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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008
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digandakan. dalam hal ini.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. dapat diunduh (down load). Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008.Oleh karena itu. dialihmediakan. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Pemerintah. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. dicetak. Namun. Jakarta. Kami berharap. pada tahun 2008. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini.
This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. It aims to build your language. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). Last but not least.e. sociocultural and strategic competence. All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. Bandung. Hopefully. i. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. speaking. July 2008 Writers iv . We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs).Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. listening. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. brings this book forward. support and encouragement. reading and writing. discourse.
2. 16. 3. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. 9. Index helps you nd grammar. 12. and author of each chapter. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. 13. 7. Log On enriches your knowledge. 5. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. 11. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. 15. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. 8. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. 14. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. expressions. 10. 6. v . 4.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters.
......................................................... Writing ......................................................................................................................... • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas .................... Writing ................. Learning Essential ......................................................... Listening ......................................................................... Listening ...................................................................................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster .................. • Studying the structure of a report text ....... Learning Review ......................................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ..................................................... Speaking .......................................................... • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ................................ Reading ..... Reading ........................................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ............. Guide to Read This Book ....................... • Retelling the story in the form of report text ............... • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ....................................... • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text .......................... Learning Review ............................ • Responding to hesitation ............................... Listening ............... • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide .......................................................................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text .......................................................................................................................................................... Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Learning Essential .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Writing a report text ................................................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ............................... Chapter 3 Be Creative! .......... Preface ..... • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure .............................................. Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing .................. • Asking repetition ................................................................... iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi .............................................................................................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ............................................................................................... • Reading aloud procedural texts .................... Speaking ...................................................................................... • Writing your own procedural text ................................................................
.............................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural text ............................................................................................................... • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster .............. Reading ...................................................................................................................... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story .......................................................................................................... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 .......................................... • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary .. • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ................. Learning Review ............................................. Speaking ....................................... Listening ................................................................................................................................. • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ... • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ................................. Listening ...................................................... • Writing narrative texts .................. Learning Essential ........... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form .................. Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ........................................................................................ Reading ..................... • Showing attention and expressions of admiration .................................................................................................................................................... Writing ...................................................................................................... • Telling interesting news or information ................................................................................................................. • Promoting something through an advertisement ....................... Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.................................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ......................................................... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information .... • Using polite expressions to show manner ........................................................ 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii .............................................................................................. Please .......................................... Learning Essential ....................................................................................... • Composing a procedural text ........... • Reading report text .......................................... • Identifying the structure of narrative text ............................. Reading ............................................................... • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ...................... Writing . Speaking ........................... • Reading texts in narrative form ..................................................................................................................................................................................Speaking ....................................... Learning Review ..............................
..........................Writing .......................................................................................................................... 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ............ Index ...................... Photo Credits ....................................................................................................................................................... Learning Review ..... Answer Key ...................................................... Exercise of Chapters 4–5 .......................................................................................................... Glossary ............................... • Writing and sending a letter ............................................ Learning Essential . • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic . Final Evaluation .................................................................................................................................... Listening Script ....................................................... Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.germes-online.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .
Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. After learning the lesson in this section. Then. Try my hints. Thanks so much. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. 2. My white shirt is stained. I’ll try it. 5. 1. put a paper towel under the stain. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. spray the stain with hair spray.Listening In this section. 3. Nur : OK then. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. 4. Nayla. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. First. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. After that. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone.
when I get up. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 .. rst. First. 1. Discuss it with your partner. don’t think too much. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. Next. Then. I take medicine. 2. about it? : : . Finally. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily. Then. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions.. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold.. You will sleep really well. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book.. I feel fresh again. I go to sleep. : : .. I don’t know why.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping.. Listen again to the tape. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken.
ll in the following blank spaces.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then. heritage. 4. 4. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. Then. 2. 1.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. 3. 5. 1. 2. 3.
Ria No.Practice 10 Now. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks. les. 2 3 persons). Jln. 3. 15 Do It This Way! 5 .15. do the same to the remaining f . .wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera.h the juice into some glasses. together all of your friends (max. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. g . the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. by 29 March 2008. ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening. pineapple. red 1. 2. How to make: the b of papaya.
What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue. he. Kesya : Hello.Practice 12 Now. Kesya. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. four– ve glittery beads. 2. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. Finally.. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . show expressions for asking repetition. 2. that’s nice. Hey. After learning the lesson in this section..Then. Look at my new purse. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. I gave my magic nishing touch. rst.. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. 1. Resty : Hello. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. he. he. that’s right. Well. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 3. Choose one of the following topics.. I just added some colourful buttons. Kesya? Kesya : Oh... Resty. I made it myself. 1. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said. make your own announcement.
I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. please? • Sorry. please? • Would you be louder.Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. • Could you repeat again. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. I didn’t catch what you said. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. Do It This Way! 7 . what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. 2. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet.
Come on in. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now.3. 1.” Sasha said. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. and watch its path.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. How are you?” greeted Oky. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. just a moment please. Act it out in front of the class. 3. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. Sasha. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. where have you been? I’m ne. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. 2.”reply Sasha. thanks. hi Oky. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. “Oh. Answer the following questions orally.
three packs of milk biscuits. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. Then. then. Finally. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday.” “Wow. and toothpicks just for accessories. Let’s eat. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. Next.” “Now.” “Yes. It’s nished..what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No. we can start to form it like balls.that’s easy. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. it will be easy to form balls with. stick in the toothpicks for handles. as easy as that. It tastes bitter. so I still have the ingredients. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food..what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. OK.” “Uhm-hm. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. what snack do you prefer?” “OK. Let’s go to the kitchen.” “OK. Do It This Way! 9 . Mmm.“Thanks Sas. Place it in the small cookie paper. sure. I don’t mind.” “OK.” “Yup. Let’s continue. until the mixture becomes hard. since you’re my best pal. I am taking many courses before my nal exams.. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. By the way.” “First of all.. Then.” “Oh.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. just like this. So. make sure it’s not too runny.. We can’t use solid chocolate. stir it. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild. So.?” “After that. I thought it was complicated.. Well... I’ve been so busy lately. Thanks a lot. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. So.
4. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. 2. Compare with other groups’ work. loosen the clothing around your neck. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions. Practice 9 Work in groups. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. 3. 4. Practice 11 Announce it to the class.. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril. a hairpin.. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. 5.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. and more. If your nose continues to bleed. First. call a doctor. Then sit down with your head leaning forward.artcraft.. Now. Source: www. 3. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding.
After learning the lesson in this section. Then. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 . read a procedural text correctly.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. read aloud a procedure correctly. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. 3. Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. 1. 2. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures.
3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. First of all. Nature. procedural texts are part of our daily life. even though we rarely realise it. read a manual on. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . how many. how to turn on a CD player. Example: Place the tank in bright light. spread the gravels over base of the tank. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. Now. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. action verbs). • The frame (commands. • The covering (where. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. Example: water plants. After that. do a simple scienti c experiment. details. but not in direct sunlight. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. Taken from Hands on Science. etc. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. We often use procedural texts. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. how long. Nature. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. Finally. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. how. add a jug full of pond water. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. what type). Next.
1. 4. g. 6. 2. 5. Add to the base of the tank. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. c. You can nd water animals from nearby . 2. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. Fill full of water. No. 4. 1. 1. 2. b. 4. 6. d. 5. You can use to decorate your aquarium. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. 3. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. Use a to lter the water. 3. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. e f. 7. 3. 5.Practice 2 In pairs.
cp. The picture will be saved in a 2 . We can make many forms from a piece of paper. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1. The man wants to take a picture of a bird.blogspot.papercraftworld. Read the following procedure carefully. There you can download free papercraft models. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX . He uses a 1 . Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor.com. When he wants to see the results of the picture. To make a papercraft you can click on www.cp-ij. com or www.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.
Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. 3. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. Turn the monster face around. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder.2. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. 4. 5.
when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). The following clues will help you.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. 1. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. details and tools. 4. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. 4. 3. Correct the false one. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. 2. 6. 7. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. 2. 6. 1. 3. 2. You also need glue for the experiment. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 4. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. 5. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. Connect your third wire to the other screw. 3. 1. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. 5.
5. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. Let’s have a drink. Let the prayers begin. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. This is common in formal and ceremonial language. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else.. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. (formal) Let’s not get angry. wherever they may be.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. 7. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. eg. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. 2. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. Let us pray. 3. Add some salt by yourself. don’t in American English) are very informal. not the speaker or hearer. • In a very informal style.” “Let him be. let’s is often used to mean let me. 6. Ask your friend to cook together. let’s (and let’s. Keep stirring coconut milk. Keep the water boiling. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. “Let’s go for a walk. eg. let’s is used as a short answer. I don’t care. Ask your friend to get lunch together. let’s all get moving. shall we?” “Yes. 4.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. State them orally. OK. (informal) Forms with don’t. 1. Yes.. 8.” • There are two possible negatives. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. let’s. but informal uses are also possible. Let’s see. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight.. Do It This Way! 17 . Let us not despair. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us..
The egg sinks to the bottom.Writing In this section. Then. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX . write a procedural text correctly. Olahraga dan hiburan. astronomers and goverment of cers. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. an egg. How to do it: 1. When you want to tell someone how to do something. second. you should arrange the steps according to time order. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. The most famous one was Imhotep. a large glass. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. We half ll the glass with water. we carefully put the egg in water. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. After learning the lesson in this section. Then. When you write your paragraph. a teaspoon. a dessert spoon and water. using the dessert spoon. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully.
salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. We put the egg in the water again. 4. then surprise a family member. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. it oated on the brine.2. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. but less than the brine. In the second stage. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. so it sank. 3. when clear water was added. We put in the egg again. a magazine. Make dishes from it. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. Do It This Way! 19 . or a recipe book. as it has more density than clear water. the egg was denser than clear water. They will be happy because of your attention. Finally. making the egg sty in the middle. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. 5. helping the egg to oat. Do you know why? In the rst stage. The egg oats. Ask them to taste it.
