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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008
Diperbanyak oleh ...
Namun. digandakan. dalam hal ini. Kami berharap. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. dapat diunduh (down load). Jakarta. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. dialihmediakan. pada tahun 2008. Pemerintah.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan.Oleh karena itu. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. dicetak. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya.
This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. Hopefully. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). i. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). sociocultural and strategic competence. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. support and encouragement. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. July 2008 Writers iv . The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. discourse. brings this book forward. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English.Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. reading and writing. listening. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills.e. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. Last but not least. speaking. It aims to build your language. All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. Bandung.
Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. 15. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. 5. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. 8. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters. 12. expressions. 16. v . and author of each chapter. 9. 6. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. 10. 2. 14. 4. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. 11. 7. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. Log On enriches your knowledge. 13. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. 3. Index helps you nd grammar. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional.
......................................................................... • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chapter 3 Be Creative! ................................................ • Studying the structure of a report text .............. Learning Essential ........................................................................................... Preface ................................................. Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ..................................................................................................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ...... Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing ....................... Reading .......................................... iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi ...... Listening .................................................................. Guide to Read This Book .............. • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ............................................. • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ....................................................... • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ............................................................................................ • Asking repetition ............... • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts .......................................................................................................... Listening ................... Listening . Speaking ....................................................................................................... Learning Review ....... Reading ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ........................................................................................................... Learning Review ...................................................................................................................................... • Retelling the story in the form of report text .................... • Reading aloud procedural texts ............................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ........................................................... Writing ................. • Writing your own procedural text ......... Learning Essential ................................................... • Responding to hesitation .................................................................... Writing ...................................... • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ...................... • Writing a report text ....................... • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ............................................................................................................................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ........................................................................................................ • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide .................................................... Speaking ................
........ Reading ......................... • Using polite expressions to show manner .................................................................................. Reading ............................................................................................................................................................................. • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text .................................................. Speaking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii ........................................... • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ............................. • Identifying the structure of narrative text ............. • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ............................... Listening ... • Identifying characteristics of procedural text . • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Listening ................................................ • Composing a procedural text .......... • Telling interesting news or information .. • Writing narrative texts ............................................ Writing ................................................................................................................ Learning Essential ...................................... Please ..................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ................................................................................................. • Reading report text ................................ Learning Essential .............................................................................................................. Writing ... Reading ................................. • Reading texts in narrative form ... Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.......... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ........................................................................................................................ Learning Review ............................. Learning Review ................................................................................................................. • Promoting something through an advertisement ........................................................... • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ........... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ............. • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ............................................................ Speaking .............................................. Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ....................Speaking .............. • Showing attention and expressions of admiration .......................... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Writing ................................................................... Glossary ..................................................................................... Bibliography ......................... Listening Script ................................................ Final Evaluation ....................................... • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ..................................................................................................................................... Answer Key ............... Index ......................................... Learning Review ............................................................................. • Writing and sending a letter .............................................................................. Photo Credits ............................................................ Learning Essential ....... 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ............................................................................ Exercise of Chapters 4–5 ...........................
germes-online.Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. put a paper towel under the stain. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. After learning the lesson in this section. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. First. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. Thanks so much. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. Nayla. Nur : OK then. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. 1. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. 3. Then. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. I’ll try it. My white shirt is stained.Listening In this section. spray the stain with hair spray. After that. 5. 2. 4. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. Try my hints.
• Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken.. Next.. Finally.. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily. 2.. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. Then. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. You will sleep really well. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 . write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. : : .. I take medicine. 1. Then. about it? : : . I go to sleep. rst.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. don’t think too much. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. I don’t know why. when I get up. I feel fresh again. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping.. Discuss it with your partner. Listen again to the tape. First. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold.
2. 3.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. Then. 4. ll in the following blank spaces. 2. 4. 3. 5. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. heritage. 1. Then. 1.
How to make: the b of papaya. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks. ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening.h the juice into some glasses. les. pineapple.15. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. 15 Do It This Way! 5 . do the same to the remaining f . the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. 3. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. g . 2.Practice 10 Now. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute. Ria No. 2 3 persons). Jln. by 29 March 2008. red 1. .wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. together all of your friends (max.
Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section.Practice 12 Now. I made it myself. I just added some colourful buttons.. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . that’s right. rst. he. 1. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. 3. Kesya? Kesya : Oh. that’s nice. make your own announcement. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. Finally. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 1... The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said. Well. Resty : Hello. What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. I gave my magic nishing touch. Kesya. Kesya : Hello. he. show expressions for asking repetition. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.. Look at my new purse. Hey... Choose one of the following topics. 2. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. he. After learning the lesson in this section. four– ve glittery beads. Resty. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text.Then. 2.
Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. Do It This Way! 7 . Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. please? • Sorry.Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. • Could you repeat again. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. please? • Would you be louder. I didn’t catch what you said. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. 2. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project.
” Sasha said.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. Act it out in front of the class. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . Answer the following questions orally. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Come on in. 3. Sasha. where have you been? I’m ne. and watch its path.3. How are you?” greeted Oky. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. 1.”reply Sasha. 2. “Oh. hi Oky. thanks. just a moment please.
” “OK. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild.that’s easy. Let’s eat. So. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder. Next.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No.. Let’s continue. Well.. make sure it’s not too runny. So. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday.” “Wow.” “Oh.. It’s nished. stick in the toothpicks for handles. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. So. just like this. I’ve been so busy lately. OK. stir it.” “OK. It tastes bitter. Then. Finally. I thought it was complicated.” “First of all. Let’s go to the kitchen. I am taking many courses before my nal exams.. until the mixture becomes hard. it will be easy to form balls with.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. three packs of milk biscuits. since you’re my best pal.. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. then. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. and toothpicks just for accessories. Do It This Way! 9 . we can start to form it like balls. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. I don’t mind. We can’t use solid chocolate. Mmm. what snack do you prefer?” “OK.. sure.“Thanks Sas. as easy as that. By the way. Then.” “Yes.” “Yup. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah.. Thanks a lot.?” “After that.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. so I still have the ingredients.” “Uhm-hm.” “Now. Place it in the small cookie paper.. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly.
Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions. 4.artcraft. Source: www. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril. and more. Practice 11 Announce it to the class.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then sit down with your head leaning forward. Practice 9 Work in groups. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. a hairpin. 5. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. First. 2. Now. 4. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding.. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. 3. call a doctor.. If your nose continues to bleed. loosen the clothing around your neck. 3.. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. Compare with other groups’ work.
read aloud a procedure correctly. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. 1. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. 3. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 .Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. read a procedural text correctly. 2. Then. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. After learning the lesson in this section.
do a simple scienti c experiment. • The covering (where. Finally. but not in direct sunlight. Nature. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. how long.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. Next. Example: Place the tank in bright light. spread the gravels over base of the tank. how. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. how to turn on a CD player. Taken from Hands on Science. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. First of all. add a jug full of pond water. what type). The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. We often use procedural texts. even though we rarely realise it. Nature. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. • The frame (commands. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . action verbs). how many. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. etc. procedural texts are part of our daily life. Now. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. After that. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. details. Example: water plants. read a manual on. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it.
1. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . 5. You can nd water animals from nearby . jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. b. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. 1. Use a to lter the water. 7. 1. 5. You can use to decorate your aquarium. 2. 3. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 4. e f.Practice 2 In pairs. 6. 2. 5. 4. c. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. 3. No. 4. 6. 2. 3. Fill full of water. Add to the base of the tank. d. g.
Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder. The picture will be saved in a 2 .cp-ij. There you can download free papercraft models.papercraftworld. When he wants to see the results of the picture. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun.com.cp. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor. Read the following procedure carefully.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. He uses a 1 . Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1.blogspot. To make a papercraft you can click on www. The man wants to take a picture of a bird. com or www.
Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . 5. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 3. Turn the monster face around. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose.2. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. 4.
Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. 4. 6. You also need glue for the experiment. 4. 3. 4. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). Connect your third wire to the other screw. Correct the false one. 2. 5. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. 2. 1. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. details and tools. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. 7. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. 5. 6. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. 3. The following clues will help you. 3. 1.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. 2. 5.
let’s all get moving. let’s is used as a short answer. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. Keep stirring coconut milk. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else. (informal) Forms with don’t. 2. eg. eg. Let us pray.. (formal) Let’s not get angry.. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. not the speaker or hearer. Ask your friend to cook together. Do It This Way! 17 . I don’t care.” “Let him be. shall we?” “Yes. Keep the water boiling. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us. let’s is often used to mean let me. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. 8. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. Yes. Let us not despair. • In a very informal style. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. 1. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. State them orally.” • There are two possible negatives. Let’s see. OK.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences.. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. 3. Let the prayers begin. This is common in formal and ceremonial language. 5. Ask your friend to get lunch together.. don’t in American English) are very informal. 7. let’s. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. wherever they may be. but informal uses are also possible. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). Let’s have a drink. “Let’s go for a walk. 6. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. let’s (and let’s. 4. Add some salt by yourself.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker.
we carefully put the egg in water. When you want to tell someone how to do something. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. you should arrange the steps according to time order. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. a large glass. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process.Writing In this section. Olahraga dan hiburan. Then. Then. a teaspoon. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. The most famous one was Imhotep. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. an egg. using the dessert spoon. After learning the lesson in this section. a dessert spoon and water. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. The egg sinks to the bottom. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. How to do it: 1. When you write your paragraph. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX . third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. write a procedural text correctly. We half ll the glass with water. second. astronomers and goverment of cers.
it oated on the brine. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. as it has more density than clear water. In the second stage. or a recipe book. They will be happy because of your attention. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. making the egg sty in the middle. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. the egg was denser than clear water. Do It This Way! 19 . 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. 3. but less than the brine. Finally.2. 4. so it sank. 5. We put the egg in the water again. a magazine. Make dishes from it. then surprise a family member. when clear water was added. The egg oats. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. Do you know why? In the rst stage. We put in the egg again. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. Ask them to taste it. helping the egg to oat.
ts r fo lla. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. 2. They will need to be watered regularly. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. teafr hatt. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. inlylifa. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX .Practice 4 Work in pairs. hten. Wearing a pair of sveolg. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. 3. etxn. water your plants well. 4.
