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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008
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telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Kami berharap. Namun. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Jakarta. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. dialihmediakan. dapat diunduh (down load). Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. pada tahun 2008. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan.Oleh karena itu. dalam hal ini. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Pemerintah. dicetak. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. digandakan.
Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. discourse. i. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. It aims to build your language. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. Bandung. July 2008 Writers iv . this book will help you learn English in communicative way. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. Hopefully. listening. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. support and encouragement. brings this book forward. reading and writing. speaking. Last but not least. This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students.e. sociocultural and strategic competence.
v . 5. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. 13. 16. expressions. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. 10. 2. 3. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. 11. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. 7. 14. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. and author of each chapter. 9. 15. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. Index helps you nd grammar. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. 8. 6. 4. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. Log On enriches your knowledge. 12. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters.
................................................... Learning Review ............................... • Listening to an art schedule from the radio .................. Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing .................... Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ........ • Writing a report text ... Listening ..................................................................................................................................................... Learning Essential ...................... Reading ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ........................ • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ............................................................ • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide ........................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts . • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ............................................................. Writing ....................................... Preface ......... Learning Review ................................................................................................... Listening .............................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation .. • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ........................................................................... Chapter 3 Be Creative! ............................................................................................................................................ • Responding to hesitation ............................................................................. Learning Essential ......... iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi ............. Writing .... Speaking ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ • Retelling the story in the form of report text ..... • Studying the structure of a report text ......................................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ............................. • Asking repetition .............. Guide to Read This Book ................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Listening .............. • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text ............ Reading ............................................................................................................................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ................................................................................................ • Writing your own procedural text ........................................................ • Reading aloud procedural texts ..................................................... Speaking .....................................................................................................
.......................... Listening .............................................. Reading ................................................ Speaking ..................................................................................................................................... • Promoting something through an advertisement ................. • Identifying the structure of narrative text ................................ • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text .................................................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural text ...... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ................................................................. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.................................... Learning Essential .............................................................................................................................. • Composing a procedural text ............... Listening ......................... Writing ........................................................................................ Please ......................................................................................................................................................................................... • Showing attention and expressions of admiration ..Speaking ....... • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ............................................................................... • Telling interesting news or information ............................................ • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ........................................................................ Reading ........... • Reading texts in narrative form ..................................................................... • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ................................................................................................................................................................................... • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ......................................... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ................................................. Writing . • Using polite expressions to show manner ...................................................................................... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ...................... Learning Review ............ • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ...................................................................... Speaking .......................................................................................................... Learning Essential ................................... Learning Review ............................................................................................................... • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary .............. Reading ............. • Reading report text ..... Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ...................... • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ............................................................... • Writing narrative texts ....... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii .....................................................................................................................................................
......................... Exercise of Chapters 4–5 ....................... Glossary ......................... Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... Listening Script ....................................................... Index ............................................................................................................................................................ • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ............................................................................. • Writing and sending a letter ........................................................................................ Learning Essential ............................................................................................................................ Learning Review ..............Writing ....... Photo Credits ......................... Final Evaluation ....................................................................................................... Answer Key ....... 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ..............................................................................................................................
com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.germes-online.
First. 1. 2. put a paper towel under the stain. Nur : OK then. Then. After learning the lesson in this section. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . Nayla. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. Try my hints. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. 5. 3. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. My white shirt is stained. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure.Listening In this section. After that. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. Thanks so much. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. spray the stain with hair spray. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. I’ll try it. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. 4.
.. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately.. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 . Finally. Discuss it with your partner.. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. I take medicine. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. You will sleep really well. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. Listen again to the tape. I don’t know why. 1. I go to sleep. First.. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. 2. I feel fresh again. about it? : : . when I get up. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. Then. Then.. don’t think too much. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. : : . rst. Next.
com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. 1. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. 2. 3. Then. Then.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. 2. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. heritage. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. 3. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. ll in the following blank spaces. 1. 4. 5.
h the juice into some glasses.15. 15 Do It This Way! 5 . . a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute. red 1. do the same to the remaining f . pineapple. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. 2 3 persons). 2. les. 3.Practice 10 Now. Ria No. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. Jln. ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening. g . together all of your friends (max. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. How to make: the b of papaya. by 29 March 2008.
Practice 12 Now.Then. Look at my new purse. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. he. that’s nice. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Kesya : Hello. make your own announcement.... Resty. 2. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. I gave my magic nishing touch. show expressions for asking repetition. Kesya. I just added some colourful buttons. rst. 1. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. 1. Kesya? Kesya : Oh. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Well. After learning the lesson in this section. he. 3. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said.. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue.. 2. Resty : Hello.. Hey. he. Choose one of the following topics. that’s right. I made it myself. Finally. four– ve glittery beads.
please? • Sorry. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. please? • Would you be louder. I didn’t catch what you said. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet. Do It This Way! 7 . what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1. • Could you repeat again. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions.Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. 2.
Come on in. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. thanks. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. Answer the following questions orally. Act it out in front of the class. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. 2. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. How are you?” greeted Oky. and watch its path. 1. 3. where have you been? I’m ne. just a moment please. “Oh.” Sasha said.”reply Sasha.3. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. Sasha.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. hi Oky.
.” “Oh. make sure it’s not too runny.?” “After that.. So. I thought it was complicated. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. stir it. Then. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly. since you’re my best pal.” “Yes. Do It This Way! 9 ..” “Now. I’ve been so busy lately. Mmm.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. By the way..” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk.“Thanks Sas. stick in the toothpicks for handles. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much.” “Uhm-hm. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild. and toothpicks just for accessories. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder.. it will be easy to form balls with.” “Wow. It’s nished. Let’s continue.” “OK. Well. Then. until the mixture becomes hard. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. Thanks a lot. So. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. Next. what snack do you prefer?” “OK. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday. I am taking many courses before my nal exams. Place it in the small cookie paper. just like this.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. Let’s go to the kitchen. we can start to form it like balls. as easy as that.” “Yup. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. I don’t mind. Let’s eat... so I still have the ingredients. We can’t use solid chocolate. OK. It tastes bitter. three packs of milk biscuits. So.” “First of all..that’s easy.” “OK. sure. Finally. then.
3. 5.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX .. If your nose continues to bleed. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. loosen the clothing around your neck. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. 3. 4... call a doctor. Compare with other groups’ work. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. Then sit down with your head leaning forward. Practice 9 Work in groups.artcraft. and more. a hairpin. Source: www. Now. 2. Practice 11 Announce it to the class. First. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. 4.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions.
read a procedural text correctly. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. Then. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. 2. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. 1. After learning the lesson in this section. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 . Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. read aloud a procedure correctly. 3.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally.
The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. Example: water plants. action verbs). Nature. etc. even though we rarely realise it. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. Finally. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. do a simple scienti c experiment. read a manual on. but not in direct sunlight. Now. how. how many. details. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. Example: Place the tank in bright light. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . spread the gravels over base of the tank. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. We often use procedural texts. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. Taken from Hands on Science. procedural texts are part of our daily life. Next. • The frame (commands. First of all. how to turn on a CD player. add a jug full of pond water. After that. Nature. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. • The covering (where. what type). how long.
6. 5. 2. 3. 4.Practice 2 In pairs. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. No. c. 5. e f. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 1. 2. b. 6. 4. 2. Use a to lter the water. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. Add to the base of the tank. 3. You can nd water animals from nearby . g. You can use to decorate your aquarium. 1. Fill full of water. 5. 1. 4. 7. d. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. 3.
2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. There you can download free papercraft models.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. To make a papercraft you can click on www. com or www. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1.cp-ij. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX . The picture will be saved in a 2 .papercraftworld. When he wants to see the results of the picture.cp. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor.blogspot. He uses a 1 . Read the following procedure carefully.com. The man wants to take a picture of a bird. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder.
5. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. Turn the monster face around. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 .2. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 4. 3.
Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. details and tools. 3. Correct the false one. 7. 4. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. 4. 3. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. 6. The following clues will help you. 5. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. 2. 6. 5. You also need glue for the experiment. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. Connect your third wire to the other screw. 1. 1. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. 5. 4. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). 3. 1. 2.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text.
Add some salt by yourself. let’s (and let’s.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences.” “Let him be. Keep the water boiling. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. “Let’s go for a walk. Let us pray. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think.. let’s all get moving. Yes. 2. Let the prayers begin. • In a very informal style. (informal) Forms with don’t.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. State them orally. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. let’s is used as a short answer. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common.” • There are two possible negatives.. Ask your friend to get lunch together. (formal) Let’s not get angry.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us. 4. eg. Let us not despair. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). Let’s have a drink. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. Ask your friend to cook together. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else.. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. 3. Do It This Way! 17 . Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. I don’t care. Keep stirring coconut milk. Let’s see. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. but informal uses are also possible. wherever they may be. 7. OK. 8. don’t in American English) are very informal. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. eg. not the speaker or hearer. This is common in formal and ceremonial language. 5. 1.. let’s is often used to mean let me. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. shall we?” “Yes. let’s. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. 6.
The egg sinks to the bottom. a large glass. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX . Note Time-order (signal words) • First. When you write your paragraph. The most famous one was Imhotep. a dessert spoon and water. a teaspoon. write a procedural text correctly. using the dessert spoon.Writing In this section. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. How to do it: 1. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. you should arrange the steps according to time order. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. second. After learning the lesson in this section. an egg. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. astronomers and goverment of cers. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. When you want to tell someone how to do something. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. Olahraga dan hiburan. Then. Then. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. We half ll the glass with water. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. we carefully put the egg in water.
