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CONTENTS

Sr. No.
1 2

Title
Abstract-------------------------------------------------------Tables i. List of Tables-----------------------------------ii. List of Figures----------------------------------Title

Page No.
iv vi vii

Chapter 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.0

Introduction------------------------------------------------Project Profile--------------------------------------------System Overview-------------------------------------------Objective-----------------------------------------------------Scope----------------------------------------------------------Project Management--------------------------------------2.1.1 Project Development Approach-----------------2.1.2 Project Plan-----------------------------------------

3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3

System Requirements Study------------------------------ 6 User Characteristics-----------------------------------------Hardware and Software Requirements-------------------Constraints 3.3.1 Security and Reliability Requirements--------3.3.2 Organizational Requirements--------------------3.3.3 External Requirements---------------------------System Analysis and Study------------------------------- 10 Study and Weakness of Current System-----------------Requirements of New System-----------------------------4.2.1 User Requirements--------------------------------4.2.2 System Requirements-----------------------------Feasibility Study--------------------------------------------4.3.1 Does the New System Contribute to the Overall objectives of the organization----------4.3.2 Can the System be implemented using current Technology-----------------------------------------Features of New System

4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3

4.4

ii

5.0 System Design----------------------------------------------- 14 5.1 Data Flow Diagram-----------------------------------------5.2 Data Modeling-----------------------------------------------5.3.1 Data Dictionary------------------------------------5.3.2 ER Diagram----------------------------------------6.0 User Manuals-----------------------------------------------38

7.0 Limitations and Future Enhancement----------------- 42 8.0 Conclusion--------------------------------------------------References Appendix - A Appendix - B List of Useful Websites List of Useful Books 44

iii

ABSTRACT

This document is meant for describing all the features and procedures that were followed while developing the system.

This document specially mentions the details of the project how it was developed, the primary requirement, as well as various features and functionalities of the project and the procedures followed in achieving these objectives.

ONLINE QUIZ forms the lifeline of the Educational Institutes to the the Examination. It is very essential for an Institute to handle the

functioning of

Examinations and

their results. It is very useful for an Institute to test its students continuously for their mutual development. This system is helpful for conducting (M.C) Multiple Choice Examinations which can be conducted regularly as well as for surprise tests and provides immediate results saving the precious time of faculties to check the papers and prepare mark sheets.

The IT initiatives have encouraged various Organizations to develop systems to facilitate their day to day operations. The ONLINE QUIZ will include various Courses (IT, Commerce, Science, etc) and subjects for conducting examinations. This system helps in conducting examinations quickly and can thus help in saving time and the operations will be carried out efficiently.

With the effective use, any Institute can apply the ONLINE QUIZ for conducting quick examinations and getting better results in less time.

iv

LIST OF FIGURES

Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Figure No. 2.1 2.2 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12

Title Waterfall Model Project Plan Context Diagram DFD (Level 0) Registrations (DFD Level 1) Question Insertion (DFD Level 1) Examinations (DFD Level 1) Reporting (DFD Level 1) Registrations (DFD Level 2) Question Insertion (DFD Level 2) Examinations (DFD Level 2) User Authentication (DFD Level 3) User Authentication (DFD -Level 4) Entity Relationship Diagram

Page No. 4 5 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 37

vi

LIST OF TABLES

Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Table No. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13

Title User Master Faculty Master Admin Master Receipt Master Question Master Subject Master Exam Master Result Master Course Master Year Master Country Master State Master City Master

Page No. 25 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 35 36 34

vii

Chapter 1
Introduction

1.
1.1 PROJECT PROFILE
1. Project Partners Strength :- 2 Names:o Navneet (07240103034) o Himanshu Dhami (06240103015)

INTRODUCTION

2. Hardware / Software Environment Hardware o Pentium IV o 80 GB Hard Disk o 512 MB RAM Software o Operating System Microsoft Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2 Development Tools o Microsoft Asp.NET 2005 using VB and AJAX o Database - Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Documentation & Presentation Tools o Microsoft Word 2003 o Microsoft PowerPoint 2003 o Microsoft Visio 2003