Compare with other groups. tell the class what you have created.5. Then. Then. write your own procedural text. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. Nature. In groups of three. Then. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. make a procedural text. write them down in your exercise book. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. You are free to choose the topic.
The frame .Sorry. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher..I've no doubt about . Next. L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you.Goal . 1.Materials . . I didn't catch what you said. • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: .. Let’s have a snack. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions.The covering 1. 2. answer the following questions. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants.. After that.. dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel. Asking repetition . break up any large clods of earth with a trowel. 3.Are you certain? ..Are you sure? Responses for certainty .I'm quite sure .Steps . 22 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3.I'm sorry.Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty .. First of all.. I can't hear you! . 2.
indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.
Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. and the night clubs and on 4 . in the missing words on the text. 2. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . Ungu. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. 4. cafe. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. 7 held by Maroon Five.Listening In this section. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. identify a monologue in the form of report texts. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . 1. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. The boys bands are 6 today. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. understand expressions of hesitation. While listening. 5. They are played by 3 in dance halls. Gigi. 3. After learning the lesson in this section. restaurants.
3. 1. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. While listening. 6. 2. Boy bands are not popular today. 6. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. Pronounce It! 1.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. Consult your dictionary for help. 2. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. The bands always consist of eight persons. 5. 3. 2. 4. 5. Gigi is a boy band. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . 4. Pop songs come from pop composers only. 8. The songs are complex. 5. 4. 1. 3. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 7.
Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words. 11. 6.. Then. 9. Discuss it with your friend. • I’m not convinced about .. • There’s surely some doubt about . 2. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about . 3. study the following explanation carefully... answer the following questions.... 4. 8. 10. 1. Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX ... 7.... What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure .. • I couldn’t really be sure about . Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape. 2.. Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12.. • I couldn’t say .. Answer the following questions orally.. 5.. • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about .. Practice 8 Now..Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs. 1..
Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much.uk No.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully.co. then share it to the class. sonybmg. Then make a report about them.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword.id or you can use the search engine www. Listen to the art schedule in the radio. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book. Then.co.google. 1. For help click to www. 2. then complete the following table. Source: www. 3.offshoreradio.
. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now... such as responding to hesitation correctly. retell the text in the form of a report.go..banten. www. Then..ac... • do a monologue in the form of reported text. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully.Speaking In this section.. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation. • I’ve no doubt about .id 1. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain . answer the questions that follow orally. Source: www... • . After learning the lesson in this section. 3. • You can be sure about ..id.absolutely positive/certain .unj... study the following expressions. 2. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech..
. There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync.m. • I’m fairly sure . • I don’t think there can be any doubt . are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now.... • There can’t be any doubt .. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind ..(surely) that’s obvious.... • I’m (quite) convinced/that ... it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain .Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • .... She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5. I don’t think there can be any doubt about that. Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 . Lana. • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct...... (say with a smile.. Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully. • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music.. • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that . My uncle is sick... and only to friends.00 p. (isn’t it?). Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy.
30 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. we have fun. 4. act it out. 5. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. 4. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. Dad. Answer the following questions orally. Young people prefer rock music to pop music. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before.What do you think of the dancers. 1. Then. When we dance. 6. 2. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. 3. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. 3. 2. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation.
Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . 2. Dancing is moving the body together with music. bending. jumping.Practice 7 In groups of four. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. has some candles carried by the dancer. With all these physical actions. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. 3. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. 1. Basically. stretching. 2. 3. And there are many more. Listen to her/him carefully. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. our body has the potential to be developed. Dancing belongs to rich people. lilin dance from West Sumatra. For example. Most people dance to have fun. or topeng dance from Betawi. usually through long periods of special training. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. Use the expressions that you have learnt. the ballerina exercises to rotate. For example. in ballet. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. and turning. Then. 4. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. 1. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. uses a mask to perform its dance. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. discuss the following statements. we can create a number of body movements.
Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. pronounce them. Read the following explanation carefully. 1. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. Then. 6. 1. 4. Then. shower 3. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. 2. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. 9. 1. 8. 7. Study the questions rst. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. 2.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. re 4. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. 3. (Your answer can be the guide). do the exercise. 5. shine 2. 3.
4 .3 c.did not . UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying . c. Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies.3 . 3 . We avoid meeting him. For this reason it is also called a verbal noun. the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake. a.2 .5 .money .5 .8 .2 .1 .8 b. (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. 6 .2 .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun. b. (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do.5 .1 .2 .6 . 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 . The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming.7 . d. (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret.clothes .5 . Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth.8 d.much . As the subject.7 .2 .8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris.6 .for. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a.1 .7 . (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.4 .1 . The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure.4 . The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence. 3 . 6 .spend . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg. “Stop talking!” the man commanded.7 .we .
how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. 6. 2. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. 3. Collecting stamps is my hobby. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. 8. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. 10. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. After learning the lesson in this section.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. 1. 3. 1. know the characteristics of a report text. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. 7. 4. She has completed (pack) her bags. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. “Neil. 5.” she said. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. 9. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. thank you for (help) my little brother. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. Reading In this section.
Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. 5. Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. Rock mainly became the music of the young. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. 7. 3. They understood its beat and sound. and its lyrics. 4. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. Rock became a very big business. 2. Elvis Presley. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. records of a young singer from Tennessee. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. 1. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . Alan Freed.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. In 1955. After he appeared on nation-wide television. 6. were heard across the US.
d. c. Popular music. b. 1. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. c. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. a. or d based on the text.Practice 4 1. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. Alan Freed. b. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. 3. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. in 1955 b. young singer c. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. young singer from Tennessee. He was a young singer from Tennessee. By the early 1970’s. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. Elvis Presley 6. Rock music. Rock music is part of popular music today. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . The main idea of paragraph two is . b. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. d. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. 2. He appeared on nation-wide television. c. b. Bill Haley and The Comets d. 4. c. Music from Time to Time. Music. What is the best title for the text? a. d. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. 5. Rock Music. All countries. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. 3. Below are some of his actions. Kinds of Music. 7. Rock music vs lm industry. Rock and Roll. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. Rock is popular among young people. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. a. Rock mainly became the big business. b. c. Choose either a. He was heard across the US. Rock became a very big business at that time. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . c. b. His performing style was rock and roll. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. d. 4. d.
2. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. and weddings. 1. Discuss it with a friend. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. such as religious services. People use music for a part of ceremonies. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. parades. But. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . Appeared means . Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. After he appeared on nation-wide television. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. Almost means .
com Source: www.kbrimanila. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally. wordpress. earning more money annually than the lm industry.3. Rock mainly became the music of the young.ph Source: brangwetan. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend. . Mainly means Rock became a very big business. Source: appreciativeorganization. les. 4.ph Source: www.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX .kbrimanila. .org.wordpress. les.org2.
In Gianyar Bali. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. 2. furniture and household objects. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. In Cirebon. Identify the characteristic of the text. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. 3. The architectural elements in some temples for example. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.1. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. reveal Chinese in uence. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. 4.
2. h. Identical means . and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . 9. i.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. . Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. 4.. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. 3. have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX ... NO.. Adapted means . 10. 2. c. f. e. 7. b. 8. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . although not as strong as the Hindu. A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a.. j.. . It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. 3. Use your dictionary if necessary. Assimilated means . Evidenced means 4. 1. 6.. d. . Buddhist or Muslim in uence. 1. g. 5. 5. Played means .
Let’s Dance and Sing 41 .Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. A paragraph is developed by three parts. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. Examples are taken from Practice 9. In Gianyar Bali. we can get the meanings. furniture and household objects. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Main idea. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. examples and explanation of main idea. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. supporting idea and concluding idea. The architectural elements in some temples for example. reveal Chinese in uence.
Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. it’s not leaving many evidence. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. try to nd main idea. Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. supporting and concluding idea. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. So. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX .Practice 14 Now. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text.
Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. Islamic.Writing In this section. and Western. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. After learning the lesson in this section. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. supporting idea and concluding idea. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. in their own ways. However. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. write and produce a report text and its other form. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. Then identify main idea. all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Chinese.
environment. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. Description of a general classi cation. (1) Time 09. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX .m. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. Copy the table into your exercise book. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject.Note What Is a Report Text? a. The subject includes natural things. and its classi cation. or human matters.30 a. social matters. 1. • Description of the subject. information. just like the way it is. The purpose of a text: To report something. b.
07.00–12.00 15.00 18.00 09.30 18.00 22.00 20.30 08.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.00 20.30 07.00 09.30 14.00 20.45 12. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.30–08.00 15.00 18. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to.00 17.00 12. Siang.00 11. 04.00 12.00 15.00 11.30 15.00 09.00 07. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.30 11.00 11.00 17.30 10.00–12.30 07.00 09.30 20.30 11.00–16.00 07.30 17.30 08.00 07.30 13.00 14.30–08.30 16.30 10. 4.00 20.30 13.00 22.00 11.30–10.30 00.30 11.00 14. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .30 07.45 06.00 19.Practice 4 1.30 00.30 12.00 08.30 17.30 16.30 20.
keyboard instruments. cello. Then. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. electronic pianos. The violin. percussion instruments. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. harp. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. and guitar are stringed instruments. and electronic instruments. The ute. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. The piano. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. synthesizers. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. They are stringed instruments. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. wind instruments. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. Electric guitars. match them with their names. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes.
