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ISOMER ALAKANA

Isomer adalah molekul-molekul dengan rumus kimia sama tetapi rumus struktur berbeda BUTANA ( C4H10 ) Butana memiliki 2 isomer dengan 1 struktur normal butana ( n-butana )

H3 C C C CH3 H2 H2 n butana

CH3 H3C C CH3 H

H H3C C CH3 CH3

2 metil propana

PENTANA ( C5H12 ) Pentana memiliki 3 isomer dengan 1 struktur normal pentana ( n-pentana)

H3C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 n pentana

CH3 H3C C C CH3 H H2

CH3 H H3C C C CH3 H3C C C CH3 H2 H H CH3 2 2 metil butana

H H3C C C CH3 H2 CH3

CH3 H3C C CH3 CH3 2,2 dimetil propana


HEKSANA ( C6H14 ) Heksana memiliki 5 isomer dengan 1 struktur normal heksana ( n-heksana )

H3 C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 H2 n heksana
CH3 H3C C C C CH3 H H2 H2 H H3C C C C CH3 H H CH3 2 2 CH3 H3C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H H H3C C C C CH3 H2 H2 CH3

2 metil pentana

CH3 H3C C C CH3 H CH3 2

CH3 H3C C C CH3 H2 CH3

2,2 dimetil butana

CH3 H H3C C C CH3 H CH3

CH3 H H3C C C CH3 H CH3

2,3 dimetil butana

CH3 H3C C C C CH3 H2 H H2 3 metil pentana


HEPTANA ( C7H16 ) Heptana memiliki 9 isomer dengan 1 struktur normal heptana ( n-heptana )

H3C C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 n heptana


CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H H2 H2 H2 CH3 H H H3C C C C C CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 H H H H H2 H2 H2 CH3 2 2 2 CH3

2 metil heksana

CH3 H3C C C C CH3 H H CH3 2 2

CH3 H3C C C C CH3 H2 H2 CH3

2,2 dimetil pentana


CH3 H C C CH3 CH3 2,2,3 trimetil butana
H H H3C C C C CH3 H CH3CH3 2 H H H3C C C C CH3 H2 CH3CH3

H3C

CH3

2,3 dimetil pentana


H H H3 C C C C CH3 H CH3 2 CH3 2,4 dimetil pentana

CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H H2 H2

CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H H2

3 metil heksana
CH3 H3C C C C CH3 H2 H CH3 2 3,3 dimetil pentana

CH3 CH2 H3C C C C CH3 H2 H H2 3 etil propana


OKTANA ( C8H18 ) oktana memiliki 18 isomer dengan 1 struktur normal oktana ( n-oktana )

H3 C C C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 n oktana

H H3C C C C C C CH3 H H H H CH3 2 2 2 2

H H3C C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 H2 CH3

2 metil heptana

CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H H H CH3 2 2 2

CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 CH3

2,2 dimetil heksana


H3C H H C C C H2 CH3 CH 3 C CH3 H2 H H H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 CH3 CH3

2,3 dimetil heksana H3C H C C H CH3 2 H C CH3 C CH3 H2 H H3C C C C H2 H CH3 2 H C CH3 CH3

2,4 dimetil heksana

H3C

H C C H CH3 2

C H2

H C CH3

CH3

2,5 dimetil heksana

CH3 H3C

C C H CH3 CH 2 3

H C

CH3

H3C

C H2

H C

CH3 C CH3

CH3 CH3

2,2,3 trimetil pentana


CH3 CH3 H3C C C CH3 CH3 CH 3

2,2,3,3 tetrametil butana

CH3 H3C C C H CH3 2

H C CH3

CH3

H3C

H C CH3

CH3 C H2 C CH3 CH3

2,2,4 trimetil pentana


CH3 H H3C C C C CH3 H CH3CH3 2 2,3,3 trimetil pentana

H3C

H C

H C

H C

CH3

CH3 CH3 CH3 2,3,4 trimetil pentana

CH3 H3C C H

H C CH2 CH3

C H2

CH3

3 etil 2 metil pentana

CH3 H3C C C C C C CH3 H2 H H2 H2 H2

CH3 H3C C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H2 H H2

3 metil heptana

CH3 H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H CH3 2 3,3 dimetil heksana

H H H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 CH3 CH 3 3,4 dimetil heksana

CH3 CH2 H3C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H H2 3 etil heksana

CH3 H3C C H2 C CH2 CH3 C H2 CH3

3 etil 3 metil pentana

CH3 H3C C C C C C CH3 H2 H2 H H2 H2 4 metil heptana