This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008
Diperbanyak oleh ...
digandakan. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. dicetak.Oleh karena itu. dapat diunduh (down load). dialihmediakan. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Pemerintah. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. Kami berharap. Namun. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. dalam hal ini. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. pada tahun 2008.
It aims to build your language. listening. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. Last but not least. brings this book forward. sociocultural and strategic competence. All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. Hopefully. Bandung. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). support and encouragement. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. speaking.e. reading and writing. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. discourse. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book.Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. i. July 2008 Writers iv .
New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters. and author of each chapter. 3. 12. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. 8. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. 7. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. 2. Index helps you nd grammar. 11. 4. 6. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. 9. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. v .Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. Log On enriches your knowledge. 5. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. 14. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. expressions. 15. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. 13. 10. 16.
.................................................................................................................. Preface . Listening ........ • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text ..................................... Guide to Read This Book ..............................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ................ • Writing a report text ......................................................................................................................................... Chapter 3 Be Creative! .................................................................................................. Learning Review ........................................................................................................................................................... Reading .................................................................................. • Retelling the story in the form of report text .................... Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ................................................................................................................ Learning Essential .... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ................................................................................................................................................ • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ............................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation .......................................................................................... • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide ......................................................................................... Writing ....................................................... Speaking ..................................................................................................................... Learning Review .... • Responding to hesitation .............................................................................. • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ..... Reading ................... • Reading aloud procedural texts ................. • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ................................ • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas .............................................................. • Writing your own procedural text ............................................................. Listening ........................................................................................................................................................ • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ............ Listening .............................. • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ........................................................ Speaking .............. Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing ................................................................ • Asking repetition ............................... Writing ................................................................................................................................................................................................ • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ............................................................ iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi ............................. Learning Essential ........................................... • Studying the structure of a report text ..........................
........... • Composing a procedural text ......... • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ........Speaking ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Please .................................................................................................................................................................................. Learning Essential ............................................... • Reading report text ....... Writing ..................... Listening ........ • Writing narrative texts ...................................... Learning Review ....................................................................................................................................... • Promoting something through an advertisement ................................................. • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ............ Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.................................................................................... • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner .................................................................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural text ............................................................................... • Showing attention and expressions of admiration ........................................................................... Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ............................................ • Reading texts in narrative form ........... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii .. Speaking .............. Reading ................ • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Learning Essential ......................................................................................... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ...................................................................................... Listening ......................................... • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary .............................. • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form .................. Reading ....................................................................................................... • Identifying the structure of narrative text ....................... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ................................................................................................. • Telling interesting news or information ........................................ • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ..................................... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ......................... Learning Review ............................... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 .......................................... Speaking ................. Reading .............. • Using polite expressions to show manner .............................. Writing ...........................................
........................................ Learning Review ......................................................... Answer Key ........ Bibliography .................................................................... • Writing and sending a letter ............................................ Exercise of Chapters 4–5 .................. Index .......................................................................................................................................................................................Writing ................................................. 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ................................................ Photo Credits ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Listening Script ..................................................................................................................... • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ... Learning Essential ................................................................................................... Glossary ............................................ Final Evaluation .........................................
com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .germes-online.Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.
Nayla. Then. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. put a paper towel under the stain. 5. Thanks so much. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. First. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX .Listening In this section. 2. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. 1. After that. My white shirt is stained. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. 4. I’ll try it. 3. spray the stain with hair spray. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. Try my hints. Nur : OK then. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. After learning the lesson in this section. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth.
. Discuss it with your partner. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily. about it? : : . Listen again to the tape. 2. rst. Then. Next. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. First. You will sleep really well.. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. Finally. I take medicine. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure.. I feel fresh again. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken.. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. Then. 1.. I don’t know why. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. : : . don’t think too much. when I get up. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 .Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. I go to sleep..
5. 3.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. Then. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. 1. 2.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. heritage. 4. 2. ll in the following blank spaces. 4. 1. Then. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. 3.
do the same to the remaining f . the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. g . 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio.15. pineapple. Jln. 2 3 persons). by 29 March 2008. ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening. Ria No. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute.h the juice into some glasses. 3. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. red 1. together all of your friends (max. . Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks.Practice 10 Now. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. les. 15 Do It This Way! 5 . How to make: the b of papaya.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. 2. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses.
Choose one of the following topics.. Kesya : Hello. Resty.. he. After learning the lesson in this section.Then. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. Kesya? Kesya : Oh.. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. 3.. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. I just added some colourful buttons. 1. make your own announcement.. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said. rst. 2.Practice 12 Now. he. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Hey. Finally. I gave my magic nishing touch. 2. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue.. Resty : Hello. Look at my new purse. I made it myself. four– ve glittery beads. 1. that’s nice. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Well. Kesya. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. show expressions for asking repetition. that’s right. he.
• Could you repeat again.Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. 2. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. Do It This Way! 7 . Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet. Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. please? • Sorry. please? • Would you be louder. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. I didn’t catch what you said. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1.
It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. Act it out in front of the class. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX .”reply Sasha. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. How are you?” greeted Oky. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. where have you been? I’m ne. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. “Oh.” Sasha said. hi Oky.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. and watch its path. Come on in. just a moment please. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. 1. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. Sasha. thanks. 3.3. Answer the following questions orally. 2.
Place it in the small cookie paper.. Next. Mmm. as easy as that.that’s easy.” “First of all. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday.” “Uhm-hm.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. until the mixture becomes hard.” “OK. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly. Then. So. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. Let’s eat. Well. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. It’s nished. what snack do you prefer?” “OK. and toothpicks just for accessories. Finally. I thought it was complicated. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. it will be easy to form balls with.“Thanks Sas.” “Yup. Then.. then.” “Wow. just like this.. By the way.” “Now.” “Yes. I’ve been so busy lately. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. So. OK.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No. I don’t mind. stir it.. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. So. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder.?” “After that. so I still have the ingredients. Let’s continue... three packs of milk biscuits.” “OK. sure. make sure it’s not too runny.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well.. stick in the toothpicks for handles. Do It This Way! 9 . I am taking many courses before my nal exams.. We can’t use solid chocolate. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. we can start to form it like balls. since you’re my best pal.” “Oh. It tastes bitter. Thanks a lot. Let’s go to the kitchen.
Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril.artcraft. and more.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions.. Compare with other groups’ work. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. Then sit down with your head leaning forward. 3. call a doctor. loosen the clothing around your neck. Now. First. Source: www.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX . What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. Practice 11 Announce it to the class. a hairpin. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. 4. If your nose continues to bleed. 3.. 4. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. Practice 9 Work in groups.. 5. 2.
rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 . Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. read aloud a procedure correctly. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. 3. After learning the lesson in this section. 2. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. Then. 1. read a procedural text correctly.
how. Now. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. Finally. how to turn on a CD player. Nature. etc. spread the gravels over base of the tank. but not in direct sunlight. details.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. read a manual on. action verbs). add a jug full of pond water. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. Example: Place the tank in bright light. First of all. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. what type). Next. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. • The covering (where. how many. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. Taken from Hands on Science. even though we rarely realise it. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . Example: water plants. We often use procedural texts. • The frame (commands. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. After that. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. procedural texts are part of our daily life. Nature. do a simple scienti c experiment. how long.
7. 2. 4. 6. 2. 3. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. Use a to lter the water. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. 1. You can use to decorate your aquarium.Practice 2 In pairs. d. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . 4. You can nd water animals from nearby . No. 3. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. Fill full of water. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. c. 6. g. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. b. Add to the base of the tank. 5. 1. 3. 2. 4. e f. 1. 5. 5.
com.cp. To make a papercraft you can click on www. com or www.cp-ij. He uses a 1 . The man wants to take a picture of a bird. There you can download free papercraft models.blogspot. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. The picture will be saved in a 2 .UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX .papercraftworld. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder. When he wants to see the results of the picture. Read the following procedure carefully. 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun.
2001 Do It This Way! 15 . Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. Turn the monster face around. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. 3. 4. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. 5.2. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder.
2. 1. 6. 3. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. 4. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. Correct the false one. 4. details and tools. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. 6. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. 2. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. 4.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. 1. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. 5. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). 1. 2. 5. 3. You also need glue for the experiment. 5. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. 7. Connect your third wire to the other screw. The following clues will help you.
Let the prayers begin. 4. wherever they may be. Yes..” “Let him be. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). Keep the water boiling..” • There are two possible negatives. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. This is common in formal and ceremonial language.. don’t in American English) are very informal. I don’t care. let’s is often used to mean let me. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. Let’s have a drink. eg. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. OK.. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. let’s is used as a short answer. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. shall we?” “Yes. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. 7. (informal) Forms with don’t. 5. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. 6.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. 8. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. • In a very informal style. but informal uses are also possible. (formal) Let’s not get angry. let’s (and let’s. 1. Let us pray. 2. Add some salt by yourself. Let’s see. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. Keep stirring coconut milk. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else. Do It This Way! 17 . not the speaker or hearer. Let us not despair. “Let’s go for a walk. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. let’s all get moving. Ask your friend to get lunch together. eg. let’s. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker. Ask your friend to cook together.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. State them orally. 3. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think.