Chapter-1

Introduction

1.2

SYSTEM OVERVIEW
ONLINE QUIZ is built on Asp.net, Crystal Reports and SQL Server 2005. The Web application is built to server the following areas. To make the examination process in the institutes fast, reliable, and error free. Hosting on the Intranet can provide a secured Examination channel for any institute. Registration of users can be used to generate revenue and thus can be profited form the system. Real time report generation gives quick results to given exams. Entrance examinations can also be conducted. The database is self explanatory as the code.

1.3

OBJECTIVE
Create a Web application to be used in place of old paper based user examination process. Use ASP.NET and SQL Server technology to create strong and secured database connectivity. Incorporate the server software within the code. Runtime package and deployment instructions are given.

1.4

SCOPE
ONLINE QUIZ is designed for Educational Institutes like Schools, Colleges, and Private Institutes to conduct logic tests of their students on a regular basis. The system handles all the operations and generates reports as soon as the test is completed which saves the precious time of faculties spent on reviewing answer sheets. The existing system is weak when it comes to surprise test organizations whereas this system can make it possible very easily.

Chapter 2
Project Management

2.
2.1

PROJECT MANAGEMENT
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT APPROACH
Software Process Model To solve actual problems in an industry, software developer or

a team of developers must incorporate a development strategy that encompasses the process, methods and tools layers and generic phases. This strategy is often referred to as process model or a software developing paradigm. A process model for software developing is chosen based on the nature of project and application, the methods and tools to be used, and the controls and deliverables that are required. All software development can be characterized as a problem solving loop in which four distinct stages are encountered: Status quo, Problem definition, technical development and solution integration. Regardless of the process model that is chosen for a software project all of the stages coexist simultaneously at some level of detail. Our Project Follows the Waterfall Model THE WATERFALL MODEL The steps of the typical Waterfall Model are: 1. Requirement Definition 2. System & Software Design 3. Implementation 4. Integration & System Testing 5. Operation and Maintenance

Chapter-2

Project Management

2.1 The Waterfall Model There have been some variations from the typical waterfall model for this project lifecycle. They are: 1. Maintenance has been omitted from the current project.

2. Not

all testing methods which are present in theoretical model are

implemented.

Chapter-2

Project Management

2.2

PROJECT PLAN
2.2 Project Plan

Chapter 3
System Requirement Study

3.
3.1

SYSTEM REQUIREMENT STUDY


USER CHARACTERISTICS
This system will be used in Three User Modules which are Administrator, Faculty and Student. As all of these have different requirements the modules are designed to meet their needs and avoid any type Of confusion. The Uses of all three User Modules have been described below. [1] User can do the following functions in the Supplier Module

Add & Edit Course Add & Edit Year Add & Edit Subject Add & Edit Faculty Add Receipt for User Edit User
View Results Generate Reports. [2] User can do the following functions in the Faculty Module

Add & Edit Question


Search the Question [3] User can do the following functions in the Student Module

Give Exam
View Result

Chapter-3

System Requirement Study

3.2

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
Hardware

Pentium IV 200 MB Hard Disk Space 512 MB RAM


Software Browser Internet Explorer 6 or above Microsoft .NET Framework Version 2.0.50727 Or above

3.3

CONSTRAINTS
3.3.1 Security and Reliability Requirements Security The Information should be Secure; there should not be any kind of malfunctioning. All the results, details of Exams taken and Questions are stored securely in the system. System Information will not be changed by any person rather than the management. Reliability System should be reliable. It should keep secure all the information regarding to particular Student, Faculty, Questions and Results. It should work effectively in tremendous rush. The system must give the perfect calculation and perfect results in kind of damn situation. The Particular result must be listed in to the particular user only; there should not be any kind of data integrity or other problem between Administrator, Faculty and Student.

