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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
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WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
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dicetak. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. dialihmediakan. Kami berharap. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. dapat diunduh (down load). Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. dalam hal ini. Pemerintah. Namun. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. pada tahun 2008.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. digandakan. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya.Oleh karena itu.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia.
brings this book forward. It aims to build your language. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. July 2008 Writers iv . Bandung.Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. i. All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. discourse. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. reading and writing.e. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). speaking. This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. listening. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. Hopefully. support and encouragement. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). Last but not least. sociocultural and strategic competence.
Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. 8. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. 4. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. 12. 6. 5. Index helps you nd grammar. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. 3. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. Log On enriches your knowledge. 14. 7. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. 15. 11. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. 10. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. and author of each chapter. 16. 13. expressions. 9. 2. v . Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters.
• Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text .................................................... Speaking ...................................................................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ....................................................................................................................................................................... • Responding to hesitation .................................................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ..................................................................... Preface ........ • Writing your own procedural text ......................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text .......................... • Writing a report text ............................................................................ Listening .............................. Chapter 3 Be Creative! ................ Reading ........ Listening ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ................. Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ............................................................. Learning Essential ..................................... • Studying the structure of a report text . Writing ..... • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide ............... Learning Review ..... • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ............................................................................ • Asking repetition ...................................................... Guide to Read This Book ............................. • Retelling the story in the form of report text ................... Writing ............................................... • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ................................................................................................................... Learning Essential ...... Listening .... Learning Review .......... • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing .............. iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi .......................................................................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ............................. Reading ................................................................................................. • Reading aloud procedural texts ................................. • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ...................................................................................................................................................... Speaking ............
................... • Telling interesting news or information ................... Learning Review ........................................................................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural text .................................................... Speaking ......................... Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter......... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ............................................ Reading ............................................... • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ........................... • Composing a procedural text .......................... • Identifying the structure of narrative text ......................................................................................... • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ...................................................... • Writing narrative texts .... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ........................................................................................................ Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ........... • Promoting something through an advertisement ........................................................................................................................................ Learning Review ................................................... Listening ................................................................................................................................................................. • Showing attention and expressions of admiration ................................. Listening ...................................... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii ............ Reading .................................................... Reading ................... Speaking ...................................... • Using polite expressions to show manner ................................................................................................. • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information .................................................................................. • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story ............................................... Learning Essential ............ • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ....................Speaking ....................................................... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ............................................................................................................................ Learning Essential ..................... Please .................................................................................................... • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ......................................... • Reading texts in narrative form ............. Writing ........................... • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ..... • Reading report text .................................................... Writing ....................................... • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................. Answer Key .....Writing ............................................... Glossary ...... Bibliography ..................... Learning Essential ........................................................................................................................................................................ • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ..................................................................... Exercise of Chapters 4–5 ............................................................................................... 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ................................................................. Photo Credits .................................................................................................................................. Index ........... Final Evaluation ... • Writing and sending a letter ............................................................................. Listening Script ..... Learning Review .................................................................................................................................................
germes-online.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.
1. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. spray the stain with hair spray. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. I’ll try it. My white shirt is stained. Then. 5. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. Thanks so much. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. Nur : OK then. After learning the lesson in this section. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue.Listening In this section. First. Try my hints. put a paper towel under the stain. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. 4. After that. 3. Nayla. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2.
. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. I don’t know why. about it? : : .. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily.. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. You will sleep really well.. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 .. Next. I take medicine. : : . Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken.. Finally. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. I go to sleep. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. 1. Then. 2. Then. First. when I get up. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. rst. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. Discuss it with your partner. I feel fresh again. Listen again to the tape. don’t think too much.
1. 4. 2. 1. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. ll in the following blank spaces. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. 3. Then. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. 3. 2. heritage. Then.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. 5.
Ria No. g . a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute. 3. red 1. . 2 3 persons). together all of your friends (max. 2.15. ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening.h the juice into some glasses.Practice 10 Now. 15 Do It This Way! 5 . e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. Jln. by 29 March 2008. How to make: the b of papaya. les.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. pineapple. do the same to the remaining f . 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio.
show expressions for asking repetition. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. he. that’s right. that’s nice. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said. Choose one of the following topics. I gave my magic nishing touch. rst. Well. What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue. 3. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. I made it myself.. 2.. Resty.Practice 12 Now. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 1.. Kesya.. four– ve glittery beads. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section. Kesya? Kesya : Oh. make your own announcement. Finally. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Look at my new purse. 2. 1. he. Resty : Hello. he.. I just added some colourful buttons.Then.. Kesya : Hello. Hey.
please? • Sorry. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. Do It This Way! 7 .Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. • Could you repeat again. please? • Would you be louder. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. 2. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. I didn’t catch what you said. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1.
1. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. 3. Come on in. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. Act it out in front of the class.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now.3. thanks. Answer the following questions orally. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. hi Oky. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. just a moment please. 2.”reply Sasha. “Oh. How are you?” greeted Oky. and watch its path.” Sasha said. where have you been? I’m ne. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . Sasha.
make sure it’s not too runny.” “Oh. Then. and toothpicks just for accessories. Next. sure. we can start to form it like balls.” “Yup. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles.” “OK. OK. three packs of milk biscuits. since you’re my best pal. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words.. until the mixture becomes hard. stick in the toothpicks for handles. Mmm. as easy as that. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. Let’s go to the kitchen. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild. Let’s continue. Do It This Way! 9 .” “First of all... what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. I don’t mind.. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. Then. So. So. It tastes bitter. Place it in the small cookie paper. We can’t use solid chocolate. Thanks a lot. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday. stir it.. Finally.that’s easy. Let’s eat.” “Uhm-hm.” “Wow. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder.” “Now. just like this.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. what snack do you prefer?” “OK.“Thanks Sas.. Well.” “OK.?” “After that. I thought it was complicated. it will be easy to form balls with. It’s nished. So. By the way.” “Yes. so I still have the ingredients. I’ve been so busy lately.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No... I am taking many courses before my nal exams. then. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly.
Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1.. Practice 11 Announce it to the class. Compare with other groups’ work. Practice 9 Work in groups. a hairpin. 4. First. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class.. 2. call a doctor. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. Then sit down with your head leaning forward. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. 3. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. loosen the clothing around your neck.. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions. Source: www. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. 4. and more. 3. If your nose continues to bleed. Now.artcraft. 5.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX .
Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. After learning the lesson in this section. 1. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. read aloud a procedure correctly. Then. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. 2. 3. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. read a procedural text correctly. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 .
procedural texts are part of our daily life. etc. but not in direct sunlight. even though we rarely realise it. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. Finally. Now. how to turn on a CD player. what type). details. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. how many. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. After that. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. • The covering (where. action verbs). Nature. Example: Place the tank in bright light. Example: water plants. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. spread the gravels over base of the tank. read a manual on. how long. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. First of all. Taken from Hands on Science. We often use procedural texts. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. add a jug full of pond water. do a simple scienti c experiment. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. how. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. Next. Nature. • The frame (commands.
d. 2. b. 7. 1. 3. g. Use a to lter the water. You can use to decorate your aquarium. 4. Add to the base of the tank. 6. You can nd water animals from nearby . 4. 1. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. c. 3.Practice 2 In pairs. 5. 2. 4. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. 1. 6. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. e f. 5. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . Fill full of water. 2. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. 5. No. 3. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something.
cp-ij. The picture will be saved in a 2 . To make a papercraft you can click on www. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun. He uses a 1 . There you can download free papercraft models. com or www. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder.papercraftworld. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor.cp.com.blogspot. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Read the following procedure carefully. When he wants to see the results of the picture. The man wants to take a picture of a bird.
Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose.2. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder. 5. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . 3. Turn the monster face around. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. 4. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?.
4. Correct the false one. 2. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. 3. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. 5. 4. 2. 1. 1. 2. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. 1. 6. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Connect your third wire to the other screw. 7. You also need glue for the experiment. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). 4. 5. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. details and tools. 6.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. 3. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. The following clues will help you. 5. 3. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative.
3. Let us pray. Ask your friend to get lunch together. let’s all get moving. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. This is common in formal and ceremonial language. OK. wherever they may be. State them orally. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. let’s (and let’s. but informal uses are also possible.” “Let him be. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. Let’s see. eg. Do It This Way! 17 . Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. 1. • In a very informal style. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. shall we?” “Yes. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham.. not the speaker or hearer.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. Yes.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences. Let us not despair. (formal) Let’s not get angry. let’s.. eg. Let the prayers begin. 7. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). let’s is often used to mean let me. I don’t care.” • There are two possible negatives. 5. 6. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. “Let’s go for a walk... Keep stirring coconut milk. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else. don’t in American English) are very informal. 8. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. Add some salt by yourself. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. 2. Keep the water boiling. 4. let’s is used as a short answer.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker. Ask your friend to cook together. Let’s have a drink. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. (informal) Forms with don’t.
you should arrange the steps according to time order.Writing In this section. astronomers and goverment of cers. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. We half ll the glass with water. we carefully put the egg in water. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. a large glass. write a procedural text correctly. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. The most famous one was Imhotep. a teaspoon. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. How to do it: 1. After learning the lesson in this section. using the dessert spoon. When you want to tell someone how to do something. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. an egg. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. a dessert spoon and water. When you write your paragraph. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. The egg sinks to the bottom. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX . second. Then. Olahraga dan hiburan. Then.
Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. but less than the brine. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. The egg oats. making the egg sty in the middle. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. 3. They will be happy because of your attention. so it sank. Do It This Way! 19 . helping the egg to oat. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. 4. Make dishes from it. We put the egg in the water again. Do you know why? In the rst stage. We put in the egg again. when clear water was added. 5. it oated on the brine. Finally.2. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. or a recipe book. a magazine. then surprise a family member. as it has more density than clear water. In the second stage. Ask them to taste it. the egg was denser than clear water.
