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Abgr

EH$ M_H$mar Am`wdYH$,


Amam{`dYH$ XodH$ ^m{OZ


S>m.Am{.[r.d_m

Abgr :
EH$ M_H$mar Am`wdYH$, Amam{`dYH$ XodH$ ^m{OZ

 Abgr _oh_m
 W_ g H$aU 2011
 b{IH$ S>m. Am.{ [r. d_m
MBBS, MRSH (London)
President, Flax Awarness Society
7B-43, Mahaveer Nagar III Kota (Rajasthan)

 _wH$ g H$ oV Jm o\$g (\$mZ{ 989 343 7227)


 H$meH$ [a[am H$meZ
2, gdmX ZJa, BXma - 452001
 _y` [T >{ Ama [T >mE
IXw ImE Ama m|
H$m{ ^r oIbmE
(2)

[hbm gwI oZam{Jr H$m`m, goX`m|$ ah{ `mdZ H$r _m`m& AmO hm_a{ dkmoZH$m| d
oMoH$gH$m| Z{ A[Zr em{Y g{ E{g{ Amhma odhma, Am`wdYH$ AmfoY`m|, dZ[oV`m|
AmoX H$r Im{O H$a br h, oOZH{$ oZ`o_V g{dZ g{ h_mar C_ 200-250 df `m
`mXm ]T> gH$Vr h Ama `mdZ ^r ]Zm ah{& `h H$m{ar H$[Zm Zht ]oH$ `WmW
h& Am[H$m{ `mX hm{Jm mMrZ H$mb _| h_ma{ F$of _woZ `m{J, V[, XodH$ Amhma d
AmfoY`m| H{$ g{dZ g{ gH$S>m| df OrodV ahV{ W{& BgrobE D$[a _Z{ [wamZr
H$hmdV H$m{ Z`m $[ oX`m h& E{gm hr EH$ XodH$ Am`wdYH$ ^m{OZ h Abgr
oOgH$r AmO h_ MMm H$a|J{&
o>[N>b{ Hw$N> g_` g{ Abgr H{$ ]ma{ _|$ [oH$mAm|, AI]mam|, BQ>aZ{Q>, Q>rdr
AmoX [a ]hwV$ Hw$N> H$moeV hm{Vm ahm h& ]S{> e>ham| _| Abgr H{$ `OZ Og{
o]Hw$Q>, ]{S> AmoX ]{M{ Om ah{ h$& oXbr g{ H$m{am{Zar ]mB[mg gOar H$adm H$a
bmQ>{ EH$ am{Jr Z{ _wP{ ]Vm`m oH$ Cg{ S>mQ>a Za{e {hmZ Z{ oZ`o_V Abgr ImZ{
H$r gbmh Xr h VmoH$ dh CM a$Mm[ d X` am{J g{ _w$ ah{& odd dm`
gJR>Z (W.H.O.) Abgr H$m{ gw[a Q>ma \y$S> H$m XOm X{Vm h& Am`wd}X _{ Abgr
H$m{ XodH$ ^m{OZ _mZm J`m h& _Z{ H$ht [T>m oH$ goMZ H{$ ]b{ H$m{ Abgr H$m V{b
o[bmH$a _O]yV ]Zm`m OmVm h V^r dh MmH{$ N>{$ bJmVm h Ama _mQ>a bmQ>a
H$hbmVm h& AmR>dt$ eVmXr _| \$mg _| g_mQ> Mmb _{JZ{ Abgr H{$ M_H$mar JwUm|
g{ ]hwV ^modV W{ Ama MmhV{ W{ oH$ CZH$r Om am{OmZm Abgr Im`{ Ama oZam{Jr
d XrKm`w ah{, BgobE Chm|Z{ BgH{$ obE H$S{> H$mZyZ ]Zm oXE W{&
`h g] [T>H$a _{ar oOkmgm ]T>Vr ahr Ama _>Z{ Abgr g{ g]oYV oOVZ{ ^r
b{I C[bY hm{ gH{$ [T{> d Abgr [a em{Y H{$ ]ma{ _|$ ^r odVma g{ [T>m& _ A`V
^modV hwAm oH$ `{ Abgr oOgH$m h_ Zm_ ^r ^yb JE W{, h_ma{ dm` H{$ obE
BVZr `mXm bm^X h, OrZ{ H$r amh h, bmB\$ bmBZ h& o\$a `m Wm, _Z{ d`
Abgr H$m g{dZ ew$ oH$`m Ama A[Z{ am{oJ`m| H$m{ ^r Abgr ImZ{ H{$ obE {oaV
H$aVm ahm& Hw$N> _hrZ{ ]mX _{ar oOXJr _| Am`OZH$ ]Xbmd AmZm ew$ hwAm&
_ A[ma eo$ d$ Cgmh H$m gMma AZw^d H$aZ{ bJm, eara MwVr-\w$Vu$ VWm
JO] H{$ Am_odmg g{ ^a J`m& VZmd, Amb` d H$m{Y g] Jm`] hm{ MwH{$ W{&
(3)

_{am CM a$Mm[, S>m`o]Q>rO R>rH$ hm{ MwH{$ W{& A] _$ _mZogH$ d emaroaH$ $[


g{ CVZm hr eo$embr _hgyg H$a ahm Wm Ogm oH$ 30 df [hb{ Wm&
AmBE, h_ X{I|$ oH$ Bg M_H$mar, Am`wdYH$, Amam{`dYH$ d XodH$ ^m{OZ
Abgr _| E{gr `m Img ]mV h& Abgr H$m ]m{Q{>oZH$b Zm_ obZ_ `yOrQ{>Q>rog__
`mZr AoV C[`m{Jr ]rO h& Abgr H{$ [mY{ _|$ Zrb{ \y$b AmV{ h$& Abgr H$m ]rO
oVb Ogm N>m{Qm, ^ya{ `m gwZha{ aJ H$m d gVh oMH$Zr hm{Vr h& mMrZH$mb g{
Abgr H$m `m{J ^m{OZ, H$[S>m, dmoZe d aJam{JZ ]ZmZ{ H{$ obE hm{Vm Am`m h&
h_mar XmXr _m O] h_| \$m{S>{-\w$gr hm{ OmVr Wr Vm{ Abgr H$r [wboQ>g ]ZmH$a
]mY X{Vr Wr& Abgr _|$ _w` [mo>H$ Vd Am{_{Jm 3, \{$Q>r EogS> E\$m
obZm{b{oZH$ EogS>, obJZ{Z, m{Q>rZ d \$mB]a hm{V{ h& Abgr J^mdWm g{
dmdWm VH$ \$m`X{_X h & _hm_m JmYr Z{ dm` [a ^r em{Y H$r d ]hwV gr
[wVH|$ ^r obIt& Chm|Z{ Abgr [a ^r em{Y oH$`m, BgH{$ M_H$mar JwUm| H$m{
[hMmZm Ama A[Zr EH$ [wVH$ _| obIm h, Ohm Abgr H$m g{dZ oH$`m OmEJm,
dh g_mO dW d g_ ah{Jm&

Amd`H$ dgm Ab Am{_{Jm 3 d Am{_{Jm 6 H$r H$hmZr


Abgr _| bJ^J 18-20 oVeV Am{_{Jm 3, \$Q>r $EogS> ALA hm{V{ h&
Abgr Am{_{Jm 3 \$Q>r $EogS> H$m [dr [a g]g{ ]S>m m{V h& h_ma{ dm` [a
Abgr H{$ M_H$mar ^mdm| H$m{ ^br ^moV g_PZ{ H{$ obE h_| Am{_{Jm 6 \{$Q>r
$EogS> H$m{ odVma g{ g_PZm hm{Jm& Am{_{Jm 3 d Am{_{Jm 6 Xm{Zm| hr h_ma{ eara
H{$ obE Amd`H$ h `mZr `{ eara _| Zht ]Z gH$V{, h_| Bh| ^m{OZ mam hr JhU
H$aZm hm{Vm h& Am{_{Jm 3 Abgr H{$ Abmdm _N>br, AIam{Q>, oM`m AmoX _| ^r
o_bV{ h& _N>br _| DHA Ama EPA Zm_H$ Am{_{Jm 3 \{$Q>r $EogS> hm{V{ h, `{
Abgr _| _mOyX ALA g{ eara _| ]Z OmV{ h&
Am{_{Jm 6 _yJ\$br, gm{`m]rZ, g{bmda, _H$B AmoX V{bm| _| Mwa _mm _|
hm{Vm h& Am{_{Jm 3 h_ma{ eara H{$ odo^ AJm| ode{f Vma [a _oVH$, gm`wV d
AmIm| H{$ odH$mg d CZH{$ gwMm$ $[ g{ gMmbZ _| _hd[yU `m{JXmZ H$aV{ h$&
h_mar H$m{oeH$mAm| H$r o^om`m Am{_{Jm 3 `w$ \$m{\$m{obo[S> g{ ]ZVr h& O] h_ma{
eara _| Am{_{Jm 3 H$r H$_r hm{ OmVr h Vm{ `{ o^om`m _wbm`_ d bMrb{ Am{_{Jm 3
H{$ WmZ [a H$R>ma{ d Hw$[ Am{_J{ m 6 \{$Q> `m Q->mg
\{$Q> g{ ]ZVr h$& Ama `ht g{
h_ma{ eara _| CM a$Mm[, _Yw_{h H$ma 2, AmWamBoQ>g, _m{Q>m[m, H$ga AmoX
]r_moa`m| H$r ewAmV hm{ OmVr h&
(4)

A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ EogS> ALA H{$ H$m`$

 `h CH$> oV AmgrH$maH$ h Ama eara H$r ajm Umbr gwT> aIVm h&
 Bb{_{eZ R>rH$ H$aVm h&
 AmIm|, _oVH$ Ama ZmS>r V H$m odH$mg d BZH$r ha H$m` Umbr _|
ghm`H$, AdgmX Ama A` _mZogH$ am{Jm| H{$ C[Mma _| ghm`H$, _aU
eo$ A$ma ejoUH$ j_Vm H$m{ ]T>mVm h&
 Am[amoYH$ JoVodoY g{ Xya aIVm h&
 B.[r.E. Ama S>r.EM.E. H$m oZ_mU H$aVm h$&
{ oZ`m{OZ, Om{S> dW aIVm h$&
 a$Mm[ d a$ eH$am oZ`U, H$m{b{ Q->mb
 ^ma H$_ H$aVm h, `m|$oH$ `h ]woZ`mXr M`m[M` Xa BMR ]T>mVm h, dgm
H$_ H$aVm h, ImZ{ H$r bbH$ H$m{ H$_ H$aVm h&
 `H$V, dH$$ Ama A` g^r JoW`m| H$r H$m` j_Vm ]T>mVm h$&
eara _| Am{_{Jm 3 H$r H$_r d Bb{_{eZ [Xm H$aZ{ dmb{ Am{_{Jm 6 H{$ `mXm
hm{ OmZ{ g{ m{Q>mb{oS>J B 2 ]ZV{ h> Om{ ob\$m{gmBQ>g d _mH$m{\$mO H$m{ A[Z{
[mg EH$oV H$aV{ h d o\$a `{ gmBQ>m{H$mBZ d H$m{g EOmB_ H$m oZ_mU H$aV{ h&
Ama eara _| BZb{_{eZ \$bmV{ h$& _ Am[H$m{ gab VarH{$ g{ g_PmVm hy& oOg
H$ma EH$ AN>r o\$_ ]ZmZ{ H{$ obE Zm`H$ Ama IbZm`H$ Xm{Zm| H$r Amd`H$Vm
h& dg{ hr h_ma{ eara H{$ R>rH$ H$ma g{ gMmbZ H{$ obE Am{_{Jm 3 d Am{_{Jm 6
Xm{Zm|$ hr ]am]a `mZr 1:1 AZw[mV _| MmohE& Am{_{Jm 3 Zm`H$ h Vm{ Am{_{Jm 6
IbZm`H$ h& Am{_{Jm 6 H$r _mm ]T>Z{ g{ h_ma{ eara _| Bb{_{eZ \$bV{ h$ Vm{
Am{_{Jm 3 Bb{_{eZ Xya H$aV{ h, _ah_ bJmV{ h& Am{_{Jm 6 hrQ>a h Vm{ Am{{_{Jm
3 gmdZ H$r R>S>r >hdm h& Am{_{Jm 6 h_| VZmd, gaXX, oS>{eZ H$m oeH$ma ]ZmV{
h Vm{ Am{_{Jm 3 h_ma{ _Z H$m{ g aIV{ h, H$m{Y ^JmV{ h, _aU eo$ d$
]wo_mm ]T>mV{ h& Am{_J{ m 6 Am`w H$_ H$aV{ h, Vm{ Am{_{Jm 3 Am`w ]T>mV{ h& Am{_{Jm
6 eara _| am{J [Xm H$aV{ h Vm{ Am{_{Jm 3 h_mar am{J oVam{YH$ j_Vm ]T>mV{ h&
o[N>b{ Hw$N> XeH$m| g{ h_ma{ ^m{OZ _{ Am{_{Jm 6 H$r _mm ]T>Vr Om ahr h Ama
Am{_{Jm 3 H$r H$_r hm{Vr Om ahr h& _Q>rZ{eZb H$[oZ`m| mam ]{M{ Om ah{ \$mQ>
\y$S> d$ OH$ \y$S> Am{_{Jm 6 g{ ^a[ya hm{V{ h$& ]mOma _| C[bY g^r oa\$mBS> V{b
^r Am{_{Jm 6 \$Q>r EogS> g{ ^a[ya hm{V{ h$& hmb hr hwB em{Y g{ [Vm Mbm h oH$
h_ma{ ^m{OZ _| Am{_{Jm 3 ]hwV hr H$_ Ama Am{_{Jm 6 Mwa _mm _| hm{Z{ H{$ H$maU
hr h_ CM a$Mm[, X`mKmV, Q->mH{ $, S>m`o]Q>rO, _m{Q>m[m, JoR>`m, AdgmX,
X_m, H$ga AmoX am{Jm| H$m oeH$ma hm{ ah{ h& Am{_{Jm 3 H$r `h H$_r 30 g{ 60 Jm_
Abgr g{ [yar H$a gH$V{ h& `{ Am{_{Jm 3 hr Abgr H$m{ gw[a Q>ma \y$S> H$m $XOm
oXbmV{ h&
(5)

X` Ama [oadhZ V H{$ obE JwUH$mar


Abgr h_ma{ a$Mm[ H$m{ gVwobV aIVr h& Abgr h_ma{ a$ _| AN{>
H$m{b{ Q->mb HDL Cholesterol H$r _mm H$m{ ]T>mVr h Ama Q->mBbrgamBS>g d
Iam] H$m{b{ Q->mb LDL Cholesterol H$r _mm H$m{ H$_ H$aVr h& Abgr oXb H$r
Y_oZ`m| _| IyZ H{$ W{$ ]ZZ{ g{ am{H$Vr h Ama X`mKmV d Q->mH{ $ Ogr ]r_moa`m|
g{ ]Mmd H$aVr h& Abgr g{dZ H$aZ{ dmbm| H$m{ oXb H$r ]r_moa`m| H{$ H$maU
AH$_mV _`w Zht hm{Vr& X` H$r JoV H$m{ oZ`oV aIVr h Ama d{Q->rHw$ba
Eoa`m g{ hm{Z{ dmbr _`wXa H$m{ ]hwV H$_ H$aVr h&