Chapter-3

System Requirement Study

Flexibility System is working easily on the Intranet with the username and password of the user. The Institute has given the rights to the staff and the students to use the system with their username. The system can also work on other kind of technology with the little modification. System should be quite flexible to install and maintain.

Efficiency System should be efficient enough to meet all kinds of requirements as required by the Administrator, Faculty and Student. The system should not hang or lose its efficiency in any kind of worse conditions. It should provide the correct output in all manners.

User Friendliness System should be user friendly, so that any user can access the system.

3.3.2

Organizational Requirements.

Implementation Requirements It requires good skill for implementation of project. As this project is using 3- tier business architecture. All the classes, functions, procedures and objects are created in the system wise architecture. The three tiers are given below. 1) GUI 2) Business Logic Layer 3) Data Access Layer

Chapter-3

System Requirement Study

Entire coding will be done using Microsoft Visual .Net 2005 and Microsoft SQL Server 2005. Soft copy for the documentation is provided in Microsoft Word Format. Entire coding would not be shown to the client for any reasons. Implementation does not require any more software support without as mentioned below in the system requirements.

Standards Requirements Industry standards will be followed by us in any negotiation or deal related to the product software. Coding, Documentation and final product delivery will be followed by the standards.

3.3.3

External Requirements. Ethical Requirements Product Software should be negotiated with human ethics and it is wished that the software should be used with ethical requirements. Any non ethical use of this software will be at the users own risk. Legislative Requirements 1) Privacy Requirements Privacy of any particular things and strategy will be served based on prior negotiation and it should be cleared purposed for that requirement. 2) Safety Requirements Safety will be provided based on the requirement of the members and necessary critical points.

Chapter 4
System Analysis

4.
4.1

SYSTEM ANALYSIS
STUDY & WEAKNESSES OF CURRENT SYSTEM.
Current System The Current system of examinations is highly complicated and expensive. Whenever exams are to be conducted there are various tasks that have to be done again and again. Setting question paper Checking for errors Printing question papers Scheduling Exams Conducting Exams Checking Answer Papers Preparing Result Charts Solving Question Papers Weaknesses in Current System The current system is as mentioned earlier very complicated and expensive as compared to the new system. It also wastes the precious time of the faculties which can then be used in solving student queries and helping them improvise. Taking surprise tests of students is also not feasible in the current system as planning for the exam and checking answer papers takes a lot of time and thus cannot be completed on schedule. It also has no measures to prevent students from copying the answers rather than printing different sets of question papers which in turn can result expensive.

10

Chapter-4

System Analysis

As Faculties are humans and so prone to errors, there can be mistakes in checking answer papers, calculating marks and the result charts prepared may also have these errors. Only preventive measures are taking a double check to ensure these errors dont happen which would again require extra time and may also result in a mentally tired faculty. After the exams have been conducted the faculty has to provide solutions to the questions asked in exam. It would mean extra time and extra work for the faculty and also result in extra expenses of stationary. Thus, the current system is in every way ineffective for conducting examinations in these days when time is more costly than anything and they also pose a threat to the environment when we are amidst a global crisis and in the need of a Green Revolution.

4.2

REQUIREMENTS OF NEW SYSTEM.


4.2.1 User Requirements. The User requirements for the new system are to make the system fast, flexible, less prone to errors and reduce expenses and save time. o Time can be saved in scheduling the exams if it were available to make question banks to store questions for different subjects in advance and can be used as per required. o A system that can automate the checking of answers which are pre-stored so that results can be generated as soon as the student gives the exam. o A facility that can generate result charts as per required without manual interference for providing how a task is to be done instead only asking what is to be done. o The system should have Student and Faculty records on hand which can be used as per required only by authorized personnel.

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Chapter-4

System Analysis

o o

The New system should be more secure in managing user records and reliable enough to be used in any condition. Finally, it should prove cost effective as compared to the current system.

