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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008
Diperbanyak oleh ...
digandakan. Pemerintah. Jakarta. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia.Oleh karena itu. dapat diunduh (down load). untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Kami berharap. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. dalam hal ini. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Namun. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. dicetak. pada tahun 2008. dialihmediakan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT.
Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. i. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. listening. Bandung. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English. reading and writing. speaking. Last but not least. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. support and encouragement. Hopefully. brings this book forward.e. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). It aims to build your language. discourse. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. sociocultural and strategic competence. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. July 2008 Writers iv .
Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. 15. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. 10. expressions. 5. 12. and author of each chapter. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter. 16. 3. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. 11. 4. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. 8. 14. Index helps you nd grammar. 6.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 9 4 11 10 12 16 14 15 3 5 6 1. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. 7. 2. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. Log On enriches your knowledge. v . 13. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. 9.
........................................ • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ............. Speaking .............................................................................................................. • Asking repetition .................................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Guide to Read This Book ... • Responding to hesitation ............................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ................................ • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ...................................... Writing ............... Learning Review ........ • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ........................... Speaking ..................................................................................................... Listening .......... • Retelling the story in the form of report text ......................................... • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ........................... iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi ..................................... • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ...................................................................... • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text ............................................................................... • Reading aloud procedural texts .......................................... Listening ........................ Learning Review ....................................................... Preface ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Learning Essential ........................................................... • Studying the structure of a report text .................................. Writing ................................................................................. • Writing your own procedural text .......Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ............................................................................................................................................... Reading ............................................. Reading ................................................................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ....... Learning Essential ..................................................................................... • Writing a report text ......................................................................................................................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts .............................................................................................................................................. Listening ..................................................... Chapter 3 Be Creative! ................................................. Chapter 1 Do It This Way! .................................... • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide ............................... Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing ............
......................................... • Showing attention and expressions of admiration ................................................................................................................................... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ..... • Writing narrative texts ............................... • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ...... Reading ..................................................... Writing ................................................................ • Composing a procedural text .............. Learning Review ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ............................................ • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ...................... • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ..................................................... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ........... • Identifying the structure of narrative text .................... Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story .............................................................................................Speaking ........................................................ • Using polite expressions to show manner ....................................... • Telling interesting news or information ............... • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ............... 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii ................................................................................................................. Learning Essential ................................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural text .......................................... • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ..................................................................... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ..................... Listening ........... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story .............. Reading ............................... Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter............. Learning Review ...................................................... Please ......................................................................... • Reading report text ...................... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text ....................................................................... • Reading texts in narrative form ...................................................................................................................................................................... Listening .... Learning Essential ............................................................................................................................................... Reading ................ Writing ......................................... • Promoting something through an advertisement ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Speaking ......................................... Speaking ..
...... Index ........................................................................................................... • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ............................................................................................................................... Final Evaluation .............................................Writing .............................................................................. Learning Essential ..................................................................................................................... Listening Script ............................................................................................................................. • Writing and sending a letter .................................................................................................. Learning Review ............................................................................................................... Glossary ............................ 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ............................................... Exercise of Chapters 4–5 .......... Photo Credits .................. Answer Key ............................ Bibliography ...........................................................
germes-online.Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .
I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. Then. 3. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. spray the stain with hair spray. put a paper towel under the stain. Nayla. My white shirt is stained. Thanks so much. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. First. 1. listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . Nayla : No! Don’t do that. Nur : OK then. Try my hints. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. After learning the lesson in this section.Listening In this section. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. I’ll try it. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. 2. 4. After that. you will learn how to: • • • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. 5. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally.
Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. You will sleep really well. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. Then. Practice 5 Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 . Finally. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. I feel fresh again.. Discuss it with your partner. I go to sleep. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. when I get up.. 1. rst. I don’t know why.. don’t think too much. Next. I take medicine. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. 2. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately. Listen again to the tape. First. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. about it? : : . : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. : : .. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping.. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily.. Then.
Then. How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. 1. Then. ll in the following blank spaces. 5. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. 2. heritage.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 3. 4. 1. 3. 4.
do the same to the remaining f . 2.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. pineapple. How to make: the b of papaya. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. 15 Do It This Way! 5 .h the juice into some glasses. 2 3 persons). ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. together all of your friends (max. Jln. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute.Practice 10 Now. by 29 March 2008. les. g . Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks. 3.15. . Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. Ria No. red 1.
Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. 2. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. Resty.. that’s right. make your own announcement. rst. After learning the lesson in this section. he.. he. 1. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Kesya : Hello. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup.. I made it myself. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said.. I gave my magic nishing touch. 1.. show expressions for asking repetition. Kesya. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. 2. Look at my new purse. he. Hey. Resty : Hello.Then.Practice 12 Now. Well. Kesya? Kesya : Oh.. I just added some colourful buttons. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. Choose one of the following topics. that’s nice. four– ve glittery beads. 3. Finally. What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue.
Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. • Could you repeat again. please? • Sorry. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. 2. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. Do It This Way! 7 .Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. please? • Would you be louder. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. I didn’t catch what you said. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet.
8 English in Focus for Grade IX . thanks.” Sasha said. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Act it out in front of the class. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. where have you been? I’m ne. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. Come on in. and watch its path. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. 2.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. just a moment please. “Oh. Answer the following questions orally.”reply Sasha. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. Sasha.3. 1. How are you?” greeted Oky. hi Oky. 3.
” “OK.. Then.that’s easy. It tastes bitter. Do It This Way! 9 . it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles.” “Uhm-hm.. OK.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well.” “OK.. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild.. I don’t mind. stick in the toothpicks for handles.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No. since you’re my best pal. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. We can’t use solid chocolate. Let’s eat. Then. three packs of milk biscuits.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. and toothpicks just for accessories. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday.” “Yup..“Thanks Sas. what snack do you prefer?” “OK. we can start to form it like balls. I thought it was complicated. By the way. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. Let’s continue. just like this. stir it. sure.?” “After that.” “Wow.” “First of all. Finally. I am taking many courses before my nal exams.” “Yes. Well. Thanks a lot. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. so I still have the ingredients.. until the mixture becomes hard.. make sure it’s not too runny. I’ve been so busy lately.” “Oh. as easy as that. then. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly.. Mmm. So. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles.” “Now. So. It’s nished. it will be easy to form balls with. Place it in the small cookie paper. Let’s go to the kitchen. So. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see. Next.
Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. 5..com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX .. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. and more. 2. First. 3. Now. Practice 10 Pronounce It! 1. Compare with other groups’ work. 4. Then sit down with your head leaning forward.. 4. call a doctor. a hairpin. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding. loosen the clothing around your neck. If your nose continues to bleed. 3.artcraft. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. Practice 11 Announce it to the class. Practice 9 Work in groups. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. Source: www.
After learning the lesson in this section. 1. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. 3. 2. read aloud a procedure correctly. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. Then. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. read a procedural text correctly. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 .
how. Nature. We often use procedural texts. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . action verbs). • The frame (commands. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. • The covering (where.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. First of all. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. read a manual on. spread the gravels over base of the tank. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. even though we rarely realise it. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. details. what type). add some water plants from an aquarium centre. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. how many. but not in direct sunlight. Example: water plants. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. Now. After that. procedural texts are part of our daily life. do a simple scienti c experiment. how to turn on a CD player. Example: Place the tank in bright light. Nature. how long. etc. Taken from Hands on Science. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. Next. add a jug full of pond water. Finally. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then.
What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. g.Practice 2 In pairs. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. 1. 4. 6. 3. c. 1. 2. 3. 4. Add to the base of the tank. 5. You can use to decorate your aquarium. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. 2. 7. b. 4. 3. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. You can nd water animals from nearby . No. e f. 1. 5. d. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 5. Fill full of water. 6. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. Use a to lter the water. 2.
Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder.blogspot. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris.UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.cp. The man wants to take a picture of a bird. We can make many forms from a piece of paper. 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun. com or www. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor. There you can download free papercraft models. Read the following procedure carefully. When he wants to see the results of the picture. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX .papercraftworld. The picture will be saved in a 2 . To make a papercraft you can click on www.cp-ij.com. He uses a 1 .
2. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. Turn the monster face around. Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. 5. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder. 4. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose. 3.
4. 5. 6.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. 4. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. 5. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. 1. You also need glue for the experiment. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. 5. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. 2. 2. details and tools. 1. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. The following clues will help you. 6. 3. Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. Connect your third wire to the other screw. 3. 4. 7. 3. 1. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. Correct the false one. 2.
Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. Yes. 5. Let us not despair. 2. Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. State them orally. don’t in American English) are very informal..” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. 1. let’s.. 8. (informal) Forms with don’t. • In a very informal style. not the speaker or hearer.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker.” • There are two possible negatives. Do It This Way! 17 . (formal) Let’s not get angry. Ask your friend to get lunch together. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. 3. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. Let’s see. Keep the water boiling. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly. Let’s have a drink. “Let’s go for a walk. let’s is often used to mean let me. 6. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). wherever they may be. This is common in formal and ceremonial language. I don’t care. eg. Add some salt by yourself. Keep stirring coconut milk. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. shall we?” “Yes. 4. but informal uses are also possible. let’s (and let’s. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences. let’s all get moving. let’s is used as a short answer. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. eg. Ask your friend to cook together...” “Let him be. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us. Let the prayers begin. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. OK. 7. Let us pray.
Note Time-order (signal words) • First. The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. When you want to tell someone how to do something. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. How to do it: 1. write a procedural text correctly. After learning the lesson in this section. second. Olahraga dan hiburan. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. The egg sinks to the bottom. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX .Writing In this section. you should arrange the steps according to time order. we carefully put the egg in water. an egg. The most famous one was Imhotep. When you write your paragraph. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. astronomers and goverment of cers. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. a dessert spoon and water. Then. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. Horizon The Brine Effect You will need : table salt. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. We half ll the glass with water. you will learn how to: • • write a procedural text. a large glass. a teaspoon. Then. using the dessert spoon.