They will need to be watered regularly. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds.Practice 4 Work in pairs. water your plants well. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. teafr hatt. inlylifa. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. Wearing a pair of sveolg. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. 4. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . ts r fo lla. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. 3. hten. etxn. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. 2.
Compare with other groups. tell the class what you have created. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . write your own procedural text. write them down in your exercise book. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. In groups of three. make a procedural text. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. You are free to choose the topic. Then. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text.5. Nature. Then. Then.
I can't hear you! . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.Goal .The covering 1. .I'm sorry.. I didn't catch what you said.Are you certain? ..Are you sure? Responses for certainty . L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 1. Asking repetition .The frame . • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you. 2. answer the following questions. Let’s have a snack. 22 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. First of all. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions. 3. Next....Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty .I'm quite sure . dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel.. After that. 3. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants.Steps . • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: .Sorry..Materials .I've no doubt about .
indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.
Ungu. and the night clubs and on 4 . in the missing words on the text. 4. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.Listening In this section. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. The boys bands are 6 today. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. 3. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. identify a monologue in the form of report texts. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . While listening. They are played by 3 in dance halls. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. restaurants. The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . 2. understand expressions of hesitation. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. After learning the lesson in this section. 7 held by Maroon Five. Gigi. cafe. 5. 1.
Consult your dictionary for help. 4. Boy bands are not popular today.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. The bands always consist of eight persons. 6. 4. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. 3. 1. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. 1. 3. 5. While listening. 5. 6. 8. Gigi is a boy band. Pop songs come from pop composers only. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . The songs are complex. 3. 4. 2. 2. 2. 7. 5. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. Pronounce It! 1.
4. Practice 8 Now. • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about ... Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12. Then... • I couldn’t really be sure about . Discuss it with your friend.Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs. 3. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure .. 5.. 1.. • There’s surely some doubt about . Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words. study the following explanation carefully.. 7. 2. • I’m not convinced about . What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason. 1..... 9. 8.. Answer the following questions orally.. answer the following questions.. 10.... 11.. Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape.. • I couldn’t say . Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 6.. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about .
2.id or you can use the search engine www.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword. For help click to www. 3. Source: www.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station.co. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much. then complete the following table.offshoreradio. Listen to the art schedule in the radio. 1. sonybmg. Then.google.co. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book. Then make a report about them. then share it to the class. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 .uk No.
www. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation. retell the text in the form of a report. 2. After learning the lesson in this section.. • I’ve no doubt about .banten.. study the following expressions. answer the questions that follow orally..ac. Then. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech.id. • You can be sure about .....unj. such as responding to hesitation correctly. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. Source: www. • .id 1.. 3. • do a monologue in the form of reported text.absolutely positive/certain .go.. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain ...Speaking In this section... Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX .. Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully.
....m. and only to friends.. Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy.(surely) that’s obvious. it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain .. • There can’t be any doubt ... My uncle is sick. Lana.. Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 ... • I’m fairly sure . There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync. • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • . • I don’t think there can be any doubt ...00 p. • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that . I don’t think there can be any doubt about that. (say with a smile. She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5. • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct.. are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now.. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind .. Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully...... (isn’t it?)... • I’m (quite) convinced/that .
Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. 3. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. Young people prefer rock music to pop music. 5. 2. Answer the following questions orally. we have fun. 4. Then. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. 1. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation. 4. act it out. 6. When we dance. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before. Dad. 2. 1.What do you think of the dancers. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. based on the dialogues in Practice 3.
1. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. Listen to her/him carefully. For example.Practice 7 In groups of four. the ballerina exercises to rotate. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . 3. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. Then. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. jumping. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. our body has the potential to be developed. Dancing belongs to rich people. 2. we can create a number of body movements. Basically. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. Dancing is moving the body together with music. And there are many more. has some candles carried by the dancer. lilin dance from West Sumatra. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. 4. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. or topeng dance from Betawi. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. in ballet. Use the expressions that you have learnt. discuss the following statements. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. stretching. With all these physical actions. 1. bending. 3. and turning. 2. For example. Most people dance to have fun. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. uses a mask to perform its dance. usually through long periods of special training.
shower 3. 1. Study the questions rst. 4. Then. Read the following explanation carefully. 2. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. 5. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. shine 2. do the exercise. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 1.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. re 4. 3. 7. pronounce them. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. (Your answer can be the guide). 4. 6. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. Then. 1. 9. 8. 3. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words.
(Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister.4 . a. d. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence.6 .3 c.7 . We avoid meeting him.3 .7 . (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a. (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do. The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure.1 .1 .2 . Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth. 6 . As the subject.2 .much .2 .6 . 3 . 6 .we .clothes .5 .1 .7 . b. UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying .8 .8 d. 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 .2 . “Stop talking!” the man commanded.1 . For this reason it is also called a verbal noun.spend . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg.money .7 .8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. c.5 .4 . The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming.for. the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake. 3 .5 .5 .4 . (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.did not .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun.8 b.2 . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret. Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies.
how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. 10. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. 1. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. 1.” she said. 7. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. 5. know the characteristics of a report text. 2. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. 4. “Neil. thank you for (help) my little brother. Collecting stamps is my hobby. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. She has completed (pack) her bags. 6. Reading In this section. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. 3. 8.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. 9. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. 3. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text.
and its lyrics. Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. 1. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. records of a young singer from Tennessee. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. 5. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. Alan Freed. They understood its beat and sound. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. 3. Rock became a very big business. were heard across the US. Rock mainly became the music of the young. Elvis Presley. After he appeared on nation-wide television. 4.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . 6. 2. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. In 1955. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. 7.
Rock mainly became the big business. a. 3. By the early 1970’s. d. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. Below are some of his actions. b. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. d. 2. Bill Haley and The Comets d. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. in 1955 b. young singer from Tennessee. He appeared on nation-wide television. Rock music vs lm industry. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. The main idea of paragraph two is . Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. c. young singer c. 4. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a.Practice 4 1. c. Popular music. d. He was a young singer from Tennessee. b. Rock music is part of popular music today. 7. Alan Freed. c. b. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . The supporting idea of paragraph two is . Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. Choose either a. c. What is the best title for the text? a. 4. Music. b. His performing style was rock and roll. c. or d based on the text. He was heard across the US. b. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. d. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. Rock music. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. Rock and Roll. Elvis Presley 6. a. 3. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. 1. 5. b. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. All countries. Rock Music. c. Rock became a very big business at that time. Kinds of Music. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. Rock is popular among young people. Music from Time to Time. d.
Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. parades. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject. Appeared means . Almost means . Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. But. 2. 1. and weddings.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. After he appeared on nation-wide television. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas. Discuss it with a friend. such as religious services. People use music for a part of ceremonies. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 .
les. 4. .kbrimanila.kbrimanila. earning more money annually than the lm industry. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend.org2.ph Source: brangwetan.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX . Mainly means Rock became a very big business. Rock mainly became the music of the young.org. les. Source: appreciativeorganization.com Source: www.3. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally. .ph Source: www.wordpress. wordpress.
Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. The architectural elements in some temples for example. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. furniture and household objects. 3. Identify the characteristic of the text. In Cirebon. In Gianyar Bali. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. 4. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. reveal Chinese in uence. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. 2. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century.1. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully.
. h. 6. e.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. 3. have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . i.. Adapted means . A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . NO. c.. 1. Played means . and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng .. 5. 2. 2. b.. Identical means . 10. . .. although not as strong as the Hindu. f. 1.. Use your dictionary if necessary. 8. . Assimilated means . 4. g. 3. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. j. d. 7. Evidenced means 4. 5. Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. Buddhist or Muslim in uence. 9.
Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. Main idea. furniture and household objects. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . A paragraph is developed by three parts. reveal Chinese in uence. we can get the meanings. examples and explanation of main idea. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. Examples are taken from Practice 9. The architectural elements in some temples for example. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. supporting idea and concluding idea. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. In Gianyar Bali.
Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. So. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. it’s not leaving many evidence. supporting and concluding idea.Practice 14 Now. try to nd main idea. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs.
all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. write and produce a report text and its other form. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. However. supporting idea and concluding idea. in their own ways. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist.Writing In this section. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. Islamic. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. Then identify main idea. Chinese. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. and Western.
social matters. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. Copy the table into your exercise book.Note What Is a Report Text? a. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject. environment. 1. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. The purpose of a text: To report something. • Description of the subject. Description of a general classi cation. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. (1) Time 09. just like the way it is. b. and its classi cation.30 a. information. or human matters.m. The subject includes natural things. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX .
00 09.30 07.30 17.00 07.00 09.00 14.00 18.30 18.30 10.30 00.30 11.00 20. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.30 07.30–08.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.30 13.00 11.00 07.30 20. Siang.30–08.00 20.00 09.30 15.00 11.00 12.00 11.00–16.00 15. 4.00 20.30 12.00 07.30 14.00 22.00 19.00 17.00 22.00 15.00–12.45 12.30 13.00 11.30 08.30 11.30 07.Practice 4 1. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.30 17.00 17.30 10.00 14.00 20.00 12.30 16.30 11.30 00.00 15.30 20.00–12.30 08.30–10.00 08.00 18.30 16. 07. 04. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.45 06.00 09.
Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. percussion instruments. The piano. keyboard instruments. The ute. harp. Electric guitars. Then. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. cello. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. They are stringed instruments. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. match them with their names. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. wind instruments. and electronic instruments. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. and guitar are stringed instruments. electronic pianos. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. The violin. synthesizers.
harp b. supporting idea and concluding idea. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . electric guitar f.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. accordion d. castanets g. Present the report in front of the class. main idea. conga e. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. triangle c. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. drum h.
Description of the subject. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. or human matters... Generic structure: . 48 English in Focus for Grade IX . Buddhist or Muslim in uences. information.I'm a hundred percent certain .General classi cation which includes the report’s subject.There's some doubt in my mind that/about . Grammar: Gerunds Examples . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. just the way it is. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. . .. and its classi cation. The subject includes natural things.Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation ..He couldn’t help telling the truth. 2. Responding to hesitation . Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. .. .Working for that lady is a pleasure. 1. social matters. Description of a general classi cation. 3. environment.... answer the following questions.You can be sure about .I could say .
slbn3yogja.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.
3. After learning the lesson in this section. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. : 3 . Finally. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. get the meanings from a poster. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. Then. 2. Dial the service number. state your destination to the operator. Thanks for the explanation.Listening In this section. state your name and address to the operator. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. pick up the phone. Then. : 1 . First. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. : And then. 4. : Then. : 4 . you hang up the phone. answer the following questions rst. 1. 2 . Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do.
I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. now it is nished. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Then. answer the following questions. ll in the missing expressions. Dona : Hey. Then. 4. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Gun. Dona : . 1. Ah. Then.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. ! Gun : After that. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Gun : See. Then.com Be Creative! 51 . 3. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. 2. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Source: www. Dona : .recipezaar.
that’s really brilliant.1. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. Sir/Ma’am. Discuss it with your friends. 2. 3. • Tell me more. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow.. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh.com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX .. Sir/Ma’am.rasamalaysia. Source: www. • Well . What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. Then. lovely! • That’s really fantastic. 3. 2. 1. • If I may say. I see.
Riana has made a . Riana has made some fruit kebabs. First of all. 1. 3. snack c. c. Be Creative! 53 . Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. oh. what’s that? b. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. we can make an Amazon hut. b. Not really. No. Then. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. Angga. After that. . Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. b. woods. I see. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a.” “Oh I see. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. juice b. . a. I see. saw. c.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. choose the place for the house. choose a. Now the house is ready. c. I call this fruit kebab. oh. She wants Angga to taste them. “Hi. Yes. strong ropes.” “Well. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. 2. he does. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. 4. prepare palm leaves. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. it looks so delicious. b. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. Next.
gurethings. You must have a name.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. Your or weapon must be unique. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. 2. Then complete the missing phrases. 4. 1. 3. You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. You must have a . 3. 2. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www.
Finally. put the other piece of bread on top. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. and then? Vita : After that. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. uh. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text.. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. Nely : Uh. Put a slice of butter on each slice. 5. Vita : I made them by myself. 1. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. such as showing attention and admiral expression. 3.Speaking In this section.. Then cut some cheese into slices. 3. 1. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. Fantastic taste. 4. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. Vita : OK. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. 2. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. First. take two slices of bread.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. two centimeters from the top. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Example: For ve minutes. Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments.2. 3. 5. mix and put. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. cut. Adverbials to show when or how. At rst. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. such as then and while. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. such as turn. Be Creative! 59 . Connector to show chronology. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. Later it published new stories. Example: Cut the paper. 2005 4. published from 1731 to 1914. Use action verbs.
A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. No. 3. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. 6. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 8. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. Use your dictionary if necessary. g. 2. 3. 7. 2. 1. f. h.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. condition. 1.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 5. e. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. 4. c.parkseed. d. b. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www.
Steps 1. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. Taken from: www.edu. 6. Place seed tray in warm. Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain .14 days. . Imperatives should be used carefully in English. 3.Don’t slouch. Be Creative! 61 . Press rmly. . poor posture puts a strain on your lower back.au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. imperative. to give rm orders or commands.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 . 2. Imperatives Meanwhile. sunny position (at least 25 degree C).impc. connector and adverbial. 5. Spray water to moisten the seed bed.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. commands and instructions. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. It is one of the three moods of an English verb. the italicised words above are called imperatives. but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. The term used is usually the same as the base form. 7.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. 4. Fill seed tray with soil. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. . .Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles.
Hot and cold water . make poster. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. “All my money (steal)!” he said.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully. 2. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. this is a picture of your.Scissors . They have slept. 1. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : . Look at this magazine. Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. • make and get meaning from poster. He/she/it has slept. After learning the lesson in this section.Small bottle . (has in the third person singular) I have slept. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text. 4. Writing In this section.Paint brush . You have slept. We have slept.Red food colouring . 3.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. You have slept.String . 5. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years.
1. 4. 3. Cut a long piece of string. Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle. Be Creative! 63 . 2. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. Fill the bottle with hot water.
64 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. 6. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it.5. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano. 4. 1. 5. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. 3.
Chop up the tomatoes. Cut the meat into small cubes. purpose of the experiment. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. 2. 4. procedure. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. 1. observations and conclusion. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. rules of the game. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. onions and green peppers into quarters.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. 3. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. method of scoring and the number of players. equipment that you need.
all-science-fairprojects. Then. make a procedural text.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science. help. action verbs. Use your dictionary. connectors. (Those include imperative sentence. materials and subjects. Some clues below will help you. Steps of your procedure.com Study the following pictures carefully. The form of the procedural text. tell the class what you have created. adverbial phrases. 1. 2. Then. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. Nature. try to make some instructions. 3. (games. you can click www. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need. scienceproject.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. recipes. Compare with other groups.com or www.
Be Creative! 67 . comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. popcorn and mineral water. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. 6.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. 2. Premiere Sunday. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. advertise it with an attractive poster. 3. You don’t have to be too fancy. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. 5. 4.
Materials ..The covering 1. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX .Practice 9 Make your own poster.. . After that.Wow.Oh. 3. Place the box in the middle of the rear board. Generic structure: . Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres. Next. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . Take great care with the hammer.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps.Steps . 1.The frame .Tell me more Expressions of admiration .Goal . I see. The theme is free. nail all the pieces together. 3. 2. First of all. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. She has written ve novels in a month. that's marvellous! . answer the following questions.. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box. and draw around it in pencil. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. 2.
Because my parents asked me to go with them. razors 3. This helps drivers to see them clearly. pens b. a. you look cool! b. listen to some expressions and choose your response. Excuse me? a. Let us d. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. 13.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. a. 5. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. Wow! b. certainty b. a bright torch b. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. 8. For numbers 5 to 10. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. Come on c. uncertainty c. black paper d. The italicised word shows . especially when it is dark. a. Let she b. a. I think you should see a doctor soon. scissor b. 14. a sheet of black paper 4. Hello. a. The signal is low. 7. Excuse me. I can’t hear you. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. 9. b. Let me d. Let us c. 10. I’ll do my best. agreement d. Let them have a drink! a. a. b. certainty c. a. hesitation have a look! a. a torch c. Let she b. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. 11. I have no doubt about it. b. sheet b. a. I’m really sorry to hear that. But I can’t hear you. I have no doubt about it. a. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. Can I c. The italicised sentence shows . Hello. razor d. tip pens c. Come on go as soon as they have nished. Give your best try. Excuse me. a sheet c. repetition d. a. May I d. a. scissors c. agreement b. felt-tip pen d. As long as you keep studying. I’m not really sure but. You will need 1. b. Let me b. 2001 6. Wow. felt-tip pens 12. bright d. torch 2. 15. c or d. b. Let he 69 . a. Wow.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
To make a battery. Connect it to the motor. 37. Glue it. d. Connect it. d. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Glue it to the scissors. d. c. Sticky tape. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. b. 36. Belt. glue. d. c. To start a fan. 3 wires d. Wire from the motor. Wire from the paperclip. 3 wires. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. tires. Eat some food.4. glue. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Tape it with the motor. To make an electric fan. tape. b. d. b. a lighter. The thick block . 39. b. 212 wires 38. b. c. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. b. d. b. c. Connect two wires to the motor. 3 wires. 2001 Choose either a. 10 wires c. c. d. 31. b. Scissors. b. What must you do with the wires? a. 32. Go to the bathroom. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. Pillow. 111 wires b. sticky tape . b. To compose a letter. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. or d for the correct answer. Wire from your friend. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. Connect two wires to the motor. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. Cut it. Let it ow. To make an electric fan. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. d. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. d. Two stones. c. 33. c. Taken from How Does It Work?. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. c. Connect the battery and switch. Cut it into pieces. 40. c. what must you do? a. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. c. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. rice. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Wire from the block of wood. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. a battery. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. 34. 35. Push it.
Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. 7. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 2. 3. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. Answer the following questions. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. He (lose) his books. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX . 6. 1. 10. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. 8.Now. What is a report text? 9. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. do the following instructions. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. 4. 5.
german.ac.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .leeds.Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
Yes. b. c. The dog stayed hungry. displeased b. 3. b. Re ection of himself. a. The dog got nothing. he did. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. b. c. he did. b. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Did the dog realise it? a. The dog looked down into the river water. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. c. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Yes. Full of greed. Check this out. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. c. No. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. c. pleased c. but he ignored it.1. The dog saw another dog. 4. Full with meat in his stomach. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. 5. b. 2. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. What was the other dog in the river? a. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. The dog left the river. he didn’t. 6. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. Full with hunger. The dog ran off.
with the sh and all the members of his family.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. 1990 A long time ago. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. where they have remain ever since. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. funnily enough.g. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea.). So the Sea go along. Check their facial expressions. luckily enough. (Say it rst with low intonation then high.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. the water begin to rise. then they climbed up into the sky. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice. Surprisingly. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . especially in the word “jumped”. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. telling interesting news: surprisingly. etc. One day. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. they invite the Sea to visit them.
