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Part I I Multiple Choice. Write the letter(s) that corresponds to your best choice in your answer sheet.

. If ever none of the choices is right, write the correct answer. 1) Society denotes a. the totality of social organization and its complex of social relationships b. a group of people who share a common culture c. a geographical aggregate who live a common life and interact with one another d. all of the above e. none of the above 2) The pattern of relationship between units of a specified whole is: a. social structure d. all of these b. social organization e. none of these c. society 3) Sociologists define culture as: a. a state of refinement b. the plastic and graphics arts c. activities such as TV sitcoms, soap operas or rock music d. the totality of meanings, values, customs, norms, ideas and symbols relative to a society e. none of the above 4) Which statement about culture does sociologist hold? a. people living in urban areas are highly cultured b. the Negritoes in Central Luzon are uncultured c. all societies have culture d. all of the above e. none of the above 5) The idea held by the Negritoes about nature spirits helping them is an example of: a. norms d. sanction b. belief e. all of these c. perception 6) The strongly held norms considered essential to the welfare of the people and their cherished values are called: a. folkways d. laws b. belief e. all of these c. mores 7) When norms are formalized a governing body, they become a. folkways d. laws b. belief e. none of these c. mores 8) The socially imposed rewards and punishments to ensure the conformity of the members of society to its norms are called a. laws d. sanctions b. folkways e. all of these c. mores 9) Which of the following is apart of our folkways? a. the pamanhikan d. all of these b. superstitious e. none of these c. the ten commandments

10) The feeling of unpleasantness or disorientation when one goes to an unfamiliar setting is: a. culture strip d. cultural imagination b. skeptical receptivity e. none of these c. culture shock 11) When one group blends and takes on characteristics of another culture, there is ____. a. Acculturation d. assimilation b. Accommodation e. none of these c. adaption the

12) The sharing for the dignity of others and being with them is: a. Pakikisalamuha d. pakikitungo b. Pakikiisa e. none of these c. pakikipagkapwa 13) The obligation to repay a person for whom one has received a favor with undefined quantification is ___. a. Pakikisama d. utang na loob b. kusang loob e. none of these c. magandang loob 14) The occurrence of graft and corruption, nepotism and favoritism in the Philippines if often attributed to the value of: a. Personalism d. hospitality b. Impersonalism e. none of these c. utang na loob 15) The raw materials from which personality is fashioned refers to: a. genetic personalities b. biological inheritance c. geographical environment d. socio-cultural environment e. all of these 16) The basic idea off personality held by the symbolic interactionism is that personality is the result of the interaction. a. heredity and environment b. individuals mediated by symbols or language c. the individuals and his culture d. all of these e. none of these 17) The process by which a child learns to conform to the norms of the group acquires a status, plays the corresponding role and emerges with a social self is a. education d. socialization b. enculturation e. none of these c. presentation of self 18) Which statement best characterizes the socialization process? a. the first five years of childs life is crucial in personality formation b. socialization is a continuous life-long process c. culture makes its deep influence during early childhood d. the church play a crucial role in the socialization process e. none of these

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c. bilocal 19) According to Cooley, the ability of children to visualize themselves through the eyes of others and imagine how they appear to others is called a. personality d. superego b. looking glass self e. none of these c. presentation of self 20) Responding to a number of individuals in the group and integrating the various rules or set of norms of the group takes place in what is called the period of the a. looking glass self b. reference groups c. generalized others d. development of the social self e. all of these 21) Which of the following serves as the role model and source of values and attitudes for the young? a. school group d. mass media b. church group e. none of these c. peer group 22) Statuses which are fixed at birth by biological characteristics over which the individuals has little control are a. ascribed d. attained b. assigned e. none of these c. achieved 23) Becoming a doctor is an example of a. ascribed d. attained b. assigned e. none of these c. achieved 24) The basic element of social structure in Philippine society is the a. friendship group d. rural community b. family e. all of these c. school 25) The totality of social organization and the complex network of interconnected, interdependent and overlapping social relationships refers to a. social groups c. bureaucracy b. society d. state e. none of these 26) In the Philippines, the adoption or borrowing of the culture patterns and values of the Chinese by the Filipinos and vice-versa is a. accommodation c. bureaucracy b. society d. reciprocity e. none of these 27) The family where one is born, reared and socialized is a. family orientation d. egalitarian family b. family of procreation c. nuclear family e. none of these 29) Among the Muslims, the most common type of family is a. nuclear d. avunculocal family b. joint e. none of these c. neolocal 30) The function of religion in all culture is a. to provide guidance to behavior b. perform welfare function c. discover a road to spiritual serenity d. perform recreation function e. all of these 31) The hierarchical arrangement and establishment of social categories that may evolve into social groups together with statuses and their corresponding roles refer to: a. social ranking d. segmentation b. social stratification e. none of these c. bureaucracy 32) The social standing of a person or group within a social class or the whole stratification system is called a. status d. social rank b. role c. social exchange e. none of these

33) When we say Cebuanos are thrifty and industrious, and Bicolanos are friendly people, we are making use a. stereotypes d. prejudice b. ethnocentrism e. none of these c. Epithets 34) The improvement in the quality of life, ensuring adequate level of nutrition and suitable characteristics of economically and politically stable societies of the West is a. modernization d. progress b. development c. globalization e. none of these

35) The movement of a person or group of persons to another place more or less for permanent residence is a. migration d. ecological movement b. population growth e. none of these c. population change 36) The complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by men as a member of society is a. religion d. culture b. ethnocentrism e. none of these c. idiosyncrasy 37) The anthropologist who discovered the tabon cave in Palawan was a. Jaime Bulatao d. Frank Lynch b. Linda Jocano e. Francisco Rodrigo c. Robert Fox 38) The kinship group consisting of parents and children is the

28) The type of residence which permits the newly married couple to reside independently of the parents of the bride and the groom is a. patrilocal d. neolocal residence b. matrilocal e. none of these

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a. nuclear b. stem c. extended d. households e. none of these 48) A rule about putting your napkins in your lap before you start eating is an example of a. mores d. laws b. ethnocentrism e. none of these c. folkway 49) By taking the role of the other, George Herbert Mead meant a. practicing the new role before actually taking on that role b. seeing an image of oneself reflected in other peoples eyes c. learning to play a game such as baseball by the rules d. learning to see things from another persons point of view. e. all of these 50) One of the primary differences between peers and parents as agents of socialization is that a. peers engage in open conflict b. peers relations are egalitarian c. peers and parents have different confliction values d. peer are more fun e. all of these 51) Freuds term for the part of the personality that operates on the pleasure level, seeking immediate gratification, is the a. Id d. libido b. Superego e. drive c. ego 52) Which of the following theories saw socialization as a confrontation between the individual and society? a. Sigmund Freud d. Charles Horton Cooley b. Erik Erikson e. John Locke c. George Herbert Mead 53) Young children play at being mothers and fathers, cops and robbers, Hollywood stars and sports heroes. All of these are examples of role playing illustrate a. the generalized other b. learning to play the game c. anticipatory socialization d. id impulses e. none of these 54) Which of the following is an example of an achieved status? a. Wife d. being born male b. brother e. none of these c. having blue eyes 55) A sick persons obligation to stay in bed and follow doctors orders is an example of his or her a. status d. institution b. role e. none of these c. presentation of self 56) The so-called superwoman syndrome, which holds that a woman ought to be able to keep and raise a family while pursuing a full-time career is an example of a. role strain d. identity confusion b. role conflict e. all of these

39) ____ is the material wealth given to the bride and her family before marriage. a. bride wealth d. fetish b. fosterage e. all of these c. dowry 40) Polygamy is practiced by the a. Muslims of southern Philippines b. Kalingas d. Negritos c. Bontocs e. Cebuanos 41) ___ describes the blurring and breakdown of established rules, standards, categories, distinctions and boundaries. a. naturalization d. westernization b. postmodern e. none of these c. urbanization 42) ___ are considered as societys standards of morality, propriety, ethics and legality. a. folkways d. habits b. values e. all of these c. norm 43) ___ is the family in which a person is raised and born. a. family of procreation d. joint family b. family of orientation e. family size c. extended family 44) ___ was Frank Lynchs contribution to the study of Filipino values. It connotes the facility of getting along with others so as to avoid outward signs of conflicts, even under difficult circumstances. a. smooth interpersonal relationship b. reciprocity d. utang na loob c. amor propio e. all of these 45) ___ is a Filipino value and defined as benign taken by ones fellowmen for what one is or believes he is and treated in accordance with his status, not rejected or improperly criticized. a. social acceptance d. bayanihan b. pakikipagkapwa e. none of these c. amor propio 46) Countless popular songs tell us that for every person there is one true love. This is an example of a. real culture d. patterned evasion b. ideal culture e. all of these c. subculture 47) Which of the following is a value? a. students should not throw spitballs during classes b. students who cheat on examinations should be suspended c. all young people have a right to an education d. college professors should not data their students e. all of the above

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c. institutionalized 57) In order to achieve control, all societies depend upon ___ which are rewards for conforming behavior and punishment for deviant behavior a. informal norms d. offenses b. values e. none of these c. sanctions 58) The division of society into layers in termed as a. stratification d. life chance matrix b. status inconsistency e. none of these c. status defects 59) The most preferred form of marriage in human societies is a. monogamy d. polyandry b. polygamy e. all of these c. bigamy 60) The function of family that has become increasingly important in contemporary society is a. the distribution of goods and services b. socialization of children c. regulation of sexual activity d. emotional gratification e. all of these 61) Who called religion as the opium of the people? a. Max Weber d. Robert Bellah b. Karl Max e. none of these c. Emile Durkheim 62) All religion shares which of the following characteristics? a. a quest for visions and mystical experiences b. rituals that symbolizes beliefs c. a belief in spirits d. a belief in God e. a belief in the Holy Spirit 63) The process by which population is concentrated in cities is called a. Secularization d. all of these b. rural migration e. one of these c. urbanization 64) An urban area containing a city and its surrounding suburb and forming an economic and geographic unit is called a. metropolis d. community b. neopolis e. none of these c. iopolis 65) Karl Max, one of the fathers of Communism says that religion is a. a game of life b. the opium of the people c. the bread of life d. a form of harassment e. none of these 66) The Christian values of compassion, mercy, humility, sacrifices, gratitude and obedience as opposing rigor, practice, pride, indulgence, reciprocity, and independence, respectively have found the ways of faith, hope and peace in the World. Give your view in terms of the following: a. impractical b. suit to contemporary world c. likely to generate more peace and harmony d. do more harm than good e. all of these 67) Beauty, health, and wealth necessary go together in principle. On this premise, if a person possesses only one or two of them, he/she loses a great deal of what is essential in life a. the premise is true but the conclusion is false b. the premise and the conclusion are both true c. the premise is false but the conclusion is true d. the premise and the conclusion are both false e. none of these 68) In general, values maybe effectively taught by means of inculcation and instilment. The others are a. repetition, instinction, practice and imitation b. compassion, expression and problem-solving c. function, habituation, cultivation d. enrichment, intensification, improvement and modification e. none of these 69) Values are refined in instructional materials such as stories, plays and game or in ___ a. technology like film or radio b. neighboring chats c. festivities d. rallies e. all of these 70) The general term used to indicate multiple marriage of any type is a. polygamy d. group marriage b. hybridization e. all of these c. serial monogamy 71) The system of relation among the members in a society is a. kinship d. lineage b. descent c. festive kinship e. none of these

72) ___ refers to sexual relation with close relatives. a. taboo d. endogamy b. incest e. none of these c. agriates 73) ___ refers to that form of a family whereby married brothers with their respective families decided to live together less than one house. a. deal career family d. joint family b. trifurcated family e. none of these c. stem family 74) The existence of university belt, cars, raw, restaurants, row or auto spare parts streets is an example of a. Centralization d. dominance b. Concentration e. none of these c. gradient

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75) A change in technology and science of a society is a. Innovation d. social change b. culture changes e. all of these c. geographical changes 76) The study of population its size, distribution and change is a. Sociology d. demography b. human ecology e. history c. geography 77) The movement of a person or group of persons to another place more or less for permanent residence is a. migration d. population change b. immigration e. ecological movement c. population growth 78) The improvement in the quality of life, ensuring adequate level of nutrition and suitable physical surroundings in the social, political, and ecological systems and helping the people realize their potentials is a. modernization d. progress b. development e. all of these c. globalization 79) The form of behavior that violate the norms and culture a. flainters d. non-social b. deviant c. defiant e. none of these a. acculturation b. accommodation c. adoption d. assimilation e. all of these

85) When norms are formalized by governing body, they become a. folkways c. laws b. mores d. sanctions 86) In the Philippines the adoption or borrowing of the cultural patterns and values of the Chinese by the Filipino and vice-versa is a. accommodation d. reprocity b. adoption e. assimilation c. acculturate 87) In terms of authority, the Filipino family and more a. patriarchal d. bilateral b. matriarchal e. none of these c. equilateral 88) To the is a. b. c. middle class, the main indicator of social status land holding lifestyle authority d. education e. all of these

89) A change in the technology and science of a society isa. Innovation d. social change b. cultural change e. technological change c. geographical change 90) Even among identical twins, brothers and sisters, teachers should not compare abilities because a. every individual is unique b. comparisons can arouse the feeling of hostility and anger c. comparisons can lead to unnecessary pressures d. all of these 91) There are different factors that affect intelligence, which of these refers to the pathological conditions? a. heredity c. brain b. race d. emotion 92) The lowest IQ indicated in the intelligence scale isa. moron c. idiot b. imbecile d. feeble-minded 93) The individuals basic outlooks, values and ideals are to a great shape except during a. neonate c. adolescence b. childhood d. adulthood 94) The cycle of human development includes the following stages mentioned below. Which of these stages should come first? a. adulthood c. childhood b. Infanthood d. adolescence 95) One inherits certain traits from ones parents but he is not the real replica of his parents. This explains the principle of heredity which is the principle of a. variation c. reproduction b. uniformity d. filial regression

80) Which serves as the role model and source of values and attitudes for the young a. school group d. mass media b. church group e. gang c. peer group 81) The basic idea of personality held by symbolic interactions is that personality is the result of the interaction between a. heredity and environment b. individuals mediated by symbols or language c. the individuals and his culture d. all of these e. none of these 82) The supreme and over-reaching values characterizes education is a. human dignity b. health and harmony with nature c. human existence d. peace and practice e. none of these that

83) The occurrence of graft and corruption, nepotism and favoritism in the Philippines is often attributed to the values of a. personalism d. hospitality b. impersonalism e. all of these c. utang na loob 84) When one group blends and takes in the character of another culture there is

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96) The teacher can help develop self-concept among her pupils by a. letting the child know how bad, stupid and a failure he was b. keeping quiet about the childs limitation c. expressing confidence on the childs capability d. punishing 97) Which of the following will not directly satisfy biological drives? a. water c. economic security b. oxygen d. sleep 98) What term is used to refer to internal stimulus condition of the organism, which impels it to activity? a. motives c. motivation b. school phobia d. incentive 99) A child who is overprotected or rejected may suffer a. obsession c. neutralism b. school phobia d. hypochondriac 100) There are many factors to consider in determining the childs readiness for learning. Which of these is the most basic? a. maturation b. experience c. methods and materials instruction d. emotional; attitudes and personal adjustment 101) The internationalization of ethical values refers toa. personality c. dynamics b. character d. organization 108) A child who can execute difficult dance steps, throw and catch a ball skillful play several games is said to have a. mechanical intelligence b. abstract intelligence c. motor intelligence d. social intelligence 109) A child who is cordial, friendly and helpful with whom people like, has a high capacity for a. mechanical intelligence b. abstract intelligence c. motor intelligence d. social intelligence 110) Which of the four emotional behavior patterns will be the reaction in pleasant situation? a. destruction c. retreat b. approach d. stopping of response 111) When a younger reverts to weeping, pouting or childish play as a means of overcoming frustrations, this mechanism is called a. repression c. nomadism b. regression d. fantasy 112) Cognitive domain refers to a. skills c. values b. attitudes d. knowledge with understanding

102) Learning is due to maturation and training. Which of the laws is highly related to it? a. Law of use c. Law of effect b. Law of annoyance d. Law of readiness 103) What tests are designed to measure capabilities? a. achievement tests c. objective tests b. aptitude tests d. standardized tests

113) There are different ways of identifying talented and gifted children. Which of these will contribute least to such identification? a. standardized intelligence tests b. standardized achievement tests c. teachers observations d. parents opinions 114) The behavior of the child is to large extent dependent upon his a. biological inheritance c. peers b. environment d. parents 115) The teacher should help the isolate by a. total immersion b. shifting him in different groups c. using gradual induction d. giving him different work

104) During the sensorimotor period, the child develops a functional understanding of many things. Which of these does not belong to these? a. imitation to play c. space and time b. causality objects d. concentration 105) When teaching Math, the teacher provides situations where the pupils discovered the meaning of square. We may then the pupils form a. process concept c. quality concept b. structural concept d. cluster concept 106) Which of these listed needs does not belong to the socio-genic type? a. thirst c. security b. status d. independence 107) The most scientific school of psychology is a. Behaviorism c. Structuralism b. Gestaltism d. Functionalism

116)

Which of these provide the best reinforcement? a. use of marks b. scholarships c. awarding a model d. natural interest in the world 117) There are several causes of maladjustment. Which one is not a sure cause? a. Poverty c. broken home b. Rejection d. intelligence 118) The period of concrete operations covers ages a. 1 2 years c. 7 11 years b. 2 7 years d. 11 14 years

119) According to Erickson, identity crisis or identify vs. role confusion occurs during the ages of

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a. 3 to 6 years b. 6 to 12 years c. 12 to 18 years d. 18 to 21 years 130) The best way to help adolescents become socially mature is to a. urge them to confide in their parents b. help them feel free to do as the crowd does c. give wholesome and adequate social experiences d. overcome inferiority feelings and pattern 131) Emotions are significant because they a. always stimulate thinking b. preserves our lives c. are the products of the body d. are the major fasteners in personality

120) Learning is a matter of habit formation of getting used to it according to the theory of Pavlov known as a. Gestaltism b. Functionalism c. Stimulus response-connectionism d. Conditioning 121) The best single criterion on the degree of maturity of a child is his a. size c. bone classification b. age d. skeletal growth 122) Growth is most rapid proportionally a. in the pre-natal months b. from birth to six c. from six to twelve d. in adolescence Growth takes place a. gradually for the whole organism b. with differential rates for different parts of the body c. suddenly by spurts of the whole d. in serial order of development The different stages of the child growth should be understood because a. of the relation of between his physical and mental status b. of the wide range of ability c. his emotional; and social factors affect growth d. education should ft the growth Adolescence includes the years from a. six to nine b. nine to twelve c. thirteen to twenty-one d. twenty-one to twenty-six

132) The school causes emotional maladjustments most often by a. hard problems and lessons b. failure in the work c. opposition from friends d. lack of guidance 133) The endocrine glands a. are glands of internal secretions b. are known as the glands with ducts c. are glands that produces sweat perspirations d. directly control our behavior The native stimulus for fear is a. the dark b. the snakes c. a sudden or starting stimulus d. being restrained or held Emotions can best be trained by a. assuming an indifference to disturbing things b. inhibiting or repressing all emotions c. avoiding all emotional stimuli d. attaching satisfaction to desirable emotional pattern Maladjustment can often be prevented by a. giving the child more attention b. speaking of the bad impression his conduct makes c. seeing the child is successful in what he undertakes d. letting the child strictly alone

123)

and

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134)

135)

125)

136) 126) By social intelligence, we mean a. ability to get along with people b. absence of shyness c. membership in several organizations d. absence of inferiority complex Children form gang mainly because of a. parental laxity b. rebellion against authority c. desire for adventure d. the urge to be independent Delinquency reaches its peak a. before the teenage b. in the early and middle teens c. in the twenties d. in the thirties The gang generally disintegrates because of a. hostility between members b. members becomes different in size c. the school prohibits it d. other interests, particularly in the other sex

127)

128)

137) Overprotected children will probably develop into adults who a. are independent and self-reliant b. are emotionally mature c. will protect other children d. continue to learn on their parent 138) The most serious maladjusted child is one who a. talk back to his teachers b. is loud and disorderly c. is unsocial and withdrawn from others d. destroys school materials 139) Making the child ashamed of some habitual behaviors is most likely to have effect of a. eliminating desirable habit without harmful consequences

129)

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b. adding a deep sense of guilt to the misbehavior c. causing open rebellion d. a temporary improvement in conduct and attitude 140) The correction of maladjustment in an individual child is a. a very complicated and difficult matter b. an impossible task c. a rather easy thing d. a task only for psychiatrists 141) Memorization is made more effective by a. Repetition b. Visualization c. Meaningfulness and understanding d. Intensity a. b. c. d. physically small and sickly nervous and emotionally unstable shy, timid and unsocial favorable endowed in more respect

151) People knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, customs and other capabilities and habits are known as a. education c. culture b. socialization d. anthropology 152) Pre-marital sex is commonly practiced in Western Countries, but considered bad in the Philippines; what is good for them is bad for us. This means that culture is a. adaptive c. shared b. dynamic d. relative 153) An American felt sick after being forced to eat balut by Filipinos; such experience is known as a. culture trait c. culture diversity b. culture shock d. culture amalgamation

142) Studies of the effect of summer vacation upon retention indicate that a. much is forgotten b. small amount is forgotten c. nothing is forgotten d. retention is increased 143) The intention to remember is a. assume mastery b. adds meaning to the material c. does not retard forgetting d. increased interest and mind-set Over-learning the material a. increases retention b. decrease interests c. makes memory work monotonous d. increases forgetting A good memory has much value because it a. gives one a chance to show individuality b. shows that one is above average in intelligence c. increased ones social efficiency d. indicates clear thinking The most widely accepted concept of intelligence is a. b. c. d. 147) capacity to learn ability to control emotion ability to sustain oneself economically ability to make social contacts

154) The expression Filipinos operate or live on two levels of culture, means that Filipinos a. are influenced by both parental sides- fathermother b. versatile people who can live whether in the Philippines or U.S.A. c. influenced by both Western and Asian culture d. either good or bad 155) Whether we like or not, it is impossible to find a true or pure Filipino music, dance or belief, because, culture is a. diverge c. relative b. dynamic-cumulative d. learned 156) In what sense does culture distinguished man from animals? a. man develops culture, arts, laws, etc. while animals behave according to their instincts b. man is superior intellectually than animals c. man although superior intellectually, is physically inferior to animals d. animals can be cultured like human beings 157) When Filipino is married to a German, there is a mixture or blending of two different cultures as shown in their childrens behavior, this is known as cultural a. fusion c. unification b. amalgamation d. breeding 158) White people usually feel superior, blacks inferior; this feeling of superiority is known as a. ethnocentrism c. agnosticism b. altruism d. relativism 159) Filipino Catholics celebrate fiestas, novenas in honor of their saints, or as a form of thanksgiving; this practice is part of a. folkways c. folklore b. folktales d. none of these 160) Sexual relations between relatives is strictly forbidden in our society; this prohibition is part of the a. folkways c. traditions

144)

145)

146)

A feeble-minded person has an IQ of a. 80 c. below 70 b. 90 d. 75 A gifted person has an IQ of a. 100 c. 120 b. 110 d. above 130

148)

149) The percentage of individuals classified as having an average of normal intelligence is a. 50 c. 70 b. 60 d. 80 150) Children who are very bright tend to be

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b. mores d. all of these for his roles, duties are a consideration of his ____ dimension. a. moral c. spiritual b. social d. political 172) Why did the Philippines send military troops to Cambodia? It is because a. the Philippines is part or a member of nation of U.N.O. and we promote global solidarity b. the Philippines was ordered by the United States c. the Philippines is against communism d. none of these 173) Upon birth, his parents automatically rear an individual; he starts learning the culture of his family; later with his neighbors, then the school and societys rules, regulations and laws. This is known as a. education c. training b. socialization d. experience 174) What is the sociological difference between on individual and person? a. there is no difference between an individual and person b. an individual is unsocialized, uncultured; person cultured, socialized c. an individual is bad; a person is good d. both socialized 175) As a person reaches adolescence, becoming more independent, the ___ have the greatest influences in behavior. a. home or parents c. peers b. school or teachers d. priests 176) Most governors, mayors, congressmen are corrupt, rapists, murderers or less educated, yet they continue to be re-elected during election s. This bad situation in our society shows the Filipinos in general are a. still politically immature, if not stupid who can be bought, threatened by guns, gold or money b. in live with criminal politicians c. helpless and do not care about the future of the country/community d. A and C answers 177) Which of the following describes the Pleistocene or Ice Age? a. waters around what is now the Philippines fell about 156 ft. below its level b. areas of land came to the surface and became land bridges c. the packs of glaciers which covered the earth melted as sunlight entered the atmosphere d. all of these 178) As cited by researchers which gave such names as Peking Man, Java Man, Australopithecus. There is great possible that the first man must have come from a. Europe c. Asia b. Africa d. America 179) The fossils believed to be those of the first Filipinos were found by Robert Fox in a. Hinagdanan Cave, Bohol

161) Filipinos, Koreans, Japanese have their own languages, habits, dresses, etc., the culture common to all people is known as a. sub-culture c. universe culture b. socio-culture d. international culture 162) As part of modernization, people would prefer to use a telephone rather than travel, they prefer to take jeepneys rather than walk; these new habits are known as a. technicways c. folkways b. mores d. culture complex 163) Pordoy and Kagidlay are newly-wed with no money to either rent or buy a house; so they decided to live their in-laws; theirs and in-laws families are now known as a. nuclear c. bilateral b. extended d. unified families 164) Peoples ideas, beliefs of what is good or bad, desirable or undesirable, important or non important are better known as a. folkways c. values b. mores d. attitudes 165) Earnings, watches, lipsticks, beautiful dresses have their a. moral c. educational b. ethical d. social values 166) Some students often says, Its better to cheat than to repeat, others also say, Bahala na ug ma-zero; dili gyud ko mangodigo. These expression show their a. religious c. spiritual b. moral-ethical d. social values 167) Filipinos are always conscious of what people say or think about their appearances or actions; this ulaw mentality is part of their desire to attain a. social acceptance c. supernaturalism b. euphemism d. particularlism 168) Diplomas, titles, as Dr., Engr., Atty., are always used by Filipinos as part of their a. particularism c. supernaturalism b. personalism d. euphemism

169) The expression, It is not what you know but whom you know that counts, reflects Filipinos values on a. particularism c. euphemism b. personalism d. familism 170) Pedro studied hard and passed the Teachers Board Examination. Yet when asked on his secret for passing the said exam, he simply/humbly answered Swerte lang, kaloy-an sa Ginoo. This reflects the value of a. personalism c. supernaturalism b. particularism d. utang na loob 171) Man is part of the government, church, organizations or association; educating or training him

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b. Tabon Cave, Palawan c. Tabon-tabon Cave, Mindoro d. Masao Cave, Agusan del Norte 180) Which group of traders introduced Islam in the Philippines? a. Chinese c. Malaysian b. Arabs d. Indonesian 181) Which of the following is not a result of learning? a. getting drunk c. driving car b. saying bad words d. showing how to swim 188) Applied to the general classroom situation, the Field Theory implies the need for emphasis on looking at the total situation at the beginning. Which of the examples below best explains the theory? a. the teacher introduces the study of Chemistry by examples in a detailed analysis of a given element b. in primary reading, the teacher tells briefly the story is all about, describing the characters and relates the story to the pupils experience c. the psychology teacher discusses first the importance of psychology in daily living d. B & C 189) Bruners Theory of Learning points out that if a learner is to use information effectively, it must be translated into his terms. This means that: a. the teacher must strive to see a problem as the learner sees it b. the teacher must translate the meaning of terms into the vernacular c. the teacher must provide more information d. the teacher must allow the child to look at the meaning of words in the dictionary 190) The way a child talks, walks, or uses gestures may have been learned from a model he had been exposed to. This is according to the theory of: a. connectionism b. operant conditioning c. classical conditioning d. social learning 191) 184) After the sounding of the bell is paired off a number of times with the presentation of meal powder, the bell alone is observed to elicit salivation response known as the: a. unconditional response b. conditioned stimulus c. conditional response d. unconditioned stimulus 185) To Thorndike, learning is: a. always involve trial-and-error b. sometimes involves trial-and-error c. never involves trial-and-error d. none of these Thorndike Law of Readiness claims that the: a. teacher must either wait for readiness or accept the present level of readiness and be satisfied with a lower learning rate in introducing any new learning experience b. teacher must wait for the readiness of her students c. teacher must accept the present level of readiness and be satisfied with the lower learning rate in introducing any new learning experience d. teacher must understand he students level of readiness

182) Which of the following is least effective in moral instruction? a. having children memorize the laws/rules b. calling attention of children on the positive consequences of their behavior c. praising children for displaying positive behavior d. discussing real-life moral situation and evaluating their consequences. 183) The relation between heredity and environment is an interaction. What does this mean? a. there are special abilities are dependent on the environment b. parents determine the behavior of their children c. the importance of environment is dependent upon heredity d. maturation is the process of bringing the various parts of an organism to full development

186) All of the following are examples of psychological barriers in learning except: a. teacher personality b. absence of skill motive in a learning situation c. emotional blocking d. poor teaching techniques 187) Which of the following poorly explains stimulusresponse bond? a. a situation which influences or affects the learner b. a response in which the learner makes the situation c. a connection between the problem and solution d. a learner achieving a solution

192) Which of the following statement below is false about punishment? a. it may produce undesirable emotional side effects b. it may actually increase the strength of an undesirable behavior c. in order to effective, it must often be in severe form d. punished behavior may continue to occur especially when the punisher is not present 193) The best way to shape the behavior of students is by: a. exposing pupils to desirable models b. telling them the dos of behavior c. reinforcing every desirable behavior d. telling them to imitate the teacher

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194) All of the following statements are principles that facilitate classroom learning except: a. the learner must clearly perceive his goal b. the learner must practice role learning c. learner must be psychologically and physiologically ready d. the learner must be motivated to learn 195) In the classroom, teachers are said to reinforce the kind of behavior they want to see through praise, smiles, marks, reward and the like. This situations exemplifies: a. operant conditioning b. classical conditioning c. Lewins topological theory d. Cognitive field theory 196) Which of the statements below best illustrates the role of teacher as facilitator o student learning? a. directing the action of the student b. calling for the proper application of a teaching method to make learning experiences meaningful c. intervening with students choices and actions d. understanding how students learn 197) A teacher who is unable to overcome role confusion or to postpone choices leading to identity formation but attempts to resolve conflict manifests. a. negative identity b. psychological androgyny c. psychological moratorium d. identity crises 198) Teachers in Health, Biology, Psychology and Home Economics may best help students accept or improve their appearance by: a. explaining that acne, for example is usually due to physiological changes accompanying puberty and such changes are temporary b. citing examples of people with pleasant appearance c. giving them books on how to accept self and appearance d. accepting them as they are and explaining that psychological changes are temporary. 199) All of the following statements apply to Piagets preoperational; stage of cognitive development except: a. children are capable of using symbols to stand for objects b. children use a language that is egocentric c. children are capable of decantation d. children are capable of solving conservation problems 200) By repeatedly pairing an unconditioned stimulus an unconditioned response, a conditioned stimulus eventually elicits a conditioned response. This is according to the: a. Classical Conditioning Theory b. Operant Conditioning Theory c. Reinforcement Theory d. Learning Theory 201) Which of the following is false about the Cognitive Field Theory? a. sees learning as a stimulus-response interaction b. focuses on the cognitive structure of man as basis for learning c. centers on the life space as source of learning d. does not emphasize reinforcement 202) Bruners Theory on learning states that intrinsic motivation is better than extrinsic motivation. Which of the following statement below is the best example of intrinsic motivation? a. a student has a desire to learn a subject because it is worth knowing b. a student learns because of the use of reward and punishment c. a student wants to learn because his goal is to graduate with honors d. a student learns because he wants to prove that he is intelligent 203) All of the following are principles that facilitate classroom learning except: a. the learner must clearly perceive the goal b. the learner must practice role playing c. the learner must be psychologically and physiologically ready d. the learner must be motivated to learn 204) Jane has been punished and this has adopted her aggressive behavior towards her younger brother. However, lately, she has been seen her mother shouting at and showing aggressive behavior toward her father. Because of this, she has started to manifest aggressive behavior toward her younger brother. This situation is an example of: a. inhibitory effect c. disinhibitory effect b. negative effect d. modelling effect 205) Learners who have past histories of failures and frustrations are generally observed to manifest: a. low achievement motivation b. high achievement performance c. a fear to study d. fear of school 206) A group of accelerated Grade V pupils is expected to learn more learning task in Science than does a group of regular Grade V pupils. A teacher who works on a sound principle of motivation is likely to present: a. the overview of all learning tasks to arouse interest for the entire lesson. b. the lesson from the simplest to them are complex c. the lessons from most difficult to simplest to challenge the group d. the lesson at random to generate creativity 207) Teacher should avoid labeling pupils negatively as they may live up to these images. This tendency to manifest negative labels into actual behaviors is a concept of attitude formation called: a. reflected self-appraisal c. self-concept b. self-fulfilling prophecy d. self-realization

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208) A conscientious teacher can best help her students demonstrate learned helplessness by: a. Making them aware of their strength and weaknesses for learning b. providing them activities that will enable them to experience success c. encouraging them to join rewarding activities d. creating activities for them that will make them feel important 209) A social unit of persons united by kinship, marriage, or adoption, with a common habitat and interacting according to well-defined roles to maintain and protect its members and perpetuates the society. a. family c. barangay b. government d. society 210) The commission of criminal or anti-social acts by the youth. a. prostitution c. juvenile delinquency b. gambling d. drug addiction 211) It is the study of man as a product of evolution, his physical structure is known as a. Sociology c. cultural anthropology b. physical anthropology d. archeology 212) The sum total of knowledge, skills, beliefs, products, etc. shared by people and passed from one generation to another. a. Sociology c. culture b. Anthropology d. archeology 213) This refers to the ability to communicate with others. Thoughts and feelings are symbolized so as to convey meaning in different forms of communication is known as a. speech c. message b. communication d. language 214) It is a form of language in which articulate sounds or words used to convey meanings is known as a. speech c. message b. communication d. language 215) The sacred book of the Judaism. a. Bible b. Quran c. Torah She Bi-Khetab &Tora She-Be al Peh d. None of the above 218) As defined by the American College Dictionary, it is defined as the things of social life, such as ideals, customs, institutions, etc. toward which the people of the group have affective regard and which are considered desirable is known as a. culture c. geography b. values d. arts 219) The stimulus-response theory believes every stimulus creates a response where activities can be measured objectively. This is known as a. Structuralism c. behaviorism b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism 220) It is a stirred up state or disorganized behavior caused by a situation which the individual cannot cope with is known as a. emotion c. delusions b. motivation d. hysteria 221) This refers to the arousal and maintenance of interest. a. emotion c. delusions b. motivation d. hysteria 222) It is system or schools of psychology that claims that experience or mental states are made of sensations, images or ideas and feelings. a. Structuralism c. behaviorism b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism 223) It is another system or schools of psychology that mental processes are functions or operations of the organism in its adaptation to and modification of is environment. a. Structuralism c. behaviorism b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism 224) The conception of experience at any given moment is determined by the totality of its related phases, which constitute an integrated pattern or configuration. This school of psychology is known as .. a. Structuralism c. behaviorism b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism 225) Emotion is the primitive matrix from which all later mental powers are developed. This theory is known as a. Canon-Dana Theory b. James-Lange Theory c. Evolutionary Theory d. Emergency or conflict theory 226) The following are methods of eradicating undesirable emotional behavior except one: a. disuse b. frequent application of the stimulus c. ridicule of scorn d. sublimation 227) It is the sum total of the traits and characteristics and patterns of adjustment of an individual that sets him apart or makes him different from other individuals. a. Personality c. values b. Culture d. all of the above

216) It is the totality of human activities involving creativity, ingenuity, judgment, and skills aimed at the accomplishment of a given aesthetic end or a thing of beauty is known as. a. culture c. language b. arts d. humanities 217) As defined by the American College Dictionary, It is the study of a real differentiation of the earth surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world elements is known as... a. map c. culture b. arts d. geography

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228) It is the process of overcoming difficulties that hinder the attainment of a goal by using knowledge and skills gained from associative leaning, reflective, analytical and constructive thinking are very much needed. This type of learning is known as a. aesthetic leaning b. problem-solving learning c. affective learning d. psychomotor learning 229) When an organism is ready to act, action is satisfying, inaction is annoying. This law of learning is known as . a. law of effect c. law of readiness b. law of exercise d. none of these 230) This is law of learning states that practice reinforces learning. a. law of effect c. law of readiness b. law of exercise d. none of these 231) This refers to the inborn automatic responses to simple localized stimulation involving particular muscles and a part of the body is known as . a. drives c. reflexes b. urges d. aptitudes 232) Charles mother noticed that her son is sometimes competing with his father for her attention. Charles can be classified under what psychoanalytic stage of development? a. latency b. genital c. phallic d. oral 233) This pattern of development states that development follows an orderly pattern that is predictable. a. cepahlocaudal c. conventional b. phylogenetic d. proximodistal 234) Classical conditioning theory is always attributed to him for his experiment concerning the dogs salivation as a reaction to the sound of the buzzer. a. Bandura c. Pavlov b. Lewin d. B. F. Skinner 246) It is one of the characteristics of Filipino learners shown by the attitude of partial inhibition of social responses especially in the presence of strangers. a. shyness c. humility b. perseverance d. competition 247) Learning is any change in the behavior of an organism, is the main educational idea of the ____. a. behaviorists c. Gestaltists b. connectionists d. mind theories 248) it is the natural impulse of the child, which involves a skillful or dexterous management, or control of actions. a. rivalry c. manipulation b. play d. curiosity 249) Learning is an active and dynamic process in which the learner must definitely be involved in the teachinglearning activities, is the basic tenet of ____. 238) It is the process by which an organism inherits the characteristic traits of the parents. a. heredity c. development b. maturation d. fertilization 239) It is the stage of development, which is considered as the transition period form childhood to adulthood. a. adolescence c. late childhood b. adulthood d. infancy 240) It is a process when the sperm cell penetrates the membranes of the egg cell and is considered as the beginning of life. a. development c. maturation b. fertilization d. accommodation 241) A fetus, which comes from a single fertilized egg cell, is called ___. a. fraternal twin c. Siamese twin b. bi-ovular twin d. uniovular twin 242) The stage of development from the time of conception to the time of birth is known as _____. a. pre-natal period c. early childhood b. post-natal period d. babyhood 243) it refers to the nurture his parents and from around him. a. environment b. heredity that the child receives from interaction with the people c. nutrition d. parental cares

244) The stage of development is known as the questioning age or exploratory age because the child is constantly asking so many questions. a. babyhood c. infancy b. early childhood d. late childhood 245) It refers to the natural impulse possessed by men and animals, an activity engaged in for the enjoyment and satisfaction, but can also be utilized as a tool for learning. a. desire c. play b. emotion d. rivalry

235) The childs concept of right and wrong is based on external criteria laid down by adults during the stage of pre-conventional morality. This is based on the idea of ____. a. Erikson c. Kohlberg b. Freud d. Piaget 236) During the pre-operational stage language skill emerges and the child now uses words to represent ideas. This is the theory attributed to ____. a. Wallace c. Freud b. Piaget d. Dewey 237) An individual with an I. Q. of 110 is considered ____. a. above-average c. genius b. average d. moron

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a. progressivism c. connectionism b. Gestalt d. behaviorism 250) This is the law of learning states that when an organism is prepared to respond to a stimulus, allowing him to do so would be satisfying while preventing him would be annoying. a. Law of Effect c. Law of Recency b. Law of Exercise d. Law of Readiness 251) A type of motivation, which is based on reward and punishments. a. extrinsic c. materialistic b. intrinsic d. psychological 252) It is the process of equaling or excelling over the work of another. a. competition c. emulation b. curiosity d. rivalry 253) Danica got the highest grade in Mathematics because she studied very well in the said subject. For this, Danica will be all the more motivated to study not only Mathematics but also her other subjects. This is in accordance with the ____. a. Law of Belongingness c. Law of Exercise b. Law of Effect d. Law of Readiness 254) During the Spanish period, the teachers who were mostly friars assumed all the authority in the schools and classrooms and the students had no right but to obey their teachers. This best illustrates ____ approach to teaching. a. authoritarian c. laissez-faire b. democratic d. Socratic 255) It is the domain, which is focused on the development of the attitude, interest and emotion as well as the intangible qualities of the child. a. affective c. manipulative b. cognitive d. psychomotor 256) Regarding the maturation of boys and girls, teachers should bear in mind that: a. girls mature at a later stage than boys b. girls mature at an earlier stage than boys c. boys and girls mature at the same time d. there are no marked difference in their time of maturity 257) Transfer of learning easily takes place if the activities involved ____. a. are different b. having identical elements c. occur in the same time d. vary in difficulty 258) When the learner is well motivated, he performs his task ___. a. with indifference c. with arrogance b. with interests d. with enthusiasm 259) A six-year-old child who has a mental age of 96 has an IQ of ____. a. 120 c. 132 b. 130 d. 133 260) The ratio obtained by dividing mental age by chronological age times 100 is called _____. a. derived quotient b. emotional intelligence quotient c. intelligence quotient or IQ d. intelligence ratio 261) This natural born tendency of the child, which refers to the capacity to adjust his thinking to new requirements. a. competition c. emotion b. curiosity d. intelligence 262) it is the process of arousing the individuals attention and interest to wards a definite goal. a. learning c. resourcefulness b. motivation d. rivalry 263) This domain of learning is geared towards the development of the childs intellectual capacity. a. affective c. manipulative b. cognitive d. psychomotor 264) it is believed that education is a matter of training and discipline. Hence, if one wants to sharpen his memory, he must memorize names, dates, events and others. This is the main idea of ____. a. generalization c. identical element b. gestalt d. mind theory 265) This law of learning states that constant repetition of any learning task strengthens learning. a. Law of Belongingness c. Law of Exercise b. Law of Effect d. Law of Readiness 266) The ability of the individual to foresee things based on knowledge and experiences and to react in advance is known as ____. a. E.S.P. c. Insight b. Conditioning d. Trial and Error 267) This law of learning states that the response which has been exercised and rewarded most recently is the one which is most likely to occur when the organism is in a given situation. a. Law of Effect c. Law of Readiness b. Law of Exercise d. Law of Recency 268) Values are caught and not taught. This due to the fact that children learn from what they observe from adults. This shows the natural tendency of children known as: a. competition c. imitation b. curiosity d. rivalry 269) The domain of learning, which caters to the development of skills of the child. a. affective c. objectives b. cognitive d. psychomotor

270) This is a term, which means pattern shape or configuration. This school of thought adheres to the idea that the experiences at any given moment are determined by the totality of its related phases, which constitutes an integral pattern of configuration.

