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perhitungan struktur

perhitungan struktur

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Analisis struktur
Analisis struktur

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REKAPITULASI PENULANGAN BALOK

Proyek :
Tump.Tul Atas Lap.Tul Atas Tump.Tul Atas Tump.Tul Atas Lap.Tul Atas Tump.Tul Atas
No balok No. Btg Mt kgm Ml kgm N kg Tump.Tul Torsi Lap.Tul Torsi Tump.Tul Torsi No balok No. Btg Mt kgm Ml kgm N kg Tump.Tul Torsi Lap.Tul Torsi Tump.Tul Torsi
Dimensi ETABS Tump.Tul Bawah Lap.Tul Bawah Tump.Tul Bawah Dimensi ETABS Tump.Tul Bawah Lap.Tul Bawah Tump.Tul Bawah
Tul Begel Tul Begel Tul Begel Tul Begel Tul Begel Tul Begel
KONTROL LUAS TULANGAN
Proyek : Rumah Tinggal Bapak Ronald Manyar Surabaya
Kode KP K1a K1b K1c K1d K2a K2b
b (mm) 130 600 650 300 D 150 150
h (mm) 130 150 150 300 300 300 650
Ag (mm2) 16900 90000 97500 90000 70714.29 45000 97500
jml (bh) 4 8 8 12 6 4 8
d (mm) 10 13 13 16 13 13 13
A (mm2) 314.2857 1062.286 1062.286 2413.714 796.7143 531.1429 1062.286
% 1.86% 1.18% 1.09% 2.68% 1.13% 1.18% 1.09%
Kode K1d SLOOF B1a B1b B1c B1d B1e
b (mm) D 130 150 150 150 200 200
h (mm) 300 400 550 500 500 400 350
Ag (mm2) 70714.29 52000 82500 75000 75000 80000 70000
jml (bh) 6 6 7 7 6 8 6
d (mm) 13 13 16 13 13 13 13
A (mm2) 796.7143 796.7143 1408 929.5 796.7143 1062.286 796.7143
% 1.13% 1.53% 1.71% 1.24% 1.06% 1.33% 1.14%
Kode B1f B1g B2a B2b B1c
b (mm) 150 150 150 150 130
h (mm) 250 400 400 300 130
Ag (mm2) 37500 60000 60000 45000 16900
jml (bh) 5 5 5 4 4
d (mm) 13 13 12 12 10
A (mm2) 663.9286 663.9286 565.7143 452.5714 314.2857
% 1.77% 1.11% 0.94% 1.01% 1.86%
Data :
* Nama Kolom C4
* Dimensi Kolom h : 300 mm
b : 500 mm
* Selimut Beton : 65 mm
* Kualitas beton K 225 Mpa
* fy : 400 Mpa
* f'c ( 0.083*K Beton ) : 25 Mpa
* Diameter : Tulangan : 22 mm
Sengkang : 10 mm
* d' : 86 mm
* d : 214 mm
* d'/h : 0.28666667
* Nu : 800 kN 74535
* Mu 240 kNm 122623380
* Vu 0 kN
* Ag 1500 cm2 150000 mm2
* f.Ag.0.85.fc’ 20718.75 untuk f 0.65
25500 untuk f 0.8
* f.Ag.0.5.fc’.h 478125 untuk f 0.85
* Nu 0.38612368 untuk f 0.65
f.Ag.0.85.fc’
* Nu 0.31372549 untuk f 0.8
f.Ag.0.85.fc’
* Mu 0.501960784
f.Ag.0.5.fc’.h
* r : 0.0175 %
( Iterasi Kolom CUR IV )
* b : 1
( Iterasi Kolom CUR IV )
* r 0.000175
r* b
* As 26.25 mm2
r *b*d
* Atul 380.2857143 mm2
1/4*22/7*D2
* n Tul 0.069027047 D 22
* n Pakai 2 D 25
* Diameter sengkang : 10 mm
* fy sengkang 240 Mpa
* Vc 89.16666667 kN
1/6*  fc’*b*d
* Vn 0 kN
Vu/0.6
* Vn < Vc
0 < 240
Perhitungan Kolom Dengan Daktilitas Terbatas
Perhitungan tulangan kolom
Perhitungan tulangan geser
Memakai tulangan geser min
* S min : 107
d/2
* S pasang 100 mm
Kesimpulan
* Dimensi kolom h : 300 mm
b : 500 mm
* Selimut beton 65 mm
* Tulangan 2 D 25
* Sengkang
Tumpuan 10 - 100 mm 1/4 l
Lapangan 10 - 150 mm 1/2 l
3.3 REKAPITULASI PENULANGAN BALOK
Tump.Tul Atas Lap.Tul Atas
No balok No. Btg Mt kgm Ml kgm N kg Tump.Tul Torsi Lap.Tul Torsi
Tump.Tul Bawah Lap.Tul Bawah
Tul Begel Tul Begel
B1 52-55 3200 2305 6403 2 D13 2 D13
(15/40) - -
2 D13 2 D13
d8-100 d8-200
B2 50 8810 6600 8904 4 D13 2 D13
(15/50) 2d8 2d8
2 D13 3 D13
d8-100 d8-200
B3 74 3775 3218 5316 2 D13 2 D13
(15/25) - -
2 D13 2 D13
d8-75 d8-150
B4 88 2657 148 2930 2 D13 2 D13
(10/25) - -
2 D13 2 D13
d8-150 d8-200
B5 56 2458 1720 4674 2 D13 2 D13
(15/30) - -
2 D13 2 D13
d8-200 d8-200
B6 63 16642 15138 18505 7 D13 3 D13
(20/50) 2d8 2d8
3 D13 6 D13
d8-75 d8-100
B7 64,65 14887 9000 7512 6 D13 3 D13
(20/50) - -
3 D13 4 D13
d8-150 d8-200
B8 76 2188 1543 3715 2 D13 2 D13
(20/50)
2 D13 2 D13
d8-200 d8-200
B9 68 1677 6708 5458 2 D13 2 D13
(20/40)
2 D13 3 D13
BAB 3 HAL. 8
d8-200 d8-200
BAB 3 HAL. 9
Tump.Tul Atas
Tump.Tul Torsi
Tump.Tul Bawah
Tul Begel
2 D13
-
2 D13
d8-100
4 D13
2d8
2 D13
d8-100
2 D13
-
2 D13
d8-75
2 D13
-
2 D13
d8-150
2 D13
-
2 D13
d8-200
7 D13
2d8
3 D13
d8-75
6 D13
-
3 D13
d8-150
2 D13
2 D13
d8-200
2 D13
2 D13
BAB 3 HAL. 10
d8-200
BAB 3 HAL. 11
DAFTAR ISI :
I. DATA-DATA BANGUNAN
II. PROSEDUR PERHITUNGAN
III. PERHITUNGAN PELAT
IV. PERHITUNGAN BALOK
V. PERHITUNGAN KOLOM
VI. PERHITUNGAN PONDASI
VII. LAMPIRAN
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR
RUMAH TINGGAL - MANYAR SURABAYA
II. PROSEDUR PERHITUNGAN
Umum :
Kombinasi beban berfaktor : U = 1.2D + 1.6L
Reduksi kekuatan bahan :
- Lentur , Ø = 0.8
- Axial bersengkang (Kolom), Ø = 0.65
- Geser , Ø = 0.6
Pembebanan :
Sesuai Peraturan Pembebanan 1983
Beban pada plat lantai :
I. Beban Mati
a) 1. Plat beton = 0.12 m X 2400 kg/m3 = 288 kg/m2
2. Spesi = 2 cm X 21 kg/m2/cm = 42 kg/m2
3. keramik = 24 kg/m2 = 24 kg/m2
4. Rangka plafon = 7 kg/m2 = 7 kg/m2
5. Penutup plafon = 11 kg/m2 = 11 kg/m2 +
372 kg/m2
b) 4. Dinding bata = 4.27 m X 250 kg/m2 = 1068 kg/m'
II. Beban Hidup
1. Lantai rumah = 200 kg/m2
Kombinasi pembebanan U =1.2D +1.6L
II.A. Perhitungan Pelat :
II.A.1 Data - data :
Tebal plat = t
Panjang arah x = lx
Panjang arah y = ly
Tebal selimut beton = 20 cm
d = t - selimut - 1.2 tulangan
b = 1 m
II.A.2 Gaya dalam :
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
2. Beban hidup
Wu = 1.2 * qD + 1.6 * qL
lihat tabel PBI 71 :
X untuk Mlx
X untuk Mly
X untuk Mtx
X untuk Mty
Didapat Momen :
Mlx = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X
Mly = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X
Mtx = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X
Mty = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X
f = 0.8
II.A.3 Desain penulangan :
Penulangan Lapangan / Tumpuan : (Momen sesuaikan dengan hasil hitungan PBI 71)
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy)
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) =0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc'
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Coba diameter tulangan, didapat As1
Jarak tulangan (s cm) = 1000 cm / (Asperlu/As1)
II.B. Perhitungan Balok :
II.B.1 Data - data :
Lebar balok = b
Tinggi balok = h
Tebal selimut beton = 30 cm
d = h - selimut - 1.2 tulangan
II.B.2 Gaya dalam :
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati (merata/m2 plat dan berat dinding bata/m'balok)
a. merata/m2 plat
b. dinding bata /m' balok
2. Beban hidup
Wu = 1.2 * qD + 1.6 * qL
Dengan bantuan program SAP 2000 didapat :
1. Gaya dalam : Momen lapangan/tumpuan, Gaya geser tumpuan, Torsi balok, dan axial kolom
2. Desain beton bertulang
Untuk desain balok, ambil output : Momen dan geser balok.
Mutu beton = fc' (Mpa)
Mutu baja = fy (Mpa)
f = 0.8
II.B.3 Desain penulangan :
Lentur Balok :
Mu = momen max. di tumpuan/lapangan (sesuai SAP 2000)
Mn perlu = Mu/Ø = Mu / 0.8
dimensi balok = b (lebar), h (tinggi) dan d ( h-0.5tul-cover)
E (modulus elastisitas baja tul) = 200 000 Mpa
xb (garis netral kondisi seimbang) = ( ξcu / ( ξcu + ξy ) ) x d
x max = 0.75 . xb
C max = 0.85 . fc' . b . β1 . xmax
utk fc' < 27.5 Mpa β1 = 0.85 …(C.K.Wang hal 46)
Mn max = Cmax ( d - β1 . x/2) -----> jika Mn max > Mn perlu, tdk perlu tul tekan
Penulangan Lapangan / Tumpuan :
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy)
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance
r min = 1.4 / fy.

