROM, RAM, Kabel Data, Kabel
Power, Card VGA, Sound & Network. Keyboard, Mouse, Monitor.
Obeng +, Skrup Mainboard, casing dan komponen

C. Praktikum
1. Persiapan Sebelum Instalasi
1. ___________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________________________________
5. ___________________________________________________________________________
6. ___________________________________________________________________________
7. ___________________________________________________________________________
2. Komponen yang diperlukan untuk merakit PC
Nama Komponen

Spesifikasi Komponen

1.

______________________
_________________________________________________

2.

______________________
_________________________________________________

3.

______________________
_________________________________________________

4.

______________________
_________________________________________________

5.

______________________
_________________________________________________

6.

______________________
_________________________________________________

7.

______________________
_________________________________________________

8.

______________________
_________________________________________________

9.

______________________
_________________________________________________

10.

______________________
_________________________________________________

11.

______________________
_________________________________________________

12.

______________________
_________________________________________________

3. Kesalahan yang sering timbul dalam perakitan PC


1.
_____________________________________________________________________
______
2.
_____________________________________________________________________
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3.
_____________________________________________________________________
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4.
_____________________________________________________________________
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5.
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6.
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7.
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8.
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4. Langkah-langkah dalam perakitan PC


1.
_____________________________________________________________________
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2.
_____________________________________________________________________
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3.
_____________________________________________________________________
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4.
_____________________________________________________________________
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5.
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6.
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7.
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8.
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9.
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10.
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11.
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12.
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13.
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14.
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15.
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16.
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17.
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18.
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19.
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20.
_____________________________________________________________________
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Prinsif Kerja Komputer
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. Memahami cara kerja komputer
2. Menggambarkan mekanisme kerja komputer dengan software aplikasi
3. Mengerti tentang BIOS

B. Peralatan Praktikum
1. PC
2. AMIBIOS, Phoenix BIOS, CMOS BIOS

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C. Praktikum
1. Mengamati Proses CPU Reset, POST dan Disk Boot
Pada saat komputer mati dan tombol power anda tekan, perhatikan
reaksi yang terjadi pada komputer anda. Amati tampilan yang muncul
di layar monitor anda.
a.

Ceritakan reaksi yang terjadi pada komputer anda

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

b.
Jelaskan tentang tampilan layar monitor pada saat proses
POST
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

c.
Jelaskan bagaimana proses disk boot pada komputer anda
sebelum sistem memunculkan tampilan Desktop Sistem Operasi
secara sempurna.
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

d.

Jelaskan tentang BIOS pada komputer anda

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

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___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

2. Gambarkan proses cara kerja komputer ini dalam sebuah tampilan


presentasi.
1.

Pekerjaan dilakukan secara kelompok

2.

Satu kelompok terdiri dari maksimal 4 orang.

3.

Gunakan Software Aplikasi, seperti:

a) Microsoft Power Point


b) Macromedia Flash
c) dll.

5
PERAWATAN DAN PERBAIKAN PC
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:

1. Menganalisa dan mendiagnosa masalah-masalah pada PC


2. Mencari solusi masalah, dan teknik mengatasi masalah agar PC kembali
dapat bekerja secara normal.

B. Peralatan Praktikum
1. PC bermasalah
2. Form Analisa Masalah (Cek List PC Problem/Troubleshooting CheckList Form)
3. Nota Service

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C. Praktikum

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F
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. a
2. b

B. Peralatan Praktikum
1. a
2. b
3. c

C. Praktikum

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7
G
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. a
2. b
3. c

B. Peralatan Praktikum
1. a
2. b
3. c

C. Praktikum

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8
H
A. Tujuan
Setelah praktikum ini, praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. a
2. b

B. Peralatan Praktikum
1. a
2. b
3. c

C. Praktikum

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