2. Example: 1. So. He 6 for a money to buy some food. But then. a. asked for Answer b. he was just a 7 kid. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. stayed b. we gave him some money. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. the water began to rise. Last Sunday. seemed b. That was a very 8 experience. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. neglected for b. poor boy came out from the bush. a. the library together. Dear diary. big/huge friends b. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. He said thanks and went away. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . In addition. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. Surprisingly. a. Gosh. a dirty. nice/close friends 4. Santi and I 1 going to the town . Now. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. us. conquered 3. started 5. continued b. Where they have remained ever since.Practice 12 Now. They invited the Sea. We heard Near the park. a. a. A married couple who lived. And were great friends of the Sea.
use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. 2. Sir/ Ma’am. Then. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. /ʊ/. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. 1. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. express monologue in the narrative form. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. After learning the lesson in this section. I can’t believe it. /ɔ:/.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. /ɔ:/: o (long). • I believed that news is really interest you much. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 . • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. Sir?Ma’am. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.
A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. Then practise with your partner. 6. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. 1.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. Last week. 3. So. Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. we don’t have to go down town anymore. 3. : but. I’ll do shopping then. 1. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. it’s so exciting. 2. Now. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities.000. causing widespread damage. 2. 4. Yeah. 4. There will be a library near our home. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh.00 promotion. that the factory outlets are cool. 5. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. 5. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery.
a button and a berry. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day.” chuckled Collin. Soon he had found a feather. a pea. 1. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. a peanut. a shell and a petal. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. how small these things are. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. “Funnily enough. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia. “It’s huge. 3.” Collin said. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. 2. a pen nib. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. a paper clip. Collin collected a crumb. “It makes me feel so very small. a pin and a needle. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia.
b. h. 1. e. 3. Some questions will help you. 7. nuts. 5. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. f. d. c. 3. 2. greatly Practice 11 Now. 4. g. 8. No. k. 9. 6. 6.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. 11. and some animals look long and steadily very large. Role play With your friend. 4. 5. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. 1. j. 7. 2. B coloured leaf. covering of eggs. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. 10. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. i. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX .
After learning the lesson in this section. read narrative text correctly. develop your own story and share it to the class. identify the structure of narrative text. What a big plane it is! c. How nice it is! b. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. 2. 3. 4. Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . 2. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. a. 5. that’s right.1. How expensive it is! d. 1. 4. identify the structure of narrative text. pronunciation and pause. 2005 Reading In this section. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. 3. Father told me that it was also comfortable.
b. h.Practice 2 Before you read the text. 2. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. g. and short stories for grown-ups. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. 3. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.A.A. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. as well as novels. 7. c. punctuation and pauses. He had an only daughter. 2006 Long. and his stuffed animals. The King. Pay attention to the pronunciation. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. 8. 4. named Sang Prabu. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. Milne (1882 .1956) was an English author. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. long ago. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. d. was a wise man. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. f. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. called Princess Teja Nirmala. plays. Christopher Robin. 6. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. These stories were based on Milne’s son. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. e. No. 1.
Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. 5. d. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. b. B mix subject. g. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. i. 6. 3. so she killed Raden Begawan. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. 10. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. When Sang Prabu was searching. she was very sad. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. 8. important things must die. j. k. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. No. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . 2. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. Unfortunately. 4. 1. The fairy could not accept this. the wicked fairy. 7. f.After that. Prince of Blambangan. h. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. e. c. 9.
Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. The wicked fairy. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. 6. The princess went to Kahyangan. The death of Raden Begawan. The prince of Blambangan. Then tell it to your class. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. Sang Prabu. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. magazine. 2. The story may be funny. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. 3. 1. sad or horror. His name was Opie. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. 7. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. Her father’s name. 8. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. Example : Now. newspaper or the internet.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. 4. 5.
They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. he fell asleep in the hole. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. pronunciation and pause. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. He was satis ed with the meal. One day he had eaten too much. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. he began to dig a deep hole. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. So. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . Pay attention to the punctuation. a destroyer as well as a creator. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. In his hunger. After they fed Kbo Iwo. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. It made the Balinese turn to rage.
4. Example: 1. stupidity 9. 10. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . harvest 6. line 4) it (paragraph 3. 1. line 6) it (paragraph 2. line 1) he (paragraph 3. line 5) they (paragraph 2. 7. rage 7. 2. 1. 8. 7. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. devour 4. barns 5. oppose 8. 6. 3. he (paragraph 1. 3. 6. 5. 4. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. line 6) them (paragraph 3. 9. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. well 10. line 6) this (paragraph 2. 5. 2.
• Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. After learning the lesson in this section. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Writing In this section.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. 2. write a diary in the form of imaginary story. 3. 1. 4. write a narrative text correctly.
where.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella danced with the prince. At the ball. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. Text structure is indicated by: • who. Fortunately. action verbs) (linking words. She had to do all the house work. Cinderella was sad. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. action verbs • linking words. They lived happily ever after. b. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. where. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. They treated her badly. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. But. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella.
The birds had never seen such hideous creatures. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. 2002 One sunny day.. so straight away all the insects gathered round. To help you create a blog. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. Furthermore. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. Now when the professor left for home. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. and so they did. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy.multiply. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. just click on www. then you should create a blog. com Read the following story carefully. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . he forgot all about his magnifying glass. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. A blog provides you a free space to create a community.. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again.
Dear diary. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values. my body was 10 hard.. Ouucchh. They had heads a bit like young cows. nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now. speci c characters. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart. In their 8 steps.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. I was 2 in a 3 place. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. Suddenly. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box. A 1 monster.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. It 4 like an island. oh my God. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. It was my mom. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX .. Then. Last night I met a monster.I saw 5 reptiles. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. object. they were approaching me.. complement of sentences.Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words. she was calming me down.. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. Read the following explanation carefully... and as a complement in prepositional phrases. middle of nowhere.
Consult your dictionary if necessary.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. smile agitated day 4. strange 6. were had made thought 9. slow 5. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. night 3. 3. The words in the box may help you. 6. met was damped saw 5. said It’s a Great Story 97 . looked 10. 1. 1. 7. touched 11. gentle familiar frown 7. 4. foolish 8. 8. 2. with your friend. identify the structure of the text. meet 2.
98 English in Focus for Grade IX .. They treated her badly. . She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. where. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . . She had to do all the house work.end of the story’s con ict . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 1.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information .You know what! This story is really interesting. Generic structure: . Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. action verbs .who. speci c characters . 2. answer the following questions. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one.linking words. 3.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours.It's a great legend.De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.I am certain/not certain..coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella.
Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement.frightenstein. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .
After learning the lesson in this section. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. 3. 2. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. He works for the Ministry of Education. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. In fact. ll in the blank spaces. or e-mail? Give your reason. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. answer the following questions. I want to . They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. 4. 1. how to show polite expressions.Listening In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. SMS. Its 4 located inside the post of ce. 5. The words in the box may help you. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. sure. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant.
Herman. Pay attention to your expressions. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Thank you very much for the information. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. : So. : I see. Please 101 . really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Wu Fei : All right. Send Me a Letter. 3 . Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. How are you? : Hello. Mr Randi. The addressee must sign a receipt for it. Discuss the dialogue with your friend.Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. 1 . locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. I called 5 and they helped me. anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. Nino. : 4 . : Oh. What happened next? : Then.
a. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Identify the different of the sounds. Then.UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Ma’am. please. please. Santi : It is OK then. Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. I will buy it myself. ve and a . feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. Of course b. please? Santo : I can't. 1. I'm in a hurry. I don't know d. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . Sir. Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. 2. 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. I'm sure c. It’s . 3. . Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX .
Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers.4. the missing words. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. Please 103 . In the US. please. the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. 3. Then. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. Post of ce clerk : . This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. If this is unsuccessful. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. In Spain or Indonesia. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. 2. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Send Me a Letter. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . 5. 1.
Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. b. 7.000 b. Trijaya FM. 6. What radio station announces the ads? a.m. Around 7-8 a. c. Ramajaya FM. Tom and Jerry. Drawing stamps. Rp155. 2. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. 4. b or c for the right answer. 2. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. 5. Around 7-8 p. 3. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a.000 c. b. 4. One. What do the ads tell you about? a. Four. c. c.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. b. Two. 1. b. 1. Rp140. 5. Donald and Daisy Duck.m. Around 2-4 p.000 b.000 When are the ads announced? a. Buying stamps. Rp150.m. Collecting stamps. Rp155. c. 3.000 c. Rp140. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. b. Darajaya FM. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. Rp150. These questions will help you. Sylvester and Tweety.
Speaking In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely. 2. speak politely in your daily life. After learning the lesson in this section.rhhotels. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter. promote something through an advertisement. promote something through an advertisement. 3. Please 105 . express monologue in the form of report texts.my 1. perform monologue in the form of report texts. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. 4. Source: www. 5.com.