Present the report in front of the class.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. electric guitar f. castanets g. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . drum h. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. conga e. triangle c. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. accordion d. harp b. main idea. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. supporting idea and concluding idea.
3.I'm a hundred percent certain . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter... Description of a general classi cation. . 48 English in Focus for Grade IX .General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. and its classi cation. Grammar: Gerunds Examples . environment.I could say . 2. . information. The subject includes natural things.. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something.Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation . Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Generic structure: .. .. or human matters. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. 1. Responding to hesitation .Working for that lady is a pleasure.He couldn’t help telling the truth... social matters.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. answer the following questions. just the way it is. .Description of the subject.You can be sure about .There's some doubt in my mind that/about .
slbn3yogja.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.
Then. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. After learning the lesson in this section. get the meanings from a poster. : 3 . 3. 4. Finally. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. state your name and address to the operator. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. : 1 . Thanks for the explanation. 1. First. get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. : And then. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. : 4 . 2 . Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. 2. answer the following questions rst. state your destination to the operator. pick up the phone. you hang up the phone. : Then. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. Dial the service number.Listening In this section. Then.
now it is nished. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Then. Gun : See. Then. Ah. 3. answer the following questions. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Gun. ! Gun : After that. ll in the missing expressions. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Dona : Hey. Then. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. Then. Source: www. Dona : . 4. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions.com Be Creative! 51 . 2. Dona : .recipezaar. 1.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully.
that’s really brilliant. 2. I see. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. lovely! • That’s really fantastic. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. • Tell me more. Discuss it with your friends. 2.1. Then. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. • Well .rasamalaysia.. 3. Source: www. 3. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. Sir/Ma’am. • If I may say. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh..com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Sir/Ma’am. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh.
choose a. No. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. Be Creative! 53 . 2. 3. c. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. She wants Angga to taste them. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. c. Next. oh. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. Riana has made a . woods. . we can make an Amazon hut. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. b. . he does. Angga. juice b. Yes. I call this fruit kebab. After that. it looks so delicious. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. what’s that? b. I see. “Hi. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. 4. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. choose the place for the house. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. saw. a. oh. I see. Now the house is ready. 1. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. b. c.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now.” “Well. Then. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. strong ropes. snack c. prepare palm leaves.” “Oh I see. First of all. b. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. Not really.
com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. gurethings. 1. 1. 3. 2.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. 2. Then complete the missing phrases. You must have a . You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. 4. Your or weapon must be unique. You must have a name. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape.
Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. 2. 3. Vita : I made them by myself. Then cut some cheese into slices.. uh. 1. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. 5. put the other piece of bread on top.Speaking In this section. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . Finally. and then? Vita : After that. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. 4. take two slices of bread. After learning the lesson in this section. 1. such as showing attention and admiral expression. Put a slice of butter on each slice. Vita : OK. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. Fantastic taste. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. First. Nely : Uh.. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. 2. 3.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 3. two centimeters from the top. Later it published new stories. published from 1731 to 1914. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. Example: Cut the paper. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. mix and put. Adverbials to show when or how. 5. Example: For ve minutes. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. cut. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. Use action verbs.2. such as turn. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. At rst. Be Creative! 59 . Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. Connector to show chronology. such as then and while. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. 2005 4.
steady or stable the outside or topside of any object. 2. No. 1. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. f. d. b. 5. 8.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX .Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 4. 2. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. g. 3. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a.parkseed. 6. 3. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. c. condition. 7. 1. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. 4. h. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. e. Use your dictionary if necessary. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean.
Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. .Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. 5. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 . but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. 3. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. Taken from: www.14 days.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. 2. commands and instructions. imperative. Press rmly. It is one of the three moods of an English verb.Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles. Steps 1.Don’t slouch. Spray water to moisten the seed bed. sunny position (at least 25 degree C). .edu.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. 4. connector and adverbial. Imperatives Meanwhile. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. . 6. Place seed tray in warm.au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. Be Creative! 61 . to give rm orders or commands. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. Imperatives should be used carefully in English. the italicised words above are called imperatives. .impc. Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain . 7. Fill seed tray with soil. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. The term used is usually the same as the base form.
3. this is a picture of your. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. make poster.Paint brush .Small bottle . You have slept. They have slept. • make and get meaning from poster. We have slept. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : .String . Writing In this section. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX .Scissors . Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. Look at this magazine. He/she/it has slept. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. 5. You have slept. (has in the third person singular) I have slept.Hot and cold water . 4. “All my money (steal)!” he said. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text.Red food colouring . Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. 1.
Cut a long piece of string. Fill the bottle with hot water. 2. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red. 4. Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle.1. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. Be Creative! 63 . 3. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop.
4. 3. 2. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano.5. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. 1. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. 6. 5.
1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . 3. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. equipment that you need. Chop up the tomatoes. 1. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. onions and green peppers into quarters. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. rules of the game. Cut the meat into small cubes. method of scoring and the number of players. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. 2. observations and conclusion. 4. procedure. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. purpose of the experiment. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools.
scienceproject. Compare with other groups. you can click www. tell the class what you have created. recipes. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. (games. help. 2. Then. Use your dictionary. 3. Some clues below will help you. materials and subjects.com or www. (Those include imperative sentence.all-science-fairprojects. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science.com Study the following pictures carefully. The form of the procedural text. action verbs. adverbial phrases. connectors. try to make some instructions. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need. 1. Nature. Steps of your procedure. make a procedural text.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas.
What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. popcorn and mineral water. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. 2. 3. 5. 6. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. You don’t have to be too fancy.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. 4. Be Creative! 67 . Premiere Sunday. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. advertise it with an attractive poster.
The theme is free. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres. She has written ve novels in a month.The covering 1.Practice 9 Make your own poster. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX .Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box.. and draw around it in pencil. First of all.Materials . 3. Next.Goal . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.Oh. Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . Take great care with the hammer. 2.. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Place the box in the middle of the rear board. Generic structure: . answer the following questions.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. After that. 2. 3. that's marvellous! . nail all the pieces together.Steps .The frame .Tell me more Expressions of admiration . 1. I see. .Wow.
a. 7. c or d. a. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. 15. tip pens c. Give your best try. agreement b. The italicised sentence shows . uncertainty c. repetition d. sheet b. Let me b. a. 2001 6. This helps drivers to see them clearly. scissor b. Let she b. 9. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. Let us c. Let she b. But I can’t hear you. Let them have a drink! a. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. a torch c. bright d. Because my parents asked me to go with them. Let he 69 . Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. pens b. I have no doubt about it. agreement d. For numbers 5 to 10. black paper d. Excuse me? a. a. torch 2. 11. As long as you keep studying. b. I’m not really sure but. felt-tip pens 12. a. Wow. a sheet of black paper 4. I think you should see a doctor soon. b. a. Wow! b. Excuse me. you look cool! b. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. May I d. Let me d. Excuse me. Hello. Come on go as soon as they have nished. a sheet c. razor d. a. Come on c. scissors c. The italicised word shows . b. 10. Can I c. Let us d. I’m really sorry to hear that. a. You will need 1. 14. 13. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. I’ll do my best. I have no doubt about it. b. certainty c. hesitation have a look! a. certainty b. 8. b. The signal is low. I can’t hear you. felt-tip pen d. especially when it is dark. a. a bright torch b. Wow. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. 5.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. a. a. razors 3. listen to some expressions and choose your response. a. Hello.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
d. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . sticky tape . glue. Cut it into pieces. what must you do? a. or d for the correct answer. Tape it with the motor. c. 3 wires. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. b. b. b. d. d. b. 32. 31. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. Push it. To make a battery. Connect two wires to the motor. 33. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. b. Eat some food. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. c. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. Sticky tape. To start a fan. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. d. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. b. c. c. a battery. 2001 Choose either a. c. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. tires. Two stones. 35. To make an electric fan. d. tape. glue. Connect the battery and switch. c. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. Go to the bathroom. 36. b. c. Wire from the block of wood. Wire from the paperclip. 212 wires 38. 40. d. 3 wires. 37. To make an electric fan. To compose a letter. Taken from How Does It Work?. d. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. b. The thick block . Cut it. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Scissors. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Connect it to the motor. What things do we need to do the experiment? a.4. b. c. d. c. a lighter. Wire from your friend. 34. 111 wires b. Pillow. Belt. Glue it to the scissors. b. c. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. Wire from the motor. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. d. Connect it. Connect two wires to the motor. rice. Let it ow. What must you do with the wires? a. 3 wires d. 10 wires c. 39. Glue it.
Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 7. 2. Answer the following questions. do the following instructions. 6. 1. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. What is a report text? 9. 5. 8. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 3. 4. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. He (lose) his books. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX .Now. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. 10.
german.Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.ac.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .leeds.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
5. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. Yes. 2. c. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. Full with meat in his stomach. c. Full of greed. The dog saw another dog. he did. 6. 3. Check this out. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. Did the dog realise it? a. c. b. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. c. he didn’t.1. No. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. The dog ran off. What was the other dog in the river? a. he did. The dog got nothing. The dog looked down into the river water. The dog stayed hungry. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. Full with hunger. c. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. The dog left the river. Re ection of himself. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. but he ignored it. b. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. pleased c. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . a. b. 4. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. b. Yes. displeased b. b.
the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. funnily enough. So the Sea go along. (Say it rst with low intonation then high. 1990 A long time ago. One day. Surprisingly. with the sh and all the members of his family. they invite the Sea to visit them. then they climbed up into the sky. etc. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story.). the water begin to rise. where they have remain ever since. telling interesting news: surprisingly. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. luckily enough.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience.g. Check their facial expressions.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . especially in the word “jumped”.
