Anda di halaman 1dari 42

M = 5000

H = 10000 kg

L=4m
E = 2,1 x 105 kg/cm2
b = h = 30 cm
I = 67500 cm4
Hitunglah diplacement global, diplacement local, gaya dalam, dan
gambarkan bidang momen, lintang dan normal !

La = Lb = Lc =
E=
b=h=
I =
A=

210000
30
67500
0.09

kg/cm
cm
cm4
2
m

4m
=
=
=

2.1E+09 kg/m2
0.3 m
0.000675 m4

Penyelesaian :
Langkah 1 : penentuan model, simpul, dan elemen
2

3
b

a
c

Ia
Ib
Ic
Aa
Ab
Ac

2. matriks kekakuan sumbu lokal


EI/L3
karena La =Lb = Lc , dan karena b = h = 30 cm maka Iz = 67500 cm 4
sehingga [Ka] = [Kb] = [Kc]
AL2

Iz
0
E.Iz 0
Ke 3 AL2
L
Iz

0
0

Ka=

12
6.L

6L
4 L2

12
6L

6L
2 L2

AL2

Iz
0
0
AL2
Iz
0
0

0
12
6L
0
12
6L

6L
2 L2

6L
4 L2

Ea
Eb
Ec

47250000
0
0 -47250000
0
0
0 265781.25 531562.5
0 -265781.25 531562.5
0 531562.5 1417500
0 -531562.5
708750
-47250000
0
0 47250000
0
0
0 -265781.3 -531562.5
0 265781.25 -531562.5
0 531562.5
708750
0 -531562.5 1417500

3. Matriks kekakuan struktur global


AL2/Iz = K =

KC 2 12S 2

( K 12)CS

6 LS
EIz
Ke 3
L KC 2 12S 2

( K 12)CS

6 LS

elemen a

Ka

elemen b

EIz/L3 =

2133.3333

( K 12)CS
( KS 2 12C 2 )
6 LC
( K 12)CS
KS 2 12C 2
6 LC

cos = cos 900 =


sin = sin 900 =

22148.438

6 LS
6 LC
4 L2
6 LS
6 LC
2 L2

KC 2 12S 2
( K 12)CS
6 LS
2
KC 12S 2
( K 12)CS
6 LS

La =
( K 12)CS
KS 2 12C 2
6 LC
( K 12)CS
KS 2 12C 2
6 LC

6 LS

6 LC
2 L2
6 LS

6 LC
4 L2

0
1

265781.25
0 -531562.5 -265781.3
0 -531562.5
0 47250000
0
0 -47250000
0
= -531562.5
0 1417500 531562.5
0
708750
-265781.25
0 531562.5 265781.25
0 531562.5
0 -47250000
0
0 47250000
0
-531562.5
0
708750 531562.5
0 1417500
cos = cos 0
sin = sin00

=
=

1
0

AL2/Iz = K =

Kb

elemen c

Kc

47250000
0
0 -47250000
0
0
0 265781.25 531562.5
0 -265781.25 531562.5
=
0 531562.5 1417500
0 -531562.5
708750
-47250000
0
0 47250000
0
0
0 -265781.3 -531562.5
0 265781.25 -531562.5
0 531562.5
708750
0 -531562.5 1417500
cos = cos 2700 =
sin = sin2700 =

0
-1

265781.25
0 531562.5 -265781.3
0 531562.5
0 47250000
0
0 -47250000
0
= 531562.5
0 1417500 -531562.5
0
32
-265781.25
0 -531562.5 265781.25
0 -531562.5
0 -47250000
0
0 47250000
0
531562.5
0
708750 -531562.5
0 1417500

4. Menentukan matriks kekakuan struktur


f1 Ka11.d1 Ka12 .d 2
f 2 Ka21.d1 Ka22 .d 2 Kb11.d 2 Kb12 .d 3
f 3 Kb21.d 2 Kb22 .d 3 Kc11.d 3 Kc12 .d 4
f 4 Kc21.d 3 Kc22 .d 4
H1