The name’s Anderson. American Express.. 5-7-1-T. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. Now. Then... My name’s Anderson. Sir? Sure.. And what is your rst name. A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street. Sir... • • • • All right. we’re putting you in room 265 and 266. Sir.. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. One moment . • Shall I . Sir. Sir/Ma’am. England. All right.. May I help you? Yes. Mr Anderson.. I’m sorry. it’s 6 oh 5... Daventry England.. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. Sir. Sir? Morgan. How long are you going to stay with us.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. And your private address. thank you. Ah yes.... the 6th March. And nally. Thank you very much for . That’ll be ne. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us. practise it with your friend. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you . • Would you please . 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. Could you please tell me your passport number. • Would you mind . please. That will be ne . I reserved two rooms for my wife and family. Could you please . You’ve arrived today.. Daventry. Thank you very much. Sir? Five days.. Ah... Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant.. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street.. M-O-R-G-A-N. Sir.
Andrew. b. c. Daventry. b. 3. Send Me a Letter. b. A restaurant. c. Pay the hotel. One. A bungalow. d. In England. 7. By debit card. Europe. d. 5-5-7-9-1-T. A purchasing manager. . d. What should he do after making the reservation? a. b. Cash. 4.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. b. 8. c. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. England. c. 5. c. Fill in the registration form. By American Express. In PT Heat Exchangers International. b. What is he? a. d. b. d. Morgan Anderson. 1. b. b. 2. Spain. What is the number of his passport? a. 5-7--1-T. A manager. By credit. d. d. How many rooms did he reserve? a. Please 107 . Four. 6. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. Anderson Morgan. Make sure that his rooms are ready. c. How does he intend to pay? a. Where does the dialogue take place? a. A cafe. Fill in hotel cheques. Bournemouth. Three d. c. c. A hotel. Two. 5-7-9-7-T. What is the name of the guest? a. c. Where does he come from? a.
When is he going to leave the hotel? a. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. and we close at twelve 4 . Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then. 12th March.9. Bye. Room 166. Madam? Caller : Around eight. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. 11th March. d. Room 266. Room 165. 10th March. Employee : Hello. the 1 . practise it in front of the class. Madam.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. Madam. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. Caller : You’re welcome. What room is he going to stay in? a. 13th March. 10. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. d. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. answer the questions that follow. Employee : May I have your 7 please. Then. b. two.m. 6 Employee : For what time. c. Practice 4 Role play Now. Room 265. Caller : 10 . please. c. b. Employee : Thank you. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel.
Please 109 . Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud. History of Hotel Source: homepage. 3. make some notes and retell it again using your own words. b. 1. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p.m.net Send Me a Letter. that’s right a. d.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. 2.eircom. c.m.
2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. 1. 3. 3. 4. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. In times. but usually only for a short time. If you go outside your town. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. people used horses or ships to go to another place. 4. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. 5. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. It’s better for you to take the South . 2. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. you can use to stay the night. is a place where you can stay. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. but by the end of the 18th century.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. 6. It’s cheaper than a hotel. 2. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text.
5. 3. 4. 9. 10. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. 2. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. 7. make your own advertisement.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now.Pronounce It! 1. Please 111 .000. 6. Then try to promote it to your friend. 8. Send Me a Letter.
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally.Reading In this section. 1. 3. 4. After learning the lesson in this section. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts. 2. identify another form of report text. What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. identify certain information and characteristic of report texts. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX .
A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. This is a postage . This my father. Please 113 . My friend Matt gave me a from Australia.1. is from 8. Send Me a Letter. 2. 5. This is a . substance. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7. 6. Whose is it? 4. This is an . 3.
3. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. postcard. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. 5. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. or package is going overseas. If your letter. 2. documents. 4. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. Because they connect each country. 1. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands.
5. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. Basically. 5. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. No. times for doing something b. All letters. an entrance Send Me a Letter. place to which something or somebody is going c. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. 2. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. to or from (places) across the sea f.New Horizon 1. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. 4. touch with or hold in the hands e. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. list of planned events. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The mail always goes through. 2. 1. 6. 3. 6. A ood in China or India. 3. Please 115 . 4. be or make slow or late d. 7. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. 2. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B.
2. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . I have to go to the to mail some letters. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. 4. 9. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. 3. 5. 8. 6. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. He has her as a secretary. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. 10. 7. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. Compare your work with your friends’.
Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. Second.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. So. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. To save time. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. As the pace of jet travel grows.royalhoteliow. the hotel is only minutes away. Send Me a Letter. iloveblue. Please 117 . and magazines. First.co.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. you can click www. the internet. Travel is usually safe and pleasant. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. brochures. Hotels Source: www. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers. Read the text and answer the questions that follow.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. Once the plane lands. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. if you plan to go on vacation soon. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit. hotels spring up near airports.
Small hotels. d. or d for the right answer. c. Continue to live. Rice. c. c. d. Downtown hotels. d. hotels spring up near airports. What does spring up mean? a. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. Some travellers stay at airport inns . What do the following words refer to? a. tea... business executives often . milk. Losmen. Breakfast. What does delay mean? a. b. Keep from injury.. b. Retreat. Keep for future use. depth c. c. 2. Which one is it?) a. b. a.. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . Bread. Arrive.. Continue to exist. b.. Cancel. What does save mean? a. the hotel is only 10 minutes away. c. dinner. b. What is an inn? a. Penempatan. 6. Penginapan. Umum. Orang. Coffee. various personal services for the public. c. Minutes away means a very short space of . c. b. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. Postpone. 5. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct.. b. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. d. c. drink. d. Leap. Go bankrupt. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. What is meant by meals? a. Big hotels. when their ights are delayed. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. As the pace of jet travel grows. time b. Remain alive. 4. 7. 10. Bring. 9.1. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. Once the plane lands. 8. butter. there (paragraph 1) c. Luxurious hotels. and sleep. b. 3. distance d. Avoid loss of time. d.. d. jam. 4. length 2.... d. To save time. Tempat istirahat. c.. Perorangan. . Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . they (paragraph 1) b. c.. d. Read the text once again and choose either a. Manusia.. 3. soup. except one. porridge. . Jump. A public house where travellers may eat. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. Set free from sin. b.. b. lunch.. Appear.
Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at .” b.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. Then answer the following questions. you may. 1. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. 3. a. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. food. write down the messages in the following form. 2. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. Identify the general classi cation of the text. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. 4. ‘might’ can refer to either present. 3. past or future. c. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. to and . He wants a . 7. we may still catch the bus. Please 119 . 1.” (Not: could) b. you can’t. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites. you can. 2. 6. 5. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. Then.
(this afternoon/when he was young). You can drive a car when you are 17. 2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). 3.Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. write report text based on graphic. 1. You say: 1. He can play chess. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). (with more practice/when I knew her). write a letter correctly. Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). Writing In this section. She can cook very well. Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . After learning the lesson in this section. you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. You could drive a car after you got your license. write a letter. He can leave it here. 4. I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). 5. 2.
..Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1.. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. also however. thus. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. therefore. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. 4. besides. 3. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors. The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. but in city B the occupation rate is . 2. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. 1. in addition more over. Send Me a Letter. Please 121 . Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate.
Yani 4. Phone (024) 91485. 4. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. Semarang Regency 1. 5. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. 3. Sudirman 68. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. Borobudur* Jln. Phone (0298) 91501. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. we can go to the Sarimaryn. Cempaka 9. Raya Sumowono Bandungan.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. 4. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. Phone (0298) 91449. Trio** Jln. Yani 492. 4. 2. Phone (024) 921334. City* Jln. Phone (0293) 65095. 2. A. Phone (0298) 91154. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. 1. 7. Magelang Municipality 1. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. Diponegoro Ungaran. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. 3. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. Phone (0293) 64502. Jend. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. 5. Amanda Cottage* Jln. Phone (0293) 64114. Puri Asri** Jln. 6. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. 5. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. Phone (0293) 63347. Daha 23. 2. Phone (0293) 64481. A. 3. Kenteng Bandungan.
. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. Put your own address at the top on the right. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. Post code and telephone number come last.. Then. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. 1. Hopkins. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. and town. street.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. followed by the month and year. Put the date directly under the address. 2. Begin with day. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. 3. Please 123 . Practice 8 Let’s write a letter. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well.) on the left. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. Begin the letter (Dear.
Practice 9 Now. see you or love. A. put a comma or nothing at all. 5. After ‘Dear. 2. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. Forbes. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). study the following form of letter.. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. J. 6. Informal letters may nish.4. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). for example. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . Say you can bring them with you later.. In informal letters. The following clues will help you. Dear Miss Laney. Forbes. A.’. yours. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes.g. 1. 7. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. Then. 3. On 26 August 2008.
Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates.com and search for a friend to send your letter to. After writing the letter. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life.penfriend. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. Why don’t you click www. Make sure your friend receives the letter. Then post the letter. put it in the envelope. Write down the addressee of the letter completely. Send Me a Letter. Please 125 .
What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.. Description of a general classi cation.. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. I help you .Would you mind . Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. and its classi cation.Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner . May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. Generic structure: .May. information. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. 1. 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.... environment. or human matters. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX ... social matters. 3. . 2. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Amrizal had slept for ten hours. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'.. I can run to school. She believed she could y.Description of the subject. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. just the way it is.. . The subject includes natural things. answer the following questions.
a. have done d. asking for information 10. responding to pleasure b. I help you? c. a. giving interesting news d. Waiter : Good afternoon. we 5 our journey to the hotel. a. because it was only a 3 visit. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. Let them 9. Let she b. I only stayed for one night. agreement d. Don’t forget to write me soon. How are you? b. That’s enough for now. 5. The italicised words show . tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . a. 3. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. giving information 11. May. b. 7. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. b. Then. pleasure b. Lula. He thanked her for what she (do). Love. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. happiness c. Text 1 Dear Lula. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. uncertainty c. a. 2. d. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. have do c. Is there anything I can do. Batam Centre and Galang Island. a. go as soon as they have nished. a. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. giving interesting news 8. Do you want to order? Susan 1. b. a. Then. Miss. It was a very hot day. OK. 4. b. Because my parents asked me to go with them. b. please. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. Let us c. responding to happiness c. had done 12. Let me d. b. a. had do b. 6. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . How are you? I’m doing good here. a.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. I also visited Nagoya. Miss Aura : Yes. a. certainty b. responding to interesting news d.
Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. A porter will carry your lugage. d. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. b. In my duties. d. 16. Then. never c. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading. d. and camping in illegal places. All right. Yes.. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. I am always be careful. No. From other planes came men with parachutes. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. Watches from a tower in the forest. Takes care of the forest. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. Please. . came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest.. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. It happened three years ago. you could. Oh my God.. Working as fast as they could. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. 15. Sir b. 17. : Thank you very much.. A forest guard. c. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. I rarely face great problems. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. almost never b. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. I was so worried. on a dark cold night. in six hours. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. a. Rarely means a. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . 14 years c. or d for the correct answer. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. c. you couldn’t. you can. a. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. What does a forest ranger do? a.13. Choose either a. aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. the remen had stopped the spread of re. I’m. Sir 14. Have a nice holiday. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily.. Yes. I rarely face any real . graf ting. A policeman. 25 years 18. People in yellow everywhere. it was a horrible dream. Since then. I love it. c. 15 years d. b. I could lose my life. problems. 16 years b. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. Then. Fire! I yelled aloud. c. All the answers are correct. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. Sir d. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. He has been working there for . A forest scientist. Sir c. Yes. 15 years d. b. b. Finally. A police of cer. Could I ask you some questions? . Then. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. Yes. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. a great re sparking. Certainly. What is a forest ranger? a. In my duty. Stops any illegal logging. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2.
d. Parachutes. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. Throwing a plastic can. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. 21. b. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. b. What is the form of Text 1? a. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. d. c. walking 29. 27. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. Horrible dream. One of their better services is the handling of mail. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. Valuable dream. person that sells wood illegally c. b. c. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. Horrible experience. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. But there is one wrong statement. Lighting. large re spreading b. Descriptive. Which one is it? a. Dry enough. Tiny re. and merchandise samples. b. Report. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. 24. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. c. . magazines. re like a sea c. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Fire. c. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. They parachute into places . Helicopter. a. d. the postage rates have risen. d. Dry all over d. b. Now. Bad experience. Writing symbols on trees. 28. 26. c. expanding re d. person that chops down trees illegally b. Narrative. b. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. landing c. d. Other planets. Camping in forbidden areas. A half dry. A raging sea of re means a. person that steals wood d. c. Tiny lamp. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. Sparking. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. 22. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . Tiny beam. b. Illegal logger is a .19. c. d. c. jumping d. Dry inside and outside 23. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. What does blaze mean? a. big re 25. Recount. Aeroplane. Battle. d. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. Tiny light. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. running b. b. Throwing a dead leaf. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia.
how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. Choose either a. Modern countries. 2007 c. d. Better service. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. Funding b. a. Because it has better service. They handle it carelessly. Developing countries. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. 36. Stricter laws. and c are incorrect. b. now. Main development. Customers only. using pigeons c. 31. b. b. 37. d. However. In your opinion. In developing countries. What competes with the post of ce? a. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . postmen driving cars b. Industrial countries. b. b. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . To be delayed. Delivering mail. c. Earning income. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. Private rms. c. using web services d. c. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. a. Delivering parcels. Single development. To be stopped. They handle it foolishly. Asking people to write many letters. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. 38. To be enlarged. c. Private carriers. Invaluable income. Why have the postage rates risen? a. c. b. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. They handle it carefully. 30. c. b. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. b. 35. c. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. First development. Initial development. b. Delivering money. They don’t deliver mail on time. Valuable income. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. d. d. c are incorrect. d. c. To be continued. Parcel businesses. c or d for the correct answer. c are incorrect. b. d. Government. To provide better services for customers. 33. To provide better service for everyone. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. 32. b. b. d. c.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. d. a. 40. and modernised into new technological developments. What is the policy about? a. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. b. 39. Great money. d. d. a. 34.
He can play football. 9. I did. Change the following sentences using may or might. B : Yes. 4. The tenses are given. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. The door (already shut) by Bona. The building (bomb) two months ago. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. Present Perfect 5. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. He did. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. Present Perfect 6.Change the following sentences using can and could. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. Sam Spider new shoes. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. I can write a short story quickly. 7. Change the words in brackets into the correct form. I 10. 1. 8. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . 3. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week).
000 islands. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. It costs money to keep pets. So if you do not have time to take them out. Baby sister. after Greenland. d. Dogs and Cats.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. playing with brothers and sisters. d. 2001 4.000 kilometers. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. The passage is all about . Time and money. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. Cats. Birds. which is part of New Guinea. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . b. Sulawesi. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. choosing a pet dog b. it is better not to get a pet. You do not need to take care of pets. d. a. d. Dog food. Babies may get scratched by pets. Java and Sumatra. Which is not true? a. c. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. Secondly. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. you have to spend money on pet food. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. Taken from UPSR. Dogs. b. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. c. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. Baby brother. 2. Firstly. Lastly. and (3) the Mollucas. c. taking care of a pet c. c. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. that costs money. Dogs and Cats. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. Babies may get bitten by pets. or d for the correct answer.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. Cats only. Many geographers divide the more than 13. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. Birds. b. choosing a pet cat d. 1. b. c. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. b. ask yourself. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. 3. Which is needed to have a pet? a. if there are small children in the house. Dogs only. 5. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. don't get a pet dog. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it.
b. 10. Overlap the ends and tape them together. New Guinea. 1993 9. Kalimantan. a. Along the equator. sticky tape. Rule a line. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. b. In the Greenland. Taken from Make and Do. Java and New Guinea. Irian Jaya. The greater Sunda includes a. Sulawesi. 13. Cut a fringe for the base. 12. 3. Unfold the slotted card. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. b. 4. 1993 11. c. 6. Lightweight card. sticky tape. an Indonesian territory. Paragraph two talks about a. Compared to the other regions. The Mollucas lie between . sticky tape. d. Ruler. the Indonesian geographers. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. ruler. Rule a line. c. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. pencil. Java. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands.and New Guinea. the position of Indonesia 8. Pencil. Near Mollucas. c. b. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Sulawesi. scissors. Sumatra. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. d. Cut a fringe for the base. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. the greater Sunda islands. 7. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. scissors. In Southwest Asia. c. Fold one of the sheets of card. New Guinea. 2007 6. ruler. Greenland. c. Lightweight card. d. c. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. 2. New Guinea and Sulawesi. c. d. 5. c. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. d. d. ruler. d. b. Sumatra. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. To make the centre tube. b. sticky tape. d. Where is Indonesia located? a. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. b. Overlap the ends and tape them together. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. pencil. Borneo. b. Sumatra. Borneo. Sulawesi and Borneo. Final Evaluation 133 . What will you need to do the experiment? a. Cut a fringe for the base.
Make sure that the stick is balanced. feathers and sharpeners 17. Balance the stick from this string. triangles. it is easy to make mobiles b. How to make it: 1. 2000 16. 2. d. interesting 20. 4. b. are balanced c. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. b. please? . three 18. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. 15. one b. Unfold the slotted card. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . They will move easily when there is some wind. Narrative. Descriptive. Procedure. agreement d. Overlap the ends and tape them together. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. colourful d. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. Then. are colourful d. Take a stick. Report. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. The string should be tied .14. To make a simple mobile. From the passage. to keys. I didn't catch what you said. hesitation 22. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. What kind of text is Text 3? a. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. Can you repeat again. Tie a piece of string at its centre. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. Draw squares. a. You need strings. d. at both ends of the stick b. Rani : Hi. four d. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. two c. It is best to use light things because they . Taken from UPSR. you need at sticks least a. Ramdan. to the door. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. Anton : Hello. children like to make mobiles c. we can see that . at the centre of the stick c. a. You can hang other light things like keys. Cut out the shapes. 3. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. repetition c. pencil or sharpeners. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. means to make a place a. c. are of many shapes 19. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . The word decorate in the rst paragraph . Do the same thing with another stick. The italicised sentence is showing a. feathers. Fold one of the sheets of card. rectangles. clean b. c. beautiful c. How do you make the centre tube? a. a. move easily b. certainty b. window or ceiling d. circles.
My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. "Your majesty. Sorry. being nished Bob nished at midnight. I'm quite sure b. I can d. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah." King Aruya said. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. a. a. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . 26. I know everything. buying b. "If we become the King's employees." They went to see King Aruya. so we postponed the botanical gardens. 24. For example. buying b. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . I'm not too sure c. too!" Taken from UPSR. We will become very rich. The italicised word is showing a. opening d. truly! Everybody knows at least something. studying d. I can d. The correct expression to show hesitation is .23. admiral c. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. "That is not true! No body knows everything. to King Aruya. a. said. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled." Ombah then said. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. agreement d. I know nothing. "That is also a lie. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. Actually. a. Really? c. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. They were ambitious and winning. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. Yes. Akomi said. "Your Majesty. attention b. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. you know your father's name. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). nished d. my answer will be right. 25. the elder brother. Yes. 27. I am wise and clever. Akomi. nishing b. Then he thought to himself. So if I say the opposite. We will make good laws. Nobody knows nothing. All your subjects will be happy. I'm sure b. working c. let us be your ministers. nish c." King Aruya said angrily. Yes.' a. For example. opening c.