3. We put the egg in the water again. We put in the egg again. The egg oats. 5. when clear water was added. 4. helping the egg to oat. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass.2. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2. the egg was denser than clear water. then surprise a family member. Do It This Way! 19 . salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. but less than the brine. it oated on the brine. Finally. Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. Ask them to taste it. so it sank. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. Make dishes from it. as it has more density than clear water. In the second stage. or a recipe book. Do you know why? In the rst stage. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. They will be happy because of your attention. a magazine. making the egg sty in the middle.
Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. hten. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. 4. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. etxn. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. Wearing a pair of sveolg. inlylifa. They will need to be watered regularly. 3. 2. water your plants well.Practice 4 Work in pairs. teafr hatt. ts r fo lla. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant.
5. Then. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. Nature. In groups of three. Compare with other groups. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after that water patch press dusk rake then clods grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. Then. make a procedural text. You are free to choose the topic. write your own procedural text. write them down in your exercise book. Then. tell the class what you have created. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 .
I can't hear you! . Let’s have a snack.Sorry... 3..I'm sorry.Materials . I didn't catch what you said. answer the following questions. After that.Goal . • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: . 22 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2.Are you sure? Responses for certainty . • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you.Are you certain? .The frame .The covering 1. L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 1. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. 3.. Asking repetition .. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants. dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel. Next.I've no doubt about . break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty .Steps .. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions. First of all. .I'm quite sure . 2..
Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .
The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . 7 held by Maroon Five.Listening In this section. understand expressions of hesitation. and the night clubs and on 4 . 3. in the missing words on the text. you will learn how to: • • • • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. While listening. identify a monologue in the form of report texts. 2. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. ll 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. They are played by 3 in dance halls. The boys bands are 6 today. 1. restaurants. 5. 4. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. Ungu. Gigi. After learning the lesson in this section. cafe.
Pronounce It! 1. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . 6. 7. Consult your dictionary for help. 3. 1. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. 2.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. 8. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. 4. 3. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Gigi is a boy band. The bands always consist of eight persons. 5. The songs are complex. Boy bands are not popular today. 1. Pop songs come from pop composers only. 4. 6. 5. come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. While listening. 3. 2. 4. 5. 2.
3... • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about . 7... 9. • I couldn’t say . 8. 1. Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape.. 4. 2. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure .. 1.. 11. answer the following questions... Practice 8 Now.Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs... 5. • I couldn’t really be sure about . • I’m not convinced about .. 2. • There’s surely some doubt about . Discuss it with your friend. 10... study the following explanation carefully.. Answer the following questions orally.. Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12. 6. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about . Then. Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX ..... Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words.. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason.
id or you can use the search engine www.co.uk No.co. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. 3. sonybmg. 1. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much. then complete the following table. Then make a report about them. For help click to www. 2. then share it to the class.offshoreradio. Source: www. Listen to the art schedule in the radio.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book.google.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword. Then.
3...go.. Then. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain . 2. • .. • do a monologue in the form of reported text.. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. study the following expressions. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation. such as responding to hesitation correctly.....banten. retell the text in the form of a report.. Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully. After learning the lesson in this section.unj.id 1.absolutely positive/certain .. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX ..ac. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech...id. answer the questions that follow orally. • You can be sure about .Speaking In this section. Source: www. www. • I’ve no doubt about .
.. My uncle is sick... There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5.. and only to friends... I don’t think there can be any doubt about that. Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy.. • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind . • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music.(surely) that’s obvious..... (isn’t it?).Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • . She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync. • I’m (quite) convinced/that .. (say with a smile. it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain . • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that . • I don’t think there can be any doubt . • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct.... • There can’t be any doubt . Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully.. • I’m fairly sure .... are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now..00 p.m. Lana.. Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 ..
Young people prefer rock music to pop music. Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. act it out. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. 4. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before. 2. 3. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. When we dance. 1. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. 3. 6. we have fun. 4. 5. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. Then. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. Answer the following questions orally. 2. 1.What do you think of the dancers. Dad. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . based on the dialogues in Practice 3. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation.
and turning. And there are many more. For example. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. we can create a number of body movements. 2. bending. 1. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. in ballet. Then. Dancing is moving the body together with music. For example. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. usually through long periods of special training. or topeng dance from Betawi. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. With all these physical actions. the ballerina exercises to rotate. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. jumping. our body has the potential to be developed. has some candles carried by the dancer. 3. stretching. Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. Most people dance to have fun. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. discuss the following statements. uses a mask to perform its dance. 4. Basically. Use the expressions that you have learnt. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. Listen to her/him carefully. lilin dance from West Sumatra. Dancing belongs to rich people.Practice 7 In groups of four. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. 1. 3. 2. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more.
Read the following explanation carefully. 7. 3. Then. Study the questions rst. shower 3. 4.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. 4. Then. 3. re 4. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . 9. 1. pronounce them. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. 6. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. 2. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. 8. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. do the exercise. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. shine 2. (Your answer can be the guide). 5. 1. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. 2. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs. 1.
3 . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg.6 .8 b.4 . “Stop talking!” the man commanded. As the subject. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a. the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake. (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room. Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies.1 .1 .7 .3 .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun.2 .5 .5 .clothes .1 . (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure. (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. c. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence. 6 . a.for. 6 .money .1 . d.much .4 . 3 .2 .2 .2 .7 . b. For this reason it is also called a verbal noun.spend . We avoid meeting him.8 d.8 .7 .3 c.7 . (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret.did not . UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying . 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 . Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth.6 .4 . The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming.2 .we . (Active) He dislikes being told what to do.5 .5 .
6. 1. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. 5. She has completed (pack) her bags. 9. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby. thank you for (help) my little brother.” she said. 3. “Neil. After learning the lesson in this section. 3. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. 2. 1. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. Collecting stamps is my hobby. 10. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. know the characteristics of a report text. Reading In this section. 4. 8. 7. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text.
Rock became a very big business. 6. Elvis Presley. Rock mainly became the music of the young. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. were heard across the US. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. After he appeared on nation-wide television. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. records of a young singer from Tennessee. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. 4. 3. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. 2. They understood its beat and sound. 1. and its lyrics. In 1955. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. 5. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. 7. Alan Freed. Rock Music Rock music is part of popular music today.
or d based on the text. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. Choose either a. What is the best title for the text? a.Practice 4 1. b. young singer from Tennessee. He was heard across the US. d. 3. in 1955 b. Music from Time to Time. 1. The main idea of paragraph two is . c. Music. c. Kinds of Music. young singer c. 5. Rock Music. His performing style was rock and roll. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. b. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . b. Rock is popular among young people. c. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. c. He appeared on nation-wide television. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. By the early 1970’s. d. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. Rock music is part of popular music today. 3. 4. Rock mainly became the big business. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. b. b. 4. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. Rock became a very big business at that time. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. a. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. He was a young singer from Tennessee. Below are some of his actions. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. Rock and Roll. Alan Freed. d. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. 7. 2. Elvis Presley 6. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. a. All countries. Rock music. c. d. b. Rock music vs lm industry. Bill Haley and The Comets d. c. Popular music. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. d.
A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. 2. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject. After he appeared on nation-wide television. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. Discuss it with a friend. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas. parades. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. But. People use music for a part of ceremonies. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. and weddings. such as religious services. 1. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. Almost means . Appeared means .
com Source: www. earning more money annually than the lm industry.org2. .org. les.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX . les.kbrimanila.ph Source: brangwetan.ph Source: www.wordpress. Mainly means Rock became a very big business.3. . Source: appreciativeorganization. wordpress. 4. Rock mainly became the music of the young.kbrimanila. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend.
Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. In Gianyar Bali. 4. furniture and household objects. Identify the characteristic of the text. In Cirebon. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings.1. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. 3. The architectural elements in some temples for example. 2. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs. reveal Chinese in uence. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century.
1.. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role . 7. Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. i. A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a. 8. Played means . have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX .. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Use your dictionary if necessary. Evidenced means 4.. 2. . f. and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . 3. NO. 1. 6. although not as strong as the Hindu. c.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B.. 4. b. Adapted means . Buddhist or Muslim in uence.. Identical means .. g. . e. j. d. Assimilated means . . 10. 9. 3. 5. B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. h. 5.. 2.
Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. furniture and household objects. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. In Gianyar Bali. examples and explanation of main idea. Main idea. The architectural elements in some temples for example. • Supporting idea consists of evidences. Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. reveal Chinese in uence. Examples are taken from Practice 9. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. supporting idea and concluding idea. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. we can get the meanings. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. A paragraph is developed by three parts.
Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost. try to nd main idea. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. So. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. supporting and concluding idea. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art.Practice 14 Now. it’s not leaving many evidence. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times.
Chinese. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. you will learn how to: • • • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Islamic. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. write and produce a report text and its other form. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. and Western. supporting idea and concluding idea. Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Read and study the following text. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Then identify main idea. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art.Writing In this section. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . After learning the lesson in this section. However. get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. in their own ways.
(5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX . just like the way it is. The purpose of a text: To report something. (1) Time 09. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4. or human matters. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject. environment. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No.30 a. 1. information. The subject includes natural things. Copy the table into your exercise book. Description of a general classi cation. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. b.Note What Is a Report Text? a. and its classi cation. social matters. • Description of the subject.m.
30 00.30–10.30 12.00 09.00 20.00 14.30–08.00 18.Practice 4 1.00 18.00–12.30 20.45 06.00 12.30 14.30 18.00 17.00 22.30 11.30 20.00 09.30–08. 07.00 20.30 07.00 15.30 16.00 14.30 07.30 17. 4.00 17.00 09.30 08.00 11.00 09.00 07.30 08. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.30 16. Siang.00–16.30 13.00 15.00 08.30 11.30 10.30 15.00 22. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.00 11.00 07.00 15.00 07.00–12.30 17.30 13.00 11. 04.00 19.30 00. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .00 20.30 10.00 12.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.00 11.30 11.30 07.45 12.00 20.