We went 2 weather was ﬁne. And were great friends of the Sea. Now. Example: 1. neglected for b. Santi and I 1 going to the town . Gosh. They invited the Sea. we gave him some money. nice/close friends 4. So. a. poor boy came out from the bush. started 5. he was just a 7 kid. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. the water began to rise. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. the library together.Practice 12 Now. But then. stayed b. seemed b. Where they have remained ever since. a. us. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. Surprisingly. a. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. conquered 3. Dear diary. In addition. He said thanks and went away. 2. a dirty. big/huge friends b. a. We heard Near the park. Last Sunday. continued b. A married couple who lived. asked for Answer b. He 6 for a money to buy some food. That was a very 8 experience. a.
Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. /ɔ:/. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. /ʊ/. • I believed that news is really interest you much. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. Sir?Ma’am. express monologue in the narrative form. Then. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. I can’t believe it. 2. /ɔ:/: o (long). do monologue discourse in the narrative form. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. Sir/ Ma’am. 1. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 .
A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. There will be a library near our home. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. 4. So. it’s so exciting. 3. 1. 4. 6. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. 2. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. Last week.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. : but. 2. 3.00 promotion. that the factory outlets are cool. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. Then practise with your partner. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . Yeah.000. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. 1. Now. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. 5. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. I’ll do shopping then. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. causing widespread damage. 5. we don’t have to go down town anymore.
1. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. 2. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia. a button and a berry. “It’s huge. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. 3. a pen nib. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia.” Collin said. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. a peanut. Soon he had found a feather. how small these things are. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin.” chuckled Collin. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. a pin and a needle. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. Collin collected a crumb. “Funnily enough. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. “It makes me feel so very small. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. a shell and a petal. a paper clip.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. a pea.
Role play With your friend.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. B coloured leaf. j. covering of eggs. 7. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. 11. 2. greatly Practice 11 Now. No. 1. 3. 8. 1. 4. e. 9. 3. 5. c. f. 4. b. and some animals look long and steadily very large. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. 2. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. 7. 6. k. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). Some questions will help you. 5. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. 6. nuts. d. h. i. g. 10.
UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. How expensive it is! d. 5. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. 1. identify the structure of narrative text. Father told me that it was also comfortable. 2. 4. What a big plane it is! c. After learning the lesson in this section. 3. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. that’s right. develop your own story and share it to the class. read narrative text correctly. Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. identify the structure of narrative text. a. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. 4. How nice it is! b. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . 2005 Reading In this section. 2.1. 3. pronunciation and pause.
named Sang Prabu. long ago. Christopher Robin. 5. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. 2. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. 3. He had an only daughter. h. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. 6. d. 1. 8.Practice 2 Before you read the text. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. 2006 Long. e. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. plays.1956) was an English author. 7. g. c. Milne (1882 . when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals.A. and short stories for grown-ups. punctuation and pauses. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . Milne’s Childen’s Stories. 4. called Princess Teja Nirmala. The King. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. as well as novels. f. and his stuffed animals. Pay attention to the pronunciation. was a wise man. These stories were based on Milne’s son. No. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems.A. b. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.
3. 10. B mix subject. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this.After that. 5. Prince of Blambangan. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. No. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. Unfortunately. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. 9. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . 4. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. so she killed Raden Begawan. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. k. the wicked fairy. 7. The fairy could not accept this. she was very sad. 1. When Sang Prabu was searching. 6. important things must die. d. g. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. c. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. 8. j. i. 2. e. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. h. f. b.
Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. 5. 7. newspaper or the internet. Sang Prabu. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. Her father’s name. The death of Raden Begawan. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. 2. Example : Now. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. The story may be funny. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. The princess went to Kahyangan. sad or horror. 1. 4. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . The wicked fairy. magazine. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. 3. His name was Opie. 6. 8. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. The prince of Blambangan. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. Then tell it to your class.
The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. One day he had eaten too much. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. He was satis ed with the meal. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. Pay attention to the punctuation. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. he fell asleep in the hole. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. In his hunger. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. he began to dig a deep hole. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. a destroyer as well as a creator.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. It made the Balinese turn to rage. After they fed Kbo Iwo. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . So. pronunciation and pause.
harvest 6. line 6) them (paragraph 3. Example: 1. 6. rage 7. 1. devour 4. 2. 4. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. 5. 10. 1. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. well 10. line 5) they (paragraph 2. line 6) it (paragraph 2. 7. 5. stupidity 9. 6. oppose 8. line 6) this (paragraph 2. 4. line 1) he (paragraph 3. 2. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. he (paragraph 1. line 4) it (paragraph 3. 7. 3.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. 3. barns 5. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. 8. 9.
write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. 4. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. 1. 3. After learning the lesson in this section. write a narrative text correctly. Writing In this section. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 .G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. 2. write a diary in the form of imaginary story. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text.
What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. action verbs • linking words. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. They treated her badly. where. She had to do all the house work.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. her stepsisters would not let her go. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. They lived happily ever after. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. But. where. Cinderella was sad. Text structure is indicated by: • who. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. b. action verbs) (linking words. Fortunately. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. Cinderella danced with the prince. At the ball.
What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again. Furthermore. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 .multiply. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. com Read the following story carefully. and so they did. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. Now when the professor left for home. 2002 One sunny day. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures. just click on www. To help you create a blog. he forgot all about his magnifying glass. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.. then you should create a blog.. so straight away all the insects gathered round.
Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box. Dear diary. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. Then. complement of sentences. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values.. I was 2 in a 3 place. In their 8 steps. It was my mom. object. They had heads a bit like young cows. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. and as a complement in prepositional phrases. It 4 like an island. Suddenly.Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words.. Ouucchh. she was calming me down.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now.. Last night I met a monster.. A 1 monster. my body was 10 hard. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. speci c characters. oh my God. middle of nowhere.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head.. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart.. nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. Read the following explanation carefully. they were approaching me. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX .I saw 5 reptiles.
4. The words in the box may help you. 1.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. strange 6. identify the structure of the text. looked 10. gentle familiar frown 7. Consult your dictionary if necessary. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. with your friend. said It’s a Great Story 97 . 8. 1. 7. smile agitated day 4. touched 11. night 3. meet 2. were had made thought 9. slow 5. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. 3. foolish 8. 6. met was damped saw 5. 2.
She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother.It's a great legend. Generic structure: .end of the story’s con ict . They treated her badly. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. She had to do all the house work..linking words.I am certain/not certain. 2.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information . speci c characters . 3. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours.coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella.. . .. action verbs . 98 English in Focus for Grade IX .You know what! This story is really interesting. answer the following questions. 1. where.who. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one.
Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .frightenstein.com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement. Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.
He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box.Listening In this section. 3. how to show polite expressions. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. 2. I want to . After learning the lesson in this section. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. 5. answer the following questions. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. Its 4 located inside the post of ce. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. ll in the blank spaces. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . sure. 1. He works for the Ministry of Education. The words in the box may help you. In fact. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. 4. or e-mail? Give your reason. SMS.
The addressee must sign a receipt for it. 1 . Please 101 . Wu Fei : All right. Herman. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Thank you very much for the information. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. I called 5 and they helped me. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. How are you? : Hello. : Oh. What happened next? : Then. Nino. locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. Send Me a Letter. Mr Randi. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. : 4 . : So.Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. : I see. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. 3 . Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. Pay attention to your expressions.
UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. Identify the different of the sounds. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. Then. ve and a . Sir. . Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. I'm in a hurry. 1. It’s . a. I don't know d. 2. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. please? Santo : I can't. 3. please. Ma’am. 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. I will buy it myself. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. Of course b. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . I'm sure c. Santi : It is OK then. please.
the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers.4. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. Post of ce clerk : . 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. Then. 3. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. 2. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. please. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. the missing words. In the US. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. In Spain or Indonesia. 5. 1. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. Please 103 . Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. Send Me a Letter. If this is unsuccessful. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes.
c.m. Rp155.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. b. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. 4. What do the ads tell you about? a. Four. Tom and Jerry. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. 3.000 When are the ads announced? a. b. c. Two. 7. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. 3. Collecting stamps. Drawing stamps. Rp140. b or c for the right answer. 6. Darajaya FM. Around 7-8 a. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. Rp150. b. Around 7-8 p. 1. Trijaya FM. c. One. 1. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. 2. Rp150. 5.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. 5. Rp140. 4. Sylvester and Tweety. Around 2-4 p.m. What radio station announces the ads? a.000 c.000 b.000 c. Donald and Daisy Duck. b. 2. b. Rp155. These questions will help you. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. Buying stamps. Ramajaya FM.000 b.m. c.
perform monologue in the form of report texts. 3. promote something through an advertisement. express monologue in the form of report texts.Speaking In this section. After learning the lesson in this section. Source: www. 5. 2. 4. speak politely in your daily life. promote something through an advertisement.com. you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. Please 105 . Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter.rhhotels.my 1.
