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Area of Body Shoulder

Muscle Deltoid

Nerve Supply Axillary n.

Blood Supply Posterior circumflex humeral a.

Rotator Cuff

Subscapularis Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Latissimus dorsi

Upper/lower subscapular n. Suprascapular n. Suprascapular n. Thoracodorsal n.

Subscapular a. Suprascapular a. Circumflex scapular a. Thoracodorsal a.

Teres minor Back Trapezius

Axillary n. Spinal accessory n.

Circumflex scapular a. Transverse cervical a.

Teres major Rhomboid major Rhomboid minor Levator scapulae Serratus anterior Superficial Deep Back Splenius capitis Splenius cervicis Iliocostalis cervicis Iliocostalis thoracis Iliocostalis lumborum Longissimus capitis Longissimus cervicis

Lower subscapular n. Dorsal scapular n. Dorsal scapular n. Dorsal scapular n. Long thoracic n. Dorsal rami of C4-C8 spinal n. Dorsal rami of C4-C8 spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of cervical spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of thoracic spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of lumbar spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of cervial spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of thoracic spinal n.

Circumflex scapular a. Transverse cervical a. Transverse cervical a. Transverse cervical a. Lateral thoracic a. (Multiple a.) (Multpile a.) Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a.

Erector Spinae Muscles

Transversospinalis Muscles

Longissimus thoracis Spinalis cervicis Spinalis thoracis Semispinalis capitis Semispinalis cervicis Semispinalis thoracis Multifidis

Dorsal primary rami of lumbar spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of cervical spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of thoracic spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of cervical spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of thoracic spinal n. Dorsal primary rami of lumbar spinal n. Dorsal rami of spinal n.

Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a.

Deep Back Suboccipital Region

Intermediate Back

Rotatores Interspinalis Intertransversarii Rectus capitis posterior major Rectus capitis posterior minor Obliquus capitis superior Obliquus capitis inferior Serratus posterior superior Serratus posterior inferior Levatores costarum

Dorsal rami of spinal n. Posterior primary rami of spinal n. Ventral/dorsal rami of spinal n. Suboccipital n. Suboccipital n. Suboccipital n. Suboccipital n. 2nd-5th intercostal n. Anterior rami of T9-T12 n. Intercostal n.

Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Posterior intercostal a. Occipital a. Occipital a. Occipital a. Occipital a. Transverse cervical a. (Multiple a.) Posterior intercostal a.

Action Abduct, flex/medial rotate, extend/lateral rotate arm

Medial rotate arm Stabilize shoulder joint Abduct arm at shoulder first 15 Stabilize shoulder joint Lateral rotate arm Stabilize shoulder joint Extends, adducts, medial rotate arm

Origin Lateral clavice Acromion Spine of scaupla Subscapular fossa Supraspinatus fossa Infraspinatus fossa Iliac crest Lumbar fascia Spines of 2-8 vertebra Lower ribs Superior part of lateral scapula Superior nuchal line, ligamentum nuchae External occipital protuerance Spines of C7 and thoracic vertebrae Lower segment of scapular medial border Spines of T2-T5 vertebrae Spines of C7-T1 vertebrae Transverse processes of C1-C4 vertebrae Ribs 1-8 Spinous process of C7-T4 Spinous process of T3-T6 vertebrae Ribs 3-6 Ribs 7-12 Sacrum Medial iliac crest Transverse process of T1-T5 vertebrae Transverse process of lumbar vertebrae

Lateral rotate arm Stabilize shoulder joint Raises, retracts, rotates scapula

Adduct, medial rotate arm Pulls scapula medially, raises scapular medial border Pulls scapula medially, raises scapular medial border Raises scapula at medial border Rotate, pulls scapula around thoracic cage Extend/hyperextend head Extend/hyperextend head Extends/lateral flex vertebral column Extends/lateral flex vertebral column Extends/lateral flex vertebral column Extend/rotate head Extends/lateral flex vertebral column

Extends/lateral flex vertebral column Extend vertebral column Extend vertebral column Extend vertebral column Extend vertebral column Extend vertebral column Extend/rotate vertebral column

Extend/rotate vertebral column Extend vertebral column Lateral flex vertebral column Extend/rotate head Extend head Bend head backward/laterally Rotate head Raises ribs during inspiration Depresses ribs Raises ribs Laterally flex/rotate vertebral column

Transverse process of thoracic vertebrae Spinous process of C6-T2 Spinous process of T11-L2 C4-C7 vertebrae T1-T6 vertebrae Transverse process of T7-T12 vertebrae C4-C7, thoracic, lumbar vertebrae Posterior superior iliac spine Sacrum Transverse process of all vertebrae Spinous process of C3-C7, T2-T12, L2-L5 vertebrae Transverse process of lumbar vertebrae to axis Spinous process of C2 vertebrae Posterior tubercle of C1 vertebrae Transverse process of C1 vertebrae Spinous process of C2 vertebrae Spinous process of C7-T3 vertebrae Spinous process of T11-L2 vertebrae Transverse process of C7-T11 vertebrae

Insertion Deltoid tuberosity Lateral shaft of humerus Lesser tubercle of humerus Adjacent shoulder joint capsule Greater tubercle Adjacent shoulder joint capsule Greater tubercle Adjacent shoulder joint capsule Bicipital groove of humerus

Greater tubercle Adjacent shoulder joint capsule Lateral clavicle Acromion process Scapular spine Medial to bicipital groove of humerus Scapular medial border Infraspinous fossa Scapular medial border at spine Superomedial border of scapula Inferior angle, medial border of scapula Superior nuchal line Mastoid process of temporal bone Transverse process of C1-C3 vertebrae Transverse process of C4-C6 vertebrae Ribs 1-6 Ribs 7-12 Mastoid process Transverse process of C2-C6 and thoracic vertebrae

Ribs 3-12 Spinous process of C2-C4 Spinous process of T2-T9 Occipital bone Spinous process of C2-C5 vertebrae Spinous process of T1-T4 vertebrae Spinous process of superior vertebrae

Spinous process of superior vertebrae Spinous process of superior vertebrae Transverse process of superior vertebrae Inferior nuchal line Inferior nuchal line Between superior and inferior nuchal lines Transverse process of C1 Superior borders of ribs 2-5 Superior borders of ribs 8-12 Lower rib at costal angle