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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008
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dalam hal ini. dialihmediakan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. dicetak.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . pada tahun 2008. Jakarta. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. digandakan. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Kami berharap. Namun. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. dapat diunduh (down load).Oleh karena itu. Pemerintah.
Bandung. July 2008 Writers iv . sociocultural and strategic competence. brings this book forward.e. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. support and encouragement. It aims to build your language. discourse. listening. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). reading and writing. i. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication.Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. Hopefully. speaking. This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. Last but not least. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs).
2. 14. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters. 10. 16. 3. v . Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. 11. expressions. 4. 8. 15. 5. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. 12. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. Index helps you nd grammar. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. and author of each chapter. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. Log On enriches your knowledge. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. 7. 6. 9. 13. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter.
.................................................................................................................................................................... • Asking repetition ........................................................................................................................ Listening ....................................................................... Listening ....................... Learning Review ................. • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text ............................................................................... Preface ................. • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text . • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ................. Writing .................................... • Listening to an art schedule from the radio .................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ................... • Writing your own procedural text ................. • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ............. • Studying the structure of a report text ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Learning Essential ...................................................................................... Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ................................................................................................................................................................................. • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide .................................................................. Writing .............................................................................................................. Learning Review ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Speaking ........................................ iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi ................................................................. • Reading aloud procedural texts ....................... Guide to Read This Book ......................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ................................................................................. Chapter 3 Be Creative! ................ Reading ................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ............................... • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ............................................. • Responding to hesitation ......................................... • Writing a report text ..................................................... Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing ......................................... Reading .................... • Retelling the story in the form of report text ........................................................................... • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ............................................................................................ Learning Essential ...................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ...................... Speaking ......... Listening ...................................................
......................................................................... • Identifying the structure of narrative text ............... Listening ......... Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Speaking ........................... Learning Essential ........................................... Listening ........... • Reading report text ........................................Speaking ........................................ Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ......... Learning Review ....... Speaking ............... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ............... Learning Review ....... • Showing attention and expressions of admiration ............................................................................ Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter....... Reading ............... Learning Essential ....................................................................... Reading ............................................................................................................. • Telling interesting news or information ................. • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ................... • Composing a procedural text .................... Writing ......................................... Reading ................... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii .............................. • Using polite expressions to show manner ................................ Please .................. • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form .................................................................................. Writing . • Writing narrative texts .................................................................................... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ............................... • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster .............. • Reading texts in narrative form .................................................................................................................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural text .............................. • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text .............................................................................................. • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ................................................................................................................................................................ • Promoting something through an advertisement ................................................................ • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ...................... • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form .................
....................................................................................................... Exercise of Chapters 4–5 ................................................................................................................... • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ....... Photo Credits .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Writing ................................................................................... Bibliography ................................................ Learning Review ................................ Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................... Answer Key ................. Listening Script ... Final Evaluation .............................. Glossary .. • Writing and sending a letter .......................................... 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii .................................. Learning Essential ...........
germes-online.Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .
After learning the lesson in this section. After that. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. put a paper towel under the stain. 5. First. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. My white shirt is stained. Nur : OK then. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. 2. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . Try my hints. Thanks so much. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. I’ll try it. Then. 3. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.Listening In this section. 1. 4. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. Nayla. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. spray the stain with hair spray.
Then. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 . Listen again to the tape. 2.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily. I go to sleep.. Finally. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. when I get up. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. about it? : : .. First. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. : : . drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. Then. Next. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. I feel fresh again. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. Discuss it with your partner. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. I don’t know why. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. don’t think too much.. I take medicine.... rst. You will sleep really well. 1.
ll in the following blank spaces. 4. 5. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. 3. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. 2. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. 1. heritage. 2. Then. 3.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. 4. 1.
15 Do It This Way! 5 . Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks. together all of your friends (max. . red 1. pineapple. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. do the same to the remaining f . Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. 3. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. How to make: the b of papaya. les.h the juice into some glasses. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses.15.Practice 10 Now. 2. Ria No.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute. 2 3 persons). ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening. by 29 March 2008. Jln. g .
2. Hey. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. he..Practice 12 Now. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry.. 3. I just added some colourful buttons. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Kesya? Kesya : Oh. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . Kesya. I gave my magic nishing touch. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. 2. Choose one of the following topics. Finally. make your own announcement. he. that’s right. Look at my new purse. What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue. I made it myself. Resty : Hello. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. Well. four– ve glittery beads.. Resty.Then.. he... that’s nice. After learning the lesson in this section. 1. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said. show expressions for asking repetition. 1. Kesya : Hello. rst. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text.
Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry.Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. please? • Would you be louder. Do It This Way! 7 . Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. • Could you repeat again. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. please? • Sorry. 2. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1. I didn’t catch what you said. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet.
Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air.3. 1.” Sasha said. How are you?” greeted Oky. hi Oky. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . thanks. Act it out in front of the class.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. Sasha. 3. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. Answer the following questions orally. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Come on in.”reply Sasha. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. “Oh. where have you been? I’m ne. 2. just a moment please. and watch its path.
make sure it’s not too runny. as easy as that. I thought it was complicated. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday.“Thanks Sas. and toothpicks just for accessories. It tastes bitter.” “Yup.. Let’s continue. So. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild. stick in the toothpicks for handles..” “First of all.” “OK. Then. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. stir it. just like this. Mmm.. I’ve been so busy lately. so I still have the ingredients. Then.” “Oh.that’s easy. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly. Finally... it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. I am taking many courses before my nal exams. OK. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder. Let’s go to the kitchen. Thanks a lot. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. it will be easy to form balls with. So. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. then. We can’t use solid chocolate. since you’re my best pal.?” “After that. Place it in the small cookie paper. what snack do you prefer?” “OK.” “Wow. we can start to form it like balls. It’s nished. Well. Let’s eat. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk.. I don’t mind. Next.” “OK.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. sure.. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. Do It This Way! 9 . So..” “Now.” “Uhm-hm.” “Yes.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. until the mixture becomes hard.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No. By the way. three packs of milk biscuits.
. Then sit down with your head leaning forward.artcraft. Compare with other groups’ work. Now. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. 3. Source: www. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. Practice 11 Announce it to the class.. a hairpin. 2. Practice 9 Work in groups.. First. If your nose continues to bleed. loosen the clothing around your neck. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. 4. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. 3. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril. 4. call a doctor. 5.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX . What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. and more.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions.
Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 . Then. 1. 2. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. read a procedural text correctly. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. read aloud a procedure correctly. 3. Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. After learning the lesson in this section.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures.
do a simple scienti c experiment. procedural texts are part of our daily life. how long. We often use procedural texts. Finally. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . After that. Now. Taken from Hands on Science. Nature. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. what type). Example: water plants. how. but not in direct sunlight. First of all. • The frame (commands. Next. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. how many. action verbs). etc. details. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. Example: Place the tank in bright light. spread the gravels over base of the tank. • The covering (where. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. even though we rarely realise it. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. read a manual on. how to turn on a CD player. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. Nature.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. add a jug full of pond water. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it.
Use a to lter the water. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. Fill full of water. 4. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. You can nd water animals from nearby . 1. g. 6.Practice 2 In pairs. 4. 5. 5. b. 1. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 3. You can use to decorate your aquarium. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . 7. 5. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. d. No. 2. 4. 6. c. 1. Add to the base of the tank. 2. 3. 3. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. e f. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. 2.
There you can download free papercraft models. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder. The picture will be saved in a 2 . He uses a 1 . video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1.blogspot. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor. When he wants to see the results of the picture. Read the following procedure carefully. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX .com.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.cp-ij. To make a papercraft you can click on www.cp. The man wants to take a picture of a bird. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. com or www.papercraftworld. 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun.
Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. 4. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 3. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery.2. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose. 5. Turn the monster face around. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes.
Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. 6. Connect your third wire to the other screw. 3. 2. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. 7. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. details and tools.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. 1. 2. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. Correct the false one. 1. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. 4. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. 4. 5. 3. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. 4. 5. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. 2. The following clues will help you. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. You also need glue for the experiment. 6. 5. 1. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands.
(formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. Do It This Way! 17 . with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). but informal uses are also possible. not the speaker or hearer. let’s is often used to mean let me. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. shall we?” “Yes. (formal) Let’s not get angry. let’s is used as a short answer. Yes. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. 2. Ask your friend to get lunch together. Let’s have a drink. wherever they may be. 5.. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences.” “Let him be. Ask your friend to cook together. Let the prayers begin. OK. 3. don’t in American English) are very informal. 8. Let us not despair. let’s.. This is common in formal and ceremonial language.” • There are two possible negatives. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. I don’t care. (informal) Forms with don’t. 7. Let us pray.. let’s all get moving. State them orally. Let’s see. eg. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. eg. “Let’s go for a walk. Keep stirring coconut milk. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. let’s (and let’s. 4. • In a very informal style. Add some salt by yourself.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker.. 6. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. 1. Keep the water boiling.
He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. When you want to tell someone how to do something. How to do it: 1. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX . The most famous one was Imhotep. Olahraga dan hiburan. second. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. a teaspoon. an egg. a dessert spoon and water. a large glass. you should arrange the steps according to time order. Then. The egg sinks to the bottom. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. using the dessert spoon. Then. We half ll the glass with water. write a procedural text correctly. When you write your paragraph.Writing In this section. astronomers and goverment of cers. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. we carefully put the egg in water.
a magazine. then surprise a family member. Finally. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. We put the egg in the water again. so it sank. Do It This Way! 19 . 4. 3. as it has more density than clear water. salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. or a recipe book. 5.2. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. Ask them to taste it. We put in the egg again. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. The egg oats. Make dishes from it. helping the egg to oat. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. Do you know why? In the rst stage. it oated on the brine. They will be happy because of your attention. the egg was denser than clear water. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. making the egg sty in the middle. but less than the brine. when clear water was added. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. In the second stage.
Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. water your plants well. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. etxn. ts r fo lla. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. hten. inlylifa. 4. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. They will need to be watered regularly. teafr hatt. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. Wearing a pair of sveolg.Practice 4 Work in pairs. 2. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants.
You are free to choose the topic. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science.5. make a procedural text. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . Then. tell the class what you have created. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. write them down in your exercise book. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. write your own procedural text. Compare with other groups. Then. Nature. In groups of three. Then.
22 English in Focus for Grade IX . dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel.I'm quite sure .Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty .. Asking repetition . I can't hear you! .. 3.I've no doubt about .Are you sure? Responses for certainty . 1. • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: .. Next. After that. Let’s have a snack.The covering 1. 3.Materials .I'm sorry.Goal . What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions. First of all. answer the following questions.The frame . break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.Are you certain? .Sorry. 2. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher... L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you.Steps .. I didn't catch what you said. .. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants. 2.
indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.
restaurants. 5. The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. understand expressions of hesitation. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. cafe. While listening. Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. and the night clubs and on 4 . 4. Gigi. They are played by 3 in dance halls. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. in the missing words on the text. 1. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. identify a monologue in the form of report texts.Listening In this section. 3. After learning the lesson in this section. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . Ungu. 2. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. The boys bands are 6 today. 7 held by Maroon Five.
4. The songs are complex. 2. 5. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. 3. 6. 2. 4. 7. Pronounce It! 1. Gigi is a boy band. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. 5. 3. While listening. 3.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. 8. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . Boy bands are not popular today. 4. 1. 6. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. 2. 1. Consult your dictionary for help. The bands always consist of eight persons. 5. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Pop songs come from pop composers only.
Practice 8 Now... 3.. 4. 10.. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason.. 5.. Then. study the following explanation carefully.. 6.. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about . • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about .. 2. Discuss it with your friend... Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape. • I’m not convinced about . 1.. 9. Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12.. 1. Answer the following questions orally. • There’s surely some doubt about .Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs. • I couldn’t say . Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words... Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX . 8... answer the following questions. • I couldn’t really be sure about . 7. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure .... 2. 11..
3.id or you can use the search engine www. 2.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . sonybmg. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book. Source: www. Then make a report about them. then complete the following table.google.co. 1. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much. Then. then share it to the class.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully.uk No. For help click to www.offshoreradio. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. Listen to the art schedule in the radio.co.
. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX ...go. • I’ve no doubt about ...banten. After learning the lesson in this section. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now.unj. retell the text in the form of a report. Then. 3. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain .ac. • do a monologue in the form of reported text... answer the questions that follow orally. study the following expressions. 2..id 1. • You can be sure about .. • ... Source: www.Speaking In this section.absolutely positive/certain .. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech. www. Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully..id. such as responding to hesitation correctly..
• I don’t think there can be any doubt . Lana. • I’m fairly sure ...Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • ... There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync. and only to friends....m. • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct.. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind . • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music. My uncle is sick. • There can’t be any doubt . are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now.. Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5. • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that ...00 p.. I don’t think there can be any doubt about that.(surely) that’s obvious....... Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 . (say with a smile. (isn’t it?).. • I’m (quite) convinced/that .. Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully. it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain . She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync....
Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. 1. 3. we have fun. 2. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before.What do you think of the dancers. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. 6. Dad. 3. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. 4. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. act it out. Answer the following questions orally. 5. 4. 1. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. 2. When we dance. Young people prefer rock music to pop music. Then.
the ballerina exercises to rotate. 1. 3. 4. or topeng dance from Betawi. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. Listen to her/him carefully. we can create a number of body movements. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. usually through long periods of special training. And there are many more. Then. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. Dancing belongs to rich people. lilin dance from West Sumatra. Use the expressions that you have learnt. in ballet. 1. has some candles carried by the dancer. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . Basically. Dancing is moving the body together with music. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. uses a mask to perform its dance. our body has the potential to be developed. discuss the following statements. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. 2. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. 3. and turning.Practice 7 In groups of four. For example. 2. Most people dance to have fun. With all these physical actions. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. For example. stretching. bending. jumping.
human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. 8. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. 7.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. 2. pronounce them. 6. 3. 4. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. shine 2. Read the following explanation carefully. 1. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. 1. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. 5. 4. re 4. Study the questions rst. shower 3. do the exercise. 2. (Your answer can be the guide). 9. 1. Then. Then.
7 .1 .3 .money .5 . The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming.7 .5 .3 c.5 .we . The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure. 3 . (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. 6 .8 d.much . Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do. As the subject.2 .2 .for.8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room.2 . the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake. a. 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret. 3 .6 .7 . UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying .8 .8 b. We avoid meeting him.did not .2 .1 .4 .1 .7 . d.2 .4 .4 .clothes . b.G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun. c. Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth.spend .1 . 6 . “Stop talking!” the man commanded. For this reason it is also called a verbal noun. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a. after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg. (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.6 .5 . The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence.
Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. 7. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. 1. 1. 8. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. 2. Reading In this section. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. 4.” she said. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. thank you for (help) my little brother. know the characteristics of a report text. 10. 5. She has completed (pack) her bags. 9. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. “Neil. After learning the lesson in this section. 3. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. 3. 6. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. Collecting stamps is my hobby.
The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. Alan Freed. 2. Rock became a very big business. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. and its lyrics. Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. In 1955. They understood its beat and sound. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. 3. 7. Elvis Presley. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . 5. Rock mainly became the music of the young. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. 6. 1. 4. records of a young singer from Tennessee. After he appeared on nation-wide television. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. were heard across the US. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world.
Choose either a. Rock music. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . young singer c. b. b. Popular music. Elvis Presley 6. 5. 3. Rock and Roll. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. b. Rock music is part of popular music today. 7. Below are some of his actions. 4. d. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. Music from Time to Time. a. c. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . Rock music vs lm industry. Rock is popular among young people. By the early 1970’s. or d based on the text. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. He was heard across the US. Rock mainly became the big business. d. c. d. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. Rock became a very big business at that time. Alan Freed. All countries. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. Music. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. young singer from Tennessee. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. b. b. 1. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. His performing style was rock and roll. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. Kinds of Music. He appeared on nation-wide television. d. 4. The main idea of paragraph two is . c. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. d. 3. in 1955 b. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. Bill Haley and The Comets d.Practice 4 1. 2. Rock Music. c. What is the best title for the text? a. He was a young singer from Tennessee. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. c. b. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. c. a.
Almost means . What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . such as religious services. After he appeared on nation-wide television. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. and weddings. parades. Discuss it with a friend. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. 2. Appeared means . A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. People use music for a part of ceremonies. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. 1. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. But. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject.
4.kbrimanila.org2. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally.3. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend. Source: appreciativeorganization.ph Source: www. .ph Source: brangwetan. les.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX .kbrimanila.com Source: www.wordpress.org. earning more money annually than the lm industry. wordpress. . Mainly means Rock became a very big business. les. Rock mainly became the music of the young.
The architectural elements in some temples for example. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. 3. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. reveal Chinese in uence. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. In Cirebon. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. 4.1. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Identify the characteristic of the text. furniture and household objects. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. 2. In Gianyar Bali.
. and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . Buddhist or Muslim in uence.. 5.. . 9. 6. 2. Evidenced means 4. Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a. i. Use your dictionary if necessary.. b. Identical means .. . 3. Assimilated means . g. d. e..Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. 1. NO. 8. j. 2. Adapted means . 4. although not as strong as the Hindu. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. 10. 3. 1. have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . . c. 7.. 5. Played means . Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . h. f.
It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. A paragraph is developed by three parts. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. Examples are taken from Practice 9. reveal Chinese in uence. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . The architectural elements in some temples for example. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. examples and explanation of main idea.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. Main idea. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. furniture and household objects. we can get the meanings. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. In Gianyar Bali. supporting idea and concluding idea.
supporting and concluding idea. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. So. it’s not leaving many evidence. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text.Practice 14 Now. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. try to nd main idea. The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX .
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. However. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. supporting idea and concluding idea. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Then identify main idea. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. After learning the lesson in this section. Islamic. Chinese. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. in their own ways. write and produce a report text and its other form. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. and Western.Writing In this section.
or human matters. environment. 1.Note What Is a Report Text? a. Description of a general classi cation. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject. The subject includes natural things. and its classi cation. information. Copy the table into your exercise book.m. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. The purpose of a text: To report something. (1) Time 09. • Description of the subject. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. social matters. just like the way it is. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX .30 a. b.
00 07.00 17.30 07.00 14.30 08.00 09.30 13. 04.30 17.00 07.30 00.00 07.00 20. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.45 06.30 00.30 08.00 20.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to. Siang.00 18.00–16.30 11. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.30 20.00 20.30–08.30 13.00 22.00 08. 07.30 07.45 12.00 11.30 14.00 11.00 18. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .30 07.00 19.30–10.30 17.00 11.30 11.30 11.30 10.00 15.30 10.Practice 4 1. 4.30 16.00 17.00 09. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.00–12.00 20.00 09.00 11.30 20.00 15.00 22.00 09.00–12.30 15.30 16.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.00 12.30 12.00 15.00 12.30–08.30 18.00 14.
and pipe organ are keyboard instruments.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. cello. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . The violin. The ute. synthesizers. match them with their names. wind instruments. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. keyboard instruments. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. harp. and guitar are stringed instruments. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. electronic pianos. and electronic instruments. They are stringed instruments. The piano. percussion instruments. Electric guitars. Then. 2007 Study carefully the following pictures.