2007 Study carefully the following pictures. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. wind instruments. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. and guitar are stringed instruments. They are stringed instruments. harp. The ute. cello. and electronic instruments. The violin. keyboard instruments. The piano. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. Then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . percussion instruments. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. synthesizers.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. Electric guitars. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. match them with their names. electronic pianos. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate.
Compare your report to your friends’ reports. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. supporting idea and concluding idea. electric guitar f. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. accordion d. harp b. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. Present the report in front of the class.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. triangle c. drum h. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. main idea. Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . conga e. castanets g.
The subject includes natural things. . Buddhist or Muslim in uences. .Working for that lady is a pleasure. just the way it is.. social matters. Generic structure: .I'm a hundred percent certain . Description of a general classi cation. 48 English in Focus for Grade IX .Description of the subject.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject.He couldn’t help telling the truth. Grammar: Gerunds Examples . .Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation . answer the following questions... or human matters. .I could say .. information. 3. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. 2.There's some doubt in my mind that/about . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. 1... environment. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something...You can be sure about . Responding to hesitation . and its classi cation.
Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.slbn3yogja.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .
understand the expressions of attention and admiration. state your name and address to the operator. listen to short functional text in the form of poster. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. : 3 . ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. you will learn how to: • • • • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. Then. After learning the lesson in this section. you hang up the phone.Listening In this section. get the meanings from a poster. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. : 4 . pick up the phone. Then. : 1 . Thanks for the explanation. Dial the service number. 2 . 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. : And then. First. 2. 1. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. answer the following questions rst. 4. 3. Finally. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. state your destination to the operator. : Then.
answer the following questions. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow. Then. 3. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. ll in the missing expressions. Then. ! Gun : After that. Dona : . Then. 2. Dona : Hey. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Source: www. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. Then. now it is nished. Gun : See. Dona : . I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Gun.com Be Creative! 51 .recipezaar. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. 1. Ah. 4.
rasamalaysia. that’s really brilliant... lovely! • That’s really fantastic. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. I see. 3. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then. • If I may say. • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow. Sir/Ma’am. Sir/Ma’am. Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. • Well . 2. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Expressions to show attention • Oh. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh. 3. Source: www. • Tell me more.1. Discuss it with your friends. 2. 1. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book.com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.
c. She wants Angga to taste them. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. saw. oh. . c. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. b. “Hi. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. I see. we can make an Amazon hut. prepare palm leaves. b. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. Now the house is ready. Yes. Be Creative! 53 . oh. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. what’s that? b. 2.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. b. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. it looks so delicious. snack c. No. After that. c. 3. or c for the right answer based on the monologue. First of all. strong ropes. 1. I call this fruit kebab. cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. . choose the place for the house. Not really. Angga. 4.” “Oh I see. choose a. juice b. Then. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. Riana has made a . woods. I see. Next. he does.” “Well. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. a. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a.
1. You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. 2. Your or weapon must be unique. 3. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 4. Practice 12 Listen to the complete poster from the tape. 1. You must have a . 3.Practice 11 Listen to some questions from the tape. gurethings. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: character out t must be original.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. You must have a name. Then complete the missing phrases.
Fantastic taste.Speaking In this section. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. 2. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Vita : I made them by myself. and then? Vita : After that. Put a slice of butter on each slice. 3. Nely : Uh. Finally. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. uh. such as showing attention and admiral expression. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . Vita : I brought some sandwiches.. 1. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. 1. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. 5. 2. 3. Then cut some cheese into slices. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. After learning the lesson in this section. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. take two slices of bread. Vita : OK.. First. put the other piece of bread on top. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. 4.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. Example: Cut the paper. At rst. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. Use action verbs. 3.2. such as then and while. Adverbials to show when or how. published from 1731 to 1914. two centimeters from the top. Connector to show chronology. mix and put. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. Be Creative! 59 . 2005 4. cut. Later it published new stories. Example: For ve minutes. such as turn. 5.
parkseed. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. 2. e. d. c. g. b. 5. No. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. 4. f. 6. 7. 1. 8. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. 3. h. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. condition. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. Use your dictionary if necessary. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 2. 1. 4.
2. Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain .Don’t slouch. The term used is usually the same as the base form. Imperatives Meanwhile. Be Creative! 61 . connector and adverbial. to give rm orders or commands. . sunny position (at least 25 degree C). Place seed tray in warm.Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. It is one of the three moods of an English verb. Steps 1. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. commands and instructions.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 .Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. Incorporate fertiliser into soil. 5.au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. Spray water to moisten the seed bed. the italicised words above are called imperatives.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. imperative. . . 3. Press rmly. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil.edu. Fill seed tray with soil. Taken from: www.impc. 4. 6. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. .Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. 7. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating.14 days. Imperatives should be used carefully in English.
2. (has in the third person singular) I have slept. Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully. 3.Paint brush . you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. We have slept. 5. this is a picture of your. 4. • make and get meaning from poster. You have slept. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. Writing In this section. make poster. 1.Small bottle .Red food colouring .G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years.String . After learning the lesson in this section. You have slept. Look at this magazine.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : . He/she/it has slept. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text.Scissors . “All my money (steal)!” he said. They have slept.Hot and cold water .
2. Fill the bottle with hot water. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. 4. Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle.1. Cut a long piece of string. 3. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red. Be Creative! 63 .
5. Hold the bottle by the loop of string. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it. 3. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. 4. Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. 1. 6. 2. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano.5.
3. Chop up the tomatoes. method of scoring and the number of players. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . equipment that you need. 1. rules of the game. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. onions and green peppers into quarters. 4. 2. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. purpose of the experiment. observations and conclusion.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Cut the meat into small cubes. procedure.
recipes. Steps of your procedure. (Those include imperative sentence. Then. action verbs.com or www. try to make some instructions.all-science-fairprojects. make a procedural text.com Study the following pictures carefully. tell the class what you have created. Use your dictionary. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need. Then. materials and subjects. 1. Some clues below will help you. The form of the procedural text. 3.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. Compare with other groups. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science. you can click www. adverbial phrases. (games. help. Nature. connectors. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three. scienceproject.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2.
advertise it with an attractive poster.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. 3. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. Be Creative! 67 . Premiere Sunday. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror. 4. popcorn and mineral water. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. You don’t have to be too fancy. Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. 6. 5. 2.
Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention . After that. 3. The theme is free.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. She has written ve novels in a month. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 2.Goal . that's marvellous! .. and draw around it in pencil. First of all. I see. Take great care with the hammer.Materials . What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions.Wow. . 1.The frame .Steps . 3.. nail all the pieces together.Oh. Generic structure: . Next. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX . Place the box in the middle of the rear board.Practice 9 Make your own poster. add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box.. answer the following questions.Tell me more Expressions of admiration .The covering 1. 2. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres.
Let he 69 . Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. Excuse me? a. Come on go as soon as they have nished. Because my parents asked me to go with them. b. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. Hello. a sheet c. a. b. a. 5. felt-tip pens 12. 13. a. uncertainty c. I think you should see a doctor soon. b. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. Wow. 10. Give your best try. hesitation have a look! a. Excuse me. 11. The italicised sentence shows . 15. The italicised word shows . Let me d. I’m not really sure but. agreement b. This helps drivers to see them clearly. 8. repetition d. c or d. 2001 6. a. Wow. I have no doubt about it. Let she b. a. But I can’t hear you. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. a. Let us c. Hello. The signal is low. especially when it is dark. bright d. a sheet of black paper 4. scissors c. Excuse me. certainty c. 9. a. a torch c. Let us d. 14. 7. torch 2. You will need 1. scissor b. listen to some expressions and choose your response. a. b. I have no doubt about it. As long as you keep studying. Can I c. b. May I d. For numbers 5 to 10. giving interesting news Donita : Hello.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. felt-tip pen d. sheet b. Wow! b. I can’t hear you. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. you look cool! b. razors 3. pens b. Let them have a drink! a. Come on c. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. I’ll do my best. razor d. a. black paper d. certainty b. a bright torch b. a. Let me b. agreement d. Let she b. a. a. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. I’m really sorry to hear that. tip pens c.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
36. c. tires. b. Cut it into pieces. tape. Wire from the block of wood. 32. Cut it. turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. d. b. 34. b. Wire from your friend. b. Let it ow. To make an electric fan. To start a fan.4. Connect two wires to the motor. b. Wire from the paperclip. rice. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. d. Pillow. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. 212 wires 38. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. b. Eat some food. The thick block . 2001 Choose either a. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Sticky tape. a lighter. Connect it to the motor. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. d. Two stones. Go to the bathroom. 40. Connect it. d. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. Glue it. c. Connect two wires to the motor. To make an electric fan. or d for the correct answer. glue. Taken from How Does It Work?. Belt. sticky tape . what must you do? a. c. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. b. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. b. glue. 111 wires b. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . d. 35. Scissors. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. Tape it with the motor. b. c. 3 wires d. To make a battery. d. 3 wires. d. 10 wires c. 3 wires. c. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. c. To compose a letter. c. a battery. Push it. 39. 37. Glue it to the scissors. c. What must you do with the wires? a. d. Wire from the motor. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. c. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. d. 33. b. c. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. Connect the battery and switch. 31.
Answer the following questions. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX . 10. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. 8. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 4. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. 5. He (lose) his books. 6.Now. 3. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. do the following instructions. 1. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. 2. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 7. What is a report text? 9.
ac.german.leeds.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form. understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to:
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
What is meant by "when he was full"? a. Full with hunger. b. 4. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. Full of greed. he didn’t. he did. b. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. • About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. b. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. 5. 2. The dog saw another dog. Re ection of himself. Yes. Full with meat in his stomach. The dog looked down into the river water. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. Did the dog realise it? a. but he ignored it. b. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. 6. he did. b. c. The dog left the river. The dog stayed hungry. The dog got nothing. 3. c. c. Yes. Check this out. The dog ran off.1. What was the other dog in the river? a. pleased c. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. c. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. No. a. displeased b.
luckily enough.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. they invite the Sea to visit them. Check their facial expressions. especially in the word “jumped”. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. where they have remain ever since.). then they climbed up into the sky. etc.g. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned. the water begin to rise. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. 1990 A long time ago. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story. funnily enough.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . (Say it rst with low intonation then high.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. with the sh and all the members of his family. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. One day. telling interesting news: surprisingly. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully. So the Sea go along. Surprisingly.
