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Chain engineering Design and construction Examples of calculation

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Der Inhalt dieses Katalogs ist urheberrechtlich durch den Herausgeber geschtzt. Jede gesamtheitliche oder auszugsweise Verwertung des Inhalts ist ohne Zustimmung des Herausgebers unzulssig und strafbar. Bei der Erstellung des Handbuchs wurde uerste Sorgfalt angewandt, nichtsdestotrotz bernimmt der Herausgeber keine Haftung fr eventuell auftretende Fehler und Auslassungen insbesondere im technischen Bereich.

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Literature reference: H.-G. Rachner - Steel link chains and chains drives G. Niemann - Machine elements H. Zollner - Chain drives DIN-Normen

Important notes Subject to alteration in the interest of technical advancement. The iwis terms and conditions of sale apply to all claims for liability and warranty.

Chain engineering Design and construction Examples of calculation

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iwis-High Performance Chains


Quality products with a world reputation
Quality Plus Points above-average service life due to excellent wear resistance high consistency, matchless precision, superior length tolerances What this means for the user longer times between maintenance, less downtime and thus more economic perfect functioning of chains running in parallel or in pairs, extremely precise positioning, ease of running, and very quiet operation greatly increased factors of safety which provides wider selection oportunities reduced stretching during running-in optimum protection, noise reduction maintenance-friendly, chain which can easily be cut to length

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IWIS-HIGH PERFORMANCE CHAINS

breaking strength considerably higher than the DIN/ISO standard, high fatigue strength all iwis chains are pre-stretched highly efficient initial greasing and corrosion protection shouldered pins with chains made to DIN 8187 standards

SL an iwis idea wins through iwis SL series chains (Super Longlife) have pins with an additional extremely hard surface, under which is a load-bearing high strength hard layer which encloses a tough core. This special design provides outstanding characteristics: highest resistance to wear and therefore prolonged service life

improved surface finishes reduce friction properties and enable the chain to better handle deficient operational lubrication reduced susceptibility to corrosion increased safety with ending stresses

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SL chains have proved themselves in practical cases in the most varied chain applications world wide. iwis chains of this design are designated by the suffix SL.

breaking strength and fatigue strength remain high higher resistance to wear at increased temperatures

iwis-High Performance Chains


Quality products with a world reputation The foundation of iwis high quality is based on each individual part being technically perfect
Use of high-grade headtreatable steels with are made exclusively for IWIS to their material analysis, tolerance and surface quality. Each chain part is manufactured a million times daily to the same precision. This production is monitored by SPC (statistical process control). All chain parts are heat-treated, using special processes to optimize quality features. Constant geometry and high surface quality result from the use of modern production technologies. Chains are checked for dimensional accuracy: length tolerance, freedom of articulation and assembly component integrity, inspection of the press-in seating of the pin outer links and bush-inner link interfaces. The high standard of quality assurance conforms with the high requirements of the automotive industry, of ISO 9002-1987 and other national and international standards. For special applications - Surface coatings - Special lubrications - Reduced length toleranced chains - Special materials (eg corrosion resistant)

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iwis bush manufactured as a special, surface treated, seamless closed cylinder.

iwis roller absolutely cylindrical form even at the impact point guarantees ideal sliding-contact bearing properties

iwis side plate optimally dimensioned, shaped with precision, and heat-treated for toughness and hardness.

iwis shouldered pin (DIN 8187). SL serie chains have pins with still higher resistance to wear.

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IWIS-HIGH PERFORMANCE CHAINS

Preface

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Quality can only be assessed under arduous conditions. Exceeding the limits, either upwards or downwards, leads t o inevitable expense: Over specification is costly because products and processes are used that are too expensive, equally overload is costly and leads to premature failure. The correct choice of product is possible only, if the following conditions are known: - practicable method of calculation and sound theoretical basis - proven figures from practical experience. iwis offer you all this as a package. This present handbook for chain engineering represents a summary of chain technology that the designer requires: Characteristics of various components, calculating formulae and tables. All this is supplemented by descriptions and examples of calculations.

PREFACE

It is possible to have alternative solutions, which can be supported by calculations, to a number of problems. Optimum results can only be obtained, if the basic information is known and well founded values are available from experience. The User can rely on assistance from our Technical Advisory Dept. This Department has vast applicational experience of chain drives ranging from the camshaft drive for highspeed racing engines to the conveying of special components through drying ovens, from precision conveyors used in copying equipment, and the stopgo operation encountered with power and free conveyor chains in transfer lines in the motor industry.

Reliable products are identified by their accuracy, close tolerances and proven performance. These are the products that iwis supply. The latest issue of catalogue Precision Chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes, which is supplemented by a range of special leaflets, provides information in respect of all available standard and special chains, chain wheels, tensioning devices and other chain drive accessories. This technical handbook extends the range of iwis publications and should help the engineer assess and understand the theory and practice of chain drives and the advantages available when iwis products are specified and selected.

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List of contents

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A Power transmission chain 1 Introduction 2 Design of steel roller chains 3 Roller and bush chains 4 Single and multiple strand chains 5 Connecting links 6 IWIS roller chains 7 Chain preselection programme B Chain wheels 1 Design and construction 2 Sizes 3 Checking the chain wheels C Layout of chain drives 1 Fundamental principles 1.1 Influencing Factors - number of teeth, speed - ratio - shock factor - centre distance - lubrication - multishaft drives 2 Chain calculation 2.1 Preselection - performance diagrams - factors 2.2 Calculation - summary of formulae - determining factors for bearing pressure - friction travel factors 2.3 Examples of calculations 3 Determining length of chain 3.1 Number of links and centre distance - chain drive with two shafts - chain drive with several shafts 3.2 Measuring the chain length - tables 3.3 Shortening and lengthening the chain

8 8 8 9 10 10 12 14 16 16 18 20 21 21 22

D General information for chain drives 1 Drive arrangement 2 Chain alignment 3 Chain tension - chain tensioners - chain guides 4 Chain lubrication Lubrication methods

52 52 53 53

55 57

E Chains for industrial use 1 Conveyor chains 1.1 Attachments 1.2 Extended pins 1.3 Conveyor connecting links 2 Chains for special applications 2.1 MEGAlife Ketten 2.3 MEGAlife 2 - Rollenketten 2.4 Corrosion protected chains 2.5 Apron chains 2.6 Transfer chains 2.7 Power and free conveyor chains 2.8 Grip chains

58 58 58 60 60 62 62 63 64 64 64 65 68 68 69 69 70 72

2.2 MEGAlife - Rollenketten mit geraden Laschen 63

31 31

2.9 Pallet transport chains 2.10 Side bow chains 2.11 Hollow bearing pin chains 2.12 Leaf chains

34

2.13 Tube and can conveyor chains

F Chains for engines and gears 36 40 40 G Appendix Conversion chart 44 51 Lieferbersicht Questionnaires iwis as your partner New chain types

73

78

80 80 81 82 84

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7

LIST OF CONTENTS

Page

Page

A Power transmission chain

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A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

1 Introduction
The chain drive assumes a special position in the large group of drive mediums for the transmission of torque and power. The great advantage of this type of positive controlled connection is the constant relative speed between driving and driven shafts and the complete elimination of slip, compared with non-positive drives (e.g. belt drives) where slip very often can only be prevented by high belt tension. Steel roller chains are used as drive, transport or conveyor chains for static or alternating loads with slow or high chain speeds transmitting power between two parallel shafts. Compared to the use of cables, round link chains, gear and belt drives, the application for steel roller chains must be defined accordingly. The construction of steel roller chain has the advantage of avoiding bending stresses during operation, to which cables are subjected, when they run over pulleys. They are particularly advantageous when long distances between shafts have to be connected, and they are more cost effective than gear drives, due to the fact that no idler gears with bearings are required. Gear drives mean a change of direction. With chain drives the sense of direction remains the same. They constitute a flexible connection between shafts. By using adjustable idler wheels it is possible to control the rotation of two shafts in phase. Chains can engage with chain wheels on both sides, which is often required for special drives, which need a change of direction. Chain drives are less sensitive to dirt and lack of maintenance than gear and other drives and can also be used under higher operating temperatures. Steel Roller chains are used throughout engineering. They are used in the manufacturing of machine tools, printing machines, in the textile and packaging industry, for material handling, agricultural machinery, in the construction industry, hydraulic engineering and mining industry, and also in the construction of vehicles and engines.

2 Design of steel roller chains


Steel roller chains consist of a range of individual chain links. Each link in turn consists of individual components some of which are designed to transmit tensile loads and others that allow the articulation of two links in respect of each other. The design of the links is of particular importance. Generally speaking they move only in one plane.

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A Power transmission chain

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Inner plate Inner links Bushes Rollers Inner plate Outer link

Outer plate

A chain consists of inner and outer links. The inner link consists of two inner plates into which, two bushes are pressed and two rollers, which rotate on the bushes.

In the case of bush chains both rollers are ommitted. Thus the bushes are in direct contact with the chain wheel teeth.

The outer link consists of two outer plates and two bearing pins. The connection of the inner links by adding outer links is shown in the above illustration.

3 Roller and bush chains

Roller chain

Bush chain

The rollers which rotate on the bushes run with little friction on the teeth of the chainwheel, as there is a constant change in contact area. The grease film between rollers and bushes contributes towards silent running and absorbs shocks.

The bearing area given in the table for each chain size is the projection of the bearing surface

iwis bush chains which are used for heavily stressed camshaft drives in highspeed Diesel engines have been particularly successful.

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iwis manufacture both types of chains. The decision to use one or the other type requires a thorough knowledge of the problems to be solved.

In the case of a bush chain, the teeth of the chain wheel always contact the stationary bushes at the same point. It is therefore important to provide excellent lubrication when using this type of drive.

between bush and bearing pin. That is the length of the bush, multiplied by the bearing pin diameter. A higher bearing area results in a lower bearing pressure, and therefore reduces wear rate.

A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

This design of iwis-high-performance roller chains and of bush chains is illustrated in the following drawings.

A Power transmission chain

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A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

4 Single and multiple chains


Single chain Double chain Triple chain

As soon as the transmission of torque using a single chain requires less than a 15 tooth chainwheel, it is recommended to use a multiple chain with a smaller pitch. This results in a larger number of teeth with the same chain wheel diameter. This improves the polygonal effect of the chain links, and the impact speed of the rollers on the teeth are reduced.

Therefore a drive using a multiple smaller pitch chain will run more quietly than a single chain with a larger pitch. Multiple chains with a smaller pitch than the single chain should also be selected, if single chains exceed the maximum permissible chain speed that is shown on the graphs on pages 29 and 30.

Multiple chains are more sensitive to misalignment of the chainwheels. For reasons of durability it is not recommended to go beyond triplechains. Where a triple chain is insufficient, it is possible to use two double chains or several triple chains. In this case care should be taken to ensure that the chains are matched.

5 Connecting links
If chains are not supplied as endless chains, the ends are connected by a connecting link. On chains up to and including 1" pitch the plate is retained by means of a spring clip. For chains 1 1/4" pitch and over and chains to DIN 8188 from 3/4" onwards, the link plate is secured by means of a split pin.

Rivetting link Chains are endlessly rivetted together using this type of connecting link.

Double cranked link A double cranked link consists of one cranked link and an inner link. They are used to produce chains with an uneven number of links.

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Spring clip connecting link This spring clip is used to connect chain sections ending with inner links. The closed end of the clip is fitted in the direction of chain motation.

Single-cranked link with screwed connection With only one connecting link A, E or K and using this cranked link chains with an uneven number of links can be produced.

Split pin connecting link Fulfils the same purpose as the spring clip type.

Ein gekrpftes Glied schwcht die Kette und sollte vermieden werden, weil sich sonst die Bruchkraft um ca. 20 % reduziert.

10

A Power transmission chain

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Allgemeiner Maschinenbau: Hervorragende Verschleifestigkeit und eingeschrnkte Lngentoleranz fr spezialisierte Anwendungen

Handhabungsindustrie: Frderketten - zuverlssig, przise und langlebige Lsungen fr anspruchsvolle Anforderungen

11

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Verpackungsindustrie iwis-Ketten mit speziellen Klemmelementen zum Greifen, Transportieren, Positionieren und Einziehen von Folien und anderen Flachmaterialien

A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

A Power transmission chain

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A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

6 iwis Roller Chains

British Standard Chains


iwis Designation Designation pitch x inner width DIN ISO No. pitch p mm width roller dia. d1 mm outside a1 mm height bearing of plates area g mm f cm2 weight q kg/m Breaking load FB Chain made by iwis N DIN 8187 Minimum
Standard N

inside b1 mm

Single chains to DIN 8187, Works standards


G 42 G 52 G 53 H1) G 62 1/22) G 672) P 83 V S 84 V L 85 SL M 106 SL M 127 SL M 1611 M 2012 M 2416 M 2819 M 3219 6 x 2,8 mm 8 mm x 1/8" 8 mm x 3/16" 3 /8 x 5/32" 3 /8 x 7/32" 1 /2 x 3/16" 1 /2 x 1/4" 1 /2 x 5/16" 5 /8 x 3/8" 3 /4 x 7/16" 1" x 17 mm 1 1/4 x 3/4" 1 1/2 x 1" 1 3/4 x 31 mm 2" x 31 mm 04 05 06 08 10 12 16 20 24 28 32 B-1 DIN 8187 DIN 8187
Works standards Works standards

B-1

DIN 8187
Works standards Works standards

B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1

DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN

8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187

6 8 8 9,525 9,525 12,7 12,7 12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4 31,75 38,1 44,45 50,8

2,80 3,16 4,76 3,94 5,72 4,88 6,40 7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02 19,56 25,40 30,95 30,95

6,6 8,1 11,7 11,0 12,9 13,2 15,0 16,9 19,5 22,7 36,1 40,5 53,1 65,1 63,6

4,00 5,00 5,003) 6,35 6,35 7,75 7,75 8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88 19,05 25,40 27,94 29,21

5,00 7,10 7,60 8,20 8,20 10,20 12,00 12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10 25,40 33,50 37,00 42,30

0,07 0,11 0,25 0,22 0,28 0,29 0,38 0,50 0,67 0,89 2,10 2,92 5,50 7,35 8,05

0,12 0,18 0,34 0,34 0,41 0,44 0,58 0,70 0,95 1,25 2,70 3,72 7,05 8,96 10,00

3 6 9 11 10 15 18 22 27 34 75 120 211 250 315

200 000 000 000 500 500 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000

3 000 5 000 9 000 18 000 22 400 29 000 60 000 95 000 160 000 200 000 250 000

Double chains to DIN 8187


D D D D D D D D D D 52 672) 85 SL 106 SL 127 1611 2012 2416 2819 3219 8 mm x 1/8" 3 /8 x 7/32" 1 /2 x 5/16" 5 /8 x 3/8" 3 /4 x 7/16" 1" x 17 mm 1 1/4 x 3/4" 1 1/2 x 1" 1 3/4" x 31 mm 2" x 31 mm 05 06 08 10 12 16 20 24 28 32 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8 9,525 12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4 31,75 38,1 44,45 50,8 3,16 5,72 7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02 19,56 25,40 30,95 30,95 13,9 23,4 30,8 36,0 42,1 68,0 79,7 101,8 124,7 126,0 5,00 6,35 8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88 19,05 25,40 27,94 29,21 7,10 8,20 12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10 25,40 33,50 37,00 42,30 0,22 0,56 1,00 1,34 1,78 4,21 5,84 11,00 14,70 16,10 0,36 0,78 1,35 1,85 2,50 5,40 7,36 13,85 18,80 19,80 9 20 40 56 68 150 210 370 500 530 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 7 16 32 44 57 106 170 280 360 450 800 900 000 500 800 000 000 000 000 000

Triple chains to DIN 8187


Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr 85 106 127 1611 2012 2416 2819 3219 /2 x 5/16" /8 x 3/8" 3 /4 x 7/16" 1" x 17 mm 1 1/4 x 3/4" 1 1/2 x 1" 1 3/4" x 31 mm 2" x 31 mm
1 5

08 10 12 16 20 24 28 32

B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3

DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN DIN

8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187 8187

12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4 31,75 38,1 44,45 50,8

7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02 19,56 25,40 30,95 30,95

44,7 52,5 61,5 99,2 116,1 150,2 184,5 184,5

8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88 19,05 25,40 27,94 29,21

12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10 25,40 33,50 37,00 42,30

1,50 2,02 2,68 6,32 8,76 16,50 22,05 24,15

2,00 2,80 3,80 8,00 11,00 20,31 28,00 29,60

58 80 100 220 315 560 750 795

000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000

47 66 86 160 250 425 530 670

500 700 700 000 000 000 000 000

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) bush chain ) straight side plates 3 ) bush


1 2

Chains with the SL suffix have pins with increased resistance to wear

Overall programme with technical data in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes

12

A Power transmission chain

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American Standard Chains


iwis Designation Designation pitch x inner width DIN ISO No. pitch p mm width roller dia. d1 mm outside a1 mm height bearing of plates area g mm f cm2 weight q kg/m Breaking load FB Chain made by iwis N DIN 8187 Minimum
Standard N

inside b1 mm

Single chains to DIN 8188 (ANSI-Standard)


L 85 A M 106 A M 128 A SL1) M 1610 A /2 x 8/16" /8 x 3/8" 3 /4 x 1/2" 1 x 5/8"
1 5

ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI

40 50 60 80

08 10 12 16

A-1 A-1 A-1 A-1

DIN DIN DIN DIN

8188 8188 8188 8188

12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4

7,94 9,53 12,70 15,88

16,6 20,4 25,3 32,1

7,95 10,16 11,91 15,88

12,00 14,40 18,00 22,80

0,44 0,70 1,06 1,79

0,60 1,00 1,47 2,57

18 29 42 68

000 000 000 000

14 22 31 56

100 200 800 700

Double chains to DIN 8188 (ANSI-Standard)


D D D D 85 A 106 A 128 A1) 1610 A /2 x 5/16" /8 x 3/8" 3 /4 x 1/2" 1 x 5/8"
1 5

ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI

40-2 50-2 60-2 80-2

08 10 12 16

A-2 A-2 A-2 A-2

DIN DIN DIN DIN

8188 8188 8188 8188

12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4

7,94 9,53 12,70 15,88

31,0 38,6 48,1 61,4

7,95 10,16 11,91 15,88

12,00 14,40 18,00 22,80

0,88 1,40 2,12 3,58

1,19 1,92 2,90 5,01

36 56 84 145

000 000 000 000

28 44 63 113

200 400 600 400

Triple chains to DIN 8188 (ANSI-Standard)


Tr Tr Tr Tr 85 A 106 A 128 A 1610 A /2 x 8/16" /8 x 3/8" 3 /4 x 1/2" 1 x 5/8"
1 5

ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI

40-3 50-3 60-3 80-3

08 10 12 16

A-3 A-3 A-3 A-3

DIN DIN DIN DIN

8188 8188 8188 8188

12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4

7,94 9,53 12,70 15,88

45,4 56,7 71,0 90,7

7,95 10,16 11,91 15,88

12,00 14,40 18,00 22,80

1,32 2,10 3,18 5,37

1,78 2,89 4,28 7,47

50 80 125 210

000 000 000 000

42 66 95 170

300 600 400 100

iwis Designation

Designation pitch x inner width

DIN ISO No.

pitch p mm

width

roller dia. d1 mm outside a1 mm

height of plates g mm

weight q kg/m

Breaking load FB Chain made by iwis N DIN 8187 Minimum


Standard N

inside b1 mm

Long pitch chains to DIN 8181


LR LR LR LR 165 SL 206 SL 247 SL 3211 1 x 5/16" 1 1/4 x 3/8" 1 1/2 x 7/16" 1" x 17 mm 208 210 212 216 B B B B DIN DIN DIN DIN 8181 8181 8181 8181 25,4 31,75 38,1 50,8 7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02 16,9 19,5 22,7 36,1 8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88 11,80 15,0 16,10 20,60 0,52 0,63 0,85 2,10 22 28 34 75 000 000 000 000 18 22 29 60 000 400 000 000

) also available with straight side plates


1

Chains with the SL suffix have pins with increased resistance to wear

Overall programme with technical data in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes

13

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A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

A Power transmission chain

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A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

7 Chain preselection programme:


Als Untersttzung bei der Kettentriebauslegung bzw. der Vorauswahl einer geeigneten Kette stellt Ihnen iwis eine spezielle PC-Software zur Verfgung. Unter dem Begriff Industriekettentriebe sind Antriebsketten zur Leistungsbertragung achsenparalleler Wellen, zur bernahme ruhender und schwellender Lasten, als Transport- oder Frderketten in der Anwendung zu diesem Programm zu verstehen. Die Idee des Programms beruht auf der Berechnung der notwendigen Antriebsleistung zum Kettentrieb, die auf Grund der Anwendung (Abtriebsmomente, Kettenlasten in den Trumabschnitten bei TransportDie erste Bewertung hat als Auslegungskriterium also immer die Mindestlebensdauer der Kette von 15000 h (bezglich einer Verschleilngung von 3%). Auerdem wird die tatschlich errechnete (zu erwartende) Lebensdauer angegeben; die SollLaufzeit des Triebes wre dann ausschlaggebend. Mit dem Programm kann nicht direkt ein Kettentrieb berechnet werden, wenn nur die Antriebsleistung des Antriebsmotors vorgegeben wird. Es ist erforderlich, eine lastnehmende Kettenradwelle oder einen Lasttrum nach dem Antriebskettenrad zu benennen. Die Motorleistung muss in jedem Fall grer als die Antriebsleistung sein. Das Programm ist so aufgebaut, dass der Anwender eine von iwis vorgegebene Kettendatenbank verwenden kann, in der alle Berechnungsund Leistungskennwerte der iwis ketten als auch nach DIN 8187, DIN 8188 bzw. ISO 606 abgelegt sind. Es ist auch mglich, bei entsprechender Sachkenntnis, sich eine eigene Kettendatei aufzubauen. Man kann einen Trieb aus mehreren Radachsen und Transport- oder
auch kein Angebot der Firma iwis antriebssysteme GmbH & Co. KG dar. Der Programmaufruf findet ber eine Benutzerkennung mit individuellem Passwort statt. Nach der Installation muss deswegen eine Benutzerdatei bei iwis angefordert werden. Alle zuknftigen Programmerweiterungen und -korrekturen werden automatisch an alle registrierten Anwender verteilt. Bei Support-Anfragen ist dadurch gewhrleistet, dass die Berechnungen auf den gleichen Stand bezglich der Programmdateien basieren.

aufgaben und der Reibleistung aus den Reibungsverhltnissen auf den Spann- und Fhrungsschienen und auch Lagerreibung) erforderlich wird. Dem Anwender obliegt es dann bei Verfehlen sei-

ner Zielvorstellung hinsichtlich der Lebensdauer der Kette, die Laufbedingungen (z. Bsp. Schmierung und Dynamik) zu verbessern oder einen anderen Kettentyp zu whlen.

