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Broadcast (GPS,

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DAB/DVBB…)

GSM/EGPR
RS(2)

WiF
Fi
(IEEE80
02.11)

IS95,
WCDMA/UMTS,
HSPAA

Fixed WiiMAX
(IEEE802.16-
2004
4)

Prof. U.Spagnolini
LTE-3
3GPP

Mobile WiiMAX
(IEEE8022.16-
2005)
Complexity vs wireless protocols
WiMAX
• Connect remote GSM/UMTS-Basestations (Backhauling)
• Internet access (Wireless DSL)
• Evolution from WiFi taylored for data w/mobility
• 2 to 6 GHz with OFDM-Modulation

ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


WiMAX testing
Core network Base Station Subscriber Station

Network Network

Logical Levels
BS & &
Transport Transport

MAC MAC

User K
User 1 PHY PHY PHY PHY
User 2 DL-TX UL-RX UL-TX DL-RX

UpLink protocol

D
DownLink
Li k protocol
t l

Fo=2.5GHz, 3.5GHz, 5GHz BW<28MHz

ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


WiMAX testing
Core network Base Station Subscriber Station

Network Network

Logical Levels
BS & &
Transport Transport

MAC MAC

User K
User 1 PHY PHY PHY PHY
User 2 DL-TX UL-RX UL-TX DL-RX

PHY/MAC Interf.
UpLink protocol

D
DownLink
Li k protocol
t l
BB processing
Y Control

Fo=2.5GHz, 3.5GHz, 5GHz BW<28MHz


PHY

ADC/RF
ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini
Mobile WiMAX: timing
g requirements
q
5ms

TX RX TX RX TX RX

ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


Real-time WiMAX: the 5ms TX/RX constraints
Base Station Subscriber Station

Network Network
& ΔT=5-10ms & ΔT=5-10ms
Transport Transport

MAC MAC

PHY PHY PHY PHY


DL-TX UL-RX UL-TX DL-RX

PHY/MAC Interf.
UpLink protocol

D
DownLink
Li k protocol
t l
BB processing
Y Control

Fo=2.5GHz, 3.5GHz, 5GHz BW<28MHz


PHY

ADC/RF
ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini
WiMAX: Base Station Emulator SS#1
user 1
user 1

Physical layer
WiSyMAX‐RT
BSE
user 2 SS#2
Test
Applications
(video, audio,  SS#K
user K
V IP WEB )
VoIP, WEB,…)

DUTs
WisyMAX BSE
WisyMAX S Network 
N k
SS #1
SS #1
Test Network 

Applications Network 

Transport
T & t

Transport
Transport
≥MAC MAC 
MAC 
WisyMAX
X

MAC
MAC 
PHY PHY PHY PHY
DL‐TX UL‐RX PHY
UL‐TX PHY
DL‐RX
PHY PHY
‐RTT

UL‐TX
UL TX DL‐RX
DL RX
UL‐TX DL‐RX
UpLink protocol

DownLink protocol
DownLink protocol

56 ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


WiMAX: Base Station Emulator SS#1
user 1
user 1

Physical layer
WiSyMAX‐RT
BSE
user 2 SS#2
Test
Applications
(video, audio,  SS#K
user K
V IP WEB )
VoIP, WEB,…)

DUTs
WisyMAX BSE
WisyMAX S Network 
N k
SS #1
SS #1
Test Network 

Applications Network 

Transport
T & t

Transport
Transport
≥MAC MAC 
MAC 
WisyMAX
X

MAC
MAC 
PHY PHY PHY PHY
DL‐TX UL‐RX PHY
UL‐TX PHY
DL‐RX
PHY PHY
‐RTT

UL‐TX
UL TX DL‐RX
DL RX
UL‐TX DL‐RX
UpLink protocol

DownLink protocol
DownLink protocol

57 ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


WiMAX - BSE: architecture
LLabVIEW
bVIEW
User Test Applications LabWindows/CVI
TestStand

TCP/IP MAC/Upper Protocol Layers &


LLabVIEW
bVIEW
LabVIEW RT
Measurement System
LabWindows/CVI
Host PC
Symbol-rate Symbol-rate
TX Processing RX Processing LabVIEW
LabVIEW RT FlexRIO
Up-conversion Dn-conversion
LabVIEW FPGA
VHDL IP Cores
IF-RIO
TX Processing RX Processing
PHY
IF or I/Q LabVIEW Drivers
TX Antenna
Processing
RX Antenna
Processing
RF Up/Down
C
Conversion
i
RF TX/RX RF Stages

58 ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


WiMAX: Base Station Emulator SS#1
user 1

Physsical layer
WiSyyMAX‐RT
BSE
user 2 SS#2
Test
Applications
(video, audio,  SS#K
user K
VoIP, WEB,…)

Graphical Interface
and Measurement

Generator/Analyzer
DUTs

ni.com/it Prof. U.Spagnolini


Fare di più con meno risorse
• Strumenti di sviluppo rapido

• Tecnologie Parallele: massimizzare la


capacità e l’utilizzo
l utilizzo

• Riadattare
Ri d tt attrezzature
tt t esistenti
i t ti

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20 anni di Acquisizione Dati

