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Trend Teknologi Informasi

Onno W. Purbo onno@itb.ac.id onno@indo.net.id

Akalan-Akalan Teknologi Informasi


Onno W. Purbo onno@indo.net.id onno@itb.ac.id

Focus ..

Realistis untuk Indonesia Maksimumkan Teknologi Akali .. Telkom, Indosat, ISP ..

Bagaimana caranya kita lebih untung.

Referensi ..

Baca Majalah Infokomputer Baca buku Elexmedia Komputindo


TCP/IP Teknologi Warung Internet

Toko Buku Gramedia risa@elexmedia.co.id

Hot Technology

WaveLAN 2Mbps s/d 11Mbps WARNET


Akses Web 1 Perusahaan 1 Domain 1 Dial-up

Internet Telepon

Hot Aplikasi

E-Commerce

Business-to-Customer Business-to-Business

Knowledge Management

Hot Technology

WaveLAN CDMA

WaveLAN CDMA

Spec:

2Mbps 5-10 km distance Builtin Router + Ethernet connector


http://hydra.carleton.ca

URL:

Homebrew CDMA

Lucent CDMA 2Mbps-11Mbps Router FreeBSD. Homebrew antenna (cost ~US$150). Max. distance 15km (use PA for more). AI3 Indonesia MAN using this technology.

PC Card Price Comparison


Manufacturer Lucent WaveLAN Proxim RangeLAN Samsung SWL-1000 Aironet PC3500 BreezeCOM SA-PCR Nortel BayStack 650 Mbps 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2, 3 1 Cost US$495 US$595 US$349 US$495 US$565 US$499

WaveLAN 2.4GHz 11Mbps

Antenna 2.4GHz 17dBi

In Building Wireless LAN

IEEE 802.11 Access Point

Proxim RangeLAN 1.5Mbps

Access Point Comparisons


Manufacturer Aironet SP4500 BreezeCOM Lucent WavePoint Proxim 8521 Nortel BayStack 660 Mbps 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2 Cost US$1595 US$1495 US$1885 US$1895 US$1799

Teknologi WARNET

Akses Web

Wingate accounting usage

E-mail untuk User

Banyak e-mail 1 domain 1 dial-up

Sepintas Bisnis Plan


Investasi Operating Cost (Monthly) Estimated Income

Overview Bisnis (x juta)


Bisnis E-mail 300 usr Web 10 PC Web 3 PC Invest Cost Income RoI 21 1.2 3 13 50 3 5.5 18 20 2.2 2.6 ?

Akses Web

Akses Web

LAN
Proxy

InterNet

Windows95 + Wingate

Akses Web

Gateway PC Windows95 Wingate http://www.shareware.com http://www.download.com

Accounting Time

Accounting Byte

Mapping User

Konsekuensi Akses Web

Akses Web adalah komoditi mahal.


Sekitar Rp. 10.000 / jam.

Akses E-mail ..

Akses E-mail

Menggunakan FreeWeb Mail


mail.yahoo.com mailcity.com usa.net

Menggunakan Warung Internet

Cara MAHAL untuk akses Email! (sekitar Rp. 500-1000 / e-mail)

Akses E-mail

Semua dapat E-mail Satu domain Satu account ISP

Langganan perorangan

Akses E-mail

Account dari ISP (umumnya 1 e-mail) Share bersama account dari ISP. Membeli beberapa account e-mail dari ISP Mengakali satu account dengan banyak Full Name

Bagaimana kalau?

Satu account ke ISP .. Mempunyai domain sendiri


unair.ac-id.net smun1.ac-id.net smpn2-bandung.ac-id.net dipanegara.ac-id.net user@host.ac-id.net

Banyak E-mail addres dengan format

Bagaimana kalau?

TANPA account di ISP .. Mempunyai domain sendiri


unair.ac-id.net smun1.ac-id.net smpn2-bandung.ac-id.net dipanegara.ac-id.net user@host.ac-id.net

Banyak E-mail addres dengan format

Bagaimana kalau?

Rp. 150 / menit Cukup 5-10 menit / hari? Cukup Rp. 50-200.000 / bulan? + biaya service ETRN / DomainPOP

Akses E-mail

ETRN service

LAN
Dial-up Mail ServerWindows95

InterNet
+ MDaemon

Dua Alternatif

Servis ETRN Servis DomainPOP

Akses E-mail

Mdaemon

http://www.altn.com http://www.mdaemon.com

Gunakan command ETRN Cari servis ETRN

etrn.com etrn-host.itb.ac.id

Akses E-mail

Mdaemon

http://www.altn.com http://www.mdaemon.com

Gunakan command DomainPOP Cari servis DomainPOP

etrn-host.itb.ac.id

Skenario DomainPOP

Tempat Forwarding POP Mail Server di Player di Mail Servis E-mail ISP

User Workstation di LAN

Domain Forwarding

Mail Server POP Mail ISP Ambil dari POPMail

LAN
Dial-up Mail Server

InterNet

Operator Setup Setup / Persiapan Domain Forwarding

E-mail

Domain Forward Domain 1 Registrasi e-mail addres MX ke host Forwarding Domain Forwarding POP Mail ISP