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Fhrungsschienen in einer 2DEbene berechnen. Als Spannelemente knnen Kettenrder oder Schienen definiert werden. Die Kettenlinie wird automatisch aus den Positionen der Triebkomponenten (Rder, Schienen) ermittelt. Neue Erkenntnisse in der Kettentheorie und Ergebnisse aus Versuchen sowie Programmkorrekturen werden fortlaufend eingearbeitet und durch Versionsnummern gekennzeichnet.
Hinweise, Wnsche und Fehlermeldungen an: Michael.Panas@iwis.com Ulrich.Schelzig@iwis.com

14

ACHTUNG, WICHTIGER HINWEIS ! Unser Berechnungsprogramm soll Ihnen lediglich einen ersten berblick ber unser Sortiment verschaffen. Keinesfalls sollten Sie das dort angegebene Ergebnis als Grundlage einer Bestellung verwenden. Wenden Sie sich hierzu bitte an unsere kompetenten Mitarbeiter, die Ihnen gerne ein individuelles Angebot unterbreiten. Wir bernehmen daher keinerlei Gewhr oder Haftung fr die Richtigkeit der gelieferten Informationen und fr die Bestellungen, die aufgrund des Berechnungsprogramms erteilt werden. Das angegebene Berechnungsergebnis stellt

Systemvoraussetzungen, Mindestausstattung: Prozessor 586 (Pentium/AMD) 64 MB Arbeitsspeicher (RAM) Grafikkarte mit 800x600 Pixel Auflsung CD-ROM Laufwerk Windows 98/NT

A Power transmission chain

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Packaging industry Sonderanwendungen fr Frderketten im Food & Non-Food Bereich

Machine linkage iwis-power and free conveyor chains convey, store, accelarate, retard workpieces and workpiece carriers

15

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Conveying applications iwis high performance chains with attachments

A POWER TRANSMISSION CHAIN

B Chainwheels

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B CHAINWHEELS

1 Design and construction


The shape of the chainwheels is determined by the chain size, number of teeth and the torque to be transmitted. Wheels with hubs allow the transmission of a higher torque, whereas plate wheels may be used only for the transmission of smaller torques. The tooth form is designed in accordance with DIN 8196. The calculation of the required values is summarized below.

Pitch polygon

p d1 d df da r1 r2 k z

chain pitch roller diameter max. pitch circle diameter root circle diameter top diameter tooth radius tooth angle roller contact angle tooth profile radius tooth height above pitch polygon number of teeth

Pitch circle diameter p sin 2

Root circle diameter

d=

180 = 2 z

df = d d1

Top diameter da max = d + 1, 25 p d1

Tooth height k max = 0, 625 p 0, 5 d1 + 0, 8 p z

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1, 6 p d1 da min = d + 1 z

k min = 0, 5 ( p d1 )

Treten beim Verzahnen berschneidungen auf, dann wird der effektive maximale Kopfkreisdurchmesser durch das Verzahnungs-Werkzeug bestimmt.

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B Chainwheels

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Maximum tooth space

Minimum tooth space

r1 max = 0, 505 d1 + 0, 069 90 z

d1

r1 min = 0, 505 d1 90 z

min = 120

max = 140

r2 max = 0, 008 d1 z 2 + 180

r2 min = 0,12 d1 ( z + 2 )

Tooth width Tooth width B1 is narrower than the inner width b1 of the chain Chain pitch B1 for Single chain wheels for Double and Triple chain wheels for Quadruple chain wheels and over p < 12,7 0,93 . b1 0,91 . b1 p > 12,7 0,95 . b1 0,93 . b1

Toleranz fr die Zahnbreite B1: h14 Zahnbreite B2, B3 usw. ^ (Anzahl der Kettenstrnge 1) . e + B1 = Abfasung der Zahnbreite (fr Fahrrad- und Moped-Kettenrder gilt Radius r3 > p c = 0,1 bis 0,15 . p c = 0,05 bis 0,07 . p)

0,88 . b1 0,93 . b1 (b1 inner width of the chain) Radius r

Diameter of relief Below the root circle (maximum hub diameter) ds = p cot 1, 04 g1 0, 76 2

(g1 max. height of plates) 180 = 2 z For further chain wheel dimensions see chart on page 18.

over 9,525 over 19,05 over 38,1

max. 1 1,6 2,5 6

17

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Chain pitch p

r min. up to 9,525 0,2 to 19,05 0,3 to 38,1 0,4 0,5


4

B CHAINWHEELS

B Chainwheels

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B CHAINWHEELS

2 Chain wheel sizes

da = d + 2 k o

ds = d 2 s d from chain wheel catalogue

Designation iwis DIN ISO

B1 h14

B2 h13

B3 h12

k0 1 )

r3

s 2 )

Designation iwis DIN ISO

B1 h14

B2 h13

B3 h12

k0 1 )

r3

s 2 )

Single chains
G 42 G 52 G 53 H G 62 1/2 G 67 P 83 V S 84 L 85 SL M 106 SL M 127 SL M 1611 M 2012 M 2416 M 2819 M 3219 04 05 06 08 10 12 16 20 24 28 32 B-1

to DIN 8187, Works standard


1,2 1,8 1,8 2,0 2,0 2,6 2,6 2,6 3,5 4,2 5,5 7,0 8,0 10,0 12,5 0,8 1,0 1,0 1,2 1,2 0,8 1,6 1,6 2,0 2,4 3,2 4,0 4,8 5,6 6,3 6 8 8 10 10 13 13 13 16 19 26 32 38 44 51 4 5,5 6 6,5 6,5 8 8 9 11 12 17 21 25 26 28

Single chains
L 85 A M 106 A M 128 ASL M 128 AG M 1610 A 08 10 12 12 16

to DIN 8188
2,6 3,5 4,2 4,2 5,5 1,6 2,0 2,4 2,4 3,2 13 16 19 19 26 9 11 13 13 17

B-1

B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1 B-1

2,6 2,7 4,4 3,6 5,3 4,5 5,9 7,2 9,1 11,1 16,1 18,5 24,1 29,4 29,4

A-1 7,3 A-1 9,0 A-1 12,0 A-1 12,0 A-1 15,0

Double chains to DIN 8188


D D D D 85 A 106 A 128 A 1610 A 08 10 12 16 A-2 7,2 A-2 8,8 A-2 11,8 A-2 14,7 21,5 26,9 34,5 43,9 2,6 3,5 4,2 5,5 1,6 2,0 2,4 3,2 13 16 19 26 9 11 13 17

Triple chains to DIN 8188


Tr Tr Tr Tr 85 A 106 A 128 A 1610 A 08 10 12 16 A-3 7,2 A-3 8,8 A-3 11,8 A-3 14,7 35,9 45,0 57,3 73,2 2,6 3,5 4,2 5,5 1,6 2,0 2,4 3,2 13 16 19 26 9 11 13 17

Double chains
D D D D D D D D D D 52 67 85 SL 106 SL 127 1611 2012 2416 2819 3219 05 06 08 10 12 16 20 24 28 32 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2 B-2

to DIN 8187, DIN 8154, Works standards


8,3 15,4 20,9 25,4 30,2 47,6 54,5 71,9 88,3 87,3 1,8 2,0 2,6 3,5 4,2 5,5 7,0 8,0 10,0 12,5 1,0 1,2 1,6 2,0 2,4 3,2 4,0 4,8 5,6 6,3 8 10 13 16 19 26 32 38 44 51 5,5 6,5 9 11 12 17 21 25 26 28

2,7 5,2 7,0 8,9 10,8 15,8 18,1 23,6 28,8 28,8

Long pitch chains


LR LR LR LR 165 SL 206 SL 247 SL 3211 208 210 212 216 B B B B 7,2 9,1 11,1 16,1

nach DIN 8181


2,7 3,7 4,5 6,0 1,6 2,0 2,4 3,2 13 16 19 26 10,5 12,5 15,0 19,5

Side bow chains


L 85 A-SB M 106 A-SB M 128 A-SB 7,3 9,0 12,0 2,6 3,5 4,2 1,6 2,0 2,4 13 16 19 9 11 13

Triple chains

to DIN 8187, DIN 8154


5,2 7,0 8,9 10,8 15,8 18,1 23,6 28,8 28,8 25,6 2,0 34,8 2,6 42,0 3,5 49,7 4,2 79,5 5,5 91,0 7,0 120,3 8,0 147,9 10,0 145,9 12,5 1,2 1,6 2,0 2,4 3,2 4,0 4,8 5,6 6,3 10 13 16 19 26 32 38 44 51 6,5 9 11 12 17 21 25 26 28

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Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr Tr

67 85 106 127 1611 2012 2416 2819 3219

06 08 10 12 16 20 24 28 32

B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3 B-3

18

) Value for ko only approx. For 17 teeth and below and application in limit conditions, da is calculated in accordance with formula on page 14. 2 ) Value for s only approx. For application in limit conditions ds is calculated in accordance with formula on page 15.
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B Chainwheels

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d=

p = pitch z = no. of teeth for chain wheels to DIN 8187/88

2p 360 sin z

Chain wheel section for power and free conveyor chain p 180 sin z

d=

ds = d 2s

z = no. of teeth da, c, r3 see page 16

iwis designation M 127 SFS/K LR 247 SFS/K M 1611 SFS/K LR 3211 SFS/K

Pitch p 19,05 38,1 25,4 50,8

s 15 15 20,5 26

A 20,7 20,7 33,3 33,3

10,8 10,8 11,6 11,6

Guide pulley for high-performance leaf chains

Sizes/dimensions: Inner roller width b = a1 . 1,15 Permissible min. root circle diameter dfmin = p . 5 a1 = width of chain from catalogue p = chain pitch

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B CHAINWHEELS

Pitch circle correction for long pitch chains

In the case of roller chains to DIN 8181 (long pitch type) the chain wheels with normal pitch to DIN 8187/88 are often used, in order to avoid a special design. If on the other hand an accurate wrap around these chain wheels

has to be achieved, it is necessary to correct the pitch circle diameter. The tooth forming is carried out on a larger pitch circle diameter. The correction is made in accordance with the following formula:

B Chainwheels

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B CHAINWHEELS

3 Checking chain wheels


The dimensions indicated on pages 16 to 19 must be checked. This applies also to the surface finish. The root circle diameter, together with the longitudinal tolerance of the chain provides the initial gearing between the chain and the chainwheel. With an excessively small root circle diameter the chain is located relatively high in the tooth form from the very beginning. Thus the capacity for absorbing wear is reduced. Particular care should be taken in the manufacture of chain wheels with a small number of teeth. The accuracy of the root circle diameter can be checked by placing a new chain on the machined teeth. If the individual chain links can be lifted out of the teeth the root circle d iameter is too small. The check thus described can only be used for low requirements. A more accurate check should be carried out by measurement taken over checking pins as shown MR.

even number of teeth

uneven number of teeth

MR = d + dR min dR = d1 but with permissible + 0,01 tolerance 0 Mae d und MR siehe Tabellen ab Seite 21

MR = d cos

90 + dR min z

Chain wheel bore Unless otherwise agreed between Manufacturer and Costumer, the chain wheel bores shall have a tolerance range of H 8. Choice of material The choice of material depends on the drive conditions, number of teeth, speed and transmitted torque. For small chain wheels with fewer than 30 teeth and an average chain speeds up to approx. 7 m/sec. Steel of a higher strength is used. In the cace of higher chain speeds tempered, case hardened or flame hardened steel is used. For the manufacture of large chain wheels with more than 30 teeth, grey iron or steel castings are used for average speeds, whereas tempered steel is usual for higher chain speeds.

In addition the chainwheels should be checked for run-out and excentricity. DIN 8196 gives the following recommendations: Concentricity Max. discrepancy in concentricity between chain wheel bore and root circle diameter when locating the wheel in the bore: 0,0008 df + 0,08 or 0,15 (according to which value is the higher), but a maximum of 0,76 mm. Run-out Max. run-out allowable between chain wheel bore and face of chain wheel, with the wheel located in the bore is: 0,0009 df + 0,08, with a maximum of 1,14 mm Dimension d pitch circle diameter and z no. of teeth see tables in catalogue Chain Wheels and Plate Wheels

20

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C Layout of chain drives

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The suitability of a chain drive for a specific purpose depends upon whether it can sustain the stresses that arise for an assumed period

of time. When designing it is necessary to take into account all influencing factors which in their entirety determine the durability of

a chain. The following diagram is designed to provide an idea of the interdependence of the influencing factors.

Load factors Specific drive factors Link movement Drive arrangement Tension/Guide Lubrication Chain factors Static influencing factors chain pull centrifugal force

Selection factors Size Components Total assembly

Materials Breaking strength Wear resistance Durability Type Quality Heat treatment Surface treatment

Dynamic influences Load shocks Polygon effect Run in load Load alternation/ frequency Dynamic load

Finish Component manufacture Accuracy of assembly Initial lubrication at factory

There are three significant factors that determine the operational characteristics of the chain: Breaking strength: If the load on a chain is increased until the chain breaks, this load will equal the breaking strength and the fracture that occurs is referred to as a forced fracture. Fatigue resistance The influencing factors arising from the operational conditions

Wear resistance The wear in the chain links and the resulting chain elongation determine the permissible load

21

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subject the chain to alternating loads. These loads can be recreated on a Pulsator and the cycles required to cause failure can be determined. The test can be repeated with reduced loads, until finally there are no more fractures and the fatigue resistance figure has been established.

for roller and bush chains. In the case of optimum operating conditions, the expected life is 15.000 operating hours with a max. 2 % chain elongation. Bearing pressure, friction travel (page 27) and quality of lubrication are important factors that affect chain wear. The selection can be affected by multiplying the capacity to be transmitted by the following factors.

C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

1 Fundamental principles

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

1.1 Influencing factors


Number of teeth The influence of the number of teeth z in a small chain wheel is taken into account by factor f1. z f1 11 1,72 13 1,46 15 1,27 17 0,12 19 1,0 21 0,91 23 0,83 25 0,76

Each chain wheel is a polygon whose number of corners corresponds with the number of teeth. With a constant angular velocity the chain speed v is thus subject to periodic fluctuations between

the limit values vmax and vmin (polygonal effect). In this way the chain is alternately accelerated and decelerated and there are increased loads.

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v min =

dn p n = 180 2 19100 tan z d p n = 180 2 19100 sin z

[ [
m s m [ s[

p = Pitch in mm n = Rev./Min. z = Number of teeth

v max =

22

C Layout of chain drives

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Speed variation

Number of teeth z

The speed variation is only dependent on the number of teeth z. It increases with the number of teeth z < 19 to a considerable extent. When the chain runs on the chainwheel the link angle is as follows:

This is the reason why small numbers of teeth, particularily in conjunction with higher speeds should be avoided. With z > 19 the speed variation approaches Consequently the deflection (angle of friction) increases with a decreasing number of teeth and wear increases. The friction travel is calculated as follows: s= d2 z

but does not meet the datum (zero) line asymptotically, that is the polygonal effect is without any influence from z = 19 onwards.

2 =

360 z

[mm]

d2 = Diameter of bearing pin in mm The lower the number of teeth the lower the permissible bearing pressure and the higher the polygonal effect.

Friction travel

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

The speed variation due to the alternating speed vmax and vmin is calculated as follows:

v max v min v mittel

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Speed Chain speed The number of chain revolutions per minute is n1 z1 n z bzw. 2 2 X X As speed n of the driving wheel increases, the number of chain revolutions increases correspondingly. Each link is deflected more frequently and thus the friction travel and consequently the wear increases. In order to reach the desired durability of dn 60000 m [ s[ n = Rev./Min. of pinion or wheel z = Number of teeth in pinion or wheel X = Number of links 15.000 operating hours with a max. of 2 % chain elongation; it is necessary to reduce the bearing pressure.

Chain speed in meters per second

v=

d = Pitch circle diameter in mm

As the chain speed increases the permissible bearing pressure must be reduced.

20 m/s should be considered as the maximum chain speed, with 30 m/s under certain circumstances. These figures drop considerably with an increase in pitch size. The chain speed is a decisive factor for the impact speed vA of the chain wheel against the chain roller, as can be seen from the formula:

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vA =

np 360 sin + 30000 z

m [ s[

= angle of pressure

24

C Layout of chain drives

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Impact energy EA: in Newtonmeters

EA =

qp vA2 2000

[Nm]

Impact force FA: in Newtons

FA =

q p bz E vA 3

[N]

The impact force FA is absorbed as flank pressure. With a higher speed, and in particular with a low number of teeth z it requires a high degree of flank strength (high degree of surface hardness).

bz = Width of teeth in mm kg q = Weight of chain in m N E = Modulus of elasticity mm2

The above diagrams show the impact energy and force in the case of a 1/2 x 5/16" chain, iwis reference L 85, depending on speed and number of teeth.

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m [ s[

m [ s[

C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

According to chain size a limit value of approx. 4 m/s is acceptable for vA. A high impact speed causes high impact energy with a corresponding load on the chain rollers. With a given chain speed v the impact speed is to be kept low by means of a large number of teeth z.

As the chain gears on the wheel the chain rollers impact on the teeth with a shock. The kinetic energy of the impacting mass has to be absorbed by the roller.

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Ratio Effect of ratio i

i f2

1:1 1,22

2:1 1,08

3:1 1,0

5:1 0,92

7:1 0,86

When i = 1:1 the friction travel is identical on both chain wheels. d2 d2 = z1 z2

When i = 2:1 the friction travel is: d2 d und 2 z1 z2 thereby the overall friction travel is reduced. d2 = Bearing pin diameter

The higher the ratio the higher the permissible bearing pressure.

The table quotes for imax 7:1. This ratio should only be used in extreme cases and with a very slow running chain drive. As a result of the large arc of contact at the large chain wheel and the

high number of teeth in mesh, the chain on the non tensioned side will not engage positively. In this case a ratio of 4:1 should not be exceeded.

Shock factor Y Effect of shock factor Y f3 1 1 2 1,37 3 1,59 4 1,72

Many chains are subjected to shock loads whose size depends on the type and performance of the driving and driven machines. These shocks lead to an increased load in the chain compared with a shockfree operation.

When designing the chain drive, this shock loading, which represents an increase in the chain pull and affects in particular the durability, must be taken into consideration.

The following shock factors can be taken as an illustration.

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Shock factor Y = 1 For machines with shockfree operation, i.e. machines driven by electric motors, i.e. lathes, drilling machines, etc. Shock factor Y = 2 For planers and shapers, presses of all types, weavers looms, continous conveyors, etc.

Shock factor Y = 3 for twin-cylinder piston pumps, mixing drums, stampers, lifting gears etc.

Shock factor Y = 4 for single-stage centrifugal compressors, etc.

For more detailed information see table on page 27

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C Layout of chain drives

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up to 2 cylinders

The figures given are mean values with a centre distance a a = 40 x no. of pitches Electric motors Allowances have to be made for unfavourable conditions. Equipment driven Lathes, drilling machines Milling machines Planing machines Shaping machines Drawing machines Presses hydraulic eccentric toggle Woodworking machines Weaving looms Knitting rotating machines reciprocating Spinning machines Piston compressors single stage twin stage Centrifugal compressors single stage twin stage Blowers Fans Piston 1 cylinder pumps 2 cylinder Centrifugal pumps Rolling via gearbox mills direct Press rollers Ball mills Tube mills Hammer mills Calendar via gearbox mills direct Cellulose grinders Oscillating screens Stampers Mixers Excavators Bodenfrse Agitators Continous conveyors for bulk material Continous conveyors for indiv. items Lifting gears Fork lift trucks Winch drives Generators Large installation Small installation Transmissionen lines (driven)

Driving Machine Compustion engines slow fast

water turbines Multishaft chain drives Steam turbines Piston steam turbines

1 1,5 2,3 2 1,8 1,8 2,5 2 1,8 2 1,5 2 1,5 2,5 2 1,6 1,3 1,5 2,5 2 1,8 1,5 2,5 3 2 1,8 2 2,5 2,5 3 1,8 2 2 1,7 3 1,6 1,5 2 2,5 3 2,5 1 1,5 1,5

2,8

2,5

2,2

4,5

3,7

2,5

2,5

3,5

3,5

1,8 2

1,5 5 4,5 4 3 3,2 2,7 3 3,7 4 3,5 2,8 4,5 4 3 2,5 2,7 3,5 3 2,5 4 3,5 2,5 2 2,5 3 2,7 2,2 3,5 3 2 1,6 2 3,5 2,6 2,3 2 2,5 2,2 3,5 2,7 2,5 2,5

5 4 3

4,5

3,5

2 1,8 2 2,5

2,2 5 4 5 3 4 5 4 4 3,2 4,5 2,8 3,5 4 3,5 3,5 3 5 4 2,5 3 3,5 4,5 3,2 3,2 2,5 4,5 2,8 2 4

3,5 4

1,8 2

2,2 2,7 3 3,5

2 2 2,6

2,8

1,6 1,5

2 2,8 2,3 2

1,2 1,7 2

1,5 2,5 2,5

1 1,5 1,5

1,8 2 2,5

1 1,5 1,5

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Shock factors Y for chain drives (Examples)

2 cylinders

4 cylinders

6 cylinders and more

1 cylinder

slow

fast

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Centre distance a Effect of ratio of centre distance p a p f4

a = centre distance centres in mm p = pitch in mm 20 1,18 40 1,0 60 0,91 80 0,87 160 0,69

The greater the centre distance the higher the permissible bearing pressure.