Could you please . American Express. we’re putting you in room 265 and 266... practise it with your friend.. Daventry. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street. Mr Anderson.. • Would you mind . And nally.. May I help you? Yes. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening.. Sir. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. Sir/Ma’am. I’m sorry. And what is your rst name.. The name’s Anderson. A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. Sir. • Would you please . How do you intend to pay? By credit card.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant.. Ah. That will be ne . Sir. Sir? Five days.. One moment . M-O-R-G-A-N. thank you.. Thank you very much for . Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. 5-7-1-T. How long are you going to stay with us. Thank you very much. And your private address. the 6th March.. Sir? Sure. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. Ah yes. Could you please tell me your passport number. Sir? Morgan. Then. My name’s Anderson.... Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. • • • • All right..... Daventry England. Now. That’ll be ne. • Shall I .. Sir. 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . England. it’s 6 oh 5.. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you .. Sir. You’ve arrived today. please. All right. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us.
Daventry. 1. b. Europe. c. In England. b. Two. b. By American Express. c. Andrew. Spain. 5-5-7-9-1-T. England. What is the name of the guest? a. Send Me a Letter. b. b. Four. A manager. Please 107 . Fill in hotel cheques. By credit. What should he do after making the reservation? a. A restaurant. Make sure that his rooms are ready. d. c. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. 5-7-9-7-T. 3. How does he intend to pay? a. In PT Heat Exchangers International. d. . c. Anderson Morgan. A hotel. c. 4. d. d. d. Morgan Anderson. 5-7--1-T. b. Fill in the registration form. Cash. 7. By debit card. Where does he come from? a. Three d.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. One. d. A bungalow. c. b. c. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. 6. d. What is he? a. Bournemouth. 8. Where does the dialogue take place? a. b. Pay the hotel. 2. What is the number of his passport? a. A purchasing manager. b. c. c. How many rooms did he reserve? a. A cafe. 5.
12th March. Employee : Thank you. 10. Room 266. answer the questions that follow. 6 Employee : For what time. What room is he going to stay in? a. Employee : Hello. Madam. Room 166. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. Then. Caller : You’re welcome. Employee : May I have your 7 please. please. two. b. and we close at twelve 4 . c. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. c. 11th March. Then. Madam? Caller : Around eight. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. d. Room 165. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. d. b.m. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . Practice 4 Role play Now. practise it in front of the class. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. 10th March. the 1 . with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. 13th March. Bye. Caller : 10 .9. Room 265. Madam.
c.m. Please 109 . Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. 1. 3.eircom. 2. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p.net Send Me a Letter. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. b.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. d.m. History of Hotel Source: homepage. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud. that’s right a. make some notes and retell it again using your own words.
The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. people used horses or ships to go to another place. you can use to stay the night. 6. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. It’s cheaper than a hotel. 3. In times. 2. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. 1. It’s better for you to take the South . ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. If you go outside your town. 3. but by the end of the 18th century. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. 4. 2. 4. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. 5.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. is a place where you can stay. but usually only for a short time.
Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. 10. 8. 3.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now. Send Me a Letter. 9. Then try to promote it to your friend. 6.000.Pronounce It! 1. 4. 2. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. Please 111 . 5. make your own advertisement. 7.
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. 2. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts. What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. After learning the lesson in this section. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . identify certain information and characteristic of report texts. 1.Reading In this section. 3. 4. identify another form of report text.
is from 8. Send Me a Letter. substance. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7. 5. 3. Please 113 . 6. 2. This is an . Whose is it? 4. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia.1. This is a postage . This my father. This is a .
2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. 3. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. 5. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. Because they connect each country. 2. 4. or package is going overseas. documents. 1. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. postcard. If your letter.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text.
6. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. 4. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. No. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. place to which something or somebody is going c. list of planned events. touch with or hold in the hands e. 3. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. 2. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. 2. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. 3. All letters. 6. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. times for doing something b. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. Basically.New Horizon 1. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. Please 115 . 4. an entrance Send Me a Letter. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. 5. The mail always goes through. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. to or from (places) across the sea f. 2. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 1. 5. A ood in China or India. 7. be or make slow or late d.
10.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. 3. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . 4. 5. 8. 9. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . 7. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. He has her as a secretary. 6. I have to go to the to mail some letters. 2. Compare your work with your friends’.
brochures. As the pace of jet travel grows.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes.co. Send Me a Letter. Once the plane lands. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. hotels spring up near airports. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. Travel is usually safe and pleasant. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. the hotel is only minutes away. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit. the internet. you can click www.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. To save time. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. Hotels Source: www. Second. iloveblue. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. if you plan to go on vacation soon. Read the text and answer the questions that follow. and magazines. First. So. Please 117 . People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers.royalhoteliow.
time b. porridge. What does save mean? a. soup. Penempatan. jam. Penginapan. d. b. . 2.. b. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. 3. tea. 7. Breakfast.. there (paragraph 1) c. dinner. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. 5. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. d. Rice.. Continue to exist. c. Umum. As the pace of jet travel grows.. b. c. the hotel is only 10 minutes away. they (paragraph 1) b. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . b.. Continue to live. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. Set free from sin. 4. d. Perorangan. Big hotels. What does spring up mean? a. business executives often . c. b. d. 8. A public house where travellers may eat. lunch. Retreat. Appear. b. a. Manusia. 4. 9. d. Go bankrupt. c. Bring.. 10. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. butter. c. c. Leap. Keep for future use. c. Cancel. Orang.. Avoid loss of time. Jump. hotels spring up near airports. Losmen. What do the following words refer to? a. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. c. To save time. drink. d. b. Once the plane lands. length 2. Bread. What does delay mean? a. What is an inn? a. Tempat istirahat. or d for the right answer. b. Postpone.. Which one is it?) a. Some travellers stay at airport inns . d. Arrive.. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. Coffee. Remain alive. d.. Read the text once again and choose either a.1. b. Luxurious hotels. various personal services for the public. c. c... 6.. Small hotels... Downtown hotels. b. 3. Keep from injury. d.. depth c. when their ights are delayed. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . milk. except one. . Minutes away means a very short space of . and sleep. distance d. What is meant by meals? a.
1. 2. to and . • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. you may. 5. 4. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. Then answer the following questions. we may still catch the bus. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. 1. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. you can’t. food. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. past or future. Then. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. 3. ‘might’ can refer to either present. write down the messages in the following form. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. Please 119 . 2. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. 7. Identify the general classi cation of the text. He wants a . Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . 6. Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. a.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past.” b.” (Not: could) b. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. 3. you can. c.
Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. write report text based on graphic. 2. write a letter. He can play chess. She can cook very well. 4. You could drive a car after you got your license. You can drive a car when you are 17. (with more practice/when I knew her).Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. 2. write a letter correctly. Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). Writing In this section. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). After learning the lesson in this section. He can leave it here. 3. (this afternoon/when he was young). I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). 1. You say: 1. you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic.
In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate. 1. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. therefore. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. also however.Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. Please 121 . The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. but in city B the occupation rate is .. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. thus. 4.. besides. in addition more over. Send Me a Letter. 3. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate.. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. 2.
Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. 3. Phone (0293) 64114. 3. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. Phone (024) 921334. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. City* Jln. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . Phone (0293) 63347. 6. Amanda Cottage* Jln. 4. 7. Puri Asri** Jln. Phone (0298) 91154. Borobudur* Jln. 3. Semarang Regency 1.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. 2. Phone (0293) 64481. 5. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. Cempaka 9. Kenteng Bandungan. 4. 2. A. Daha 23. 5. we can go to the Sarimaryn. Yani 4. Phone (0298) 91449. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. Phone (0293) 64502. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. 5. Phone (024) 91485. Jend. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. Magelang Municipality 1. Phone (0293) 65095. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. 2. 4. Yani 492. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. Diponegoro Ungaran. Trio** Jln. A. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. 1. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. Sudirman 68. Phone (0298) 91501.
. Then. street.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. 2. followed by the month and year. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter.) on the left.. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. Begin the letter (Dear. Please 123 . Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. and town. 3. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter. Hopkins. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. 1. Put your own address at the top on the right. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. Put the date directly under the address. Begin with day. Post code and telephone number come last.
for example. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956.4.’. After ‘Dear. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes. Then. 3. A. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. J. yours. put a comma or nothing at all. A. 1. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. 7.. Forbes. In informal letters. Dear Miss Laney.g.. see you or love. 2. 6. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . Say you can bring them with you later. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. Forbes. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. Informal letters may nish. On 26 August 2008. Practice 9 Now. study the following form of letter. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. 5. The following clues will help you.
Why don’t you click www. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates.com and search for a friend to send your letter to. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. Then post the letter. Write down the addressee of the letter completely.penfriend. Please 125 .Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life. After writing the letter. Make sure your friend receives the letter. Send Me a Letter. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. put it in the envelope.
. . May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. and its classi cation. 1... • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. I help you .General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. Description of a general classi cation.May.Would you mind .. 2. Generic structure: . Buddhist or Muslim in uences.. Amrizal had slept for ten hours. 3. social matters.. just the way it is.. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'. I can run to school. What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. . She believed she could y. information.Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner . 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. environment. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX .. or human matters. The subject includes natural things.Description of the subject. answer the following questions.
How are you? b. have done d. 7. Let us c. uncertainty c. 5. I only stayed for one night. It was a very hot day. 6. Do you want to order? Susan 1. a. happiness c. d. How are you? I’m doing good here. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. 2. responding to interesting news d. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. Love. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. asking for information 10. The italicised words show . had do b. Don’t forget to write me soon. because it was only a 3 visit. a. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. a. we 5 our journey to the hotel. Then. had done 12. Miss Aura : Yes. Let she b. I help you? c. 4. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. Let them 9. Waiter : Good afternoon. go as soon as they have nished. a. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. Text 1 Dear Lula. a. That’s enough for now. I also visited Nagoya. Then. a. Let me d. b. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. a. b. a. agreement d. Is there anything I can do. b. certainty b. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . giving interesting news 8. Because my parents asked me to go with them. pleasure b. responding to happiness c. a. a. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . b. a. please. OK. Batam Centre and Galang Island. 3. have do c. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. giving interesting news d. May. Lula. Miss.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. b. He thanked her for what she (do). giving information 11. b. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. responding to pleasure b.