All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. disliked people who told lies Penang. Akomi a. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. six hundred and thirty two 34. They waited for rescue ships. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . a.m. did not need any ministers d. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because . a. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. because they liked the song b. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. make the King's subjects happy 29. a. a. made him angry c. help the King make good laws d. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. did not know how many stars there were d. thought that the answer would be right 31. 2000 33. had the right answer 32. become ministers c. There were passengers and crew members on the ship.28. Taken from UPSR. become rich b.00 p. From the story. was thinking hard d. kept many crocodiles b. to show that they were very brave c. Ombah said I know nothing because he . Sat. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. we can see that King Aruya . to all crew. was afraid b. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. did not tell the truth d. four hundred and sixty one d. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. put out the re c. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. use the lifeboats d.05 a. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. a. The word evacuate means to . knew everything b.m. Ombah's hands trembled because he . about two thousand b. to remain calm during the emergency d. wanted to see the crocodiles c. leave the ship b. The re started in the engine room at about 2. wanted to collect money 30. The holiday cruise ship. a. could make good laws c. knew nothing c. a.m.30 p. more than one thousand c. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. The two brother's ambition was to .
It has a rock garden. bought c. Badminton court. they were moved to the uppendecks d. football d. Risa. pushed 40. However. new house 42. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. there were only sixteen lifeboats c. I like the new house. Penang Port tugboats d. Rock garden. Final Evaluation 137 . The italicised phrase is the expression . good friend c. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. Football eld. a. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. Why does Budi like the new house? a. It has a swimming pool.36. The word moved means . badminton b. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. I think my father will listen to my mother. My father bought a new house. shifted d. 43. Some passengers panicked because . a. telling interesting news d. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. there were not enough life jackets 37. agreement c. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. b. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. a. were a. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. congratulations. d. June 21. Swimming pool. younger brother b. they waited for several hours b. jumped b. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. It has a river. Risa : That’s great. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . I hope that you and your family are doing well. There are more rooms and we have big garden. From the letter we know that Dina likes . b. Royal Malaysian Navy c. c. Text 7 Bandung. Budi 38. cousin brother d. It is bigger with more rooms. See you soon! Your Sincerely. c. uncle 39. gratitude b. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. Mawar no. 2008 Jl. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. Marine Police boats b. shing c. Dina is probaby Budi’s . d. Irma : Hi. 41. for a. a. Which of the following would probably be built later? a.
53. can be nished He from the stair last night. Really? 45. 55. gone b. Sales : Good morning. simphaty c. certainly 46. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. fall b. must saw 48. 56. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. go c. showing certainty b. The italicised sentence is an expression of . can nish b. see c. writing d. sang b. 54. had forgotten 47. gratitude d. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. a. Are you sure? d. went 51. Sir. a. I’m so sorry to hear that. forget b. football is my hobby. make b. a. can nishing d. forgot d. a. Someone to lock the door. The italicised words express . they did. Played d. Playing c. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. 57. They night. 52. pleasure b. must see b.m last night. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. making c. was sleeping 49. slept d. falling c. was sleeping 50. is making d. made I my work tonight. a. showing uncertainty c. Rusdi : How awful. Bayu : Oh. have written b. sleeping b. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. a. fell d. make c. a. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . singing d. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. sleep c. a.44. a. a. made b. wrote c. Play b. can nished c. Joe a doctor today. giving compliment d. going d. sung c. Can you help me? c. have forgotten c. making d. a. a. May I help you? b. a. must d. a.
worked on the farm b. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 . nose for the . The horse was a big animal. Then the oor will be lower. You can dig the entrance with a spade. Their saw was old and not very good. It always hurt its a. Make a sentence using might. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. After a long time. He said. After a few minutes. The horse . This was fty years ago. slept all day d. The horse's ears are the problem. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. The horse was too entrance. one of them thought of an answer. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. 'That man's stupid. was very old c. ears d. and he went away. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. The farmers told him about the problem. not its feet. 3. when farmers used horses a lot. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty.' The farmers thanked their friend. 1. The horse did not like this. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. a friend came to see them. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. (Gerund) 6. a. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. slow d. I well without sleeping pils. can) 9. 5. The friend said. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. thin b. in the sea can be dangerous. 4. so the work was hard. Then the entrance will be higher. Do the following instructions. That'll be easier and quicker. 2. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. feet b. 2000 59. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. head c. 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. short 60.' So they found a saw and started cutting.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. Then one farmer said to the other. (Modal. Identify the structure of text 9. 10. tall c. a.
Allen. 2007. Kheng. Wardiman. 1994. Scott. Hornby. A Beginning Writing Text. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX .G. London: Longman. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. 2007. 1987. Function in English. London: Longman. The Topic Dictionary. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. Tan Boon. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. The New Book of Knowledge. 2000. Blundell. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. D'Arcy. London: Longman. 2000. A First Composition Text. A. 2000. UPSR. London: Oxford University Press. Chicago: World Book. Karen and Christine Root. L. Seal. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. Liz and John. London: Oxford University Press. Alexander. 1998. 1987. London: Longman. Tan Boon. Headway Student’s Book. 1983. A Basic Writing Text. London: Oxford University Press. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. Reference Guide to English. Rosemary. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Stannard. Carver. 1998. Step into Writing. London: Longman. 1991.S. 1994. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD.M.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. World Book Team. Ready to Write. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. UPSR. Practice and Progress. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. Living English Structure. Steven J. Word by Word. London: Longman. S. Soars. Margaret. 2003. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. T. Artono. 2006. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. Suyenaga. Karen and Christine Root. Kim. 2006. 1994. Bonner. Alice. Reading Elementary.G. W. Blanchard. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. Bernard. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. 1995. A Conversation Book 2. Vocabulary Builder. 1982. London: Oxford University Press. 1972. Junior Comprehension 2. World Book Team. Kim. Joan. Bennet. Blanchard. Get Ready to Write. 2008 Molinsky. 2005. Washington D. 2005. Nm. 1983. 1993. Standar Isi. Jon.C: CBS College Publishing. London: Longman. and Van Veen. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. London: Longman. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Chan S. English in Everyday Life.
2002• 85.org2. Nature. 2005• 7. Make and Do.id• 28 www. german.ph• 38 brangwetan. UPSR.indonesianart. Kamus Visual.uk• 75 2. www. www. How Does It Work?. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1. www. How Does It Work?. www.rhhotels. 20 6. Visual Arts. 2008• 66 141 .id• 79 www.germes-online. 1993• 133 2.com• 70 2. les.com. Indonesian Heritage.com• 4 3.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1.kbrimanila. Hands on Science. les.recipezaar. www. 20 Chapter 2 1. 94 4. The World Book Encyclopedia. 42.ac. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.wordpress• 5 4. 2003• 39.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. www.org.com 7.grasindo.go.melayuonline. www. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. www.wordpress. 58 6.indonesia.com• 52 4.wordpress. 81.com• 10 7. 101 Great Science.com• 99 2. 2000• 135. www. Publisher Documantation• 113 5. 136 Chapter 1 1.files.my• 105 3.unj.co.banten.com• 79 3. CD Image• 54. Hands on Science. 2007• 70. heritage. les. 43 6.eircom. Experiments. 2006• 114 6. Nature. 366 and More Fairy Tales. homepage.parkseed.co.slbn3yogja.net• 49 2.co. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2001• 14.id•28 4. 1990• 79. www.royalhoteliow.uk• 27 3. 18 5. com• 38 www.blogspot. 95 Chapter 5 1.com• 38 5.com• 71 2. 2008• 11.ok• 23 2. wayangsuket.com• 51 3. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.frightenstein.wordpress. www.2006• 63 8.kbrimanila.ac. 71 3. appreciativeorganization. www.ph• 38 www.leeds. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1.net• 109 4. www. www.rasamalaysia.com• 1 2.artcraft. Kamus Visual. 2005• 50. ayiediary. www. The Big Book of Science Projects. www. 67 5.offshoreradio.
unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . oplah (mis. enak diet.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. koran/surat kabar) pantai. sabuk lagi pula. pesisir konservasi. hebat hiburan. tak henti-hentinya. tambahan bertiup. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. merosot lezat. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. kebiasaan biasa 1. baik sekali. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. makanan menyelam titik. pesiar adat.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. menolak 2.
memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. menyenangkan. belaka mengalikan. terjadi 2.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. pengembangan. menyenangkan. melunasi 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. memelihara 2. hebat 1. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. ekspansi menjelaskan. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . berhati-hati 2. kebutuhan namun. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik.
6. 106. 8. 110. 62. 85. 17 • Gerunds. 11. 16. 93 • Special nites may and might. 63. 95. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 51. 61 • The past perfect tense. 114. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 53. 29 • Responding hesitation. 78. Artono 24. 12. 33. 52. 128. 91. 136. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 3 • Asking repetition. 117. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 73. 102. 14. 82. 118. can and could. 55. 52. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 72. 7. 5. 76. 103. 100. 127. 55. 137 • Report text. 134. 37. 92. 26. 129. 94. Anne. 103. 135. 9. Colin. 84 • Showing polite manners. 70. 81. 2. 89. 81 • Mckie. 127. 107. 44. 46. 79 • La Fontaine. 64. 133. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 83. 85. 71. 88. 53. 20. 4. 24. 18. 56. 39. 35. 19. 56 • Giving admiration. 7 • Showing hesitation. 42.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 34 • The present perfect tense. 50. 52. 15. 132 • Narrative text. 96. 108 • Showing simpathy. 115. 31. 59. 51. 58. 101. 95 • Wardiman. 28. 29 • Showing attention. 43.
