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Suzanne Earley ELED: Social Studies Grade Level/Subject: 4/Social Studies Topic: Introduction to NC/American Indians Today

Rationale: Recognize different cultures within North Carolina and its history. Common Core: 4.C.1- Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina 4.RL.9- Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures. Behavioral Objective: Students will be able to see how a culture is impacted by looking at Native American tribes within North Carolina. Prerequisite Knowledge and Skills: -know about NC area -what an Indian is -what culture is Materials: -PowerPoint -paint (face paint for activity) Resources: http://www.manataka.org/page99.html Focus/Review: Concentrate on the Native American Indian tribes within North Carolina. How they came about and how they are now. Objective (as stated for the students): I will be able to see how culture groups impact the way you live by viewing the Native Americans in North Carolina. Teacher Input: Read a legendary story from the Cherokee tribe called, Cherokee Legend of the Strawberry. After reading legendary story ask students if they have heard of an old wise tale passed down in their family. Have a student or two to share their story. Then explain how we are all different based on our culture and how we are raised. Guided Practice: Show the PowerPoint that talks about the different tribes in North Carolina. Ask questions such as, Where are the tribes located?, How they established, Which tribe is the largest in North Carolina, Where are the Native Americans from, and Which tribe is state recognized. Within the PowerPoint there is a KWL chart, which should be filled out by the students about what they

Suzanne Earley ELED: Social Studies know, what they learned, and what they want to know about the Native American tribes in North Carolina. Independent Practice: Students will break up into groups of about 5. They will make up their own tribe as a group. They will need to come up with a name, colors, symbol, motto, how they live, where they live and if they gather/hunt/fish/etc. Groups will come up with their tribes information to share with the class who they are and how their culture defines their tribe. Students will make a poster of their tribe they have made, putting all their information about their tribe on the poster. To make it fun for the kids, they could chose a tribe color and paint a war sign on their face to represent their tribe, like the Indians. Closure: Finish KWL chart from within the PowerPoint, what I Learned, to put in notebooks. Then groups will present tribe and tell why they chose tribes name, motto, symbol, etc. Evaluation: Students will be evaluated by what they learned in the section of the unit at the end of their unit. Students will need to know where Native American tribes are at in North Carolina, how they were established, which tribe is recognized by the federal government, which is the largest tribe in North Carolina, and how many different tribes there are in North Carolina. Plans for Individual Differences: Relate the goal of instruction to the students needs, ask student to make their own goal after presenting you goal for the class. Their goal should be similar and might even be about getting to do something within you goal, like walk the length or width of the classroom off to determine how big your classroom is. Recall familiar strategies known to the student.

Suzanne Earley ELED: Social Studies Cherokee Legend of the Strawberry First man and First Woman had an argument. First Man said to First Woman, "Why are you so lazy? I told you to have my meal ready hours ago." First Woman said, "If you would have gathered fire wood, it would be ready." First Man yelled, "That is womens work!" Then First Woman began to cry. This made First Man even more angry. "Why dont you just leave if all you can do is cry?" he said. So she did. She ran out the door of their lodge and through the clearing to the path at the edge of the forest. First Man paced the floor. "Good! He exclaimed, "I am glad she is gone." Then he looked out the door, thinking she was standing at the edge of the clearing. He stepped out of the door wagging his fist, he yelled, "And dont come back!" First Woman ran deep into the forest. The sun began to sink behind the mountain. First Man had calmed down by now. When she did not come back, he walked to the edge of the clearing. Again he called her name. Still she did not come. He began to call her name louder and louder. There was no response. The sky grew dark and the forest was darker. First Man returned to the lodge, thinking maybe she had slipped in while he was away. First Woman was not to be found. "I will go look for her at daybreak," he thought as he lay down to sleep. But sleep did not come. All night long he tossed and turned thinking about the danger First Woman might encounter. He prayed for her safety. Early the next morning, before the sun rose over the trees, First Man prayed as he entered the forest. "Creator," I am so sorry for the things I said to First Woman. Please cause a patch of flowers to spring up in her path. She will surely stop to smell them and I will be able to catch up to her and tell her how sorry I am." So the Creator placed a patch of beautiful flowers in her path. But she did not stop to smell them. In her anger, she kept walking fast. First Man was fast on her tracks. He found the place where she had rested for the night. Shortly afterwards, he found the patch of beautiful flowers Creator had placed for her. He looked all around, but she was not to be found. Again, he prayed, "Creator, she must be hungry by now. Please cause a patch of berries to spring up in her path, so when she stops to eat, I can catch up to her." Creator placed a patch of Blackberries in First Womans path. The berries were tempting, but the briars tore at her soft skin. She ran on. Soon First Man came across the Blackberry Patch. Seeing she was not there, he prayed once more "Creator, I am such a fool. You know far better than I what would please First Woman. Would you choose something to put in her path to slow her down, so I can tell her how much I love her?"

Suzanne Earley ELED: Social Studies Creator reached down to the beautiful flower patch and picked the most delicate white flower. He then reached over and picked some berries and pricked his finger on the thorns. Drops of blood turned the berries large, bright red and heart-shaped. He placed the white flowers and the red berries in the path of First Woman. When First Woman saw the bright red berries and the delicate flowers she stopped to drink in their beauty. She saw no thorns so she tasted one of the berries. It was so sweet she sat down and began to eat her fill. She saw the berry was heart-shaped, so as she ate the berries she began to think of the sweet things First Man had done for her in the past. The more she ate, the more sweet things she remembered. Looking at the pure white flowers she remembered how pure her love for him had been. She began to sob. As she cried, she asked Creator to bring her husband to her, so she could tell him how sorry she was and how much she loved him. Just as she had finished praying, her husband appeared from behind a tree. They held each other, exchanged loving words and forgave each other. This is why the Cherokee always have fresh whole strawberries, jam and pictures in their home. It is a reminder not to argue with one another. Their heart-shape reminds us if we do slip and say something hurtful, to pray, ask for forgiveness and say loving words, just as First Man and First Woman did.