Anda di halaman 1dari 7

õáŽðôÜððø£ôƒ

+8.80+8.80
x +$,'+ 0(16758$6, x ¾ô¤ß
x ”¿Ž¤˜³û
x ,67,+$'+$+
x 1,)$6
x %(5.$%81*.(0$7,$1 x ±ŽÔèߍ
x ©ª£ù

©ªË‡
ⳎØߍ­©
3HQHELW
'DUXO4RVLP

”ô´ôçíªçù”Ðàߎ‘
(GLVL%DKDVD,QGRQHVLD

Ҽߍí”䟮˜ß
æ䣮ߍª’Ëæóªß¡ü»

$OLK%DKDVDGDQ/D\RXW
+6KRODKXGGLQ$EGXO5DKPDQ/F
(GLWRU
0XK0X·LQXGLQLOODK


ú
 ö·Âó¡úgÂó¡…¡öÈ¥

6HJDOD SXML EDJL $OODK 7XKDQ VHPHVWD $ODP VKRODZDW GDQ VDODP DWDV
QDEL GDQ UDVXO \DQJ SDOLQJ PXOLD QDEL NLWD 0XKDPPDG EHVHUWD NHOXDUJD
GDQSDUDVDKDEDWQ\D

+$,' 0(16758$6, 

<DLWX GDUDK \DQJ NHOXDU GDUL VHRUDQJ ZDQLWD VHFDUD DODPL WDQSD VXDWX
VHEDEGDQSDGDZDNWXZDNWXWHUWHQWX

8VLD ZDQLWD \DQJ PHQJDODPL KDLG WLGDN WHUWHQWX NDSDQ VHRUDQJ ZDQLWD
PHOLKDWSDGDGLULQ\DGDUDKKDLGPDNDLDWHODKGLDQJJDSKDLGZDODXSXQ
EHOXPEHUXVLDWDKXQDWDXEHUXVLDGLDWDVWDKXQ

%DWDVPLQLPDOGDQPDNVLPDOPDVDKDLGWLGDNWHUWHQWXMDGLNHWLNDVHRUDQJ
ZDQLWD PHOLKDW GDUDK NHELDVDDQ WHUVHEXW EXNDQ NDUHQD OXND GDQ
VHEDJDLQ\D PDND GDUDK LWX DGDODK GDUDK KDLG WDQSD GLXNXU GHQJDQ PDVD
WHUWHQWX .HFXDOL MLND KDLG LWX EHUODQMXW GDQ WLGDN EHUKHQWL DWDX EHUKHQWL
GDODPZDNWX\DQJVLQJNDWPDNDLWXODK\DQJGLVHEXWGHQJDQLVWLKDGKDK

%LODRUDQJ\DQJKDPLOLWXPHOLKDWGDUDKPDNDLDEHUDGDGDODPGXDVLWXDVL

3HUWDPD %LOD LWX WHUMDGL  EHEHUDSD ZDNWX VHEHOXP PHODKLUNDQ PLVDOQ\D
GXDKDULVHEHOXPQ\DGDQGLVHUWDLUDVDVDNLWPDNDLWXDGDODKGDUDKQLIDV

.HGXD%LODLWXWHUMDGLEHEHUDSDZDNWXVHEHOXPPHODKLUNDQWDQSDGLVHUWDL
UDVD VDNLW DWDX NHOXDU MDXK VHEHOXP ZDNWX PHODKLUNDQ PDND GDUDK LWX
EXNDQODK QLIDV WHWDSL LWX DGDODK GDUDK KDLG ELOD NHOXDUQ\D SDGDKDULKDUL
NHELDVDDQQ\D KDLG %LOD GDUDK LWX EXNDQ GDUDK NHELDVDDQQ\D KDLG PDND
GDUDKLWXDGDODKGDUDKIDVDG UXVDNNRWRU WLGDNDGDKXNXPQ\D

%HEHUDSDKDO\DQJGLOXDUNHELDVDDQKDLG

3HUWDPD%HUWDPEDKGDQEHUNXUDQJQ\DPDVDKDLG

.HGXD &HSDW DWDX ODPEDWQ\D ZDNWX GDWDQJQ\D KDLG +XNXP NHGXD
NHDGDDQLQLDGDODKELODLDPHOLKDWGDUDKPDNDLDGLDQJJDSKDLGGDQELODLD
WHODK EHUVLK EHUDUWL LD WHODK GLDQJJDS VXFL EDLN LWX PHOHELKL GDUDK