They will be happy because of your attention. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. Make dishes from it.2. so it sank. but less than the brine. We put in the egg again. a magazine. or a recipe book. as it has more density than clear water. 4. when clear water was added. Do you know why? In the rst stage. Do It This Way! 19 . helping the egg to oat. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. the egg was denser than clear water. making the egg sty in the middle. Ask them to taste it. it oated on the brine. The egg oats. We put the egg in the water again. salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. In the second stage. 3. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. Finally. 5. then surprise a family member. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2.
dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel.Practice 4 Work in pairs. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. 2. etxn. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. hten. teafr hatt. ts r fo lla. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. 4. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. inlylifa. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. They will need to be watered regularly. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. Wearing a pair of sveolg. water your plants well. 3.
2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. Compare with other groups. Then. make a procedural text. write them down in your exercise book.5. In groups of three. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . Then. write your own procedural text. Then. You are free to choose the topic. tell the class what you have created. Nature.
3.I'm sorry.. Next.Materials .. • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you. Asking repetition . break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.Are you certain? .I've no doubt about . L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. I didn't catch what you said..Are you sure? Responses for certainty . dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel.The covering 1...The frame .Sorry.I'm quite sure . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions.Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty . After that. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants. 2.Steps .. 1. 3. 22 English in Focus for Grade IX . I can't hear you! . answer the following questions. Let’s have a snack.. First of all. 2.Goal . . • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: .
Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .
Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. Gigi. Ungu. While listening. and the night clubs and on 4 . 5. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people.Listening In this section. identify a monologue in the form of report texts. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. After learning the lesson in this section. in the missing words on the text. cafe. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. 4. 3. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. 2. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. The boys bands are 6 today. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . restaurants. They are played by 3 in dance halls. 7 held by Maroon Five. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. 1. understand expressions of hesitation.
Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. Pop songs come from pop composers only. 2. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . 5. While listening. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. 3. 4. The bands always consist of eight persons. 4. 2. 3. 6. 5. 8. Boy bands are not popular today. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. Gigi is a boy band. Consult your dictionary for help. 2. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 5. 4. 6. 1. 3. Pronounce It! 1. 7. 1. The songs are complex.
Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape. 2... Discuss it with your friend.. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about . 7. Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words. Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12. Practice 8 Now. • I couldn’t really be sure about .. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason. 5.. 10. 1.. study the following explanation carefully. 3. 9. • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about . 4... Answer the following questions orally. 2. 6.. answer the following questions. Then.Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs.. 11......... 1. 8.. • There’s surely some doubt about . • I couldn’t say . • I’m not convinced about .. Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX . Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure ..
2.co. Listen to the art schedule in the radio. Then make a report about them.id or you can use the search engine www. Then. then share it to the class. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. 3. For help click to www. then complete the following table. sonybmg. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much.uk No.co.google.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully. 1. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . Source: www.offshoreradio.
.. such as responding to hesitation correctly. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX . answer the questions that follow orally. 2. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech..Speaking In this section. 3...id 1. • I’ve no doubt about .. www.. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation.id.. study the following expressions... Source: www. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully.. • do a monologue in the form of reported text. • .banten.absolutely positive/certain . Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain .unj. • You can be sure about .. After learning the lesson in this section. retell the text in the form of a report.ac. Then.go...
and only to friends.(surely) that’s obvious. Lana. • I’m (quite) convinced/that . and my sister asked me to visit him at 5....... (say with a smile.. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind ... Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully. • I don’t think there can be any doubt ... • I’m fairly sure . • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that . it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain ..... Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy... There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync. • There can’t be any doubt . I don’t think there can be any doubt about that. are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now. (isn’t it?). My uncle is sick..m. She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync.. Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 .Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • . • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct..00 p.... • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music.
act it out. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before. 3. 4. 4. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. we have fun. 3. 6. When we dance. 1. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. Dad. Answer the following questions orally. 2. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. 5. 1. Then. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. 2. Young people prefer rock music to pop music.What do you think of the dancers. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation.
Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. stretching. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. 1. Basically. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV.Practice 7 In groups of four. For example. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. discuss the following statements. For example. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. With all these physical actions. 1. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. Most people dance to have fun. the ballerina exercises to rotate. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. has some candles carried by the dancer. 3. Listen to her/him carefully. Dancing is moving the body together with music. uses a mask to perform its dance. bending. we can create a number of body movements. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. 2. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. or topeng dance from Betawi. Use the expressions that you have learnt. 3. lilin dance from West Sumatra. and turning. Then. Dancing belongs to rich people. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. in ballet. And there are many more. 2. jumping. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. usually through long periods of special training. 4. our body has the potential to be developed. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition.
Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. 1. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. Then. 8. 4. do the exercise. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. 9. 7. shower 3. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. (Your answer can be the guide). re 4. 6. 1. 5.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. shine 2. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. 3. Then. Read the following explanation carefully. pronounce them. 2. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. 2. 3. 1. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. Study the questions rst.
the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake.2 .5 . Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies. after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg.did not .1 .7 . As the subject. The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming. 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 .we . We avoid meeting him. “Stop talking!” the man commanded. a.for.4 . (Active) He dislikes being told what to do. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence.2 . (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room.5 .3 c.1 .much . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret.2 .6 .5 .1 . 6 . d.clothes . 3 .8 .money .6 .1 .8 d.G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun. The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure. c. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a.5 .8 b.4 . 6 . (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.spend . For this reason it is also called a verbal noun.2 .8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris.7 . b.2 .3 .7 . Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth. 3 .7 . UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying .4 .
I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. 3. 1. 6. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. 9. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. Reading In this section. 10. thank you for (help) my little brother. “Neil. 2. 3.” she said. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. 7. 8. know the characteristics of a report text. She has completed (pack) her bags. 1. 5. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. Collecting stamps is my hobby. After learning the lesson in this section. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text.
1. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . 4. They understood its beat and sound. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. Rock mainly became the music of the young.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. Rock became a very big business. 2. were heard across the US. Elvis Presley. 3. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. records of a young singer from Tennessee. Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. and its lyrics. 7. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. 6. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. After he appeared on nation-wide television. Alan Freed. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. In 1955. 5.
Rock music is played and listened in most countries. d. All countries. Elvis Presley 6. Rock music is part of popular music today. Rock music. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. b. He was heard across the US. He appeared on nation-wide television. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. 1. Rock became a very big business at that time. b. c. b. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. d. His performing style was rock and roll. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. By the early 1970’s. young singer c. a. Bill Haley and The Comets d. What is the best title for the text? a. 3. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. Music from Time to Time. d. c. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. Choose either a. Rock mainly became the big business. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. Rock is popular among young people. Alan Freed. Popular music. in 1955 b. 3. c. Rock music vs lm industry. He was a young singer from Tennessee. The main idea of paragraph two is . young singer from Tennessee. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. c. b. Rock Music. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. d. b. 7. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. 5. Music. c. c. 4. a. Below are some of his actions. Rock and Roll. or d based on the text. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. Kinds of Music. b. d. 4.Practice 4 1. 2. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. The supporting idea of paragraph two is .
Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. and weddings. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . Discuss it with a friend. Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. But. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. After he appeared on nation-wide television. Appeared means . Almost means . his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. such as religious services. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. People use music for a part of ceremonies. 1. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject. parades. 2. What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas.
earning more money annually than the lm industry.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX . Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend. les.com Source: www.org2.kbrimanila.3. les.kbrimanila.wordpress.ph Source: brangwetan. 4. . . wordpress. Mainly means Rock became a very big business. Rock mainly became the music of the young.ph Source: www.org. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally. Source: appreciativeorganization.
2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. 4. The architectural elements in some temples for example. In Cirebon. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully.1. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. reveal Chinese in uence. 3. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. furniture and household objects. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. In Gianyar Bali. Identify the characteristic of the text. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. 2. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 .
9. h.. b.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. d. Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. 4. 5. Buddhist or Muslim in uence.. although not as strong as the Hindu. . B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. g. 3. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . 8.. Assimilated means . 3.. 10. 2. j. and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . 2. Identical means . Evidenced means 4.. e. . i. NO. Adapted means .. 7.. 1. 5. Played means . have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a. Use your dictionary if necessary. . 6. f. 1. c. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.
Examples are taken from Practice 9. furniture and household objects. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. supporting idea and concluding idea. reveal Chinese in uence. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. A paragraph is developed by three parts. examples and explanation of main idea. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. In Gianyar Bali. The architectural elements in some temples for example. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. we can get the meanings. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. Main idea. Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully.
Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. supporting and concluding idea. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. it’s not leaving many evidence. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression.Practice 14 Now. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . try to nd main idea. So.
Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide.Writing In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. and Western. After learning the lesson in this section. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. write and produce a report text and its other form. Then identify main idea. in their own ways. supporting idea and concluding idea. all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. However. Chinese. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Islamic. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period.
• Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. • Description of the subject. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX . Description of a general classi cation. information. or human matters. The subject includes natural things. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. Copy the table into your exercise book. and its classi cation.Note What Is a Report Text? a.m. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. environment. The purpose of a text: To report something. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject. social matters. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. just like the way it is. (1) Time 09. 1.30 a. b.
