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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.

1 m

SUPPORT FOR CASTING PSC 45.1 m GIRDER

BRIDGE BR-553

Shuttering & Accesories = 76.5 ton
Manpower = 5.0 ton
Total weight = 738.5 ton
Effective Span of Steel Girder = 45100 mm
To be support by 5 Longitudinal Beam
738.5
Load on each beam (DL+LL) = = 4.1t / m'
4 x 45.1

Wind pressure is considered at 8 m height from HWL with the wind velocity is about
113 km/h (during monsoon season, thus the wind pressure is 82 kg/m2.
82 x3.4 x 45.1
The horizontal load on each cross portal = = 1143.08.3kg
11
Hydrostatic pressure of running water during monsoon season:
  .   . .

Where:
 =Hydrostatic pressure of running water (ton)
 =Coefficient of pillar shape = 0.07 (square)
=Velocity of running water during flood (m/sec) = 2.778 m/sec (equal to 10
km/hr-estimate)
=Width of structure (m) = 0.6 m

= Depth of water level during flood (m) = 10.3 m (as recorded at site)
  0.072.778 0.610.3 = 3.339ton
(at 0.666x10.3 = 6.86m from the bed level)

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

PSC Girder

Wedge
Long.Beam
Cross Beam

CC Crib

440 1430 1430 1430 1430 440

6600

Typical Section

B. RUNNER BEAM

Runner beam use ISMB 100 @ 625 mm ctc ( +/-72 numbers along the girder)
738.5
Load on each beam = =10.26t
72
10.26
Width of PSC girder is 3.0 m, hence the load on runner beam = = 3.42t / m'
3
Load for working platform = 0.25 x 0.625 = 0.16 t/m on each runner beam

3.42t/m2
0.16t/m2 0.16t/m2

1430 715 715 715 715 1430

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

Mmax = 0.16 tm
Vmax = 1.34 ton

Beam Properties ISMB 100

A = 14.60 cm2 tw = 4.0 mm
Ix = 257.5 cm4 h1 = 85.6 mm
Iy = 40.8 cm4 h2 = 14.4 mm
Wx = 51.5 cm3
Wy = 10.9 cm3
σ all = 2400/1.5 = 1600 kg/cm2

STRESS CHECKING

a. Stress Checking
M max 0.16 x10 5
σ = = = 310.68kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 51.5
check for tensile stress
h1 85.6
= = 21.4 < 85 , hence OK
tw 4

b. Shear Stress
Resisting area = 10 x 0.4 = 4 cm2
V 1.34 x10 3
τ = max = = 335kg / cm 2 < 1020kg / cm 2 (IRS Steel Bridge Code)
Ar 4

c. Diagonal Buckling
l h1 8.56
= 6= 6 = 52.42 <910 kg/cm2
r tw 0.4

d. Web Crippling at Support

Bearing length = 75 mm
Induced bearing stress
R 1340
= = = 335.19 < 1890kg / cm 2
t w x( B + 3h2 ) 0.4 x(7.5 + 3 x1.44)
(IRS Steel Bridge Code)
e. Direct Compression in web
P
< 0.75 f y
Bt
B = b + 2 3h = 7.5 + 2 3 x1.44 = 12.5
1340
= 268 < 1600kg / cm 2
12.5 x 0.4
The web is sufficient not required to be stiffened

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

f. Deflection
L 715
i) = = 37.41 < 100 , hence OK
19.11 19.11
L 1430
ii) = = 74.88 < 100 , hence OK
19.11 19.11

C. LONGITUDINAL BEAM

Mmax = 16.31 tm
Vmax = 11.65 ton

Beam Properties ISMB 400

A = 78.46 cm2 tw = 8.9 mm
Ix = 20460 cm4 h1 = 334.4 mm
Iy = 422.1 cm4 h2 = 32.8 mm
Wx = 1023 cm3 tf = 16 mm
Wy = 88.87 cm3
σ all = 2400/1.5 = 1600 kg/cm2