û
NHELDVDDQQ\DDWDXSXQNXUDQJGDULLWX%DLNLWXPHOHZDWLDWDXOHELKODPEDW
GDULZDNWXNHELDVDDQQ\D

.HWLJD %HUZDUQD NXQLQJ GDQ NHUXK %LOD LWX WHUMDGL SDGD VDDW KDLG DWDX
EHUVDPEXQJ GHQJDQ KDLG VHEHOXP VXFL PDND LWX DGDODK GDUDK KDLG GDQ
EHUODNX EDJLQ\D KXNXPKXNXP KDLG 'DQ ELOD LWX WHUMDGL VHWHODK VXFL
PDND LWX EXNDQ GDUDK KDLG NHFXDOL ELOD SDGD DNKLU EHUVLKQ\D WHUGDSDW
WDQGDWDQGD KDLG VHSHUWL DGDQ\D UDVD VDNLW GDQ VHEDJDLQ\D PDND LWXODK
KDLG

.HHPSDW 'DUDK KDLG NHOXDU VHFDUD WHUSXWXVSXWXV \DLWX VHKDUL NHOXDU
GDUDKGDQVHKDULODJLWLGDNNHOXDU

'DODPKDOLQLWHUGDSDWNRQGLVL

-LNDKDOLWXWHUMDGLSDGDVHRUDQJZDQLWDGLVHWLDSZDNWXQ\DPDNDGDUDK
LWXDGDODKGDUDKLVWLKDGKDKGDQEHUODNXEDJLQ\DKXNXPLVWLKDGKDK

-LNDNRQGLVLLQLWLGDNVHULQJWHUMDGLSDGDVHRUDQJZDQLWDWDSLNDGDQJNDOD
VDMD GDWDQJQ\D ELOD EHUKHQWLQ\D GDUDK NXUDQJ GDULVHKDUL PDND KDO LWX
WLGDN GLDQJJDS VXFL NHFXDOL ELOD LD PHQGDSDWNDQ EXNWL \DQJ
PHQXQMXNNDQEDKZDLDVXFLPLVDOQ\DEHUKHQWLQ\DGDUDKWHUVHEXWSDGD
DNKLUPDVDNHELDVDDQQ\DDWDXPHOLKDWOHQGLUSXWLK

.HOLPD 7HUMDGLQ\D SHQJHULQJDQ GDUDK \DLWX ELOD ZDQLWD WLGDN
PHQGDSDWNDQVHODLQUDVDOHPEDEDWDXEDVDK SDGDNHPDOXDQQ\D -LNDKDO
LWX WHUMDGL SDGD VDDW PDVD KDLG DWDX EHUVDPEXQJ GHQJDQ KDLG VHEHOXP
VXFL PDND EHUODNX EDJLQ\D KXNXP KDLG 7HWDSL ELOD LWX WHUMDGL VHWHODK
PDVDVXFLPDNDLWXWLGDNWHUPDVXNKDLG

+DLG LWX DNDQ EHUKHQWL GHQJDQ NHOXDUQ\D OHQGLU SXWLK \DLWX FDLUDQ
EHUZDUQDSXWLK\DQJNHOXDUSDGDDNKLUPDVDKDLGNHFXDOLELODOHQGLUSXWLK
LWX EXNDQ NHELDVDDQ DNKLU KDLGQ\D PDND PDVD VXFLQ\DDGDODK NHULQJQ\D
GDUDK

%LOD VHWLWLN FDLUDQ GHQJDQ MXPODK \DQJ VDQJDWVHGLNLW NHOXDU GDUL VHRUDQJ
ZDQLWD PDND WHUGDSDW GXD NHPXQJNLQDQ ELOD LWX WHUMDGL SDGD PDVD KDLG
GDQLDPHQJDQJJDSQ\DVHEDJDLGDUDKKDLG\DQJLDNHQDOPDNDLWXEHUDUWL
GDUDK KDLG GDQ ELOD WHUMDGL GL OXDU NHELDVDDQ ZDNWX KDLG GDQ LD WLGDN

ü
PHQJDQJJDSQ\D VHEDJDL GDUDK KDLG \DQJ LD NHQDO PDND GDUDK LWX WLGDN
DGDKXNXPQ\DNDUHQDWHUPDVXNVHVXDWX\DQJVHGLNLW \DQJGLPDDINDQ 