265781.25

V1

0 47250000

-531562.5 -265781.25
0

0 -47250000

M1

-531562.5

1417500

531562.5

H2

-265781.3

531562.5

47515781

0 -47250000

V2
M2

-531562.5

531562.5

531562.5

0 -47250000

V3

0 -265781.3

M3

531562.5

H4

V4

M4

531562.5 -47250000

H3

708750

0 47515781

5. Boundry condition dan diplacement global


u1=v1=X1=u4=v4=X4=0
H2

47515781

V2
M2

0 47515781

0 -265781.3
0 -531562.5

531562.5

531562.5

2835000

-47250000

V3

0 -265781.3

-531562.5

0 47515781

M3

708750

531562.5 -531562.5

H3

531562.5

u2
v2
X2
u3
V3
X3

531562.5

47515781

10000
0
0
0
0
5000

47515781
0
0 47515781
531562.5 531562.5
-47250000
0
0 -265781.3
0 531562.5

531562.5 -47250000
0
531562.5
0 -265781.3
2835000
0 -531562.5
0 47515781
0
-531562.5
0 47515781
708750 531562.5 -531562.5

u2
v2
X2
u3
V3
X3
u2

2.701E-06 9.056E-09

-4.08E-07

v2

9.056E-09 2.115E-08

-4.53E-09

X2

-4.08E-07

u3

-4.53E-09

2.69E-06 9.056E-09

V3

-9.06E-09 1.698E-11

X3

-4.06E-07

-4.53E-09

10000
0
0
0
0
5000
u2

0.024977 m

v2

6.792E-05 m

X2

-0.004243 rad

u3

0.0248581 m

V3

-6.79E-05 m

X3

-0.001862 rad

2.69E-06

-9.06E-09

9.056E-09 1.698E-11

4.39E-07 -4.057E-07 4.528E-09


-4.06E-07

2.701E-06

-9.06E-09

4.528E-09 -9.056E-09 2.115E-08


-3.2E-08 -4.083E-07 4.528E-09

6. Menghitung diplacement lokal

d lokal T 1 d global

cos = cos 900 =


sin = sin 900 =

elemen a

0
1

u1

v1

-1

X1

v2

-1

X2

u2

0
0
0
0.024977
6.792E-05
-0.004243
u1

0m

v1

0m

X1

0m

u2

6.792E-05 m

v2

-0.024977 m

X2

-0.004243 rad

elemen b

cos = cos 00 =
sin = sin00 =

1
0

u2

v2

u3

V3

X3

0
0.024977
6.792E-05
-0.004243
0.0248581
-6.79E-05

X2

-0.001862
u2

0.024977 m

v2

6.792E-05 m

X2

-0.004243 rad

u3

0.0248581 m

V3

-6.79E-05 m

X3

-0.001862 rad

elemen c

cos = cos 2700 =


sin = sin2700 =

0
-1

u3

-1

V3

U4

-1

V4

X4

X3

0.0248581
-6.79E-05
-0.001862
0
0
0
u3

6.792E-05 m

V3

0.0248581 m

X3

-0.001862 rad

U4

0m

V4

0m

X4

0 rad

7. Menghitung gaya dalam


fa Ka . da
elemen a

fa

265781.25
0
0 47250000
-531562.5
0
-265781.3
0
0 -47250000
-531562.5
0

-531562.5 -265781.25
0
0
0 -47250000
1417500 531562.5
0
531562.5 265781.25
0
0
0 47250000
708750 531562.5
0

0
0
0
0.024977
6.792E-05
-0.004243

fa

-4382.899
-3209.128
10269.474
4382.899
3209.1282
7262.1218

kg
kg
kg m
kg
kg
kg m

elemen b

fb

fb

47250000
0
0 265781.25
0 531562.5
-47250000
0
0 -265781.3
0 531562.5
0.024977
6.792E-05
-0.004243
0.0248581
-6.79E-05
-0.001862
5617.101
-3209.128
-7262.122
-5617.101

kg
kg
kg m
kg

0 -47250000
0
531562.5
0 -265781.3
1417500
0 -531562.5
0 47250000
0
-531562.5
0 265781.25
708750
0 -531562.5

