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Pengolahan Data

Pengolahan Data

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01/05/2014

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PENGOLAHAN DATA PRAKTIKUM

BANDUL SEDERHANA
DATA HASIL PENGUKURAN
1 0.20 20 21 0.9524
2 0.24 20 20 1.0000
3 0.30 20 18 1.1111
4 0.34 20 17 1.1765
5 0.38 20 16 1.2500
6 0.41 20 15 1.3333
7 0.45 20 14 1.4286
8 0.49 20 14 1.4286
9 0.53 20 13 1.5385
10 0.57 20 13 1.5385
11 0.60 20 13 1.5385
12 0.64 20 12 1.6667
13 0.68 20 12 1.6667
14 0.71 20 12 1.6667
15 0.75 20 11 1.8182
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (g)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 9.3587
1 8.6962 0.6625
2 9.4652 -0.1065
3 9.5835 -0.2248
4 9.6880 -0.3293
5 9.5914 -0.2327
6 9.0955 0.2632
7 8.6962 0.6625
8 9.4692 -0.1105
9 8.8312 0.5275
10 9.4978 -0.1391
Xrata - Xi No Xi
No Panjang Tali (l)m Waktu (t)sekon Titik setimbang N (kali) Periode (T)t/N
11 9.9976 -0.6389
12 9.0866 0.2721
13 9.6545 -0.2958
14 10.0805 -0.7218
15 8.9476 0.4111
Standar deviasi (S) =
Hasil Pengukuran = 9.3587 ± 0.4425 m/s2
Kesalahan Relatif = 4.7281
8.6962
9.4652
9.5835
9.6880
9.5914
9.0955
8.6962
9.4692
8.8312
9.4978
9.9976
9.0866
9.6545
10.0805
8.9476
0.4389 0.4389
0.0113 0.0113
0.0505 0.0505
0.1085 0.1085
0.0542 0.0542
0.0693 0.0693
0.4389 0.4389
0.0122 0.0122
0.2782 0.2782
0.0193 0.0193
(Xrata - Xi)
2
Perhitungan (g) (4π^2 l)/T^2
0.4082 0.4082
0.0740 0.0740
0.0875 0.0875
0.5209 0.5209
0.1690 0.1690
2.7412
= 0.4425
%
PENGOLAHAN DATA PRAKTIKUM
MOMEN INERSIA
DATA HASIL PENGUKURAN
Menentukan konstanta Pegas Daun (k)
Bahan sudut ө (rad) Ft (N) L jari-jari batang (m)
Batang 1 0.2 0.26
Menentukan Momen Inersia masing-masing jenis benda.
1.1 Jenis benda : Silinder Tipis
1 90 5 4 1.2500
2 120 4 4 1.0000
3 150 5 4 1.2500
4 180 5 4 1.2500
5 210 5.77 5 1.1540
6 240 5.88 5 1.1760
7 270 6.9 6 1.1500
8 300 7.8 6 1.3000
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (I)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 0.0019
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
No Sudut Puntiran waktu (t) sekon Titik setimbang N (kali) Periode (T)t/N
1 0.0021 -0.0002 0.00000003
2 0.0013 0.0006 0.00000032
3 0.0021 -0.0002 0.00000003
4 0.0021 -0.0002 0.00000003
5 0.0018 0.0001 0.00000002
6 0.0018 0.0001 0.00000000
7 0.0017 0.0001 0.00000002
8 0.0022 -0.0003 0.00000012
Standar deviasi (S) = = 0.00028564

Kesalahan Relatif = 15.0335 %
1.2 Jenis benda : Silinder Pejal
1 90 2.8 3 0.9333
2 120 3.02 3 1.0067
3 150 3.69 4 0.9225
4 180 3.7 4 0.9250
5 210 3.6 4 0.9000
6 240 3.62 4 0.9050
7 270 4.6 5 0.9200
8 300 4.65 5 0.9300
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (I)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 0.0011
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
No Sudut Puntiran waktu (t) sekon Titik setimbang N (kali) Periode (T)t/N
1 0.00114857 -0.00000617 0.00000000
2 0.00133615 -0.00019375 0.00000004
3 0.00112206 0.00002034 0.00000000
4 0.00112815 0.00001425 0.00000000
5 0.00106799 0.00007440 0.00000001
6 0.00107989 0.00006250 0.00000000
7 0.00111599 0.00002641 0.00000000
8 0.00114038 0.00000202 0.00000000
Standar deviasi (S) = = 0.00008310