m = fy/0.85 . fc'
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Coba diameter tulangan, didapat As1
Jumlah tulangan = As / As1
Geser Balok :
Kuat geser balok beton Vc = 1/6 √ (fc' bw . d)
Reduksi kekuatan terhadap geser Ø = 0.6
jika : Vu < 0.5 ØVc ----> tidak perlu tul geser
jika : 0.5 ØVc < Vu < ØVc ----> pakai tul geser minimal
Vs min = 1/3 (Mpa) . bw . d
Øvs = vu < Øvc
vu = Vu / bd
Øvc = 1/6 √ fc'
Øvs = (vu - Øvc)
A sengk = (vu - Øvc) b y / (Øfy)
A sengk min = b.y / (3 fy)
II.C. Perhitungan Kolom :
Menggunakan program desain beton bertulang dengan SAP 2000
berdasarkan desain penulangan ACI dengan modifikasi ke SKSNI
(Faktor beban dan reduksi kekuatan disesuaikan dengan SKSNI)
II.D. Perhitungan Pondasi :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = σ (kg/cm2)
Kuat tekan beton = fc' (kg/cm2)
Kuat leleh baja tulangan = fy (kg/cm2)
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.4 (ton/m3)
Axial load = P (kg)
Moment = M (kg.m)
Try width of found. = B (cm)
Try width of column = b (cm)
Hitung pondasi strous :
Coba jumlah pondasi : = n buah
diameter strous = = f cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 / 2.(X1^2+X2^2)
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 5 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous =Keliling x geser cleaf > P max
Hitung pile cap :
Thicknes of found. = t cm
Weight of foundation = w kg/cm2
2 way shear Chek
Vu = P kg
b = 1
d = t - selimut
bo = 4 x (d + b )
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
fVc > Vu ..? If yes, ok tebal pilecap cukup
1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . D ]
fVc > Vu ..? If yes, ok tebal pilecap cukup
Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu = M kg.m
Q pile cap
L1 P
L
tebal pile cap = t (m)
Lebar pile cap = B (m)
L1 = Jarak strous ke titik pusat (m)
L = jarak kantilever total (m)
Q (b.s. pile cap) = t.L.B (t/m)
P (daya dukung strous)
Mu = 1.2 x ( P.L1 - 1/2.Q.L^2)
r min. = 1.4/fy
Rn = Mu / B.d^2
m = fy / 0.85 fc'
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5 > ( r min.)
As = r.B.d.
try f didapat As1
number = As / As1
jarak tulangan (s)
Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = 10% ax.kolom
Coba penampang sloof = b cm
= h cm
Cek tekan beton = Beban axial sloof / (b.h) < 75 kg/cm2 ?
As min. 1% beton
ambil n besi = 4 buah
f besi sloof > min 1,2 cm ?
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
I. DATA-DATA BANGUNAN
Data Bangunan :
Nama : Rumah Tinggal Manyar
Alamat : Kertajaya Indah Timur IX / 06 blok O-361
Jumlah Lantai : 2 (dua)
Tinggi struktur : 8.77 m
Luas Bangunan : 500 m2
Perhitungan Struktur :
Sistem struktur : Rangka beton bertulang
Metoda analisa : - Analisa statis by SAP 2000
- Gaya dalam pelat by PBI 71
Metoda desain : Kekuatan Batas
Standard/Ref. : - PBI 71
- PBI 83
- SKSNI 90
Data teknis :
Tinggi kolom h1 : 4.27 m
Tinggi kolom h2 : 4.5 m
Perletakan kolom : jepit
Mutu bahan beton fc' : 20 Mpa
Mutu baja deform fy : 400 Mpa
Mutu baja polos fy : 240 Mpa
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR
RUMAH TINGGAL - MANYAR SURABAYA
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
PERHITUNGAN TANDON AIR BAWAH
1. Plat dinding tandon :
Pa (tekanan tanah aktif) = ca .w .h^2/2
ca (coefisien tekanan aktif) = 0.3
w (berat jenis tanah) = 1800 kg/m3
h (kedalaman bangunan) = 2 m
Pa = 1080 kg/m
Mu = 1,2 x Pa x 1/3h = 864 kg.m 8.4672 kN.m
2. Plat lantai tandon :
Tebal plat = 0.15 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 2 m
Panjang arah y (ly) = 2 m
ly / lx = 1.00
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm
d = t*1000 - 20 - 5 = 125 mm
b = 1 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = 0.15 * 2400 = 360 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 0 kg/m
2
Plafond + instalasi = 0 kg/m
2
Total = 369 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 2000 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 3642.8 kg/m
2
lihat tabel PBI 71 :
X untuk Mlx = 44
X untuk Mly = 44
X untuk Mtx = 0
X untuk Mty = 0
Mlx = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 641.1328 kgm = 6.28 kNm
Mly = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 641.1328 kgm = 6.28 kNm
Mtx = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 0 kgm = 0.00 kNm
Mty = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 0 kgm = 0.00 kNm
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Mutu baja = 240 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.050595238
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.037946429
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 14.11765
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r As perlu
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin mm2
1. Plat vertikal x ( lap ) 8.47 10.584 0.847 0.00353 0.003528 441
2. Plat lantai y ( lap ) 6.28 7.8538768 0.503 0.00209 0.0025 313
tul.pakai As ada As ada>Asperlu
Ø (mm) s (mm)
8 100 502 ok
8 100 502 ok
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
6. TYPE PLAT KANOPI ATAS ( tebal 10 cm )
Tebal plat = 0.12 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 3.3 m
Panjang arah y (ly) = 4 m
ly / lx = 1.21
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm
d = 0.12*1000 - 20 - 5 = 95 mm
b = 1 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = 0.12 * 2400 = 288 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 0 kg/m
2
Plafond + instalasi = 15 kg/m
2
Total = 369 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 125 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 642.8 kg/m
2
lihat tabel PBI 71 :
X untuk Mlx = 25
X untuk Mly = 21
X untuk Mtx = 59
X untuk Mty = 54
Mlx = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 175.0023 kgm = 1.72 kNm
Mly = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 147.001932 kgm = 1.44 kNm
Mtx = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = -413.005428 kgm = -4.05 kNm
Mty = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = -378.004968 kgm = -3.70 kNm
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Mutu baja = 240 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.050595
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.037946
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 14.11764706
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r As perlu
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin mm2 Ø (mm)
x ( lap ) 1.72 2.143778175 0.297 0.00124 0.0025 238 8
y ( lap ) 1.44 1.800773667 0.200 0.00083 0.0025 238 8
x ( tump ) 4.05 5.059316493 0.561 0.00234 0.0025 238 8
y ( tump ) 3.70 4.630560858 0.513 0.00214 0.0025 238 8
ket. :
s max < 1.5 tebal plat (CUR)
s max < 250 mm (CUR)
s min > 40 mm (PBI)
tul.pakai
As ada As ada>Asperlu
s (mm)
175 287 ok
175 287 ok
175 287 ok
175 287 ok
tul.pakai
ATAP U672 - tinggi gel. 4.1 cm
Debit hujan Q = lbr. Eff X pjg.atap X Intensitas hujan
Debit hujan Q = 10.08 m3/jam
Tinggi basah H (cm) Area basah A (m2) Keliling bsh S (m') Data :
4.1 0.02463075 0.83769 - Panjang atap 30m
3.5 0.02087685 0.79983 - Sudut kemiringan atap 3 derajat
3 0.017802 0.7683 - Air hujan maks. = 500 mm/jam
2.5 0.014775 0.73675
1.4 0.00815684 0.6562194 Rumus :
1 0.00577736 0.6303
Rumus Kutter
A S R (A/S) V = C  (R.i)
0.02463075 0.83769 0.02940318 C = 23 + 1/n + 0.0015/i
0.02087685 0.79983 0.026101609 1 + ( 23 + 0.0015/I ) n/( R)
0.017802 0.7683 0.023170636
0.014775 0.73675 0.020054293
0.00815684 0.6562194 0.01243005
0.00577736 0.6303 0.009166048
sudut i (derajat) kemiringan tgn i
3 0.052407779
Tinggi basah H (cm) n Kutter i R C-atas C-bwh C V (m/dt) Q (m3/jam)
4.1 0.02 0.052407779 0.0294032 73.0286217 3.685968 19.8126 0.77774389 68.96309516
3.5 0.02 0.052407779 0.0261016 73.0286217 3.850784 18.96461 0.701415686 52.7160602
3 0.02 0.052407779 0.0231706 73.0286217 4.025722 18.1405 0.632144307 40.51235865
2.5 0.02 0.052407779 0.0200543 73.0286217 4.252327 17.1738 0.556759905 29.61405936
1.4 0.02 0.052407779 0.0124301 73.0286217 5.13106 14.23266 0.363262301 10.66706087
1 0.02 0.052407779 0.009166 73.0286217 5.810685 12.56799 0.275457591 5.729103609
KESIMPULAN :
Ketinggian air di atap U672 akibat hujan 500mm/jam adalah = sekitar 1.35 cm < tinggi gelombang (4.1 cm)
4.1
3.5
3
2.5
1.4
1
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
0 20 40 60 80
t
i
n
g
g
i