If the shaft centre distance is increased, the chain must be increased in length and the number of chain rotations is therefore reduced.

Consequently individual chain links are deflected less frequently, therefore the total friction travel and the wear must be reduced. A shaft centre distance should be chosen to provide an even number of chain links. A chain with an uneven number of links makes it necessary to use a cranked link, which reduces the chain breaking strength by 20 %.

Lubrication Effect of lubrication f5 m Chain speed v in s f5 Lubrication Perfect Inadequate with clean conditions Inadequate with unclean conditions None <4 1,0 1,4 2,5 5,0 4-7 >7

1,0 1,0 2,5 not permissible 4,0 not permissible

Suitable lubrication is an important condition for the durability of a chain whose individual links perform like friction bearings carrying out a pivoting movement. An efficient lubrication system

should therefore be used as a matter of course, to ensure that the lubrication film in the link remains intact, thus avoiding unlubricated movements causing a high degree of wear. With

inadequate lubrication and unclean operating conditions the transmittable power is reduced by up to 20 %. Thus the efficiency of the chain is reduced more dramaticly than by any other factor.

Transmittable power

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Chain speed

perfect lubrication

inadequate lubrication clean unclean conditions 70 % 40 % 25 %

without lubrication

up to 4 m s m up to 7 s

20 % not permissible

100 % 40 %

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C Layout of chain drives

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Types of lubrication

m Chain speed v s

I = Oil supply with oil feeder or brush II = Drip lubrication III = Oil bath or centrifugal lubrication IV = Forced feed lubrication Pitch p Inches

Chain elongation compared with operating time and various lubrication conditions is illustrated by the following graph:

% Chain elongation

Operating time in hours

Graph 2 One single lubrication, delayed wear until lubrication is exhausted.

Graph 4 Faulty lubrication, irregular wear caused by low quality, unclean, unsuitable or insufficient lubrication.

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Graph 1 Dry running, heavy wear, deterioration of chain within the shortest possible time.

Graph 3 Occasional dry running with manual lubrication, if lubrication intervals are neglected.

Graph 5 Complete lubrication, considerable reduction of wear, highest guarantee for long chain life.

C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

If adequate lubrication is not possible, an oversized chain must be selected, unless a shorter working life is acceptable, as an alternative.

The most suitable lubrication system depends also on the chain speed.

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Multi shaft drives

Where more than two shafts are driven by a chain, the power should be increased by the factor f6 The use of additional shafts increases the friction travel between chain pin and bush by d2 d2 d2 + + + z1 z2 z3 during one chain revolution.

Consequently, factor f6 should be taken into account for the bearing pressure. 103 1 1 1 + + + 3 z z 2 z3 X f6 = 1 0, 584 X = Number of links

If the number of shafts is increased, the permissible bearing pressure is reduced.

Summary

The previously mentioned factors f1 f6 determine significantly the permissible bearing pressure. Relevant determining factors are given in the table on page 35.

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C Layout of chain drives

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2.1 Pre-selection
British Standard Chains Performance diagram DIN 8187
Power P [kW]

Double

Triple

Single

Speed n of small wheel in Rev./Min. 1

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

2 Chain calculation

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

American Standard Chains Performance diagram DIN 8188

Power P [kW]

Double

Triple

Single

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Speed n of small wheel in Rev./Min. 1

C Layout of chain drives

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PD = P . fG Overall factor

fG = f1 . f2 . f3 . f4 . f5 . f6

To pre-select a chain the following factors should be taken into account: Factors: f1 Effect of the number of teeth of the small chain wheel z z 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 f1 1,72 1,46 1,27 1,12 1,0 0,91 0,83 0,76 f2 Effect of ratio i i 1:1 2:1 3:1 f2 1,22 1,08 1,0 5:1 7:1 0,92 0,86 Pre-selection of a chain from DIN 8187 performance curve Example: In the performance curve the power (0,25 kW) crosses the vertical speed line (40 min-1) in the upper area of chain L 85. This chain would be adquate, without taking into account the various factors. Determining diagram power PD and factor fG: The factors are taken from the adjacent tables. Intermediate values are interpolated.

f3 Effect of Shock factor Y Y 1 2 3 4 f3 1 1,37 1,59 1,72 a f4 Effect of ratio of centre distance p a 40 60 80 160 p 20 f4 1,18 1,0 0,91 0,87 0,69 f5 Effect of lubrication Chain speed v in m/s Lubrication f5
perfect inadequate with clean conditions inadequate with unclean conditions none

No. of teeth chosen for small chain wheel Ratio Assumed shock factor <4 1,0 1,4 2,5 5,0 4-7 1,0 2,5 4,0
unacceptable

z1 = 17 i=4 Y=2

f1 = 1,12 f2 = 0,96 f3 = 1,37

>7 1,0
unacceptable

Ratio of centre distance Perfect lubrication Chain drive with 2 chain wheels

a 380 p = 12,7 = 30 f4 = 1,09 f5 = 1 f6 = 1

f6 Effect of number of chain wheels 103 1 1 1 + + + 3 z z 2 z3 x f6 = 1 0, 584 f6 = 1 for drive comprising two shafts

fG = 1,12 0,96 1,37 1,09 1 1 = 1,60 PD = P fG = 0,25 1,60 = 0,40 kW If PD = 0,40 kW is checked at n = 40 min-1 in the power curve, it will be found that the L 85 chain is not strong enough. The next stronger chain M 106 is selected and verified by calculation. For calculation examples see page 36.

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Initial selection by performance diagram

The plotting of the performance curve was based on the following initial values: Number of teeth of small chain wheel z1 = 19, ratio i = 3:1, shockfree operation Y = 1, centre distance 40 x p (p = pitch), perfect lubrication, 2 shafts.

Since these conditions are met in very few cases only, the power to be transmitted P will be corrected to the diagram power PD, taking into consideration the variable factors f1 to f6.

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

2.2 Calculation
Summary of formulae Item to be calculated Power transmitted Diagram performance Influencing factors Torque Speed Ratio Pitch circle diameter Chain speed Chain pull Centrifugal force Total pull Chain weight per metre Bearing pressure, calculated. Bearing pressure, permissible Bearing area Friction travel factor Breaking load of chain Static breaking load safety factor Dynamic breaking load safety factor Shock factor No. of links Pitch Designation P PD fG M n i d v F Ff FG q pr pzul f l FB st d Y X p A a a C vA Formula or reference Fv Mn = 1000 9550 PD = P fG P= fG = f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 9550 P F d = n 2000 60000 v 60000 v n= = d z p n1 z 2 i= = n2 z1 p d= 180 sin z z n p d n 1000 P v= = = F 60000 60000 M= 1000 P 2000 M = v d Ff = q v2 F= FG = F + Ff see table on page 12 F pr = G f p p zul = v f5 f6 f = b2 d2 see table on page 12 see table on page 35 see table on page 35 see table on page 12 FB FG F d = B FG Y see table on page 27 st = a z1 + z 2 A p + + p 2 a see table on page 12 X=2 z z1 A= 2 see table on page 41 2 Xz a= p 2 a = [2X (z1 + z2)] C p see table with calculation on page 41 vA = np 360 sin + 30000 z
2

Unit kW kW -Nm min-1 -mm m s N N N kg m N cm2 N cm2 cm2 N cm2 -N ----mm -mm mm -m s Grad

Determining factors for bearing pressure pv

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34

Compensating factor Centre distance z1 = z2 Centre distance z1 not equal to z2 Factor for centre distance Impact speed Angle of pressure

C Layout of chain drives

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Chain speed m v in s 0,1 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 12 15 18

No. of teeth of small wheel

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24 25

3020 3060 3110 3160 3205 3235 3255 3285 3335 3365 3385 3415 3430 3460 3480 2755 2795 2825 2875 2920 2940 2970 3000 3040 3060 3080 3110 3130 3160 3175 2650 2685 2725 2775 2815 2835 2855 2895 2920 2940 2960 2990 3010 3040 3060 2530 2570 2600 2650 2685 2705 2725 2765 2795 2815 2835 2855 2875 2905 2920 2440 2480 2510 2560 2600 2620 2630 2665 2695 2715 2735 2755 2775 2805 2825 2335 2375 2405 2440 2470 2490 2510 2540 2570 2590 2610 2630 2650 2665 2685 2245 2285 2315 2355 2385 2405 2420 2450 2480 2500 2520 2540 2560 2580 2600 2165 2195 2225 2265 2305 2325 2335 2365 2395 2410 2420 2440 2460 2480 2500 2090 2120 2150 2185 2215 2235 2245 2275 2305 2325 2335 2355 2395 2420 2450 2010 2040 2070 2100 2130 2150 2165 2195 2215 2245 2275 2305 2335 2375 2410 1705 1795 1885 1960 2030 2060 2090 2120 2140 2175 2215 2255 2295 2335 2375 1375 1520 1655 1735 1805 1875 1930 1970 2010 2060 2110 2140 2165 2200 2235 1030 1206 1385 1510 1610 1695 1775 1845 1910 1950 2000 2030 2070 2100 2140 835 980 1130 1255 1375 1480 1590 1705 1815 1835 1865 1900 1940 1980 2020 - 785 1000 1090 1175 1285 1395 1530 1665 1705 1745 1785 1835 1875 1920 - 795 885 1000 1090 1177 1295 1400 1430 1470 1540 1610 1670 1735 805 890 1050 1145 1235 1275 1325 1385 1450 1510 1570 875 950 1030 1080 1130 1185 1245 1305 1375 865 940 1030 1090 1155 1215 1275

Guide figures below the line should be avoided..

Friction travel factor Shock Chains factor to DIN Y


1:1 2:1 3:1 5:1 7:1 1:1 2:1 3:1 5:1 7:1 1:1 2:1 3:1 5:1 7:1 1:1 2:1 3:1 5:1 7:1 1:1 2:1 3:1 5:1 7:1
1 8187, 8188, 8154 0,70 0,79 0,85 0,92 0,99 0,82 0,93 1,00 1,09 1,16 0,90 1,02 1,10 1,20 1,28 0,94 1,06 1,15 1,25 1,34 1,19 1,35 1,45 1,58 1,68

a = 20 p z 2 : z1

a= 40 p z2 : z1

a = 60 p z2 : z1

a = 80 p z2 : z1

a = 160 p z2 : z1

8187, 8188, 8154 0,51 0,57 0,62 0,67 0,72 0,60 0,68 0,73 0,79 0,85 0,66 0,74 0,80 0,87 0,93 0,69 0,78 0,84 0,91 0,98 0,87 0,99 1,06 1,15 1,23 8181 0,41 0,46 0,50 0,54 0,58 0,48 0,54 0,58 0,63 0,68 0,53 0,59 0,64 0,70 0,74 0,55 0,62 0,67 0,73 0,78 0,70 0,79 0,85 0,93 0,99

8187, 8186, 8154 0,44 0,49 0,53 0,58 0,62 0,52 0,59 0,63 0,69 0,73 0,57 0,64 0,69 0,75 0,80 0,59 0,67 0,72 0,78 0,84 0,75 0,85 0,91 0,99 1,06 8181 0,35 0,39 0,42 0,46 0,50 0,42 0,47 0,50 0,55 0,58 0,46 0,51 0,55 0,60 0,64 0,47 0,54 0,57 0,82 0,67 0,60 0,68 0,73 0,80 0,85

8187, 8188, 8154 0,40 0,45 0,49 0,53 0,57 0,48 0,54 0,58 0,63 0,67 0,53 0,59 0,64 0,69 0,74 0,55 0,62 0,67 0,73 0,78 0,69 0,78 0,84 0,92 0,97 8181 0,32 0,36 0,39 0,42 0,46 0,38 0,43 0,46 0,50 0,54 0,42 0,47 0,51 0,55 0,59 0,44 0,50 0,54 0,58 0,62 0,55 0,62 0,67 0,73 0,78

35

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8181

0,56 0,63 0,68 0,74 0,79 0,66 0,74 0,80 0,87 0,93 0,72 0,82 0,88 0,96 1,03 0,75 0,85 0,92 1,00 1,07 0,95 1,08 1,16 1,26 1,35

C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Determining factors for bearing pressure pV in N/cm2

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

2.3 Examples of calculations


Example 1: A conveyor belt driven by a roller chain from a geared motor. Drive details: Power output of geared motor Driving speed Speed of driven shaft Centre distance P n1 n2 a = 0,96 kW = 20 min-1 = 10 min-1 = approx. 1900 mm

a) Preselection of chain from DIN 8187 power diagram, page 31 The intersection between the horizontal power curve (for 0,96 kW) and the vertical speed curve (for 20 min-1) is situated in the upper area of the chain M 1611. This chain would be adequate without taking into consideration the various factors. Establishing diagram power PD For factors see page 33 Number of pinion teeth, selected Ratio n1 : n2 Shock factor, assumed Ratio for centre distance Lubrication, perfect Drive with 2 chain wheels fG = f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 = 1,121,08 1,370,88 11 = 1,46 PD = P fG = 0,96 1,46 = 1,4 kW If PD is located again in the power diagram at n = 20 Rev./Min., it will be found that chain M 1611 is unsuitable. The next stronger chain M 2012 is selected.

z1 = 17 i =2 Y =2 a 1900 p = 25,4 = 75

f1 f2 f3 f4

= = = =

1,12 1,08 1,37 0,88

f5 = 1 f6 = 1

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b) Re-calculating selected chain Roller chain M 2012 Pitch p = 31,75 mm Breaking load FB = 100 000 N Bearing area f = 2,94 cm2 Chain weight q = 3,32 kg/m Chain wheel Pitch circle diameter at z1 = 17 d = 172,79 mm

36

C Layout of chain drives

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v=

= 0,18

m s

2) Chain pull:

F=

1000 P v

1000 0, 96 0,18

= 5333 N

3) Centrifugal force:

Ff = q v 2

= 3, 32 0,182

= 0,11 N

4) Total pull:

FG = F + Ff

= 5333 N

Centrifugal force ignored

5) Bearing pressure arithmetic:

pr =

FG f pv f5 f6

5333 2, 94 3027 0, 77 1 1

= 1813, 9

N cm2 N cm2

6) Bearing pressure permissible:

p zul =

= 2240

The arithmetic bearing pressure should not exceed the permissible value. The approx. Value pV and the friction travel are determined by interpolation from the tables on page 35.

7) Static breaking load safety factor:

st =

FB FG

100000 5333

= 18, 7 higher than the recommended minimum value 7

8) Dynamic breaking load safety factor:

d =

FB FG Y

100000 5333 2

= 9, 4 higher than the recommended minimum value 5

According to the table for types of lubrication on page 29, manual lubrication is sufficient.

The re-calculation shows that chain M 2012 was selected correctly. Thus it is possible to establish the exact length of the chain (see page 40). If space restrictions are present, double or triple strand chains of a smaller pitch could be selected.

37

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

1) Chain speed:

d n1 60000

172, 79 20 60000

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Example 2:

Chain drive to a hydraulic pump. For this the following information is available.

Torque Driving Speed Ratio Centre distance Max. permissible external diameter, including chain on wheel:

M = 45,7 Nm n1 = 200 min-1 i =2 a = approx. 750 mm dA = 70 mm

a) Pre-selection chain from DIN 8187 power curve, page 31 Power: P= M n1 9550 = 45,7 200 9550 = 0,96 kW

The diagram shows that chain L 85 should be used. In view of the higher operating conditions and the maximum diameter restriction on wheel selection preference is given to the Double chain D 67 which has a smaller pitch, but nearly the same breaking load. Furthermore, this provides a sufficient number of teeth with the specified limitation of the chain wheel diameter. Determining diagram power PD Factors, see page 33 No. of teeth of pinon, selected Ratio Shock factor, assumed Ratio for centre distance Lubrication, perfect Drive with 2 chain wheels fG = f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6 = 1,121,081,370,8711 = 1,44 PD = P fG = 0,96 1,44 = 1,38 kW A new check using this calculated power shows that chain D 67 is not adequate. Therefore Triple chain Tr 67 is selected b) Re-calculating selected chain Roller chain Tr 67 Pitch p = 9,525 mm Breaking load FB = 29 000 N Bearing area f = 0,83 cm2 Chain weight q = 1,18 kg/m

z1 = 17 i =2 Y =2 a 750 p = 9,525 = 78,7

f1 f2 f3 f4

= = = =

1,12 1,08 1,37 0,87

f5 = 1 f6 = 1

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Chain wheel Pitch circle diameter at z1 = 17 d = 51,84 mm

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C Layout of chain drives

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Checking top diameter dA, including chain. dA = d + g = 51,84 + 8,26 = 60,1 mm this is smaller than 70 mm g = height of link plate z n1 p 60000 17 200 9, 525 60000 m s

1) Chain speed:

v=

= 0, 54

2) Chain pull:

F=

1000 P v

1000 0, 96 = 1778 N 0, 54

3) Centrifugal force:

Ff = q v2

= 1,18 0,542 = 0,34 N

4) Total pull:

FG = F + Ff

= 1778 N

Centrifugal force ignored

5) Bearing pressure arithmetic:

pr =

FG f

1778 0, 83

= 2142,17

N cm2

6) Bearing pressure permissible:

p zul =

pv f5 f6

2764 0, 78 1 1

= 2156

N cm2 pr smaller than pzul

The approx. value pV and the friction travel are determined by interpolation from the tables on page 35 7) Static breaking load safety factor: st = FB FG = 29000 1778 = 16, 3 higher than the recommended minimum value 7 FB FG Y

higher than the recommended minimum value 5 According to table on page 29, types of lubrication, manual lubrication is sufficient.

The exact chain length can be established in accordance with item 3, page 40.

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8) Dynamic breaking load safety factor:

d =

29000 1778 2

= 8,16

C AUSLEGUNG VON KETTENTRIEBEN

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

3 Determining length of chain 3.1 Number of links and centre distance

Chain drive with 2 shafts If the chain size has been determined, it is possible to calculate the number of links, the length of the chain and the exact centre distance.

Data required Pitch of chain No. of teeth, drive wheel No. of teeth, driven wheel Approx. centre distance in mm p z1 z2 a

1 Chain wheels with identical numbers of teeth z1 = z2 No. of links: X= a= 2a +z p Xz p 2

Centre distance:

2 Chain wheels with different numbers of teeth z1 not equal to z2 No. of links: Compensating factor: Centre distance: X=2 a z1 + z 2 A p + + p 2 a
2

z z1 A= 2 2

or from table on page 41 [mm]

a= 2 X ( z1 + z 2 ) Cp

C = Factor for centre distance from table on page 41

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In most cases the approximate centre distance is given, for which very often an uneven number of links X is obtained. This figure is rounded up to the next even figure, or rounded down, as the case maybe, in order to avoid an uneven number of links. The centre distance is then again calculated with the corrected number of links.

The smallest centre distance for a chain drive consisting of two chain wheels shall always be higher than the arithmetic mean of the outside diameters of both wheels.

With a fixed centre distance and given chain wheel diameter the slack of the chain is compensated by means of a tensioner. See also page 58, drive arrangement.

a>

da1 + da 2 2

[mm]

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C Layout of chain drives

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z2 z1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

A 0,0253 0,1013 0,2280 0,4053 0,6333 0,912 1,241 1,621 2,052 2,533 3,065 3,648 4,281 4,965 5,699 6,485 7,320 8,207 9,144 10,132

z2 z1 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

A 11,171 12,260 13,400 14,590 15,831 17,123 18,466 19,859 21,303 22,797 24,342 25,938 27,585 29,282 31,030 32,828 34,677 36,577 38,527 40,529

z2 z1 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

A 42,580 44,683 46,836 49,040 51,294 53,599 55,955 58,361 60,818 63,326 65,884 68,493 71,153 73,863 76,624 79,436 82,298 85,211 88,175 91,189

z2 z1 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

A 94,254 97,370 100,536 103,753 107,021 110,339 113,708 117,128 120,598 124,119 127,690 131,313 134,986 138,709 142,483 146,308 150,184 154,110 158,087 162,115

z2 z1 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

A 166,191 170,320 174,450 178,730 183,011 187,342 191,724 196,157 200,640 205,174 209,759 214,395 219,081 223,817 228,605 233,443 238,322 243,271 248,261 253,302

Factor for centre distance C X z1 z2 z1 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4,8 4,6 4,4 4,2 4,0 3,8 3,6 3,4 3,2 3,0 2,9 2,8 2,7 2,6 2,5 2,4 2,3 2,2 2,1 2,0 F C 0,24 991 990 988 986 983 978 970 958 937 931 925 917 907 896 883 868 849 825 795 778 758 735 708 678 643 602 552 493 421 D 1 2 2 3 5 8 12 21 6 6 8 10 11 13 15 19 24 30 17 20 23 27 30 35 41 50 59 72 X z1 z2 z1 2,00 1,95 1,90 1,85 1,80 1,75 1,70 1,68 1,66 1,64 1,62 1,60 1,58 1,56 1,54 1,52 1,50 1,48 1,46 1,44 1,42 1,40 1,39 1,38 1,37 1,36 1,35 1,34 1,33 F C 0,24 421 380 333 281 222 156 081 048 013 0,23 977 938 897 854 807 758 705 648 588 524 455 381 301 259 215 170 123 073 022 022, 968 D 41 47 52 59 66 75 33 35 36 39 41 43 47 49 53 57 60 64 69 74 80 42 44 45 47 50 51 54 X z1 z2 z1 1,33 1,32 1,31 1,30 1,29 1,28 1,27 1,26 1,25 1,24 1,23 1,22 1,21 1,20 1,19 1,18 1,17 1,16 1,15 1,14 1,13 1,12 1,11 1,10 1,09 1,08 1,07 1,06 F C 0,22 968 912 854 793 729 662 593 520 443 361 275 185 090 0,21 990 884 771 652 526 390 245 090 0,20 923 744 549 336 104 0,19 848 564 D 56 58 61 64 67 69 73 77 82 86 90 95 100 106 113 119 126 136 145 155 167 179 195 213 232 256 284

20

50

100

10

100

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Compensating factor A

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Examples for calculating z1 not equal to z2 The following is given for a chain drive: Approx. centre distance No. of teeth, drive wheel No. of teeth, driven wheel Pitch a z1 + z 2 A p + + p 2 a 370 19 + 60 42, 58 25, 4 + + 25, 4 2 370 a z1 z2 p = = = = 370 mm 19 60 25,4 mm

a) No. of links

X=2

z2 z1 = 41 from table on page 41

A = 42,58

X = 2

X = 71,55 The Value X = 71,55 is rounded up to the even figure of X = 72. The exact centre distance is then calculated with this value.

b) Centre distance

a = [2 X (z1 + z2)] C p Establishing value C from table on page 41 and interpolation: X z1 72 19 = z 2 z1 60 19

1.