. Fire! I yelled aloud. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. I love it. Sir 14. c. c. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true.. A forest scientist. on a dark cold night. it was a horrible dream. A police of cer. Certainly. you could. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. Sir c. b. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. Since then. and camping in illegal places. What does a forest ranger do? a. graf ting. Choose either a. A porter will carry your lugage.13. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. b. He has been working there for . Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. 17. Watches from a tower in the forest. Rarely means a. Finally. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. I rarely face great problems. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. a. a great re sparking. No. you can. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. b. 16. I’m. Takes care of the forest. a. never c.. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. I was so worried. Have a nice holiday. People in yellow everywhere. A policeman. A forest guard. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. From other planes came men with parachutes. the remen had stopped the spread of re. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers.. 16 years b. Could I ask you some questions? . Then. Sir d. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. d. in six hours. Yes. 14 years c. It happened three years ago. All right. or d for the correct answer. you couldn’t. 25 years 18. 15 years d.. d. Yes. Stops any illegal logging. Working as fast as they could. All the answers are correct. d. 15. I could lose my life. Oh my God. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. Yes. 15 years d. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. c. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. I am always be careful. Yes. What is a forest ranger? a. : Thank you very much. I rarely face any real . problems. almost never b. Then. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading. In my duty. Please. In my duties. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. Then. Sir b. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. b. c. .
Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . large re spreading b. Horrible experience. Throwing a plastic can. Tiny lamp. Now. d. and merchandise samples. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. jumping d. re like a sea c. Aeroplane. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. person that chops down trees illegally b. 27. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. d. c. Horrible dream. Tiny re. b. Descriptive. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. Report. What is the form of Text 1? a. Camping in forbidden areas. Tiny light. 22. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. Dry enough. c. Writing symbols on trees. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. d. Which one is it? a. 26. Battle. 28. Parachutes. d. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. But there is one wrong statement. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. Helicopter. d. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. running b. landing c. They parachute into places . b. person that steals wood d. Bad experience. Illegal logger is a . Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. Fire. Narrative. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. b. c. One of their better services is the handling of mail. a. b. What does blaze mean? a. c. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. b. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. A half dry. b. magazines. big re 25. c. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. 24. expanding re d. c. A raging sea of re means a. Dry all over d. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. c. Throwing a dead leaf. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. d. Other planets. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. Dry inside and outside 23. the postage rates have risen. Valuable dream. . b. 21. walking 29.19. Lighting. b. Tiny beam. d. Sparking. c. Recount. person that sells wood illegally c. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. Where do men with parachutes come from? a.
d. Customers only. Parcel businesses. a. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. b. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. What is the policy about? a. c. 32. They handle it carelessly. d. Choose either a. Initial development. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. b. 38. Asking people to write many letters. Modern countries. b. c or d for the correct answer.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. using web services d. d. Funding b. To provide better service for everyone. Delivering money. c. 33. d. postmen driving cars b. d. Stricter laws. and c are incorrect. c. 31. In your opinion. Delivering mail. a. Government. b. b. a. Private carriers. b. They handle it foolishly. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. Because it has better service. 2007 c. c are incorrect. First development. Great money. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. 30. c. What competes with the post of ce? a. To be delayed. Private rms. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . Valuable income. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. 39. 34. b. 37. 36. using pigeons c. b. 35. In developing countries. b. To be enlarged. To provide better services for customers. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. However. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. d. b. b. a. Earning income. Better service. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. c. Developing countries. Delivering parcels. To be continued. d. To be stopped. Why have the postage rates risen? a. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. c. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . now. They don’t deliver mail on time. b. b. Single development. d. d. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. d. c. Invaluable income. and modernised into new technological developments. c. c are incorrect. They handle it carefully. Main development. 40. c. Industrial countries.
9. 7. 1. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). 8. Change the following sentences using may or might. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. The tenses are given. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. Present Perfect 6. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. Present Perfect 5. Sam Spider new shoes. 3. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . 4.Change the following sentences using can and could. The door (already shut) by Bona. The building (bomb) two months ago. I 10. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. B : Yes. He can play football. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. He did. I can write a short story quickly. Change the words in brackets into the correct form. I did.
Dogs only. Lastly. Birds. Dog food. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. Dogs and Cats. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. Time and money. c. Secondly. c. and (3) the Mollucas. d. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. c. It costs money to keep pets. playing with brothers and sisters. Which is needed to have a pet? a. Firstly. Birds. c. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. 5. which is part of New Guinea. You do not need to take care of pets.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. Cats. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. 2. So if you do not have time to take them out. you have to spend money on pet food. Babies may get scratched by pets. choosing a pet cat d. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. 1. b. c. b. d.000 kilometers. The passage is all about . Baby sister. Dogs and Cats. Baby brother. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. 2001 4.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. if there are small children in the house. b. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. Taken from UPSR. Cats only. d. a. Sulawesi. Many geographers divide the more than 13. that costs money. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. it is better not to get a pet. 3. Dogs. or d for the correct answer. ask yourself. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. b. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. Java and Sumatra.000 islands. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. b. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. d. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. after Greenland. Which is not true? a. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . choosing a pet dog b. Babies may get bitten by pets. taking care of a pet c. don't get a pet dog.
b. sticky tape. d. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. 1993 11. Pencil. d.and New Guinea. Sumatra. What will you need to do the experiment? a. 2. 2007 6. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. the position of Indonesia 8. Sumatra. 4. d. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. Cut a fringe for the base. c. Greenland. b. pencil. pencil. Fold one of the sheets of card. Sumatra. Paragraph two talks about a. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Taken from Make and Do. Near Mollucas. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. ruler. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. Where is Indonesia located? a. sticky tape. sticky tape. Cut a fringe for the base. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. ruler. 6. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. the Indonesian geographers. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. New Guinea. c. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. Cut a fringe for the base. d. d. d. Unfold the slotted card. 5. b. Borneo. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. In the Greenland. 3. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. 10. d. The greater Sunda includes a. Compared to the other regions. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. In Southwest Asia. Java. c. the greater Sunda islands. sticky tape. scissors. Sulawesi. d. 12. 1993 9. b. Irian Jaya. The Mollucas lie between . Borneo. Overlap the ends and tape them together. To make the centre tube. 13. Ruler. a. c. c. an Indonesian territory. New Guinea. Lightweight card. b. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. 7. Lightweight card. scissors. ruler. b. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Rule a line. b. Final Evaluation 133 . c. c. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Sulawesi. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. Sulawesi and Borneo. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. c. Kalimantan. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. b. Java and New Guinea. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. Rule a line. Along the equator.
d. a. means to make a place a. What kind of text is Text 3? a. a. at both ends of the stick b. are balanced c. It is best to use light things because they . are colourful d. are of many shapes 19. Cut out the shapes. You need strings. pencil or sharpeners. Fold one of the sheets of card.14. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. The italicised sentence is showing a. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . Ramdan. move easily b. triangles. c. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. I didn't catch what you said. Tie a piece of string at its centre. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. Report. feathers and sharpeners 17. 3. to the door. d. three 18. Do the same thing with another stick. How to make it: 1. b. Balance the stick from this string. feathers. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. The word decorate in the rst paragraph . 15. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. we can see that . 2000 16. Anton : Hello. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. two c. Procedure. How do you make the centre tube? a. certainty b. Narrative. interesting 20. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. you need at sticks least a. Take a stick. 4. circles. Can you repeat again. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. Rani : Hi. four d. Draw squares. Descriptive. The string should be tied . colourful d. to keys. agreement d. To make a simple mobile. at the centre of the stick c. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. one b. hesitation 22. repetition c. From the passage. clean b. You can hang other light things like keys. beautiful c. They will move easily when there is some wind. Taken from UPSR. children like to make mobiles c. rectangles. Make sure that the stick is balanced. b. Overlap the ends and tape them together. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. c. Unfold the slotted card. Then. please? . 2. a. it is easy to make mobiles b. window or ceiling d. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : .
I can d. Yes. opening d. nish c. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. you know your father's name. a.' a. "Your Majesty. The italicised word is showing a. I'm not too sure c. They were ambitious and winning. the elder brother. Yes. Yes. buying b. truly! Everybody knows at least something." Ombah then said. So if I say the opposite. The correct expression to show hesitation is . I can d. Really? c. let us be your ministers. "That is not true! No body knows everything. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . Akomi said. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. For example.23." King Aruya said. agreement d. "That is also a lie. a. Sorry. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. Nobody knows nothing. I'm sure b. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. being nished Bob nished at midnight. so we postponed the botanical gardens. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . buying b. All your subjects will be happy. Actually. We will make good laws. to King Aruya. a. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. "If we become the King's employees. too!" Taken from UPSR. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. I am wise and clever. 25. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. I know nothing. We will become very rich. said." King Aruya said angrily. studying d. attention b. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. Then he thought to himself. working c. admiral c." They went to see King Aruya. a. For example. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. nishing b. I'm quite sure b. 26. opening c. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. 24. I know everything. my answer will be right. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). "Your majesty. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. nished d. Akomi. 27.
a. disliked people who told lies Penang. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets.05 a. four hundred and sixty one d. put out the re c. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. Akomi a. use the lifeboats d. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because .00 p. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. was afraid b. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. a. kept many crocodiles b. 2000 33. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re. made him angry c. thought that the answer would be right 31. Taken from UPSR. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . a. was thinking hard d. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. a. make the King's subjects happy 29. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. to all crew. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. leave the ship b. become rich b. did not tell the truth d. to show that they were very brave c. wanted to collect money 30. a. about two thousand b.m. From the story. The word evacuate means to . did not know how many stars there were d. a.m.m. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. wanted to see the crocodiles c. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. a. become ministers c. Ombah's hands trembled because he . The two brother's ambition was to . help the King make good laws d. Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. Sat. knew everything b. more than one thousand c. did not need any ministers d. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. because they liked the song b. Ombah said I know nothing because he . All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. had the right answer 32.28.30 p. we can see that King Aruya . to remain calm during the emergency d. The holiday cruise ship. They waited for rescue ships. knew nothing c. could make good laws c. The re started in the engine room at about 2. six hundred and thirty two 34. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand.
