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INDEX

JUDUL

NO. DOKUMEN

SHEET

GABLE FRAME
Gudang baja
Jembatan Jalan
Kolam Renang
Tandon

BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01
BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/03
BJ/PPBBI/Ys/04

GudangBaja
Jembatan1
Kolamrenang
tandon

TRUSS
Kontrol Tegangan Rangka Baja

BJ/PPBBI/TS/06

tegtruss

LITERATURE

Judul Dokument

No. Doc

Gudang Baja

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR BAJA GUDANG


I. DATA-DATA PERENCANAAN
I.1. DATA UMUM BANGUNAN
NAMA =
LUAS LANTAI = 24 m X 41 m
JARAK PORTAL =
TINGGI KOLOM =
SUDUT ATAP =

6.00
10.00
25.00

m
m
degree =

0.44 radian

II. DESIGN STRUKTUR SKUNDER :


2.1. DESIGN GORDING
COBA
Wx
Wy
JARAK GORDING (Jg)
a. BEBAN TETAP
TEKANAN HUJAN =
t ATAP =
BERAT ATAP =
BERAT GORDING =
BERAT HUJAN =
TOTAL BEBAN TETAP =

=
=
=
=

C 125x50x20x4,5
38.00
10.10
125.00

MtetapX =1/8 Q.cos25 L^2 =


MtetapY =1/8 Q.sin25 Ly^2 =
b. BEBAN HIDUP =
MhidupX =1/4 P.cos25 Lx =
MhidupY =1/4 P.sin25 Ly =

cm3
cm3
cm

20.00
0.40
3.93
8.32
25.00
37.25

kg/m2
mm =
kg/m'
kg/m'
kg/m' +
kg/m'

151.90
17.71

kg.m
kg.m

100.00
135.95
31.70

kg
kg.m
kg.m

3.14 m2

c. BEBAN ANGIN , SUDUT ATAP = 25 derajat


TEKANAN ANGIN
=
25.00
kg/m2
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN ATAP = 0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 =
0.10
KOF. TEKAN HISAP ATAP = - 0,4
=
-0.40
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN DINDING = + 0,9
=
0.90
KOF. TEKAN HISAP DINDING = - 0,4
=
-0.40
UNTUK GORDING, AMBIL TEKAN ATAP :
Q angin = [0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 ] *P*Jg
M angin= 1/8 * Q*L^2
=
14.06
d. TOTAL TEGANGAN :
Mx =
MtetapX + MhidupX + Mangin
My =
MtetapY + MhidupY
TEGANGAN = Mx/Wx + My/Wy =

3.13 kg/m
kg.m

=
=

301.91
49.40
1283.65 < 1600 ?

GORDING BISA DIPAKAI !

III. DESIGN STRUKTUR UTAMA :


III.1. PEMBEBANAN KUDA-KUDA
a. PEMBEBANAN GRAVITASI
BERAT ATAP =
BERAT GORDING =

18.84
41.60
60.44

kg/m
kg/m +
kg/m

OK !

Judul Dokument

Gudang Baja

No. Doc

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01

b. BEBAN HIDUP TERPUSAT =


100.00
kg
c. BEBAN ANGIN , SUDUT ATAP = 25 derajat
TEKANAN ANGIN
=
25.00
kg/m2
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN ATAP = 0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 =
0.10
KOF. TEKAN HISAP ATAP = - 0,4
=
-0.40
KOF. TEKAN ANGIN DINDING = + 0,9
=
0.90
KOF. TEKAN HISAP DINDING = - 0,4
=
-0.40
BEBAN AKIBAT ANGIN :
Q tekan atap = [0,02(SUDUT ATAP) - 0,4 ] *P*Jk
=
15.00
Q hisap atap = - 0,4 *P*Jk
=
-60.00
Q tekan dinding = 0,9 *P*Jk
=
135.00
Q hisap dinding = - 0,4 *P*Jk
=
-60.00
BEBAN DI RAK :
Q = BETON + HIDUP = 2400 kg/m3 * 12cm*Jk + 400kg/m2
=
4128.00
kg/m
sehingga :
Q di batang kuda2 = GRAV. + ANGIN
=
75.44
Q di kolom kiri
= ANGIN tekan
=
135.00
Q di kolom kanan = ANGIN hisap
=
-60.00
Q di balok rak
=
4128.00
c. ANALISA STRUKTUR
Dengan bantuan program komputer SAP90 didapat :
Elemen kuda2
=
Moment
=
2539.00
Axial
=
1634.00
Elemen balok
=
Moment
=
6985.00
Axial
=
458.00
Pondasi utama
=
Fx
=
2136.00
Fy
=
11690.00
Mz
=
3016.00
Pondasi rak
=
Fx
=
1574.00
Fy
=
8094.00
Mz
=
1257.00
d. DESIGN ELEMEN
Elemen kuda2
=
WF 300x150x9x6.5
Elemen kolom
=
WF 300x150x9x6.5
Elemen balok rak
=
WF 300x150x9x6.5
Elemen kokok & cantilever =
WF 150x75

kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m

kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m

+ P 100 kg.

kg.m
kg
kg.m
kg
kg
kg
kg.m
kg
kg
kg.m

III.2. Design Struktur


1. Standart and Reference :
- Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia utk. Gedung 1983
- AISC
2. Material
- Steel fy
=
- Concrete fc'
=
3. Design metode
- Elastic design :
- Ultimate design :
4. Structure analysis
- Manual
:
- SAP 90
:

2400.00 kg/cm2
240.00 kg/cm2
for steel structure
for concrete structure
for structure
for structure

Judul Dokument

No. Doc

Gudang Baja

- COSMIC

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01

for roof

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

WF 300x150x6.5x9
240.00 Mpa
36.70 kg/m
7210.00 cm4
150.00 mm
9.00 mm
300.00 mm
6.50 mm
12.40 cm
46.78 cm2
600.00 cm

III.2.1. Design balok rak :


Try :
Beam
fy
Weight
Ix
flens width (bf)
flens thickness (tf)
web deepth (d)
web thickness (tw)
radius of giration ('r)
Sect. Area (A)
Span (L)
a. Loading :
Roof panel 0.3x0.001x30 m3
Roof weight / panel
number of panels
Roof length
Total roof weight
Total Beam weight
Live load
Total Weight
Max. moment

b. Lateral support check :


L

=
=
=
=
=
=

kg
panels
m
kg
kg
kg/m2

=
=
=

647.20 kg/m
1/8.Q.L^2
6985.00 kg.cm

<

76. Bf / fy^0.5
76.08 (in.)
193.25 cm

>
Use Fb = [ 2/3 - ( fy(L/r)^2 )/(1530e3.Cb) ] fy
Fb
=
=
c. Compact check :
- Flens bf / 2.tf
<
8.33 <
- Web
d / tw
<
46.15 <
d. Stress check
fb = Mu c / I
fb / Fb

141.30
20.00
30.00
2826.00
220.20
25.00

0.61 fy
145.62 Mpa
65 / fy^0,5
11.02
640 / fy^0,5
108.49

OK
OK

=
=

14.53 kg/cm2
0.01
OK

WF 300x150x6.5x9

III.2.2. Design of Column :


Try :
Column

(in.)

Judul Dokument

No. Doc

Gudang Baja

fy
Weight
I
flens width (bf)
flens thickness (tf)
web deepth (d)
web thickness (tw)
radius of giration ('r)
Sect. Area (A)
Length (L)
a. Loading :
Axial (Pu)
Moment (Mu)
b. Beam - column check :
b.1. Lateral support check :
L

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

240.00
36.70
7210.00
150.00
9.00
300.00
6.50
12.40
46.78
900.00

Mpa
kg/m
cm4
mm
mm
mm
mm
cm
cm2
cm

=
=
=

2009.00
3864.00

kg
kg.m

<

>
Use Fb = [ 2/3 - ( fy(L/r)^2 )/(1530e3.Cb) ] fy
Fb =
=
b.2. Compact check :
- Flens bf / 2.tf
- Web

d / tw

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01

<
8.33 <
<
46.15 <

76. Bf / fy^0.5
76.08 (in.)
193.25 cm

0.54 fy
129.64 Mpa
65 / fy^0,5
11.02
640 / fy^0,5
108.49

OK
OK

c. Stress check
fb = Mu c / I
fb / Fb

=
=

803.88 kg/cm2
0.62
OK

fa = Pu / A
k factor
k l /r
From tab. AISC , Fa

=
=
=
=

fa / Fa

42.95 kg/cm2
0.80
58.06
17.62 (ksi)
1214.90 kg/cm2
0.04
<
OK

Total stress ratio :


fa/Fa + fb/Fb

=
=

0.04
0.66

+
OK

=
=
=

WF 300x150x6.5x9
240.00 Mpa
36.70 kg/m

III.2.3. Design kuda-kuda :


Try :
Column
fy
Weight

(in.)

