Geografis Geography

1. L E T A K Kota Medan terletak antara : - 2º.27' - 2º.47' Lintang Utara 98º.35' - 98º.44' Bujur Timur Kota Medan 2,5 – 37,5 meter di atas permukaan laut. 2. B A T A S Kota Medan berbatasan dengan : Sebelah Utara, Selatan, Barat dan Timur dengan Kabupaten Deli Serdang 1.Geography Position Medan lies between : - 2º.27' - 2º.47' of North Latitude - 98º.35' - 98º.44' of East Langitude Medan on height above sea level 2,5 – 7 37,5 metres. 2.Boundary Medan borders on : - Regency of Deli Serdang toward The North, The South, The West, and The East. 3.Geology 3. GEOLOGI Kota Medan merupakan salah satu dari 25 Daerah Tingkat II di Sumatera Utara dengan luas daerah sekitar 265,10 km². Kota ini merupakan pusat pemerintahan Sumatera langsung dan timur. Sebagian besar wilayah Kota Medan merupakan dataran rendah yang merupakan tempat pertemuan dua 4.Climate Medan has a tropical climates in 2006 the minimum temperature by Polonia Station was 23,0 C - 24,1º C sungai penting, yaitu Sungai Babura dan Sungai Deli. Daerah yang Tingkat I Utara dengan berbatasan Deli Medan City is one of the regency/ municipality in North Sumatera with total area about 265,10 km². This city is is centre of government of North Sumatera Province which boundaries by regency of Deli Serdang in north, south, west and east. Most of the area of Medan City are low land that meet two important river, there are Babura and Deli River.

Kabupaten

Serdang di sebelah utara, selatan, barat

Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure, 2007

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2007 . Dan kelembaban udara di wilayah Kota kecepatan angin rata-rata sebesar 0.3 mm dan pada Stasiun Polonia per bulannya 211.5º C. Furthermore the average humidity of atmosphere in Medan 78 .0º C .6 mm.Geografis Geography 4.67 each month.42 m/sec sedangkan rata-rata total laju penguapan tiap bulannya 100.2ºC . And the average wind velocity was 0.6º C . Hari hujan di Kota Medan pada tahun 2006 rata-rata per bulan 19 hari dengan rata-rata curah hujan menurut Stasiun Sampali per bulannya 230.67 mm.6 mm.32.24.82 %.33.4º C dan suhu maksimum berkisar antara 30.24.6º C – 24.6º C .1º C serta menurut Stasiun Sampali suhu minimumnya berkisar antara 23. Selanjutnya Medan rata-rata mengenai 78 .42 m/sec and average evaporation each month was 100.1º C dan suhu maksimum berkisar antara 30. I K L I M Kota Medan mempunyai iklim tropis dengan suhu minimum menurut Stasiun Polonia pada tahun 2006 berkisar antara 23.1º C and so the minimum temperature by Sampali Station was 23.32. The average rainy days in 2006 was recorded at 19 days by month and the average rainfall by Sampali Station was 230.6º C .2º C .33. mm 4 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.4º C and the maximum temperature was 30.3 mm and by Polonia Station was 211. and the maximum temperature was 30.5º C.82%.

48 98.47 25 2.30 98.T) East Longitude (3) Tinggi dari Permukaan Laut Height Above Sea Level (m) (4) Nama Daerah Location (1) 1. Sampali 03. Polonia 03.40 30 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.Geografis Geography Letak Geografis Beberapa Daerah di Kota Medan Geography in Some Location in Medan City Tabel ------.42 3 4.41 27 3.34 98.: I.U) North Latitude (2) Garis Bujur (B.1 Table Garis Lintang (L. 2007 5 .37 98. Tanjung Morawa 03. Medan Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure. Belawan 03.

68 2.86 13.93 1. Medan Area 9.13 5.83 5.10 2001 265.41 3.50 4.05 6.83 4.25 Jumlah/Total 265.19 5.90 100.33 16.97 2.98 12. Medan Tuntungan 20.: I.84 19.84 10.99 9.54 7. Medan Deli 20. Medan Selayang 9.22 3. Medan Polonia 5.58 4.10 2004 1.1 Table Kecamatan Luas Districts Area (Km²) (1) (2) 2000 265. Medan Labuhan 36.08 2.01 1. Medan Belawan 26.82 21.81 3.67 20.10 2002 265. Medan Timur 5.80 4.09 18.10 2003 265.16 14.99 7. Medan Helvetia 15.01 11. Medan Sunggal 2.83 8. Medan Petisah 13. Medan Denai 11. Medan Johor 12. 2007 .82 15. Medan Tembung 4. Medan Barat 6. Medan Amplas 14.00 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure. Medan Baru 5.57 2.52 9.Geografis Geography Luas Wilayah Kota Medan Menurut Kecamatan Area of District in Medan City Tabel ------.44 13.20 3. Medan Marelan 23.10 Sumber : Kabag Tata Pemerintahan Source : 6 Persentase Percentage (%) (3) 100 100 100 100 7.27 8.76 17. Medan Perjuangan 7. Medan Maimun 5.99 2.40 1.2. Medan Kota 7.01 2.