STRESS CHECKING

g. Stress Checking
M 16.31x10 5
σ = max = = 1594.33kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 1023

h. Shear Stress
Resisting area = 40 x 0.89 = 35.6 cm2
Vmax 11.65 x10 3
τ = = = 327kg / cm 2 < 1020kg / cm 2 (IRS Steel Bridge Code)
Ar 35.6

i. Web Crippling at Support

Bearing length = 210 mm
Induced bearing stress
R 11650
= = = 542.32 < 1890kg / cm 2
t w x( B + 3h2 ) 0.89 x(21 + 3 x3.28)
(IRS Steel Bridge Code)
j. Direct Compression in web
P
< 0.75 f y
Bt
B = b + 2 3h = 14 + 2 3 x1.6 = 19.54

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

11.65 x10 3
= 669.9 < 1600kg / cm 2
19.54 x0.89
The web is sufficient not required to be stiffened

k. Deflection
l 560
f = 1.6cm < = = 1.723cm ok!
325 325

Mmax = 8.09 tm
Vmax = 13.04 ton

Beam Properties ISMB 400

A = 78.46 cm2 tw = 8.9 mm
Ix = 20460 cm4 h1 = 334.4 mm
Iy = 422.1 cm4 h2 = 32.8 mm
Wx = 1023 cm3
Wy = 88.87 cm3
σ all = 2400/1.5 = 1600 kg/cm2

STRESS CHECKING

a. Stress Checking
M max 8.09 x10 5
σ = = = 790.81kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 1023

b. Shear Stress
Vmax 13.04 x10 3
τ = = = 366.3kg / cm 2 < 1020kg / cm 2
Ar 35.6

c. Web Crippling at Support

Bearing Length = 300 mm
Hence bearing stress
R 13040
= = = 442.16 < 1890kg / cm 2
t w x(a + 3h2 ) 0.89 x(30 + 3x3.28)
(IRS Steel Bridge Code)

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

d. Direct Compression in web

P
< 0.75 f y
Bt
B = b + 2 3h = 14 + 2 3 x1.6 = 19.54
13.04 x10 3
= 749.83 < 1600kg / cm 2
19.54 x0.89
The web is sufficient not required to be stiffened

E. BRACING

The calculation result is as follows:

Compression Force = 1447 kg (long bracing)
Compression Force = 4698 kg (cross bracing)

Bracing Properties L 50.50.5

A = 4.79 cm2 r = 1.52 cm
Ix = 11 cm4
Iy = 11 cm4
Wx = 3.1 cm3
Wy = 3.1 cm3

Compression Stress (long bracing)

1447
Stress = = 302.1kg / cm 2
4.79
l
for this stress is 190
r
Hence unsupported length = 190 x 1.52 x 2 =577.6 cm > 536 cm (actual length)

Compression Stress (cross bracing)

4698
Stress = = 980.8kg / cm 2
4.79
l
for this stress is 80
r
Hence unsupported length = 80 x 1.52 x 2= 243 cm > 230 cm (actual length)
 for longitudinal and cross bracing using 2 L50.50.5

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

F. CC CRIB

CC Crib made from 4 ISA 75.75.8 (600x600x1800mm)

A = 11.38 cm2
W = 8.9 kg/m
Exx/eyy = 5.36 cm
cxx.cyy = 2.14 cm
Ixx/Iyy = 59 cm4
Ivv = 24 cm4
Rxx/ryy = 2.28 cm
Rvv = 1.45 cm
Ixx of conposite section
= 4 (59 + 11.38 x 29.22)
= 39048.17 cm4
I xxcomp 39048.17
Rxz (composite) = = = 29.29cm
A 4 x11.38

Maxm allowable load on crib = 51 ton

(actual force is 36.7 ton-taken from cross calculation)

51000
Hence stress = = 1120.39kg / cm 2
4 x11.38
l
for this stress is 64.1
r
Hence unsupported length = 64.1 x 29.29 = 1877.50 cm = 18.78 m
Cribs are restrained with bracing longitudinally and laterally with not more than 2x1.8 m
i.e 3.6 m.