H$ga am{Yr obJZ{Z H$m [dr [a g]g{ ]S>m m{V


Abgr _| Xygam _hd[yU [mo>H$ Vd obJZ{Z hm{Vm h& Abgr obJZ{Z H$m
g]g{ ]S>m m{V h& Abgr _{ obJZ{Z A` Immm| g{ H$B gm JwZm `mXm hm{V{
h& obJZ{Z EQ>r]Q>roa`b, EQ>rdm`ab, EQ>r \$Jb Ama H$ga am{Yr h Ama am{J
oVam{YH$ j_Vm ]T>mVm h& obJZ{Z H$m{b{ Q->mb
{ H$_ H$aVm h Ama bS> ewJa
oZ`oV aIVm h& obJZ{Z gM_wM EH$ gw[a Q>ma [m{fH$ Vd h& obJZ{Z [{S> [mYm|
_{ Q->mO
{ Z `mZr _ohbm hm_m}Z H{$ Vah H$m` H$aVm h& aOm{oZdom H{$ ]mX
_ohbmAm|$ _{ B Q->mO
{ Z H$m md H$_ hm{ OmVm h Ama _ohbmAm| H$m{ H$B [a{emoZ`m
Og{ hmQ> b{e{O, Am{oQ>`m{[m{am{ogg AmoX hm{Vr h& obJZ{Z BZ g] _| ]hwV amhV
X{Vm h& obJZ{Z _mogH$ Y_ g]Yr AoZ`o_VVmE R>rH$ H$aVm h&
obJZ{Z h_| m{Q{>Q>, >]M{XmZr, VZ, AmV, dMm AmoX H{$ H$ga g{ ]MmVm h&
`oX _m H{$ VZ _|$ XyY Zht Am ahm h Vm{ Cg{ Abgr oIbmZ{ H{$ 24 KQ{> H{$ ^rVa
VZ _|$ XyY AmZ{ bJVm h& `oX _m Abgr H$m g{dZ H$aVr h Vm{ CgH{$ XyY _|$
[`m Am{_{Jm 3 ahVm h Ama ]Mm AoYH$ ]wo_mZ d dW [Xm hm{Vm h& ES>g
oagM AogQ|>g BQ>rQ>`yQ> ARAI gZ 2002 g{ ES>g H{$ am{oJ`m|$ [a obJZ{Z H{$
^mdm| H$m em{Y H$a ahr h Ama Am`OZH$ [oaUm_ gm_Z{ AmE h ARAI $H{$
oZX{eH$ S>m. S{>oZ`b X{O H$hV{ h> oH$ OXr hr obJZ{Z ES>g H$m gVm, gab
Ama H$maJa C[Mma gmo]V hm{Z{ dmbm h&

[mMZ V Ama \$mB]a

Aga{oQ>d H$m{bmBoQ>g Ama AmB.]r.Eg. H{$ am{oJ`m|$ H$m{ ]hwV amhV X{Vr h& H$Or
g{, Abgr H{$ g{dZ g{ [hb{ hr oXZ g{ amhV o_b OmVr h& hmb hr _|{ hwB em{Y g{
[Vm Mbm h oH$ H$Or H{$ obE `h Abgr Bg]Jm{b H$r ^wgr g{ ^r `mXm
bm^Xm`H$ h& Abgr o[m H$r Wbr _|$[War Zht ]ZZ{ X{Vr Ama `oX [Woa`m ]Z
^r MwH$r h Vm{ N>m{Q>r [Woa`m Vm{ KwbZ{ bJVr h&

mH$oVH$ gmX` gmYZ


`oX Am[ dMm ZmIyZ Ama ]mbm| H$r g^r g_`mAm| H$m EH$ eX _| g_mYmZ
MmhVr h Vm{ Cma h Am{_{Jm 3 `m < 3 dgm Ab$& _mZd dMm H$m{ g]g{ `mXm
ZwH$gmZ, _w$ H$U `m \$r a{oS>H$g g{ hm{Vm h& hdm _| _mOyX AmgrS|>Q>g H{$ H$U
dMm H$r H$m{bO
{ Z H$m{oeH$mAm|$ g{ Bb{Q->mb
{ Mwam b{V{ h& [oaUm_d$[ dMm _|
_hrZ a{ImE ]Z OmVr h$& Yra{-Yra{ dMm _| Im[Z Am OmVm h Ama dMm d
gr bJZ{ bJVr h& Abgr H{$ eo$embr EQ>r 3 AmgrS|>Q> Am{_{Jm d obJZ{Z dMm
H{$ H$m{b{OZ H$r ajm H$aV{ h$ Ama dMm H$m{ AmH$fH$ ]{XmJ d Jm{am,Z_ d H$m{_b
M_H$Xma d _O]yV ]ZmVr h& dMm OS>m| H$m{ ^a[ya [m{fU X{H$a ]mbm| H$m{ dW
]ZmV{ h& Abgr EH$ CH$> ^m{` gmX` gmYZ h Om{ dMm _| AXa g{ oZIma
bmVm h& Abgr dMm H$r ]r_moa`m| Og{ _whmg{, EOr_m, N>mb am{J, IwObr, gyIr
dMm, ImO, XmX (gm{am`ogg) `y[g, ]mb PS>Zm, ]mbm| H$m gyIm d [Vbm
hm{Zm, AmoX am{Jm| _| AgaH$maH$ h& Abgr g{dZ H$aZ{ dmbr o`m| H{$ ]mbm| _| Z
H$^r $gr hm{Vr h Ama Z hr d{ PS>V{ h& Abgr ZmIyZm| H$m{ ^r dW d gwXa
AmH$ma XmZ H$aVr h& Abgr `w$ ^m{OZ ImZ{ d BgH{$ V{b H$r _mobe g{ dMm
H{$ XmJ PmB`m d Pwoa`m Xya hm{Vr h$& Abgr Am[H$m{ `wdm ]ZmE aIVr h& Am[
A[Zr C_ g{ H$m\$r N>m{Q>r oXIVr h& Abgr Am[H$r C_ ]T>mVr h&

am{J oVam{YH$ j_Vm


Abgr h_mar am{J oVam{YH$ j_Vm ]T>mVr h& JoR>`m, JmCQ>, _m{M AmoX _|
A`V bm^H$mar h& Am{_{Jm 3 g{ ^a[ya Abgr `H$V$, JwX}, ES>arZb, Wm`am`S>
AmoX JoW`m| H$m{ R>rH$ g{ H$m_ H$aZ{ _| ghm`H$ hm{Vr h& Abgr `y[g Z{\$mBoQ>g
Ama AW_m _| amhV X{Vr h&

Abgr _|> 27 oVeV KwbZerb (`yogb{O) Ama AKwbZerb Xm{Zm| hr Vah H{$
\$mB]a hm{V{ h AV: Abgr H$Or, _g{, ]dmgra, ^JXa, S>mBdoQ>Hw$bmBoQ>g,
(6)

(7)

_oVH$ Ama Zmm`w V H{$ obE XodH$ ^m{OZ


Abgr h_ma{ _Z H$m{ emV aIVr h, BgH{$ g{dZ g{ oMm g ahVm h& odMma
AN{> AmV{ h>& VZmd Xya ahVm h& ]wo_mm d _aU eo$ ]T>Vr h VWm H$m{Y Zht
AmVm h& Abgr H{$ g{dZ g{ _Z Ama eara _|$ EH$ XodH$ eo$ Ama D$Om H$m
dmh hm{Vm h& Abgr EOr_g, _Q>r[b H$ram{ogg, AdgmX (Depression),
_mBJ{Z, erOm{\{$oZ`m d [moH$Zgg AmoX ]r_moa`m|$ _| ]hwV bm^Xm`H$ h&
J^mdWm _|$ oeew H$r AmIm| d _oVH$ H{$ g_woMV odH$mg H{$ obE Am{_{Jm 3
A`V Amd`H$ hm{V{ h$& Am{_{Jm 3 g{ h_mar ZOa AN>r hm{ OmVr h& aJ `mXm
[> d COb{ oXImB X{Z{ bJV{ h& AmIm| _| Abgr H$m V{b S>mbZ{ g{ AmIm| H$m
gyIm[Z Xya hm{Vm h Ama H$mbm [mZr d _m{oV`mo]X hm{Z{ H$r g^mdZm ^r ]hwV H$_
hm{Vr h& Abgr ]T>r hwB m{Q{>Q> JoW, Zm_Xu>, erK[VZ, Z[wgH$Vm AmoX H{$
C[Mma _| _hd[yU `m{JXmZ X{Vr h&

S>m`o]Q>rO Ama _m{Q>m[{ [a Abgr H$m M_H$ma


Abgr bS> ewJa oZ`oV aIVr h& S>m`o]Q>rO H{$ eara [a hm{Z{ dmb{
Xw^mdm| H$m{ H$_ H$aVr h& oMoH$gH$ S>m`o]Q>rO H{$ $am{Jr H$m{ H$_ eH$am Ama
`mXm \$mB]a b{Z{ H$r gbmh X{V{ h$& Abgr d J{hy H{$ o_olV AmQ{> _|> 50 oVeV
H$m]Z, 16 oVeV m{Q>rZ d 20 oVeV \$mB]a hm{V{ h& `mZr BgH$m
bm`gro_H$ BS{>g$ J{hy H{$ AmQ{> g{ H$m\$r H$_ hm{Vm h& S>m`o]Q>rO H{$ am{Jr H{$
obE Bg o_olV AmQ{> g{ AN>m ^m{OZ `m hm{Jm? _m{Q>m[{ H{$ am{Jr H$m{ ^r ]hwV
\$m`Xm hm{Vm h& Abgr _|$ \$mB]a H$r _mm AoYH$ hm{Vr h& Bg H$maU Abgr
g{dZ g{ b]{ g_` VH$ [{Q> ^am hwAm ahVm h, X{a VH$ ^yI Zht bJVr h& `h
]r.E_.Ama. H$m{ ]T>mVr h, eara H$r M]u H$_ H$aVr h Ama h_ `mXm H$bm{ar IM
H$aV{ h$&

]mS>r o]oS>J >H{$ obE ^r Z]a dZ


Abgr ]mS>r o]S>a H{$ obE Amd`H$ d g[yU Amhma h& Abgr _|$ 20
oVeV Amd`H$ A_mBZm| EogS> `w$ AN{> m{Q>rZ hm{V{ h& m{Q>rZ g{ hr
_mg[{oe`m ]T>Vr h& Abgr ^a[ya eo$ X{Vr h& H$gaV H{$ ]mX _mg[oe`m|$ H$r
WH$mdQ> MwQ>oH$`m| _| R>rH$ hm{ OmVr h& ]mS>r o]oS>J >[oH$m _gb _roS>`m 2000
_| H$moeV Amb{I ]{Q> Am\$ X ]{Q> _| Abgr H$m{ ]mS>r H{$ obE gw[a \y$S> _mZm
J`m h& o_. S{>H$Z Z{ A[Z{ Amb{I AmH$ X Jw _| Abgr H$m{ Z]a dZ ]mS>r
o]oS>J \y$S> H$m oIVm] oX`m h& Abgr h_ma{ eara H$m{ ^a[ya VmH$V XmZ H$aVr
h, eara _| ZB D$Om H$m dmh H$aVr h VWm Q{>o_>Zm ]T>mVr h&
(8)

S>m. `m{hmZm ]wS>odO H$m


H$gaam{Yr Amhma odhma
Hy$a, Hw$oQ>b, H$[Q>r, H$oR>Z, H$>X$ H$H$Q>am{J H$m
gVm, gab, gwb^, g[yU Ama gwaojV g_mYmZ
S>m. `m{hmZm ]wS>odO (O_ 30 ogV]a 1908, _`w 19 _B 2003) od
od`mV O_Z Ord agm`Z ode{fk d oMoH$gH$ Wt>& Chm|Z{ ^moVH$ odkmZ,
Ord agm`Z odkmZ, ^{fO odkmZ _| _mQ>a H$r oS>Jr hmogb H$r Wr d mH$oVH$
oMoH$gm odkmZ _| [rEMS>r H$r Wr& d{ O_Z gaH$ma H{$ Im Ama ^{fO od^mJ _|
gdm} [X [a H$m`aV Wt& d{ O_Zr d `yam{[ H$r od`mV dgm Ama V{b ode{fk
Wt& Chm|Z{ dgm, V{b VWm H$ga H{$ C[Mma H{$ obE ]hwV em{Y oH$E W{& CZH$m Zm_
Zm{]b [waH$ma H{$ obE 7 ]ma M`oZV hwAm Wm& d{ AmOrdZ emH$mhmar aht$& OrdZ
H{$ AoV_ oXZm|$ _| ^r d{ gwXa, dW d A[Zr Am`w g{ H$m\$r `wdm oXIVr Wt&
Chm|Z{ [hbr ]ma gV Ama AgV dgm [a ]hwV em{Y oH$`m&
Chm{Z{ [hbr ]ma Amd`H$ dgm Ab Am{_{Jm 3 d Am{_{Jm 6 H$m{ [hMmZm Ama
Ch| [hMmZZ{ H$r [{[a H$m{_{Q>m{Jm\$r VH$ZrH$ odH$ogV H$r Wr& h_ma{ eara [a
BZH{$ hm{Z{ dmb{ ^mdm| H$m A``Z oH$`m Wm& Chm|Z{ `h ^r [Vm bJm`m Wm oH$
Am{_{Jm 3 oH$g H$ma h_ma{ eara H$m{ odo^ ]r_moa`m| g{ ]MmV{ h VWm dW
eara H$m{ Am{_{Jm 3 d Am{_{Jm 6 ]am]a _mm _| o_bZm MmohE& BgrobE Ch|
Am{_J{ m 3 b{S>r H{$ Zm_ g{ ^r OmZm OmVm h& Chm|Z{ [yU `m AmoeH$ hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S>
dgm _mOarZ (dZ[oV Kr), Q->mg
\$Q> d oa\$mBS> V{bm|$ H{$ h_ma{ dm` [a
[S>Z{ dmb{ Xw>^mdm| H$m ^r [Vm bJm`m Wm& d{ _mOarZ, hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> dgm Ama
oa\$mBS> V{bm|> H$m{ oV]oYV H$aZm MmhVr Wt, oOgH{$ H$maU Im V{b Ama
_mOarZ ]ZmZ{ dmb{ gWmZ CZg{ H$m\$r ZmamO W{ Ama ]hwV [a{emZr _| W{&
1923 _| S>m. Am{Q>m{ ]ma]J Z{ H$ga H{$ _w` H$maU H$r Im{O H$a br Wr,
oOgH{$ obE Ch|$ 1931 _| Zm{]b [waH$ma oX`m J`m Wm& Ch| 1944 _| ^r
Zm{]b [waH$ma H{$ obE M`oZV oH$`m J`m Wm& Chm|Z{ H$m{oeH$mAm| H$r dgZ oH$`m
Ama M`m[M` [a ]hwV [arjU oH$E W{& Chm|Z{ [Vm bJm`m Wm oH$ H$ga H$m _w`
H$maU H$m{oeH$mAm| _| hm{Z{ dmbr gZ oH$`m H$m ]moYV hm{Zm h& gm_m` H$m{oeH$mE
A[Z{ M`m[M` h{Vw D$Om AmgrOZ g{ JhU H$aVr h& O]oH$ H$ga H$m{oeH$mE
AmgrOZ H{$ A^md Ama Abr` _m`_ _|$ hr \$bVr-\y$bVr h$& H$ga
(9)