b
a
s
a
h

kapasitas debit air
KAPASITAS DEBIT AIR
tinggi basah
ATAP U500 - tinggi gel. 16 cm
Tinggi air hujan H (cm) Area basah A (m2) Keliling bsh S (m')
3.5 0.0078 0.285
3.4 0.0076 0.282
A S R (A/S)
0.0078 0.285 0.027368421
0.0076 0.282 0.026950355
sudut (derajat) kemiringan tgn i
0.05
Tinggi air hujan H (cm) n Kutter i R
3.5 0.02 0.05 0.027368
3.4 0.02 0.05 0.02695
C-atas C-bwh C V (m/dt) Q hujan = IA V hujan = Q/A
73.03 3.784191 19.29871 0.713901 0.0034375 0.440705128
73.03 3.805703 19.18962 0.704423 0.0034375 0.452302632
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR BAJA KMR SONI
BERHUBUNG SEMUA ANALISA DAN DESIGN RANGKA SUDAH DIHITUNG DENGAN SAP2000,
JADI KITA HANYA TINGGAL MENGHITUNG BAUT DAN PONDASI SAJA.
I. DATA-DATA PERENCANAAN
I.1. DATA UMUM BANGUNAN
NAMA =
LUAS LANTAI = 24 m X 41 m
JARAK PORTAL = m
TINGGI KOLOM = m
SUDUT ATAP = degree =
III.2.4. Design of Bolt Connection :
Beam to beam connect. :
a. Loading :
Geser vertical (Pv) = 5184.00 kg
Moment (Mu) = 8530.00 kgm
fy = 240.00 Mpa = 2400.00
Force due to Mu/l = 426.50 kg
Resultante geser = 5201.51 kg
b. shear check :
Resultan of shear = 5201.51 kg
Allow. Shear = 0,6 (fy/1.5) = 950.40 kg/cm2
Allow. Shear Load 1f1,2 = 1074.33 kg
n = 4.84 pcs.
kg/cm2
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR BAJA GUDANG
I. DATA-DATA PERENCANAAN
I.1. DATA UMUM BANGUNAN
NAMA =
LUAS LANTAI = 24 m X 41 m
JARAK PORTAL = 6.00 m
TINGGI KOLOM = 10.00 m
SUDUT ATAP = 25.00 degree = 0.44 radian
II. DESIGN STRUKTUR SKUNDER :
2.1. DESIGN GORDING
COBA = C 125x50x20x4,5
Wx = 38.00 cm3
Wy = 10.10 cm3
JARAK GORDING (Jg) = 125.00 cm
a. BEBAN TETAP
TEKANAN HUJAN = 20.00 kg/m2
t ATAP = 0.40 mm = 3.14 m2
BERAT ATAP = 3.93 kg/m'
BERAT GORDING = 8.32 kg/m'
BERAT HUJAN = 25.00 kg/m' +
TOTAL BEBAN TETAP = 37.25 kg/m'
MtetapX =1/8 Q.cos25 L^2 = 151.90 kg.m
MtetapY =1/8 Q.sin25 Ly^2 = 17.71 kg.m
b. BEBAN HIDUP = 100.00 kg
MhidupX =1/4 P.cos25 Lx = 135.95 kg.m
MhidupY =1/4 P.sin25 Ly = 31.70 kg.m
c. BEBAN ANGIN , SUDUT ATAP = 25 derajat
TEKANAN ANGIN = 25.00 kg/m2
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN ATAP = 0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 = 0.10
KOF. TEKAN HISAP ATAP = - 0,4 = -0.40
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN DINDING = + 0,9 = 0.90
KOF. TEKAN HISAP DINDING = - 0,4 = -0.40
UNTUK GORDING, AMBIL TEKAN ATAP :
Q angin = [0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 ] *P*Jg = 3.13 kg/m
M angin= 1/8 * Q*L^2 = 14.06 kg.m
d. TOTAL TEGANGAN :
Mx = MtetapX + MhidupX + Mangin = 301.91
My = MtetapY + MhidupY = 49.40
TEGANGAN = Mx/Wx + My/Wy = 1283.65 < 1600 ? OK !
GORDING BISA DIPAKAI !
III. DESIGN STRUKTUR UTAMA :
III.1. PEMBEBANAN KUDA-KUDA
a. PEMBEBANAN GRAVITASI
BERAT ATAP = 18.84 kg/m
BERAT GORDING = 41.60 kg/m +
60.44 kg/m
b. BEBAN HIDUP TERPUSAT = 100.00 kg
c. BEBAN ANGIN , SUDUT ATAP = 25 derajat
TEKANAN ANGIN = 25.00 kg/m2
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN ATAP = 0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 = 0.10
KOF. TEKAN HISAP ATAP = - 0,4 = -0.40
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN DINDING = + 0,9 = 0.90
KOF. TEKAN HISAP DINDING = - 0,4 = -0.40
BEBAN AKIBAT ANGIN :
Q tekan atap = [0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 ] *P*Jk = 15.00 kg/m
Q hisap atap = - 0,4 *P*Jk = -60.00 kg/m
Q tekan dinding = 0,9 *P*Jk = 135.00 kg/m
Q hisap dinding = - 0,4 *P*Jk = -60.00 kg/m
BEBAN DI RAK :
Q = BETON + HIDUP = 2400 kg/m3 * 12cm*Jk + 400kg/m2
= 4128.00 kg/m
sehingga :
Q di batang kuda2 = GRAV. + ANGIN = 75.44 kg/m + P 100 kg.
Q di kolom kiri = ANGIN tekan = 135.00 kg/m
Q di kolom kanan = ANGIN hisap = -60.00 kg/m
Q di balok rak = 4128.00 kg/m
c. ANALISA STRUKTUR
Dengan bantuan program komputer SAP90 didapat :
Elemen kuda2 = Moment = 2539.00 kg.m
Axial = 1634.00 kg
Elemen balok = Moment = 6985.00 kg.m
Axial = 458.00 kg
Pondasi utama = Fx = 2136.00 kg
Fy = 11690.00 kg
Mz = 3016.00 kg.m
Pondasi rak = Fx = 1574.00 kg
Fy = 8094.00 kg
Mz = 1257.00 kg.m
d. DESIGN ELEMEN
Elemen kuda2 = WF 300x150x9x6.5
Elemen kolom = WF 300x150x9x6.5
Elemen balok rak = WF 300x150x9x6.5
Elemen kokok & cantilever = WF 150x75
III.2. Design Struktur
1. Standart and Reference :
- Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia utk. Gedung 1983
- AISC
2. Material
- Steel fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
- Concrete fc' = 240.00 kg/cm2
3. Design metode
- Elastic design : for steel structure
- Ultimate design : for concrete structure
4. Structure analysis
- Manual : for structure
- SAP 90 : for structure
- COSMIC : for roof
III.2.1. Design balok rak :
Try :
Beam = WF 300x150x6.5x9
fy = 240.00 Mpa
Weight = 36.70 kg/m
Ix = 7210.00 cm4
flens width (bf) = 150.00 mm
flens thickness (tf) = 9.00 mm
web deepth (d) = 300.00 mm
web thickness (tw) = 6.50 mm
radius of giration ('r) = 12.40 cm
Sect. Area (A) = 46.78 cm2
Span (L) = 600.00 cm
a. Loading :
Roof panel 0.3x0.001x30 m3
Roof weight / panel = 141.30 kg
number of panels = 20.00 panels
Roof length = 30.00 m
Total roof weight = 2826.00 kg
Total Beam weight = 220.20 kg
Live load = 25.00 kg/m2
Total Weight = 647.20 kg/m
Max. moment = 1/8.Q.L^2
= 6985.00 kg.cm
b. Lateral support check :
L < 76. Bf / fy^0.5 (in.)
76.08 (in.)
> 193.25 cm
Use Fb = [ 2/3 - ( fy(L/r)^2 )/(1530e3.Cb) ] fy
Fb = 0.61 fy
= 145.62 Mpa
c. Compact check :
- Flens bf / 2.tf < 65 / fy^0,5
8.33 < 11.02 OK
- Web d / tw < 640 / fy^0,5
46.15 < 108.49 OK
d. Stress check
fb = Mu c / I = 14.53 kg/cm2
fb / Fb = 0.01 OK
III.2.2. Design of Column :
Try :
Column = WF 300x150x6.5x9
fy = 240.00 Mpa
Weight = 36.70 kg/m
I = 7210.00 cm4
flens width (bf) = 150.00 mm
flens thickness (tf) = 9.00 mm
web deepth (d) = 300.00 mm
web thickness (tw) = 6.50 mm
radius of giration ('r) = 12.40 cm
Sect. Area (A) = 46.78 cm2
Length (L) = 900.00 cm
a. Loading :
Axial (Pu) = 2009.00 kg
Moment (Mu) = 3864.00 kg.m
=
b. Beam - column check :
b.1. Lateral support check :
L < 76. Bf / fy^0.5 (in.)
76.08 (in.)
> 193.25 cm
Use Fb = [ 2/3 - ( fy(L/r)^2 )/(1530e3.Cb) ] fy
Fb = 0.54 fy
= 129.64 Mpa
b.2. Compact check :
- Flens bf / 2.tf < 65 / fy^0,5
8.33 < 11.02 OK
- Web d / tw < 640 / fy^0,5
46.15 < 108.49 OK
c. Stress check
fb = Mu c / I = 803.88 kg/cm2
fb / Fb = 0.62 OK
fa = Pu / A = 42.95 kg/cm2
k factor = 0.80
k l /r = 58.06
From tab. AISC , Fa = 17.62 (ksi)
1214.90 kg/cm2
fa / Fa = 0.04 < 0.15
OK
Total stress ratio :
fa/Fa + fb/Fb = 0.04 + 0.62
= 0.66 OK
III.2.3. Design kuda-kuda :
Try :
Column = WF 300x150x6.5x9
fy = 240.00 Mpa
Weight = 36.70 kg/m
I = 7210.00 cm4
flens width (bf) = 150.00 mm
flens thickness (tf) = 9.00 mm
web deepth (d) = 300.00 mm
web thickness (tw) = 6.50 mm
radius of giration ('r) = 12.40 cm
Sect. Area (A) = 46.78 cm2
Length (L) = 900.00 cm
a. Loading :
Axial (Pu) = 1634.00 kg
Moment (Mu) = 2539.00 kg.m
=
b. Beam - column check :
b.1. Lateral support check :
L < 76. Bf / fy^0.5 (in.)
76.08 (in.)
> 193.25 cm
Use Fb = [ 2/3 - ( fy(L/r)^2 )/(1530e3.Cb) ] fy
Fb = 0.54 fy
= 129.64 Mpa
b.2. Compact check :
- Flens bf / 2.tf < 65 / fy^0,5
8.33 < 11.02 OK
- Web d / tw < 640 / fy^0,5
46.15 < 108.49 OK
c. Stress check
fb = Mu c / I = 528.22 kg/cm2
fb / Fb = 0.41 OK
fa = Pu / A = 34.93 kg/cm2
k factor = 0.80
k l /r = 58.06
From tab. AISC , Fa = 17.62 (ksi)
1214.90 kg/cm2
fa / Fa = 0.03 < 0.15
OK
Total stress ratio :
fa/Fa + fb/Fb = 0.03 + 0.41
= 0.44 OK
III.2.4. Design of Bolt Connection :
Beam to beam connect. :
a. Loading :
Geser vertical (Pv) = 1634.00 kg
Moment (Mu) = 2539.00 kgm
Force due to Mu/l = 126.95 kg
Resultante geser = 1638.92 kg
b. shear check :
Resultan of shear = 1638.92 kg
Allow. Shear = 0,6 (fy/1.5) = 950.40 kg/cm2
Allow. Shear Load 1f1,2 = 1074.33 kg
n = 1.53 pcs.
( I M B )
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR
RUMAH
PONDOK WISATA
JL. BRATANG BINANGUN VI / 49, SURABAYA
A. PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR BAJA
I. DATA-DATA PERENCANAAN
I.1. DATA UMUM BANGUNAN
NAMA = Rumah & Pondok Wisata ,Jl. Bratang Binangun VI/49, Sby.
LUAS LANTAI =
JARAK PORTAL = 3.00 m
JUMLAH LANTAI = 3
TINGGI KOLOM TOTAL = 10.05 m
SUDUT ATAP = 30.00 degree = 0.52 radian
II. DESIGN STRUKTUR UTAMA :
II.1. Referensi Analisa & Design Struktur
1. Standart and Reference :
- Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia utk. Gedung 1983
- AISC
- Peraturan Baja Indonesia
- Pedoman Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa untuk Rumah dan Gedung
2. Material
- Steel fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
- Concrete fc' = 240.00 kg/cm2
3. Design metode
- Elastic design : for steel structure
- Ultimate design : for concrete structure
4. Structure analysis
- SAP 2000 : for structure
II.2. PEMBEBANAN
II. 2. 1. GEMPA
Fi (geser tingkat) = Wi hi V
S Wi hi
dimana :
V (geser dasar akibat gempa) = Cd. Wt
= ( C . I . K ) Wt
T (waktu getar alami) = 0.085 H ^ 3/4 (Baja)
H = 10.05 m
T = 0.48 detik
Surabaya : zona 4
kondisi tanah di lokasi : lunak
C = 0.05 (lihat grafik)
I (keutamaan struktur) = 1.00
K (jenis struktur) = 1.00
Lti. Atap : n panjang (m) lebar (m) berat (kg/m) total (kg)
kolom WF 300 15.00 3.35 - 36.70 1,844.18
balok WF 250 - 100.00 - 29.60 2,960.00
atap 11.70 11.00 65.00 8,365.50
kuda2 WF 250 50.00 29.60 1,480.00
14,649.68
Lti. III : n panjang (m) lebar (m) berat (kg/m) total (kg)
kolom WF 300 15.00 3.35 - 36.70 1,844.18
balok WF 300 - 100.00 - 36.70 3,670.00
pelat t=0.12 m - 11.70 8.00 2400.00 26,956.80
dinding 200.00 3.20 250.00 160,000.00
192,470.98
Lti. II : n panjang (m) lebar (m) berat (kg/m) total (kg)
kolom WF 400 15.00 3.35 - 66.00 3,316.50
balok WF 300 - 100.00 - 36.70 3,670.00
pelat t=0.12 m - 11.70 8.00 2400.00 26,956.80
dinding 140.00 3.20 250.00 112,000.00
145,943.30
TOTAL = 353,063.95
so : V (gaya geser dasar) = 17,653.20 kg
Gaya geser tingkat (Fi) :
Fi = Wi hi V
S Wi hi
Wi (kg) hi (m) Wi hi Fi (kg)
atap 14,649.68 10.05 147,229.23 1,349.68
lti. III 192,470.98 6.70 1,289,555.53 11,821.59
lti. II 145,943.30 3.35 488,910.06 4,481.93
S Wi hi = 1,925,694.82 17,653.20
II. 2. 2. BEBAN GRAVITASI LANTAI
BEBAN MATI
Q ekv. Trap = 1/2. Qu. Ly. (1 - 1/3. (Ly/Lx)^2 )
Qu mati lti : plat beton t=12cm = 288.00 kg/m2
plafon = 18.00 kg/m2
tegel = 24.00 kg/m2
adukan semen 2cm = 42.00 kg/m2
372.00 kg/m2
Qu dinding bata = 250.00 kg/m2
h = 3.1 m, Q dinding = 775.00 kg/m
9.55
3.18
Qu hidup lti : = 250.00 kg/m2
Ly Lx Qmati Qhidup Q ekv. Mati (kg/m) Q ekv. Hidup (kg/m)
3.40 1.10 372.00 250.00 -1,379.51 -927.09
3.75 3.40 372.00 250.00 414.95 278.87
4.20 3.00 372.00 250.00 271.33 182.34
3.20 2.45 372.00 250.00 257.08 172.77
(tangga ) 2.00 1.50 372.00 250.00 151.78 102.00
Q mati total balok tengah = 1,604.9 kg/m
Q mati total balok pinggir = 1,190.0 kg/m
Q mati total balok tangga = 151.8 kg/m
Q hidup total balok tengah = 557.7 kg/m
Q hidup total balok pinggir = 278.9 kg/m
II.2.3. BEBAN GRAVITASI PADA ATAP
Beban - beban mati pada atap :
1. Genteng, reng, usuk = 50.00 kg/m2
jarak kuda2 = 6.3 m, maka Q = 315.00 kg/m'
2. Gording 7 bh. X 11 kg/m = 77.00 kg/m' +
Q mati total = 392.00 kg/m'
Beban hidup pada atap :
Beban hidup (hujan) = 25.00 kg/m2
jarak kuda2 = 3 m, maka Q = 157.50 kg/m'
II.3. ANALISA DAN DESAIN STRUKTUR UTAMA
Struktur Baja ini dianalisa dengan bantuan program SAP 2000.
Dengan memasukan input data geometry struktur, beban-beban yang terjadi,
termasuk kombinasi beban, akan didapat hasil analisa struktur berupa :
gaya-gaya dalam, defleksi dan reaksi pada pondasi.
Sekaligus bisa diketahui desain penampang elemen-elemen struktur utama :
Balok dan kolom.
III. DESIGN STRUKTUR SKUNDER :
III..1. DESIGN GORDING
COBA = C 150x75x20x4,5
Wx = 65.20 cm3
Wy = 19.80 cm3
JARAK GORDING (Jg) = 125.00 cm
a. BEBAN TETAP
TEKANAN HUJAN = 20.00 kg/m2
t ATAP = 0.40 mm = 3.14 m2
BERAT ATAP = 3.93 kg/m'
BERAT GORDING = 8.32 kg/m'
BERAT HUJAN = 25.00 kg/m' +
TOTAL BEBAN TETAP = 37.25 kg/m'
MtetapX =1/8 Q.cos25 L^2 = 36.29 kg.m
MtetapY =1/8 Q.sin25 Ly^2 = 5.24 kg.m
b. BEBAN HIDUP = 100.00 kg
MhidupX =1/4 P.cos25 Lx = 64.95 kg.m
MhidupY =1/4 P.sin25 Ly = 18.75 kg.m
c. BEBAN ANGIN
TEKANAN ANGIN = 25.00 kg/m2
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN ATAP = 0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 = 0.20
KOF. TEKAN HISAP ATAP = - 0,4 = -0.40
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN DINDING = + 0,9 = 0.90
KOF. TEKAN HISAP DINDING = - 0,4 = -0.40
UNTUK GORDING, AMBIL TEKAN ATAP :
Q angin = [0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 ] *P*Jg = 6.25 kg/m
M angin= 1/8 * Q*L^2 = 7.03 kg.m
d. TOTAL TEGANGAN :
Mx = MtetapX + MhidupX + Mangin = 108.27
My = MtetapY + MhidupY = 23.99
TEGANGAN = Mx/Wx + My/Wy = 287.21 < 1600 ? OK !
GORDING BISA DIPAKAI !
III. 2. PERHITUNGAN BAUT SAMBUNGAN BALOK-KOLOM
SAMBUNGAN - I (WF400X200) alternatif 1
V = 10960.00 kg
M= 11850.00 kg.m
no spasi hi hi^2
(cm) (cm) (cm2)
1.00 8.00 6.00 36.00
2.00 8.00 14.00 196.00
3.00 8.00 22.00 484.00
4.00 12.00 34.00 1156.00
5.00 9.00 43.00 1849.00
6.00 9.00 52.00 2704.00
7.00 9.00 61.00 3721.00
sigma = 10146.00
gaya tarik max. akibat M (1 baut atas) = 3562.24 kg
coba baut = 2.00 cm
so, luas 1 baut = 3.14 cm2
Tegangan akibat M = 1134.47 kg/cm2
Jumlah baut total = 16.00 buah
gaya akibat V ( I baut ) = 685.00 kg
Tegangan akibat V = 218.15 kg/cm2
TEGANGAN KOMB. = 1195.74 kg/cm2 < OK ! 1600.00 kg/cm2
SAMBUNGAN - I (WF 400X200) alternatif 2
V = 10960.00 kg
M= 11850.00 kg.m
no spasi hi hi^2
(cm) (cm) (cm2)
1.00 10.00 6.00 36.00
2.00 10.00 16.00 256.00
3.00 15.00 31.00 961.00
4.00 10.00 41.00 1681.00
5.00 10.00 51.00 2601.00
sigma = 5535.00
h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h7
gaya tarik max. akibat M (1 baut atas) = 5459.35 kg
coba baut = 2.40 cm
so, luas 1 baut = 4.52 cm2
Tegangan akibat M = 1207.39 kg/cm2
Jumlah baut total = 12.00 buah
gaya akibat V ( I baut ) = 913.33 kg
Tegangan akibat V = 201.99 kg/cm2
TEGANGAN KOMB. = 1257.06 kg/cm2 < OK ! 1600.00 kg/cm2
SAMBUNGAN - II (WF TANGGA)
V = 1500.00 kg
M= 800.00 kg.m
no spasi hi hi^2
(cm) (cm) (cm2)
1.00 5.00 5.00 25.00
2.00 10.00 15.00 225.00
3.00 5.00 20.00 400.00
4.00 5.00 25.00 625.00
sigma = 1275.00
gaya tarik max. akibat M (1 baut atas) = 784.31 kg
coba baut = 1.20 cm
so, luas 1 baut = 1.13 cm2
Tegangan akibat M = 693.84 kg/cm2
Jumlah baut total = 10.00 buah
gaya akibat V ( I baut ) = 150.00 kg
Tegangan akibat V = 132.70 kg/cm2
TEGANGAN KOMB. = 730.91 kg/cm2 < OK ! 1600.00 kg/cm2
SAMBUNGAN - III (WF 300X150)
V = 7500.00 kg
M= 7300.00 kg.m
no spasi hi hi^2
(cm) (cm) (cm2)
1.00 7.00 6.00 36.00
2.00 7.00 13.00 169.00
3.00 15.00 28.00 784.00
4.00 7.00 35.00 1225.00
5.00 7.00 42.00 1764.00
sigma = 3978.00
gaya tarik max. akibat M (1 baut atas) = 3853.70 kg
coba baut = 2.00 cm
so, luas 1 baut = 3.14 cm2
Tegangan akibat M = 1227.29 kg/cm2
Jumlah baut total = 12.00 buah
gaya akibat V ( I baut ) = 625.00 kg
Tegangan akibat V = 199.04 kg/cm2
TEGANGAN KOMB. = 1274.79 kg/cm2 < OK ! 1600.00 kg/cm2
C. LAMPIRAN
B . PONDASI
1. Design of Main Foundation I P-1 :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 1.00 kg/cm2
fc' = 250.00 kg/cm2
fy = 4000.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P) = 17500.00 kg
Moment (M) = 1531.00 kg.m
Try width of found. (B) = 170.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 50.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 40.00 cm
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 50.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.12 kg/cm2
Allowable soil strength net. = 0.88 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress = P/A + M / (1/6 B^3)
= 0.61 + 0.19
= 0.79 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress < Allw. Soil strength nett. ?
= 0.79 < 0.88 ?
...YES
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 17500.00 kg
b = 1.00
d = 44.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 376.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 2481600.00 N.
= 248160.00 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 248160.00 > 17500.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . D ]
= 374000.00 N.
37400.00 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 37400.00 > 17500.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu = 1531.00 kg.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.0035
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.05
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 18.82
1/m = 0.05
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 1.00
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.0001 < 0.0035 (r min.)
Use = 0.0035
As = r.B.d. = 2618.00 mm2
try f = 16.00 mm
number = 20.00
As = 4019.20 > 2618.00
OK
Use : B = 170.00 cm
b = 50.00 cm
t = 50.00 cm
f = 16.00 mm
n = 20.00 pcs
g. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = = 1750.00 kg = 10% ax.kolom ? Ok !
Coba penampang sloof = b 20.00 cm
= h 30.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 2.92 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 6.00 cm2
ambil n besi = 6.00 buah
f besi sloof = 1.13 cm > min 1,2 cm ? No !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
h. Strous :
Coba n = 4.00 buah
f strous = 50.00 cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 / 2.(X1^2+X2^2) = 4375.00 + 900.59
= 5275.59 kg
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 6 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous = Keliling x geser cleaf
= 15700.00 kg > P max ? Ok !
2. Design of Main Foundation II P-2 :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 1.00 kg/cm2
fc' = 300.00 kg/cm2
fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P) = 26899.00 kg
Moment (M) = 1961.00 kg.m
Try width of found. (B) = 200.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 50.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 40.00 cm
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 35.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.08 kg/cm2
Allowable soil strength net. = 0.92 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress = P/A + M / (1/6 B^3)
