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04 Daftar Isi Tabel Gambar Rumus Dan Lampiran

04 Daftar Isi Tabel Gambar Rumus Dan Lampiran

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v

DAFTAR ISI


Halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL ............................................................................... i
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ..................................................................... ii
KATA PENGANTAR .............................................................................. iii
DAFTAR ISI ............................................................................................ v
DAFTAR TABEL .................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................... x
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ............................................................................ xii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang Masalah .............................................. I-1
1.2 Perumusan Masalah .................................................... I-2
1.3 Tujuan Umum ............................................................. I-2
1.4 Tujuan Khusus ............................................................ I-2
1.5 Sistematika Penulisan .................................................. I-2
BAB II MESIN BUBUT
2.1 Pengertian Mesin Bubut ............................................. II-1
2.2 Bagian-bagian Mesin Bubut ....................................... II-1
2.3 Cara Kerja Mesin Bubut ............................................. II-2
2.4 Pekerjaan yang Dapat Dikerjakan Mesin Bubut .......... II-2
2.5 Membubut Tirus ......................................................... II-3
2.6 Membubut Ulir .......................................................... II-6
2.7 Prinsup Pahat dan Perpahatan ..................................... II-7
2.8 Macam Pahat dan Kegunaannya ................................. II-8
2.9 Bentuk Pengasahan Pahat ........................................... II-9
2.10 Kecepatan Potong ...................................................... II-9
BAB III MESIN FRAIS
3.1 Pengertian Mesin Frais ................................................ III-1
3.2 Bagian-bagian Mesin Frais .......................................... III-2
vi

3.3 Macam-macam Pisau .................................................. III-3
3.4 Kepala Pembagi .......................................................... III-4
3.4.1 Cara Kerja Kepala Pembagi ............................... IV-5
3.4.2 Memasang Benda Kerja Kepala Pembagi ........... IV-6
3.4.3 Memasang Benda Kerja pada Penjepit dengan
Tiga Cekam ........................................................ IV-7
3.4.4 Cara Menghitung Roda Gigi ............................... IV-3
4.5.1 Cara Kerja Kepala Pembagi ................................ IV-8
3.5 Perhitungan Deviding Head ......................................... III-9
BAB IV MESIN SEKRAP
4.1 Pengertian Mesin Sekrap ............................................ IV-1
4.2 Prinsip Kerja Mesin Sekrap ......................................... IV-2
4.3 Bagian Mesin Sekrap ................................................. IV-2
4.4 Jenis-jenis Mesin Sekrap ............................................ IV-3
4.4.1 Mesin Sekrap Datar atau Horizontal ................... IV-3
4.4.2 Mesin Sekrap Vertikal ........................................ IV-4
4.4.3 Mesin Planner .................................................... IV-4
4.5 Mekanisme Kerja Mesin Sekrap ................................. IV-5
4.6 Proses Sekrap ............................................................. IV-6
4.7 Mengatur Panjang dan Kedudukan Langkah................ IV-7
4.8 Kecepatan Langkah ..................................................... IV-8
4.9 Sistematik Satuan Metrik ........................................... IV-9
4.9.1 Sistem Satuan Inchi .......................................... IV-9
4.10 Pahat Sekrap .............................................................. IV-11
4.11 Macam-macam Bentuk Pahat ..................................... IV-11
4.12 Cara Memasang Pahat ................................................ IV-12
BAB V MESIN MILLING DAN DRILLING
5.1 Definisi Mesin Milling dan Drilling ........................... V-1
5.2 Prinsip Kerja Mesin Milling dan Drilling ................... V-2
5.3 Cara Pengoperasian Mesin Milling dan Drilling ......... V-3
5.4. Jenis-jenis Mata Bor Mesin Milling dan Drilling ........ V-3
vii

