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BIO -- TEKNOLOGI

Bio = mahluk hidup (bakteri, jamur/ kapang, yeast/ khamir, virus)

Teknologi = mempelajari tentangketeknikan

BIOTEKNOLOGI

Penggunaan makhluk hidup (organisme) dengan memanfaatkan teknologi dalam menghasilkan suatu produk untuk kesejahteraan manusia

What Did These Individuals Contribute to Biotechnology?


Anton van Leeuwenhoek Discovered cells Bacteria Protists Red blood

Gregor Johan Mendel Discovered genetics

Walter Sutton Discovered Chromosomes

Thomas Hunt Morgan Discovered how genes are transmitted through chromosomes

Ernst Ruska Invented the electron microscope

Sir Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillin

Rosalind Elsie Franklin Research led to the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA

James Watson and Francis Crick Discovered DNA

Mary-Claire King Mapped human genes for research of cancer treatments

WORLD from 6.05 billion to about 7.5 billion


INDONESIA
1971 119.208.229 1980 147.490.298 1990 179.378.946 1995 194.754.808 2000 206.264.595

Agricultural resources are limited by ...

Deforestation land conversion

Source: FAO

With increasing demand for food and limiting resources...


we need better and more efficient ways to produce food one option is through

Biotechnology

Food biotechnology
Improved food quality and food processing
Better tasting More nutritious

Food Biotechnology
Used to make products more useful Ex: conversion of milk into cheese or yogurt

Food biotechnology
BIOTEKNOLOGI : BUKAN ILMU BARU
BIOTEKNOLOGI TRADISIONAL/ KONVENSIONAL = TIDAK MELIBATKAN PERUBAHAN SUSUNAN GEN

BOTEKNOLOGI MODERN = MELIBATKAN PERUBAHAN SUSUNAN GEN (TANAMAN TRANSGENIK UNTUK MENGHASILKAN TANAMAN DENGAN BIJI-BIJI YANG DAPAT MENGHASILKAN DHA)

Sel telur A diambil inti selnya

Sel kelenjar susu B diambil inti selnya

Inti sel kelenjar susu disuntikan ke sel telur A

Embrio ditanamkan pada rahim induk A

Domba yang dilahirkan

Penyuntikan Inti Sel

TERIMA KASIH