Kesalahan Relatif = 7.2741 %
1.3 Jenis benda : Bola Pejal
1 90 5.52 3 1.8400
2 120 5.51 3 1.8367
3 150 7.79 4 1.9475
4 180 9.59 5 1.9180
5 210 9.83 5 1.9660
6 240 9.6 5 1.9200
7 270 9.78 5 1.9560
8 300 9.63 5 1.9260
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (I)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 0.0048
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
No Sudut Puntiran waktu (t) sekon Titik setimbang N (kali) Periode (T)t/N
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 0.00446395 0.00036796 0.00000014
2 0.00444779 0.00038412 0.00000015
3 0.00500079 -0.00016888 0.00000003
4 0.00485044 -0.00001852 0.00000000
5 0.00509625 -0.00026434 0.00000007
6 0.00486056 -0.00002865 0.00000000
7 0.00504454 -0.00021263 0.00000005
8 0.00489099 -0.00005907 0.00000000
Standar deviasi (S) = = 0.00024819

Kesalahan Relatif = 5.1366 %
1.4 Jenis benda : Batang Pejal
1 90 34.64 4 8.6600
2 120 34.14 4 8.5350
3 150 34.87 4 8.7175
4 180 34.32 4 8.5800
5 210 34.25 4 8.5625
6 240 34.59 4 8.6475
7 270 34.61 4 8.6525
8 300 33.89 4 8.4725
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (I)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 0.0976
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
No Sudut Puntiran waktu (t) sekon Titik setimbang N (kali) Periode (T)t/N
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 0.09888259 -0.00128013 0.00000164
2 0.09604862 0.00155385 0.00000241
3 0.10020006 -0.00259759 0.00000675
4 0.09706410 0.00053837 0.00000029
5 0.09666855 0.00093391 0.00000087
6 0.09859734 -0.00099487 0.00000099
7 0.09871139 -0.00110893 0.00000123
8 0.09464708 0.00295539 0.00000873
Standar deviasi (S) = = 0.00180936