Dear diary. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. 2. Surprisingly. the water began to rise. the library together. seemed b. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. Example: 1. So. a. We heard Near the park. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. Now. Gosh.Practice 12 Now. A married couple who lived. But then. asked for Answer b. nice/close friends 4. he was just a 7 kid. big/huge friends b. neglected for b. In addition. us. a. He said thanks and went away. They invited the Sea. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. Last Sunday. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . a. continued b. poor boy came out from the bush. Where they have remained ever since. stayed b. And were great friends of the Sea. a. Santi and I 1 going to the town . stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. He 6 for a money to buy some food. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. That was a very 8 experience. a. started 5. conquered 3. a dirty. we gave him some money.
do monologue discourse in the narrative form. I can’t believe it.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. • I believed that news is really interest you much. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. express monologue in the narrative form. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. /ɔ:/: o (long). After learning the lesson in this section. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. 1. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. /ɔ:/. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. /ʊ/. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. You pronounce /ɒ/: o. Sir?Ma’am. Sir/ Ma’am. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 . What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. 2. Then.
: I can’t wait! : Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. Last week. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. 2. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. 2. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. I’ll do shopping then. 1. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. 6. Yeah. it’s so exciting. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. 3. : but. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. There will be a library near our home. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. causing widespread damage. Now. Lena Raka Lena Reka that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. that the factory outlets are cool. 4. 5.000. Then practise with your partner.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. 3. 1. So. we don’t have to go down town anymore. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX .00 promotion. 4. 5. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature.
who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. 2. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia.” Collin said.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia. how small these things are. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . a paper clip. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning.” chuckled Collin. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. a button and a berry. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. a pea. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. Soon he had found a feather. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. a pen nib. 1. a peanut. a pin and a needle. Collin collected a crumb. “It makes me feel so very small. a shell and a petal. “Funnily enough. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. 3. “It’s huge.
nuts. No. b. Role play With your friend. 7. 6. e. 10. A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. 7. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. 5. 5. 2. greatly Practice 11 Now. B coloured leaf. d. 4. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . Some questions will help you. i. k. 6. 1. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). 2. 4. 3. 11. j. 8. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. 3. 1. g.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. 9. c. h. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. f. and some animals look long and steadily very large. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. covering of eggs.
2. 2005 Reading In this section. After learning the lesson in this section. read narrative text correctly. What a big plane it is! c. pronunciation and pause. 3. 2. 1. 3. identify the structure of narrative text. Father told me that it was also comfortable. a. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 5.1. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. 4. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . that’s right. develop your own story and share it to the class. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. How expensive it is! d. Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. you will learn how to: • • • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. identify the structure of narrative text. 4. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions. How nice it is! b.
Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. e. 5. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. b. long ago. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . g. c. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. and his stuffed animals.1956) was an English author.A. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. No. f. d. Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A.A. 8. h. plays. 7. These stories were based on Milne’s son. punctuation and pauses. Milne (1882 . as well as novels. He had an only daughter. 3. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below. 1. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 Long. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. 4. 2. was a wise man. Pay attention to the pronunciation.Practice 2 Before you read the text. and short stories for grown-ups. 6. The King. Christopher Robin. called Princess Teja Nirmala. named Sang Prabu. Milne’s Childen’s Stories.
10. 5. k. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . 6. 3. The fairy could not accept this. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding. i. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. h. No. so she killed Raden Begawan. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. 7. d. important things must die.After that. j. 1. g. 2. Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. f. b. B mix subject. Prince of Blambangan. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. When Sang Prabu was searching. e. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. 9. the wicked fairy. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. she was very sad. Unfortunately. 8. 4. c.
sad or horror. 4. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. newspaper or the internet. The prince of Blambangan. The princess went to Kahyangan. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . Her father’s name. The story may be funny. 3. 5. The wicked fairy. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. Then tell it to your class. 7. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. magazine. Sang Prabu. 6. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. 2. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. His name was Opie. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. Example : Now. 8. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. 1. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. The death of Raden Begawan.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information.
He was satis ed with the meal.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. a destroyer as well as a creator. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. he began to dig a deep hole. It made the Balinese turn to rage.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. One day he had eaten too much. After they fed Kbo Iwo. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. Pay attention to the punctuation. pronunciation and pause. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. So. he fell asleep in the hole. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything. In his hunger.
9. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. 1. line 6) this (paragraph 2. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. harvest 6. 7. well 10. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . 10. he (paragraph 1. 4. line 4) it (paragraph 3. 1. line 6) it (paragraph 2. 6. stupidity 9. 5. line 1) he (paragraph 3. rage 7. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. 4. 8. 3. devour 4. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to. barns 5. 5.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. 2. line 6) them (paragraph 3. Example: 1. oppose 8. 3. 7. 6. 2. line 5) they (paragraph 2.
Writing In this section. 1. 3.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . write a diary in the form of imaginary story. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. After learning the lesson in this section. write a narrative text correctly. 4. 2. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan.
Text structure is indicated by: • who. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. where. Cinderella was sad. She had to do all the house work. What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. Fortunately. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. b.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. At the ball. where. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. They lived happily ever after. action verbs) (linking words. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. But. They treated her badly. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. Cinderella danced with the prince. her stepsisters would not let her go. action verbs • linking words. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who.
Now when the professor left for home. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes.. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness. Furthermore. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”.multiply. 2002 One sunny day. com Read the following story carefully. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 . you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. To help you create a blog. then you should create a blog. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. he forgot all about his magnifying glass. just click on www. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. so straight away all the insects gathered round. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again. “When the birds y down to gobble us up.. and so they did.
complement of sentences. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart.. Then.I saw 5 reptiles. they were approaching me. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX . nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. It 4 like an island. Ouucchh. Practice 5 Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box..they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head. oh my God. speci c characters. In their 8 steps.. she was calming me down. my body was 10 hard. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. Read the following explanation carefully.. It was my mom. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now. and as a complement in prepositional phrases. They had heads a bit like young cows.Practice 4 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young.. Dear diary. I was 2 in a 3 place. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. Last night I met a monster. Suddenly. middle of nowhere. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. object. A 1 monster.. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values.
3. strange 6. 1. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. gentle familiar frown 7. Consult your dictionary if necessary. meet 2. 4. were had made thought 9. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. looked 10.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. met was damped saw 5. night 3. touched 11. identify the structure of the text. 2. slow 5. said It’s a Great Story 97 . 8. foolish 8. 7. The words in the box may help you. with your friend. 6. 1. smile agitated day 4.
De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one.I am certain/not certain. action verbs . Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. answer the following questions. They treated her badly.end of the story’s con ict . . She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother.It's a great legend. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. 3. 2.coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. 1. speci c characters . Generic structure: . 98 English in Focus for Grade IX .who. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.. Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) .You know what! This story is really interesting. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one...Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information . . where.linking words. She had to do all the house work. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours.
com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement. Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.frightenstein. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .
you will learn how to: • • • • listen to polite expressions. What do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. 4. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. 2. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. 3. He is employed by Herman : My father is a 1 the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text. In fact. He works for the Ministry of Education. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. or e-mail? Give your reason. 1. ll in the blank spaces. how to show polite expressions. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Before listening to the tape.Listening In this section. I want to . Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? . 5. After learning the lesson in this section. The words in the box may help you. answer the following questions. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . Its 4 located inside the post of ce. sure. SMS.
They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Mr Randi. Herman. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Nino. I called 5 and they helped me. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. How are you? : Hello. : I see. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. Wu Fei : All right. anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. The addressee must sign a receipt for it. Please 101 . 3 . : Oh. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Pay attention to your expressions. Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. What happened next? : Then. 1 . : 4 .Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. : So. Thank you very much for the information. Send Me a Letter.
Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . Ma’am. . I don't know d. Santi : It is OK then. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. It’s . 3. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. Identify the different of the sounds. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. I'm sure c. 1. Of course b. please. ve and a . 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. please. I'm in a hurry. a. please? Santo : I can't.UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . Then. Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. I will buy it myself. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. Sir. 2.
a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. Send Me a Letter. the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. the missing words. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. 1. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. 3. Please 103 . 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. 2. This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. 5. please. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. In Spain or Indonesia. If this is unsuccessful. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . Post of ce clerk : .4. Then. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. In the US.
3. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. 1.m. 3. Rp155. b. Around 7-8 a. Collecting stamps.m. c. What do the ads tell you about? a.000 c. b. c. These questions will help you. Tom and Jerry. 5. Around 7-8 p. Rp140. b or c for the right answer. Around 2-4 p.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words. b. 2.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. Rp150. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. One. c. Rp140. Sylvester and Tweety. Two. 4. c. Ramajaya FM. b. Donald and Daisy Duck. Trijaya FM. Rp150. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. c. What radio station announces the ads? a.000 b. Rp155. 2. Drawing stamps. 1. 7. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. 6. Four. 5. 4. Buying stamps. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX .000 When are the ads announced? a. b. Darajaya FM.000 c.m.000 b.
promote something through an advertisement. Source: www. After learning the lesson in this section. promote something through an advertisement.com. you will learn how to: • • • • • • speak politely. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions.rhhotels.my 1.Speaking In this section. express monologue in the form of report texts. Please 105 . perform monologue in the form of report texts. 5. 4. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter. 2. 3. speak politely in your daily life.