2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX .Writing In this section. second. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. you should arrange the steps according to time order. When you want to tell someone how to do something. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. We half ll the glass with water. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. Olahraga dan hiburan. a large glass. an egg. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. a teaspoon. write a procedural text correctly. astronomers and goverment of cers. When you write your paragraph. The most famous one was Imhotep. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. Then. Then. The egg sinks to the bottom. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. we carefully put the egg in water. After learning the lesson in this section. How to do it: 1. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. using the dessert spoon. a dessert spoon and water.
so it sank. Make dishes from it. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. The egg oats. In the second stage. then surprise a family member. Do It This Way! 19 . or a recipe book. making the egg sty in the middle. helping the egg to oat. Finally. when clear water was added. 3. We put the egg in the water again. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. 5. the egg was denser than clear water. Do you know why? In the rst stage.2. 4. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. it oated on the brine. salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. We put in the egg again. but less than the brine. They will be happy because of your attention. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. Ask them to taste it. a magazine. as it has more density than clear water. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects.
Practice 4 Work in pairs. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. etxn. 2. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. inlylifa. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. teafr hatt. 3. hten. Wearing a pair of sveolg. ts r fo lla. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . They will need to be watered regularly. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. 4. water your plants well. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly.
2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. Nature. tell the class what you have created. make a procedural text. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. In groups of three. Then. write your own procedural text. write them down in your exercise book. Then.5. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . Compare with other groups. Then. You are free to choose the topic. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below.
. 2. I didn't catch what you said. 22 English in Focus for Grade IX .I've no doubt about .. • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you. answer the following questions.Are you sure? Responses for certainty .I'm quite sure . 3.Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty ..Sorry. 1.Goal .The covering 1. dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel. 3. 2. First of all... Asking repetition . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. I can't hear you! . What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions. After that. L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.Are you certain? . . you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants. break up any large clods of earth with a trowel. Next. • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: .Steps ..I'm sorry.Materials .The frame .. Let’s have a snack.
indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.
Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. and the night clubs and on 4 . 1. They are played by 3 in dance halls. restaurants. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . cafe. 3. Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. Ungu. The boys bands are 6 today. 7 held by Maroon Five. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. 2. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. 5. 4. Gigi. identify a monologue in the form of report texts.Listening In this section. understand expressions of hesitation. The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. in the missing words on the text. While listening. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. After learning the lesson in this section. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 .
8. The songs are complex. 5. 1. 2. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . Gigi is a boy band. 5. Consult your dictionary for help. The bands always consist of eight persons. 3. 6. 2. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. Pop songs come from pop composers only. 5.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. 6. While listening. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 1. 3. Pronounce It! 1. 3. 4. 4. 4. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. 7. Boy bands are not popular today. 2.
... 3. • I couldn’t say ... • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about .. Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12. • There’s surely some doubt about .Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs. • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about ... 9. 2. 4. 2. answer the following questions. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure . Practice 8 Now. 7... 11. Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words. 1. Then. 10. Answer the following questions orally. study the following explanation carefully. • I’m not convinced about .. 5.. Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX .. • I couldn’t really be sure about ..... 6.. 1.. 8. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason. Discuss it with your friend... Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape.
Then make a report about them. Then. then complete the following table.co. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much.google.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword.id or you can use the search engine www. Source: www. sonybmg. Listen to the art schedule in the radio. For help click to www. 3. 1.co. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . 2.offshoreradio.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully.uk No. then share it to the class.
. • I’ve no doubt about ..ac.absolutely positive/certain . retell the text in the form of a report.. study the following expressions. • You can be sure about . Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain . you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation...Speaking In this section... Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully.unj... www. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech.id 1. Source: www.go.id. 3... Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. such as responding to hesitation correctly. Then. answer the questions that follow orally. After learning the lesson in this section. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX ...banten. • do a monologue in the form of reported text.. 2. • .
• I’m fairly sure .. • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct. There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync...... She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync.. it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain . • I don’t think there can be any doubt .. and only to friends. are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now. Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully. Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy. (isn’t it?). • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that .. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5.00 p..(surely) that’s obvious. • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music...Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • .......... I don’t think there can be any doubt about that.m.. Lana. • I’m (quite) convinced/that . My uncle is sick. (say with a smile. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind . • There can’t be any doubt . Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 ..
6. 4. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. 3. Young people prefer rock music to pop music. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. 1. Answer the following questions orally.What do you think of the dancers. When we dance. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before. 5. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation. act it out. Dad. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. 2. 3. Then. 2. we have fun. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. 1.
Then. stretching. Use the expressions that you have learnt. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. uses a mask to perform its dance. Most people dance to have fun. the ballerina exercises to rotate. 3. For example. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. has some candles carried by the dancer. Listen to her/him carefully. jumping. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. 1. And there are many more. Dancing belongs to rich people. With all these physical actions. we can create a number of body movements. usually through long periods of special training. in ballet. our body has the potential to be developed. Basically. bending. 2. 3. discuss the following statements. For example. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. 4. and turning. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. 2. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 .Practice 7 In groups of four. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. Dancing is moving the body together with music. or topeng dance from Betawi. 1. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. lilin dance from West Sumatra.
6. 5. (Your answer can be the guide). do the exercise. Then. 9. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. Read the following explanation carefully. 8. shine 2. 3. 4. Study the questions rst. shower 3. 1. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. 4. 1. 2. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. Then. 3. 1. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. pronounce them. re 4. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. 7. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. 2.
UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying . Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies.much . We avoid meeting him.2 . b. c. d. As the subject.4 .5 . 6 . The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a.7 .2 .5 .2 .3 .7 .5 .7 . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg.spend .did not . (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room. 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 .2 . a. (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister.4 .6 .5 .1 . 3 .3 c.money . Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth.8 d. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do.7 .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun.6 . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret.1 . The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming.8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. For this reason it is also called a verbal noun. “Stop talking!” the man commanded. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence.8 .8 b. 6 .clothes . 3 .1 .2 . (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.for.4 .we . the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake.1 .
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. 3. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs.” she said. 5. 1. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. Collecting stamps is my hobby. 9. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. 8. 3. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. “Neil. After learning the lesson in this section.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. 7. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. 10. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. 1. thank you for (help) my little brother. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . Reading In this section. 6. She has completed (pack) her bags. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. know the characteristics of a report text. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. 2. 4.
Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. records of a young singer from Tennessee. were heard across the US. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. 7.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. Elvis Presley. After he appeared on nation-wide television. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. 4. 6. Rock became a very big business. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. They understood its beat and sound. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. Alan Freed. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. Rock mainly became the music of the young. In 1955. and its lyrics. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. 3. 2. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . 1. 5.
c. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. young singer c. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. d. d. c. 3. He appeared on nation-wide television. Choose either a. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. Bill Haley and The Comets d. a. 1. c. Rock and Roll. b. 2. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. Rock mainly became the big business. The main idea of paragraph two is . His performing style was rock and roll. By the early 1970’s. b. He was heard across the US. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. Kinds of Music. b. Rock Music. c. Popular music. All countries. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. d. young singer from Tennessee. Rock became a very big business at that time. c. 4. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. or d based on the text. in 1955 b. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. b. d. a. 3.Practice 4 1. b. 5. d. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. What is the best title for the text? a. Elvis Presley 6. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . 4. Music. c. 7. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. He was a young singer from Tennessee. Rock music. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . Rock is popular among young people. Music from Time to Time. Rock music is part of popular music today. Alan Freed. Below are some of his actions. Rock music vs lm industry. b. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music.
parades. Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. 2. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. But. and weddings. 1. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. Appeared means . such as religious services. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . Almost means . Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. People use music for a part of ceremonies. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. After he appeared on nation-wide television. Discuss it with a friend. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully.
. Source: appreciativeorganization.kbrimanila. 4. wordpress. Rock mainly became the music of the young.kbrimanila.3. Mainly means Rock became a very big business. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend. earning more money annually than the lm industry.org2.wordpress.com Source: www. . Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX .ph Source: brangwetan.org.ph Source: www. les. les.
3. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. reveal Chinese in uence.1. The architectural elements in some temples for example. In Gianyar Bali. 4. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Identify the characteristic of the text. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. In Cirebon. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. furniture and household objects. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. 2. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings.
and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.. i. h. 2.. e. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. Buddhist or Muslim in uence.. 2. Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. 3. 5. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . 3. NO. c. Identical means . 5.. b. 1. Adapted means . .. 7.. 4. f. Use your dictionary if necessary. although not as strong as the Hindu.. Assimilated means . 8.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. . Evidenced means 4. g. 10. have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . . 9. Played means . j. d. 6. A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a. 1.
Buddhist or Muslim in uences. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. furniture and household objects. A paragraph is developed by three parts. we can get the meanings. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. The architectural elements in some temples for example. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. reveal Chinese in uence. In Gianyar Bali. supporting idea and concluding idea. Main idea. Examples are taken from Practice 9. examples and explanation of main idea.
2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. So. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. it’s not leaving many evidence. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost.Practice 14 Now. try to nd main idea. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. supporting and concluding idea. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style.
all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. Chinese. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide.Writing In this section. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . Then identify main idea. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. in their own ways. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. supporting idea and concluding idea. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. Islamic. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. and Western. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. After learning the lesson in this section. However. write and produce a report text and its other form. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide.
together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4.Note What Is a Report Text? a. and its classi cation. • Description of the subject. 1. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. Description of a general classi cation. or human matters. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject.m. (1) Time 09. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX . social matters. The purpose of a text: To report something. just like the way it is. information. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. b. Copy the table into your exercise book.30 a. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. The subject includes natural things. environment.
