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San Pablo Colleges College Of Nursing San Pablo City

FIRST SEMESTER A.Y. 2012-2013 TO 2015-2016

RESOURCE UNIT COURSE NAME : COURSE CODE: COURSE DESCRIPTION: ECONOMICS WITH TAXATION AND LAND REFORM SS3N This course is an introduction to economics, the basic concepts of microeconomics, money and banking, economic growth and development and international economics and its implication to nursing. Also discussed are the basic concepts of taxation and land reform. 3 units lecture 54 lecture hours 3rd Year, 1st Semester To introduce the students to the concepts of economics applied to health and enable them to appreciate and apply the principles in health program, decision-making and development. At the end of the course, the students: 1. Appreciate the basic concepts and rationale of economics. 2. Discuss the concept of health with emphasis on the use of health outcomes. 3. Apply the basic concepts of the law of supply and demand to health related issues. 4. Discuss the various roles of the different health sectors and in the provisions of health goods and services and analyze how the government and private health sectors finance health care. The students are expected to: Observe the core values of San Pablo Colleges which is Righteousness (Discipline, Awareness, Respect, and Excellence) and Service (Word of God, Work, and Witness).

COURSE CREDIT : CONTACT HOURS/SEM: PLACEMENT : TERMINAL COMPETENCIES :

Core Values:

Specific Objectives Define economics and discuss related concepts for better understanding of the learners.

Content I. Introduction to Economics

Teaching Learning Activities Teacher: Lecture/Discussion education in health care and define terminologies related to the course. Learner: Active listening and effective notation. Actively participates in class discussion.

Resource Material Policarpio, Jonas., Economics in Health 2006, pp. 1-7 Fajardo, Feliciano R., Economics 3rd ed., 2003, p.60

The Concepts of Economics a. Mans work against scarcity b. General economic resources: land, labor, capital & technology Identify the different c. The universal objective of economic resources attaining the maximum output out of and how it affects our a given input lives. d. Three components of economics: alternative choices, the Discuss the choices and their costs, the effect of components of choices on the future economics. II. General economic concepts: the law of supply and demand Describe the basic concepts of law of supply and demand. 1. The demand curve a. Characteristics of the demand curve; the law of downward sloping demand b. Relationships between the price of goods and the quantity demanded c. Economic factors which affect the demand curve d. Demand shift 2. The Supply curve a. Characteristics of the supply curve

Time Allotment 18 hours for the prelim period 6 hours

Evaluation

Recitation Quiz Fajardo, Feliciano R., Economics 3rd ed., 2003, p.20-32 3 hours Policarpio, Jonas., Economics in Health 2006, pp. 1-7

Specific Objectives

Content b. The Law of upward sloping supply: relationship between the price of goods and the quantity of procedures are willing to supply c. Economic factors which affect the supply of goods d. The supply shift 3. The supply and demand interrelationships a. Price, demand and supply b. The equilibrium point c. Elasticities

Teaching Learning Activities Library Activity: Case Study Cases on law of supply and demand apply to healthcare policy making

Resource Material

Time Allotment 3 hours

Evaluation Recitation Quiz Written Assignment Term Exam

Identify the determinants of health. Define health economics and its relevance to the health care administration.

III. Introduction to the concept of health 1. Definition of health 2. How is health objectively measured? 3. What determines health? The underlying and proximate determinants of health IV. Economics and the health care sector 1.Demand for health care: determinants of health seeking behavior:

Teacher: Provide group dynamics thru group report on determinants of health of their respective barangays. Learner: Identify health determinants of their respective barangays.

Getzen, Thomas E., Health Economics, 1997, pp. 2-23 Feldstein, Paul J., Health Care Economics, 6th ed., 2005, pp. 1-47

6 hours

Recitation

Teacher: Lecture/Discussion Demand and Supply of health services.

Feldstein, Paul J., Health Care Economics, 6th ed., 2005, pp. 86-110

18 hours for midterm 3 hours

Specific Objectives

Content

Teaching Learning Activities Learner: Active listening and effective notation. Actively participates in class discussion.

