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ANALISIS KEKUATAN KOLOM PENYANGGA BILLBOARD

Source : www.ilmutekniksipil.com

Gaya akibat angin dihitung dengan rumus sebagai berikut :

TEW = 0.0006*Cw*(Vw)2*Ab

kN

Cw = koefisien seret
Vw = Kecepatan angin rencana ( m/det )
2
Ab = luas bidang yang ditiup angin (m )
Lebar billboard,

b=

10

Tinggi billboard,
Untuk nilai,

d=
b/d=

5
2

m
maka nilai,

Cw =

2.0

Vw =

35

Ab = b * d =

50

Kecepatan angin rencana diambil,


Luas bidang yang ditiup angin,

TEW = 0.0006*Cw*(Vw) *Ab =


a=
y=a+d/2=

5.5

73.5

m/det
m2
kN

Momen yang dipikul oleh satu kolom akibat beban angin,


Mu = 1/2 * TEW * y = 202.13 kNm
> 80 kNm

(TIDAK AMAN)

p=

40

kg/m2

p=

0.40

kN/m2

H=p*b*d=
g=

20
1.5

kN

Jika diambil tekanan tiup angin minimum,


Gaya akibat tekanan angin,
Faktor beban ultimit,

Momen yang dipikul oleh satu kolom akibat beban angin,


Mu = 1/2 * H * y * g =
> 80 kNm

82.50 kNm

(TIDAK AMAN)

ANALISIS KEKUATAN KOLOM BETON BERTULANG


DENGAN DIAGRAM INTERAKSI
KODE KOLOM

K30/50

PLAT DINDING VERTIKAL

INPUT DATA DINDING BETON BERTULANG


Lebar kolom,
Tebal dinding

b=

300

mm

h
d'

Jarak pusat tul.thd.tepi beton terluar

3
3

Baja tulangan tarik ( As ) :


Baja tulangan tekan ( As' ) :

fc'
fy
Es
1

Kuat tekan beton,


Tegangan leleh baja,
Modulus elastik baja,
Faktor distr. Teg.

D
D

500
50
16
16

18.675 MPa
390 MPa
2.E+05 MPa
0.85

mm

Mutu Beton :

mm

Mutu Baja :

Luas tul. Tarik


Luas tul. Tekan

As =
As' =
=
' =

K - 225
U - 39
603

mm2

603

mm2

Rasio tul. Tarik


0.402 %
Rasio tul. Tekan
0.402 %
Faktor reduksi kekuatan

0.65 untuk Pn 0.1*fc' *b*h

0.80
PERSAMAAN UNTUK PERHITUNGAN DIAGRAM INTERAKSI
d = h - d' =
450 mm
Pada kondisi tekan aksial sentris :
Pno = 0.80*[ 0.85* fc' * b * h + ( As + As' )*( fy - 0.85*fc' )] * 10-3 =
Pada kondisi balance :
cb = 600 / (600 + fy) * d =
272.73 mm
ab = 1 * cb

untuk Pn = 0

2265.9 kN

's = 0.003 * (cb - d') / cb


Untuk

's fy / Es

maka
fs' = fy
fs' = 's * Es
Untuk 's < fy / Es
maka
Gaya-gaya internal beton dan baja :
Cc = 0.85 * fc' * b * ab * 10-3
kN
Cs = As * fy * 10-3
kN
Cs' = As' * ( fs' - 0.85*fc' ) * 10-3 kN
Gaya aksial tekan nominal kondisi balance :
Pnb = Cc + Cs' - Cs
kN
harus Pno
Momen nominal kondisi balance :
Mnb = [ Cc * (h/2 - ab/2) + Cs * (d - h/2) + Cs' * (h/2 - d') ] *10-3
kN-m
Pada kondisi garis netral terletak pada jarak c dari sisi beton tekan terluar :
s = 0.003 * ( c - d ) / c
's = 0.003 * ( c - d' ) / c
Untuk