= 1,29268

2. Nearest table figure 3. . Residual value R = 1,29268 1,29 4. Interpolated value from table: Difference Factor I

= 1,29 = 0,00268

= DFR D = 64 F = 100 = 64 100 0,00268 = 17 C1,29 + I C = 0,22729 = 17 = 0,22746

5.Calculation of C: from table

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a = [2 72 (19 + 60)] 0,22746 25,4 = 375,54 mm

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C Layout of chain drives

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The pitch circle diameter for the wheels is used as a basis for determining the number of links. The theoretical chain length X' is calculated by the addition of all LTi and values.

X' X' =

ii 1 z zi i L Ti + p ii 360

In the special case where all chain wheels have the same number of teeth and are situated within the chain, the simplified formulae applies for the calculation of the number of links.

X' X' =

1 ai + z p ii

The number of links calculated is generally speaking not a full figure and must therefore be rounded up to the next highest even number. Where it is possible to provide

adjustment, this method is sufficiently accurate, otherwise the centre distances or number of teeth should be modified until the correct chain tension is achieved.

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Chain drive consisting of several shafts

It is possible to produce equations for the calculation of the number of links for chain drives with more than two chain wheels. However, the mathematical calculation is complicated and graphical determination of the chain length is thus easier and in most cases it can be

carried out with sufficient accuracy. The basic procedure is shown below. A large scale should be chosen when the drive details are being drawn. This will minimize errors in chain length calculation.

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

3.2 Measuring chain length


The size of the chain is determined by the pitch p, the inner width b1 and the diameters of the rollers or bushes d1 respectively. Multiplying pitch p with the number of links X gives the length L of the chain.

L=pX

[mm]

Establishing length and tolerance of a chain

In the case of open chains the stretched (actual) length is measured under load by applying the standard measuring load. The length established is then compared with the nominal lengths to DIN standards, which are listed in the following tables for many pitches and numbers of links. In the case of endless chains a circumferential measurement using twice the measuring force is used.

Further note: With a new chain the tedious counting of links can be left out, if the total chain length is established (in mm) and the relevant number of links for the pitch in questions is read off the tables on pages 45 50. The standard length tolerance for iwis chains are better than those specified by normal standards. In addition it is possible to produce

chains to closer tolerances still The permissible tolerance in length may be + 0,15 % for roller and bush chains with a measuring length 49 x pitch. The measurement should be taken with the chain clean and free of lubrication and with the application of the measuring force. The tolerance for differing chain lengths of certain pitches can be calculated, using the following formula:

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(+) tolerance = p X 0,0015 [mm] (DIN 8187/88/81, 8154) p = pitch X = number of links

The measuring forces specified for the pitch and type of construction can be taken from the following tables:

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C Layout of chain drives

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Roller chains with pitch p = 6 mm iwis Designation DIN Measuring load in N DIN 8187 G 42 04 30

Roller chains with pitch p = 8 mm iwis Designation DIN Measuring load in N DIN 8187 G 52 05B-1 50 D 52 05B-2 75 G 53 H 50

Permissible variation in length of unlubricated chain under measuring load: + 0,15 % % with measured length 49 x the pitch of the chain in mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 114 120 126 132 138 144 150 156 162 168 174 180 186 192 198 204 210 216 222 228 234 240 246 252 258 264 270 276 282 288 294 300

0,10 0,11 0,12 0,13 0,14 0,14 0,15 0,16 0,17 0,18 0,19 0,20 0,21 0,22 0,23 0,23 0,24 0,25 0,26 0,27 0,28 0,29 0,30 0,31 0,32 0,32 0,33 0,34 0,35 0,36 0,37 0,38 0,39 0,40 0,41 0,41 0,42 0,43 0,44 0,45

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

306 312 318 324 330 336 342 348 354 360 366 372 378 384 390 396 402 408 414 420 426 432 438 444 450 456 462 468 474 480 486 492 498 504 510 516 522 528 534 540

0,46 0,47 0,48 0,49 0,50 0,50 0,51 0,52 0,53 0,54 0,55 0,56 0,57 0,58 0,59 0,59 0,60 0,61 0,62 0,63 0,64 0,65 0,66 0,67 0,68 0,68 0,69 0,70 0,71 0,72 0,73 0,74 0,75 0,76 0,77 0,77 0,78 0,79 0,80 0,81

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

546 552 558 564 570 576 582 588 594 600 606 612 618 624 630 636 642 648 654 660 666 672 678 684 690 696 702 708 714 720 726 732 738 744 750 756 762 768 774 780

0,82 0,83 0,84 0,85 0,86 0,86 0,87 0,88 0,89 0,90 0,91 0,92 0,93 0,94 0,95 0,95 0,96 0,97 0,98 0,99 1,00 1,01 1,02 1,03 1,04 1,04 1,05 1,06 1,07 1,08 1,09 1,10 1,11 1,12 1,13 1,13 1,14 1,15 1,16 1,17

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 152 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

786 792 798 804 810 816 822 828 834 840 846 852 858 864 870 876 882 888 894 900 906 912 918 924 930 936 942 948 954 960 966 972 978 984 990 996 1002 1008 1014 1020

1,18 1,19 1,20 1,21 1,22 1,22 1,23 1,24 1,25 1,26 1,27 1,28 1,29 1,30 1,31 1,31 1,32 1,33 1,34 1,35 1,36 1,37 1,38 1,39 1,40 1,40 1,41 1,42 1,43 1,44 1,45 1,46 1,47 1,48 1,49 1,49 1,50 1,51 1,52 1,53

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 32 33 34 45 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

88 96 104 112 120 128 136 144 152 160 168 176 184 192 200 208 216 224 232 240 248 256 264 272 280 288 296 304 312 320 328 336 344 352 360 368 376 384 392 400

0,13 0,14 0,16 0,17 0,18 0,19 0,20 0,22 0,23 0,24 0,25 0,26 0,28 0,29 0,30 0,31 0,32 0,34 0,35 0,36 0,37 0,38 0,40 0,41 0,42 0,43 0,44 0,46 0,47 0,48 0,49 0,50 0,52 0,53 0,54 0,55 0,56 0,58 0,59 0,60

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 66 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

408 416 424 432 440 448 456 464 472 480 488 496 504 512 520 528 536 544 552 560 568 576 584 592 600 608 616 624 632 640 648 656 664 672 680 688 696 704 712 720

0,61 0,62 0,64 0,65 0,66 0,67 0,68 0,70 0,71 0,72 0,73 0,74 0,76 0,77 0,78 0,79 0,80 0,82 0,83 0,84 0,85 0,86 0,88 0,89 0,90 0,91 0,92 0,94 0,95 0,96 0,97 0,98 1,00 1,01 1,02 1,03 1,04 1,06 1,07 1,08

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120

728 736 744 752 760 768 776 784 792 800 808 816 824 832 840 88 856 864 872 880 888 896 904 912 920 928 936 944 952 960

1,09 1,10 1,12 1,13 1,14 1,15 1,16 1,18 1,19 1,20 1,21 1,22 1,24 1,25 1,26 1,27 1,28 1,30 1,31 1,32 1,33 1,34 1,36 1,37 1,38 1,39 1,40 1,42 1,43 1,44 1,45 1,46 1,48 1,49 1,50 1,51 1,52 1,54 1,55 1,56

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

1048 1056 1064 1072 1080 1088 1096 1104 1112 1120 1128 1136 1144 1152 1160 1168 1176 1184 1192 1200 1208 1216 1224 1232 1240 1248 1256 1264 1272 1280 1288 1296 1304 1312 1320 1328 1336 1344 1342 1360

+ Tol. mm

1,57 1,58 1,60 1,61 1,62 1,63 1,64 1,66 1,67 1,68 1,69 1,70 1,72 1,73 1,74 1,75 1,76 1,78 1,79 1,80 1,81 1,82 1,84 1,85 1,86 1,87 1,88 1,90 1,91 1,92 1,93 1,94 1,96 1,97 1,98 1,99 2,00 2,02 2,03 2,04

121 968 122 976 123 984 124 992 125 1000 126 127 128 129 130 1008 1016 1024 1032 1040

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Lengths and tolerances

C Layout of chain drives

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Lengths and tolerances Roller chains with pitch p = 9,525 mm (3/8") iwis Designation DIN G 62 /2 G 67 G 68 D 67 Tr 67
1

Measuring load in N 110 90 90 160 236

DIN 8187 06B-1 06B-2 06B-3

Permissible variation in length of unlubricated chain under measuring load: + 0,15 % % with measured length 49 x the pitch of the chain in mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

Absolute length mm

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

No. of links

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

+ Tol. mm

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

104,78 114,30 123,83 133,35 142,88 152,40 161,93 171,45 180,98 190,50 200,03 209,55 219,08 228,60 238,13 247,65 257,18 266,70 276,23 285,75 295,28 304,80 314,33 323,85 333,38 342,90 352,43 361,95 371,48 381,00 390,53 400,05 409,58 419,10 428,63 438,15 447,68 457,20 466,73 476,25

0,16 0,17 0,19 0,20 0,21 0,23 0,24 0,26 0,27 0,29 0,30 0,31 0,33 0,34 0,36 0,37 0,39 0,40 0,41 0,43 0,44 0,46 0,47 0,49 0,50 0,51 0,53 0,54 0,56 0,57 0,59 0,60 0,61 0,63 0,64 0,66 0,67 0,69 0,70 0,71

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

485,78 495,30 504,83 514,35 523,88 533,40 542,93 552,45 561,98 571,50 581,03 590,55 600,08 609,60 619,13 628,65 638,18 647,70 657,23 666,75 676,28 685,80 695,33 704,85 714,38 723,90 733,43 742,95 752,48 762,00 771,53 781,05 790,58 800,10 809,63 819,15 828,68 838,20 847,73 857,25

0,73 0,74 0,76 0,77 0,79

91 92 93 94 95

866,78 876,30 885,83 895,35 904,88 914,40 923,93 933,45 942,98 952,50

1,30 1,31 1,33 1,34 1,36 1,37 1,39 1,40 1,41 1,43 1,44 1,46 1,47 1,49 1,50 1,51 1,53 1,54 1,56 1,57 1,59 1,60 1,61 1,63 1,64 1,66 1,67 1,69 1,70 1,71 1,73 1,74 1,76 1,77 1,79 1,80 1,81 1,83 1,84 1,86

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

1247,78 1257,30 1266,83 1276,35 1285,88 1295,40 1304,93 1314,45 1323,98 1333,50 1343,03 1352,55 1362,08 1371,60 1381,13 1390,65 1400,18 1409,70 1419,23 1428,75 1438,28 1447,80 1457,33 1466,85 1476,38 1485,90 1495,43 1504,95 1514,48 1524,00 1533,53 1543,05 1552,58 1562,10 1571,63 1581,15 1590,68 1600,20 1609,73 1619,25

1,87 1,89 1,90 1,91 1,93 1,94 1,96 1,97 1,99 2,00 2,01 2,03 2,04 2,06 2,07 2,09 2,10 2,11 2,13 2,14 2,16 2,17 2,19 2,20 2,21 2,23 2,24 2,26 2,27 2,29 2,30 2,31 2,33 2,34 2,36 2,37 2,39 2,40 2,41 2,43

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

104,78 114,30 123,83 133,35 142,88 152,40 161,93 171,45 180,98 190,50 200,03 209,55 219,08 228,60 238,13 247,65 257,18 266,70 276,23 285,75 295,28 304,80 314,33 323,85 333,38 342,90 352,43 361,95 371,48 381,00 390,53 400,05 409,58 419,10 428,63 438,15 447,68 457,20 466,73 476,25

0,16 0,17 0,19 0,20 0,21 0,23 0,24 0,26 0,27 0,29 0,30 0,31 0,33 0,34 0,36 0,37 0,39 0,40 0,41 0,43 0,44 0,46 0,47 0,49 0,50 0,51 0,53 0,54 0,56 0,57 0,59 0,60 0,61 0,63 0,64 0,66 0,67 0,69 0,70 0,71

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

485,78 495,30 504,83 514,35 523,88 533,40 542,93 552,45 561,98 571,50 581,03 590,55 600,08 609,60 619,13 628,65 638,18 647,70 657,23 666,75 676,28 685,80 695,33 704,85 714,38 723,90 733,43 742,95 752,48 762,00 771,53 781,05 790,58 800,10 809,63 819,15 828,68 838,20 847,73 857,25

0,73 0,74 0,76 0,77 0,79

91 92 93 94 95

866,78 876,30 885,83 895,35 904,88 914,40 923,93 933,45 942,98 952,50

1,30 1,31 1,33 1,34 1,36 1,37 1,39 1,40 1,41 1,43 1,44 146 1,47 1,49 1,50 1,51 1,53 1,54 1,56 1,57 1,59 1,60 1,61 1,63 1,64 1,66 1,67 1,69 1,70 1,71 1,73 1,74 1,76 1,77 1,79 1,80 1,81 1,83 1,84 1,86

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

1247,78 1257,30 1266,83 1276,35 1285,88 1295,40 1304,93 1314,45 1323,98 1333,50 1343,03 1352,55 1362,08 1371,60 1381,13 1390,65 1400,18 1409,70 1419,23 1428,75 1438,28 1447,80 1457,33 1466,85 1476,38 1485,90 1495,43 1504,95 1514,48 1524,00 1533,53 1543,05 1552,58 1562,10 1571,63 1581,15 1590,68 1600,20 1609,73 1619,25

1,87 1,89 1,90 1,91 1,93 1,94 1,96 1,97 1,99 2,00 2,01 2,03 2,04 2,06 2,07 2,09 2,10 2,11 2,13 2,14 2,16 2,17 2,19 2,20 2,21 2,23 2,24 2,26 2,27 2,29 2,30 2,31 2,33 2,34 2,36 2,37 2,39 2,40 2,41 2,43

0,80 96 0,81 97 0,83 98 0,84 99 0,86 100 0,87 0,89 0,90 0,91 0,93 0,94 0,96 0,97 0,99 1,00 1,01 1,03 1,04 1,06 1,07 1,09 1,10 1,11 1,13 1,14 1,16 1,17 1,19 1,20 1,21 1,23 1,24 1,26 1,27 1,29

0,80 96 0,81 97 0,83 98 0,84 99 0,86 100 0,87 0,89 0,90 0,91 0,93 0,94 0,96 0,97 0,99 1,00 1,01 1,03 1,04 1,06 1,07 1,09 1,10 1,11 1,13 1,14 1,16 1,17 1,19 1,20 1,21 1,23 1,24 1,26 1,27 1,29

101 962,03 102 971,55 103 981,08 104 990,60 105 1000,13 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 177 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 1009,65 1019,18 1028,70 1038,23 1047,75 1057,28 1066,80 1076,33 1085,85 1095,38 1104,90 1114,43 1123,95 1133,48 1143,00 1152,53 1162,05 1171,58 1181,10 1190,63 1200,15 1209,68 1219,20 1228,73 1238,25

101 962,03 102 971,55 103 981,08 104 990,60 105 1000,13 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 1009,65 1019,18 1028,70 1038,23 1047,75 1057,28 1066,80 1076,33 1085,85 1095,38 1104,90 1114,43 1123,95 1133,48 1143,00 1152,53 1162,05 1171,58 1181,10 1190,63 1200,15 1209,68 1219,20 1228,73 1238,25

46

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+ Tol. mm

C Layout of chain drives

iwis
wir bewegen die welt

Roller chains with pitch p = 12,7 mm (1/2") iwis Designation DIN P 83 V S 84 L 85 D 85 Tr85 DIN 8187 08B-1 08B-2 08B-3 Measuring load in N 155 180 180 320 475

Roller chains with pitch p = 15,875 mm (5/8") iwis Designation DIN M 106 D 106 Tr 106 Measuring load in N DIN 8187 10B-1 224 10B-2 400 10B-3 600 DIN 8188 10A-1 222 10A-2 444 10A-3 666

L 85 A D 85 A Tr 85 A

DIN 8188 08A-1 141 08A-2 282 08A-3 423

M 106 A D 106 A Tr 106 A

Permissible variation in length of unlubricated chain under measuring load: + 0,15 % % with measured length 49 x the pitch of the chain in mm
Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm

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11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

139,7 152,4 165,1 177,8 190,5 203,2 215,9 228,6 241,3 254,0 266,7 279,4 292,1 304,8 317,5 330,2 342,9 355,6 368,3 381,0 393,7 406,4 419,1 431,8 444,5 457,2 469,9 482,6 495,3 508,0 520,7 533,4 546,1 558,8 571,5 584,2 596,9 609,6 622,3 635,0

0,21 0,23 0,25 0,27 0,29 0,30 0,32 0,34 0,36 0,38 0,40 0,42 0,44 0,46 0,48 0,50 0,51 0,53 0,55 0,57 0,59 0,61 0,63 0,65 0,67 0,69 0,70 0,72 0,74 0,76 0,78 0,80 0,82 0,84 0,86 0,88 0,90 0,91 0,93 0,95

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

647,7 660,4 673,1 685,8 698,5 711,2 723,9 736,6 749,3 762,0 774,7 787,4 800,1 812,8 825,5 838,2 850,9 863,6 876,3 889,0 901,7 914,4 927,1 939,8 952,5 965,2 977,9 990,6 1003,3 1016,0 1028,7 1041,4 1054,1 1066,8 1079,5 1092,2 1104,9 1117,6 1130,3 1143,0

0,97 0,99 1,01 1,03 1,05

91 92 93 94 95

1155,7 1168,4 1181,1 1193,8 1206,5 1219,2 1231,9 1244,6 1257,3 1270,0 1282,7 1295,4 1308,1 1320,8 1333,5 1346,2 1358,9 1371,6 1384,3 1397,0 1409,7 1422,4 1435,1 1447,8 1460,5 1473,2 1485,9 1498,6 1511,3 1524,0 1536,7 1549,4 1562,1 1574,8 1587,5 1600,2 1612,9 1625,6 1638,3 1651,0

1,73 1,75 1,77 1,79 1,81 1,83 1,85 1,87 1,89 1,91 1,92 1,94 1,96 1,98 2,00 2,02 2,04 2,06 2,08 2,10 2,12 2,13 2,15 2,17 2,19 2,21 2,23 2,25 2,27 2,29 2,31 2,32 2,34 2,36 2,38 2,40 2,42 2,44 2,46 2,48

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

1663,7 1676,4 1689,1 1701,8 1714,5 1727,2 1739,9 1752,6 1765,3 1778,0 1790,7 1803,4 1816,1 1828,8 1841,5 1854,2 1866,9 1879,6 1892,3 1905,0 1917,7 1930,4 1943,1 1955,8 1968,5 1981,2 1993,9 2006,6 2019,3 2032,0 2044,7 2057,4 2070,1 2082,8 2095,5 2108,2 2120,9 2133,6 2146,3 2159,0

2,50 2,52 2,53 2,55 2,57 2,59 2,61 2,63 2,65 2,67 2,69 2,71 27,72 2,74 2,76 2,78 2,80 2,82 2,84 2,86 2,88 2,90 2,91 2,93 2,95 2,97 2,99 3,01 3,03 3,05 3,07 3,09 3,11 3,12 3,14 3,16 3,18 3,20 3,22 3,24

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

174,63 190,50 206,38 222,25 238,13 254,00 269,88 285,75 301,63 317,50 333,38 349,25 365,13 381,00 396,88 412,75 428,63 444,50 460,38 476,25 492,13 508,00 523,88 539,75 555,63 571,50 587,38 603,25 619,13 635,00 650,88 666,75 682,63 698,50 714,38 730,25 746,13 762,00 777,88 793,75

0,26 0,29 0,31 0,33 0,36 0,38 0,40 0,43 0,45 0,48 0,50 0,52 0,55 0,57 0,60 0,62 0,64 0,67 0,69 0,71 0,74 0,76 0,79 0,81 0,83 0,86 0,88 0,90 0,93 0,95 0,98 1,00 1,02 1,05 1,07 1,10 1,12 1,14 1,17 1,19

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

809,63 825,50 841,38 857,25 873,13 889,00 904,88 920,75 936,63 952,50

1,21 1,24 1,26 1,29 1,31

91 92 93 94 95

1444,63 1460,50 1476,38 1492,25 1508,13 1524,00 1539,88 1555,75 1571,63 1587,50 1603,38 1619,25 1635,13 1651,00 1666,88 1682,75 1698,63 1714,50 1730,38 1746,25 1762,13 1778,00 1793,88 1809,75 1825,63 1841,50 1857,38 1873,25 1889,13 1905,00 1920,88 1936,75 1952,63 1968,50 1984,38 2000,25 2016,13 2032,00 2047,88 2063,75