3. 2. Would you like to come. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. Put the slices of papaya. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. Gigi. Next. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio.15. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. I am going to the market. do the same to the remaining soursoup. Ria No. I feel fresh again. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. After a while prepare 0. peppers. by 29 March 2008. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. Next. First of all. pineapple. cafe. Mrs Hery. one teaspoon full of peppers. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. He sang badly last night. Mrs Siregar : I see. arts. Yurike : Hmm. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. Dad. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. 4.. 2. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. By the way. I don’t know why. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. Finally. and the night clubs and on 4television. Contemporary art has also developed here. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. OK. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. 2. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. hello Mrs Siregar. mix the our with a grain of peppers. Then. Next month is an examination time! 1. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. garlics and salt. Ungu. Fira. Then. Finally. 3.25 kg our. They like it very much. pour the juice into some glasses. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. The boys bands are 6famous today. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. mix it with the pound of the spices. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. restaurants. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better.. magic. Mom. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. 1 egg. take medicine. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. don’t think too much. Mr Herman 145 . Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. when I get up. You will sleep really well. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. rst. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. 3 pieces of garlics. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that.let’s see. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. Roll the chicken thighs to the our.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. pound ginger. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. Just keep practising. one tablespoon of salt. Instant recipe is much quicker. I go to sleep. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. First. keep in the freezer for a half hour. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max.5 kg. jln. I make it easy and quick. 3 cm of ginger. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java.
Sir.. 4. Sabang. 2.. 2. And in the end. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. Mrs Jhon : Well. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. Sinyo : 1 Oh. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery. First. Your character or weapon must be unique.. well. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. Then. First. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www. milk. Dial the service number. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. I see.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. Mixture. 3/4 cup milk. salt. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. I wish they would come for this charity. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. Dona : Well. nely chopped onion 25 g.. Mr Jhon : Ok. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. Tio Rani 6.. add and stir oil. 2 teaspoons sugar. pick up the phone. You must have a mission. Then. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. especially when it is dark. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. Then. Anti : And then. 4. state your destination to the operator. tell me more! Gun : After that. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. he would announce it in one hour. Well. 4. soy sauce.. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Gun : See. you hang up the phone. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. please. gurethings.. Mr Jhon : Oh. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. state your name and address to the operator. She probably used lip synch. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. You must have a name. Add our. 3. 2. 1 tablespoon baking powder. hmm. oil 15 ml. onion. I couldn’t say. 5. Mrs Jhon : First of all. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. you need barbecue beef 500 g. Add sugar. Sinyo : 4Well. 2. 3. and beef for 1 minute. sugar 15 ml. : That’s too bad. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. and vanilla. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. powder. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Dona : Oh. now it is nished..5. Taste it. Dona : Wow. I see. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. Ah. oyster sauce 15 ml. I just made it. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. Mr Burhan said. at 7 pm. Mix well. Then. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want. 3. sugar. Practice 11 1. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . soy sauce 15 ml. 3. Then. Bring above mix to the boiling. egg. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. Imaginary character out t must be original. 5. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. Finally. This helps drivers to see them clearly. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then.2Tell me more. 1 egg. sauce. Thanks for the explanation. I see.
The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Nino : So. and thought that Pungguk stole it. 3not very smooth exactly. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. the weather was ne. Guess what. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. He works for the Ministry of Education. We went 2 in the afternoon . he was just a 7 hungry kid. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. 6. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. poor boy came out from the bush. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. anyway. B : Tell me more about it. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. it changed into living creatures. Surprisingly. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. Loki : Well. and so was left with nothing. Unfortunately.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. We heard some noises behind the bush. the water began to rise. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. So. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. 8. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. A : I laughed out loud. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. where they have remained ever since. Those birds were called Pungguk. with the sh and all the members of his family. 2. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. Loki. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. 1I’m ne. 7. Surprisingly. he killed Pungguk. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. Believe it or not. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. Tari. ve stamps and a postcard. what so special? Tell me more. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. When he was full. it ended sadly. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. One day. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. Funnily enough. But then. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Then. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. a dirty. Nino. we gave him some money. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. please. One day. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. Practice 6 1. thanks. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. then. Herman. Thank you very much for the information. birds. Fira. Mr Randi. He said thanks and went away. Nino : Oh. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. I looked very different. In addition . this is the second time I’m reading it. Wu Fei : All right. then they climbed up into the sky. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. some one was 3 following us. B : Oh. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. Nino : 4That’s horrible. Nino : I see. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. Listening Script 147 . although they were in love with each other. 10. when he was in the water. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. Gosh. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. they invited the Sea to visit them. When Pungguk walked. really? I thought that was a sad story. Near the park. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. 9. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. Lovely Mud. when I read the story of a Lovely. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. With his sword.
Each series only Rp150. OK. If this is unsuccessful. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. especially for you llatelist freak. Mickey and Minnie Mouse.500. Wonder woman. That’s enough for now.2. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. Ma’am. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. Back to Ramajaya FM. Spiderman. Spongebob and Patrick. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. 3. Batam Centre and Galang Island. Then. Tom and Jerry.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. You’ll nd Superman. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. Love. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. I also visited Nagoya. Sir. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. because it was only a 3short visit.000. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. How are you? I’m doing good here. It’s 17421. Lula. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. Don’t forget to write me soon. please. Heroes series and cartoon series. I only stayed for one night. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. 4. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. It was a very hot day. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. Now. I didn’t forget to go shopping there.
2. 4. 6. 10. Let’s keep the water boiling. 9. 7. 7. 5. 4. a 2. 4. dusk record Practice 12 1. gloves. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 2. 8. 1. down. 3. 5. 4. 1. 10. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 7. seed. 3. 1. 4. Let’s get lunch (together). then. g 5. holes. 2. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. 4. 8. F F T T T 6. 3. 3. 4. 6. 6. 10. 7. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. 5. 2. 3. 3. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 2. 9. 5. 2. 2. 9. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. 4. 7. g f e d 5. 2. 2. 4. 6. 4. patch next. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. 5. 2. 7. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. Let me add some salt. base nally. 7. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. 3. 3. c 3. 5. F T F originate famous charm captivate. 3. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. 5. 5. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 2. 3. h 4. grow. 1. 6. 3. 8. 3. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 2. 1. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. rst of all. better. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. 2. 5. 4. 1. 8. 4. 5. water. now after that.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. press. 9. 6. 6. 8. clods. 5. 3. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. b f d e Answer Key 149 .
2. how many. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 39. 3. 20. 5. 8. 17. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 3. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 38. 3. 1. 2. 34. 29. 7. 4. 13. 5. 10. 5. 5. 4. how. 3. 5. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 1. 3. 3. 33. 4. 15. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. 4. 4. 3. 22. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. d g i a c 11. 8.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 7. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 6. 7. 36. 3. 2. 6. 11. 2. with what) • The covering (where. 10. a h c f 2. 1. 5. 8. 3. 25. 8. 2. 27. 6. 6. 4. 28. 5. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 8. 23. 30. details. 3. 4. 2. how long. 37. 7. 8. 35. 3. 4. 18. 7. 2. 26. 4. 4. 14. 7. 2. 2. 40. 6. 5. 12. 32. 9. 4. 9. 4. b c c b 1. e h j k f 6. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 21. 5. 2. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 24. 6. 9. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. 2. 6. 10. action verbs). 9. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 19. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 7. and the bridle 6. 3. 10. 1. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught.
3. 2. 8.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . 4. 5. 8. 4. 1. 9. 3. 2. 1. 10. 4. 2. 11. 1. 1. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 7. 11. 7. 7 8. 2. 6. 4. 1. 5 6. 5. 9. 5. 3. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 9.000. 6. 4. 2. 5. 10. 4. 7. 7. 7. 5. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 3. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. The Balinese. 5. 3. 2. 9. 6. 3. 6. 2. 10. 2. 3. 6. 5. Speaking Practice 3 1. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6.Practice 5 1. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. 8. 3.m. 9. 6. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 6. Kbo Iwo. 10. 7. The water. 4. 10. 1. 8. 6. 7. 5. 3. 5. 4. 2. 2. 3. 7. 2. 4. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 8. 3. 4. 4. 5. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. 8. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p.
42. 3. 6. 2. 17. 4. 20. 37. 7. 11. 3. 14. 5. 33. We could do this exercise last week. b. 3. 7. 50. 12. 40. b. 4. 33. 8. 4. b. 13. 58. 1.Reading Practice 2 1. 4. 6. 6. 32. 51. 39. 1. 4. a. 5. 7. 5. 15. a. b. She can make her own dresses in a few years. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 2. 22. Practice 10 1. 16. a. 8. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. 21. 44. 24. 2. 9. She could cook well when I knew her. 45. 2. 15. 7. 12. 7. 47. 10. 6. 8. 9. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 5. b. a. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. 19. 10. 36. 3. 43. 29. 6. 30. I could go early everyday last summer. 2. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. 9. 2. 29. 38. 57. 10. 23. 4. a. 8. 3. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 26. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 6. 22. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. 26. 6. b. 5. a. 3. 59. 5. 34. 60. 38. 56. 4. 19. 25. 5. 35. 13. a. He can leave it for an hour. 39. 30. 17. 8. 20. 34. 35. 54. 55. 4. 3. We can do this exercise next week. a. 7. 32. 21. 48. 18. She can read easily with her new glasses. 40. 23. 2. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 6. 7. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 3. b. 53. 31. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. 2. 27. 14. 9. 8. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. 25. I can go early if he lets me. 11. 28. 46. 7. 49. 10. 18. 5. 28. b. 27. 36. 52. 24. She can cook well with more practice. 37.
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