H$m{oeH$mE AmgrOZ g{ gZ oH$`m Zht H$aVr& H$ga H$m{oeH$mE byH$m{O H$m{


\$_~Q> H$a{H$ D$Om m H$aVr h&
`oX gm_m` H$m{oeH$mAm| H$m{ AmgrOZ H$r Am[yoV 24 KQ{> H{$ obE bJ^J
35 oVeV H$_ H$a Xr OmE Vm{ dh H$ga H$m{oeH$mAm|$ _| [oadoVV hm{ OmVr h&
`oX H$m{oeH$mAm| H$m{ [`m AmgrOZ o_bVr ah{ Vm{ H$ga H$m AoVd hr g^d
Zht h& Chm|Z{ H$B [arjU oH$E [aVw ]ma]J `h [Vm Zht H$a [mE oH$ H$ga
H$m{oeH$mAm| H$r ]moYV dgZ oH$`m H$m{ H$g{ R>rH$ oH$`m OmE&
S>m. `m{hmZm Z{ ]ma]J H{$ em{Y H$m{ Omar aIm& dfm~ VH$ em{Y H$aH{$ [Vm bJm`m
oH$ Bb{Q->mZ{ `w$ A`V AgV Am{_J{ m-3 dgm g{ ^a[ya Abgr oOg{ AJO
{ r _|$
linseed `m Flaxseed H$hV{ h H$m $V{b H$m{oeH$mAm| _| ZB D$Om ^aVm h&
H$m{oeH$mAm| H$r dW o^om`m| H$m oZ_mU H$aVm h Ama H$m{oeH$mAm| _| AmgrOZ
H$m{ AmH$ofV H$aVm h& [aVw _w` g_`m `h Wr oH$ Abgr H$m V{b, Om{ a$ _|$
Zht KwbVm h H$m{ H$m{oeH$mAm| VH$ H$g{$ [hwMm`m OmE? dfm~ VH$ [arjU H$aZ{ H{$
]mX S>m. `m{hmZm Z{ [m`m oH$ Abgr H{$ V{b H$m{ g\$a`w$ m{Q>rZ Og{ [Zra H{$
gmW o_bmZ{ [a Abgr H$m V{b [mZr _| KwbZerb ]Z OmVm h Ama grYm
H$m{oeH$mAm| VH$ [hwMVm h& Bgg{ H$m{oeH$mAm| H$m{ ^a[ya AmgrOZ o_bVr h d
H$ga I_ hm{Z{ bJVm h&
Bg H$ma 1952 _| S>m. `m{hmZm Z{ R>S>r >odoY g{ oZH$b{ Abgr H{$ V{b d [Zra
H{$ o_lU VWm H$ga am{Yr \$bm| d goO`m| H{$ `m{J H{$ C[Mma g{ H$ga H{$ am{oJ`m|
H$m{ R>rH$ oH$`m$& Bg C[Mma g{ 90 oVeV VH$ g\$bVm o_bVr Wr& Z{Vm Ama
Zm{]{b [waH$ma go_oV _| g^r gX` Bh| Zm{]b [waH$ma X{Zm MmhV{ W{ [a Ch|
S>a Wm oH$ Bg C[Mma H{$ MobV hm{Z{ Ama _m`Vm o_bZ{ g{ 200 o]ob`Z S>mba
H$m H$ga `dgm` (H$r_m{W{a{[r Ama odoH$aU oMoH$gm C[H$aU ]ZmZ{ dmb{
]hwam->r` gWmZ) amVm|-amV YamemB hm{ OmEJm BgobE Ch| H$hm J`m oH$
Am[H$m{ H$r_m{W{a{[r Ama a{oS>`m{W{a{[r H$m{ ^r A[Z{ C[Mma _| emo_b H$aZm hm{Jm&
Chm|Z{ geV oXE OmZ{ dmb{ Zm{]b [waH$ma H$m{ EH$ Zht gmV ]ma Rw>H$am>`m&
`h g] X{IH$a H$ga `dgm` g{ OwS{> _hJr H$gaam{Yr XdmB`m Ama
a{oS>`m{W{a{[r C[H$aU ]ZmZ{ dmb{ gWmZm| H$r ZtX ham_ hm{ ahr Wr& Ch| S>a Wm
oH$ `oX `h C[Mma MobV hm{Jm Vm{ CZH$r H$gaam{Yr XdmB`m Ama H$r_m{W{a{[r
C[H$aU H$mZ IarX{Jm? Bg H$maU g^r ]hwam->r` gWmZm| Z{ CZH{$ od H$B
f>S` aM{& `{ Z{VmAm| Ama gaH$mar gWmAm| H{$ CmoYH$moa`m| H$m{ oaV X{H$a S>m.
`m{hmZm H$m{ VmoS>V H$aZ{ H{$ obE ]m` H$aV{ ah{& \$bd$[ Ch|$ A[Zm [X
(10)

N>m{S>Zm [S>m& gaH$mar >`m{JembmAm| _| BZH{$ d{e [a am{H$ bJm Xr JB Ama BZH{$
em{Y [m|$ H{$ >H$meZ [a ^r am{H$ bJm Xr JB$&
odo^ ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m|$ Z{ BZ [a Vrg g{ `mXm _wH$X_{ XmoIb oH$E& S>m.
]wS>odO Z{ A[Z{ ]Mmd h{Vw gma{ XVmd{O d` V`ma oH$E Ama AVV: gma{
_wH$X_m| _| OrV ^r hmogb H$r& H$B `m`mYrem| Z{ ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m|$ H$m{ bVmS>
bJmB Ama H$hm oH$ S>m. ]wS>odO mam VwV oH$E JE em{Y [ ghr h, CZH{$
`m{J dkmoZH$ V`m| [a AmYmoaV h& BZH{$ mam odH$ogV oH$`m J`m C[Mma
OZVm H{$ ohV _| h Ama Am_ OZVm VH$ [hwMZm MmohE& Bh|$ `W [a{emZ Zht
oH$`m OmZm MmohE& d{ 1952 g{ 2002 VH$ H$ga H{$ bmIm|$ am{oJ`m| H$m C[Mma
H$aVr aht& Ab]Q> AmBQ>rZ Z{ EH$ ]ma gM H$hm Wm oH$ AmYwoZH$ `wJ _| ^m{OZ
hr Xdm H$m H$m_ H$a{Jm& Bg C[Mma g{ g^r H$ma H{$ H$ga am{Jr Hw$N> _hrZm|$ _|
R>rH$ hm{ OmV{ W{&$ d{ H$ga H{$ E{g{ am{oJ`m|$ H$m{ oOh| A[Vmb g{ `h H$h H$a Nw>>r
>X{ Xr OmVr Wr oH$ A] CZH$m BbmO g^d Zht Ama CZH{$ [mg MX KQ{> `m MX
oXZ hr ]M{ h, A[Z{ C[Mma g{ R>rH$ H$a X{Vr Wt& H$ga H{$ Abmdm Bg C[Mma g{
S>m`o]Q>rO, C a$Mm[, AmWamBoQ>g, X`mKmV, AW_m, oS>{eZ AmoX
]r_moa`m ^r R>rH$ hm{ OmVr h&
S>m. `m{hmZm H{$ [mg A_{oaH$m d A` X{em| H{$ S>mQ>a o_bZ{ AmV{ W{, CZH{$
C[Mma H$r egm H$aV{ W{ [a CZH{$ C[Mma g{ `mdgmo`H$ bm^ AoOV H$aZ{ h{Vw
AmoWH$ gmX{]mOr H$r BN>m `$ H$aV{ W{& d{ ^r [yar XwoZ`m H$m ^_U H$aVr Wt&
A[Zr Im{O H{$ ]ma{ _| `m`mZ X{Vr Wt& Chm|Z{ H$B [wVH|$ ^r obIt oOZ_| \{$Q>
ogS->m_{ , S{>W Am\$ E Qy_a, \$b{g Am`b, E Qy> ES> AJ{Q> AmWamBoQ>g, hmQ>
B\$mH$eZ, H$ga ES> AXa oS>OrO{O, Am`b m{Q>rZ Hw$H$ ]wH$, H$ga X m{]b_
ES> gm{`yeZ AmoX _w` h& Chm|Z{ A[Zr AmoIar [wVH$ 2002 _{ obIr Wt&

gma D$Om, Bb{Q->mZ{ Ama


obZm{b{oZH$ EogS> H$m AbmoH$H$ g]Y
H$me g]g{ V{O MbVm h dmQ>_ ^moVH$r H{$ AZwgma gy` H$r oH$aUm|$ H{$
g]g{ N>m{Q{> KQ>H$ `m H$U H$m{ dmQ>_ `m \$m{Q>m{Z H$hV{ h$ Om{ AZV h& emV h,
goH$` h, gXd h, D$OmdmZ h Ama JoVerb h& Bh| H$m{B Zht am{H$ gH$Vm$& `{
D$Om H$m g]g{ [oaH$V $$[ h& `{ g]g{ oZ_b bha h& BZ_| ]mS> H{$ gma{ aJ
h& `{ A[Zm aJ, H$oV$ Ama Amdom ]Xb gH$V{ h&
Bb{Q->mZ [a_mUw H$m KQ>H$ h Ama `yob`g H{$ Mmam|$ Am{a A[Z{ oZoV H$j
(11)

_| oZoV Amdom _| gXd [oaH$_m H$aV{ ahV{ h& gXd JoVerb ahV{ h& Bb{Q->mZ{
H$m Mw]H$r` j{ A`V JoVerb \$m{Q>m{Z H$m{ A[Zr Am{a AmH$ofV H$aVm h& O]
^r H$m{B odwV Amd{e JoVerb hm{Vm h Vm{ EH$ Mw]H$r` j{ ]ZVm h& JoVerb
\$m{Q>mZ{ H$m ^r Mw] H$r` j{ hm{Vm h& O] Bb{Q->mZ{ Ama \$m{Q>mZ{ H{$ Mw] H$r` j{
g_mZ Amdom [a JwOZ H$aV{ h$ Vm{ `{ EH$ Xyga{ H$m{ A[Zr Am{a AmH$ofV H$aV{ h&
\$m{Q>m{Z gy` g{ oZH$bH$a Om{ 9.3 Aa] _rb Xya h Agr_ D$Om b{H$a OrdZ H$r
Amg b{H$a `ma H$r ]hma b{H$a, Iwoe`m| H$r gmJmV b{H$a AmV{ h& A[Zr b`
Vmb d Amdom ]Xb H$a Bb{Q->mZ{ , Om{ A[Z{ H$j _| oZoV Amdom [a gXd
[oaH$_m H$aV{ ahV{ h oH$ Am{a AmH$ofV hm{V{ h& gmW o_bH$a Z` H$aV{ h Ama
V] [yam H$j g_mZ Amdom _{ oX` JwOZ H$aVm h Ama Agr_ gma D$Om H$m dmh
hm{Vm h& `hr h OrdZ H$m Agbr \$bg\$m, {_ H$m Cgd, `hr h H$oV$ H$m
gJrV `hr h \$m{Q>mZ{ $[r gy` Ama Bb{Q->mZ{ $[r M H$m [mabmoH$H$ JYd
oddmh& `hr h oed Ama [mdVr H$m VmS>d Z`, `hr h odUw Ama b_r H$r aoV
H$rS>m, `hr h H$U Ama amYm H$m AZV, Agr_ {_&
h_|$ gy` g{ ]hwV {_ h Ama `h og\$ H$m{B g`m{J Zht h& h_ma{ eara H$r b`
gy` H$r b` g{ BVZr o_bVr h oH$ h_ gy` H$s D$Om H$m g]g{ `mXm Adem{fU
H$aV{ h& BgobE dmQ>_ dkmoZH$ H$hV{ h$ oH$ g[yU ]mS> _| g]g{ `mXm gma
D$Om m{Q>m{Z _Zw` H{$ eara _| hr hm{V{ h& `h j_Vm Ama ]T> OmVr h O] h_
Bb{Q->mZ{ g{ ^a[ya A`V AgV dgm Ab (Abgr oOZH$m ^a[ya m{V h) H$m
g{dZ H$aV{ h&

OrdZeo$ Ama A\$m obZm{b{oZH$


EogS> (E.Eb.E.)
Abgr H{$ V{b _|$ A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ EogS> (E.Eb.E.) Zm_H$ Am{_{Jm 3 dgm
Ab hm{Vm h& ]wS>odO Z{ E.Eb.E. H$r AwV gaMZm H$m JyT> A``Z oH$`m&
E.Eb.E. _| 18 H$m]Z H{$ [a_mUwAm| H$r bS>r `m lIbm hm{Vr h oOgH{$ EH$ oga{
g{ oOg{ Am{_{Jm ogam H$hV{ h, o_WmBb (CH3) Jw[ OwS>m ahVm h Ama Xyga{ g{,
oOg{ S{>Q>m ogam H$hV{ h, H$m]m}ogb (COOH) OwS>m ahVm h& E.Eb.E. _| 3
o]Y Am{_{Jm oga{ g{ H$_e: Vrga{ N>R{> Ama Zd|> H$m]Z [a_mUw H{$ ]mX hm{V{ h$&
MyoH$ [hbm o]Y Vrga{ H$m]Z H{$ ]mX hm{Vm h BgrobE BgH$m{{ Am{_{Jm 3 dgm
Ab (N-3) H$hV{ h$& E.Eb.E. h_ma{ eara _| Zht ]Z gH$V{, BgobE BZH$m{
^m{OZ mam b{Zm AoV Amd`H$ h& E.Eb.E. H$r H$m]Z lIbm _{ Ohm o]Y
(12)

]ZVm h Ama Xm{ hmBS->mO


{ Z H{$ [a_mUw AbJ hm{V{ h$ dhm Bb{Q->mZ{ m| H$m ]S>m PwS >
`m ]mXb gm, oOg{ [mB Bb{Q->m{ g ^r H$hV{ h ]Z OmVm h Ama Bg OJh
E.Eb.E. H$r bS> _wS > OmVr h& Bb{Q-m{Z H{$ Bg ]mXb _|$ A[ma odwV Amd{e ahVm
h Om{ gy` hr Zht ]oH$ g[yU ]mS> g{ AmZ{ dmb{ H$me H$r oH$aUm| H{$ g]g{ N>mQ{ {>
KQ>H$ >m{Q>m{Z H$m{ AmH$ofV H$aV{ h& Adem{fU H$aV{ h& Am{_{Jm 3 AmgrOZ H$m{
H$m{oeH$m _| ItMV{ h& m{Q>rZ H$m{ AmH$ofV H$aV{ h& `{ [mB Bb{Q->mZ{ D$Om H$m
gJhU H$aV{ h Ama EH$ EQ>rZm H$r Vah H$m_ H$aV{ h& `hr h OrdZ eo$ Om{
h_ma{ [ya{ eara ode{f Vma [a _oVH$, AmIm|, X`, _mg[{oe`m|, ZmS>rV,
H$m{oeH$m H$r o^om`m| AmoX H$m{ ^a[ya D$Om X{Vr h&

H$gaam{Yr `m{hmZm ]wS>odO Amhma odhma


S>m. ]wS>odO Amhma _|> `w$ Im [XmW VmOm, Bb{Q-m{Z `w$ Ama OodH$
(Ohm VH$ g^d hm{) hm{Z{ MmohE& Bg Amhma _| AoYH$me Im [XmW gbmX Ama
agm|$ H{$ $[ _| obE OmV{ h, oOh| VmOm V`ma oH$`m OmZm MmohE VmoH$ am{Jr H$m{
^a[ya Bb{Q-m{g o_b{& S>m. ]wS>odO Z{ Bb{Q->m{ g [a ]hwV Om{a oX`m h& Abgr H{$
V{b _|$ ^a[ya Bb{Q->m{ g hm{V{ h Ama S>m. ]wS>odO Z{ A` Bb{Q->m{ g `w$ Imm
^r `mXm g{ `mXm b{Z{ H$r gbmh Xr h& Bg C[Mma H{$ ]ma{ _|$ H$hm OmVm h oH$
N>m{Q>r-N>m{Q>r ]mV| ^r _hd[yU h Ama Oam ^r AgmdYmZr Bg Amhma H{$ AmfYr`
^md H$m{ ^modV H$a gH$Vr h&
am{O gy` H{$ H$me H$m g{dZ AoZdm` h& Bgg{ odQ>mo_Z S>r ^r m hm{Vm h&
am{OmZm Xg Xg o_ZQ> H{$ obE Xm{ ]ma H$[S{> CVmaH$a Yy[ _|> b{Q>Zm Amd`H$ h&
[mM o_ZQ> grYm b{Q|> Ama H$adQ> ]XbH$a [mM o_ZQ> CQ{> b{Q> OmE VmoH$ eara
H{$ ha ohg{ H$m{ gy` H$me H$m bm^ o_b{& am{Jr H$m{ am{OmZm Abgr H{$ V{b H$r
_mobe ^r H$r OmZr MmohE Bgg{ eara _| a$ H$m $dmh ]T>Vm h Ama Q>mogg
]mha oZH$bV{ h$& am{Jr H$m{ ha Vah H{$ XyfU (Og{ _N>a _maZ{ H{$ {$ AmoX)
Ama Bb{Q->mo ZH$ C[H$aUm| (Og{ CRT dmb{ Q>rdr AmoX) g{ oZH$bZ{ dmb{
odoH$aU g{ Ohm VH$ g^d hm{ ]MmZm MmohE& am{Jr H$m{ ogW{oQ>H$ H$[S>m| H$r OJh
D$Zr, obZZ Ama gyVr H$[S{> [hZZm MmohE& J{ ^r \$m{_ Ama [m{obEQ>a \$mB]a
H$r OJh B g{ ]Z{ hm|&
`oX am{Jr H$r oWoV ]hwV J^ra hm{ `m dh R>rH$ g{ ^m{OZ Zht b{ [m ahm h Vm{
Cg{ Abgr H{$ V{b H$m EZr_m ^r oX`m OmZm MmohE& S>m. ]wS>odO E{g{ am{oJ`m|$ H{$
obE AWmB Amhma b{Z{ H$r gbmh X{Vr Wr& `h AWmB Amhma `H$V Ama
(13)