%LOD VHRUDQJ ZDQLWD KDPLO NHOXDU GDUDK NHWLND PHQJDQGXQJ NHDGDDQQ\D
DGDGXD

3HUWDPD %LOD GDUDK LWX NHOXDU WHUXV PHQHUXV WDQSD KHQWL GL VDDWVDDW
KDLGQ\D VHMDNKDPLOPDNDLQLWHUPDVXNGDUDKKDLG

.HGXD%LODGDUDKLWXEHUKHQWLODOXVHWHODKLWXLDPHOLKDWGDUDK\DQJEXNDQ
GDUDKNHELDVDDQPDNDLQLWLGDNWHUPDVXNGDUDKKDLG


,67,+$'+$+

,VWLKDGKDK DGDODK NHOXDUQ\D GDUDK WHUXVPHQHUXV SDGD VHRUDQJ ZDQLWD
WDQSDKHQWLVDPDVHNDOLDWDXEHUKHQWLVHEHQWDUVHSHUWLGXDKDULDWDXWLJDKDUL

.RQGLVLZDQLWDPXVWDKDGKDKDGDWLJD

3HUWDPD6HEHOXPPHQJDODPLLVWLKDGKDKLDWHODKPHPSXQ\DLZDNWXKDLG
\DQJ MHODV 'DODP NRQGLVL VHSHUWL LWX KHQGDNODK LD EHUSHGRPDQ NHSDGD
MDGZDO KDLGQ\D \DQJ WHODK GLNHWDKXL VHEHOXPQ\D 0DND SDGD PDVD LWX
GLKLWXQJ VHEDJDL KDLG GDQ EHUODNX EDJLQ\D KXNXPKXNXP KDLG $GDSXQ
VHODLQPDVDWHUVHEXWPDNDLWXPHUXSDNDQLVWLKDGKDK\DQJEHUODNXEDJLQ\D
KXNXPKXNXPLVWLKDGKDK

.HGXD 7LGDN PHPSXQ\DL ZDNWX KDLG \DQJ MHODV VHEHOXP LVWLKDGKDK
VHPHQWDUDLDPHQJDODPLQ\DWHUXVPHQHUXVPXODLGDULVDDWSHUWDPDNDOLLD
PHOLKDW GDUDK 'DODP NRQGLVL LQL KHQGDNODK LD PHODNXNDQ WDP\L]
SHPEHGDDQ  VHSHUWL MLND GDUDKQ\D EHUZDUQD KLWDP DWDX NHQWDO DWDX
EHUEDX PDND \DQJ WHUMDGL LWX DGDODK KDLG GDQ EHUODNX EDJLQ\D KXNXP
KXNXP KDLG 'DQ MLND WLGDN GHPLNLDQ PDND \DQJ WHUMDGL LWX DGDODK
LVWLKDGKDKGDQEHUODNXEDJLQ\DKXNXPKXNXPLVWLKDGKDK

.HWLJD 7LGDN PHPSXQ\DL ZDNWX KDLG \DQJ MHODV GDQ WLGDN ELVD
PHPEHGDNDQ GDUDKQ\D VHFDUD WHSDW 0LVDOQ\D MLND LVWLKDGKDK \DQJ
GLDODPLQ\D WHUMDGL WHUXVPHQHUXV PXODL GDUL VDDW SHUWDPD NDOL PHOLKDW
GDUDKVHPHQWDUDGDUDKQ\DPHPLOLNLVDWXVLIDWVDMDDWDXEHUXEDKXEDKGDQ
WLGDN PXQJNLQ GLDQJJDS VHEDJDL GDUDK KDLG 'DODP NRQGLVL VHSHUWL LQL

ý
KHQGDNODK LD PHQJDPELO NHELDVDDQ ZDQLWD SDGD XPXPQ\D -DGL PDVD
KDLGQ\D DGDODK HQDP DWDX WXMXK KDUL SDGD VHWLDS EXODQ GLKLWXQJ PXODL
GDUL VDDW SHUWDPD NDOL PHQGDSDWL GDUDK 6HGDQJ VHOHELKQ\D DGDODK
LVWLKDGKDK %LOD LD OXSD KDUL SHUWDPD KDLGQ\D PDND LD PHPXODLQ\D SDGD
DZDOEXODQVDELW

 :DQLWD 0XVWDKDGKDK KDUXV EHUZXGKX VHWLDS DNDQ VKRODW MLND ZDNWXQ\D
WHODK PDVXN GDQ ELOD DNDQ ZXGKX LD KDUXV PHQFXFL EHNDV GDUDK LWX ODOX
PHOHWDNNDQNDLQGDQNDSDV DWDX6RIWH[ XQWXNPHQ\HUDSGDUDK