4.30 10.30 17.30 13.00 07.00–16.30 07.00 15.30–08.30 20.30 15.00 19.00 15.00 20.00 20.30 10. Siang.00 12.00 11.00 09.00 20.30 00.30–10.30 11.30–08. 04.00–12.00 11.00–12.00 07.00 07.00 18.00 20.30 16. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .00 17.30 07.00 09.30 14.30 11.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.30 18.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to.00 12.00 09.30 00.30 08.Practice 4 1.00 14.45 12.00 11.30 16. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.00 14.30 08.30 07.00 22.30 17.30 20.00 15.30 11.00 11.00 08.45 06.00 22.30 12.00 09. 07.00 18.30 13.00 17. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.
synthesizers. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. wind instruments. keyboard instruments. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. match them with their names. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. Then. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. Electric guitars. electronic pianos. They are stringed instruments. and electronic instruments. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. percussion instruments.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. The piano. harp. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. The ute. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . cello. The violin. and guitar are stringed instruments. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter.
supporting idea and concluding idea. castanets g. main idea. electric guitar f. accordion d. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. conga e. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. drum h. triangle c. Present the report in front of the class. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . harp b. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual.
2.He couldn’t help telling the truth. The subject includes natural things.. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. .There's some doubt in my mind that/about . Buddhist or Muslim in uences. 3.You can be sure about . Generic structure: . 1. environment. or human matters.. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. social matters. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. ..I could say . and its classi cation. Responding to hesitation .. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. . just the way it is..Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation . answer the following questions. information. Description of a general classi cation. 48 English in Focus for Grade IX .General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. . Grammar: Gerunds Examples ..Working for that lady is a pleasure. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.I'm a hundred percent certain ..Description of the subject..
n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.slbn3yogja.
you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. : 3 . Thanks for the explanation. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . state your name and address to the operator. After learning the lesson in this section. : And then. Finally. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. : 4 . : Then.Listening In this section. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. get the meanings from a poster. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. answer the following questions rst. First. 4. 3. 2 . Then. 2. get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. 1. pick up the phone. state your destination to the operator. : 1 . Dial the service number. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. you hang up the phone. ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. Then. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape.
Dona : Hey.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. Dona : . 1. 3. now it is nished. Then. Gun. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Then. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions.recipezaar. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. ! Gun : After that. Ah. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. ll in the missing expressions. answer the following questions. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Then. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Source: www. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. 4.com Be Creative! 51 . Then. Gun : See. Dona : . 2.
3. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book.. 3. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow. I see. Sir/Ma’am. that’s really brilliant.. 2. 1. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh. lovely! • That’s really fantastic.1. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. Sir/Ma’am. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. • If I may say. Then.com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. • Well . 2. Discuss it with your friends.rasamalaysia. • Tell me more. Source: www.
Be Creative! 53 . Riana has made a . prepare palm leaves. 2. strong ropes. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. 1. Yes. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. 4. She wants Angga to taste them.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. oh. choose the place for the house. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. choose a. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. I see. I see. Then. c. c. oh. snack c. .” “Well. 3. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. Not really.” “Oh I see. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. Now the house is ready. b. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. juice b. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. b. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. Angga. First of all. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. “Hi. b. it looks so delicious. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. I call this fruit kebab. c.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. . woods. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. he does. Next. No. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. After that. we can make an Amazon hut. a. what’s that? b. saw.
3.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. 1. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. gurethings. 1. Your or weapon must be unique.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . You must have a name. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original. 2. You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. 3. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www. 4. Then complete the missing phrases. You must have a . 2.
. Then cut some cheese into slices. 3. Nely : Uh. 2. 1. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . 3. 1. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. put the other piece of bread on top. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. and then? Vita : After that. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. Vita : I made them by myself. Fantastic taste. 4. Put a slice of butter on each slice.Speaking In this section. First. After learning the lesson in this section. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. Finally. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. take two slices of bread. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. 2. 5.. uh. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. Vita : OK. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. such as showing attention and admiral expression.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. Example: Cut the paper. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. 2005 4. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. published from 1731 to 1914. Example: For ve minutes. At rst.2. Adverbials to show when or how. mix and put. cut. Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. 3. Be Creative! 59 . Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Use action verbs. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. such as turn. Connector to show chronology. 5. two centimeters from the top. such as then and while. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. Later it published new stories. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand.
4. 5. d. Use your dictionary if necessary. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. 1. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. 8. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. h.parkseed. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. 2. No. g. 3.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. condition. 6. 3. e. 7. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object. 2. 1. 4. f. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. b. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a.
au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. The term used is usually the same as the base form. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. . sunny position (at least 25 degree C). connector and adverbial.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders.edu. Imperatives Meanwhile. Fill seed tray with soil.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. . It is one of the three moods of an English verb. . commands and instructions. 2. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. 3.14 days. imperative. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. Steps 1. the italicised words above are called imperatives. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. 7.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life.impc. Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain .Don’t slouch. Spray water to moisten the seed bed. 4.Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles. Taken from: www. . 5. 6. Press rmly. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 . but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. Imperatives should be used carefully in English. Place seed tray in warm. to give rm orders or commands. Be Creative! 61 .
5.Red food colouring . Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3.Small bottle . Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. 4. Writing In this section. • make and get meaning from poster. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. (has in the third person singular) I have slept. After learning the lesson in this section. He/she/it has slept. make poster. this is a picture of your. Look at this magazine.String .Hot and cold water . You have slept.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb.Scissors . 1. You have slept. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text. They have slept.Paint brush . 2. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : . We have slept. “All my money (steal)!” he said.
Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle. 4. 3. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. Fill the bottle with hot water.1. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red. Be Creative! 63 . Cut a long piece of string. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. 2.
2. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. 4. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. 6. 1.5. 5. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano. 3. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it.
method of scoring and the number of players. purpose of the experiment. 4. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . Cut the meat into small cubes. procedure. 1. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. rules of the game. equipment that you need. 2. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. 3. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. onions and green peppers into quarters. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. Chop up the tomatoes. observations and conclusion.
Then. Some clues below will help you. adverbial phrases. try to make some instructions. 3. 1.com or www. you can click www.all-science-fairprojects. connectors. Use your dictionary. make a procedural text. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science. Nature.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. scienceproject. The form of the procedural text. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need. (games. materials and subjects. action verbs. Compare with other groups. recipes. 2. help.com Study the following pictures carefully. tell the class what you have created. Then.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . (Those include imperative sentence. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. Steps of your procedure.
Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. You don’t have to be too fancy.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. 2. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. 5. popcorn and mineral water. Be Creative! 67 . 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. advertise it with an attractive poster. 4. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. Premiere Sunday. 3. 6.
The covering 1. 3. Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Next. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX . The theme is free. First of all. Place the box in the middle of the rear board. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box.Goal .Practice 9 Make your own poster. 1. answer the following questions. Take great care with the hammer. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. nail all the pieces together. After that.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. 2. 2. and draw around it in pencil.. .Oh. Generic structure: . 3. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.The frame . I see.Materials . that's marvellous! .Tell me more Expressions of admiration .. She has written ve novels in a month.Wow.Steps .. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres.
Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. Let she b. I think you should see a doctor soon. felt-tip pen d. sheet b. torch 2. a bright torch b. you look cool! b. Wow. repetition d. Let us d. This helps drivers to see them clearly. Hello. pens b. b. c or d. You will need 1. Let she b. a. Let me b. As long as you keep studying. I can’t hear you. The italicised word shows . tip pens c. I’m really sorry to hear that. Excuse me. 10. Let us c. razors 3. Excuse me. felt-tip pens 12. Excuse me? a. Wow. agreement d. May I d. 2001 6. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. The italicised sentence shows . Let me d. a. a. I have no doubt about it. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. a. a. 15. bright d. a. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. But I can’t hear you. Let he 69 . a sheet c. Come on c. a. a sheet of black paper 4. Can I c. a. b. a. b. especially when it is dark. 14. b. Because my parents asked me to go with them. 9. Let them have a drink! a. a. 8. certainty c. hesitation have a look! a. 7. agreement b. 13. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. black paper d. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. 11. scissors c. I have no doubt about it. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. Come on go as soon as they have nished. 5. I’m not really sure but. Give your best try. For numbers 5 to 10. Hello. a torch c. Wow! b. uncertainty c. certainty b. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. listen to some expressions and choose your response. a. a. I’ll do my best. The signal is low. b. scissor b. razor d.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. glue. b. d. c. b. Connect the battery and switch. c. c. d. Connect two wires to the motor. b. a battery. 40. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Belt. d. c. Sticky tape. 32. Push it. d. 2001 Choose either a. b. c. What must you do with the wires? a. d. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Connect it to the motor. rice. 111 wires b. 31. 37. Glue it to the scissors. b. Glue it. Wire from your friend. c. Wire from the motor. what must you do? a. Connect it. Two stones. 212 wires 38. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. Go to the bathroom. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. c. 33. b. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. To start a fan. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Wire from the paperclip. b. Let it ow. The thick block . Pillow. Tape it with the motor. tires. d. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. 39. Cut it. 36. or d for the correct answer. glue. b. sticky tape .4. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. To make an electric fan. Eat some food. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. To make a battery. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. a lighter. 3 wires. Taken from How Does It Work?. To compose a letter. c. c. 3 wires d. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. b. Connect two wires to the motor. c. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. d. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. b. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. tape. Wire from the block of wood. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. Scissors. 35. 34. d. d. To make an electric fan. Cut it into pieces. 10 wires c. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3 wires.
Answer the following questions. 5. 10. 7. 6. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX .Now. do the following instructions. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. He (lose) his books. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. 8. 1. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. 3. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. What is a report text? 9. 2. 4.
ac.leeds.german.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
2. No. 5. but he ignored it. c. 3. The dog looked down into the river water. Full with meat in his stomach. he did. he didn’t. The dog stayed hungry. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. Yes. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. c. The dog got nothing. c. Did the dog realise it? a. What was the other dog in the river? a. The dog saw another dog. he did.1. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. The dog left the river. b. c. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Yes. Full with hunger. 4. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. b. a. 6. The dog ran off. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. c. Re ection of himself. b. b. b. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. pleased c. Full of greed. Check this out. displeased b. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . What is meant by "when he was full"? a.
Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 .g. Surprisingly. telling interesting news: surprisingly. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. luckily enough. So the Sea go along. etc. funnily enough. then they climbed up into the sky. they invite the Sea to visit them.). One day. where they have remain ever since.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. Check their facial expressions. (Say it rst with low intonation then high. with the sh and all the members of his family. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. 1990 A long time ago. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. the water begin to rise. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. especially in the word “jumped”.
us. asked for Answer b. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . big/huge friends b. That was a very 8 experience. And were great friends of the Sea. Last Sunday. Santi and I 1 going to the town . a. a. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. They invited the Sea. He 6 for a money to buy some food. a. Gosh. nice/close friends 4. a dirty. neglected for b. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. a. 2. a. poor boy came out from the bush. We heard Near the park. Surprisingly. we gave him some money. conquered 3. Dear diary. He said thanks and went away. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. started 5. the library together. In addition. stayed b. the water began to rise. Where they have remained ever since. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. So. Example: 1. seemed b. continued b. But then. Now.Practice 12 Now. he was just a 7 kid. A married couple who lived. We went 2 weather was ﬁne.
use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. /ɔ:/: o (long). express monologue in the narrative form. After learning the lesson in this section. Sir?Ma’am. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. Then. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. 1. • I believed that news is really interest you much. I can’t believe it. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. /ʊ/. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. /ɔ:/.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. 2. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. Sir/ Ma’am. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 .
A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. Then practise with your partner. we don’t have to go down town anymore. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. There will be a library near our home. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. : but. Last week. it’s so exciting. 3. 6. causing widespread damage. Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. Now. I’ll do shopping then. 4. So. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. 2. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally.00 promotion.000. that the factory outlets are cool. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. Yeah. 1. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. 2. 1. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. 3. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. 5. 5.
it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. a pen nib. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. 3. how small these things are. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. 1. Collin collected a crumb. a peanut. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. a paper clip.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day.” chuckled Collin. a shell and a petal. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. “It’s huge. a pin and a needle. Soon he had found a feather. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely.” Collin said. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia. “Funnily enough. “It makes me feel so very small. a button and a berry. 2. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . a pea.
nuts. 6. 11. Role play With your friend. 5. 3. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. B coloured leaf. 7. 1. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. Some questions will help you. 1. c. i. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. h. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. covering of eggs. 3. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. 8. 5. 10. 2.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. 4. 2. k. 6. greatly Practice 11 Now. d. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. f. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . e. b. No. 7. j. 4. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). and some animals look long and steadily very large. 9. g.
Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. a. 4. identify the structure of narrative text. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. What a big plane it is! c. 3. develop your own story and share it to the class. Father told me that it was also comfortable. 2. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. 4. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. identify the structure of narrative text. How nice it is! b. read narrative text correctly. How expensive it is! d. 2005 Reading In this section. After learning the lesson in this section. 3.1. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. 5. 1. pronunciation and pause. that’s right.
4.1956) was an English author. 5. d. named Sang Prabu. Milne (1882 . h. Christopher Robin. 2. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. g. 8. e. 1. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. b. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. 6. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2006 Long. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. These stories were based on Milne’s son. He had an only daughter. as well as novels. punctuation and pauses. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. and his stuffed animals.A. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. long ago. 7. Pay attention to the pronunciation. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. 3. plays. The King. f. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. called Princess Teja Nirmala.Practice 2 Before you read the text. No. and short stories for grown-ups. c. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B.A. was a wise man. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A.
human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . so she killed Raden Begawan. The fairy could not accept this. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. 5. j. 10. f. i. h. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 4. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. the wicked fairy. 8. 2. When Sang Prabu was searching.After that. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. B mix subject. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. important things must die. 7. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. 3. 6. 1. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. No. c. d. k. g. Prince of Blambangan. 9. b. she was very sad. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. Unfortunately. e.
Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. 7. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. 5. The princess went to Kahyangan. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. The wicked fairy. 6. 4. magazine. The story may be funny. 1. newspaper or the internet. 3. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. Sang Prabu. The death of Raden Begawan. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. Example : Now. sad or horror. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. 2. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. His name was Opie. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. Her father’s name. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. Then tell it to your class. The prince of Blambangan. 8. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.
pronunciation and pause. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. In his hunger. After they fed Kbo Iwo. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. It made the Balinese turn to rage.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . he fell asleep in the hole. he began to dig a deep hole. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. He was satis ed with the meal. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. So. Pay attention to the punctuation. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. a destroyer as well as a creator. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. One day he had eaten too much.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger.
devour 4. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. 2. barns 5. line 6) this (paragraph 2. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . rage 7. harvest 6. 7. 10.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. 4. 5. well 10. 2. oppose 8. 3. 6. line 6) them (paragraph 3. line 4) it (paragraph 3. stupidity 9. 7. he (paragraph 1. 3. 6. line 5) they (paragraph 2. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. line 6) it (paragraph 2. 8. 4. 9. 5. Example: 1. 1. 1. line 1) he (paragraph 3.
Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. 1. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. 2.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. 4. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. write a diary in the form of imaginary story. Writing In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. 3. write a narrative text correctly.
The stepsisters went to the ball without her. b. where. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. But.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . Fortunately. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. Cinderella was sad. action verbs • linking words. They lived happily ever after. where. She had to do all the house work. her stepsisters would not let her go. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. They treated her badly. Text structure is indicated by: • who. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. action verbs) (linking words. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. Cinderella danced with the prince. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. At the ball.
What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures. Now when the professor left for home. so straight away all the insects gathered round.. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. he forgot all about his magnifying glass. To help you create a blog. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass.. then you should create a blog. Furthermore. and so they did. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.multiply. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again. 2002 One sunny day. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes. com Read the following story carefully. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. just click on www.
oh my God. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX . speci c characters. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now.I saw 5 reptiles. A 1 monster. Dear diary.. and as a complement in prepositional phrases. nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. she was calming me down. they were approaching me.. my body was 10 hard. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. Suddenly. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values. It 4 like an island. Ouucchh.. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. middle of nowhere.. In their 8 steps. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. Last night I met a monster. object. Read the following explanation carefully. complement of sentences. They had heads a bit like young cows. It was my mom.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. I was 2 in a 3 place. Then.. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly..Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words.
8. 4. gentle familiar frown 7. foolish 8. smile agitated day 4. 6. strange 6. 7. 1. touched 11. looked 10. 1. 3. night 3. said It’s a Great Story 97 . slow 5. meet 2. identify the structure of the text. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. Consult your dictionary if necessary. with your friend. The words in the box may help you. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. 2. met was damped saw 5.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. were had made thought 9.
. 98 English in Focus for Grade IX .. answer the following questions.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information . She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. 1. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . Generic structure: ..who. speci c characters .I am certain/not certain. 2.coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.You know what! This story is really interesting.. action verbs . where. They treated her badly. 3. She had to do all the house work. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one.linking words. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours.De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. .end of the story’s con ict . What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.It's a great legend. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.
com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement. Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.frightenstein.
5. In fact. 4. After learning the lesson in this section. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . I want to .Listening In this section. how to show polite expressions. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. Its 4 located inside the post of ce. ll in the blank spaces. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. 1. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. 2. sure. answer the following questions. He works for the Ministry of Education. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. SMS. or e-mail? Give your reason. 3. The words in the box may help you. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah.
The addressee must sign a receipt for it. Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. Herman. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Thank you very much for the information. Nino. Wu Fei : All right. locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. : So. How are you? : Hello. 1 . anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. Send Me a Letter. I called 5 and they helped me. Pay attention to your expressions. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. 3 .Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. Mr Randi. What happened next? : Then. : I see. : 4 . Please 101 . : Oh.
Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. 2. 3. please. I will buy it myself. 1. I don't know d.UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. Of course b. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . Ma’am. I'm in a hurry. It’s . 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. Identify the different of the sounds. please. Santi : It is OK then. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. please? Santo : I can't. . Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. I'm sure c. Then. ve and a . a. Sir.
please. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape.4. Send Me a Letter. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. 5. Please 103 . the missing words. If this is unsuccessful. This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. 1. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. In the US. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. 2. In Spain or Indonesia. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. Then. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. Post of ce clerk : . a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. 3.
What radio station announces the ads? a. Rp150. 2. Drawing stamps. 1. 5.000 When are the ads announced? a. These questions will help you. Rp155. 6. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. b. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a.000 c. One.m. Around 7-8 p. Trijaya FM.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . Around 2-4 p.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. Two. 5. Sylvester and Tweety. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. Donald and Daisy Duck. b.m. 3. c. What do the ads tell you about? a. b or c for the right answer. 3.000 c. b. Rp140. Rp150. Darajaya FM. Rp140. c. Ramajaya FM. 4.000 b. 2.000 b. 7. c. Around 7-8 a. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. Tom and Jerry. c. Buying stamps. b. Four. b. Collecting stamps. 4. 1. c. Rp155. Then answer the following questions by choosing a.m.