... • Shall I ... Could you please tell me your passport number. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. England. The name’s Anderson. I’m sorry. 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Ah. • Would you mind . Sir. Sir? Sure.. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street. Sir? Morgan. American Express.. Ah yes. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now. That will be ne . Thank you very much. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N.. My name’s Anderson. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. And what is your rst name. Sir. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant.. You’ve arrived today. How long are you going to stay with us. That’ll be ne.. And your private address... F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. • • • • All right.. practise it with your friend. Sir. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us.. Sir. it’s 6 oh 5. thank you. Sir? Five days. Daventry. please.. the 6th March. Now. Sir.. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you .. And nally. All right. Mr Anderson. Thank you very much for . Sir/Ma’am. we’re putting you in room 265 and 266. • Would you please . Could you please . Daventry England.. May I help you? Yes. M-O-R-G-A-N. Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully.. One moment .. 5-7-1-T.. Then.
A restaurant. In PT Heat Exchangers International. Send Me a Letter. Fill in the registration form. Make sure that his rooms are ready. By American Express. 6. d. Europe. d. c. Three d. What should he do after making the reservation? a. b. b. 5-5-7-9-1-T. In England. b. c. Where does he come from? a. Daventry. 7. 2. By debit card. d. By credit. What is the name of the guest? a. Fill in hotel cheques. Four. Anderson Morgan. 8. How many rooms did he reserve? a. Please 107 . England. Cash. A bungalow. What is the number of his passport? a. c. c. c. b. d. Morgan Anderson. How does he intend to pay? a. d. One. A hotel. 5-7-9-7-T. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. Bournemouth. 4. A manager. c. b. 1. Two. What is he? a. d. 3. A purchasing manager. Where does the dialogue take place? a. d.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. b. . 5-7--1-T. c. 5. Andrew. c. b. b. Spain. c. Pay the hotel. b. A cafe. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2.
2 I help you? Caller : Yes. Madam? Caller : Around eight. Room 165. Room 266. Caller : You’re welcome. the 1 . Madam. Room 265. 11th March. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. Bye.m. Room 166. What room is he going to stay in? a. 10. please. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . Employee : Hello. Then. d. 13th March. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. c. Then. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. two. Madam. Employee : May I have your 7 please. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. Practice 4 Role play Now. b. c.9. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions. Employee : Thank you. d. 6 Employee : For what time. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for . Caller : 10 . b. 12th March. Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. 10th March. practise it in front of the class. answer the questions that follow. and we close at twelve 4 . Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel.
that’s right a. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p. Please 109 . 1.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a.m. 3. make some notes and retell it again using your own words. d.net Send Me a Letter. c. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. History of Hotel Source: homepage. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud. b. 2.m.eircom.
2. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. 5. 3. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. is a place where you can stay. but by the end of the 18th century. The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. 110 English in Focus for Grade IX . you can use to stay the night. people used horses or ships to go to another place.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. 4. If you go outside your town. 6. but usually only for a short time. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. In times. 3. 1. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. 4. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. 2. It’s cheaper than a hotel. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. ancient lodging inn taverns luxurious route 1. It’s better for you to take the South .
Pronounce It! 1. 10. 9. 3. 6. 2. 8. travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. Please 111 . Then try to promote it to your friend. make your own advertisement. 5. Send Me a Letter.00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now. 7. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750.000. 4.
parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . identify certain information and characteristic of report texts. After learning the lesson in this section. identify another form of report text. 1.Reading In this section. 4. 3. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • read aloud report texts. 2. What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures.
substance. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7. 3. 6. This is a . This my father. Please 113 . This is an . Send Me a Letter. Whose is it? 4.1. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. This is a postage . 2. is from 8. 5.
5. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world. or package is going overseas. When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. documents. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. If your letter. postcard. Because they connect each country. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. 4. 3. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them. 2.
to or from (places) across the sea f. Please 115 . 4. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. an entrance Send Me a Letter. 2. All letters. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Basically. be or make slow or late d. No. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. 5. 3. A ood in China or India. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. 2. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. touch with or hold in the hands e. 2. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. 1. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 3. 6. list of planned events. amount charged for the sending of a letter g.New Horizon 1. place to which something or somebody is going c. 7. 6. The mail always goes through. times for doing something b. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. 5. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. 4.
4.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. 6. 2. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. He has her as a secretary. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. Compare your work with your friends’. post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. 9. I have to go to the to mail some letters. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. 5. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. 8. 7. 10. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a .
the internet. So. As the pace of jet travel grows.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. you can click www. Send Me a Letter. To save time. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. and magazines.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. iloveblue. Read the text and answer the questions that follow. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. the hotel is only minutes away. hotels spring up near airports. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. First. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit.co. Second. Travel is usually safe and pleasant. brochures.royalhoteliow. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. Hotels Source: www. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. Please 117 . Once the plane lands. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. if you plan to go on vacation soon.
A building in which aeroplanes are kept. Which one is it?) a. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. they (paragraph 1) b. Retreat. when their ights are delayed. various personal services for the public. Manusia. d. distance d. Once the plane lands.. Jump. Avoid loss of time. Penempatan. b. d.. except one. Arrive. Leap. 8. Losmen. d. or d for the right answer. the hotel is only 10 minutes away.. d. c.1. 9. What is meant by meals? a. butter. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . 5... What do the following words refer to? a. 4. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. Small hotels. and sleep. What does save mean? a. b. 4. dinner. ... To save time. c.. b. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. b. 6. milk.. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. hotels spring up near airports. Postpone. Set free from sin. Minutes away means a very short space of . Continue to live. Cancel. 2. . As the pace of jet travel grows. Perorangan. d. c. Bring. What does delay mean? a. c. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. b. b. Penginapan. time b. Luxurious hotels. Orang. Bread. length 2. drink.. Coffee. What does spring up mean? a. Rice. Go bankrupt. c. c. tea. d. b. porridge. Big hotels. Downtown hotels. What is an inn? a. 7. c. Tempat istirahat. c. business executives often . Umum. soup. Appear. Remain alive. Keep from injury. c. d. Some travellers stay at airport inns .. d. 3. lunch. d. a... 3. Continue to exist.. b. there (paragraph 1) c. Breakfast. b. 10. Read the text once again and choose either a. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. b. jam. Keep for future use.. A public house where travellers may eat. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a.. depth c.
Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. food. 2. He wants a . Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. we may still catch the bus. you can’t. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites. 3. Identify the general classi cation of the text. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. you can. Please 119 . • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. 1. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . 2. 1. 3. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. Then answer the following questions. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition. 7. Then. to and . • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. write down the messages in the following form. you may. c. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. past or future.” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. a. 6. 5.” b. 4. ‘might’ can refer to either present.” (Not: could) b.
I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). You could drive a car after you got your license. write report text based on graphic. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to). you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. He can leave it here. (with more practice/when I knew her). After learning the lesson in this section. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B City C D E 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . She can cook very well. 2. 3. write a letter. Writing In this section. He can play chess. 2. 1. Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). You say: 1. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. 4. 5. You can drive a car when you are 17. write a letter correctly.Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. (this afternoon/when he was young).
Send Me a Letter. but in city B the occupation rate is .Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. 4. besides. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. in addition more over. therefore. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate. 3. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences. also however. write a paragraph based on Practice 2.. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now. Use the coordinators and/or connectors. Please 121 . The ve-star hotel in city A has occupation rate.. 1. thus. Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. 2. We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors..
2. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. Cempaka 9. Phone (0298) 91501. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. Phone (0293) 65095. Phone (0298) 91154. A. Puri Asri** Jln. Phone (0293) 64502. Magelang Municipality 1. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. Yani 492. 3. 1. Borobudur* Jln. 4. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. Phone (0293) 63347. 5. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. A. Sudirman 68. Trio** Jln. we can go to the Sarimaryn. 7. 2. Semarang Regency 1. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. 3. 4. Amanda Cottage* Jln. Phone (0293) 64481. 4.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. Jend. 3. Ungaran Cantik* Jln. Phone (0298) 91449. Phone (0293) 64114. Daha 23. 6. 2. 5. Diponegoro Ungaran. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. Phone (024) 921334. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. Phone (024) 91485. City* Jln. Kenteng Bandungan. Yani 4. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. 5. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334.
. street. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. Begin with day.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. 3. followed by the month and year. Post code and telephone number come last. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules.) on the left. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. Begin the letter (Dear. 2.. 1. Put the date directly under the address. and town. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. Hopkins. Please 123 . Then. Put your own address at the top on the right. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well.
Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e.. Then. A. A. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. 3. 1. see you or love. 7.g. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. 2. Informal letters may nish. J. In informal letters. Practice 9 Now. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully. Dear Miss Laney. On 26 August 2008. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes.4. 6. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum). Forbes. for example. 5. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London.. Forbes. After ‘Dear. study the following form of letter. Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. Say you can bring them with you later.’. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). The following clues will help you. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . put a comma or nothing at all. yours.
Why don’t you click www.penfriend. After writing the letter. put it in the envelope. Send Me a Letter. Write down the addressee of the letter completely. Please 125 . Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. Make sure your friend receives the letter. Then post the letter. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life.com and search for a friend to send your letter to. Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate.
or human matters.. social matters.Description of the subject.May. and its classi cation.. just the way it is. Amrizal had slept for ten hours. She believed she could y.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow.General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. environment.. information. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter..Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner . What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. 1. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX . I help you . answer the following questions... 3.Would you mind . Generic structure: . . Description of a general classi cation. The subject includes natural things... I can run to school. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. . 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours. 2. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu.