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a. behaviorism b. connectionism c. gestalt d. progressivism b. dialog d. proverb

271) Learning is further strengthened when there are similarities in the topics or subject matters to be learned. a. Law of Belongingness c. Law of Exercises b. Law of Effect d. Law of Readiness

281) This philosophical school of thought believes that the ultimate goal of human existence is the acquisition of pleasure. Everything that brings pleasure and delights is moral. Whereas, anything that brings suffering and pain is immoral. a. utilitarianism c. moral sensism b. moral rationalism d. hedonism 282) If the Christian has the Bible and the Islam has the Quran as Holy Scriptures, what do you call the Sacred of Text of Hinduism? a. Veda c. Karma b. Nirvana d. Analects 283) He postulated that both human heartedness and propriety should operate in a scheme of five human relationships like between father and son; between brothers; between husband and wife; between friends and between rules and subjects. a. Buddha c. Lao Tzu b. Confucius d. Tagore 284) Life is full of conditions. As much, man is always confronted with alternative wherein he must decide based on his prudence. But he must take full responsibility for the consequences that his decision might bring. This is the maxim of ____. a. essentialism c. pragmatism b. existentialism d. utilitarianism 285) The name of this Oriental religion means submission to God. a. Christianity c. Islam b. Hinduism d. Judaism

272) This law of learning states that a given situation usually generates various reactions from the learners. a. Law of Effect c. Law of Multiple Response b. Law of Frequency d. Law of Recency 273) Zsa-zsas father promised to by her a laptop computer if she graduated as valedictorian. She studied so hard in order to graduate as valedictorian and get her prize. This is a good example of _____. a. punishment c. intrinsic motivation b. motivation d. extrinsic motivation 274) it is defined as the quest for truth based on logical reasoning aside form factual observation of the natures multifarious phenomena. a. culture c. philosophy b. morality d. sociology 275) it is an ordinance of reason formulated for the common good by the one who has charge of the society. a. philosophy c. law b. morality d. culture 276) A teacher can best help a withdrawn child to assert himself and win the respect of his classmates by ____. a. giving him opportunity to show his talents b. providing him leadership roles c. always calling him to answer questions d. encouraging him to study harder to outwit his classmates 277) The best for a teacher to impart values to his pupils is ___. a. constant repetition of actions to make them routinely b. inflicting corporal punishment c. acting as a role model d. always scolding his pupils 278) All mortal existence is characterized by suffering is the basic premise of this Oriental philosophy. a. Brahmanism c. Confucianism b. Buddhism d. Islam 279) It is the art and science that deals with the morality of human acts. a. aesthetics c. ethics b. axiology d. logic 280) it is a short story, a weighty similitude that is used to convey instruction to ignorant and inattentive listeners. A method of teaching that was used by Jesus Christ. An example is the story of the Prodigal son. a. dialectic c. parable

286) Know thyself was the dictum of this Greek thinker who was condemned to die by drinking hemlock. a. Aristotle c. Socrates b. Plato d. Thales 287) It is something, which is chosen from alternatives, acted upon and enhances the creative integration and development of human personality. a. values c. ethics b. morality d. character 288) Hitler massacred millions of people during the holocaust due to the belief advocated by Friedrich Nietzsche that the society must produce strong people and kill the weak. What is the name of this philosophical belief? a. moral rationalism c. Nazism b. moral evolutionism d. utilitarianism 289) Lord, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change; courage to change the things I can and wisdom to know the difference was the well known prayer of ____. a. Saint Augustin c. Saint Francis b. Saint Duke d. Saint Matthew 290) it is an Oriental religion whose main philosophy is mans harmony with Mother Nature. a. Taoism c. Judaism

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b. Shintoism d. Buddhism 301) d. Educational concerns are focused on the supernatural world of eternity. What statement is FALSE with respect to essentialism as a philosophy of education? a. The chief business of education is to cultivate the intellectual virtues of man. b. Education should be devoted to the thorough study of a few subjects selected for their universal and basic importance. c. Essentialism stresses reading, speaking, writing and arithmetic as tool subjects; grammar, rhetoric, logic and languages as intellectual subjects. d. Essentialism is in accord with the basic philosophy of child-centered education as favored by progressives.

291) It is the belief that mans soul is imprisoned in his earthly body and can escape only from such bondage through an endless series of birth. a. Veda c. Karma b. Transmigration d. Nirvana 292) Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their claims they have a world to win. Workingmen of all countries unite! were the concluding statements of the ____. a. Russian Constitution b. Magna Carta c. Communist Manifesto d. Das Kapital 293) To repeat is to acquire understanding, is to demonstrate concentration, is to show the power of the human intellect was the basic doctrine of this educator for establishing a special kind of school for children. a. John Amos Camenius c. Friedrich Herbart b. John Dewey d. Maria Montessori 294) These are bodily appetites or tendencies like love, joy, anger, grief, passion, etc. that modify human acts. a. Concupiscence c. ignorance b. freedom d. violence 295) Eating sili and other spicy food is the trademark of the Bicolonos. This practice is acceptable for them but may not be as welcome to the other ethnic groups. This only shows that value is _____. a. bipolar c. objective b. hierarchical d. subjective 296) The passage The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want, is taken from _____. a. Veda c. Proverbs b. Talmud d. Psalms 297) The formation of the alphabet for the Western World was the achievement of the ____. a. Egyptians c. Phoenicians b. Babylonians d. Romans 298) The great educational achievement of the medieval period, which created an academic world, is _____. a. scholasticism c. Chantry schools b. venture school d. the University 299) Support of the State government for the maintenance of schools was one o the notable effects of the ____. a. Reformation c. Naturalism in education b. Renaissance d. Realism in education 300) What statement is INCONSISTENT with what are advocated by progressive educators? a. The cosmos that confronts the learner is continually undergoing change b. Educational aims are not fixed and final. c. Education is the constant reconstruction of experience.

302) What statement is NOT TRUE in so far as the contributions of Friedrich W. Froebel to education are concerned? a. Education is development from within. b. In the educational process the pupil or learner is a passive agent. c. He is propounded the principle of self-activity. d. He formulated the principle of social participation. 303) What statement is NOT TRUE when it comes to the contribution of John Friedrich Herbart to education? a. Education is development from within. b. Education is the sole business of the teacher. c. He formulated the doctrine of interest. d. He formulated the doctrine of apperception. 304) What statement is NOT TRUE with reference to Realism in education? a. The basic reality is to be found in the forces and laws of nature. b. Sense perception is the fundamental means to learning. c. What is hard or difficult has special disciplinary value. d. All knowledge is acquired through experience. 305) What statement is unacceptable to proponents and followers of humanism in education? a. Classical Latin literature is the basis of liberal education. b. Liberal education stresses moral discipline. c. The essential of liberal education are history, moral philosophy and eloquence. d. Languages are used as tool subjects and a pansophic curriculum is the means to new social order. 306) The ways in which primitive children learn were by observation of activities in which they would later be participants and by simple telling and demonstration on how things were done. When primitive education is contrasted with civilized education, this difference will be noted; a. Primitive education is relatively simple. b. Primitive education evolves in a purely natural ways. c. Primitive education evolves in a military ways.

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d. Primitive education is relatively complex. 307) Roman education emphasized the practical way of doing things aim of roman education was utilitarian - not theory but application, not learning but practice. What kind of people were the Romans? a. Naturalist c. Pragmatists b. Progressivists d. Realists 308) Most authorities agree that modern times began with the movement known as the Renaissance; and since education is always a reflection of the times, modern education and modern theories of education can be said to have began with this movement. The distinct outgrowth of the Renaissance was: a. Realist education c. Pragmatic education b. Naturalist education d. Humanistic education 309) Individual teachers need to begin their professional life by soul searching and knowing more about them. The most important aspect of the professional life of a teacher therefore is a critical examination of ideas related to his life and work, the critical examination of ideas should continue through: a. teachers professional career b. teachers changing philosophical orientation c. teachers value orientation d. teachers philosophy in life 310) The teachers total philosophy of life cant be separated from his philosophy of education or his learning theory, and his methods of teaching, for views of reality, knowledge and value lie in the realm of: a. movistic, dualistic and organic view b. metaphysical, epistemological and axiological view c. philosophical, sociological anthropological view d. realistic, naturalist and humanistic view 311) Education seeks the self-realization of the individual through participation in the social of his family and society. From his early infancy, the individuals participation grows increasingly. This means: a. Education transmits the vital elements of culture to the succeeding generation. b. Education secures to the individual the external conditions of good life. c. Education is a continuous process. d. Education preserves and spreads spiritual values. 312) The curriculum of kindergarten schools emphasizes physical and mental growth, development of personal habits and attitudes through informal activities most of all it should emphasize: a. religious instruction c. appreciation of ideas b. social relationship d. military discipline 313) There are three components of the educative processes, which have been the concern of both psychologists and teachers. These are the: a. parents, teachers, classmates, teachers, friends, parents b. learners, learning process, learning situation c. learning process, teachers, learners d. none of these 314) The adolescent wants independence; yet he has a strong desire for security. He wants to feel secure in the affection and regard of his peers and of adults, That is, he wants to be secured ____. a. physically and socially spiritually and physically b. mentally and emotionally c. emotionally and socially d. none of these 315) What development is described in this view of Piaget? Development involves two processes: assimilation in which an individual acquires information or knowledge accommodation where an individual creates a new scheme after his interaction with the environment. a. cognitive development development b. psychomotor development c. spiritual development d. none of these affective

316) The problem of meeting adequately all the needs of a learner in education becomes the task of the teacher. For this task to be effectively accomplished, the teacher has to be aware of the nature and extent of the school learners differences, how they affect teaching and learning. In the developmental theory, this refers to: a. family differences b. community differences c. individual differences d. sex differences 317) As the individual emerges form the sheltered life within the home toward an expanded social and physical environment, new problems arises and additional needs and wants appear. During this time boys and girls need very urgently. a. physical adjustment b. social adjustment c. emotional adjustment d. spiritual adjustment 318) According to this theory, human activities are based on association between stimuli and responses. This theory has bee called S R bond. These terms refers to: a. connectionism theory b. law of readiness c. law of effect

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d. conditioning theory 319) Which of these attitudes helps the individual to endure suffering, poverty, sickness and bad luck? This attitude enables one to accept resignation and tolerance to pain and frustrations. This attitude that still persists is called ____. a. fatalism c. animism b. non-rationalism d. euphemism 320) This attitude denotes a sense of gratitude. This value system comprises a work of behavior with different degrees connotation. It is a complicated system of mutual obligation. Everybody owes a debt of gratitude to someone, everyone in some way has done something for someone who therefore owes him in return. This value is referred to as: a. ningas cogon c. fiesta syndrome b. manana habit d. utang na loob 321) It is something that grows and changes with the passage of time. It is complex whole, which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs, and/or capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. This is referred to as: a. culture c. learning b. experience d. education 322) When planning the program for learning what is important for the teacher to know? a. the childs or learners background b. the learners problems and needs c. the learners abilities and interest d. all of the above 323) Which of the following statements is consistent with the basic principles guiding pupil learning? a. the child is the beginning, the center, and the end goal of the learning process. b. The child is a unique individual, meaning no two children are alike because every child has characteristics distinctly his own. c. The child should be accepted for what he is: his personality should be respected. d. All of the above 324) Which of the following groups of individual look upon education as changed behavior? a. anthropologists c. physiologists b. sociologists d. all of these 325) Human social life is the product of ____. a. biological heredity c. the group and culture b. natural environment d. none of these c. scientific foundations of education d. psychological foundations of education 328) The contemporary educational view fundamentally manifests ____. a. an eclectic tendency c. sociological bias b. psychological trend d. philosophical inclination 329) Who was the educational theorist who propounded the idea that all children are born good but society makes them bad? a. Jean Jacques Rousseau b. John Locke c. Thomas Habbes d. none of the above 330) What does a sense-realist or a pragmatist mean when he says that a person talks sense? a. The person talks about something important or significant. b. The person understands what he is talking about. c. The person talks about those that are perceived by the senses not only by the person who experience them but also by others who can verify them. d. All the above. 331) According to Herbartian psychology the chief characteristic of the mind is its power of___. a. assimilation c. intellectualization b. abstraction d. conceptualization 332) We owe our idea of universal, elementary education to the ___. a. Reformation c. Humanism b. Renaissance d. Scholasticism 333) The educational theory upholding the idea that sensory experience is the only source of knowledge is associated with ___. a. empiricism c. scholasticism b. idealism d. none of these 334) What propagation devices are used by a person who presents only one side of an issue especially the side favorable to what he supports of represents? a. card stacking c. bandwagon b. glittering generally d. name calling 335) The tendency to regard learning as a set of processes by which an organism is modified by the responses it makes to stimuli is indicative of ___. a. sociological influence b. philosophical influence c. scientific influence d. psychological bias 336) How group integration in a school system be sustained? a. through independent or common pupil and faculty activity b. by consensus c. by building good morale

326) Kilpatrickian (referring to William Kilpatrick) is essentially associated with ___. a. the project method c. intrinsic motivation b. purposeful activity d. all of these 327) The idea that education is primarily a method of helping the individuals adjust to his environment stems from the ____. a. sociological foundations of education b. philosophical foundations of education

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d. all of the above 337) What are the acquired human needs that are a. build largely around the ego? b. the desire to belong to the group c. desire to be accepted and loved by the group d. desire to enjoy good standing in the group e. all the above What is personality a function of? a. Personality is a function of the expectations of social situations. b. Personality is a function of social situations. c. Personality is a function of the self. d. A and B. c. James-Lange theory d. Evolutionary theory 345) It is the study of human behavior, of how a person acts and reacts under different situations, consciously or unconsciously, mentally, physiologically, physically, overtly or covertly. a. Anthropology c. Philosophy b. Psychology d. Sociology 346) Which of the following is true about human growth and development? a. growth involves physical changes while development refers to maturation b. growth involves growing older, while development is an increase in height and weight at all times c. growth is the process of ripening while development is the result of training d. none of the above 347) The unborn fetus appear to be like monsters with abnormally large heads because a. the head contains a lot of fluids b. the pattern of development follows cephalocaudal trend c. the head is the most important part of the body d. human life has not fully developed 348) The period when rapid learning takes place is known as a. plateau of learning c. learning curve b. learning sports d. learning process 349) The feeling of uneasiness or dislike against new culture is known as a. enculturation c. acculturation b. culture shock d. culture orientation 350) The teacher can develop self-concept among her pupils by a. letting the child know how bad he was b. keeping quite about the childs weakness c. expressing confidence on the childs capability d. all of the above 351) What is the most basic factor to be considered in determining a childs readiness to learn? a. maturation c. experience b. methods of instruction d. age 352) A child who is friendly, cordial and easy to work with is showing a. mechanical intelligence b. social intelligence c. motor intelligence d. abstract intelligence 353) A new-born baby is know as a. neonate c. an infant b. fetus d. a preemie 354) Readiness in the child involves not only maturation but also a. adjustment b. hereditary capabilities

338)

339) The personality of education based on knowledge of the activities and development of the human mind are indicators of the influence of ___. a. rational psychology b. realistic philosophy c. naturalistic movement d. none of the above 340) In the transfer of learning, this theory asserts that the skill or training gained in the study of one subject will improve the performance of the same skill in the study of another subject. This theory is known as . a. mental discipline b. theory of generalization c. theory of identical elements d. theory of configuration 341) It is a theory of learning that a series of responses are connected until the correct response is achieved. a. stimulus-response theory b. cognitive field theory c. trial and error theory d. conditioning theory 342) According to this theory, the stimulus to activity does not come from within the individual but from outside. a. need-drive-incentive theory b. cue-stimulus theory c. affective arousal theory d. psychoanalytic theory 343) This refers to social drives that are acquired, learned, or derived. It is also the need for social approval, security, safety, belongingness, love, esteem, prestige, power and the like. a. biological and physiological drives b. psychological drives c. self-actualization drives d. all of the above 344) Emotion is the primitive matrix from which all later mental powers are developed. This theory is known as a. Cannon-Dana theory b. Emergency or conflict theory

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c. independent learning d. motivation and experience 355) Which of the following is not a psychological need? a. need for love c. need for belongingness b. need for food d. needs of friends 356) Biological inheritance begins a. at the birth of the child b. at the age of one year c. at the time of conception d. all the period of infancy 357) Identical twins caused by a. two sperm cells entering one egg b. two sperm cells fertilizing two eggs c. one sperm fertilizing two eggs d. a fertilized egg separate into two 358) Projection is best defined as a. a tendency to react to others according to our motivation b. an eagerness to discuss personal problems c. adoption of values of older persons d. assigning to others negative traits we ourselves possess 359) Learning in accordance with the view of Thorndike a. always involves trial and error b. sometimes involves trial and error c. never involves trial and error d. none of the above 360) The method of teaching which aims to correct errors in the past is a. remedial c. development b. diagnostic d. corrective 361) With cooperative learning is mind, which does NOT belong to group? a. competition c. collaboration b. teamwork d. synergy 362) Which is more of a spatial task for a learner? a. read a book then write a response b. examine a statistical chart then write a response c. go on a field trip then write a response d. watch a movie then write a response 363) With the explosion of knowledge, which image of teacher is unacceptable? a. Questioner c. facilitator of learning b. omniscient teacher d. guide on the side 364) Which question is in the highest level of Blooms Taxonomy of objectives in the cognitive domain? a. what could happen if there were no control groups? b. Distinguished between control and experimental groups/ c. Judge the validity of the experimental design d. What two groups are present in an experimental design? 365) In what developmental stage is growth is most rapid? a. adolescence c. middle childhood b. early childhood d. infancy 366) What characteristics of a dyslexic child? a. hard up in writing and spelling b. attention-getter c. out of focus d. hyperactive 367) In Piagets concrete operational stage, what is it that children CAN NOT do? a. reasoning applied to specific example b. doing mentally what was just physically done c. classifying objects into different sets d. imaging the steps necessary to complete an algebraic equation 368) Which according to Jocano is strength of the Filipino people? a. sense of national pride b. sense of humor c. sense of historical or national identity d. sense of commitment to nationalistic ideas 369) Who among the following is genuinely nationalistic? The citizen who a. works overseas for the education of his children b. uses his skills and capital to generate jobs in the countryside c. sings the National Anthem will all his heart d. salutes the flag as it is raised during the flag ceremony 370) Which one may help an adolescent discover his identity? a. Parents a pursuing in to follow a specific path b. exploring many different roles in healthy manner c. relating to people d. deciding to follow one path only 371) Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is under obligation to transmit such heritage to learners. Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation? a. study of the life of Filipino heroes b. observe continuing professional education c. use of the latest instructional technology d. use of interactive teaching strategies 372) What functions are associated with the left-brain? a. verbal, visual, intuitive b. verbal, logical, intuitive c. verbal, logical, detail-oriented d. verbal, intuitive, detail-oriented 373) According to Piagets theory, in which development stage can the child do symbolic thinking and go beyond the connection of sensory information and physical action? a. pre-operational c. formal operational b. concrete operational d. sensorimotor

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374) Which of the 3 id, ego, and superego, consist(s) of instincts? a. ego c. ego & superego b. superego d. id 375) Which attitude does a Boy Scout who says Bahala Na and dives into a pool to save a drowning boy exemplify? a. a daring attitude b. a segurista attitude c. a daring attitude combined with pagmalasakit d. an I dont care attitude 376) Dr. Melgo teaches in a remote multigrade class. His principal and supervisors seldom visit him. He teaches when he feels like teaching and not when he does not feel like teaching. What trait of a good teacher does he lack? a. emotional intelligence b. independent study c. relating to people d. deciding to follow one path only 377) If you want a child to eliminate an undesirable behavior, punish him. This is in accordance with Thorndikes law of a. reward. c. exercise b. punishment d. effect 378) Elpidio, an elementary pupil, read WAS for SAW or D for P or B. From his reading behavior, one can say that Elpidio is suffering from a. dysgraphia c. dysphasia b. dyslexia d. dyspraxia Elpidio helps his classmates carry heavy books if their teacher sees him and so praises Elpidio. Based on Kohlbergs theory of development, in which level of moral development is Elpidio? a. non-conventional c. pre-conventional b. post-conventional d. conventional makers and teachers in the sequencing and choice of learning materials a. I, ii b. I, iii c. ii, iii d. I, ii, iii

382) Which of the following is an example of learning? a. an infant cries when he is hungry b. a student wears here lucky skirt during a test c. an adolescent became ill after being exposed to influenza d. a girl playing bahay-bahayan 383) What is the strongest implication of the theory of classical conditioning theory of Pavlov? a. Gina having stomach ache before the Geometry class b. Ben wanting to participate in class for more popularity c. Cliff trying to earn good grades by studying d. Roel searching in the library for an assignment 384) Aimee was not playing originally good at playing the piano when she first learned it in third grade. However, through time and practices, she began becoming very good at it. Which conditioning theory best describes such progress? a. Law of repetition b. Law of practice c. Law of recency d. Law of exercise e. Law of identical 385) At the end of Piagets concrete operational state, a child is capable of all the following task, except: a. class inclusion d. testing hypothesis b. transitivity e. resolving conflicts c. decantation 386) According to Kohlbergs theory of moral development individual progress from stage to stage by: a. interacting with those whose moral reasoning is at higher level b. resolving critical and conflicting psychosocial issues c. exhibiting socially acceptable behavior d. seeking approval and avoiding punishment e. seeking pleasure

379)

380) Dr. Melgo banged the door when he entered the classroom while the pupils waited nervously to greet him. He was tense and harsh the pupils. Later, he tried to encourage t hem to participate but the children remained quite in their seats. Which can be best explained the situation? a. the impact of the non-verbal and verbal messages of the teacher is the same b. the teachers verbal communication has not be interpreted correctly by the pupils c. the teachers verbal and non-verbal messages are contradictory d. the pupils perceptions of the teachers nonverbal behavior did not change e. 381) Which of the following are implications of growth and development principles in education? i. the teacher should endeavor to know her capacity and her home environment ii. teachers should respect differences among children and youth iii. the predictability of the patterns of development should guide curriculum

387) Which of the following is a definition of learning from a behavioral perspective? a. learning is an observable process that individuals used to learn and to remember information b. learning is taking in, processing,, storing and receiving perceptual information c. learning is building new structures upon these previously learned d. learning includes how pleasurable or how painful consequences of behavior change individuals behavior overtime e. learning is change of behavior in the individual

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388) Which of the following is an example of metacognitive skills? a. recalling a name b. listening skill c. planning and effective study strategy d. reading a poem aloud e. baking a cake 389) The forms of behavior that violate the norms are called a. flaunters d. non-social b. deviants e. moves c. defiant 390) When we say that Ilocanos are thrifty and industrious, the Tagalogs are progressive and proud, the Bicolanos are friendly, we are making use of a. stereotypes d. prejudice b. epithets e. culture shock c. eikucentrism a. i,ii, and iv b. iii and iv c. ii, iii and iv d. i, ii, and iii e. i, iii, and iv

394) Which of the following factors is probably the MOST crucial to successful child rearing? a. presence of educational toys at home b. presence of other siblings c. adults emotional and verbal responsiveness d. high socio-economic status e. presence of nutritious food 395) A factor that may contribute to higher incidence of child abuse in the Philippines is common acceptance of : a. spanking and other physical punishment\ b. mental illness c. economic status of the family d. size of the family e. dual-career families 396) Some preschoolers have difficulty to read at the early stage of schooling because they: a. can not see small objects or letter b. do not have binocular vision c. are near sighted d. can not focus on or scan a line of print e. are far-sighted 397) In teaching gender issues, knowledge should be based on an established research about genderrelated differences. Which of the following statements about gender-related differences is correct? a. females have greater verbal ability b. male have better visual-spatial skills c. male excel in mathematical skills d. male are more aggressive e. all of the above-statements are correct 398) A 9-year old girl is brought to the school physicians office for a physical check up. She has no history of significant problems. When the school nurse ask the child and mother about the childs best friend, the school is assessing: a. language development b. motor development c. neurological development d. social development e. emotional development 399) The mother tells the school nurse that the child is continually telling jokes and riddles to the point of driving the other family members crazy. The school nurse should explain that this behavior is a sign of:\ a. inadequate parental attention b. mastery of language c. inappropriate peer influence d. excessive television watching e. too much confidence 400) The theory of human needs was authored by: a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Eirckson

391) Which of this chronology characterizes the period of babyhood? i. babyhood is the true foundation of age ii. babyhood is an age of rapid growth and change iii. babyhood is an age of decreasing dependency iv. babyhood is the beginning of socialization v. babyhood is the beginning of sex-role typing a. i, ii, iii and iv b. ii. Iii. Iv and v c. i. Iii, iv and v 392) d. i, ii, iv and v e. i, ii, iii, iv, and v

There are found chronological forms normally appearing in the development pattern of earning to talk, namely: i. crying iv. gesturing ii. babbling v. emotional expression iii. yelling a. i, ii, iii, and iv b. ii, iii, iv and v c. I, iii, iv and v d. ii, iii, and v e. i, ii, iv and v

393)

Which chronological development below characterizes the nature of socialization during the early childhood? i. during this state the child does not play more with other children, but also talks more with them ii. as a general rule, during the preschool years, children find social contacts with members of the opposite sex more pleasurable than those with members of the same sex iii. as a social contacts increases, young children engage in cooperative play, play in which the yare part of the group and interact with group members iv. at this age children engage in parallel play, play in which young children play independently beside other children rather than with them.

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c. Dunn 401) The proponent of the psychosexual theory is: a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Eirckson c. Dunn 402) The psycho-social theory was of : a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Eirckson c. Dunn 403) The theorist who believes that each stage of development has a personality crisis involving a major conflict that is critical at the time, is: a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Eirckson c. Dunn a b c d 411) thats very kind of you leave your tools alone its all right, you may go return your tools to the property clerk

Of the following Filipino traits, which is not a hindrance for progressive learning? a Hiya c. compadre system b Sensibility d. utang na loog

412) A special liking or inclination for a particular type of undertaking. a Interest c. attitude b Goal d. none of these 413) Boyets family is very poor. His father is the sole provider for the seven children. Boyet wants to take a college degree. However, he has no means but to join a neighborhood notorious gang. He is following which life principle? a Do what is right always b The means fails to justify the end c Double standard effect d The Golden Rule 414) A mother who is an OFW (Overseas Filipino Worker) regularly sends money to her family here. Her children are enrolled in an exclusive and almost always hold parties. What moral principle is observed? a double standard of living b the Golden rule c do whats right always d the means fails to justify the end 415) Maria works for a volunteer group that caters to the needs of dying individuals like Sofia. Maria talks with Sofia and his family to prepare them to her demises. Maria believes in what principle? a death is inevitable. It must be recognized b always do what is light c double effect principle d the means fails to justify the end 416) The Republic of the Philippines is a is a small island b consist of 7,100 island and 72 million people c anew Republic d a very rich country 417) The Pope official residence in the Philippines. a Malacanang Palace b The Manila Hotel c The Apostolic Nunciature d The Convent of the Manila Cathedral 418) Who were the three Catholic princes of the Church promoted by Pope John Paul II to Cardinal positions? a Jaime Sin, Jose C. Manalo, and Pedro C. Aglipay b Jose Bucaneg, Pablo San Paolo and Juan C. Julio c Jaime C. Sin. Ted Buhain, and Teodoro Bacani

404) The theorist who view that the development of the mind as occurring thru adaptation to the environment via assimilation and accommodation: a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Eirckson c. Dunn 405) Piaget is famous for this: a. human needs theory b. psychosexual theory c. physical growth theory d. psychosocial theory e. cognitive theory 406) The hereditary traits acquired by a person in his lifetime. a. are transmissible to his offspring b. reappear in his future grandchildren c. have no influence on the offspring at all d. become recessive traits 407) What do students develop when they are given a chance to settle differences of opinion? a. fair play c. irritants b. tolerance d. sociability 408) What action must schools do against teenagers gang age? a. provide the gang all the freedom it needs b. gives classrooms activities to give directions to out-of-school youth activities c. supervise gang activities d. set up norms of conduct for the members of the gang 409) a b c d Which statement is NOT needed to attain learners interest in learning activities? the activity must lead to practical end the activity must be within the ability of learner the activity must fill a need recognized by learner the learner must have the experience that furnish the background for the activity the the the will

410) What is the reaction of the shop teacher upon seeing the tools scattered?

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d Jaime Cardinal Sin, Ricardo Cardinal Vidal and Jose Cardinal Sanchez 428) He popularized the Connectionism and Trial and Error theories of learning. a Edward C. Thorndike b William Craig c B. j. Underwood d Froebel 429) Using chimpanzee as the study specimen, he was able to theorize that insight learning is possible where the organism could reconstruct his perceptual pattern into a new one. Who was he? a Wolfgang Kohler c. Poster Helgard b Edward Tolman d. Petrovich Gang 430) What should be the proper position of the Philippine flag when displayed vertically against a wall. a the red is the right side b the blue is at the left side c the red is down d the blue is up 431) He was the American President who said, people dont support you because they like you. You can count on a persons support if you can do something for him or to him. Who was he? a Lyndon Johnson c. John Kennedy b Richard Nixon d. Bill Clinton 432) Group work facilitates learning. It allows each member of the group to respond to the task at hand the way he/she thinks. What is practiced here? a respect for others c. social tolerance b social interaction d. social respect 433) Pep actions and expressions like you are doing well, nice work and a pat on the shoulder support what motivational principle being used? a positive motivation brings better results b negative motivation produces negative results c goals should be set d appropriate behavior is wholesome 434) Reciting the alphabet and number sequence especially in preschool, even done without much understanding develops remembering later. What mental process does the teacher develop in the practice? a thinking reflectively c. rote associations b logical sequence d. analysis skill 435) As a progressive principal, Dr. Elpidio A. Melgo separates Julie, Julio, and Julian, identical triplet in separate classes. What principles of learning does he practice? a each child is unique and is given a chance to develop his identity b each child must not depend on each other c each child must be competitive d let the triplet progress as they please 436) Described by Sigmund Freud, when a daughter becomes too attached to her father and consider her mother a rival a oedipal complex c. Achilles heel b electra complex d. persecution complex

419) Pope John Paul IIs favorite expression is Totus Tuus, which means _____ in Latin. a Well be with you b Man is valuable c God loves you d All I am is for the service of the Lord 420) Time magazine has featured Pope John Paul Ii as Man of the Year a few years ago. He was also considered as Man of the Century. For what reason? a placing value on human life and the dignification of man b traveling extensively c initiating the celebration of the World Youth Day d waving and blessing the people at all times 421) The mutual respect and cooperation between the church and the government, contained in a document signed on March, 1993. a The Social Pact b The Mutual Friends c Church and Government Together Pact d The Pact for Mutual Respect 422) Through the World Youth Day, Pope John Paul Ii honors the youth. In the summer of 1997, where the 11th World Youth Day held? a South Africa c. Paris, France b Beijing, China d. Hu Chi Ming 423) Her composition Tell the World of His Love became the official theme of the 1995 world Youth Day. a Jamie Rivera c. Regine Velasquez b Carol Banawa d. Tricia Bellamede 424) His book Crossing the Threshold of Hope became a bestseller. a Father Teodoro Bacani b Father Bonifacio Barroflo c Daniel Battle d Pope John Paul II 425) A former Portuguese colony, which was annexed by Indonesia in 1976. The issue is considered still open or controversial. a East Timor c. Sri Lanka b Papua New Guinea d. Australia 426) The Russian physicist whose experiment showed that certain stimuli elicited reflex action like salivation of a dog in anticipation of feeding. a Ivan Petrovich Pavlov c. Leonard Mconahon b Albert Bandura d. Abraham Maslow 427) The Swiss psychologist who gave the importance of early cognitive development through four periods in child growth and development. a S. Tolonsky c. Richard Walter b Jean Piaget d. Sigmund Freud

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c 437) To effect change, which one of the following is NOT effective? a regard punishment to produce positive b results c reinforce good behavior with a reward d disapprove negative behavior out rightly e ignore whatever behavior is shown 438) The City of Manila is used to be the center for business and education. To restore its glorious past grandeur much effort is now channeled to develop it. What is the famous seal of Manila? a Combat c. the flag b Merlios d. Bayan-Hinirang 439) Plateau of learning is the period when very little learning takes place in the child. How can this period be reduced? a through motivation called extrinsic b approaches c through drill d through the use of varied learning experiences e through negligence 440) It is extended to make up for the harm done to someone. a Collusion c. compensation b Reward d. award 441) Researches established that complete coordination of motor activities is attained at a pre-natal stage c. adolescence state b childhood stage d. infancy 442) Children consider parents and teachers as authorities and models at the early childhood stage. What does this statement imply? a parents should enforce strict discipline at home at teachers in school b teachers and parents should serve as role models at all times c teachers should demand complete obedience from the learners in school d parent-teacher conference should always be an activity in school 443) The levels and type of abilities in adolescence will be maintained or enhanced in adulthood depending on such factors as: A) education, B) experiences, C) cognitive activities, and D) social activities. Which combination of abilities is maintained or enhanced? a A-B-C c. A and C b A-B-C-D d. B and C 444) It was revealed in Termans studies of superior children that moral and personal trait superiority is significantly marked. Which of these is the appropriate activity of teacher? a expose this group to moral and personal experiences b distribute the activities of this group equally between moral and personal d limit the experiences of this group to personal growth provide this group with more experiences in school other than moral and personal

445) This is the stage when the learner becomes confused and starts to experience identity crisis. Which of these stages is it? a early childhood c. adolescence b late childhood d. adult stage 446) Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the level of mental maturity necessary for a learner to profit from opportunities? a it can be determined by readiness test b it may be reached at the age of seven c it varies from task d it can approximately be reached at the age of five 447) If children are cooperatively engaged with the teacher in a group project the children will discipline themselves as each member of the group exercises. a obedience to the teacher b special interest c peer influence d moral compulsion 448) A student collapsed in her Social Studies class. It was found out that he did not eat her lunch. What principle is shown in this situation? a physiological need c. safety needs b somatotonic d. psychological needs 449) Which of the following will trigger additional development if a child is exposed to more challenges and stimuli in his surroundings? a Potentials c. emotional development b Intelligence d. interests 450) Social stratification is greatly developed in the classroom. Which of these activities would be an effective way of avoiding or minimizing this? a avail the influence of mass media for children of all classes b assign leadership roles to the children of the upper social class c provide limited experience to children of less privileged classes d encourage higher educational aspirations among the less privileged pupils 451) Which of these statements best explains why an athletic coach training college students for an intercollegiate tournament in weightlifting would do well to select his prospective contestants from the high school group? a muscular strength continues to grow reaching its peak at age 20 b muscular strength reaches its peak at age 17 and stabilizes at age 20 c muscular strength depends upon the proportion of muscles and fat which stabilizes after the age 20 d muscular strength reaches full maturation after the age 20

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452) Which of the following most important factor classroom behavior? a Intelligence b Heredity is usually considered the in a childs observable c. cultural background d. self-concept a b Association Vector c. cognitive-field d. social learning

453) If a resilient child with superior intelligence is reared in a poor environment the probable outcome would be a mental retardation since he is culturally deprived b great change in IQ because he is culturally deprived c no change in IQ because environmental deprivation has nothing to do with intelligence d slight change in IQ although he can overcome frustration and obstacles 454) In a classroom it is possible to see the teacher doing the following to facilitate learning. i. the class reads a workbook on the ii. characteristics of animals iii. the teacher shows posters of animals iv. the class goes out to the zoo observe the animals v. the class copies the characteristics of animals from books Which of these teachers activities reflects an interactive environment? a. II and III only b. I and IV only c. I and II only d. III only

459) Manual-aesthetic activities involving attitudes and feelings are primarily expressive of emotions and values not thoughts. An example of his motor skill is a baking a cake with background music b manipulating a bowling ball to achieve a strike c dancing and playing musical instruments d saving a board for the wall of a book cabinet 460) Freud expounded that there is a period when young boys experience rivalry with their father for their mothers affection. This is An adolescent combines his ability to use deductive and inductive reasoning is constructing realistic rules that he can respect and live by. When he does this, how does he perceive his environment? a b c d he sees the world and himself through the eyes of other people he sees events apart from himself and other people may take place formally or informally to enable the individual to grow may take place anywhere and anytime the individual do desires

455) A teacher who subscribes to the pragmatic philosophy of education believes that experience should follow learning. In her teaching, she therefore exerts effort in a. requiring learners full mastery of the lessons b. encouraging learners to memorize factual knowledge c. equipping learners with the basic abilities and skills d. providing learners opportunities to apply theories and principles 456) Which of these teaching is PRIMARILY directed to support the psychological developmentalist view of making the child the center of the educational process through the applications of its laws of learning? a. development of the child from within b. systematic formulation of methods c. use of effective media technology d. promotion of the childs social unconsciousness 457) Social adjustment means the ability to behave in accordance with a social expectations c. social unrest b stereotyped behavior d. universal norms 458) Which of these theories holds that human activity is based on the interaction of stimuli and responses?

