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Published by: Baim Ibrohim Series on Apr 24, 2013
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11/06/2014

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Geometric Design

CEE 320 Winter 2006

CEE 320 Steve Muench

Materi
1. Konsep 2. Alinement Vertikal
a. Dasar b. Lengkung Vertikal c. Contoh

3. Alinement Horisontal
a. Dasar b. Superelevasi

CEE 320 Winter 2006

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Alinement 3-D

Dasar
• Alinement adalah pemecahan masalah 3D yang di gambarkan secara 2D
– Horizontal Alignment (plan view) – Vertical Alignment (profile view)

• Stationing
– Sepanjang alinement horisontal – STA 12+000 = 1,200 m – STA 0+100 = 100 m
Piilani Highway on Maui

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Stationing
Horizontal Alignment

Vertical Alignment

CEE 320 Winter 2006

From Perteet Engineering

Alinement Vertikal

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Alinement Vertikal
• Sasaran:
– Menetapkan ketinggian yang sesuai
• Drainase yang sesuai • Tingkat keamanan yang sesuai

• Tantangan Utama
– Transisi antar dua kemiringan – Kurva vertikal
Kurva vertikal Cekung G1
CEE 320 Winter 2006

G2

G1

G2

Kurva vertikal cembung

Alinement Horisontal
CEE 320 Winter 2006

Alinement Horisontal
• Sasaran:
– Mengarahkan transisi secara geometrik untuk memastikan :
• Keselamatan • Kenyamanan

• Tantangan Utama :
– Transisi antar dua arah – Kurva horisontal

Δ

• Dasar :
CEE 320 Winter 2006

– Kurva dan lingkaran – Superelevation

Lengkung Horisontal
• Jari-jari lengkung minimum
– Lengkung yang dibutuhkan untuk kebanyakan gaya sentripetal berdasarkan kec rencana – ditetapkan emax, umax, Vdesign

R

CEE 320 Winter 2006

min R( ft ) 

15e  u 

V (2 mph )

FYI – NOT TESTABLE

Superelevation Transition

CEE 320 Winter 2006

from the 2001 Caltrans Highway Design Manual

Desain Perkerasan

CEE 320 Winter 2006

CEE 320 Steve Muench

Tujuan Perkerasan
• Penahan Beban • Kehalusan • Drainase

CEE 320 Winter 2006

DC to Richmond Road in 1919 – from the Asphalt Institute

Kondisi Perkerasan

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Kondisi Perkerasan

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Kondisi Perkerasan

CEE 320 Winter 2006

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Kondisi Perkerasan

From WSDOT I – 90 “fat driver” syndrome

Parameter Perencanaan
• Tanah Dasar • Beban • Lingkungan

CEE 320 Winter 2006

Perkerasan Lentur (Aspal)
• Struktur
– Lap. Permukaan (Surface course) – Lap. Pondasi (Base course) – Lap. Pondasi Bawah (Subbase course) – Tanah Dasar (Subgrade)
CEE 320 Winter 2006

Perkerasan Kaku (Beton)
• Struktur
– Lap. Permukaan (Surface course) – Lap. Pondasi (Base course)  pilihan – Lap. Pondasi Bawah (Subbase course)
 pilihan

– Tanah Dasar (Subgrade)
CEE 320 Winter 2006

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