30 17.30 15.30 13.00 18. 07.30 07.00 18.30–10. 4.30 10.00 22.00 08.30 16. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.30 07.00 09. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.00 15.00 12.30 00.00 12. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 . Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.00 11.30 18.00 20.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to.00 17.00 07.00–12. Siang.00 09.30 17.00 11.30 14.00 20.Practice 4 1.30 11.00 15.30 07.30 10.00 09.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.00 14.00 20.00 14.30 11.00 11.30 11.30–08.30 08.00 09.45 06.00 07.00 15.00 20.30 16.00 07.00–12.00 22.30–08.30 12.00–16.00 19.00 17.30 08.30 20.30 00. 04.30 20.45 12.00 11.30 13.
and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. synthesizers. keyboard instruments. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. The piano. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. match them with their names. percussion instruments. cello. Electric guitars. electronic pianos. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . and electronic instruments. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. The ute. and guitar are stringed instruments. The violin.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. wind instruments. They are stringed instruments. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. Then. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. harp.
2007 The Names of the Instruments a. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. Present the report in front of the class.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . triangle c. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. electric guitar f. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. main idea. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. accordion d. conga e. drum h. castanets g. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. harp b. supporting idea and concluding idea.
. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher..There's some doubt in my mind that/about . Responding to hesitation .Description of the subject. 2. information.I could say .I'm a hundred percent certain . .. and its classi cation. 3. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation . social matters. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Grammar: Gerunds Examples . or human matters. 1.. answer the following questions.He couldn’t help telling the truth. The subject includes natural things. 48 English in Focus for Grade IX ... . just the way it is. .You can be sure about . environment... Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. Description of a general classi cation.Working for that lady is a pleasure. Generic structure: . .
slbn3yogja.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .
Finally. get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. : Then. : 3 . respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. answer the following questions rst. 2 . 4. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. state your destination to the operator. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. 1. : And then. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. state your name and address to the operator. Then. Thanks for the explanation. : 1 . Then. you hang up the phone.Listening In this section. Dial the service number. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. get the meanings from a poster. : 4 . pick up the phone. ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . First. After learning the lesson in this section. 2. 3.
answer the following questions. 2. 3. Dona : . What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Then. 1.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. Dona : Hey. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow.com Be Creative! 51 . Then. 4. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Gun. Gun : See.recipezaar. ll in the missing expressions. Source: www. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Then. now it is nished. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Dona : . Ah. Then. ! Gun : After that.
2.1. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh.com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Discuss it with your friends.. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. • If I may say. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. I see. 3. that’s really brilliant. • Tell me more. Source: www. 3. lovely! • That’s really fantastic. 2. Sir/Ma’am. 1. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns.rasamalaysia. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow.. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh. Sir/Ma’am. Then. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . • Well .
woods. . juice b. saw. She wants Angga to taste them. 4. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. Next. I call this fruit kebab. Riana has made a .” “Well. a. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. c. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. we can make an Amazon hut. Now the house is ready. No. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. 3. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. c. prepare palm leaves. 2. snack c. I see. Yes. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. First of all.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. After that. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. he does. b. Then. Angga. b. strong ropes. what’s that? b. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. it looks so delicious. choose a. 1. I see. Be Creative! 53 . cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. oh. c. b. “Hi. choose the place for the house. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. .” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now.” “Oh I see. oh. Not really.
2. 1. 2. Then complete the missing phrases. 1.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. 4. 3.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original. gurethings. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. 3. You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. You must have a name. Your or weapon must be unique. You must have a . What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX .
take two slices of bread. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text.Speaking In this section.. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . First. 1. Put a slice of butter on each slice. Vita : I made them by myself. Fantastic taste. uh. Vita : OK. 3. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue.. put the other piece of bread on top. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. 2. such as showing attention and admiral expression. 1. Nely : Uh. and then? Vita : After that. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. 2. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. After learning the lesson in this section. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. 4. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. Finally. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Then cut some cheese into slices. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. 3. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. 5.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
two centimeters from the top. Example: Cut the paper.2. published from 1731 to 1914. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. Adverbials to show when or how. 3. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. Be Creative! 59 . New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Use action verbs. Connector to show chronology. cut. 5. mix and put. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. 2005 4. Example: For ve minutes. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. At rst. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. Later it published new stories. such as turn. such as then and while.
7. 6.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. 8. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object.parkseed. 5. e. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. condition. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a. No. b. 4. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. Use your dictionary if necessary. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 1. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. d. c. 3. g. 3. 2. 4. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. h. 2. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. f.
Imperatives Meanwhile. The term used is usually the same as the base form. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. . but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person.impc. Spray water to moisten the seed bed.Don’t slouch. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. . Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain . imperative.edu. Place seed tray in warm. 5.au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. It is one of the three moods of an English verb. Fill seed tray with soil.14 days. Imperatives should be used carefully in English. Steps 1.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. the italicised words above are called imperatives. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. Be Creative! 61 .Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 .Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles. 7. Taken from: www. commands and instructions. 2.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. sunny position (at least 25 degree C). 4. connector and adverbial. 3. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. .Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. . 6. to give rm orders or commands. Press rmly.
Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. Writing In this section.Scissors . “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. You have slept. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : .Small bottle .Hot and cold water . They have slept. • make and get meaning from poster. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. 4. 1. (has in the third person singular) I have slept. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years. 2.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. “All my money (steal)!” he said.Red food colouring . 3. Look at this magazine.Paint brush . Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. We have slept. this is a picture of your. Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. After learning the lesson in this section. make poster. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text. He/she/it has slept. You have slept. I (read) this newspaper for an hour.String .
3. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop.1. Be Creative! 63 . 2. Cut a long piece of string. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red. 4. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle. Fill the bottle with hot water.
What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it.5. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. 2. 1. 4. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano. 5. 3. 6. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise.
4. 2. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. purpose of the experiment. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . onions and green peppers into quarters. method of scoring and the number of players. procedure. rules of the game. observations and conclusion. Cut the meat into small cubes. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. equipment that you need. 1. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. Chop up the tomatoes. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. 3.
Steps of your procedure. materials and subjects. tell the class what you have created. recipes. make a procedural text. Nature. action verbs. 1. you can click www. Compare with other groups. 2. (games.com or www. Then. (Those include imperative sentence. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. 3. scienceproject. Some clues below will help you. Then.com Study the following pictures carefully. Use your dictionary. help. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need. try to make some instructions.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . connectors. The form of the procedural text. adverbial phrases.all-science-fairprojects.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas.
6. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. 5. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. advertise it with an attractive poster. You don’t have to be too fancy. 3. Premiere Sunday. 4. 2. Be Creative! 67 . popcorn and mineral water. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily.
.Practice 9 Make your own poster. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX . Take great care with the hammer. 3. Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . nail all the pieces together. First of all.Goal .Oh. and draw around it in pencil. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. Place the box in the middle of the rear board. that's marvellous! . She has written ve novels in a month. After that..Wow.Materials . Next. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres..The covering 1. The theme is free.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.Tell me more Expressions of admiration . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.The frame .Steps . 3. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box. Generic structure: . 2. 1. I see. answer the following questions. 2.
Excuse me? a. b. This helps drivers to see them clearly. Wow. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. razors 3. 7. Let me b. a. Hello. Hello. Give your best try. b.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. Wow. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. Can I c. a. Excuse me. You will need 1. a. 10. a sheet of black paper 4. c or d. 5. certainty b. 14. Let us c. hesitation have a look! a. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. Because my parents asked me to go with them. repetition d. I’m not really sure but. a. a sheet c. 8. Let she b. felt-tip pen d. I’ll do my best. Let he 69 . As long as you keep studying. listen to some expressions and choose your response. The italicised sentence shows . scissor b. torch 2. Come on c. a. a. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. 2001 6. b. agreement d. I think you should see a doctor soon. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. b. agreement b. sheet b. felt-tip pens 12. a. May I d. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. certainty c. uncertainty c. I have no doubt about it. I have no doubt about it. 11. b. 13. 9. Excuse me. especially when it is dark. The signal is low. I can’t hear you. a bright torch b. Come on go as soon as they have nished. razor d. For numbers 5 to 10. a torch c. scissors c. a. tip pens c. But I can’t hear you. Let us d. Wow! b. I’m really sorry to hear that. pens b. bright d. Let she b. a. The italicised word shows . Let them have a drink! a. a. a. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. 15. a. black paper d. Let me d. you look cool! b.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. c. Two stones. Wire from your friend. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. 36. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. What must you do with the wires? a. 3 wires. d. 40. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. Belt. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Go to the bathroom. rice. d. c. a lighter. c. c. a battery. what must you do? a. Wire from the paperclip. To make a battery. Wire from the motor. b. 37. glue. c. 31. 10 wires c. Cut it. 212 wires 38. Connect two wires to the motor. Taken from How Does It Work?. 3 wires d. 111 wires b. Cut it into pieces. d. c. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. tires. Eat some food. c. 32. To compose a letter. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. d. Push it. Scissors. 34. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. b. To start a fan. 39. Connect two wires to the motor. d. 2001 Choose either a. glue. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Connect it. d. d. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. To make an electric fan. d. b. b. 3 wires. b. The thick block . Glue it. Pillow. 33. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. Tape it with the motor. Let it ow. Connect it to the motor. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Glue it to the scissors. b. b. Wire from the block of wood. b. sticky tape . 35. Connect the battery and switch. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. c. Sticky tape. b. d. b. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. tape. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. c. or d for the correct answer.4. To make an electric fan. c.
Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 4. 2. He (lose) his books. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX .Now. 6. do the following instructions. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 3. What is a report text? 9. Answer the following questions. 5. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. 1. 8. 7. 10.
leeds.Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.ac.german.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
but he ignored it. Full with meat in his stomach. b. 5. 6. Yes. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. he did. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. pleased c. 4. The dog stayed hungry. Check this out. b. c. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX .1. he did. displeased b. b. c. The dog got nothing. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. The dog looked down into the river water. 3. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Did the dog realise it? a. Full with hunger. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. Re ection of himself. he didn’t. Yes. The dog saw another dog. What was the other dog in the river? a. 2. b. a. The dog ran off. The dog left the river. No. Full of greed. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. c. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. c. b. c.