Wearing a pair of sveolg. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. hten. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. They will need to be watered regularly. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. 4. etxn. inlylifa. water your plants well. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. ts r fo lla. 3. teafr hatt.Practice 4 Work in pairs. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly.
tell the class what you have created. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. Then. write your own procedural text. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . Then. Nature.5. Then. write them down in your exercise book. You are free to choose the topic. In groups of three. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. make a procedural text. Compare with other groups.
I've no doubt about . break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.The frame . you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants. First of all. 22 English in Focus for Grade IX ..The covering 1. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.Steps .. 1. After that.Materials . Next. 3. 2. I didn't catch what you said. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions. 2.I'm sorry.Goal .I'm quite sure .Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty .. dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel.Sorry.. answer the following questions. • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you. • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: . L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. Asking repetition . Let’s have a snack. I can't hear you! . 3..Are you sure? Responses for certainty ... .Are you certain? .
indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.
And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. Ungu. 3. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . They are played by 3 in dance halls. While listening. identify a monologue in the form of report texts. The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . 1. in the missing words on the text. 5. Gigi. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. and the night clubs and on 4 . listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. The boys bands are 6 today. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. 7 held by Maroon Five. Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. 2. 4. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. After learning the lesson in this section. restaurants. cafe.Listening In this section. understand expressions of hesitation.
Pronounce It! 1. 3. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. The bands always consist of eight persons. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. 6. 2. 2. 5.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. 1. 7. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 3. 4. 3. Consult your dictionary for help. 1. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . While listening. Pop songs come from pop composers only. 8. The songs are complex. 4. Boy bands are not popular today. 6. 5. 4. 2. 5. Gigi is a boy band.
. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure ... 6. 7. Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape. Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words. 11. 1. 10.. • I’m not convinced about . 2. Discuss it with your friend.. • I couldn’t really be sure about . 4. 2. 9. • I couldn’t say . answer the following questions.. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason.. • There’s surely some doubt about .. Answer the following questions orally.. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about . Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX . study the following explanation carefully.... Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12...... • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about .Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs.. Practice 8 Now.... 8. 5. 3. 1. Then.
then complete the following table. sonybmg.id or you can use the search engine www. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . then share it to the class.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword.offshoreradio. For help click to www. 1. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully. 2. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. Listen to the art schedule in the radio.uk No. 3. write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book.co. Then.co. Then make a report about them.google. Source: www.
ac. retell the text in the form of a report.banten.id 1. answer the questions that follow orally..... you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation.id.. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain . • .. Source: www. 3. • do a monologue in the form of reported text.. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. • You can be sure about .unj. 2. • I’ve no doubt about .go.absolutely positive/certain . Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully... such as responding to hesitation correctly.. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech. www... Then..Speaking In this section. study the following expressions. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX . After learning the lesson in this section..
Lana.00 p.. I don’t think there can be any doubt about that.. • I’m (quite) convinced/that . it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain . My uncle is sick. • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct....... • I don’t think there can be any doubt . Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully.... (isn’t it?)... • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music..m. • I’m fairly sure .. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5.(surely) that’s obvious. Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 .. Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy.. are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now. There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • ... • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that . • There can’t be any doubt . and only to friends. She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync.... • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind .. (say with a smile.
Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. Answer the following questions orally. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before.What do you think of the dancers. 4. Dad. Young people prefer rock music to pop music. Then. 1. 2. 3. 5. 2. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation. we have fun. act it out. 6. 4. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. When we dance. 1. 3. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX .
Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. Use the expressions that you have learnt. 4. discuss the following statements. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. lilin dance from West Sumatra. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. Then. 2. has some candles carried by the dancer. 3. stretching. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. and turning. usually through long periods of special training. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. Dancing is moving the body together with music. 3. Listen to her/him carefully. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . For example. in ballet. With all these physical actions. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. 1. uses a mask to perform its dance. we can create a number of body movements. And there are many more. the ballerina exercises to rotate. Most people dance to have fun. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. For example. 1. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. Dancing belongs to rich people. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. Basically. bending. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. or topeng dance from Betawi. 2.Practice 7 In groups of four. jumping. our body has the potential to be developed.
1. Study the questions rst. 6. 8.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. pronounce them. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. shower 3. 2. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. 9. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. 7. 3. re 4. Then. 1. 5. 4. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. 1. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . do the exercise. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. 3. 2. shine 2. (Your answer can be the guide). 4. Read the following explanation carefully. Then.
1 .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun.1 .2 . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg. Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth. We avoid meeting him.5 . 3 .1 .8 .much . 3 . b. As the subject.7 .7 .5 . d. the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake.8 b.2 .6 .did not .7 . The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure. UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying .5 . The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence.2 .8 d. (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle. c. 6 . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret. a. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a.1 . (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. “Stop talking!” the man commanded. Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do.3 c.for.3 . (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room.2 .6 . 6 .4 .money . The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming.spend .7 .2 .4 .5 .8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. For this reason it is also called a verbal noun.we .clothes . 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 .4 .
He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. 2. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . She has completed (pack) her bags. 5. “Neil. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. 6. Collecting stamps is my hobby. Reading In this section. thank you for (help) my little brother. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. know the characteristics of a report text. After learning the lesson in this section. 3. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. 10.” she said. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. 1. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. 8. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. 7. 3. 4. 9. 1. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do.
3. 1.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. 7. 2. They understood its beat and sound. After he appeared on nation-wide television. 4. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. were heard across the US. 6. records of a young singer from Tennessee. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. Elvis Presley. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. Rock mainly became the music of the young. Alan Freed. 5. Rock became a very big business. and its lyrics. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. In 1955. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world.
Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. d. c. Music from Time to Time. c. b. or d based on the text. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. young singer from Tennessee. He was heard across the US. young singer c. Music.Practice 4 1. 7. Below are some of his actions. Rock mainly became the big business. 5. Kinds of Music. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . By the early 1970’s. What is the best title for the text? a. Rock Music. 3. b. d. in 1955 b. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. Elvis Presley 6. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. d. Bill Haley and The Comets d. Alan Freed. 3. All countries. Rock music is part of popular music today. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. His performing style was rock and roll. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. b. a. Popular music. Rock and Roll. c. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. Rock is popular among young people. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. a. 1. Rock music vs lm industry. b. Rock became a very big business at that time. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. c. d. b. d. He appeared on nation-wide television. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. c. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. Rock music. 4. b. 4. He was a young singer from Tennessee. Choose either a. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. 2. The main idea of paragraph two is . c.
1. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. People use music for a part of ceremonies. Almost means . such as religious services. Discuss it with a friend. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . But.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. After he appeared on nation-wide television. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas. and weddings. 2. What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. Appeared means . parades.
. wordpress.ph Source: brangwetan. les.ph Source: www.wordpress. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX . Source: appreciativeorganization. earning more money annually than the lm industry.kbrimanila. Rock mainly became the music of the young. 4.kbrimanila.3. les. Mainly means Rock became a very big business. . Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally.org2.com Source: www.org.
Identify the characteristic of the text. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . 4. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. The architectural elements in some temples for example. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. 2. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. reveal Chinese in uence. furniture and household objects. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. 3.1. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. In Cirebon. In Gianyar Bali. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. Buddhist or Muslim in uences.
i. 1. and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form.. 1. 2. 2. Identical means . 9. Evidenced means 4. 4. Buddhist or Muslim in uence. e. ... 5. 7. h. 8. Played means . d. have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B. Use your dictionary if necessary. Assimilated means . although not as strong as the Hindu.. 3. NO. 3. 6. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.. j.. . b. 10. 5. . c. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. Adapted means .. g. f.
In Gianyar Bali. reveal Chinese in uence. Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. furniture and household objects. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Main idea. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. The architectural elements in some temples for example. supporting idea and concluding idea. Buddhist or Muslim in uences.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. we can get the meanings. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . examples and explanation of main idea. Examples are taken from Practice 9. A paragraph is developed by three parts. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.
2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. supporting and concluding idea. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. try to nd main idea. So. Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. it’s not leaving many evidence.Practice 14 Now.
Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. However. supporting idea and concluding idea. After learning the lesson in this section. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. and Western. Islamic. write and produce a report text and its other form. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period.Writing In this section. Then identify main idea. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . Chinese. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. in their own ways.
information. 1. just like the way it is.m. • Description of the subject. Description of a general classi cation. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX . Copy the table into your exercise book. The purpose of a text: To report something.30 a. (1) Time 09. The subject includes natural things.Note What Is a Report Text? a. social matters. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. environment. b. and its classi cation. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. or human matters.
00 19. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .00 09.30 11.45 06.00 11.00–12.30 15. 4.30 07.30 14.30–08.30 13.30 18.00 20.00 07.30 10.30 11.30 16.00 11.30 08.00 08.30 16.00 20.00 11. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.30 07.30 12.00 18. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.00 12.00–16.45 12.00 15.30–08.00 22. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to.30 00.00 07. 07.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.30 17.00 22.00 07.00 14.00 20.00 09.00 15.Practice 4 1. 04. Siang.00 11.30 17.30 00.00 17.00 14.00 09.00 20.00 09.00–12.00 17.30–10.30 07.00 15.30 13.30 11.30 10.30 08.30 20.00 12.00 18.30 20.