461) The tendency to imitate elders is very strong in the early childhood stage. Teachers should therefore be very good a role models c. facilitators of learning b counselors d. disciplinarians 462) The child can not distinguish abstracts during the sensory-motor period of development. Which of these techniques should a teacher apply to accommodate learning? a utilize concrete objects to clarify concept b make use of individualize instruction c explain the lesson very well d provide variety of educational toys 463) Psychologically, there is unity in all learning; however, there are distinct types of learning that are recognized. One is affective learning that involves a understanding of the external world through the use of the senses b formation of concepts and ideas c acquisition of attitudes, ideals, judgment and values d acquisition of facts and information 464) Which of these systems of learning includes ways and methods, which are used in preserving and building certain traditions within cultural communities? a indigenous learning b cultural learning c multi-level learning d non-formal learning

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465) Studies revealed some findings relative to the mental abilities of delinquent and non-delinquent children. Which of these is TRUE? a there are marked differences between the performance of non-delinquent and delinquent children. b Non-delinquent children are somewhat brighter than delinquent children c There are no significant differences between the performance of delinquent and nondelinquent children d Delinquent children are slightly brighter than non-delinquent children but not significant 466) Identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins. Which of the following statements/principles is supported by this? a heredity has a part in determining intelligence b intelligence is determined partly by pre-natal nutrition c environment affects both fraternal and identical twins d intelligence hinges in physical structure 467) Childrens interests are generally largely dependent on their experiences. Which of the following is an implication of this statement? a the curriculum should provide vital experiences if the school must use its opportunities to develop interest. b A large part of the subject matter has to be easy if they are to interesting and within the learners experience. c The experience of the child reduces the area in which the school may choose to develop interests. d The school should not develop interest outside the experience of the child. 468) Which of these processes can be used to prevent forgetting and unlearning? a Motivation c. evaluation b Presentation d. drills and review 469) The adolescence wants independence; yet he has a strong desire for security. He wants to feel secure in the affection and regard of his peers and of adults. That is, he wants to be secured a physically and socially b spiritually and physically c mentally and emotionally d emotionally and socially 470) The problem of meeting adequately all the needs of a learner in education becomes the task of the teacher. For this task to be effectively accomplished, the teacher has to be aware of the nature and extent of the school learners differences, how they affect teaching and learning. In the developmental theory, this refers to: a family differences b community differences c individual differences d sex differences 471) As the individual emerges from the sheltered life within the home toward an expanded social and physical environment, new problems arise and additional needs and wants appear. During this time boys and girls need very urgently. a physical adjustment b social adjustment c emotional adjustment d. spiritual adjustment 472) According to this theory, human activities are based on association between stimuli and responses. This theory has been called the S-R bond. These terms refers to: a connectionism theory c. law of effect b law of readiness d. conditioning theory 473) It states that when a person is prepared to respond or act, giving the responses is satisfying and being prevented from doing so is annoying. a connectionism theory c. law of effect b law of readiness d. conditioning theory 474) Pavlovs well-known experiment demonstrated the formation or straightening of an association between salivation is a dog and the sound of a buzzer through the repeated simultaneous presentation of the buzzer with the stimulus for salivation, namely food, which serves to reinforce the association. a Excitation c. spontaneous recovery b Extinction d. respondent conditioning 475) It is a process in which the individuals attention and interest are aroused and directed toward definite goals. a Motivation c. evaluation b Generalization d. application 476) There are motivations, which may be applied by a teacher in motivating students to learn. One is a force that arises from outside the individual such as honors, monetary rewards, medals and the like. This force refers to: a extrinsic motivator c. extensive motivator b intrinsic motivator d. intensive motivator 477) In all social groupings members are classified according to certain criteria, which may differ according to the nature of the group. One of the systems by which men are ranked higher or lower according to the value accorded their various social roles and activities. a social gratification c. social stratification b social grace d. social differentiation 478) Sociologists have long recognized difference ingroups and have used these differences as the bases for group classification. It is relatively smaller in size than gang. It comes into being when two or more persons are related to one another in an intimate fellowship that involves going out together, doing things together, exchanging intimate personal matters involving emotional sentimental situations: a gang c. playmate b peer d. clique

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479) Which of these attitudes helps the individual to endure suffering, poverty, sickness, tragedy and bad luck? This attitude enables one to accept resignation and tolerance to pain and frustrations. This attitude that still persists is called: a. fatalism c. non-rationalism b. animism d. euphemism 480) This attitude denotes a sense of gratitude. This values system comprises a network of behavior with different degrees of connotation. It is a complicated system of mutual; obligation. Everybody owes a debt of gratitude to someone; everyone in some way had done something for someone who therefore owes him in return. This value is referred to as: a ningas cogon c. fiesta syndrome b manana habit d. utang na loob 481) It is something that grows and changes with the passage of time. It is the complex whole that includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs and other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. This is referred to as: a culture c. learning b experience d. education 482) When planning the program for learning what is important for the teacher to know? a the childs or learners background b the learners problems and needs c the learners abilities and interest d all of the above 483) Which of the following statement is consistent wit the basic principles of guiding pupil learning? a the child is the beginning, the center, and the end-goal of the learning process b the child is a unique individual, meaning no two children are alike because every child has characteristics distinctly his own c the child should be accepted for what he is: his personality should be respected d all of the above 484) Which of the following groups of individual look upon education as changed behavior? a Anthropologists c. physiologists b sociologists d. all of the above 485) To meet individual differences of learners, the teacher should a provide richly varied activities in her classroom b use flexible teaching procedures c make the organization of learning experience flexible d all of the above 486) According to the traditionalist view a education should prepare the child for adults life or life hereafter b children should be grounded in the rules of conduct which help ensure the eternal reward c children must adjust to the established institutions of society d all of the above 487) The process of abstraction involves a labeling as real that which exists empirically b defining in terms of observable c making inferences based on the behavior of the observable d generalizing e all of the above 488) In a school where the childs or learners interests are the primary concern of the teachers, we find school administrators who are a progressivists c. experimentalists b pragmatists d. all of the above 489) What is personality? It is a a social respect b the totality of impressions one makes on others c something that covers values as well as aspects of behavior d all of the above 490) Human social life is the product of a biological heredity c. the group and culture b natural environment d. all of the above 491) Kilpatrickian (referring to William Kilpatrick) is essentially associated with a the project method c. intrinsic motivation b purposeful activity d. all of the above 492) The idea that education is primarily a method of helping the individual adjust to his environment stems from the a sociological foundation of education b philosophical foundation of education c scientific foundation of education d psychological foundation of education 493) The contemporary educational view fundamentally manifests a an eclectic tendency b psychological trend c a sociological bias d a philosophical inclination 494) The tendency to regard learning as a set of processes by which an organism is modified by the responses it makes to stimuli is indicative of a sociological influence b philosophical influence c scientific influence d psychological bias 495) What are the acquired human needs that are built largely around the ego? a the desire to belong to the group b desire to be accepted and loved by the group c desire to enjoy good standing in the group d all of the above 496) What is personality a function of a personality is a function of he expectations of social situations

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b c d personality is a function of social situations personality is a function of the self. A and B d. association type of learning 505) Learning is a matter of habit formation of getting used to it, according to the theory of Pavlov known as a. Gestaltism b. Functionalism c. Stimulus response-connectionism d. Conditioning 506) A persons or animals learning is reinforced when there is a reward that follows after a successful act. This is according to the theory of a. operant conditioning b. classical conditioning c. cognitive theory d. affective theory Learning takes place as a whole in a form of generalization according to the theory of the a. Connectionists c. Gestaltists b. Behaviorists d. Psychoanalysts A period when peak of learning takes place is known as a. learning curve c. learning spurts b. plateau of learning d. learning process A psychological instrument used to determine hw popular or unpopular a pupil is known as a. Sociogram c. checklist b. anecdotal record d. questionnaire A type of psychological defense mechanism which consists of giving explanations for our behavior, explanations that often seem to quite logical, but that do not get at the real cause is a. displace hostility c. repression b. rationalization d. regression

497) Human growth and development are differentiated in the sense that a. growth usually involves physical changes while development refers to learning maturation b. growth involves learning while development is an increase in height and weight at the time c. growth is the process of ripening while development is always the result of instruction and training d. none of these 498) Why do unborn fetus and newly born babies appear to be like monster with abnormally large heads? This could be due to t he fact that: a. the head consists of lot of fluids in the head b. the pattern of development starts with the head downward c. the head is the most important part of the body d. human life has not fully developed yet 499) Even among identical twins, brothers and sisters, teacher should not compare their abilities because a. every individual is unique b. comparisons can arouse feelings of hostility and anger c. comparisons can lead to unnecessary pressures d. all of these

507)

508)

509)

510)

500) The developmental period of storms and stresses when children rebel against their parents is during a. early childhood c. adolescence b. late childhood d. early adulthood 501) In what development stage are the fundamental skills in reading, writing and calculating developed according to Havighurst? a. early childhood c. adolescence b. late childhood d. early adulthood 502) According to Erikson, identity crisis or identity vs. role confusion occurs during the ages of a. 3 to 6 years c. 12 to 18 years b. 6 to 12 years d. 18 to 21 years 513) 503) In Kholbergs moral development theory, judgment about what is right or wrong is based on consequences such as punishment. This happens during a. pre-conventional morality b. conventional morality c. post-conventional morality d. in any of the stages 504) Learning how to operate and observe under a microscope is a a. sensory-motor type of learning b. effective type of learning c. cognitive type of learning 514)

511) An IQ which range from 70 to 85 is usually believed to be in the intellectual level of a. normal c. dull normal b. superior d. moron 512) A person who classified the hierarchy needs of man into basic physiological needs and security, love, esteem and self-actualization was a. Maslow c. James b. Roger d. Thorndike Which of the following is a practical application of Thorndikes law of readiness? a. pupils must be frequently exposed to drills, practices b. pupils must be motivated first before my lesson starts c. pupils must be praised for their good work d. pupils must be punished for their misbehavior What type of education is usually intended for outof-school which consist vocational-technical skills training? a. non-formal education b. formal education

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c. informal education d. liberal education 515) A type of group which one has feeling of indifference, strangeness, avoidance, dislike, antagonism and even hatred a. in group c. peer group b. out group d. reference group Which of the following describes the nature of the Philippine value system? a. to maintain harmony with nature and people b. to avoid disagreement, conflicts by maintaining smooth interpersonal relationship c. economic mobility an social acceptance d. all of these An intense feeling that ones culture is more superior than other peoples is known as a. ethnocentrism c. hydrophobia b. xenophobia d. protectionism Customary ways of behaving which have become habitual and repetitive to a number of individuals of a group is known as a. folkways c. folktales b. mores d. ethnic ways A type of social status which is acquired or earned by birth as in the case of the royal families handing down automatically the royal titles to their children a. ascribed status c. innate status b. achieved status d. earned status 525) The individuals basic outlooks, values and ideals are to a great except shape during a. neonate c. childhood b. childhood d. adolescence The cycle of human development includes the following stages mentioned below. Which of these stages should come first? a. Adulthood c. childhood b. Infanthood d. adolescent

526)

516)

527) One inherits certain traits from ones parents but he is not the real replica of his parents. This explains the principle of heredity which is the principle of a. variation c. reproduction b. uniformity d. filial regression 528) The teacher can help develop self-concept among her pupils by a. letting the child know how bad, stupid, and a failure he was. b. Keeping quiet about the childs limitation c. Expressing confidence on the childs capability punishing d. Punishing 529) Which of the following will directly satisfy biological drives? a. Water c. economic security b. Oxygen d. sleep

517)

518)

519)

530) What term is used to refer to internal stimulus condition of the organism, which impels it to activity? a. Motives c. motivation b. school phobia d. incentive 531) A child who is overprotected or rejected may suffer a. obsession c. neutralism b. school phobia d. hypochondriac 532) There are many factors to consider in determining the childs readiness for learning. Which of these is the most basic? a. maturation b. experience c. methods and materials of instruction d. emotional attitudes and personal adjustments Learning is due to maturation and training. Which of the laws is highly related to it? a. law of use c. law of effect b. law of annoyance d. law of readiness During the sensorimotor period, the child develops a functional understanding of many things. Which of these does not belong to these? a. imitation play c. space and time b. causality objects d. concentration When teaching Math, the teacher provides situations where the pupils discovered the meaning of square. What then may the pupils form? a. process concept c. quality concept b. structural conceptd. cluster concept

520) Studies of Robert Fox in 1977 tend to show that the first man reached the Philippines during the a. Middle Pleistocene period, 4-5 thousand years ago b. Early Pleistocene period c. Late Pleistocene period d. Pre-Pleistocene period 521) The most significant findings of Robert Fox was the discovery of the a. Tabon skull in Palawan in 1962 b. Aetas or Negritos c. Working tools or implements of our ancestors d. Its Skull

533) 522) The feelings of uneasiness, disbelief, dislike against any new culture is known as a. enculturation c. acculturation b. culture shock d. amalgamation 534) 523) There are different factors that affect intelligence. Which of these refers to the pathological conditions? a. Heredity c. brain b. Race d. emotion 524) a. moron b. imbecile c. idiot d. feeble-minded The lowest IQ indicated in the intelligence scale is 535)

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536) Which of these listed needs does not belong to the sociogenic type? a. Thirst c. security b. Status d. independence 537) The most scientific school of psychology is a. behaviorism c. structuralism b. Gestaltism d. functionalism 538) A child who can execute difficult dance steps, throw and catch a ball skillful play several games is said to have a. mechanical intelligence b. abstract intelligence c. motor intelligence d. social intelligence 539) A child who is cordial, friendly and helpful with whom people like, has a high capacity for a. mechanical intelligence b. social intelligence c. motor intelligence d. abstract intelligence 548) Growth takes place a. gradually for the while organism b. with differential rates for different parts of the body c. suddenly by spurts of the whole d. in serial order of development 549) The different stages of the child growths should be understood because a. of the relation of between his physical and mental status b. of the wide range of ability c. his emotional; and social factors affect growth d. education fir the growth 550) Adolescence includes the years from a. 6 to 9 c. 13 to 21 b. 9 to 12 d. 21 to 26 551) By social intelligence we mean a. ability to get along with people b. absence of shyness c. membership in several organizations d. absence of an inferiority complex 552) Children form gang mainly because of a. parental laxity b. rebellion against authority c. desire for adventure d. the urge to be independent 553) Delinquency reaches its peak a. before the teenage b. in the early and middle teens c. in the twenties d. in the thirties 554) The gang generally disintegrates because of a. hostility between members b. members become indifferent in size c. the school prohibits it d. other interests, particularly in the other sex 555) The best way to help adolescents become socially mature is to a. urge them to confide in their parents b. help them feel free to do as the crowd does c. give wholesome and adequate social experiences d. overcome inferiority feelings and pattern 556) Emotions are significant because they a. always stimulate thinking b. preserve our lives c. are the products of the body d. are the major fasters in personality 557) The school causes emotional maladjustment most often by a. hard problems and lessons b. failure in the work c. opposition from friends d. lack of guidance

540) Which of the four emotional behavior pattern will be the reaction in pleasant situation? a. destruction c. retreat b. approach d. stopping of response 541) When a younger reverts to weeping, pouting or childish play as means of overcoming frustrations, this mechanism is called a. repression c. nomadism b. regression d. fantasy 542) Cognitive domain refers to a. skills c. values b. attitude d. knowledge with understanding 543) The behavior of the child is to large extent dependent upon his a. biological inheritance c. peers b. environment d. parents

544) Which of these provide the best reinforcement? a. use of marks b. scholarship c. awarding a model d. natural interest in the world 545) There are several causes of maladjustment. Which one is not a sure cause? a. poverty c. broken home b. rejection d. intelligence 546) The best single criterion of the degree of maturity of a child is his a. size c. bone ossification b. age d. skeletal growth 547) Growth is most rapidly rapid proportionally . a. in the pre-natal months b. from birth to six c. from six to twelve d. n adolescence

558) The native stimulus for fear is

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a. b. c. d. the dark snakes a sudden or starting stimulus being restrained or held c. does nor retard forgetting d. increased interest and mind-set 568) Over-learning the material a. increased retention b. decreases interests c. makes memory work monotonous d. increases forgetting 569) A good memory has much value because it a. gives one a chance to show individuality b. shows that one is above average in intelligence c. increases ones social efficiency d. indicates clear thinking 570) The most widely accepted concept of intelligence is a. capacity to learn b. ability to sustain oneself economically c. ability to control emotion d. ability to make social contacts 571) A feeble-minded person has an IQ of a. 80 c. below 70 b. 90 d. 75 572) A gifted person has an IQ of a. 100 c. 120 b. 110 d. above 130 573) The percentage of individuals classified as having an average of normal intelligence is a. 50 c. 70 b. 60 d. 80

559) Emotions can best be trained by a. assuming an indifference to disturbing things b. inhibiting or repressing all emotions c. avoiding all emotional stimuli d. attaching satisfaction to desirable emotion pattern 560) Maladjustment can often be prevented by a. giving the children more attention b. speaking of the bad impression his conduct makes c. seeing the child is successful in what he undertakes d. letting the child strictly alone 561) Overprotected children will probably develop into adults who a. are independent and self-reliant b. are emotionally mature c. will protect other children d. continue to learn on their parent

562) The most serious maladjusted child is one who a. talk back to his teachers b. is loud and disorderly c. in unsocial and withdrawn from others d. destroys school materials 563) Making the child ashamed of some habitual behaviors is most likely to have the effect of a. eliminating desirable habit without harmful consequences b. adding a deep sense of guilt to the misbehavior c. causing open rebellion d. a temporary improvement in conduct and attitude The correction of maladjustment in an individual child is a. a very complicated and difficult matter b. an impossible task c. a rather easy thing d. a task only for psychiatrists

574) Children who are very bright tend to be a. physically small and sickly b. nervous and emotionally unstable c. shy, timid, and unsocial d. favorably endowed in more respect 575) Peoples knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, laws, customs and other capabilities and habits known as a. education c. culture b. socialization d. anthropology Pre-marital sex is commonly practiced in Western countries, but considered bad in the Philippines; what is good for them is bad for us. This means that culture is a. adaptive c. shared b. dynamic d. relative

564)

576)

565) Memorization is made more effective by a. repetition b. visualization c. meaningfulness or understanding d. intensity 566) Studies of the effect of summer vacation upon retention indicate that a. much is forgotten b. small amount is forgotten c. nothing is forgotten d. retention is increased

567) The intention to remember a. assume mastery b. adds meaning to the material

577) The expression Filipinos operate or live on two levels of culture, means that Filipinos a. are influenced by both parental sides father-mother b. versatile people who can live whether in the Philippines or USA c. influenced by both Western and Asian culture d. either good or bad

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578) Whether we like or not, it is impossible to find a true or pure Filipino music, dance, or belief, because culture is a. Diverge c. relative b. dynamic-cumulative d. learned 587) What is the importance or role of the PEER GROUP in adolescence? a stops the learning and development of social roles b allows the young to stays away from home c provides the adolescent the time to make unwise decisions d allows the young to free himself from too much dependence on his parents and family 588) A child learns the world FLOWER before he can name Sampaguita, Gumamela, and Camia because development _____. a. is cephalocaudal in nature b. proceeds from general to specific c. follows a pattern d. is a continuous process 589) Why is indoctrinating the child by making decisions for him dangerous? a. it will confuse him b. it will develop in him negative attitudes c. it will thwart his personality d. it will make him dependent on the thinking of others 590) The cognitive process refers to the realization that even if things change in physical appearance, certain attributers are constant. This is ____. a. reservation c. integration b. construction d. conservation 591) The second basic principle of development states that the rate of the development is unique to each individual. Educators aptly termed this as the principle of ____. a. dynamic change c. individual difference b. variation d. uniqueness 592) Learning is strengthened if it results in satisfaction but is weakened if it leads to annoyance. This is the Law of ____. a. exercise c. readiness b. effect d. repetition 593) The level of mental maturity necessary for a pupil to profit form opportunities to learn ___. a. may be reached at the age of seven b. can approximately be reached at the age of five c. varies from task to task d. can be determined by readiness test 594) In which of the following teacher tasks is knowledge of childrens effective development only of supplementary significance? a. understanding ones own emotional reactions to various types of pupil behavior b. understanding the emotionally-based causes of pupil behavior c. sampling of classroom activities that generate excitement and happiness d. helping children overcome negative emotions 595) Educators are aware that no amount of practice and instruction can make a four-month old child walk or

579) In what sense does culture distinguish man from animal? a. man develops culture, arts, laws, etc, while animals behave according to heir instinct b. man is superior intellectually than animals c. man although superior intellectually, is physically inferior to animals d. animals can be cultured like human beings 580) When a Filipino is married to a German, there is a mixture or blending of two different cultures as shown in their childrens behavior, this is known as cultural a. fusion c. unification b. altruism d. none of these

581) The greatest influence on a child a. the school environment b. his or her peers c. the home environment d. all of the above 582) Responses accompanied by satisfaction are more firmly connected with the situation according to the laws of a. readiness c. effect b. exercise d. association 583) Which is more important for learning to own? a. Readiness c. practice b. Training d. context 584) The law is based on the principle that learning is transferable. a. Exercise c. readiness b. Effect d. apperception 585) The adolescents powerful tool is the combined ability to use deductive and inductive reasoning in constructing realistic rules he can respect and live by. The adolescence therefore ___. a. sees events apart from himself and other people b. views the world from his own perspective c. interprets events from a limited view d. sees the world and himself through the eyes of other people 586) When a child develops conventional morality, his/her behavior is based on ___. a. personal decisions based on his/her satisfaction b. the desire to avoid severe physical punishment by a superior authority c. internalized the ideals to avoid selfcondemnation rather than a social censure d. the expectations of the group or society in general to gain approval

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speak fluently, because the muscular and neural structures are not yet ready for those skills. These points to the process called _____. a. development c. growth b. maturation d. heredity 596) Identical twins are more alike in intelligence than are fraternal twins. This fact indicates that ____. a. environment affects both fraternal and identical twins b. intelligence is determined partly by prenatal nutrition c. heredity has a part in determining intelligence d. intelligence hinges on physical structure 597) Much of todays classroom practices are influenced by Skinners operant conditioning, which stresses on ____. a. involuntary response to a stimulus b. progression of subordinate learning c. connection between stimulus and response d. reinforcement of correct response 598) Early childhood is characterized by educators as a period of morality by constraint. This means that children in this stage consider teacher and parents as ____. a authorities and models b counselors and advisers c peers and playmates d facilitators and supervisors 599) Because learning increases directly in proportion to the extent to which the learner is wholly bound up in his task, the teacher should give lessons that ____. a. are fictitious to appeal to their imagination b. have significance and worth to the child c. are easy to comprehend d. portray complex ideas 600) The major contribution of Kohlbergs moral development theory is its analysis on the way in which stages of moral development are closely related to corresponding cognitive growth. This points that ___. a. all individuals completely reach their post conventional level of maturity b. as cognitive growth occurs, individuals are able to solve more complex moral problems c. adolescents should not be exposed to contrary moral views d. school should get children to accept or conform to societys rule 602) In Kohlbergs stage 6 of Post Conventional Morality, the individuals judgment is based on ___. a. standards/norms and expectations of the group b. the arbitrariness of social and legal conventions c. both social standards and internalized ideas d. external criteria-standards of right and wrong which are laid down by authority 603) The relationship between education and culture tends to be cyclical. This means that ____. a the school is shaped by culture and culture in turn is influenced by the school b the school function is primarily as a transmitter of culture and is a change agent c the school becomes the avenue through which the individuals learn their culture d culture is transmitted by the school system, and the classroom is the place where transmission takes place 604) An athletic coach training college students for an intercollegiate tournament in weight-lifting would do well to select his prospective contestants from the high school group because muscular strength ____. a. reaches its peak at age 17 and stabilize till age 20 b. continues to grow reaching its peak at age 20 c. reaches fill maturity after age 20 d. depends upon the proportion of muscles and fat which stabilizes after age 20 605) Teachers should bear in mind that the period of greatest mental development is from ___. a 3 to 6 years c. 6 to 9 years b 9 to 12 years d. 12 to 15 years 606) Which patterns of development closely parallel to the pattern for speech development? a. emotional and moral b. intellectual and moral c. intellectual and motor d. emotional and motor 607) What would be an effective way of avoiding social stratification is the classroom? a. provide limited experience to children of less privileged classes b. provide influence of mass media for children of all social classes c. encourage higher educational aspirations among the less privileged pupils d. assign leadership roles to the children of the upper social class 608) The environment in order to facilitate learning must be interactive. Which of the following best typifies this kind of environment? a the child summarizes the section on fossils in his science textbook b the child listens to a lecture on fossils given by the teacher c the child goes out and discovers for himself some rock or fossil

601) Which of the following corresponds to Kohlbergs post-conventional or principled level of moral development? a right action consists of what instrumentally satisfies ones own needs b right action is defined by the decision of conscience in accordance with self-chosen universal ethical principles c good behavior is based on the physical consequences of action d good behavior is that which pleases or helps others or is approved by them

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d the child copies a list of facts concerning fossils on the blackboard d 615) environmental affects both fraternal and identical twins Development tasks are to be learned by the individual at the each stage of development. If these tasks are not developed at an early stage, this may cause problems in later years. Arrange the following tasks according to the stages when they occur in ones life span. i. acquiring a set of values and an ethical span ii. developing conscience, morality and a scale of values iii. learning to distinguish right from wrong iv. taking a civic responsibility III, II, I, IV I, II,III, IV c. II, IV, I, III d. III, I, II and IV

609) A student fainted during the flag ceremony. It was found out that he didnt take his breakfast. What psychological principle is shown in this situation? a. somatotonic principle b. safety needs principle c. .physiological need principle d. Id principle 610) The individual has to learn developmental tasks at each stage of development. Failure to do so at an earlier stage may cause problems in later stages. Arrange the following tasks according to the stages when they occur in ones life span. a developing conscience, morality and a scale of values b learning to distinguish right from wrong c acquiring a set of values and an ethical system d taking on civic responsibility a. b-a-c-d b. c-a-b-d c. a-c-b-d d. a-b-c-d

a b

616) Which of the current classroom practices is influenced by Skinners operant conditioning? a. progression of subordinate learning b. reinforcement of correct practices c. connection between stimulus and response d. involuntary response to a stimulus 617) The psychological developmentalist made the child the center of the educational process through application of its law of learning. Teaching should therefore be primarily directed towards the ____. a promotion of the childs social unconsciousness b development of the child from within c use of effective media technology d systematic formulation of methods 618) Which of the following would you considers MOST indicative of actual maladjustment of a student? a. failing to take care of school properties b. spending his entire allowance each week on science fiction paperbacks c. finding fault wit the work of this classmate d. inviting his classmates to eating places in an attempt to be popular 619) Who introduce the technique of using the drawing of a man as a measure of intelligence? a Binet c. Good enough b Aristotle d. Herbert 620) Human development follows a pattern. Which of the following demonstrates this theory? a. In Geography class, children learn the difference provinces b. ahead of their own town c. Petra names sampaguita, roses and camia before learning the word flower d. A child learns the word ANIMALS before he can name dog , cat, goat and cow e. In mathematics learners know division ahead of addition 621) Pre-school education is a recognition that the period of greatest mental development among individual is from ___ years. a. 6 to 9 c. 9 to 12 b. 12 to 15 d. 3 to 6

611) Some students have pointed out that the course of human development can be influenced positively by manipulating some aspects of the internal and external development. One thing a teacher can do in this regard is to ___. a. keep the room well-ventilated, orderly and clean b. provide learners with a set of routine activities to be followed strictly c. arrange the seat in such away that every learner feels comfortable d. provide learners with a variety of enriched learning materials and aids for the different 612) Learning increase directly in proportion to the extent to which the learner is wholly bound up in his task. How does a teacher show this in her lesson? The teacher gives lessons that ___. a. have significance and worth to the child b. are fictitious to appear to their imagination c. portray complex ideas d. are easy to comprehend 613) When an adolescent combines ability to use deductive and inductive reasoning in constructing realistic rules that he can respect and live by, how does he perceived his environment? a. he views the world form his perspective b. he sees events apart from himself and other people c. he interprets events from a limited view d. he sees the world and himself through the eyes of others 614) Heredity has a part in determining intelligence. Which of the following statements support this principle? a intelligence is determined partly by pre-natal nutrition b identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins c intelligence hinges in physical structure

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622) Social development means that acquisition of the ability to behave in accordance with ____. a. social insights c. stereotyped behavior b. universal norms d. social expectations 623) Which of the following demonstrates that education and culture tend to cyclical? a the school becomes the avenue by which individual learn their culture b culture is transmitted by the school system and the classroom becomes the place of transmission c the school shaped by culture and culture in tern influence by the school d the school functions primarily as a transmitter of culture and is a change agent 624) Which of these statements is TRUE regarding the indoctrination of a child in making decision? a. this will facilitate the childs ability to make decisions b. this will give hi the opportunity to make right decisions at an early stage c. this will make him dependent on the thinking of others d. this will enhance his ability to think and decide 625) How does peer group influenced adolescence? a stops the learning and development of social roles b provides the adolescents the time to make unwise c decisions d allows the young to free himself from too much dependence on his family e allows the young to stay away from home 626) Termans studies of superior children show that in moral and personal traits the superiority is significantly marked. What this suggests to the teacher? a. limit the experience of this group to personal growth b. distribute the activities of this group equally between moral and personal c. expose this group to moral and personal experience d. provide this group with more experiences in schools outside or moral and personal 627) Children in the early stage consider teachers and parents as authorities and models. What does this statement imply? a teachers and parents should serve as role models at all times b parent-teacher conference should always be an activity in school c parents should enforce strict discipline at home and teachers in school d teachers should demand complete obedience form the learners in school 628) The environment must be interactive to facilitate learning, which of the following situation is an example of this? a. the class copies a list of facts concerning the habitat of insects b. the teacher lectures on the habitat of insects c. the class goes out and discovers the habitat of insects d. the teacher shows posters of the habitat of insects 629) Which of the following statements involving the relative mental abilities of delinquent and nondelinquent children has been supported by studies to be generally true? a there are marked differences between the performance of two groups b there are no significant difference between them c non-delinquent children are somewhat brighter than delinquent children d delinquent children are slightly but significant brighter 630) How does a teacher demonstrate that the course of human development can be influenced positively by manipulating some aspects of the internal and external development? a. arranging the seats in such a way that every learner feels comfortable b. providing learners with a set of routine activities to be followed strictly c. providing learners with a variety of enriched learning materials and aids for different subjects d. keeping the room well-ventilated, orderly and clean 631) This system of learning includes ways and methods, which are used in preserving and building certain traditions within cultural communities. This refers to ___. a cultural learning system b indigenous learning system c multi-level learning system d non-formal learning system

632) Social experimentation believes that education should develop in the learner a social motive and intelligence to enable them to help solve problems of changing society. Teachers are therefore encouraged to ____. a. teach the learners what to do as they know in making right decisions b. involve the community and discuss objectively relevant issues to guide learners in evaluating them c. influence the learners in making choices and conclusions as regards controversial issues d. tell the learners to accept social traditions wholly because social heritage is of great value 633) Which of these contributions was the idea advanced by Gestalt psychologists? a. the best method of learning is through conditioning b. the individual reacts to a total environment c. a particular stimulus will lead to a specific response

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d. each faculty of the brain must be provided with appropriate exercise 634) The principle of individual differences requires teachers to ____. a. prepare modules for slow learners in the class b. provide varied learning activities to suit individual needs c. treat all learners alike while in the classroom d. give more attention to he gifted students 635) All learning is bond connecting. In which of the following is this principle NOT applicable? a. habits c. reflexes b. attitudes d. skills 636) In which of the following teacher tasks is knowledge of childrens affective development of LEAST significance? a. understanding the emotionally-based causes of pupil behavior b. sampling of classroom activities that generate excitement and happiness c. helping children overcome negative emotions d. exploring ones own emotional reactions to various types of pupil behavior 637) Which of the following behavior indicates that a child has developed conventional maturity? The behavior is based on ____. a. the desire to avoid severe physical punishment by a superior authority b. personal decisions based on his satisfaction c the expectations of the group or society in general to gain approval d internalized ideals to avoid self-condemnation rather than social censure 638) If children are cooperatively engaged with the teacher in a group project the children will discipline themselves each member of the group exercises a. obedience to the teacher c. peer influence b. special interest d. moral compulsion 639) Che-che collapsed in her Social Studies class. It was found out that she did not eat her lunch. What principle is shown in this situation? a. physiological needs c. safety needs b. somatotonic d. psychological need 640) The levels and types of abilities present in adolescence will be maintained or enhanced in adulthood depending on such factors as: A. education C. cognitive activities B. experiences D. social activities b. early adulthood d. adolescent

642) Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the level of mental maturity necessary for a learner to profit from opportunities? a. it can be determined by readiness test b. it may be reached at the age of seven c. it varies from task d. it can approximately be reached at the age of five 643) Researches established that complete coordination of motor activities is attained at: a. pre-natal stage c. childhood stage b. adolescence state d. infancy 644) Which of the following will trigger additional development if a child is exposed to more challenges and stimuli in his surroundings? a. Potentials c. emotional development b. Intelligence d. interest

645) If a resilient child with superior intelligence is reared in a poor environment the probable outcome would be___? a. mental retardation since he is cultural deprived b. mental change in IQ because he is culturally deprived c. no change in IQ because environmental deprivation has nothing to do with intelligence d. slight change in IQ although he can overcome frustration and obstacle 646) Which of the following is usually considered the most important factor in a childs observable classroom behavior? a. intelligence c. cultural background b. heredity d. self-concept 647) A number of researchers found that the effects material employment on childrens achievement is ___. a. positive and negative c. fully established b. negative d. hardly established 648) Which developmental task is expected of the adolescent according to Havighurst? skilled in games a. learning to get along with age-mates b. achieving new and more mature relations with age-mates of both sexes c. getting started in an occupation 649) Mr. Esmane wants his pupils to be creative. Which of the following will REFRAIN from doing? a. develop students ability to recognize and analyze problems and relationships b. encourage sustained attention in an area of interest c. heighten the students sense of the unusual d. develop solely skill mastery 650) Alou dance well. She can figure out how something works or how to fix something that is broken, without asking for help. Based on Gardeners theory of multiple intelligence what intelligence is she strong?