LAN
Dial-up Mail Server

InterNet

Mail Server Dial Internet

Domain Forwarding

POP Mail ISP

LAN

Dial ke ISP InterNet Kirim Mail ke Server Internet Dial-up


Mail Server

POPMail Server kirim mail

Domain Forwarding

POP Mail ISP

LAN
Dial-up Mail Server

InterNet

User Mengambil Mail


User LAN Ambil Mail POP3 ke Mail Server Lokal
Domain Forwarding POP Mail ISP

LAN
Dial-up Mail Server

InterNet

User Mengambil Mail


E-mail Software MS Outlook Express Eudora Domain Forwarding Web / Internet Explorer POP Mail ISP

LAN
Dial-up Mail Server

InterNet

Internet Telephone

Referensi

http://www.quicknet.net http://openphone.org http://www.pulver.com

Internet Telephone

Dialer

Video Conference

Komponen VoIP / Menit


Telkom Rp. 75 / menit ISP Rp. 75 / menit Hook-off Service

http://www.net2phone.com

Comparison SLI / Menit


Country US Singapore Taiwan Jepang Hong Kong Peak 9900 6780 9960 11286 9960 Normal Disc 8300 5650 8300 9400 8300 6230 4240 6270 7050 6230 VoIP 1350 2550 4070 2310 2710

Solusi Kantor Kecil / Rumah

Satu (1) Saluran VoIP Internet PhoneJACK Internet LineJACK Internet PhoneCARD US$150 US$220 US$170

Internet PhoneJACK

Connection PhoneJACK

Internet PhoneCARD

Voice Quality Comparison

Solusi Gateway Sederhana

VoiceTronix (8 port)

VoIP untuk WARNET


Investasi WARNET+ Invest Card DSP ~US$150 / kanal. Estimasi ke US biaya / menit

US$0.13 + Rp. 75 + Rp. 75


Rp. 8300 / menit

Estimasi ke US biaya SLI 001

Issue Desktop

Ease of Installation. Infrastructure. Flexibility. Compatibility. Ease-of-Use. Quality. Cost Growth Path. Base for Applications.

Aplikasi Desktop VoIP


IntraNet Communication Remote Call Forwarding Distributed Call Center Virtual PBX Line Doubling Personal Iphone Calling

Personal Iphone Calling

Intranet Communications

Remote Call Forwarding

Distributed Call Center

Virtual PBX

Line Doubling

Hot Aplikasi

e-Commerce Knowledge Management

e-Dagang

Model Rantai Dagang


Petani Buruh Pekerja Komoditi Konsumen

Komunikasi

Intisari e-Dagang ..

Transaksi = komunikasi. Kepercayaan (trust)

Solusi e-Dagang

Bisnis-to-bisnis

dominan

Bisnis-to-customer

minoritas

Ars. Business - Customer


Fungsi WWW server Document/data server
Pencarian informasi

Client Browser
Data perusahaan

Jasa pengolahan informasi

Manajemen transaksi & data

Mosaic /WWW browser

Jasa pembayaran elektronis

Secure messaging

Browser extension

Solusi e-Dagang sederhana


Cukup menggunakan e-mail Bisa menggunakan WARNET!

Mailing list / e-mail

wong-cilik@isnet.itb.ac.id

Ars. Business - Business


EDI Translator EDI Translator

Virtual Private Network Value Added Network

Pre -EDI Data

Host

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)


Interaksi text based melalui jaringan. Transaksi standard dengan berbagai instansi:

Custom. Bank. Travel. Pajak.

Kunci adalah database & software EDI translator.

To Whom EDI Can Be Used?

Banking / fund transfer / credit / debit transactions Custom; Legal action Airline / ticketing; Shipping / cargo Tender / contract; Purchase order; Invoice Job order Medical Service Tax; Reinsurance

Major cost to move to EDI


Purchase EDI software. Contract with a VAN service provider (or Internet). Do the data analysis needed to map information from their application systems into the EDI standard format. Do the programming required to create a file that can interface with EDI translation software.