The violin. synthesizers. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. cello. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . keyboard instruments. and electronic instruments. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. harp. match them with their names. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. percussion instruments. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. electronic pianos. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. and guitar are stringed instruments. Then. Electric guitars. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. The piano. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. The ute. wind instruments. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. They are stringed instruments. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder.
7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. harp b. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. main idea. triangle c. Present the report in front of the class. supporting idea and concluding idea. castanets g. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. drum h. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. electric guitar f. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . conga e. accordion d.
.. 3. and its classi cation. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.. Grammar: Gerunds Examples . The subject includes natural things. Description of a general classi cation.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. .He couldn’t help telling the truth.. Responding to hesitation .Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation ..There's some doubt in my mind that/about ..Description of the subject. just the way it is. social matters. environment. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.Working for that lady is a pleasure. information. 48 English in Focus for Grade IX .You can be sure about . 1. . answer the following questions. .. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. Generic structure: .. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.I'm a hundred percent certain . 2. or human matters. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. .I could say .
Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.slbn3yogja.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .
: 3 . you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. : 4 . Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. Dial the service number. 1. Then. answer the following questions rst. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. : Then. Then. state your destination to the operator. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section. state your name and address to the operator. you hang up the phone. 2. Thanks for the explanation. First. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. get the meanings from a poster.Listening In this section. get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. : And then. : 1 . state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. 4. understand the expressions of attention and admiration. ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. pick up the phone. 2 . 3. Finally. listen to short functional text in the form of poster.
Then. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. ! Gun : After that. Dona : . Gun. Dona : . Then. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. Ah. Gun : See. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. 3. Dona : Hey. Then. now it is nished.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. 1.recipezaar. answer the following questions. 4. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. ll in the missing expressions. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. 2. Source: www. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper.com Be Creative! 51 . Then.
. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. 2. 3. 1. Discuss it with your friends.. Sir/Ma’am. • Tell me more. Sir/Ma’am. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. • Well .com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Source: www. 3. Then. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . lovely! • That’s really fantastic. I see.rasamalaysia. 2. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh.1. that’s really brilliant. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. • If I may say. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh.
“Hi. After that. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. snack c. prepare palm leaves.” “Well. strong ropes. woods. juice b. what’s that? b. First of all. 1. I call this fruit kebab.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. Next. it looks so delicious. Angga. c. choose a. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. 3. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. 4. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. I see. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. Now the house is ready. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. b. b. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. Riana has made a . She wants Angga to taste them.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. Then. a. c. saw. Be Creative! 53 . I see. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. No. Not really. oh. Yes. he does. Put palm leaves on top for the roof.” “Oh I see. . . Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. 2. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. c. b. we can make an Amazon hut. choose the place for the house. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. oh.
1.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. You must have a . 4. gurethings. You must have a name. 3. 2. Your or weapon must be unique. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www. 3. Then complete the missing phrases. 2.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original. 1.
Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. 3. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. Finally. uh. After learning the lesson in this section. Put a slice of butter on each slice.. 1. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Fantastic taste. and then? Vita : After that. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. 1. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts.. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. put the other piece of bread on top. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. Nely : Uh. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 4. Then cut some cheese into slices. Vita : I made them by myself. 2. 3. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. such as showing attention and admiral expression. 5. Vita : OK. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . take two slices of bread.Speaking In this section. First. 2.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Example: Cut the paper. published from 1731 to 1914. cut. Adverbials to show when or how. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. such as turn. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. mix and put. Example: For ve minutes. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. Use action verbs. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. Be Creative! 59 . two centimeters from the top. Connector to show chronology. At rst. Later it published new stories.2. 5. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. such as then and while. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. 2005 4. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 3.
c. 4. b. 6. 3.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. g. 8. h. f. 2. e. 3. 4. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. condition. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. Use your dictionary if necessary. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a.parkseed. No. 1. d. 2. 1. 5. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. 7.
but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. It is one of the three moods of an English verb. . Place seed tray in warm. Spray water to moisten the seed bed. .au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain .Don’t slouch. sunny position (at least 25 degree C). commands and instructions. Taken from: www.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. to give rm orders or commands. Steps 1. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 . Imperatives should be used carefully in English. 7. . The term used is usually the same as the base form. Be Creative! 61 . 3. imperative. Press rmly. Imperatives Meanwhile.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible.Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles. 2.14 days. Fill seed tray with soil.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser.edu. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. connector and adverbial. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. 6. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. 5. 4. . the italicised words above are called imperatives.impc.
They have slept. You have slept. Look at this magazine. After learning the lesson in this section. Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense.Red food colouring .Paint brush . We (not subscribe) Tempo for years.Small bottle . Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. (has in the third person singular) I have slept. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. You have slept. He/she/it has slept.Scissors . this is a picture of your. 1.Hot and cold water . 3. We have slept. • make and get meaning from poster. “All my money (steal)!” he said.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. make poster. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : . 2.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX .String . Writing In this section. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. 5. 4.
Add food colouring to turn the water bright red.1. 4. Cut a long piece of string. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. 3. 2. Be Creative! 63 . Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. Fill the bottle with hot water.
Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. 6. 4. 2. 3. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano.5. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. 1. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise.
2. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. equipment that you need. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. onions and green peppers into quarters. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. 3. rules of the game. method of scoring and the number of players. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. observations and conclusion. 4. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. purpose of the experiment. 1. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Chop up the tomatoes.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. procedure. Cut the meat into small cubes.
try to make some instructions. Steps of your procedure. materials and subjects.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . Compare with other groups. Some clues below will help you.com Study the following pictures carefully. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science. Nature. connectors. 2. scienceproject. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. 1. Then.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. help. action verbs. The form of the procedural text. make a procedural text. adverbial phrases. you can click www.all-science-fairprojects.com or www. Use your dictionary. tell the class what you have created. (games. Then. recipes. 3. (Those include imperative sentence. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need.
5. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. 3. advertise it with an attractive poster. popcorn and mineral water. Be Creative! 67 . You don’t have to be too fancy. 4. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. 6. Premiere Sunday. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. 2.
Next. 1.. Take great care with the hammer. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres.The frame . 3. answer the following questions. . She has written ve novels in a month. and draw around it in pencil. 2.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . 2. Place the box in the middle of the rear board. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. First of all.Tell me more Expressions of admiration . that's marvellous! .The covering 1. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. The theme is free.Oh. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. After that.Steps . 3.Goal . 68 English in Focus for Grade IX .Practice 9 Make your own poster. I see. nail all the pieces together. Generic structure: ..Materials .Wow..
certainty b. 8. Hello. Excuse me. agreement b. I have no doubt about it. scissors c. a bright torch b. I can’t hear you. certainty c. I’m really sorry to hear that. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. Come on c. razor d. black paper d. especially when it is dark. I have no doubt about it. 11. 10. c or d. b. b. uncertainty c. a. I’ll do my best. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. The italicised sentence shows . bright d. Wow. 2001 6. felt-tip pen d. 7. 13. Excuse me? a. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. 15. a torch c. 9. a. Wow. Excuse me. Let she b. razors 3. Wow! b. a. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. Give your best try. b. b. Let me d. Let she b. Let he 69 . Let me b. a. I think you should see a doctor soon.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. sheet b. a. tip pens c. a. repetition d. Let them have a drink! a. The italicised word shows . For numbers 5 to 10. felt-tip pens 12. pens b. The signal is low. listen to some expressions and choose your response. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. But I can’t hear you. This helps drivers to see them clearly. a. a. a sheet of black paper 4. May I d. b. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. you look cool! b. Can I c. 14. As long as you keep studying. Come on go as soon as they have nished. scissor b. a. 5. a. hesitation have a look! a. Hello. Let us c. torch 2. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. You will need 1. I’m not really sure but. Because my parents asked me to go with them. a sheet c. agreement d. Let us d. a. a.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
36. c. c. 2001 Choose either a. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. Tape it with the motor. Wire from the paperclip. b. or d for the correct answer. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. Belt. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 31. d. 39. b. 10 wires c. d. 33. c. c. a battery. glue. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. 212 wires 38. Sticky tape. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. What must you do with the wires? a. Taken from How Does It Work?. 34. The thick block . c. c. tires. To make an electric fan. Let it ow. To start a fan. what must you do? a. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. b. d. Go to the bathroom. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Glue it.4. c. sticky tape . c. 3 wires. d. b. To make an electric fan. 3 wires. b. Pillow. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. Eat some food. Wire from your friend. c. Connect it. Two stones. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Connect the battery and switch. 32. 111 wires b. Scissors. a lighter. c. 3 wires d. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. d. b. d. Connect two wires to the motor. Push it. 37. Connect two wires to the motor. To compose a letter. Cut it into pieces. Wire from the motor. b. b. To make a battery. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. glue. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. tape. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. d. b. rice. b. Glue it to the scissors. 40. d. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Cut it. 35. Connect it to the motor. d. Wire from the block of wood.
Now. 4. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX . He (lose) his books. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. What is a report text? 9. 6. 2. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. 1. Answer the following questions. 8. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. 10. 5. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 7. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. do the following instructions. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 3.
u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .ac.Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.leeds.german.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
5. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. but he ignored it. The dog got nothing. a. Check this out. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. b. Full with hunger. The dog looked down into the river water. b. 4.1. pleased c. No. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. The dog saw another dog. 3. Yes. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. The dog left the river. 6. he did. Full of greed. b. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. c. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. b. c. Full with meat in his stomach. c. c. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. he didn’t. The dog ran off. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. Re ection of himself. Yes. he did. b. displeased b. Did the dog realise it? a. c. 2. The dog stayed hungry. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. What was the other dog in the river? a.
funnily enough.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. Surprisingly. luckily enough. the water begin to rise. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. One day.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. Check their facial expressions. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales.g. So the Sea go along. with the sh and all the members of his family. they invite the Sea to visit them.). 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . telling interesting news: surprisingly. (Say it rst with low intonation then high. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. etc. 1990 A long time ago. then they climbed up into the sky.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. where they have remain ever since. especially in the word “jumped”. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice.