2,17 2,19 2,21 2,24 2,26 2,29 231 2,33 2,36 2,38 2,41 2,43 2,45 2,48 2,50 2,52 2,55 2,57 2,60 2,62 2,64 2,67 2,69 2,71 2,74 2,76 2,79 2,81 2,83 2,86 2,88 2,91 2,93 2,95 2,98 3,00 3,02 3,05 3,07 3,11

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138, 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

2079,63 2095,50 2111,38 2127,25 2143,13 2159,00 2174,88 2190,75 2206,63 2222,50 2238,38 2254,25 2270,13 2286,00 2301,88 2317,75 2333,63 2349,50 2365,38 2381,25 2397,13 2413,00 2428,88 2444,75 2460,63 2476,50 2492,38 2508,25 2524,13 2540,00 2555,88 2571,75 2587,63 2603,50 2619,38 2635,25 2651,13 2667,00 2682,88 2698,75

3,12 3,14 3,17 3,19 3,21 3,24 3,26 3,29 3,31 3,33 3,36 3,38 3,41 3,43 3,45 3,48 3,50 3,52 3,55 3,57 3,60 3,62 3,64 3,67 3,69 3,71 3,74 3,76 3,79 3,81 3,83 3,86 3,88 3,91 3,93 3,95 3,98 4,00 4,02 4,05

1,07 96 1,09 97 1,10 98 1,12 99 1,14 100 1,16 1,18 1,20 1,22 1,24 1,26 1,28 1,30 1,31 1,33 1,35 1,37 1,39 1,41 1,43 1,45 1,47 1,49 1,50 1,52 1,54 1,56 1,58 1,60 1,62 1,64 1,66 1,68 1,70 1,71 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

1,33 96 1,36 97 1,38 98 1,40 99 1,43 100

61 968,38 1,45 101 62 984,25 1,48 102 63 1000,13 1,50 103 64 1016,00 1,52 104 65 1031,88 1,55 105 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 1047,75 1063,63 1079,50 1095,38 1111,25 1127,13 1143,00 1158,88 1174,75 1190,63 1206,50 1222,38 1238,25 1254,13 1270,00 1285,88 1301,75 1317,63 1333,50 1349,38 1365,25 1381,13 1397,00 1412,88 1428,75 1,57 1,60 1,62 1,64 1,67 1,69 1,71 1,74 1,76 1,79 1,81 1,83 1,86 1,88 1,91 1,93 1,95 1,98 2,00 2,02 2,05 2,07 2,10 2,12 2,14 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

+ Tol. mm

47

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Lengths and tolerances

C Layout of chain drives

iwis
wir bewegen die welt

C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Lengths and tolerances Roller chains with pitch p = 19,05 mm (3/4") iwis Designation DIN M 127 D 127 Tr 127 Measuring load in N DIN 8187 12B-1 290 12B-2 530 12B-3 800 DIN 8188 12A-1 318 12A-2 636 12A-3 954 Roller chains with pitch p = 25,4 mm (1") iwis Designation DIN M 1611 D 1611 Tr 1611 M 1610 A D 1610 A Tr 1610 A LR 165 Permissible variation in length of unlubricated chain under measuring load: + 0,15 % % with measured length 49 x the pitch of the chain in mm
Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm

Measuring load in N 6000 1060 1600 567 1134 1701 180

DIN 8187 16B-1 16B-2 16B-3 DIN 8188 16A-1 16A-2 16A-3 DIN 8181 208B

M 128 A D 128 A Tr 128 A

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11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

209,55 228,60 247,65 266,70 285,75 304,80 323,85 342,90 361,95 381,00 400,05 419,10 438,15 457,20 476,25 495,30 514,35 533,40 552,45 571,50 590,55 609,60 628,65 647,70 666,75 685,80 704,85 723,90 742,95 762,00 781,05 800,10 819,15 838,20 857,25 876,30 895,35 914,40 933,45 952,50

0,31 0,34 0,37 0,40 0,43 0,46 0,49 0,51 0,54 0,57 0,60 0,63 0,66 0,69 0,71 0,74 0,77 0,80 0,83 0,86 0,89 0,91 0,94 0,97 1,00 1,03 1,06 1,09 1,11 1,14 1,17 1,20 1,23 1,26 1,29 1,31 1,34 1,37 1,40 1,43

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

971,55 990,60 1009,65 1028,70 1047,75 1066,80 1085,85 1104,90 1123,95 1143,00 1162,05 1181,10 1200,15 1219,20 1238,25 1257,30 1276,35 1295,40 1314,45 1333,50 1352,55 1371,60 1390,65 1409,70 1428,75 1447,80 1466,85 1485,90 1504,95 1524,00 1543,05 1562,10 1581,15 1600,20 1619,25 1638,30 1657,35 1676,40 1695,45 1714,50

1,46 1,49 1,51 1,54 1,57

91 92 93 94 95

1733,55 1752,60 1771,65 1790,70 1809,75 1828,80 1847,85 1866,90 1885,95 1905,00 1924,05 1943,10 1962,15 1981,20 2000,25 2019,30 2038,35 2057,40 2076,45 2095,50 2114,55 2133,60 2152,65 2171,70 2190,75 2209,80 2228,85 2247,90 2266,95 2286,00 2305,05 2324,10 2343,15 2362,20 2381,25 2400,30 2419,35 2438,40 2457,45 2476,50

2,60 2,63 2,66 2,69 2,71 2,74 2,77 2,80 2,83 2,86 2,89 2,91 2,94 2,97 3,00 3,03 3,06 3,09 3,11 3,14 3,17 3,20 3,23 3,26 3,29 3,31 3,34 3,37 3,40 343 3,46 3,49 3,51 3,54 3,57 3,60 3,63 3,66 3,69 3,72

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

2495,55 2514,60 2533,65 2552,70 2571,75 2590,80 2609,85 2628,90 2647,95 2667,00 2686,05 2705,10 2724,15 2743,20 2762,25 2781,30 2800,35 2819,40 2838,45 2857,50 2876,55 2895,60 2914,65 2933,70 2952,75 2971,80 2990,85 3009,90 3028,95 3048,00 3067,05 3086,10 3105,15 3124,20 3143,25 3162,30 3181,35 3200,40 3219,45 3238,50

3,74 3,77 3,80 3,83 3,86 3,89 3,91 3,94 3,97 4,00 4,03 4,06 4,09 4,11 4,14 4,17 4,20 4,23 4,26 4,29 4,32 4,34 4,37 4,40 4,43 4,46 4,49 4,51 4,54 4,57 4,60 4,63 4,66 4,69 4,71 474 4,77 4,80 4,83 4,86

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

279,4 304,8 330,2 355,6 381,0 406,4 431,8 457,2 482,6 508,0 533,4 558,8 584,2 609,6 635,0 660,4 685,8 711,2 736,6 762,0 787,4 812,8 838,2 863,6 889,0

0,42 0,46 0,50 0,53 0,57 0,61 0,65 0,69 0,72 0,76 0,80 0,84 0,88 0,91 0,95 0,99 1,03 1,07 1,10 1,14 1,18 1,22 1,26 1,30 1,33 1,37 1,41 1,45 1,49 1,52 1,56 1,60 1,64 1,68 1,71 175 1,79 1,83 1,87 1,91

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

1295,4 1320,8 1346,2 1371,6 1397,0 1422,4 1447,8 1473,2 1498,6 1524,0 1549,4 1574,8 1600,2 1625,6 1651,0 1676,4 1701,8 1727,2 1752,6 1778,0 1803,4 1828,8 1854,2 1879,6 1905,0 1930,4 1955,8 1981,2 2006,6 2032,0 2057,4 2082,8 2108,2 2133,6 2159,0 2184,4 2209,8 2235,2 2260,6 2286,0

1,94 1,98 2,02 2,06 2,10

91 92 93 94 95

2311,4 2336,8 2362,2 2387,6 2413,0 2438,4 2463,8 2489,2 2514,6 2540,0 2565,4 2590,8 2616,2 2641,6 2667,0 2692,4 2717,8 2743,2 2768,6 2794,0 2819,4 2844,8 2870,2 2895,6 2921,0 2946,4 2971,8 2997,2 3022,6 3048,0 3073,4 3098,8 3124,2 3149,6 3175,0 3200,4 3225,8 3251,2 3276,6 3302,0

3,47 3,51 3,54 3,58 3,62 3,66 3,70 3,73 3,77 3,81 3,85 3,89 3,92 3,96 4,00 4,04 4,08 4,11 4,15 4,19 4,23 4,27 4,31 4,34 4,38 4,42 4,46 4,50 4,53 4,57 4,61 4,65 4,69 4,72 4,76 4,80 4,84 4,88 4,92 4,95

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 1^69 170

3327,4 3352,8 3378,2 3403,6 3429,0 3454,4 3479,8 3505,2 3530,6 3558,0 3581,4 3606,8 3632,2 3657,6 3683,0 3708,4 3733,8 3759,2 3784,6 3810,0 3835,4 3860,8 3886,2 3911,6 3937,0 3962,4 3987,8 4013,2 4038,6 4064,0 4089,4 4114,8 4140,2 4165,6 4191,0 4216,4 4241,8 4267,2 4292,6 4318,0

1,60 96 1,63 97 1,66 98 1,69 99 1,71 100 1,74 1,77 1,80 1,83 1,86 1,89 1,91 1,94 1,97 2,00 2,03 2,06 2,09 2,11 2,14 2,17 2,20 2,23 2,26 2,29 2,31 2,34 2,37 2,40 2,43 2,46 2,49 2,51 2,54 2,57 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

2,13 96 2,17 97 2,21 98 2,25 99 2,29 100 2,36 2,36 2,40 2,44 2,48 2,51 2,55 2,59 2,63 2,67 2,70 2,74 2,78 2,82 2,86 2,90 2,93 2,97 3,01 3,05 3,09 3,12 3,16 3,20 3,24 3,28 3,31 3,35 3,39 3,43 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

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36 914,4 37 939,8 38 965,2 39 990,6 40 1016,0 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 1041,4 1066,8 1092,2 1117,6 1143,0 1168,4 1193,8 1219,2 1244,6 1270,0

48

+ Tol. mm 4,99 5,03 5,07 5,11 5,14 5,18 5,22 5,26 5,30 5,33 5,37 5,41 5,45 5,49 5,52 5,56 5,60 5,64 5,68 5,72 5,75 5,79 5,83 5,87 5,91 5,94 5,98 6,02 6,06 6,10 6,13 6,17 6,21 6,25 6,29 6,32 6,36 6,40 6,44 6,48

C Layout of chain drives

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Roller chains with pitch p = 31,75 mm (1 1/4") iwis Designation DIN M 2012 D 2012 Tr 2012 DIN 8187 20B-1 20B-2 20B-3 DIN 8181 210B1 Measuring load in N 950 1700 2500

Roller chains with pitch p = 38,1 mm (1 1/2") iwis Designation DIN M 2416 D 2416 Tr 2416 DIN 8187 24B-1 24B-2 24B-3 DIN 8181 212B Measuring load in N 1600 2800 4250

LR 206

224

LR 247

290

Permissible variation in length of unlubricated chain under measuring load: + 0,15 % % with measured length 49 x the pitch of the chain in mm
Absolute lengthe mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm

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+ Tol. mm

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

349,25 381,00 412,75 444,50 476,25 508,00 539,75 571,50 603,25 635,00 666,75 698,50 730,25 762,00 793,75 825,50 857,25 889,00 920,75 952,50 984,25 1016,00 1047,75 1079,50 1111,25 1143,00 1174,75 1206,50 1238,25 1270,00 1301,75 1333,50 1365,25 1397,00 1428,75 1460,50 1492,25 1524,00 1555,75 1587,50

0,52 0,57 0,62 0,67 0,71 0,76 0,81 0,86 0,90 0,95 1,00 1,05 1,10 1,14 1,19 1,24 1,29 1,33 1,38 1,43 1,48 1,52 1,57 1,62 1,67 1,71 1,76 1,81 1,86 1,90 1,95 2,00 2,05 2,10 2,14 2,19 2,24 2,29 2,33 2,38

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

1619,25 1651,00 1682,75 1714,50 1746,25 1778,00 1809,75 1841,50 1873,25 1905,00 1936,75 1968,50 2000,25 2032,00 2063,75 2095,50 2127,25 2159,00 2190,75 2222,50 2254,25 2286,00 2317,75 2349,50 2381,25 2413,00 2444,75 2476,50 2508,25 2540,00 2571,75 2603,50 2635,25 2667,00 2698,75 2730,50 2762,25 2794,00 2825,75 2857,50

2,43 2,48 2,52 2,57 2,62

91 92 93 94 95

2889,25 2921,00 2952,75 2984,50 3016,25 3048,00 3079,75 3111,50 3143,25 3175,00 3206,75 3238,50 3270,25 3302,00 3333,75 3365,50 3397,25 3429,00 3460,75 3492,50 3524,25 3556,00 3587,75 3619,50 3651,25 3683,00 3714,75 3746,50 3778,25 3810,00 3841,75 3873,50 3905,25 3937,00 3968,75 4000,50 4032,25 4064,00 4095,75 4127,50

4,33 4,38 4,43 4,48 4,52 4,57 4,62 4,67 4,71 4,76 4,81 4,86 4,91 4,95 5,00 5,05 5,10 5,14 5,19 5,24 5,29 5,33 5,38 5,43 5,48 5,52 5,57 5,62 5,67 5,72 5,76 5,81 5,86 5,91 5,95 6,00 6,05 6,10 6,14 6,19

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

4159,25 4191,00 4222,75 4254,50 4286,25 4318,00 4349,75 4381,50 4413,25 4445,00 4476,75 4508,50 4540,25 4572,00 4603,75 4635,50 4667,25 4699,00 4730,75 4762,50 4794,25 4826,00 4857,75 4889,50 4921,25 4953,00 4984,75 5016,50 5048,25 5080,00 5111,75 5143,50 5175,25 5207,00 5238,75 5270,50 5302,25 5334,00 5365,75 5397,50

6,24 6,29 6,33 6,38 6,43 6,48 6,52 6,57 6,62 6,67 6,72 6,76 6,81 6,86 6,91 6,95 7,00 7,05 7,10 7,14 7,19 7,24 7,29 7,33 7,38 7,43 7,48 7,53 7,57 7,62 7,67 7,72 7,76 7,81 7,86 7,91 7,95 8,00 8,05 8,10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

419,1 457,2 495,3 533,4 571,5 609,6 647,7 685,8 723,9 762,0 800,1 838,2 876,3 914,4 952,5 990,6 1028,7 1066,8 1104,9 1143,0 1181,1 1219,2 1257,3 1295,4 1333,5 1371,6 1409,7 1447,8 1485,9 1524,0 1562,1 1600,2 1638,3 1676,4 1714,5 1752,6 1790,7 1828,8 1866,9 1905,0

0,63 0,69 0,74 0,80 0,86 0,91 0,97 1,03 1,10 1,14 1,22 1,26 1,31 1,37 1,43 1,49 1,54 1,60 1,66 1,71 1,77 1,83 1,89 1,94 2,00 2,06 2,11 2,17 2,23 2,29 2,34 2,40 2,46 2,51 2,57 2,63 2,69 2,74 2,80 2,86

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

1943,1 1981,2 2019,3 2057,4 2095,5 2133,6 2171,7 2209,8 2247,9 2286,0 2324,1 2362,2 2400,3 2438,4 2476,5 2514,6 2552,7 2590,8 2628,9 2667,0 2705,1 2743,2 2781,3 2819,4 2857,5 2895,6 2933,7 2971,8 3009,9 3048,0 3086,1 3124,2 3162,3 3200,4 3238,5 3276,6 3314,7 3352,8 3390,9 3429,0

2,91 2,97 3,03 3,09 3,14

91 92 93 94 95

3467,1 3505,2 3543,3 3581,4 3619,5 3657,6 3695,7 3733,8 3771,9 3810,0 3848,1 3886,2 3924,3 3962,4 4000,5 4038,6 4076,7 4114,8 4152,9 4191,0 4229,1 4267,2 4305,3 4343,4 4381,5 4419,6 4457,7 4495,8 4533,9 4572,0 4610,1 4648,2 4686,3 4724,4 4762,5 4800,6 4838,7 4876,8 4914,9 4953,0

5,20 5,26 5,31 5,37 5,43 5,49 5,54 5,60 5,66 5,72 5,77 5,83 5,89 5,94 6,00 6,06 6,12 6,17 6,23 6,29 6,34 6,40 6,46 6,51 6,57 6,63 6,69 6,74 6,80 6,86 6,92 6,97 7,03 7,09 7,14 7,20 7,26 7,32 7,37 7,43

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

4991,1 5029,2 5067,3 5105,4 5143,5 5181,6 5219,7 5257,8 5295,9 5334,0 5372,1 5410,2 5448,3 5486,4 5524,5 5562,6 5600,7 5638,8 5676,9 5715,0 5753,1 5791,2 5829,3 5867,4 5905,5 5943,6 5981,7 6019,8 6057,9 6096,0 6134,1 6172,2 6210,3 6248,4 6286,5 6324,6 6362,7 6400,8 6438,9 6477,0

2,67 96 2,71 97 2,76 98 2,81 99 2,86 100 2,91 2,95 3,00 3,05 3,10 3,14 3,19 3,24 3,29 3,33 3,38 3,43 3,48 3,52 3,57 3,62 3,67 3,71 3,76 3,81 3,86 3,91 3,95 4,00 4,05 4,10 4,14 4,19 4,24 4,29 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

3,20 96 3,26 97 3,32 98 3,37 99 3,43 100 3,49 3,54 3,60 3,66 3,72 3,77 3,83 3,89 3,94 4,00 4,06 4,11 4,17 4,23 4,29 4,34 4,40 4,46 4,51 4,57 4,63 4,69 4,74 4,80 4,86 4,92 4,97 5,03 5,09 5,14 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

+ Tol. mm

7,49 7,54 7,60 7,66 7,72 7,77 7,83 7,89 7,94 8,00 8,06 8,12 8,17 8,23 8,29 8,34 8,40 8,46 8,52 8,57 8,63 8,69 8,74 8,80 8,86 8,92 8,97 9,03 9,09 9,14 9,20 9,26 9,32 9,37 9,43 9,49 9,54 9,60 9,66 9,72

49

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Lengths and tolerances

C Layout of chain drives

iwis
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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

Lengths and tolerances Roller chains with pitch p = 44,45 mm (1 3/4") iwis Designation DIN M 2819 D 2819 Tr 2819 Measuring load in N DIN 8187 28B-1 2000 28B-2 3600 28B-3 5300 Roller chains with pitch p = 50,8 mm (2") iwis Designation DIN M 3219 D 3219 Tr 3219 DIN 8187 32B-1 32B-2 32B-3 DIN 8181 216B Measuring load in N 2500 4500 6700

LR 3211

600

Permissible variation in length of unlubricated chain under measuring load: + 0,15 % % with measured length 49 x the pitch of the chain in mm
Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm Absolute length mm

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11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

488,95 533,40 577,85 622,30 666,75 711,20 755,65 800,10 844,55 889,00

0,73 0,80 0,87 0,93 1,00 1,07 1,13 1,20 1,27 1,33

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

2266,95 2311,40 2355,85 2400,30 2444,75 2489,20 2533,65 2578,10 2622,55 2667,00 2711,45 2755,90 2800,35 2844,80 2889,25 2933,70 2978,15 3022,60 3067,05 3111,50 3155,95 3200,40 3244,85 3289,30 3333,75 3378,20 3422,65 3467,10 3511,55 3556,00 3600,45 3644,90 3689,35 3733,80 3778,25 3822,70 3867,15 3911,60 3956,05 4000,50

3,40 3,47 3,53 3,60 3,67

91 92 93 94 95

4044,95 4089,40 4133,85 4178,30 4222,75 4267,20 4311,65 4356,10 4400,55 4445,00 4489,45 4533,90 4578,35 4622,80 4667,25 4711,70 4756,15 4800,60 4845,05 4889,50 4933,95 4978,40 5022,85 5067,30 5111,75 5156,20 5200,65 5245,10 5289,55 5334,00 5378,45 5422,90 5467,35 5511,80 5556,25 5600,70 5645,15 5689,60 5734,05 5778,50

6,07 6,13 6,20 6,27 6,33 6,40 6,47 6,53 6,60 6,67 6,73 6,80 6,87 6,93 7,00 7,07 7,13 7,20 7,27 7,33 7,40 7,47 7,53 7,60 7,67 7,73 7,80 7,87 7,93 8,00 8,07 8,13 8,20 8,27 8,33 8,40 8,47 8,53 8,60 8,67

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

5822,95 5867,40 5911,85 5956,30 6000,75 6045,20 6089,65 6134,10 6178,55 6223,00 6267,45 6311,90 6356,35 6400,80 6445,25 6489,70 6534,15 6578,60 6623,05 6667,50 6711,95 6756,40 6800,85 6845,30 6889,75 6934,20 6978,65 7023,10 7067,55 7112,00 7156,45 7200,90 7245,35 7289,80 7334,25 7378,70 7423,15 7467,60 7512,05 7556,50

8,73 8,80 8,87 8,93 9,00 9,07 9,13 9,20 9,27 9,33 9,40 9,47 9,53 9,60 9,67 9,73 9,80 9,87 9,93 10,00 10,07 10,13 10,20 10,27 10,33 10,40 10,47 10,53 10,60 10,67 10,73 10,80 10,87 10,93 11,00 11,07 11,13 11,20 11,27 11,33