5.5 Alat Pemotong .......................................................... V-5
5.5.1 Keuntungan Menggunakan Mata Bor ................ V-5
5.5.2 Sudut-sudut Mata Bor ........................................ V-5
5.5.3 Tipe Mata Bor .................................................. V-6
5.6 Kecepatan Potong ..................................................... V-6
5.7 Proses Pengeboran .................................................... V-7
5.8 Perkakas Pengebor .................................................... V-8
5.9 Alat-alat Keselamatan dalam Pengoperasian Mesin
Milling dan Drillling ................................................. V-9
BAB VI RAGAM MESIN
6.1 Mesin Potong Besi dan Kayu .................................... VI-1
6.2 Prinsip Kerja Mesin Potong atau Kayu ...................... VI-1
6.2.1 Mesin Potong Besi ........................................... VI-1
6.2.2 Mesin Potong Kayu ......................................... VI-2
6.3 Mesin Jig Saw ........................................................... VI-3
6.3.1 Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Mesin Jig saw ........ VI-4
6.4 Mesin Gerinda ............................................................ VI-5
6.4.1 Bagian-bagian Mesin Gerinda .......................... VI-6
6.2.2 Macam-macam Batu Gerinda .......................... VI-6
6.5 Mesin Serut .............................................................. VI-7
6.6 Mesin Bor Tangan ..................................................... VI-8
6.6.1 Pengoperasian Mesin Bor Tangan .................... VI-9
6.7 Mesin Kompresor ...................................................... VI-9
6.8 Mesin Las ................................................................. VI-12
6.8.1 Prinsip-prinsip Las Listrik ............................... VI-11
6.8.2 Las Listrik dengan Elektroda karbon ................ VI-12
6.8.3 Las Listrik MIG ............................................... VI-13
BAB VII PROSES KERJA
7.1 Produk Asbak ............................................................ VII-1
7.2 Alat-alat yang Digunakan .......................................... VII-1
7.3 Bahan yang Digunakan .............................................. VII-2
viii

7.4 Proses Pembuatan Asbak ............................................ VII-2
7.5 Proses Penyelesain (finishing) .................................... VII-3
BAB VIII KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN
8.3 Kesimpulan ............................................................... VIII-1
8.8.1 Tujuan Umum ................................................. VIII-1
8.8.2 Tujuan Khusus ................................................ VIII-1
8.2 Saran ......................................................................... VIII-2
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN






















ix

DAFTAR TABEL


Halaman
Tabel 2.1 Besar Sudut X ........................................................................ II-5
Tabel 3.1 Set Cutter Frais Gigi .............................................................. III-9
Tabel 4.1 Daftar Cutting Speed (Cs) Untuk Pahat HSS .......................... IV-10
Tabel 5.1 Perbedaan Drilling dan Borring ............................................. V-4























x

DAFTAR GAMBAR


Halaman
Gambar 2.1 Mesin Bubut ........................................................................ II-1
Gambar 2.2 Hasil-hasil dari Pembuatan ................................................... II-3
Gambar 2.3 Pepmbubutan tirus dengan menggunakan perlengkapan ...... II-4
Gambar 2.4 Pembubutan Tirus Dengan Memutar Eretan Atas ................ II-5
Gambar 2.5 Urutan Pembubutan Ulir ..................................................... II-6
Gambar 2.6 Macam-macam Bentuk Pahat Bubut .................................... II-8
Gambar 2.7 Bentuk Pengasahan Pahat Bubut .......................................... II-8
Gambar 3.1 Bentuk-bentuk Hasil Frais ................................................... III-1
Gambar 3.2 Mesin Frais ......................................................................... III-2
Gambar 3.3 Macam-macam Pisau Frais ................................................. III-4
Gambar 3.4 Bagian dari Kepala Pembagi ............................................... III-6
Gambar 3.5 Cara Memasang Benda Kerja pada Kepala Frais ................. III-7
Gambar 3.6 Pemasangan Benda Kerja pada Cekam Universal ................ III-7
Gambar 3.7 Roda Gigi ........................................................................... III-8
Gambar 3.8 Transmisi Roda Gigi Casing dalam Kepala Pembagi ........... III-10
Gambar 4.1 Mesin Sekrap ...................................................................... IV-1
Gambar 4.2 Mesin Sekrap dan Bagian-bagiannya ................................... IV-2
Gambar 4.3 Mesin Sekrap Datar atau Horizontal .................................... IV-3
Gambar 4.4 Mesin Sekrap Vertikal ........................................................ IV-4
Gambar 4.5 Mesin Sekrap Eretan (Planner) ........................................... IV-5
Gambar 4.6 Mekanisme Mesin Sekrap ................................................... IV-5
Gambar 4.7 Menghitung Langkah .......................................................... IV-7
Gambar 4.8 Kecepatan Langkah ............................................................. IV-8
Gambar 4.9 Sudut-sudut pada Pahat ...................................................... IV-11
Gambar 4.10 Pahat Sekrap ....................................................................... IV-12
Gambar 4.11 Pahat Universal .................................................................. IV-12
Gambar 5.1 Mesin Milling dan Drilling ................................................. V-2
xi