They invited the Sea. a. he was just a 7 kid. That was a very 8 experience. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. He said thanks and went away. started 5. a. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. And were great friends of the Sea. Where they have remained ever since. seemed b. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. us. We heard Near the park. the library together. a. poor boy came out from the bush. Example: 1. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . we gave him some money. Last Sunday. Gosh. conquered 3. stayed b. a. So. Surprisingly. a. a dirty. continued b. nice/close friends 4. neglected for b. He 6 for a money to buy some food. Dear diary. asked for Answer b. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. Santi and I 1 going to the town . the water began to rise. But then.Practice 12 Now. In addition. big/huge friends b. 2. Now. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. A married couple who lived. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape.
• I believed that news is really interest you much. After learning the lesson in this section. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. /ɔ:/. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. Sir?Ma’am. I can’t believe it. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. 2. /ʊ/. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 .Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. express monologue in the narrative form. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. /ɔ:/: o (long). you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. 1. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. Sir/ Ma’am. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. Then.
3. that the factory outlets are cool. we don’t have to go down town anymore. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. 5. : but. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then practise with your partner. 4. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. So. it’s so exciting. 5. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. 2. Last week. : I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. causing widespread damage. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. 2.000. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. I’ll do shopping then. 4. There will be a library near our home. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. Now.00 promotion. 3. 1. Yeah. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. 1. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. 6.
“Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. a pen nib. “Funnily enough. a peanut. a pin and a needle. a pea. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia.” chuckled Collin. “It’s huge. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. a button and a berry. Soon he had found a feather. Collin collected a crumb. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. how small these things are. 3. a shell and a petal. “It makes me feel so very small. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. a paper clip. 2.” Collin said. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. 1. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely.
10.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. 8. j. 4. b. Some questions will help you. nuts. d. f. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . 6. 5. 6. 11. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. 7. No. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. 3. B coloured leaf. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. e. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. i. 5. g. 2. covering of eggs. 2. greatly Practice 11 Now. Role play With your friend. h. k. 4. 1. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). 1. and some animals look long and steadily very large. c. 7. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. 3. 9.
2. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. 1. 3. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . pronunciation and pause. 2.1. develop your own story and share it to the class. 5. identify the structure of narrative text. that’s right. How expensive it is! d. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. identify the structure of narrative text. read narrative text correctly. a. Father told me that it was also comfortable. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. How nice it is! b. 3. 2005 Reading In this section. Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. After learning the lesson in this section. What a big plane it is! c. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. 4. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. 4.
5. Christopher Robin. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. 7. c. 6. 3. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. 4.A. named Sang Prabu. called Princess Teja Nirmala.A. as well as novels. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. and short stories for grown-ups. These stories were based on Milne’s son. b. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. 8. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. f. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. Pay attention to the pronunciation. and his stuffed animals. He had an only daughter. g. 2. d. e. The King. h. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. long ago. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. Milne (1882 . Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a.1956) was an English author. was a wise man. 2006 Long. punctuation and pauses. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1.Practice 2 Before you read the text. plays. No.
6. 2. the wicked fairy. 5. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. 9. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. Prince of Blambangan. c. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . g. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. No. h. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. important things must die. j. Unfortunately. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. b. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan.After that. f. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. d. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. 8. 4. i. k. so she killed Raden Begawan. 3. she was very sad. When Sang Prabu was searching. The fairy could not accept this. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. 1. 10. 7. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. e. B mix subject.
sad or horror. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. 1. magazine. Example : Now. newspaper or the internet.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. 7. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. The wicked fairy. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. 2. The story may be funny. The death of Raden Begawan. The princess went to Kahyangan. 6. Then tell it to your class. Her father’s name. 5. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. 8. Sang Prabu. His name was Opie. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. The prince of Blambangan. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. 3. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. 4. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King.
Practice 7 Read the text carefully. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . He was satis ed with the meal. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. Pay attention to the punctuation. pronunciation and pause. In his hunger. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. So. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. he began to dig a deep hole. After they fed Kbo Iwo. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. It made the Balinese turn to rage. a destroyer as well as a creator. he fell asleep in the hole. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. One day he had eaten too much.
harvest 6. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. 4. 7. 3. stupidity 9. 10. 1. devour 4. well 10. line 6) them (paragraph 3. 6. 6. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. 8. barns 5. oppose 8. 9. 7. 3. line 1) he (paragraph 3. line 6) it (paragraph 2. he (paragraph 1. 4.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. 5. line 5) they (paragraph 2. 5. rage 7. 2. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. 2. line 6) this (paragraph 2. 1. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. Example: 1. line 4) it (paragraph 3. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX .
write a narrative text correctly. 2. 4. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. Writing In this section. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. write a diary in the form of imaginary story. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. 3. After learning the lesson in this section. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. 1.
speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. her stepsisters would not let her go. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. Fortunately. They lived happily ever after. b. They treated her badly. action verbs) (linking words. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. Cinderella was sad. where. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. She had to do all the house work. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. Cinderella danced with the prince. Text structure is indicated by: • who. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. action verbs • linking words. where.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . But. At the ball.
Now when the professor left for home.. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes.multiply. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. he forgot all about his magnifying glass. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . Furthermore. com Read the following story carefully. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. To help you create a blog. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. and so they did.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures.. then you should create a blog. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. 2002 One sunny day. so straight away all the insects gathered round. just click on www. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass.
nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. Suddenly. It 4 like an island. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud... They had heads a bit like young cows.. oh my God. Then. middle of nowhere.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. Last night I met a monster.. complement of sentences. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. I was 2 in a 3 place. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. they were approaching me. Read the following explanation carefully. A 1 monster. my body was 10 hard.I saw 5 reptiles. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. she was calming me down.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX . Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart.Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words. speci c characters.. and as a complement in prepositional phrases. It was my mom. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now. Dear diary. object. In their 8 steps. Ouucchh. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box..
Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. foolish 8. 3. were had made thought 9. slow 5. night 3. strange 6. said It’s a Great Story 97 . 1. 7. gentle familiar frown 7. 6. identify the structure of the text. touched 11. 1. met was damped saw 5. 4. meet 2. The words in the box may help you. looked 10. with your friend.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. 8. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. 2. Consult your dictionary if necessary. smile agitated day 4.
answer the following questions.who.De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one.It's a great legend. 1.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information .You know what! This story is really interesting.coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. They treated her badly. Generic structure: . speci c characters . .. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one.linking words. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. action verbs . 3... She had to do all the house work. 2. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours.I am certain/not certain. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.end of the story’s con ict . Amrizal had sleept for ten hours. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . 98 English in Focus for Grade IX . where. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. .
Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 . Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.frightenstein.com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement.
ll in the blank spaces. He works for the Ministry of Education. sure. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. 2. or e-mail? Give your reason. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape. answer the following questions. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service.Listening In this section. The words in the box may help you. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. 4. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. Its 4 located inside the post of ce. 5. In fact. 1. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. 3. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. how to show polite expressions. SMS. He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . After learning the lesson in this section. I want to . 100 English in Focus for Grade IX .
: 4 . locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. : I see.Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. : Oh. 1 . How are you? : Hello. Nino. What happened next? : Then. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. I called 5 and they helped me. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. Pay attention to your expressions. Mr Randi. Wu Fei : All right. 3 . Thank you very much for the information. Please 101 . Send Me a Letter. Herman. : So. Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. The addressee must sign a receipt for it.
UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. It’s . I don't know d. Of course b. 1. Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. Sir. Identify the different of the sounds. . 3. Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. please. Ma’am. Santi : It is OK then. please? Santo : I can't. please. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. I'm in a hurry. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. I will buy it myself. 2. a. Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. ve and a . 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. I'm sure c.
Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. 1. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. In Spain or Indonesia. 3. Post of ce clerk : . 2. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Then. 5. Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. If this is unsuccessful. please. This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. Send Me a Letter. Please 103 . The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. the missing words. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. In the US.4. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape.
What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. 4. One. 3. c. Around 7-8 a. Donald and Daisy Duck. Drawing stamps. Sylvester and Tweety. Buying stamps.m. Rp140. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. Trijaya FM. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. What do the ads tell you about? a. Darajaya FM. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. Rp155. Rp155.000 b. Two. Collecting stamps.000 c.000 b.m. Rp150. These questions will help you. b. b. 3. Tom and Jerry. 7. 4. b. Rp150. 6. c. b or c for the right answer. b. 1. Ramajaya FM.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. 1. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . Rp140. c. c. Four. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. 2. 5. Around 2-4 p. 2.m. What radio station announces the ads? a. c. Around 7-8 p. 5. b.000 When are the ads announced? a.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words.000 c.
2. express monologue in the form of report texts. speak politely in your daily life. After learning the lesson in this section. perform monologue in the form of report texts. promote something through an advertisement. 3. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely.com.my 1. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter.rhhotels. 4. 5. promote something through an advertisement.Speaking In this section. Source: www. Please 105 .
