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PPIC ppt

PPIC ppt

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12/19/2015

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Perencanaan & Pengendalian Produksi (Production Planning and Control

)
Pengantar
Pokok Bahasan: I. Kedudukan Planning & Control dalam Keputusan Operasional II. Manufacturing Strategy III. Konflik Sistem Produksi IV. Definisi PPIC V. Peranan PPIC dalam Supply Chain VI. MRP, MRP II, ERP & Beyond ERP VII. Demo PPIC Game
Departemen Teknik Industri UI – Depok Kuliah Perencanaan & Pengendalian Produksi – 2008 Kuliah 1: Intro Rabu, 3 Sep 2008, Reg-S1

I. Kedudukan Planning & Control dalam Keputusan Operasi
Marketplace

Corporate Strategy

Finance Strategy

Operations Strategy

Marketing Strategy

Operations Management

People Materials & Customers

Plants

Parts

Processes

Products & Services Output

Planning and Control
Input

Production System

Contoh Organisasi Manufaktur Chief Executive Officer Marketing and Sales Engineering Human Resources Information Systems Finance Manufacturing Quality Research and Development Product Design Manufacturing Engineering Production Materials Management Industrial Engineering .

Traditional “Silo” Organizations E N G I N E E R I N G M A R K E T I N G S A L E S P R O D U C T I O N F I N A N C E Q U A L I T Y .

II. Manufacturing Strategy Strategy menentukan delivery lead time Lead time Design Purchasing Manufacture Assemble Ship 1. Assemble-to-Order (ATO) 4. Make-to-Order (MTO) 3. Engineer-to-Order (ETO) Strategy Lead time Inventory Manufacture Assemble Ship 2. Make-to-Stock (MTS) Lead time Manufacture Inventory Assemble Ship Lead time Manufacture Assemble Inventory Ship .

Lead Time “A span of time required to perform a process” —APICS Dictionary Delivery lead time ƒ “The time from the receipt of a customer order to the delivery of the product” —APICS Dictionary Cumulative lead time ƒ “The longest planned length of time to accomplish the activity in question” —APICS Dictionary .

Mengurangi investasi persediaan . jaringan distribusi dan pergudangan . .Memproduksi dalam jumlah besar untuk pemenuhan permintaan jangka panjang .Memperbesar jaringan distribusi dan pergudangan.Memiliki persediaan barang jadi dalam jumlah besar . Tujuan Bagian Keuangan (lowest cost and investment): .III.Mengurangi jumlah pabrik.Memproduksi barang yang diminta customer setiap diperlukan . Konflik Sistem Produksi Konflik antar bagian perusahaan terjadi karena tujuan masingmasing bagian berbeda: 1. 2. Tujuan Bagian Marketing (highest revenue through customer satisfaction): .Memproduksi hanya bila ada pesanan.

reduce investment 1 Customer service 4 7 2 Production efficiency 5 8 3 Inventory investment 6 9 .Conflicts in Traditional Supply Systems Marketing Traditional Objective This implies Increase revenue Operations Finance Reduce Increase profit and manufacturing cost cash flow.

. Definisi PPIC “Membuat perencanaan & pengendalian produksi. sehingga dapat memberikan pelayanan yang terbaik bagi customer. serta meminimumkan biaya produksi keseluruhan”. menyusun jadwal sumberdaya dan mengeksekusinya.IV. merancang aliran kerja (workflow) organisasi mulai bahan baku sampai barang jadi.

Profit = Revenue . Memberikan pelayanan yang terbaik bagi customer 2. Mengeluarkan biaya persediaan yang terendah 4.Tujuan PPIC: 1. Mengeluarkan biaya produksi yang terendah 3.Expense . Mengeluarkan biaya distribusi yang terendah.

Perancangan aliran kerja (workflow) organisasi.Tugas-Tugas PPIC: 1. menyusun dan menetapkan urutan produksi. input material. alat dan mesin. memonitor. 4.Mempersiapkan order produksi dan jadwalnya (timetables). . 2. 3. dan menjaga rencana dilaksanakan. serta pekerja. Perencanaan . Penjadwalan . menindak lanjuti.Membuat rencana produksi. Pengendalian – Memberikan otorisasi untuk memulai kegiatan produksi.