2007 The Names of the Instruments a. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. electric guitar f. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . accordion d. main idea. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. drum h.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. castanets g. Present the report in front of the class. harp b. supporting idea and concluding idea. triangle c. conga e. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you.
. 2.. . ..I could say . Buddhist or Muslim in uences. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something.He couldn’t help telling the truth. and its classi cation. 3.. Description of a general classi cation. Generic structure: . Responding to hesitation ... or human matters. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. information. .Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation .Description of the subject.. 48 English in Focus for Grade IX .There's some doubt in my mind that/about . . 1.Working for that lady is a pleasure. The subject includes natural things. environment. answer the following questions.You can be sure about ..I'm a hundred percent certain . just the way it is. Grammar: Gerunds Examples . What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. social matters.
slbn3yogja.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .
: And then. get the meanings from a poster. 4. : 4 . Finally. ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. pick up the phone. Then.Listening In this section. 2. state your destination to the operator. Thanks for the explanation. state your name and address to the operator. After learning the lesson in this section. you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. First. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. 1. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. Then. you hang up the phone. Dial the service number. : 3 . answer the following questions rst. : 1 . : Then. 2 . 3. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape.
I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. Then. 1. answer the following questions. Gun. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 4. 2. Dona : Hey. Dona : . ! Gun : After that. now it is nished. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. 3.com Be Creative! 51 . ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. Then.recipezaar. Ah. ll in the missing expressions. Then. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. Then.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. Gun : See. Source: www. Dona : . I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil.
Sir/Ma’am. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh. • Tell me more. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. • If I may say. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. that’s really brilliant. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow.. I see.rasamalaysia. 1. lovely! • That’s really fantastic. 3. Sir/Ma’am.. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh. Source: www. 2. Discuss it with your friends. • Well .1. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3.com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. 2. Then.
c. oh. choose a. No. he does. She wants Angga to taste them. b. I call this fruit kebab. strong ropes. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. juice b. Not really. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. c. Now the house is ready. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine.” “Oh I see. snack c. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. 4. prepare palm leaves. a. Then. it looks so delicious. we can make an Amazon hut.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. Angga. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. what’s that? b.” “Well. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. I see. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. oh. First of all. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. Be Creative! 53 . tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. 1. 3. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. c. I see. . “Hi. b. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. saw. Yes. After that. woods. b. choose the place for the house. Next. 2. Riana has made a . .
1.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. You must have a name. Then complete the missing phrases. 3. gurethings. 1. 2. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original. 4. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 email@example.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. You must have a . 2. Your or weapon must be unique.
Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . 5. First. 1. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. Finally. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. put the other piece of bread on top. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. 2. 3. Fantastic taste. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. uh.Speaking In this section. take two slices of bread. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. Then cut some cheese into slices. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. Nely : Uh. After learning the lesson in this section. Put a slice of butter on each slice. 1. 3. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. 2. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious.. such as showing attention and admiral expression. and then? Vita : After that. 4. Vita : OK. Vita : I made them by myself.. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. such as turn. such as then and while. Example: For ve minutes. mix and put. 3. 2005 4. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Be Creative! 59 . Adverbials to show when or how. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. published from 1731 to 1914. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. Example: Cut the paper. Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. two centimeters from the top.2. Later it published new stories. At rst. cut. Use action verbs. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. Connector to show chronology. 5.
No. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. h. 1. condition. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. 4. g. 3. 2. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a. 2. 8. 4. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. e. b. 7. 5. c.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. 1. f. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object.parkseed. d. 6. Use your dictionary if necessary.
The term used is usually the same as the base form. the italicised words above are called imperatives.14 days. commands and instructions. 4.impc.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. . Incorporate fertiliser into soil. Imperatives should be used carefully in English.Don’t slouch. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil.edu. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. Fill seed tray with soil. 3.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. 7. 5. . Steps 1. Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain . sunny position (at least 25 degree C).au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. connector and adverbial. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 . imperative. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. Be Creative! 61 . It is one of the three moods of an English verb. . Imperatives Meanwhile. 6. . Spray water to moisten the seed bed.Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles. Taken from: www. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. Place seed tray in warm. 2. to give rm orders or commands.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. Press rmly.
Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : . You have slept. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text. You have slept. 5.Hot and cold water .String . 4. After learning the lesson in this section. 2.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . I (read) this newspaper for an hour. He/she/it has slept. Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully.Red food colouring . 1. (has in the third person singular) I have slept.Scissors . make poster. We have slept. Look at this magazine. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years. this is a picture of your.Paint brush . “All my money (steal)!” he said. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s.Small bottle . • make and get meaning from poster. They have slept. 3. Writing In this section.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere.
Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. 2.1. Fill the bottle with hot water. Cut a long piece of string. Be Creative! 63 . 3. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red. 4. Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full.
6. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. 4. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. 2. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano. 3. 5.5. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments.
1. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. equipment that you need. rules of the game. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. observations and conclusion. 4. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. Cut the meat into small cubes.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Chop up the tomatoes. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. onions and green peppers into quarters. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. 3. 2. method of scoring and the number of players. procedure. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . purpose of the experiment.
Compare with other groups. 2. The form of the procedural text. (games. Nature.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. adverbial phrases. Then. connectors.com or www. Steps of your procedure. Some clues below will help you. materials and subjects. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. tell the class what you have created. you can click www. action verbs. make a procedural text. 1. Then.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . help. try to make some instructions. recipes. Use your dictionary. (Those include imperative sentence.all-science-fairprojects. 3. scienceproject. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need.com Study the following pictures carefully. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science.
Be Creative! 67 . What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. 4. popcorn and mineral water. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. advertise it with an attractive poster. 3. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. You don’t have to be too fancy.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. 6. Premiere Sunday. 2. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. 5. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff.
Generic structure: . Place the box in the middle of the rear board.Wow. The theme is free. Next.Practice 9 Make your own poster. After that. 2. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres.The frame . I see.. 2.Materials . Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . First of all.Oh.Tell me more Expressions of admiration . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.. that's marvellous! . Take great care with the hammer. and draw around it in pencil.Goal .Steps . answer the following questions. . 3.The covering 1. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. 1.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.. nail all the pieces together. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box. She has written ve novels in a month. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.
certainty b. a torch c. scissor b. a. 5. razors 3. I’m really sorry to hear that. Let she b. Excuse me. scissors c. I’ll do my best. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. Come on c. Hello. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. pens b. Let me d. Let us d. Wow. The italicised word shows . Give your best try. c or d. a. b. b. a. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. listen to some expressions and choose your response. bright d. Come on go as soon as they have nished. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. felt-tip pens 12. 14. felt-tip pen d. I have no doubt about it. black paper d. 15. b. 2001 6. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. a. I have no doubt about it. a sheet of black paper 4. tip pens c. 10. uncertainty c. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. torch 2. agreement d. You will need 1. certainty c. Let them have a drink! a. Let he 69 . Excuse me? a. you look cool! b. Can I c. a. a.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. Let me b. Let she b. This helps drivers to see them clearly. 13. especially when it is dark. b. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. a. Excuse me. a. 11. agreement b. a sheet c. repetition d. The signal is low. a. 7. Wow! b. As long as you keep studying. hesitation have a look! a. razor d. a. a. But I can’t hear you. I think you should see a doctor soon. Because my parents asked me to go with them. 8. Hello. I can’t hear you. Wow. I’m not really sure but. Let us c. a bright torch b. 9. a. May I d. b. The italicised sentence shows . sheet b. For numbers 5 to 10.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
Cut it into pieces. Pillow. 3 wires d. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. 40. 2001 Choose either a. glue. 31. c. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. Connect it to the motor. b. d. sticky tape . c. 32. c. 34. Connect two wires to the motor. d. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Cut it. what must you do? a. tape. Tape it with the motor. c. Sticky tape. Glue it to the scissors. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. To make an electric fan. tires. d. Taken from How Does It Work?. Eat some food. 111 wires b. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. or d for the correct answer. 39. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. b.4. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Scissors. Two stones. To compose a letter. b. b. 212 wires 38. Connect it. Connect two wires to the motor. 3 wires. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. glue. 35. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. 3 wires. b. Push it. 33. a battery. Glue it. a lighter. Wire from the motor. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. c. Wire from the block of wood. To make an electric fan. d. 36. b. To start a fan. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. d. b. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. 10 wires c. d. b. d. c. Go to the bathroom. d. What must you do with the wires? a. Wire from the paperclip. The thick block . c. Let it ow. To make a battery. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. Wire from your friend. b. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. 37. c. Belt. b. c. rice. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Connect the battery and switch. c. d.
