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# Derivalas

f (x) f

(x)
c 0
x

x
1
e
x
e
x
a
x
a
x
lna
lnx
1
x
log
a
x
1
xlna
sinx cos x
cos x sinx
tgx
1
cos
2
x
ctgx
1
sin
2
x
arcsinx
1

1 x
2
arccos x
1

1 x
2
arctgx
1
1 +x
2
arcctgx
1
1 +x
2
shx chx
chx shx
thx
1
ch
2
x
cthx
1
sh
2
x
arshx
1

1 +x
2
archx
1

x
2
1
arthx
1
1 x
2
|x| < 1
arcthx
1
1 x
2
|x| > 1
Derivalasi szabalyok
(cf)

= cf

(f g)

= f

(fg)

= f

g +fg

_
f
g
_

=
f

g fg

g
2
(f g)

= (f

g) g

f
_

=
1
f

f
f(x) :
_
_
_
x = (t)
y = (t)
f

(x) =

(t)
(t)
Kiegesztesek
sin
2
x =
1 cos 2x
2
cos
2
x =
1 + cos 2x
2
sh
2
x =
ch2x 1
2
ch
2
x =
ch2x + 1
2
2 sin sin = cos ( ) cos ( +)
2 cos cos = cos ( ) + cos ( +)
2 sincos = sin( +) + sin( )
Integralas
f (x) F (x)
x

x
+1
+ 1
= 1
1
x
ln|x|
e
x
e
x
a
x
a
x
lna
sinx cos x
cos x sinx
1
cos
2
x
tgx
1
sin
2
x
ctgx
shx chx
chx shx
1
ch
2
x
thx
1
sh
2
x
cthx
1

1 x
2
arcsinx
1

1 +x
2
arshx
1

x
2
1
archx
1
1 +x
2
arctgx
1
1 x
2
1
2
ln

1 +x
1 x

Integralasi szabalyok
_
f (ax +b) dx =
F (ax +b)
a
+C
_
f

(x) f

(x) dx =
f
+1
(x)
+ 1
+C
ha = 1
_
f

(x)
f (x)
dx = ln|f (x)| +C
_
f (g (x)) g

(x) dx = F (g (x)) +C
_
u

(x) v (x) dx =
= u(x) v (x)
_
u(x) v

(x) dx
t = tg
x
2
helyettestes:
sinx =
2t
1 +t
2
cos x =
1 t
2
1 +t
2
V =
b
_
a
f
2
(x)dx
L =
b
_
a
_
1 + (f

(x))
2
dx
F = 2
b
_
a
f(x)
_
1 + (f

(x))
2
dx
_
_
_
x = (t)
y = (t)
V =
t
2
_
t1

2
(t) (t)dt
L =
t
2
_
t
1
_

2
(t) +

2
(t)dt
F = 2
t2
_
t
1
(t)
_

2
(t) +

2
(t)dt
Laplace-transzformacio
f (t)

f (s) = L[f (t)]
e
at
1
s a
sin(at)
a
s
2
+a
2
cos (at)
s
s
2
+a
2
t
n
n!
s
n+1
sh(at)
a
s
2
a
2
ch(at)
s
s
2
a
2
e
at
f (t)

f (s a)
t
n
f (t) (1)
n
d
n
f(s)
ds
n
f

(t) s

f (s) f (0)
f

(t) s
2
f (s) sf (0) f

(0)
f
(n)
(t) s
n
f (s) s
n1
f (0) . . .
. . . f
(n1)
(0)
t
_
0
f (u) du
1
s

f (s)
f (t a) e
as
f (s)
Taylor-sorok
e
x
=

n=0
x
n
n!
sinx =

n=0
(1)
n
x
2n+1
(2n + 1)!
cos x =

n=0
(1)
n
x
2n
(2n)!
(1 +x)

n=0
_

n
_
x
n
|x| < 1
_

0
_
= 1
_

n
_
=
(1)...(n+1)
n!
Fourier-sorok
f (x) = a
0
+
+

n=1
(a
n
cos (nx) +b
n
sin(nx))
a
0
=
1
T
a+T
_
a
f (x) dx
a
n
=
2
T
a+T
_
a
f (x) cos (nx) dx
b
n
=
2
T
a+T
_
a
f (x) sin(nx) dx
f (x +T) = f (x) es =
2
T
Vektoranalzis
s =
t
2
_
t
1
| r

| dt
G =
| r

|
| r

|
3
T =
r

...
r

| r

|
2
=
_

x
,

y
,

z
_
divv

= v

rotv

= v

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