A`me` H$ga H{$ am{oJ`m|$ H$m{ ^r oX`m OmVm h `m|oH$ d{ ^r ew$ _| g[yU
]wS>odO Amhma Zht [Mm [mV{ h& AWmB Amhma _{ am{Jr H$m{ gm_m` ^m{OZ H{$
Abmdm Hw$N> oXZm|$ VH$ o[gr hwB Abgr Ama [[rV{, AJya d A` \$bm| H$m ag
oX`m OmVm h& Hw$N> oXZm| ]mX O] am{Jr H$r [mMZ eo$ R>rH$ hm{ OmVr h Vm{ Cg{
Yra{ Yra{ g[yU ]wS>odO Amhma ew$ H$a oX`m OmVm h&
mV: EH$ bmg gmdaH$mQ> (I_ra H$r hwB [mm Jm{^r) H$m ag `m EH$ oJbmg
N>mN> b|& gmdaH$mQ> _| H$gaam{Yr Vd Ama ^a[ya odQ>mo_Z gr hm{Vm h Ama `h
[mMZ eo$ ^r ]T>mVm h& `h h_ma{ X{e _| C[bY Zht> h& [aVw Bg{ Ka [a
[mmJm{^r H$m{ I_ra H$aH{$ ]Zm`m Om gH$Vm h&
ZmVm : ZmV{ g{ AmYm KQ>m [hb{ o]Zm MrZr H$r J_ h]b `m har Mm` b|$&
_rR>m H$aZ{ H{$ obE EH$ M_M ehX `m Q{>od`m (Om{ S>m. drQ> H{$ Zm_ g{ ]mOma
_| C[bY h) H$m `m{J H$a gH$V{ h& `h o[gr Abgr H{$ \y$bZ{$ h{Vw J_ Vab
_m`_ H$m H$m` H$aVr h& A] Am[H$m{ < IS> Om{ Abgr H{$ V{b Ama Ka [a ]Z{
dgmaohV [Zra `m Xhr g{ ]Z{ [Zra H$m{ o_bmH$a ]Zm`m OmEJm b{Zm h&
[Zra ]ZmZ{ H{$ obE Jm` `m ]H$ar H$m XyY gdm}m_ ahVm h& Bg{ EH$X_ VmOm
]ZmE, VwaV Iy] M]mH$a AmZX b{V{ hwE g{dZ H$a|& 3 ]S>r M_M `mZr 45 E_Eb.
Abgr H$m V{b Ama 6 ]S>r M_M `mZr 90 E_Eb [Zra H$m{ o]Obr $g{ MbZ{
dmb{ h|S> b|S>a g{ EH$ o_ZQ> VH$ AN>r Vah o_g H$a|& V{b Ama [Zra H$m o_lU
H$r_ H$r Vah hm{ OmZm MmohE Ama V{b oXImB Zht X{Zm MmohE& V{b Ama [Zra
H$m{ b|S> H$aV{ g_` `oX o_lU JmT>m bJ{ Vm{ 1 `m 2 M_M AJya H$m ag `m XyY
o_bm b|& A] 2 ]S>r M_M Abgr VmOm [rgH$a o_bmE& Abgr H$m{ [rgZ{ H{$
]mX [h o_ZQ> H{$ AXa H$m_ _|$ b{ b{Zm MmohE&
o_lU _| Q->m]{ar, ag]{ar, M{ar, Om_wZ AmoX \$b o_bmE& ]{am| _| Eb{oOH$
EogS> hm{V{ h Om{ H$gaam{Yr h& Am[ Mmh| Vm{ AmYm H$[ H$Q{> hw>E A` \$b ^r o_bm
b|>& Bg{ H$Q{> hwE _{d{ Iw]mZr, ]mXm_, AIam{Q>, oH$eo_e, _wZ{$ AmoX gyI{ _{dm|$g{
gOmE& _yJ\$br doOV h& _{dm| _| g\$a `w$ m{Q>rZ, dgm Ama odQ>mo_Z hm{V{ h&
dmX H{$ obE doZbm, Xmb MrZr, VmOm H$mH$mAm{, H$gm Zmoa`b `m Zt]y H$m ag
o_bm gH$V{ h& oXZ ^a _| ehX 3-4 M_M g{ `mXm Z b|& `mX ah{ ehX
o_bmdQ> aohV hm{& oS>]m ]X `m [oaH$V H$VB Z hm{& oXZ^a _|$ 6 `m 8 Iw]mZr
H{$ ]rO Ad` hr ImE& BZ_|$ odQ>mo_Z ]r 17 hm{Vm h Om{ H$ga H$m{oeH$mAm| H$m{
Z> H$aVm h& \$b, _{d{ Ama _gmb{ ]XbH$a `m{J H$a|& Am{_ IS> H$m{ ]ZmZ{ H{$ Xg
o_ZQ> H{$ ^rVa b{ b{Zm MmohE& `oX Ama ImZ{ H$r BN>m hm{ Vm{ Q>_mQ>a, _ybr,
(14)

H$H$S>r AmoX H{$ gbmX H{$ gmW Hy$Qy>, dma, ]mOam AmoX gm]yV AZmOm|> H{$ AmQ{>
H$r ]Zr EH$ am{Q>r b{ b|>& Hw$Qy H$m{ ]wS>odO Z{ g]g{ AN>m A _mZm h& J{hy _|> byQ{>Z
hm{Vm h Ama [MZ{ _|> ^mar hm{Vm h AV: BgH$m `m{J Vm{ H$_ hr H$a|&
10 ]O{ : ZmV{ H{$ 1 KQ{> ]mX Ka [a VmOm ]Zm JmOa _ybr, bmH$r, [mbH$,
H$a{bm, Q>_mQ>a, MwH$Xa, J{hy H{$ Odmam|$ H$m VmOm ag b|& JmOa Ama MwH$Xa$ `H$V
H$m{ VmH$V X{V{ h Ama A`V H$gaam{Yr hm{V{ h&
Xm{[ha H$m ImZm : Xm{[ha H{$ ImZ{ H{$ AmYm KQ>m [hb{ EH$ J_ h]b Mm` b|$&
H$r goO`m, Og{ MwH$Xa, ebJ_, _ybr, JmOa, Jm{^r, har Jm{^r, hmWrMmH$,
eVmda AmoX H{$ gbmX H$m{ Ka [a ]Zr gbmX S-{>ogJ `m Amob`m{bg H{$ gmW b|$&
S-{ogJ H$m{ 1-2 M_M Abgr H{$ V{b d 1-2 M_M [Zra H{$ o_lU _|$ EH$
M_M g{] H$m ogaH$m `m Zt]y H{$ a$g Ama _gmb{ S>mbH$a ]ZmE&
gbmX H$m{ _rR>m H$aZm hm{ Vm{ Abgr H{$ V{b _|{ AJya, gVa{ `m g{] H$m ag
o_bmH$a b|$& `oX o\$a ^r ^yI h Vm{ Am[ C]br `m ^m[ _| [H$r goO`m| H{$ gmW
EH$ Xm{ o_olV AmQ{> H$r am{Q>r b|> gH$V{ h& goO`m| d am{Q>r [a Amob`m{bg (Bg{
Zmoa`b, Abgr H{$ V{b, `mO, bhgwZ g{ ]Zm`m OmVm h ^r S>mb gH$V{ h$&
_gmb{, goO`m| d \$b ]Xb-]Xb H$a b{d|& am{O EH$ M_M H$bmOr H$m V{b ^r
b|& ^m{OZ VZmd aohV hm{H$a Iy] M]m M]m H$a ImE&
< IS> H$r Xygar IwamH$ : A] ZmV{ H$r Vah hr 3 ]S>r M_M Abgr H{$ V{b
d 6 ]S>r M_M [Zra H{$ o_lU _|$ VmOm \$b _{d{ Ama _gmb{ o_bmH$a b|& `h
A`V Amd`H$ h& hm o[gr Abgr Bg ]ma Z S>mb|&
Xm{[ha ]mX : AmZmg, M{ar `m AJya H{$ ag _| EH$ `m Xm{ M_M Abgr H$m{
VmOm [rgH$a o_bmE Ama Iy] M]mH$a, bma _| o_bmH$a Yra{ Yra{ MwoH$`m b{
b{H$a o[`|& Mmh| Vm{ AmYm KQ{> ]mX EH$ oJbmg ag Ama b{ b|&
Vrga{ [ha : [r[Vm `m by ]{ar (Zrbm Om_wZ) ag _{ EH$ `m Xm{ M_M Abgr
H$m{ VmOm [rgH$a S>mb|& Iy] M]m M]mH$a bma _| o_bmH$a Yra{ Yra{ MwoH$`m b{
b{H$a o[`|& [[rV{ _| ^a[ya EOmB_ hm{V{ h Ama Bgg{ [mMZ eo$ ^r R>rH$ hm{Vr h&
gm`H$mbrZ ^m{O : em_ H$m{ o]Zm V{b S>mb{ goO`m|$ `m em{a]m `m A` odoY
g{ goO`m ]ZmE& _gmb{ ^r S>mb|& [H$Z{ H{$ ]mX BQ> b{g Ama Amob`m{bg
S>mb|$& BQ> b{g _| odQ>mo_Z ]r hm{V{ h$ Om{ eara H$m{ VmH$V X{V{ h& Q>_mQ>a,
JmOa, $MwH$Xa, `mO, eVmda, oe_bm o_M, [mbH$, [mm Jm{^r, har Jm{^r
(]m{H$m{br) AmoX goO`m| H$m g{dZ H$a|& em{a]{ H$m{ Am[ C]b{ Hw$Qy>, ^y>a{ Mmdb,
aVmby, Amby, _gya, amO_m, _Q>a gm]yV Xmb|> `m o_olV AmQ{> H$r am{Q>r H{$ gmW b{
gH$V{ h$&
(15)

]wS>odO Amhma H{$ A`V _hd[yU o]Xy


1. S>m. `m{hmZm H$r_m{Wa{ [{ r, a{oS>`m{Wa{ [{ r, dZ[oV Kr, Q->mg
\{$Q>, _IZ Kr,
MrZr, o_lr, JwS>, oa\$mBS> V{b, gm{`m]rZ d gm{`m]rZ _|> oZo_V XyY d Q>m\y$
AmoX oOd|oQ>d, H$rQ>ZmeH$, agm`Z, ogW{oQ>H$ H$[S>m|, _N>a _maZ{ H{$
{$, ]mOma _|$ C[bY Iwb{ d [H{$Q> ]X Im [XmW, AS>m, _mg, _N>br,
_wJm, _Xm AmoX g{ [yU [ah{O H$aZ{ H$r gbmh X{Vr Wr& d{ H$ga am{Jr H$m{
gZH$rZ bm{eZ, Yy[ H{$ M_{ AmoX H$m `m{J H$aZ{ H{$ obE ^r _Zm H$aVr
Wt&
2. Bg C[Mma _| `h ]hwV Amd`H$ h oH$ `m{J _| AmZ{ dmb{ g^r Im [XmW
VmOm, OodH$ Ama Bb{Q->mZ{ `w$ hm{& ]M{ hwE `OZ \|$H$ X|&
3. Abgr H$m{ O] Amd`H$Vm hm{ V^r [rg|& [rgH$a aIZ{ g{ `{ Iam] hm{ OmVr
h& V{b H$m{ AoYH$ Vm[_mZ (42 oS>Jr g{og`g [a `h Iam] hm{ OmVm h)
H$me d AmgrOZ g{ ]MmE& Jha{ aJ H{$ [m _|$ ^aH$a S>r[ \$rO _| aI|&
4. oXZ _| H$_ g{ H$_ VrZ ]ma har `m h]b Mm` b|&
5. Bg C[Mma _| Yy[ H$m ]hwV _hd h& Wm{S>r X{a Yy[ _| ]R>Zm `m ^_U H$aZm
h oOgg{ Am[H$m{ odQ>mo_Z S>r m hm{Vm h& gy` g{ D$Om o_b{Jr&
6. mUm`m_, `mZ d oOVZm g^d hm{ hH$m \w$H$m `m`m_ `m `m{Jm H$aZm h&
7. Ka H$m dmVmdaU VZmd _w$, IweZw_m, {__`, Am`mo_H$ d gH$mam_H$
ahZm MmohE& Am[ _Ywa gJrV gwZ|$, Iy] hg{, I{b| Hy$X|, H$m{Y Z H$a|&
8. gmh _| Xm{ VrZ ]ma dm[ ZmZ `m gm{Zm ]mW b{Zm MmohE&
9. [mZr dN> d o\$Q>a oH$`m hwAm o[`|&
10. Bg C[Mma g{ Yra{ Yra{ bm^ o_bVm h Ama `oX C[Mma H$m{ R>rH$ H$ma g{
ob`m OmE Vm{ gm_m`V: EH$ df `m H$_ g_` _| H$ga [yU$[ g{ R>rH$ hm{
OmVm h& am{J R>rH$ hm{Z{ H{$ [mV ^r Bg C[Mma H$m{ 2-3 df `m AmOrdZ
b{V{ ahZm MmohE&
11. A[Z{ XmVm| H$r [yar X{I^mb aIZm h& XmVm| H$m{ B\{$eZ g{ ]MmZm MmohE&
12. g]g{ _hd[yU ]mV `h h oH$ Bg C[Mma H$m{ Ogm D$[a odVma g{ ]Vm`m
J`m h dg{ hr b{Zm h A`Wm \$m`Xm Zht hm{Vm `m Yra{ Yra{ hm{Vm h& AoYH$
OmZH$mar h{Vw BQ>aZ{Q> [a h_ma{ Bg [> http://flaxindia.blogespot.com
[a pbH$ H$a|&
Am[ gm{M ah{ hm|J{ S>m. `m{hmZm H$r C[Mma [oV BVZr AgaXma d M_H$mar
h Vm{ `h BVZr MobV `m| Zht h& `h dmVd _| BgmZr bmbM H$r [amH$m>m h&
gm{oME `oX H$ga H{$ gma{ am{Jr Abgr H{$ V{b d [Zra g{ hr R>rH$ hm{Z{ bJV{ Vm{
(16)

H$ga H$r _hJr XdmB`m d a{oS>`m{Wa{ [{ r C[H$aU ]ZmZ{ dmbr ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m|$
H$m oH$VZm ]S>m AmoWH$ ZwH$gmZ hm{Vm& BgobE Chm|Z{ oH$gr ^r hX VH$ OmH$a
S>m. `m{hmZm H{$ C[Mma H$m{ Am_ AmX_r VH$ Zht [hwMZ{ oX`m& _{oS>H$b [mR>H$_
_| CZH{$ C[Mma H$m{ emo_b Zht hm{Z{ oX`m J`m& `h h_ [drdmog`m| H$m Xw^m`
h oH$ h_ma{ `hm eara H{$ obE KmVH$ d ]r_moa`m [Xm H$aZ{ dmb{ dZ[oV Kr
]ZmZ{ dmbm| [mb g{]{oQ>`a Ama odQ>a oJJZmS> H$m{> 1912 _| Zm{]{b [waH$ma X{
oX`m J`m Ama H$ga Ogr OmZb{dm ]r_mar H{$ BbmO H$r Im{O H$aZ{ dmbr S>m.
`m{hmZm Zm{]{b [waH$ma g{ doMV ah JB$& `m H$ga H{$ CZ H$am{S>m|> am{oJ`m|, Om{
Bg C[Mma g{ R>rH$ hm{ gH$V{ W{ H$r Am_mE BZ bmbMr ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m|$ H$m{
H$^r j_m H$a [mEJr? b{oH$Z AmO `h OmZH$mar h_ma{ [mg h Ama h_ Bg{ H$ga
H{$ ha am{Jr VH$ [hwMmZ{ H$m gH$[ b{V{ h$& S>m. `m{hmZm H$m C[Mma lrH$U
^JdmZ H$m dh gwXeZ MH$ h oOgg{ oH$gr ^r H$ga H$m ]M [mZm _woH$b h$&



