My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. telling interesting news d. 41. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. The italicised phrase is the expression . d. pushed 40. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . d. congratulations. Marine Police boats b. b. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. It has a swimming pool. they waited for several hours b. a. for a. b. Penang Port tugboats d. Some passengers panicked because . there were not enough life jackets 37. It has a river. I hope that you and your family are doing well. agreement c. shifted d. Text 7 Bandung. Dina is probaby Budi’s . there were only sixteen lifeboats c. June 21. Why does Budi like the new house? a. I think my father will listen to my mother. football d. Royal Malaysian Navy c.36. Irma : Hi. a. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. Mawar no. Football eld. I like the new house. good friend c. 43. c. uncle 39. My father bought a new house. they were moved to the uppendecks d. were a. new house 42. See you soon! Your Sincerely. cousin brother d. Badminton court. However. The word moved means . Rock garden. a. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. There are more rooms and we have big garden. younger brother b. jumped b. a. gratitude b. shing c. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. It has a rock garden. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. c. badminton b. 2008 Jl. Final Evaluation 137 . Risa : That’s great. Budi 38. bought c. Swimming pool. From the letter we know that Dina likes . Risa. It is bigger with more rooms. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7.
gratitude d. have forgotten c.m last night. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. Bayu : Oh. is making d. Play b. had forgotten 47. football is my hobby.44. can nished c. make b. have written b. certainly 46. 54. 52. forget b. make c. a. Rusdi : How awful. made b. slept d. They night. Sir. pleasure b. 57. they did. go c. 56. making d. a. a. giving compliment d. a. a. forgot d. May I help you? b. went 51. was sleeping 50. was sleeping 49. must see b. going d. Joe a doctor today. writing d. The italicised sentence is an expression of . 55. wrote c. must saw 48. Playing c. The italicised words express . Really? 45. 53. fall b. simphaty c. see c. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. Can you help me? c. a. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. sung c. sleep c. singing d. showing certainty b. showing uncertainty c. sang b. sleeping b. falling c. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. gone b. can nishing d. a. Someone to lock the door. a. must d. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. a. a. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. a. making c. can nish b. a. a. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. fell d. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. Played d. a. can be nished He from the stair last night. made I my work tonight. I’m so sorry to hear that. Are you sure? d. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. Sales : Good morning.
not its feet. 1. thin b. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. The horse did not like this. He said. 4. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. Make a sentence using might. a friend came to see them. slept all day d. (Gerund) 6. and he went away. a. when farmers used horses a lot. tall c. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. so the work was hard.' So they found a saw and started cutting. Do the following instructions. 2000 59. worked on the farm b. After a long time. 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. 3. Identify the structure of text 9. feet b. The horse . My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. This was fty years ago. It always hurt its a. You can dig the entrance with a spade. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. Their saw was old and not very good. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. Then one farmer said to the other. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 .' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. ears d. Then the oor will be lower. a. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. The horse was a big animal. 5.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. (Modal. Then the entrance will be higher. I well without sleeping pils.' The farmers thanked their friend. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. slow d. 2. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. can) 9. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. 10. was very old c. nose for the . head c. The horse's ears are the problem. one of them thought of an answer. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. in the sea can be dangerous. After a few minutes. The friend said. The horse was too entrance. short 60. 'That man's stupid. That'll be easier and quicker. The farmers told him about the problem.
Stannard. London: Longman. 1982. London: Longman. 1987. London: Oxford University Press. Steven J. 1983. Living English Structure. Chicago: World Book. Alexander.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. Nm. Blanchard. London: Oxford University Press. Artono. 1994. W. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. Karen and Christine Root. Practice and Progress. Reading Elementary. Carver. 2006. D'Arcy. 1994. Alice. 2000. London: Longman. 2005. Scott. S. A Basic Writing Text.G. Headway Student’s Book. 1972. 2007. Ready to Write. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. Kim. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English.G. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. 2003. 1994. A Beginning Writing Text. English in Everyday Life. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. Tan Boon. Function in English. Word by Word. Kim. 1987.M. World Book Team. UPSR. Seal. Step into Writing. L. Standar Isi. 2000. Get Ready to Write. 1995. Rosemary. A. Margaret. Soars. A Conversation Book 2. 1993. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. 1991. Reference Guide to English. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. Suyenaga. Chan S. 2006. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. 2007. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. World Book Team. 1998. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. 1998. Junior Comprehension 2. The Topic Dictionary. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves.S. A First Composition Text. Wardiman. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice.C: CBS College Publishing. Blundell. T. London: Longman. Vocabulary Builder. Tan Boon. London: Longman. London: Longman. London: Oxford University Press. Bennet. 2005. Jon. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. Washington D. London: Longman. Hornby. Liz and John. London: Oxford University Press. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2000. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . UPSR. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. Kheng. Joan. The New Book of Knowledge. Allen. Karen and Christine Root. Bonner. Blanchard. 1983. and Van Veen. Bernard. 2008 Molinsky. London: Longman.
Publisher Documantation• 113 5. www. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1.wordpress. 2003• 39.com• 71 2.ph• 38 brangwetan.royalhoteliow. www.kbrimanila. 81. wayangsuket. Nature.melayuonline.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1.com• 4 3.blogspot. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. Hands on Science.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1.co.com• 52 4. 20 6.org. How Does It Work?.eircom. les.2006• 63 8. 43 6.recipezaar. 1990• 79. les. Nature.banten.kbrimanila. 2005• 7.co.wordpress. Kamus Visual. 2008• 11. 94 4. 2005• 50. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.frightenstein. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.com• 38 5.leeds. www. www. 71 3. 58 6.co. appreciativeorganization.com• 1 2. 2001• 14.wordpress. Indonesian Heritage. ayiediary.parkseed. www. www. www. www. The World Book Encyclopedia.net• 49 2. 20 Chapter 2 1. homepage. www. www. 101 Great Science. CD Image• 54. www. Experiments.indonesianart. UPSR.ok• 23 2. The Big Book of Science Projects.grasindo.files. com• 38 www. www.org2. Kamus Visual.id• 28 www. 42.com. les.ac. 18 5. 366 and More Fairy Tales.ac.net• 109 4.indonesia.my• 105 3.id•28 4.com• 70 2.ph• 38 www.slbn3yogja. 95 Chapter 5 1. 2006• 114 6. 2000• 135.rhhotels. 2008• 66 141 . How Does It Work?. 67 5.uk• 27 3.com• 51 3. Hands on Science.artcraft.germes-online. 2002• 85. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.rasamalaysia.id• 79 www.offshoreradio.com• 79 3. www.go. www. german.unj. 2007• 70. Visual Arts. www. 136 Chapter 1 1. www.wordpress• 5 4. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Make and Do. heritage. 1993• 133 2.com• 99 2.com• 10 7.uk• 75 2.com 7.
koran/surat kabar) pantai. tak henti-hentinya.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. menolak 2.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. merosot lezat. tambahan bertiup. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. oplah (mis. kebiasaan biasa 1. makanan menyelam titik. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. sabuk lagi pula. pesiar adat. pesisir konservasi. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang. hebat hiburan. baik sekali. enak diet.
kebutuhan namun. terjadi 2. hebat 1.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. belaka mengalikan. melunasi 2. ekspansi menjelaskan. menyenangkan. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. memelihara 2. berhati-hati 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. pengembangan. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. menyenangkan. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan.
7. 4. 31. 39. 118. 127. 51. 51. 76. 102. 53. 71. 135. 103. 9. 11. 55. 107. 56. 93 • Special nites may and might. 79 • La Fontaine. 81. 2. 53. 101. 70. 18. 88. 117. 17 • Gerunds. 34 • The present perfect tense. 20. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 26. 136. 37. 128. 127. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. Anne. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 24. 78. 89. 95 • Wardiman. 92. 44. 82. 84 • Showing polite manners. 63. 62. 16. 6. 46. 103. 106. 12. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3 • Asking repetition. 52. 28. 100. 137 • Report text. 96. 14. 52. 42. 8. 19. 94. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 81 • Mckie. 43. 64. 72. 50. 29 • Responding hesitation. 7 • Showing hesitation. 129. 52. 85. Artono 24. 85. 91. 29 • Showing attention. 58. 134. 55. Colin. 110. 108 • Showing simpathy. 59. 15. 35. 133. 56 • Giving admiration. 114. 33. 95. 132 • Narrative text. 61 • The past perfect tense. 5.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 73. can and could. 83. 115. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text.