2.5 6.2 10 16 22 23 Sumber : Kecamatan Dalam Angka Source : Districtc in Figure Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.5 6 5. 2007 7 .4 3 4 1.to (1) MEDAN CENTER ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Medan Tuntungan Medan Johor Medan Amplas Medan Denai Medan Area Medan Kota Medan Maimun Medan Polonia Medan Baru Medan Selayang Medan Sunggal Medan Helvetia Medan Petisah Medan Barat Medan Timur Medan Perjuangan Medan Tembung Medan Deli Medan Labuhan Medan Marelan Medan Belawan Jarak Distance (Km) (2) 12 5 10 9 5 5 2 3.2 Table Antara From .5 10 6 8.Geografis Geography Jarak Antara Ibukota Medan Dengan Kecamatan The Distance of Medan City to Districts Tabel ------.: I.

Geografis Geography Banyaknya Hari Hujan dan Curah Hujan di Kota Medan Number of Rainy Days and Rainfalls in Medan City 2002 . Januari/January 2.1 Table S t a s i u n/Station Tahun/Bulan Year/Month Sampali Hari Curah Hujan Hujan Number of Rainy Rainfalls Days (mm) (Days) (2) (3) 183 203 189 200 10 12 8 17 20 19 16 17 17 17 17 1 451 2 265 2 055 2 083 120 159 123 322 248 236 140 206 331 313 166 310 2764 (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1. Oktober/October 11. Desember/December 19 Total/Total 189 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station. Nopember/November Polo nia Hari Curah Hujan Number Hujan of Rainy Rainfalls (mm) Days (Days) (4) (5) 210 227 228 222 9 15 11 19 24 20 18 20 23 24 23 19 225 2 035 3 087 2 507 2 212 104 131 121 223 301 251 109 148 386 271 148 347 2540 12.2006 Tabel ------.: I.3. Pebruari/February 3. Medan 8 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure. J u n i /June 7. Agustus/August 9. M e i /May 6. 2007 . September/September 10. A p r i l /April 5. M a r e t /March 4. J u l i /July 8.

3. Medan Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.00 WIB (West Indonesian Time) 18.2006 Tabel ------.00 WIB (West Indonesian Time) Rata-rata/ Average 94 71 82 82 94 65 75 78 Stasiun Stations Polonia (2) 84 84 78 83 Sampali (3) 85 85 80 83 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.Geografis Geography Rata-rata Kelembaban Udara Menurut Jam dan Stasiun di Kota Medan Average Humidity by Hours and Stations in Medan City 2002 .2 Table Tahun/Jam Year/Time (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 07.: I.00 WIB (West Indonesian Time) 13. 2007 9 .

0 106.2 145. J u n i /June 7.3 127.96 110. Desember/December Rata-rata/Average Rata-rata Average (%) Sampali (2) 52 49 47.83 51.0 141.3 Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.0 46.17 41 45 40 39 50 42 45 52 50 32 28 32 63 43 Lamanya Penyinaran Matahari per Bulan Length of Sunshine Monthly (Hours) Sampali (4) 148 133.42 132. M a r e t /March 4.75 113 114. Pebruari/February 3. Januari/January 2.2006 Tabel ------. M e i /May 6. Nopember/November 12.9 97.: I.8 123.3. A p r i l /April 5. Agustus/August 9.0 80.5 119. September/September 10.52 140 109 135 157 159 139 164 182 113 87 93 55 128 Polonia (5) 107.0 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station. J u l i /July 8. Medan 10 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.0 86. 2007 .0 87.83 108.25 56 47 62 56 48 50 57 69 42 31 37 19 48 Polonia (3) 45 40 36.Geografis Geography Rata-rata dan Lamanya Penyinaran Matahari di Stasiun Sampali dan Polonia Medan Average and Sunshine in Sampali and Polonia Station of Medan 2002 . Oktober/October 11.7 145.

