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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.

1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

SUPPORT FOR CASTING PSC 45.1 m GIRDER


BRIDGE BR-553

A. LOADING CONDITION

Dead Load = 657.0 ton


Shuttering & Accesories = 76.5 ton
Manpower = 5.0 ton
Total weight = 738.5 ton
Effective Span of Steel Girder = 45100 mm
To be support by 5 Longitudinal Beam
738.5
Load on each beam (DL+LL) = = 4.1t / m'
4 x 45.1

Wind Load
Wind pressure is considered at 8 m height from HWL with the wind velocity is about
113 km/h (during monsoon season, thus the wind pressure is 82 kg/m2.
82 x3.4 x 45.1
The horizontal load on each cross portal = = 1143.08.3kg
11
Hydrostatic pressure of running water during monsoon season:
  .   . .

Where:
 =Hydrostatic pressure of running water (ton)
 =Coefficient of pillar shape = 0.07 (square)
=Velocity of running water during flood (m/sec) = 2.778 m/sec (equal to 10
km/hr-estimate)
=Width of structure (m) = 0.6 m

= Depth of water level during flood (m) = 10.3 m (as recorded at site)
  0.072.778 0.610.3 = 3.339ton
(at 0.666x10.3 = 6.86m from the bed level)

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

PSC Girder

3000 Runner ISMB 100

Wedge
Long.Beam
Cross Beam

CC Crib

440 1430 1430 1430 1430 440


6600

Typical Section

B. RUNNER BEAM

Runner beam use ISMB 100 @ 625 mm ctc ( +/-72 numbers along the girder)
738.5
Load on each beam = =10.26t
72
10.26
Width of PSC girder is 3.0 m, hence the load on runner beam = = 3.42t / m'
3
Load for working platform = 0.25 x 0.625 = 0.16 t/m on each runner beam

3.42t/m2
0.16t/m2 0.16t/m2

1430 715 715 715 715 1430

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

The calculation result is as on follows:


Mmax = 0.16 tm
Vmax = 1.34 ton

Beam Properties ISMB 100


A = 14.60 cm2 tw = 4.0 mm
Ix = 257.5 cm4 h1 = 85.6 mm
Iy = 40.8 cm4 h2 = 14.4 mm
Wx = 51.5 cm3
Wy = 10.9 cm3
σ all = 2400/1.5 = 1600 kg/cm2

STRESS CHECKING

a. Stress Checking
M max 0.16 x10 5
σ = = = 310.68kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 51.5
check for tensile stress
h1 85.6
= = 21.4 < 85 , hence OK
tw 4

b. Shear Stress
Resisting area = 10 x 0.4 = 4 cm2
V 1.34 x10 3
τ = max = = 335kg / cm 2 < 1020kg / cm 2 (IRS Steel Bridge Code)
Ar 4

c. Diagonal Buckling
l h1 8.56
= 6= 6 = 52.42 <910 kg/cm2
r tw 0.4

d. Web Crippling at Support


Bearing length = 75 mm
Induced bearing stress
R 1340
= = = 335.19 < 1890kg / cm 2
t w x( B + 3h2 ) 0.4 x(7.5 + 3 x1.44)
(IRS Steel Bridge Code)
e. Direct Compression in web
P
< 0.75 f y
Bt
B = b + 2 3h = 7.5 + 2 3 x1.44 = 12.5
1340
= 268 < 1600kg / cm 2
12.5 x 0.4
The web is sufficient not required to be stiffened

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

f. Deflection
L 715
i) = = 37.41 < 100 , hence OK
19.11 19.11
L 1430
ii) = = 74.88 < 100 , hence OK
19.11 19.11

C. LONGITUDINAL BEAM

The calculation result is as follows:


Mmax = 16.31 tm
Vmax = 11.65 ton

Beam Properties ISMB 400


A = 78.46 cm2 tw = 8.9 mm
Ix = 20460 cm4 h1 = 334.4 mm
Iy = 422.1 cm4 h2 = 32.8 mm
Wx = 1023 cm3 tf = 16 mm
Wy = 88.87 cm3
σ all = 2400/1.5 = 1600 kg/cm2