A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. I’m sorry. Sir. • Shall I . please. How long are you going to stay with us. You’ve arrived today.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. And nally. Sir? Morgan. Sir.. M-O-R-G-A-N. Daventry England. 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. Sir? Sure. Sir. Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully... • Would you mind . Ah. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant.. • • • • All right.... 5-7-1-T.. That will be ne . Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. May I help you? Yes. the 6th March.. Mr Anderson. Could you please tell me your passport number. My name’s Anderson. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family. it’s 6 oh 5. Thank you very much. Sir. American Express. And what is your rst name.. Ah yes. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us.. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. Sir. thank you. Sir? Five days.. F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street. One moment .. • Would you please .. England. Sir/Ma’am. And your private address. Now. That’ll be ne. Could you please . we’re putting you in room 265 and 266.. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y.. The name’s Anderson. Then.. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you . Thank you very much for ... Daventry.. All right. practise it with your friend..
What is he? a. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. Two. 6. Bournemouth. A bungalow. Where does the dialogue take place? a. One. c. d. b. Fill in the registration form. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. Cash. A cafe. c. A hotel. What is the number of his passport? a. 7. c. By credit. b. Fill in hotel cheques. Spain. Anderson Morgan. What is the name of the guest? a. c. A restaurant. 2. b. d. Daventry. 5. By debit card. b. What should he do after making the reservation? a. Europe. b. 3. d. c. d. b. c. b. c. In PT Heat Exchangers International. . c. 4. By American Express. How does he intend to pay? a. In England.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. A purchasing manager. d. 1. 5-5-7-9-1-T. b. b. A manager. 8. 5-7-9-7-T. Pay the hotel. Andrew. Four. Where does he come from? a. England. How many rooms did he reserve? a. Three d. Send Me a Letter. d. Make sure that his rooms are ready. Please 107 . 5-7--1-T. c. d. Morgan Anderson.
m. 11th March. Then. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. Madam. Room 265. the 1 . b. two. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. Employee : May I have your 7 please. Employee : Hello. 10th March. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . What room is he going to stay in? a. 10. d. Employee : Thank you. Bye. 12th March.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. b. Room 166. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. 13th March. Room 266. Then. and we close at twelve 4 . Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . 6 Employee : For what time. c. Caller : You’re welcome. answer the questions that follow. d. Room 165. please. practise it in front of the class. Madam. Caller : 10 .9. Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. Practice 4 Role play Now. Madam? Caller : Around eight. c. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions.
net Send Me a Letter. d. that’s right a. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud. History of Hotel Source: homepage. make some notes and retell it again using your own words. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. c.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a.m.m. 2. 1.eircom. 3. b. Please 109 . eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.
4. 6. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. It’s cheaper than a hotel. 2. 3. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . you can use to stay the night. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. 2. but usually only for a short time. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. but by the end of the 18th century. In times. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. 4. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. It’s better for you to take the South . 1. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. If you go outside your town.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. people used horses or ships to go to another place. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. 5. 3. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. is a place where you can stay.
Then try to promote it to your friend. Please 111 . 2. 10.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now.000. 6. 5.Pronounce It! 1. 7. 9. 3. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. Send Me a Letter. 8. make your own advertisement. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. 4.
you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts. 3. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. After learning the lesson in this section. 2. identify another form of report text. 1. identify certain information and characteristic of report texts.Reading In this section. 4. What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX .
2. substance. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. 6. This is an . Send Me a Letter. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. is from 8. Whose is it? 4. 3.1. 5. This is a postage . This my father. Please 113 . This is a . is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7.
If your letter. 3. 2. 4. When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. 5.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . postcard. Because they connect each country. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. or package is going overseas. 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. documents. 1. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them.
6. place to which something or somebody is going c. Basically. 2. an entrance Send Me a Letter. to or from (places) across the sea f. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. 7. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. list of planned events. No. All letters. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. 4. 2. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. 3. be or make slow or late d. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. A ood in China or India. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. The mail always goes through. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. 2. 6. 5. 4. Please 115 . 5. touch with or hold in the hands e. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. 3.New Horizon 1. times for doing something b.
9. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. He has her as a secretary. 7. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . 10. 3. 2. 6. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. Compare your work with your friends’. 5. 4. 8. I have to go to the to mail some letters.
Travel is usually safe and pleasant. Please 117 . As the pace of jet travel grows.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. and magazines. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. Send Me a Letter. the internet. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. So. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. you can click www. Second. To save time. Hotels Source: www. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers.co. brochures. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. the hotel is only minutes away.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. Once the plane lands. if you plan to go on vacation soon. Read the text and answer the questions that follow. iloveblue. hotels spring up near airports. First. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit.royalhoteliow.
d. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. Read the text once again and choose either a. butter. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. Umum. Penginapan. Coffee. 3. Manusia. c. d. hotels spring up near airports. d.. Losmen. various personal services for the public. d. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . Set free from sin. Big hotels.. Penempatan. Appear. b. Tempat istirahat. drink. length 2. 5.. d. c. Small hotels. b.. 7. business executives often . b. the hotel is only 10 minutes away.. c. Once the plane lands. porridge. Cancel. Retreat. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. Downtown hotels.. c.. Bread. Luxurious hotels.. What does delay mean? a.1. d. Breakfast. Continue to exist. . b. b. when their ights are delayed. A public house where travellers may eat. . 118 English in Focus for Grade IX .. As the pace of jet travel grows. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. 4. Go bankrupt. 4. What does save mean? a. jam. To save time. b. b. c. What is an inn? a. Jump. Rice. c. distance d. Keep from injury. 10. time b. What do the following words refer to? a. 9. soup. Avoid loss of time. 8. and sleep. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. Remain alive. b. Leap. Arrive. Orang. d. Continue to live. c. Which one is it?) a. 3. A building in which aeroplanes are kept. or d for the right answer.. d. What does spring up mean? a... milk. depth c. Keep for future use. dinner. c. except one. b. Perorangan. Minutes away means a very short space of . they (paragraph 1) b... Some travellers stay at airport inns . What is meant by meals? a. b.. Bring. there (paragraph 1) c. a. d. lunch.. c. tea. 2. c. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. Postpone. 6.
a. you may. 6. 2. Identify the general classi cation of the text. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. 4.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes.” (Not: could) b. Then answer the following questions. 3. ‘might’ can refer to either present. write down the messages in the following form. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. 1. we may still catch the bus. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. He wants a . Please 119 . 5.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. you can’t. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. Then. • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. food. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. to and . Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. 3. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. c. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. 7. 1. past or future. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites.” b. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. 2. you can. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter.
(this afternoon/when he was young). He can leave it here. write a letter correctly. I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). We can do this exercise (next week/last week). you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). You could drive a car after you got your license. 4. 3. You say: 1. write a letter. 2. Writing In this section. He can play chess. You can drive a car when you are 17. 5. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. 1. Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . write report text based on graphic.Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. After learning the lesson in this section. (with more practice/when I knew her). Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). She can cook very well. 2.
3. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. Please 121 . in addition more over. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. therefore.. but in city B the occupation rate is . The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate.. 4. Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate. 1. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. besides. also however. thus..Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. 2. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. Send Me a Letter.
2. 6. Yani 4. Phone (0298) 91154. Trio** Jln. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. Phone (024) 921334. Sudirman 68. City* Jln. 4. Amanda Cottage* Jln. 3. 5. Magelang Municipality 1. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . Puri Asri** Jln. Yani 492. 3. A. Phone (0293) 64502. A. we can go to the Sarimaryn. 5. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. Kenteng Bandungan. Cempaka 9. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. 4. Phone (024) 91485. Borobudur* Jln.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. 7. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. Semarang Regency 1. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. Phone (0298) 91449. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. Phone (0293) 64114. 2. 5. 1. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. 3. Phone (0293) 63347. Phone (0293) 64481. Diponegoro Ungaran. Phone (0298) 91501. 4. Jend. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. Phone (0293) 65095. 2. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. Daha 23. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number.
Begin the letter (Dear.. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. Post code and telephone number come last. 2. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. and town. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter.. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. 3. Then. Begin with day. Put your own address at the top on the right. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter.) on the left. Hopkins. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. followed by the month and year. Put the date directly under the address. Please 123 . 1.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. street. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter.
put a comma or nothing at all. Then. 7. After ‘Dear. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . for example. On 26 August 2008. The following clues will help you. study the following form of letter. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956.g. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents... Practice 9 Now. A. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). yours. see you or love. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. Dear Miss Laney. 1. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes.4. 3. A. Informal letters may nish. 2. Forbes. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. J.’. 6. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. 5. In informal letters. Forbes. Say you can bring them with you later. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8.
After writing the letter. Write down the addressee of the letter completely. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life. put it in the envelope. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. Why don’t you click www. Then post the letter.com and search for a friend to send your letter to.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. Send Me a Letter. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates. Make sure your friend receives the letter. Please 125 .penfriend.
I help you . just the way it is.May. The subject includes natural things. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX . I can run to school. information. environment. Amrizal had slept for ten hours. 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'. . answer the following questions. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. Description of a general classi cation. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. 1. Buddhist or Muslim in uences..... What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions..Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner . . May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow.. or human matters. social matters.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. 2. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense...Would you mind . and its classi cation. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.Description of the subject. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 3. Generic structure: . She believed she could y..
have done d. a. 4. we 5 our journey to the hotel. d. Don’t forget to write me soon. b. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. Love. Then. have do c. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. That’s enough for now. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. Let them 9. b. agreement d. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. had done 12. The italicised words show . Is there anything I can do. happiness c. Let me d. OK. 5. pleasure b. a. responding to pleasure b. certainty b. please. giving interesting news d. 3. Because my parents asked me to go with them. b. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. giving interesting news 8. a. How are you? I’m doing good here. responding to happiness c. because it was only a 3 visit. had do b. It was a very hot day. Let us c. Waiter : Good afternoon. He thanked her for what she (do). b. Batam Centre and Galang Island. May. a. I also visited Nagoya. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. 2. I only stayed for one night. uncertainty c. Text 1 Dear Lula. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. a. Let she b. giving information 11. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. I help you? c. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. a. Do you want to order? Susan 1. 7. Lula. b. Miss Aura : Yes. a. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . 6. asking for information 10. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. How are you? b. Miss. Then. a. a. a. responding to interesting news d. a. b. go as soon as they have nished.
