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Sejarah-Geometri

Sejarah-Geometri

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Published by: lookingpost on Mar 25, 2013
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04/29/2013

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Sejarah Geometri

Ke-utama

Sejarah Geometry
Egyptians (Mesir), 2000-500 BC Babylonians, 2000-500 BC Greeks, 750-250 BC The Fifth Postulate Controversy, 400 BC1800 AD The Search for pi Coordinate Geometry Non-Euclidean Geometries Differential Geometry Fractal Geometry

Egyptians (Mesir), 2000-500 BC
Didemonstrasikan pengetahuan praktis dari geometri melalui survey konstruksi proyek

Babylonians, 2000-500 BC
4 is the length and 5 the diagonal. What is the breadth? Its size not known. 4 times 4 is 16. 5 times 5 is 25. You take 16 from 25 and there remains 9. What times what shall I take in order to get 9? 3 times 3 is 9. 3 is the breadth

Greeks, 750-250 BC
Eksperimen geometri, Awal penulisan matematika secara formal dari berbagai macam geometri dengan logika aturan Terbitnya buku geometri yaitu The Element, Euclid’s (400BC)

The Fifth Postulate Controversy, 400 BC-1800 AD
Dua aturan utama dlm Matematika termasuk geometri, yaitu: postulat dan teorema Lima postulat, yaitu:
– Titik – Garis – Ruas garis – Titik pada garis – Titik di luar garis

The Search for pi
Berapa nilai pi ? pi =22/7 pi = 3,14 pi = ….

Coordinate Geometry
Descartes: menghubungkan antara aljabar dan geometri Fermat menggambarkan dalam koordinat geometri

Non-Euclidean Geometries
Bolyai dan Lobachevsky Geometri dengan tanpa garis paralel

Differential Geometry

Gauss dan Riemann Einstein: Theory of Relativity

Fractal Geometry
Gambar geometri yang mempunyai model alami Contoh: awan Mandelbrot: researcher

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