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Portugal

The Warm Port

Jason Zhang

Geography
Official Name: The Portuguese Republic Area: 92,391 sq. km. Populationabout 10.6 million Capital CityLisbon

National flag and emblem

National flag

National emblem

National flower
Lavandula pedunculata dianthus chinensis

History
Map of the advance of the Christian reconquista in the Iberian Peninsula from 790 to 1300.

Map of the Portuguese Empire from 1415 to 1999.

Major Cities
Lisbon

Teatro Nacional de Dona Maria II

Ponte Vasco da Gama

Porto

Food

bacalhau

Soccer star

Eusbio

Ronaldo

Figo

Travel

Stone house

The Bone Church

Madeira the Atlantic pearl

Rossio Plaza

Christmas traditions of Protugal

In Portugal the tradition of gift-giving was defined mostly by the strong Christian religious beliefs of the people. Children await the coming of the Three Wise Men during Christmas time. On the eve of January 5th children place their shoes along windowsills and doorways and fill them with carrots and straw. They do this hoping that this will lure the wise men's horses to their houses during the night and that they will find their shoes packed with gifts and treats in the morning. The treats left is more likely to be candied fruits and sweet breads.They do not recognize the red suit of most traditions as the person who brings gifts, but, gifts are a big part of the many Christmas celebrations. The Christmas Feast of the Immaculate Conception and the Feast of the Holy Innocents both involve the sharing of gifts.They have a feast known as the consoda which takes place on the morning of Christmas Day. They set extra places at the table for the souls of the dead. They give a gift of food to these souls and hope that by doing so the fortunes of the next year will be good.The Portuguese "Christmas log," or cepo de Natal, is a piece of oak that burns on the hearth all through the day while people enjoy a lingering consoda.

Tradition Submitted by Alda Moreira who says traditions are incorrect.The children receive the presents at midnight of 24/25 December or early in 25 th December morning, but never on 5th January. They put the shoes near the fireplace as a receptacle for the presents and not at the window.We recognize the red suite; the children believe in Santa Claus (called "Pai Natal" - wich means: Father Christmas) and the parents tell them that is the baby Jesus who helps Santa with the presents, ( not the Three wise men...).The most part of family set up a Nativity scene (called Presio), with Mary, Joseph, the cow and the donkey, the three wise men, and lots of other figures The figure of the Christ Child is added to the scene after the family attends Midnight Mass or after midnight....But everybody have a Christmas tree too; the typical colours are the gold, red and green.The Christmas Feast of the Immaculate Conception and the Feast of the Holy Innocents do not involve the sharing of gifts.

Source: www.baidu.com www.google.com www.santas.net www.wikipedia.com

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