15. Then. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. c. Sir b. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. Since then. never c. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading.. All right. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water.. c. What does a forest ranger do? a. A policeman. a great re sparking. you could. Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. b. c.. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. d. Please. Then. b. All the answers are correct. 17. I rarely face great problems. and camping in illegal places. Oh my God. People in yellow everywhere. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. What is a forest ranger? a. Then. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. I love it. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. I could lose my life. 25 years 18. Could I ask you some questions? . problems. From other planes came men with parachutes. it was a horrible dream. the remen had stopped the spread of re. Stops any illegal logging. 15 years d. d. 16 years b. Finally. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. Yes. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. I was so worried. A forest scientist. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. In my duties. aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. Watches from a tower in the forest. a. graf ting. Certainly. c. 14 years c. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. In my duty. Fire! I yelled aloud. Sir 14. a. Yes. No. you can. Sir d. Rarely means a. Have a nice holiday. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. b. in six hours. Yes. you couldn’t. A police of cer. It happened three years ago. I’m. d. Working as fast as they could. almost never b. I rarely face any real . Yes. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. 16. . : Thank you very much. on a dark cold night. A forest guard. Takes care of the forest. or d for the correct answer. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble..13.. Sir c. A porter will carry your lugage. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest. Choose either a. 15 years d. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. b. He has been working there for . I saw a thin spiral of smoke. I am always be careful.
What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. What is the form of Text 1? a. b. Aeroplane. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. Fire. Helicopter. 22. Throwing a plastic can. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. 26. Dry enough. Which one is it? a. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. 21. Battle. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. magazines. d. Now. Descriptive. A raging sea of re means a. jumping d. b. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. b. d. walking 29. Dry inside and outside 23. Recount. person that sells wood illegally c. Writing symbols on trees. b. b. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. 27. One of their better services is the handling of mail. Bad experience. d. But there is one wrong statement. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. Tiny re. What does blaze mean? a. b. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . Horrible experience. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. Report. d. c. A half dry. and merchandise samples. Dry all over d. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. b. Sparking. expanding re d. 24. person that chops down trees illegally b. Tiny beam. a. large re spreading b. Throwing a dead leaf. Valuable dream. Illegal logger is a . They parachute into places . Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. Camping in forbidden areas. landing c. . Parachutes. Other planets. Tiny light. Lighting. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. big re 25. b. c. d. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. the postage rates have risen. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. Tiny lamp. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. c. c. Narrative. c. c. re like a sea c. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. c. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. c. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. Horrible dream.19. 28. d. d. person that steals wood d. running b. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text.
b. d. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. Single development. b. Industrial countries. Earning income. a. Main development. d. In your opinion. Modern countries. Valuable income. b. First development. d. using pigeons c. b. d. d. b. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. Stricter laws. c. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . c. Choose either a. d. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. a. and modernised into new technological developments. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. Delivering money. Delivering mail. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. 39. 38. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. b. 30. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . b.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. 32. To be enlarged. 37. They handle it foolishly. To be continued. 33. Initial development. d. postmen driving cars b. and c are incorrect. Government. Asking people to write many letters. To provide better service for everyone. They handle it carefully. b. Because it has better service. a. c. c. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. c. Parcel businesses. using web services d. Developing countries. c are incorrect. To be delayed. now. Great money. c or d for the correct answer. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. c. Delivering parcels. To provide better services for customers. Private rms. c. c are incorrect. Private carriers. Invaluable income. To be stopped. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. d. 35. Why have the postage rates risen? a. d. 34. In developing countries. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. Customers only. Funding b. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. They handle it carelessly. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. b. c. b. What is the policy about? a. However. Better service. b. a. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. c. 31. d. 40. b. b. 2007 c. They don’t deliver mail on time. 36. What competes with the post of ce? a.
9. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes.Change the following sentences using can and could. I can write a short story quickly. Change the words in brackets into the correct form. He can play football. The tenses are given. The door (already shut) by Bona. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. 8. B : Yes. 7. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. Sam Spider new shoes. Present Perfect 6. I did. 3. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . Change the following sentences using may or might. 4. I 10. Present Perfect 5. 1. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). He did. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. The building (bomb) two months ago. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air.
c. Birds. Dogs and Cats. Babies may get bitten by pets. taking care of a pet c. Many geographers divide the more than 13. playing with brothers and sisters. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. d. Dogs only. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. d. you have to spend money on pet food. ask yourself. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. You do not need to take care of pets. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. 1. don't get a pet dog. d. 3. Birds. Cats. d. Baby brother. Dogs and Cats. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. that costs money. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . a. or d for the correct answer. if there are small children in the house. c.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. Sulawesi. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. 2. Firstly. which is part of New Guinea. 5. b. Baby sister.000 kilometers. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. choosing a pet cat d. choosing a pet dog b. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. and (3) the Mollucas. Which is not true? a.000 islands. It costs money to keep pets. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. b. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. Dogs. b.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. Taken from UPSR. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. Lastly. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. c. c. Cats only. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. Java and Sumatra. b. Time and money. Secondly. 2001 4. Dog food. b. Babies may get scratched by pets. Which is needed to have a pet? a. it is better not to get a pet. So if you do not have time to take them out. The passage is all about . Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. c. after Greenland.
Overlap the ends and tape them together. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. the position of Indonesia 8. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. Greenland. b. New Guinea. d. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. Cut a fringe for the base. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. d. d. b. Lightweight card. Sumatra. pencil. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. Near Mollucas. To make the centre tube. sticky tape. the Indonesian geographers. d. c. b. Paragraph two talks about a. In Southwest Asia. b. ruler. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. d. sticky tape. c. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Sulawesi. 2. scissors. 1993 9. 12. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. c. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. c. Borneo. Lightweight card. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. the greater Sunda islands. d. b. Overlap the ends and tape them together. 1993 11. Sumatra. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. Fold one of the sheets of card. Sumatra. Along the equator. 6. Sulawesi. The greater Sunda includes a. Where is Indonesia located? a. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. Sulawesi and Borneo. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Rule a line. 4. ruler. c. b. sticky tape. Unfold the slotted card. Cut a fringe for the base. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. c. d. scissors. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. Cut a fringe for the base. New Guinea. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. b. Ruler. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Rule a line. Final Evaluation 133 . Compared to the other regions. pencil. ruler. 7. c. c. 10. 13. b. sticky tape. 3. Kalimantan. Java. 2007 6. Taken from Make and Do. 5. a. Pencil. In the Greenland.and New Guinea. Borneo. Java and New Guinea. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. The Mollucas lie between . an Indonesian territory. d. What will you need to do the experiment? a. Irian Jaya.
children like to make mobiles c. a. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. Report. The word decorate in the rst paragraph . Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. we can see that . Procedure. are balanced c. clean b. feathers and sharpeners 17. colourful d. Draw squares. it is easy to make mobiles b. interesting 20. b. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . three 18. Unfold the slotted card. means to make a place a. You can hang other light things like keys. c. You need strings. Descriptive. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. It is best to use light things because they . agreement d. 15. They will move easily when there is some wind. Anton : Hello. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. Tie a piece of string at its centre. to keys. a. two c. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. 2. Rani : Hi. beautiful c. The italicised sentence is showing a. hesitation 22. c. pencil or sharpeners. at the centre of the stick c. From the passage. How do you make the centre tube? a. are colourful d. I didn't catch what you said. to the door. Balance the stick from this string. Cut out the shapes. Do the same thing with another stick. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. Can you repeat again. Make sure that the stick is balanced. certainty b. Taken from UPSR. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. Narrative. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . mobiles can be hung anywhere d. Overlap the ends and tape them together. triangles. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. move easily b. d. four d. at both ends of the stick b. you need at sticks least a. 2000 16. d. Ramdan. 3. Then. Fold one of the sheets of card. How to make it: 1. please? . 4. repetition c. feathers. To make a simple mobile. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. rectangles. The string should be tied . a. window or ceiling d. Take a stick. b. What kind of text is Text 3? a. circles. one b. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4.14. are of many shapes 19.
a. I'm sure b. I'm not too sure c. So if I say the opposite. The correct expression to show hesitation is . visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. Yes. The italicised word is showing a. a. attention b. a." They went to see King Aruya. Akomi. Then he thought to himself. I am wise and clever. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. I know nothing. Yes. We will become very rich. Yes. Akomi said." Ombah then said. All your subjects will be happy. opening d. the elder brother. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago.23. "That is not true! No body knows everything. so we postponed the botanical gardens. I'm quite sure b. said. "If we become the King's employees. For example. my answer will be right. 25. working c. admiral c. They were ambitious and winning. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . buying b. nishing b. truly! Everybody knows at least something. too!" Taken from UPSR. 27. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. "That is also a lie. let us be your ministers. Actually. a. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday." King Aruya said angrily. 26. you know your father's name. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. agreement d. "Your majesty. Nobody knows nothing. 24. I can d. nished d. We will make good laws. I know everything. to King Aruya. opening c. I can d. For example. buying b. being nished Bob nished at midnight. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. "Your Majesty. nish c. Sorry. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5.' a. studying d." King Aruya said. Really? c.
had the right answer 32. From the story. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. six hundred and thirty two 34. Taken from UPSR. was thinking hard d. could make good laws c. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. did not tell the truth d. because they liked the song b. a. knew nothing c. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. we can see that King Aruya . The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. knew everything b. disliked people who told lies Penang. make the King's subjects happy 29. put out the re c. was afraid b.05 a. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . a.28. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. a.m. to remain calm during the emergency d. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. to show that they were very brave c. The re started in the engine room at about 2.30 p. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. Akomi a. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because . The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. did not know how many stars there were d. a. The holiday cruise ship. a. 2000 33. did not need any ministers d. about two thousand b. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. become rich b. thought that the answer would be right 31. leave the ship b. become ministers c. kept many crocodiles b. Ombah's hands trembled because he . help the King make good laws d.00 p. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. The two brother's ambition was to . The word evacuate means to . use the lifeboats d. wanted to collect money 30. a. They waited for rescue ships. four hundred and sixty one d. to all crew. Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. Sat. wanted to see the crocodiles c. more than one thousand c.m. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. Ombah said I know nothing because he . a. made him angry c.m.