[ s ] fy / Es

maka

fs = [s]/s * fy

Untuk

[ s ] < fy / Es

maka

fs = s * Es

's fy / Es
maka
fs' = fy
fs' = 's * Es
Untuk 's < fy / Es
maka
a = 1 * c
Gaya-gaya internal beton dan baja :
Cc = 0.85 * fc' * b * a * 10-3
kN
Cs = As * fs * 10-3
kN
Cs' = As' * ( fs' - 0.85*fc' ) * 10-3
kN
Gaya aksial tekan nominal :
Pn = Cc + Cs' - Cs
kN
harus Pno
Momen nominal :
Mn = [ Cc * (h/2 - a/2) - Cs * (d - h/2) + Cs' * (h/2 - d') ] *10-3
Faktor reduksi kekuatan :
= 0.65
= 0.80 - 1.5*Pn / (fc' * b*h)
Untuk

kN-m
untuk Pn 0.10*fc' * b*h
untuk 0 < Pn < 0.10*fc' * b*h

TABEL PERHITUNGAN DIAGRAM INTERAKSI :


c
mm

's

fs
MPa

fs'
MPa

a
mm

K30/50
Cc
kN

Cs
kN

Cs'
kN

TEKAN AKSIAL SENTRIS

Pn
kN

Mn
kN-m

.Pn
kN

.Mn
kN-m

2265.92

0.00

1472.847

600

0.00075

0.00275

150.00

390.00

510.00

2428.68

90.48

225.67

2265.92

14.89

1472.847

9.681

595

0.00073

0.002748

146.22

390.00

505.75

2408.44

88.20

225.67

2265.92

20.57

1472.847

13.370

590

0.00071

0.002746

142.37

390.00

501.50

2388.21

85.88

225.67

2265.92

26.17

1472.847

17.008

585

0.00069

0.002744

138.46

390.00

497.25

2367.97

83.52

225.67

2265.92

31.69

1472.847

20.596

580

0.00067

0.002741

134.48

390.00

493.00

2347.73

81.12

225.67

2265.92

37.13

1472.847

24.133

575

0.00065

0.002739

130.43

390.00

488.75

2327.49

78.68

225.67

2265.92

42.49

1472.847

27.619

570

0.00063

0.002737

126.32

390.00

484.50

2307.25

76.19

225.67

2265.92

47.78

1472.847

31.055

565

0.00061

0.002735

122.12

390.00

480.25

2287.01

73.66

225.67

2265.92

52.99

1472.847

34.440

560

0.00059

0.002732

117.86

390.00

476.00

2266.77

71.09

225.67

2265.92

58.12

1472.847

37.776

555

0.00057

0.00273

113.51

390.00

471.75

2246.53

68.47

225.67

2265.92

63.17

1472.847

41.062

550

0.00055

0.002727

109.09

390.00

467.50

2226.29

65.80

225.67

2265.92

68.15

1472.847

44.298

545

0.00052

0.002725

104.59

390.00

463.25

2206.05

63.09

225.67

2265.92

73.05

1472.847

47.484

540

0.0005

0.002722

100.00

390.00

459.00

2185.82

60.32

225.67

2265.92

77.88

1472.847

50.621

535

0.00048

0.00272

95.33

390.00

454.75

2165.58

57.50

225.67

2265.92

82.63

1472.847

53.709

530

0.00045

0.002717

90.57

390.00

450.50

2145.34

54.63

225.67

2265.92

87.30

1472.847

56.748

525

0.00043

0.002714

85.71

390.00

446.25

2125.10

51.70

225.67

2265.92

91.91

1472.847

59.738

520

0.0004

0.002712

80.77

390.00

442.00

2104.86

48.72

225.67

2265.92

96.43

1472.847

62.680

515

0.00038

0.002709

75.73

390.00

437.75

2084.62

45.68

225.67

2265.92

100.88

1472.847

65.573

510

0.00035

0.002706

70.59

390.00

433.50

2064.38

42.58

225.67

2265.92

105.26

1472.847

68.418

505

0.00033

0.002703

65.35

390.00

429.25

2044.14

39.42

225.67

2265.92

109.56

1472.847

71.215

500

0.0003

0.0027

60.00

390.00

425.00

2023.90

36.19

225.67

2265.92

113.79

1472.847

73.965

495

0.00027

0.002697

54.55

390.00

420.75

2003.66

32.90

225.67

2262.23

117.95