2 30.2 25.3 24.4 24.1 27.6 29.1 28. Nopember/November 12. J u n i /June 7. Januari/January 2.7 26. Pebruari/February 3.2 28.6 27.5 27.1 13.5 31.0 24.6 26.1 30.4 24.7 27.6 29. Desember/December Rata-rata Average Jam Hour (ºC) 07.0 23.9 28.1 26.2 29.9 24.7 26.7 24.3 26.4 29.1 23. Medan Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure. M e i /May 6.1 27.05 24.2 28.3 27.2006 Tabel ------.7 31.99 27.4 29. Oktober/October 11.7 30.9 23.6 29. J u l i /July 8.9 24.1 31. M a r e t /March 4.3 32.0 32.4 28.1 26.7 32.7 30.7 23.5 29.00 (4) 29.8 30.8 Rata-rata Average (5) 28.00 (2) 24.00 (3) 31.7 26.4 Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.8 30.7 28.5 31.3 26.7 29.Geografis Geography Suhu Udara di Stasiun Polonia Medan Temperature in Polonia Station of Medan City 2002 .6 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.01 29. 2007 11 .1 24.97 31.1 18. A p r i l /April 5. September/September 10. Agustus/August 9.5 24.3.0 28.9 24.: I.1 24.2 30.1 23.

3 32.0 21.7 33.4 31. Desember/December Rata-rata Average Maksimum Maximum (ºC) Rata-rata Absolut Average Absolute (6) (7) 32.9 34. Pebruari/February 3.7 Minimum Minimum (ºC) Rata-rata Absolut Average Absolute (8) (9) 23.9 24. Januari/January 2.2 22.7 31. Nopember/November 12.0 23.1 24.4 24.0 23.4 33.0 23.Geografis Geography Tabel ------.6 23.: I.7 33.0 32.0 34. M e i /May 6. 2007 .7 31. J u n i /June 7.0 23.3 34.3 32.6 23.43 23.3 22.4 23.43 22.6 23.0 23.0 34.0 22.2 35.4 22.1 36.8 33.3 23.6 23.5 33.8 32.3 22.6 22. Medan 12 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure. Agustus/August 9.3.7 31. J u l i /July 8.1 32.7 22.2 34.7 21.2 23.2 31.6 23.3 34.9 23.0 35. Oktober/October 11.7 30. September/September 10.6 23.03 32.6 33.4 Lanjutan/Continued Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.6 20.6 34. A p r i l /April 5.6 32. M a r e t /March 4.9 32.8 22.78 34.0 33.5 23.3 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.2 32.4 23.

2 25.7 24. Oktober/October 11.2006 Tabel ------.2 27.4 27.6 28.2 30. September/September 10.7 24.0 31.36 33.: I. Agustus/August 9.00 18.3 24.8 25.1 25.5 32.2 27.7 24. Desember/December Jam Hour (ºC) 07.0 28.0 23.7 27. 2007 13 .3 27.2 26.8 Average Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.1 24.7 26.6 28.5 25.1 25.5 (4) 29.4 28. Nopember/November 12.0 27.7 28.0 24.2 30.3 30.8 25. Pebruari/February 3.2 30.9 24.9 31. J u l i /July 8.2 28.00 Rata-rata Average (2) 24.3 24.4 (3) 31.0 26. M e i /May 6.1 (5) 32. M a r e t /March 4.8 26.7 27.00 13.3 31. J u n i /June 7.5 Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.5 26.0 25.4 30.8 24. A p r i l /April 5.8 25.1 375.6 25.7 25.21 26.5 28.6 27.3. Medan Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.9 Rata-rata 24.Geografis Geography Suhu Udara di Stasiun Sampali Medan Temperature in Sampali Station of Medan City 2002 .9 30.6 28.4 31.1 29.09 24.8 24.5 26.9 31.8 28.8 30.3 28. Januari/January 2.

2 31.1 33. 2007 .1 30.8 32.0 30. Oktober/October 11.0 20.9 31. Pebruari/February 3.2 32.2 22.7 23.5 31.1 32.8 31.8 19.8 24. Medan 14 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.0 22.2 30. Agustus/August 9.9 (9) 22.6 34.7 23.4 32.2 33.4 22. M a r e t /March 4.6 23.0 22.Geografis Geography Tabel ------.9 32.0 24. September/September 10.8 21.0 22.8 33.0 33. Januari/January 2.6 22.0 23.9 24. J u l i /July 8.0 33.2 (8) 23. J u n i /June 7.6 23.5 22. M e i /May 6.2 23.: I. A p r i l /April 5.5 Lanjutan/Continued Table Maksimum Maximum (ºC) Rata-rata Average Absolut Absolute Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.4 20.0 33.0 23.9 32. Desember/December Rata-rata Average Minimum Minimum (ºC) Rata-rata Average Absolut Absolute (6) 32.7 31.6 (7) 34.8 22.0 33.8 24.8 23.7 23. Nopember/November 12.3.2 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.0 22.2 24.4 32.0 23.4 34.2 23.8 32.6 33.4 35.2 32.2 32.8 31.0 23.4 23.2 31.3 22.3 31.