Tahapan Perencanaan Produksi BUSINESS Plan PLANNING Manufacturing Marketing/ Plan Finance Sales Plan Plan Forecasts Production Plan Resources Requirements Plan Long-Range Firm Orders Master Production Plan Inventory Status Rough Cut Capacity Plan BOM Planning Data Material Requirements Planning Capacity Requirements Plan (CRP) Medium Range EXECUTION OF PLAN Production Activity 22 Control Purchasing 23 24 I/O Line Balance JIT Capacity Shor Range t Final Assembly Schedule (FAS) FINAL ASSEMBLY Production Planning & Inventory Control .

Contoh Skema Mekanisme Penerapan PPIC VENDOR Mtrls & components Purchase Order (PO) 4 Purchasing 5 Receiving 6 Inspection 7 Material to storage Job cost reports Material flow Invoices Accounting Invoices 11 Paperwork flow CUSTOMER Product 10 Production Planning & Control Planning 3 Prepare: ƒMtrl requisitions ƒBill of Mtrls •Route Sheet •Blueprints •Specifications •Move tickets •Mtrls releases Material control Mtrl Status report Scheduling & dispatching Cpltd work & p’chased cmpnnts to final assy Inspection Completed components to storage Material to shop 8 Release job to Work shop center 1 9 Order for product 1 Work center 2 Final assembly shop 2 Schedule & completion feedback information SALES .

V. Peranan PPIC dalam Supply Chain S U P P L I E R Physical Supply MANUFACTURER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM C U S T O M E R Production Planning and Control Physical Distribution Dominant Flow of Products and Services Dominant Flow of Demand and Design Information .

Supply chain terdiri dari banyak distributor. . warehouses dan retailer 5. sedangkan informasi mengalir ke arah sebaliknya.Ciri-ciri dari Supply Chain 1. Pelanggan bisa menjadi pemasok bagi pelanggan lain sehingga supply chain akan terdiri dari sejumlah supplier/customer relationship 4. Produk atau jasa mengalir dari supplier ke customer. seperti wholesaler. Terdiri dari banyak perusahaan yang terhubung dalam suatu supply chain 3. Supply chain terdiri dari banyak kegiatan dan proses yang mensupply produk dan jasa untuk pelanggan akhir 2.

tapi juga merencanakan material dan aliran informasi sepanjang supply chain sehingga dapat memaksimumkan efisiensi biaya. . efektivitas. delivery dan flexibility.Supply Chain Management Mengelola supply chain tidak hanya membutuhkan pemahaman tentang jaringan supplier dan customer.

Physical Supply/Distribution Movement of goods from suppliers to the beginning of the production process and from the end of the production process to consumers Activities „ „ „ „ „ „ Transportation Distribution inventory Warehousing Packaging Materials handling Order entry .

Demand berpengaruh pada kebutuhan pengadaan dan persediaan dalam supply chain. Jadi. penjadwalan produksi atau PPIC terintegrasi dalam supply chain. bukan bereaksi terhadap supply chain.PPIC & Supply Chain: Penjadwalan produksi dalam PPIC terintegrasi dengan supply chain: „ Demand forecasts mempengaruhi keseluruhan supply chain dan diperlukan oleh para suppliers. „ Keputusan yang terkait dengan lokasi pabrik sangat strategis dan mempengaruhi supply chain. . „ Keputusan available-to-promise (ATP) untuk pengadaan material dan komponen yang dibutuhkan dapat dicek ke suppliers.

VII. MRP II. Strategy DSS Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) Inventory CRP Purchasing Accounting Customer Service Order Entry Forecasting Material Requirements Planning (MRP) PAC MPS . HR R&D Maintenance QC S&OP APS EDI Marketing Log/Dist Demand Mgt. MRP. ERP & Beyond ERP Beyond ERP SCM CPFR SRM AIDC BPM CRM Enterprise Resource Planning Manufacturing Eng.

PPIC Game Demo PPIC Game ………………. ..VIII.

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