3. speak politely in your daily life. 5. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. express monologue in the form of report texts.com. perform monologue in the form of report texts. you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely.my 1.rhhotels. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. promote something through an advertisement. 4. promote something through an advertisement. Please 105 .Speaking In this section. Source: www.
please. A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. the 6th March.. Sir? Morgan. And nally. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. • Would you mind . Thank you very much for . we’re putting you in room 265 and 266.. That will be ne . Ah.. May I help you? Yes.. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. Daventry England. I’m sorry. Thank you very much. Could you please tell me your passport number. England. Now.. The name’s Anderson. Sir? Five days. • Would you please . practise it with your friend.. That’ll be ne. Sir.... Sir/Ma’am. M-O-R-G-A-N.. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street.. 5-7-1-T. Sir? Sure.. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you . Sir.. Daventry.. • • • • All right. 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. Mr Anderson. American Express. it’s 6 oh 5. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. Ah yes. And what is your rst name. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family.. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. Then. Sir. And your private address.. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. How long are you going to stay with us..Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. You’ve arrived today. All right. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant. Sir... • Shall I . Sir. Could you please . thank you. One moment .. My name’s Anderson..
c. Fill in hotel cheques. b. c. c. One. In PT Heat Exchangers International. What is the name of the guest? a. A manager. 8. d. Pay the hotel. d. Europe. Three d. A restaurant. b. b. b. d. Morgan Anderson. c. b. b. b. c. A hotel. What is the number of his passport? a. Where does he come from? a. 6. 5-7-9-7-T. Make sure that his rooms are ready. d. A purchasing manager. 5-7--1-T. c. By credit. c. Two. Anderson Morgan. 4. Fill in the registration form. c. c. d. 5-5-7-9-1-T. Spain. What is he? a.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. How many rooms did he reserve? a. A cafe. By American Express. How does he intend to pay? a. b. b. 2. 5. A bungalow. 1. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. 7. England. Daventry. What should he do after making the reservation? a. Bournemouth. d. In England. d. Send Me a Letter. . By debit card. Please 107 . Andrew. Four. 3. Where does the dialogue take place? a. Cash. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T.
Room 166. Bye. c.m. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . Room 266. Employee : Hello. Employee : Thank you. Caller : You’re welcome. 6 Employee : For what time. 10th March. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . Room 265. Caller : 10 . and we close at twelve 4 . please. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. b. Employee : May I have your 7 please. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. d. 12th March. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. Madam. Madam. Madam? Caller : Around eight. practise it in front of the class. b. What room is he going to stay in? a. d. Then.9. Practice 4 Role play Now. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. answer the questions that follow. Then. 13th March. two. Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. Room 165. the 1 . c. 10.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. 11th March. When is he going to leave the hotel? a.
1.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. 2. 3. c. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer.eircom. make some notes and retell it again using your own words. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.m. that’s right a. b. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud. d.net Send Me a Letter. History of Hotel Source: homepage. Please 109 .m.
It’s cheaper than a hotel. you can use to stay the night. The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. If you go outside your town. but usually only for a short time. 3. 1. 4. people used horses or ships to go to another place.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. 3. 5. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. but by the end of the 18th century. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. It’s better for you to take the South . 4. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. 6. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. 2. is a place where you can stay. In times. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes.
make your own advertisement.000. 6. 7. 3.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now. 5. Please 111 . 9. Send Me a Letter. Then try to promote it to your friend. 10. 8. 2. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750.Pronounce It! 1. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. 4.
parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . identify certain information and characteristic of report texts. 1.Reading In this section. 2. 3. 4. identify another form of report text. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts. What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. After learning the lesson in this section.
is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7. This is a postage .1. is from 8. Please 113 . This my father. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. 3. 6. Whose is it? 4. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. This is an . substance. 5. Send Me a Letter. 2. This is a .
Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. postcard. documents. If your letter.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. or package is going overseas. Because they connect each country. 4. When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. 5. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. 2. 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world.
4. All letters. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. The mail always goes through. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. 6. place to which something or somebody is going c. 2. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. 4. 7. be or make slow or late d. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. 3. to or from (places) across the sea f. Please 115 . 2. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. 5. 5. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. times for doing something b. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. No. touch with or hold in the hands e. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. Basically. list of planned events. an entrance Send Me a Letter. 3.New Horizon 1. 1. A ood in China or India. 6. 2. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists.
Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. 9. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. 4. post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. Compare your work with your friends’. 7. He has her as a secretary. 2.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. 3. I have to go to the to mail some letters. 10. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. 5. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. 8. 6. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX .
the hotel is only minutes away.co. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. if you plan to go on vacation soon. brochures. iloveblue. First.royalhoteliow. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. Second. Travel is usually safe and pleasant. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. To save time. Please 117 . A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. Hotels Source: www. the internet. As the pace of jet travel grows. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers. Send Me a Letter.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. So. hotels spring up near airports. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. and magazines. Once the plane lands. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. you can click www.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. Read the text and answer the questions that follow.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day.
drink.. 2. Bring. they (paragraph 1) b. d. Keep for future use. 4. the hotel is only 10 minutes away.. various personal services for the public. What does spring up mean? a. Set free from sin. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. To save time. Luxurious hotels. Coffee... What does save mean? a. d. c.. length 2. porridge. What is meant by meals? a. b. time b. Umum. c. c. soup. b. b. Continue to exist. What is an inn? a. b.. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. b.. 7. Jump. c. Avoid loss of time. . What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. Go bankrupt. d. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . butter. d. What does delay mean? a. What do the following words refer to? a. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. 6. business executives often . Perorangan. Keep from injury.. a. Manusia. 3. c. b. Breakfast. there (paragraph 1) c... d. except one.1. lunch. when their ights are delayed. Orang.. b. Arrive. Postpone. Read the text once again and choose either a. Penginapan. c. Big hotels. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. c. d. c. d. .. Continue to live. Tempat istirahat. depth c. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. b. As the pace of jet travel grows. c. tea. 9. Remain alive. 5. Minutes away means a very short space of . Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . Once the plane lands. Some travellers stay at airport inns . 8. Which one is it?) a. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. Losmen. Downtown hotels. Bread. 4. hotels spring up near airports. Retreat.. or d for the right answer. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. Leap. c. jam. b. 3. Penempatan.. distance d. Rice. d. d. A public house where travellers may eat.. 10. b. and sleep. dinner.. Cancel. milk. Small hotels. Appear.
Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. c. 3. Then. 4. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. Then answer the following questions. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. 7. He wants a . you may. 1. 6.” b. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. 5. a. 2. to and . • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. we may still catch the bus.” (Not: could) b.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . past or future. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. you can’t. ‘might’ can refer to either present. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. Please 119 . G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. you can. 1. 2. food. write down the messages in the following form. 3. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites. Identify the general classi cation of the text.
you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. Writing In this section. You could drive a car after you got your license. 4. He can play chess. 5. I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). She can cook very well. 3. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. write report text based on graphic. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). (this afternoon/when he was young). you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. You can drive a car when you are 17. Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . write a letter. write a letter correctly. (with more practice/when I knew her). 1. You say: 1. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to).Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. He can leave it here. 2. Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license).
We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate. Send Me a Letter. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate.. also however. but in city B the occupation rate is . 1. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. 3. 4. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. besides. in addition more over. 2..Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1.. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. Please 121 . therefore. thus.
Nugraha Wisata* Jln. Semarang Regency 1. Phone (0293) 64481. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. we can go to the Sarimaryn. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. 3. 4.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. 2. Amanda Cottage* Jln. 7. 5. 1. Diponegoro Ungaran. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. 6. A. Cempaka 9. Phone (0298) 91154. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. Trio** Jln. A. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. Phone (024) 921334. Kenteng Bandungan. 5. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. 2. Phone (0293) 64114. Yani 492. Magelang Municipality 1. 4. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. Phone (0293) 65095. Borobudur* Jln. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. Jend. Yani 4. 2. Phone (024) 91485. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. Phone (0293) 63347. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. 4. City* Jln. Phone (0298) 91449. Puri Asri** Jln. 3. Phone (0293) 64502. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. Phone (0298) 91501. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. Daha 23. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. Sudirman 68. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. 5.
Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter. Then. Begin the letter (Dear. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. Begin with day. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. Post code and telephone number come last. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter.. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. Put the date directly under the address. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. 2. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. Hopkins. and town. followed by the month and year..) on the left. Please 123 . street. 1. 3. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. Put your own address at the top on the right.
. After ‘Dear. The following clues will help you. J. for example. On 26 August 2008. 5. study the following form of letter. yours. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes. put a comma or nothing at all. 7.4. 2. see you or love. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. A. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). 6. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. 1. Say you can bring them with you later. Then.g. Practice 9 Now.’. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956.. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. 3. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. Forbes. A. In informal letters. Forbes. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). Informal letters may nish. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. Dear Miss Laney.
• • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates. Then post the letter. put it in the envelope. Why don’t you click www. Write down the addressee of the letter completely. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you.com and search for a friend to send your letter to. Send Me a Letter. Please 125 . After writing the letter. Make sure your friend receives the letter.penfriend. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8.
. Description of a general classi cation. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX . Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. or human matters.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner . May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow... social matters. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'. I can run to school. Amrizal had slept for ten hours.. 3. .Would you mind ..May. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.. I help you .Description of the subject.. . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. answer the following questions. 2. 1. She believed she could y. information. environment. and its classi cation. The subject includes natural things. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. just the way it is.. Generic structure: .
May. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . I have reserved one table for me and my friend. I help you? c. pleasure b. OK. have do c. b. Then. a.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. That’s enough for now. agreement d. please. have done d. responding to happiness c. a. Is there anything I can do. responding to pleasure b. Let she b. Let me d. certainty b. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. giving interesting news 8. Do you want to order? Susan 1. giving information 11. Miss Aura : Yes. Let us c. Because my parents asked me to go with them. The italicised words show . How are you? I’m doing good here. Waiter : Good afternoon. Then. we 5 our journey to the hotel. Text 1 Dear Lula. 7. responding to interesting news d. 4. happiness c. a. Miss. a. b. b. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. a. b. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . uncertainty c. I also visited Nagoya. He thanked her for what she (do). b. Love. 2. I only stayed for one night. Don’t forget to write me soon. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. had done 12. How are you? b. It was a very hot day. go as soon as they have nished. a. Lula. a. a. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. Batam Centre and Galang Island. giving interesting news d. b. d. because it was only a 3 visit. 3. Let them 9. a. 6. a. 5. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. had do b. a. asking for information 10.
I rarely face any real . Fire! I yelled aloud. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. b. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. Then. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. Yes. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. Have a nice holiday. 17. Since then. Watches from a tower in the forest. Then. Yes. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. 25 years 18. c. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. I’m.. you can. c. I was so worried.. Sir c. I saw a thin spiral of smoke.. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. Sir 14. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. . Yes. 15 years d. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. in six hours. 15 years d. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. I love it. All right. and camping in illegal places. problems. graf ting. d. 16 years b. A porter will carry your lugage. you could. on a dark cold night. Rarely means a. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. never c. I rarely face great problems. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. A policeman. c. c. Oh my God. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. Working as fast as they could. Please. Could I ask you some questions? . aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. a. it was a horrible dream. a. No. almost never b.13. Then. Certainly. Yes. d. Stops any illegal logging. d. b. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. 16. From other planes came men with parachutes. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. It happened three years ago. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX ... A police of cer. I could lose my life. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. He has been working there for . : Thank you very much. you couldn’t. Takes care of the forest. What does a forest ranger do? a. Finally. All the answers are correct. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. Choose either a. In my duty. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading. or d for the correct answer. What is a forest ranger? a. Sir b. People in yellow everywhere. 14 years c. 15. a great re sparking. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. I am always be careful. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. A forest guard. A forest scientist. In my duties. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. the remen had stopped the spread of re. b. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. b. Sir d.
person that sells wood illegally c. jumping d. Dry inside and outside 23. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. A raging sea of re means a. 27. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. Writing symbols on trees. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. Helicopter. c. Lighting. Sparking. landing c. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. Tiny lamp. person that steals wood d. c. What does blaze mean? a. and merchandise samples. a. d. 21. Tiny beam. b. d. Camping in forbidden areas. Narrative. walking 29. running b. Descriptive. c. b. What is the form of Text 1? a. magazines. 22. c. . expanding re d.19. d. They parachute into places . 28. d. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. b. b. person that chops down trees illegally b. c. b. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. c. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. 24. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. Dry all over d. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. Valuable dream. Illegal logger is a . Other planets. big re 25. Throwing a plastic can. Dry enough. But there is one wrong statement. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. d. Horrible dream. Tiny light. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. Now. A half dry. b. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. 26. Which one is it? a. Recount. large re spreading b. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. Battle. Tiny re. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. One of their better services is the handling of mail. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. Horrible experience. c. b. Fire. d. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. b. d. Bad experience. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. Report. the postage rates have risen. Aeroplane. Throwing a dead leaf. re like a sea c. c. Parachutes.
c. 30. postmen driving cars b. In your opinion. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . Delivering mail. b. c are incorrect. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. b. Modern countries. To be stopped. a. To be continued. using web services d. What is the policy about? a. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. b. 40. and modernised into new technological developments. Valuable income. a. Main development. 31. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. d. b. They don’t deliver mail on time. b. c are incorrect. b. Industrial countries. 35. d. Delivering money. c. d. c. Parcel businesses. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. Asking people to write many letters. d. b. To provide better services for customers. 36. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. Private rms. Funding b. Customers only. d. Great money. a. To be enlarged. In developing countries. b. Delivering parcels. c. Stricter laws. However. a. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. Developing countries. Better service. now. b. d. 37. c. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . c. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. b. Why have the postage rates risen? a. 39. Government. d. 38. Choose either a. 34. Single development. To be delayed. Because it has better service. using pigeons c. d. Private carriers. They handle it foolishly. First development. 32. What competes with the post of ce? a. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Earning income. To provide better service for everyone. Invaluable income. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. They handle it carelessly. b. d. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. c. b. c. b.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. d. They handle it carefully. Initial development. 33. c or d for the correct answer. c. and c are incorrect. 2007 c.
Present Perfect 5. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). The tenses are given. The door (already shut) by Bona. He can play football. He did. 9.Change the following sentences using can and could. 4. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. I can write a short story quickly. Sam Spider new shoes. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. I 10. B : Yes. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. I did. 1. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. Present Perfect 6. 3. 8. 7. Change the following sentences using may or might. Change the words in brackets into the correct form. The building (bomb) two months ago. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes.
c. c. after Greenland.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. 2001 4. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. which is part of New Guinea. 3. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. Secondly. don't get a pet dog.000 islands.000 kilometers. Birds. d. 2. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. choosing a pet dog b. or d for the correct answer. Firstly. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. playing with brothers and sisters. Baby brother. a. b. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. b. c. Baby sister. Lastly.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. Taken from UPSR. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. Dogs and Cats. Cats only. Dogs and Cats. Many geographers divide the more than 13. Time and money. You do not need to take care of pets. you have to spend money on pet food. c. Java and Sumatra. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. 1. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. It costs money to keep pets. ask yourself. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. Which is needed to have a pet? a. Cats. if there are small children in the house. Dogs only. Dog food. So if you do not have time to take them out. c. Which is not true? a. taking care of a pet c. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. The passage is all about . Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. Birds. Sulawesi. d. it is better not to get a pet. Babies may get bitten by pets. b. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. that costs money. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. and (3) the Mollucas. b. choosing a pet cat d. b. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . Dogs. Babies may get scratched by pets. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. 5. d. d.
d. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. 10. New Guinea. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. b. Fold one of the sheets of card. Sulawesi. Sumatra. 1993 9. sticky tape. Sumatra. Pencil. In Southwest Asia. New Guinea. c. d. d. pencil. 7. the greater Sunda islands. scissors. ruler. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. sticky tape. 2007 6. the position of Indonesia 8. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. b. Near Mollucas. Along the equator. b. b. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. The Mollucas lie between . Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. d. 2. Java. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. b. Java and New Guinea. In the Greenland. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. Rule a line. Final Evaluation 133 . the Indonesian geographers. Where is Indonesia located? a. c. Cut a fringe for the base. Greenland. Compared to the other regions. 3. Ruler. 6. b. 4. Taken from Make and Do. d. c. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. Rule a line. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. 12. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Borneo. ruler. b. To make the centre tube. Sulawesi. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Lightweight card. What will you need to do the experiment? a. Unfold the slotted card. Sumatra. Overlap the ends and tape them together. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. sticky tape. Kalimantan. c. Cut a fringe for the base. Cut a fringe for the base. scissors. c. d. Irian Jaya. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. Borneo. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. c. a. ruler. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. 13. pencil. Lightweight card. b. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris.and New Guinea. Sulawesi and Borneo. c. c. Paragraph two talks about a. d. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. 5. New Guinea and Sulawesi. an Indonesian territory. The greater Sunda includes a. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. sticky tape. d. 1993 11.
feathers. c. Then. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. You can hang other light things like keys. please? . you need at sticks least a. are balanced c. The italicised sentence is showing a. beautiful c. c. we can see that . Report. are colourful d. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. Taken from UPSR. Take a stick. move easily b. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. What kind of text is Text 3? a. to the door. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. Ramdan. a. You need strings. They will move easily when there is some wind. means to make a place a. feathers and sharpeners 17. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. The word decorate in the rst paragraph . Do the same thing with another stick. The string should be tied . Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. a. rectangles. d. 2. colourful d. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. triangles. clean b. Rani : Hi. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . b. at both ends of the stick b. 3. Make sure that the stick is balanced. circles. Fold one of the sheets of card. at the centre of the stick c. 15. it is easy to make mobiles b. Overlap the ends and tape them together. 2000 16. b.14. four d. agreement d. Balance the stick from this string. How do you make the centre tube? a. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. Draw squares. hesitation 22. two c. Unfold the slotted card. a. Tie a piece of string at its centre. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. Can you repeat again. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. to keys. window or ceiling d. 4. Procedure. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. Anton : Hello. How to make it: 1. To make a simple mobile. certainty b. repetition c. three 18. Cut out the shapes. Narrative. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. Descriptive. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. one b. From the passage. pencil or sharpeners. d. are of many shapes 19. I didn't catch what you said. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . interesting 20. It is best to use light things because they . children like to make mobiles c.
we can make laws to collect more money from the people. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). "Your majesty. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. the elder brother. nished d. "That is also a lie. We will make good laws. 26. Sorry. I'm quite sure b. Nobody knows nothing. 27. so we postponed the botanical gardens. studying d. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . "That is not true! No body knows everything. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. truly! Everybody knows at least something. Really? c. The correct expression to show hesitation is . Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. a. Actually. nishing b. For example. buying b. 25. All your subjects will be happy. "If we become the King's employees. too!" Taken from UPSR. I know nothing. I can d. nish c. my answer will be right. let us be your ministers." Ombah then said." King Aruya said. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . We will become very rich. I'm not too sure c.23. Yes. admiral c. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. agreement d. I can d. I am wise and clever. Yes. 24. attention b." King Aruya said angrily. I know everything. The italicised word is showing a. said. working c. Yes. opening d. "Your Majesty. being nished Bob nished at midnight. They were ambitious and winning. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. For example. Then he thought to himself. a.' a. you know your father's name. I'm sure b. Akomi. So if I say the opposite. opening c. Akomi said. a. to King Aruya." They went to see King Aruya. buying b. a. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5.
a. to remain calm during the emergency d. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . The word evacuate means to . The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. because they liked the song b. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. was afraid b. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. Sat. about two thousand b. could make good laws c. The two brother's ambition was to . Taken from UPSR.30 p. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. use the lifeboats d. more than one thousand c. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. wanted to see the crocodiles c. had the right answer 32. The re started in the engine room at about 2.m. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re.28. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. six hundred and thirty two 34. 2000 33. thought that the answer would be right 31. become rich b. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. made him angry c. did not tell the truth d. Akomi a. The holiday cruise ship. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. four hundred and sixty one d. a. disliked people who told lies Penang.00 p.m. Ombah said I know nothing because he . From the story. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because . They waited for rescue ships. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. a. knew everything b.m. put out the re c. a. leave the ship b. kept many crocodiles b. to all crew. was thinking hard d.05 a. become ministers c. knew nothing c. Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. a. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. a. help the King make good laws d. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. make the King's subjects happy 29. to show that they were very brave c. wanted to collect money 30. Ombah's hands trembled because he . did not know how many stars there were d. did not need any ministers d. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. we can see that King Aruya . a.