Which combination of abilities is maintained or enhanced? a. A-B-C b. A-B-C-D 641) c. A and C d. B-C

This is the stage when the learner becomes confused and starts to experience identity crises. Which of these stages is it? a. early childhood c. late childhood

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a. musical c. logical-mathematica b. kinesthetic intelligence d. spatial intelligence 651) Which one correctly describes the phenomenon of lately children? a. they are poorly motivated school children b. they are engaged in child labor c. they are truant school children d. they turn to empty homes after school either to sit by the television or to roam the streets 652) Moral development is early childhood characterized by __. a. questioning rules b. acting out of conviction c. willful disobedience of rules d. acting without knowing why they do so is b. babyhood d. middle childhood years

660) Which among the following has been said to play in irreplaceable role in the education of the young? a. Home c. church b. School d. community 661) Which is NOT a characteristic of democratic discipline? a. child has opportunity to express his/her opinion b. child is given punishment is related to the misdeed c. child understand the meaning of rules d. child obeys blindly

653) In her teaching, Ms. Breis moves from particular instances to tentative generalizations that are subjected to further verification. Ms. Breis engages herself in ___. a. deductive logic c. inductive logic b. philosophical analysis d. intuition 654) Which of the following is not a subject-centered curriculum? a. value-oriented c. back-to-basics b. subject area d. perennialist 655) Which of the following is a correct statement of emotional intelligence based on Daniel Golemans theory? a. emotional intelligence is giving free rein to feeling b. emotional intelligence changes less considerably than IQ through life c. emotional intelligence is being nice to people d. emotional intelligence is feeling appropriately and effectively 656) The authoritarian setting in the Filipino home is reinforced by a classroom teacher who __ a. is open to suggestions b. encourages pupils to ask questions c. ask open-ended questions d. prescribes what pupils should do 657) Which stage according to Erikson is the stage of trust and mistrust? a. entry childhood c. adolescence b. young childhood d. infancy 658) Daniel Goleman talks about emotional intelligence. Which of the following characterize a student with a high degree of emotional intelligence? a. sensitive to the points of view and feeling of others b. prodded by others c. obsessed with achieving at any cost d. unable to delay gratification 659) According to Hurlock, studies of childrens play have revealed that toy play reaches its peak during the ___. a. late childhood years c. early childhood years

662) Babyhood is often referred to as a critical period in the development of personality because a changes in the personality pattern take place b at this time the foundations are laid upon which the adult personality structures will built c the brain grows and develops at such an accelerated rate during babyhood d at this time the baby is exposed to many hazards both physical and psychological 663) The tendency to emphasize so much on school beautification to the detriment of pupils performance illustrates the ___. a. Filipinos loves for porma at the expense of substance b. Filipinos lack of seriousness c. Filipinos sense of humor d. Filipino lack of reflection 664) Which is a danger signal of adolescent maladjustment? a prolonged treatment as children b inappropriate body-build c attraction to the opposite sex d irresponsibility as shown in neglect of studies in favor of having a good time

665) Ms. Ramos is often times frustrated. The students in her class hardly volunteer to recite and to do other learning-related tasks. This is a proof of the Filipinos ___. a. sense of humor c. lack of reflection b. lack of resourcefulness d. passivity and lack of initiative 666) Which period in the life span of an individual is characterized by growth spurt? a. pre-natal and puberty b. early childhood c. prenatal period and early childhood d. early childhood and adolescence 667) Which of the following is not a hazard to the mastery of developmental tasks? a. inappropriate or impossible expectations b. crises when individuals pass from one stage to another c. unfavorable social judgment

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d. by passing of a stage of development as a result of failure to master the tasks for that stage of development 668) Which of the following statements on developmental task is wrong? a. Retirees are not expected to work on mastering certain developmental tasks b. There are essential skills expected to be acquired and mastered in each developmental stage c. The mastery of developmental tasks is a result of physical maturation, societal pressures and individuals aspiration d. Failure to master developmental tasks at a certain developmental stage has far reaching consequences in a persons development 669) Based on Victor Lowenfields classification, which sequence in the developmental stages of children in art is followed? a pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, scribbling stage, pseudo realistic stage, dawning realism stage b pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, scribbling dawning realism stage, pseudorealistic stage c scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, pseudo realistic stage, dawning realism stage d scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, dawning realism stage, pseudo realistic stage 670) Which is a focusing thinking skill? a. summarizing b. obtaining information c. clarifying through inquiry d. identifying key concepts 671) Such physiological characteristics as the helplessness of nursery kinds, the inborn curiosity of the primary school pupils, the social conciseness of high school students and the practical purposes of college students established that: a. the individual has certain characteristics at each level of development that makes him educable b. education is a basic need of the individual at every level of development c. education is psychologically based d. education is adjustment and adoption 672) Intelligence plays a significant role in learning. Which statement is untrue? a the higher the intelligence, the greater the ability to learn b the higher the intelligence, the more education is not needed c the higher the intelligence, the more accurate man can respond d the higher the intelligence, the faster man can adjust to his environment 673) Ms. Aura Vivian Llapitan, a Grade One teacher, has observed that her pupils respond actively to various class activities. Why are her pupils teachable? a. their economic competence makes him receptive to education b. their independence makes them more obedient c. they are more open to experience d. any of three is correct 674) In education as agent of modernization the curriculum tends to focus on well-defined orientation. Which described best the curriculum in this sociological view? a. future oriented c. present oriented b. past oriented d. tradition oriented 675) Miss Melody San Pedro, who is a firm believer of education as cultural transmission is equally interested in the following except one. Which is not a concern of education as cultural transmission? a. current social issues b. intentions or objectives c. changes in the learners behavior d. manner of making the learner function 676) Ms. Catherine Eullo, a teacher in Social Studies, strongly believes in education as agent of social and cultural change. What would be the emphasis of her lessons? a. current social issues and problems of the students own community b. social life of the "past and the far-away c. political history of the great countries d. historical and geographical facts 677) The function of schooling is determined largely by the generally accepted social conception of education. What is the function of the school curriculum in a school that regards education as cultural transmission? a. to serve as a unifying element among social classes b. to serve as a boundary breaking between social classes c. to serve as an instrument to remove social status stratification d. to serve as a boundary-maintaining structure between social classes 678) Education and culture tend to be cyclical. Which of the following clearly explains this statement? a. culture is influenced by the school and the school is shaped by the culture b. culture influences the school function as a change agent c. culture is primarily transmitted by the school d. culture is learned basically from the school 679) Mary Joy brings all her books to school because she wants to please the teacher and get good grades. To which of the following levels of morality according to Kohlberg does she belongs? a. Conventional b. pre-conventional c. post-conventional

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d. either pre-conventional or conventional 680) Following Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development, Mrs. Medina provides her students varied activities that enable them to classify objects according to more than one variable, rank order items in logical series and understanding that amounts of mass or liquid do not change because their shape does. The development tasks can be expected to be performed by ___. a. elementary school children c. college students b. high school students d. preschoolers The nature-nature controversy gave rise to conflicting theories of human development. Mrs. Adora Santiago, a grade school teacher however believes that both heredity and environment interact to facilitate the total development of her pupils. Therefore, Mrs. Santiago is likely to support which of the following statements? a. intelligence is entirely heritable b. intelligence is a function of 50% heredity and 50% environment c. intelligence is more influenced by environment than hereditary factors d. intelligence can be improved by exposing a child to a stimulating environment cognitive development, in what developmental stage is Marvin? a. concrete operation c. formal operation b. sensorimotor d. pre-operation 686) What is the highest level of comprehension? a. critical comprehension c. integration b. critical evaluation d. literal comprehension 687) Mother equally divided the pineapple in two glasses for her two boys. One glass is short but stout; another long but thin. Both boys wanted the long but thin glass believing that it contained more. In what developmental stage are the boys? a. concrete operation c. sensorimotor b. formal operation d. pre-operational 688) What I hear, I forget; What I see, I remember; What I do, I understand This means that pupils learn best when they __. a. learn independently b. work with groups c. watch TV d. takes active part in the learning process 689) Both Muslim and Christian value marriage but the Muslim practices polygamous marriage while the Christian practices monogamous marriage. What is this called? a. ethical relativism c. acculturation b. enculturation d. cultural relativism 690) Marvin, a Grade I pupil, is happy when he wins in a game but sulks when he doesnt. Which does Marvins behavior indicate? a. Egotism c. rigidity of thought b. Egocentrism d. semi-logical reasoning 691) If the student is encouraged to develop himself to the fullest, which of Maslows hierarchy of needs should he satisfy? a. safety needs c. belongingness b. physiological needs d. self-actualization 692) A student passes a book report poorly written but ornately presented in a folder to make up for the poor quality of the book report content. Which Filipino traits does this practice prove? a. porma over substance b. art over academics c. substance over porma d. art over science 693) Extreme authoritarianism is the home reinforces learners to a. work creatively b. depend on the others for direction c. direct themselves d. do things on their won initiative 694) A group of Filipino children served as respondent in a research conducted, the children were asked to tell what they wanted to be, if given the choice. None of them said to be an American, to be a Japanese, to be a Korean, etc. What does this finding show? a. inferiority of other nationalities

681)

682) Mr. Rebancos, a high school teacher, is aware of the fact the puberty brings new feelings about the self, as well as attitude in other people who relate to the maturing child-adolescent. How may he best help his high school students develop positive attitudes towards self and others? a. orient them on the typical characteristics of adolescents b. ask them to write down their own perceptions of themselves and others c. encourage them to engage in worthwhile and productive activities d. organize a seminar on personality development among adolescents 683) Jacquelyn Mendoza does not do anything in class. She will only complete a task if you sit with her and continually tell her that what she is doing is correct. During her free time she sits at her desks starting into space. If you ask what shed like to do she just smiles sweetly and shakes her head negatively. How would you describe Jacquelyns behavior? a. passive-antagonistic c. indifferent-shy b. passive-dependent d. proud-progressive

684) Learning takes place best when a. learning exercises are focused on the right side of the brain b. learning exercises involve both sides of the brain c. learning exercises are focused on cognitive objectives d. learning exercises are focused on the left side of the brain 685) Marvin, a Grade I pupil plays with his classmates, but cannot accept defeat, Based on Piagets theory of

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b. superiority of the Filipino c. superiority of other nationalities d. Filipino lack of a sense of national pride 695) An I thou relationship exists between teacher and students where there is a. favoritism c. respect b. pretension d. prejudice 696) Which refers to the Filipino trait of practicing conflicting values in different venues and with different social groups? a. crab mentality c. lack of foresight b. willingness to take risks d. indolence 697) It is easy for children to learn language because each person as Language Acquisition Device that predispose one to acquire language. This theory is espoused by ___. a. Watson c. Chomsky b. Gardner d. Piaget 703) Jones is a shy student and prefers to be alone. Based on Jungs psychological theory, under what classification does he fall? a. extrovert c. paranoid b. ambivert d. introvert 704) Which theory on development puts emphasis on the importance of sensitive period in development? a. ecological theory c. psychoanalytic theory b. social cognitive theory d. ethnological theory 705) According to the cognitive theory of human development, the primary determinant of behavior is ____. a. cognition c. heredity b. unconscious thought d. environment 706) Which may be undesirable result of the misuse of education technology on human development? a. brain-drain c. dehumanization b. mechanical learning d. knowledge explosion 707) For Freud, the primary motivation for human behavior is sexual in nature while for Erikson it is ____. a. social c. physical b. cultural d. biological 708) Based on Freuds psychoanalytic theory which component(s) of personality is (are) concerned with a sense of right and wrong? a. super-ego c. id b. super-ego and ego d. ego

698) According to Eriksons theory, the child aged three to five is largely ___. a. mischievous c. lazy b. Egocentric d. altruistic 699) Students in school tend to group themselves by region of origin and think of themselves as first and above all as Visayan, Ilocano, Tagalog. This shows that Filipino are generally a. more universalistic than particularistic b. more personal than impersonal c. more particularistic than universalistic d. more impersonal than personal

700) The information processing psychology asserts that a. the learner is a passive receiver of stimuli b. the learner is totally conditioned by environment c. learning is purely a conditioning process d. learning is an interactive process between the learner and the environment 701) Two identical balls of clay are shown to the child. The child agrees that they are equal. Teacher changes the shape of one of the balls and asks the child whether they still contain equal amounts of clay. The child answers, No, the longer has more. What skill does the child lack? a. centration b. cognitive development theory c. reasoning d. conservation Which theory does this demonstrate? A young boy might observe his fathers aggressive outburst and hostile interchanges with people; when observed with his peers, the young boys style of interaction is highly aggressive. a. social cognitive theory b. cognitive development theory c. operant conditioning d. classical conditioning

709) Which conception of age is wrong? a. chronological age is different from biological and psychological age b. chronological age , biological age, psychological and social age are related c. psychological age and social are two different things d. chronological age is the same as biological and psychological age 710) As humans we walk at about one year, engage in fantasy play as a young child, and become more independent as a youth. What does this prove? Each of us develops partly a. like no other individuals b. like no other individuals, like some other individuals, like all other individuals c. like all other individuals d. like some other individuals

702)

711) In Piagets theory an individuals adjustment to new information is called ___. a. organization c. assimilation b. accommodation d. adaptation 712) The psychoanalytic theorists believe the following EXCEPT a. development is not in any way colored of emotion b. we analyze the symbolic meaning of behavior not focus on the behavior c. early experience with parents extensively shape our development

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d. we have to analyze the inner workings of the mind to understand behavior 713) Which teachers attitude best reflects his/her understanding of development as a product of maturation? a. patience when dealing with the slower ones b. creativity with the classroom strategies or task c. fairness when giving grades or school marks d. cheerfulness and enthusiasm when discussing 714) Which one is Piagets and Eriksons thought about childrens play? a contributes to the childs mastery of his physical and social environment b makes a childs life so enjoyable that he will tend to hate school life later c prepares a child for an excellent academic performance in formal schooling d develops in the child a highly competitive attitude because of the nature of play 715) Miss Beth Burbon, a preschool teacher sees to it that the children are given opportunity to explore and work on different materials so that they will develop initiative and not guilt. She is guided by the theory of a. Maslow c. Gardner b. Kohlberg d. Erikson 716) Which of these statements true about the development of super ego according to psychoanalytic theory? a. it is present at birth b. it begins to develop during the first 2 years of life c. it begins to develop during the fifth to sixth year of life d. it begins to develop at puberty e. it begins to develop in late adolescence Sigmund Freud maintained that nervous are primarily a result of: a. overly severe toilet training b. inappropriate identification c. primary process d. inadequate super ego development e. sexual disturbances 720) Sequential studies of human development suggest that the growth of intelligence may continue through: a. late adolescence d. late adulthood b. early childhood e. old age c. middle adulthood 721) In the theory developed by Jean Piaget, the first unit to appear in cognitive development is: a. language d. rule b. schema e. image c. concept 722) According to Freud, children pass through all of these psycho-sexual stages of development EXCEPT the: a. oral d. autoerotic b. anal e. genital c. phallic 723) A prominent embracing response that can elicited in a newborn infant by a sudden change in the head position is called the: a. sign of Babinski d. infant carry response b. startle allows reflex e. primate hug c. convulsive reflex 724) In comparing health behavior of younger and older people, older people report all these EXCEPT: a. more symptoms b. less positive health status c. more vulnerability to health threats d. decline in regular physical activity e. improvement of eating habits 725) In Rene Spitzs classic study of sensory deprivation, he found all of these to be true EXCEPT that: a. social interaction with other human is essential in infant development b. in the first 4 months, infants in the fondling home (having less contact with other people) scored better on several developmental indices than those in the nursing home (where others visited) c. by 1 year, fondling home infants had fallen far below those in the nursing home on developmental indices d. after 1 or 3 years, most infants in the fondling home could not walk or talk e. children in the nursing home had a higher incidence of infection that those in the fondling home because of many social contacts 726) The complex symptoms characterizes of children who are deprived of their mother or of a mother substitute during infancy and often extending into the first year of life is known as: a. stranger anxiety d. childhood hizophrenia b. anxiety neurosis e.. alacrities depression c. autism 727) Which of the following concludes the processes that allow a child to move from one stage of development to he next in Piagets theory of child development? a. reinforcement d. accommodation b. equilibrium e. equilibration

717)

718) Which of these indicates the flow of free association as minted by Sigmund Freud? a. reaction formation d. Para praxis b. resistance e. the pleasure principle c. repression 719) According to current research, a daughter is most likely to have traditional vocational aspirations if she has a: a. non-working mother b. working mother c. mother in a traditionally masculine occupations d. working father e. high occupational status father

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c. assimilation 728) Which of these variables affects the phenomenon of parent-child bonding as proposed by Kenell and Klaus? a. infants language development b. infants cognitive development c. amount of crying done by infant d. length of breastfeeding e. all of these 729) Major obstacles for children in creative solving of problems include: a. failure to understand or grasp the problem b. forgetting certain aspects of a problem c. fear of failure d. insufficient knowledge e. all of these f. none of these 730) Which of the following are major health problems in adolescents? a. have a genetic bases b. have a sexual bases c. involve sensory deficits d. are self-inflicted e. involve bacterial and viral infections 731) College students are considered to be at risk for AIDS because of: a. frequent sexual contact b. a sense of vulnerability c. the belief that only homosexual and drug users gets AIDS d. the belief that educated people are not apt to get AIDS e. all of the above mentioned f. none of the above mentioned 732) Harry Harlows work with inanimate surrogate mothers for children suggests that the early experience is critical to the ultimate development of love is: a. positive reinforcement b. be protected form danger c. contact comfort d. need reduction by nursing e. maternal stimulation Emotional expression involving a stereotyped sequence of fixed action patterns include: a. smiling d. apprehension b. know flush response e. aching c. startle response An assessment of personality, normative and objective method refers to: a. used of ink blot techniques b. sophisticated technique for measuring the accuracy of a persons perception pf reality c. predictions of behavior on the basis of intensive interviewing d. predictions of behavior on the basis of data from personality tests e. a way of reality evaluating personality rather than of simply assessing how a person behaves 735) In Ericksons Theory, self-esteem tend to be positively influenced by: a. opportunities for favorable social comparison b. association with persons possessing a higher sense of self-worth c. feedback of success and failures d. sympathetic explanations of continuous negative feedback or comparisons e. all of these f. none of these

736) According to Freud, the superego contains the: a. conscience d. reality principle b. pleasure principle e. all of these c. ego ideal f. none of these 737) In Carl Rogers personality theory, the essential components of a psychotherapeutic process involves: a. therapist unconditional positive regard b. a therapist empathy on the child c. reflection of the childs feelings d. interpretation of unconscious process e. all of these f. none of these 738) Which of these personality theorists strongly emphasized the importance of unconscious determinants? a. Shiner d. Freud b. Murray e. Piaget c. Kevin

739) Erickson views the stage of young adulthood as being best described by a crisis of: a. trust versus mistrust b. intimacy versus isolation c. identity versus role confusion d. initiative versus guilt e. autonomy versus dependence 740) The environmental factor with the most under used potential for developing cognitive and interpersonal competence in children is the: a. school b. family setting c. community mental health center d. health care system e. child welfare agency 741) All of these research findings on adult development are true EXCEPT that: a. significant development changes continue to occur throughout adulthood b. as people age, there is an increasing range of differences between individuals c. changes in adult occur in all areas of development (cognitive, physical, and socialpersonal) d. adult cognitive changes may show quantitative reduction on an ability test, but a

733)

734)

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qualitative acquisition of a different form of intelligence e. just as is the case in childhood and adolescence, there are predominant and universal development stages in adulthood f. all of these 742) Which of these reflected Ericksons Theory of life cycle and growth of the ego? a. sexual device is crucial in determining the development of sense of identity b. ego maturation is genetically predetermined, cultural influences are of minor importance c. there are eight stages characterized by crisis whose satisfactory resolution is essential d. phases of development are characterized in turn by aggressive, affective, achievement, nurturance and power motives e. people are burdened with too many ego function 743) Institutionalization during infancy often involves all these consequences EXCEPT: a. poor linguistic organization during early childhood b. deficits in concept formation and abstract thinking c. later impairment of motor skills d. analytic depression e. abnormal behavioral patterns 744) The most rapid increasing rate of mortality is found in: a. infancy d. middle age b. childhood e. old age c. adolescence 745) Stages in the childs normal development of speech are characterized by all of these statements EXCEPT that: a. between 1 and 6 months, infants invent new noises and experiment with them b. infants 4 to 5 months old will repeat sounds they hear c. infants between 12 and 18 months will intentionally use a word appropriate to the situation d. between 24 and 36 months, infants use 200 to 300 words in phrases and two and twoword sentences e. by 48 months of age, the child should have a vocabulary of about 1500 words 746) Research findings on early gender-role identification and behavior show that all these statements are true EXCEPT that: a. gender-related differences in play behavior are evident as early as 13 months b. males are generally more aggressive in their play and problem-solving activities than are females c. children who experience gender reassignment after the age of 2 are considered to be high-risk candidates for psychological disorders d. children between 3 and 4 years of age are able to make gender-appropriate choices to western stereotypes e. females 3 to 5 years old appear to be more concerned about gender-appropriate play a activities than are males of similar age 747) Which of these statements about the development of moral standards during the childhood is true? a. only at puberty do a childs moral standards become independent of external rewards and punishments b. the development of guilt as a reaction to transgressions is fostered by parental warmth c. children of 11 or 12 years of age are more likely to make inflexible, absolute moral judgments than those 7 or 8 years of age d. older children are likely than younger children to judge behavior as right or wrong in terms of its reinforcement outcome e. the development of moral reasoning is independent of general intellectual maturation 748) Compared with pregnant women aged 20-25, pregnant adolescence are apt to: a. experience parental pressure to restrict food intake b. inadequate parental care c. higher rates of infant mortality d. higher rates of birth defects and mental retardation e. all of these f. none of these

749) In comparing overweight adolescent boys and girls, girls are among apt to: a. experience parental pressure to restrict food intake b. eat in response to negative and positive mood c. be blamed by their parents for weight mood d. interpret presence of other people as a sign signal for eating e. all of these f. none of these 750) Children develop identification with a parent as a result of: a. perception of similarities, physical and behavioral b. imitation of parental mannerisms c. communication from others concerning similarities d. attractiveness of the parent e. all of these f. none of these 751) Which of these patterns show cognitive skills of early childhood? a. at 18 months, a child begins to follow simple one-part directions, begins many questions with what, imitates people in his or her environment, and infers causes from observing effects

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b. at 2 years, the child begins to learn about time sequences, matches simple shapes and sizes, attempts new solutions to old problems, and may arrange several words in grammatically incorrect sentences c. at 3 years, the child asks many why questions talks in sentences using four or more words, can give his first and last name, and may talk about his fears d. at 4 years, the child may begin many questions with how, knows the days of the week and can follow a three-step direction in proper order e. all of these f. none of these 752) Which of these characterize language development is childhood? a. infants 15 to 20 weeks of age use different patterns of vocalization to identify discomforts such hunger, fright and pain b. most children master all consonant sounds by the age of 3 to 3 years c. the first words spoken are usually nouns d. vowels emerge in hierarchical order between ages 3 to 7 years e. all of these f. none of these 753) Biological changes in the adolescent years include: a. a growth spurt for girls with peak velocity at 14 years of age b. menarche at anytime between 10 to 16 years of age; the average now is under 13 years of age c. a growth spurt for boys with peak velocity at 12 years of age d. growth of testes beginning as early as age of 9 or a late age of 13 and ending at anytime between ages 13 and 17 years e. all of these f. none of these 754) This is a true statement regarding childhood dreams. a. they start when the child is able to talk b. they are experienced as pleasant more often as a preschooler grows older c. they increase in frequency as child approaches the age of 5 d. they are frightened of nightmare at a relatively age from 3 to 4 years e. all of these f. none of these d. children 7 to 9 years of age realize the inevitability of death for all living things, no longer fell responsible for the death of others, and yet feel that death can be avoided e. all of these f. none of these 756) Significant changes in physiological and cognitive functioning develop with age. Studies of aging show that: a. intra-individually variability is decreased with aging b. there is more age-related decline found in longitudinal methods than in cross-sectional methods c. inter-individual variability is decreased with aging d. life style and experience play a major in retention of various cognitive functions e. all of these f. none of these 757) A Sigmund Freud, an Austrian physician is credited for originating or popularizing the following: a. the unconscious mind b. the classic psychoanalytic couch technique of retracting past experience c. the early childhood as the origin of emotional disorders d. the id ego and super ego e. all of these f. none of these 758) Both sexes if preschoolers are said to place a great value on the penis, with boys treasuring their sex organ and fearing some injury to it or attack upon it by hostile others. It develops into a: a. castration anxiety d. electra complex b. penis envy e. oedipus complex c. libido 759) A person who engenders intolerable amounts of hostility may become the object of excessive affection. This is a defense mechanism called: a. displacement d. repression b. reaction formation e. suppression c. identification 760) In Ericksons theory, toddler phase constitutes the period in which the child must establish a sense of: a. basic trust d. industry b. autonomy e. identity c. initiative 761) A child entering a school age period, finds his abilities wanting and discouraged in his development of industriousness. He may conceptualize himself as: a. guilty d. role confusion b. mistrusting e. shame and doubt c. inadequate and inferior 762) An infant at 7 months may have his psychomotor skills like:

755) Concepts of death and pain at various stages of the child development include that: a. between birth and 2 years of age, separation is more apt to be experienced as synonymous with death b. children 3 or 4 years of age believe that a toy feels pain when it is broken c. children 5 to 6 years old fantasize that the dead person continues to experience emotion and biological function in the grave

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a. uncoordinated movements of the and arm begin to progress to definite reaching and grasping b. when being pulled to a sitting position, the child may attempt to stand c. smiles and laugh aloud often, responding to stimulation from familiar children and adults d. he may wish to use a spoon while feeding himself e. all of these f. none of these 763) An angry, frustrated toddler in the midst of tantrum cannot be effectively dealt with by reasoning or threats. The wisest approach in dealing with the situation is: a. promising to give the desired object as soon as possible b. providing an activity other than the desired object c. attracting him with another object d. ignoring his behavior, reduced external stimulation, remove any objects which might prove injurious e. playing with him music and dance 764) Which of the following situations do children learn language skills? a. through the spoken word d. all of these b. by imitating sound e. none of these c. by trials of using words appropriately 765) Children who consequently test low in verbal development are usually those who: a. receive little verbal instruction and socially and economically deprived b. receive a noisy verbal communication c. frequently receive non-verbal gestures d. have a family that interacts most of the time e. live in air environment with spiritually inclined neighbor c. repeats six-syllable sentences d. participates in conversation monopolizing it e. talks constantly 769) without

A 5 year old child in Ericksons stage of initiative vs. guilt shows that he/she: a. has dream and nightmares b. is serious about self and abilities c. is less rebellious d. accepts responsibility for facts e. all of these f. none of these

770) These are all the guidelines helpful to parents and other adults in relating to young children EXCEPT: a. discipline should be motivated by love and should have as its objective the childs longrange best interest b. discipline should be consistent c. the child should know why is being disciplined and should be helped to identify acceptable alternatives to his misbehavior d. discipline should NOT be limited to hazardous activities affecting the physical, emotional, or social well-being of the child e. ineffective measures should be corrected 771) The essential foundation that must be established in the therapeutic relationship is: a. trust d. relation b. confidence e. love c. change 772) A Freudian Slip, wherein ones true but hidden feelings or thoughts are revealed by the child is an example of what coping mechanisms: a. regression d. relation b. repression e. reworking c. resistance 773) Which of these factors is considered a risk factor for childhood disorder? a. intact family d. age b. genetic vulnerability e. social class c. social support 774) What are the most important skills one must have when working with adolescent in the classroom? a. denial of personal limitations b. flexibility with predictability c. serious attitude d. ability to challenge e. calmness with respect 775) Paul 12 years has been addicted to prohibited drugs for 2 years now. What is the best intervention or management control effective in working with substance abuse people? a. firm and directive b. installation of values c. helpful and advisory d. subjective and nonjudgmental e. compassionate and tender

766) A child learning to undress sees the activity as: a. accomplishment b. punishment c. means to attract ones attention d. a practice to ones sexual curiosity e. a self of self-encouragement 767) What is the correct sequence of motor activity that belongs to 4-year-old children? 1. throws ball overhand 2. cuts out ones attention 3. builds five-block gate from model 4. copies square 5. hits nail head with hammer a. 1, 2, 3, 4 b. 2, 3, 4, 5 c. 1, 3, 4, 5 d. 1, 2, 3, 5 e. 1, 2, 4, 5

768) A 5 year old childs verbal abilities include all these EXCEPT it: a. uses adult speech forms b. finds speech more important in peer relationships

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776) You encountered an 11 year old drug user who is incoherent, giddy and euphoric. You had noted irritation of the eyes, nose and mouth and susect inhalation abuse. Which sign is most indicative of inhalant abuse? a. vomiting d. sudden fear b. bad breath e. sweating c. bad trip 777) Nora 10 years old is undergoing obsessivecompulsive behavior and 5 to times wash her hand in an hours time. The patient will not be able to stop her compulsive washing routines until she: a. acquires more super ego strength b. recognizes the behavior is unrealistic c. no longer needs the manage her feelings of anxiety d. regains contact of reality e. realizes that hand washing need to be frequent 783) Marly is a sensitive, responsive parent who consistently satisfies the needs of Sara, her infant daughter. According to Erickson, Sara is likely to: a. from a life long attitude of basic trust toward the word b. encounter some difficulty in overcoming the limitation of egocentrism c. encounter some difficulty in forming an attachment to her father d. achieve formal operational intelligence more quickly than the average child e. all of these f. none of these

778) Nora was diagnosed with personality disorder with compulsive traits. Of the following behaviors, which one could you expect Nora to exhibit or manifest? a. inability to make decisions b. spontaneous playfulness c. inability to alter plans d. insistence that things be done her way e. inability to achieve anything 779) Lyn, 14 years old is assessed of amenorrhea, constipation, and slow heartbeat. She expresses a distorted body image and fear of being fat. These are signs and symptoms of: a. Cushing syndrome d. bulimic syndrome b. conversion disorder e. anxiety state c. anorexia nervosa

784) The Albertsons establish and enforce rules for the children to follow. They give reasons for the rules and invite their teenagers to join the discussion when new rules are being made. Psychologists would characterize the Albertsons as _____ parents. a. authoritarian d. democratic b. egocentric e. permissive c. rejecting-neglecting 785) Gilbert notices that his sausage is sliced into six pieces, whereas his brothers is sliced into nine pieces. He understands, however, that his brothers sausage is not actually any larger than his own. This indicates that Gilbert has by now reached the _____ stage of development. a. formal operational d. preoccupation b. sensorimotor e. all of these c. concrete operational f. none of these 786) Dr. Wong believes that children who are not responsive to parenting during the first 2 months of life will never develop basic trust toward the world. Obviously, Dr. Wong believes that this period is a(n) _____ for learning basic trust. a. developmental crisis b. operational stage c. critical stage d. sensorimotor stage e. maturational span Carol is stressed because post-child-birth complications prevented her from being in close physical contact with her child during its first few hours. Carol should be told that: a. infants should be left physically undisturbed during the first few hours of life so they can rest b. physical contact with her infant immediately after birth would not contribute to the development of mother-infant attachment c. human infants do not have well-defined critical periods for the formation of a motherinfant attachment d. as long as she can breed-fed her baby, no lasting damage will be done e. all of these f. none of these

780) When family is participating in the therapy, what is the priority issue that must be confronted resolved? a. abuse d. divorce b. finances e. family c. control 781) Linda just turns 12 years old and sexually abused. Lindas parents have already reported the matter to the police and initial investigation showed rape. She was interrogated but didnt respond. The rape victim didnt talk, is withdrawn and depressed. The defense mechanism being used is: a. rationalization d. regression b. denial e. depression c. repression 782) Three-year old Angela has a story of being securely attached to her mother. It most likely that Angela is: a. unusually intelligent b. easily frustrated and irritable when her mother is absent c. preoccupied with maintaining close physical contact with her mother d. outgoing and successful in her interactions with other children e. all of these f. none of these 787)

788) Instead of happily exploring the attractive toys located in the pediatricians waiting room, little Sara

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tenaciously clings to her mothers skirt. Sara most clearly shows signs of: a. habituation d. plasticity b. egocentrism e. conservation c. insecure attachment 789) In an unfamiliar but pleasing setting, infants with an insecure attachment to their mothers are likely to: a. quickly leave their mothers side and explore their surroundings b. show little distress when their mothers physically leave them alone in the strange setting c. show indifference or hostility toward their mothers when they return after a period of absence d. demonstrate unusually low levels of stranger anxiety e. form a life-long attitude of basic trust toward the word 790) Four-year old Lynnae is usually timid and fearful, where her 3-year old sister is typically relaxed and fearless. The two sisters are most striking different in: a. maturation d. accommodation b. temperament e. assimilation c. egocentrism 791) The quantitative or measurable aspect of an individuals increase in physical measurements is: a. physical development d. development b. physical growth e. replication c. social growth c. grasps and briefly hold objects and task them to mouth d. rolls over e. stands alone 797) Growth and development are influenced by the following forces of the family, EXCEPT: a. peers b. life expectancy c. environmental elements d. life experience e. ones mental capacity 798) The correct directions of human growth is: 1. cephalo-caudal 3. disto-proximal 2. caudo-cephalo 4. proximo-distal a. 1, 2 b. 1, 3 c. 2, 4 799) d. 1, 4 e. 2, 3

The theorist who believes that each stage of development has a personality crisis in involving a major conflict that is critical at the time is: a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Erickson c. Dunn

800) The theorist who view t hat the development of the mind as occurring thru adaptation to the environment via assimilation and accommodation: a. Piaget d. Freud b. Maslow e. Erickson c. Dunn 801) Learning process associated with a particular stage of development often are referred to as developmental tasks. A characteristic of development task is that: a. there is no specific uniform time for learning a task b. tasks are learned at the same age in children c. tasks occur with predictable rhythm d. most development task are learned by school age e. if follows a pattern 802) The school nurse discusses the eating habits of school-age children explaining to the parents that these habits are most influenced by: a. food preferences of their peers b. the smell and the appearance of the food offered to them c. the atmosphere and examples provided by parents at mealtimes d. parents encouraging their children to eat nutritious foods e. availability of foods 803) The school nurse discusses adolescent behavior with the parents explaining that according to Erickson, the central problem of adolescence is establishing a sense of: a. identity d. initiative b. industry e. autonomy

792) The qualitative or behavioral aspects of progressive adaptation to the environment is: a. physical development d. development b. physical growth e. replication c. social growth 793) The process of becoming fully developed and grown is: a. aging d. progression b. maturation e. regression c. replication

794) The following are measurable growth indicators, EXCEPT: a. height d. sexual age b. weight e. learn to put words together c. skeletal growth 795) Which of the following is an indicator of development and growth? a. the infant relinquishes crawling for walking b. height capacity for growth c. weight increase in adulthood d. sexual age in aging e. sexual growth for maturation

796) Which of the following tasks belongs to the fine motor development? a. lifts head and chest while prone b. sits with support

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c. intimacy 804) Which of the following statements would be best for the school nurse to use when describing the onset of adolescence in boys and girls? a. girls and boys experience the onset of adolescence at approximately the same age b. boys experience the onset of adolescence 1 to 2 years earlier than girls c. girls experience the onset of adolescence approximately 1 to 2 years earlier than boys d. boys experience the onset of adolescence 3 to 4 years later than girls e. girls experience the inset of adolescence 3 to 4 years later than boys 805) This is the point of view held by Wundt and Titchener that experience or mental states are made of sensations, images, or ideas, and feelings as well as analysis of these elements, their attributes and the combinations. a. structuralism d. gestalt psychology b. functionalism e. purposive psychology c. behaviorism 811) e. law of readiness Involves the use of muscles and bodily movements. a. psychomotor learning b. cognitive learning c. motor learning d. law of exercise e. law of readiness

812) Involves the accurate and precise use of hands and feed in handling gadgets, machines , tools and equipments. a. law of learning d. gestalt theory b. aesthetic learning e. law of readiness c. manipulative dexterity 813) Performing a series of solutions to a problem until the right one is found. a. structuralism d. gestalt psychology b. functionalism e. purposive psychology c. trial and error 814) Establishing the relationship between words and objects, between principles and situations, and between ides and things. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. gestalt theory e. law of readiness 815) Overcoming or removing difficulty to attain a goal. a. associative learning b. theory of generalization c. law of effect d. cognitive learning e. none of these 816) Formation of values, attitudes, appreciation and judgments. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. gestalt theory e. law of readiness 817) Coordinating the movements or reflexes of the different parts of the body to attain the desired performance of an activity. a. Psychomotor learning b. aesthetic learning c. bodily movement coordination d. motor learning g e. law of readiness 818) Appreciation of the good and beautiful and abhorrence of the bad. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. gestalt theory e. law of readiness Development by reading and studying that enriches knowledge.

806) The conception of experience at any given moment is determined by the totality of its related phases, which constitute an integrated pattern or configurations. a. structuralism d. gestalt psychology b. functionalism e. purposive psychology c. behaviorism 807) The stimulus-response theory believes every stimulus creates a response where activities can be measured objectively. a. structuralism d. gestalt psychology b. functionalism e. purposive psychology c. behaviorism

808) Mental processes are functions or operations of the organism in its adaptation to and modification of its environment. a. structuralism d. gestalt psychology b. functionalism e. purposive psychology c. behaviorism 809) These are inborn automatic response to simple localizes stimulation involving particular muscles and parts of the body. a. temperament or emotion b. capacities and special aptitudes c. drives, needs, wants, urges d. reflexes e. personality f. motivation Identify what type, kind, law of theory of learning each of the following indicates: 810) Acquisition of knowledge, facts, information, ideas and concepts. a. law of learning b. cognitive learning c. manipulative dexterity d. gestalt theory

819)

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a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. Thorndikes connectionism theory e. law of readiness 820) Learning based on association between stimuli and responses. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. law of readiness e. none of these 821) Going at once into water to learn how to swim. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. law of readiness e. none of these 822) When an organism is ready to act, action is satisfying, inaction is annoying. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. connectionism theory d. gestalt theory e. law of readiness e. none of these 828) The behavior of the individual is the result of the interaction between internal forces (individuals traits) and external forces (environment). a. theory of generalization b. classical conditioning theory c. connectionism theory d. theory of configuration e. none of these 829) Learning, involves acquisition, transformation and evaluation. a. theory of generalization b. classical conditioning theory c. connectionism theory d. theory of configuration e. none of these 830) Similar to the Gestalt theory, this refers to the unified or total pattern of organization of a learning situation so that the components lose their identity." a. theory of generalization d. theory of configuration b. classical conditioning theory e. law of readiness c. connectionism theory 831) Experiences in one situation can be applied in another learning situation. a. theory of generalization b. classical conditioning theory c. connectionism theory d. theory of configuration e. law of readiness 832) Learning with reflex action. a. theory of generalization c. congenital theory d. theory of configuration e. law of readiness 833) Braille reading as form of learning. a. associative of learning b. aesthetic learning c. sensory learning d. gestalt theory e. law of readiness 834) Learning how to write a story or a novel. a. Psychomotor learning b. aesthetic learning c. bodily movement coordination d. motor learning e. law of readiness 835) Furnishes explanations of mental and emotional maladjustments in terms of the inability of the individual to satisfy his own desires and emphasizes the values of mental and emotional therapy as cure for emotional cases or problems. a. temperament or emotion b. capacities and special aptitudes c. drives, needs, wants, urges d. reflexes e. personality

823) Learning is strengthened if it gives satisfaction to the leaner. a. associative of learning b. cognitive learning c. connectionism theory d. law of effect e. law of readiness 824) The more a connection is repeated, drilled upon or reviewed, the stronger it becomes. a. associative of learning b. cognitive learning c. connectionism theory d. law of effect e. law of readiness 825) The dog, upon the ringing of a bell, salivates whether food is presented or not. a. associative of learning b. classical conditioning theory c. connectionism theory d. law of effect e. law of readiness 826) An individual tends to repeat a rewarding behavior or situation and avoid unpleasant ones. a. operant conditioning theory b. classical conditioning theory c. connectionism theory d. law of effect e. law of readiness 827) Use of insight and understanding in learning. a. associative of learning b. classical conditioning theory c. connectionism theory d. law of readiness

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f. motivation 843) If a ruler wants to maintain himself in power he must govern by moral power. Upon whose teaching is this based? a. Kung-fu-tzu c. Buddha b. Lao Tzu d. Mohammad Which of the following ways of life refer to Taoism? a. practice an all embracing love b. practice the golden rule c. love one another d. be natural According to Confucius, what is the best way to rule a people and attain harmony? a. by allowing people to do as they please b. by consulting the governed c. by force d. by moral example The cultivation of reflective and meditative skills in teaching is an influence of a. Confucianism c. Shintoism b. Taoism d. Zen Buddhism Confucius asserted that in teaching there should be no distinction of classes. Confuciuss teaching is in support of a. moral recovery program b. back-to-basics c. education for all d. values education The emphasis is given on respect and care for the aged in Value Education classes goes along with teaching of an Oriental philosopher by the name of __ a. Hsun tsu c. Kung-fu-tsu b. Mo tsu d. Lao tsu The current emphasis on the development of critical thinking by the use of philosophic methods that emphasize debate and discussion began with ___ a. Confucius c. Aristotle b. Socrates d. Plato The inclusion of Logic in the curriculum is perhaps an influence of the importance of logic that ____ stressed. a. St. Agustine c. The Hedonists b. The Humanists d. The Scholastics Spiritual training disciplines both mind and body. The individual soul is part of his absolute soul. These thoughts from part of ____ philosophy. a. Greek c. Hebrew b. Chinese d. Hindu The law of karma, what you sow you reap, are words often said when Filipinos attempt to explain a misfortune perceived to be rightly deserved by someone. This originated from the __ a. Hebrews c. Greeks b. Hindus d. Chinese

836) Which of the philosophical position could plausibly be taken to support the practice of allowing students to choose their own educational goals and experiences? a. Positivism d. realism b. Existentialism e. perenialism c. essentialism 837) The most important educational contribution made by the primitive people who influence our modern societies was their _____. a. initiation ceremonies and animism b. crude sciences c. vocational education d. religion and philosophies e. vocational education 838) Education during this period was essentially intellectual discipline based on rational arguments. These points to ___. a. feudalistic education c. scholastic education b. saracenic education d. monastic education The Athenian ideal of education was the formation of a cultural soul in a graceful and symmetrical body. This is achieved by ____. a. using the seven liberal arts b. putting the emphasis on physical education c. a well balanced development of mind, body and soul d. adopting the philosophy Know thyself Which of the following illustrates the Christian perspective of democracy in education? a. education controlled by the government b. education subsidized by the government c. education of all human beings without distinction of race, social economic or political status or the like d. equal opportunities of educating men and women This 18th century doctrine advocates for education in accordance with nature. Educator who holds this view stressed that in learning the child should be ____. a. naturally disciplined for him to concentrate more b. allowed to develop according to his own inner impulses and inclinations c. subjected to a specific regimen or training d. trained in accordance with the standards set by the teacher In the history of educational system, including that of the Philippines, which system was first and has remained a partner of other system of education? a. Formal c. pre-school b. Informal d. non-formal

844)

845)

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853) The commonly used question-and-answer method that includes debate and discussion is in consonance with the method of ___ a. Confucius c. Aristotle b. Plato d. Socrates To occupy a government position, one had to pass an examination of Confucian thought. From whom did this influence come? a. Hebrews c. Hindus b. Chinese d. Greeks a. Papyrus b. Hieroglyphics c. scriba d. palaestra e. paedotribe

861) Ancient Jewish education is associated with _____. a. synagogues temple schools b. bible and the Talmud c. religious education by Rabbis who were teacher priest d. all of these e. none of these 862) Ancient Greeks liberal education was intended for _____. a. religious and moral purposes b. physical development c. moral-spiritual development d. development of well-rounded personality e. intellectual development 863) Aside from the liberal and democratic education, Greeks contributions to the world include: a. Olympics games d. all of these b. mythology e. none of these c. democracy, philosophy 864) Greeks first Olympic games were held to honor ____. a. king or rulers b. gods and goddesses c. athletes d. philosophers and scientists e. dead ancestors 865) Which of the following describes the Greek City of Sparta? a. authoritarian government b. military city state, military academy c. at birth, the child is taken cared by the mother but at the age of seven he is turned over the paidonomous d. all of the above e. none of the above 866) Which of the following describes the Greek City of Athens? a. liberal education b. freedom of thoughts, expression and religion c. education was a family responsibility, every male child is given a pedagogues or a tutor for good and responsible citizen d. all of these e. none of these 867) The modern Greek scholars who wandered from place to place and taught lesson for a free were known as ____. a. Kitharist d. Philosophers b. Sophists e. Solon

854)

855) Ancient Chinese education consisted of: a. mastery of numerous technically alphabet and languages b. memorization and exact imitation of the works of Confucius mastery of mathematics and sciences c. A & B answers d. None of these 856) Education in ancient India was based on their caste system, which means: a. all people were free to get education b. education was reserved for the upper class Brahman c. education was informal d. education for the men only e. all people shall go to heaven 857) There is similarity between the Hindu-philosophy and Christian religion in the sense that: a. Both Hindus and Christians aim for unity, harmony, eternal peace and enjoyment b. Both Hindus and Christians believe in the same God c. Both Hindus and Christians emphasized religion and morality d. A & C answers e. None of these 858) Which of the following describes education in ancient Egypt? a. Parable, conversational method was used b. Apprenticeship method was used in teaching skills c. Vocational training, embalming, astronomy, mathematics were taught in the temples d. B & C answers e. None of these 859) Ancient Chinas educational practice is comparable to the present practice in Philippines bureaucracy as: a. Analects of Confucius are taught in schools b. Every examination that an individual passed has a corresponding decoration in dresses, in household as well. c. Passing civil service exam is a requirement for employment d. Passing government examination is useless 860) Egyptians ancient picture writing system is known as____.