7.Now. Answer the following questions. 1. 4. do the following instructions. 3. 2. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. 10. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 6. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 8. What is a report text? 9. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. He (lose) his books. Make a paragraph that tells a report text.
ac.german.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.leeds.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
but he ignored it. he did. 5. 6. b. pleased c. b. Full with hunger. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. 3. c. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. No. b. b. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. The dog ran off. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. he did. The dog stayed hungry. c. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Re ection of himself. Yes. What was the other dog in the river? a. displeased b. Yes. Full with meat in his stomach. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. 4. he didn’t. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story.1. b. Did the dog realise it? a. a. The dog looked down into the river water. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. c. The dog got nothing. Check this out. c. c. The dog left the river. Full of greed. The dog saw another dog.
g.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. So the Sea go along. luckily enough.). with the sh and all the members of his family.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. Surprisingly. where they have remain ever since. funnily enough. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. (Say it rst with low intonation then high. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. especially in the word “jumped”. One day. then they climbed up into the sky. telling interesting news: surprisingly. Check their facial expressions.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. 1990 A long time ago. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. they invite the Sea to visit them. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. etc. the water begin to rise. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 .
poor boy came out from the bush. So. stayed b. started 5. a. They invited the Sea. Dear diary. Surprisingly. Now. seemed b. A married couple who lived. a. In addition. a. continued b. a. Santi and I 1 going to the town . big/huge friends b. a dirty. the water began to rise. us. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. 2. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. asked for Answer b. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. neglected for b. Where they have remained ever since. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. We heard Near the park. conquered 3. But then. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. the library together. He said thanks and went away. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . He 6 for a money to buy some food. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. Example: 1. we gave him some money. Gosh. Last Sunday. he was just a 7 kid. That was a very 8 experience. nice/close friends 4. And were great friends of the Sea. a.Practice 12 Now.
Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 . Then. Sir?Ma’am. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. /ɔ:/. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. 2. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. /ʊ/. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Sir/ Ma’am. I can’t believe it. /ɔ:/: o (long). After learning the lesson in this section. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. express monologue in the narrative form.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. 1. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. • I believed that news is really interest you much.
5. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. it’s so exciting. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. we don’t have to go down town anymore. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. 4. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. So. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. 4. 6. 1. Last week. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. 3. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. 5. that the factory outlets are cool. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. 1. 2.00 promotion. I’ll do shopping then. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. Now.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. Then practise with your partner. : but.000. Yeah. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. causing widespread damage. 3. There will be a library near our home. 2.
2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. “Funnily enough.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. a button and a berry. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. Collin collected a crumb. “It’s huge. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. a paper clip. 1. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia. 2. a shell and a petal. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. 3. Soon he had found a feather. how small these things are. a pen nib. a peanut. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. “It makes me feel so very small. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. a pin and a needle.” chuckled Collin. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 .” Collin said. a pea. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation.
and some animals look long and steadily very large. 5. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. B coloured leaf. 11. 6. h. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). 3. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. Some questions will help you. 7. i. d. 8. b. covering of eggs. 9. e. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. c. 10. 3. 5. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. 7. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. f. nuts. 2. 4. k.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. No. g. greatly Practice 11 Now. Role play With your friend. 1. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. 2. 4. 6. j. 1.
a. How nice it is! b. develop your own story and share it to the class. 3. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. 4. that’s right. 2. 1. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. pronunciation and pause. How expensive it is! d. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . read narrative text correctly. Father told me that it was also comfortable. 2005 Reading In this section. What a big plane it is! c. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. Dona : Look! Mother : Yes.1. 2. identify the structure of narrative text. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. 4. 3. 5. identify the structure of narrative text. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend.
Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Milne (1882 . b. The King. Pay attention to the pronunciation. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. 8. and short stories for grown-ups. No. 7. He had an only daughter. named Sang Prabu. d. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. was a wise man.A. c. 2006 Long. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. 6.A. 2. 1. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. These stories were based on Milne’s son. 4. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . as well as novels. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. Christopher Robin. e. g. f. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. plays. 3. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. 5. called Princess Teja Nirmala. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. h. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. and his stuffed animals.Practice 2 Before you read the text. punctuation and pauses. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems.1956) was an English author. long ago.
The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. g. f. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . 5. 9. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. When Sang Prabu was searching. j. Prince of Blambangan. 6. the wicked fairy. No. B mix subject. 7. 8. b. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. so she killed Raden Begawan. 4. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. 1. c. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. important things must die. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a.After that. d. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. h. i. 10. she was very sad. k. 3. The fairy could not accept this. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. 2. e. Unfortunately.
The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. newspaper or the internet. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. The story may be funny. Her father’s name. 4. 1. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. 6. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. The death of Raden Begawan. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. sad or horror. 3. Sang Prabu. 2. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. The wicked fairy. 7. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. 5. His name was Opie. The princess went to Kahyangan. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. Then tell it to your class. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. Example : Now. magazine. 8. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. The prince of Blambangan.
but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. pronunciation and pause.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . he began to dig a deep hole. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything. a destroyer as well as a creator. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. he fell asleep in the hole. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. He was satis ed with the meal. Pay attention to the punctuation. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. One day he had eaten too much.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. It made the Balinese turn to rage. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. So. In his hunger. After they fed Kbo Iwo. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur.
line 5) they (paragraph 2. 5. 2. oppose 8. 6. stupidity 9. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . creature : makhluk (noun) 2. 8. 7. 6. devour 4.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. Example: 1. rage 7. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. line 6) it (paragraph 2. 7. line 1) he (paragraph 3. 3. 4. 5. 2. line 4) it (paragraph 3. 9. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. 4. harvest 6. line 6) them (paragraph 3. 10. well 10. 3. he (paragraph 1. 1. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. 1. line 6) this (paragraph 2. barns 5.
write a diary in the form of imaginary story. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. write a narrative text correctly. 1. 3. 4. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. 2. Writing In this section. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 .G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past.
They treated her badly. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX .Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. At the ball. her stepsisters would not let her go. Text structure is indicated by: • who. action verbs) (linking words. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. b. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. action verbs • linking words. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. where. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. Cinderella was sad. But. Cinderella danced with the prince. Fortunately. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. where. She had to do all the house work. They lived happily ever after.
Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”.. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. just click on www. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again. so straight away all the insects gathered round. he forgot all about his magnifying glass. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . Furthermore. Now when the professor left for home. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. then you should create a blog.multiply. To help you create a blog.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. com Read the following story carefully. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. 2002 One sunny day. and so they did.
A 1 monster.I saw 5 reptiles. object..they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX . complement of sentences. oh my God. speci c characters.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. Last night I met a monster. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values. Ouucchh. Suddenly. middle of nowhere. In their 8 steps.. It was my mom. Then. I was 2 in a 3 place. she was calming me down. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. They had heads a bit like young cows. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart. Thank God it was only a horrible dream.. Dear diary.. and as a complement in prepositional phrases. my body was 10 hard. they were approaching me. Read the following explanation carefully.Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box.. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. It 4 like an island.. nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given.
6. with your friend. met was damped saw 5. Consult your dictionary if necessary. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. gentle familiar frown 7. 8. 2. meet 2. night 3. were had made thought 9. 1. foolish 8. strange 6. smile agitated day 4.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. 1. 4. 7. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. said It’s a Great Story 97 . touched 11. The words in the box may help you. slow 5. looked 10. 3. identify the structure of the text.
.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information . What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.who. 1. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours. They treated her badly. 98 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3.De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one.end of the story’s con ict . where.I am certain/not certain.. speci c characters . Generic structure: . She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother.It's a great legend. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. answer the following questions.. She had to do all the house work. action verbs .linking words. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . 2. .You know what! This story is really interesting. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one. .coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.
frightenstein. Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.
Its 4 located inside the post of ce. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. how to show polite expressions. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. 3. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. sure. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . In fact. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions.Listening In this section. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. answer the following questions. or e-mail? Give your reason. He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. ll in the blank spaces. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. SMS. 5. 1. The words in the box may help you. He works for the Ministry of Education. 4. I want to .
Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. 3 . Wu Fei : All right. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. Send Me a Letter. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. How are you? : Hello. : So. I called 5 and they helped me. Please 101 . The addressee must sign a receipt for it. Nino. locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. 1 . They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Mr Randi. What happened next? : Then. Thank you very much for the information. : I see. Pay attention to your expressions. : Oh. : 4 . anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. Herman. Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it.
2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. please. Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. ve and a . I'm in a hurry. I don't know d. Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. 2. Santi : It is OK then. please. please? Santo : I can't. I will buy it myself. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. .UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. It’s . Sir. Of course b. a. I'm sure c. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Then. Identify the different of the sounds. 1. 3. Ma’am.
Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. In the US. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee.4. 1. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. please. Please 103 . the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. 5. This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. 3. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. Then. a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . Send Me a Letter. If this is unsuccessful. the missing words. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. Post of ce clerk : . Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . In Spain or Indonesia. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. 2.
5. Darajaya FM. c. Rp140.m. 3. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . Rp140. 7. One. Tom and Jerry. Around 7-8 p. Sylvester and Tweety. 4. Around 2-4 p.m. b.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. 6. Trijaya FM.000 c. Drawing stamps. Rp155. 3. Around 7-8 a. c.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. Rp150. b. c. 1. Ramajaya FM. These questions will help you. 2.000 b. Collecting stamps. 4. Rp155. b. Buying stamps. Two.m.000 b. b or c for the right answer. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. b. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. What do the ads tell you about? a. Four.000 When are the ads announced? a. c. 5. 1. c. 2. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. What radio station announces the ads? a. Donald and Daisy Duck. Rp150. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. b.000 c.
2. speak politely in your daily life. express monologue in the form of report texts. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter.com. promote something through an advertisement.my 1. 5. 3. perform monologue in the form of report texts. Please 105 . you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions.rhhotels.Speaking In this section. 4. Source: www. promote something through an advertisement.