4.3

Feasibility Study
A key part of the preliminary investigation that reviews anticipated costs and benefits and recommends a course of action based on operational, technical, economic, and time factors. The purpose of the study is to determine if the systems request should proceed further. 4.3.1 Does the New System Contribute to the Overall Objectives of the Organization? The new system would contribute to the overall objectives to of the organization. It would provide a quick, error free and cost effective solution to the current process. It would provide a solution to many issues in the current system. As the new system is flexible and scalable it can also be upgraded and extended to meet other complex requirements which may be raised in the future. However it is up to the organization to upgrade or extend it. 4.3.2 Can the New System be Implemented Using Current Technology? The organization has a computer laboratory which has about 50 machines connected by Internet Lan and managed by a server. It would be very easy to set up the system in the current environment as the application is web based it does not require to be installed on every machine. The database and IIS are set up on the server and the .Net Framework installed on every machine, the system can be started as quick as required by the management.

12

Chapter-4

System Analysis

4.4

Features of the New System.


The new system has been designed as per the user requirements so as to fulfill almost all them. Quick Scheduling Exams can be created very quickly as compared to the existing system as it allows the use of previously entered questions to be used again. It saves time required to get the question papers printed and distributed before the students are allowed to appear for the examination. Questions entered once can be accessed by students as soon as they login to their account. Immediate Results and Solutions One of the most important draw backs of the current system is that the faculties are required to check the answer papers which is again a lengthy process and prone to errors. The new system will generate the result as soon as the test is finished by the user and will also store it in the database for further usage. The solution is also available as soon as the questions are inserted in the database. Easy to Store and Retrieve Information The new system makes it easy to store and retrieve information as required and does not involve storing information in separate sheets or papers. It thus saves data management problems faced in the current system as it has a Database Management System of it own which allows 33 reports to be generated when needed. Cost Effective One of the main reasons of the new system is its cost effectiveness. It saves the amount spend on stationary as well as overall cost of conducting an examination which also involves paying supervisors, paper checkers, question paper printers etc.

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Chapter 5
System Design

Chapter-5

System Design

5.2

DATA FLOW DIAGRAM (DFD)


The DFD (also known as bubble chart) is a simple graphical formalism that can be used to represent a system in terms of the input data into the system, various processes carried on these data, and the output data generated by the system. The main reason why the DFD technique is so popular is because the fact that the DFD is a very simple formalism - it is simple to understand and use. A DFD model uses a very limited number of primitive symbols to represent the functions performed by a system and the data flow among the functions. Starting with a set of high-level functions that a system performs, a DFD model hierarchy represents various sub-functions.

5.2

DFD Level 0

15

Chapter-5

System Design

5.3

Registrations (DFD Level 1)

16

Chapter-5

System Design

5.4

Question Insert (DFD Level 1)

17

Chapter-5

System Design

5.5

Examination (DFD Level 1)

18

Chapter-5

System Design

5.6

Reporting (DFD Level 1)

19

Chapter-5

System Design

5.7

Registrations (DFD Level 2)

20

Chapter-5

System Design

5.8

Question Insert (DFD Level 2)

21

Chapter-5

System Design

5.9

Examination (DFD Level 2)

22

Chapter-5

System Design

5.10 User Authentication (DFD Level 3)

Chapter-5

System Design

5.11 User Authentication (DFD Level 4)

Chapter-5 5.3.2 Entity Relationship Diagram

System Design

An Entity-relationship model is an abstract conceptual representation of structured data. Entity relationship modeling is a relational schema database medeling method, used in Software Project Management to produce a type of conceptual data model (or semantic data model) of a system, often a relational database, and its requirements in top-down fashion.