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c. Grammatists 868) Which of the following does not belong to Ancient Athenian schools? a. palaestra gymnastic school b. paedotribe teacher of gymnasts c. music school, kitharist music teacher, grammar school, grammatists teacher of letters d. all of these e. none of these 869) Greeks Homeric ideal was the Man of Action typified by _____. a. Achilles d. Zeus b. Odysseus e. Hercules c. Pericles 870) Plato proposed that the society should be divided into classes of people based on their talents and intelligence. Who should be the guardians or rulers of the society? a. Philosophical class b. Warrior class c. Artesian or Industrial class d. mathematics, science class e. god and goddesses 871) The school established by Plato was known as ______. a. Lyceum b. University of Alexandria c. Academy d. University of Athens e. University of Sparta 872) Greek university of Alexandria had excellent products like Euclid in the field of geometry, in the filed of physics they produced. a. Archimedes d. Herodutos b. Erasthosthenes c. Demonsthenes e. Cicero b. Athenians emphasized music, arts, and philosophy while Spartans were on physical fitness, discipline and military warfare. c. Athenians emphasized freedom, while Spartans were totalitarian, socialistic in nature. d. B & C answers e. None of these 876) Roman education focused more attention on: a. Practical education, emphasizing the study of orator, rhetoric, laws, government b. Respect for parents, military training using the biography methods c. Christianity d. All of these e. None of these 877) Which of the following is not a Roman school? a. Elementary-school of the literature or Ludi Magister b. Secondary-school of the Grammaticus or Literatus c. Higher education or rhetoric schools d. All of these e. None of these 878) The Roman fathers right over his children was known as: a. patria protestas d. dominica b. manus e. familias reglas c. potestas dominica 879) The greatest Roman orator who rose to power. a. Quintilian d. Augustus Caesar b. Seneca c. Cicero e. Julius Caesar

873) Which of the following is not a contribution by the Romans? a. Latin Language b. The Laws of the Twelve Tables c. The Roman Senate d. Christianity e. None of these 874) Music, arts, painting, sculpture and others are often by modern societies as ____. a. social science d. fine arts b. humanities c. behavioral science e. veritas

880) Christianity became official religion of the Roman empire by successive decree issued by the Emperor. a. Nero d. Julius Caesar b. Constantine e. Pompeii c. Augustus Caesar 881) For many are called but few are chosen: is the Christs teaching method called ____. a. Parable method b. Proverbial or gnomic method c. Conversional method d. Dialectic method e. Divine method 882) A school called _ provided early Christian education for few converts. a. Catechumenal d. Episcopal b. Catechetical c. Cathedral e. cosmopolitan

875) The difference between the ancient Greek Athenians and Spartans was the fact that ____. a. Athenians emphasized physical and military warfare, while the Spartans focused more on music, arts, philosophy and poetry.

883) Which of the following describes medieval period, middle age or Dark Age? a. Refers to the span of time from the downfall of the Roman Empire in the year A. D. 476

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to the beginning of the Renaissance period about 1333. Religious education was strict, rigid and punishment was severe. Religious education included logic, philosophy and brings reason to faith. All of these None of these 890) The Guild-System was established for the purpose of ____. a. protecting the interests of middle class such as skilled craftsman, businessmen b. serving the royal families c. establishing churches d. attacking the moors as religious enemies through the Crusades e. none of these 891) Under the Guild System, the school, which served as a vocational school for the craft guild or skilled workers, was known as _____. a. chanty school d. merchant school b. guild school c. burgher school 892) 885) Monastic rules were formulated by ____. a. St. Augustine d. St. Thomas Aquinas b. St. Benedict e. St. John c. St. Peter 886) The Seven Liberal Arts as literary heritage of monasticism exclude ____. a. Platos trivium of grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic b. Quadrivium of arithmetic, geometry music and astronomy c. Ecclesiastical control in the study of Seven Liberal Arts d. All of these e. None of these 887) Which of the following describes Scholasticism? a. education was an intellectual discipline b. the purpose of the movement was to bring reason to faith and support theology by using logic c. truths scholastic claimed possessed formal value as much of their activities consisted merely of endless and profitless discussion about words and terms. d. All of these e. None of these 888) The foremost proponent of scholastic movement who wrote the Summa Theological that became the basis of the majority of the doctrines of the Catholic Church was ____. a. St. Anselm d. St. Paul b. St. Thomas Aquinas c. St. Benedict e. St. Augustine e. nonformal school

b. c. d. e.

884) Which of the following describes monasticism? a. organization characterized by strict observance of the rules of poverty, chastity and obedience. b. Monks spent their lives in working, studying and praying. c. Manual labor was emphasized as indolence was termed the enemy of the soul. d. All of these e. None of these.

Six hundred years after birth of Christ a new religion, founded by Mohammed took root in Arabia. These Arabs who were also known as Saracens among the moors of Spain established a religion known as _____. a. Islam based on the Quran or Koran Holy Scripture b. Buddhism based on Gantama Buddhas teaching c. Confucianism based on Confucius Analects d. Hinduism based on Vedas Scripture e. None of these

893) Renaissance was characterized by as a ____. a. revival of ancient learning brought about the discovery of the New World b. fascinating stories of Marco Polo about the wealth and technology of the East, that is China under Kublai Khan c. the invention of the printing press and other events d. all of these e. none of these 894) A movement, which is the result of the alleged abuses of Catholic Church led by Martin Luther, was known as ____. a. Revolution d. Transfiguration b. Reformation c. Transformation e. Contradiction

895) Catholics response to demands for change and liberalization of the Church practices leading to the establishment of Jesuits orders and La Salle was known as ____. a. Counter Reformation b. c. d. e. 896) Social Transformation Religious Exaltation Institutional Development Social Reform

889) Which of the following does not describe Chivalry a. education was a social discipline where a boy of noble birth had to pass the stages of page, squire, and knighthood. b. education was limited to warfare and religion c. education was for intellectual discipline through sciences and mathematics d. education was for the development of wellrounded personality

The content of education during the reformation includes the ____. a. study of bible and all the skills required to understand it

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b. a continuation of humanistic subjects such as history, mathematic subjects, such as history, natural science c. use of the vernacular instead of Latin ion the Church d. all of these e. none of these 897) Scholasticism is a philosophy which states that ___. a. school is the only source of learning b. man is rational who has to use reason to support his religious beliefs c. man is both physical, spiritual and rational in nature d. B & C e. None of these 898) The aim of Scholastic education is to discipline mans _____. a. physical body b. spirit or school c. intellect or mind d. emotion s, attitudes, values e. society 899) As an offshoot of the influence of Scholasticism, present education, especially in Catholic seminars, must include the following subjects in the curricula: a. science, experimentation b. religion, logic, ethics, philosophy c. social studies and sciences d. vocational-technical courses e. community service 900) The present military training for our schools came from ___. a. Athens c. Sparta b. Greece c. Rome 901) Life among primitive or tribal people was very simple. Their organization was tribal not political, which is, their ___ is usually the oldest or the wisest among members of the clan. a. head c. preacher b. teacher d. warrior 902) During the primitive education, there was no reading or writing, however, information was transmitted through ___. a. word of mouth c. ceremonial rites b. songs d. all of the above 903) Among the aims of Sumerian education was to train the learners to be good and to do good things especially to their god and to humanity called ___. a. Ra or Amon Ra c. namlulu b. Osiris d. Seth b. started the rudiments of education from which evolved the modern educational systems c. geometrical measurement and surveying d. decimal system of arithmetical notation 905) Egypt, the gift of Nile, is situated in the in the northern part of the African continent. Ancient Egypt was a desert country watered only by the Nile River, which flooded the country from August to October, leaving behind a very rich black earth. The river flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The government of Egypt was autocratic, ruled by a king called ___. a. Pharoah ` c. Kshatriyas b. Pariahs d. Brahmas 906) The Egyptians were polytheistic. They worshipped the sun god, ____. a. namlulu c. ra or amon ra b. ummia d. kitharist 907) During the early Egyptian education, they used the hieroglyphics form of writing. The Greek words hieros a. aware c. sacred b. villain d. hero 908) During the early Egyptian education, they used the hieroglyphics form of writing. The Greek words glypho a. to carve c. to read b. to write d. to see

909) The outstanding contribution to education of the early Egyptian period is: a. cuneiform writing b. started the rudiments of education from which evolved the modern educational systems c. geometrical measurement and surveying d. decimal system of arithmetical notation 910) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious wisdom. Rig Veda means: a. Veda of Sacred Formulas b. Veda of Charms c. Veda of Psalms and Verses d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge 911) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious wisdom. Yajur Veda means: a. Veda of Sacred Formulas b. Veda of Charms c. Veda of Psalm and Verses d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge 912) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious wisdom. Sama Veda means: a. Veda of psalms and verses b. Veda of Charms

904) The outstanding contribution to education by the Sumerian period is: a. cuneiform writing

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c. Veda of Chants d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge 913) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious wisdom. Atharva Veda means a. compilation of ethics, customs and traditions b. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge c. veda of psalms and verses d. Veda of Charms 914) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious wisdom. The Angas means: a. compilation of ethics, customs and traditions b. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge c. veda of psalms and verses d. Veda of Charms 915) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious wisdom. The Code of Manu means: a. Veda of psalms and verses b. Veda of Charms c. compilation of ethics, customs and traditions d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge 916) The outstanding contribution to education of the early Hindu period is: a. administration of civil service examination b. free development of all human capacities c. use of the vernacular as a tool of teaching d. decimal system of arithmetical notation 917) The basic of philosophy of early Chinese education was based on the writings of ____ and other Chinese philosophers. a. Plato d. Mao Tse Tung b. Aristotle e. Confucius c. Socrates 918) A philosophical school established by Socrates where the inductive method was mainly used is known as: a. School of Philosophy b. School of the Lyceum c. School of Academy d. Epicurean School 919) A philosophical school formed by the fusion of the Socrates School of Philosophy and the Isocratic School of Rhetorics is known as: a. Epicurean School b. School of the Academy c. University of Athens d. School of the Lyceum 925) The following are some of the outstanding contribution of Muslim education to the present educational system. a. provided the foundation of modern academic freedom b. algebra and trigonometry in the field of mathematics c. replacing the roman numerals with figures borrowed from the Hindus d. using the laboratory and experimental method in the teaching of science 926) The following are outstanding contribution of American education except one: a. progressivism b. graduate school c. democratic education d. close coordination between theory and practice The Greeks legacy to the world is democracy. As a teacher, how can you show your being democratic? a. consider your students as capable of independence learning b. give the students freedom to express ideas in any way c. treat everyone fairly in terms of learning opportunities d. reward the good students and punish the misbehaving ones c. School of Lyceum d. School of the Academy 921) A philosophical school established by Aristotle is known as: a. School of the Academy b. School of the Lyceum c. University of Athens d. Epicurean School 922) The two camps were reconciled by ____ when he wrote in his Summa Theologiae, the universal is implanted in the object and the universal is comprehended by the mind of man after the object. a. Thomas Aquinas c. Abelard b. Anselm d. Romulus Augustus

923) The Islam religion was founded by: a. Gau Tamma c. Mohammed b. Muhammad d. Muslim

924) The word Islam is the infinitive of the Arabic verb aslama which means: a. to praise c. to surrender b. to believe d. to worship

927)

920) A philosophical school established by Plato is known as: a. University of Athens b. School of Philosophy

928) To occupy a government position, one had to pas s an examination on Confucian thought. From whom did this influence come? a. Hebrews c. Chinese

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b. Hindus d. Greeks a. Herbart Spencer b. John Locke c. Jean Jacques Rousseau d. John Amos Comenius 939) Which of these modern educators criticized traditional education describing it as the pedagogy of the oppressed? a. Pedro Poveda b. Maria Montessori c. Paolo Freire d. John Henry Newman Which of these religious orders who were still and still are active in education, which adheres to the motto To the greater glory of God. a. Jesuits c. Dominicans b. Franciscans 941) d. Benedictines

929) Greeks Iliad and Odyssey were the famous mythology written by: a. Achilles c. Homer b. Plato d. Herodotus

930) The most famous sophist who said that man is the measure of all things was: a. Plato c. Socrates b. Protagoras d. Seneca 940)

931) The root of the present system of formal education can be traced to the ancient times. Which of the ancient education accounts started formal education? a. Ancient Greek education b. Ancient Oriental education c. Ancient Roman education d. Early Christian education 932) Vocational education responds to the need of middle level manpower and skilled labor in any society. Which of these countries already practiced the type of education, which is the forerunner of vocational education today? a. Greece c. India b. Egypt d. China Which of these can best describe the essence of ancient education in India? a. use of reason c. social stratification b. education for ethical life d. love of nature Which of these ancient Oriental philosophies stressed harmony with nature? a. Taoism c. Hinduism b. Buddhism d. Jainism

The present military training in our school curriculum is an influence of a. Greece c. Athens b. Sparta d. Rome

942)

933)

Which of the following abilities is stressed by humanistic education? a. Enjoy the great works of man such as the classics b. Learn the different philosophies in education c. Make man distinctly civilized, educated and refined d. Develop man into a thinking individual The Athenian ideal of education is to form a cultural in a graceful and symmetrical body. How can this be achieved? a. by giving more focus on health education b. by adapting the philosophy know thyself c. by improving emphasis on physical education d. by a well-balanced development of mind, body and soul Basic education includes secondary education. Which of the following contributed to the establishment of secondary schools? a. Humanistic education c. Rationalism b. c. Reformation d. Realistic

934)

943)

935) The type of education was more of an intellectual discipline. The purpose of this movement was to bring reason to faith and support theology by using logic. a. Scholasticism c. Monasticism b. Buddhism d. Hinduism 936) It is the belief of the Jewish people that the Torah, the Law, was handed down to Moses from Yahweh, the Almighty God. What did this imply before in their ancient education? a. religious discipline b. liberation from sin c. Religious conformity d. d. education as an apostolate

944)

945)

937) The application of scientific knowledge to affair of daily life was the dominant theme of their early education. Which people are referred here? a. Egyptians c. Greeks b. Romans d. Arabs/Saracens 938) Which of these modern educators advocated a child centered education exemplified in his work Emile?

Tutoring of learners is now practiced in our school provided it is not done by their own teacher but by an outsider. Which of these Western philosophies influenced this practiced? a. Egyptian c. Greek b. Roman d. Athenian

946)

They were practical people who successfully managed their everyday affairs. Their education was utilitarian and emphasized the practical application of learned theories. They developed the virtues essential to the exercise of their rights

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and the discharge of their duties and obligations. They were: a. Romans c. Spartans b. Jewish 947) d. Egyptians a. the good citizen, the good soldier, the good worker b. the man possessing all virtues essential for the exercise of his rights and the discharge of his duties and obligations c. the good soldier, but, not the good worker d. both a and b 955) Egyptian education was highly practical and empirical. Why? a. It involved the study of subjects that could be applied in their daily life. b. It provided the modern world with basic foundations of education and other subjects. c. It was a venue for military training. d. It emphasized total submission to the state. 956) Which of the following characterizes Chinese education? a. Participation of the young rituals and ceremonies and in incidental apprenticeship to the activities of the family and tribe. b. Aimed at selecting and training people for public service c. It was a venue for military training. d. It aimed at preparing men to know God and to live peacefully among their fellows. 957) The Athenian system of education would have closer resemblance to the presentday education than Spartan education. Why? a. Athenian education mainly prepared the learners for war, while the Spartan education aimed at full rounded development. b. Spartan education mainly prepared the learners for war, while the Athenian education aimed at full rounded development. c. Athenian education did not impose any form of discipline, while Spartan education imposed discipline that was cruel and very harsh. d. Both Athenian and Spartan education emphasized physical training to the neglect of intellectual training. Which of the following practices characterizes humanism as an educational development? a. Interest in human nature and revival of the classics b. Submissiveness to the demands imposed by church authorities c. Printing of books and salvation of the souls d. Backtobasics and revival of the arts

This type of ancient education was characterized by creative activity and logical thinking. It gave us culture and enlightenment. They also became the first greatest sportsmen. This type of ancient education is known as: a. Spartan c. Athenian b. Greek d. Roman

948)

This 2,200-year-old tomb of Qin Shihuang shows much of China emperor extreme security. a. Terra Cotta c. Tiannamen Square b. Great Wall d. Bhudda Temple

949)

Which of the following could be an off shoot of Confucius Golden Rule Do unto others, as what you wan others do unto to you? a. love begets love, hate begets violence b. love and hate can go together c. love your enemies d. love conquers all e. none of these Following Socrates philosophy of Idealism, teachers emphasize the teaching of: a. Science and Technology d. Vocational Education b. Social Science e. None of these c. Moral, Spiritual, Values Education Aristotles philosophy on Realism calls for the emphasis of teaching: a. Character, ethical, logical education b. Science/Nature study c. Mathematics d. Vocational education e. None of these

950)

951)

952)

Modern education always offers general courses like Math, languages, music, arts, painting and others. This would be influenced made by the: a. Primitive people d. Hindus b. Chinese e. Muslims c. Greeks/Romans Which of the following is Spaniards greatest contribution to Philippine education? a. Establishment of sectarian colleges and universities b. Propagation of Spanish language c. Introduction of Christian religion in Philippine schools d. A and C e. None of these The early Roman education aimed at the development of vir bonus, which meant:

958)

953)

959) With few available books, the monastic schools resorted to: a. the use of Latin as the medium of instruction b. recitation and memorization c. dictation, memorization and Socratic method d. dictation, memorization, but, not Socratic method 960) Both Cicero and Quintilian believed in the development of the ideal person, the orator. In which aspect did their ideas differ?

954)

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a. Cicero believed in the development of the ability to speak and persuade people, while Quintilian believed otherwise. b. Cicero believed that the orator should have wide experience to be able to convince people, while, such wide experience was not necessary according to Quintilian. c. To Cicero, what was important was to be able to persuade people through speech, while Quintilian; a good orator must also be a man of integrity. d. Both believed in memory and moralizing. 961) The Athenian ideal of education is to develop a cultural soul in a graceful and symmetrical body. How can this be achieved? a. By giving more emphasis on health education b. By providing more situations for the development of values c. Give more focus to physical education d. Have a wellbalanced development of mind, body and soul 962) Which one is contrary to the truth about the early Filipinos education? a. Every activity was aimed for survival and for security reasons. b. Every home is a virtual school. c. Every individual progressed beyond the mentors ability and skill. d. Every parent was a teacher. 963) Which of the following educational practices was not included in Da Feltres educational contributions? a. Adapting the work of the individual to his needs and capacities b. A balance between mental and physical activity c. Use of punishment as a motive for learning d. Inclusion of play in the curriculum and developing the power to think Which of the following is the greatest contribution of the Americans to the Philippine education system? a. democratic teachers b. English language c. Public schools d. study of the 3Rs Which of the following is considered as the greatest contribution of the Spaniards to our country in terms of education along the aspect of moral development? a. Mass education b. Social distinction c. Spread of Christianity d. Use of Spanish language John Deweys emphasis in education was on the development of an individual capable of reflective thinking, which connotes: a. being able to solve the problems he faces individually and in group b. developing the capacities of the child through a continual interaction with his environment c. that learning takes place when the child is ready for it d. education involves the use of memory, imagination, perception and motor dexterity 967) Which of the following contributions of the realists to educational methods would you consider a scientific? a. Everything must be learned first in the mother tongue. b. Words must not be repeated. c. Learning starts from senses. d. There was to be homework. Which would be given least emphasis as a result of the influence of nationalism in education? a. creation of a common language b. the teaching of history and geography c. music as an essential part of the curricula d. education for intellectual aristocracy

968)

969) Rousseaus principle of individualization points out that: a. The child is allowed to grow naturally. b. Nothing was to be done for the pupil if he could do it himself c. Each child was to develop according to his own nature. d. Nothing and allow nothing to be done. 970) Which of the following summarizes John Lockes tabula rasa theory? a. Education consists of training the mind by imposing appropriate discipline. b. Training the mind and the body c. The childs mind can be enriched through experience, which necessarily employs perception through the senses. d. The childs mind, upon birth, is like a blank sheet, which grows larger as a child gets older. Scholasticism tried to rationalize the doctrine of the Church. Which of the following is not in accordance with this movement? a. It attempted to give supporting authority to the intellect. b. It tried to justify faith by reason and logic. c. It limited itself to scientific and empirical activities. d. It aimed to substantiate theology by logic.

964)

971)

965)

966)

972) Herbarts principle of apperception postulated that: a. Learning new knowledge can be facilitated by recalling related old or previous learning. b. In learning, focus should be on a single idea, converted to the other ideas and then mastered. c. Knowledge an only be had with genuine interest. d. All of the above.

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973) The law of karma, what do you sow, you reap, are words often said when Filipinos attempt to explain a misfortune perceived to be rightly deserved by someone. This originated from the a. Hebrews c. Greeks b. Hindus d. Chinese 974) What methods of teaching were used in both disciplinism and rationalism? a. sense-based b. observation and experimentation c. memorization and imitation d. meditation and contemplation e. exposition and exhortation 975) The maxim Know Thyself was popularized by Socrates. Which of the following statements do you think would aptly describe it? a. The individual knows about the subject matter of the course. b. He has a grasp of the strategies he will apply in teaching the course. c. He knows the rules and regulations of the school he is currently connected with. d. He is aware of his strengths and weaknesses, capabilities and skills in teaching the course. 976) The first kindergarten also known as a garden where children could grow was the product of research by: a. Pestalozzi c. Herbart b. Rousseau d. Froebel 984) 980) With whose ideas is the development of contemporary curriculum program in elementary education primarily associated? a. Edward Thorndike c. John Dewey b. Henry Barnard d. Horace Mann In content, this movement initiated a systematic objective analysis of curriculum materials in order to determine scientifically what should be taught. This refers to ____. a. Rationalism b. Developmentalism c. Scientific determinism d. Social experimentalism philosophy was pragmatism

981)

982) With whose identified? a. Binet b. Terman 983)

c. Dewey d. Pestalozzi

Education is a continuous process of experiencing and of receiving or reorganizing experiences, according to John Dewey. Which of the following situations is apt to happen in education as influenced Deweys philosophy? a. education takes place in the school where the individual is exposed to specific, self contained experiences b. education may take place anywhere and anytime the individual so desires c. education is never completed and goes on throughout life d. education may take place informally to enable the individual to grow Ms. Constantino regards the student as a spiritual entity and as part of the larger spiritual universe. To what philosophy does Ms. Constantino subscribe? a. Existentialism c. Realism b. Idealism d. Pragmatism Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention, regular homework, and respect for legitimate authority? a. Perennialist c. Essentialist b. Reconstructionalist d. Progressivist Teacher B is concerned with conceptual matters since reality is mental. Teacher Bs thinking is quite. a. Pragmatic c. Existential b. Realistic d. Idealistic Who among the following stressed the processes of experience and problem solving? a. Plato c. Aristotle b. Dewey d. Hegel Dr. Melgo emphasizes to his students the importance of deep personal reflection on ones commitments and choices. Dr. Melgo subscribes to which philosophy? a. Pragmatism c. Idealism b. Existentialism d. Realism

977) According to John Deweys education is a continuous process of experiencing and revising or reorganizing experiences. This means that education ___. a. may take place anywhere and anytime the individual so desires b. is never completed and goes on throughout life c. make take place formally or informally to enable the individual to grow d. takes place in the school where the individual is exposed to specific, selfcontained experiences 978) Democracy in education from the Christian perspective is viewed as ___. a. equal education for men and women b. education controlled by the state c. education is subsidized by the state d. education of all human beings without distinction of sex, age, race, rank, social economic or political status Education entrepreneurs are beginning to realize the significance of pre-school education in terms of their influence to later training. Hence, they try to make learning as meaningful to the learner as possible. Whose philosophy of education is most apt in this particular situation? a. Platos c. Emmanuel Kants b. Aristotles d. John Deweys

985)

986)

987)

979)

988)

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989) Teacher A believes that creation of knowledge is by way of the learners interaction with their environment. Teacher A is more of ___. a. an idealist c. an existentialist b. a pragmatist d. a realist 997) Values Education is an additional subject in the Philippine New Secondary Curriculum. Which educational philosophy justifies this change in the curriculum? a. Humanism c. existentialism b. Reconstructionism d. progressivism John Dewey advocates which of the following? a. something is true if it works b. morality is for persons c. everything in this world is tentative, a series of means and ends d. what is right or wrong depends on the situation

990) Which of the following does not refer to existentialism? a. social existence means anarchy and violence b. existence means creativity and uniqueness c. existence means self-choice and selfdetermination d. each man shapes his own life and destiny 991) Life is what you make it. What you become is up to you. This thought comes from the a. Existentialist c. idealist b. Realist d. philosophical analyst Ms. Rochelle Esteban views her students as a unique and responsible individual. She plans activities and structures her teaching in such manner that her students and develops her uniqueness. Which theory does she uphold? a. Perennialism c. existentialism b. Realism d. essentialism Ms. Margarette Cassi is a firm believer of Roussean theory that education should be according to nature. To be in accord with nature, which of the following will Ms. Cassi do? a. treat the child as little adults b. treat the child as a noble savage c. treat the child as though he was little adult d. treat the child according to the laws of growth and development Ms. Geraldine Saladas is pragmatic teacher. Which of the following ideas will she reject? a. that knowledge is produced by a transaction between man and his environment b. the values must alter as culture and societies must change c. that the mind is passive and receptive d. that what word best is true John Dewey regarded education as a continuous process of experiencing and reorganizing experience. Which statement explains best his ideas? a. education takes place in school b. education goes on throughout life c. education continues anywhere, anytime d. education takes place formally with the teacher The Philippine Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) gives greater emphasis on the development of basic skills specially the 3 Rs. What is the philosophical basis for this? a. Essentialism c. existentialism b. Progressivism d. reconstructionism

998)

992)

999) Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are ever changing and so teaches you the skill to cope with change. Which is his governing philosophy? a. Existentialism c. idealism b. Realism d. experimentalism 1000) On which theory is the logical sequencing of curriculum based? a. Perennialism c. essentialism b. Progressivism d. reconstructionism 1001) Do not teach too many subjects. What you teach, teach thoroughly said one philosopher. The primary reason behind the advice is to insure that teachers a. cover all the PELCS/PSLCs b. relate their lessons to their students daily life c. avoid failing grades d. avoid spoon feeding their students 1002) The back-to-basic curriculum is in essence a (an) ____ curriculum. a. Existentialist c. essentialist b. Progressivist d. perennialist 1003) Approach every pupil as she/he is without allowing yourself to be influenced by your foreknowledge of his/her home background is an advice from a. essentialist b. rationalist c. positivist d. existentialist-phenomenologist 1004) Sometimes it may better to make wrong decisions when a decision is urgent to make a right decision too late a thought encouraged by the a. rationalist c. realist b. progressivist d. existentialist 1005) After having been humiliated by his teacher, student B evaluates that teacher very poorly despite teachers excellent performance. Which trait is illustrated Bs behavior? a. rationalism c. personalism b. impersonalism d. particularism 1006) Jones, age 7, was removed from her class for frequent fights with other children. She refused to be disciplined and was to focus in class only

993)

994)

995)

996)

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for a very short time. She also has frequent tantrums. She is suffering from a. mental retardation b. down syndrome c. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder d. learning disability 1007) The strengthening of liberal education which includes classical literature in the curriculum is based on the though of ___. a. rationalists c. humanists b. hedonists d. stoics 1017) Whose thought is this: Although there is an external world from which human beings acquire sensory information, ideas, originate from the working of the mind. a. rationalist c. empiricist b. existentialist d. pragmatist If you believe that the childs mind in TABULA RASA, in what processes will you engage the child to learn? a. sensory impressions c. reflections b. reasoning d. metacognition Which does the empiricist emphasize? a. experience is the only source of knowledge b. knowledge arises from the mind c. knowledge is derived from reason without the aid of the senses d. information is interpreted by the mind Which of the following best describes the role of a teacher from a perennialist perspective? a. to expose the learner to up-to-date information about Science and Math b. to reveal the Wisdom of Ages such as those contained in the Bible/Koran c. to assist the learner clarify his/her value priorities through self-analysis d. to tell, interpret, or analyze complete information to the students Do not trust the senses since ideas arrived at only by reason is an advice from the ____. a. naturalist c. existentialist b. rationalist d. empiricist

1018)

1008) Which philosophy approves of a teacher who lectures most of the time and requires his students to memorize the rules of grammar? a. pragmatism c. realism b. existentialism d. idealism 1009) The most popular among the pragmatist is a. John Dewey c. Edward Thorndike b. William James d. Amos Comenius He believes that we acquire knowledge of our world thorough our senses. His also the pioneer of the inductive and scientific method. a. John Comenius c. Jean Piaget b. Johann Pestalozzi d. John Locke He introduced the kindergarten or childs garden to the educational system a. Maria Montessori c. Friedrich Froebel b. Edward Paparazzi d. Johann Herbart Curriculum correlation is a concept wherein subjects should be taught so it relates to other subjects. The proponent of this concept is a. Johan Herbart c. John Comenius b. Hermann Ebbinghaus d. Andrew Mc Birch It is an area of philosophy which deals on the nature of knowledge and the best methods of teaching is a. epistemology c. metaphysics b. ethics d. aesthetics Honesty remains a value even if nobody in an organization values it. This pronouncement comes from the mouth of a (an) ____. a. pragmatist c. reconstructionist b. idealist d. progressivist A fresh graduate is usually idealistic. Which one will most likely inspire her cling to her idealism? a. introduction of educational innovations b. support of living models c. pressure of work d. high salary People have ideas about the world and they learn these ideas by reflecting upon them, according to the ____. a. empiricist c. rationalist b. existentialist d. pragmatist

1019)

1020)

1010)

1011)

1021)

1012)

1013)

1022) Which is a weakness of the Montessori approach? a. fosters development of the cognitive skills b. foster independence c. emphasize verbal interaction d. neglects childrens social development 1023) According to the existentialist, every person is in the same predicament and has the same possibilities. What does this imply? a. every person must have access to education b. every person must choose to go to college c. every person must go through the same form of education d. every person must go to college

1014)

1015)

1024) Which groups of philosophers have opposite views? a. rationalists and existentialist b. rationalists and idealists c. rationalists and naturalists d. rationalists and empiricists 1025) Progressivism considers the nature of the child. Which philosophy does NOT relate to this? a. pragmatism c. humanism b. essentialism d. naturalism

1016)

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1026) The inclusion of the study of Rizal and other national heroes in the school curriculum in order to inculcate love of country is base on a (an) a. pragmatist philosophy b. existentialist philosophy c. idealist philosophy d. realist philosophy Who perpetuated the idea that reason is superior to experience as a source of knowledge, thus schools must develop human reason? a. Humanists c. Hedonists b. Stoics d. Rationalists Faith, hope, and love are values now and forever whether people will value them or not. Upon what philosophy is this anchored? a. Idealism c. Realism b. Existentialism d. Pragmatism His philosophy advocated a classical type of liberal education or the study of the humanities. a. Irving Babbit c.. Jean Jacques Rousseau b. John Dewey 1030) d. Aristotle 1040) 1036) The world, as we experienced it, depends on how the mind perceive. This is according to: a. Leibniz c. Berkeley b. Hegel 1037) d. Spinoza

1027)

The Golden Rule was popularized by a Chinese philosopher and teacher nameda. Mencius c. Confucius b. Sun Yat-Sen d. Mao Tse Tung Educators have realized the significance of preschool education. Hence, they try to make learning as meaningful to the learner as possible. Whose philosophy of education is most apt in this particular situation? a. Aristotles c. Platos b. Emmanuel Kants d. John Deweys

1038)

1028)

1029)

1039) The philosophy of adult education was conceived by: a. Gaffud c. Confucius b. Tagore d. Gandhi

Whose philosophy expounded the concept of the Laboratory School? a. Plato c. John Dewey b. Jean Jacques Rousseau d. Irving Babbit

Who among these Filipino philosophers contributed MOST to the nationalistic tint in our education system? a. Jose Laurel c. Jose Rizal b. Andres Bonifacio d. Apolinario Mabini Who pointed out that education is life itself? a. De la Salle c. Thorndike b. Socrates d. Dewey

1031)

Whose philosophy influenced the present emphasis on Character Education and Values Education in our school system? a. Confucius c. Tagore b. Gandhi d. Bonifacio

1041)

1042)

1032)

Who expounded the need to study the child carefully for individualized instruction? a. Boccacio c. Ascham b. Erasmus d. Da Feltre

But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you. This educational philosophy has been advocated by _____. He is considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Confucius c. Muhammad b. Jesus Christ d. Buddha

1033)

Whose philosophy inspired the inclusion of Physical Education in the curriculum and the replacement of lectures with textbooks? a. Da Feltre c. Boccacio b. Petrach d. Erasmus

1043)

1034)

He suggested that competition and award should be used to motivate people. a. Aristotle c. Plato b. Herbart d. Socrates The idea of Practical Arts and Home Economics subjects for boys is the philosophy of ___. a. Confucius c. Gandhi b. Rizal d. Tagore

Education is life, Education is growth, Education is a social process, Education is a continuous reconstruction of experience. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Herbart c. Spencer b. William James d. John Dewey

1044)

1035)

Mental activity is functional. Knowledge is instrumental. It is the consequences that make the choice good or bad. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. William James c. John Locke b. John Dewey d. Rousseau

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1045) Knowledge that is best for use in life is also best for the development of power. Emphasis on physical education. Importance of science in the curriculum. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Socrates c. Plato b. Aristotle d. Spencer Self-activity as the means of development. Play, spontaneous activity, manual and industrial development utilized to promote selfrealization. Process of education determined by the nature of the child. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Locke c. Froebel b. Comenius 1047) d. Herbart considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Pestalozzi c. Comenius b. Locke 1051) d. Rousseau

1046)

Development of the whole man. Follow the order of nature. Train for character. Both sexes should be included in education. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Pestalozzi c. Comenius b. Locke d. Rousseau

1052)

Doctrine of apperception. Education should be scientific. Mind is a unity, possessing by one power, that of entering into relation with its environment. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Soren Kierkegaard c. Pestalozzi b. Herbart d. William James

The end of life is knowledge. Knowledge is virtue. Know thyself. Social and individual interests should be harmonized. Mans life is rational and universal. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Socrates c. Plato b. Aristotle d. Spencer Each person should devote his life to that which he is best fitted to do. The function of education is to determine what each individual is by nature fitted to do. Social justice (give what is due to whom it is due). Intellectual aristocracy (the rule of the intellectual elite). This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Socrates c. Plato b. Aristotle d. Spencer Virtue is not possession of knowledge but state of the will. The end of education is not knowledge lane, but the union of the intellect and the will, or knowledge expressed in action. Reality, not ideas but the performance, is the highest function. Adaptation of education to the form of government. Objective and scientific not introspective method of education. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Socrates c. Plato b. Aristotle d. Spencer The following are pragmatic philosophers except one: a. James c. Schiller b. Dewey d. Rousseau educational

1053)

1048) Education as the process of organized growth. All education should be founded upon the laws of natural development of the child. Use of objects in teaching. Emphasis on method and technique of teaching. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Pestalozzi c. Comenius b. Locke 1049) d. Rousseau

1054)

Development of the child according to his nature. A man should live a simple life. The child, the important factor in education. Use of instinctive tendencies as the starting point of education. This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of education. a. Pestalozzi c. Comenius b. Locke d. Rousseau

1055)

1050)

Tabula rasa or blank paper theory a child is born with a blank mind (neither good nor bad). Education can shape the pupil according to the will of the teacher. Formal discipline (training gained in one area can be applied in another area). This educational philosophy has been promoted by _____ where he was also

1056)

He was a member of the Catholic clergy and professor of philosophy at the University of Wittenburg, nailed his ninety-five theses at the door of his church at Wittenburg in 1517 airing his criticisms against the Catholic Church. He was: a. Mohammad c. Martin Luther

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b. Jesuits d. Ricky Martin 1065) b. Comenius d. Hecker

1057) He was known as the first modern educational reformer to advocate compulsory education. a. Mohammad c. Martin Luther b. Jesuits 1058) d. Ricky Martin

The following are great educational philosophers who espoused sense realism except one a. John Locke c. Richard Mulcaster b. Francis Bacon d. Wolfgang Ratke Children must be studied thoroughly and their innate abilities respected. This principle has been postulated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster

1066) He was known as the greatest scholar among the German school organizers, conducted a school survey in Germany, probably the first school survey in the world, and came out with the socalled Saxony plan. a. Sturm c. Melanchthon 1067) b. Martin Luther 1059) d. Copernicus This verbal realist proposed a very comprehensive curriculum composed of a wide range of physical exercises, sports and games, the Bible and religious exercises, instrumental music, intellectual readings form ancient literature in science, history, mathematics, and astronomy and literature in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldaic, and Arabic languages. He is: a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais b. John Milton 1060) d. Copernicus

Education should appeal to the childs natural interests. This principle has been postulated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster All learning should follow the course of nature. This principle has been advocated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster He is the foremost champion of formal discipline. He believed that the process of acquiring knowledge is more important than the knowledge acquired. He is: a. John Locke c. Richard Mulcaster b. Francis Bacon d. Wolfgang Ratke

1068)

1069)

This verbal realist advocated the study of ancient learning and classics in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldaic, Syrian and Italian; natural science, social science, philosophy, morality, religion and physical education for the military. He is: a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais b. John Milton d. Copernicus

1070)

An Englishman that advances the idea that the mind of a child at birth is a blank tablet upon which are printed or inscribed all the experiences of the child acquired through his senses. a. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. John Locke b. Richard Mulcaster d. Francis Bacon

1061)

One of the agencies of education during the sense realism is the model educational institution for scientific investigations. This school was drawn up: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius d. Hecker

1071) The following are well-known rationalist except one: a. Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz b. Herbert of Cherbury c. John Locke d. Baruch Spinoza 1072) He was Frenchman and has been considered as the outstanding champion of naturalism. a. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. John Locke b. Richard Mulcaster d. Francis Bacon

1062)

Another agencies education during the sense realism is the six-year vernacular elementary schools for all boys and girls, secondary schools and university. This school has been postulated by: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius d. Hecker