3209.1282 kg
-5574.391 kg m
elemen c

fc

265781.25
0
0 47250000
531562.5
0
-265781.3
0
0 -47250000
531562.5
0
0.0248581
-6.79E-05
-0.001862
0
0
0

fc

5617.101
-3209.128
10574.391
-5617.101
3209.1282
11894.013

kg
kg
kg m
kg
kg
kg m

531562.5 -265781.25
0
0
0 -47250000
1417500 -531562.5
0
-531562.5 265781.25
0
0
0 47250000
708750 -531562.5
0

5000 kg m

H=4m

0.000675
0.000675
0.000675
0.09
0.09
0.09
a
22148.438
b
22148.438
c
22148.438
2100000000
elemen a
2100000000
elemen b
2100000000
elemen c

Kc=

Kb=

La
Lb
Lc
E=
b=h=
I =
A=
EIz/L3

AL /Iz =

=
210000
30
67500
0.09
=

4
4
4m
=
=
=

kg/cm2
cm
cm4
cm2
22148.4375

2133.333333
2133.333333
2133.333333

47250000
0
0
-47250000
0
0

0
265781.3
531562.5
0
-265781.3
531562.5

0
531562.5
1417500
0
531562.5
708750

-47250000
0
0 -265781
0 -531563
47250000
0
0 265781
0 -531563

47250000
0
0
-47250000
0
0

0
265781.3
531562.5
0
-265781.3
531562.5

0
531562.5
1417500
0
-531562.5
708750

-47250000
0
0 -265781
0 -531563
47250000
0
0 265781
0 -531563

12)CS
12C 2
LC
12)CS
12C 2
LC

4
6 LS

6 LC
2 L2
6 LS

6 LC
4 L2

AL2/Iz = K =
EIz/L3 =
L=

2133.333333
22148.4375
4

-531562.5

708750

531562.5 -47250000

-265781.25 531562.5

708750

531562.5

2835000

47515781

0 531562.5

-265781.25

531563

-531562.5

47515781.25 -531562.5

-47250000

708750

531562.5

2835000

-531562.5

32

0 -531562.5

265781.25

0 -531563

0 -265781.3

-531562.5

-531562.5

-47250000

531562.5

708750

-531562.5

0
531562.5
708750
531562.5
-531562.5
2835000

47250000

0 1417500

0
531562.5
708750
531562.5
-531562.5
2835000

-4.0568E-07
-4.5279E-09
-3.1983E-08
-4.0833E-07
4.5279E-09
4.3899E-07

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
1

-531562.5
0
708750
531562.5
0
1417500

0
531562.5
708750
0
-531562.5
1417500

531562.5
0
32
-531562.5
0
1417500

2100000000 kg/m2
0.3 m
0.000675 m4

0
531562.5
708750
0
-531562.5
1417500
0
531562.5
708750
0
-531562.5
1417500

u1

-4382.9

v1

-3209.13

X1

10269.5

u2

0.02498

10000

v2

6.8E-05

2.3E-13

X2

-0.00424

2.7E-12

u3

0.02486

-1.7E-10

V3

-6.8E-05

-5.7E-13

X3

-0.00186

5000

U4

-5617.1

V4

3209.13

X4

11894

H = 10000kg

4
c

M = 5000kgm

5
2m

No btg
a
b
c
d

dimensi
30 x30
30 x50
30x50
30x30

Luas(A)
0.09
0.15
0.15
0.09

panjang
4
2
2
4.4721

sudut
90
0
0
296.565

ngkah II : Menentukan matriks kekauan lokal element


AL2

Iz
0
0
Ke E.3Iz AL
2
L
Iz

0
0

2m

2m

12
6.L

6L
4 L2

12
6L

6L
2 L2

AL2
Iz
0
0
AL2
Iz
0
0

0
12
6L
0
12
6L

6L
2 L2

6L
4 L2

cos
0
1
1
0.447212797

sin
1
0
0
-0.89442759

inersia
0.000675
0.003125
0.003125
0.000675

AL

Iz
0
0
Ke E.3Iz AL
2
L
Iz

0
0

AL
Iz
0
0
AL2
Iz
0
0

12
6.L