Gambar 5.2 Jenis-jenis pahat Pengebor ................................................. V-9
Gambar 6.1 Mesin Potong Besi ............................................................. VI-1
Gambar 6.2 Mesin Potong Kayu............................................................. VI-2
Gambar 6.3 Mesin Jig Saw ..................................................................... VI-3
Gambar 6.4 Mesin Gerinda ................................................................... VI-5
Gambar 6.5 Mesin Serut ........................................................................ VI-7
Gambar 6.6 Mesin Bor Tangan ............................................................. VI-8
Gambar 6.7 Mesin Kompresor .............................................................. VI-10
Gambar 6.8 Mesin Las Listrik ............................................................... VI-11
Gambar 6.9 Las Listrik dengan Elektroda Karbon ................................. VI-12
Gambar 6.10 Proses Las Listrik TIG ....................................................... VI-13
Gambar 6.11 Proses Las Listrik MIG ...................................................... VI-13
Gambar 7.1 Gambar Produk Asbak 2 Dimensi ..................................... VII-4
Gambar 7.2 Gambar Produk Asbak 3 Dimensi ..................................... VII-8

















xii

DAFTAR RUMUS


Halaman
Rumus 2.1 Membuat Tirus Luar Dalam ................................................. II-4
Rumus 2.2 Kecepatan potong ................................................................ II-9
Rumus 2.3 Menggunakan Tabel Kecepatan potong 1 ............................ II-10
Rumus 2.4 Menggunakan Tabel Kecepatan potong 2 ............................ II-10
Rumus 3.1 Membuat Segi Banyak Beraturan ........................................ III-6
Rumus 5.1 Cutting Speed ...................................................................... V-7
Rumus 6.1 Satuan Panas Joule atau Kalori ............................................ VI-12




















xiii

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN



Foto Copy KRS, KTM dan Kartu Praktikum ATA 2010/2011 ................... L-1
Laporan Pendahuluan ................................................................................ L-2
Test Pendahuluan ....................................................................................... L-3
Laporan Akhit Praktikum ........................................................................... L-4
Foto Produk Akhir ..................................................................................... L-5
Foto Mesin-mesin yang Digunakan dalam Praktikum................................. L-6
Lembar Asistensi ....................................................................................... L-7
Biodata Praktikum ..................................................................................... L-8

. Jenis-jenis Mata Bor Mesin Milling dan Drilling ..............................................4...........4...................... 4.........4 Kepala Pembagi ...1 Mesin Sekrap Datar atau Horizontal .....vi 3. 4..................... IV-12 BAB V MESIN MILLING DAN DRILLING 5.............2 Prinsip Kerja Mesin Milling dan Drilling ...........6 Proses Sekrap ............. 5.............3 Memasang Benda Kerja pada Penjepit dengan Tiga Cekam ...................4 Jenis-jenis Mesin Sekrap ..................................................... 4........ 4.2 Mesin Sekrap Vertikal ....... 4....................8 Kecepatan Langkah ......1 Cara Kerja Kepala Pembagi .. 4............................................... V-1 V-2 V-3 V-3 .....10 Pahat Sekrap .........5 Mekanisme Kerja Mesin Sekrap ...........................7 Mengatur Panjang dan Kedudukan Langkah... III-3 III-4 IV-5 IV-6 IV-7 IV-3 IV-8 III-9 IV-1 IV-2 IV-2 IV-3 IV-3 IV-4 IV-4 IV-5 IV-6 IV-7 IV-8 IV-9 IV-9 4............................................11 Macam-macam Bentuk Pahat ...........4.......4.... 3................... 5....9 Sistematik Satuan Metrik ....4.........3 Macam-macam Pisau ....12 Cara Memasang Pahat .............................3 Mesin Planner .................................................3 Bagian Mesin Sekrap ....................................................... IV-11 4..............4 Cara Menghitung Roda Gigi ...... 4.. 4................... 3...................1 Definisi Mesin Milling dan Drilling ..............................1 Pengertian Mesin Sekrap ............. 3.................................. 3.............1 Cara Kerja Kepala Pembagi ...2 Memasang Benda Kerja Kepala Pembagi .....................................9..........................................4................2 Prinsip Kerja Mesin Sekrap .... 3.............. 4........5 Perhitungan Deviding Head ............. 3..........4.... IV-11 4................. 4...4....... 4........... 4......................................... 5...............5................... 4..................1 Sistem Satuan Inchi ..........3 Cara Pengoperasian Mesin Milling dan Drilling ... BAB IV MESIN SEKRAP 4....................................

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