NI Wi-Fi DAQ
PXI
Eth
Ethernet
t DAQ
USB
NuBus R Series
PCI PCI Express
1989 1996 2004 2006
1988 1995 1998 2003 2005 2008
ISA E Series PXI Express
p
NI CompactDAQ

M Series

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Piattaforma di I/O modulare Serie C
R Series Expansion USB-92xx/94xx
USB 92xx/94xx
CompactRIO USB CompactDAQ
Chassis (USB Sleeve)
2004 2006
2004 2005

Più di 60 moduli di misura

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Piattaforma di I/O modulare Serie C
Wireless e
Ethernet
2008

…spazio per ulteriori bus!

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Semplice Sicura.
Semplice. Sicura Acquisizione Dati Wi-Fi
Wi Fi

• Semplice: connettività diretta ai


sensori & programmazione grafica

• Sicura: miglior crittografia dei dati ed


autenticazione disponibili sul
mercato

• Wi-Fi: infrastuttura di rete 802.11g a


ampia banda e Ethernet
Cinque nuovi dispositivi: termocoppie,
termocoppie tensioni,
tensioni universale,
universale acustica/vibraz.,
acustica/vibraz estensimetri
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Integra tecnologie wireless senza modifiche al codice

Eth
Ethernet
t Wi Fi
Wi-Fi

PXI Express
PCI
PXI PCI Express
USB

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Misure dinamiche in movimento

Rete
locale

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L
Lean Innovation
I ti – “innovazione snella”
• Fare di ppiù con meno risorse

• Prototipare
P t ti

• Sfruttare il Network

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Prototype it!
How Innovation Happens:
How Innovation Happens:
“Rules
Rules for Prototyping
for Prototyping”
John Hanks
Vice President, Industrial Embedded

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Armory
y
Singer
Production Sewing
S i
Machines

Stamping Sales Agents

Bicycle Regulators
industry

Ford
Motor
Brewing
Vanadium Co
Co. Industry
Alloy

Investors
Meatpacking
I d t
Industry

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“II invented nothing new.
new I simply assembled
into a car the discoveries of other men
behind whom were centuries of work. . . .

Had I worked fifty or ten or even five years


b f
before, I would
ld have
h failed.
f il d So
S it iis with
ith
every new thing.
thing ”
— Henry Ford
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N ti l Instruments
National I t t

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Innovation means moving existing ideas from
where they’re known to where they’re not–
often in new combinations.
bridging distant worlds
and
building new worlds

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1. Innovation is more about
1
connectingg than inventing.
g

Reconsider any ideas about the originality


now of your solution.
before the end Make a list of where the problem might
of the day have been solved already.

next week Research those solutions (and the people)

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Organizational networks

Mario

Mario

from Rob Cross, Hidden Power of Social Networks (HBSP, 2004)

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2 The scope of your innovations depends
2.
on the scope
p of your
y network.

Think about your network (make a list). What do


now they know that you don’t?
before the end List 5 people (or areas) where you could find the
of the dayy best existing solutions.
Schedule phone or face-to-face meetings with
next week those 5 people.

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R

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3 Success depends on the ability to
3.
mobilize yyour network to act.

now What will make the idea succeed?

before the end Think of others first.


first Solve someone else’s
else s
of the day problem (by connecting).
Think abo
aboutt who
ho has what
hat you
o need
need– and
next week ask them for it.

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Given the connected world we live in,
new ideas are cheap.

The resources required to test and


verify
if what
h t hhas economic
i value
l iis
not.
not
Carnagie Mellon University
Johnny Lee

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RobotroniX ECMEG
Medical Device for ECG – EMG - EEG
THE CHALLENGE
Join three medical devices

THE SOLUTION
Use a Single Board RIO
with a custom daughter
b d andd LLabVIEW
board bVIEW

+ +
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IDEA to PRODUCT!

Requirements Gateway Multisim Ultiboard


Si l B dRIO
SingleBoardRIO
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QuickTime™ and a

'Macchine
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

speciali', vision, robotics, automation


and LabVIEW
„ Just
J t one LabVIEW
L bVIEW - NI
platform for:
… Machine Vision with the
Vision Developer Module
… Robot programming with the
ImagingLab robotics library
… Remote I/O and machine
automation with C-RIO / PACs
/ PLCs
… HMI and remote machine
g
monitoring

“LabVIEW
Everywhere!”
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Let's play …
„ An anthropomorphic
robot equipped
with a smart camera
plays
Tic-Tac-Toe
on a touch screen
The Rules of Prototyping
Tips from National Instruments
• Ideas are cheap
Id h
• Start with a ppaper
p design g
• Put in just enough work
• A ti i t ffor multiple
Anticipate lti l options
ti
• Design
es g for
o reuse
euse in tthee final
a pproduct
oduct
• Avoid focusing on cost too early
• Fight “reversion to the mean”
• Ensure you can demonstrate your prototype
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Prototype to Market Curve
C
Community
it
Profitable customer
Paying customer 3 Implementation

