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Trusses ( Kekuda)

Trusses ( Kekuda)

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Dipublikasikan oleh ramu velusamy

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Published by: ramu velusamy on Mar 06, 2009
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11/15/2012

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TRUSSES ( KEKUDA

)
In architecture and structural engineering , a truss is a structure comprising one or more triangular units constructed with straight slender members whose ends are connected at joints referred to as nodes.

WHAT IS A ROOF TRUSS?

Roof trusses are frames made up of timber that

is nailed, bolted or pegged together to form structurally interdependent shapes of great strength. Never remove, modify or cut into a roof truss without consulting a Structural Engineer: your roof could fall down! Roof trusses have to withstand the weight of the roof timbers and coverings (the ‘Dead Load’), plus a factor for your local Wind Load, plus a factor for your local Snow Load, plus a Safety Factor.

TRUSS SHAPES AND SPANS

Span up to 12 meters

Span up to 6 meters

Span up to 12 meters

Span up to 20 meters

Span up to 4.5 m. Used in house and garage construction

Span up to 20 meters

Span up to 10 meters

Span up to 13 meters. Non standard truss design used to achieve special arch. effects

Spans up to 15 meters. To achieve vaulted ceiling affect.

Span up to 10 meters. Special purpose truss to simplify attic construction

Spans up to 15 meters. Sometimes relatively wide spans.

Bow String shape

Spans up to 10 meters

Cap

Sebaran beban Kekuda

Menunjukkan sebaran beban dalam kekuda biasa ( King Post) Daya- daya luaran yang bertindak ke atas kekuda dipindahkan kepada penyangga melalui semua ahli-ahli sama ada sebagai daya tegangan atau mampatan.

Kestabilan

Sistem struktur selalunya kekurangan kestabilan sisi.Daya-daya sisi seperti angin dan gempa bumi mengakibatkan kegagalan struktur kecuali jika struktur ini mempunyai penghalang dari daya-

Penambah rod ikatan pada sisi ini akan menguatkan lagi siri kekuda rata

Memberi kestabilan disamping menyangga beban di antara kekuda

Analisis Rekabentuk Kekuda
Bumbung disangga oleh satu siri kekuda King Post yang disusun rapat untuk merentang lebih kurang 40 kaki . Beban bumbung ditanggung oleh kekuda- kekuda dan dipindahkan ke dinding tanggung beban yang kemudiannya memindahkan beban ke

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