_{a{ H$meZ Ama Q>rdr m{Jm_


`m{J gX{e Ab 09
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Am`wd}X
Ahm qOXJr Am`wd}X _hmode{fmH$ 09
oZam{J gwI ogV]a AQy>]a Zd]a oXg]a 09 Ama
OZdar \$adar 10 d _mM A>b 10
oZam{JYm_ ]gVF$Vw ode{fmH$
Amam{`Ym_ OZdar-\$adar 10
oZam{J gOrdZr OZdar, \$adar 10
hW \$adar 10
oZam{Jr XwoZ`m _mM A$b 10
g`MH$
AmH$medmUr h{bm{ S>mQ>a [a Mma ]ma
EgQ>rEZ MZb
XyaXeZ, O`[wa VrZ ]ma
g{hV Ama Zmo`H$m (ZBXwoZ`m)

(17)

(18)

(19)

dgm Om{ H$maH$ h, dgm Om{ _maH$ h


`h goj b{I od`mV dkmoZH$ `yS>m{ Ba{g_g H$r [wVH$ Fats that Heal
that kill oOgH$r Xm{ bmI g{ AoYH$ oV`m o]H$ MwH$r h [a AmYmnaV h$& `yS>m{
Ba{gg Z{ Amd`H$ dgm Abm| [a ]hwV em{Y oH$E Ama Bh| OodH$, Agem{oYV
Abgr H{$ V{b H$m o[Vm ^r H$hm OmVm h& AoYH$ OmZH$mar H{$ obE Am[ BZH$r
d{]gmBQ> www.udoerasmus.com g{ b{ gH$V{ h& _{a{ b{I d A` OmZH$mar H{$
obE http:/flaxindia.blogspot.com [a OmE&

VmdZm :
AmYwoZH$ `wJ _| dW ahZm h_mam [hbm AoYH$ma h Ama h_| dW Im
[XmW C[bY H$amZm gaH$mam| d ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m|$ H$m [a_ Xmo`d h oZ`_ ^r
]Z{ h& _mZH$ ^r V` h, [aVw g] Va\$ ^>mMma h& gaH$ma| Im_m{e h$& Z{Vm Mw[
h Ama bmbMr ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m CZH$m AZwgaU H$aZ{ dmbr N>mQ{ >r H$[oZ`m,
hbdmB, ]{H$ar Ama a{Q>ma|Q> gma{ _mZH$m| d oZ`_m| H$m{ VmH$ _{ aIH$a `mXm g{
`mXm bm^ AoOV H$aZ{ H{$ obE h_| odf [am{g ah{ h$& Ama Vm{ Ama Am[H{$ Mh{V{
_hmZm`H$ Ed Zmo`H$mE So called super stars Om{ H$am{S>m| H$_mV{ h `m|oH$
Am[ CZH$r o\$_| X{IV{ h& CZH{$ H$m_$ H$m{ gamhV{ h& [aVw CZH$r ^yI H$am{S>m| g{
Zht o_Q>Vr Ama d{ Aa]m| H$_mZ{ H{$ obE BZ Oharb{ Im [XmWm~ H$m odkm[Z
H$aH{$ h_| d h_ma{ ]Mm| H$m{ bmbmo`V H$aV{ h$& H$m{B A[Z{ Am[H$m{ ]mXemh H$hVm
h$& _{ar ZOa _| BZH$r AmH$mV oMS>r H$r XwH$r $H{$ ]am]a ^r Zht$ h& ^maV H{$
Agbr ]mXemh Vm{ lr lr dm_r am_X{d h$ Om{ ha ^maVr` H$m{ dW d oZam{Jr
ahZ{ H$m [mR> [T>m ah{ h$&

V{bm| H$m [oaH$aU


`h AmYwoZH$ g_mO H{$ obE ]hwV hr Xw^m` H$r ]mV h oH$ Im V{b
oZ_mVmAm|$ Z{ A[Z{ dmW H{$ obE h_ma{ ^m{OZ g{ Amd`H$ dgm Ab (Am{_ 3
dgm Ab) A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab H$m{ [yar Vah hQ>m oX`m h& V{bm|$ H$m
[oaH$aU `m oa\$mBoZJ EH$ AmYwoZH$ VH$ZrH$ h oOg_| ]rOm| H$m{ C Vm[_mZ
200 g{ 500 oS>Jr g{og`g H{$ ]rM H$B ]ma J_ oH$`m OmVm h& KmVH$
[{Q->mo{ b`_ C[mX h{O{Z H$m `m{J oH$`m OmVm h Ama V{b H$m{ oa\$mBZ, JYhrZ
Ama aJhrZ ]ZmZ{ H{$ obE H$B KmVH$ agm`Z Og{ H$moQ>H$ gm{S>m, \$m{g\$m{oaH$
EogS>, broMJ b{O AmoX o_bmE OmV{ h$, VmoH$ `oX oZ_mVm gV{, hmoZH$maH$
Ama Iam] ]rOm| g{ ^r V{b oZH$mb{ V] ^r C[^m{$m $H$m{ [Vm Zht Mb{& V{b
(20)

oZ_mVmAm| g{ _{am AZwam{Y h oH$ d{{ Oam gm{M{ oH$ Wm{S>m gm `mXm bm^ [mZ{ H{$
MH$a _|{ d{ g[yU _mZd OmoV H$m{ oH$VZm ZwH$gmZ [hwMm ah{ h$& gm_m` VarH$m|
mam V{b oZH$mbZ{ H$r oH$`m _| 7% V{b H$_ oZH$bVm h& Bg gmV oVeV V{b
H$m{ oZH$mbZ{ H{$ obE KmVH$ [{Q->mo{ b`_ gm{bd{Q> h{O{Z H$m `m{J oH$`m OmVm h&
[yam V{b oZH$bZ{ H{$ ]mX V{b H$m{ C Vm[_mZ [a J_ oH$`m OmVm h, oOgg{ h{O{Z
CS> OmVm h oOg{ R>S>m H$a [wZ: `m{J _| b{ ob`m OmVm h& o\$a ^r h{O{Z H$m Hw$N>
A$e Vm{ V{b _| ah hr OmVm h Om{ h_ma{ dm` H{$ gmW oIbdmS> H$aZ{ H{$ obE
H$m\$r h& V{b H{$ gmXmJam|$ gm{Mm{ `m Bg 7% V{b [a h_| XyY X{Z{ dmbr Jm` ^gm|
H$m hH$ Zht h...?
oa\$mBZ H$aZ{ H$r oH$`m _| _w$ \$Q>r $EogS>, \$m{\$m{obo[S> Ama mH$oVH$
EQ>rAmgrS|>Q>g H$m{ AbJ H$aZ{ H{$ obE KmVH$ agm`Z H$moQ>H$ gm{S>m (gm{oS>`_
hmBS->m{ gmBS>) o_bm`m OmVm h& Am[ gm{M gH$V{ h$ oH$ BgH$m Wm{S >m gm Ae ^r
V{b _| ]Mm ah{Jm Vm{ `h Am[H{$ dm` H$m{ oH$VZm ZwH$gmZ H$a{Jm& Am[ OmZZm
Mmh|J{ oH$ dm` H{$ obE \$m`X{_X `{ [XmW `m|$ oZH$mb{ OmV{ h? `m|oH$ `{
OXr Iam] hm{ OmV{ h Ama V{b _| XwJY X{Z{ bJV{ h& oZ_mVm H$m{B Om{oI_ Zht
b{Zm MmhVm, dh Vm{ MmhVm h oH$ V{b H$r `mXm g{ `mXm e\$ bmB\$ hm{ Ama
dh XwJY aohV b]{ g_` VH$ XwH$mZm| H$r e\$m| _| gOm ah{ Ama o]H$Z{ _| H$m{B
oXH$V $Z AmE&
]rOm| _| H$B mH$oVH$ Vd Og{ \$m{\{$Q>mBS>g, b{groWZ, bm{am{o\$b, ]rQ>m
H{$am{Q>rZ AmoX hm{V{ h$ Om{ H$m{b{ Q->mb H$_ H$aV{ h& a$Mm[ oZ`oV aIV{ h&
H$gaam{Yr hm{V{ h& [mMZ oH$`m _| ghm`H$ hm{V{ h& `H$V d o[m H$r Wbr H{$ R>rH$
g{ H$m` H$aZ{ _|$ ghm`H$ hm{V{ h& o> R>rH$ aIV{ h& ]wo_mm ]T>mV{ h Ama Xmh
am{Yr hm{V{ h& ]rOm| _| mH$oVH$ EQ>rAmgrS|>Q> ^r hm{V{ h Om{ V{bm| H$m{ Iam] hm{Z{
g{ ]MmV{ h& Bht bm{am{o\$b Ama ]rQ>m H{$am{Q>rZ H$m{ oZH$mbZ{ Ama V{b H$m{ aJhrZ
]ZmZ{ H{$ obE V{b _|$ broMJ b{O o_bmB OmVr h& V{b _|{ g{ \$m{\{$Q>mBS>g Ama
b{groWZ H$m{ oZH$mbZ{ H{$ obE (S>rJo_J H$aZ{ H{$ obE) \$m{\$m{oaH$ EogS> H$m
`m{J oH$`m OmVm h& JYhrZ ]ZmZ{ H{$ obE V{b H$m{ 460 g{ 520 oS>Jr [a ^m[
H{$ gmW oS>oQ>b oH$`m OmVm h oOgg{ Eam{_{oQ>H$ V{b, _w$ \$Q>r EogS> XwJY X{Z{
dmb{ Vd AbJ hm{ OmV{ h& BgH{$ ]mX _{ H$o_ EQ>rAmgrS|>Q, o>Od|oQ>d Ama
Q{>o]bmBOa o_bmE OmV{ h& `m `{ g] Am[H{$ dm` H$m ]S> ]OmZ{ H{$ obE
H$m\$r Zht$ h&
Bg V{b H$m{ VH$ZrH$r ^mfm _|$(Cheap Commercial R.B.D. oil) `mZr
(21)

gVm `mdgmo`H$ [oaH$V,$ aJhrZ Ama JYhrZ V{b H$hV{ h& _hmZ V{b
ode{fk D$S>m{ Ba{_g Bg V{b H$m{ bmoQ>H$ V{b H$hV{ h Ama Bg{ _mZd dm`
H{$ obE g]g{ IVaZmH$ Oha _mZV{ h& Am{_ 3 dgm Ab A\$mobZm{b{oZH$ Ab
^r Bg C Vm[_mZ Ama odo^ agm`Zm| H{$ g[H$ _|$ AmZ{ g{ [yUV`m Z> hm{
OmVm h& A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab 42 oS>Jr g{og`g [a Iam] hm{ OmV{ h& `h
V{b ^b{ h_ma{ dm` H$m{ oH$VZm hr ZwH$gmZ [hwMmE [a oZ_mVmAm| H$m{ Vm{
\$m`Xm hr \$m`Xm h&

hmBS->mO
{ ZrH$aU
BgH{$ ]mX V{bm|$ H$r e\$ bmB\$ ]T>mZ{ H{$ obE V{bm|$ H$m oZH$b VWm
hmBS->mO
{ Z H$r _XX g{ AmoeH$ hmBS->mo{ bO{eZ (oOg{ ohXr _| hmBS->mO
{ ZrH$aU `m
S>mbS>mH$aU H$hV{ h) oH$`m OmVm h& Bg oH$`m _| V{bm| _| g{ oZoH$b YmVw H$r
C[oWoV _{ 4 00 oS>Jr [a ^mar X]md g{ 8 KQ>{ V>H$ hmBS->mO
{ Z dmohV H$r
OmVr h& Bgg{ V`ma hm{Vm h oZoH$` (_V) V{b Om{ H$^r Iam] Zht hm{Vm h&
(dm^modH$ h Iam] H$m `m Iam] hm{Jm) Bg_| hm{V{ h H{$_rH$b mam [oadoVV
\$Q>r EogS> (Om{ eara H{$ obE o]Hw$b oZaWH$ V{b oOg{ M`m[oMV H$aZm eara
H{$ ]g H$r ]mV Zht$ h) Q->mg
\$Q> Ama oZoH$b H{$ Ade{f$& `h V{b, g\{$X R>mg
{
H$S>m Ama X{IZ{ _| Kr Ogm bJVm h$& _mOarZ Ama emQ>q ZJ [yU hmBS->mO
{ ZrH$V
hm{V{ h$& AmoeH$ hmBS->mO
{ ZrH$aU [yU hmBS->mO
{ ZrH$aU g{ ^r `mXm Iam] hm{V{ h&
Bg [yar oH$`m _| ]rOm| _| od_mZ H$B _hd[yU Ama bm^Xm`H$ dZ[oVH$
Vd, odQ>mo_Z AmoX [yar Vah Z> hm{ OmV{ h&
]hwam->r` gWmZ A[Z{ g^r Im [XmWm~ Og{ ]S{ >, H{$H$, $_Jm{, [mVm,
ZyS>g, o]Hw$Q>, $oMg, Hw$aHw$a{, o[mm, ]Ja, AmBgH$r_, MmH$b{Q> AmoX _|
Q->mg
\$Q> `w$ KmVH$ hmBS->mO
{ ZrH$V dgm H$m ^a[ya `m{J H$aV{ h& Q->mg
\$Q> h_ma{
eara H{$ obE odf h Om{ H$B ]r_moa`m Og{ S>m`o]Q>rO, _m{Q>m[m, AmWmBoQ>g, C
a$Mm[, X`mKmV, oS>{eZ AmoX [Xm H$aV{ h&

VbZm

(Frying Deep Frying)

VbZ H{$ obE ]hw Ag V{b `m (Polyunsaturated Oils) H$^r ^r H$m_ _{


Zht b{ Mmh| dh gVm Q>m{ogg oa\$mBS> V{b hm{ `m R>S>r odoY mam (Cold
pressed) oZH$bm hwAm, A[oaH$V (Unrefined) oVb `m gagm|$ H$m ]oT>`m
V{b hm{& H$^r ^r J_ Imbr \$mBJ [{Z `m H$T>mB _| V{b S>mbH$a V{O AmM [a J_
Zht H$a|& [hb{ V{b H$m{ V{O AmM [a ObmH$a VbZm `m VS>H$m bJmZm A] ^yb
OmBE& JhoU`m| H$ OmBE, O] VH$ Am[ H$T>mB _| V{b S>mbH$a YwAm oZH$mbH$a
(22)