Nopember/November 12.8 4.8 42.3 4. Medan Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.47 0.2 109.8 4. 2007 15 .2006 Tabel ------. M a r e t /March 4.50 0.40 0.43 0.6 3.9 121.8 119.26 0.47 0.2 105.5 111.03 3. Oktober/October 11.Geografis Geography Laju Penguapan dan Kecepatan Angin Rata-rata di Stasiun Sampali Medan Evaporation and Wind Velocity in Sampali Station of Medan 2002 .6 (4) 0.3.5 3. J u l i /July 8.8 104.9 118.4 (3) 112.8 2.6 3. Desember/December Rata-rata Penguapan dalam 24 Jam Average Evaporation on 24 hours (mm) Total Penguapan 1 Bulan Total Evaporation during a Month (mm) Kecepatan Angin Wind Velocity (m/sec) (2) 3.6 Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.47 0.8 106.9 100.2 2. Agustus/August 9.45 0. J u n i /June 7.9 Average Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.5 79.55 0. September/September 10.42 Rata-rata 3.4 4.: 1.7 4.2 4.9 3.0 134.49 0.8 66. A p r i l /April 5.6 115.48 0.40 0.8 3.4 88.37 0.45 0. M e i /May 6.40 0.35 0. Januari/January 2.26 106.4 3. Pebruari/February 3.

7 3.0 26.7 36.5 34.5 19.5 31.6 27.0 14.0 6.7 38.5 80.: 1.3 17. M e i /May 6.4 75.5 6.3 2 Jam Hours (6) 38.4 39.7 18.5 44.2 30. Agustus/August 9. 2007 .0 32. Desember/December Rata-rata Average 5 Menit Minutes (2) 10.9 30 Menit Minutes (4) 28.0 22.5 51.1 15.0 4.5 27.6 9.7 65.4 30.3 18.7 22.0 21.8 32.2006 Tabel ------.Geografis Geography Intensitas Hujan Maksimum di Stasiun Sampali Medan Maximum Raining Intensity in Sampali Station of Medan City 2002 .0 44.4 34.8 23.7 16.0 21.8 8.7 Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.54 25.5 10.6 39.4 18.2 31. Pebruari/February 3.0 14.2 23. A p r i l /April 5.2 18.1 7.2 35.6 3.0 14.2 10.7 50.1 3.4 23.0 29.6 36.4 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.5 10.0 29.1 29.9 39. Januari/January 2.4 1.5 30.3 15 Menit Minutes (3) 19.3.9 35.0 21.0 19.2 7. Oktober/October 11.7 33.9 30. Medan 16 Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.9 9.1 18.0 1 Jam Hour (5) 38.0 9.4 33.3 25.3 41. J u n i /June 7.3 9.7 32.7 27.7 9. M a r e t /March 4.1 28.2 12.2 66. September/September 10. Nopember/November 12. J u l i /July 8.

1 46.9 46.0 8.0 14.8 60.0 20.8 66.1 39. Agustus/August 9.0 16.0 19.9 5.2 99.4 84.9 14.1 173.9 46.6 35.0 35.2 21.4 264.5 60. M a r e t /March 4.6 63. Nopember/November 12.7 21.0 7. September/September 10. Desember/December Rata-rata Average 6 Jam Hours (7) 42.0 17.0 40.9 60.2 43.9 494. 2007 17 .8 8.25 15.5 Hari Hujan Rainy Days (11) 14.0 119.8 Total (mm) (10) 132.0 193.7 51.6 114.8 59.7 56.7 Lanjutan/Continued Table Tahun/Bulan Year/Month (1) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1.7 171.8 21.0 32.9 67.Geografis Geography Tabel ------.5 173.9 44.3.9 5. J u l i /July 8.1 12 Jam Hours (8) 42. Januari/January 2.0 18.7 21.4 24 Jam Hours (9) 42. A p r i l /April 5.3 53.6 35.8 60.6 293. Medan Medan Dalam Angka Medan In Figure.0 14.1 39.9 57.5 46.0 16. J u n i /June 7.6 94.8 48.0 40.2 138.3 84. Pebruari/February 3.6 54.8 Sumber : Stasiun Klimatologi Sampali Medan Source : Sampali Climatology Station.0 66.8 66.8 47. Oktober/October 11.6 78.0 139.0 17. M e i /May 6.4 84.1 37.5 7.7 56.9 44.: 1.9 189.2 50.8 16.4 53.5 48.7 34.0 17.4 44.

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