1073) 1063) Textbook was also considered as an important agency of education. This is according to: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius 1064) d. Hecker 1074)

The end of life is knowledge, knowledge is virtue, know thyself for the unexamined life is not worth living, says a. Plato b. Socrates c. Aristotle d. Heraclitus educational

It is a secondary school known as Realschule where pure and applied science dominated the curriculum. This school was established by: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster

The following are pragmatic philosophers except one: a. James b. Schiller c. Dewey d. Rousseau

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1083) 1075) The staunchest advocate of progressivism in education was: a. James b. Schiller c. Dewey 1076) d. Rousseau Education should aim to develop men and women who are as deeply concerned in the development and uplift of our communities, particularly in the rural areas, as in the promotion of their won personal or individual well-being. This is a Filipino philosophy of education postulated by ____. a. Ferdinand Marcos c. Venancio Trinidad b. Manuel Quezon d. Rafael Palma 1084) 1077) The school is the book which is written the future of the nations. Show us the schools of a people and we will tell you what those people are. This is a Filipino philosophy of education postulated by ____. a. Rizal b. Mabini c. Rafael Palma 1078) d. Jorge Bacobo 1085) Education should develop personality. The teacher should study each pupil individually; adapt schoolwork to the abilities and interests of pupils, hold quarterly conferences of teachers to thoroughly assess pupils progress. These idea or philosophy is postulated by ____. a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais b. John Milton d. Michael Montaigne

The Father of Existentialism: a. Soren Kierkegaard b. Pestalozzi c. Herbart d. William James

Thou shalt cultivate the special gifts which had bee granted thee, working and studying according to thy ability, never leaving the path of righteousness and justice in order to attain thine own perfection. This is a Filipino philosophy of education advocated by ____. a. Venancio Trinidad c. Jose Rizal b. T. H. Pardo de Tavera d. Mabini

The aim of learning was the development of the whole man. It is the incidental method of teaching; all learning is to be made pleasant; learning facilitated through natural activities; reasoning substituted for rote learning; and made use of reference books. These idea or philosophy is advanced ____. a. Francis Bacon c. Wolgang Ratke b. Francois Rabelais d. Richard Mulcaster

1079)

Our education should instill love for work, spirit of tolerance, respect for law, love of peace, and practice of thrift. This is a Filipino philosophy of education postulated by ____. a. Manuel L. Quezon c. Raul Magsaysay b. T. H. Pardo de Tavera d. Raul Roco

1086)

Education was to prepare for actual living. Reading for content and for syntax; use of resource person in the classroom; discussion and lectures by academic authorities. These ideas or philosophies were postulated by _____. a. Rousseau c. Pestalozzi b. Comenius d. John Milton or verbal realists d. John Milton e. all of these f. none of these

1080)

To my humble way of thinking education has for its supreme and overshadowing aim the formulation of a sound and noble outlook of life. This is a Filipino philosophy of education postulated by ____. a. Francisco Benetiz c. Jorge Bacobo b. Rafael Palma d. Venancio Trinidad

1087) The following are humanistic except: a. Martin Luther b. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rebalais 1088)

1081)

Education must secure freedom, efficiency, and happiness for all people. This is a Filipino philosophy of education advocated by ____. a. Camilo Osias c. Juan Manuel b. Manuel Laya d. Rafael Palma

1082)

The qualities that distinguish the educated Filipinos of today are (1) power to do, (2) knowledge of the part and current events, and (3) possession of the elements of conduct that are the accomplishments of culture and morality. This is a Filipino philosophy of education postulated by ____. a. Francisco Balagtas c. Benigno Aquino b. Ferdinand Marcos d. Francisco Benetiz

Children must be studied thoroughly and their innate abilities respected; make use of the games, play and exercise for learning purposes. These ideas or philosophies of education are coming from _____. a. Richard Mulcaster b. Wolgang Ratke c. John Amos Comenius d. Francis Bacon The ultimate goal of education was eternal happiness with God and education should prepare for the activities of life through knowledge; learning should start from the senses, learning should proceed from known to unknown. These ideas or philosophies of education were postulated by ____. a. Richard Mulcaster b. Wolgang Ratke

1089)

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c. John Amos Comenius d. Francis Bacon 1090) Give man dominance over things; He used the inductive method of learning. These ideas or philosophies of education were advanced by ____. a. Richard Mulcaster b. Wolgang Ratke c. John Amos Comenius d. Francis Bacon 1091) Developed a natural method of teaching; nothing is to be learned by rote; repetition must be done as often as possible; and learning by the senses first and then exploration. These ideas or philosophies of education were postulated by ____. a. Richard Mulcaster b. Wolgang Ratke c. John Amos Comenius d. Francis Bacon The following are sense realist except: a. Richard Mulcaster b. John Amos Comenius c. Wolgang Ratke d. Francis Bacon e. all of these f. none of these A German religious reformer, the inaugurator of the Protestant reformation, who insisted on statefounded compulsory education for both sexes especially in the elementary level but also compelled parents to send their children o school. He was ____. a. John Comenius c. Martin Luther b. Jean Jacques Rousseau 1094) d. John Lock advocated the disciplinary theory of education. He was ____. a. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi b. Machiavelli c. Rene Descartes d. John Locke 1097) He was the first to develop an educational theory based on naturalistic approach. Few books have exercised such profound influence on the theory and practice of education as he attached the formal education and insisted on nature as the best guide to the educational process. He was ____. a. Jean Jacques Rousseau b. John Heinrich Pestalozzi c. Johann Friedrich Herbart d. Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz In his aim to psychologized education he combined physical, moral, intellectual and manual work. His major emphasis on helping children to learn by experience and observation, rather than by verbalism and memorization. He was ____. a. Johann Friedrich Herbart b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi c. Friedrich Froebel d. John Amos Comenius His central principle was the ideas are developed in the mind through external stimuli, and that ideas have a dynamic force, which reaches out for new ideas. Based on this principle, the teachers task is to select ideas in accordance with the pupils background, to arouse the interests of the pupils, and gradually to build ideas into a moral and intellectual structure. He advocated the culture-epoch theory, based on the premise that the growth of children corresponds to the development of culture through the ages. To put his theory to practice, he formulated five formal steps of instruction: preparation, presentation, association, generalization and application. He was ____. a. Johann Friedrich Herbart b. Friedrich Froebel c. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi d. John Amos Comenius His theory was based on the concept of the absolute as a creative force, of which the childs nature is a part. The function of the teacher is to promote the growth of the child as a human plant in the direction of its own inner laws of growth. He stressed creative self-development and spontaneous activity, making or unfolding the best in the child. He formulated a philosophy of development in his Education of Man, Pedagogic of the Kindergarten, and Education by Development. He was ___ a. Jean Jacques Rousseau b. Friedrich Froebel c. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi d. Juan Luis Vives

1098)

1092)

1099)

1093)

Taught in the court of school of Northern Italy and was believed to be one of the first teachers to combine physical and mental activity in a school situation. He was _____. a. Vittorino Da Feltre b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi c. John Dewey d. Friedrich Froebel 1100)

1095)

He was known as educational reformer and a writer. His famous work, the Great Didactic gives his theories and procedures of practical education. He was ____. a. Johann Friedrich Herbart c. John Comenius b. Desiderius Erasmus d. John Milton 1096) An English philosopher known as intellectual ruler of the 18th century, whose theories and knowledge and political life are still widely felt. He protested against the time devoted to study Latin and Greek and recommended a broader curriculum and physical training, and strongly

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1101) The school is a preparation for life, it is life, and the school cannot be a preparation for social life except as it produces the typical conditions of life. In other words, education must start with the interests, activities and experiences of the child, and the process is participating in-group and social activities, in order to develop intelligent members of democracy. These ideas or philosophy of education was postulated by ____. a. John Dewey c. John Locke b. John Comenius d. John A French philosopher, who defined his plan of education in Emile, saw the child as an offspring of nature. His writings represented an attack as an age of reason, gave impetus to the romantic moment by emphasizing feelings. He was ___ a. Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz b. John Dewey c. Rene Descartes d. Jean Jacques Rousseau He was the Father of Modern Philosophy, whose first task was to work out his rational scheme. His method consists of harnessing the power of the mind with a special set of rulers. He insisted upon the necessity of method upon systematic and orderly thinking. H was ____. a. Michel Montaigne b. Rene Descartes c. John Amos Comenius d. Jean Jacques Rousseau He was a French essayist and thinker regarded as the Father of Modern Essay. He was also one of the pioneers of the autobiography. He was convinced of the importance of introspection, of examining ones own experiences in order to determine values and rules of conduct, and of communicating ones self-knowledge to others. He was ____. a. Richard Mulcaster c. Erasmus b. Martin Luther d. Michel Montaigne He defined education as a natural, symmetrical, and harmonious development of the faculties of the child. According to him, sense perception was the real foundation of knowledge and observation was to be the basis of all instruction. His most important contribution to education was his concept that teachers must respect the individuality of every child and must base discipline upon love. He was ___. a. John Amos Comenius b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi c. Johann Friedrich Herbart d. John Dewey He was an English educator-philosopher. He believed that the aim of every educational activity was the search for truth. According to him, the attainment of truth should be guided by reason and the mind is capable of obtaining and formulating reason. His education revolved around the childs moral development and formulation of desirable habits. He was ____. a. John Dewey b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi c. John Locke d. John Amos Comenius 1107) He was a follower of Pestalozzi and later came an administrator in the kindergarten school where he applied the principles of Pestalozzi. He placed great emphasis on self-activity among children. The curriculum included games, plays, song and work. He emphasizes activities like manipulation of objects and more freedom in the classroom. He was also known as the Father of Kindergarten. He was ____. a. Maria Montessori c. Herbart b. Froebel 1108) d. Dewey

Prats 1102)

1103)

He was a German sense realist. He advocated the use of vernacular in instruction to enable the child to learn other lessons. He emphasized mastery through repetition and memorization. He was ____. a. Wolfgang Ratke c. Pestalozzi b. Comenius d. Rousseau

1109)

1104)

The end of knowledge is not knowledge alone. It is the union of the innate intellect of the individual and his will. It is knowledge expression in action. This education philosophy was postulated by ____. a. Plato c. Socrates b. Confucius d. Aristotle

1110)

1105)

He said development of the whole man before he becomes professional. He said further that both boys and girls should be included in education regardless of their socio-economic status. Moreover, according to him, Effective learning is done through the use of vernacular and postulated the use of visual aids in classroom teaching. He was ____. a. Confucius c. Comenius b. Rousseau d. Erasmus

1111)

1112)

1106)

He said Development of moral and ethical principles to promote peace and order and to preserve human dignity. He also postulated the golden rule for all men to follow treat others as you wish them to treat you. He was ____. a. Plato c. Socrates b. Confucius d. Aristotle Man is by nature good and virtuous. Everything is good as it comes from the hand of the author nature. This educational philosophy was postulated by ____. a. Michel Montaigne b. Rene Descartes c. John Amos Comenius d. Jean Jacques Rousseau

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1113) Learning was spontaneous, meaning that children had an inner need to work at that which interested them with the prodding of teachers or the use of rewards and punishments. The curricula included three major types, activities and experiences: practical skills, sensory and muscular skills developed through repetitive exercise and formal skills. This concept of education has been postulated by ____. a. Maria Montessori c. Pestalozzi b. Rene Descartes d. John Dewey He was a German philosopher known for his contribution to moral development in education and for highly structured methodology of teaching. For him, the chief aim of education was moral development, to produce a good person with varied interest. He was ____. a. Froebel c. Herbart b. Rousseau 1115) d. Dewey b. Francis Bacon 1121) d. Wolfgang Ratke

Children must be studied thoroughly and their innate abilities respected. This principle has been advocated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster

1122) Education should appeal to the childs natural interests. This principle has been advocated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster 1123) All learning should follow the course of nature. This principle has been advocated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster The use of inductive method of learning has been advocated by: a. Comenius c. Ratke b. Bacon d. Mulcaster

1114)

1124)

Knowledge acquired that is best for use in life is also best for the development of power. He opposed to free public education; those who really want an education should work hard to acquire the means to attain it. This philosophical thought has been postulated by ____. a. Locke c. Comenius b. Dewey d. Spencer

1125) He is the foremost champion of formal discipline. He believed that the process of acquiring knowledge is more important than the knowledge acquired. He is: a. John Locke c. Richard Mulcaster b. Francis Bacon d. Wolfgang Ratke

1116)

One of the agencies of education during the sense realism is the model educational institution for scientific investigations. This school was drawn up: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius d. Hecker

1126) The following are well-known rationalist except one: a. Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz b. John Locke c. Herbert of Cherbury d. Baruch Spinoza 1127) He was Frenchman and has been considered as the outstanding champion of naturalism. a. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. John Locke b. Richard Mulcaster d. Francis Bacon

1117)

Another agencies education during the sense realism is the six-year vernacular elementary schools for all boys and girls, secondary schools and university. This school has been advocated by: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius d. Hecker

1128) The following are the outstanding contribution of sense realism to our present educational system except one: a. the emphasis on science in the curriculum b. use of vernacular in teaching c. the teaching of science by the laboratory method d. formal discipline as an educational process 1129) It is one of the types of education in the formal discipline where it is primarily for the development of wise conduct, good breeding, and the control of desires by reason. This type of education is known as: a. physical education b. physical education c. intellectual education d. aristocracy of intelligence

1118)

Textbook was also considered as an important agency of education. This is according to: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius d. Hecker

1119)

It is a secondary school known as Realschule where pure and applied science dominated the curriculum. This school was established by: a. Bacon c. Mulcaster b. Comenius d. Hecker

1120)

The following are great educational philosophers who espoused sense realism except one a. John Locke c. Richard Mulcaster

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1130) One of the types of education in formal discipline that develops the mental power to acquire knowledge, not to increase knowledge by itself. a. moral education b. intellectual education c. physical education d. liberal education 1131) All except one are John Lockes three steps in learning. a. sense learning, memorization, reasoning b. reasoning, sense learning, memorization c. memorization, reasoning, sense learning d. sense learning, reasoning, memorization 1132) It is a philosophical doctrine, which advocated that reason can be a source of knowledge and that truth can best be established by a process of deduction from a priori principle independent of experience. a. humanism c. rationalism b. disciplinism d. realism 1138) According to Rousseau, man by nature is good and virtuous. He wanted that the goodness and virtue in man be developed unhampered by the artificialities of the type of society current during his time. This aim of naturalism is known as: a. creation of new society b. preservation of individual freedom c. preservation of natural goodness and virtue d. all of the above 1139) According to Rousseau, there should be simplicity, liberty, equality, and fraternity for all, a society in which the individual could attain his fullest fulfillment as a natural man. This aim of naturalism is known as: a. creation of new society b. preservation of individual freedom c. preservation of natural goodness and virtue d. all of the above 1140) According to Rousseau, individual should be liberated from the impositions of the state, the Church, and the aristocratic society. This aim of naturalism is known as: a. creation of new society b. preservation of individual freedom c. preservation of natural goodness and virtue d. all of the above 1141) The development of all the endowments of a child. He opposed to specialization because, according to him, this would make some men dependent upon other men. This is one of the many types of education that Rousseau pushes which is known as: a. democratic and universal education b. intellectual education c. moral education d. general education b. science-based d. application of reason 1142) Rousseau wanted to educate the child morally the natural way, that is, the child should not be punished by other people for his untoward acts but by the results of his acts. This type of naturalism education is known as: a. democratic and universal education b. intellectual education c. moral education d. general education 1143) Rousseau said that education is a natural right of all freemen and since all children are free and equal, they should receive the same kind or type of education. The rich and the poor should be educated together in the same way. This type of naturalism education is known as: 1136) The rationalist always applied the test of reason to every phase of activity or life and rejected those that did not meet the test. This method instruction during this period is known as: a. inductive method c. deductive method b. science-based d. application of reason

1133) All except one are aims of rationalism. a. intellectual freedom b. living a life guided by reason c. aristocracy of intelligence d. good habit formation 1134) The following are agencies of education during the rationalism period except one: a. secondary and higher schools b. cathedral schools c. encyclopedia d. fashionable salons 1135) The rationalists believed that mental processes were the impression made by objects upon the mind through the senses. So they taught by the inductive method. This method instruction during this period is known as: a. inductive method c. deductive method

1137) The following are the outstanding contribution of rationalism to our present educational system is: a. the emphasis on science in the curriculum b. use of vernacular in teaching c. training of creative thinking and reasoning d. none of the above

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a. religious education b. general education c. intellectual education d. democratic and universal education 1144) Rousseau did not approve the use of textbooks in intellectual learning. The learner had to learn through the use of senses. This type of naturalism education is known as: a. religious education b. general education c. intellectual education d. democratic and universal education 1145) The following are three modern principles of teaching as established by Rousseau except one: a. principle of growth b. principle of pupil activity c. principle of individualization d. principle of discipline 1146) Rousseau divided stages of growth of the child. He said, the child is still capable of right reasoning and hence, his feelings are dominant in determining his actions. This stage of growth is in the: a. infancy c. childhood b. boyhood d. adolescence 1153) The only way to solve the problem of disagreements and speculations regarding obtuse questions, is to inquire seriously into the nature of human understanding and shows from an exact analysis of its powers and capacity that is by no means fitted such remote and obtuse subjects. This philosophy is postulated by a. David Hume b. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. Baruch Spinoza d. Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz 1154) His brilliant philosophical treatises among which the most renowned in his Levithian, a book on social and political philosophy. He was deeply impressed by the precision of science and above all by the certainty of scientific knowledge. He was a. Rene Descartes c. Thomas Hobbes b. John Locke d. Francis Bacon 1155) Turned to description of the joys and sorrows for natural man, expressing deep dimension of feeling as opposed to the brittle logic of doctrine. This theory of knowledge was postulated by a. Boccacio c. Montaigne b. Petrarch d. Machiavelli 1156) His central criticism was that learning has stagnant. He learned three distempers of learning: fantastical learning mans concern themselves with words, emphasizing text, languages and style; contentious learning it begins with fixed positions or points of view taken by earlier thinker, and these views are used as the starting points in contentious argumentations; and delicate learning wherein earlier authors who claimed more knowledge that can be proved, are accepted by readers as knowing as much as they claim, and this account for as the dictator of science. This theory of knowledge was postulated by a. Thomas Hobbes b. Jean Jacques Rousseau 1151) This verbal realist proposed a very comprehensive curriculum composed of a wide range of physical exercises, sports and games, the Bible and religious exercises, instrumental music, intellectual readings form ancient literature in science, history, mathematics, and astronomy and literature in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldaic, and Arabic languages. He is: a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais b. John Milton d. Copernicus

1152) This verbal realist advocated the study of ancient learning and classics in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldaic, Syrian and Italian; natural science, social science, philosophy, morality, religion and physical education for the military. He is: a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais b. John Milton d. Copernicus

1147) The following are disadvantages of naturalism as advocated by Rousseau if it is used today except one: a. the use of textbooks b. not suitable for big classes c. tutorial system is expensive d. order of nature 1148) He was a member of the Catholic clergy and professor of philosophy at he University of Wittenburg, nailed his ninety-five theses at the door of his church at Wittenburg in 1517 airing his criticisms against the Catholic Church. He was: a. Mohammad c. Martin Luther b. Jesuits d. Ricky Martin

1149) He was known as the greatest scholar among the German school organizers, conducted a school survey in Germany, probably the first school survey in the world, and came out with the socalled Saxony plan. a. Sturm c. Melanchthon b. Martin Luther d. Copernicus

1150) This verbal realist advocated the study of the vernacular as a national language and Latin as a universal language. According to him, the study of language should be based on usage. He is: a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais b. John Milton d. Copernicus

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c Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz d. Francis Bacon 1157) It is a body of doctrine with reference to some political and cultural plan together with the devices for putting it into operation a. nationalism c. ideology b. patriotism d. communism 1166) This deals with knowledge and with ways of knowing. a. metaphysics b. epistemology c. axiology d. ethics 1167) This deals with purposes and values. This also includes the idea of what is right and what is wrong, good and evil, aesthetics, which deals with beauty and ugliness. a. metaphysics b. epistemology c. axiology d. ethics

1158) This term applies to the position that education should be concerned with the actualities of life. a. naturalism c. realism b. idealism d. existentialism

1168) It is theory concerned with the careful study of the child; a child-centered point of view. a. humanism b. rationalism c. disciplinism d. developmentalism

1159) It is an autocratic educational movement where it held education should equip the student for a happy and successful life as a man of the world. It stressed modern languages, travel, and study of contemporary institutions. a. verbal realism c. social realism b. educational realism d. sense realism

1169) It is a doctrine that advocated the disciplinary theory of education, which claimed that the mind of the child at birth is a tabula rasa or blank tablet. a. humanism b. rationalism c. disciplinism d. realism

1160) It is the science that seeks to organize and systematize all fields of knowledge as means of understanding and interpreting the totality of reality. a. psychology c. philosophy b. anthropology 1161) d. sociology

1170) It is theory that the way of life concerned with the fullest realization of the human life. a. humanism b. rationalism c. disciplinism d. realism

It refers to the attempt to give a reasoned conception of the universe and mans place in it. a. psychology c. philosophy b. anthropology d. sociology

1171) It is a philosophy of education that proclaimed the spiritual nature of man. a. idealism b. spiritualism c. realism d. existentialism

1162) It refers to a worldview or a reasoned conception of the whole cosmos, and a life-view or doctrine of values, meanings and purposes of human life. a. psychology c. philosophy b. anthropology d. sociology

1172) This refers the branch of philosophy concerned with the systematic treatment of the relationship of ideas. a. idealism b. essentialism c. realism d. logic 1173) It is educational theory based on a doctrine that opposed that was artificial. a. realism b. naturalism c. rationalism d. developmentalism

1163) It is a search for a comprehensive view of nature, an attempt at a universal explanation of the nature of things. a. psychology c. philosophy b. anthropology d. sociology

1164) It is a systematic and logical explanation of the nature, existence, purposes and relationship of things, including human beings, in the universe. a. psychology c. philosophy b. anthropology d. sociology

1174) It is a philosophy of life concerned with the education that emphasized the realities of life. a. realism b. naturalism c. rationalism d. developmentalism

1165) This deals with the first principles, the origin and essence of things, the causes and end of things. a. metaphysics b. epistemology c. axiology d. ethics

1175) It is a body of doctrine with reference to some political and cultural plan together with the devices for putting it into operation a. nationalism b. ideology c. patriotism d. communism

1176) It is a philosophical doctrine, which advocated that reason can be a source of knowledge and that

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truth can best be established by a process of deduction from a priori principle independent of experience. a. humanism b. rationalism c. disciplinism d. realism c. naturalism 1177) It consists of transcendent universals, forms, or ideals, which are the objects of true knowledge. It also involves the belief that there exists, ulterior to all finite existence, an order of form which are real, eternal, self-explanatory, self-moving, intelligible, and purposeful, on which all finite beings and activities human knowledge and morality, are dependent both for their existence and for their meaning. a. naturalism b. realism c. pragmatism d. idealism d. progressivism 1184) This theory holds that universals are independent of antecedent to, and more real than the specific individual instances in which t hey are manifested. This theory is very similar to, if exactly the same as Platonic idealism. a. functionalism b. instrumentalism c. humanism d. realism knowledge, skills, attitudes, ideals, etc. can be identified. The core should be taught systematically to the learners who should maintain a rigorous standard of achievement. a. existentialism b. essentialism

1178) This view that the whole of reality is nature. There is no area, knowledge, or experience to which the methods of dealing with nature may be extended. This philosophy subordinates mind to matter and holds that ultimate reality is material. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism

1185) This philosophy of education is dominated by the technological experimental advancement which have so powerfully shaped our modern culture; it is concerned with recognizing change and adjusting thorough the use of the scientific method; it concentrates on present problems rather than on the application of a priori principles to the solution of present problems. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism

1179) It is a tendency, movement, or more or less definite system of thought in which stress is placed upon practical consequences and values as standards for explicating philosophic concepts, and as tests for determinating their value and truth. a. pragmatism b. humanism c. realism d. naturalism

1186) Another feature of this philosophy of education is that it considers the child as the center of the education process. The aims of education are formulated in accordance with interest and well being of the child. The curriculum is constructed to suit the intellectual capacities and other characteristics of the child. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism

1180) It is a kind of pragmatism, which stresses thought as an instrument and its function as adapting the human organism to its environment. a. functionalism b. instrumentalism c. humanism d. realism

1187) Another feature of this philosophy of education is that it emphasizes learning by doing. The child must participate in all learning activities. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism

1181) This educational philosophy has a dual purpose: to educate the individual for his life here on earth and to prepare him for his life beyond. It is considered as the ultimate aim of education in Christian perfection in t his life as prerequisite to the life beyond. a. naturalism b. supernaturalism c. humanism d. pragmatism

1188) This philosophy of education puts emphasis on uniqueness of the individual. Man functions, grows, develops, makes choices, suffers, experiences intense feelings, and faces God as an individual. a. essentialism b. existentialism c. progressivism d. realism

1182) This philosophy of education places spiritual things over and above worldly things. Man is both matter and spirit and his spiritual will must prevail over his materials and wordily desires for him to avoid sinning and for him to attain spiritual perfection. a. naturalism b. supernaturalism c. humanism d. pragmatism 1183) This refers to as the doctrine where an indispensable common core of culture

1189) Education is the process of developing awareness about the freedom of choice and the meaning and responsibility for ones choice. This is philosophy of education is known as: a. essentialism b. existentialism c. progressivism d. idealism 1190) It is believe that schools should originate policies and progress, which would bring about reform of the social order, and teachers, should use their

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power to lead the young in the program of social reform. They agree that educational philosophies are culturally based and grow out of a specific cultural pattern conditioned by living at a given time in particular place. This is philosophy of education is known as: a. essentialism b. philosophical analysis c. reconstructionism d. progressivism b. discipline and control c. nourish, bring up, to train d. reflect and meditate 1197) Philosophy of education refers to a. reflective points of view on education b. goals and objectives of education c. mission statement of education d. update education 1198) Idealism when applied to education emphasizes that a. material aspect of life b. spiritual nature of nature c. scientific facts d. objective reality 1199) The philosophy of idealism as expounded by Plato, means that a. ideas, forms or universals come ahead of particular b. things existing in mans world c. ideas are so real and enduring that objects of senses are reflecting or non-permanent as compared to them d. physical objects are only imperfect embodiment of ideas e. all of these 1200) Realism as a philosophy was expounded by Aristotle in manner a. nature of things whose existence needs not to be proven is the starting point for philosophizing b. material thing have their own nature, come into existence due to various causes c. the first cause is known as the Prime Mover and who is himself unmoved d. all of these 1201) Which of the following is John Deweys pragmatic education philosophy? a. education is life b. education is growth and social process c. education is continuous reconstruction of experience d. all of these 1202) Which of the following explain the maim ideas of Scholasticism? a. man is both physical and spiritual being that is, with body and soul b. man is rational being who knows what is right or wrong c. when there is conflict between reason and faith, the latter should prevail d. all of these 1203) Pragmatism could be best explained in this manner a. to determine the meaning of any idea, put into practice in the objective world of actualities and whatever its consequences prove to be, these constitute the meaning of idea

1191) This philosophy of education left a legacy characterized by: Emphasis on the child as the learner, rather on the subject matter; Stress on activities and experiences, rather than on textbook reliance and memorization; and Absence of fear and punishment for disciplinary purposes. . This is philosophy of education is known as: a. essentialism b. philosophical analysis c. reconstructionism d. progressivism 1192) It is a philosophy of education that proclaims the spiritual nature of men and the universe. Its basic viewpoint stresses the human spirit, soul or mind as the most important element in life. It holds that the good, true and beautiful are permanently part of their structure of a related, coherent, orderly and unchanging universe. This is philosophy of education is known as: a. idealism b. essentialism c. existentialism 1193) d. progressivism

This refers to the universal elements of man that are unchanging regardless of time, place and circumstances. It us these universals that make up the elements in the education of man. Education implies teaching, teaching implies knowledge, knowledge is truth and truth is the same everywhere. This is philosophy of education is known as: a. idealism b. realism c. progressivism d. reconstructionism

1194) This philosophy of education believes that each child follows a logical pattern of growth development and that education must be attuned to these natural patterns. This is philosophy of education is known as: a. Naturalism b. realism c. pragmatism d. existentialism

1195) Possession of a philosophy of education makes an educator a. a mechanical follower of routine b. an easy victim of educational fad c. an intelligent member of the profession d. an expert in selecting subject matter 1196) Education has been derived from the Latin word educate which means to a. guide and direct

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b. to determine the meaning of any idea, you to rely on your personal, subjective views c. to determine the meaning of any idea, you to rely on your personal, objective views d. none of these 1204) Pragmatism, when applied to education, emphasizes the a. permanent truth b. that truth is man-made, that there is nothing permanent, everything changes c. future of society d. ultimate reality of anxieties and death e. none of these 1205) Pragmatism rely most on the a. introspection method c. deductive method b. experimental method d. speculative method 1206) Humanism holds that a. the aim of education is mans perfection so that he can live a truly human life b. man is both matter and spirit and has to live by his reason and will c. mans perfection is achieved through disciplining the material aspect of his lie for spiritual supremacy d. all of these 1207) Existentialism, as a philosophy states that a. reality is a matter of individuals own making based on his free choices and decisions b. the world is fundamentally absurd without any purpose that lifes significance is only found in what a person gives to his life c. man cannot escape the reality of anxieties and death d. all of these 1208) Essentialism holds that the aim of education is a. mastery of science and technology b. adjustment of the child to his world by equipping with the basic knowledge, skills, attitudes, ideals of cultures which are fixed and universal c. complete development of critical and creative mind d. pure spiritual and moral development 1209) When applied to education, existentialism considers the a. importance of values and religious education b. uniqueness, freedom of choices and experience of man c. undesirable traits of man d. all of these 1210) Of the following stage of human development theories that is a culminating stage? a. Eriksons conflict between initiative and guilt b. Freud anal stage c. Piagets formal operational stage d. Holophrastic speech e. Kohlbergs punishment-obedience morality orientation 1211) Which of the following describe a common philosophy of life among simple Filipinos? a. to strive for more material progress at any cost b. to be proud of ones success c. to maintain harmony with God and man d. to be completely humble and submissive to others 1212) The belief that the aims of education should be arranged in the order of their contribution to human survival is closely associated with which of the following? a. the utilitarian of Spencer b. the naturalism of Rousseau c. the realism of Thomas Aquinas d. the pragmatism of Dewey e. the humanism of Erasmus 1213) Which of the philosophical position could plausibly be taken to support the practice of allowing students to choose their own educational goals and experiences? a. Positivism c. Essentialism e. Perenialism b. Existentialism d. Realism 1214) The teacher uses a variety of instructional materials with different groups of students and expects students largely to direct their own learning. Students are encouraged to select their own topics for learning, devise their own activities and group themselves according to their interests. The teacher usually works with individual or small groups of students throughout the school day. According to the description of the educational values of the teacher appear to be most reflective of which of the following: a. Behaviorism b. Humanism c. Structuralism d. Traditionalism e. Positivism 1215) The essence of education is reason and intuition. This implies that education should concentrate on developing the rational faculty since mans most distinctive characteristics is his ability to reason. It follows that education should employ methods of mental discipline and the teacher should be an authority of his subject matter. Which educational theory adheres to this position? a. Existentialism b. Perenialism c. Essentialism d. Progressivism

1216) The classroom viewed as a miniature society where pupils engage in problem-solving activities reflective of the personal and social experiences of the children. The emphasis of the classroom is on the acquisition of skills, which can help them solve own real-life problems. Which educational theory is referred to here? a. Progressivism b. Idealism c. Existentialism d. Naturalism

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1217) The school should provide for group thinking in a democratic atmosphere that fosters cooperative learning rather than competitive learning. Scientific methods of inquiry complement such atmosphere in the student quest for shared experiences. Which theory advocates this view? a. Progressivism b. Essentialism c. Existentialism d. Perenialism 1218) Growth, though the reconstruction experience, is the nature, and should be open-ended goal of education. Education should lead to more education; initial educative experience should contribute to succeeding more effective experience. The character of learning, as implied here episodic. Which philosophy advocates this goal of education? a. Idealism b. Pragmatism c. Existentialism d. Realism effectiveness of teaching and teachers. Which theory prescribes this view? a. Existentialism b. Idealism c. Language Analysis d. Realism 1224) Education should be active and related to the needs and interest of the learners. Learning occurs amidst movements and activities. The teacher participation is very minimal because the pupils dominate the class activities. Which theory recommends this type of educative process? a. Existentialism b. Perenialism c. Progressivism d. Essentialism

1219) When teacher view the learner as a unique, free choosing, and responsible individual made of intellect and emotion, the former would setup situations in the classroom where the learner can develop these aspects of his individuality. What theory underlies this nature of the learner? a. Idealism b. Essentialism c. Realism d. Existentialism 1220) The philosophy believes that ideas are innate to the individual. Hence, the true essence of the Socratic dialogue (questioning method) is analogous to midwifery -to-wring ideas from the learner. Which school of thought underlies this belief? a. Realism b. Idealism c. Language Analysis d. Naturalism 1221) Its proponents advocate devising paradigms in the educative process like Kenneth B. Hendersons model in teaching of concepts. In the use oft his model, the context of this concept must be taken fully into account because it may otherwise change the meaning of the name given the concept. The model also distinguishes denotative from connotative concepts. Which theory recommends this method of education? a. Language Analysis b. Existentialism c. Essentialism d. Idealism

1225) The teacher is the personification of reality in the classroom. Reality, in this belief, is regarded as a creation of the Absolute Mind. In effect, pupils learn though imitation, interest, effort and discipline. The teacher should be emulated. Which is the principal exponent of this role of the teacher? a. Pragmatism b. Naturalism c. Realism d. Idealism

1226) Education is considered both a basic need and right of citizens. This implies that the state should provide for schools so those children will have access to education and satisfy this basic need and exercise of their right. Which philosophy advocates this belief? a. Realism b. Naturalism c. Idealism d. Pragmatism

1227) Children need a passionate encounter with perennial problems of life, the agony and joy of love, the reality of choices, the anguish of freedom, the consequences of actions, and even the inevitability of death. Both beautiful and ugly or the positive and negative sides of life should be stressed in the educative process. Whose belief is this education? a. Essentialism b. Realism c. Perennialism d. Existentialism

1228) One of the distinctive view of cosmology is a. Evolutionism b. Idealism c. Naturalism d. All of these

1222) The curriculum should concentrate on the basis such as reading, writing, and arithmetic in the elementary, and expansion and continuation of the basics, to include humanities in the secondary level. Which theory recommends this type of curriculum? a. Perennialism b. Essentialism c. Existentialism d. Reconstructionism 1223) Teacher should constantly examine and reexamine their strategies and techniques in the classroom. Empirical researchers should be done on the

1229) A questioning attitude toward the possibility of having any knowledge a. Skepticism b. Dualism c. Agnosticism d. Pluralism

1230) Reasoning from particulars to a general conclusion is called a. Rationalization b. Induction c. Deduction d. Revelation

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a. functionalism 1231) One of the theories of education whose basic principle is existence precedes essence is called a. Existentialism b. Progressivism c. Perennialism d. Pragmatism c. humanism b. d. realism instrumentalism

1232) An educational theory, which is sometimes referred to as experimentation. a. Existentialism b. Essentialism c. Progressivism d. Pragmatism

1240) This educational philosophy has a dual purpose: to educate the individual for his life here on earth and to prepare him for his life beyond. It is considered as the ultimate aim of education in Christian perfection in t his life as prerequisite to the life beyond. a. naturalism b. supernaturalism c. humanism d. pragmatism

1233) A theory founded on the belief that the body of knowledge, which has endured through time and space, should form the basis of ones education. a. Perennialism b. Pragmatism c. Idealism d. Essentialism

1241) This philosophy of education places spiritual things over and above worldly things. Man is both matter and spirit and his spiritual will must prevail over his materials and wordily desires for him to avoid sinning and for him to attain spiritual perfection. a. naturalism b. supernaturalism c. humanism d. pragmatism

1234) Mind and body are two aspects of a fundamental reality whose nature is unknown a. Emergency Theory b. Spiritualism c. Parallelism d. Double Aspect Theory

1235) Man has the power of choice and is capable of genuine initiative. a. Determinism b. Creativism c. Free Will d. idealism

1242) This refers to as the doctrine where an indispensable common core of culture knowledge, skills, attitudes, ideals, etc. can be identified. The core should be taught systematically to the learners who should maintain a rigorous standard of achievement. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism 1243) This theory holds that universals are independent of antecedent to, and more real than the specific individual instances in which t hey are manifested. This theory is very similar to, if exactly the same as Platonic idealism. a. functionalism b. instrumentalism c. humanism d. realism

1236) It consists of transcendent universals, forms, or ideals, which are the objects of true knowledge. It also involves the belief that there exists, ulterior to all finite existence, an order of form which are real, eternal, self-explanatory, self-moving, intelligible, and purposeful, on which all finite beings and activities human knowledge and morality, are dependent both for their existence and for their meaning. a. naturalism b. realism c. pragmatism d. idealism

1237) This view that the whole of reality is nature. There is no area, knowledge, or experience to which the methods of dealing with nature may be extended. This philosophy subordinates mind to matter and holds that ultimate reality is material. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism 1238) It is a tendency, movement, or more or less definite system of thought in which stress is placed upon practical consequences and values as standards for explicating philosophic concepts, and as tests for determination their value and truth. a. pragmatism b. humanism c. realism d. naturalism

1244) This philosophy of education is dominated by the technological experimental advancement which have so powerfully shaped our modern culture; it is concerned with recognizing change and adjusting thorough the use of the scientific method; it concentrates on present problems rather than on the application of a priori principles to the solution of present problems. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism 1245) Another feature of this philosophy of education is that it considers the child as the center of the education process. The aims of education are formulated in accordance with interest and well being of the child. The curriculum is constructed to suit the intellectual capacities and other characteristics of the child. a. existentialism b. essentialism c. naturalism d. progressivism 1246) Another feature of this philosophy of education is that it emphasizes learning by doing. The child must participate in all learning activities.

1239) it is a kind of pragmatism, which stresses thought as an instrument and its function as adapting the human organism to its environment.