= 0.67 + 0.15
= 0.82 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress < Allw. Soil strength nett. ?
= 0.82 < 0.92 ?
...YES
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 26899.00 kg
b = 1.00
d = 29.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 316.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 1505798.86 N.
= 150579.89 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 150579.89 > 26899.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . D ]
= 317679.08 N.
31767.91 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 31767.91 > 26899.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu = 1961.00 kg.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.01
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.12
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 9.41
1/m = 0.11
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 1.00
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.0005 < 0.0058 (r min.)
Use = 0.0058
As = r.B.d. = 3383.33 mm2
try f = 18.00 mm
number = 16.00
As = 4069.44 > 3383.33
OK
Use : B = 200.00 cm
b = 50.00 cm
t = 35.00 cm
f = 18.00 mm
n = 16.00 pcs
e. Design of Base Plat :
Width of base plat (w) = 50.00 cm
Critical cantilv.length (m) = 5.00 cm
Conc. Bearing stress (fp) = 105.00 kg/cm2
Thickness of base plat (t) = 2.m (fp / fy)^0.5
= 2.09 cm
f. Anker Bolt (6 bolt) :
Geser ijin beton K300 = 6.50 kg/cm2
Jarak baut terjauh dari as = 20.00 cm
jumlah baut angker (n) = 6.00
Gaya akibat Momen (P1) = 4902.50 kg
1 baut memikul (P1 / 2) (tarik) = 2451.25 kg
Gaya akibat Normal (tekan) = 4483.17 kg
A 1 baut = 4.33 cm2
f = 2.35 cm
L = 144.60 cm
g. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = = 3000.00 kg > 10% ax.kolom ? Ok !
Coba penampang sloof = b 20.00 cm
= h 30.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 5.00 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 6.00 cm2
ambil n besi = 6.00 buah
f besi sloof = 1.13 cm > min 1,2 cm ? No !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
h. Strous :
Coba n = 2.00 buah
f strous = 50.00 cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 / 2.(X1^2+X2^2) = 13449.50 + 980.50
= 14430.00 kg
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 6 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous = Keliling x geser cleaf
= 15700.00 kg > P max ? Ok !
3. Design of Main Foundation III (tangga) P-3 :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 1.00 kg/cm2
fc' = 300.00 kg/cm2
fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P) = 4832.00 kg
Moment (M) = 571.00 kg.m
Try width of found. (B) = 120.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 30.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 20.00 cm
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 25.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.06 kg/cm2
Allowable soil strength net. = 0.94 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress = P/A + M / (1/6 B^3)
= 0.34 + 0.20
= 0.53 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress < Allw. Soil strength nett. ?
= 0.53 < 0.94 ?
...YES
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 4832.00 kg
b = 1.00
d = 19.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 196.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 611915.64 N.
= 61191.56 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 61191.56 > 4832.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . D ]
= 124880.74 N.
12488.07 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 12488.07 > 4832.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu = 571.00 kg.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.01
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.13
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 9.41
1/m = 0.11
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 0.99
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.0006 < 0.0058 (r min.)
Use = 0.0058
As = r.B.d. = 1330.00 mm2
try f = 16.00 mm
number = 8.00
As = 1607.68 > 1330.00
OK
Use : B = 120.00 cm
b = 30.00 cm
t = 25.00 cm
f = 16.00 mm
n = 8.00 pcs
e. Design of Base Plat :
Width of base plat (w) = 30.00 cm
Critical cantilv.length (m) = 5.00 cm
Conc. Bearing stress (fp) = 105.00 kg/cm2
Thickness of base plat (t) = 2.m (fp / fy)^0.5
= 2.09 cm
f. Anker Bolt (6 bolt) :
Geser ijin beton K300 = 6.50 kg/cm2
Jarak baut terjauh dari as = 17.00 cm
jumlah baut angker (n) = 6.00
Gaya akibat Momen (P1) = 1679.41 kg
1 baut memikul (P1 / 2) (tarik) = 839.71 kg
Gaya akibat Normal (tekan) = 805.33 kg
A 1 baut = 1.03 cm2
f = 1.14 cm
L = 70.43 cm
g. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = = 3000.00 kg > 10% ax.kolom ? Ok !
Coba penampang sloof = b 15.00 cm
= h 20.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 10.00 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 3.00 cm2
ambil n besi = 6.00 buah
f besi sloof = 0.80 cm > min 1,2 cm ? No !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
4. Design of Main Foundation Gabungan P-4 :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 1.00 kg/cm2
fc' = 300.00 kg/cm2
fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P)kiri = 5476.00 kg
Moment (M)kiri = 1287.00 kg.m
Axial load (P)kanan = 12348.00 kg
Moment (M)kanan = 1355.00 kg.m
P total = 17824.00 kg
Try width of found. (B) = 150.00 cm Try width of found. (L) = 300.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 40.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 30.00 cm
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 35.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.08 kg/cm2
Allowable soil strength net. = 0.92 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress = P total /A
= 0.40
= 0.40 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress < Allw. Soil strength nett. ?
= 0.40 < 0.92 ?
...YES
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 5476.00 kg
b = 1.00
d = 29.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 276.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 1315191.41 N.
= 131519.14 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 131519.14 > 5476.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . d ]
= 238259.31 N.
23825.93 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 23825.93 > 5476.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu max. (dari SAP2000) = 4000.00 kg.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.01
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.32
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 9.41
1/m = 0.11
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 0.99
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.0013 < 0.0058 (r min.)
Use = 0.0058
As = r.B.d. = 2537.50 mm2
try f = 18.00 mm
number = 10.00
As = 2543.40 > 2537.50
OK
Use : B = 150.00 cm
b = 40.00 cm
t = 35.00 cm
f = 18.00 mm
n = 10.00 pcs
e. Design of Base Plat :
Width of base plat (w) = 40.00 cm
Critical cantilv.length (m) = 5.00 cm
Conc. Bearing stress (fp) = 105.00 kg/cm2
Thickness of base plat (t) = 2.m (fp / fy)^0.5
= 2.09 cm
f. Anker Bolt (6 bolt) :
Geser ijin beton K300 = 6.50 kg/cm2
Jarak baut terjauh dari as = 12.00 cm
jumlah baut angker (n) = 6.00
Gaya akibat Momen (P1) = 5362.50 kg
1 baut memikul (P1 / 2) (tarik) = 2681.25 kg
Gaya akibat Normal (tekan) = 912.67 kg
A 1 baut = 2.25 cm2
f = 1.69 cm
L = 104.10 cm
g. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = = 1500.00 kg > 10% ax.kolom ? Ok !
Coba penampang sloof = b 15.00 cm
= h 30.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 3.33 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 4.50 cm2
ambil n besi = 6.00 buah
f besi sloof = 0.98 cm > min 1,2 cm ? No !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
h. Strous :
Coba n = 2.00 buah
f strous = 30.00 cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 / 2.(X1^2+X2^2) = 8912.00 + 0.00
= 8912.00 kg
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 6 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous = Keliling x geser cleaf
= 9420.00 kg > P max ? Ok !
14.17
5. Design of Main Foundation Gabungan P-5
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 1.00 kg/cm2
fc' = 300.00 kg/cm2
fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P)kiri = 43900.00 kg
Moment (M)kiri = 1235.00 kg.m
Axial load (P)kanan = 38250.00 kg
Moment (M)kanan = 1888.00 kg.m
P total = 82150.00 kg
Try width of found. (B) = 200.00 cm Try width of found. (L) = 490.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 50.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 40.00 cm
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 50.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.12 kg/cm2
Allowable soil strength net. = 0.88 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress = P total /A
= 0.84
= 0.84 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress < Allw. Soil strength nett. ?
= 0.84 < 0.88 ?
...YES
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 43900.00 kg
b = 1.00
d = 44.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 376.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 2718456.60 N.
= 271845.66 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 271845.66 > 43900.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . d ]
= 481995.85 N.
48199.59 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 48199.59 > 43900.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu max. (dari SAP2000) = 24300.00 kg.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.01
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.63
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 9.41
1/m = 0.11
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 0.98
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.0026 < 0.0058 (r min.)
Use = 0.0058
As = r.B.d. = 5133.33 mm2
try f = 20.00 mm
number = 18.00
As = 5652.00 > 5133.33
OK
Use : B = 200.00 cm
b = 50.00 cm
t = 50.00 cm
f = 20.00 mm
n = 18.00 pcs
e. Design of Base Plat :
Width of base plat (w) = 50.00 cm
Critical cantilv.length (m) = 5.00 cm
Conc. Bearing stress (fp) = 105.00 kg/cm2
Thickness of base plat (t) = 2.m (fp / fy)^0.5
= 2.09 cm
f. Anker Bolt (6 bolt) :
Geser ijin beton K300 = 6.50 kg/cm2
Jarak baut terjauh dari as = 12.00 cm
jumlah baut angker (n) = 6.00
Gaya akibat Momen (P1) = 5145.83 kg
1 baut memikul (P1 / 2) (tarik) = 2572.92 kg
Gaya akibat Normal (tekan) = 7316.67 kg
A 1 baut = 6.18 cm2
f = 2.81 cm
L = 172.68 cm
g. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = = 4500.00 kg > 10% ax.kolom ? Ok !
Coba penampang sloof = b 15.00 cm
= h 30.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 10.00 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 4.50 cm2
ambil n besi = 6.00 buah
f besi sloof = 0.98 cm > min 1,2 cm ? No !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
h. Strous :
Coba n = 5.00 buah
f strous = 55.00 cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 / 2.(X1^2+X2^2) = 16430.00 + 0.00
= 16430.00 kg
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 6 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous = Keliling x geser cleaf
= 17270.00 kg > P max ? Ok !
KESIMPULAN :
NAMA PONDASI P(kg) M(kg.m) B(cm) t(cm) f (mm) n (pcs) t base plat (cm)n angker (pcs f (cm)
P-1 17500.00 1531.00 170.00 50.00 16.00 20.00 #REF! #REF! #REF!
P-2 26899.00 1961.00 200.00 35.00 18.00 16.00 2.09 6.00 2.35
P-3 4832.00 571.00 120.00 25.00 16.00 8.00 2.09 6.00 1.14
P-4 150.00 35.00 18.00 10.00 2.09 6.00 1.69
P-5 200.00 50.00 20.00 18.00 2.09 6.00 2.81
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR BANGUNAN
HOTEL S O N N Y
JL. BRATANG BINANGUN - SURABAYA
C . LAMPIRAN
AGUSTUS 2003
L (cm) n strous f beton(cm)
#REF! 4.00 50.00
144.60 2.00 50.00
70.43 -
104.10 2.00 30.00
172.68 5.00 55.00
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR BANGUNAN
HOTEL S O N N Y
JL. BRATANG BINANGUN - SURABAYA
AGUSTUS 2003
I. Design of skunder Foundation :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 0.40 kg/cm2
fc' = 300.00 kg/cm2
fy = 2400.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P) = 8093.00 kg
Moment (M) = 1257.00 kg.m
Try width of found. (B) = 200.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 40.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 30.00 cm
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 25.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.06 kg/cm2
Allowable soil strength net. = 0.34 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress = P/A + M / (1/6 B^3)
= 0.20 + 0.09
= 0.30 kg/cm2
Extrem soil stress < Allw. Soil strength nett. ?
= 0.30 < 0.34 ?
...YES
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 8093.00 kg
b = 1.00
d = 19.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 236.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 736796.38 N.
= 73679.64 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 73679.64 > 8093.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . D ]
= 208134.57 N.
20813.46 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 20813.46 > 8093.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu = 1257.00 kg.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.01
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.17
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 9.41
1/m = 0.11
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 0.99
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.0007 < 0.0058 (r min.)
Use = 0.0058
As = r.B.d. = 2216.67 mm2
try f = 14.00 mm
number = 16.00
As = 2461.76 > 2216.67
OK
Use : B = 200.00 cm
b = 40.00 cm
t = 25.00 cm
f = 14.00 mm
n = 16.00 pcs
II. Design of Base Plat :
Width of base plat (w) = 40.00 cm
Critical cantilv.length (m) = 5.00 cm
Conc. Bearing stress (fp) = 105.00 kg/cm2
Thickness of base plat (t) = 2.m (fp / fy)^0.5
= 2.09 cm
III. Anker Bolt (6 bolt) :
Geser ijin beton K300 = 6.50 kg/cm2
Jarak baut terjauh dari as = 15.00 cm
jumlah baut angker (n) = 6.00
Gaya akibat Momen (P1) = 4190.00 kg
1 baut memikul (P1 / 2) (tarik)= 2095.00 kg
Gaya akibat Normal (tekan) = 1348.83 kg
A 1 baut = 2.15 cm2
f = 1.66 cm
L = 101.90 cm
IV. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = = 2136.00 kg > 10% ax.kolom ?Ok !
Coba penampang sloof = b 25.00 cm
= h 40.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 2.14 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 10.00 cm2
ambil n besi = 6.00 buah
f besi sloof = 1.46 cm > min 1,2 cm ? Ok !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
V. Strous :
Coba n =2.00 buah
f strous = 30.00 cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 /1.(X1^2+X2^2) =4046.50 + 1257.00
= 5303.50 kg
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 6 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous = Keliling x geser cleaf
= 9420.00 kg > P max ? Ok !
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
1. TYPE PLAT TANGGA UTAMA-a ( tebal 14 cm )
Tebal plat = 0.14 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 1 m
Panjang datar = 4.3 m
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm t bordes = 170
d = 0.14*1000 - 20 - 5 = 115 mm d bordes = 145
b = 1 m
L miring = 4.41474801 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = t * 2400 = 336 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 66 kg/m
2
Anak tgga = 12 = 166.3515 kg/m
2
Total = 568 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 200 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 1002.02181 kg/m
2
(plat tangga)
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 802.4 kg/m
2
(plat bordes)
Dari SAP (dianalisa sebagai balok) didapat :
Mu lap.plat tangga = 3944 kgm = 38.65 kNm
Mu tump.plat bordes = 8656 kgm = 84.83 kNm
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Wu bordes
Wu plat
Mutu baja = 400 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.0255
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.019125
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 23.5294118
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r As perlu tul.pakai
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin mm2 Ø (mm)
utama di plat 38.65 48.314 4.567 0.01142 0.011416 1313 16
utama di bordes 84.83 106.036 5.043 0.01261 0.012608 1828 19
pembagi 263 10
pembagi 366 10
tangga pakai t = 140 mm
bordes pakai t = 170 mm
tulangan utama : Ø 16 - s = 150 mm
tulangan bordes : Ø 19 - s = 150 mm
tulangan pembagi : Ø 10 - s = 200 mm
PERHITUNGAN GESER PADA PLAT TANGGA
Vc = 1/6 √ (fc' bw . d)
Ø = 0.6
jika : Vu < 0.5 ØVc ----> tidak tul geser
jika : 0.5 ØVc < Vu < ØVc ----> pakai tul geser minimal
Vs min = 1/3 (Mpa) . bw . d
Øvs = vu < Øvc
vu = Vu / bd
Øvc = 1/6 √ fc'
Øvs = (vu - Øvc)
A sengk = (vu - Øvc) b y / (Øfy)
A sengk min = b.y / (3 fy)
fc' = 20 Mpa
fy sengk = 240 Mpa
Vu b h d vu Øvc Øvc > vu ?
kg mm mm Mpa Mpa
PLAT TANGGA 3,369 1,000 140 105 0.320857 0.447214 ok, tdk perlu tul gsr
BORDES 5,963 1,000 170 135 0.441704 0.447214 ok, tdk perlu tul gsr
DESAIN BALOK TANGGA
I. LENTUR :
Mu = 1/8 Q . L^2
Mn perlu = Mu/Ø = Mu / 0.8
qU bordes = 802.4 kg/m2
qU plat = 1002.0 / 2 = 501 kg/m2
Mu =
dimensi balok = b (lebar), h (tinggi) dan d ( h-0.5tul-cover)
E (modulus elastisitas baja tul) = 200 000 Mpa
xb (garis netral kondisi seimbang) = ( ξcu / ( ξcu + ξy ) ) x d
x max = 0.75 . xb
C max = 0.85 . fc' . b . β1 . xmax
utk fc' < 27.5 Mpa β1 = 0.85 …(C.K.Wang hal 46)
Mn max = Cmax ( d - β1 . x/2) -----> jika Mn max > Mn perlu, tdk perlu tul tekan
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy)
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance
ρ min = 1.4 / fy
ρ perlu = 1/m [ 1-√1- (2.m.Rn perlu)/fy ]
m = fy/0.85 . fc'
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
E baja = 200,000 Mpa
fc' = 20 Mpa perhitungan ini hanya berlaku utuk fc' < 27.5 Mpa, diatas itu nilai β1 hrs diganti
fy = 400 Mpa
Mu Mu Mn perlu b h d xb.
(kg.m) (N.mm) (N.mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
L
a
n
t
a
i