6L
4 L2

12
6L

6L
2 L2

0
12
6L
0
12
6L

6L
2 L2

6L
4 L2

Matriks kekauan Elemen a

472500
0
0
-472500
0
0

0
2657.8125
5315.625
0
-2657.8125
5315.625

0
5315.625
14175
0
-5315.625
7087.5

-472500
0
0
472500
0
0

0
-2657.8125
-5315.625
0
2657.8125
-5315.625

0
5315.625
7087.5
0
-5315.625
14175

1575000
0
0
-1575000
0
0

0
98437.5
98437.5
0
-98437.5
98437.5

0
98437.5
131250
0
-98437.5
65625

-1575000
0
0
1575000
0
0

0
-98437.5
-98437.5
0
98437.5
-98437.5

0
98437.5
65625
0
-98437.5
131250

1575000
0
0
-1575000
0
0

0
98437.5
98437.5
0
-98437.5
98437.5

0
98437.5
131250
0
-98437.5
65625

-1575000
0
0
1575000
0
0

0
-98437.5
-98437.5
0
98437.5
-98437.5

0
98437.5
65625
0
-98437.5
131250

Matriks kekauan Elemen b

Matriks kekauan Elemen c

Matriks kekauan elemen d

422620.2455
0
0
-422620.2455
0
0

0
1901.821685
4252.568379
0
-1901.821685
4252.568379

0
4252.568379
12678.60737
0
-4252.568379
6339.303683

-422620.2455
0
0
422620.2455
0
0

0
-1901.821685
-4252.568379
0
1901.821685
-4252.568379

0
4252.568379
6339.303683
0
-4252.568379
12678.60737

2657.8125
0
-5315.625
-2657.8125
0
-5315.625

0
472500
0
0
-472500
0

-5315.625
0
14175
5315.625
0
3543.75

-2657.8125
0
5315.625
2657.8125
0
5315.625

0
-472500
0
0
472500
0

-5315.625
0
3543.75
5315.625
0
14175

1575000
0
0
-1575000
0
0

0
98437.5
98437.5
0
-98437.5
98437.5

0
98437.5
131250
0
-98437.5
65625

-1575000
0
0
1575000
0
0

0
-98437.5
-98437.5
0
98437.5
-98437.5

0
98437.5
65625
0
-98437.5
131250

1575000
0
0
-1575000
0

0
98437.5
98437.5
0
-98437.5

0
98437.5
131250
0
-98437.5

-1575000
0
0
1575000
0

0
-98437.5
-98437.5
0
98437.5

0
98437.5
65625
0
-98437.5

Kekauan global

Ka

Kb

Kc

Kd

98437.5

65625

-98437.5

131250

86045.20582
-168287.1441
3803.614489
-86045.20582
1061.848093
3803.614489

-168287.1441
338476.8614
1901.802998
168287.1441
-338476.8614
1901.802998

3803.614489
1901.802998
12678.60737
-3803.614489
-1901.802998
2835.045586

-86045.20582
168287.1441
-3803.614489
86045.20582
-168287.1441
-3803.614489

1061.848093
-338476.8614
-1901.802998
-168287.1441
338476.8614
-1901.802998

3803.614489
1901.802998
2835.045586
-3803.614489
-1901.802998
12678.60737

d1

d1

d2

d3

d4

d5

2657.8125
0
-5315.625
-2657.8125
0
-5315.625
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

d2
0
472500
0
0
-472500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
u2
v2
m2

-5315.625
0
14175
5315.625
0
3543.75
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-2657.8125
0
5315.625
1577657.813
0
5315.625
-1575000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
-472500
0
0
570937.5
98437.5
0
-98437.5
98437.5
0
0
0
0
0
0

