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Cara Menghitung Hambatan Seri Paralel

Cara Menghitung Hambatan Seri Paralel

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Published by: Naufal Donghyunjee BigbangIsvip on Mar 14, 2013
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09/14/2013

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Cara menghitung hambatan seri paralel

Diketahui rangkaian campuran resistor seperti gambar dibawah ini,

nilai yang diberikan, yaitu: R1 = 2 Ω R2 = 8 Ω R3 = 5 Ω R4 = 6 Ω R5 = 2 Ω R6 = 4 Ω E = 24 Volt Hitung berapa nilai Rtotal (Rt), Itotal (It), I1, I2, I3 dan I4? Penyelesaian: Sederhanakanlah rangkaian menjadi seperti Gambar 1, lalu gantikan tiap-tiap kelompok resistor menjadi sebuah resistor ekivalen seperti pada Gambar 2 s/d 6.

Rt1 = R5 + R6 = 2 + 4 = 6 Ω Rt2 = Rt1 || R4 = (Rt1 x R4) ÷ (Rt1 + R4) = (6 x 6) ÷ (6 + 6) = 3 Ω Rt3 = R3 + Rt2 = 5 + 3 = 8 Ω

Rt4 = Rt3 || R2 = (Rt3 x R2) ÷ (Rt3 + R2) = (8 x 8) ÷ (8 + 8) = 4 Ω Rt5 = Rt = R1 + Rt4 = 2 + 4 = 6 Ω

sehingga diperoleh Rt = 6 Ω It = E ÷ Rt = 24 V ÷ 6 Ω = 4 A I1 = (Rt4 ÷ R2) x It = (4 ÷ 8) x 4 = 2 A I2 = (Rt4 ÷ Rt3) x It = (4 ÷ 8) x 4 = 2 A I3 = (Rt2 ÷ R4) x I2 = (3 ÷ 6) x 2 = 1A I4 = (Rt2 ÷ Rt1) x I2 = (3 ÷ 6) x 2 = 1A

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