-
1
B1a lt-1 tumpu 11,727.00 1.17E+08 1.47E+08 150 550 485 #VALUE!
lt-1 lap. 9,982.00 9.98E+07 1.25E+08 150 550 485 #VALUE!
B1b lt-1 tumpu 6,590.00 6.59E+07 8.24E+07 150 500 435 #VALUE!
lt-1 lap. 2,842.00 2.84E+07 3.55E+07 150 500 435 #VALUE!
B1c lt-1 tumpu 5,375.00 5.38E+07 6.72E+07 150 500 435 #VALUE!
lt-1 lap. 3,027.00 3.03E+07 3.78E+07 150 500 435 #VALUE!
A
t
a
p
B2a atap tumpu 1397 1.40E+07 1.75E+07 150 400 335 #VALUE!
atap lap 2860 2.86E+07 3.58E+07 150 400 335 #VALUE!
B2b atap tumpu 681 6.81E+06 8.51E+06 150 300 235 #VALUE!
atap lap 346 3.46E+06 4.33E+06 150 300 235 #VALUE!
blk.tangga 648 6.48E+06 8.10E+06 150 400 335 #VALUE!
blk.tandon 1052 1.05E+07 1.32E+07 150 350 285 #VALUE!
G
a
r
a
s
i
B-utamatepi tumpu 2,690.00 2.69E+07 3.36E+07 150 400 335 #VALUE!
lap 5,491.00 5.49E+07 6.86E+07 200 400 335 #VALUE!
B-utama-dlm tumpu 400.00 4.00E+06 5.00E+06 200 350 285 #VALUE!
lap 2,027.00 2.03E+07 2.53E+07 200 350 285 #VALUE!
B-anak tumpu 400.00 4.00E+06 5.00E+06 150 250 185 #VALUE!
lap 1,930.00 1.93E+07 2.41E+07 150 250 185 #VALUE!
macam tul. :
polos 6,8,10
deform 12,13,16,19,22
mm
Wu bordes
Wu plat
As ada As ada>Asperlu
s (mm)
150 1340 ok
150 1889 ok
200 393 ok 20% tul.utama
200 393 ok 20% tul.utama
xmax Cmax Mn max beton Mn max beton Rn perlu ρ balance ρ max ρ min m ρ perlu ρ perlu > ρ min
(mm) (N) (N.mm) > Mn perlu
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 4.154533 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3.53633 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 2.902189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.251596 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 2.367111 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.333069 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.037351 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 2.12371 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.027614 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.522107 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.481176 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.079306 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.997475 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3.058031 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.307787 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.559711 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.973947 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 4.699294 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
ρ perlu < ρ max As perlu tul pakai As ada > As perlu
mm2 jml Ф (mm) mm2
#VALUE! #VALUE! 5 16 1004.8 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 4 16 803.84 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 4 13 530.66 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 3 13 397.995 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 4 13 530.66 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 3 13 397.995 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 12 226.08 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 3 12 339.12 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 12 226.08 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 12 226.08 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 12 226.08 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 12 226.08 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 3 13 397.995 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 4 16 803.84 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 13 265.33 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 3 13 397.995 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2 13 265.33 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 3 13 397.995 #VALUE!
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
1. TYPE PLAT TANGGA UTAMA-a bagian atas ( tebal 14 cm )
Tebal plat = 0.14 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 1 m
Panjang datar = 3.88 m
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm
d = 0.14*1000 - 20 - 5 = 115 mm
b = 1 m
L miring = 4.00679423 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = t * 2400 = 336 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 66 kg/m
2
Anak tgga = 12 = 183.2887 kg/m
2
Total = 585 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 200 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 1022.346408 kg/m
2
(plat tangga)
Dari SAP (dianalisa sebagai balok) didapat :
Mu lap.plat tangga = 869 kgm = 8.52
Mu tump.plat tangga = 1800 kgm = 17.64
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Mutu baja = 240 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.050595
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.037946
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 14.11764706
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin
lap di plat 8.52 10.64525 1.006 0.00419 0.004192
tum di plat 17.64 22.05 2.084 0.00868 0.008684
pembagi
pembagi
tangga pakai t = 140 mm
bordes pakai t = 140 mm
tulangan utama : Ø 10 - s = 150
tulangan bordes : Ø 13 - s = 120
tulangan pembagi : Ø 10 - s = 200
PERHITUNGAN GESER PADA PLAT TANGGA
Vc = 1/6 √ (fc' bw . d)
Ø = 0.6
jika : Vu < 0.5 ØVc ----> tidak tul geser
jika : 0.5 ØVc < Vu < ØVc ----> pakai tul geser minimal
Vs min = 1/3 (Mpa) . bw . d
Øvs = vu < Øvc
vu = Vu / bd
Øvc = 1/6 √ fc'
Øvs = (vu - Øvc)
A sengk = (vu - Øvc) b y / (Øfy)
A sengk min = b.y / (3 fy)
fc' = 20 Mpa
fy sengk = 240 Mpa
Vu b h d vu
kg mm mm Mpa
PLAT TANGGA 2,596 1,000 140 105 0.247238
BORDES 1,000 170 135 0
t bordes = 140
d bordes = 0 mm
(plat tangga)
kNm
kNm
As perlu tul.pakai As ada As ada>Asperlu
mm2 Ø (mm) s (mm)
Wu kg/m2
482 10 150 523 ok
999 13 120 1106 ok
96 10 200 393 ok 20% tul.utama
200 10 200 393 ok 20% tul.utama
mm
mm
mm
Øvc Øvc > vu ?
Mpa
0.447214 ok, tdk perlu tul gsr
0.447214 ok, tdk perlu tul gsr
20% tul.utama
20% tul.utama
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
1. TYPE PLAT TANGGA BELAKANG ( tebal 12 cm )
Tebal plat = 0.12 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 1 m
Panjang datar = 1.875 m
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm
d = t*1000 - 20 - 5 = 95 mm
b = 1 m
L miring = 2.125 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = t * 2400 = 288 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 66 kg/m
2
Anak tgga = 5 = 144 kg/m
2
Total = 498 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 200 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 917.6 kg/m
2
(plat tangga)
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 744.8 kg/m
2
(plat bordes)
Dari SAP (dianalisa sebagai balok) didapat :
Mu lap.plat tangga = 658 kgm = 6.45
Mu tump.plat bordes = 1980 kgm = 19.40
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Mutu baja = 400 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.0255
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.019125
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 23.5294118
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin
Wu bordes
utama di plat 6.45 8.0605 1.116 0.00279 0.002791
utama di bordes 19.40 24.255 2.688 0.00672 0.006719
pembagi
pembagi
tangga pakai t = 120 mm
bordes pakai t = 120 mm
tulangan utama : Ø 10 - s = 120
tulangan bordes : Ø 10 - s = 120
tulangan pembagi : Ø 8 - s = 200
PERHITUNGAN GESER PADA PLAT TANGGA
Vc = 1/6 √ (fc' bw . d)
Ø = 0.6
jika : Vu < 0.5 ØVc ----> tidak tul geser
jika : 0.5 ØVc < Vu < ØVc ----> pakai tul geser minimal
Vs min = 1/3 (Mpa) . bw . d
Øvs = vu < Øvc
vu = Vu / bd
Øvc = 1/6 √ fc'
Øvs = (vu - Øvc)
A sengk = (vu - Øvc) b y / (Øfy)
A sengk min = b.y / (3 fy)
fc' = 20 Mpa
fy sengk = 240 Mpa
Vu b h d vu
kg mm mm Mpa
PLAT TANGGA 1,249 1,000 120 85 0.146941
BORDES 3,450 1,000 120 85 0.405882
t bordes = 120
d bordes = 95 mm
(plat tangga)
(plat bordes)
kNm
kNm
As perlu tul.pakai As ada As ada>Asperlu
mm2 Ø (mm) s (mm)
Wu bordes
Wu bordes
Wu plat
265 10 120 654 ok
638 10 120 654 ok
53 8 200 251 ok 20% tul.utama
128 8 200 251 ok 20% tul.utama
mm
mm
mm
Øvc Øvc > vu ?
Mpa
0.447213595 ok, tdk perlu tul gsr
0.447213595 ok, tdk perlu tul gsr
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
1. TYPE PLAT TANGGA BELAKANG ( tebal 12 cm )
Tebal plat = 0.12 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 2 m
Panjang arah y (ly) = 2 m
ly / lx = 1.00
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm
d = 0.12*1000 - 20 - 5 = 95 mm
b = 1 m
L miring = 2.828427125 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = 0.12 * 2400 = 288 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 66 kg/m
2
Anak tgga = 6 = 129.8248 kg/m
2
Total = 484 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 200 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 900.589766 kg/m
2
(pelat)
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 744.8 kg/m
2
(bordes)
Dari SAP didapat :
Mu lap.plat tangga = 260 kgm = 2.55 kNm
Mu tump.plat tangga = 845 8.28 kNm
Mu lap. plat bordes = 456 4.47 kNm
Mu tump. plat bordes = 51 kgm = 0.50 kNm
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Mutu baja = 240 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.050595
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.037946
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 14.11764706
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r As perlu tul.pakai
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin mm2 Ø (mm)
x ( lap ) 2.55 3.185 0.441 0.00184 0.0025 238 8
y ( lap ) 8.28 10.35125 1.147 0.00478 0.004779 454 10
Wu bordes
x ( tump ) 4.47 5.586 0.619 0.00258 0.002579 245 8
y ( tump ) 0.50 0.62475 0.069 0.00029 0.0025 238 8
tangga pakai t=120mm : Ø10 - 150 mm
As ada As ada>Asperlu
s (mm)
150 335 ok
150 523 ok
Wu bordes
Wu plat
150 335 ok
150 335 ok
PERHITUNGAN PLAT
PROYEK - RUMAH MANYAR
PERHITUNGAN TANDON AIR BAWAH
1. Plat dinding tandon :
Pa (tekanan tanah aktif) = ca .w .h^2/2
ca (coefisien tekanan aktif) = 0.3
w (berat jenis tanah) = 1800 kg/m3
h (kedalaman bangunan) = 2 m
Pa = 1080 kg/m
Mu = 1,2 x Pa x 1/3h = 864 kg.m 8.4672 kN.m
2. Plat lantai tandon :
Tebal plat = 0.15 m
Panjang arah x (lx) = 2 m
Panjang arah y (ly) = 2 m
ly / lx = 1.00
Berat volume beton = 2400 kg/m
3
Tebal selimut beton = 20 mm
d = t*1000 - 20 - 5 = 125 mm
b = 1 m
Beban-beban yang bekerja :
1. Beban mati
Plat = 0.15 * 2400 = 360 kg/m
2
Finishing lantai (keramik) = 0 kg/m
2
Plafond + instalasi = 0 kg/m
2
Total = 369 kg/m
2
2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja = 2000 kg/m
2
Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql = 3642.8 kg/m
2
lihat tabel PBI 71 :
X untuk Mlx = 44
X untuk Mly = 44
X untuk Mtx = 0
X untuk Mty = 0
Mlx = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 641.1328 kgm = 6.28 kNm
Mly = 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 641.1328 kgm = 6.28 kNm
Mtx = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 0 kgm = 0.00 kNm
Mty = - 0.001 * Wu * lx
2
* X = 0 kgm = 0.00 kNm
Mutu beton = 20 MPa
Mutu baja = 240 MPa
f = 0.8
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) = 0.050595238
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance = 0.037946429
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) = 0.0025