-5315.625
0
3543.75
5315.625
98437.5
145425
0
-98437.5
65625
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
-1575000
0
0
3150000
0
0
-1575000
0
0
0
0
0

0.000141364
8.70783E-07
7.51527E-06

8.70783E-07
2.11524E-06
-4.07065E-07

7.51527E-06
-4.07065E-07
1.58138E-05

0.000140993
8.70879E-07
7.58132E-06

u3
v3
m3
u4
v4
m4
u2
v2
m2
u3
v3
m3
u4
v4
m4

0.000140993
3.36894E-05
2.11236E-05
0.000140622
6.8646E-05
9.65329E-06

8.70879E-07
1.27747E-06
-4.2514E-07
8.70974E-07
4.36962E-07
-4.09796E-07

0.014619063
6.65885E-05
0.000471844
0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094
0.014544603
0.007128465
0.001780595

m
m
rad
m
m
rad
m
m
rad

0
-1
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

7.58132E-06
1.27011E-05
-7.51677E-07
7.64737E-06
4.40187E-06
-5.59366E-06

0.000141256
3.37891E-05
2.11567E-05
0.000140885
6.87767E-05
9.6507E-06

0
0
0
0
-1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

Menghitung displacement
eleemn a
u1
v1
m1
u2
v2
m2
u1
v1
m1
u2
v2
m2

0
0
0
6.65885E-05
-0.014619063
0.000471844

Gaya -gaya dalam

fa =

472500
0
0
-472500
0
0

0
2657.8125
5315.625
0
-2657.8125
5315.625

0
5315.625
14175
0
-5315.625
7087.5

-472500
0
0
472500
0
0

0
-2657.8125
-5315.625
0
2657.8125
-5315.625

0
5315.625
7087.5
0
-5315.625
14175

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
98437.5

0
98437.5

-1575000
0

0
-98437.5

eleemn b
u2
v2
m2
u3
v3
m3
u2
v2
m2
u3
v3
m3

0.014619063
6.65885E-05
0.000471844
0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094

gaya dalam
fb

1575000
0

Elemen c
u3
v3
m3
u4
v4
m4

gaya-gaya dalam
U3
V3
M3
U4
V4
M4

elemen d
u4
v4
m4
u5
v5
m5
u4

0
-1575000
0
0

98437.5
0
-98437.5
98437.5

131250
0
-98437.5
65625

0
1575000
0
0

-98437.5
0
98437.5
-98437.5

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

1575000
0
0
-1575000
0
0

0
98437.5
98437.5
0
-98437.5
98437.5

0
98437.5
131250
0
-98437.5
65625

-1575000
0
0
1575000
0
0

0
-98437.5
-98437.5
0
98437.5
-98437.5

0.447212797
0.89442759
0
0
0
0

-0.89442759
0.447212797
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0.447212797
0.89442759
0

0
0
0
-0.89442759
0.447212797
0

422620.2455

-422620.2455

v4
m4
u5
v5
m5

0
0
-422620.2455
0
0

1901.821685
1901.802998
0
-1901.821685
4252.568379

1901.802998
12678.60737
0
-4252.568379
6339.303683

0
0
422620.2455
0
0

-1901.821685
-4252.568379
0
1901.821685
-4252.568379

1ton = 10 kn

4m
d

E
21000000
21000000
21000000
21000000

EA/L
472500
1575000
1575000
422620.2455

12EI/L^3
2657.8125
98437.5
98437.5
1901.821685

6EI/L^2
5315.625
98437.5
98437.5
4252.568379

4EI/L
14175
131250
131250
12678.60737

2EI/L
K =AL^2/I
EI/L^3
7087.5
2133.33333 221.48438
65625
192
8203.125
65625
192
8203.125
6339.303683 2666.62379 158.48514

d3

d4

d5

0
0
0
0
-98437.5
-98437.5
0
196875
0
0
-98437.5
98437.5
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
98437.5
65625
0
0
262500
0
-98437.5
65625
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
-1575000
0
0
1661045.206
-168287.1441
3803.614489
-86045.20582
1061.848093
3803.614489