&DLUDQSXWLK\DQJNHOXDUGDULUDKLPEXNDQGDULNDQGXQJNHPLKDGDODKVXFL
GDQ KXNXPQ\D DGDODK ELOD LWX EHUODQMXW WHUXV PDND KDO LWX WLGDN
PHPEDWDONDQZXGKXWHWDSLLDKDQ\DEHUZXGKXXQWXNVKRODWMLNDZDNWXQ\D
WHODK PDVXN ODOX VKRODW IDUGKX DWDX VKRODW VXQQDK WHWDSL ELOD FDLUDQ LWX
NDGDQJNDGDQJ EHUKHQWL PDND ZXGKXQ\D EDWDO PDND VKRODWQ\D GLWXQGD
KLQJJD GDUDK LWX EHUKHQWL VHODPD LD WLGDN NKDZDWLU GHQJDQ KDELVQ\D ZDNWX
VKRODW ELOD LD NKDZDWLU ZDNWX VKRODWQ\D KDELV PDND LD EROHK EHUZXGKX
PHQMDJD NHEHUVLKDQQ\D ODOXVKRODW

1,)$6

1LIDV DGDODK GDUDK \DQJ NHOXDU GDUL UDKLP NDUHQD PHODKLUNDQ EDLN
EHUVDPDDQGHQJDQNHODKLUDQLWXVHVXGDKQ\DDWDXVHEHOXPQ\DGXDDWDXWLJD
KDUL\DQJGLVHUWDLUDVDVDNLW

0DVD QLIDV PDNVLPDO  KDUL ELOD GDUDK LWX NHOXDU WHUXV GHQJDQ FDUD \DQJ
VDPDPDNDLDWLGDNEROHKPHOHZDWLPDVDPDNVLPDOQ\D\DLWXKDUL%LODLD
PHQGDSDWL GDUDK VHWHODK  KDUL  PDND KHQGDNODK LD PDQGL  ODOX VKRODW
.HFXDOL ELOD EHUWHSDWDQ GHQJDQ PDVD KDLGQ\D PDND LD WHWDS PHQXQJJX
KLQJJD PDVD KDLGQ\D KDELV ODOX PDQGL GDQ VKRODW %LOD WLGDN EHUWHSDWDQ
GHQJDQ PDVD KDLGQ\D PDND GDUDK LWX DGDODK GDUDK NRWRU \DQJ WLGDN
PHPLOLNL KXNXP +HQGDNODK LD PHQJKLODQJNDQ EHNDVEHNDVQ\D GDQ
EHUZXGKXVHWHODKPDVXNQ\DZDNWXODOXVKRODW

%LOD ZDQLWD LWX WHODK EHUVLK GDUL QLIDV ODOXNHOXDU ODJL GHQJDQZDUQD EDX
GDQ GHQJDQ VHJDOD NHDGDDQQ\D \DQJ VDPD GHQJDQ GDUDK QLIDV PDND LWX
DGDODK QLIDV ELOD WLGDN GHPLNLDQ PDND LWX DGDODK GDUDK KDLG GDQ ELOD
WHWDSEHUODQMXWPDNDLWXDGDODKGDUDKLVWLKDGKDK

þ
%LOD MDQLQ LWX PHQJDODPL NHJXJXUDQ VHWHODK  KDUL PDND LD KDUXV
PHQJDPDWLDSDNDKMDQLQLWXVXGDKGDODPEHQWXNPDQXVLDDWDXWLGDN%LOD
WHODK EHUEHQWXN PDQXVLD PDND GDUDKQ\D DGDODK GDUDK QLIDV GDQ
XPXPQ\D MDQLQ \DQJ VXGDK EHUXPXU  KDUL GDODP NDQGXQJDQ VXGDK
EHUEHQWXN PDQXVLD 'DQ ELOD PHQJDODPL NHJXJXUDQ VHEHOXP EHUXVLD 
KDULPDNDGDUDKLWXEXNDQODKGDUDKQLIDVWHWDSLGDUDKSHQ\DNLWNDUHQDLWX
\DQJEHUODNXEDJLQ\DDGDODKKXNXPZDQLWDPXVWDKDGKDKLDKDUXVPHQFXFL
EHNDVEHNDV GDUDK ODOX EHUZXGKX XQWXN VKRODW ELOD WHODK PDVXN
ZDNWXQ\D