Beta
Al h
Alpha
alue

Mock up 2 Valuation
Va

Specification
Data sheet/Roadmap
Paper
Talk it up 1 Ideation

Idea Research

Time

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Prototype to Market Curve
C
Community
it
Profitable customer
Paying customer 3 Implementation

Beta
Al h
Alpha
Experience
alue

Mock up 2 Valuation
Va

Specification
Data sheet/Roadmap
Paper
Talk it up 1 Ideation

Idea Research

Time

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Risk

Ideation Valuation Implementation

Reputation Drift to commodity


Drift to commodity Iteration frustration
Iteration frustration

Idea too costly to  Love of prototyping Feedback ignored


implement
Architecture decision 
based on cost rather
based on cost rather 
than flexibility

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Personalities – People and Teams

Ideation Valuation Implementation

Dreamers Pragmatist Conservers


Prefer to challenge  Prefer balanced inquiry Prefers to keep 
accepted structure currentt
Focus on shared  structure operating 
Encourage exploring 
Encourage exploring objectives and 
j smoothly
new options relationships
Encourage building 
Action oriented Encourage looking at  on what is already 
the current  working
circumstances
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4. Recognize that ideas are cheap,
4 cheap the real
expense is in testing the economic value.
value

now Rethink your idea.

Before the List the minimum functionality needed test


for technical challenges and economic
end of the day
y value?

next week Build a prototype

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$0.016
0 016
$0.13
0 13
$0.51
0 51
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iTunes Network

Community
C it Music /Videos
Outreach Connectivity Accessories Software

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Many Types of Embedded Sensors

CMOS Image
I P
Pressure Al h l
Alcohol Mi i M
Mini Motor
t IR Distance
Di t
Sensor

Accelerometer Gyro Inertial Polar EKG Finger Print


Measurements Sensor

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Stacking Form Factor for NI Single
Single-Board
Board RIO

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Platform Ecosystem

Evaluation Kit

Displays and Sensors


with LabVIEW Drivers IPNet

NI RIO Platform

FPGA IP
C Series & 3rd-Party I/O
Services

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5 C
5. Connectt more andd create
t more
value.
value

now Rethink your new product or idea.

before the end List other aspects of the experience -


of the event what could be there but isn’t yet?
y
Identify who could bring those aspects
next week
and what they would need
need.

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"The
The Americans have need of the
telephone,
p , but we do not.
We have plenty of messenger boys."

Sir William Preece


ƒ Chief Engineer of the British Post Office, 1876

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L
Lean Innovation
I ti – “innovazione snella”
• Fare di ppiù con meno risorse

• Prototipare
P t ti

• Sfruttare il Network

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Sfruttare il Network
“La portata dei tuoi sogni ed innovazioni
dipende dalla portata delle tue
relazioni
relazioni”

- Andrew Hargadon, autore di Come


avvengono le conquiste

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Sfruttare il Network
+280 add-on di terze parti
+70.000 utenti online
+400 Solution partner
+100 user group registrati
+35 corsi di formazione
+500.000 bambini tramite LEGO
C it
Community Collaboration

Connectivity
6000 instrument
+6000 i ddrivers
i
+1000 sensori intelligenti
+1000 dispositivi PAC di terze parti
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Supporto, Formazione & Servizi
• O
Oggii puoii incontrare
i t ttutto
tt il personale
l NI
coinvolto nelle attività di Service
• Cogli l’occasione per approfondire le tue
conoscenze sui servizi offerti e come sfruttarli
per il completo successo dei tuoi progetti e la
gestione
ti - manutenzione
t i ddelle
ll ttue
apparecchiature.

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I servizi di National Instruments
• Valuta quali tra i servizi sotto elencati sono di tuo interesse e
chiedi maggiori informazioni
Servizi di Supporto, Formazione, Manutenzione Stand 6 – 7
H d
Hardware
Supporto tecnico e specialistico Consulenza
Formazione e
Supporto
Riparazione Hardware Tecnico
Estensione di garanzia -
Calibrazione apparecchiature Formazione
Programmi di manutenzione Hardware e
Servizi
Manutenzione-aggiornamento
gg licenze software
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L
Lean Innovation
I ti – “innovazione snella”
• Fare di ppiù con meno risorse

• Prototipare
P t ti

• Sfruttare il Network

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•16^ edizione  
•1000 mq di Area espositiva
•31 Espositori
•16 Sessioni tecniche
•3 Sessioni pratiche
• 2 sessioni CLAD ‐ gratis
•100 Customer Solution
•Sponsor dell’evento

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LabVIEW World

• La prima rivista italiana per la


comunità LabVIEW
• Per abbonarti, visita lo stand Fiera
Milano Editore in Area Espositiva (a soli
10 €, promozione NIDays 09 anche
pagando in contanti!) o visita il sito
www.ilb2b.it/labview_world
• Se sei un utente Developer Suite o
Standard Service Program di National
Instruments, un anno di abbonamento è
incluso

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