11 12 13 14 15

558,8 609,6 660,4 711,2 762,0

0,84 0,91 0,99 1,07 1,14 1,22 1,30 1,37 1,45 1,52 1,60 1,68 1,75 1,83 1,90 1,98 2,06 2,13 2,21 2,29 2,36 2,44 2,51 2,59 2,67 2,74 2,82 2,90 2,97 3,05 3,12 3,20 3,28 3,35 3,43 3,51 3,58 3,66 3,73 3,81

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

2590,8 2641,6 2692,4 2743,2 2794,0 2844,8 2895,6 2946,4 2997,2 3048,0 3098,8 3149,6 3200,4 3251,2 3302,0 3352,8 3403,6 3454,4 3505,2 3556,0 3606,8 3657,6 3708,4 3759,2 3810,0 3860,8 3911,6 3962,4 4013,2 4064,0 4114,8 4165,6 4216,4 4267,2 4318,0 4368,8 4419,6 4470,4 4521,2 4572,0

3,89 3,96 4,04 4,11 4,19

91 92 93 94 95

4622,8 4673,6 4724,4 4775,2 4826,0 4876,8 4927,6 4978,4 5029,2 5080,0 5130,8 5181,6 5232,4 5283,2 5334,0 5384,8 5435,6 5486,4 5537,2 5588,0 5638,8 5689,6 5740,4 5791,2 5842,0 5892,8 5943,6 5994,4 6045,2 6096,0 6146,8 6197,6 6248,4 6299,2 6350,0 6400,8 6451,6 6502,4 6553,2 6604,0

6,93 7,01 7,09 7,16 7,24 7,32 7,39 7,47 7,54 7,62 7,70 7,77 7,85 7,92 8,00 8,08 8,15 8,23 8,31 8,38 8,46 8,53 8,61 8,69 8,76 8,84 8,92 8,99 9,07 9,14 9,22 9,30 9,37 9,45 9,52 9,60 9,68 9,75 9,83 9,91

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 1512 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

6654,8 6705,6 6756,4 6807,2 6858,0 6908,8 6959,6 7010,4 7061,2 7112,0 7162,8 7213,6 7264,4 7315,2 7366,0 7416,8 7467,6 7518,4 7569,2 7620,0 7670,8 7721,6 7772,4 7823,2 7874,0 7924,8 7975,6 8026,4 8077,2 8128,0 8178,8 8229,6 8280,4 8331,2 8382,0 8432,8 8483,6 8534,4 8585,2 8636,0

9,98 10,06 10,13 10,21 10,29 10,36 10,44 10,52 10,59 10,67 10,74 10,82 10,90 10,97 11,05 11,13 11,20 11,28 11,35 11,43 11,51 11,58 11,66 11,73 11,81 11,89 11,96 12,04 12,12 12,19 12,27 12,34 12,42 12,50 12,57 12,65 12,73 12,80 12,88 12,95

3,73 96 3,80 97 3,87 98 3,93 99 4,00 100 4,07 4,13 4,20 4,27 4,33 4,40 4,47 4,53 4,60 4,67 4,73 4,80 4,87 4,93 5,00 5,07 5,13 5,20 5,27 5,33 5,40 5,47 5,53 5,60 5,67 5,73 5,80 5,87 5,93 6,00 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

16 812,8 17 863,6 18 914,4 19 965,2 20 1016,0 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 1066,8 1117,6 1168,4 1219,2 1270,0 1320,8 1371,6 1422,4 1473,2 1524,0 1574,8 1625,6 1676,4 1727,2 1778,0 1828,8 1879,6 1930,4 1981,2 2032,0 2082,8 2133,6 2184,4 2235,2 2286,0 2336,8 2387,6 2438,4 2489,2 2540,0

4,27 96 4,34 97 4,42 98 4,50 99 4,57 100 4,65 4,72 4,80 4,88 4,95 5,03 5,11 5,18 5,26 5,33 5,41 5,49 5,56 5,64 5,71 5,79 5,87 5,94 6,02 6,10 6,17 6,25 6,32 6,40 6,48 6,55 6,63 6,71 6,78 6,86 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

21 933,45 1,40 22 977,90 1,47 23 1022,35 1,53 24 1066,80 1,60 25 1111,25 1,67 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 1155,70 1200,15 1244,60 1289,05 1333,50 1377,95 1422,40 1466,85 1511,30 1555,75 1600,20 1644,65 1689,10 1733,55 1778,00 1822,45 1866,90 1911,35 1955,80 2000,25 2044,70 2089,15 2133,60 2178,05 2222,50 1,73 1,80 1,87 1,93 2,00 2,07 2,13 2,20 2,27 2,33 2,40 2,47 2,53 2,60 2,67 2,73 2,80 2,87 2,93 3,00 3,07 3,13 3,20 3,27 3,33

50

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+ Tol. mm

C Layout of chain drives

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wir bewegen die welt

Shortening by one link 1 A chain with even number of links To shorten the chain by one link, remove two inner links and two outer links adjacent to the connector link and fit a double cranked link together with a further connector link.

2 A chain with uneven number of links To shorten the chain remove the cranked link.

Extending chain by one link 1 A Chain with even number of links To extend chain by one link remove one inner link and one outer link and fit one double cranked link with a further connector link.

2 A chain with uneven number of links To extend the chain by one link, remove the single cranked link and fit an inner link with an additional connector link. Various tools are available to separate and connect roller and bush chains, to cover the shouldered bearing pin to DIN 8187 and the plain bearing pin to DIN 8188. The types and dimensions are indicated in a separate leaflet.

51

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C LAYOUT OF CHAIN DRIVES

3.3 Shortening and lengthening chain

D General information for chain drives

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D GENERAL INFORMATION FOR CHAIN DRIVES

1 Arrangement of drive
When designing a chain drive it is very often impossible to realize the theoretical best arrangement of the chainwheels. A horizontal position for the chain wheel shafts is preferable, where the driven/taught span should be at the top and the slack span below. For chain drives arranged in the normal position the slack should be approx. 1 % of the centre distance. The mean centre distance can be assumed to be 30 60 pitches p. The angle of arc depends on the following: z1 21 z1 > 21 120 90

taught span Drive

Driven wheel

Slack span

Slack ca. 1 %

Centre distance

Further examples of chain drive layout:

With chain wheels arranged horizontally and up to 60 a tensioner and or guide is not necessarily required. When adapting a drive to a restricted space it is possible to use idler wheels. Where the distance between centres is considerable, chain guides can be used to support the chains.

With the chain vertical, a tensioning roller or blade should be provided. An excessive chain length can be compensated by means of a tensioning roller in the case of fixed centre distances. With the driven chain side below, only a short centre distance and minimum slack is permissible, to ensure that the slack chain does not interfer or compact between the wheels.

52

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D General information for chain drives

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wir bewegen die welt

Accurate chain alignment has a significant effect on chain life. Particular care should be paid to ensure that the shafts are parallel and to the alignment of the chain wheels. As a guide for slow running chain drives a tolerance of 0,2 mm per 100 mm centre distance is given for misalignment. In the case of faster running drives, such as in combustion

engines and with short centre distances misalignment of the wheels should not exceed 0,1 mm. With short centre distance drives and vertical chain wheel centres the chain should be supported by means of a guide. Where the misalignment exceeds the specified value or if there is no support in the case of vertical chain wheel centres, the inner

links interfer with the chain wheel teeth, resulting in continuous knocking of the inner link plates, which are eventually pushed outwards until hey contact the outer link plates and thus reduce the freedom of link movement. In addition, lateral vibrations are set up, which accelerate chain wear.

3 Chain tension
Vibrations cause wear and increase the noise level of chain drives. They can be caused by: - Uneven rotational speed of driver or driven sprocket - Polygon effect - Inaccurate alignment - Vertical and horizontal run-out of sprockets - Long, loose chain sections - Insufficient lubrication A distinction is made between longitudinal and transverse oscillations of the chain. In the case of longitudinal oscillations there is a constant change in chain tension between the chain wheels. Transverse oscillations are set up with long and loose chain sections as a result of superimposing pulse and natural frequencies of the drive. With the correct tension and guiding of the chain the above oscillations can be reduced or even prevented.

53

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D GENERAL INFORMATION FOR CHAIN DRIVES

2 Chain and chainwheel alignment

D General information for chain drives

iwis
wir bewegen die welt

D GENERAL INFORMATION FOR CHAIN DRIVES

Chain tensioners

The life of a chain drive is increased considerably if a tensioner is used. A chain works satisfactorily up to an elongation due to wear amounting to max. 2 %, provided it is continuously re-tensioned. If this is not done, the slack span begins to hang

to an increasing degree and the chain runs unevenly causing additional wear. The initial load must be sufficient to stabilize the chain running, to eliminate the wear and to prevent jumping of the chain over the teeth.

Excessive high initial tensioner load has to be avoided, since this can increase the chain load and bearing pressure beyond an acceptable level.

Chain tensioner AMS type With automatic adjustment and non-return mechanism. This tensioner ensures constant damping of oscillations. Two fixing bolts in a groove enable the complete chain tensioner to be moved, thus increasing the range of adjustment. Detailed information is provided in a special brochure.

Installation: The tensioners offered by iwis can be fitted in many positions. They are always fitted on the slack span of the chain drive.

Chain guides www.iwis.com

Chain guides are used to support chains where the centre distance is long, in order to reduce the stress as a result of the chain weight. They also reduce trans-

verse and longitudinal oscillations, which increase the wear rate. In addition, chain guides are used to absorb or reduce the force due to the mass, as it occurs when the

chain runs off the wheel. Chain guides can be effectively used for noise damping purposes.

54

D General information for chain drives

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Regular maintenance and lubrication are preconditions for low wear and long service life of the

chain drive. Maintenance and lubrication frequency, as well as the related relubrication, is

determined by operating conditions (tensile forces, temperature, contamination, aggressive media).

Maintenance
During regular visual inspections special attention should be paid to stretching due to wear, tension, lubrication condition, and evidence of wear due to tracking errors. Checking the maximum permissible stretching due to wear: The length of a chain is defined by the pitch p and the number of links X. In the course of time stretching due to wear occurs, and usually this can be measured without removing the chain. The difference from precise measurement with a specified measurement load is slight if measurements are conducted over the highest possible number of chain links, approximately 20 to 40. The chain should be replaced at: max. 3 % for simple drives ca. 2 % ca. 1 % for high-performance drives for special applications (synchronous operation, positioning)

Measurement of stretching due to wear

Pitch p number of links X Measured length Lm

Stretching due to wear L

L =

Lm ( p X ) pX

100 [%]

Controlled retensioning of the chains has a very positive effect on chain life. Extreme retensioning should be avoided just as much as excessive slack. A guideline figure would be approx. 5 % of the actual chain pulling force. In the case of chains running in parallel both strands must be tensioned equally, at best by a common shaft for both sprockets. If no automatic chain tensioning device is available the

chain must be adjusted by hand, by altering the distance betwee the sprocket shafts. A further possibility with long drives is to shorten the chain by removing individual links, provided that wear is relatively light. Various tools are available for dismantling and reassembling the chain. These tools are available for parallel pin and shouldered pin chains. Before relubrication the chains and sprockets should be cleaned to remove obstinate contamination and to permit the lubricant to penetrate via the back of the plates. The surface of the chain can also be cleaned using an apropriate solvent. Complete immersion and washing is not recommended as the cleaning agent does not evaporate completely from within the chain and thus the penetration of the fresh lubricant is obstructed.

During visual inspection, attention should be paid to evidence of chain linkplate marking and wear due to tracking errors. These are caused by misaligned sprokkets or guides or by chains which are not in parallel. Guide figure for alignment deviations per 100 mm axle separation: 0.1 mm with fast-running drives and close axle spacing; 0.2 mm with slow-running drives. The sprockets should be constantly inspected and if necessary replaced. We do not recommend that new chains are used with worn sprockets.

55

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D GENERAL INFORMATION FOR CHAIN DRIVES

4 Maintenance and Lubrication of Chain Drives

D General information for chain drives

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D GENERAL INFORMATION FOR CHAIN DRIVES

Lubrication

Correct and effective lubrication will protect against high wear resulting from bearing pressure, articulation of pin and bush bore and rotation of the roller.

It will considerably lengthen the service life of the chain. An adequate supply of lubricant must be present in the chain parts at all times and under all load condi-

tions. Only then can the lubricant do its job of reducing wear, protecting against corrosion and providing a damping action.

Chain elongation in %

Influence of lubrication on wear and chain stretching

Operating time in hours h

Graph 1 without lubrication, immediate wear is unavoidable Graph 2 optimum initial lubrication, no re-lubrication, high wear after a short time Graph 3 optimum initial lubrication and re-lubrication, low wear and long service life

Depending upon the application, iwis chains are given the appropriate highgrade lubrication. Due to the articulation of the chain parts the lubricant is used in the course of time. For this reason regular re-lubrication is imperative. Selection of the most suitable lubricating method will depend upon the chain speed and chain pitch.

m Chain speed v s

I = oil added with the oil gun or brush II = drip-feed lubrication III = oil bath or centrifugal lubrication IV = pressure circulation lubrication

Pitch p Inches

56

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Chain lubricants must provide a combination of the following properties: Adhesiveness, compatibility with initial lubricant, corrosion protection, load-carying capacity of the oil film, creep capability, anti-seizing lubrication, high viscosity coupled with good flow

properties, stability at high temperatures, water repellency, resistance to different media, etc. Recommendations for the selection of the most suitable lubricant may be obtained from the applications advisory service or a competant tribologist.

Note: Connecting links, when supplied separately, have only been immersion-protected against rust and must be greased upon installation. If the connecting links are supplied together with the chains, they will have been greased with the same lubricant as the chains.

D General information for chain drives

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Manual lubrication With oil can or brush very unreliable. Thus it is suitable only for drives that are not in constant service or for drives with slow chain speeds.

Drip feed lubrication Drip feed is suitable for chain drives that are not highly stressed. In order to reach the joints, the drip tube should be carefully positioned as shown.

Oil bath lubrication A chain casing absorbs noise and should be as large as possible, to prevent the chain knocking against the casing wall if the chain elongates due to wear. There is no loss of lubricant in an oil bath. The chain linkplates and rollers should be submerged in the bath. Too great a depth leads to overheating of the oil and its premature oxidation, and causes power loss due to the increased running resistance. Pressure lubrication Required for high-speed chain drives and high loads. The oil supply can be connected to an existing pressure pipe or it can be provided by a pump. A tube ejects the oil in the direction of the chain travel over the entire width of the chain, onto the inside of the taught span of the chain. The amount of oil feed depends on the size of the drive and the heat to be dissipated.

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D GENERAL INFORMATION FOR CHAIN DRIVES

Lubrication methods

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

1 Conveyor chains Roller chains with attachments 1.1 Attachments


Roller chains are converted into conveyor chains by combining the elements of the standard chain with special attachments, i.e. the straight and bent attachment plates. All attachments are fitted in place of the outer link plates, and the chain breaking load remains unchanged. These attachments can be fitted on one side, both sides and at any distance to single, double and triple chains.

Straight attachment plates

Single chain Narrow attatchment Double pitch attatchment

Double chain

Wide attatchment Triple chain

Wide attatchment

Bent attachment plates

Single chain

Narrow attatchment

Double pitch attatchment

Double chain

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Triple chain

Wide attatchment

Wide attatchment

Detailed dimensions are included in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes Further shapes are given in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes

58

E Chains for industrial use

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Special link plates

These may be straight, cranked, bent and drilled and can be adapted to suit the customers requirements. A few examples are shown below. Further shapes are given in catalogue 11.

U-Plates

U-Plates are fitted between inner and outer plates. The chain width is larger than standard. See chart.

Chain L 85 SL D 85 SL M 106 SL M 1610A

Chain width A B 17,8 19,8 31,8 33,9 20,0 22,0 33,7 36,5

Chain connectors with longer pins are required

With standard holes

With tapped holes

With rubber cover

Detailed dimensions are included in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

1.2 Extended pins


The extended pins can be fitted on one or both sides of the chain and at any distance. There is a press fit between the extended pin and the outer link plates, to secure against rotation. A significant advantage of this conveyor chain design, compared to vertical attatchment plates for example, is the central application of turning moments, which will reduce the risk of moving the chain from the guide.

Applicable for Roller chain iwis standard Roller chains DIN 8187 Roller chains DIN 8188 Roller chains DIN 8181

Type A

Type B

Type C

Detailed dimensions are included in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes

1.3 Conveyor connecting links

Single, double or triple types for Roller chains iwis standard for Roller chains DIN 8187 for Roller chains DIN 8188

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60
Detailed dimensions are included in catalogue Precision chains for Drive and Conveyor Purposes

E Chains for industrial use

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Printing industry: iwis high performance chains running in parallel and accurate synchronous

Tubenindustrie: iwis Hochleistungs-Rollenketten mit rostbestndigen, leicht auswechselbaren Anbauteilen

61

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Frdersysteme: Seitenbogen-Staufrderketten als modulare Umlenkung mit extrem kleinen Kurven-Mindestradien

E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2 Chains for special applications 2.1 MEGAlife Ketten


MEGAlife Ketten knnen berall dort eingesetzt werden, wo eine Nach-schmierung nicht oder nur bedingt mglich ist. Dazu gehren trockene Umgebungsbedingungen, Reinrume, Anwendungen mit erschwertem Zugang fr Wartungsarbeiten sowie Anwendungen, bei denen eine Verschmutzung der Anlage und Frdergter zu vermeiden ist.
MEGAlife roller chains
(m m) ma x. 1 ) a( mm )m ax. 1 ) Ro ller d1 (m m) ma Pin x. d2 (m m) ma x. e( mm ) Sta n (N) dard mi n. Be ar f (c ing a m 2 rea ) We igh q ( t pe kg/ r m m) (m m) ma x. (m m) mi n.

MEGAlife Ketten sind als Rollenketten nach DIN 8187 / ISO 606 fr Antriebszwecke oder als Frderketten mit Anbauteilen erhltlich. Die Ketten gibt es in einfacher, zweifacher und dreifacher Ausfhrung mit Teilungen von 9,525 mm bis 31,75 mm. Die Ketten sind durch vernickelte Einzelteile korrosionsgeschtzt und in einem Temperaturbereich von -40C bis
Breaking strength FB Inner link
g( mm )m ax.

150C einsetzbar. Je nach Anwendung werden die Ketten trocken oder mit zustzlicher Spezialschmierung geliefert. Abhngig von den Betriebsbedingungen erreichen die Ketten hervorragende Standzeiten, die zustzlich durch eine sparsame Nachschmierung gesteigert werden knnen. Unter bestimmten Bedingungen knnen die Ketten sogar dauerhaft wartungsfrei sein.
Outer link
Ar t icle No .

DIN no ISO .

Pit ch p

Pit ch p

(m m)

()

b1

b2

Single
G 67 ML* L 85 ML M 106 ML M 127 ML M 1611 ML 06 B-1 08 B-1 10 B-1 12 B-1 16 B-1
3

/8 /2 /8 /4

9,525 12,70 15,875 19,05 25,4

5,72 7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02

9.000 18.000 22.400 29.000 60.000

0,28 0,50 0,67 0,89 2,10

0,41 0,70 0,95 1,25 2,70

8,53 11,30 13,28 15,62 25,45

8,20 12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10

12,90 16,90 19,50 22,70 36,10

a1

16,70 18,50 20,90 23,60 36,90

6,35 8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88

3,31 4,45 5,08 5,72 8,28

50033917 50026256 50026257 50026258 50028923

Double
D 67 ML D 85 ML D 106 ML D 127 ML D 1611 ML D 2012 ML 06 B-2 08 B-2 10 B-2 12 B-2 16 B-2 20 B-2
3

/8 /2 /8 /4

9,525 12,70 15,875 19,05 25,40 31,75

5,72 7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02 19,56

16.900 32.000 44.500 57.800 106.000 170.000

0,56 1,00 1,34 1,78 4,21 5,84

0,78 1,35 1,85 2,50 5,40 7,36

8,53 11,30 13,28 15,62 25,45 29,01

8,20 12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10 25,40

23,40 30,80 36,00 42,10 68,00 79,70

24,60 32,40 37,50 43,00 68,80 82,90

6,35 8,51 10,16 12,07 15,85 19,05

3,31 4,45 5,08 5,72 8,28 10,19

10,24 13,92 16,59 19,46 31,88 36,45

50033832 50027439 50027509 50027457 50033161 50033771

1 1 1/4

Triple
TR 85 ML TR 106 ML TR 127 ML TR 1611 ML 08 B-3 10 B-3 12 B-3 16 B-3
1

/2 /8 /4

12,70 15,875 19,05 25,40

7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02

47.500 66.700 86.700 160.000

1,50 2,02 2,68 6,32

2,00 2,80 3,80 8,00

11,30 13,28 15,62 25,45

12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10

44,70 52,50 61,50 99,20

46,30 54,00 62,50 100,70

8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88

4,45 5,08 5,72 8,28

13,92 16,59 19,46 31,88

50027510 50027511 50027512 50033628

* also available in 10 m length (Art. 50035181)


1

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) Differing dimensions for cranked links

If cranked links are fitted, it should be noted that the breaking strength

of the chain may be reduced by approximately 20 %.

d1

d1

a1

e a

a1 b1

b2

a1 b2 b1

d2

b2

d2

d2

62

Alle Ketten ML auch als Frderketten mit Anbauteilen oder verlngerten Bolzen.

b1

d1

E Chains for industrial use

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MEGAlife Rollenketten
(m m) ma x. 1 ) a( mm )m ax. 1 ) Ro lle d1 r (m m) ma x. Pin d2 (m m) ma x. e( mm )

Be ar f (c ing a m 2 rea ) We igh q ( t pe kg/ r m m)

(m m) ma x.

(m m) mi n.

(m m)

g( mm )m ax.

Breaking strength FB
Sta n (N) dard mi n.

Inner link

Outer link
Ar t icle No .