4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. First of all. Dad. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. 3. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. cafe.5 kg. Then. Finally. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. take medicine. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. Put the slices of papaya. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. After a while prepare 0. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. restaurants. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. Fira. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. I go to sleep. 3 pieces of garlics. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. Instant recipe is much quicker. Just keep practising. First. Roll the chicken thighs to the our. 4. pineapple. pound ginger. 2. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. I make it easy and quick. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. You will sleep really well. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. They like it very much. He sang badly last night. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. rst. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. I feel fresh again. Gigi. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. and the night clubs and on 4television. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. Mom. 3. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. Then. Finally.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. They are played by 3bands in dance halls.15. Yurike : Hmm. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. don’t think too much. 2. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. peppers. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. Next. hello Mrs Siregar. one tablespoon of salt.. Mr Herman 145 . I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. garlics and salt.let’s see. mix it with the pound of the spices. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. arts. one teaspoon full of peppers. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. Ungu. jln. I am going to the market. The boys bands are 6famous today. I don’t know why. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1.. by 29 March 2008. keep in the freezer for a half hour. Mrs Siregar : I see. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. Mrs Hery. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. Contemporary art has also developed here. Next. 1 egg. when I get up. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. 2. 3 cm of ginger. magic.25 kg our. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. Next month is an examination time! 1. OK. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. do the same to the remaining soursoup. pour the juice into some glasses. mix the our with a grain of peppers. Would you like to come. Ria No. By the way.
onion. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. 2. Add sugar. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. powder. I see. I see. I see. 3. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. Ah. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. Mr Jhon : Ok. You must have a name. 2. tell me more! Gun : After that. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. 2 teaspoons sugar. egg. please. Imaginary character out t must be original. I wish they would come for this charity. Sabang. 2. you need barbecue beef 500 g. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin.. and beef for 1 minute. Tio Rani 6. especially when it is dark. Bring above mix to the boiling. he would announce it in one hour. Practice 11 1. state your name and address to the operator. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. milk. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. now it is nished. 3. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery.. and vanilla. 3.. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well.2Tell me more. This helps drivers to see them clearly. Well. 4. sugar 15 ml. 1 tablespoon baking powder. nely chopped onion 25 g. 4. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do.. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. 4. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. 5. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. Mrs Jhon : First of all.. state your destination to the operator. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. Dona : Oh. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. Then. Then. salt. Sir. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. Taste it. well. And in the end. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Sinyo : 1 Oh. 5. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email email@example.com. I couldn’t say. She probably used lip synch. Dial the service number. Thanks for the explanation. sugar. Mrs Jhon : Well. 3/4 cup milk. you hang up the phone. at 7 pm.. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. sauce. 1 egg. Finally. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. Mr Burhan said. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. oil 15 ml. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. Then. I just made it. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. Sinyo : 4Well. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. 3. You must have a mission. pick up the phone. Your character or weapon must be unique. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. First. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. hmm. Add our.. Gun : See. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. add and stir oil. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. Mr Jhon : Oh. Mix well. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night. 2. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. Anti : And then. Then. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. : That’s too bad.. Dona : Wow. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. Then. Dona : Well. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. oyster sauce 15 ml. gurethings. First. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. Mixture. soy sauce. soy sauce 15 ml.
1I’m ne. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. B : Tell me more about it. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. the weather was ne. Wu Fei : All right. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. Funnily enough. We heard some noises behind the bush. it ended sadly. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. Nino. Listening Script 147 . He said thanks and went away. One day. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. birds. Surprisingly. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. One day. Loki : Well. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. and thought that Pungguk stole it. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. Lovely Mud. some one was 3 following us. A : I laughed out loud. Nino : Oh. really? I thought that was a sad story. Unfortunately. with the sh and all the members of his family.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. 8. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. Tari. 10. he was just a 7 hungry kid. they invited the Sea to visit them. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. and so was left with nothing. Thank you very much for the information. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. He works for the Ministry of Education. Herman. 3not very smooth exactly. a dirty. Gosh. please. this is the second time I’m reading it. B : Oh. 7. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. the water began to rise. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. I looked very different. Nino : I see. Surprisingly. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. When he was full. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. where they have remained ever since. Near the park. So. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. Believe it or not. then they climbed up into the sky. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. Fira. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. it changed into living creatures. he killed Pungguk. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. although they were in love with each other. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. then. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. when I read the story of a Lovely. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. when he was in the water. We went 2 in the afternoon . Guess what. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. In addition . Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. thanks. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. But then. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. 6. 9. Loki. what so special? Tell me more. Then. anyway. Practice 6 1. we gave him some money. Those birds were called Pungguk. poor boy came out from the bush. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. Mr Randi. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. With his sword. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. When Pungguk walked. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. 2. Nino : So. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. Nino : 4That’s horrible. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. ve stamps and a postcard. Tari : This story is about a powerful love.
500. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Lula. Spongebob and Patrick. Now. I only stayed for one night. 3. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. because it was only a 3short visit. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Don’t forget to write me soon. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. Sir. I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. Ma’am. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. Tom and Jerry. I also visited Nagoya. How are you? I’m doing good here. especially for you llatelist freak. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address.2.000. If this is unsuccessful.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. You’ll nd Superman. Batam Centre and Galang Island. It’s 17421. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. 4. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. That’s enough for now. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. please. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. It was a very hot day. Then. OK. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. Spiderman. Wonder woman. Love. Each series only Rp150. Back to Ramajaya FM. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. Heroes series and cartoon series.
3. 3. then. 6. 2. base nally. gloves. 4. 1. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. 5. 6. 7. 4. 1. 1. 7. 2. 9. 1. 3. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. 8. press. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. 5. grow. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 3. 8. 4. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. dusk record Practice 12 1. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 7. 9. Let’s keep the water boiling. 8. 5. 4. patch next. 2. h 4. better. a 2. 6. 5. 10. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. 4. 7. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. 3. 5. 6. water. 7. 9. 8. 2. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 3. clods. 5. Let’s get lunch (together). Let’s make an aquarium (together). seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. down. c 3. g f e d 5. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 6. holes. 6. 5. 10. 3. 2. 2. 4. 4. 3. 5. 2. 3. 2. 7. seed. 7. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. 5. 4. 4. 2. 5. now after that. 5. 9. 4. 8. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. 2. 4. 2. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. g 5. 1. 1. 6. 10. 3. Let me add some salt. 4. 3. F T F originate famous charm captivate. rst of all. 3.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. 3. F F T T T 6. 2. 2.
6. 15. 1. 5. action verbs). 10. 4. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 9. 2. 3. 5. 7. 7. 5. 7. 2. 7. 39. 36. details. 6. 5. 1. 37. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 34. 2. 5. 2. and the bridle 6. 4. 4. 12. 5. d g i a c 11. 17. 3. 4. 7. 5. 3. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 2. 6. 18. 10. 8. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 7. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 6. 8. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. with what) • The covering (where. 38. 3. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. 26. 5. 24. 3. 3. 4. 30. 8. 28. 8. 2. 23. how long. 4. 3. 10. e h j k f 6. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 3. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. 33. 4. 8. 21. 4. 6. 19. 25. how. 40. 3. 9. 3. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. 35. 11. 2. 10. 32. 20. 9. 3. 9. 2. 7. 3. 1. b c c b 1. 6. 4. 5. 22.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 4. 2. 4. 13. 2. 1. 27. 14. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 8. 29. 2. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. 6. 4. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. a h c f 2. how many.
5. 2. 10. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 10. 7. 3. 4. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 1. 9. 2. 7. 10. 9. 10. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. 8. 4. 7. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. 6. 5. Please Listening Practice 12 1. Speaking Practice 3 1. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 9. 6. 7. 4. 7 8. 8. 8. The water. 6. 5. 2. 3. 9. 3. The Balinese. 9. 5. 1. 8. 4.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. 5. 6. 5. 4. 6. 5. 2. 1. 2. 3. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 3. 3. 6.Practice 5 1. 3. 7. 3. 2. 5. 2. 11. 6. 4. 5.m. 7. 7. 4. 4. 4. 3. 3. 5. 4.000. 10. 7. 6. 4. 3. 8. 11. 5 6. 1. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 1. 2. 2. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 2. 8. 1. 2. Kbo Iwo.
I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 54. He can leave it for an hour. 32. 15. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. 25. b. 6. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. 35. 29. 10. 5. a. b. 27. 22. 4. 1. 18. 12. 20. 23. 3. 4. 32. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. 26. 19. 3. 4. 60. 38. a. 31. 8. 43. 8. 1. 53. 5. b. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. 11. a. 7. 20. 3. 50. I could go early everyday last summer. 6. 33. 28. 5. 27. a. 34. 36. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. a. 24. 47. 6. 30. 6. 21. 57. 46. She can make her own dresses in a few years. 23. 13. 9. 25. 15. 13. 11. 22. 30. 10. 8. 2. 34. 21. She could cook well when I knew her. 4. 24. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. 3. b. 14. Practice 10 1. 39. 7. 58. 7. 9. 17. a. 52. 3. 45. 6. 4. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. 6. 7. 4. 28.Reading Practice 2 1. 4. 2. 2. 37. We could do this exercise last week. 26. 7. 3. 2. 2. b. 7. 18. 3. 9. 40. 42. 6. 59. a. 4. 44. 2. 39. 6. 5. 7. 56. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 16. a. She can cook well with more practice. 2. 10. 51. 55. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 5. I can go early if he lets me. 5. 29. 40. 8. 49. 7. 33. 8. 5. 10. 38. 48. b. We can do this exercise next week. 9. 3. She can read easily with her new glasses. 12. 36. 2. 35. 14. b. b. 8. 17. 1. 19. 37.
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