Resource Material Policarpio, Jonas., Economics in Health 2006, pp. 105-114 Feldstein, Paul J., Health Care Economics, 6th ed., 2005, pp. 143-154

Time Allotment

Evaluation

a. Economic variables which affect the demand for health care b. Demographic variables which affect the demand for health care c. Why are health services and commodities different from other consumer goods? Differentiate health 2. The supply of health services services from other a. Factors which affect the economic goods. supply of health manpower b. Trade-off between high quality Identify various manpower and abundant supply demographic c. Experiences from manpower variables that affect substitution the demand for health d. Experiences from other input care. substitution 3. Concept of demographic transition 3.1Changes in age, health risks and health stock and its effect on: a. Probability of getting ill b. The type of illnesses experienced c. The type of health care commodities demanded

Quiz 6 hours

Quiz

Library Activity: Case Study No. 2: Where do we put our money? A case on demographic transition, population, composition, and comprehensive health programs of the Philippines and another country.

Submission and Individual report of written assignment

Specific Objectives

Content 3.2 Population composition, demographic transition and its applications on health program planning

Teaching Learning Activities

Resource Material

Time Allotment

Evaluation

Define health cost concept, cost minimization, cost benefit analysis and the different types of cost.

V. Economic evaluation of health programs 1.Health cost concepts Type of costs: direct and indirect costs, recurrent and capitalized costs 2. Cost minimization [description] 3. Cost benefit analysis [description] 4. Cost utility analysis [description] VI. Description of the health care sector

Teacher: Describe economic evaluation of health ways of measuring costs. Learner: Active listening and participation in class discussion.

Getzen, Thomas E., Health Economics, 1997, pp. 2-23

3 hours

Long Quiz

Explain HMOs advantages and disadvantages. Identify health financing and managed care concepts.

VII. Health finance and managed care 1. Current trends and growth of alternative moods of healthcare financing in the Philippines Out-of-pocket/fee-for service Medical insurance Health maintenance organizations and other managed care organizations

6 hours

Specific Objectives

Content 2. Out-of-pocket healthcare financing: advantages and disadvantages 3. Concepts: medical insurance Costs and pricing of medical insurance: actuarial (medical) costs and administrative costs 4. Health maintenance organizations: an off-shoot of medical insurance and emphasis on preventive and promotive healthcare Growth and trends of the HMO industry Conceptual framework of the organization of HMOs 5. Other managed-care organizations: description and concepts Changing roles of physicians, nurses and allied medical professionals under a managedcare system Emphasis on efficiency outcomes

Teaching Learning Activities Library Activity: Teacher: Assign students to do research on the Philippine Health Insurance Learner: Report in the class the Philippine Health Insurance Policies and Provisions. Library Activity: Students: Submit a Reaction Paper: Health Status of the Philippines and Asia

Resource Material Policarpio, Jonas., Economics in Health 2006, pp. 121-148

Time Allotment

Evaluation

Specific Objectives

Content

Teaching Learning Activities

Resource Material

Time Allotment

Evaluation

VII-A. Descriptive study on Philippine health maintenance organizations 1. Trends in Philippine HMOs 2. Examples of HMO plan benefit coverage 3. A glimpse on the financial/operational performance of HMOs VIII. Taxation 1. Characteristics of taxes 2. Classification of Taxes 3. Limitation on the Power of Taxation 4. Tax Evasion and Avoidance XI. Land Reform 1. Land Tenure Structure 2. Production Structure Teacher: Apply Classroom Assessment Tech (CAT) in the discussion of Taxation Background knowledge probe One minute paper Learner: Differentiate land tenure structure, production structure, and the different types of taxes as to classification

Policarpio, Jonas., Economics in Health 2006, pp. 153-160

Term Exam 18 hours for finals Policarpio, Jonas., Economics in Health 2006, pp. 161-172 9 hrs

Identify the different types of taxes and differentiate each from various classification

Quiz Quiz Recitation Term Exam

Define what is Agrarian reform and the different land tenure structures.

9 hrs

REFERENCES: Fajardo, Feliciano R. (2003), Economics Third Edition, Rex Book Store, Manila, Philippines Feldstein, Paul J. (2005), Health Care Economics Sixth Edition, Delmar Learning Getzen, Thomas E. (1997)., Health Economics Fundamentals and Flow of Funds, John Wiley & Sons Inc. USA Policarpio, Jonas D. (2006)., Economics in Healthj for the Allied Health Sciences, C & E Publishing, Inc. Enriched by:

Prof. Melchor Felipe Q. Salvosa Instructors

Flordeliza N. Ticzon Librarian

Dr. Aloysius M. Quiambao Curriculum Committee Approved by:

Dr. Anita R. Rico Dean, College of Nursing