0.15

0.62

Judul Dokument

No. Doc

Gudang Baja

I
flens width (bf)
flens thickness (tf)
web deepth (d)
web thickness (tw)
radius of giration ('r)
Sect. Area (A)
Length (L)
a. Loading :
Axial (Pu)
Moment (Mu)

b. Beam - column check :


b.1. Lateral support check :
L

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

7210.00
150.00
9.00
300.00
6.50
12.40
46.78
900.00

cm4
mm
mm
mm
mm
cm
cm2
cm

=
=
=

1634.00
2539.00

kg
kg.m

<

>
Use Fb = [ 2/3 - ( fy(L/r)^2 )/(1530e3.Cb) ] fy
Fb
=
=
b.2. Compact check :
- Flens bf / 2.tf
<
8.33 <
- Web
d / tw
<
46.15 <

76. Bf / fy^0.5
76.08 (in.)
193.25 cm
0.54 fy
129.64 Mpa
65 / fy^0,5
11.02
640 / fy^0,5
108.49

OK
OK

c. Stress check
fb = Mu c / I
fb / Fb

=
=

528.22 kg/cm2
0.41
OK

fa = Pu / A
k factor
k l /r
From tab. AISC , Fa

=
=
=
=

fa / Fa

34.93 kg/cm2
0.80
58.06
17.62 (ksi)
1214.90 kg/cm2
0.03
<
OK

Total stress ratio :


fa/Fa + fb/Fb

=
=

0.03
0.44

+
OK

III.2.4. Design of Bolt Connection :


Beam to beam connect. :
a. Loading :
Geser vertical (Pv)
Moment (Mu)
Force due to Mu/l

=
=
=

(in.)

1634.00 kg
2539.00 kgm
126.95 kg

0.15

0.41

Judul Dokument

No. Doc

Gudang Baja

Resultante geser
b. shear check :
Resultan of shear
Allow. Shear = 0,6 (fy/1.5) =
Allow. Shear Load 1f1,2 =
n

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/01

1638.92 kg

1638.92
950.40
1074.33
1.53

kg
kg/cm2
kg
pcs.

Judul Dokument

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

PERENCANAAN BALOK GELAGAR JEMBATAN


Potongan :

10,5

Denah
2,00
2,00

15,00

10,5

Pembebanan :
Beban Mati :
- Berat sendiri pelat 20cm
- Berat aspal
- Berat air hujan

= 0.2*2400*2
= 0.07*2300*2
= 0,01 * 1000 *2

=
=
=

= 400 *2

800 kg/m'

Kombinasi pembebanan = 1.2 B.Mati + 1.6 B.Hidup


Q
=
1.2 1302
+
1.6
800
=
Berat sendiri balok = 0.4 * (0.8 - 0.2)*2400
=

2842.4 kg/m'
576 kg/m'

Beban Hidup :
- Beban Hidup

Beban Merata pada balok Gelagar :

960
322
20
1302

kg/m'
kg/m'
kg/m'
kg/m'

3418.4 kg/m'

8 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

Beban Kendaraan :

P = 10000 kg

- Berat kendaraan Truck = 10000 / 2


- Beban kejut roda belakang 20% = 0,2 * 5000

=
=

5,000 kg
1,000 kg
6,000 kg

Momen pada Balok Gelagar :


P=

l =

10.5

6,000 kg
w = 3418.4 kg/m'

M max = 1/8 w l + 1/4 P l


=
=
=
=

1/8

3418.4
10.5
+ 1/4
6,000
47,109.83
+
15,750
62,859.83 kg.m
62,859.83 E4 N.mm

10.5

Data balok :
- lebar b
=
- tinggi h
=
- beton decking =
- tebal efektif d =
- Mutu beton fc' = K-300 =
- Mutu baja fy = U-39 =

400
800
25
775
24.61
390

mm
mm
mm
mm
Mpa
MPa

Cek Ukuran Balok


0.003

Cc

a=b1.xb

xb
d
es=ey

Tb=As.fy

b
Letak garis netral pada regangan berimbang :