m = fy/0.85 . fc' = 14.11765
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
Arah Mu Mn Rn=Mn/bd
2
r perlu cek r As perlu
kNm kNm N/mm2 > ρmin mm2
1. Plat vertikal x ( lap ) 8.47 10.584 0.847 0.00353 0.003528 441
2. Plat lantai y ( lap ) 6.28 7.8538768 0.503 0.00209 0.0025 313
tul.pakai As ada As ada>Asperlu
Ø (mm) s (mm)
8 100 502 ok
8 100 502 ok
PONDASI
Proyek Manyar
I. Design of Main Foundation P1 :
Data :
Allowable soil strength = 0.50 kg/cm2
fc' = 200.00 kg/cm2
fy = 3200.00 kg/cm2
Concrete mass/vol. = 2.40 ton/m3
Axial load (P) = 13849.00 kg
Moment (M) = 534.00 kg.m
Try width of found. (B) = 100.00 cm
Try width of column (b) = 15.00 cm
Try deepth of WF (l) = 15.00 cm
V. Strous :
Coba n = 2.00 buah
f strous = 30.00 cm
Pmax. = Axial / n + M.X1 / 2.(X1^2+X2^2) = 6924.50 + 534.00
= 7458.50 kg
Kekuatan geser cleaf(lekatan tanah) di kedalaman 6 m diambil 100 kg/cm
Maka kekuatan ijin strous = Keliling x geser cleaf
= 9420.00 kg > P max ? Ok !
a. Foundation Plan
Thicknes of found. = 40.00 cm
Weight of foundation = 0.10 kg/cm2
b. 2 way shear Chek
Vu = 13849.00 kg
b = 1.00
D = 34.00 cm
bo = 4 x (d + b ) = 196.00 cm
fVc = 0,6 [ 1/6 (1+2/b fc'. bo . D ]
= 894069.42 N.
= 89406.94 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 89406.94 > 13849.00 ..?
YES
c. 1 way shear Chek
fVc = 0,6 [1/6  fc'. B . D ]
= 152052.62 N.
15205.26 kg.
fVc > Vu ..? = 15205.26 > 13849.00 ..?
YES
d. Reinforcement for bending moment
Mu = 534.00 kg.m
Q pile cap = 0.96 t/m
L1 P strous
L
t = 0.40 m
B = 1.00 m
L1 = 0.30 m
L = 0.60 m
Q (b.s. pile cap) = t.L.B = 0.96 t/m
P (daya dukung strous) = 9.42 t
Mu = 1.2 x ( P.L1 - 1/2.Q.L^2) = 3.18 t.m
r min. = 1.4/fy = 0.0044
Rn = Mu / B.d^2 = 0.0275
m = fy / 0.85 fc' = 18.82
1/m = 0.05
(1-2.m.Rn/fy)^0,5 = 1.00
r = 1/m [ 1-(1-2.m.Rn)/fy ]^0.5
= 0.00009 < 0.0044 (r min.)
Use = 0.0044
As = r.B.d. = 1487.50 mm2
try f = 16.00 mm
number = 10.00
As = 2009.60 > 1487.50
OK
Use : B = 100.00 cm
b = 15.00 cm
t = 40.00 cm
f = 16.00 mm
n = 10.00 pcs
s jarak tul = 10.00 mm
IV. Sloof :
Beban axial sloof = 1384.90 kg ( 10% ax.kolom)
Coba penampang sloof = b 15.00 cm
= h 30.00 cm
Cek tekan beton = 3.08 kg/cm2 < 75 kg/cm2 ? Ok !
As min. 1% beton = 4.50 cm2
ambil n besi = 4.00 buah
f besi sloof = 1.20 cm > min 1,2 cm ? No !
f besi begel sloof minimum = 8 mm
DESAIN BALOK
I. LENTUR :
Mu = momen negatif max. di tumpuan
Mn perlu = Mu/Ø = Mu / 0.8
dimensi balok = b (lebar), h (tinggi) dan d ( h-0.5tul-cover)
E (modulus elastisitas baja tul) = 200 000 Mpa
xb (garis netral kondisi seimbang) = ( ξcu / ( ξcu + ξy ) ) x d
x max = 0.75 . xb
C max = 0.85 . fc' . b . β1 . xmax
utk fc' < 27.5 Mpa β1 = 0.85 …(C.K.Wang hal 46)
Mn max = Cmax ( d - β1 . x/2) -----> jika Mn max > Mn perlu, tdk perlu tul tekan
Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )
ρ balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy)
ρ max = 0.75 . ρ balance
ρ min = 1.4 / fy
ρ perlu = 1/m [ 1-√1- (2.m.Rn perlu)/fy ]
m = fy/0.85 . fc'
ρ min < ρ perlu < ρ max
As perlu = ρ perlu . b . d
E baja = 200,000 Mpa
fc' = 20 Mpa perhitungan ini hanya berlaku utuk fc' < 27.5 Mpa, diatas itu nilai β1 hrs diganti
fy = 400 Mpa
Mu Mu Mn perlu b h d
(kg.m) (N.mm) (N.mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
lt-1 tumpu 3,200.00 3.20E+07 4.00E+07 150 400 380
lt-1 lap. 9,982.00 9.98E+07 1.25E+08 150 550 485
lt-1 tumpu 6,590.00 6.59E+07 8.24E+07 150 500 435
lt-1 lap. 2,842.00 2.84E+07 3.55E+07 150 500 435
lt-1 tumpu 5,375.00 5.38E+07 6.72E+07 150 500 435
lt-1 lap. 3,027.00 3.03E+07 3.78E+07 150 500 435
atap tumpu 1397 1.40E+07 1.75E+07 150 400 335
atap lap 2860 2.86E+07 3.58E+07 150 400 335
atap tumpu 681 6.81E+06 8.51E+06 150 300 235
atap lap 346 3.46E+06 4.33E+06 150 300 235
blk.tangga 648 6.48E+06 8.10E+06 150 400 335
blk.tandon 1052 1.05E+07 1.32E+07 150 350 285
tumpu 2,690.00 2.69E+07 3.36E+07 150 400 335
lap 5,491.00 5.49E+07 6.86E+07 200 400 335
tumpu 400.00 4.00E+06 5.00E+06 200 350 285
lap 2,027.00 2.03E+07 2.53E+07 200 350 285
B2a
B2b
B1a
B1b
B1c
G
a
r
a
s
i
B-utamatepi
B-utama-dlm
L
a
n
t
a
i