I didn’t forget to go shopping there. 7. responding to happiness c. a. 6. 4. Miss. a. b. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. agreement d. giving information 11. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a. The italicised words show . ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. Do you want to order? Susan 1. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . have do c. I help you? c. OK. had do b. b. My colleague 4 me up at the airport. That’s enough for now. because it was only a 3 visit. a. 5. Don’t forget to write me soon. giving interesting news d. a. It was a very hot day. b. Waiter : Good afternoon. certainty b. Is there anything I can do. b. happiness c. May.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. Let them 9. Love. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. Text 1 Dear Lula. responding to pleasure b. a. Then. Lula. Let us c. Let she b. pleasure b. had done 12. How are you? b. a. go as soon as they have nished. a. d. 3. giving interesting news 8. I only stayed for one night. uncertainty c. asking for information 10. b. Miss Aura : Yes. How are you? I’m doing good here. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . Then. I also visited Nagoya. He thanked her for what she (do). have done d. a. Because my parents asked me to go with them. responding to interesting news d. a. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. a. a. please. Let me d. Batam Centre and Galang Island. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. b. 2. we 5 our journey to the hotel. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business.
Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. All right. c. I could lose my life. I love it. What is a forest ranger? a. Yes. Fire! I yelled aloud. In my duty. I was so worried. Sir c. Then. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. b. A forest scientist. Stops any illegal logging. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time. 14 years c. d. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. Since then.. A policeman. I am always be careful. Yes. From other planes came men with parachutes. on a dark cold night. He has been working there for . d. you could. Sir b. b. Have a nice holiday. c. Yes. Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. it was a horrible dream. in six hours. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. A police of cer. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. Rarely means a. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. Oh my God. and camping in illegal places. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest.. Working as fast as they could. Could I ask you some questions? . aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. Watches from a tower in the forest.13. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading. graf ting.. a. c. Please. or d for the correct answer. you can. never c. A porter will carry your lugage. 16 years b. No. Choose either a. 25 years 18. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. c. What does a forest ranger do? a. People in yellow everywhere. a great re sparking. d. Finally. I’m. a. Sir d. almost never b. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. A forest guard. 15.. It happened three years ago. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. In my duties. Then.. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. b. b. 17. 15 years d. Yes. Sir 14. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. All the answers are correct. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. : Thank you very much. 16. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. 15 years d. the remen had stopped the spread of re. problems. I rarely face great problems. Takes care of the forest. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. Certainly. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. . you couldn’t. Then. I rarely face any real . Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest.
Horrible experience. c. A half dry. Lighting. Writing symbols on trees. Tiny re. and merchandise samples. c. c. c. But there is one wrong statement. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. 21. walking 29. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. b. Descriptive. big re 25. 24. d. Helicopter. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. c. Valuable dream. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. Fire. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. d. A raging sea of re means a. re like a sea c. d. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. d. 28. 22. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. b. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. d. Now. b. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. 26. running b. a. Tiny beam. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. Horrible dream. magazines. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. person that steals wood d. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Recount. Report. Dry inside and outside 23. One of their better services is the handling of mail. b. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. Throwing a dead leaf. Tiny light. Bad experience. Throwing a plastic can. What is the form of Text 1? a. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . Tiny lamp. Aeroplane. Parachutes. person that chops down trees illegally b. Battle. Illegal logger is a . Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. Narrative. 27. landing c. expanding re d. c. Sparking. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. . Other planets. c.19. What does blaze mean? a. Which one is it? a. b. c. b. b. Dry enough. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. They parachute into places . large re spreading b. Dry all over d. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. jumping d. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. d. b. Camping in forbidden areas. d. the postage rates have risen. person that sells wood illegally c.
B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. 38. First development. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. d. c. Funding b. b. Delivering mail. d. 31. c or d for the correct answer. They don’t deliver mail on time. 39. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. To be stopped. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. c. d. Because it has better service. 33. 37. postmen driving cars b. d. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. now. 40. a. c. c. b. d. Industrial countries. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. and c are incorrect. b. c are incorrect. They handle it carelessly. b. Delivering money. c. Customers only. c. What competes with the post of ce? a. a. Parcel businesses. c are incorrect. c. Private rms. To be enlarged. 30. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. Delivering parcels. b. d. However. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. b. Private carriers. To be continued. b. To be delayed. To provide better service for everyone. c. Valuable income. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. Main development. Asking people to write many letters. Choose either a. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . Modern countries. 34. In developing countries. b. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. b. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. Stricter laws. Initial development. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. Better service. c. Developing countries. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . 36. 35. Invaluable income. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. To provide better services for customers. d. 2007 c. 32. b. using web services d. What is the policy about? a. Earning income. b. a. b. a. d. In your opinion. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. Single development. using pigeons c. Great money. Government. and modernised into new technological developments. Why have the postage rates risen? a. They handle it foolishly. b. d. They handle it carefully. d.
(after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. The tenses are given. 4. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. B : Yes. Change the words in brackets into the correct form. He can play football. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. Present Perfect 6. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. Change the following sentences using may or might. I did. I 10. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. 8. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air.Change the following sentences using can and could. He did. A : Did you nish reading the fable? it yesterday. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . 1. 9. The door (already shut) by Bona. 7. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). The building (bomb) two months ago. Sam Spider new shoes. Present Perfect 5. 3. I can write a short story quickly.
000 islands. c. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. 5. d. Many geographers divide the more than 13. Dog food. Dogs only. Sulawesi. taking care of a pet c. So if you do not have time to take them out. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. Taken from UPSR. choosing a pet dog b. ask yourself. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. c. after Greenland. or d for the correct answer. that costs money. choosing a pet cat d.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5. 2. (2) the lesser Sunda Islands. Birds. it is better not to get a pet. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. Baby sister. Birds. b. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. 3. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. Babies may get scratched by pets. Which is not true? a. Cats only. Babies may get bitten by pets. Firstly. d. and (3) the Mollucas. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. if there are small children in the house. which is part of New Guinea. a. b. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. Which is needed to have a pet? a. c. b. It costs money to keep pets. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. Baby brother. d. playing with brothers and sisters. Lastly. b. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. Time and money. The passage is all about . 1. d. You do not need to take care of pets. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. Dogs. c. Secondly. Cats. you have to spend money on pet food. Dogs and Cats. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. c. 2001 4. Java and Sumatra. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX .000 kilometers. b. Dogs and Cats. don't get a pet dog.
c. What must you do before making the centre tube? a. Borneo. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Rule a line. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. Final Evaluation 133 . 12. pencil. What will you need to do the experiment? a. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. pencil. scissors. 5. Borneo. d. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Java and New Guinea. b. Compared to the other regions. 10. Ruler. In Southwest Asia. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. the Indonesian geographers. c. Sulawesi. ruler. Irian Jaya. b. b. d. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. sticky tape. c. sticky tape. The greater Sunda includes a. 4. c. Sulawesi and Borneo. Sulawesi. The Mollucas lie between . To make the centre tube. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. 7. d. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Along the equator. 6. Lightweight card. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. Unfold the slotted card. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. Greenland. d. Fold one of the sheets of card. d. d. Cut a fringe for the base. Taken from Make and Do. a. Kalimantan. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. 1993 11. d. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. scissors. b. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands.and New Guinea. the position of Indonesia 8. Rule a line. In the Greenland. 1993 9. ruler. b. c. Java. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. sticky tape. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. 2007 6. c. New Guinea. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. ruler. Pencil. Lightweight card. the greater Sunda islands. Near Mollucas. b. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. Where is Indonesia located? a. b. 13. Sumatra. an Indonesian territory. Cut a fringe for the base. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. New Guinea. Paragraph two talks about a. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. d. c. Cut a fringe for the base. Sumatra. c. Sumatra. 3. b. sticky tape. 2.
mobiles can be hung anywhere d. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. Unfold the slotted card. Taken from UPSR. Ramdan. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. clean b. repetition c. d. From the passage. Overlap the ends and tape them together. You can hang other light things like keys. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . triangles. stars and other shapes on a cardboard. It is best to use light things because they . b. To make a simple mobile. are colourful d. at both ends of the stick b. children like to make mobiles c. window or ceiling d. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. Descriptive. Cut out the shapes. move easily b. How do you make the centre tube? a. a. colourful d. a. How to make it: 1.14. Take a stick. pencil or sharpeners. three 18. Fold one of the sheets of card. four d. d. it is easy to make mobiles b. Do the same thing with another stick. two c. circles. What kind of text is Text 3? a. 2. beautiful c. you need at sticks least a. are of many shapes 19. b. c. to the door. Tie a piece of string at its centre. Then. 15. interesting 20. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. c. I didn't catch what you said. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. They will move easily when there is some wind. Rani : Hi. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . Draw squares. 4. Narrative. hesitation 22. feathers. Anton : Hello. agreement d. we can see that . Balance the stick from this string. one b. are balanced c. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. a. Report. The word decorate in the rst paragraph . Can you repeat again. to keys. please? . rectangles. at the centre of the stick c. Make sure that the stick is balanced. The string should be tied . means to make a place a. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. feathers and sharpeners 17. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. Procedure. certainty b. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. 3. You need strings. The italicised sentence is showing a. 2000 16.
' a. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. attention b. I am wise and clever." King Aruya said angrily. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . I know everything. Nobody knows nothing. All your subjects will be happy. Yes. For example. 25. nish c. opening c. Yes. Really? c. I know nothing. nishing b. For example. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. I can d. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. Akomi said. The italicised word is showing a. so we postponed the botanical gardens. They were ambitious and winning. let us be your ministers." They went to see King Aruya. "Your Majesty. 24. you know your father's name. "Your majesty. agreement d. "If we become the King's employees. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. said. We will make good laws. I'm not too sure c. a." King Aruya said. Then he thought to himself. working c. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. a. "That is not true! No body knows everything. I can d. buying b. We will become very rich. 27. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? (the expression of Tika : certainty). a.23. The correct expression to show hesitation is . being nished Bob nished at midnight. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. studying d. admiral c. buying b. Sorry. nished d. opening d. Akomi. I'm quite sure b. a. my answer will be right. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. Tika : Really? Fantastic! . I'm sure b. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. too!" Taken from UPSR." Ombah then said. 26. truly! Everybody knows at least something. Actually. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. "That is also a lie. the elder brother. Yes. So if I say the opposite. to King Aruya.
Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. a. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX .28. use the lifeboats d. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. a. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. Ombah said I know nothing because he . Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. to all crew. knew everything b. more than one thousand c. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. From the story. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. become rich b. Akomi a. because they liked the song b. leave the ship b. The holiday cruise ship. 2000 33. six hundred and thirty two 34. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue.30 p. thought that the answer would be right 31.05 a. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . King Aruya called Akomi a liar because . Ombah's hands trembled because he . to remain calm during the emergency d. Taken from UPSR.m. make the King's subjects happy 29. disliked people who told lies Penang. The re started in the engine room at about 2. There were passengers and crew members on the ship. did not tell the truth d. a. could make good laws c. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. a. was afraid b. wanted to see the crocodiles c. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re.00 p. They waited for rescue ships. become ministers c. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. wanted to collect money 30. The word evacuate means to . about two thousand b. made him angry c. did not know how many stars there were d. kept many crocodiles b. had the right answer 32. four hundred and sixty one d. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand.m. a. The two brother's ambition was to . The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. we can see that King Aruya . was thinking hard d. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. Sat. a. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. did not need any ministers d. knew nothing c. a.m. to show that they were very brave c. put out the re c. help the King make good laws d.
there were only sixteen lifeboats c. Text 7 Bandung. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. a. shifted d. See you soon! Your Sincerely. b. Badminton court. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. d. b. Mawar no. there were not enough life jackets 37. they waited for several hours b. bought c. Swimming pool. Final Evaluation 137 . pushed 40. badminton b. The rst ships to arrive at the scene . 43. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton. a. good friend c. From the letter we know that Dina likes . The italicised phrase is the expression . I hope that you and your family are doing well. It has a rock garden. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. Football eld. Rock garden. I think my father will listen to my mother. There are more rooms and we have big garden. telling interesting news d. Risa : That’s great. c. I like the new house. jumped b. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. agreement c. Some passengers panicked because . gratitude b. 2008 Jl.36. Dina is probaby Budi’s . they were moved to the uppendecks d. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. Marine Police boats b. It is bigger with more rooms. The word moved means . Irma : Hi. football d. Risa. for a. Why does Budi like the new house? a. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. uncle 39. Budi 38. It has a swimming pool. were a. d. a. My father bought a new house. Royal Malaysian Navy c. cousin brother d. new house 42. Penang Port tugboats d. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. c. 41. June 21. shing c. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. younger brother b. a. It has a river. congratulations. However.
write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. make b. a. forgot d. Sir. slept d. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . showing certainty b. Playing c. must saw 48. pleasure b. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. simphaty c. The italicised sentence is an expression of . Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? last Rima : Yes. fell d. 53. Played d. a. Are you sure? d. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. 56. making c. must d. 52. gratitude d. go c. make c. have written b. making d. May I help you? b. a. was sleeping 50. showing uncertainty c. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. went 51. made b. Sales : Good morning. must see b. 54. a. a. Someone to lock the door. wrote c. can nishing d. a. Bayu : Oh. Really? 45. a. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. a. Being played a decision Mrs Clarke deferred until the last minute. fall b. can be nished He from the stair last night. a. football is my hobby. was sleeping 49. Play b. 57. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. Rusdi : How awful. a. is making d. Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. a. sung c. can nish b. writing d. a. forget b. a. they did. I’m so sorry to hear that. gone b. made I my work tonight. Joe a doctor today. giving compliment d. The italicised words express . can nished c. had forgotten 47. sang b. Can you help me? c. have forgotten c. certainly 46. see c. a. going d.44. 55. falling c. sleeping b.m last night. sleep c. singing d. They night.
'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. nose for the . was very old c. feet b. After a long time. Then the oor will be lower. You can dig the entrance with a spade. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. (Modal. The horse was a big animal. slept all day d. I well without sleeping pils. a. tall c. The friend said. 10. The horse was too entrance. Do the following instructions. short 60. a friend came to see them.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. Then the entrance will be higher. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. It always hurt its a. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. After a few minutes. when farmers used horses a lot. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse. The horse . 'That man's stupid. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 .' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. thin b. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked. so the work was hard. and he went away.' So they found a saw and started cutting.' The farmers thanked their friend. 2000 59. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. slow d. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. 5. worked on the farm b. (Present Perfect Tense) 7. one of them thought of an answer. The horse's ears are the problem. This was fty years ago. 1. Then one farmer said to the other. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. Make a sentence using might. 4. Their saw was old and not very good. 3. a. He said. ears d. can) 9. (Gerund) 6. The horse did not like this. That'll be easier and quicker. Identify the structure of text 9. in the sea can be dangerous. head c. not its feet. 2. The farmers told him about the problem.
Alexander. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co. Hornby. 2007. 1994. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. London: Oxford University Press. Margaret. 1994. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. Standar Isi. Practice and Progress. Junior Comprehension 2. 1987. A. UPSR. D'Arcy.C: CBS College Publishing. L. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Liz and John. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). London: Oxford University Press. Jon. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. Joan. 2000. World Book Team.M. Kheng. London: Oxford University Press. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . Karen and Christine Root. The New Book of Knowledge. Bennet. Blanchard. Seal. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. London: Longman. Steven J. 2005. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. London: Longman. A Handbook of English as a Second Language.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. 2008 Molinsky. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. Blanchard. Soars. Chan S. Headway Student’s Book. 1998. Step into Writing. London: Longman. 2000. Artono. Stannard. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. 1987. 1983. 2003.S. London: Longman. T. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Bonner. London: Longman. A Beginning Writing Text. 2006. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. 1994. Word by Word. 1982. Kim. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. Nm. Ready to Write. London: Longman. Function in English. Chicago: World Book. 1993. A First Composition Text. World Book Team. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. 2007. Allen. W. English in Everyday Life. Wardiman. Vocabulary Builder. UPSR. 1998. Karen and Christine Root. 2005. Carver. 2000. 1972. Tan Boon. London: Oxford University Press. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. London: Longman. Alice. Kim. Get Ready to Write. The Topic Dictionary. Scott. Living English Structure. 1991. Suyenaga. 1995. Bernard. A Conversation Book 2. 1983. London: Longman. Rosemary.G. Reading Elementary.G. Blundell. Tan Boon. S. A Basic Writing Text. Reference Guide to English. 2006. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. Washington D. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. and Van Veen.
18 5. 2003• 39. www. 67 5. 42. 1993• 133 2. The World Book Encyclopedia.com• 99 2. Publisher Documantation• 113 5. CD Image• 54. 20 6. 71 3. com• 38 www. les. 81. heritage. www.indonesia. ayiediary. 2005• 50.com. www.com• 52 4.melayuonline.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1.wordpress. Visual Arts. How Does It Work?.grasindo. 2007• 70. 2008• 66 141 . Nature. german.co. 95 Chapter 5 1. Make and Do.wordpress.com• 38 5. www.co.com• 4 3. 2001• 14. appreciativeorganization.ph• 38 www.rasamalaysia. www. www. Indonesian Heritage. 136 Chapter 1 1. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments.ph• 38 brangwetan. How Does It Work?.net• 109 4.go.indonesianart.wordpress.id• 79 www.parkseed.slbn3yogja. 94 4.com• 1 2. 2008• 11.wordpress• 5 4. www. Hands on Science. Experiments. 2006• 114 6.net• 49 2.germes-online.com• 71 2. 2002• 85. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.ac. Nature.offshoreradio.recipezaar.unj.com• 79 3. www.files.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. les.leeds. www.ok• 23 2. homepage. The Big Book of Science Projects.id•28 4. www.banten.com• 70 2.id• 28 www. 58 6.frightenstein. Kamus Visual. 101 Great Science.com• 10 7.uk• 75 2. UPSR. 2000• 135. wayangsuket. www. www. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.rhhotels.com 7. www.artcraft.ac.kbrimanila.eircom.uk• 27 3.royalhoteliow. les. 20 Chapter 2 1. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1.blogspot.my• 105 3.kbrimanila. 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2005• 7. 1990• 79. Kamus Visual.org. 43 6. www. Hands on Science. www.com• 51 3.2006• 63 8.co. www.org2. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.
hebat hiburan. oplah (mis. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. enak diet. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . pertunjukan lingkungan ulung.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. tambahan bertiup. baik sekali. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. kebiasaan biasa 1. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. sabuk lagi pula. tak henti-hentinya.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. pesisir konservasi. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. pesiar adat. menolak 2.) /kru:z/ cruise (n. merosot lezat. koran/surat kabar) pantai. makanan menyelam titik. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang.
mengawetkan Glossary 143 . menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. memelihara 2. menyenangkan. hebat 1. belaka mengalikan. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. melunasi 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. menyenangkan. kebutuhan namun. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1. terjadi 2. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. ekspansi menjelaskan. pengembangan. berhati-hati 2. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan.
101. 43. 71. 16. 95. 96. 129. 44. Colin. 42. 92. 24. 46. 55. 52. 114. 29 • Showing attention. 2. 89. 62. 5. 91. 14. 9. 127. 134. 63. 50. 56 • Giving admiration. 20. 100. 64. 53. 115. 118. 93 • Special nites may and might. 4. 127. 12. 78. 37. 137 • Report text. 59. 3 • Asking repetition. 8. 106. 35. 61 • The past perfect tense. 58. 70. Anne. 73. 82. 132 • Narrative text. 85. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 28. 84 • Showing polite manners. 107. 117. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 79 • La Fontaine. 88. 51. 7 • Showing hesitation. 81. Artono 24. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. 17 • Gerunds.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 15. 7. 128. 34 • The present perfect tense. 103. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 31. 135. 11. 110. 94. 85. 108 • Showing simpathy. can and could. 102. 95 • Wardiman. 33. 51. 56. 52. 136. 29 • Responding hesitation. 6. 72. 103. 55. 19. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 76. 52. 81 • Mckie. 39. 18. 83. 26. 133. 53.