Rock garden. c. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. there were only sixteen lifeboats c. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. d. Badminton court. Why does Budi like the new house? a. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. pushed 40. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. I think my father will listen to my mother. From the letter we know that Dina likes . a. b. I like the new house. shing c. congratulations. uncle 39. My father bought a new house. Text 7 Bandung. It is bigger with more rooms. Football eld. telling interesting news d. new house 42. a. shifted d. they were moved to the uppendecks d. 2008 Jl. See you soon! Your Sincerely. Marine Police boats b. Budi 38. 41. good friend c. Dina is probaby Budi’s . There are more rooms and we have big garden. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. Penang Port tugboats d. bought c. I hope that you and your family are doing well. Some passengers panicked because . cousin brother d. It has a river. gratitude b. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. The italicised phrase is the expression . Irma : Hi. Royal Malaysian Navy c. for a. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. badminton b. June 21. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. they waited for several hours b. younger brother b. The word moved means . 43. Risa. Final Evaluation 137 . football d. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. Risa : That’s great. It has a rock garden.36. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. agreement c. c. It has a swimming pool. However. a. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. Swimming pool. a. d. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. there were not enough life jackets 37. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. jumped b. b. were a. Mawar no.
a. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. can nishing d. a. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. singing d. fell d. gratitude d. giving compliment d. Rusdi : How awful. can nished c. making c. a. going d. gone b. a.44. May I help you? b. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. Bayu : Oh. 55. can be nished He from the stair last night. wrote c. Really? 45. a. have forgotten c. fall b. a. sleeping b. The italicised sentence is an expression of . go c. was sleeping 50. Play b. showing certainty b. was sleeping 49. a. 52. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. made b. simphaty c. 54. have written b. The italicised words express . make b. football is my hobby. Can you help me? c. Are you sure? d. Someone to lock the door. can nish b. Joe a doctor today. is making d. must saw 48. They night. a. Played d. sang b. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p.m last night. forget b. make c. showing uncertainty c. must see b. pleasure b. 53. slept d. Sir. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. see c. sleep c. certainly 46. went 51. making d. a. a. a. falling c. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. they did. Sales : Good morning. a. made I my work tonight. must d. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . had forgotten 47. writing d. 57. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. Playing c. a. I’m so sorry to hear that. forgot d. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. a. 56. sung c.
The horse's ears are the problem. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. 10. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 . Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. You can dig the entrance with a spade. can) 9. I well without sleeping pils. (Modal. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. The horse . tall c. in the sea can be dangerous. a friend came to see them. 2. and he went away. After a long time.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. slept all day d. The friend said. He said. The horse was too entrance. (Gerund) 6. so the work was hard. Identify the structure of text 9. It always hurt its a. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. 3. The horse was a big animal. After a few minutes. a. nose for the .' So they found a saw and started cutting. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. This was fty years ago. 2000 59. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. not its feet. Then the oor will be lower. one of them thought of an answer. Then one farmer said to the other. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. The horse did not like this. when farmers used horses a lot. Make a sentence using might. feet b. Then the entrance will be higher. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. short 60. thin b. 'That man's stupid.' The farmers thanked their friend. 4. 1. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. That'll be easier and quicker. a. worked on the farm b. ears d. Do the following instructions. slow d. head c. 5. Their saw was old and not very good. The farmers told him about the problem. was very old c.
A First Composition Text. Alice. Margaret. Stannard. UPSR. A Conversation Book 2. L. 1991. Kim. Steven J. 2007.M. S. A. The New Book of Knowledge. 2005. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. Bennet. 2005. London: Longman. 1972. 1987. 1994. Bonner. Living English Structure. A Basic Writing Text. D'Arcy. World Book Team. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. Word by Word. London: Longman. London: Oxford University Press. London: Longman. 1994. UPSR. Joan. Karen and Christine Root. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Seal.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. 2000. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. English in Everyday Life. Tan Boon. Chicago: World Book. Washington D. Artono. Wardiman. London: Longman.G. 2006. Step into Writing. Reading Elementary. 1983. 1994. Soars. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Practice and Progress. 2007. 1998. 1983. Liz and John. Blundell. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. Blanchard. Headway Student’s Book. Nm. Chan S.G. Karen and Christine Root. Kim. London: Oxford University Press. Suyenaga. Carver. Childcraft: Nature in Danger.S. Blanchard. Scott. Vocabulary Builder. Junior Comprehension 2. A Beginning Writing Text. 2008 Molinsky. London: Longman. Tan Boon. Allen. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). London: Longman. 2003. Hornby. Jon. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. Kheng. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . Ready to Write. and Van Veen. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. Standar Isi. London: Oxford University Press. T. 2000. London: Longman. 1998. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. 1982. London: Longman. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. 1995. Alexander. Function in English. The Topic Dictionary. 1987. World Book Team. W.C: CBS College Publishing. 2006. 1993. London: Oxford University Press. Get Ready to Write. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. Reference Guide to English. Rosemary. 2000. Bernard. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves.
www. www.artcraft.parkseed.com• 71 2. 94 4.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1.leeds.royalhoteliow. Hands on Science. 71 3.germes-online. Kamus Visual.co. Nature. Kamus Visual. www. 20 Chapter 2 1. com• 38 www.2006• 63 8. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. The Big Book of Science Projects. 20 6. 2001• 14. 2005• 50. ayiediary.wordpress. 43 6.com• 52 4. Experiments.files. www.offshoreradio.melayuonline. www. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1. 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2005• 7.ac. 2007• 70.wordpress• 5 4.go. 2002• 85. 136 Chapter 1 1. www. 2008• 11. How Does It Work?. www.id• 79 www. appreciativeorganization. Nature. 2008• 66 141 .kbrimanila. www.com.com• 70 2.id• 28 www.ac.wordpress.com• 10 7.banten. www. UPSR.id•28 4. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. 95 Chapter 5 1. How Does It Work?. Make and Do.rhhotels. 2006• 114 6. CD Image• 54.uk• 75 2.co.uk• 27 3.com• 99 2.net• 109 4.org2. german.ph• 38 www.rasamalaysia. www. www. The World Book Encyclopedia. 81. heritage.com 7. 2003• 39.my• 105 3. 42.com• 38 5. Indonesian Heritage.wordpress.grasindo.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 1990• 79.ok• 23 2. www. les. www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com• 79 3.co.indonesia. www.slbn3yogja. les.com• 4 3. wayangsuket.eircom. www. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1. Visual Arts. Publisher Documantation• 113 5. 18 5.frightenstein.indonesianart. www.kbrimanila.ph• 38 brangwetan.net• 49 2.blogspot.org. les.unj. 101 Great Science.com• 1 2. homepage. 58 6. Hands on Science.recipezaar. 67 5. 2000• 135. 1993• 133 2. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.com• 51 3.
oplah (mis. kebiasaan biasa 1. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. baik sekali. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. sabuk lagi pula.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. pesiar adat. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung. pesisir konservasi. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . tak henti-hentinya. koran/surat kabar) pantai. hebat hiburan. merosot lezat. enak diet.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. makanan menyelam titik. tambahan bertiup. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. menolak 2.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani.
awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. ekspansi menjelaskan. berhati-hati 2. memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. memelihara 2. belaka mengalikan.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. melunasi 2. hebat 1. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. kebutuhan namun. terjadi 2. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. menyenangkan. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . menyenangkan. pengembangan. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1.
79 • La Fontaine. 5. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 53. 29 • Showing attention. 110. 56 • Giving admiration. 81. 137 • Report text. 39. can and could. 88. 3 • Asking repetition. 133. 51. 59. 11. 14. 76. 53. 92. 94. 85. 55. 17 • Gerunds. 16. 52. 46. 129. 18. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 42. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 8. 108 • Showing simpathy. 132 • Narrative text. 103. 95 • Wardiman. 101. 55. 15. 117. 115. 56. 24. 52. 135. 20. 127. 12. 103. 128. 43. 91. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 106. 37. 61 • The past perfect tense. 83. 58. 33. 7 • Showing hesitation. 82. 102. 19. 81 • Mckie. 4. 96. 73. 127. 100. 52. 134. 35. Artono 24. 44. 50. 84 • Showing polite manners. 26. 2. 107. 72. 70.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 9. 7. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 71. 28. 89. 78. 95. 29 • Responding hesitation. 6. 34 • The present perfect tense. 62. 85. 64. 51. Anne. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 31. 136. 118. Colin. 63. 114. 93 • Special nites may and might.