And what is your rst name. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant. the 6th March.. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you . Sir.. Then. I’m sorry. And nally.. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. Sir. Daventry England. Sir.. Sir.. My name’s Anderson.. That will be ne . A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. thank you.. Thank you very much.. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street. Sir? Five days.. we’re putting you in room 265 and 266. Sir/Ma’am.. Sir? Morgan. Mr Anderson. it’s 6 oh 5.... Could you please tell me your passport number. • Would you mind .Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. The name’s Anderson. Sir? Sure. All right.. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us.. • Shall I . How long are you going to stay with us. Sir. One moment . May I help you? Yes. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. American Express.. Daventry... Could you please . • • • • All right. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. • Would you please .. You’ve arrived today. M-O-R-G-A-N. 5-7-1-T. Ah. Ah yes. That’ll be ne... 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family. please. Thank you very much for . I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. England. practise it with your friend. Now. And your private address.
Morgan Anderson. Please 107 . c. 4. b. One. c. Daventry. What is he? a. d. b. 6. d. A bungalow. 5-7-9-7-T. Bournemouth. A restaurant. Anderson Morgan. What should he do after making the reservation? a. d. Three d. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. 2. In England. A purchasing manager. Andrew. d. c. 8. c. b. A cafe. Where does the dialogue take place? a. Europe. How does he intend to pay? a. 7. Where does he come from? a. By American Express. c. b. d. 5-5-7-9-1-T. What is the name of the guest? a. b. d. By credit. c. Fill in the registration form. 1.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. How many rooms did he reserve? a. A manager. b. England. c. b. Spain. b. 3. In PT Heat Exchangers International. c. Make sure that his rooms are ready. c. Two. Pay the hotel. Cash. b. 5. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. 5-7--1-T. A hotel. By debit card. . Fill in hotel cheques. d. What is the number of his passport? a. Send Me a Letter. Four.
answer the questions that follow. 10th March. d. 12th March. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. Employee : Thank you. Employee : May I have your 7 please. Then. c. Room 266. What room is he going to stay in? a.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. Madam. two. Bye. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX .9. and we close at twelve 4 . c. practise it in front of the class. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . Then. 11th March.m. Room 265. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. Room 165. Madam. please. Practice 4 Role play Now. 13th March. 10. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. b. Madam? Caller : Around eight. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. d. the 1 . Room 166. Caller : You’re welcome. 6 Employee : For what time. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. Employee : Hello. Caller : 10 . Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. b.
2. that’s right a.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. 1.net Send Me a Letter.eircom. Please 109 . make some notes and retell it again using your own words.m. b. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud. c.m. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p. History of Hotel Source: homepage. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. 3. d.
3. 4. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. 5. It’s cheaper than a hotel. 4. In times. people used horses or ships to go to another place. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. 2. 6. but by the end of the 18th century. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. but usually only for a short time. If you go outside your town. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. 1. 2. you can use to stay the night. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. is a place where you can stay. It’s better for you to take the South . Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3.
make your own advertisement. 3. 8. 5.000. 7. 2. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. 9. Please 111 . Then try to promote it to your friend.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now. 10. 4.Pronounce It! 1. 6. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. Send Me a Letter.
What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. 4. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts. identify certain information and characteristic of report texts. 1.Reading In this section. After learning the lesson in this section. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . identify another form of report text. 3. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. 2.
Send Me a Letter. This my father. 6. This is an . substance. 2. is from 8. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. Please 113 . Whose is it? 4. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7.1. 3. This is a postage . This is a . 5.
3. Because they connect each country. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . documents. When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. 1. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. or package is going overseas. postcard. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. 4. If your letter. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2. 5. 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world.
place to which something or somebody is going c. 5. Basically. Please 115 . 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. The mail always goes through. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. 4.New Horizon 1. be or make slow or late d. list of planned events. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. to or from (places) across the sea f. touch with or hold in the hands e. 2. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. 3. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. 7. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. 4. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. an entrance Send Me a Letter. A ood in China or India. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 6. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 2. times for doing something b. No. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. 2. 5. 1. 6. All letters. 3.
post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. 6. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. 2. Compare your work with your friends’. He has her as a secretary. 5. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . 9. 7. I have to go to the to mail some letters. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. 10. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. 4. 3. 8. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a .
Read the text and answer the questions that follow. Please 117 . Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. brochures.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day.royalhoteliow. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. So. iloveblue. To save time. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. hotels spring up near airports. and magazines. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. Second. you can click www. As the pace of jet travel grows. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. Travel is usually safe and pleasant. the internet. the hotel is only minutes away. Once the plane lands. if you plan to go on vacation soon. Send Me a Letter. First.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes.co. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. Hotels Source: www.
1. Keep from injury. 3. soup. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals .. Cancel. c. Continue to exist. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. 4. there (paragraph 1) c. What do the following words refer to? a. c. b. depth c.. butter. Tempat istirahat. c.. Penempatan.. the hotel is only 10 minutes away. b. distance d. various personal services for the public. lunch. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . Luxurious hotels. Minutes away means a very short space of . length 2. Remain alive. Avoid loss of time. Once the plane lands. Downtown hotels. Set free from sin. d. porridge. and sleep. b. Which one is it?) a. Manusia. Umum. Jump. c. Go bankrupt. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. time b. c. b.. Keep for future use. Penginapan. b. b. c.. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. c. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. Big hotels. . . What does save mean? a... What does public mean in Indonesian? a. drink. b. Breakfast. jam... 9. d. Some travellers stay at airport inns . d. Losmen. What does delay mean? a. d. 6. Bread. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct.. tea. d. d. 10. b. Orang. Continue to live. 2. c. Read the text once again and choose either a. c. b.. dinner. a. hotels spring up near airports. Rice. Perorangan. As the pace of jet travel grows. when their ights are delayed. or d for the right answer. Small hotels. To save time. d. Arrive. business executives often . Coffee. 8.. Postpone. they (paragraph 1) b. What does spring up mean? a. Bring. d.. c. 3. What is meant by meals? a.. b. 7. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. Appear. 5. 4. d. Leap.. except one. milk. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. Retreat. A public house where travellers may eat. What is an inn? a.
you can. write down the messages in the following form. Then. you may. food.” b. to and . Identify the general classi cation of the text. c. a. • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. 2. 3.” (Not: could) b. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. you can’t. 3. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. past or future. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. 2. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . Then answer the following questions. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites. 6. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. 1. 1.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. 7. He wants a . Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. 4. we may still catch the bus. 5. Please 119 .” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. ‘might’ can refer to either present. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter.
(this afternoon/when he was young). He can leave it here. 4. 2. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). 2. write report text based on graphic. write a letter. Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). 1. I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). Writing In this section. After learning the lesson in this section. She can cook very well. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. You could drive a car after you got your license. He can play chess. write a letter correctly. you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. You can drive a car when you are 17. (with more practice/when I knew her). 5. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . You say: 1.Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. 3.
In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate. 4. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. in addition more over.Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors... yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. but in city B the occupation rate is . Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. besides. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. 1.. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. thus. 3. therefore. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. Please 121 . 2. also however. The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate. Send Me a Letter. write a paragraph based on Practice 2.
Phone (0293) 63347. 6. Semarang Regency 1. Jend. Diponegoro Ungaran. 5. 3. 1. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. Puri Asri** Jln. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. Sudirman 68. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. 5. 2. we can go to the Sarimaryn. Yani 492. Trio** Jln. Kenteng Bandungan. Amanda Cottage* Jln. Daha 23. Cempaka 9. Phone (0298) 91501. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. Phone (0293) 64481. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. Yani 4.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. Phone (0293) 65095. Phone (0298) 91449. Phone (024) 921334. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . A. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. Borobudur* Jln. Magelang Municipality 1. A. 2. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. 3. City* Jln. 4. 4. Phone (0293) 64114. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. Phone (024) 91485. 5. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. 7. 4. 2. Phone (0298) 91154. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. 3. Phone (0293) 64502. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java.
. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. Hopkins. Begin with day.. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter.) on the left. Begin the letter (Dear. 1. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. Post code and telephone number come last. and town. Put the date directly under the address. 3. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. followed by the month and year. Please 123 . 2. Then. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. street. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. Put your own address at the top on the right. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully.
On 26 August 2008. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. 2. for example. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956. The following clues will help you. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum).4. J. study the following form of letter. After ‘Dear. Dear Miss Laney. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. 6. 5. Forbes. A. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. 1.’. see you or love. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. In informal letters. yours. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. Practice 9 Now. Informal letters may nish. 7. Forbes. A. Then. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. 3... put a comma or nothing at all. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal).g. Say you can bring them with you later.
After writing the letter. Write down the addressee of the letter completely.penfriend.com and search for a friend to send your letter to. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. Send Me a Letter. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. Then post the letter. Why don’t you click www. put it in the envelope.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. Please 125 . Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. Make sure your friend receives the letter. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates.
social matters. and its classi cation.May. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. Description of a general classi cation.. or human matters. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX .Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner .. 3. 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.. 2. Buddhist or Muslim in uences.. Generic structure: . I can run to school. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'..Would you mind . She believed she could y.. I help you . May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow... • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. . Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. . Amrizal had slept for ten hours.Description of the subject. The subject includes natural things. answer the following questions. 1. just the way it is. information. environment..