So the Sea go along. then they climbed up into the sky.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice.). etc. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. 1990 A long time ago. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. Surprisingly. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. where they have remain ever since. especially in the word “jumped”.g.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . with the sh and all the members of his family. Check their facial expressions. luckily enough. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. they invite the Sea to visit them. funnily enough. One day. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. the water begin to rise. telling interesting news: surprisingly. (Say it rst with low intonation then high.
a. We heard Near the park. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. 2. Last Sunday. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. the water began to rise. a. And were great friends of the Sea. seemed b. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. Surprisingly. a. A married couple who lived. asked for Answer b. a dirty. he was just a 7 kid. Gosh. the library together. started 5. stayed b. Dear diary. poor boy came out from the bush. nice/close friends 4. They invited the Sea. Santi and I 1 going to the town . But then. continued b. a. Example: 1. a. Now. conquered 3. Where they have remained ever since. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. He 6 for a money to buy some food. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary.Practice 12 Now. big/huge friends b. So. we gave him some money. neglected for b. That was a very 8 experience. In addition. us. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . He said thanks and went away.
2. I can’t believe it. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. • I believed that news is really interest you much. /ɔ:/: o (long). • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. express monologue in the narrative form. Then. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 . Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. After learning the lesson in this section.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. /ɔ:/. /ʊ/. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. 1. Sir/ Ma’am. Sir?Ma’am.
Now.00 promotion. that the factory outlets are cool. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. 3. 1. 5. we don’t have to go down town anymore. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. causing widespread damage. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. So. 6. There will be a library near our home. I’ll do shopping then. it’s so exciting. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. Last week. : but. 2.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. 4. 3. 2. Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition.000. 5. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. Then practise with your partner. 4. 1. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. Yeah. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10.
2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. 2. Soon he had found a feather. Collin collected a crumb. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. a pin and a needle. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia. a paper clip. how small these things are. a pen nib. “It’s huge. “It makes me feel so very small. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. a pea.” chuckled Collin. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. 3.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. a peanut. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. “Funnily enough. 1.” Collin said. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. a button and a berry. a shell and a petal.
g. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. 5. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. j. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . greatly Practice 11 Now. 6. covering of eggs. f.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). 6. b. h. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. nuts. 9. k. No. 3. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. and some animals look long and steadily very large. 4. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. 10. 2. c. 11. 7. 1. 3. Role play With your friend. e. 1. 8. 4. B coloured leaf. i. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. Some questions will help you. d. 7. 2. 5.
Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. 1. 3. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. How nice it is! b. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. What a big plane it is! c. Father told me that it was also comfortable. 4. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. 2. 5. identify the structure of narrative text. pronunciation and pause. After learning the lesson in this section. develop your own story and share it to the class. that’s right. a. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. 2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . identify the structure of narrative text. How expensive it is! d. 2005 Reading In this section.1. 4. read narrative text correctly. 3. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris.
Pay attention to the pronunciation. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. punctuation and pauses. 3. as well as novels. f.A. and short stories for grown-ups. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. h. and his stuffed animals. The King. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Christopher Robin.1956) was an English author. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. 5. These stories were based on Milne’s son. b.A. plays. 8. 7. long ago. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. e. was a wise man. 6. 2. called Princess Teja Nirmala. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. d. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. He had an only daughter. No. Milne (1882 . there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. 2006 Long. named Sang Prabu. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. g.Practice 2 Before you read the text. 1. 4.
named Raden Begawan had won the competition. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. b. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. f. Unfortunately. 5. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. The fairy could not accept this. 9. e. i. 8. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. so she killed Raden Begawan. 2. g. 3. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. When Sang Prabu was searching. d. important things must die. Prince of Blambangan. the wicked fairy. 7. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . 1. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. j.After that. k. No. she was very sad. h. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. B mix subject. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. 6. 4. 10. c.
Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. 8. Her father’s name. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. 6. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. The story may be funny.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. Example : Now. The wicked fairy. The death of Raden Begawan. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. sad or horror. magazine. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. Then tell it to your class. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. 7. 2. His name was Opie. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. The princess went to Kahyangan. newspaper or the internet. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. 5. 1. Sang Prabu. 3. The prince of Blambangan. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work.
One day he had eaten too much. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. So. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. He was satis ed with the meal. he fell asleep in the hole. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. Pay attention to the punctuation. After they fed Kbo Iwo. In his hunger. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. pronunciation and pause. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. a destroyer as well as a creator. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. he began to dig a deep hole. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. It made the Balinese turn to rage.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur.
rage 7. 4. harvest 6. oppose 8. stupidity 9. line 4) it (paragraph 3. barns 5. 3. 8. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. Example: 1. 3. line 6) it (paragraph 2. line 1) he (paragraph 3. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. line 6) this (paragraph 2. line 6) them (paragraph 3. devour 4. 2. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. well 10. 9.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. 5. he (paragraph 1. 1. 7. line 5) they (paragraph 2. 6. 2. 10. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. 4. 7. 5. 6. 1.
write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. write a narrative text correctly.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. 3. write a diary in the form of imaginary story. 2. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. 4. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. Writing In this section. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. 1. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. After learning the lesson in this section.
Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. where. b. Fortunately. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella danced with the prince. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. But. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. At the ball. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. action verbs • linking words. where. She had to do all the house work. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. They lived happily ever after. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . Text structure is indicated by: • who. They treated her badly. action verbs) (linking words. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. Cinderella was sad.
multiply. To help you create a blog. just click on www. 2002 One sunny day. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. com Read the following story carefully. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. he forgot all about his magnifying glass.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. so straight away all the insects gathered round.. then you should create a blog. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. Furthermore. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. and so they did. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes. Now when the professor left for home. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . The birds had never seen such hideous creatures.
speci c characters. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX .. It 4 like an island. In their 8 steps. object. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. Dear diary.. she was calming me down. Then.. I was 2 in a 3 place. my body was 10 hard. oh my God.. It was my mom. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box. complement of sentences. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. they were approaching me. and as a complement in prepositional phrases.I saw 5 reptiles.. Ouucchh. Last night I met a monster.. They had heads a bit like young cows. A 1 monster. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values. Read the following explanation carefully. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart. middle of nowhere.Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. Suddenly.
night 3. slow 5. 2. touched 11. 1. were had made thought 9. gentle familiar frown 7. smile agitated day 4. with your friend.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. 6. 3. met was damped saw 5. The words in the box may help you. Consult your dictionary if necessary. identify the structure of the text. meet 2. looked 10. said It’s a Great Story 97 . 4. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. 7. foolish 8. 8. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. strange 6. 1.
coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. . speci c characters ..I am certain/not certain.end of the story’s con ict ..who. She had to do all the house work. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information . where. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.You know what! This story is really interesting. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 98 English in Focus for Grade IX . answer the following questions. Generic structure: .De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one.linking words. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one.It's a great legend. . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . action verbs . 3. 1. 2.. They treated her badly. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours.
Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 . Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.frightenstein.
Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . Its 4 located inside the post of ce. He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. I want to . listen to monologue in the form of a report text. or e-mail? Give your reason. 4. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. The words in the box may help you. 5. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. answer the following questions. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. 3. how to show polite expressions. ll in the blank spaces. 2. He works for the Ministry of Education. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. After learning the lesson in this section.Listening In this section. sure. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. In fact. SMS. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. 1.
anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. What happened next? : Then. Send Me a Letter. Herman. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. 1 . I called 5 and they helped me. : So. Wu Fei : All right. Mr Randi. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. : Oh. : I see. Thank you very much for the information. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. : 4 . Please 101 . 3 . Pay attention to your expressions. locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it.Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Nino. How are you? : Hello. The addressee must sign a receipt for it. Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello.
Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. Ma’am. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard.UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Of course b. 1. It’s . 2. Then. I don't know d. I'm in a hurry. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . I'm sure c. Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. 3. please. please. Identify the different of the sounds. a. please? Santo : I can't. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. Santi : It is OK then. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. I will buy it myself. ve and a . . Sir. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It .
Consult your dictionary for the meanings. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. In the US. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . Please 103 . the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. In Spain or Indonesia. the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. 3. If this is unsuccessful. 1. 5. Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. Post of ce clerk : . This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. the missing words. please. Send Me a Letter. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . Then.4. 2. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes.
4. 3.000 b. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. Two. b or c for the right answer. Darajaya FM. 2.000 c. b. What do the ads tell you about? a. Collecting stamps. Four. c.000 When are the ads announced? a. Around 7-8 a. Rp150. Rp155. Rp140.000 c. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. What radio station announces the ads? a.m. 1. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. Rp155. b.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. Rp140. 7.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. Donald and Daisy Duck. Around 7-8 p. c. b. These questions will help you. c. c. Tom and Jerry.m. Rp150. Drawing stamps. 5. 1. 5. 6. c. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. b. Sylvester and Tweety. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. Buying stamps. 3. One. Ramajaya FM. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. 2.m.000 b. b. Around 2-4 p. Trijaya FM.
rhhotels. 3. 5. Source: www. 2. perform monologue in the form of report texts. promote something through an advertisement. speak politely in your daily life.my 1. After learning the lesson in this section. Please 105 . you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter.Speaking In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. promote something through an advertisement. express monologue in the form of report texts. 4.com.