9 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

xb
d

ecu
ecu + (fy/Es)

xb

ecu
ecu + (fy/Es)

0.003
0,003 +

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

.d

775

390
200000

469.70 mm

xmax

=
=
=

0,75 . Xb
0,75 469.70
352.273

=
=
=

b xmax
0,85
352.273
299.43 mm

Cc

=
=
=

0,85.fc.b.a
0.85 24.61
400
2,505,466 N

=
=
=

Cc . (d - (a/2))
2,505,466 (
775 - 299 / 2)
1,566,627,902 Nmm >
628,598,250 Nmm

Mn

299.43

Momen kapasitas balok > Momen yang terjadi OK


Pembesian Lentur Balok :
m

= fy / (0,85 .fc')
390
=
0.85
24.61
=
18.64

Rn

= M / (f b d )
628,598,250.00
=
0.85
400
775
=
3.0782

=
=
=

rb

(1/m) * (1 1
18.64

( 1 - ((2 Rn m)/fy)) )

(1- 1-

3.0782
390

18.64

0.00857876

0,85*f'c'*b1
fy
0.85

600
600 + fy
24.61

0.85

600

10 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

390

=
r max

r min

600

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

390

0.02763127

=
=
=

0,75 r b
0,75 0.02763127
0.02072346 > r =

0.00857876

=
=

1,4 / fy
0.00359

0.00857876

< r =

Aperlu = r .b .d
=

0.00858

Dipasang tulangan :
A
=
A'
=

400

775

2,659.41 mm2

25

( Aact =

25

( Aact =

3,436.12 mm2)
1,963.50 mm2)

Gaya Geser pada Balok Gelagar :


kondisi Geser max terjadi saat :

P1 =

6,000 kg

l =

V max =
=
=
=
=

1/2 w l + P1 + P2
1/2
3418.4
10.5
17,946.60
+
25,446.60 kg
254,466.00 N

P2 =

1,500 kg

w=

3418.4 kg/m'

10.5

6,000
6,000

+
+

1,500
1,500

Pembesian Geser Balok :


Kekuatan Geser Beton :
f Vc

=
=
=

f .1/6. pbfc'. bw .d
0.6 .1/6. pb
24.61
153,786.25 N

400 775

Gaya Geser yang harus diterima oleh Tulangan Geser :


f Vs = Vu - f Vc
=
254,466.00
153,786.25

11 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

100,679.75 N

Dipakai Tulangan Geser :


=
12
f
2 p/4
12
226.19 mm2

Av ada

=
=

f Vs

Av .fy .d / s

f Av .fy .d
f Vs

0.6

226.19 240 775


100,679.75

25,243,325.29
100,679.75

250.73 mm

dipasang tulangan geser dia.12 mm - jarak 150 mm

PERHITUNGAN PONDASI TIANG PANCANG


Berat Jembatan :
- Berat pelat beton
- Berat Aspal
- Berat Balok 40x80
- Berat Balok 30x50
- Berat air hujan
- Berat railing
- Berat abutment (2bh)
- Beban Hidup
- Berat Kendaraan

= 0,2*15*10,5*2400
= 0,2*15*10,5*2300
= 0,4*0,6*8*10,5*2400
= 0,3*0,3*7*15*2400
= 0,01*15*10,5*1000
= 2,2*16*0,75*2*2400
= 400*15*10,5
= 10000*2

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

75,600.00
72,450.00
48,384.00
22,680.00
1,575.00
1,500.00
126,720.00
63,000.00
20,000.00
431,909.00

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

Rencana Pondasi :

Dipakai pondasi TIANG PANCANG dia.40 - 19m'


-A =
0.25*3.14*40*40
=
-K =
3.14*40
=

1256 cm2
125.6 cm

- Nilai Conus dan JHP pada kedalaman 19 m' sebesar :


- Cn
=
100
kg/cm2
- JHP
=
1000 kg/cm
- Daya dukung 1 tiang pondasi :

12 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

A. Cn
3

P=

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

K. JHP
5

125600
3

125600
5

=
=

41,866.67 +
66,986.67 kg

25,120

- 1 tiang menerima beban :


431,909.00
20

21,595 kg < P=

66,987

kg .. (OK)