M 106 GML D 106 GML D 127 GML

10 B-1 10 B-2 12 B-2

/8 /8 /4

15,875 15,875 19,05

9,65 9,65 11,75

22.400 44.500 57.800

0,67 1,34 1,78

0,95 1,85 2,50

13,28 13,28 15,62

13,9 13,9 16,1

19,50 36,00 42,10

20,90 37,50 43,00

10,16 10,16 12,07

5,08 5,08 5,72

16,59 19,46

50035304 50034083 50034084

2.3 MEGAlife 2 - roller chains (complying with DIN 8187-1, ISO 606: 1994)
Fr Anwendungen mit hohen Geschwindigkeiten und Lasten ist die Reihe MEGAlife 2 besonders geeignet, die sich durch lange Lebensdauer auszeichnet. Durch ein spezielles thermochemisches Verfahren weisen die Bolzen eine hohe Oberflchenhrte auf, was
Breaking strength FB
(m m) () No rm (N) mi n. DIN no ISO .

Verschleibestndigkeit auch bei Geschwindigkeiten ber 3 m/s gewhrleistet.


Outer link 5m Varianten
Ar t icle No .

Inner link

Single
G 67 ML-2 L 85 ML-2 M 106 ML-2 M 127 ML-2 M 1611 ML-2 M 2012 ML-2 06 B-1 08 B-1 10 B-1 12 B-1 16 B-1 16 B-1
3

/8 x 7/32 /2 x /16 /8 x 3/8 /4 x /16


7 5

9,525 12,70 15,875 19,05 25,4 25,4

9.000 18.000 22.400 29.000 60.000 170.000

0,28 0,50 0,67 0,89 2,10 5,84

Be ar f (c ing a m 2 rea ) We igh q ( t pe kg/ r m m) b1 (m m) mi n. b2 (m m) ma x. g( mm )m ax. a1 (m m) ma x. 1 ) a( mm )m ax. 1 Ro ) ller d1 (m m) ma Pin x. d2 (m m) ma x. e( mm )

Pit ch p

Pit ch p

0,41 0,70 0,95 1,25 2,70 7,36

5,72 7,75 9,65 11,75 17,02 19,56

8,53 11,30 13,28 15,62 25,45 29,10

8,20 12,20 14,40 16,40 21,10 26,60

12,90 16,90 19,50 22,70 36,10 77,00

14,10 18,50 20,90 23,60 36,90 79,70

6,35 8,51 10,16 12,07 15,88 19,05

3,31 4,45 5,08 5,72 8,28 10,17

36,45

50030791 50030461 50030462 50030463 50030464 50030465

1x17mm 1x17mm

Double
D 67 ML-2 D 85 ML-2 D 106 ML-2 D 127 ML-2 06 B-2 08 B-2 10 B-2 12 B-2
3

/8 x 7/32 /2 x /16 /8 x /8 /4 x 7/16


3 5

9,525 12,70 15,875 19,05

16.900 32.000 44.500 57.800

0,56 1,00 1,34 1,78

0,78 1,35 1,85 2,50

5,72 7,75 9,65 11,75

8,53 11,30 13,28 15,62

8,20 12,20 14,40 16,40

23,40 30,80 36,00 42,10

24,60 32,40 37,50 43,00

6,35 8,51 10,16 12,07

3,31 4,45 5,08 5,72

10,24 13,92 16,59 19,46

50031074 50030465 50030466 50030467

Triple - ML-2 roller chains on request Single ANSI roller chains, complying with DIN 8188-1, American standard, ISO 606: 1994
M 128 AML-2 M 1610 AML-2 12 A-1
ANSI 60-1
3

/4 x 1/2 /4 x /2
1

19,05 19,05

31.800 56.700

1,06 1,79

1,47 2,57

12,70 15,88

17,75 22,40

18,00 22,80

25,30 32,00

26,70 33,90

11,91 15,88

5,94 7,94

5003173 50033770

16 A-1
ANSI 80-1

ML-2 conveyor chains on request


1

) Differing dimensions for cranked links. If cranked links are fitted, it should be noted that the breaking strength of the chain may be reduced by approximately 20 %.

d1

d1

b1

a1

b2

a1 b2 b1

d2

b2

d2

d2

Individual components and connecting links

No. 2 Inner link Standard designation B

No. 3 Connecting link with spring clip Standard designation E

No. 7 Double cranked link Standard designation C

No. 8 Outer link Standard designation A

63

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e a

d1

a1 b1

E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.2 MEGAlife - Rollenketten mit geraden Laschen

DIN Nr. ISO

Pit ch p

()

Pit ch p

b1

b2

a1

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.4 Corrosion-protected chains


Where conditions are less severe, chains with surface-protected parts can be used. IWIS chains are produced with nickel- and zinc-plated surface coatings. Surface-coated chains provide good corrosion protection: nickelplated against the effects of moisture, and zinc-plated also against weak organic acids.Nickelplated surfaces are permitted in the food-stuffs industry. For technical reasons the pins of these chains are made of normal high-grade steel for chain pins (not SL). More detailed information is available on request.

2.5 Apron chains


Conveying and storage of components through the tightest curves. The apron chain is a long-link roller chain 1 1/2 x 7/16" made to DIN 8181 with vertical extended chain pins. Each link is designed as a cranked link with cotter pin. On the extended head of the pin a steel plate is pressure fitted. The meshing shapes of the plates always ensures a constant surface for receiving the components even on the curves. The apron chains ability to run around very tight radius curves provides the advantage that long conveyor sections can be concentrated into much smaller spaces. Blattbreite: 50 / 80 mm Minimum radius: 60 mm / 150 mm Minimum tooth number: 20 bei 50 mm 30 bei 80 mm Number of links: Nur gerade Gliederzahl mglich.

iwis designation: conveyor chain LR 247 (apron chain).

2.6 Transfer chains


Conveying, transporting, synchronizing containers, component pallets ...

iwis chain no.

Pitch p mm 12,7 15,875 19,05

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L 85 TF M 106 TF M 127 TF

Permissible weight load per chain strand N 6250 8000 9750

Breaking strenght iwis FB N 22.000 27.500 34.000

Weight

kg/m 0,82 1,18 1,59

Carrier Width B mm 19,8 24,8 29,8

Attachment Height H h mm mm 15,2 8,0 17,5 9,5 19,8 11,0

max. load per plastic Attachment bgel N 12 26 43

These chains are made to dimensions shown on page 10 under iwis reference L 85 SL, M 106 SL and M 127 SL. The carriers made from high-grade wear-resistant plastic convey the

transported items and seal off the chains functional area. Guide values for chain selection: friction factor 0.1 for determining the pulling capacity of the chain; friction factor 0.25 for calculating

the drive power. For normal loads, a bridgeshaped chain guide on which the chain rollers are carried will be adequate.

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E Chains for industrial use

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Conveying, stopping, accelerating, accumulating

Design M normal pitch

Design LR double pitch

Design OS devoid of washers

Bauform VS versetzte Staurolle


P

b2 b1

b b4 e B

Dimensions - new power and free chains


Chain width
(m m)

Transport roller
Loa d (kg ing c ) ap aci ty We ig (kg ht /m )

iwi sc ha in

L 88 SFK L 88 SFS M 120 SFK M 120 SFK M 120 SFS M 120 SFS
1

12,70 12,70 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05

27 27 40 45 40 45

9,2 9,2 11,70 11,70 11,70 11,70

14,50 14,50 19,55 19,55 19,55 19,55

18,70 18,70 29,0 31,5 29,0 31,5

16,00 1) 16,00 24,0 1) / 26,0 / 27,0 1) / 28,0 24,0 / 26,0 / 27,0 / 28,0 24,0 1) / 26,0 / 27,0 1) / 28,0 24,0 / 26,0 / 27,0 / 28,0

Dia m (m eter m)

B( mm )

b( mm )

(m m)

e( mm )

Pit ch p

b4

b b4 e B

d1

d2

6 8 10 10 15 15

0,85 1,40 1,8 1,8 2,8 2,8

) Supplied ex stock

SFK - with plastic transport rollers SFS - with hardened steel transport rollers

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.7 Power and free conveyor chains

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

(m m)

Transport roller
(m m) ma x. (m m) ma x. b( mm (kg ) (m m)
1

Diameter
2 ( mm ) We (kgight /m )

Ch ain wid th B

iwi s no Chai . n

(m m)

Dia me ter

Loa d cap ing aci ty

(m m)

Ro ller d

e( mm )

Pit ch p

dth

Design OS

L 85 SFK L 85 SFS M 127 SFK M 127 SFS

12,70 12,70 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05 25,4 25,4 25,4 38,1 38,1 50,8 50,8

27 27 40 40 40 43 48 40 43 48 67,9 67,9 30,7 48 48 67,9 67,9

18,70 18,70 27,5 27,5 27,5 29,0 31,5 27,5 29,0 31,5 44,9 44,9 20,0 31,5 31,5 44,9 44,9

11,75 11,75 11,75 11,75 11,75 11,75 11,75 11,75 17,02 17,02 7,75 11,75 11,75 17,02 17,02

15,62 15,62 15,62 15,62 15,62 15,62 15,62 15,62 25,45 25,45 11,30 15,62 15,62 25,45 25,45

14,50 14,50 19,55 19,55 19,55 19,55 19,55 19,55 19,55 19,55 32,0 32,0 14,65 19,55 19,55 32,0 32,0

9,2 9,2 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 16,5 16,5 7,5 11,0 11,0 16,5 16,5 24,0 24,0 24,0 24,0 24,0 24,0 24,0 24,0 1) 38,5 38,5 24,0 24,0 24,0 50,0 50,0

16,00 16,00 26,0 26,0 26,0 26,0 1) 26,0 26,0 26,0 26,0 35 35 38,5 38,5 28,0 28,0 28,0 28,0 28,0 28,0 28,0 28,0

6 8 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 25 30 6 10 10 25 30

12,07 12,07 12,07 12,07 12,07 12,07 12,07 12,07 15,88 15,88 8,52 12,07 12,07 15,88 15,88

5,72 5,72 5,72 5,72 5,72 5,72 5,72 5,72 8,28 8,28 4,45 5,72 5,72 8,28 8,28

Pin d

Wi

b1

b2

b4

0,85 1,40 2,3 3,1 2,3 2,3 2,3 3,1 3,1 3,1 4,9 7,2 1,3 2,6 2,6 3,6 7,6

M 127 SFK M 127 SFK M 127 SFK M 127 SFS M 127 SFS M 127 SFS M 1611 SFK M 1611 SFS

LR

LR 165 SFK LR 247 SFK LR 247 SFS LR 3211 SFK LR 3211 SFS
1

) Supplied ex stock

SFK - with plastic conveyor rollers

SFS - with hardened steel conveyor rollers

Special designs with guide plates, other transport roller diameters and roller arrangements are available on request. Maximum permissible conveyor length, depending on load, approx. 30 m. In the case of conveyor sections longer than approx. 10 m, guide plates are recommended as compensation for any misalignment in the guides which may be present. The decisive factor in selecting chain size is the load-bearing capacity of the transport rollers and the permissible chain pulling power. Depending on loading, chain guides can be made of plastic or steel. Option: Chains M 127 SFK/SFS with transport rollers 24 and 26 mm diameter can also be supplied with wear-resistant plastic inserts, which seal off the gaps between the transport rollers and protect the chain from ingress of foreign matters. Dort wo Nachschmierung nicht oder nur bedingt mglich ist und eine reine und trockene Umgebung gegeben sein sollte, knnen wartungsfreie iwis Staufrderketten mit spezieller Gelenkausfhrung und aus Sintermetall hergestellten Tragrollen eingesetzt werden.

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E Chains for industrial use

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L 88 SF L 88 SF SB M 120 SF M 120 SF SB M 127 SF M 1611 SF

15 15,5 20 21 20 33

10 10 15 15 15 20

Chain wheels

iwi sc ha in

Pit ch p( mm )

(m m)

X( mm )

L 88 SF M 120 SF-B40 M 127 SF-B40/B43 M 120 SF-B45 M 127 SF-B48 M 1611 SF

12,7 19,05 19,05 19,05 19,05 25,4

4 8,3 8,3 10,8 10,8 11,6

15,5 20,7 20,7 20,7 20,7 33,3

10 15,0 15,0 15,0 15,0 20,5

ds = d - 2s d = p : (sin 180 : z) Recommended number of teeth minimum z = 15

s( mm )

B1

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

Chain guide

iwi sc ha in

b (m m)

h (m m)

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.8 Grip chains


Gripping, carrying and conveying iwis chain Pitch p mm Weight q kg/m 1,15 1,8

no. Single strand chain L 85 Grip 12,7 Double strand chain D 85 Grip 12,7

Dimensions and values not given are identical to iwis chains L 85 SL and D 85 SL.

The gripper elements are mounted continuously or at defined intervals on the chain. The entire chain is corrosion-protected by nickelplating, while the grippers themselves consist of a corrosionresistant, hardened steel. In the standard version, the gripper is provided with a point, and it operates within U-shaped plates fitted on one side of the chain at each outer link.

The gripper opens when it runs onto a control disk which can be the hardened sprocket boss. The gripper then swings outwards and permits the transported item to be loaded or unloaded. The type of control disk will depend on the machine design, available space and mounting possibilities. Detailed information is provided in a special brochure.
Example cam

hardened

2.9 Pallet transport chains


Roller chains with straight side plates for transporting components or materials iwis chain Pitch g mm 18,0 18,0 Breaking strength FB iwis mean N 42.000 84.000 Weight kg/m 1,75 3,50

no. p mm Single strand chain M 128 AG 19,05 Double strand chain D 128 AG 19,05

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The top and bottom of all link plates are straight. These form a continuous support for material being conveyed. Dimensions and values not given are identical to

those of iwis chains M 128 A SL or D 128 A to DIN 8188. Other dimensions available on request.

68

E Chains for industrial use

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Transporting, conveying, driving on curved tracks Side bow chains are constructed in the same way as roller chains to DIN 8188. They only deviate from standard dimensions in their pins and outside width. The symmetrically conical pins with a central running surface enable the inner and outer links to run at an angle to one another which means that power can be transferred or loads carried on curved tracks.

Outer width p a1 a no. mm mm mm L 85 A-SB 12,7 16,8 17,8 M 106 A-SB 15,875 21,0 22,3 M 128 A-SB 19,05 26,3 27,7 SB chains are also suitable to a limited extent for cases of use where the slanting position of the shafts determined by design factors makes slight torsion of the chains necessary. The breaking strength of the chain and the service life to be expected

iwis chain

Pitch

Minimum radius R mm 425 500 750

Breaking strength iwis N 10.000 18.000 26.000

Max. permissible chain pull power Continuous Transient N N 600 1500 900 2500 1200 3700

Weight

Connecting links available 2, 4, 8 2, 4, 8 2, 4, 8

kg/m 0,65 1,00 1,50

are lower than with conventional chains, as the chain joint cannot be so heavily loaded due to the special pin design. Side bow chains with straight or bent connecting plates can be used as conveyor chains in many applications. The transmission

of a load on a curved track requires suitable chain guides on both the driven and the drive sections of the chain for example, cage rails of highmolecular low-pressure polyethylene.

2.11 Hollow bearing pin chains


Simple fitting of mounted parts and cross-members iwis chain no. M 128 HB
1

Pitch p mm 19,05

g mm 18,0

B D mm mm 25,5 6

Breaking Weight strength iwis N kg/m 36.5001) 1,23

) Breaking strength without inserted pins 34 500 N

The main dimensions of the special sleeve chain are identical to those of iwis chain M 128 A SL to DIN 8188. The hollow pins can be located

at any pitch point or at any pitch interval. Pins of 6 mm diameter can simply be inserted into the hollow bearing pins.

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.10 Side bow chains

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.12 Leaf chains


Load chains for lifting and pulling
End link design A End link design B (from combination 4 x 4)

Pitch
iwi s De sig na tio n p( Zo ll)

Pla te com bin ati Arr on an gem e nt Bre a iwi king s m loa in d F (N) B Be ari ng are af We (cm 2 igh ) tq ( k g/m Be ar ) d2 ing p (m in m) dia me a1 ter (m m) a( mm ) Pla te he igh tg Pla 1 ( te mm thi ) ckn e d3 s s (m s( m) mm ) d4 (m m)

Overall width

End link dimensions

(m m) u2

(m m)

(m m)

p( mm )

(m m)

u1

u3

FL 522 FL 523 FL 623 1) FL 623 b1) FL 823 b FL 834 a FL 834 b FL 845 a FL 845 b FL 866 a FL 866 bd FL 1044 bd FL 1066 bd FL 1266 bd FL 1644 d FL 1666 d
1
3

/8 /8 /2 /8

8,0 8,0

2x2 2x3

5.000 7.000 10.000 20.000 28.000 21.000 42.000 34.000 52.000 44.000 62.000 57.000 86.000 115.000 157.000 231.000

0,05 0,05 0,08 0,20 0,18 0,17 0,27 0,24 0,32 0,36 0,40 0,37 0,55 0,76 1,00 1,50
2

0,15 0,19 0,32 0,46 0,65 0,42 0,91 0,67 1,00 0,88 1,17 1,12 1,68 2,18 2,92 4,35

2,31 2,31 3,31 3,31 4,45 3,68 4,45 3,68 4,45 3,68 4,45 5,08 5,08 5,72 8,28 8,28

5,6 6,7 8,3 10,9 12,4 13,1 16,5 16,9 19,0 21,7 20,6 16,8 24,0 30,0 28,0 41,0

25 25 28 28 28 35 40 40 50

6,3 6,3 8,1 8,2 10,8 9,1 10,8 9,1 10,8 9,1 10,8 13,7 13,7 14,9 20,8 20,8

1,0 1,0 1,2 2,0 2,0 1,5 2,0 1,6 1,8 1,6 1,5 1,8 1,8 2,2 3,0 3,0

6,2 6,2 6,2 6,2 8,2 8,2 8,2 8,2 8,2 8,2 8,2 10,4 10,4 10,4 12,2 12,2

12,2 12,2 12,2 12,2 16,2 16,2 16,2 18,2 18,2

16,0 16,0 16,0 18,0 18,0 18,0 18,0 18,0 18,0 18,0 20,0 20,0 20,0 25,0 25,0

25,0 25,0 25,0 25,0 35,0 35,0 35,0 40,0 40,0

15,0 15,0 15,0 20,0 20,0 20,0 20,0 20,0 20,0 20,0 25,0 25,0 25,0 30,0 30,0

10,0 10,0 10,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 11,0 12,0 12,0 12,0 15,0 15,0

30,0 30,0 30,0 30,0 45,0 45,0 45,0 50,0 50,0

9,525 2 x 3 9,525 2 x 3 12,70 12,70 12,70 12,70 12,70 12,70 12,70 2x3 3x4 3x4 4x5 4x5 6x6 3 x 3 2)

/2 /2 /2 /2 /2 /8 /8 /4

15,0 15,0 15,0 15,0 21,0 21,0 21,0 24,0 24,0

15,875 2 x 2 2) 15,875 3 x 3 2) 19,05 25,40 25,40 3 x 3 2) 2 x 2 2) 3 x 3 2)

1 1

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) Straight side plates

) doppelt

End link design A is arranged only as an inner link, which enables the connection of end link B as an outer link. iwis leaf chains are manufactured from precision iwis chain parts to DIN 8187. The chain selection will

be determined by the size and frequency of shock loading and the appropiate national lifting regulations.

70

u4

g2

g3

(m m) (m m)

E Chains for industrial use

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Inside width of roller: b = a1 1,15 Minimum diameter: df min = p 5 Use the largest possible diameter.

Special applications fastening of roller chains iwis roller chains can also be used as load chains. Roller chain connecting links (spring clip links) or leaf chain end links are examples of fastening possibilities.

Leaf chain end link Connecting link Pin with split pin fastening

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

Example of a leaf chain guide roller

E Chains for industrial use

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E CHAINS FOR INDUSTRIAL USE

2.13 Tube or can conveyor chains


Careful take-up and transportation of thin-walled hollow articles

The field in which these conveyor chains are most frequently used is in the production of tubes and cans. These hollow articles, which are usually light, thin-walled and sensitive, must run through numerous processing stations and are there cleaned, lacquered, dried, packed and so on. These items are conveyed in large quantities at high speed over long

transportation paths. Depending on the individual process, other stresses are strong contamination and temperature influences. In the production of tubes as a rule high-performance roller chains with pitches between 1/2" and 1" are used. The hollow articles are taken up by spring steel pins whose spacing and length will depend on the size of the work-

piece. The spring steel pins are pressed onto extended bearing pins and secured against rotation. The shape of the pin end can be made to match requirements. In the case of repairs it must be possible to replace the pin easily and rapidly. A special tool is available for chains L 85 SL, M 106 SL and M 127 SL.

iwis chain No. L 85 SL M 106 SL M 127 SL M 1611

Pitch p mm 12,7 15,875 19,05 25,4

L max. D1 mm mm 300 8,0 300 8,0 300 8,0 300 12,0

m mm 22,0 22,0 22,0 30,0

D2 mm 3,5 4,0 4,0 4,0

D3 mm 7,0 8,0 8,0 8,0

In the production of cans, a highperformance 3/4 x 1/2" roller chain to DIN 8188 is to be preferred which is fitted with hollow pins at the straight attachment fastening Examples

points (M 128 HB). Here predominantly solid pins are inserted into the hollow pins at defined intervals and secured against rotation by means of screws, splints or other

special fittings. Depending on the items being conveyed, the pins are available in various lengths and shapes.