American Express. Ah yes. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. Ah. And your private address. we’re putting you in room 265 and 266. The name’s Anderson. • Would you please . practise it with your friend. Sir? Sure. And nally. Sir. That will be ne . Thank you very much... That’ll be ne. 5-7-1-T.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. You’ve arrived today. Thank you very much for .. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family.. Sir. Sir/Ma’am. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street. Now. • Shall I . Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. Daventry England. How long are you going to stay with us. the 6th March... Then.. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant.... thank you... Could you please . Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you ... Could you please tell me your passport number. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us. Daventry. One moment .. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. Sir. A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. Sir.. May I help you? Yes. And what is your rst name. • • • • All right. • Would you mind ... 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Sir. please.. My name’s Anderson. Sir? Five days. Sir? Morgan. M-O-R-G-A-N.. Mr Anderson. it’s 6 oh 5. All right.. I’m sorry. England. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now.
Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. What is the number of his passport? a. 7. Andrew. d. Fill in hotel cheques. What should he do after making the reservation? a. By American Express. Two. A purchasing manager. Spain. c. d. c. b. In PT Heat Exchangers International. A bungalow. 5-5-7-9-1-T. Make sure that his rooms are ready. 3. 5. b. Pay the hotel. Four. d. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. c. b. How many rooms did he reserve? a. c. d. d. c. By debit card. c. Three d. Where does the dialogue take place? a. c. 2. c. A manager. One. 4. b. What is he? a. b. 5-7-9-7-T. 8. A restaurant. Fill in the registration form. b. Where does he come from? a. What is the name of the guest? a. Morgan Anderson. Bournemouth. England. b. How does he intend to pay? a. Cash. In England. Europe. Anderson Morgan. c. A hotel. 5-7--1-T. Daventry. 1. Send Me a Letter. 6. d. b. A cafe. b. d. By credit. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. . Please 107 .
Room 165. Madam? Caller : Around eight. Then. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. Caller : 10 . Room 266. 11th March. Employee : Hello. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. Room 265. practise it in front of the class. Employee : Thank you. and we close at twelve 4 . Madam. Then. Practice 4 Role play Now. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. Room 166.9. b. 12th March. 6 Employee : For what time. c. d.m. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. 10. What room is he going to stay in? a. answer the questions that follow. the 1 . two. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. Caller : You’re welcome. 10th March. Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. Madam. d. c.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. please. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. b. 13th March. Employee : May I have your 7 please. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. Bye.
2. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.net Send Me a Letter.m. d. 3. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud.m. c.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. 1. Please 109 . make some notes and retell it again using your own words. History of Hotel Source: homepage.eircom. that’s right a. b.
Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. you can use to stay the night. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. 1. 4. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. If you go outside your town. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. 3. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. It’s cheaper than a hotel. 4. In times. 3. people used horses or ships to go to another place. is a place where you can stay. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. 6. 2. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. but by the end of the 18th century.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. It’s better for you to take the South . but usually only for a short time. 2. 5.
5. 8. 9. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. Please 111 . 4. 7.Pronounce It! 1. 10.000. 6. Send Me a Letter.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now. 2. make your own advertisement. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. Then try to promote it to your friend. 3.
What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. 3. 2. 1. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. After learning the lesson in this section. identify certain information and characteristic of report texts.Reading In this section. identify another form of report text. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts.
Whose is it? 4. This my father. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. substance. 2. This is an . 3. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. This is a postage . This is a . is from 8. Send Me a Letter.1. Please 113 . 5. 6.
When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. 3. If your letter. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. 4. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. 5. 2. or package is going overseas. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. postcard. Because they connect each country. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. documents. 1.
The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. be or make slow or late d. A ood in China or India. No. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 4. 1. 7. The mail always goes through. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. 6. place to which something or somebody is going c. All letters. 2. 2. 4. 3. touch with or hold in the hands e. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. 2. 5. 6. Please 115 .New Horizon 1. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. list of planned events. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. Basically. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. 3. an entrance Send Me a Letter. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. times for doing something b. 5. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. to or from (places) across the sea f. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered.
2. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . Compare your work with your friends’. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. 10. I have to go to the to mail some letters.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. 8. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. 3. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. 5. 4. 6. 7. 9. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. He has her as a secretary. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood.
Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. Send Me a Letter. To save time. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. So. hotels spring up near airports. As the pace of jet travel grows. Hotels Source: www. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. if you plan to go on vacation soon. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. First. the internet. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. and magazines. Second. you can click www. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit. iloveblue.com to look for the latest info about places of interest.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. Once the plane lands. the hotel is only minutes away. Read the text and answer the questions that follow. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. Please 117 . brochures.royalhoteliow. Travel is usually safe and pleasant.co. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers.
they (paragraph 1) b. b. What do the following words refer to? a.. 8. What does spring up mean? a.. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. Keep from injury.. distance d. Cancel. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. 5. Remain alive. 3. Arrive. c. 4. Go bankrupt.. d. 2. depth c. Coffee. Luxurious hotels.. Tempat istirahat. Losmen. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. Penginapan. d. 7. Continue to live. butter. A public house where travellers may eat. Bread. d. b. What does save mean? a. d. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. milk. jam. b.. Jump. dinner. hotels spring up near airports. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. b. b. Appear. 6. c.. and sleep. c. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . time b.. except one. Once the plane lands. Retreat.. d. tea. or d for the right answer.. c. b. Manusia.. d. . Penempatan. Continue to exist. various personal services for the public. Set free from sin. Downtown hotels.. b. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. b.. b. Leap. when their ights are delayed. there (paragraph 1) c. b. drink. c.. 9. What is meant by meals? a. Umum. Some travellers stay at airport inns . c. soup. Minutes away means a very short space of .. 4. What is an inn? a. length 2. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. Postpone. What does delay mean? a. Which one is it?) a. c. c. 3. d. c. c. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . Small hotels. Avoid loss of time. Keep for future use. . Orang. business executives often . a. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. To save time. As the pace of jet travel grows. Read the text once again and choose either a. Rice. Big hotels. d.1. porridge.. d. Perorangan. lunch. 10. the hotel is only 10 minutes away. Bring. Breakfast.
• ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. you can’t. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. we may still catch the bus. past or future.” b. a. 3. 1. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. Then answer the following questions. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites. you can.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. Then. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. food. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites.” (Not: could) b. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. you may. ‘might’ can refer to either present. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. 6. 5. 2. 3. 1. 2. He wants a . Identify the general classi cation of the text. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. c. 7. 4. to and . Please 119 . Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. write down the messages in the following form.
(with more practice/when I knew her).Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. 4. Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 2. You can drive a car when you are 17. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. write a letter correctly. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). (this afternoon/when he was young). He can play chess. She can cook very well. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. write a letter. Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). write report text based on graphic. 3. 1. You could drive a car after you got your license. After learning the lesson in this section. He can leave it here. You say: 1. Writing In this section. 5.
also however.Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. therefore. Send Me a Letter. thus. in addition more over.. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors.. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. 1. The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate. 3.. 4. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. but in city B the occupation rate is . Please 121 . besides. 2. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate.
122 English in Focus for Grade IX . Phone (0293) 65095. Diponegoro Ungaran. 2. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. Phone (0293) 64114. Puri Asri** Jln. 5. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. 4. Sudirman 68. 2. Yani 4. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. A. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. City* Jln.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. 4. 5. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. Phone (024) 921334. 7. Phone (0298) 91501. Phone (0298) 91154. Borobudur* Jln. Semarang Regency 1. Phone (0293) 64502. 5. Phone (024) 91485. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. Kenteng Bandungan. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. Trio** Jln. Magelang Municipality 1. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. Daha 23. Amanda Cottage* Jln. 1. 4. we can go to the Sarimaryn. 3. 3. Phone (0298) 91449. Cempaka 9. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. Jend. Yani 492. A. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. Phone (0293) 64481. Phone (0293) 63347. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. 3. 6. 2.
Please 123 . Post code and telephone number come last. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. and town. Then. followed by the month and year. 1. 3. Put the date directly under the address. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. 2. Put your own address at the top on the right. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter.. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. Begin with day. Begin the letter (Dear.. street. Hopkins. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules.) on the left.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. J. In informal letters. Dear Miss Laney. A. Say you can bring them with you later. Then. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956.4. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes. 6. see you or love.g. After ‘Dear.. put a comma or nothing at all. The following clues will help you.’. 7. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). yours. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). On 26 August 2008.. study the following form of letter. A. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. 5. Practice 9 Now. 1. Informal letters may nish. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. Forbes. for example. 3. Forbes.
You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life. Please 125 .com and search for a friend to send your letter to. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. put it in the envelope. After writing the letter. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. Send Me a Letter. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8. Why don’t you click www. Then post the letter. Write down the addressee of the letter completely.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you.penfriend. Make sure your friend receives the letter.
Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner . 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.Would you mind . environment. 2.. and its classi cation.. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. . I can run to school.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject.. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. I help you . 126 English in Focus for Grade IX .Description of the subject. answer the following questions. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. .. Amrizal had slept for ten hours.. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. just the way it is. information. 3. The subject includes natural things. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'. 1. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. or human matters..May. May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow. What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. social matters.. She believed she could y.. Generic structure: . Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something.. Description of a general classi cation.
have done d. May. How are you? b. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. a. How are you? I’m doing good here. because it was only a 3 visit. 6. a. b. a. Do you want to order? Susan 1. a. Let me d. Waiter : Good afternoon. a. It was a very hot day. giving interesting news 8. Miss Aura : Yes. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . d. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. I also visited Nagoya. Text 1 Dear Lula. 2. responding to happiness c. agreement d. uncertainty c. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. a. b. Then. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. responding to interesting news d. pleasure b. a. He thanked her for what she (do). had do b. b. 7. The italicised words show . 4. I help you? c. certainty b. 3. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. 5. happiness c. b. That’s enough for now. Because my parents asked me to go with them. please. go as soon as they have nished. OK. a. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . b. Love. have do c. Let she b. a. Is there anything I can do. a. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. had done 12. responding to pleasure b. Then. Don’t forget to write me soon. we 5 our journey to the hotel. giving interesting news d. b. a. I only stayed for one night.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. giving information 11. Lula. Miss. Let us c. Let them 9. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. asking for information 10. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. Batam Centre and Galang Island.