PERENCANAAN ABUTMENT JEMBATAN


Denah

120

50

350

350

350

350

200

50

Tampak Samping

60
200

13 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

Tampak Depan
200

200

200

200

200

200

200
BALOK GELAGAR 40x80

ABUTMENT

60

Tiang Pancang d.40-19m

50

350

350

350

350

50

Pembebanan
Pembebanan pada 1 Balok Gelagar (l=10.5m)
kondisi Beban max terjadi saat :
P1 =

P2 =

6,000 kg

1,500 kg

w=

l =

P max =
=
=
=
W

=
=
=

1/2 w l + P1 + P2
1/2
3418.4
10.5
17,946.60
+
25,446.60 kg

10.5

kg/m'

6,000
6,000

+
+

1,500
1,500

berat sendiri balok


0.60 2
2400
2,880 kg/m'

=
w=

25,446.60 kg
2,880 kg/m'

60

350

untuk balok menerus tumpuan sendi :

14 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

M max = 1/12 w l + 1/8 P l


=
=
=
=

1/12

2,880
3.5
+ 1/8
25,447
2,940.00
+
11,133
14,072.89 kg.m
14,072.89 E4 N.mm

Data Abutment :
- lebar b
=
- tinggi h
=
- beton decking =
- tebal efektif d =
- Mutu beton fc' = K-300 =
- Mutu baja fy = U-32 =

1200
600
25
575
24.61
320

3.5

mm
mm
mm
mm
Mpa
MPa

Cek Ukuran Abutment :


0.003

Cc

a=b1.xb

xb
d
Tb=As.fy

es=ey
b

Letak garis netral pada regangan berimbang :


xb
d

ecu
ecu + (fy/Es)

xb

ecu
ecu + (fy/Es)

0.003
0,003 +

.d

320

575

200000

375.00 mm

xmax

=
=
=

0,75 . Xb
0,75 375.00
281.25

=
=
=

b xmax
0,85
281.25
239.06 mm

Cc

=
=
=

0,85.fc.b.a
0.85 24.61
1200
6,000,995 N

=
=
=

Cc . (d - (a/2))
6,000,995 (
575 - 239 / 2)
2,733,265,549 Nmm >
140,728,875 Nmm

Mn

239.06

15 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

Momen kapasitas balok > Momen yang terjadi OK


Pembesian Lentur Arah Memanjang :
m

= fy / (0,85 .fc')
320
=
0.85
24.61
=
15.30

Rn

= M / (f b d )
140,728,875.00
=
0.85 1200
575
=
0.4173

(1/m) * (1 1
15.30

=
=

rb

0.4173
320

(1- 1-

0,85*f'c'*b1
fy

15.30

600
600 + fy

0.85

r min

( 1 - ((2 Rn m)/fy)) )

0.00131733

r max

24.61
320

0.85
600

600
+

320

0.03623789

=
=
=

0,75 r b
0,75 0.03623789
0.02717842 > r =

0.00131733

=
=

1,4 / fy
0.00438

0.00131733

> r =

Aperlu = r min .b .d
=

0.00438

1200

575

3,018.75 mm2

Dipasang tulangan :
380.133

22

125

( Aact =

3,041.06 mm2)

16 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

Pembesian Lentur Arah Melintang :


P

=
w=

25,446.60 kg
2,880 kg/m'

60

120

M max = 1/8 w l + 1/4 P l


=
=
=
=

1/8

2,880
1.2
+ 1/4
25,447
518.40
+
7,634
8,152.38 kg.m
8,152.38 E4 N.mm

= fy / (0,85 .fc')
320
=
0.85
24.61
=
15.30

Rn

= M / (f b d )
81,523,800.00
=
0.85 1000
575
=
0.2901

1.2

=
=

(1/m) * (1 1
15.30

( 1 - ((2 Rn m)/fy)) )

(1- 1-

0.2901
320

15.30

=
0.00091290
Aperlu = r .b .d
=

0.00091

Dipasang tulangan :
A
=
D22- 125

D22 - 125

1000

16

575

125

524.92 mm2

( Aact =

1,608.50 mm2)

D16 - 125

D16 - 125

600

1500

17 / 24

Judul Dokument

No. Doc
Rev

Jembatan Jalan

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/02
:

Gaya Geser pada Balok Abutment :


kondisi Geser max terjadi saat :

P1 =

P2 =

2,880 kg

720 kg

w=

l =

V max =
=
=
=
=

1/2 w l + P1 + P2
1/2
3418.4
10.5
17,946.60
+
21,546.60 kg
215,466.00 N

10.5

Kekuatan Geser Beton :


f Vc = f .1/6. pbfc'. bw .d
=
0.6 .1/6. pb
24.61
=
342,298.42 N

kg/m'

2,880
2,880

1200

+
+

720
720

575

Gaya Geser yang harus diterima oleh Tulangan Geser :


f Vs = Vu - f Vc
=
215,466.00
342,298.42
=
(126,832.42) N
---->

Balok tanpa tulangan geser mampu untuk menahan geser

Dipakai Tulangan Geser praktis :


dipasang tulangan geser dia.16 mm - jarak 125 mm
D16 - 125

D22 - 125

600
D16 - 125

D22 - 125

2000

18 / 24

Judul Dokument

No. Doc
Rev

Kolam Renang

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/03
:

PERENCANAAN STRUKTUR KOLAM RENANG


DATA - DATA :
- panjang kolam =
- lebar kolam
=
- tinggi kolam
=
- tebal dinding
=
- tebal pelat dasar =

7
3
1.5
15
15

m
m
m
cm
cm

- g tanah

1.6 t/m3

- g tanah

1 t/m3

3.00

7.00

1.50

A
A.1

PERENCANAAN DINDING KOLAM


Gaya yang bekerja pada dinding

tekanan tanah

A.2

tekanan air tanah

Pada dasar kolam bekerja tekanan sebesar :


- P akibat tanah =

1/2 g tanah h ka
= 1/2 (1.6) . 1.5^2 . 0,333
= 0.5994
t/m2

19 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Kolam Renang

Judul Dokument

- P akibat air

A.3

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/03
:

1/2 g air h
= 1/2 (1) . 1.5^2
= 1.125
t/m2

Momen yang terjadi pada dinding bagian bawah


M = (Ptanah + Pair) . 1/3 h
= (0.5994 + 1.125) . 1/3 . 1.5
=
0.8622 t.m

A.4

Pembesian dinding kolam :


- tebal dinding
- beton decking
- tebal efektif d
- Mutu beton fc'
- Mutu baja fy
m

=
=
=
=
=

150 mm
20 mm
130 mm
K-225 =
17.89 Mpa
U-24 =
240 MPa

= fc / (0,85 .fy)
= 240 / (0.85 . 17.89)
=
15.78
2

Rn = M / (f b d )
= ( 0.8622.10^7) / (0,85 1000 . 130^2)
=
0.600209
r

= (1/m) * (1 = (1/15.78) * (1 =

( 1 - ((2 Rn m)/fy)) )
1 - ((2 0.60 . 15.78)/240))

0.00255

Aperlu = r .b .d =

331.80 mm2

Menurut PBI-71 psl 9.1(2) , tulangan minimum untuk pelat adalah 0,25% dari
luas beton yang ada, atau :
Amin = 0,25% . 1000 . 150 =
375 mm2
Apakai =
375 mm2
f10 - 200
Dipasang tulangan
393
mm2
(ok)
Tulangan pembagi = 20% A = 20% 393 =
78.6 mm2
f8 - 200
Dipasang tulangan
251
mm2
(ok)

20 / 24

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/03
:

PERENCANAAN PELAT DASAR KOLAM


Gaya yang bekerja pada pelat, ketika kolam dalam keadaan kosong

balok sloof 15x25

B.1

No. Doc
Rev

Kolam Renang

3.00

7.00

B.2

Pada pelat dasar bekerja tekanan sebesar :


- P akibat air

B.3

g air h
= 1 . 1.5
= 1.5

t/m2

Momen yang terjadi pada dinding bagian bawah

ly/lx = 3,5/3,0 = 1,167

lx = 3,0

ly = 3,5

Berdasarkan tabel 13.3.2 PBI-71 , diperoleh momen :

B.4

lx
ly
ly/lx
Jepit penuh/elastis {1/2]
wlx (tabel setelah interpolasi)
wly (tabel setelah interpolasi)