STRESS CHECKING

g. Stress Checking
M 16.31x10 5
σ = max = = 1594.33kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 1023

h. Shear Stress
Resisting area = 40 x 0.89 = 35.6 cm2
Vmax 11.65 x10 3
τ = = = 327kg / cm 2 < 1020kg / cm 2 (IRS Steel Bridge Code)
Ar 35.6

i. Web Crippling at Support


Bearing length = 210 mm
Induced bearing stress
R 11650
= = = 542.32 < 1890kg / cm 2
t w x( B + 3h2 ) 0.89 x(21 + 3 x3.28)
(IRS Steel Bridge Code)
j. Direct Compression in web
P
< 0.75 f y
Bt
B = b + 2 3h = 14 + 2 3 x1.6 = 19.54

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

11.65 x10 3
= 669.9 < 1600kg / cm 2
19.54 x0.89
The web is sufficient not required to be stiffened

k. Deflection
l 560
f = 1.6cm < = = 1.723cm ok!
325 325

D. MAIN CROSS BEAM

The calculation result is as follows:


Mmax = 8.09 tm
Vmax = 13.04 ton

Beam Properties ISMB 400


A = 78.46 cm2 tw = 8.9 mm
Ix = 20460 cm4 h1 = 334.4 mm
Iy = 422.1 cm4 h2 = 32.8 mm
Wx = 1023 cm3
Wy = 88.87 cm3
σ all = 2400/1.5 = 1600 kg/cm2

STRESS CHECKING

a. Stress Checking
M max 8.09 x10 5
σ = = = 790.81kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 1023

b. Shear Stress
Vmax 13.04 x10 3
τ = = = 366.3kg / cm 2 < 1020kg / cm 2
Ar 35.6

c. Web Crippling at Support


Bearing Length = 300 mm
Hence bearing stress
R 13040
= = = 442.16 < 1890kg / cm 2
t w x(a + 3h2 ) 0.89 x(30 + 3x3.28)
(IRS Steel Bridge Code)

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

d. Direct Compression in web


P
< 0.75 f y
Bt
B = b + 2 3h = 14 + 2 3 x1.6 = 19.54
13.04 x10 3
= 749.83 < 1600kg / cm 2
19.54 x0.89
The web is sufficient not required to be stiffened

E. BRACING

The calculation result is as follows:


Compression Force = 1447 kg (long bracing)
Compression Force = 4698 kg (cross bracing)

Bracing Properties L 50.50.5


A = 4.79 cm2 r = 1.52 cm
Ix = 11 cm4
Iy = 11 cm4
Wx = 3.1 cm3
Wy = 3.1 cm3

Compression Stress (long bracing)

1447
Stress = = 302.1kg / cm 2
4.79
l
for this stress is 190
r
Hence unsupported length = 190 x 1.52 x 2 =577.6 cm > 536 cm (actual length)

Compression Stress (cross bracing)

4698
Stress = = 980.8kg / cm 2
4.79
l
for this stress is 80
r
Hence unsupported length = 80 x 1.52 x 2= 243 cm > 230 cm (actual length)
 for longitudinal and cross bracing using 2 L50.50.5

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

F. CC CRIB

CC Crib made from 4 ISA 75.75.8 (600x600x1800mm)

A = 11.38 cm2
W = 8.9 kg/m
Exx/eyy = 5.36 cm
cxx.cyy = 2.14 cm
Ixx/Iyy = 59 cm4
Ivv = 24 cm4
Rxx/ryy = 2.28 cm
Rvv = 1.45 cm
Ixx of conposite section
= 4 (Ixx + AD2)
= 4 (59 + 11.38 x 29.22)
= 39048.17 cm4
I xxcomp 39048.17
Rxz (composite) = = = 29.29cm
A 4 x11.38

Maxm allowable load on crib = 51 ton


(actual force is 36.7 ton-taken from cross calculation)

51000
Hence stress = = 1120.39kg / cm 2
4 x11.38
l
for this stress is 64.1
r
Hence unsupported length = 64.1 x 29.29 = 1877.50 cm = 18.78 m
Cribs are restrained with bracing longitudinally and laterally with not more than 2x1.8 m
i.e 3.6 m.