7LGDNPHQJDSDELODVXDPLLQJLQPHQJJDXOLLVWULQ\DELODLDWHODKEHUVLKGDUL
QLIDVVHEHOXPKDUL

6KRODZDW GDQ VDODP DWDV QDEL NLWD 0XKDPPDG 6KROODOODKX ¶$ODLKL ZD
6DOODPEHVHUWDNHOXDUJDGDQSDUDVDKDEDWQ\D


%(%(5$3$+8.80<$1*%(5.$,7$1'(1*$1:$1,7$<$1*
',7,1**$/0$7,68$0,1<$

,D KDUXV WHWDS WLQJJDO GL UXPDKQ\D GL PDQD VXDPLQ\D PHQLQJJDO WLGDN
NHOXDUGDULUXPDKNHFXDOLNDUHQDDGDVXDWXXUXVDQGDQNHSHQWLQJDQ\DQJ
PHQGHVDN VHSHUWL EHUREDW NH GRNWHU NHWLND VDNLW PHPEHOL NHEXWXKDQ
UXPDK WDQJJDQ\D VHSHUWL PDNDQDQ GDQ VHPDFDPQ\D ELOD LD WLGDN
PHQHPXNDQ RUDQJ ODLQ \DQJ PHODNXNDQ LWX KLQJJD LD PHODKLUNDQ ELOD LD
WHQJDK PHQJDQGXQJ DWDX PHQ\HPSXUQDNDQ  EXODQ  KDUL PDVD LGGDK
Q\DNDODXLDWLGDNGDODPNHDGDDQKDPLO

0HQJKLQGDUL SHQJJXQDDQ SDNDLDQ \DQJ LQGDK GDQ PHQDULN SHUKDWLDQ 
GDQPHQJJXQDNDQSDNDLDQ\DQJVHODLQLWX

0HQJKLQGDUL SHQJJXQDDQ ZDQJLZDQJLDQ NHFXDOL ELOD LD WHODK EHUVLK GDUL
KDLG DWDX QLIDV PDND LD EROHK PHQJJXQDNDQ DVDS ND\X EDNKXU \DQJ
PHQJDQGXQJDURPDKDUXP DWDXZDQJLZDQJLDQODLQ

0HQJKLQGDUL SHQJJXQDDQ SHUKLDVDQ HPDV SHUDN GDQ EHUEDJDL PDFDP
EHQWXN SHUKLDVDQ ODLQQ\D EDLN LWX EHUEHQWXN FLQFLQ NDOXQJ GDQ
VHEDJDLQ\D


ÿ
0HQJKLQGDUL SHZDUQD UDPEXW GDQ FHODN NDUHQD 5DVXOXOODK 6KROODOODKX
¶$ODKL ZD 6DOODP PHODUDQJ ZDQLWD \DQJ GLWLQJJDO PDWL VXDPLQ\D
PHQJJXQDNDQEHQGDEHQGDWHUVHEXW

,DEROHKPDQGLGHQJDQDLUVDEXQGDQGDXQELGDUDELODLDPDX,DSXQEROHK
EHUELFDUD GHQJDQ VLDSD VDMD \DQJ LD NHKHQGDNL GDUL NDXP NHUDEDWQ\D DWDX
RUDQJ ODLQ,D MXJD EROHK GXGXN EHUVDPD PXKULPQ\D PHQ\XJXKNDQ NRSL
PDNDQDQGDQVHEDJDLQ\D

,DMXJDEROHKEHNHUMDGLUXPDKGLNHEXQUXPDKDWDXDWDSQ\D NKXVXVQ\D
XQWXN UXPDKUXPDK PRGHO RUDQJ 6DXGL  VLDQJ GDQ PDODP SDGD VHJDOD
EHQWXNEHQWXN SHNHUMDDQ UXPDK VHSHUWL PHPDVDN PHQMDKLW PHQ\DSX
UXPDK PHQFXFL SDNDLDQ PHPHUDK VXVX WHUQDN GDQ EHUEDJDL PDFDP
SHNHUMDDQ\DQJELDVDGLODNXNDQROHKZDQLWDZDQLWDODLQ,DSXQEROHKEHUMDODQ
GLZDNWXPDODPGHQJDQZDMDKWHUEXNDVHEDJDLPDQDZDQLWDODLQQ\D

'DQ LD MXJD GDSDW PHQJJXQDNDQ FDGDU KDQ\D PHQDPSDNNDQ NHGXD
PDWD ELODWLGDNDGDRUDQJODLQGLVLVLQ\DNHFXDOLPXKULPQ\D

6KRODZDW GDQ VDODP DWDV QDEL NLWD 0XKDPPDG 6KROODOODKX ¶$ODKL ZD
6DOODPEHVHUWDNHOXDUJDGDQSDUDVDKDEDWQ\D