7. Do you want to order? Susan 1. 6. a. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . 4. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. have do c. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. b. May. Waiter : Good afternoon. OK. agreement d. Miss Aura : Yes. He thanked her for what she (do). Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. a. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. I help you? c. because it was only a 3 visit. giving information 11. b. 2. Text 1 Dear Lula. b. had do b. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. a.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. a. a. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. I also visited Nagoya. Let she b. Batam Centre and Galang Island. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . a. b. a. 5. a. we 5 our journey to the hotel. asking for information 10. please. have done d. Let us c. That’s enough for now. Is there anything I can do. a. I only stayed for one night. Then. Let me d. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. giving interesting news d. uncertainty c. had done 12. b. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. d. responding to interesting news d. giving interesting news 8. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. go as soon as they have nished. responding to happiness c. How are you? I’m doing good here. Miss. responding to pleasure b. It was a very hot day. How are you? b. b. 3. Let them 9. Because my parents asked me to go with them. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. Then. a. The italicised words show . Don’t forget to write me soon. Lula. certainty b. pleasure b. a. happiness c. Love.
the remen had stopped the spread of re. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. No. In my duty. A forest guard. and camping in illegal places. 15 years d. you could. A police of cer. 16 years b. b. Oh my God. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading. People in yellow everywhere. Have a nice holiday. almost never b. Sir b. I could lose my life. Watches from a tower in the forest. a great re sparking. .. c. I was so worried. A forest scientist. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. Since then. Yes.13. Takes care of the forest. 14 years c. Then. a. I rarely face great problems. : Thank you very much. In my duties. Then. d. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. c. Working as fast as they could. you couldn’t.. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. Sir d. Yes. It happened three years ago. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. Please. What is a forest ranger? a. Then. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. problems. 16. All the answers are correct. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. Sir c. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. on a dark cold night. or d for the correct answer. 15 years d. b. a. A policeman.. Yes. I love it. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. All right. never c. I’m. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . He has been working there for . I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. Finally. d. you can. Yes. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. c. What does a forest ranger do? a. 15. 17. A porter will carry your lugage. From other planes came men with parachutes. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. Sir 14. Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. d. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble.. 25 years 18. c. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. in six hours. Fire! I yelled aloud. I am always be careful. aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. I rarely face any real . Certainly. graf ting.. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. Choose either a. Could I ask you some questions? . the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. b. it was a horrible dream. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. Stops any illegal logging. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. b. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. Rarely means a.
d. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. Valuable dream. A half dry. big re 25. d. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . walking 29. and merchandise samples. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. 26. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. 28. Illegal logger is a . Dry all over d. the postage rates have risen. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. b. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. person that sells wood illegally c. Battle. b. c. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. Dry enough. Which one is it? a.19. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. b. running b. d. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Tiny light. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. d. Descriptive. Horrible experience. b. c. 24. Horrible dream. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. large re spreading b. d. d. A raging sea of re means a. 21. c. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. Dry inside and outside 23. d. Bad experience. . c. Tiny lamp. Now. Tiny re. Helicopter. 27. What is the form of Text 1? a. 22. a. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. Writing symbols on trees. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. Parachutes. person that steals wood d. landing c. b. person that chops down trees illegally b. expanding re d. Other planets. Tiny beam. Recount. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. Narrative. Throwing a dead leaf. Camping in forbidden areas. re like a sea c. But there is one wrong statement. Aeroplane. b. Throwing a plastic can. b. They parachute into places . c. magazines. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. c. Sparking. c. Fire. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. Report. One of their better services is the handling of mail. jumping d. c. Lighting. b. What does blaze mean? a.
d. using web services d. c. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. b. Earning income. b. In developing countries. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. b. Valuable income. 33. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. To be stopped. 31. To be delayed. a. d. a. c or d for the correct answer. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. Initial development. They handle it foolishly. c. b. In your opinion. and c are incorrect. b. Customers only. Government. 36. b. However. c. What competes with the post of ce? a. 32. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. Main development. Parcel businesses. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. c. b. Single development. b. a. c are incorrect. To be enlarged. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. postmen driving cars b. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. Why have the postage rates risen? a. d. a. 38. They don’t deliver mail on time. Invaluable income. Private rms. 39. Great money. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. Modern countries. Asking people to write many letters. now. d. c. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . Stricter laws. b. c. To provide better service for everyone. Industrial countries. c. Delivering money. First development. Because it has better service. Developing countries. b. 40. They handle it carefully. Funding b. c are incorrect. 37. 34. Private carriers. c. Better service. Choose either a. Delivering mail. and modernised into new technological developments. d. To be continued. 2007 c. d. b. To provide better services for customers. 35. d. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. d. using pigeons c. They handle it carelessly. Delivering parcels. b. 30. d. d. What is the policy about? a. b. c. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. Because some private carriers have also increased their services.
B : Yes. 1. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. 3. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. 7. The door (already shut) by Bona. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). 9. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . Change the words in brackets into the correct form. 4. Present Perfect 5. I 10. I did. Sam Spider new shoes. He can play football. Change the following sentences using may or might. Present Perfect 6. I can write a short story quickly. He did.Change the following sentences using can and could. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. 8. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. The building (bomb) two months ago. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. The tenses are given.
if there are small children in the house. a. Dogs and Cats. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. c. Sulawesi. b. Baby sister. b. b. taking care of a pet c. Dogs only. Cats. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. Which is needed to have a pet? a. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. choosing a pet dog b. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. Dog food. that costs money. choosing a pet cat d. it is better not to get a pet. Which is not true? a. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. Dogs and Cats. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. d. Birds. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. you have to spend money on pet food. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. 1. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. or d for the correct answer. You do not need to take care of pets. d. c. after Greenland. Birds. 2. playing with brothers and sisters. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. d. The passage is all about . Many geographers divide the more than 13. 3. b. b. Firstly. c. and (3) the Mollucas. Dogs. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . Cats only. 5. d. Time and money. c. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. So if you do not have time to take them out. ask yourself. Baby brother. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world.000 kilometers. don't get a pet dog. Babies may get bitten by pets. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. c. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5.000 islands. Babies may get scratched by pets. Lastly. It costs money to keep pets. Taken from UPSR. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. 2001 4. Java and Sumatra. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. which is part of New Guinea. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. Secondly.
d. d. pencil. b. d. Overlap the ends and tape them together. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. The Mollucas lie between . b. Sulawesi and Borneo. Sumatra. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. 7. c. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1.and New Guinea. Java and New Guinea. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. Compared to the other regions. c. b. b. c. c. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. Along the equator. 4. ruler. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. b. d. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. Sumatra. Greenland. Borneo. To make the centre tube. Lightweight card. the Indonesian geographers. the position of Indonesia 8. sticky tape. b. ruler. Sulawesi. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. 5. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Overlap the ends and tape them together. pencil. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. Unfold the slotted card. Cut a fringe for the base. New Guinea. 1993 9. In the Greenland. the greater Sunda islands. 13. 3. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. d. Java. Where is Indonesia located? a. d. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Sulawesi. c. b. sticky tape. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. 1993 11. an Indonesian territory. Pencil. Ruler. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Paragraph two talks about a. In Southwest Asia. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Irian Jaya. Final Evaluation 133 . 2007 6. 12. Rule a line. What will you need to do the experiment? a. scissors. sticky tape. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. d. 6. 2. Kalimantan. Fold one of the sheets of card. c. ruler. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. scissors. c. Cut a fringe for the base. New Guinea. sticky tape. 10. c. b. Lightweight card. Borneo. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. d. Sumatra. Rule a line. Cut a fringe for the base. Near Mollucas. a. Taken from Make and Do. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. The greater Sunda includes a.
It is best to use light things because they . Rani : Hi. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. c. Procedure. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. a. Narrative. I didn't catch what you said. They will move easily when there is some wind. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. feathers and sharpeners 17. at the centre of the stick c. triangles. Can you repeat again. Then. 4. 2. Make sure that the stick is balanced. beautiful c. to keys. From the passage. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. a. Taken from UPSR. one b. c. at both ends of the stick b. repetition c. Cut out the shapes. 15. children like to make mobiles c. Overlap the ends and tape them together. four d.14. hesitation 22. two c. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. pencil or sharpeners. move easily b. to the door. Draw squares. Take a stick. To make a simple mobile. agreement d. b. 2000 16. Ramdan. please? . d. a. Do the same thing with another stick. Tie a piece of string at its centre. interesting 20. it is easy to make mobiles b. You can hang other light things like keys. clean b. three 18. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. Unfold the slotted card. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. rectangles. 3. colourful d. d. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . The italicised sentence is showing a. circles. Fold one of the sheets of card. means to make a place a. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. window or ceiling d. What kind of text is Text 3? a. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. are colourful d. The word decorate in the rst paragraph . You need strings. Anton : Hello. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . How do you make the centre tube? a. feathers. How to make it: 1. Balance the stick from this string. Report. Descriptive. you need at sticks least a. we can see that . are balanced c. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. certainty b. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. are of many shapes 19. The string should be tied . b.
admiral c. For example. buying b. the elder brother. Nobody knows nothing. working c. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. Yes. We will make good laws. my answer will be right. nish c. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. "That is not true! No body knows everything. "Your majesty. agreement d.23. I can d. buying b. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. Actually. I can d.' a. "If we become the King's employees. to King Aruya." King Aruya said angrily. let us be your ministers. a. 25. The correct expression to show hesitation is ." Ombah then said. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. being nished Bob nished at midnight. truly! Everybody knows at least something. I'm quite sure b. They were ambitious and winning. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. For example. a. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. Sorry. opening c. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. The italicised word is showing a. too!" Taken from UPSR. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. Then he thought to himself. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). I'm sure b. 27. I'm not too sure c." They went to see King Aruya. Akomi." King Aruya said. We will become very rich. Yes. I know everything. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. All your subjects will be happy. Akomi said. opening d. said. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . 26. 24. a. Really? c. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. nished d. "That is also a lie. I know nothing. attention b. I am wise and clever. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. so we postponed the botanical gardens. "Your Majesty. Yes. you know your father's name. nishing b. studying d. a. So if I say the opposite.
Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. knew nothing c. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. we can see that King Aruya . The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. did not need any ministers d.m.m. could make good laws c. From the story.m. leave the ship b. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. four hundred and sixty one d. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because . about two thousand b. a. because they liked the song b. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. knew everything b. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. was afraid b. to remain calm during the emergency d. put out the re c. Ombah's hands trembled because he . was thinking hard d. made him angry c. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. did not know how many stars there were d. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . a. wanted to see the crocodiles c. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. They waited for rescue ships. help the King make good laws d. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. had the right answer 32. make the King's subjects happy 29. use the lifeboats d. kept many crocodiles b. wanted to collect money 30. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. disliked people who told lies Penang. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. more than one thousand c. thought that the answer would be right 31. a. did not tell the truth d. a. The holiday cruise ship. Akomi a. to show that they were very brave c. The two brother's ambition was to . Sat. 2000 33. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. six hundred and thirty two 34. The re started in the engine room at about 2.30 p.00 p. a. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . a. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. to all crew. Taken from UPSR.28. Ombah said I know nothing because he . 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. become rich b. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re. become ministers c.05 a. The word evacuate means to . a.
a. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. for a. new house 42. shing c. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. It is bigger with more rooms. Swimming pool. they waited for several hours b. Royal Malaysian Navy c. I think my father will listen to my mother. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. gratitude b. there were not enough life jackets 37. were a. d. b. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. c. It has a river. b. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. 43. Badminton court. telling interesting news d. badminton b. Rock garden. Risa : That’s great.36. It has a rock garden. a. shifted d. agreement c. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . younger brother b. d. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. However. Some passengers panicked because . Why does Budi like the new house? a. The italicised phrase is the expression . We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. Mawar no. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. Text 7 Bandung. jumped b. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. Marine Police boats b. there were only sixteen lifeboats c. Budi 38. a. football d. 2008 Jl. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. c. good friend c. pushed 40. June 21. bought c. Football eld. The word moved means . It has a swimming pool. cousin brother d. Penang Port tugboats d. There are more rooms and we have big garden. Risa. Final Evaluation 137 . From the letter we know that Dina likes . they were moved to the uppendecks d. Irma : Hi. I like the new house. Dina is probaby Budi’s . My father bought a new house. I hope that you and your family are doing well. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. uncle 39. a. See you soon! Your Sincerely. 41. congratulations.
a. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. Really? 45. can be nished He from the stair last night. writing d. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. go c. must saw 48. gone b. making d. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. sleeping b. falling c. forgot d. sang b. Play b. is making d. a. wrote c. Playing c. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. 56. sleep c. was sleeping 49. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . can nish b. see c. The italicised sentence is an expression of . can nishing d. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. a. was sleeping 50. 52. a. went 51. 57. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. May I help you? b. a. giving compliment d. They night. a. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. Joe a doctor today. Sales : Good morning. must d. showing certainty b. can nished c. Bayu : Oh. showing uncertainty c. pleasure b. Someone to lock the door. a. slept d. had forgotten 47. fall b.44. made b. a. have written b. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. Rusdi : How awful. a. 54. a. 55. The italicised words express . have forgotten c. they did. football is my hobby. gratitude d.m last night. singing d. a. fell d. Can you help me? c. simphaty c. a. going d. make b. Sir. a. Played d. Are you sure? d. must see b. certainly 46. made I my work tonight. forget b. make c. making c. 53. sung c. a. I’m so sorry to hear that.
2. so the work was hard. Then one farmer said to the other. head c. 5. 2000 59. He said. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. This was fty years ago. 4. The horse did not like this.' The farmers thanked their friend. The horse's ears are the problem. in the sea can be dangerous. 3. thin b. That'll be easier and quicker. slept all day d. (Gerund) 6. I well without sleeping pils. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. After a long time. feet b. was very old c. After a few minutes. You can dig the entrance with a spade.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. Identify the structure of text 9. a friend came to see them. can) 9. 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. Make a sentence using might. ears d. The horse .' So they found a saw and started cutting. short 60. nose for the . Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. Their saw was old and not very good. when farmers used horses a lot. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. The farmers told him about the problem. Do the following instructions. worked on the farm b. The horse was too entrance. tall c. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. The friend said. and he went away. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. 1. Then the entrance will be higher. 10. (Modal. It always hurt its a. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. a. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. Then the oor will be lower. The horse was a big animal. not its feet. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 .Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. one of them thought of an answer. slow d. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. 'That man's stupid. a.
English in Everyday Life. Steven J. UPSR. Headway Student’s Book. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. 2000. Step into Writing.G. Hornby. 1994. 1994. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. Nm. 1995. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. Alexander. Chan S. Washington D. 1998. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. Tan Boon. 2005. Bonner. 2006. Artono.S. 1982. A First Composition Text. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. Kheng. 1983. S. Living English Structure. 1987. London: Oxford University Press. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. World Book Team. 1991. Vocabulary Builder. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. 2005. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. Tan Boon. London: Oxford University Press. Function in English. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . Jon. 1983. Kim. Get Ready to Write. Suyenaga. Ready to Write. London: Longman. Kim. London: Longman. 2003. 1987. and Van Veen. Allen. UPSR. The Topic Dictionary. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Practice and Progress. Karen and Christine Root. Bennet. 2007. Soars. Reading Elementary. Reference Guide to English.C: CBS College Publishing. Liz and John. Word by Word. 2006. Junior Comprehension 2. Standar Isi. 1998. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. London: Oxford University Press. 2007. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. World Book Team. 2000. Karen and Christine Root. 2008 Molinsky.M. 1972. London: Longman.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. 1993. London: Longman. Joan. London: Longman. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. Alice. Rosemary. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. A Basic Writing Text. Carver. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. London: Longman. Bernard. A. London: Longman. Margaret. L. A Conversation Book 2. W. T. A Beginning Writing Text. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. Blanchard. Blundell. D'Arcy. Stannard. London: Longman. 1994. 2000. Seal. Blanchard. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). Wardiman. The New Book of Knowledge. Scott.G. Chicago: World Book. London: Oxford University Press.
www. les.slbn3yogja.recipezaar. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.frightenstein.2006• 63 8. www.artcraft.uk• 27 3.uk• 75 2.id• 79 www. www.net• 49 2. Experiments. 2003• 39. Hands on Science.unj. 2007• 70.com• 52 4. 2006• 114 6.rhhotels. Nature.wordpress. 2002• 85.kbrimanila.net• 109 4.kbrimanila.com 7.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 95 Chapter 5 1. Publisher Documantation• 113 5. 2000• 135. How Does It Work?. 94 4.com• 4 3.wordpress.com• 99 2.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1.com• 38 5.germes-online. homepage.eircom.ac. www.parkseed. appreciativeorganization.wordpress. 2005• 7.melayuonline.com• 10 7. Make and Do. The World Book Encyclopedia. german. www. wayangsuket. www. 58 6. 136 Chapter 1 1.com• 51 3. ayiediary. les.ac. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.co. Indonesian Heritage. com• 38 www. 43 6. 18 5. Nature.files. www.ok• 23 2. www.leeds. Kamus Visual. 2005• 50. www.royalhoteliow. 2008• 11. CD Image• 54. 20 Chapter 2 1.wordpress• 5 4. 366 and More Fairy Tales. www. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. 1990• 79. www.banten.go. www.org. How Does It Work?.offshoreradio.co.ph• 38 www.com• 70 2.id• 28 www.org2.com. 81.com• 79 3. UPSR.indonesianart. 101 Great Science.com• 1 2.com• 71 2. www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. www. 2008• 66 141 .id•28 4.indonesia. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1. 1993• 133 2. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments.grasindo. Kamus Visual. Visual Arts.rasamalaysia.my• 105 3. www.co.blogspot. The Big Book of Science Projects. 42. heritage. les. 2001• 14. 71 3. www. Hands on Science. 20 6.ph• 38 brangwetan. 67 5.
tak henti-hentinya.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. sabuk lagi pula. makanan menyelam titik. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang. koran/surat kabar) pantai. pesisir konservasi. hebat hiburan.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. enak diet. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. baik sekali. pesiar adat. tambahan bertiup. oplah (mis. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . pertunjukan lingkungan ulung. menolak 2. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. kebiasaan biasa 1. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. merosot lezat.
awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. memelihara 2. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1. belaka mengalikan. menyenangkan. ekspansi menjelaskan. kebutuhan namun. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. terjadi 2. pengembangan.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. hebat 1. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. menyenangkan. melunasi 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . berhati-hati 2.
94. 71. 55. 62. 56. 128. 17 • Gerunds. 37. 96. 46. can and could. 73. 100. 55. 24. 58. 5. 135. 42. 52. 127. 26. 29 • Responding hesitation. 53. 8. Artono 24. 64. 118. 82. 34 • The present perfect tense. 92. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 72. 3 • Asking repetition. 63. 43. 84 • Showing polite manners. 129. 133. 136. 15. 132 • Narrative text. 81. 7. 102. 9. 20. 110. 61 • The past perfect tense. 52. 35. 76. 137 • Report text. 108 • Showing simpathy. 70. 16. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 103. 85. 95 • Wardiman. 44. 93 • Special nites may and might. 50. 83. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 114. 59. Colin. 6. 78. 12. 51. 53. 107. 127. 14. 7 • Showing hesitation. 89. 91. 81 • Mckie. 103. 85. 39.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 4. 134. 56 • Giving admiration. 19. 106. 31. 117. 95. 101. 51. 33. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 52. 2. 115. 11. 79 • La Fontaine. 29 • Showing attention. Anne. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 28. 88. 18.