Put the slices of papaya. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. restaurants. mix it with the pound of the spices. After a while prepare 0. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. jln. Mrs Hery. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. The boys bands are 6famous today. I feel fresh again. Next. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. pound ginger. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Mrs Siregar : I see. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3. Roll the chicken thighs to the our. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. do the same to the remaining soursoup. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. arts. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. Then. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. Finally. I am going to the market. First of all. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. hello Mrs Siregar. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. rst. Gigi. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. Yurike : Hmm. Dad. one tablespoon of salt. magic. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. keep in the freezer for a half hour. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. and the night clubs and on 4television.. pour the juice into some glasses. I don’t know why. Next. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. Fira. I make it easy and quick. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. They like it very much. I go to sleep. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. don’t think too much. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. Finally. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure.let’s see. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. mix the our with a grain of peppers. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. 1 egg. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. 2. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. Contemporary art has also developed here. 3 pieces of garlics.5 kg. cafe. 3 cm of ginger. Next month is an examination time! 1. First. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. by 29 March 2008.25 kg our. By the way. He sang badly last night. Mr Herman 145 .. You will sleep really well. when I get up. Instant recipe is much quicker. 2. 4. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people.15. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. pineapple. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java.I’ll have an English test tomorrow. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. Would you like to come. 3. take medicine. OK. garlics and salt. Ria No. Mom. Just keep practising. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. one teaspoon full of peppers. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. 3. 2. Ungu. peppers. Then. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it.
Well. 2. nely chopped onion 25 g. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu. Bring above mix to the boiling. state your name and address to the operator. 3/4 cup milk. Dial the service number. oil 15 ml. Then. Anti : And then. : That’s too bad.2Tell me more. Sir. well.. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. 1 tablespoon baking powder. I see. 2. salt. Add our. 5. 3. Sabang. Imaginary character out t must be original. powder. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. now it is nished. state your destination to the operator. milk. add and stir oil. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. Your character or weapon must be unique. and vanilla. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. You must have a name. I see. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1. I just made it. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. you need barbecue beef 500 g. Thanks for the explanation. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. Add sugar. you hang up the phone. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. This helps drivers to see them clearly. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. Sinyo : 4Well. oyster sauce 15 ml. I couldn’t say. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. Taste it.. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. Mixture. soy sauce. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. please. 3. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. 2. Mrs Jhon : Well. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. Dona : Well. 4.. 2. Dona : Oh. sugar 15 ml. egg. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. soy sauce 15 ml. sugar.5. Then. 1/2 teaspoon salt. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. Mr Jhon : Oh. She probably used lip synch.. Gun : See.. I see. Then.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. 5.. Mix well. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. First. he would announce it in one hour. at 7 pm. 1 egg. pick up the phone. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. 4.. 3. tell me more! Gun : After that. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. onion. And in the end. I wish they would come for this charity. 3. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. 4. Tio Rani 6. and beef for 1 minute. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. Then. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. gurethings. Mr Jhon : Ok. Mr Burhan said. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery. sauce. Then. Ah. Mrs Jhon : First of all. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. You must have a mission. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. Dona : Wow. hmm. Finally. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. 2 teaspoons sugar. First. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. Practice 11 1. Sinyo : 1 Oh. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from.. especially when it is dark.
He works for the Ministry of Education. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. 9. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water. 2. it ended sadly. Nino : 4That’s horrible. Loki. Near the park. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. some one was 3 following us. Unfortunately. birds. 1I’m ne. We heard some noises behind the bush. Guess what. B : Tell me more about it. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. thanks. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. this is the second time I’m reading it. really? I thought that was a sad story. when I read the story of a Lovely. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. Nino : So. then. where they have remained ever since. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. B : Oh. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. with the sh and all the members of his family. when he was in the water. Practice 6 1. poor boy came out from the bush. Nino : Oh. the weather was ne. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. although they were in love with each other. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. Mr Randi. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. When he was full. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. a dirty. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. please. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. One day. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. A : I laughed out loud. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. In addition . Loki : Well. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. the water began to rise. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. He said thanks and went away. ve stamps and a postcard. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. We went 2 in the afternoon . Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. 6. 8. With his sword. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. One day. Then. they invited the Sea to visit them. But then. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. and thought that Pungguk stole it. he killed Pungguk. Wu Fei : All right. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. he was just a 7 hungry kid. 10. Thank you very much for the information. Herman. 7. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Tari. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. Funnily enough. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. what so special? Tell me more. Surprisingly. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. Those birds were called Pungguk. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Nino : I see. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. Fira. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. and so was left with nothing.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. it changed into living creatures. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. When Pungguk walked. anyway. I looked very different. Nino. What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. Lovely Mud. So. Listening Script 147 . Believe it or not. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. then they climbed up into the sky. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. 3not very smooth exactly. we gave him some money. Surprisingly. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Gosh.
I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. Now. I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. Spongebob and Patrick. 4. Sir. It’s 17421. 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . Susan Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. How are you? I’m doing good here. Batam Centre and Galang Island. 3. OK. Love. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. Back to Ramajaya FM. Then. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. Ma’am. That’s enough for now. because it was only a 3short visit.500.000. I only stayed for one night. Heroes series and cartoon series. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. Lula. especially for you llatelist freak. Don’t forget to write me soon. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. Spiderman. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. Tom and Jerry. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. I also visited Nagoya. If this is unsuccessful. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. You’ll nd Superman. Each series only Rp150. Practice 8 Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers.2. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. It was a very hot day. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. please. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Wonder woman.
2. 7. 4. press. 9. 10. c b a Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). 5. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. 3. 6. 9. 6. better. base nally. 9. 1. 8. 8. 3. 5. 4. g f e d 5. 3. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 3. 5. clods. 3. 3. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. looking c d b d a b b Reading Practice 2 1. 6. c 3. 2. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 3. 1. water. 8. 5. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. 7. 8. 2. 4. 5. 2. 6. 8. 7. 4. 6. 1. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 2. 5. patch next. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. a 2. 2. 3. 5. 2. 4. 2. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 7. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. now after that. grow. holes. 1. 4. 5. 2. 10. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. 4. Let’s keep the water boiling. dusk record Practice 12 1. 7.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. 6. 7. 3. 1. 4. gloves. 5. Let me add some salt. down. 2. 4. g 5. 1. F T F originate famous charm captivate. 4. 3. rst of all. 9. Let’s get lunch (together). F F T T T 6. 2. then. 2. 4. seed. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 10. 3. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 2. h 4. 4. 5. 6. 7. 3. 5. 3.
answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 19. 1. 24. 14. 13. 17. 4. 35. 4. 4. 2. 36. 6. details. 3. 8. 8. 27. 4. 2. 38. 2. 7. 10. 26. 7. 12. 7. 29. 8. 2. 3. 40. 9.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 1. 9. and the bridle 6. 2. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 6. action verbs). d g i a c 11. 6. 4. 4. 3. 3. 8. 2. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have read has been stolen has been caught. 5. e h j k f 6. 5. with what) • The covering (where. 3. 4. 28. 7. a h c f 2. 3. 8. 20. 34. 30. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 9. 5. b c c b 1. 4. 10. how many. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 6. 2. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5. 37. 7. 6. 7. 4. 32. how. 15. 1. 3. 8. 2. 3. 21. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 7. 2. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 5. 5. 5. 5. 6. a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 33. 23. how long. 4. 9. 3. 39. 25. 4. 5. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 2. 3. 11. 3. 22. 10. 18. 1. 2. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 5. 3. 6. 10. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1.
6. 10. The Balinese. 4. 6. 5. 10. The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 6. 3.000. 9. 11. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate meet am/is damp see are Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 10. 8. 1. 10. Speaking Practice 3 1. 2. 7. 6. had left had done had tasted had done was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo Iwo. 8. 3. 4. 4. 3. 3. 6. 5. 7. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 8. 6. 7. 3. 4. 1. The water. 4. 2. 4. 9. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 8. 5. 4. 4. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 3. 8. 4. 2. 2. 11. 7. 3. 5. 6. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 5. 2. 7. Kbo Iwo. 9. 2. 2. 2. 7 8. 9. 7. 2.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 Answer Key 151 . Kbo Iwo The Balinese. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 5. 1. 1. 3.m. 3. 3. 9. 4. 5. 2. 5. 7. 1. 10. 5.Practice 5 1. 2. 7. 5 6. 5. 3. 4. 1. 8. 6.
4. 50. 38. I can go early if he lets me. 2. 7. 9. 34. 44. a. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons. Practice 10 1. 5. 38. She can cook well with more practice. 23. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. 57. 7. 32. 24. 3. 18. 3. 5. 2. 14. a. 13. a. We could do this exercise last week. 53. 17. 9. 4. 43. 5. 10. 2. 5. 30. 36. 32. a. 29. 8. 49. 60. 8. 24. 21. 6. 5. 36. 22. 45. 20. 27. 55. 51. 4. 39. 13. 26. 11. 2. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 42. a. 18. 7. She can make her own dresses in a few years. 6. 4. 46. b. 4. 3. 35. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. 17. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 15. 8. b. 6. 59. b. 58. She could cook well when I knew her. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 23. 2. 22. We can do this exercise next week. 7. 20. b. 47. 40. 5. b.Reading Practice 2 1. 11. 27. 3. 29. a. 3. 6. 8. He can leave it for an hour. 34. 5. 12. 5. 3. b. 1. 4. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 25. 16. 8. a. 28. 4. 7. 4. 3. 25. She can read easily with her new glasses. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. 10. 6. 31. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 7. 3. 2. I could go early everyday last summer. 37. 19. 1. 40. 39. 10. 7. a. 10. 48. 2. 6. 19. 7. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 28. 35. 2. 54. 9. 33. b. 6. 21. 26. 9. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 52. 1. 12. 8. 56. 14. 6. 37. 30. 15. b. 33.
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