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F Automotive drive chains

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Nockenwellensteuerung und lpumpenantrieb mit iwis-Einfachketten an einem 3-Zylinder-DOHC-Motor

73

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F AUTOMOTIVE DRIVE CHAINS

F Automotive drive chains

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F AUTOMOTIVE DRIVE CHAINS

Amongst the various applications for chain drives the engine and gear design covering vehicles and stationary equipment require particulary high levels of precision, iwis Programme:

performance, and durability. In the course of many decades roller and bush type chains of certain standard dimensions have proved to be particularly suitable. iwis This comprises a number of single and double chains designed as roller or bush chains. Each one of these types has certain characteristics which make them particularly suitable for certain applications. New types are being developed in conjunction with new engine developments. The best materials and precision production processing together with the highest quality standards ensure a timing chain that will satisfy the demanding requirements of todays high performance engines.

have influenced the development in this sector from the very beginning and have become leaders in this field.

Higher engine loads and operating speeds, along with new extremes of torsional vibration and temperatures make it essential to utilize a timing chain that combines high strength and low wear elongation. This will result in more precise camshaft timing as well as reducing timing variation over the life of the engine. The table on page 70 shows a summary of roller and bush chains for engines.

Characteristics and typical applications of selected types of chains 7 mm x 2/16" G 44 H 8 mm x 3/16" G 53 H / D53H bush chains Characteristics: Single bush chains, 8 mm pitch, large bearing pin diameter, large bearing area. Standard gearing as with 8 mm roller chain. Principal applications: Reduced weight due to small pitch, compared with 3/8" chain, thus reduced centrifugal force and impact speed. Particularly suitable for drives with high speeds (e.g. mass balancing) or as timing chains on small engines (motorcycles) or drive chains for auxiliary equipment.

8 mm x 3/16" Z 53 R Zahnketten

Merkmale: akustisch optimierte Zahnkette mit 8 mm Teilung. Kettenrder mit spezieller Verzahnung Characteristics: Single and double roller chains, type G 68 with increased bearing area compared with G 67.

Anwendungsschwerpunkte: Steuertriebe mit kritischem Akustikverhalten

3 /8 x 7/32" G 67/G 68/D 67 roller chains

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Principal applications: Timing drives, oil pump drives, drives for auxiliary equipment, gearbox chains. G 68 is used increasingly as a replacement of double roller chains of a similar pitch. Principal applications: Heavy duty drives, e.g. Diesel engines with a highly impulsive load.

3 /8 x 7/32" G 67H/D 67 H bush chains

Characteristics: Single and double chains, bush type for standard chainwheels as used for 3/8" roller chains. Large bearing pin diameter, large bearing area.

74

F Automotive drive chains

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Single chain

Double chain

Zahnkette

iwisdesignation

Designation DIN pitch x ISO inner Nr. width

pitch p

width

roller/ bush outside a1 d1 mm mm max. max. 9,9 11,8 12,9 14,0 13,9 20,9 23,4 23,7 11,8 4,00 5,00 6,35 6,35 6,35 5,00 6,35 6,35 -

height of plates

baring area

chain iwis weight breaking load q kg/m FB N

inch mm

inside b1 mm min. 3,5 4,76 5,72 5,72 5,5

f cm2

Single chains G 44 H G 53 H1) 2) G 67 G 682) G 68 H1)2) Double chains D 53 H D 67 D 67 H1)2) Zahnkette Z 53 R2)
1

7 mm x 2/16" 8 mm x 3/16" 3 /8 x 7/32" 3 /8 x 7/32" 3 /8 x 7/32" 8 mm x 3/16" 3 /8 x 7/32" 3 /8 x 7/32" 8 mm x 3/16"

06 B-1 3/8 3 /8 3 /8 06 B-2 3/8 3 /8 2

7,000 8,000 9,525 9,525 9,525

6,8 7,60 8,26 8,26 9,60 7,60 8,26 9,60 -

0,165 0,25 0,28 0,32 0,47 0,49 0,56 0,76 0,15

0,26 0,34 0,41 0,44 0,59 0,62 0,78 0,89 0,45

7000 9000 12000 12500 14000 12000 19000 19000 17000

8,000 4,76 9,525 5,72 9,525 5,5 8,000 -

) Bush type chains

) iwis standard elements which are carefully designed to the relevant engine, it is possible to optimize the life of the chain drive to match that of the engine without requiring any additional maintenance, apart from the specified engine maintenance. Simple rails made of plastic or metal with plastic or rubber linings are used as guides, depending whether the chain track is straight or curved. If there is a danger that the chain may be subjected to lateral oscillations, rails with lateral guides are used, which guide either between the inner link plates or enclose the chain in a U-section.

Chain drives used on combustion engines are subjected to an inherent sequence of unequal loads. In addition to the engine characteristics, the number of cylinders, arrangement of drive components and the type and number of auxiliary drives are factors of significance. By using tensioning and guide

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F AUTOMOTIVE DRIVE CHAINS

Dimensions

F Automotive drive chains

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F AUTOMOTIVE DRIVE CHAINS

The tensioners have a number of functional characteristics which are available in a combination to suit the application.

These are: Effort created by mechanical spring Effort created by oil pressure, which also acts as a damper Damping by oil supplied without pressure. Non-return valve Lubrication hole in the tensioning pad for chain lubrication and aeration Nonreturn mechanism to limit the reverse travel Device to return the tensioner without the need to dismantle. Tensioner with rubber pad for direct contact with chain Double piston for simultaneous tensioning/damping of several chains

Examples

Tensioning effort by means of spring, oil pressure damping and non-return mechanism Splash hole for chain lubrication

Tensioner with non-return mechanism and piston resetting mechanism, oil pressure damping

Type for tensioning/guide rail

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Double piston type for direct tensioning of two chain sections. Oil filled, non-return valve

With pressure pin to operate articulating tensioner or guide rail. Fitted in engine casing

76

F Automotive drive chains

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Nockenwellenantrieb bei einem 4-Zylinder-DOHCMotor mit kleinteiliger Einfach-Kette

77

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F AUTOMOTIVE DRIVE CHAINS

Nockenwellensteuerung mit iwis-Ketten an einem V8-Motor

New chain types

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NEW CHAIN TYPES

Over the past years, the main requirements for chains focused on minimum elongation throughout the vehicles life cycle and high strength. Recently, however engine designers have expressed a further wish for reduced noise emission and improved chain dynamics. This new demand

arises from the realization of smoother combustion processes due to new injection technology and the reduction in noise emission from accessory drives in the combustion engine, through which the timing chain drive is being perceived to a greater extent as a source of noise.

In response to these demands, two new chain generations have been developed and are represented by the iwisupreme and iwistar versions. Both chains combine stan-dard iwis chain characteristics with additionally optimised acoustic and dynamic performance.

iwisupreme
Due to their kinematics characteristics, inverted tooth chains in particular, display major potential for an improvement in dynamic and acoustic performance. Whereas inverted tooth chain drives have proven their performance for many years in timing chain drives with less dynamic loading, up to present it has not been possible worldwide to implement them on engines with challenging dynamic demands (e.g. diesel engines) due their greater chain elongations in comparison to bush and roller chains. The iwisupreme version is based on the operating principle of an inverted tooth chain (see figure 1). By optimising the kinematical

motion sequence at the chain infeed and outfeed, the infeed pulse and irregularity of motion and power transmission (chordal action) could be reduced. Extensive engine trials indicated an improvement in chain dynamics as well as in acoustic performance. The link plate contour was designed so that even very small teeth numbers of 18 on the smallest chain sprocket could be achieved, which has a very positive effect on the demand of radial design space. A bush was integrated in the inner link of the tooth link plates to improve the wear and tear characteristic. Whereas on conventional inverted tooth chains the articulated movement takes place between the tooth link plate

and the pin at the chain sprocket infeed and outfeed, on the iwisupreme version, the interaction between bushing and pin is analogous to that of bush and roller chains. The design-related improvement in tribological conditions is reflected in perceptibly lower wear and tear values in comparison to conventional inverted tooth chains and permits even implementation in diesel engines. Due to the compact design of inverted tooth chains, in which a greater number of transmitting link plates can be featured in comparison to roller and bush chains, a significant benefit in terms of strength can also be observed on the iwisupreme.

Chain components Inner tooth link plate (ITP) Outer tooth link plate (OTP) Guiding plate (GP)

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Bush Pin

Figure 1: Design of the iwisupreme chain variant

78

New chain types

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The iwistar variant was developed on the basis of proven bush and roller chains with the objective to improve the dynamics and acoustic performance (see figure 2).

Chain components Guiding plate Inner tooth link plate Bush Pin

Figure 2: Design of the iwistar chain variant

In order to reduce the unevenness at chain infeed and outfeed, the chain rests on a supporting ring by its specially shaped outer and inner link plates (see figure 3). As it runs into the chain sprocket, the chain is lifted by the interaction of

link plate contours and supporting ring. The design of the geometry of the link plate contours intends the inner tooth link plate to roll off the supporting disc while the chain wheel turns and at the same time, the lifting of the chain

is counteracted by the engagement of the chain sprocket. As such, the polygonal effect can be almost completely eliminated and smooth chain running assured.

Figure 3: Chain infeed motional sequence

Both newly developed variants, iwisupreme and iwistar, are available in pitches of 7 mm,

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By implementing the iwistar variant, a perceptible reduction in inner chain excitation and an improvement in acoustic performance can be achieved. As the wear and tear and strength values of the iwistar variant are identical

to that of standard bushing chains, users can implement the chains without any restrictions.

8 mm and 9.525 mm. The main geometrical dimensions have been selected so that when converting a bush or roller chain drive, there is no need to replace the rails.

NEW CHAIN TYPES

iwistar The inner dynamics of a chain drive and acoustic behaviour perceived by the customer are mainly determined by the polygonal effect of chains that increases as the number of teeth on the chain sprocket decreases.

G Appendix

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G APPENDIX

Conversion chart
Inch (") in mm Inch /32 1 /16 3 /32 1 /8 5 /32 3 /16 7 /32 1 /4 9 /32 5 /16 11 /32 3 /8 13 /32 7 /16 15 /32 1 /2 17 /32 9 /16 19 /32 5 /8 21 /32 11 /16 23 /32 3 /4 25 /32
1

Inch 0,031 0,062 0,094 0,125 0,156 0,187 0,219 0,25 0,281 0,312 0,344 0,375 0,406 0,437 0,469 0,5 0,531 0,562 0,594 0,625 0,656 0,687 0,719 0,75 0,781

mm 0,794 1,587 2,381 3,175 3,969 4,762 5,556 6,35 7,144 7,937 8,731 9,525 10,319 11,112 11,906 12,7 13,494 14,287 15,081 15,875 16,669 17,462 18,256 19,05 19,844

Inch /16 /32 7 /8 29 /32 15 /16 31 /32


13 27

Inch 0,812 0,844 0,875 0,906 0,937 0,969 1 1,031 1,062 1,094 1,125 1,156 1,187 1,219 1,25 1,281 1,312 1,344 1,375 1,406 1,437 1,469 1,5 1,75 2

mm 20,637 21,431 22,225 23,019 23,812 24,606 25,4 26,194 26,987 27,781 28,575 29,369 30,162 30,956 31,75 32,544 33,337 34,131 34,925 35,719 36,512 37,306 38,1 44,45 50,8

English feet (ft) to cm feet cm 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 1,8 1,9 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0 4,5 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 35,0 40,0 50,0 30,5 33,5 36,6 39,6 42,7 45,7 48,8 51,8 54,9 57,9 61,0 76,2 91,4 106,7 121,9 137,2 152,4 304,8 457,2 609,6 762,0 914,4 1066,8 1219,2 1524,0

PS to kW PS 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 11,0 12,0 13,0 14,0 15,0 16,0 17,0 18,0 19,0 20,0 25,0 50,0 kW 0,73 1,10 1,47 1,83 2,20 2,57 2,94 3,67 4,41 5,14 5,83 6,61 7,35 8,09 8,82 9,56 10,30 11,03 11,76 12,5 13,23 13,97 14,70 18,38 36,76

kW to PS kW 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 11,0 12,0 13,0 14,0 15,0 16,0 17,0 18,0 19,0 20,0 25,0 50,0 PS 1,36 2,04 2,72 3,4 4,08 4,76 5,44 6,8 8,16 9,52 10,88 12,24 13,6 14,96 16,32 17,68 19,04 20,4 21,76 23,12 24,48 25,84 27,20 34,0 68,0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

/32 /16 3 /32 1 /8 5 /32 3 /16 7 /32 1 /4 9 /32 5 /16 11 /32 3 /8 13 /32 7 /16 15 /32 1 /2 3 /4
1 1

1" english 1" american 1 lb 1 kp 1 PS 1 HP

= = = = = =

25,399956 mm 25,40005 mm 0,454 kp 2,205 lb 0,98 HP 1,014 PS

1 1 1 1 1

m/s m/s m/s km/h ft/s

= = = = =

196,8 ft/min 3,28 ft/s 3,6 km/h 0,278 m/s 0,305 m/s

1 inch = 0,0833 feet = 0,0278 yard 1 foot = 12 inch = 0,333 yard 1 yard = 36 inch = 3 feet

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iwis High Performance chains for all branches of industry:


general mechanical engineering printing machinery packaging machinery textile machinery machine tools plastics processing machinery woodworking machinery agricultural machinery office machines copiers building materials machinery Baumaschinen conveying and lifting machinery chemical and process engineering Papierherstellungs- und Bearbeitungsmaschinen Keramik und Glasindustrie Medizintechnik

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LIEFERBERSICHT

Questionnaire for chain drives

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QUESTIONNAIRE FOR CHAIN DRIVES

Enquiry from:

Date:

Address:

Dealt with by:

Telephone:

Drive (input) Electric, hydraulic, pneumatic combustion engines/motors (2, 4 or 6 cyls)? Power output? RPM? Max. Torque? Continuous power or peak power? Speed constant, varying or impulsive? Operating time, cyclic operation? Are shock absorbing transmissioelements present (friction clutch)? Output Type of driven machine? RPM? Power requirement? for starting - normal running - max. Load even, varying or impulsive? Direction of rotation continuous or alternating? (show in diagram) Chain drive Centre distance Does the design allow the centre distance to be modified? Possibility to provide tensioner? (adjustability, idler, chain guide) Could the centre distance alter in service? e.g. rear wheel suspension on a motorcycle Required or current ratio respectively? Shafts horizontal or vertical? Can the drive be protected against dirt and dust or can it be enclosed? What type of lubrication is possible? (manual, drip, oil bath, pressure) External factors? (temperature in C, dust, moisture, fibres)

bei n =

min-1

kW min-1 Nm

min-1 kW

mm

82

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Questionnaire for chain drives

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Chain Chains planned or exisiting drive? Is the chain replacing an existing drive? Max. permissible chain width? Chain wheels No. of teeth? Max. permissible outside diameter, incl. chain? Chain wheel as a disc or with hub, predrilled or with finished bore?

mm

z1 =

z2 = mm

The relevant dimensions with permissible tolerances should be entered in the diagram below.

Example used: Drive running in clockwise direction, in inclined arrangement, speed reducing ration

Drawing of drive layout

83

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QUESTIONNAIRE FOR CHAIN DRIVES

Unternehmensgeschichte

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UNTERNEHMENSGESCHICHTE

1916

Firmengrndung durch den Kgl. Bayr. Kommerzienrat Johann Baptist Winklhofer. Zunchst Herstellung von Zndern in einer stillgelegten Fabrik. Nach dem 1. Weltkrieg wurden dann u.a. auch Zweiradketten produziert. Dr. Rudolf und Otto Winklhofer, Shne des Firmengrnders, treten in die vterliche Firma ein. Aufnahme von Steuerketten in das Produktionsprogramm und Lieferungen an BMW und Skoda. Beginn der Kettenspannerfertigung. Herr Dipl.-Ing. Gerhard Winklhofer bernimmt in 3. Generation die Gesamtleitung von iwis. Erste Qualitts-Audits werden erfolgreich bestanden. iwis erhlt den ersten System-Auftrag von der Automobilindustrie. iwis erhlt den Q1-Award von Ford und wird nach DIN ISO 9002 zertifiziert. Erste VDA-6-Audits werden erfolgreich durchgefhrt. orwis ketten spol.sr.o Strakonice wird als eigenstndiges Unternehmen in Tschechien gegrndet. Zertifizierung nach DIN ISO 9001. iwis erhlt den Bayerischen Qualittspreis 1996. iwis erfllt die Bedingungen der EG-ko-Audit-Verordnung fr das Umweltmanagement. iwis erhlt den Umweltpreis 1998 der Landeshauptstadt Mnchen. Herr Dipl.-Kfm. Johannes Winklhofer bernimmt in 4. Generation die Geschftsfhrung von iwis. Zertifizierung QS 9000, DIN EN ISO 14001, DIN ISO 9001:2000 Erffnung des hochmodernen Produktionsstandortes in Landsberg. Die EG-ko-Audit-Verordnung wurde 2000 erfolgreich rezertifiziert. Zertifizierung VDA 6.1. Zertifizierung ISO TS 16949. Rezertifizierung DIN EN ISO 14001 (Werk Mnchen). Zertifizierung DIN EN ISO 14001 (Werk Landsberg). iwis erhlt den Bayerischen Qualittspreis 2002 und den Bayerischen Frauenfrderpreis 2002. Das Werk 3 in Landsberg wird Sieger beim Wettbewerb Fabrik des Jahres in der Kategorie Standort Champion. iwis wird Gesamtsieger beim Wettbewerb Fabrik des Jahres Erlangung des Zertifikates fr das Audit Beruf & Familie von der Hertie-Stiftung fr eine familiengerechte Personalpolitik. iwis erhlt im 90. Jubilumsjahr den Preis Bayern Best 50. Erwerb der Flexon GmbH.

1933 1939 1972 1975

90 Jahre Erfolgsgeschichte iwis ketten

1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1997 1998 1999

2000

2001 2002

2004

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2005

2006

84

Das Unternehmen

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wir bewegen die welt

iwis Motorsysteme
Die Division fr Automobilanwendungen hat sich hier inzwischen als Systemhersteller in der Weltspitze etabliert. Neben der Fertigung von Steuerketten und der Herstellung von Kettenspannern ist iwis weltweiter Anbieter von Steuer-, Nockenwellen-, Massenausgleichs- und lpumpensystemen. iwis-Kettentriebssysteme laufen in Millionen von Benzin- und Dieselmotoren mit langer Lebensdauer bei vlliger Wartungsfreiheit. Das Steuertrieb-Modul wird entsprechend den Kundenanforderungen in einer Art Baukastenset aus dem jeweils passenden Bauteil (Steuerkette, Kettenspanner, Fhrungsschiene und Kettenrad) entwickelt und hergestellt.

iwis Antriebssysteme
Als Tochtergesellschaft fr Industrieanwendungen, bietet iwis Antriebssysteme mit den Produkten Przisionsketten, Kettenrder und Kettenspanner fr Antriebs- und Frdertechnik vielseitige Industrieanwendungen. Im Lieferprogramm enthalten sind Rollenketten, Frderketten, wartungsfreie MEGAlifeKetten, korossionsbestndige CR-Ketten, Staufrderketten, Spezialfrderketten, Kettenfhrungen, Kettenrder, Kettenspanner, Werkzeuge und die notwendigen Kettenschmierstoffe. Unsere Strke ist, die Ketten weit ber die DIN-Norm hinaus in extrem engen Lngentoleranzen zu fertigen. Als Systemlieferant bieten wir in der Antriebstechnik innovative und kundenspezifische Problemlsungen.

Anwendungsbeispiel Automobilindustrie: Kettentriebsystem fr BMW V8-Ottomotor

Anwendungsbeispiel Verpackungsindustrie: MEGAlife-Ketten M106ML in Aktion

Forschung und Entwicklung Die Division Forschung und Entwicklung bietet Engineering Support fr Steuertriebe, Massenausgleichs- und lpumpentriebe, sowie fr Antriebssysteme des allgemeinen Maschinenbaus. Die Projekte unserer Kunden werden whrend der Entwicklungsphase bis hin zur Serienreife von uns begleitet. Durch Spezial-Prfstnde sowie modernste Konstruktions- und Berechnungsmethoden ist Simultaneous Engineering jederzeit gewhrleistet. Dadurch werden schnellste Reaktionszeiten im gemeinsamen Entwicklungsablauf garantiert.

Flexon
Flexon ist mit seinen Marken und ein international ttiges, hochspezialisiertes Dienstleistungsunternehmen der Antriebstechnik. Die Flexon Produktpalette umfasst Rollenketten, Landmaschinenketten, Spezialketten, Flyerketten, Kettenrder und Zubehr fr alle Anwendungsgebiete. Industrie, Landwirtschaft und viele andere Bereiche profitieren neben der hohen Qualitt und Zuverlssigkeit der Flexon Produkte vor allem von der Flexibilitt der Serviceleistungen.

1-4: 2D-Steuerkettentrieb, 3D-Hydraulischer Kettenspanner, FE-Berechnung einer Fhrungsschiene, Simulationsrechnung eines Steuerkettentriebs

Hochspezialisierte Produktpalette mit den Marken und

85

www.iwis.com

DAS UNTERNEHMEN

Die Firma iwis - Joh. Winklhofer & Shne GmbH und Co. KG ist ein mittelstndisches Unternehmen der Automobilzulieferindustrie und der Antriebstechnik fr den allgemeinen Maschinenbau. Folgende Unternehmensbereiche sind Teil der Gesellschaft:

iwis
wir bewegen die welt

Technical specifications subject to change without notice. Printed: 11.2006

Ref.: KH/D/11/06/1.000

iwis
motorsysteme
wir bewegen die welt

iwis
antriebssysteme
wir bewegen die welt

Joh. Winklhofer & Shne GmbH & Co. KG Albert-Rohaupter-Strae 53 D-81369 Mnchen Germany Phone +49 89 7 69 09-0 Fax +49 89 7 69 09-1333 www.iwis.com eMail: info@iwis.com

iwis antriebssysteme GmbH & Co. KG Albert-Rohaupter-Strae 53 D-81369 Mnchen Germany Phone +49 89 7 69 09-1500 Fax +49 89 7 69 09-1122 www.iwis.com eMail: sales@iwis.com