Rvv = 1.45 cm, stress = 1120.39 kg/cm2

l
for this stress is 64.1
r
Unrestrained length fro this stress is 64.1 x 1.45 = 92.945cm
Actual unrestrained length of member of CC Crib is 60 cm and hence OK.

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

Soil Data
C = 3 t/m2
φ = 6.50
γ = 1.888 t/m3
N c = 7.32
N q = 1.64
Nγ = 0

Type of Foundation
Type rectangle:
L = 1.80 m
B = 1.40 m
D = 0.40 m
Df = 1.50 m

Ultimate Bearing Capacity

q d = 1.16.c.N c + γ .D f .N q + 0,44..B.γ .N γ
q d = (1.234 x3x7.32) + (1.888 x1.50 x1.64) + (0.42 x1.0 x1.888 x0)
= 31.743 t/m2
31.743
Safe bearing capacity = = 15.87t / m2 (being temporary structure)
2 .0

P 29.43
q= = = 11.68t / m 2 < 15.87t / m 2  ok
A 1.4 x1.8

W = (0.5x1.8x2.6x1.888)+(0.5x1.8x0.4x1.888)+(1.4x1.8x2.4)= 11.14 tons

wx 0.6 11140 x0.6
Fs = = = 3.18 > 1.5  safe
Ph 2101

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

H. FOUNDATION (PILE FOUNDATION – CASTING PSC DURING MONSOON)

Pile data:
Diameter : 40.0 cm thick 6mm
Length : 16.5m
Material : Steel Pipe Pile

Ra = 1/3 (30 x N x AP + (Σ Ns/5 x Ls + Σ N x Lc) x Ψ)

Where:
N : average N value between 1.0 d below pile and 4.0d above pile
: (25+19)/2 = 22
AP : Pile end area = 0.126 m2
Ns : Average N value considered as skin friction of sandy soil
: 16.27
Ls : Length of pile in sandy layer = 12.5 m
Qu : Average unconfined compression strength considered as skin friction in
cohesive soil = 0
Lc : Length of pile in cohesive layer = 0 m
Ψ : Circumferential length of pile = 1.257 m

= 44.76 ton

Number of piles required = 26.85/44.76 =0.6 nos ~ 1 nos

 
The maximum deflection at pile top is 0.5 cm <   
 3.17
 Max bending moment 23.16 kNm = 2.316 tm

Stress Checking
M max 2.316 x10 5
σ = = = 293.7kg / cm 2 < 1600kg / cm 2
wx 788.6

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RAILWAY SECTOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PSC GIRDER 45.1 m

I. FOUNDATION (PILE FOUNDATION – CASTING PSC DURING MONSOON)

Pile data:
Diameter : 40.0 cm
Length : 16.5m
Material : Bored Pile

Ra = 1/3 (30 x N x AP + (Σ Ns/2 x Ls + Σ N/2 x Lc) x Ψ)

Where:
N : average N value between 1.0 d below pile and 4.0d above pile
: (25+19)/2 = 22
AP : Pile end area = 0.126 m2
Ns : Average N value considered as skin friction of sandy soil
: 16.27
Ls : Length of pile in sandy layer = 12.5 m
Qu : Average unconfined compression strength considered as skin friction in
cohesive soil = 0
Lc : Length of pile in cohesive layer = 0 m
Ψ : Circumferential length of pile = 1.257 m

= 70.32 ton

Number of piles required = 26.85/70.32 =0.38 nos ~ 1 nos

 
The maximum deflection at pile top is 1.2 cm <     3.17
 Pile capacity 523kN (axial load) with 79kN-m (bending moment) > actual axial load
268.5kN with bending moment 50kN-m.
 Thus, Bored Pile dia 400mm with main rebar 6-D16 and spiral bar D-10

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