Database dibalik Web Server


InterNet / IntraNet
DataBase Se rv e r (M IS) IntraNe t We b

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange

X.21 Data UN/EDIFACT


Data InterNet Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

Electronic Data Interchange


Data

Data

InterNet

Data

ST*850*00001 BEG*00*SA*EDI-9966***850816 TAX*5-6777867 N1*ST*THE CORNER STORE*09*0799332120001 N3*601 FIRST STREET N4*CROSSROADS*NY*10016 N3*900 EASY STREET PER*PD*JOHN JONES**TE*415-744-8666 ITD*01*03*2.000***10**30 FOB*CC*****OR DTM*002*851018 PO1*1*16000.00*LB*1.25000*QT*PN*100020167557 CTT*2*36000.00 SE*22*00001

Example of EDI Message

ST*850*00001 BEG*00*SA*EDI-9966***850816 TAX*5-6777867 N1*ST*THE CORNER STORE*09*0799332120001 ASCII Text Message N3*601 FIRST STREET Easy To Transport via E-mail N4*CROSSROADS*NY*10016 N3*900 EASY STREET Easy to Transport via Internet PER*PD*JOHN JONES**TE*415-744-8666 ITD*01*03*2.000***10**30 Easy to Protect, say using PGP, PEM etc. FOB*CC*****OR DTM*002*851018 PO1*1*16000.00*LB*1.25000*QT*PN*100020167557 CTT*2*36000.00 SE*22*00001

Example of EDI Message

International VANs
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

InterNet
Indonesia VAN
FireWall FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

Trading Partner

International VANs
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

InterNet
Indonesia VAN
Trading Partner FireWall FireWall

Allow The User to Connect To FireWall VAN & Internet


Trading Partner

International VANs
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

InterNet
Indonesia VAN
FireWall FireWall

Firewall To Protect
Trading Partner FireWall

Trading Partner

International VANs
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

InterNet
Indonesia VAN
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

FireWall

Tunneling & Create ExtraNet (Virtual VAN)

Trading Partner

International VANs
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

InterNet
Indonesia VAN
FireWall FireWall Trading Partner

PGP / PEM for Added Protection


FireWall Trading Partner

Practical Implementation

W. Houser, J. Griffin & C. Hage, Request for Comments: 1865: EDI Meets the Internet - Frequently Asked Questions about Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) on the Internet, January 1996.

Solusi e-Dagang sederhana


Cukup menggunakan e-mail Bisa menggunakan WARNET!

Mailing list / e-mail

wong-cilik@isnet.itb.ac.id

Solusi e-Dagang

Transaksi = komunikasi E-mail effisiensi

Kita membutuhkan kemampuan kompetisi

Competitiveness Pengetahuan

Kemampuan Kompetitif ..

Mencari Model Sederhana ..


Proses

In

pu t

ut pu t

Umpan Balik
City

Kesimpulan Sementara

Rakyat Lambat. Media Lambat cocok bagi rakyat banyak? Media Perantara Tidak Berarti Internally Slow. Kesempatan

Interface Dunia Lambat Massa Lihat / Dengar / Baca. Segmentasi Pasar

Knowledge Generation

Model N21

Self-Financing Scheme

Knowle dge Use r / Ge ne rator

Knowle dge M ainte nance

http://n21.ac-id.net http://www.ylti.or.id

Knowle dge M anage me nt & Quality Assuarnce

Information / Conte nt M anage me nt (including se curity & authe ntication if any)

Information / Conte nt Prov id e r / Distributor

Knowledge Distribution

Knowledge

Model Sederhana

Knowledge Generation

Database

Knowledge Distribution

Masyarakat / End User

Kondisi Ideal
Search
Customized Async Fast Power User

Conversion & Entry

Database

Bcast Data

Isu Penting Kondisi Ideal

Input

Create Knowledge

Input

Multimedia Multisource

Isu Kondisi Ideal

Proses

Centrallized / distributed Standarisasi database Search capability Content Rating (ICRA)

Isu Kondisi Ideal

Output

Customized Asynchronous Cepat Push Technology E-mail?

Perantara ke Kondisi Nyata Masyarakat Media Massa / LSM


Search

Conversion & Entry

Database

EDI WAIS

Bcast Radio / TV

Data base

Printed Media

One Way Slow Sync

Bcast Data

Isu Kondisi Nyata

Output

Bisnis to Bisnis Database to database Broadcast isi database.

Isu Kondisi Nyata

Input

Lembaga Penelitian / Pendidikan Pakar Wartawan Media Massa

Support Technology Knowledge Management

Enabling Knowledge Management


Browser, Mailbox Publish, Push, Broadcast UI

Distribution

Search/Retrieve, Agent, Information Mining, Filters, Collaboration Processing/Intelligence Messaging, Middleware, Workflow, WWW/Internet, GroupWare, Document Repository, DBMS, Data Warehouse, Legacy, Internet, Extranet Transport

Data

File Load In
Spreadsheets Word processing documents Presentations Video Audio E-mail Voice mail

File servers Drivers

Applications
(Java, CORBA, PL/SQL)

Windows clients

Web browsers FTP FTP clients


E-mail clients

UNIX

Digital Library

Layanan Digital Library


Layanan Katalog: database katalog... Layanan Informasi: search engine... Layanan Pendidikan: self learning... Layanan Komunikasi: email, fax... Layanan Transaksi: interlibrary loan...