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a. existentialism c. naturalism b. essentialism d. progressivism d. learning requires hard work and disciplined attention e. all of these f. none of these 1252) Which of the following is an application of the philosophy of Naturalism in Education? a. education must change the learners nature b. education must conform to the natural processes of growth and development c. education must encourage superstition part of nature d. education must accept the learners conduct good or bad 1253) Idealism when applied to education emphasis the: a. materials aspects of life b. spiritual; nature of the universe c. scientific facts d. objective reality 1254) Which of the following give much importance to the teachers role in society? 1. Eastern Philosophers 4. Pragmatist 2. Idealist b. 4, 5, and 6 d. 1, 3, and 5 3. Realists 1249) Progressive education left a legacy characterized by: a. emphasis on the child as the learner, rather than on the subject matter. b. stress activities and experiences, rather than on textbook reliance and memorization c. cooperative learning, rather than competitive lesson learning d. absence of fear punishment for disciplinary purposes e. e .all of these f. none of these 1250) Perennialism represents a conservative theoretical view cantered in the authority of tradition and the classis. Among its major educational principles are: a. truth is universal and does not depend on the circumstances of place, time or person b. a good education involves a search for an understanding of the truth c. truth can be found in the great work of civilization d. education is a liberal exercise that develops the intellect e. all of these 1251) Among the common themes found in the essentialist point of view are: a. the elementary school curriculum should aim to cultivate basis tool skills that contribute to literacy and mastery of arithmetical computation b. the secondary curriculum should cultivate competencies in history, mathematics, science, English and foreign languages c. schooling requires discipline and a respect for legitimate authority a. 1, 3, 4, 5 above b. 1 & 5 only c. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 d. 2, 3, 4, 5 e. 1, 2, 3, 4 5. Communists

1247) This philosophy of education puts emphasis on uniqueness of the individual. Man functions, grows, develops, makes choices, suffers, experiences intense feelings, and faces God as an individual. a. essentialism b. existentialism c. progressivism d. realism

1248) Rousseau established three great principles of teaching that formed the basis of the reforms of Pestalozzi, Herbart and Froebel. These principles are: The Principle of Growth The Principles of Student Activity The Principle of individualization The Principle of Child Readiness The Principle of Child Development The Principles of Real Objective Existence a. 1, 2, and 3 c. 2, 4, and 6

1255) What branch of philosophy where on asks how do we acquire knowledge? a. Axiology c. metaphysics e. ontology b. Logic d. epistemology 1256) If one wants to become a physician, then he must take up medicine in medical school. What philosophy of education this situation suggested? a. Pragmatism c. humanism e. realism b. Essentialism d. supernaturalism

1257) The explanation man is both matter and spirit and his natural will must prevail over his materials and worldly desires for him to avoid sins. What philosophy does statement correlate? a. Humanism d. Theism b. Supernaturalism e. Reconstructionism c. Essentialism 1258) Which of the following sentences expresses a broader meaning of philosophy? a. it is the sum total of the behavior tendencies of a person from a specific stimulus b. it is a mans beliefs and views about the world, which guides his actions

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c. it is mans unexpressed feelings, judgments and convictions d. it is mans empirical observation which influence education 1259) What do you think is the reason why the role of philosophy of education has been strongly endorsed? a. It serves as an inventory of practices, principles and theories. b. It serves as a means to enlighten what has been found unsound educational practice. c. It serves as a common denominator when diversities and conflicting educational practices arise. d. It serves as punitive device for those who cannot conform to ideal educational practices. 1260) Which of Gandhis philosophy, particularly, his being opposed to untouchability and his being an advocate of equal rights of women in reflected is the school practices in the Philippines today? a. Access and equity which means that school must be open to all regardless of race and status; b. Academic freedom, which means that teachers in higher education institutions must use their expertise to teach the truth. c. Progressive scholarship, which means that poor but deserving students must get full financial support for their education. d. Student bookkeeping, which means those students, can move on in their lesson by their own pace. 1261) Which of the following educational implications is called for Platos view about the nature of the child, which says that every child is naturally fit for a task in life? a. The teacher should assign pupils to groups for their socialization. b. The teacher should prepare learning tasks that will serve as follow-up for further learning. c. The teacher should develop teaching materials that are adaptable in all school subjects. d. The teacher should develop varied experiences that are commensurate to the developmental levels of other pupils. 1262) Which statement is parallel to Comenius view of the nature of the child, which states that child, is essentially evil but he is rectified through education. a. Little learning is a dangerous thingJuan Luna b. One evil cannot rectify by another evilJose Rizal c. A crime cannot be expiated by vain lamentation Jose Rizal d. Through education our Motherland will receive light Jose Rizal 1263) What kind of education will result if it is patterned after Indian philosophy, which is speculative? a. Teachers will be inclined to use experimentation as method of teaching. b. Superstitious beliefs will be treated as valid as scientific findings. c. Pupils objective observations will be encouraged. d. Truths are testable. 1264) Why is the Caste System of India contrary to democracy? a. Absence of social mobility through education b. Religion is more important than education c. Absence of Method of Teaching d. Presence of equity and access in education 1265) In what way will the BhagavadGita as a philosophy coincides with the education philosophy of idealism? a. Reality is atom, thus education is tutorial b. Reality is nature, thus education is contractual c. Reality is spirit, thus education is memorization d. Reality is mind and body, thus education is experimental 1266) Which of those is an example of Mahatma Gandhis Theory of Non-violence? a. Character education should lead students to industry and thrift b. Character education should emphasize selfcontrol and tolerance c. Character education should develop subjective values. d. Character education should include military discipline 1267) Buddha spent much of his life and teaching and directing his disciples using proper sequence of ideas. Which method of teaching in contemporary education is similar to this? a. Debate b. Deductive Method c. Socialized recitation d. Inductive method 1268) The Confucian ideal of the superior individual was one who lives a life of rightness, virtue and propriety. What does this means? a. Being educated was a question of conduct and character b. Being educated was a question of wealth and power c. Being educated was a question of rank and status d. Being educated was a question of birth 1269) Taoism of Lao-Tzu as a philosophy states that people were originally happy but suffer now as a result of the changes brought by civilization. Which one parallels this? a. Rousseau who believed that a child is essentially good but he is corrupted by society b. Froebel who believes that a person is a social being

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c. John Locke who believes that a childs mind is blank state d. Comenius who believes that a child is essentially evil but rectified through education 1270) Zen Buddhism as a philosophy prized intuition rather than intellectual discovery. What do you think is the adverse effect of this on education? a. Sources of authority in education may not be acknowledged b. Objectivity in the appraisal of knowledge c. Children lack self-confidence d. Learning is more of gut feeling rather that analysis 1271) The Zen method includes physical violence, such as striking the head. What prohibition in the Philippines Education System parallels this? a. Physical exercise during class sessions b. Ice breakers in between lessons c. Corporal punishment in the classroom d. All of these 1272) One of the fundamental concepts of Judaism is the belief that God cares for the world and all its creatures. What educational implications may be made from this concept in teaching? a. God may be viewed as a loving Father b. God may be viewed as a protector of all c. God may be viewed as a reverend authority d. All of these 1273) One of the philosophers of Christian church was St. Thomas Aquinas who wrote De Magistro which considers that the teacher as the secondary cause of learning. What education implications may be derived from this? a. Learning will take place even without the teacher b. The environment, including the teacher plays vital role in the pupils learning c. The pupils themselves are responsible for their learning as they interact with the environment d. God can inspire the teacher as he manages the learning process 1274) For western thinkers, progress is measured in terms of better jobs and more practical and efficient social system. For the Eastern philosophers progress may mean nonattachment and the development of ones inner being. Which one is close to both Eastern and Western thoughts? a. Eastern philosophy is concerned about ethics and aesthetics b. Western philosophy equates development with economic progress c. Eastern philosophy is spiritual in her approach to development d. All of these 1275) Eastern philosophy states that one cannot live a good life unless he is transformed. Which concept of education parallels this thinking? a. Learning is behavioral change b. Learning is organization of values and attitudes c. Learning is experiencing life d. Learning is acquisition of facts and information 1276) In terms of curriculum and methods how does Eastern philosophy differ from Western philosophy? Which one belongs to Western philosophy? a. Leaders gather together the thoughts of the day in the form of sutras, which required commentaries to make them intelligible. b. Yoga, in which the mind enters a trance where it is emptied of all content, unaware of subject or object. c. Oral discourse and dialectic d. Oral tradition and reading of sacred literature 1277) Which of these is NOT true about philosophy of education and the teacher? a. Increase the teachers awareness of his life and career b. Teacher makes decisions and act accordingly c. Cultivates a wide range of interest. d. Contrary to what he believes is his philosophy 1278) What do you think makes democracy as philosophy better than communism? Democracy aims a. To develop the person to the maximum of his capacity b. To develop the person to become a citizen who can be called to defend his country from invaders c. To provide subsidy to the needy. d. To provide education for religiosity 1279) Rousseau, in his book, Emile tried to convince people that a child be educated in the environment of the home, especially the learning language. What do you think was the method? a. Alphabetic-phonetic method b. Structural analysis method c. Communicative competence method d. Natural method 1280) Plato, in his book THE REPUBLIC stated that every person should serve where his talents fit. What is its educational implication? a. Ones economic status determines his profession b. Regardless of status in life one can raise his career by using his abilities to the maximum c. The bright should serve the bright and poor should serve the poor d. Top position should be occupied by the rich 1281) The dialectic method was believed to be the best method of learning by this philosophy because it was regarded as a critical method of thinking. It was widely used throughout the Middle Ages particularly by Christian educators. It is still very popular in our school but now in the form of

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informal dialectic as in questioning and discussion sessions. Which philosophy is closely associated with this method? a. Pragmatism b. Existentialism c. Naturalism d. Idealism 1282) This Western philosophy has affinity for precision and order. The desire for order and precision has been imbibed by Filipino educators as manifested in such contemporary school practices as ringing bells, set time periods for study, departmentalization in the higher educational level, daily lesson plan, course scheduling, increasing specialization in curriculum, prepackaged curriculum materials, line-staff from of administration organization. Which philosophy has advocated such practices? a. Scholasticism b. Realism c. Idealism d. Pragmatism 1283) The civil service examination for entry to government position and to the various professions is popularly perceived as fitting culmination of ones formal education in our country today. It has its origin in a country considered to have nurtured to the worlds human culture. Which country is referred to here? a. Saudi Arabia b. Japan c. India d. China personalistic element of Filipino culture is carried over to schools from our legacy of a closely-knit family structure where there is respected and loyalty to elders. As an elder, the Filipino teacher is expected to be similarly treated by her pupils. Which ancient Eastern philosophy has greatly contributed to this tradition? a. Hinduism b. Buddhism c. Islam d. Confucianism

1288) Through their varied experiences in life and lessons in school, pupils in particular and people in general would come to realize that there are forces and laws that govern their life; and that their free will or choices have no power to control or change them. Most of their science lessons would confirm this philosophical concept. Which concept or principle is referred to here? a. Principle of integration b. Appetitive principle c. Principle of determination d. Categorical imperative 1289) When the teacher leads the class to conduct a scientific inquiry to test its observations of a certain phenomenon, his methodology is consisted with this epistemological concept. Which theory is involved here? a. Coherence theory b. Correspondence theory c. Experimental theory d. Experimental theory 1290) When the teacher presents objects and asks the pupils to describe them in terms of qualities perceived through the use of the senses, the activity is rooted in a certain epistemological theory. Which theory of knowledge is primarily involved in these learning tasks? a. Revelationism b. Intuitionism c. Rationalism d. Empiricism

1284) Though it is not yet widespread, some teachers employ this Oriental method of yoga to instill discipline and order in the class. While the practice does not really approximate the real method, some teachers resort it to for this purpose? a. Islam b. Hinduism c. Buddhism d. Shintoism

1285) The teaching of rules of conduct in the classroom and their classroom and their application in the home and community has been the influence of an ancient Eastern philosophy. As in Kantian moral philosophy an ancient Oriental sage has advocated a universal maxim of human conduct. Which philosophy is referred to here? a. Judaism b. Buddhism c. Confucianism d. Islam

1291) In another instance, a teacher leads the class to learn a mathematical truth discovered thousands of years ago by Pythagoras, a Greek mathematicism, which type of knowledge is appealed to by this method? a. Empirical knowledge b. Authoritative knowledge c. Rational knowledge d. Initiative knowledge 1292) When the leader leads the class to discover truth by relating parts of the whole as in the case of most truths in formal sciences like logic and mathematics, the class is strictly adhering to certain theory of truth. Which theory is referred to here? a. Coherence theory b. Correspondence theory c. Theory of verifiability d. Pragmatic theory

1286) The fatalistic attitude of many Filipinos particularly the disadvantages families, has built up their negative attitude toward education. They do not consider education as if factor for social mobility or a sound investment in human resource development. Which Eastern philosophy has influenced us in this attitude? a. Hinduism b. Confucianism c. Buddhism d. Islam

1287) Teacher-student relationship is given much emphasis in our schools. This evidence of the

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1293) A teacher who subscribes to the progressivist theory of education would embrace certain reforms in connection with methodology. He would discard traditional ones in favor of modern practices. Which is one is considered a progressivist reform in methodology/ a. Greater participation for the learners b. Formal instruction pattern c. Strict eternal discipline d. Teacher domination of activities 1294) The existentialist position in teaching is that the teacher need not be a successful teacher but an honest one. Beside, the teacher here offers knowledge. If asked to present his views on a controversial issue, he gives his views without asking the class to accept them. The class can either accept or reject the teachers views. More often then not, the class accepts the teachers stand because it is well-studied one. How is the teacher described in this role? a. The teacher is an authority b. The teacher is nondirective c. The teacher is a model to be emulated d. The teacher is directive 1295) There is a universally accepted principle that the child educates himself in great measure. Most of his knowledge is based on what he discovers in his own active relations with things and people, as a great philosopher advised they way to do this is to tell the learner as little as possible and induce him to discover as much as possible. What educational concept supports this view? a. Education should be based on needs and interest of the learner b. Education should engage the spontaneous self-activity and volition of the learner c. Learning experiences should be drawn from the personal and social experiences of the learner d. Education is a lightly personal process that involves the learner alone. 1296) The teacher should be a fellow worker with God in perfecting man. At times he/she becomes the very father or mother of the pupils soul. His/hers is the task of perfecting mind, the highest form of existence in the common. Which theory advocates this role of the teacher? a. Idealism b. Naturalism c. Realism d. Pragmatism c. Idealism d. Pragmatism

1298) The curriculum is a means of forming desirable habits. The objectives of the curriculum are habits or tendencies to acquire use, and enjoy truth. It is suggested that the way to form these habits is by mastery of organized subject matter. Which theory advocates this view of the curriculum? a. Essentialism b. Idealism c. Realism d. Pragmatism

1299) Its proponents advocate devising in the education process like Kenneth H. Hendersons model in the teaching of concepts. In the use of this model, the context of the concept must be taken fully into account because it may otherwise change the meaning of the name given the concept. The model also distinguishes connotative concept. Which theory recommends this method of education? a. Language Analysis c. Essentialism b. Existentialism d. Idealism 1300) The curriculum should concentrate on the basic such reading, writing and arithmetic in the elementary, and expansion and continuation of the basics to include humanities in the secondary level. Which theory recommends this type of the curriculum? a. Perennialism c. Essentialism b. Existentialism d. Reconstructionism 1301) Teachers should constantly examine or re-examine their strategies and techniques in the classroom. Empirical researchers should be done on the effectiveness of teaching and teachers. Which theory prescribes this view? a. Perennialism c. Essentialism b. Existentialism d. Reconstructionism 1302) Education should be active and related to the needs and interests of the learners. Learning occurs amidst movements and activities. The teachers participation is very minimal because the pupils dominate the class activities. Which theory recommends this type of educative process? a. Existentialism b. Progressivism c. Perennialism d. Essentialism 1303) The teacher is a personification of reality in the classroom, reality, in this belief, is regarded as a creation of the Absolute Mind. In effect, pupils learn through imitation, interest, effort, and discipline. The teacher is to be emulated. Which is the principal exponent of this role of the Teacher? a. Pragmatism b. Realism c. Naturalism d. Idealism 1304) Education is considered both a basic need and right of citizens. This implies that the state should provide for schools so that children will have access to education and satisfy this basic need

1297) According to one of its popular exponents, it is the educators responsibility to see equally two things in the problem-solving method. First, that the problem grows not of the condition of the experience being had I the present and that is within the capacity of the students. Secondly, that is such that if arouses in the learner an active quest for information and for production of new ideas. To which school of thought do these ideas belong? a. Naturalism b. Realism

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and exercise their right. Which philosophy advocates this belief? a. Realism b. Idealism c. Naturalism d. Pragmatism the problem. The end viewers to effect change in the community to make it a better place to live in. Which theory recommends this educative process? a. Progressivism c. Essentialism b. Reconstructionism d. Idealism 1311) The school provide for group thinking in a democratic atmosphere at that foster cooperative learning than competitive learning. Scientific methods of inquiry compliment such atmosphere in the students quest for shared experience. Which theory advocates this view? a. Progressivism b. Existentialism c. Essentialism d. Perennialism

1305) Student needs a passionate encounter with the perennial problems of the life, the agony and joy of life, the reality of choice; the anguish of freedom, the consequences of actions; and even the inevitability of death. Both the beautiful and ugly of the positive and negative sides of life should be stressed in the educative process. Whose belief is this in education? a. Essentialism b. Perennialism c. Realism d. Existentialism 1306) This Philosophy believes that ideas are innate to the individual. Hence, the true essence of the Socratic dialoguem dialogue (questioning method) is analogous to midwiferyto out ideas from the learner. Which school of thought underlies this belief? a. Realism b. Language Analysis c. Idealism d. Nationalism

1312) Growth, through the reconstruction of experiences, is the nature, and should be open-minded goal of education. Education should lead to more education, initial educative experience should contribute to a succeeding more effective experience. The character of learning as implied here is episodic. Which philosophy advocates this goal of education? a. Idealism b. Existentialism c. Pragmatism d. Realism 1313) When a teacher views the learner as a unique free choosing and responsible individual made us of intellect and emotion, the former would set up situation in the classroom where the learner can develop these aspects of his individuality. What theory underlies this nature of the learner? a. Idealism b. Realism c. Essentialism d. Existentialism

1307) The curriculum should include only those, which have survived the test and combine the symbols and ideas of literature, history and mathematics with the sciences of the physical word, such curriculum contains virtues that are deemed universal and unchanging. With theory prescribes this nature of the curriculum? a. Essentialism c. Reconstructionalism b. Perennialism d. Realism 1308) Teachers regard themselves as surrogate parents along the loco parents principle. This belief stems from the view that education starts from the home with parents as the first teachers, and is continued in the school, a social institution that should provide sustained guidance and protection to the young learner. This implies that parents have the primary responsibility of educating their children. Which school of thought espouses this nature of education? a. Pragmatism b. Realism c. Naturalism d. Idealism

1314) The classroom is viewed as a miniature society where pupils engage in problem-solving activities reflective of the personal and social experiences of the children. The emphasis in this classroom is on the acquisition of skills, which can help them solve own real-life problems. Which educational theory is referred to here? a. Progressivism b. Essentialism c. Idealism d. Naturalism 1315) The essence of education is reason and intuition. This implies that education should concentrate on developing the rational faculty since mans most distinctive characteristic is his ability is his ability to reason. It follows that education should employ methods of mental discipline and the teacher should be an authority of his subject matter. Which educational theory adheres to this position? a. Existentialism c. Essentialism b. Perennialism d. Progressivism 1316) Which education philosophy emphasizes adjustment to and ever changing society? a. Idealism b. Realism c. Pragmatism d. Essentialism

1309) The teacher presents principles and values and the reason for them encouraging students to examine them in order to choose for themselves whether or not to accept them, to choose fro themselves whether or not to accept them the teachers role is to offer knowledge. Which theory advocates this role of teacher? a. Reconstructionism c. Idealism b. Essentialism d. Existentialism 1310) The class identifies a social or economic problem requiring an urgent solution; discuss various means of solving it; arrives at a consensus on the means of solving the problems; and sets out to effect the solution in the community to eradicate

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1317) How do you describe the curriculum in a realistic school? a. subject-centered c. society-centered b. society-centered d. school-centered 1318) Which group of teacher will favor the transmission of subject matter? a. Essentialism and Perennialism b. Pragmatism and Progressivism c. Essentialism and Progressivism d. Pragmatism and Perennialism 1319) Mr. Vela puts so much importance on discipline and values development. What could be his education philosophy? a. Pragmatism b. Progressivism c. Realism d. Idealism 1326) Who were the educational philosophers who gave much consideration to the learner? a. Plato, Ratke b. Confucius, Rousseau, Montessori c. Froebel, Montessori d. Herbart, Pestalozzi, Ratke 1327) Miss Cruz believes that what is true today may no longer be true tomorrow. What learning objective will she stress? a. Development of thinking skills b. Development of moral character c. Acquisition of knowledge d. Acquisition of information 1328) Mrs. Cruz is a realist teacher while Miss David is a pragmatic teacher. In what respect are they similar? a. Both emphasize the development of self b. Both emphasize on learning by doing c. Both emphasize on the importance of knowledge d. Both emphasize on recalling and instruction 1329) Value education is offered as a separate subject in the NSEC while value development is ___. a. emphasized for creativity and productivity b. integrated with Technology and Home Economics c. emphasized in Science and Technology d. integrated in all subject areas Aside from the appropriation by Congress for the support of public education ____ was enacted to aid provincial, municipal, city and barrio schools. a. RA No. 7784 c. RA No. 5447 b. RA No. 7731 d. RA No. 7743 By constitutional mandate the state shall exercise reasonable supervision and regulation of all educational institutions. This means that the state may ___. a. take charge of the administration of educational institutions b. impose minimum requirements and conditions upon which school may operate c. set and dictate the policies of private schools d. collect taxes from donations or contributions given directly for educational purposes. Rapid technological development facilities transmission of knowledge for educational purposes, whether formal or informal through media technology. This development is called ___. a. Sine Skwela Technology b. Mass Media Technology c. Distance Educational Technology d. Computer Assisted Technology Institutions of learning are required to meet the minimum standards for state recognition but are encouraged to set higher standards of quality

1320) Mrs. Reyes is a pragmatic teacher what could be her major or outstanding characteristic? a. Model of moral and intellectual b. Authority in the classroom c. Master of subject d. Socially aware 1321) Mr. Avila is a Realistic teacher. In which learning activities will her students engage? a. Discussion of controversial issues b. Visiting poor communities c. Hands-on activities d. observation and imitation 1322) Mrs. Flores believes that is very necessary for the students to know the laws of nature because these will help them solve their problem. What could be her basic educational philosophy? a. Progressivism b. Idealism c. Pragmatism d. Essentialism

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1323) Why does a teacher need to have a philosophy of education? a. It makes her knowledgeable b. it serves as basis in making decision c. It allows her to become credible d. it develops her self-concept and esteem 1324) What is a distinct-feature of Montessori education? a. The pupils study their lesson at the same time b. The pupils are exposed to manipulate activities c. The pupils are encourage to emulate others d. The pupils are given more opportunities to learn through competition 1325) Herbert stressed the principle of apperception. How does a teacher apply it? a. By using motivation techniques b. By reviewing the learner about concepts related to the present lesson c. By making the learner formulate generalization d. By letting the learner apply what they learned

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over and above the minimum through ____ as provided in Educational Act of 1982. a. life-long education c. formal education b. voluntary accreditation d. academic freedom 1334) Which of the following is NOT provided in Education Act of 1940? a. the national support of elementary education b. the double-single session plan in the elementary schools c. the six-year elementary course d. vocational education in the public schools The primary objective in the regionalization of the educational system is to ___. a. encourage the undertaking of language researches in various regions b. take into account local needs and condition and encourage local development planning c. get assurance that all educational policies are implemented nationwide d. promote quality education at all levels and in all communities of the country These are also known as combination classes organized in barrios/barangays where the required number of pupils of the same grade levels has not met the required number to make a separate class thus the teacher apportions class time for instruction to every grade level within class. These are ____. a. extension classes b. heterogeneous classes c. multi-grade classes d. homogenous classes Which policy of the State does the National Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT) enhance? a. the coordination of functions and activities of education institutions b. the evaluation of the graduates of secondary schools c. the offering of scholarships to deserving students d. the maintenance of the highest quality of education To fight illiteracy, the 1987 Constitution mandates that the state shall maintain a system of free education in elementary and high school. Further it provides that ___. a. elementary education should be compulsory for all children of school age b. formal and nonformal education should be compulsory c. elementary and high school education should be compulsory d. education at all levels should be compulsory According to the Constitution, the State is required to establish and maintain free public and compulsory education in the ____. a. elementary level only b. secondary level c. secondary and tertiary levels d. elementary and secondary levels 1340) The recognition of teachers as persons in authority was conferred to them during the ___. a. Spanish rule b. Japanese regime c. American rule d. Commonwealth government Section V, Article XIV of the 1986 Constitution provides that the State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education to ____ a. encourage teacher to conduct more researchers and studies on the arts and culture b. ensure that all schools are provided with modern equipment and facilities c. attack the best available talents through adequate remuneration d. curtail the exodus of the teachers seeking employment abroad The primary objective of bilingual education is to prepare the learners to be ____. a. proficient in Filipino and eight major dialects b. globally competitive c. proficient in English and another foreign language d. proficient in both Filipino and English According to Magna Carta for Teachers, a teacher assigned to a school ten or more kilometers from the poblacion without regular means of transportation to reach, is entitle to ___. a. a hardship allowance of 25 percent of the monthly salary as additional compensation b. an additional compensation of 50 percent of the monthly salary c. service credits of one day for every five days of service during the whole year d. the privilege of teaching only four days a week The operation Return to the Basics saw its embodiment in the ____. a. National Elementary Achievement Test b. New Secondary Education Curriculum c. National Secondary Achievement Test d. New Elementary School Curriculum Values education in the NSEC is offered as a separate subject as values development in the NSEC is ___. a. integrated with Technology and Home Economics b. integrated in all subjects c. emphasized for creativity and productivity d. emphasized in Science and Technology To strengthen teacher education the Teacher Education Council created under RA No. 7764 will choose a private or public college engaged in pre-service, continuing, formal and non-formal education of teachers in strategic places in each

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region of the country based on certain criteria. This will be called ____ a. Department of Teacher Education b. Teacher Education Center of Excellence c. Commission on Teacher Education d. Teacher Education Commission 1347) Which policy of the State does the administration of the National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT) enhance? a. the maintenance of the highest quality of education b. the evaluation of elementary grade graduates c. the revision of elementary education curriculum to make it responsible to the needs of the time d. the coordination of functions and activities of education institutions Professionalization of teachers and teaching as promulgated in Presidential Decree No. 1006, defines teaching as profession concerned with classroom institution ____. a. by teachers on full-time basis b. at the tertiary level in both public and private institutions c. at the elementary and secondary levels in both public and private schools d. by teachers of permanent status The Educational Act of 1982 expressly granted institutions of higher learning the freedom to determine on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who may teach and what shall be the subjects of study and research. This refers to ____. a. academic freedom b. constitutional freedom c. educational freedom d. institutional freedom In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers, which of the following teacher descriptions is included in the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers? a. Persons of dignity and reputation b. Duly licensed professional c. With satisfactory teaching performance d. Passed the licensure exams for teachers In a DECS Memorandum issued last 1998, the new name of multi-grade is ___. a. paaralan ng bahay c. escuela nueva b. friendly school d. school of the future The encouragement of self-learning, independent, and out-of-school study programs as stated in the 1987 Constitution has given rise to ___. a. the clamor for a Grade VII b. the conduct of NEAT and NSAT c. the implementation of open universities and distance learning programs d. institutionalization of early childhood care and development 1353) The 1987 Philippine Constitution states the following EXCEPT a. The National language of the Philippines is Filipino b. The official language of the Philippines are Filipino and English c. Filipino is the Tagalog of the Tagalog speaking provinces d. The government shall initiate and sustain the use of Filipino as medium of official communication and as a language of instruction in the education system A presidential body to study Philippines Education created by virtue of Executive Order No. 46 during the incumbency of DECS Secretary Andrew Gonzales with an aim to study Philippine Education is the ___. a. Presidential Commission on Educational Reform b. Commission on Philippine Education c. Survey Outcomes of Elementary Education d. Philippine Commission to Survey Philippine Education The Constitutional provision on language has the following aims EXCEPT a. to make the regional dialect as auxiliary media of instructions in regional schools b. to maintain English as a second language c. to make Filipino the sole medium of instruction d. to make Filipino the national language and medium of instruction and official communication The introduction of nonformal education in life with the Constitution provision on ___. a. protection of teachers b. promoting the rights of all citizens to make quality education accessible to all c. acceptance, affection and achievement d. affection, ability, attitudes With regards to business, which does the Code of Ethics say about teachers? a. a teacher shall maintain a good reputation with respect to debts, loans and other financial matters b. no teacher shall be financially interested in any commercial venture involving textbooks and other school commodities where he/she can exercise official influence c. no teacher shall act as an agent of textbooks and other school commodities where he/she can exercise official influence d. a teacher may not engage in any kind of business

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1358) Which is ethical for a teacher to do in a situation where he/she falls in love with a student or when a student falls in love with his/her teacher? a. the teacher advises the student to discontinue with his/her studies b. the teacher resigns from his/her teaching job c. the teacher avoids that learner d. the teacher exercises discretion to avoid scandal and gossip and preferential treatment of that learner Miss Connie Cepeda is newly appointed teacher. The principal handed a copy of the Teachers Code of Ethics. Which could have been the motive of the principal? a. acquaint her with principles of moral behavior, conduct and relationship in the practice of profession b. make her aware of the principles and rules prescribed under the authority of the state c. familiarize her with the generally customs of right living in a society d. provides her a set of rules and regulation to observe in school Ms. Shrilly Ann Regalado is newly appointed teacher. The principal advised her to avoid any conduct, which discredits the teaching profession. Which of the following action will not any manner discredit the teaching profession? a. writing anonymous letters b. revealing confidential information to authorities concerned c. assigning undeserved grades d. joining social drinking and gambling session As a teacher you enjoy certain rights, which have corresponding responsibility. Which situation reflects balance of rights and authority? a. allow your husband a once a week completely free night out with his own friends b. ask your husband to give you once a week, a similar completely free night out with friends c. insists on going together on your once a week free night together d. refuse your husband request for a once a weeknight out Which of the following is less evil? A teacher had to collect money from parents to defray expenses of an elaborate Graduation Program. a. request rich parents to start the collection and serve as model for the poor parents b. teach children to find means and ways to get the amount of money needed c. ask children to deposit half of their money for recess to the teacher d. present simple program to cut down on expenses a. acquisition of appropriate vocational and technical skills b. dislike of white collar jobs c. eradication of illiteracy d. love of arts in all forms 1364) The Philippine Education Act of 1982 defines the areas of concern of the three levels of the education system. Which is the mission of the elementary education? a. an enlightened, disciplined, creative and productive citizen b. modern and up-to-date methods and materials c. an effective and efficient teacher d. relevant and quality curriculum Which of the following is a value thrust of the New Elementary Education? a. pursuit of higher intellectual and moral values b. extension and deepening of social concerns c. development of a sense of nationhood d. preservation of democratic values The main purpose of the compulsory study of the Constitution in the Philippine schools is to ___. a. prepare students for law-making b. acquaint students with the historical development of the Philippine Constitution c. make constitutional experts of the students d. develop the students into responsible, thinking citizens In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is not mentioned about teachers? a. possess dignity and reputation b. with high moral values as well as technical and professional competence c. LET passers d. duly licensed professionals Whom does the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers NOT cover? a. teachers in the tertiary level b. all full-time or part-time public and private school teachers and administrators c. teachers in all educational institutions at the pre-school, elementary and secondary levels d. teachers of academic, vocational, special, technical or non-formal institutions In the most recent curriculum introduced in 2002, Makabayan is a subject a. singles out Values Education b. serves as a practice environment for holistic learning c. compartmentalizes subject excluding English, Filipino, Science and Math d. integrates English, Filipino, Science and Math The Filipino learner envisioned by the Department of Education is one who is imbued with the desirable values of a person who is

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1363) In recent years there has been an increasing emphasis on non-formal education. What is the major concern of non-formal education in the Philippine context?

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a. makabayan, makasarili, makakalikasan, at maka-Diyos b. makabayan, makatao, makahalaman,at maka-Diyos c. makabayan, makakaragatan, makatao, at maka-Diyos d. makabayan, makatao, makakalikasan, at maka-Diyos 1371) Which is NOT a characteristic of the 2002 Basic education Curriculum? a. more integrated b. more compartmentalized c. more holistic d. makes use of interdisciplinary approach Which program was adopted to provide universal access to basic education to eradicate illiteracy? a. paaralan-sa-bawat-barangay b. education for all c. values education framework d. science and education development plan The Philippine constitution directs the teaching of religion in public schools on the following conditions EXCEPT a. option is expressed in writing b. without cost to the government c. with cost shouldered by the parents or guardians d. given only at the option of parents or guardians The adoption of national language directed by the Philippine Constitution is designed primarily to a. facilitate communication among diverse linguistic groups b. do away from colonial mentality c. officially adopt Tagalog as national language d. counteract elitism What statement is FALSE with reference to Section 1 and Section 2, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution? a. Quality education is a privilege in so far as all citizens are concerned. b. Public education in the elementary is free and compulsory. c. Scholarship grants, student loan programs, subsidies and other incentives to deserving students in both public and private schools. d. Nonformal, informal and indigenous learning, self-learning, independent, and out-of-school study programs are encouraged. e. All of these What statement is FALSE with reference to the provisions of Section 3, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution? a. The study of the Constitution shall be included in the curricula of all educational institution. b. Religion shall be allowed to be taught in public elementary and high schools within the regular class hours. 1378) c. Nationalism, patriotism, love of humanity, respect for human rights, and appreciation of the role of national heroes shall be inculcated and fostered in all schools. d. The rights and duties of citizenship shall be taught, ethical and moral values strengthened, moral character and discipline developed, critical and creative thinking encouraged, scientific and technological knowledge broadened, vocational efficiency to be promoted. e. All of these 1377) What statement is FALSE with reference to the implementing guidelines the policy on bilingual education as contained in Department Order No. 25, s. 1974? a. Bilingual education is defined operationally as the separate use of Filipino and English as media of instruction in definite subject areas; Arabic shall be used in areas where necessary. b. English and Filipino are used as media of instruction in Grade I in all schools, except in those schools using the vernacular. c. English and Filipino shall be taught as language subjects in all grades in the elementary and secondary schools. d. Filipino shall be used as medium of instruction in social studies, science, worked education, health education and physical education. English shall remain as medium. e. All of these What statement is False with reference to Section 6 and 7 of Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution? a. The national language of the Philippines is Filipino. It shall be further developed and enriched on the basis of existing Philippine and other languages. b. For purposes of communication and instruction, the official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and English. c. The use of Filipino as a medium of official communication and as language of instruction in the educational system is an executive prerogative. d. Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a vocabulary and optional basis. e. All of these What statement is FALSE with regard to the provisions of Section 10-19 of Article XIV of the 1986 Constitution? a. Considering that science and technology are essential for national development, the State shall give priority to science and technology education. b. Equal access to cultural opportunities is ensured through the educational system. c. All educational institutions are mandated to undertake regular sports activities throughout the country.

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d. The evolution of a Filipino national cultural based on one ethnic culture shall be fostered. e. All of these 1380) What statement is NOT TRUE with reference to Section 4, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution? a. The control and administration of educational institution shall be vested in the citizen of the Philippines. b. No educational institution, without exception, shall be established exclusively for aliens and no group of aliens shall comprise more than one-third of the enrolment in any school. c. Academic freedom shall be enjoyed in all institutions of higher learning. d. The State shall enhance the right of teachers to professional advancement; the State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching will retain its rightful share of the best available talents through adequate remuneration and others means of job satisfaction and fulfillment. e. All of these Batas Pambansa Blg. 232, Sec. 13:2 provides institutions the freedom to determine on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who shall teach, and what shall be the subject and research. This statement means: a. Philippine education provides equal access to cultural opportunities. b. Philippine education recognizes academic freedom. c. Philippine education encourages voluntary accreditation. d. Philippine education accord rights to and imposes duties and obligations upon school administrators or managers. Batas Pambansa Blg. 232, Sec. 12 grants school managers the right to be deemed persons in authority in the discharge of lawful duties and responsibilities and shall therefore be accorded due respect and protection. This statement means: a. Philippine education provides equal access to cultural opportunities. b. Philippine education recognizes academic freedom. c. Philippine education encourages voluntary accreditation. d. Philippine education accord rights to and imposes duties and obligations upon school administrators or managers. The State shall ensure that all the people shall be given as much as possible equal chance of obtaining an education and cultured life. This statement means: a. Philippine education provides equal access to cultural opportunities. b. Philippine education recognizes academic freedom. c. Philippine education encourages voluntary accreditation. d. Philippine education accord rights to and imposes duties and obligations upon school administrators or managers. 1384) The Educational Act of 1982 otherwise known as B.P. Blg. 32, in Sec. 29, encourages intended official approval for institution and programs which desire to meet standards of quality over and above the minimum requirements for State recognition. a. Philippine education provides equal access to cultural opportunities. b. Philippine education recognizes academic freedom. c. Philippine education encourages voluntary accreditation. d. Philippine education accord rights to and imposes duties and obligations upon school administrators or managers. 1385) Which of the following is a right granted to students as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 9:1-9? a. The right to receive, through primarily competent instruction, relevant quality education in line with national goals and conducive to their full development as persons with human dignity. b. The right to free expression of opinion and suggestions and to effective channels of communications with appropriate academic and administrative bodies of the school or institution. c. The right to organize themselves and/or with teachers for the purpose of providing a forum for the discussion of matters relating to the school programs. d. The right of institutions of higher learning top determines on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who may teach, and what shall be the subject of the study and research. 1386) Which of the following is a right granted to parents as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 8:1-2? a. The right to receive, through primarily competent instruction, relevant quality education in line with national goals and conducive to their full development as persons with human dignity. b. The right to free expression of opinion and suggestions and to effective channels of communications with appropriate academic and administrative bodies of the school or institution. c. The right to organize themselves and/or with teachers for the purpose of providing a forum for the discussion of matters relating to the school programs. d. The right of institutions of higher learning top determines on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who may teach, and what shall be the subject of the study and research.

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1387) Which of the following is a right granted to school personnel as provided in B. P. Blg. 232, Sec. 10:1-4? a. The right to receive, through primarily competent instruction, relevant quality education in line with national goals and conducive to their full development as persons with human dignity. b. The right to free expression of opinion and suggestions and to effective channels of communications with appropriate academic and administrative bodies of the school or institution. c. The right to organize themselves and/or with teachers for the purpose of providing a forum for the discussion of matters relating to the school programs. d. The right of institutions of higher learning top determines on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who may teach, and what shall be the subject of the study and research. 1388) Which of the following is a right granted to schools as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 13:1-2? a. The right to receive, through primarily competent instruction, relevant quality education in line with national goals and conducive to their full development as persons with human dignity. b. The right to free expression of opinion and suggestions and to effective channels of communications with appropriate academic and administrative bodies of the school or institution. c. The right to organize themselves and/or with teachers for the purpose of providing a forum for the discussion of matters relating to the school programs. d. The right of institutions of higher learning top determines on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who may teach, and what shall be the subject of the study and research. 1389) Which of the following is a right granted to teachers as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 1:1-4? a. The right of access to his own school records, the confidentiality of which the school shall maintain and observe. b. The right to be free from compulsory assignments not related to their duties as defined in their appointments or employment contracts, unless compensated thereof, conformable to existing laws. c. The right to be free from involuntary contributions except those imposed by their own organizations. d. The right to establish join and maintain labor organizations of their choice to promote their welfare and defend their interests. 1390) What statement is FALSE with reference to Section 16 Teachers Obligations of the Batas Pambansa Blg. 232? a. Perform his duties to the school by discharging his responsibilities in accordance with the philosophy, goals and objectives of the school. b. Be accountable for the efficient and effective attainment of specified learning objectives in pursuance of national development goals, within the limits of available school resources. c. Assume the responsibility to maintain and sustain his professional; growth and advancement and maintain professionalism in the behavior at all times. d. Exercise his rights responsibly in the knowledge that he is answerable for any infringement or violation of the public welfare and of the rights of others. 1391) What statement is FALSE with reference to Section 14 Duties and Responsibilities of Students of the Batas Pambansa Blg. 232? a. Uphold the academic integrity of the school, endeavor to achieve academic excellence and abide the rules and regulations governing his academic responsibilities and moral integrity. b. Promote and maintain the peace and tranquility of the school by observing the rules of discipline, and by exerting efforts to attain harmonious relationship with fellow students, the teaching and academic staff and other school personnel. c. Exert his utmost to develop his potentialities for service, particularly by undergoing an education suited to his abilities, in order that he may become an asset to his family and to society. d. Participate as an agent of constructive social, economic, moral intellectual, cultural and political change in his school and the community within the context of national policies. 1392) Sec. 3 of Commonwealth No. 180 set the requirements for a private college to fulfill before it is granted university status. This statement means: a. Philippine education grants university status to qualified colleges. b. Philippine education strives to be of high quality. c. Philippine education recognizes the complementary roles of public and private educational institutions. d. Philippine education is financed by public and private funds. 1393) Act. No. 74, otherwise known as the Educational Act 1901, passed by the Second Philippine Commission authorized the establishment of private schools but did not provide for their control and supervision. This statement means: a. Philippine education grants university status to qualified colleges. b. Philippine education strives to be of high quality.