5.12 Entity Relationship Diagram

Chapter 6
User Manuals

Chapter 7
Limitations and Future Enhancements

7
7.1

LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS


LIMITATIONS
The new system has been designed to meet almost all of the user requirements but it too has certain limitations some of which can be enhanced in the future enhancements or updates. 7.1.1 Supports only Multiple choice and no Theory The existing system supports only multiple choice questions and these can be used only for the logic testing of the student whereas paper based tests can provide a overall result of the users knowledge for that topic. This will do injustice to users who are sometimes aware of answers but not sure completely. It supports only two values True and False. If the selected answer is true the user gets marks, If not loses. 7.1.2 No Image Support The existing system has no image support at present and so images and diagrams cannot be included in the exam which would make it very difficult to ask certain questions in certain subjects. Providing diagrams externally is at present the only feasible choice available. 7.1.3 No Back Option Available The existing system also lacks a back option which would take a user to a previously answered question in case he wants to check or change his choice. This makes it very difficult and quite stressful for the user to choose an option which is totally contrary to the theory tests in which the user can review and change his answers. This has been an important point in the proposed enhancements in the system.

Chapter-7

Limitations and Future Enhancements

7.1.4 Exam Time Cannot be Modified The existing system allows the exam time to be set only once at the time of system set up which cannot be changed as per desired and all the exams will be conducted for the preset time only. If the user wants to increase or decrease the time for exams the system will have to be set up again. This is also one of the proposed enhancements. 7.1.5 No of Questions in an Exam cannot be changed. The system will have a preset no of questions that can be attempted in an exam by the user which cannot be changes in the existing system. If a user wants that an exam has to have more or less questions than the system has to be ser up again which is again not feasible. The proposed system enhancements will have a field in the faculty module where the faculty can set no questions and time allowed for a selected subject. 7.1.6 No Facility for the Disabled The existing system has no options available by which a physically disabled user can use the system. If the user is blind or deaf the system has no sound response pr Braille response facility. This makes it very difficult to set this system as a standard for all examination procedures as it does not support all time of users that a standard system is supposed to.

7.2 FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS.


Enhancements are the perquisite for development of a system. Every existing system has proposed enhancements which make it better and easier to use and more secure. The enhancements that have been proposed for this system are listed here.

Chapter-7 7.2.1 Including Image Support.

Limitations and Future Enhancements

The existing system has no image support due to which the images cannot be used. It will be one of the priorities in the proposed enhancements to enable Image Support in the system. 7.2.2 Including Back Option The new system will have a back option which will enable the users to go back to previously answered questions and change them if needed. It will enable the user a hassle free exam so that the user can properly utilize the total time allotted for the test. 7.2.3 Facility to Set Exam Time. The new system will allow the faculty to set the exam time for a particular subject. It will increase the efficiency of the system greatly as it will enable each subject to be tested for a different duration as desired and required. 7.2.4 Facility to Set No of Questions in Exam The new system will allow the faculty to set no of questions that can be asked in a subject. It will improve the flexibility of the exams by allowing the faculty to change the no of questions that can be asked in a subject. 7.2.5 Flags The new system will allow the users to set flags for an answered question. Flags like Passed. Doubtful, Answered etc will help a user to return to those questions to review them and change them accordingly.

Chapter 8
Conclusion

9
9.1 CONCLUSION

CONCLUSION

The development of software includes so many people like user system developer, user of system and the management, It is important to identify the system requirements by properly collecting required data to interact with supplier and customer of the system. Proper design builds upon this foundation to give a blue print, which is actually implemented by the developers. On realizing the importance of systematic documentation all the processes are implemented using a software engineering approach. Working in a live environment enables one to appreciate the intricacies involved in the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC). We have gained a lot of practical knowledge from this project, which we think, shall make us stand in a good state in the future.

Reference
Appendix - A List of Useful Websites

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp

www.w3schools.com
www.webdevelopersnotes.com

www.tutorialpoint.com

Appendix - B

List of Useful Books


: Problem-Design-Solution

ASP.NET 2.0 Website Programming

(Programmer to Programmer) by Marco Bellinaso

Professional ASP.NET 2.0 by Bill Evjen, Scott Hanselman, Farhan OReilly (E-Book) - Programming in .Net OReilly (E-Book) - Framework + Essentials.pdf Beginner ASP.NET 2.0 - Unleashed PL/SQL Programming - Evan Bayross