Kesalahan Relatif = 1.8538 %
PERHITUNGAN MOMEN INERSIA BERDASARKAN RUMUS
RUMUS I
SILINDER TIPIS 0.4 0.045 MR^2
SILINDER PEJAL 0.4 0.045 1/2MR^2
BOLA PEJAL 1.2 0.0785 1/2MR^2
BATANG PEJAL 0.8 0.615 1/2ML^2
JENIS BENDA MASSA BENDA (KG)
JARI-JARI BENDA (meter)
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
k = (Ft.L)/Ө
0.052
Perhitungan Momen Inersia
(I)= .k.(kg.m2)
0.0021
0.0013
0.0021
0.0021
0.0018
0.0018
0.0017
0.0022
0.00000003
0.00000032
0.00000003
0.00000003
0.00000002
0.00000000
0.00000002
0.00000012
0.00000057
Perhitungan Momen Inersia
(I)= .k.(kg.m2)
0.0011
0.0013
0.0011
0.0011
0.0011
0.0011
0.0011
0.0011
0.00000000
0.00000004
0.00000000
0.00000000
0.00000001
0.00000000
0.00000000
0.00000000
0.00000005
Perhitungan Momen Inersia
(I)= .k.(kg.m2)
0.0045
0.0044
0.0050
0.0049
0.0051
0.0049
0.0050
0.0049
0.00000014
0.00000015
0.00000003
0.00000000
0.00000007
0.00000000
0.00000005
0.00000000
0.00000043
Perhitungan Momen Inersia
(I)= .k.(kg.m2)
0.0989
0.0960
0.1002
0.0971
0.0967
0.0986
0.0987
0.0946
0.00000164
0.00000241
0.00000675
0.00000029
0.00000087
0.00000099
0.00000123
0.00000873
0.00002292
MOMEN INERSIA SECARA TEORITIS
0.0008 0.0019
0.0004 0.0011
0.0037 0.0048
0.1513 0.0976
HASIL PERCOBAAN
PENGOLAHAN DATA PRAKTIKUM
TEGANGAN PERMUKAAN
Panjang cincin (keliling cincin) = π.d=3.14 x 0.048 = 0.15072
1.1 Jenis Cairan: Mesran Oil
No F1 F2 Gaya Permukaan F(F1-F2) Tegangan У= F/l
1 65 53 12.0 79.6178
2 65 53 12.0 79.6178
3 64 52 12.0 79.6178
4 65 53 12.0 79.6178
5 64 52.5 11.5 76.3004
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (tegangan)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 78.9544
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 79.6178 -0.6634 0.4401
2 79.6178 -0.6634 0.4401
3 79.6178 -0.6634 0.4401
4 79.6178 -0.6634 0.4401
5 76.3004 2.6540 7.0436
Standar deviasi (S) = = 1.4836
Hasil Pengukuran = 78.9544 ±1.4836
Kesalahan Relatif = 1.8790 %
1.2 Jenis Cairan: Prima XP Oil
No F1 F2 Gaya Permukaan F(F1-F2) Tegangan У= F/l
1 64 52 12.0 79.6178
2 64 52.5 11.5 76.3004
3 63 51.5 11.5 76.3004
4 64 52.5 11.5 76.3004
5 63 51.5 11.5 76.3004
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (tegangan)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 76.9639
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 79.6178 -2.6539 7.0434
2 76.3004 0.6635 0.4402
3 76.3004 0.6635 0.4402
4 76.3004 0.6635 0.4402
5 76.3004 0.6635 0.4402
Standar deviasi (S) = = 1.4836
Hasil Pengukuran = 76.9639 ±1.4836
Kesalahan Relatif = 1.9276 %
1.3 Jenis Cairan: Top One Oil
No F1 F2 Gaya Permukaan F(F1-F2) Tegangan У= F/l
1 63.0 51.0 12.0 79.6178
2 63.5 51.5 12.0 79.6178
3 64.0 52.0 12.0 79.6178
4 63.0 51.0 12.0 79.6178
5 63.5 51.0 12.5 82.9352
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (tegangan)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 80.2813
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 79.6178 0.6635 0.4402
2 79.6178 0.6635 0.4402
3 79.6178 0.6635 0.4402
4 79.6178 0.6635 0.4402
5 82.9352 -2.6539 7.0434
Standar deviasi (S) = = 1.4836
Hasil Pengukuran = 80.2813 ±1.4836
Kesalahan Relatif = 1.8480 %
1.4 Jenis Cairan: Air
No F1 F2 Gaya Permukaan F(F1-F2) Tegangan У= F/l