1470.451

76.667

490

0.00024

0.002694

48.98

390.00

416.50

1983.43

29.54

225.67

2238.64

122.03

1455.114

79.321

485

0.00022

0.002691

43.30

390.00

412.25

1963.19

26.12

225.67

2214.97

126.04

1439.731

81.929

480

0.00019

0.002688

37.50

390.00

408.00

1942.95

22.62

225.67

2191.23

129.99

1424.302

84.490

475

0.00016

0.002684

31.58

390.00

403.75

1922.71

19.05

225.67

2167.42

133.85

1408.825

87.005

470

0.00013

0.002681

25.53

390.00

399.50

1902.47

15.40

225.67

2143.54

137.65

1393.299

89.474

465

9.7E-05

0.002677

19.35

390.00

395.25

1882.23

11.67

225.67

2119.57

141.38

1377.722

91.897

460

6.5E-05

0.002674

13.04

390.00

391.00

1861.99

7.87

225.67

2095.53

145.04

1362.092

94.275

455

3.3E-05

0.00267

6.59

390.00

386.75

1841.75

3.98

225.67

2071.40

148.63

1346.408

96.608

450

0.002667

0.00

390.00

382.50

1821.51

0.00

225.67

2047.18

152.15

1330.667

98.896

445 -3.4E-05

0.002663

-6.74

390.00

378.25

1801.27

-4.07

225.67

2022.87

155.60

1314.869

101.140

440 -6.8E-05

0.002659

-13.64

390.00

374.00

1781.03

-8.23

225.67

1998.48

158.98

1299.010

103.339

435

-0.0001

0.002655

-20.69

390.00

369.75

1760.80

-12.48

225.67

1973.98

162.30

1283.089

105.496

430 -0.00014

0.002651

-27.91

390.00

365.50

1740.56

-16.83

225.67

1949.39

165.55

1267.104

107.609

425 -0.00018

0.002647

-35.29

390.00

361.25

1720.32

-21.29

225.67

1924.70

168.74

1251.053

109.680

420 -0.00021

0.002643

-42.86

390.00

357.00

1700.08

-25.85

225.67

1899.90

171.86

1234.932

111.709

415 -0.00025

0.002639

-50.60

390.00

352.75

1679.84

-30.52

225.67

1874.98

174.92

1218.740

113.696

410 -0.00029

0.002634

-58.54

390.00

348.50

1659.60

-35.31

225.67

1849.96

177.91

1202.474

115.641

405 -0.00033

0.00263

-66.67

390.00

344.25

1639.36

-40.21

225.67

1824.82

180.84

1186.131

117.547

400 -0.00038

0.002625

-75.00

390.00

340.00

1619.12

-45.24

225.67

1799.55

183.71

1169.708

119.412

395 -0.00042

0.00262

-83.54

390.00

335.75

1598.88

-50.39

225.67

1774.16

186.52

1153.203

121.238

390 -0.00046

0.002615

-92.31

390.00

331.50

1578.64

-55.68

225.67

1748.63

189.27

1136.612

123.026

385 -0.00051

0.00261

-101.30

390.00

327.25

1558.41

-61.10

225.67

1722.97

191.96

1119.931

124.775

380 -0.00055

0.002605

-110.53

390.00

323.00

1538.17

-66.67

225.67

1697.17

194.59

1103.158

126.487

-0.0006

0.0026

-120.00

390.00

318.75

1517.93

-72.38

225.67

1671.21

197.17

1086.288

128.162

370 -0.00065

0.002595

-129.73

390.00

314.50

1497.69

-78.25

225.67

1645.10

199.69

1069.318

129.801

365

-0.0007

0.002589

-139.73

390.00

310.25

1477.45

-84.28

225.67

1618.84

202.16

1052.244

131.406

360 -0.00075

0.002583

-150.00

390.00

306.00

1457.21

-90.48

225.67

1592.40

204.58

1035.060

132.976

355

-0.0008

0.002577

-160.56

390.00

301.75

1436.97

-96.85

225.67

1565.79

206.94

1017.763

134.513

350 -0.00086

0.002571

