Desain Penelitian Eksperimental

Desain penelitian merupakan strategi untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian. Desain penelitian dikatakan berkualitas jika memenuhi 2 (dua) syarat yaitu : 1. 2. Dapat digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis Dapat mengendalikan variabel

Eksperimental Study I. Randomized Controlled Trials Key of experimental design 1. At least two groups of individuals/ participant 2. 3. Random assignment to groups An independent variable manipulated by the experimenter

4. A dependent variable being measured Step in RCT 1. Quantitative à Measuring outcome quantitatively 2. 3. Comparative à Comparing two or more intervention Control Experiment à All variable are closely controlled

Type of RCT Design 1. RCT’s according to how the participant are exposed to the intervention a. RCT Parallel Design b. RCT Factorial Design c. RCT Cross-over Design 2. RCT’s according to the number of participant a. From n-of-1 to mega trials b. Fixed Size c. Sequential Trials RCT’s according to whether the investigators and participants know which intervention is being assesed a. Open Trials b. Single Blind Trials c. Double Blind Trials

One Group Posttest Only Design Posttest Only Design with Non Equivalent Group One Group Pretest-Posttest Design 4. Quasi Eksperimental Type of Quasi Experiment Design 1. Information bias (bias yang terjadi saat menggali informasi dari subjek) c.d. Type of bias: a. One group POSTTEST ONLY DESIGN . Triple and Quadriple Trials Aims of Blinding Trials To prevent bias. 2. 3. Measurement bias (bias yang terjadi saat pengukuran eksposure) b. Recall bias (bias yang terjadi saat menjaring informasi dari responden) II.

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