I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. Sir b. Then. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. Sir d. Yes. Fire! I yelled aloud. it was a horrible dream. Could I ask you some questions? . 14 years c. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. b. Rarely means a. the remen had stopped the spread of re. Then. b.. Stops any illegal logging. All right. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. graf ting. on a dark cold night. c. Sir c. Have a nice holiday. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. It happened three years ago. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading. . Certainly. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. d. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. I’m. All the answers are correct. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. Then. 15 years d. He has been working there for ... A policeman. From other planes came men with parachutes. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. or d for the correct answer. Finally. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. What is a forest ranger? a. I love it. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. A forest scientist. Yes. What does a forest ranger do? a. A police of cer. d. Yes. Choose either a. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. Working as fast as they could. 16. I am always be careful. I was so worried.. you couldn’t. 16 years b. A porter will carry your lugage. In my duties. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. a great re sparking. A forest guard. Watches from a tower in the forest. 15. c. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. almost never b. you can. Yes. in six hours. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. : Thank you very much. d. I could lose my life. and camping in illegal places. 15 years d. Please. Oh my God.13. No. Sir 14. Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a.. a. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. People in yellow everywhere. c. Takes care of the forest. In my duty. Since then. 17. 25 years 18. I rarely face great problems. you could. a. b. I rarely face any real . never c. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . problems. c. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. b.
magazines. Other planets. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. d. c. Tiny lamp. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. and merchandise samples. 21. Dry all over d.19. b. jumping d. . Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. c. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. re like a sea c. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. b. Sparking. Valuable dream. Tiny light. c. Aeroplane. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. 22. But there is one wrong statement. Dry inside and outside 23. Narrative. running b. Report. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. c. Dry enough. c. Descriptive. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. Tiny re. b. What is the form of Text 1? a. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. b. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. expanding re d. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. landing c. 26. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. b. c. Now. big re 25. Horrible experience. b. c. What does blaze mean? a. Writing symbols on trees. the postage rates have risen. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . Lighting. Parachutes. One of their better services is the handling of mail. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. They parachute into places . d. Helicopter. c. b. walking 29. Bad experience. Camping in forbidden areas. Fire. Battle. person that sells wood illegally c. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. A raging sea of re means a. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. person that chops down trees illegally b. Illegal logger is a . A half dry. d. Which one is it? a. large re spreading b. Throwing a plastic can. Tiny beam. d. b. Horrible dream. d. Throwing a dead leaf. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. a. 27. 28. 24. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. d. Recount. d. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. person that steals wood d.
b. c or d for the correct answer. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . b. What is the policy about? a. b. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. Valuable income. They handle it foolishly. Single development. Delivering parcels. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. now. Asking people to write many letters. Invaluable income. To be delayed. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. Private rms. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. In developing countries. a. b. 2007 c. 39. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. They don’t deliver mail on time. using pigeons c. d. d. Earning income. b. d. Funding b. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. b. a. To be enlarged. Because it has better service. To be continued. b. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. c. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. 38. 30. c. c. Developing countries. Delivering mail. d. b. 37. c are incorrect. Government. c. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. Why have the postage rates risen? a. 34. using web services d. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. Stricter laws. 35. Delivering money. c are incorrect. c. To be stopped. b. and c are incorrect. However. Industrial countries. Main development. Modern countries. c. c. Choose either a. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. b. c. To provide better service for everyone. d. c. Customers only. d. Better service. a. Initial development. 31. Private carriers. What competes with the post of ce? a. First development. d. d. In your opinion. b. and modernised into new technological developments. 40. 36. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . Great money.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. They handle it carefully. b. d. To provide better services for customers. Parcel businesses. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. a. 33. b. They handle it carelessly. d. 32. postmen driving cars b.
Present Perfect 6. The door (already shut) by Bona. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. The tenses are given. 8. He did. The building (bomb) two months ago. Change the following sentences using may or might. I 10. 9. He can play football. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). B : Yes. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. Present Perfect 5. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. 3. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. 4. Change the words in brackets into the correct form.Change the following sentences using can and could. 7. I did. I can write a short story quickly. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. Sam Spider new shoes. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . 1.
b. It costs money to keep pets. Sulawesi. Taken from UPSR. taking care of a pet c. c. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. Cats. Dogs and Cats. Many geographers divide the more than 13. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. 5.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. Birds. 1. c. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. Which is needed to have a pet? a. The passage is all about . The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. Baby brother. Baby sister. Cats only. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. b. and (3) the Mollucas.000 islands. that costs money. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. or d for the correct answer. Secondly. ask yourself. c. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. b. Which is not true? a. it is better not to get a pet. c. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. 3. Lastly. choosing a pet dog b. if there are small children in the house. Java and Sumatra. 2001 4. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. you have to spend money on pet food. Babies may get bitten by pets. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. playing with brothers and sisters. Dog food. So if you do not have time to take them out. Birds. b. b. You do not need to take care of pets. Firstly. Dogs and Cats. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . d. Dogs. Babies may get scratched by pets. don't get a pet dog. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. d. d. 2. c. after Greenland. a. which is part of New Guinea.000 kilometers. Time and money. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. choosing a pet cat d. d. Dogs only. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet.
the Indonesian geographers. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. In Southwest Asia. Rule a line. The Mollucas lie between . Unfold the slotted card. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. To make the centre tube. b. pencil. Java and New Guinea. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Greenland. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. pencil. sticky tape. Overlap the ends and tape them together. scissors. c. c. 1993 11. ruler. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. d. Sulawesi. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. 5. Paragraph two talks about a. the position of Indonesia 8. Rule a line. c. Where is Indonesia located? a. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. Borneo. d. 2007 6. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 10. New Guinea. What will you need to do the experiment? a. Java. c. a. Ruler. 13. Irian Jaya. d. b. 6. Kalimantan. Taken from Make and Do. an Indonesian territory. b. 12. Final Evaluation 133 . c. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. Lightweight card. Borneo. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Sumatra. Along the equator. Lightweight card. 2. scissors. New Guinea. c. Pencil. c. b. d. Sulawesi. Cut a fringe for the base. Sumatra. b. Cut a fringe for the base. Cut a fringe for the base. sticky tape. sticky tape. b. d. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. Near Mollucas. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. ruler. Sumatra. d. Fold one of the sheets of card. Sulawesi and Borneo. b. The greater Sunda includes a. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. c. 7. Compared to the other regions. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. 4. b. In the Greenland. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. d. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. the greater Sunda islands. 3. ruler. d. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. sticky tape. 1993 9.and New Guinea. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line.
please? . c. c. 2. to the door. beautiful c. It is best to use light things because they . d. children like to make mobiles c. pencil or sharpeners. at both ends of the stick b. means to make a place a. Rani : Hi. a. move easily b. Unfold the slotted card. Narrative. Procedure. agreement d. How do you make the centre tube? a. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. The italicised sentence is showing a. You need strings. 3. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. From the passage. at the centre of the stick c. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. Fold one of the sheets of card. Do the same thing with another stick. You can hang other light things like keys. Report. are of many shapes 19. one b. Take a stick. two c. Ramdan. triangles. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . Overlap the ends and tape them together.14. are colourful d. feathers and sharpeners 17. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . Descriptive. 4. They will move easily when there is some wind. you need at sticks least a. rectangles. b. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. d. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. to keys. To make a simple mobile. we can see that . I didn't catch what you said. Tie a piece of string at its centre. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. clean b. it is easy to make mobiles b. certainty b. four d. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. Taken from UPSR. The string should be tied . three 18. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. How to make it: 1. a. are balanced c. Draw squares. What kind of text is Text 3? a. The word decorate in the rst paragraph . b. Make sure that the stick is balanced. Cut out the shapes. 2000 16. interesting 20. window or ceiling d. colourful d. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. circles. feathers. Anton : Hello. hesitation 22. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. Balance the stick from this string. a. repetition c. 15. Can you repeat again. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. Then.
"That is not true! No body knows everything. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. I can d. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. Yes. Yes. the elder brother. For example. 25. Then he thought to himself. a. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . I know nothing. to King Aruya. opening d. truly! Everybody knows at least something. my answer will be right. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 ." Ombah then said. For example. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. too!" Taken from UPSR. 27. agreement d.' a. a. I can d. Akomi said. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). opening c. I'm sure b. "If we become the King's employees. said. being nished Bob nished at midnight. I know everything. "Your majesty. The italicised word is showing a. I am wise and clever. nish c. buying b. you know your father's name. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. Actually. We will make good laws. let us be your ministers. The correct expression to show hesitation is . there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. Nobody knows nothing. so we postponed the botanical gardens. Yes. 26. I'm quite sure b. I'm not too sure c. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. "That is also a lie. They were ambitious and winning. Really? c.23. a. nishing b. So if I say the opposite. Akomi. working c. 24. a. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles." King Aruya said angrily. admiral c. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. Sorry. We will become very rich. "Your Majesty. All your subjects will be happy. nished d." King Aruya said." They went to see King Aruya. buying b. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. attention b. studying d.
Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. to remain calm during the emergency d. we can see that King Aruya . kept many crocodiles b. Akomi a. because they liked the song b. become ministers c. was afraid b. leave the ship b. Ombah said I know nothing because he . The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. help the King make good laws d. thought that the answer would be right 31. make the King's subjects happy 29. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. a.00 p. a. did not need any ministers d. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re. a.30 p. The two brother's ambition was to . save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . become rich b. had the right answer 32. They waited for rescue ships. a. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. to all crew. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . disliked people who told lies Penang. four hundred and sixty one d. Taken from UPSR. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because .m. did not know how many stars there were d. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. Ombah's hands trembled because he . was thinking hard d. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. a. six hundred and thirty two 34. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. The word evacuate means to . The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. The holiday cruise ship. made him angry c. to show that they were very brave c. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. The re started in the engine room at about 2. use the lifeboats d. wanted to collect money 30. could make good laws c. Sat.m. about two thousand b. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. a. a. From the story. knew everything b.05 a. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. did not tell the truth d. wanted to see the crocodiles c.m. knew nothing c. more than one thousand c. 2000 33. put out the re c.28. Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR.
There are more rooms and we have big garden. I think my father will listen to my mother. Some passengers panicked because . Budi 38. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. a. d. c. Badminton court. Penang Port tugboats d. Royal Malaysian Navy c. they waited for several hours b. badminton b. It has a rock garden. Dina is probaby Budi’s . Rock garden. gratitude b. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. 43. I like the new house. congratulations. The word moved means . for a. Risa. However. c. shifted d. agreement c. From the letter we know that Dina likes . were a. It has a swimming pool.36. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. Mawar no. a. uncle 39. d. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . Marine Police boats b. bought c. June 21. there were not enough life jackets 37. b. Text 7 Bandung. shing c. Irma : Hi. pushed 40. a. younger brother b. telling interesting news d. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. See you soon! Your Sincerely. football d. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. Why does Budi like the new house? a. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. It is bigger with more rooms. Final Evaluation 137 . The italicised phrase is the expression . b. Risa : That’s great. It has a river. Football eld. My father bought a new house. a. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. they were moved to the uppendecks d. jumped b. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. 2008 Jl. 41. Swimming pool. good friend c. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. cousin brother d. I hope that you and your family are doing well. new house 42. there were only sixteen lifeboats c.
made b. can nishing d. 55. a. gratitude d. fall b. forget b. can nish b. making c. a. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. slept d. certainly 46. a. have written b. 57. Sales : Good morning. a. went 51. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. Someone to lock the door. see c. gone b. can be nished He from the stair last night. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. singing d. pleasure b. simphaty c. The italicised sentence is an expression of . made I my work tonight. Play b. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. a. making d. writing d. they did. must see b. is making d. Can you help me? c.44. make b. showing uncertainty c. a. The italicised words express . going d. Joe a doctor today. Bayu : Oh. fell d. Are you sure? d. a. sleeping b. make c. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. forgot d. a. May I help you? b. Sir. can nished c. Rusdi : How awful. a. must d. sang b. I’m so sorry to hear that. showing certainty b. 52. a. go c. sung c. They night. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . 56. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. 54. have forgotten c.m last night. a. wrote c. 53. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. Playing c. falling c. a. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. sleep c. giving compliment d. a. was sleeping 50. Played d. must saw 48. football is my hobby. Really? 45. a. had forgotten 47. was sleeping 49.
Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. Then the entrance will be higher. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 . Make a sentence using might. I well without sleeping pils. slept all day d. The horse was a big animal.' So they found a saw and started cutting. in the sea can be dangerous. slow d. After a few minutes. Their saw was old and not very good. so the work was hard. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. nose for the . 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. (Modal. was very old c. The horse did not like this. worked on the farm b. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. Identify the structure of text 9. 2000 59.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. The horse . 4. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. head c. Then the oor will be lower. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. short 60. 10.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. 'That man's stupid. thin b. a. The farmers told him about the problem. one of them thought of an answer. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. The horse's ears are the problem. (Gerund) 6. You can dig the entrance with a spade. a. 3. 2. when farmers used horses a lot. Then one farmer said to the other. He said. ears d. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. a friend came to see them. The horse was too entrance. feet b. 5. Do the following instructions. It always hurt its a. This was fty years ago. That'll be easier and quicker. After a long time. The friend said. not its feet. can) 9.' The farmers thanked their friend. tall c. 1. and he went away. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance.
2008 Molinsky. T. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . Wardiman. London: Longman. Washington D. London: Longman. Blanchard. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. Allen. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. 1995. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. Hornby. London: Oxford University Press. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. 1982. Rosemary.S. 1991. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. Ready to Write. Kim. 2000. 1987. World Book Team. London: Longman. Chan S. Chicago: World Book. A Basic Writing Text. Carver.M. 2007. Reference Guide to English. Reading Elementary. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. Steven J. Kim. A Beginning Writing Text. Step into Writing.C: CBS College Publishing. Nm. 2000. Vocabulary Builder. Standar Isi.G. 1998. Soars. Artono. The New Book of Knowledge. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. 1993. 2005. London: Oxford University Press. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. Tan Boon. Karen and Christine Root. 1994. Joan. 1994. 2007. and Van Veen. Margaret. Seal. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Living English Structure. 1994. London: Longman. London: Longman. 1987. S. Alice. Scott. Stannard. 2003. Tan Boon. 2005. 1983. UPSR. English in Everyday Life. UPSR. Blundell. Bennet. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. Headway Student’s Book. Liz and John. Blanchard. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.G. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). Bonner. Junior Comprehension 2. London: Longman. L. World Book Team. Kheng. 2006. The Topic Dictionary. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. A. London: Oxford University Press. Alexander.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. Karen and Christine Root. London: Longman. 1998. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 1972. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. Jon. Bernard. 1983. W. Get Ready to Write. 2006. A Conversation Book 2. London: Oxford University Press. Practice and Progress. 2000. London: Longman. Suyenaga. A First Composition Text. Function in English. Word by Word. D'Arcy. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice.
kbrimanila.wordpress. www.wordpress. www.com• 38 5. www. www. Indonesian Heritage. www. www. com• 38 www. wayangsuket.my• 105 3. 2005• 7. 2008• 66 141 .rhhotels.files. Experiments. les.ok• 23 2.leeds. heritage. 2001• 14.com• 52 4.com• 79 3. les. www. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.eircom.id•28 4.recipezaar.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 1990• 79. Make and Do. 20 Chapter 2 1. www. appreciativeorganization. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.co.com• 51 3.frightenstein. 94 4.unj.net• 109 4.indonesianart.2006• 63 8. How Does It Work?. Kamus Visual.id• 79 www.id• 28 www.com• 70 2. www. Visual Arts. Kamus Visual.melayuonline. The World Book Encyclopedia.org. 2007• 70. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. 366 and More Fairy Tales.artcraft. www. UPSR.indonesia.grasindo.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. les.com 7.royalhoteliow. 43 6. Hands on Science.com• 71 2. www. 42.ph• 38 brangwetan. 101 Great Science. 2005• 50.com• 10 7.ac.kbrimanila.net• 49 2. ayiediary.germes-online. www. How Does It Work?. 20 6. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1.rasamalaysia. 2008• 11.ac.co. 71 3. 81. 58 6.org2. The Big Book of Science Projects. homepage.slbn3yogja.blogspot. 136 Chapter 1 1. www.uk• 75 2.wordpress.com• 4 3. 2000• 135. 1993• 133 2. german.co.parkseed. Nature.wordpress• 5 4. 2006• 114 6.go.offshoreradio.com. www.com• 1 2. 2002• 85. CD Image• 54. Nature.com• 99 2.uk• 27 3. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1. 95 Chapter 5 1. 2003• 39. Hands on Science. Publisher Documantation• 113 5. www.ph• 38 www. 18 5. 67 5.banten.
menolak 2. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. tak henti-hentinya. baik sekali. kebiasaan biasa 1. koran/surat kabar) pantai. enak diet. makanan menyelam titik. pesisir konservasi. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . sabuk lagi pula.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. hebat hiburan. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. pesiar adat. tambahan bertiup. oplah (mis. merosot lezat.
ekspansi menjelaskan.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. memelihara 2. belaka mengalikan. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. menyenangkan. kebutuhan namun. menyenangkan. pengembangan. hebat 1. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. terjadi 2. berhati-hati 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . melunasi 2. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1.
95 • Wardiman. 37. 4. 43. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 63. 128. 52. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 114. 8. 103. 101. 129. 95. 89. 56. 102.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 81. 92. 56 • Giving admiration. 103. 7 • Showing hesitation. 35. 42. 72. 59. 58. 7. 34 • The present perfect tense. 55. 83. 31. 11. 117. 20. 61 • The past perfect tense. 71. can and could. Colin. 53. 3 • Asking repetition. 96. 9. 94. 17 • Gerunds. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 85. 24. 78. Anne. 64. 55. 44. 84 • Showing polite manners. 73. 62. 14. 81 • Mckie. 51. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 118. 135. 115. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 16. 82. 18. 127. 127. 53. 5. 39. 132 • Narrative text. 70. 100. 12. 106. 15. Artono 24. 133. 29 • Responding hesitation. 91. 50. 85. 110. 28. 29 • Showing attention. 52. 79 • La Fontaine. 33. 76. 88. 26. 6. 52. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 93 • Special nites may and might. 2. 136. 108 • Showing simpathy. 107. 134. 46. 137 • Report text. 51. 19.
Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. magic. 1 egg. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. hello Mrs Siregar. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. take medicine. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold.. mix the our with a grain of peppers. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. Ria No. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. First. Contemporary art has also developed here. I make it easy and quick. Mrs Hery. pineapple. Then. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. I feel fresh again. I go to sleep. Mom. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. Then. Finally. OK. He sang badly last night. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. jln. garlics and salt. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. don’t think too much. 2. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. by 29 March 2008. Gigi. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. I am going to the market. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. arts. Next.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. when I get up. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. rst. Next. Yurike : Hmm. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. mix it with the pound of the spices. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. Roll the chicken thighs to the our. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. Just keep practising.15. 2. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight.25 kg our. I don’t know why. Mrs Siregar : I see. Ungu. do the same to the remaining soursoup. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. Next month is an examination time! 1. Dad.5 kg. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. pound ginger. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. Instant recipe is much quicker. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. and the night clubs and on 4television. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. keep in the freezer for a half hour..let’s see. Put the slices of papaya. Finally. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. You will sleep really well. 3 cm of ginger. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. cafe. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. 3. After a while prepare 0. First of all. Would you like to come. restaurants. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. one tablespoon of salt. By the way. pour the juice into some glasses. They like it very much. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. one teaspoon full of peppers. 3. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. The boys bands are 6famous today. 3 pieces of garlics. 2. peppers. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. Fira. 4. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. Mr Herman 145 .
nely chopped onion 25 g. 4. I just made it. Then. please. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate.. Bring above mix to the boiling. state your destination to the operator... You must have a mission. She probably used lip synch. Mrs Jhon : Well. 2 teaspoons sugar. Finally. soy sauce. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. Sinyo : 4Well. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. tell me more! Gun : After that.. Dona : Well. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night. gurethings. First. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. Dona : Oh. 2. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. 3. Dial the service number. Well.2Tell me more. I see. Mrs Jhon : First of all. oyster sauce 15 ml. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery. at 7 pm.. sugar 15 ml. Mr Jhon : Oh. sauce. especially when it is dark. This helps drivers to see them clearly. Then. I wish they would come for this charity. And in the end. soy sauce 15 ml. Mix well. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. milk. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. Taste it. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. powder. oil 15 ml. Your character or weapon must be unique. Ah. 4. salt. : That’s too bad. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. 3. well. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Then. 2. Mr Jhon : Ok. 4. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. now it is nished. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. Dona : Wow. 2. 3/4 cup milk. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. he would announce it in one hour. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www. 1 tablespoon baking powder. Add our. hmm. and beef for 1 minute..5. Sabang. Add sugar. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule.. Sinyo : 1 Oh. Mr Burhan said. Thanks for the explanation. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Then. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . pick up the phone. I see. 5. Tio Rani 6. egg. 5. state your name and address to the operator. Gun : See. 3. Imaginary character out t must be original. 2. add and stir oil. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. and vanilla. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 3. Anti : And then. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. Mixture. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. Practice 11 1. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. Then.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. you hang up the phone. I couldn’t say. you need barbecue beef 500 g. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. Sir. sugar. First.. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. 1 egg. onion. I see. You must have a name. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns.
the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. they invited the Sea to visit them. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Believe it or not. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. 1I’m ne. this is the second time I’m reading it. B : Oh. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. Nino : So. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. Loki : Well. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. and so was left with nothing. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. He works for the Ministry of Education. When Pungguk walked. what so special? Tell me more. 10. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. 7. So. I looked very different. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. poor boy came out from the bush. Nino : I see. Gosh. the water began to rise. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. One day. Practice 6 1. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. Mr Randi. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. a dirty. Thank you very much for the information. Funnily enough. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. Tari. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. when I read the story of a Lovely. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. really? I thought that was a sad story. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. with the sh and all the members of his family. Guess what. One day. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. Listening Script 147 . We heard some noises behind the bush. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. then they climbed up into the sky. 9. Unfortunately. Nino. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. ve stamps and a postcard. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. Loki. Lovely Mud. the weather was ne. birds. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 6. With his sword. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. But then. Nino : 4That’s horrible. 8. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. it ended sadly. Those birds were called Pungguk. it changed into living creatures. then. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. some one was 3 following us. In addition . they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. B : Tell me more about it. Fira. 2. 3not very smooth exactly. we gave him some money. he was just a 7 hungry kid. Nino : Oh. Near the park. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. Surprisingly. Surprisingly. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. where they have remained ever since. he killed Pungguk. He said thanks and went away. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. Herman. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. thanks. Then. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. when he was in the water. although they were in love with each other. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Wu Fei : All right. When he was full. A : I laughed out loud. We went 2 in the afternoon . anyway. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. please. and thought that Pungguk stole it. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan.
I also visited Nagoya. Sir. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. It was a very hot day. OK. please. If this is unsuccessful. Now. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. Don’t forget to write me soon. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. because it was only a 3short visit. That’s enough for now. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Wonder woman. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. 4. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. I only stayed for one night. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. Love.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee.000. Ma’am. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. You’ll nd Superman. Spiderman. Tom and Jerry. How are you? I’m doing good here. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. Each series only Rp150. especially for you llatelist freak. Back to Ramajaya FM. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. Heroes series and cartoon series. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. It’s 17421. Batam Centre and Galang Island. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. Then. 3. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are.500. I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. Spongebob and Patrick. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please.2. Lula.
2. 3. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. 4. 9. 4. 7. holes. 4. 8. 2. 3. Let’s make an aquarium (together). grow. 3. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 5. F T F originate famous charm captivate. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. g f e d 5. base nally. 5. 8. 3. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. seed. h 4. 7. 7. 2. 2. 5. 2. Let’s get lunch (together). 1. 6. 5. 4. 2. 1. 6. Let’s keep the water boiling. 2. 7. 9. then. 4. 4. c 3. 3. rst of all. 4.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. 2. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. F F T T T 6. 10. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. 7. 3. dusk record Practice 12 1. press. 8. 5. 6. better. 8. 1. patch next. 3. 3. 3. 4. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. 5. 1. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. 5. 2. 3. water. 9. Let me add some salt. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. 3. clods. 5. 6. g 5. 8. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 2. 5. a 2. 10. 3. 6. 4. 2. now after that. 7. 5. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 1. 4. 10. 4. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. 9. 6. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. 2. 3. 2. 1. 7. down. 5. 4. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 6. gloves. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together).
3. 6. 4. 6. 3. action verbs). 4. 33. 4. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 2. 7. 5. 5. 9. 7. 1. 5. 4. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. with what) • The covering (where. 1. 34. a h c f 2. how. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 20. 2. 10. 3. 39. 18. 3. 2. 9. 6. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. 22. 28. 6. 3. 1. 13. 1. 2. 2. 2. 37. 5. 5. 11. how long. 7. 2. 12. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 17. 6. 8. 7. 4. 7. 3. 4. 6. 2. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 38. 24. 8.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 2. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 5. 7. b c c b 1. 14. 30. 5. 4. 4. 7. 4. 3. 32. e h j k f 6. 3. 27. 29. 36. 4. 15. 5. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. 3. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 8. 40. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 6. 3. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. and the bridle 6. 8. 26. 35. d g i a c 11. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. how many. 10. 23. 10. 19. 21. 8. 10. 9. details. 3. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 3. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. 4. 8. 25. 2. 5. 9. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 4.
7. 7. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 2. 1. 4. 6. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 10. 5. 10. 2. 8. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. 8. 2. 4. 8. 6. 11. 3. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. Speaking Practice 3 1. 3. 2. 7. 5. 2. 10. 3. 3. The water. 4. 3. 4. 1. 4. 9. 5. 4. 7 8. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 5. 8. 10. 9. 1. 7. 6. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 5. 4. 6.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . 3. 1. 7. 6. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 2. 10. 8. Kbo Iwo. 6. 8. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 2. 4. 5 6. 6. 6. 5.000. 9. 5. 2. 3. The Balinese.m. 1. 1. 9. 7. 3. 3. 5. 5. 4. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. 7. 4. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 2. 2. 7. 2. 11. 3. 5. 9. 3. 4.Practice 5 1.
26.Reading Practice 2 1. 7. 31. 38. 10. 9. 10. 36. 21. 25. I can go early if he lets me. 33. 4. 8. 3. b. 20. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 18. 8. b. 5. 40. 32. 55. 7. 56. 7. 5. 13. 19. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 2. 8. He can leave it for an hour. 27. b. 10. 3. 4. 3. 54. 32. 7. 4. She can make her own dresses in a few years. 28. 15. 43. 5. 24. 9. 18. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. Practice 10 1. 8. 45. 4. 2. 12. 1. 42. 2. 2. 28. 24. 6. 2. 29. 2. 23. 14. 1. 6. 7. 57. 6. 30. 10. 39. 11. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 30. 1. a. 35. She can read easily with her new glasses. 5. 5. 48. 2. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 37. 6. 13. a. 60. 17. 3. 9. 34. 16. She can cook well with more practice. We could do this exercise last week. 23. a. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 6. 26. 5. 33. 35. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. 25. We can do this exercise next week. 12. 27. 29. 51. 21. 15. 7. 36. 4. 4. 52. a. 22. a. 3. b. 53. 17. 58. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. b. 5. 50. 4. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 8. 3. 9. 20. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 4. 49. 38. 37. b. 11. 47. 7. 8. 19. 14. 6. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. 6. a. 46. 59. I could go early everyday last summer. a. 44. a. 40. 2. 7. b. 34. b. 6. 3. 3. 22. 39. She could cook well when I knew her. 5.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.