-171.43

390.00

297.50

1416.73

-103.40

225.67

1539.00

209.26

1000.348

136.018

345 -0.00091

0.002565

-182.61

390.00

293.25

1396.49

-110.15

225.67

1512.01

211.53

982.809

137.492

340 -0.00097

0.002559

-194.12

390.00

289.00

1376.25

-117.09

225.67

1484.83

213.75

965.141

138.935

335 -0.00103

0.002552

-205.97

390.00

284.75

1356.02

-124.24

225.67

1457.44

215.92

947.339

140.349

330 -0.00109

0.002545

-218.18

390.00

280.50

1335.78

-131.60

225.67

1429.84

218.06

929.396

141.736

325 -0.00115

0.002538

-230.77

390.00

276.25

1315.54

-139.20

225.67

1402.01

220.15

911.305

143.097

320 -0.00122

0.002531

-243.75

390.00

272.00

1295.30

-147.03

225.67

1373.94

222.20

893.060

144.432

315 -0.00129

0.002524

-257.14

390.00

267.75

1275.06

-155.10

225.67

1345.62

224.22

874.654

145.743

375

0.000

310 -0.00135

0.002516

-270.97

390.00

263.50

1254.82

-163.44

225.67

1317.04

226.20

856.078

147.033

305 -0.00143

0.002508

-285.25

390.00

259.25

1234.58

-172.06

225.67

1288.19

228.16

837.325

148.302

-0.0015

0.0025

-300.00

390.00

255.00

1214.34

-180.96

225.67

1259.05

230.08

818.385

149.553

295 -0.00158

0.002492

-315.25

390.00

250.75

1194.10

-190.16

225.67

1229.61

231.98

799.249

150.787

290 -0.00166

0.002483

-331.03

390.00

246.50

1173.86

-199.68

225.67

1199.86

233.86

779.907

152.006

285 -0.00174

0.002474

-347.37

390.00

242.25

1153.62

-209.53

225.67

1169.76

235.71

760.347

153.213

280 -0.00182

0.002464

-364.29

390.00

238.00

1133.39

-219.73

225.67

1139.32

237.55

740.559

154.410

275 -0.00191

0.002455

-381.82

390.00

233.75

1113.15

-230.31

225.67

1108.51

239.38

720.530

155.599

270

-0.002

0.002444

-390.00

390.00

229.50

1092.91

-235.24

225.67

1083.33

240.00

704.166

155.999

265 -0.00209

0.002434

-390.00

390.00

225.25

1072.67

-235.24

225.67

1063.09

239.54

691.011

155.701

260 -0.00219

0.002423

-390.00

390.00

221.00

1052.43

-235.24

225.67

1042.85

239.00

677.856

155.347

255 -0.00229

0.002412

-390.00

390.00

216.75

1032.19

-235.24

225.67

1022.62

238.37

664.700

154.938

-0.0024

0.0024

-390.00

390.00

212.50

1011.95

-235.24

225.67

1002.38

237.65

651.545

154.473

245 -0.00251

0.002388

-390.00

390.00

208.25

991.71

-235.24

225.67

982.14

236.85

638.390

153.951

240 -0.00263

0.002375

-390.00

390.00

204.00

971.47

-235.24

225.67

961.90

235.96

625.234

153.374

235 -0.00274

0.002362

-390.00

390.00

199.75

951.23

-235.24

225.67

941.66

234.99

612.079

152.741

230 -0.00287

0.002348

-390.00

390.00

195.50

931.00

-235.24

225.67

921.42

233.93

598.923

152.052

225

-0.003

0.002333

-390.00

390.00

191.25

910.76

-235.24

225.67

901.18

232.78

585.768

151.307

220 -0.00314

0.002318

-390.00

390.00

187.00

890.52

-235.24

225.67

880.94

231.55

572.613

150.506

215 -0.00328

0.002302

-390.00

390.00

182.75

870.28

-235.24

225.67

860.70

230.23

559.457

149.649

210 -0.00343