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-98437.5
-98437.5
-168287.1441
436914.3614
-96535.697
168287.1441
-338476.8614
1901.802998

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
98437.5
65625
3803.614489
-96535.697
143928.6074
-3803.614489
-1901.802998
2835.045586

3.36894E-05
1.27747E-06
1.27011E-05

2.11236E-05
-4.2514E-07
-7.51677E-07

0.000140622
8.70974E-07
7.64737E-06

6.8646E-05
4.36962E-07
4.40187E-06

9.65329E-06
-4.09796E-07
-5.59366E-06

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-86045.20582
168287.1441
-3803.614489
86045.20582
-168287.1441
-3803.614489

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1061.84809
-338476.861
-1901.803
-168287.144
338476.861
-1901.803
100
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3803.6145
1901.803
2835.0456
-3803.6145
-1901.803
12678.607

3.37891E-05
2.53606E-05
5.25014E-06
3.38888E-05
1.80681E-05
-8.5157E-06

0
0
0
0
0
1

2.11567E-05
5.25014E-06
8.46763E-06
2.11898E-05
1.11319E-05
-5.45225E-07

0.000140885
3.38888E-05
2.11898E-05
0.000141148
6.89073E-05
9.64811E-06

0
0
0
0.014619063
6.65885E-05
0.000471844

6.87767E-05
1.80681E-05
1.11319E-05
6.89073E-05
3.65748E-05
5.27738E-06

9.6507E-06
-8.5157E-06
-5.45225E-07
9.64811E-06
5.27738E-06
1.63053E-05

0
0
0
0
0
50

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
98437.5

0
0
0
6.65885E-05
-0.014619063
0.000471844

-31.46307607
41.36287394
81.05365124
31.46307607
-41.36287394
84.39784453

kn
kn
knm
kn
kn
knm

0.014619063
6.65885E-05
0.000471844
0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094

0.014619063
6.65885E-05

58.63712606
-31.46307607

kn
kn

65625
0
-98437.5
131250

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
98437.5
65625
0
-98437.5
131250

0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0.000471844
0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094

0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094
0.014544603
0.007128465
0.001780595

0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094
0.014544603
0.007128465
0.001780595

0.014544603
0.007128465
0.001780595
0
0
0
0.000128637

-84.39784453
-58.63712606
31.46307607
21.47169239

knm
kn
kn
knm

0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094
0.014544603
0.007128465
0.001780595

58.63712606
-31.46307607
-21.47169239
-58.63712606
31.46307607
-41.45445975

kn
kn
knm
kn
kn
knm

0.000128637
0.016197035
0.001780595
0
0
0
54.36471645

kn

4252.568379
6339.303683
0
-4252.568379
12678.60737

0.016197035
0.001780595
0
0
0

34.19021293
53.37903018
-54.36471645
-38.37597313
80.16672969

kn
knm
kn
kn
knm

Kc^2 + 12 S^2
12
192
192
542.9228607

(k-12)cs
0
0
0
-1061.848093

(-6ls) Kc^2-12s^2
-24
-12
0
192
0
192
23.9998 523.72284

(-k+12)cs
0
0
0
1061.848093

ks2+12c2
6lc
2133.33333
0
12
12
12
12
2135.70093 11.99988209

4l^2
64
16
16
79.9987

2l^2
6ls
16
24
8
0
8
0
17.8884 -23.9998

lendutan

reaksi

0
0
0
0.014619063
6.65885E-05
0.000471844
0.014581833
0.002943151
0.002085094
0.014544603
0.007128465
0.001780595
0
0
0

-41.362874
-31.463076
79.381555
100
-2.842E-14
0
-3.638E-12
1.705E-13
1.279E-13
3.32E-12
-1.99E-13
50
-58.637126
-2400.7625
73.927067

H1
V1
M1
H2
V2
M2
H3
V3
M3
H4
V4
M4
H5
V5
M5

-100
-2432.2256