See you soon! Your Sincerely. football d. b. Mawar no. there were only sixteen lifeboats c. shifted d. agreement c. I hope that you and your family are doing well. Royal Malaysian Navy c. It has a river. d. It has a rock garden. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . jumped b. a. gratitude b. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. shing c. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. My father bought a new house. uncle 39. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. younger brother b. c. Marine Police boats b. Text 7 Bandung. for a. Penang Port tugboats d. I like the new house. pushed 40. telling interesting news d. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. 41. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. Budi 38. Risa : That’s great. From the letter we know that Dina likes . It has a swimming pool. The italicised phrase is the expression . Dina is probaby Budi’s . were a. 2008 Jl. they waited for several hours b. badminton b. there were not enough life jackets 37. Some passengers panicked because . b. Football eld. Risa. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. d. Swimming pool. The word moved means . There are more rooms and we have big garden. Rock garden. Final Evaluation 137 . c. Badminton court. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. 43. they were moved to the uppendecks d. Why does Budi like the new house? a. cousin brother d. congratulations. However. a. good friend c. I think my father will listen to my mother. a. new house 42. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. June 21. It is bigger with more rooms.36. a. bought c. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. Irma : Hi.
making c. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. make b. writing d. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . Really? 45. Play b. a. making d. Can you help me? c. simphaty c. Played d. can nish b. have written b. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute.m last night. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. a. Someone to lock the door. a. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. make c. Joe a doctor today. a. Playing c. Sales : Good morning. sleeping b. a. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. certainly 46. showing uncertainty c. must d. gone b. football is my hobby. May I help you? b. I’m so sorry to hear that. The italicised sentence is an expression of . ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. singing d. must saw 48. pleasure b. showing certainty b. going d. giving compliment d. 55. a. made I my work tonight. see c. a. had forgotten 47. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. made b. can nished c. Are you sure? d. a. 56. is making d. go c. went 51. The italicised words express . they did. a. fall b. They night. forgot d. a. forget b. 57. a. 54. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. Bayu : Oh. sang b. have forgotten c. can nishing d. Rusdi : How awful. slept d. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. sleep c. can be nished He from the stair last night. a. a. a.44. sung c. Sir. was sleeping 49. falling c. 52. must see b. fell d. was sleeping 50. wrote c. gratitude d. 53.
Do the following instructions. in the sea can be dangerous. After a few minutes. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. 1. feet b. Then one farmer said to the other. The horse did not like this. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. That'll be easier and quicker. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. tall c. 5. Then the oor will be lower.' The farmers thanked their friend. It always hurt its a. The horse . 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. Make a sentence using might. 2. thin b. The horse was too entrance. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. not its feet. a. nose for the . I well without sleeping pils. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. short 60. The horse was a big animal. Identify the structure of text 9. can) 9. The horse's ears are the problem. 2000 59. was very old c. (Modal. a. The friend said. head c. ears d. You can dig the entrance with a spade. After a long time. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. This was fty years ago. and he went away. (Gerund) 6. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. 4. so the work was hard. 3. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. worked on the farm b.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. slept all day d. when farmers used horses a lot. Their saw was old and not very good. He said. one of them thought of an answer. The farmers told him about the problem. 10. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 .Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. 'That man's stupid. a friend came to see them. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. Then the entrance will be higher. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. slow d. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance.' So they found a saw and started cutting.
2005. World Book Team. London: Oxford University Press. London: Oxford University Press. Reference Guide to English. Kim. Vocabulary Builder. Standar Isi. London: Longman. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . Stannard. Function in English. 1982. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). 1972. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. 1983. Carver. Alexander. Hornby. UPSR. A Beginning Writing Text. A Conversation Book 2. 1991. Steven J. Chicago: World Book. Blundell. 1998. 2006. 2008 Molinsky. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. Kheng. London: Longman. 2003. 1995. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. A First Composition Text. 1983. London: Oxford University Press. S. Junior Comprehension 2. 1987. Ready to Write. UPSR. London: Oxford University Press. Get Ready to Write. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. A Basic Writing Text. World Book Team. London: Longman. Bonner. Jon. Alice. Blanchard. Scott. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. Soars.S. Artono. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. Tan Boon. Blanchard. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. 1987. 1998. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Living English Structure. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. Washington D. 1994. Joan. Rosemary. Wardiman. Tan Boon. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD.C: CBS College Publishing. London: Longman. 2005. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. Karen and Christine Root. Headway Student’s Book. Nm. English in Everyday Life. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. 2007. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. London: Longman. Seal. 2000. London: Longman. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. 1994.G. Liz and John. Margaret. A Handbook of English as a Second Language. Practice and Progress. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. W. 2006. D'Arcy.G. 2000. London: Longman. 1993. A. 1994. Bernard. Step into Writing. Reading Elementary. London: Longman. and Van Veen. Kim.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. The New Book of Knowledge. L. Allen. 2007. T. The Topic Dictionary. Word by Word. Suyenaga. Karen and Christine Root. Chan S. 2000. Bennet.M.
melayuonline. 95 Chapter 5 1.parkseed. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.rasamalaysia. 2008• 11. The Big Book of Science Projects.indonesianart. 43 6. 2008• 66 141 .artcraft. www. Nature.com• 1 2. homepage. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1. Visual Arts.org. Kamus Visual.ac. 136 Chapter 1 1.rhhotels. 20 Chapter 2 1. www. les.id• 28 www. 2002• 85. www.eircom.id•28 4.co.wordpress• 5 4. www. com• 38 www. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. www. 2005• 50.com• 99 2.uk• 27 3. The World Book Encyclopedia.ok• 23 2. www. Indonesian Heritage.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. ayiediary.ph• 38 brangwetan.com• 79 3.com. 42. heritage.blogspot. www. 2001• 14.com 7.kbrimanila. www.com• 70 2.com• 4 3.com• 10 7. 20 6.co. 1993• 133 2. 81.banten. 18 5. www.files.com• 52 4.slbn3yogja.ph• 38 www.grasindo.wordpress. Make and Do. How Does It Work?. 2007• 70. les. 58 6. www.com• 38 5.indonesia. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.ac. 67 5.frightenstein.unj. Publisher Documantation• 113 5.2006• 63 8.leeds.royalhoteliow.org2.wordpress.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1.com• 71 2. www. Hands on Science.offshoreradio. 2006• 114 6. Kamus Visual.kbrimanila. www. Experiments. 2003• 39. www. wayangsuket. 94 4. 101 Great Science. 1990• 79.go. www. 366 and More Fairy Tales. UPSR. appreciativeorganization. www. www.uk• 75 2.net• 109 4. 71 3.wordpress.germes-online.com• 51 3. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.id• 79 www. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.recipezaar. CD Image• 54. Nature. german. les. 2000• 135. Hands on Science.net• 49 2. How Does It Work?.co.my• 105 3. 2005• 7.
pesisir konservasi. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang. tak henti-hentinya. hebat hiburan. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. tambahan bertiup.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. oplah (mis. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. sabuk lagi pula. baik sekali. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung. makanan menyelam titik. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . menolak 2. pesiar adat.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. enak diet. merosot lezat. koran/surat kabar) pantai. perlindungan alam terus-menerus.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. kebiasaan biasa 1.
alur badan pesawat terbang agung. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. ekspansi menjelaskan. menyenangkan. menyenangkan. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. belaka mengalikan. memelihara 2. terjadi 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. melunasi 2. berhati-hati 2. hebat 1. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. kebutuhan namun. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. pengembangan. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur.
95. 53. 95 • Wardiman. 56 • Giving admiration. 133. 56. 50. 106. 62. 26. 52. 18. 70. 132 • Narrative text. 79 • La Fontaine. 55. 134. 103. 51. 34 • The present perfect tense. 127. 33. 114. 101. 91. 24. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 6. 58. 55. Colin. 83. can and could. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 136. 103. 11. 71. 19. 129. 82. 102. 117. 88. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 137 • Report text. 59. 29 • Showing attention. 14. 108 • Showing simpathy. 84 • Showing polite manners. 107. 46. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 20. 8. 44. 118. 81. 61 • The past perfect tense. 7 • Showing hesitation. Anne. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 42. 64. 93 • Special nites may and might. 96. 110. 94. 12. 81 • Mckie. 43. 7. 73. 9. 100. 5. 52. 35. 72. 39. 37. 16. 51. 4. 78. 3 • Asking repetition. Artono 24. 89. 115. 63. 2. 76. 85. 28. 135. 17 • Gerunds. 15. 52. 127. 128.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 85. 31. 29 • Responding hesitation. 53. 92.
Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. Just keep practising. when I get up. 3. OK. and the night clubs and on 4television. by 29 March 2008. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. Next. I make it easy and quick. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. 3. Would you like to come. pineapple. Mom. restaurants. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. magic. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. don’t think too much. By the way. Put the slices of papaya. Mrs Hery. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely.25 kg our. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top.5 kg. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. 2. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. 3 pieces of garlics. peppers. Mr Herman 145 . Roll the chicken thighs to the our. keep in the freezer for a half hour.15. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. Gigi.. cafe. Mrs Siregar : I see. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. Next month is an examination time! 1. Dad. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. The boys bands are 6famous today. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. mix it with the pound of the spices. 1 egg. 3 cm of ginger. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. Yurike : Hmm. Ungu. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. Fira. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. Contemporary art has also developed here. I don’t know why. Finally. After a while prepare 0. mix the our with a grain of peppers. First of all. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. Next. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. Instant recipe is much quicker. First. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. 2. hello Mrs Siregar. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. one teaspoon full of peppers. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. I feel fresh again. do the same to the remaining soursoup. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. They like it very much. one tablespoon of salt. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. rst. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. garlics and salt. Then.. 4. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. Finally. I am going to the market. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. take medicine. You will sleep really well. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. pound ginger. 2. jln. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. I go to sleep. He sang badly last night. Ria No.let’s see. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. Then. pour the juice into some glasses. arts.
1 egg. you need barbecue beef 500 g. sugar 15 ml. well. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. gurethings. I see. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. Mr Burhan said. I just made it. 2. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. Then. sauce. 4. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. sugar. at 7 pm. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. add and stir oil. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. Ah. Dona : Well. state your destination to the operator. 5. Mr Jhon : Oh. egg. Then. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. Mrs Jhon : Well. Sinyo : 4Well. Add our.5. I wish they would come for this charity.. Add sugar. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. pick up the phone. Anti : And then. Mix well. please. Tio Rani 6. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule.. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. 3. I see. salt. First. onion. Finally. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. First. Then. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. Gun : See. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. Then. Dona : Oh.. Imaginary character out t must be original. Sir. and beef for 1 minute. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. and vanilla. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night. you hang up the phone. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. hmm. Dona : Wow. This helps drivers to see them clearly. oil 15 ml.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. Well. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. Mrs Jhon : First of all. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want.. 5. 1 tablespoon baking powder. You must have a mission. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. You must have a name. Mixture. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Mr Jhon : Ok. 4. 2. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. nely chopped onion 25 g. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. 3. powder. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery.2Tell me more. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. I couldn’t say. Your character or weapon must be unique. Sabang. Dial the service number. 3/4 cup milk. soy sauce. soy sauce 15 ml. Then. Thanks for the explanation. 3. oyster sauce 15 ml. 3. tell me more! Gun : After that. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. I see. state your name and address to the operator. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. now it is nished.. 2. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . especially when it is dark. She probably used lip synch. 2 teaspoons sugar. Sinyo : 1 Oh.. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. : That’s too bad. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. milk. he would announce it in one hour.. And in the end. Bring above mix to the boiling. Taste it. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. 4. Practice 11 1. 2. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our..
7. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. We heard some noises behind the bush. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. what so special? Tell me more. Near the park. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. where they have remained ever since. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. One day. Nino : So. Nino : I see. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. a dirty. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. Loki : Well. We went 2 in the afternoon . What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. then they climbed up into the sky. Practice 6 1. the water began to rise. 10. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. and thought that Pungguk stole it. he killed Pungguk. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. 1I’m ne. B : Oh. we gave him some money. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. then. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. 3not very smooth exactly. Fira. Loki. I looked very different. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. When Pungguk walked. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. He said thanks and went away. In addition . Tari : This story is about a powerful love. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. Surprisingly. He works for the Ministry of Education. But then. and so was left with nothing. poor boy came out from the bush. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. One day. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. So. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. Wu Fei : All right. thanks. it changed into living creatures. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. Funnily enough. Mr Randi. Nino : Oh. anyway. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. Nino. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. A : I laughed out loud. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. With his sword. although they were in love with each other. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. 6. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. Lovely Mud. 9. this is the second time I’m reading it. Listening Script 147 . some one was 3 following us. when he was in the water. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. please. ve stamps and a postcard. Guess what. When he was full. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. Thank you very much for the information. 8. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Then. Gosh. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. Those birds were called Pungguk. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. they invited the Sea to visit them. birds. he was just a 7 hungry kid. the weather was ne. B : Tell me more about it. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. Herman. Surprisingly. when I read the story of a Lovely. Tari. Believe it or not. with the sh and all the members of his family. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. it ended sadly. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. 2. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. Nino : 4That’s horrible. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. Unfortunately. really? I thought that was a sad story.
Spiderman. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. OK. 3. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. Don’t forget to write me soon. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. Love. That’s enough for now. I also visited Nagoya. Wonder woman. It’s 17421. Spongebob and Patrick. Lula. 4. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. Tom and Jerry. How are you? I’m doing good here. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. I only stayed for one night. Heroes series and cartoon series. Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. please. Sir. Each series only Rp150. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. It was a very hot day. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. Then. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. You’ll nd Superman. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. especially for you llatelist freak.2. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. Batam Centre and Galang Island. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Now. because it was only a 3short visit. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport.500. Ma’am. If this is unsuccessful. Back to Ramajaya FM. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series.000. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. I didn’t forget to go shopping there.
2. Let me add some salt. patch next. 10. 6. 8. 3. 7. 3. 5. 3. 2. 3. 7. 6. 2. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 1. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 10. 2. 4. 2. g 5. 3. 8. 3. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 1. 1. 4. F F T T T 6. 5. 8. 2. 4. 3. Let’s get lunch (together). 6. now after that. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. h 4. 8. 7. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. 7. 5. 8. 2. F T F originate famous charm captivate. down. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 2. 2. 4. 3. 1. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. 5. 6. 3. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. 5. seed. 3. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 10. 5. 5. Let’s keep the water boiling. 9. rst of all. 4. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. a 2. 7. gloves. 4. clods. g f e d 5. 5. 4. press. 7. 5. 3. 1. 6. 7. then. 5. 6. better. c 3. holes. 4. 9. 1. 5. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. grow. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. base nally. 9. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 4. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. water. 3. 4. 9. dusk record Practice 12 1. 2. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 2. 6. 4. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. 2. 3. 2. 4.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1.
6. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 4. 4. 6. and the bridle 6. 3. 5. e h j k f 6. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. 10. 9. 10. 3. 6. 2. 28. how long. action verbs). 34. 2. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 3. 18. 2.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 12. 7. 1. 3. 14. 5. 3. 22. b c c b 1. 4. 24. 5. 1. 33. 2. 4. 21. 5. 8. 7. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. how. 40. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 4. d g i a c 11. 5. 6. 11. 8. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. 4. 2. 1. 25. 9. 4. 4. 29. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 2. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. details. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 4. 35. 4. 1. 7. 20. 13. 7. 4. 8. 7. 5. 9. 2. 6. 8. 3. 26. 23. 3. 5. 37. how many. 38. 2. 17. 7. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 15. 36. 10. 2. 6. 27. 2. 8. 2. 3. 32. 19. 8. 3. 5. 4. 3. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 30. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 39. 7. with what) • The covering (where. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 6. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 3. 5. 10. a h c f 2. 3. 9.
The Balinese. 1. 7 8. 5 6. 9. Please Listening Practice 12 1.m. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 10. 2. 5. 2. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 3. 4. 6. 9. 4. 7. 7. 2. 5. 8. 4. 3. 11. 5. 3. Speaking Practice 3 1. 3. 7. 5. 8. 4. 3. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. 10. 6. 6. 11. 2.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . 5. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. 5. 9. 3. 2. 1. 10. 5. 4. 1. 7. The water. 3. 3. 6. Kbo Iwo. 6. 9. 6. 1. 6. 8. 8. 4. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 1. 2. 7. 4.Practice 5 1. 2. 6. 2. 2. 2. 4. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 4. 7. 1. 5. 4. 3. 4. 10. 3. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 8. 10. 7. 5. 8. 7. 5. 9.000. 3. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 2.
8. 12. 3. 5. 32. a. 53. 24. 7. 2. 7. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 13. 4. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. We could do this exercise last week. b. 59. 2. 28. 45. 39. 26. 21.Reading Practice 2 1. 4. 58. 7. 6. 15. 51. 27. 33. 2. 7. 38. 30. 5. We can do this exercise next week. 36. a. 4. 4. 3. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 44. 34. 12. 57. 56. 16. b. 5. 37. 3. 4. a. 40. b. 3. 11. 38. 54. She can cook well with more practice. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. 6. 17. 5. a. 3. 6. 47. 5. 31. 6. 52. 1. 6. I could go early everyday last summer. 22. 5. 18. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 2. 3. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. 39. 25. 13. 2. 10. 17. 55. 42. 32. 5. 1. She could make her own dresses before she got married. a. 27. 43. b. 29. 10. 10. 10. b. 7. 20. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 7. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . She could cook well when I knew her. 37. 2. 35. I can go early if he lets me. 9. 4. 9. 8. 35. 36. a. 8. 4. 6. 14. 40. 60. 28. 19. 29. 4. 49. 34. 9. 6. 14. b. Practice 10 1. 3. 8. 2. 7. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 46. 33. 50. She can make her own dresses in a few years. 48. 26. 15. 20. 1. a. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. 23. b. 7. 5. 2. 9. 22. 25. 18. 24. 11. 3. b. 19. 21. He can leave it for an hour. 8. 23. She can read easily with her new glasses. a. 30. 8. 6.