-
1
A
t
a
p
tumpu 400.00 4.00E+06 5.00E+06 150 250 185
lap 1,930.00 1.93E+07 2.41E+07 150 250 185
macam tul. :
polos 6,8,10
deform 12,13,16,19,22
G
a
r
a
s
i
B-anak
Mpa perhitungan ini hanya berlaku utuk fc' < 27.5 Mpa, diatas itu nilai β1 hrs diganti
xb. xmax Cmax Mn max beton Mn max beton Rn perlu ρ balance ρ max
(mm) (mm) (N) (N.mm) > Mn perlu
228 171 370,643 113,907,706 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.846722 0.0255 0.019125
291 218.25 473,057 185,553,603 Tdk pelu tul tekan 3.53633 0.0255 0.019125
261 195.75 424,288 149,267,214 Tdk pelu tul tekan 2.902189 0.0255 0.019125
261 195.75 424,288 149,267,214 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.251596 0.0255 0.019125
261 195.75 424,288 149,267,214 Tdk pelu tul tekan 2.367111 0.0255 0.019125
261 195.75 424,288 149,267,214 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.333069 0.0255 0.019125
201 150.75 326,751 88,526,955 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.037351 0.0255 0.019125
201 150.75 326,751 88,526,955 Tdk pelu tul tekan 2.12371 0.0255 0.019125
141 105.75 229,213 43,563,387 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.027614 0.0255 0.019125
141 105.75 229,213 43,563,387 Tdk pelu tul tekan 0.522107 0.0255 0.019125
201 150.75 326,751 88,526,955 Tdk pelu tul tekan 0.481176 0.0255 0.019125
171 128.25 277,982 64,073,085 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.079306 0.0255 0.019125
201 150.75 326,751 88,526,955 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.997475 0.0255 0.019125
201 150.75 435,668 118,035,940 Tdk pelu tul tekan 3.058031 0.0255 0.019125
171 128.25 370,643 85,430,780 Tdk pelu tul tekan 0.307787 0.0255 0.019125
171 128.25 370,643 85,430,780 Tdk pelu tul tekan 1.559711 0.0255 0.019125
111 83.25 180,444 26,997,862 Tdk pelu tul tekan 0.973947 0.0255 0.019125
111 83.25 180,444 26,997,862 Tdk pelu tul tekan 4.699294 0.0255 0.019125
ρ min m ρ perlu ρ perlu > ρ min ρ perlu < ρ max As perlu As ada
mm2 jml Ф (mm) mm2
0.0035 23.52941 0.004899 0.004899181 ok 279.2533 5 16 1004.8
0.0035 23.52941 0.010023 0.010022627 ok 729.1461 4 16 803.84
0.0035 23.52941 0.00801 0.008010365 ok 522.6763 4 13 530.66
0.0035 23.52941 0.003254 0.0035 ok 228.375 3 13 398
0.0035 23.52941 0.0064 0.006399601 ok 417.574 4 13 530.66
0.0035 23.52941 0.003475 0.0035 ok 228.375 3 13 398
0.0035 23.52941 0.002678 0.0035 ok 175.875 2 12 226.08
0.0035 23.52941 0.00569 0.005690196 ok 285.9324 3 12 339.12
0.0035 23.52941 0.002652 0.0035 ok 123.375 2 12 226.08
0.0035 23.52941 0.001326 0.0035 ok 123.375 2 12 226.08
0.0035 23.52941 0.00122 0.0035 ok 175.875 2 12 226.08
0.0035 23.52941 0.00279 0.0035 ok 149.625 2 12 226.08
0.0035 23.52941 0.005328 0.005327611 ok 267.7125 3 13 398
0.0035 23.52941 0.008494 0.008493847 ok 569.0877 4 16 803.84
0.0035 23.52941 0.000777 0.0035 ok 199.5 2 13 265.33
0.0035 23.52941 0.004097 0.004096726 ok 233.5134 3 13 398
tul pakai
0.0035 23.52941 0.002509 0.0035 ok 97.125 2 13 265.33
0.0035 23.52941 0.014081 0.014080815 ok 390.7426 3 13 398
> As perlu
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
PERHITUNGAN GESER PADA BALOK
Vc = 1/6 √ (fc' bw . d)
Ø = 0.6
jika : Vu < 0.5 ØVc ----> tidak tul geser
jika : 0.5 ØVc < Vu < ØVc ----> pakai tul geser minimal
Vs min = 1/3 (Mpa) . bw . d
Øvs = vu < Øvc
vu = Vu / bd
Øvc = 1/6 √ fc'
Øvs = (vu - Øvc)
A sengk = (vu - Øvc) b y / (Øfy)
A sengk min = b.y / (3 fy)
fc' = 20 Mpa
fy sengk = 240 Mpa
Vu b h d y (per 1m) vu Øvc Øvs A sengk A sengk min A sengk > Amin As ada > As perlu
kg mm mm Mpa Mpa Mpa mm2 mm2 jrk (mm) Ф (mm)
B1a 12,939 150 550 500 1,000 1.7252 0.447214 1.277986 1,331 208 1331 100 10 1,570 ok
B1b 7,274 150 500 450 1,000 1.07763 0.447214 0.630416 657 208 657 200 10 785 ok
B1c 6,228 150 500 450 1,000 0.922667 0.447214 0.475453 495 208 495 200 10 785 ok
B2a 2,842 150 400 350 1,000 0.541333 0.447214 0.09412 98 208 208 200 8 502 ok
B2b 1,337 150 300 250 1,000 0.356533 0.447214 -0.09068 (94) 208 208 200 8 502 ok
blk. Tangga 2000 150 400 350 1,000 0.380952 0.447214 -0.06626 (69) 208 208 200 8 502 ok
blk tandon 597 150 400 350 1,000 0.113714 0.447214 -0.3335 (347) 208 208 200 8 502 ok
B-utamatepi 4014 200 400 350 1,000 0.573429 0.447214 0.126215 131 278 278 150 8 670 ok
B-utama-dlm 1796 200 350 300 1,000 0.299333 0.447214 -0.14788 (154) 278 278 150 8 670 ok
B-anak 858 150 250 200 1,000 0.286 0.447214 -0.16121 (168) 208 208 150 8 670 ok
``
tul pakai
l
t
-
1
a
t
a
p
G
a
r
a
s
i
PERHITUNGAN KOLOM
Penulangan dipasang sama rata di semua sisi kolom
Desain menggunakan diagram interaksi P-M terlampir (buku :CUR hal 181)
fc' = 20 Mpa (diagram berlaku untk. fc' = 15, 20, 25, 30, 35Mpa)
fy = 400 Mpa (diagram berlaku untk. fy = 400 Mpa)
d'/h = 0.15 (diagram berlaku untk. d'/h = 0.15 )
d' = 50 mm (selimut beton+sengkang+1/2diamter tul)
h = tinggi penampang kolom
Sumbu vertikal = Pu / ( Ø. Agr. 0.85. fc')
Sumbu horisontal = Pu / ( Ø. Agr. 0.85. fc') . (e/h)
e = Mu / Pu
Ø = 0.65 (reduksi kekuatan kolom)
ρ = r.β ---> fc' 15 : β =0.6
fc' 20 : β =0.8
fc' 25 : β =1.0
fc' 30 : β =1.2
fc' 35 : β =1.33
type b h Pu Mu Pu Mu e
(mm) (mm) kg kg.m N Nmm mm
K1a (Lantai-1) 150 450 24,354 932 243,540 9,320,000 38
K1b (Lantai-1) 150 450
K1c (teras) 250 250
K1d (garasi) 250 250
K2 (Lantai-2) 150 300
Dari hasil SAP2000 didapat As :
type b h As perlu As ada
(mm) (mm) mm2 jml D (mm) mm2
K1a (Lantai-1) 150 600 900 8 13 1061.32
K1b (Lantai-1) 150 500 900 8 13 1061.32
K1c (teras) 250 250 625 8 13 1061.32
K1d (garasi) 250 250 2215 12 16 2411.52
K2 (Lantai-2) 150 300 450 4 13 530.66
tul pakai
Sb.ver. Sb.hor. d'/h r As perlu tul pakai As ada > As perlu
≈ 0.15 mm2 jml D (mm) mm2
0.326516 0.03 0.111 900 8 13 1061.32 ok
900 8 13 1061.32 ok
625 8 13 1061.32 ok
2215 12 16 2411.52 ok
450 4 13 530.66 ok
> As perlu
ok
ok
ok
ok
ok
====> FY [Mpa] 400 BJTD 35
====> F'C [Mpa] 20 K225
Bar diameter [mm] 12 Width(mm) 150
Stirrups dia [mm] 10
Cover [mm] 30
Tens. Compr
bar bar Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm) Mn(kgm) Mu(kgm)
2 2 1826 1643 2278 2050 2730 2457 3183 2864 3635 3271 4087 3678 4539 4085 4991 4492 5443 4899 5895 5306 6348 5713
3 2 2891 2602 3570 3213 4248 3823 4926 4434 5604 5044 6283 5654 6961 6265 7639 6875 8317 7486 8996 8096 9674 8706
3 3 2739 2465 3417 3075 4095 3686 4774 4296 5452 4907 6130 5517 6808 6127 7487 6738 8165 7348 8843 7959 9521 8569
550 600 650 700 750 800
**** D E S I G N M O M E N C A P A C I T Y O F B E A M ****
300 350 400 450 500
PERHITUNGAN GESER BALOK
Beton : 20 Mpa Tul utama : 12 mm
Baja : 240 Mpa Sengkang : 10 mm
jarak 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
mm
fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg)
75 9729 11572 13414 15257 17099 18942 20785
100 7739 9205 10671 12137 13603 15069 16534
150 5750 6839 7928 9017 10106 11195 12284
200 4755 5656 6556 7457 8358 9258 10159
Jumlah kaki 2
B ( cm ) 15
65 70 75 80
fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg) fVn (kg)
22627 24470 26312 28155
18000 19466 20932 22398
13373 14462 15551 16640
11059 11960 12861 13761