H$S>H$S>mVr AmdmO H{$ gmW PH$mg VS>H$m bJmZ{ H$r V`mar H$aVr h V] VH$
Am[H{$ V{b H$m Vm[_mZ 600 g{ 700 oS>Jr `m Ama D$[a Om MwH$m hm{Vm h, V{b
[yar Vah Ob MwH$m hm{Vm h& CgH{$ ogg \$Q>r EogS>g
Q->mg
\$Q>r EogS>g
_| ]Xb
MwH{$ hm{V{ h Ama CgH{$ gma{ EQ>r AmgrS|>Q> Z> hm{ MwH{$ hm{V{ h$& `oX Am[ `OZ
]ZmZ{ H{$ obE ]VZ H$m{ _`_ AmM [a J_ H$a|$ o\$a V{b Ama [mZr gmW S>mb|,
`h [mZr `OZ H{$ Vm[_mZ H$m{ gwaojV Vm[_mZ g{ D$[a Zht OmZ{ X{Jm& BgH{$
]mX gm_m` VarH{$ g{ `OZ V`ma H$a|$& X{oIEJm Am[H{$ [oV Ama ]{ Bg `OZ
H$r oH$VZr Vmar\$ H$aV{ h$& Am[ H$m{oee H$aH{$ Vm{ X{oIE& H$_ AmM [a oVb,
gagm| `m Zmoa`b H{$ V{b _|$ [mZr o_bmH$a hH$m \w$H$m \$mB H$aZ{ _| ode{f hO
Zht h&
VbZm Vm{ o]bHw$b $hr ]X H$a X|& VbZ{ H{$ o$bE [mZr H$m `m{J H$aZm ^r ]wam
Zht h_Z{ EH$ ]ma [mZr _|$ [H$m{S{> Vb{ W{& Or hm Amhmaemr AmOH$b [mZr H$m{
VbZ{ H$m gdm}>m_ Ama gwaojV _m`_ _mZV{ h& o\$a ^r `oX H$^r _O]yar _|
VbZm [S{> V>m{ H$_ AmM [a gV dgm Og{ Kr, _IZ, Zmoa`b H$m V{b `m OVyZ
H$m V{b (Om{ EH$b Ag dgmAb h) `m{J H$a|$& C]mbZm Ama ^m[ _| [H$mZm
^m{OZ [H$mZ{ H{$ AN{> VarH{$ h$& H$_ Vm[_mZ (160 oS>Jr) [a ^m{OZ ]{H$ H$aZm
^m{OZ ]ZmZ{ H$m H$m\$r gwaojV VarH$m _mZm OmVm h, `m|oH$ o_lU _| o_bm`m
J`m [mZr o_lU H{$ Vm[_mZ H$m{ Am{dZ H{$ C Vm[_mZ VH$ Zht$ [hwMZ{ X{Vm&
o_Z{gm{Q>m ododmb` H{$ ^m{OZ Ama [m{fU agm`Z od^mJ H$r mMm` S>m.
g{b{Zr H{$ AZwgma V{b H$m{ 200 oS>Jr g{ 225 oS>Jr [a AmY{ KQ{> V>H$ J_ H$aZ{
g{ Cg_| EMEZB Zm_H$ ]hwV hr Q>m{ogg [XmW ]ZVm h& `h obZm{obH$ EogS> H{$
AmgrH$aU g{ ]ZVm h Ama CVH$m|$ _| m{Q>rZ (DNA, RNA)Ama A` Amd`H$
Vdm| H$m{ joV [hwM mVm h& `h E{Wa{ mobam{ogg, Q->mH{ $, [moH$gZ, EOmB_a
am{J, `H$V am{J AmoX H$m OZH$ _mZm OmVm h& dh VbZ{ H{$ obE ]hwAg V{b
`m{J H$aZ{ H{$ od Wr& gV dgm H$m{ J_ H$aZ{ [a AmgrH$V Zht$ hm{V{ h
Ama BgobE J_ H$aZ{ [a CZ_| EMEZB ^r Zht ]ZV{ h& BgobE Kr, _IZ Ama
Zmoa`b H$m V{b H$B XeH$m| g{ _mZd dm` H$m{ am{JJV H$aZ{ H$r ]XZm_r P{bZ{
H{$ ]mX AmO H$b [wZ: Amhma emo`m| H{$ Mh{V{ ]Z{ hwE h& `{ eara _| Am{_{Jm 3
Ama Am{_{Jm 6 H$m AZw[mV ^r gm_m` ]ZmE aIV{ h&
A] `h [yUV: og hm{ MwH$m h oH$ oH$gr ^r `OZ H$m{ V{O AmM [a ]hw
AgV V{b (PUFA) _| VbZm H$ga H$m _w` H$maU h Ama dkmoZH$m| H{$ [mg
BgH{$ [`m g]yV h$& O] V{b H$m{ J_ H$aV{ h Vm{ CgH$m Vm[_mZ OXr hr 600
(23)

g{ 700 oS>Jr `m Ama D$[a Mbm OmVm h& Bg Vm[_mZ [a V{b H{$ ogg \$Q>r
EogS> Q->mg
\$Q>r EogS>g
_|> ]Xb OmV{ h Ama CgH{$ gma{ EQ>rAmgrS|>Q> Ama
[m{fH$ Vd (odQ>mo_Z B Ama H{$am{Q>rZ) Z> hm{ OmV{ h& Bgr V{b H$m{ O] Xygar ]ma
J_ oH$`m OmVm h Vm{ BgH{$ m{Q>rZ Ob H$a H$ga [Xm H$aZ{ dmb{ KmVH$ EH$m{obZ
]ZmV{ h& Om{ _mZd H{$ obE g]g{ IVaZmH$ odf h& BgrobE VbZ{ H{$ ]mX V{b
H$m{ [wZ: `m{J H$aZ{ H$r gbmh H$^r ^r Zht Xr OmVr h Ama ]mOma _| Vb{ hwE
`OZ ImZ{ H$m ^r _Zm oH$`m OmVm h& `mX ah{ ImZm [H$mZ{ Ama ImZ{ H{$ ]VZ
Q>rb, H$mM, MrZr o_>r H{$ hr `m{J H$a|& bmoQ>H$, E`w_roZ`_, ohS>m{ob`_
`m Q{>bm{Z H$m{Q{>S> ]VZ Ama _mBH$m{d{d H$^r ^r `m{J Zht H$a|& ^m{OZ ]ZmZ{ H{$
obE oZ_ V{b AN{> _mZ{ OmV{ h&

_IZ `m Kr Zmoa`b H$m V{b oVb H$m V{b


gagm|$ H$m V{b OVyZ H$m V{b `mXm AmobH$ dmbm gy`_wIr V{b
hmadS> h{W [obH$ Hy$b H{$ em{Y g{ gmo]V hwAm h oH$ A_{oaH$m _| H$_ g{ H$_
hOma g{ `mXm bm{Jm|$ H$r _`w oVdf 30 _maH$ dgm H{$ g{dZ g{ hm{ OmVr h&

MrZr H$_ Vm{ ^r odf


MrZr dgm Zht$ h [a eara AoVoa$ MrZr H$m{ gV dgm _|$ [oadoVV H$a X{Vm
h& MrZr XmVm| H$m{ Iam] H$aVr h, BQ>, \$Jg$ d H$ga H$m{oeH$mAm| H$m{ [m{fU
X{Vr h& Q->mBgmBbrgamBS> ]T>mVr h, C_ KQ>mVr h Ama a$ _| g{ H{$og`_ d
H$m{o_`_ H$m{ Mwam b{Vr h& _{[b gra[, amBg oga[, H$mZ oga[, \$Q>m{O, obo$S>
byH$m{O AmoX MrZr H{$ d{ [`m`dmMr eX h$ oOZH$m `m{J ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m
A[Z{ Im [XmWm~ _| MrZr H$m{ Nw>[m>Z{ H{$ obE YS>b{ g{ H$aVr h>&

H$maH$ dgm `m Amd`H$ dgm Ab


1. _mZd eara _| AoYH$Va dgm Abm| _| 14 g{ 24 H$m]Z H$r bS> `m lIbm
hm{Vr h, oOgH$m$ EH$ ogam H$m]m}ogb _|$ ]Ym ahVm h AV: Bg{
H$m]m}ogb ogam H$hV{ h$ Ama Xygam ogam o_WmBb ) g{ ]Ym ahVm h oOg{
o_WmBb `m Am{_{Jm ogam H$hV{ h& dgm Ab H$r bS> _| H$m]m}ogb{Q> H{$ ]mX
dmb{ H$m]Z H$m{ A\$m a) Cgg{ AJb{ H$m{ ]rQ>m B) Ama Bg Vah oJZV{ hwE
AmoIar H$m]Z H$m{ Am{_{Jm W) (JrH$ dU_mbm H$m AmoIar Aja) H$hV{ h&
dgm Ab H$r bS> _| gm_m` H$m]Z H{$ [a_mUwAm| H$r g`m H$_ hm{Vr h
(24)

`m|oH$ BZH$r C[om Xm{ H$m]Z dmb{ EOmB_ EgrQ>mBb H$m{E g{ hm{Vr h& dgm
Ab H$m oZ_mU Q->mBbrgamBS> H{$ oZObrH$aU Ama brgam{b AbJ hm{Z{
g{ hm{Vm h& dgm Ab VrZ H$ma H{$ hm{V{ h$&
2. g dgmAb (Saturated Fatty Acid)
3. EH$b Ag dgmAb (Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acid)
4. ]hw Ag dgmAb (Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids)
Ag dgmAb (Unsaturrated fatty Acid)
gm_m`V: H$m]Z H{$ [a_mUw g{ 4 A` [a_mUw OwS> gH$V{ h> Og{ _rW{Z Jg
_| H$m]Z H{$ 4 hmBS->mO
{ Z H{$ [a_mUw OwS >{ hwE h>& g dgmAb (Saturated
Fatty Acid)_| gma{ H$m]Z Xm{Zm| Va\$ EH$ EH$ hmBS->mO
{ Z [a_mUw g{ EH$b ]YZ
mam ]Y{ ahV{ h& `{ gm_m` Vm[_mZ [a R>m{g ahV{ h& EH$b Ag dgmAb
(Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acid) _| og\$ Xm{ H$m]Z E{g{ hm{V{ h Om{ Xm{ H{$ WmZ
[a EH$ hr hmBS->mO
{ Z g{ ]Y{ hm{V{ h Ama gVb
w Z ]ZmE aIZ{ H{$ obE `{ Am[g _|
o]Y mam OwS>V{ h, `mZr BZ_| og\$ EH$ o]Y hm{Vm h& `{ gm_m` Vm[_mZ [a
Vab ahV{ h&

Amd`H$ dgm Ab
h_ma{ obE A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab (Omega-3 Fatty Acid) Ama obZm{oZH$
Ab (Omega 6 Fatty Acid) Amd`H$ dgm Ab h, oOgH$m gm\$ gm\$
_Vb] `h h oH$ `h eara _| Zht ]Z gH$V{ h, $`m|oH$ VZYmar Ord o_WmBb
`m Am{_{Jm oga{ g{ Zd| H$m]Z H{$ [hb{ o]Y dmb{ dgmAb ]ZmZ{ H{$ gj_ Zht$
hm{V{ h& BgobE Bh| ^m{OZ mam b{Zm A`V Amd`H$ h$& O] 1923 _| BZH$r
Im{O hwB Vm{ Bh| odQ>mo_Z E\$$ H$hm OmVm Wm b{oH$Z 1930 _| ]a Ama o_ba Z{
Bh| \$Q> H$r $l{Ur _| aIZm R>rH$ g_Pm&
A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab `m ALA H$m{ gj{[ _{ 18 :3 n-3 obIV{ h, Om{
XemVm h oH$ Bg dgmAb _| 18 H$m]Z H$r bS> h Ama VrZ o]Y h Ama [hbm
o]Y o_WmBb oga{ g{ Vrga{ H$m]Z H{$ ]mX h& Bgr Vah obZm{oZH$ Ab LA H$r
18:2 n-6 obI|J{ `m|oH$ Bg dgmAb _{ 18 H$m]Z H$r bS> h Ama Xm{ o]Y h
Ama [hbm o]Y o_WmBb oga{ g{ N>R{> H$m]Z H{$ ]mX h&

Am{_{Jm 3 `m Am{_ 3 dgm Ab


Am{_{Jm 3 `m Am{_ 3 dgmAb CZ ]hw Ag dgm Abm|$ H$m{ H$hV{ h oOg_|
(25)

[hbm o]Y o_WmBb oga g{ Vrga{ H$m]Z H{$ ]mX hm{Vm h& _w` Am{_ 3 dgmAb
oZ_ h&
A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab (Omega-3 Fatty Acid) `h Amd`H$ h& BZH{$
g]g{ _hmZ m{V Abgr, AIam{Q>, gy`_wIr, oM`m, gm{`m]rZ, H$z H{$ ]rO, JmO{
H{$ ]rO Ama har goO`m h$&
1. A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab (Alpha Linolenic acid)
2. oQ>`oaS>m{oZH$ EogS>
3. AmBH$m{gmQ{>Q->mZm{BH$ EogS> (ETA)
4. Eicosapentacnoie Acid EPA
5. Docosahexaenoic Acid DHA
Am{_{Jm 3 dgm Ab (Docosahexacnoic Acid DHA and
Eacosapentaencie Acid EPA) H{$ m{V R>S{> [mZr H$r _N>ob`m Og{ gaS>rZ
gmb_m{Z, H$m{S>, h{br]wQ>, h{oaJ, Q->mQ >, Qw>Zm AmoX h>& `h Ad` `mX aI| oH$
(DHA) Ama EPA)Amd`H$ dgm Ab Zht h, `mZr `{ eara _| odQ>mo_Z ]r 6
Ama _{JZroe`_ H$r _XX g{ ALA g{ EPA _| Ama DHA g{ DHA
Prostaglandin TV Series _| [oadoVV hm{ OmV{ h& ]ZmVm h Om{ eo$embr
Y$mam{Yr h&
A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ Ab odQ>mo_Z ]r 6 _{JZroe`_ Ama oOH$ H$r C[oWoV
_|> 6 oS>g{Mwa{O EOmB_ H$r _XX g{ Ag hm{H$a oQ>`oaS>m{oZH$ EogS> ]ZmVm h&
Bbm{JO
{ EOmB_ H$r _XX g{ oQ>`oaS>mo{ ZH$ EogS> b]m hm{H$a AmBH$m{gmQ-{>Q>mZm{BH$
EogS> ]ZVm h Om{ odQ>mo_Z gr, Zm`ogZ Ama oOH$ H$r C[oWoV _|> 5 S>r g|Mwa{O
EOmB_ H$r _XX g{ AmBH$m{gm[|Q>mZm{BH$ EogS> (EPA) ]ZmVm h&
AmBH$m{gm[|Q>mZm{BH$ EogS> (EPA) Ag Ama b]m hm{H$a S>m{H$m{g{h{OmZm{BH$
EogS> ]ZVm h& AmBH$m{gm[|Q>mZm{BH$ EogS> (EPA) hr VVr` lIbm H{$
m{Q>mb{qS>Z (PG-3), Wm{]m{g{Z (TLB-3) Ama `wH$m{Q->mBZ (TLB-5) ]ZmVm h
Om{ Xmh am{Yr, a$ dmohH$m h Ama o]]mUwAm| H$m oM[oM[m[Z H$_ H$aV{ h&

Am{_{Jm 6 `m Am{_ 6 dgm Ab


Am{_{Jm 6 `m Am{_ 6 dgm Ab CZ ]hw AgV dgm Abm| H$m{ H$hV{ h oOZ_|
[hbm o]Y o_WmBb oga{ g{ N>R{> H$m]>Z H{$ ]mX hm{Vm h& obZm{obH$ EogS> LA
Am{_ 6 `m Omega 6 l{Ur H$m dgmAb h Om{ g^r Im V{bm|$ _| ]hwVm`mV _|
[m`m OmVm h& BgH{$ _w` m{V H$aS>r (g\$m{bm) H$m V{b, o]Zm{b{ H$m V{b,
(26)