44.67
37.67

Mlx = -Mtx = 0.0447 . Q .lx2


Mly = -Mty = 0.0000 . Q .lx2

= 0.0447 . 1500 . 3^2


= 0.0377 . 1500 . 3^2

3.00 m
3.50 m

1.17
2

Pembesian pelat dasar kolam :


- tebal pelat
=
- beton decking =
- tebal efektif d =
- Mutu beton fc' =
- Mutu baja fy =

=
=

603 kg.m
508.50 kg.m

150 mm
20 mm
130 mm
K-225 =
17.89 Mpa
U-24 =
240 MPa

21 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Kolam Renang

Judul Dokument

: BJ/PPBBI/Tbr/03
:

= fc / (0,85 .fy)
= / (0.85 . 240)
=
15.78
2

Rn = M / (f b d )
= ( 603.10^4) / (0,85 1000 . 130^2)
=
0.42
r

= (1/m) * (1 -

( 1 - ((2 Rn m)/fy)) )

= (1/15.78) * (1 =

1 - ((2 0.42 . 15.78)/240))

0.00177

Aperlu = r .b .d =

230.60 mm2

Menurut PBI-71 psl 9.1(2) , tulangan minimum untuk pelat adalah 0,25% dari
luas beton yang ada, atau :
Amin = 0,25% . 1000 . 150 =
375 mm2
Apakai =
375 mm2
f10 - 200
Dipasang tulangan
393
mm2
(ok)

GAMBAR PENULANGAN

f10 - 200
f8 - 200

f10 - 200

3 f 12
f 8 - 150
3 f 12
SLOFF 15x25

22 / 24

No. Doc
Rev

Tandon

Judul Dokument

PERHITUNGAN TANDON AIR BAWAH


1. Plat dinding tandon :
Pa (tekanan tanah aktif) = ca .w .h^2/2
ca (coefisien tekanan aktif) =
0.3
w (berat jenis tanah)
=
1800 kg/m3
h (kedalaman bangunan) =
2 m
Pa =
1080 kg/m
Mu = 1,2 x Pa x 1/3h =
864 kg.m
2. Plat lantai tandon :
Tebal plat
=
Panjang arah x (lx) =
Panjang arah y (ly) =
ly / lx
=

0.15
2
2
1.00

Berat volume beton =


2400
Tebal selimut beton
=
d = t*1000 - 20 - 5 =
b=
1
m

8.4672 kN.m

m
m
m

kg/m3
20
125

mm
mm

Beban-beban yang bekerja :


1. Beban mati
Plat
=
0.15 * 2400
Finishing lantai (keramik)
Plafond + instalasi
Total

=
=
=
=

360
0
0
369

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

2. Beban hidup
Beban hidup yang bekerja

2000

kg/m2

Wu = 1.2 * qd + 1.6 * ql =
lihat tabel PBI 71 :
X untuk Mlx
=
44
X untuk Mly
=
44
X untuk Mtx
=
0
X untuk Mty
=
0

3642.8

Mlx = 0.001 * Wu * lx2 * X


Mly = 0.001 * Wu * lx2 * X
Mtx = - 0.001 * Wu * lx2 * X
Mty = - 0.001 * Wu * lx2 * X

=
=
=
=

641.13
641.13
0
0

Mutu beton
Mutu baja
f

20
240
0.8

MPa
MPa

=
=
=

kg/m2

kgm
kgm
kgm
kgm

=
=
=
=

Rn perlu = Mn perlu / ( b . d^2 )


balance = 0.85 . fc'/fy x 600/(600+fy) =
max = 0.75 . balance
=
r min u/ plat dg.Tul.fy240Mpa (altf SKSNI dan CUR) =

6.28
6.28
0.00
0.00

0.05059524
0.03794643
0.0025

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/04
:

Tandon

Judul Dokument

No. Doc
Rev

: BJ/PPBBI/Ys/04
:

m = fy/0.85 . fc' =
14.11765
min < perlu < max
As perlu = perlu . b . d
Arah
1. Plat vertikal
2. Plat lantai

x ( lap )
y ( lap )

Mu
kNm
8.47
6.28

Rn=Mn/bd2 r perlu cek r As perlu tul.pakai


Mn
kNm
N/mm2
> min
mm2
(mm)
10.584
0.847
0.00353 0.0035
441 f8 - 100
7.8538768
0.503
0.00209 0.0025
313 f8 - 150

As ada
503
335