I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. Next. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. one tablespoon of salt.I’ll have an English test tomorrow.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. 3. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. do the same to the remaining soursoup. garlics and salt. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. hello Mrs Siregar. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. Yurike : Hmm. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. mix the our with a grain of peppers. Mr Herman 145 . Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. By the way. 1 egg. one teaspoon full of peppers. 2. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. pour the juice into some glasses. peppers. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. cafe. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4.. I go to sleep. arts. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. Mrs Hery. Finally. Next month is an examination time! 1. He sang badly last night. You will sleep really well. I feel fresh again.15. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. take medicine. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. Then. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. I am going to the market. The boys bands are 6famous today. restaurants. OK. pound ginger. Ungu. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons.. Mom. First of all. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. 3 pieces of garlics. 2. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. 3 cm of ginger. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. Roll the chicken thighs to the our. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. don’t think too much. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that.25 kg our. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. 2. 3. magic. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. pineapple. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. I make it easy and quick. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. Put the slices of papaya. 4. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. First. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. Instant recipe is much quicker. rst. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. jln. mix it with the pound of the spices. keep in the freezer for a half hour. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. Contemporary art has also developed here. Just keep practising. Finally. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. After a while prepare 0. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. Ria No. and the night clubs and on 4television. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. I don’t know why. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love.let’s see. Fira. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. Dad. They like it very much. Next. when I get up. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. by 29 March 2008. Mrs Siregar : I see. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately.5 kg. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Then. Gigi. Would you like to come. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience.
5. salt. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. 5.. You must have a name. Anti : And then.. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. now it is nished. 2. egg. This helps drivers to see them clearly. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. Dona : Oh. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. soy sauce. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. Mix well. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want. Then. and beef for 1 minute.. 1 tablespoon baking powder. Sinyo : 1 Oh. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. sauce. 3. sugar. state your name and address to the operator. tell me more! Gun : After that. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. Sabang. You must have a mission. powder. Dona : Wow. Add sugar. please. Then. state your destination to the operator.. 2.. I couldn’t say. I see. Sir. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. 3.. And in the end. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. 4. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. First. Well. Mr Jhon : Ok.2Tell me more. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Add our. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. you hang up the phone. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. especially when it is dark. I see. soy sauce 15 ml. : That’s too bad. Mrs Jhon : First of all. Dial the service number. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. Gun : See. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www. She probably used lip synch. Then. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. 3. Finally. Thanks for the explanation.. 4. 1 egg. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. I see. add and stir oil. nely chopped onion 25 g. 3/4 cup milk. milk. Taste it. Practice 11 1. Dona : Well. 4. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. 2. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. oyster sauce 15 ml. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. Then. Sinyo : 4Well. pick up the phone. Imaginary character out t must be original. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery. First. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. Mixture. Mr Burhan said. you need barbecue beef 500 g. Ah. Bring above mix to the boiling. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Your character or weapon must be unique. 2 teaspoons sugar. oil 15 ml. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. 2. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. Tio Rani 6.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. I just made it. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night. well. Then. I wish they would come for this charity. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. sugar 15 ml. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. 3. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. onion. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. at 7 pm. hmm. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. gurethings.. he would announce it in one hour. and vanilla. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. 1/2 teaspoon salt. 5. Mrs Jhon : Well. Mr Jhon : Oh.
Those birds were called Pungguk. poor boy came out from the bush. the water began to rise. then they climbed up into the sky. Unfortunately. where they have remained ever since. he killed Pungguk. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. some one was 3 following us. 3not very smooth exactly. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. Herman. and thought that Pungguk stole it. When Pungguk walked. when I read the story of a Lovely. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. 8. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. He said thanks and went away. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. this is the second time I’m reading it. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. B : Oh. it changed into living creatures. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. Wu Fei : All right. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. they invited the Sea to visit them. One day. and so was left with nothing. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. thanks. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. But then. Then. Practice 6 1. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. 1I’m ne. 6. a dirty. Gosh. He works for the Ministry of Education. Nino : 4That’s horrible. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. what so special? Tell me more. it ended sadly. 7. Tari. 2. really? I thought that was a sad story. anyway. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. In addition . I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. Nino.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. ve stamps and a postcard. Listening Script 147 . because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. Fira. With his sword. B : Tell me more about it. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. A : I laughed out loud. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. birds. I looked very different. Nino : So. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. although they were in love with each other. Thank you very much for the information. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. then. when he was in the water. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. One day. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. with the sh and all the members of his family. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. We went 2 in the afternoon . from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. So. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. Lovely Mud. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. Nino : Oh. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. 9. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. When he was full. Loki. Near the park. Loki : Well. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. we gave him some money. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. Surprisingly. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. he was just a 7 hungry kid. please. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Funnily enough. Nino : I see. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. 10. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. Mr Randi. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. Believe it or not. the weather was ne. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. Surprisingly. Guess what. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. We heard some noises behind the bush.
If this is unsuccessful.500. I also visited Nagoya. I only stayed for one night. Love. 4. Ma’am. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. Each series only Rp150. Spongebob and Patrick. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. How are you? I’m doing good here. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. Tom and Jerry. Then. 3. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series.000. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. Now. please. Heroes series and cartoon series. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. Sir. It was a very hot day. Don’t forget to write me soon. Spiderman. Batam Centre and Galang Island. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. It’s 17421. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. OK. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Wonder woman. That’s enough for now. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. You’ll nd Superman.2. because it was only a 3short visit. Lula. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. especially for you llatelist freak. Back to Ramajaya FM.
7. 4. 5. 2. c 3. 4. 3. 5. 2. seed. patch next. 4. 6. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. Let’s get lunch (together). 2. F F T T T 6. 9. 3. 1. a 2. 1. 5. 9. grow. gloves. 1. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 4. 2. 1. base nally. 4. 6. 8. 7. 3. 3. 3. 7. 8. 7.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 2. 3. 10. clods. 10. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 3. 5. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. press. 4. holes. 4. better. 2. 6. 5. 5. 5. h 4. 8. 6. 2. 6. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. 3. 4. 3. 3. dusk record Practice 12 1. 6. g f e d 5. g 5. now after that. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 5. 2. 3. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 7. F T F originate famous charm captivate. 4. 5. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. Let’s keep the water boiling. 2. 8. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. 1. 2. then. 1. 6. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. 4. 2. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. 3. 5. 5. 10. 4. 2. water. Let me add some salt. 9. b f d e Answer Key 149 . down. 2. 7. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. 9. 8. 4. 3. 7. rst of all.
3. 17. 1. 7. 5. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 4. 7. 28. 2. 4. 7. 29. 10. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 13. 2. 33. 20. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. and the bridle 6. 3. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 8. 6. how long. 24. 5. 3. 2. 4. 9. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. 26. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 2. 5. 5. 8. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 7. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 4. d g i a c 11. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 35. 11. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 12. 5. 9. how many. 39. 34. 3. 19. action verbs). 6. how. 27. 4. 5. 10. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 6. 4. 40. 8. 8. 36. 14. 1. 3. 2. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. 7. 3. 5. 10.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 9. 23. 4. 4. 1. 22. 38. 7. 6. 37. 32. 2. 2. 3. 2. 18. 3. 3. b c c b 1. 2. 4. 7. with what) • The covering (where. 21. 4. 3. 10. 15. 8. 8. 5. 1. 4. 25. 6. 6. 5. 6. 2. 3. 30. a h c f 2. e h j k f 6. 3. 9. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 2. details. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. 4.
9. 8. 3. 4. 1. 8. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 10.000. 6. 4. 9. 6. 3. 7. 5. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. 7. 5.Practice 5 1. 10. 2. 6. 5. 4. 5. 2. 2. 9. 6. 2. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 8. 3. 1. 4. 4. 10. 9. 6. 1. Kbo Iwo. 7. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 4. 2. 6. 8. 10. 5. 3. 3. 7. 1. 4. 7. 2. 2. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 5. 4. 9. 7 8. The water. 3. 7. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. 2.m. 8. 1. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 7. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 4. 3. 2. 6. 7. 2. 5. 6. 11. 5. 3. 3. The Balinese. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 4. 5.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . 5. 1. 3. 2. 8. 5 6. 3. Speaking Practice 3 1. 10. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. 11. 4.
23. 40. 26. 2. 9. 5. 30. 57. 6. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 37. b. 14. 3. She can read easily with her new glasses. 6. I could go early everyday last summer. 3. 5. 7. 5. 22. 7. 38. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. He can leave it for an hour. She can cook well with more practice. We can do this exercise next week. 44. a. 19. 12. 58. 12. 55. 33. 6. 3. 17. 1. 5. 3. a. 8. 4. 33. 10. 38. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. 4. 2. 4. 5. a. 2. 39. 11. I can go early if he lets me. 25. 46. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 35. a. 7. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. 1. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 8. 48. 2. 6. 31. 6. 21. 1. 8. 10. 4. 2. 40. 56. 7. 6. 19. 27. 21. 2. 39. 15. 3. b. 24. 29. 17. 50. 59. 23. 27. 34. 54. 35. 10. 47. 11. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. b. 9. 4. b. 5. 6. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 2. 34. 42. 8. 25. 60. 7. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. Practice 10 1. She can make her own dresses in a few years. b. 9. 13. 9. 29. 18. 13. 10. 5. 7. a. She could cook well when I knew her. 14. 7. 32. 28. 5. 20. 52. a. 36. 2. a. 51. 4. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. 49. 32.Reading Practice 2 1. 8. 8. We could do this exercise last week. b. 53. 6. 28. 24. 36. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 16. 4. 15. 3. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. a. 4. 26. 43. 30. 45. 37. b. b. 7. 20. 3. 22. 18. 3.
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