1 64 49 15.0 99.5223
2 64 49 15.0 99.5223
3 64 49 15.0 99.5223
4 65 50 15.0 99.5223
5 63 48 15.0 99.5223
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (tegangan)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 99.5223
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 99.5223 0.0000 0.0000
2 99.5223 0.0000 0.0000
3 99.5223 0.0000 0.0000
4 99.5223 0.0000 0.0000
5 99.5223 0.0000 0.0000
Standar deviasi (S) = = 0.0000
Hasil Pengukuran = 99.5223±0.0000
Kesalahan Relatif = 0.0000 %
1.5 Jenis Cairan: Sabun
No F1 F2 Gaya Permukaan F(F1-F2) Tegangan У= F/l
1 66 55 11.0 72.9830
2 65 54 11.0 72.9830
3 64 53 11.0 72.9830
4 64 53 11.0 72.9830
5 64 53 11.0 72.9830
PERHITUNGAN KESALAHAN RELATIF (tegangan)
Kesalahan relatif =
Xrata = 72.9830
No Xi Xrata - Xi
(Xrata - Xi)
2
1 72.9830 0.0000 0.0000
2 72.9830 0.0000 0.0000
3 72.9830 0.0000 0.0000
4 72.9830 0.0000 0.0000
5 72.9830 0.0000 0.0000
Standar deviasi (S) = = 0.0000
Hasil Pengukuran = 72.9830 ±0.0000
Kesalahan Relatif = 0.0000 %
meter
0.4401
0.4401
0.4401
0.4401
7.0436
8.8042
7.0434
0.4402
0.4402
0.4402
0.4402
8.8042
0.4402
0.4402
0.4402
0.4402
7.0434
8.8042
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
PENGOLAHAN DATA PRAKTIKUM
KARAKTERISTIK SOLAR CELL
sudut 45 derajat (menghadap ke timur)
No Jam (Selang 1 menit) Tegangan (V) Arus (A) Daya (W)
1 12.28 12.37 1.18 14.5966
2 12.29 12.3 1.19 14.637
3 12.30 12.55 1.2 15.06
4 12.31 12.63 1.15 14.5245
5 12.32 12.72 1.13 14.3736
6 12.33 12.79 1.11 14.1969
7 12.34 12.89 1.17 15.0813
8 12.35 12.88 1.16 14.9408
9 12.36 12.97 1.14 14.7858
10 12.37 12.98 1.13 14.6674
Jumlah Daya 146.8639
Daya Rata-Rata 14.68639
Standar Deviasi (S)
Kesalahan relatif
sudut 90 derajat (menghadap ke atas)
No Jam (Selang 1 menit) Tegangan (V) Arus (A) Daya (W)
1 12.51 13.55 0.98 13.279
2 12.52 13.56 0.96 13.0176
3 12.53 13.63 0.97 13.2211
4 12.54 13.78 0.95 13.091
5 12.55 13.85 0.94 13.019
6 12.56 13.92 0.94 13.0848
7 12.57 13.91 0.96 13.3536
8 12.58 13.91 0.98 13.6318
9 12.59 13.92 0.97 13.5024
10 13.00 13.91 0.99 13.7709
Jumlah Daya 132.9712
Daya Rata-Rata 13.29712
Standar Deviasi (S)
Kesalahan relatif
sudut 135 derajat (menghadap barat)
No Jam (Selang 1 menit) Tegangan (V) Arus (A) Daya (W)
1 13.09 11.05 1.03 11.3815
2 13.10 11.63 0.98 11.3974
3 13.11 11.99 0.96 11.5104
4 13.12 12.26 0.91 11.1566
5 13.13 12.53 0.98 12.2794
6 13.14 12.79 1 12.79
7 13.15 12.86 1.04 13.3744
8 13.16 13.01 0.96 12.4896
9 13.17 12.96 0.81 10.4976
10 13.18 13.13 0.86 11.2918
Jumlah Daya 118.1687
Daya Rata-Rata 11.81687
Standar Deviasi (S)
Kesalahan relatif
(Xrata - Xi)
2
0.008062
0.002439
0.139584
0.026208
0.097838
0.2396
0.155954
0.064724
0.009882
0.000361
0.744654
0.287644
1.96%
(Xrata - Xi)
2
0.000328
0.078131
0.005779
0.042485
0.077351
0.04508
0.00319
0.112011
0.04214
0.224467
0.630963
0.264777
1.99%
(Xrata - Xi)
2
0.189547
0.175955
0.093924
0.435956
0.213934
0.946982
2.4259
0.452566
1.740473
0.275699
6.950936
0.878821
9.76%

11 12 13 14 15

9.9976 9.0866 9.6545 10.0805 8.9476

-0.6389 0.2721 -0.2958 -0.7218 0.4111

Standar deviasi (S) =
Hasil Pengukuran Kesalahan Relatif = = 9.3587 ± 0.4425 m/s2 4.7281

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