KONTROL LUAS TULANGAN
Proyek : Rumah Tinggal Bapak Ronald Manyar Surabaya Kode b (mm) h (mm) Ag (mm2) jml (bh) d (mm) A (mm2) % KP K1a K1b K1c K1d K2a K2b

130 600 650 300 D 150 150 130 150 150 300 300 300 650 16900 90000 97500 90000 70714.29 45000 97500 4 8 8 12 6 4 8 10 13 13 16 13 13 13 314.2857 1062.286 1062.286 2413.714 796.7143 531.1429 1062.286 1.86% 1.18% 1.09% 2.68% 1.13% 1.18% 1.09%

Kode b (mm) h (mm) Ag (mm2) jml (bh) d (mm) A (mm2) % D

K1d

SLOOF

B1a 150 550 82500 7 16 1408 1.71%

B1b

B1c

B1d

B1e

130 300 400 70714.29 52000 6 6 13 13 796.7143 796.7143 1.13% 1.53%

150 150 200 200 500 500 400 350 75000 75000 80000 70000 7 6 8 6 13 13 13 13 929.5 796.7143 1062.286 796.7143 1.24% 1.06% 1.33% 1.14%

Kode b (mm) h (mm) Ag (mm2) jml (bh) d (mm) A (mm2) %

B1f

B1g

B2a

B2b

B1c

150 150 150 150 130 250 400 400 300 130 37500 60000 60000 45000 16900 5 5 5 4 4 13 13 12 12 10 663.9286 663.9286 565.7143 452.5714 314.2857 1.77% 1.11% 0.94% 1.01% 1.86%

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