0.002286

-390.00

390.00

178.50

850.04

-235.24

225.67

840.46

228.83

546.302

148.737

205 -0.00359

0.002268

-390.00

390.00

174.25

829.80

-235.24

225.67

820.23

227.34

533.147

147.768

200 -0.00375

0.00225

-390.00

390.00

170.00

809.56

-235.24

225.67

799.99

225.76

519.991

146.744

195 -0.00392

0.002231

-390.00

390.00

165.75

789.32

-235.24

225.67

779.75

224.10

506.836

145.663

190 -0.00411

0.002211

-390.00

390.00

161.50

769.08

-235.24

225.67

759.51

222.35

493.680

144.527

185

-0.0043

0.002189

-390.00

390.00

157.25

748.84

-235.24

225.67

739.27

220.52

480.525

143.335

180

-0.0045

0.002167

-390.00

390.00

153.00

728.61

-235.24

225.67

719.03

218.60

467.370

142.087

175 -0.00471

0.002143

-390.00

390.00

148.75

708.37

-235.24

225.67

698.79

216.59

454.214

140.783

170 -0.00494

0.002118

-390.00

390.00

144.50

688.13

-235.24

225.67

678.55

214.50

441.059

139.423

165 -0.00518

0.002091

-390.00

390.00

140.25

667.89

-235.24

225.67

658.31

212.32

427.904

138.007

160 -0.00544

0.002063

-390.00

390.00

136.00

647.65

-235.24

225.67

638.07

210.05

414.748

136.535

155 -0.00571

0.002032

-390.00

390.00

131.75

627.41

-235.24

225.67

617.84

207.70

401.593

135.008

-0.006

0.002

-390.00

390.00

127.50

607.17

-235.24

225.67

597.60

205.27

388.437

133.424

145 -0.00631

0.001966

-390.00

390.00

123.25

586.93

-235.24

225.67

577.36

202.75

375.282

131.784

140 -0.00664

0.001929

-390.00

385.71

119.00

566.69

-235.24

223.08

554.53

199.62

360.446

129.753

135

-0.007

0.001889

-390.00

377.78

114.75

546.45

-235.24

218.30

529.51

195.97

344.179

127.379

130 -0.00738

0.001846

-390.00

369.23

110.50

526.21

-235.24

213.14

504.11

192.16

327.673

124.902

-0.0078

0.0018

-390.00

360.00

106.25

505.98

-235.24

207.57

478.31

188.18

310.899

122.315

120 -0.00825

0.00175

-390.00

350.00

102.00

485.74

-235.24

201.54

452.03

184.02

293.822

119.612

115 -0.00874

0.001696

-390.00

339.13

97.75

465.50

-235.24

194.98

425.24

179.67

276.405

116.785

110 -0.00927

0.001636

-390.00

327.27

93.50

445.26

-235.24

187.83

397.85

175.11

258.601

113.824

105 -0.00986

0.001571

-390.00

314.29

89.25

425.02

-235.24

180.00

369.78

170.34

240.354

110.719

-0.0105

0.0015

-390.00

300.00

85.00

404.78

-235.24

171.38

340.92

165.32

221.597

107.456

95 -0.01121

0.001421

-390.00

284.21

80.75

384.54

-235.24

161.86

311.16

160.03

202.251

104.019

90

-0.012

0.001333

-390.00

266.67

76.50

364.30

-235.24

151.27

280.33

154.44

182.218

100.389

85 -0.01288

0.001235

-390.00

247.06

72.25

344.06

-235.24

139.45

248.27

148.52

161.375

99.075

80 -0.01388

0.001125

-390.00

225.00

68.00

323.82

-235.24

126.14

214.72

142.22

139.571

97.426

-0.015

0.001

-390.00

200.00

63.75

303.59

-235.24

111.06

179.41

135.48

116.613

95.369

70 -0.01629

0.000857

-390.00

171.43

59.50

283.35

-235.24

93.83

141.93