gy`_wIr H$m V{b, _yJ\$br H$m V{b, _H$B H$m V{b, Abgr H$m V{ b AmoX h& `{
Jm_m obZm{b{oZH$ EogS> ]ZmV{ h& Bg oH$`m _| _{JZroe`_, BgwobZ, odQ>mo_Z
gr, odQ>mo_Z ]r 3, odQ>mo_Z ]r 6, \$m{obH$ EogS> Ama `m`m_ _XX H$aV{ h&
hmbmoH$ hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> \$Q>, Q->mg
\$Q> ]T>m hwAm H$m{b{ Q->mb, gV dgm, _mOarZ,
dm`ag gH$_U, H$mogZm{OZ, a{oS>`{eZ, bwH$mJm{Z Ama OrUVm Bg [oadVZ H$m{
]moYV H$aV{ h& BZ g]_| hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> \$Q> g]g{ IVaZmH$ h$& od`mV \$Q>
ode{fk S>m. m{e H{$ AZwgma hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> \$Q> _mZdVm H$m g]g{ ]S>m H$moVb
h& AmOH$b ha `mdgmo`H$ MrO hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> \{$Q> `m V{b g{ V`ma H$r Om ahr
h& S>m. m{e BgH$r H$S>r oZXm H$aV{ h Ama _Zw` H$m g]g{ ]S>m Xw^m` _mZV{ h&
Gamma- Linolenic Acid (GLA) H{$ m{V h _mZd XyY, BdoZJ mB_am{O,
b{H$ H$a|Q> Ama ]m{amO H{$ ]rO (Gamma-Linotenic Acid (GLA) Dihomo
Gamma Linolenic Acid (DGLA) ]ZmVm h& Gamma DGLA
Prostaglandin 1 Series ]ZmV{ h& `{ Xmham{Yr (antiinflammatory) h, ^yI
H$_ H$aV{ h, H$gaam{Yr h, ajm Umbr H$m{ CH$> ]ZmV{ h, o]]mUwAm|
(Platelets) H$m oM[oM[m[Z H$_ H$aV{ h, H$m{b{ Q->mb H$_ H$aV{ h, a$ dmohH$mAm|
Ama mg Zbr H$m odVmaU H$aV{ h& gmBobH$ AMP H$m{ ]T>mV{ h>& H{$oe`_
H$r JoVodoY H$m{ oZ`oV H$aV{ h$, WmB_g H$m{ Cm{oOV H$aV{ h, X` H$m{ D$Om
X{V{ h Ama ZmS>rgX{e dmhH$m| H$m md H$aV{ h&
Hw$N> odQ>mo_Z Ama KQ>H$ (Prostaglandin 1 H{$ oZ_mU H$m{ Cm{oOV H$aV{ h$
Og{ odQ>mo_Z gr.B. ]r 3, ]r 6, oOH$, H{$boe`_, ]m`m{oQ>Z Ama _{bmQ>m{oZZ&
O]oH$ Hw$N> KQ>H$ Og{ Eo[arZ, Q>ram{BS>, broW`_, hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> \$Q>, \y$S>
EogoQ>d NSAIDs, ALA, EPA, & DHA (by feedbac mechanisms) Ama
H$\$rZ Prostaglandin 1 H{$ oZ_mU H$m{ ]moYV H$aV{ h$& Q->mg
\$Q>, odQ>mo_Z ]r
6, oOH$, hmBS->mo{ OZ{Q>{ S> \$Q> Ama Am{_J{ m 3 \$Q> H$r H$_r Dihomo Gamma
Linolenic Acid DGLA) H$m{ Arachidonic Acid (AA) _|$ [oadoVV H$aZ{ H{$
obE CH$gmV{ h$& OVyZ H$m V{b (Eicosapentaenoic Acid EPA, A-Linolenic
Acid ALA and Vitamin A Bg oH$`m _| Adam{Y [Xm H$aV{ h& Dihomo
Gamma Linolenic Acid (DGLA) g{ D$Om ^r [Xm hm{Vr h& Arachidonic
Acid (AA) H{$ _wI m{V bmb _mg, XyY C[mX Ama e{bo\$e h& Arachidonic
Acid (AA) series II H{$ Prostaglandin m{Q>mgmBobZ (bm^Xm`H$ h)
(Prostaglandin) (ZwH$gmZXm`H$) and Leukotrienes ]T>mV{ h$& bm^Xm`H$
m{Q>mgmBobZ a$ dmohH$mAm|$ H$m odVmaU H$aV{ h, gHw$MZ$ H$aV{ h,
o]]mUwAm| (Platelet) H$m oM[oM[m[Z ]T>mV{ h, gmBobZ (AMP) H$m{ ]T>mV{ h
(27)

Ama H$ga H$m{ ]T>mV{ h& Leukotrienes ]T>mV{ h, a$ dmohH$mAm| H$m gHw$MZ$
H$aV{ h& mg Zbr H$m gHw$MZ$ H$aV{ h Ama mg Zbr _| {_m H$m md ]T>mV{ h&
Arachidonic Acid _oVH$ Ama AmIm| H{$ odH$mg H{$ obE ^r Amd`H$ h&

Amd`H$ dgm Abm|$ H$r H$_r H{$ bjU


(1) Ir dMm, ]mbm|$ H$m PS>Zm, XmX, Hw$[ ZmIyZ&
(2) AmIm| _| Im[Z, \$Q>r $obda, JwXm~ H$m R>rH$ g{ H$m_ Z H$aZm&
(3) H$_Om{a do, AdgmX, ]wo H$_Om{a hm{Zm, grIZ{ H$r j_Vm H$_Om{a hm{Zm
d _yS> Iam] ahZm&
(4) eara H$r JoW`m| H$m [`m hma_m{Z d md Z ]ZZm&
(5) am{J oVam{YH$ j_Vm H$_ hm{Zm d Kmd X{a g{ ^aZm&
(6) ewH$mUw H$_ hm{Zm, ]ma ]ma ]m oJaZm&
(7) Om{S>m| _| JoR>`m (Arthritis) H$r oeH$m`V hm{Zm&
(8) a$ _|$ H$m{b{ Q->mb H$m ]T>Zm d hX` H$r JoV ]T>Zm&
(9) A[M hm{Zm, \y$S> EbOu$ hm{Zm&

C[ghma
Bg b{I H{$ _hd[yU o]Xw oZ_oboIV h(1) AmO g{ h_|$ ]hwam->r` H$[oZ`m|$ mam ]ZmE JE d ]mOma _| C[bY g^r
Im [XmWm~ Om{ _maH$ dgm g{ ^a[ya h H$m g{dZ ]X H$a X{Zm h&
(2) JhoU`m| H$m{ ImZm ]ZmZ{ H{$ obE oa\$mBS> V{b H$m_ _|$ Zht b{Zm h& ]oH$
H$r KmUr H$m oZH$bm Zmoa`b, oVb `m gagm{ H$m V{b H$m_ _| b{Zm h&
Ohm VH$ hm{ gH{$ ImZm C]mbH$a `m {ea Hw$H$a $_| `m ^m[ _| [H$mZm h&
VbZ{ H$r oH$`m Vm{ ^yb hr OmE& ImZm ]ZmZ{ H{$ ]mX Cg_|$ AN{> H$maH$
dgm H$m >`m{J H$a|&
(3) ^m{OZ _| Amd`H$ dgm Am{_{Jm 3 Om{ Abgr _| Mwa _mm _| hm{Vr h, H$m
`m{J `mXm g{ `mXm H$aZm h& VmoH$ Am[ _m{Q>m[m, C a$Mm[,
X`mKmV, _Yw_{h, H$ga, JoR>`m AmoX ]r_moa`m| g{ ]M{ ah|& Am{_{Jm 3 H{$
obE Am[ oVoXZ 30 g{ 60 Jm_ Abgr H$m `m H$m{S>{S> Abgr H{$ V{b
H$m `m{J H$a|&

]hZm|, `m E{gm ^m{OZ, Om{ _maH$ dgm g{ ^a[ya hm{, dm` Iam] H$a{
Ama eara H$m{ odo^ ]r_moa`m| g{ JogV H$a{, Am[ A[Z{ mUm| g{ `ma{
]m|, [oV d [oadmaOZm| H$m{, oOZH$r b]r C_ H{$ obE Am[ XwAm H$aV{
WH$Vr Zht hm{, ]ZmH$a oIbmZm [gX H$am{Jr?
(28)

Abgr Mmbrgm
W_ [yOZ{ g{ gY{, kmZr OZ H{$ H$mO&
X{d ^m{O Abgr ^I{, b]m{Xa _hmamO&&
D$Om H$r `h g[Xm, oMa`mdZ H$m amO&
oX`[mY Abgr oN>[m, kmZ ]wo H$m VmO&&
O` O` O` Abgr H$r _m`m&goX`m| g{ H$r gwI_` H$m`m&&
Abgr H$r _oh_m AoV `mar& Zm WH$V{ JwU Jm XwoI`mar&&
Zm_ ]m{Q>ZrH$b O] Am`m& AoV C[`m{Jr ]rO H$hm`m&&
brZ_ `yoOQ{>oQ>og>_ H$hV{& [mo>H$ Vd b]mb] ahV{&
H$m[a bm{hm oOH$ H{$oe`_& \$m{bQ> g{b{oZ`_ H$m{o_`_&
\$mB]a obJZZ E{gm ^y [a& m{V h o_bZm BVZm Xy^a& &&
A\$m obZm{b{oZH$ EogS>& Am{_{Jm Wr \$Q>r $EogS>&&
em{Y odX{er gma ]VmV{& Abgr JwU Jm T>m{b ]OmV{&&
_Z H$m{ emV \w$obV H$a X{& VZ _|> D$Om eo$ ^a X{&&
`h mH$oVH$ d{X H$hm`{& OS> M{VZ g] am{{J o_Q>m`{&&
`h ]XhO_r H$O o_Q>m`{& am{J AmB. ]r.Eg. ^Jm`{&&
[rS>mXm`r ^JXa _gm& ]dmgra _| Bg] ^wgm&&
CXa am{J _| Aga oXIm`{& H$rb _whmg{ ImO o_Q>m`{&&
XmX, N>mb, EOr_m H$gm$& $[ oZIma{ gm{Z{ Ogm&&
JoR>`m a$Mm[ AdgmXr& Abgr g{dZ g{ _Z JmXr&&
Abgr Ambg Xya ^Jm`{& OS> g{ H$m{Y VZmd o_Q>m`{&&
X`mKmV Q->mH{ $ _wQ>m[m& ]r.E_.Ama. ]T>mH$a Zm[m&&
_Yw_{h X_m d bH$dm KmVr& ZI oeI H{$e aJ M_H$mVr&&
H$m_ eo$ ^a CR{> Z[wgH$& `mZ am{J H$r Abgr ^jH$&&
J^mdWm g{ dmdWm& X{Vr am{J _w$ `dWm&&
hm{V{ gmmBg g{ `mXm& H$ga am{Yr Vd h dmXm&&
J^me` m{Q{>Q> H$ga& H$m ^jH$ obJZ{Z \$mB]a&&
H$ga AmV dMm `m VZ& _{Q{> g{dZ ha{ ]mP[Z&&
Abgr >r am{J o_Q>mE& oZ`o_V _mogH$ Y_ ]Zm`{&&
_m H{$ AmMb XyY Zht$ Ja& Amd{ AmR> [ha H{$ AXa&&
H$ga H$r S>mQ>a `m{hmZm& ]wS>odO em{Y oH$`m [hMmZm&&
Abgr V{b [Zra o_bm`m& oH$`m AMo^V \$b Om{ [m`m&&
(29)

OZohV Y_ H$_ M_H$m`m& gmV ]ma Zm{]b Rw>H$am`m&&


H$H$ am{J g{ g] OJ hmam& Abgr oIbm oIbm C[Mmam&&
S>`y EMAm{ OJ H$m I{Vm& Q>ma \y$S> H$m XOm X{Vm&&
oZV [rgm{ Abgr oZV ImAm{& g] am{JZ H$m{ Xya ^JmAm{&&
Abgr g{dZ C_$ ]T>mE& Ama ]wT>m[m oZH$Q> Zm Amd{&&
eo$ Ama Cgmh ]T>m`{& ha d` _|> odmg OJm`{&&
Om{ Abgr Mmbrgm Jmd{& o_b{ _m{j gV de gOmd{&&
ghO gwb^ `h ^m{OZ Abgr& am{J oZdmaH$ JJmOb gr&&
H$a{ oZ`U Vm[_mZ VZ& Abgr g{dZ ChmogV _Z&&
Abgr VZ H$m{ VmH$V X{Vr& oZV Zd D$Om aJ _| ]hVr&&
`h [yaU Amhma H$hm`{& _mg[{oe`m gwKS> ]Zm`{&&
Om{ OZ Abgr H$m{ oZV Imd{& oX` M_H$V $X{h ]Zmd{&&
`e Jmd{ AmZX hOmar& ha{ H$> Abgr JwUH$mar&&
Am{.[r.d_m S>mQ>a, H$m Abgr [a em{Y&
go> H$Vm gmbJ{, oX` Vd H$m ]m{Y&&
H$od hOmar aoMV H$oV, Abgr _yb [wamU&
[T{> JwU|> gwoYOZ g^r, Jb b{ dhr gwOmZ&&

- H$odamO AmZX hOmar


flaxindia.blogpost.com
Mb. : 91-9460816360

Abgr Zrb[w[r [mdVVr `mXw_m jw_m$&


Abgr _Ywam oV$m oYm[mH{$ H$XwJw$&&
CUm Xwf ewH$dmVYr H$\$ o[m odZmoeZr$&
AmoXeo$ lr XwJm H$m [M_ $[ Abgr_mVm h$& lr H$X (Hw$_ma H$moVH{$`)
H$s _mVm hm{Z{ H{$ H$maU Bh| H$X_mVm H$hm OmVm h$& Zdamo H{$ [M_ oXZ BZH$s
[yOm AmamYZm H$s OmVr h Ama Agbr MT>mB OmVr h$& BZH$s AmamYZm g{ odew
MH$ H{$ OmJV hm{Z{ dmbr ogo`m dV m hm{ OmVr h VWm _`wbm{H$ _| hr gmYH$
H$m{ [a_ emoV Ama gwI H$m AZw^d hm{Z{ bJVm h$& CgH{$ obE _m{j H$m ma
d`_{d gwb^ hm{ OmVm h$&

_N>ob`m H$h| [wH$ma H{$$


Am{_{Jm-3 Zm_H$ Amd`H$ \$Q>r EogS> Hw$N> _N>ob`m| _| [m`m OmVm h$& m`
]mOmam| _| C[bY Jm{ob`m| Ama H{$gwb _| _N>ob`m| H{$ V{b g{ [WH$ oH$`m J`m
Am{_{Jm-3 hm{Vm h$&
^JdmZ _hmdra Z{ AmMmamJ gy _| H$hm h'g]{ [m`m o[`m C`m, gwhgm` XwI [oS>Hy$bm"
AWmV g_V moU`m| H$m{ A[Zm OrdZ o` h$& g^r H$m{ gwI AN>m bJVm h
Ama XwI ]wam$& Am[ ^r _N>ob`m| H$s H$mVa [wH$ma gwZ broOE- "h_| ^r A[Zm
OrdZ ]{hX o` h$& Ama Am[H{$ [mg Vm{ ew, gmpdH$, oZam[X, gdXm gwb^,
m` OodH$, ^a[ya A` AmfYr` JwUm| g{ g_ VWm gV{ Am{_{Jm-3 g{ `w$
Abgr h Z$& AqhgH$ Am{_{Jm-3 broO`{ Ama [`mdaU H{$ gVwbZ H$m{ ]ZmE aIZ{
_| gh^moJVm oZ^mBE$&'
`h EH$ dkmoZH$ g` h oH$ Am`w}dX _| Cb{oIV AmfYr` OS>r-]yoQ>`m| AmoX
_| EH$moYH$ am{JZmeH$ Vd hm{V{ h$& EH$ gab CXmhaU g{ ]mV g_Pr Om gH$Vr
h$& Am`wd}X _| _wb{R>r H$m C[`m{J Jb{ H$s gyOZ, X_m VWm _wh H{$ N>mbm| _| oH$E OmZ{
H{$ oZX}e h$& Ebm{[W
r H{$ dkmoZH$m| Z{ _wbR{ >r g{ B\$sS->rZ Zm_H$ agm`Z H$m{ Im{Om
Om{ oH$ A] X_{ _| C[`m{Jr Xdm H{$ $[ _| odd Va [a MobV h$& B\$sS->rZ H$m
EH$ [md ^md `h h oH$ Bgg{ Jbm VWm _wh H$m\$s gyIVm h$& _wb{R>r _|
dkmoZH$m| Z{ EH$ Ama agm`Z H$s Im{O H$s oOg{ pbgaroOH$ EogS> H$hm OmVm
h, `h _wh H{$ N>mbm| VWm Jb{ _| VamdQ> (gyqXJ EO{Q>) H{$ obE MygZ{ dmbr Imgr
H$s Jm{ob`m| _| o_bm`m OmVm h$& BgH$m grYm AW `h h oH$ ZgoJH$ AmfYr` `m
Im [XmWm~ _| E{g{ gh-agm`Z od_mZ ahV{ h Om{ _yb ^mdH$mar agm`Zm| H{$
[md Xw^mdm| H$m{ Xya H$aZ{ _| dV gj_ hm{V{ h$&
Bg o> g{ X{I| Vm{ Abgr g{ Am{_{Jm-3 `m obJZ{Z oZH$mbH$a Ch| Ebm{[Wr
H$s ew Xdm H{$ $[ _| X{Zm odMmaUr` gdmb IS>{ H$aVm h$&
O] H$oV Z{ h_| Agbr Ogm oX` AmfYr` Vdm| g{ ^am mH$oVH$ AZmO
oX`m h Vm{ og\$ A`V _hJ{ Am{_{Jm-3 H{$gwg `m obJZ{Z H$m g{dZ H$aZm H$hm
VH$ CoMV h$& Ama o\$a Abgr _| Vm{ [mo>H$ Vdm| H$s ^a_ma h$&
Abgr H$m{ g[yU $[ g{ b{H$a BgH{$ g_V AmfYr` M_H$mam| H$m bm^
CR>mBE$&
- S>m. _Zm{ha ^S>mar
ghm`H$ m`m[H$, o\$oO`m{bmOr
Z{VmOr gw^mfM ]m{g _{oS>H$b H$mb{O, O]b[wa
_m{. 09425032324