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c. Philippine education recognizes the complementary roles of public and private educational institutions. d. Philippine education is financed by public and private funds. 1394) The State sees to it that the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels is protected and promoted. This statement means: a. Philippine education grants university status to qualified colleges. b. Philippine education strives to be of high quality. c. Philippine education recognizes the complementary roles of public and private educational institutions. d. Philippine education is financed by public and private funds. 1395) The principal source of funds for financing public education is taken from the one percent (1%) tax on real estate imposed by R. A. No. 5447. This statement means: a. Philippine education grants university status to qualified colleges. b. Philippine education strives to be of high quality. c. Philippine education recognizes the complementary roles of public and private educational institutions. d. Philippine education is financed by public and private funds. 1396) Philippine education allows publications in the school campus. However, there limitations to freedom to publish. For instance, the Revised Penal code of the Philippines prohibits the publication of the following except one. a. Inciting the people to rebellion b. Libelous remarks c. Obscene publications d. poll surveys 1397) No educational institutions in the Philippines shall be established exclusively for aliens and no group of aliens shall comprise more than onethird of the enrolment in any school. This statement means: a. Philippine education is nationalistic. b. Philippine education is democratic. c. Philippine education is complete, adequate, integrated and relevant. d. Philippine education encourages regional planning. 1398) Education should be accessible to all. The State is trying its best to reach all children in spite of the shortage of funds. . This statement means a. Philippine education is nationalistic. b. Philippine education is democratic. c. Philippine education is complete, adequate, integrated and relevant. d. Philippine education encourages regional planning. and exhibitions 1399) The State shall take into account regional and sectoral needs and conditions and shall encourage local planning in the development of educational policies and programs. This statement means: a. Philippine education is nationalistic. b. Philippine education is democratic. c. Philippine education is complete, adequate, integrated and relevant. d. Philippine education encourages regional planning. 1400) The State is supposed to establish, maintain, and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of all the people and society. This statement means: a. Philippine education is nationalistic. b. Philippine education is democratic. c. Philippine education is complete, adequate, integrated and relevant. d. Philippine education encourages regional planning. 1401) What statement is FALSE with reference to Article II The Teacher and State of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers? a. Every teacher shall enjoy academic freedom and shall the privilege of sharing the product of his researches and investigations, provided that, if the results are inimical to the declared policies of the state, they shall be drawn to the proper authorities for appropriate remedial action. b. A teacher is a facilitator of learning and of the development of the youth; he shall, therefore, render the best services by providing an environment conducive to such learning and growth. c. Every teacher or school official shall actively help carry out the declared policies of the state, and shall take an oath to this effect. d. A teacher shall not use his position or official authority of influence to coerce any other person to follow any political course of action. 1402) What statement is FALSE with reference to Article IV The Teacher and the Profession of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers? a. Every teacher shall actively help insure that teaching is the noblest profession, and shall manifest genuine enthusiasm and pride in teaching as a noble calling. b. Every teacher shall use the teaching profession in a manner that makes it a dignified means for earning a decent living. c. Every teacher shall uphold the highest possible standards of quality education, and shall make the best preparation for the career of teaching, and shall be at his best at all times in the practice of his profession. d. Teachers shall, at all times, be imbued with the spirit of professional loyalty, mutual confidence and faith in one another, selfsacrifice for the common good and full

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cooperation with colleagues. When best interest is at stakes in any controversy, teachers shall support one another. 1403) What statement is FALSE with reference to Article VIII The Teacher and the Learners of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers? a. A teacher shall not accept favors or gifts from learners, their parents, or others in their behalf in exchange for requested concessions, especially if underserved, b. A teacher shall not inflict corporal punishment or offending learners nor make deductions from their scholastic ratings as a punishment for acts which are clearly not manifestation of poor scholarship. c. In a situation where mutual attraction and subsequent love develop between teacher and the learner, the teacher shall exercise utmost professional discretion to avoid scandal, gossip, and preferential treatment of the learner. d. A teacher shall maintain at all ties a dignified personality, which could serve as model worthy of emulation by learners, peers and others. 1404) As provided in the Republic Act #4670, every teacher shall enjoy equitable safeguards at each stage of any disciplinary procedures and shall the following except: a. the right to be informed in writing, of the charges b. the right to full access to he evidence in the case c. the right to defend himself and to be defended by a representative of his choice and/or his organization, adequate time being given to the teacher for the preparations of his defense d. the right to appeal to clearly designated authorities. e. All of these 1405) Whenever possible, the proper authorities shall take all steps to enable married couples, both of whom are public school teachers, to be employed in the same locality. a. Yes, it is provided in Republic Act #4670 b. No, its against on nepotism c. Yes, as long as they will not be in the same school d. No, it against the provision of Republic Act #4670 1406) In areas in which teachers are exposed to hardship such as difficulty in community to the place of work or other hazards peculiar to the place of employment, as determined by the Secretary of Education, they shall be compensated special hardship allowance equivalent to: a. at least 100% of their monthly salary b. at least 75% of their monthly salary c. at least 50% of their monthly salary d. at least 25% oft their monthly salary 1407) What statement is NOT TRUE in the case of barangay high schools? a. barangay high schools are established to provide all Filipino equal opportunities for high school education b. Principal of the public high school nearest to it administers a barangay high school. c. A barangay school is authorized to open only within a three kilometers radius of any existing high school d. A barangay high school may be opened on the basis of the petition of the parents of fifty students. e. All of these What is the primary purpose of the creation of barangay schools? a. to give equal opportunities for secondary education to all Filipino youth. b. To cater to the needs for education of the barangay residents. c. To serve the purpose of a Constitutional provisions. d. To make community development a reality. e. All of these What statement is inconsistent with one of the provisions of Republic Act No. 4670, otherwise known as the Magna Carta for Public School Teachers? a. actual teaching is limited to six hours b. no teacher shall be transferred without his consent c. every teacher shall enjoy security of tenure. d. a teacher entitled to a study leave not exceeding one school year often ten years of service. e. All of these Which statement is TRUE with respect to the meaning of the principle of separation of Church and State? a. there should be a law that shall be made respecting an establishment of religion b. no public money or property shall ever be appropriated, applied, paid, or employed directly or indirectly, for the use, benefit, or support of any sect, church, denomination, sectarian institution, or system of religion c. all persons are encouraged to take part in any activity of the church and profess their belief d. the state can punish a person for entertaining or professing religious beliefs or disbeliefs Which of the following phrases is NOT provided for in the Education Act of 1940, known as Commonwealth Act No. 536? a. public elementary education to be supported by the National Government b. a six-year elementary education instead of seven

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c. a double-single session in the elementary grades d. fixed the actual teaching time of elementary e. all of these 1412) DECS Department Order No. 25, s. 1974 requires the use of Filipino as medium of instruction in ____. a. social studies d. all of the above b. character education e. none of the above c. work education, physical and health education 1413) Under the Magna Carta for Teachers, teachers with ____ years of service of more may be considered PBET eligible. a. at least 10 years or more continuous service b. at least five years or more continuous service c. seven years of service d. three years of service e. none of the above 1414) According to Presidential Decree 1006 and its implementing Memorandum No. 1. s. 1977 of the National for Teachers, PBET is administered by _____. a. Civil Service Commission b. Department of Education, Culture and Sports c. National Educational Testing and Research Center d. jointly administered by all of the above e. none of these Presidential Decree 1006, otherwise known as the Decree Professionalizing Teaching was promulgated to ____. a. regulate the practice teaching b. ensure that teacher education is of the highest quality c. assess prospective teachers knowledge, skills and competencies d. all of the above e. none of the above 1416) With the promulgation of the bilingual policy of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports, what is the immediate function of English in the schools? a. it is a tool for learning science and mathematics b. it is an instrument for acquiring information about the world c. it is a means of communication with Englishspeaking people. d. It is a tool for advancement in the business world e. All of these 1417) In accordance with the DECS Department Order No. 25, s. 1974, the use of English and Filipino as instructional media starts in ____. a. Grade I d. Grade VI b. Grade III e. all of the above c. Grade IV 1418) Department of Education Memorandum No. 280 is aimed at _____. a. promoting the economic and social welfare of all teaching and non-teaching personnel. b. establishing teachers cooperatives and other income generating activities c. harnessing available manpower and material resources toward productive endeavors d. all of the above e. none of the above

1419) This curriculum has fewer learning areas, but puts more emphasis on the mastery of learning. a. New Elementary School Curriculum b. New Secondary Education Curriculum c. Revised Elementary Education Curriculum d. Revised Secondary Education Curriculum 1420) Which is the following is not a right of the teachers? a. freedom of expression b. establishes and joins organization c. intellectual property d. stage strike and protests e. academic freedom 1421) The Commission on Higher Education was established by _____. a. RA 7722 d. RA 1452 b. RA 7796 e. RA 7743 c. RA 7687 1422) The Republic Act, which lengthens the school calendar from 200 days to not more than 220 days to take effect in school year 1995-1996, is _____. a. Republic Act No. 7791 b. Republic Act No. 7743 c. Republic Act No. 7798 d. Republic Act No. 7784 e. Republic Act No. 1616 The name of the Dept. of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) was changed to Dept. of Education (DepEd) by virtue of what law? a. R.A. # 9155 d. R. A. No. 2194 b. R.A. # 9411 e. R. A. No. 4670 c. R.A. # 9630 Known as the Philippines Science City. a. Los Baos, Laguna d. City of Manila b. Cebu City e. City of Baguio c. Muoz, Nueva Ecija

1415)

1423)

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1425) This landmark law bans sexual harassment in the workplace and in the educational institutions. a. R. A. #7977 d. Adm. Order No. 1250 b. Exec. Order #A-6 e. DECS Order No. 120 c. R. A. #7877 1426) Free Public Secondary Education Act of 1988 is contained in _____. a. R. A. #6938 d. R. A. #6655 b. R.A. #6735 e. R. A. #7752 c. R. A. 6657 1427) The governance Basic Education Act of 2001 is under ____. a. R. A. 9155 d. R. A. #9165 b. R. A. 9145 e. R. A. 7752 c. R. A. 9135 1428) Public school teachers must observe the Dress Code prescribed by the Civil Service Commission. This practice in the line with the Code of Ethical Standards for Public Official of Employees, under Republic Act No. a. 6713 b. 6731 c. 6741 d. 6751 e. 6171 a. A BEED applicant for teaching is being asked for a date by the superintendent, before she could be hired. b. The applicant is being asked to give P5, 000 before she could be hired. c. The applicant is being interviewed about her studies, including her victory as a beauty title holder- Miss Cebu Tourism 1998. d. The applicant was made to clean the office. e. None of these 1434) This law grants paternity leave of absence with full pay for male employees in both public and private sector for the first four (4) deliveries of their legitimate spouses. a. RA 8187 b. RA 8876 c. Adm. Order # 308 d. Exec. Order #1052 1435) In the appointment or assignment of teachers to public elementary or secondary schools, priority shall be given to bonafide residents of the barangays, municipality or city or province where the school is located, provided that the teacher possesses the minimum qualifications for the position. a. RA # 8190 d. RA # 6655 b. RA # 6735 e. RA # 6850 c. RA # 6657 1436) A law the requires that every school division should organize special classes for children with special needs. a. RA # 1265 d. RA # 8190 b. RA # 6713 e. RA # 7624 c. PD # 603 1437) An Act abolishing the National College Entrance Examination (NCEE), repealing for the purpose of PD No. 1467? a. RA # 7977 d. RA # 7731 b. RA # 7323 e. RA # 7463 c. RA # 7877 1438) A DECS Order that implemented the Bilingual Education Policy since 1974 requiring English as a medium of instruction in Science, Math and Filipino in all other subject in elementary and secondary school. a. DECS Order No. 25 b. DECS Order No. 35 c. DECS Order No. 38 d. DECS Order No. 107 e. DECS Order No. 603 1439) This Order prescribed that any student, teacher, professor, officer or employee of a university, college or school who impedes, obstructs, prevents, or defeats the right and obligation of a teacher or professor to teach his subject or the right of a student to attend his classes shall be subject to disciplinary action without prejudice to the criminal liability of the offender. a. Executive Order No. 34, s. 1980 b. Administrative Order No. 34, s. 1980 c. Department Order No. 34, s. 1980

1429) Anti-graft and Corrupt Practices Act is under _____. A. R.A. 3029 b. R.A. 3019 c. R.A. 3051 d. R.A. 4991 e. R.A. 5919

1430) It is a decree, which made the observance of the flag ceremony compulsory. a. R.A. 4670 b. Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 c. R. A. 1459 d. R. A. 1265

1431) The first teacher-training school established by the Americans in the Philippines in 1901 is the ____. a. University of the Philippines b. c. d. e. Philippine Normal School Zamboanga Normal School Cebu Normal University Iloilo Normal School

1432) Which of the following is being demanded by the CHED? a. identifying certain colleges as centers of excellence with corresponding funding and responsibilities b. emphasis on voluntary accreditation of programs c. creation of specialists to evaluate programs d. granting autonomy to accredited private schools e. all of these 1433) Which of the following is a violation of R.A.7787Anti-Sexual harassment Act of 1995?

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d. MEC Order No. 22, s. 1980 e. MEC Order No. 34, s. 1980 1440) Vox Populi Est Supreme Lex is a Latin expression that means what? a. The Supreme Being is God b. No one is above the law c. The voice of the people is the supreme law d. it is the popular choice 1441) This law was approved on January 23, 2002 which establishes the National Service Training Program for tertiary level students and amended Republic Act No. 7077 and Presidential Decree No. 1706. a. Republic Act No 9163 b. Republic Act No. 8491 c. Republic Act No. 8525 d. Republic Act No. 7796 1442) This law was approved on August 2001 and known as An Act Instituting a Framework of Governance for Basic Education, Establishing Authority and Accountability, Renaming the Department of Education, Culture and Sports as the Department of Education. a. Republic Act No. 3155 b. Republic Act No. 8047 c. Republic Act No. 854 d. Republic Act No. 7104 1443) To improve the quality of tertiary education the following must be undertaken: a. Encourage flexibility in curricular construction and simplify minimum academic and physical facilities standards b. Redefine minimum campestral credit hours to conform to time allocations c. Revive Associate in Arts (A.A.) and similar two-year general education courses d. Liberalize tertiary regulation and encourage alternative mechanisms for monitoring quality of high education e. Permit student who did basic education abroad and finished at least ten years to enter college f. None of the above g. All of the above 1444) This law was enacted on June 8, 1940 and conferred the status of persons in authority upon the teacher, professors, and persons charged with the supervision of public or duly recognized private schools, colleges and universities. a. Commonwealth Act No. 80 b. Commonwealth Act. No. 1 c. Commonwealth Act No. 578 d. Act No. 2706 1445) This law prescribed the inclusion in the curricula of all schools, both public and private, from elementary schools to the universities the life, works and writings of Jose Rizal especially to the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. a. Republic Act No. 1256 as amended by R.A. No. 8491 b. Republic Act No. 1124 as repealed by R.A. No. 7722 c. Republic Act No. 6728 as amended by R.A. 8545 d. Republic Act No. 1425 1446) This law provided for the granting of civil service eligibility to all government employees who are holding provisional or temporary status who have rendered a total of at least seven (7) years of efficient and dedicated service. a. Republic Act No. 4670 b. Republic Act. 7323 c. Republic Act No. 6850 d. Republic Act No. 7722 1447) This law grants civil service eligibility to all honor graduates (i.e. summa cum laude, magna cum laude, cum laude) of four year or longer courses from schools, colleges and universities of good standing starting school year 1972-1973. a. Republic Act No. 4670 b. Presidential Decree No. 907 c. Presidential Decree No. 1006 d. CHED Order No. 59 1448) This law provides in the appointment or assignment of teachers to public elementary or secondary schools, priority shall be given to bonafide residents of the barangays, municipality or city or province where the school is located, provided that the teacher possesses the minimum qualification for the position. a. Republic Act No. 8190 b. Republic Act no. 7624 c. Republic Act No. 7731 d. Republic Act No. 7797 1449) This law made the observance of the flag ceremony compulsory. a. Republic Act No. 7079 b. Republic Act No. 1265 c. Republic Act No. 9155 d. Republic Act No. 3019 1450) It is an act to strengthen the regulation and supervision of the practice of teaching in the Philippines and prescribing a Licensure Examination for Teachers. a. RA 7836 e. RA 9155 b. RA 9293 e. RA 7610 c. RA 7722 According to Republic Act No. 7836, this term refers to the profession concerned primarily with classroom instruction at the elementary and secondary levels in accordance with the curriculum prescribed by the Department of Education, Culture and Sports, whether on parttime or full-time basis in the private or public schools. a. Teachers c. Principals

1451)

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b. Teaching 1452) d. Learning b. authority shall apply to all activities whether inside or outside the premises of the school, entity of institution c. authority shall apply only to activities inside the premises of the school, entity of institution d. none of these 1458) When parental authority does permanently? a. upon the death of the parents b. upon the death of the child c. upon emancipation of the child d. all of these 1459) Pursuant to Art. 231 of the Family Code of the Philippines, parental authority may also be suspended if the parent or the person exercising the following, except. a. treats the child with excessive harshness or cruelty b. gives the child corrupting orders, counsel or example c. compel the child to beg d. subject the child or allows him to be subjected to acts of lasciviousness e. deal the child with tender loving care This Act refers to the Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination. a. RA 7722 c. RA 7877 b. RA 9293 d. RA 7610 e. RA 8980 This is known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 a. RA 7722 c. RA 7877 b. RA 9293 d. RA 7610 e. RA 8980 In education or training environment, sexual harassment is committed ____. a. against one who is under the care, custody or supervision of the offender b. against one whose education, training, apprenticeship or tutorship is entrusted to the offender c. when the sexual favor is made a condition to the giving of a passing grade, or the granting of honors and scholarships, or the payment of a stipend, allowance or other benefits, privileges or considerations d. when the sexual advances result in an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment for the result, trainee or apprentice. e. All of these This Act is known as Early Childhood Care and Development a. RA 7722 c. RA 7877 b. RA 9293 d. RA 7610 e. RA 8980 terminate

The scope of the board examination for teachers in the elementary level shall consist of, namely: a. professional education and field of specialization b. general education and field of specialization c. general education and professional education d. general education only The scope of the board examination for teachers in the secondary level shall consist of, namely: a. professional education and field of specialization b. general education and field of specialization c. general education and professional education d. general education, professional education and field of specialization A professional license signed by the chairman of the Commission and bearing the registration number and date of issuance thereof and the month of expiry or renewability shall likewise be issued to every registrant who has paid the annual registration fees for _____ consecutive years. a. three years c. five years b. four years d. six years e. seven years As provided in RA 9293, professional teachers who have not practiced their profession for the past five (5) years shall take at least twelve (12) units of education courses, consisting of at least: a. six (6) units of pedagogy and six (6) units of content courses b. six (6) units of general education and six (6) professional education c. six (6) units of professional education and six (6) units field specialization d. twelve (12) units from any courses or subjects Examinees who have failed the licensure examination for professional teachers, with a rating of not lower than five percentage points from the passing general average rating, shall be eligible as _____ upon issuance by the Board of a two-year special permit, renewable for a nonextendible period of two (2) years. a. temporary teacher b. para-teacher c. substitute teacher d. permanent/regular teacher Special parental authority and responsibility over the minor child in Article 218 of the Family Code of the Philippines means a. authority shall apply to all authorized activities whether inside or outside the premises of the school, entity of institution

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1464) This is an Order renaming the Bureau of NonFormal Education to Bureau of Alternative Learning System a. Executive Order No. 653 b. Executive Order No. 365 c. Executive Order No. 356 d. Executive Order No. 123 e. Executive Order No. 456 With Republic Act 7836 the licensure exam for teachers is with: a. Commission on Higher Education b. Professional Regulation Commission c. Department of Education d. Civil Service Commission 1466) This embodies the teachers duties and responsibilities as well as proper behavior in performing them. a. Code of Ethics for Teachers b. Magna Carta for Public School Teachers c. Bill of Rights d. Philippine Constitution of 1987 1467) Dr. Melgo upholds his freedom to discuss topics within his field of expertise without fear of being persecuted. This is known as: a. Right to Suffrage c. Right to grow professionally b. Academic Freedom d. Freedom of speech Under no circumstances shall a teacher be prejudiced discriminatory against any learner, stays the Code of Ethics. When a teacher prejudiced against any learner? a. when the refuses a pupil with a slight physical disability in class b. when he makes a farsighted pupil sit at the back c. when he makes a nearsighted pupil sit in front d. when he considers multiple intelligence in the choice of his teaching strategies Who among the following is genuinely nationalistic? The citizen who ___. a. works overseas for the education of his/her children b. sings the National Anthem with all his/her heart c. salutes the flag as it is raised during ceremony d. uses his/her skill and capital to generate jobs in the countryside Which is the most authentic proof of nationalism on the part of teacher? a. winning the award Most Outstanding Teacher b. utilizing every minute of the academic time for competent teaching 1473) 1472) c. earning graduate degree for promotion d. being a member in the National Organization for Professional Teachers 1471) What statement is FALSE with reference to Section 1 and Section 2, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution? a. quality education is privilege in sop far as all citizens are concerned b. public education in the elementary is free and compulsory c. scholarship grants, student loan programs, subsidies and other incentives to deserving students in both public and private schools d. non-formal, informal and indigenous learning, self-learning, independent, and outof-school study programs are encouraged. e. All of these Under the present Constitution, pupils attendance in religious instruction is public elementary and high schools shall be allowed only if ___ a. the superintendent, supervisors and principals will issue an instruction compelling attendance b. the parish priest or pastor shall authorize them in writing c. when parents shall submit written authority allowing their children to attend religious instruction d. when school children have become delinquents e. when children made promise to behave properly Miss Melgo is a BS Biology graduate and is intending to teach in a public high school. Based on Magna Carta for public School Teachers, what she should do to qualify? a. pursue a Masters degree in Biology b. start teaching in a private school c. earn five-year experience as Biologist d. d. take at least 18 units in education 1474) What can be filed against a principal or teacher who is a paramour? a. infidelity c. immorality b. bigamy d. moral defamation During the Marcos era, national development goals were stated in Education Act of 1972, known as Presidential Decree ____. a. No. 6-A b. No. 7-A c. No. 8-A 1476) 1470) d. No. 9-A

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What statement is inconsistent with one of the provision of Republic Act No. 4670, otherwise known as the Magna Carta for Public School Teachers? a. teacher engaged in actual classroom instruction shall be required to render more than six hours actual classroom teaching

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b. no teacher shall be transferred without his consent c. every teacher shall enjoy security of tenure d. a teacher is entitled to a study leave not exceeding one school year 1477) Which of the following is not a right of public school teachers? a. freedom of expression b. establishes and joins organizations c. intellectual property d. stage a strike and protests e. academic freedom 1478) Mr. Melgo, a public school teacher of Cantoratoy National High School plans to pursue Masters studies. When he is entitled to go on study leave? a. if his principal approves his leave b. if he has rendered seven years of service c. f a substitute teacher is available d. if there is a decrease in the enrollment 1479) Mr. Melgo, an ineligible teacher was given a probationary appointment in Cantoratoy National High School. When can he avail of permanent status? a. when there is a vacant permanent position 1485) b. after finishing MA in education c. once given the Teacher of the Year award d. after rendering at least 10 years of efficient service 1480) The State shall ensure and protect academic freedom and shall promote its exercise and the observance for the continuing intellectual growth, the advancement of learning and research, the development of responsible and effective leadership, the education of high-level and middle-level professionals, and the enrichment of our historical and cultural heritage. This is the declaration of policy of ____. a. CHED c. DepEd b. TESDA d. Presidential Decree No. 6-A it is hereby declared that policy of the State to provide relevant, accessible, high quality and efficient technical education and skills development in support of the development of high quality Filipino middle-level manpower responsive to and in accordance with the Philippine development goals and priorities. This is the declaration of policy of ____. a. CHED c. DepEd b. TESDA d. Presidential Decree No. 6-A It is hereby declared the policy of the State to protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality basic education and to make such education accessible to all by providing all Filipino children a free and compulsory education in elementary level and free education in the high school level. This is the declaration of policy of ____. a. CHED c. DepEd b. TESDA d. Presidential Decree No. 6-A 1483) it is hereby declared to be the policy of the government to ensure, within context of a free and democratic system maximum contribution of the educational system to his attainment of the following national development goals. This is the declaration of policy of ____. a. CHED c. DepEd b. TESDA d. Presidential Decree No. 6-A To fight illiteracy, the 1987 Constitution mandates that the state shall maintain a system of free education in elementary and high school. Further it provides that ___. a. elementary education should be compulsory for all children of school age b. formal and nonformal education should be compulsory c. elementary and high school education should be compulsory d. education at all levels should be compulsory According to the Constitution, the State is required to establish and maintain free public and compulsory education in the ____. a. elementary level only b. secondary level c. secondary and tertiary levels d. elementary and secondary levels 1486) Section V, Article XIV of the 1986 Constitution provides that the State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education to ____ a. encourage teacher to conduct more researchers and studies on the arts and culture b. ensure that all schools are provided with modern equipment and facilities c. attack the best available talents through adequate remuneration d. curtail the exodus of the teachers seeking employment abroad The primary objective of bilingual education is to prepare the learners to be ____. a. proficient in Filipino and eight major dialects b. globally competitive c. proficient in English and another foreign language d. proficient in both Filipino and English According to Magna Carta for Teachers, a teacher assigned to a school ten or more kilometers from the poblacion without regular

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means of transportation to reach, is entitle to ___. a. a hardship allowance of 25 percent of the monthly salary as additional compensation b. an additional compensation of 50 percent of the monthly salary c. service credits of one day for every five days of service during the whole year d. the privilege of teaching only four days a week 1489) To strengthen teacher education the Teacher Education Council created under RA No. 7764 will choose a private or public college engaged in pre-service, continuing, formal and non-formal education of teachers in strategic places in each region of the country based on certain criteria. This will be called ____ a. Department of Teacher Education b. Commission on Teacher Education c. Teacher Education Center of Excellence d. Commission on Teacher Education e. Teacher Education Commission 1490) Professionalization of teachers and teaching as promulgated in Presidential Decree No. 1006, defines teaching as profession concerned with classroom institution ____. a. by teachers on full-time basis b. at the tertiary level in both public and private institutions c. at the elementary and secondary levels in both public and private schools d. by teachers of permanent status The Educational Act of 1982 expressly granted institutions of higher learning the freedom to determine on academic grounds that shall be admitted to study, who may teach and what shall be the subjects of study and research. This refers to ____. a. academic freedom b. constitutional freedom c. Educational freedom d. d. institutional freedom In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers, which of the following teacher descriptions is included in the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers? a. Persons of dignity and reputation b. Duly licensed professional c. with satisfactory teaching performance d. passed the licensure exam for teachers 1493) The 1987 Philippine Constitution states the following EXCEPT a. The National language of the Philippines is Filipino b. The official language of the Philippines are Filipino and English c. Filipino is the official language of the Tagalog speaking provinces 1496) d. The government shall initiate and sustain the use of Filipino as medium of official communication and as a language of instruction in the education system 1494) As provided for in the Education Act of 1982, how are the institutions of learning encouraged to set higher standards of quality over and above the minimum required for state recognition? a. academic freedom b. continuing professional education c. formal education d. voluntary accreditation 1495) The Constitutional provision on language has the following aims EXCEPT a. to make the regional dialect as auxiliary media of instructions in regional schools b. to maintain English as a second language c. to make Filipino the sole medium of instruction d. to make Filipino the national language and medium of instruction and official communication The introduction of nonformal education in life with the Constitution provision on ___. a. protection of teachers b. promoting the rights of all citizens c. to make quality education accessible to all d. acceptance, affection and achievement e. affection, ability, attitudes With regards to business, which does the Code of Ethics say about teachers? a. a teacher shall maintain a good reputation with respect to debts, loans and other financial matters b. no teacher shall be financially interested in any commercial venture involving textbooks and other school commodities where he/she can exercise official influence c. no teacher shall act as an agent of textbooks and other school commodities where he/she can exercise official influence d. a teacher may not engage in any kind of business Which is ethical for a teacher to do in a situation where he/she falls in love with a student or when a student falls in love with his/her teacher? a. the teacher advises the student to discontinue with his/her studies b. the teacher resigns from his/her teaching job c. the teacher avoids that learner d. the teacher exercises discretion to avoid scandal and gossip and preferential treatment of that learner Miss Connie Cepeda is newly appointed teacher. The principal handed a copy of the Teachers Code of Ethics. Which could have been the motive of the principal?

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a. acquaint her with principles of moral behavior, conduct and relationship in the practice of profession b. make her aware of the principles and rules prescribed under the authority of the state c. familiarize her with the generally customs of right living in a society d. provides her a set of rules and regulation to observe in school 1500) This law grants the paternity leave of absence with full pay to male employee in both public and private sector for the first four (4) deliveries of the legitimate spouses. a. Republic Act No. 8047 c. Republic Act No. 7687 b. Republic Act No. 8190 d. Republic Act No. 8187 Part III Paragraph Organization Direction: For each number below there are four or five sentences, A, B, C, D, E. These sentences, when properly arranged in correct order, will make a well-organized paragraph. Read each sentence carefully and choose which one should be the first sentence, the second, and so on. when the dog salivates at the sight of food; while, a conditioned response results when salivation takes place at the sound of the bell. D In the early 1900s Ivan Pavlov, the Russian psychologist conducted a series of experiments with dogs. To illustrate the principle of conditioned response type of learning. The dog naturally salivated at the sight of food.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ __ 2. A B C D 1. 2. 3. 4. the third statement in the paragraph? the last statement in the paragraph? the first statement in the paragraph? the fourth statement in the paragraph?

Through our sense organs information is gathered about the world around us. The eyes send a signal to the brain telling the stimulus is present. The brain then screens out the information so that we are able to understand it. Human beings perceive things through the help of the following senses: Taste, sight, touch, hearing and smell. When one sees a fire with his eyes, he perceives it.

Example 1. A The teacher should know the relation of biological sciences, the social sciences and the humanistic discipline. This knowledge places him in a position where he can relate anthropology with other sciences. He can do an evaluative analysis of the government program. And he will be able to analyze whether educational programs are geared towards the right direction. B If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: C A B C D ANSWER: Start here: 1. A Eventually, the dog salivated merely at the sound of the bell as it had been conditioned to correlate the bell with the food. A bell is rung every time food was offered. An unconditioned response takes place 1. 2. 3. 4. the first in the paragraph? the last in the paragraph? the second in the paragraph? the third in the paragraph? D E E

C D

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ 1. the fourth in the paragraph? __ 2. the second in the paragraph? __ 3. the last in the paragraph? 3. A Likewise, when we think of a test, we are to take for what we are not ready to take, and we feel a sense of defeat. The other one is when information comes to us through our senses. Emotional reactions can be aroused in two separate ways. We hear a squeaky sound in a dark room, and we become afraid. One-Way of arousing reaction is by thoughts.

A, B, C, D

B C

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ 1. the third in the paragraph? __ 2. the second in the paragraph? __ 3. the fourth in the paragraph? __ 4. the first in the paragraph? __ 5. the fifth in the paragraph?

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4. A Through psychoanalysis, an individual can be made to remember his repressed thoughts and feelings and later change his behavior to solve a problem. He believed that one tends to suppress thoughts or memories that other people seem to disapprove of. Psychoanalysis started with the work of Sigmund Freud, an Austrian doctor who explored the way the human mind worked. Freud believed that these repressed thoughts greatly affect a persons behavior. If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 7. A B 1. the third in the paragraph? 2. the last in the paragraph? 3. the second in the paragraph? Suddenly the rain comes. He makes preparations for it and is Looking forward to the occasion with eagerness. Hes disappointed and experiences displeasures. Carlos is going to a party.

C D.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 5. A B 1. the last in the paragraph? 2. the third in the paragraph? 3. the first in the paragraph?

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 8. A B C D 1. the third in the paragraph? 2. the first in the paragraph? 3. the last in the paragraph? And the world passes away. For all that is in the world is not of the Father, but is of the world. If any man had the world, the love of the Father is not in him. But he who does the will of God abodes forever. Love not the world, neither the things that is in the world. 1 John 2:15-17

If a whale faces danger, it communicates with other whales for help. Whales can even work together to get over a complicated job which one whale may fail to do. Some animals act in very intelligent and extraordinary ways. They are capable of telling each other what to do merely by talking to each other in their language. Whales can talk to each other by whistling and clicking sounds.

C D

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 9. A B C 1. the second in the paragraph? 2. the third in the paragraph? 3. the fourth in the paragraph? Logic can help one think more clearly. Logic is the science of reasoning. Fallacies are incorrect, unreasonable arguments, but they can be persuasive although they are not correct. It can help one find or resist arguments from the unsound ones. It is a way of separating sound arguments from the unsound ones.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 6. A 1. the third in the paragraph? 2. the fourth in the paragraph? 3. the second in the paragraph? If the answer given the learner is wrong, the information is taught again, and then the question is repeated.

D B It utilizes one of several kinds of teaching machines that provide a question for the learner to answer. In this way, the student is helped by giving him another chance if he is wrong in his first attempt. Programmed learning is one new teaching method. But if the answer is correct, another question is given by the machine. 10. E

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ A 1. the last in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the fourth in the paragraph? Surgery can be performed to a person even without anesthetics through

D E

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hypnosis. C B C D Not everyone can be hypnotized against his will. D Today, hypnotism is often used to help doctors and dentists in their work. A patient will not cooperate, though he is under hypnosis, if he is made to do something against his will. A high grade or a good pay is one kind of motivation. Oftentimes the satisfaction one gets from learning is a kind of motivation.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 14. A B C 1. the fourth in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the first in the paragraph? There is a surge of anger within Carla. Carla is all dressed-up for a party, waiting for her escort to pick her up. Her heart beats faster, blood rushes to her head as she lifts her hand and strikes her brother with her fist. Suddenly, her young brother rushes in with a glass of chocolate and bumps against her, spilling of the contents of the glass on her new dress. This it a sign of extreme anger.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 11. A B 1. the fourth in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the third in the paragraph? Thereon you may dislike people with a moustache and not know why. For instance, in the past, you may have been hurt or embarrassed by someone with a moustache. Unconscious thoughts are thoughts you are not aware of which bring out emotional reactions.

E D Thus, your hatred of be moustachepeople is triggered by some unconscious thoughts.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ __ 15. A B 1. 2. 3. 4. the second in the paragraph? the last in the paragraph? the third in the paragraph? the fourth in the paragraph?

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 12. A B C 1. the first in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the third in the paragraph? For thousand years of years, people who had mental illness were feared at or ignored. But while doctors were trying to help people with body illnesses, those people with mental illness was not so lucky. Mentally ill people then were punished for they were regarded as witches and were controlled by devil spirits. Like all sorts of sicknesses of the body, mental illness has been plaguing man since the beginning.

For where your treasure is, there will be your heart is also. Lay not up yourselves treasure upon the earth where moth and rust doth corrupt and where thieves break through the steal. You cannot serve God and mammon. But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through not steal. No man can serve two masters: for neither will he hate the one, nor love the other or love one, and despise the other. Source: Matthew 6:19-21,

C D

E If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ A B 1. the second in the paragraph? 2. the first in the paragraph? 3. the last in the paragraph? Educational psychologists are people who study the nature of learning. Most psychologists agree that people learn faster if they have some kind of motivations to learn. 24

13.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 1. the fifth in the paragraph? 2. the first in the paragraph? 3. the fourth in the paragraph?

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__ 16. A 4. the last in the paragraph? Watch a child grabs his toy and pulls it toward him if he sees it. But when hidden under a blanket, the toy might not be seen by the baby. Reasoning is dependent on memory in that one remembers things from those he draws conclusions from. A persons ability to reason out develops and increases as he grows up in a good environment. This shows that a babys reasoning ability has not develop far enough for him to figure out a way of getting back his toy. Reasoning is the mental process of making conclusions from gathered facts and observations that one has made. E F We cry automatically in order to protect and cleanse our eyes. When the irritation reaches our eyes, they are protected by tear flow.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 19. A B C D E 1. the fourth in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the last in the paragraph? He wanted to run but he could not move. He was petrified and shivered with fear. This is an instant paralyzing fear. He wanted to shout for help but felt a constricting band around his throat. Juan, while taking a stroll in the rice fields, saw unexpectedly a snake on his path, slithering toward him.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 17. A 1. the fourth in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the last in the paragraph? Unlike those whose eyes are on-the sides of their heads, such as fishes, horses, and most insects, they see all of their surroundings. In the latter type, the fields of vision overlap (binocular vision) B C D E Each eye covers a different field of vision. Animals differ in t he way they see things around. Animals with eyes towards the front of their head, like the men and predatory birds, can only see about half of its surroundings. C D

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 20. A 1. the last in the paragraph? 2. the second in the paragraph? 3. the first in the paragraph? In the desert, a person parched with thirst, may see something glistening, like a pool of water. The mirage is caused by the rays of the sun striking the sand and the refraction of these rays. This is optical illusion. Illusion is a false perception where the imagination gives to an object qualities that does not really belong to it. Take a thirsty traveler who rushes to a well (mirage) and discovers that there is not water in it.

E If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 18. A B C D 1. the last in the paragraph? 2. the third in the paragraph? 3. the first in the paragraph? The tears wash away the irritating substance. Onion gives off a volatile substance when its sliced. This volatile substance is irritating to the eyes. Have you noticed how onions make us cry without our feeling sad at all? 21.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ A B C 1. the second in the paragraph? 2. the fourth in the paragraph? 3. the first in the paragraph? For human beings, the gestation period is more or less 280 days, or nine months. They are able to survive only when given special cares or placed in the incubator. A full-term infant is one who is born when the gestation is completed.

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D E Premature babies are those born before the full term of their mothers pregnancy. At the termination of the nine months, the infant is fully prepared to be outside of his mothers womb. 25. If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ __ A B C 22. A B C D In case of earthquake keep calm. D After the main earthquake, stay away from unstable objects. Earthquake drill must be conducted in schools and places of work. Location of exists and entrances must be familiar to everybody. We need the divine help to do this. If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 1. the second sentence will be 2. the last sentence will be 3. the third sentence will be 1. 2. 3. 4. the last sentence is the first sentence is the second sentence is the third sentence is

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 1. the first in the paragraph? 2. the last in the paragraph? 3. the third in the paragraph?

Jesus is the role model. Repentance and forgiveness are essential to marriage. Practicing those virtues daily is difficult.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 23. A B C 1. the last sentence should be 2. the third sentence should be 3. the first sentence should be A new typhoon reclassification has been given by PAG-ASA. If any damage is found, turn off main switch or valve. Classes in elementary and secondary level are automatically suspended when Signal #3 is raised. However, school heads can call off classes at any time when flooding or any danger in school area is eminent.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order, which should be: __ __ __ 24. A B C D 1. the second sentence will be 2. the third sentence will be 3. the last sentence will be Since falling objects cause injuries place heavy objects in low places. Know the locations of first aid and fire extinguisher. Planning for action is key to effective disaster control. When you are in the topmost floor, stay put.