Contemporary art has also developed here. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. They like it very much. pineapple. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. one tablespoon of salt. He sang badly last night. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. First of all. restaurants. and the night clubs and on 4television. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. by 29 March 2008. 2. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. take medicine. Fira. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. Put the slices of papaya. Next. 3 cm of ginger. I make it easy and quick. cafe. do the same to the remaining soursoup. Roll the chicken thighs to the our.5 kg. I feel fresh again. 4. one teaspoon full of peppers. Would you like to come. Then. 1 egg. Dad. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. First. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. By the way. Just keep practising..25 kg our. 2. Ria No. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. magic. Yurike : Hmm. mix it with the pound of the spices. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer.. garlics and salt. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. mix the our with a grain of peppers. After a while prepare 0. pound ginger. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. when I get up. Mrs Siregar : I see. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. 3. 3. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. keep in the freezer for a half hour. OK. Gigi. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java. Ungu. arts. 3 pieces of garlics. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. jln. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh.15.let’s see. don’t think too much. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. Next. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Mom. I go to sleep. You will sleep really well. 2. Mrs Hery. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. Finally. I am going to the market. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. The boys bands are 6famous today. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. pour the juice into some glasses. I don’t know why. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. Mr Herman 145 . Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. rst. Instant recipe is much quicker. Next month is an examination time! 1. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. hello Mrs Siregar. Then. peppers. Finally. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar.
Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. I see. Then. Sir. Add sugar. 3. salt. sugar. Taste it. Finally. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. gurethings. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. please. Add our. state your name and address to the operator. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery. Imaginary character out t must be original. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. 2. egg. 1 egg. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. powder. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. sauce.. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. tell me more! Gun : After that. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. sugar 15 ml. 4. Your character or weapon must be unique. Dona : Well. Tio Rani 6. Sabang. oyster sauce 15 ml. soy sauce 15 ml. I see. 2 teaspoons sugar. : That’s too bad. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. 4. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. Practice 11 1. he would announce it in one hour. Bring above mix to the boiling. And in the end. First. now it is nished. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. you hang up the phone. Mrs Jhon : Well. Then. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. Anti : And then. 2. soy sauce. 5. Then. Thanks for the explanation. You must have a mission. You must have a name. Dial the service number. add and stir oil. nely chopped onion 25 g. 2. milk. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. onion. This helps drivers to see them clearly. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. especially when it is dark. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. oil 15 ml.. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. 3. Mixture.. Dona : Oh. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. at 7 pm. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners.. and beef for 1 minute. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. Mrs Jhon : First of all. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. pick up the phone. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. 5. Well. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. Sinyo : 1 Oh. She probably used lip synch. First. Gun : See. you need barbecue beef 500 g. I couldn’t say. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. Ah. hmm. Dona : Wow. Then. well. I wish they would come for this charity..2Tell me more. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. 3/4 cup milk. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www.. Mr Jhon : Oh. Mr Jhon : Ok.. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. I just made it. and vanilla. Sinyo : 4Well. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. 2.5. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . Mix well. 1 tablespoon baking powder. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. state your destination to the operator. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. Then. 3. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Mr Burhan said. 4. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want.. 3. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. I see.
then. 1I’m ne. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. when he was in the water. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. Gosh. he was just a 7 hungry kid. Practice 6 1. When Pungguk walked. He said thanks and went away. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. I looked very different. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. Near the park. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. Nino : So. it changed into living creatures. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. Those birds were called Pungguk. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. Nino : Oh. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. Loki : Well. Fira. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. they invited the Sea to visit them. In addition . Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. anyway. Then. Herman. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. But then. So. Loki. We went 2 in the afternoon . thanks. Nino. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword. he killed Pungguk. 8. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. please. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. Mr Randi. this is the second time I’m reading it. it ended sadly. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. ve stamps and a postcard. Lovely Mud. Believe it or not. then they climbed up into the sky. 6. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. a dirty. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. Wu Fei : All right.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. Surprisingly. B : Oh. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. the weather was ne. Tari. what so special? Tell me more. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. He works for the Ministry of Education. where they have remained ever since. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. with the sh and all the members of his family. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. 2. Nino : 4That’s horrible. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. some one was 3 following us. 9. Unfortunately. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Thank you very much for the information. 10. Funnily enough. 3not very smooth exactly. Surprisingly. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. Nino : I see. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. Listening Script 147 . Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. 7. poor boy came out from the bush. When he was full. birds. B : Tell me more about it. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. and so was left with nothing. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. A : I laughed out loud. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. when I read the story of a Lovely. Guess what. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. One day. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. although they were in love with each other. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. we gave him some money. We heard some noises behind the bush. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. the water began to rise. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. really? I thought that was a sad story. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes.
I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. 4. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. How are you? I’m doing good here. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. It’s 17421. Sir. Ma’am. I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. because it was only a 3short visit. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX .2.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. OK. You’ll nd Superman. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. 3. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. Spongebob and Patrick. Heroes series and cartoon series. please. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Each series only Rp150. Lula. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. Spiderman. It was a very hot day. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp.000. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. Back to Ramajaya FM. Wonder woman. Tom and Jerry.500. Now. Love. Then. If this is unsuccessful. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. That’s enough for now. I only stayed for one night. especially for you llatelist freak. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. Batam Centre and Galang Island. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. Don’t forget to write me soon. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. I also visited Nagoya. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle.
3. 5. 5. down. 10. 10. 2. 7. 5. then. 4. 1. 4. 3. 1. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. 7. 5. 3. 2. patch next. 8. 6. 2. 1. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 2. 4. 3. grow. 4. 2. dusk record Practice 12 1. 7. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 2. 6. 6.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. h 4. water. 4. 4. 3. 4. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. Let’s keep the water boiling. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. 5. 1. base nally. 2. 2. holes. 6. 6. 7. 2. 5. 5. F T F originate famous charm captivate. 3. 7. a 2. 8. 1. rst of all. 2. 7. 8. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. gloves. F F T T T 6. 9. 2. seed. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 5. c 3. g f e d 5. 1. 6. Let’s get lunch (together). 3. 3. 10. 3. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. 7. 3. 5. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 3. 3. better. 2. 6. clods. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. Let me add some salt. 9. 2. g 5. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 9. 4. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. 5. 4. 4. 9. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. now after that. 5. 3. 8. 8. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. press. 4. 4. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant.
e h j k f 6. b c c b 1. 23. action verbs). 5. 3. how. 9. 2. 27. 5. 6. 34. 8. a h c f 2. 3. 4. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 10. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 9. 3. 2. 7. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 6. 4. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 2. 25. 39. 4. 12. 21. 2. 1. 4. 5. 7. 2. 4. 36. 5. 17. 14. 3. 3. 32. how many. 8. 9. 1. 4. 6. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 8. 2. 4. 24. 11. 4. d g i a c 11. 3. 3. 15. 1. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. 2. 7. 29. 37. and the bridle 6. 18. 7. 5. 6. 10. details. 35. 30. 8. how long. 22. 26. 5. 6. 7. 8. 2. 7. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 33.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 2. 5. 6. 3. 1. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 8. 6. 3. 5. 28. 5. 3. 7. with what) • The covering (where. 3. 20. 4. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 38. 4. 19. 40. 9. 4. 3. 2. 10. 2. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. 10. 13. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 4.
1. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. 8. 1. 3. 6. 7. 2. 5. 3. 5. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. Speaking Practice 3 1. 8. 4. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 5. 6. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 7. 5. 4. 3. 5. 10. 10. 4. 3. 7.m. 6. 4. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 3. 9. 1. 11. The water. 4. 5 6. 5. 1. 7. 2. 11. 8. 4. 5. 4. 9. 2. 3. 6. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 6. 3. The Balinese. 5. 7. 10. 8. 6. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 1. 7 8. 5. 8. 9. 10.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . 7. 8. 5. 2. 2. 2. 2. 10.Practice 5 1. 7. 4. 9. 2. 4. 3. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. 6. 4. 7. 3. 2. 3. 9. 4. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 2. 3. Kbo Iwo. 6. 1. 2.000. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750.
He can leave it for an hour. 14. 11. a. 2. 28. 26. 49. 8. 25. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 30. 7. 34. 8. 33. 2. 50. 12. 26. 2. 8. 35. 7. 24. Practice 10 1. 18. b. I can go early if he lets me. 37. 22. 4. 42. 8. 5. 39. 10. 21. She could cook well when I knew her. 5. 59. 13. 32. 2. 9. 23. 3. She can cook well with more practice. a. 12. 57. 35. 2. 8. 6. 18. 5. 2. 17. 3. a. 19. I could go early everyday last summer. b. 11. 34. 3. 6. 14. 9. 38. 7. We can do this exercise next week. 4. 54. 16. 29. 38. 7. b. 9. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 3. She can make her own dresses in a few years. 4. 8. 5. 28. 6. 3. 4. 56. 21. 47. 4. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 6. 53. 23. a. 52. 10. 3. 6. 60. a. 6. 1. b. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. a. b. 45. 1. 37. 55. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. b. 5. 5. 48. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. 10. 39. 22. 1. 51. 27. 7. 15. 32. We could do this exercise last week. 7. 46. 33. 40. 13. 10. 29. 44. 27. 7. 5. 30. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 43. 3. 9. 25. 36. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 2. 4. 17. 7. She can read easily with her new glasses. 2. 5. 40. 24. 4. 3. a. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . a.Reading Practice 2 1. 31. 20. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. 19. 4. 58. 15. 6. b. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. b. 36. 20. 6.
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