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Simulation and Modeling

Dr. Mohammad Hanif Ali Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jahangirnagar University

What is Simulation?
Copy the behavior of a system Imitation of a system Make similar

What is System?
Collection of entities(people or machine), that act and interact together toward the accomplishment of some logical end. Example: Computer

Any Method, Process, Technique, & Organization are also system.

What is Model?
Representation of a system Simplified description of a system Logical description of how a system perform A collection of pertinent information about a system To study real world facility or process scientifically we often have to make a set of assumptions about how it works. These assumptions, which usually takes the form of mathematical or logical relations, constitute a model. The model is used to try to gain some understanding of how the corresponding system behaves.

More about simulation


The mathematical representation of the interaction of the real world object. A simulation is the execution of a model, represented by a computer program that gives information about the system being investigated. Simulation is a numerical technique for conducting experiments on a digital computer, which involves certain types of mathematical and logical models that describe the behavior of the system.

A mathematical model to be studied by means of simulation is referred to as simulation model.

Components of a System
Entity: Denoted by an object of the system Attribute: Property of an entity (many attributes) Activity: Any process that causes changes in the system State: Collection of variables necessary to describe a system at a particular time, relative to the objectives of the system Event: Instantaneous occurance that may change the state of the system