Features of Digital Library

Antarmuka pemakai, menggunakan Web Browser. Katalog dan Abstrak online. Search engine dan download full teks. Distance Learning. Multimedia. Networking dengan perpustakaan lain.

Sistem Digital Library


Koleksi Catalog Abstract Teks Audio Video CDS/ ISIS Team Pustakawan Metadata Full text & resources CD-ROM

Digital Library Inter Library Network

INTERNET/ INTRANET Digital Library server Layanan: Katalog; searching... Database Informasi; searching... Administrasi Pendidikan; self learning, editing... Communication; email, bulletin... Transaksi; pemesanan, peminjaman...

Institusi (Intern)

Pemakai

Koleksi Transaksi Anggota Pemakaian

Elemen Digital Library

Data; koleksi fisik perpustakaan seperti buku, jurnal, majalah, kaset, dll. Metadata; informasi mengenai koleksi perpustakaan. Proses; proses yang dilakukan terhadap data dan metadata tersebut.

Elemen Proses
Data Katalog Abstrak Entri Entri Non CDS/ISIS CDS/ISIS Txt,xls,dbf,... OPERATOR Konversi ke CDS/ISIS Upload (FTP binary) WAIS-ISIS Repository

Full resources: Teks Audio Video

Metadata Entri

INTERNET/ INTRANET

Repository/ Directory of digital data

WAIS-ISIS Archives search engine Web Farming


Milis archiver spider

Digitalisasi SWISH-E indexer & search engine APACHE + PHP Web server DIGITAL LIBRARY SERVER

OPERATOR

Topologi Minimal DLib


Elemen Proses
PC 200 Mhz 64 MB, 9-40 GB Unix/Linux Apache+PHP WAIS/ISIS SWISH-E MySQL Real Server PC 166 Mhz 32MB, 1 GB

INTERNET/ INTRANET

DLib Server

Router ke Internet
Ethernet - LAN Backbone/Hub

PC 200 Mhz 64 MB, 9-40 GB


Unix/Linux Apache+PHP WAIS/ISIS SWISH-E MySQL

PC 166 Mhz 32 MB, 2-6 GB CD-ROM Win 95 IE/Netscape Acrobat Reader Ms Office Scanner & converter apps

PC 200 Mhz MMX 32 MB, 4-6 GB CD-ROM SouundBlaster Video Capture


Scanner text-image Win 95 Multimedia Apps

Video player

DLib Server Mirror (Back-Up)

Operator Workstation

Multimedia Workstation

Cassette player

Layanan Katalog Online


Berbasis database CDS/ISIS Search Engine WAIS-ISIS (free) Database lain bisa dimasukkan setelah dikonversi ke format CDS/ISIS Beberapa format database yang bisa dikonversi ke CDS/ISIS: xls,dbf,txt, 12 Perpustakaan, 40+ database

Sistem WAIS-ISIS
Data CDS/ISIS

WAIS-ISIS server

Data CDS/ISIS

WAIS-ISIS server

Data CDS/ISIS

WAIS-ISIS server

cgi
Apache Web server

INTERNET/ INTRANET

Dlib Server

Layanan Full Teks


Pemakai dapat menelusuri database resource melalui search engine Dapat melihat abstrak dan mendownload full teks (resource) Resource berupa: teks, audio, video, compressed file, binary, ASCII,... Elemen: data, metadata, indexer & search engine (SWISH-E, free)

Sistem SWISH-E

SWISH-E merupakan software indexer dan search engine yang simple, cepat, dan free. Masukan: File system dan URL (HTTP). Cocok untuk digital library yang simple. Dikombinasikan dengan Apache + PHP (html scripting language) --> dapat diakses dari Web dan powerfull.

Sistem SWISH-E
Data

Files/Data Repository

URL-URL

Full resources: Teks Audio Video

Metadata:
- Title - Author - Subject - Abstract,...

SWISH-E
indexer - Spider search engine

INTERNET/ INTRANET Apache


Web server

Tools
Server Web server (apache) Indexer (Wais/Isis, Harvest, Swish-E, Dienst,Isite) CGI (YNIS, wwwwais, perl scripts, PHP, dll) Database (POSTGRESQL, Mysql, Msql, dll) OS (Unix FreeBSD, Linux) Mail achiving (hypermail, MhonArc, Procmail) Client Web Browser (IE, Netscape) Adobe Acrobat reader

http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Tools/

Semua Free, dapat didownload di Internet

Catalog Map

Contoh Catalog Searching


Databases collection Select database Search result

Librarian response

Ordering

Catalog view

Terima Kasih