Check for buckling of crib

Rvv = 1.45 cm, stress = 1120.39 kg/cm2


l
for this stress is 64.1
r
Unrestrained length fro this stress is 64.1 x 1.45 = 92.945cm
Actual unrestrained length of member of CC Crib is 60 cm and hence OK.

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

G. FOUNDATION (SPREAD FOUNDATION)

Soil Data
C = 3 t/m2
φ = 6.50
γ = 1.888 t/m3
N c = 7.32
N q = 1.64
Nγ = 0

Type of Foundation
Type rectangle:
L = 1.80 m
B = 1.40 m
D = 0.40 m
Df = 1.50 m

Ultimate Bearing Capacity


q d = 1.16.c.N c + γ .D f .N q + 0,44..B.γ .N γ
q d = (1.234 x3x7.32) + (1.888 x1.50 x1.64) + (0.42 x1.0 x1.888 x0)
= 31.743 t/m2
31.743
Safe bearing capacity = = 15.87t / m2 (being temporary structure)
2 .0

Vertical Working Load Pressure

Total Load = 29.43 ton


P 29.43
q= = = 11.68t / m 2 < 15.87t / m 2  ok
A 1.4 x1.8

Horizontal Working Load :

Total Load = 2101 kg

W = (0.5x1.8x2.6x1.888)+(0.5x1.8x0.4x1.888)+(1.4x1.8x2.4)= 11.14 tons


wx 0.6 11140 x0.6
Fs = = = 3.18 > 1.5  safe
Ph 2101

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

H. FOUNDATION (PILE FOUNDATION – CASTING PSC DURING MONSOON)

Pile data:
Diameter : 40.0 cm thick 6mm
Length : 16.5m
Material : Steel Pipe Pile

1. Allowable Bearing Capacity of Pile Due to Soil Condition

Ra = 1/3 (30 x N x AP + (Σ Ns/5 x Ls + Σ N x Lc) x Ψ)

Where:
N : average N value between 1.0 d below pile and 4.0d above pile
: (25+19)/2 = 22
AP : Pile end area = 0.126 m2
Ns : Average N value considered as skin friction of sandy soil
: 16.27
Ls : Length of pile in sandy layer = 12.5 m
Qu : Average unconfined compression strength considered as skin friction in
cohesive soil = 0
Lc : Length of pile in cohesive layer = 0 m
Ψ : Circumferential length of pile = 1.257 m

Ra = 1/3 (30 x 22 x 0.126 + (16.27/5 x 12.5 + 0 x 0) x 1.257)


= 44.76 ton

Number of piles required = 26.85/44.76 =0.6 nos ~ 1 nos


 
The maximum deflection at pile top is 0.5 cm <   
 3.17
 Max bending moment 23.16 kNm = 2.316 tm

Stress Checking
M max 2.316 x10 5
σ = = = 293.7kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 788.6

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m
HARISH CHANDRA-ADHI KARYA-ARSS JV

I. FOUNDATION (PILE FOUNDATION – CASTING PSC DURING MONSOON)

Pile data:
Diameter : 40.0 cm
Length : 16.5m
Material : Bored Pile

2. Allowable Bearing Capacity of Pile Due to Soil Condition

Ra = 1/3 (30 x N x AP + (Σ Ns/2 x Ls + Σ N/2 x Lc) x Ψ)

Where:
N : average N value between 1.0 d below pile and 4.0d above pile
: (25+19)/2 = 22
AP : Pile end area = 0.126 m2
Ns : Average N value considered as skin friction of sandy soil
: 16.27
Ls : Length of pile in sandy layer = 12.5 m
Qu : Average unconfined compression strength considered as skin friction in
cohesive soil = 0
Lc : Length of pile in cohesive layer = 0 m
Ψ : Circumferential length of pile = 1.257 m

Ra = 1/3 (30 x 22 x 0.126 + (16.27/2 x 12.5 + 0/2 x 0) x 1.257)


= 70.32 ton

Number of piles required = 26.85/70.32 =0.38 nos ~ 1 nos


 
The maximum deflection at pile top is 1.2 cm <     3.17
 Pile capacity 523kN (axial load) with 79kN-m (bending moment) > actual axial load
268.5kN with bending moment 50kN-m.
 Thus, Bored Pile dia 400mm with main rebar 6-D16 and spiral bar D-10

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