(30)

(31)

Abgr g{dZ g{ hAm bm^


 o[N>b{ VrZ _mh g{ Abgr H$m g{dZ H$a ahm h$& BgH{$ oZ`o_V g{dZ g{ _{ar
a$ eH$am (bS> ewJa) _| H$_r AmB h$& BgH{$ Abmdm _{a{ eara _| Agr_
COm d eo$ H$m gMma hAm h$&
- [wfm{m_ Om{er, ]r-1 gwXm_m ZJa, BXma
 Xm{ df [yd _wP{ oMH$ZJwoZ`m hAm Wm$& BgH{$ ]mX _wP{ KwQ>Zm| H{$ XX Z{ OH$S>
ob`m$& MT>md MT>V{ CVaV{ g_` KwQ>Zm| _| XX hm{Vm Wm$& Xm{ _mh g{ Abgr H$m
`m{J H$a ahr h$& Bgg{ _wP{ Amam_ hAm h$& Abgr gM_wM oX` Amhma h$&
- lr_Vr Ao^bmfm [wam{ohV, gV H$]ra ZJa, COZ
 _ Mma-[mM _mh g{ Abgr H$m g{dZ H$a ahm h$& _{am CM a$Mm[ gm_m`
Va [a Am J`m$& H$O _| ^r AmemVrV bm^ hAm$& eara _| A[ma AmZX d
eo$ H$m AZw^d hm{ ahm h$&
- oH$em{a _m{`mZr, 23 H$[bmZr ZJa, BXma
 _ o[N>b{ H$B dfm~ g{ CM H$m{b{ Q->mb
{ g{ [roS>V Wm$& Abgr H$m g{dZ H$aZ{
H{$ ]mX `h Zm_b hm{ J`m h$&
- _Zrf AJdmb, 12 AJdmb ZJa, BXma
 S>m. _Zm{ha ^S>mar H$m naV{Xma AdgmX (oS>{eZ) H$m oeH$ma Wm$&
Ebm{[oWH$ C[Mma H{$ ]mX ^r dmoN>V bm^ Zht hm{ ahm Wm$& ^S>marOr Z{ Cg{
Abgr H$m g{dZ H$aZ{ H{$ obE H$hm$& [h oXZ ]mX CgH$m Jmd g{ \$m{Z
Am`m- "H$mH$m gmh] JO] hm{ J`m$& Abgr g{ _wP{ O]aXV \$m`Xm hAm
h$&'
 _wP{ KwQ>Zm| _| XX ahVm Wm$& Bg dOh g{ _ `mXm [Xb Mb Zht [mVm Wm$&
Abgr H$m g{dZ H$aZ{ bJm Vm{ Xm{ _mh _| hr BVZm \$H$ [S>m oH$ A] EH$-S>{T>
oH$bm{_rQ>a [Xb Mb gH$Vm h$& _{ar [Zr H$m{ [rR> d H$_a _| XX ahVm Wm$&
dh am{O [{Z oH$ba ImH$a oXZ JwOma ahr Wr$& Abgr H{$ g{dZ g{ Cg{ H$m\$s
bm^ hAm$& A] [{Z oH$ba Zht b{Zm [S>Vr$& h_ S>{T>-Xm{ M_M Abgr H$m
[mdS>a gw]h J_ Ob H{$ gmW am{O b{V{ h$&
- S>m.H{$.Eb. ^mJd ([yd ghm`H$ AmfoY oZ`H$ _`X{e)
(32)

S>mQ>a hE VXwV
 _ am{O Mmbrg Jm_ Abgr [mdS>a AmQ>{ _| o_bmH$a CgH$s am{Q>r ImVr h$& _{ar
S>m`o]Q>rO _| ]hV \$m`Xm h$& A] BgwobZ H$s O$aV Zht [S>Vr$& `h ha
am{J _| bm^Xm`H$ h$&
- S>m.erbm MmYar (r am{J ode{fk) VbdS>r H$m{Q>m
 _ odX{e g{ bmQ>Z{ H{$ ]mX ]hV H$_Om{a _hgyg H$a ahr Wr$& S>m. d_m H{$ H$hZ{
[a Abgr b{Zm ew$ oH$`m$& AmM`OZH$ gwYma hAm$& A] _ ]hV
D$OmdmZ _hgyg H$aVr h$& dMm H$m{_b, Z_, Jm{ar Ama `wdm hm{ JB h$& ]mbm|
H$m PS>Zm $H$ J`m Ama M_{ H$m Z]a ^r H$_ hm{ J`m$&
- S>m. BoXam oJar (oJar AQ->m gmCS>) XmXmdmS>r H$m{Q>m

 _wP{ S>m. _Zm{ha ^S>mar Z{ N> _mh [yd Abgr [a S>m.Am{.[r.d_m H{$
Amb{I H$s \$m{Q>mH$m[r bmH$a Xr Wr$& b{I [T> H$a _ ]S>m ^modV
hAm Ama Xyga{ hr oXZ g{ Abgr H$m `m{J ew$ H$a oX`m$& [h
oXZ _| hr _wP{ Abgr H{$ M_H$ma eara [a ZOa AmZ{ bJ{$& ]mb
_wbm`_ hm{ JE, dMm pZY hm{ JB$& H$O Xya hm{ J`m$& ZmIyZ Om{
o]Q>b hm{ JE W{, oMH$Z{ hm{Z{ bJ{$& eara _| MwVr-\w$oV _hgyg
hm{Z{ bJr$& Xm{ _mh ]mX Vm{ E{gm bJm _mZm{ C_ Xg df [rN>{ oIgH$
JB hm{$& _Z{ A[Z{ H$B o_m| Ama naV{Xmam| H$m{ ^r Abgr H$m g{dZ
H{$ obE {naV oH$`m$&
- gwa{e Vm_H$a ([H$ma>) BXma
_m{. 09754849409>

(33)

g{dZ odoY
gm\$ ]rZr hB Ama [m|N>r hB Abgr H$m{ Yr_r AmM [a oVb H$s Vah ^yZ b|$&
o\$a 100-150 Jm_ Abgr H$m{ o_ga _| XaXam [rg H$a oH$gr E`a Q>mBQ>
oS>]{ _| ^a H$a aI b|$& ew$ _| am{O gw]h-em_ EH$-EH$ M_M [mdS>a [mZr H{$
gmW, gOr, Xmb `m gbmX _| o_bmH$a ob`m Om gH$Vm h$& BgH$s _mm 30 g{
60 Jm_ oVoXZ VH$ br Om gH$Vr h$& Bg{ XyY `m Xhr _| o_bmH$a ^r ob`m Om
gH$Vm h$& BgH{$ Abmdm am{Q>r ]ZmV{ g_` EH$ `o$ H{$ AmQ>{ _| 20 g{ 25 Jm_
[rgr hB Abgr o_bmH$a am{oQ>`m ]ZmH$a ImB Om gH$Vr h$& Abgr g{dZ H{$
XmamZ Iy] [mZr [rZm MmohE$& Bg_| AoYH$ \$mB]a hm{Vm h, Om{ Iy] [mZr _mJVm
h$& Abgr H$m{ AoYH$ _mm _| [rg H$a Z aI|, `m|oH$ `h [mdS>a H{$ $[ _| aIZ{
[a Iam] hm{Z{ bJVr h$&

Abgr H$s Mm`


EH$ M_M Abgr [mdS>a H$m{ Xm{ H$[ (360 o_brbrQ>a) [mZr _| V] VH$ Yr_r
AmM [a [H$mE O] VH$ `h [mZr EH$ H$[ Z ah OmE$& Wm{S>m R>S>m hm{Z{ [a ehX,
JwS> `m eH$a o_bmH$a [rE$& gXu, Imgr, OwH$m_, X_m AmoX _| `h Mm` oXZ _|
Xm{-VrZ ]ma g{dZ H$s Om gH$Vr h$& X_m am{Jr EH$ M_M Abgr H$m [mdS>a H$m{
AmYm oJbmg [mZr _| 12 KQ>{ VH$ o^Jm{ X{ Ama CgH$m gw]h-em_ N>mZH$a g{dZ
H$a{ Vm{ H$m\$s bm^ hm{Vm h$& oJbmg H$mM `m MmXr H$m hm{Zm MmohE$&

Agbr H{$ `OZ


har MQ>Zr Abgr H$s
gm_Jr H$Q>m hAm ham YoZ`m EH$ H$Q>m{ar, H$Q>r har o_M 4-5, VmOm o[gr
Abgr 3 M_M, H$Q>m hAm `mO EH$ H$Q>m{ar, H$Q>m hAm Q>_mQ>a EH$ H$Q>m{ar, Xhr
AmYm H$Q>m{ar, Oram EH$ MmWmB M_M, Z_H$ dmX AZwgma$&
odoY C[`w$ g^r gm_Jr H$m{ o_gr H{$ MQ>Zr Oma _| S>mb H$a AN>r Vah
o[g b| Ama ]g har [mo>H$ MQ>Zr H$m _Om b|$&

bmb MQ>Zr Abgr H$s


gm_Jr Jrbr bmb o_M 6-7, bhgwZ H$s H$ob`m 10, VmOm o[gr Abgr
3 M_M, EH$ _`_ AmH$ma H$m Q>_mQ>a, Oram EH$ MmWmB M_M, htJ MwQ>H$s ^a,
Z_H$ dmXmZwgma$&
odoY g^r gm_Jr H$m{ MQ>Zr Oma _| AN>r Vah [rg b|$& ]g bmb [mo>H$
MQ>Zr V`ma h$&
(34)

ZmaJr MQ>Zr Abgr H$s


gm_Jr H$Q>m hAm [[rVm EH$ H$Q>m{ar, H$Q>m hAm JmOa EH$ H$Q>m{ar, H$Q>m hAm
Q>_mQ>a EH$ H$Q>m{ar, VmOm o[gr Abgr Xm{ M_M, bmb o_M [mdS>a EH$ M_M,
Oram EH$ MmWmB M_M, AmQ>{ H$Q>{ Zt]y H$m ag, Z_H$ dmX AZwgma$&
odoY g^r gm_Jr H$m{ o_ga H{$ MQ>Zr Oma _| S>mb H$a [rg b| Ama ZmaJr
MQ>Zr H$m _Om b|$&

]JZr MQ>Zr Abgr H$s


gm_Jr H$Q>m hAm MwH$Xa EH$ H$Q>m{ar, H$Q>m hAm YoZ`m AmYm H$Q>m{ar, H$Q>r
hB har o_M MmWmB H$Q>m{ar, VmOm o[gr Abgr Xm{ M_M, H$Q>m hAm AXaH$ EH$
N>m{Q>r JmR>, Oram EH$ MmWmB M_M, AmY{ H$Q>{ hE Zt]y H$m ag, MmQ> _gmbm EH$
M_M, Z_H$ dmXmZwgma$&
odoY C[am{$ g^r gm_Jr H$m{ o_gr H{$ MQ>Zr Mma _| S>mb H$a AN>r Vah
[rg b| Ama ]JZr [mo>H$ MQ>Zr H$m AmZX b|$&

AHw$naV Abgr
odoY amV H$m{ gm{V{ g_` Abgr H$m{ o^Jm{ H$a aI XroOE$& gw]h Abgr H$m{
gm\$ [mZr _| Ym{H$a [mM o_ZQ> H{$ obE oH$gr MbZr _| aI X| VmoH$ CgH$m [mZr
oZWa OmE$& A] gm\$ Ywb{ hE _m{Q>{ gyVr H$[S>{ Og{ [wamZr ]oZ`mZ _| b[{Q>H$a EH$
b{Q> _| aIH$a Xygar b{Q> g{ T>H$ H$a aI X|$& Xyga{, Vrga{ oXZ gw]h Am[H{$
dmoX> AHw$naV V`ma h$&

Abgr H$s AmBgH$s_


gm_Jr
1) H$S>|S> o_H$ EH$ oQ>Z 400 Jm_r
2) VmOm ]marH$ o[gr Abgr 100 Jm_
3) XyY 1 brQ>a
4) Abgr H{$ AHw$naV `m oH$eo_e MmWmB H$[
5) ]marH$ H$Q>r ]mXm_ 25 Jm_
6) dZrbm EH$ N>m{Q>r M_M
7) MrZm dmXmZwgma
8) H$m{H$m{ [mdS>a 50 Jm_
odoY g]g{ [hb{ XyY J_ H$soOE$& Wm{S>{ g{ XyY (bJ^J 100-50 Jm_) _|
Abgr [mdS>a H$m{ AN>r Vah o_bm H$a EH$ Va\$ aI X|$& o\$a XyY H$m{ Yr_rYr_r AmM [a 15-20 o_ZQ> VH$ C]mb H$a R>S>m hm{Z{ H{$ obE aI X|$& R>S>m hm{Z{
[a XyY, MrZr, H$S>|S> o_H$ Ama Abgr H{$ o_lU H$m{ o]Obr g{ MbZ{ dmb{ hS>
b|S>a g{ AN>r Vah \$Q>${ & _{d,{ dZrbm o_bmH$a \$sqOJ Q->{ _| aI H$a O_Z{ H{$
obE S>r[ \$sOa _| aI X|$& Mmh| Vm{ AmYr O_Z{ [a \$sqOJ Q->{ H$m{ ]mha oZH$mb H$a
EH$ ]ma Ama AN>r Vah \$Q> H$a S>r[ \$sOa aI X|$& AJb{ oXZ gw]h Am[H$s
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dm`X, oOd}oQ>d, aJm{ d KmVH$ agm`Z _w$ AmBgH$s_ V`ma h$&

dmoX> Abgr ^m{J


gm_Jr VmOm o[gr Abgr 100 Jm_, AmQ>m 100 Jm_, _ImZ{ 75 Jm_,
H$gm Zmna`b 75 Jm_, oH$eo_e 25 Jm_, ]mXm_ 25 Jm_, Kr 300 Jm_, MrZr
350 Jm_&
odoY ]mXm_ H$m{ ]marH$-]marH$ H$mQ> broOE Ama oH$eo_e gm\$ H$a
broOE$& H$T>mhr _{ Wm{S>m-gm Kr J_ H$aH{$ Cg_| _ImZ{ hH{$-hH{$ Vb b| Ama
R>S>m hm{Z{ [a o_gr _| ]marH$ [rg b|$& A] H$T>mB _| Wm{S>m Kr S>mb| Ama AmQ>{ H$m{
hH$s AmM [a Yra{-Yra{ Jwbm]r hm{Z{ VH$ ^yZ b|$& O] AmQ>m R>S>m hm{ OmE V] gmar
gm_Jr Ama ]Mm hAm Kr AN>r Vah o_bmE Ama Jm{b-Jm{b bz> ]Zm H$a X{eodX{e _| _eha Abgr ^m{J H$m AmZX b|$&

Abgr ode{f ZwIm


odoY AmYm oH$bm{ Abgr Ym{ H$a gwIm b|$& H$T>mB _| hH$m ^yZZ{ H{$ ]mX
o_ga _| XaXam [rg b|$& Bg_| 50 Vwbgr H{$ gyI{ [m, 20 Jm_ hXr [mdS>a,
50 Jm_ [m{XrZm H{$ gyI{ [m{m, 10 Jm_r Zr_ [mdS>a o_bmH$a aI b|$& gw]h-em_
^m{OZ H{$ ]mX 2-2 M_M [mZr H{$ gmW am{O g{dZ H$a|$&

Abgr _wI ewo


odoY Xm{ ^mJ ogH$s Abgr, EH$ ^mJ gm\$ Ama EH$ ^mJ AOdmBZ o_bm b|$&
dmX H{$ obE Wm{S>m H$mbm Z_H$ o_bmH$a Zt]y oZMm{S> X|$& o\$a Yy[ _| gwImH$a
oH$gr oS>]r _| ]X H$a X|$& oXZ _| Xm{-VrZ ]ma _wI ewo H$s Vah BV{_mb H$a|$&

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