128.22

92.256

92.832

66 -0.01745

0.000727

-390.00

145.45

56.10

267.16

-235.24

78.16

110.07

121.98

71.548

90.391

62 -0.01877

0.000581

-390.00

116.13

52.70

250.96

-235.24

60.47

76.19

115.27

49.526

87.514

57 -0.02068

0.000368

-390.00

73.68

48.45

230.72

-235.24

34.87

30.35

106.11

19.729

83.167

56 -0.02111

0.000321

-390.00

64.29

47.60

226.68

-235.24

29.20

20.64

104.16

13.413

82.180

55 -0.02155

0.000273

-390.00

54.55

46.75

222.63

-235.24

23.33

10.71

102.17

6.964

81.148

54

-0.022

0.000222

-390.00

44.44

45.90

218.58

-235.24

17.23

0.57

100.12

0.372

80.069

53.95 -0.02202

0.00022

-390.00

43.93

45.86

218.38

-235.24

16.92

0.06

100.02

0.039

80.013

280.13

182.081

182.081

1000

300

250

150

125

100

75

KONDISI Pn = 0.10*fc' * b * h

280.13
KONDISI BALANCE
272.7 -0.00195

0.00245

-390.00

390.00

231.82

1103.95

-235.24

225.67

1094.37

240.21

0.000

0.000

711.342

156.137

KODE KOLOM

K30/50

1600

1400

1200

f.Pn (kN)

1000

800

600

400

200

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

f.Mn (kN-m)

DIAGRAM INTERAKSI

140

160

180

200

DH =

0.10*fc' * b*h =

280.125 kN

Pn
kN

0.65

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

2563.87

0.65

2722.31

0.65

2699.75

0.65

2677.15

0.65

2654.51

0.65

2631.83

0.65

2609.11

0.65

2586.34

0.65

2563.53

0.65

2540.67

0.65

2517.76

0.65

2494.81

0.65

2471.80

0.65

2448.74

0.65

2425.63

0.65

2402.47

0.65

2379.25

0.65

2355.97

0.65

2332.63

0.65

2309.23

0.65

2285.76

0.65

2262.23

0.65

2238.64

0.65

2214.97

0.65

2191.23

0.65

2167.42

0.65

2143.54

0.65

2119.57

0.65

2095.53

0.65

2071.40

0.65

2047.18

0.65

2022.87

0.65

1998.48

0.65

1973.98

0.65

1949.39

0.65

1924.70

0.65

1899.90

0.65

1874.98

0.65

1849.96

0.65

1824.82

0.65

1799.55

0.65

1774.16

0.65

1748.63

0.65

1722.97

0.65

1697.17

0.65

1671.21

0.65

1645.10

0.65

1618.84

0.65

1592.40

0.65

1565.79

0.65

1539.00

0.65

1512.01

0.65

1484.83

0.65

1457.44

0.65

1429.84

0.65

1402.01

0.65

1373.94

0.65

1345.62

0.65

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114

1317.04

0.65

1288.19

0.65

1259.05

0.65

1229.61

0.65

1199.86

0.65

1169.76

0.65

1139.32

0.65

1108.51

0.65

1083.33

0.65

1063.09

0.65

1042.85

0.65

1022.62

0.65

1002.38

0.65

982.14

0.65

961.90

0.65

941.66

0.65

921.42

0.65

901.18

0.65

880.94

0.65

860.70

0.65

840.46

0.65

820.23

0.65

799.99

0.65

779.75

0.65

759.51

0.65

739.27

0.65

719.03

0.65

698.79

0.65

678.55

0.65

658.31

0.65

638.07

0.65

617.84

0.65

597.60

0.65

577.36

0.65

554.53

0.65

529.51

0.65

504.11

0.65

478.31

0.65

452.03

0.65

425.24

0.65

397.85

0.65

369.78

0.65

340.92

0.65

311.16

0.65

280.33

0.65

248.27

0.6670583

214.72

0.6850206

179.41

0.70393288

141.93

0.72399869

110.07

0.74105807

76.19

0.75919995

30.35

0.78374675

20.64

0.78894988

10.71

0.7942634

0.57

0.79969343

0.06

0.79996811

1094.37

0.65