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Kata Pengantar

Kata Pengantar

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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji sukur saya kepada Tuhan YME karena berkat dan rahmat Nya saya
dapat menyelesaikan laporan ini dengan sebaik-baiknya. Ucapan terimakasih
yang pertama saya sampaikan kepada seluruh dosen pembimbing mata kuliah
Perbengkelan yang telah membimbing saya dalam perkuliahan Praktikum
Perbengkelan selama 1 semester. Yang kedua kepada teman-teman saya yang
telah membantu saya dalam pratikum perbengkelan.
Dalam penyusunan laporan ini masih banyak kekurangan-kekurangan
dalam bentuk kata-kata maupun dalam penyusunan kalimat. Kritik dan saran
saya perlukan untuk memperbaiki laporan berikutnya. Semoga laporan ini dapat
berguna bagi yang membacanya, terimakasih.


Palembang, 31 Januari 2012.



Penulis
DAFTAR ISI


KATA PENGANTAR ..................................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI .................................................................................................. ii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................ 1
A. Latar belakang .................................................................................. 1
B. Rumusan masalah ............................................................................ 2
C. Tujuan ............................................................................................... 2
D. Manfaat ............................................................................................. 2
BAB II TEORI DASAR KERJA BANGKU ...................................................... 3
1.1. Mengikir ................................................................................................. 4
1.1.1 Menentukan bidang dasar .............................................................. 4
1.1.2 Mengatur ketinggian ragum............................................................. 4
1.1.3 Pencekaman benda kerja ............................................................... 5
1.1.4 Pemilihan kikir ................................................................................. 6
1.1.5 Kikir ................................................................................................. 6
1.1.5.1 Bagian bagian utama kikir ........................................................ 6
1.1.5.2 Spesifikasi Kikir ........................................................................ 6
1.1.5.3 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan jenis gigi ............................. 7
1.1.5.4 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan kekasaran gigi .................... 8
1.1.5.5 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan penampang ........................ 8
1.1.5.6 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan ukuran panjang .................. 10
1.1.6 Cara penggunaan kikir ..................................................................... 10
1.1.6.1 Pemegangan dan penekanan kikir ........................................... 10
1.1.6.2 Gerakan dan ayunan kikir ........................................................ 11
1.1.6.3 Kecepatan langkah mengikir .................................................... 12
1.1.6.4 Arah pemakaian kikir ................................................................ 12
1.1.7.1 Pengikiran lapisan terak ........................................................... 13
1.1.7.2 Pengikiran bidang dasar ........................................................... 14
1.1.7.3 Pengikiran bidang dasar 2 dan 3 .............................................. 15
1.1.7.4 Mengikir miring ......................................................................... 16
1.1.7.5 Mengikir radius .......................................................................... 16
1.2 Melukis .................................................................................................. 17
1.2.1 Tujuan dan fungsi melukis............................................................... 17
1.2.1 Mempersiapkan benda yang akan dilukis ........................................ 17
1.2.3 Peralatan kerja bangku ................................................................... 18
1.2.3.1 Mistar baja ............................................................................. 18
1.2.3.2 Busur derajat ( Bevel detector) ............................................... 19
1.2.3.3 Mal radius .............................................................................. 19
1.2.3.4 Mal ulir ................................................................................... 20
1.2.3.5 Pita ukur ................................................................................. 22
1.2.3.6 Jangka Sorong ....................................................................... 22
1.2.3.7 Penggores .............................................................................. 23
1.2.3.8 Siku siku................................................................................. 24
1.2.3.9 Siku siku kombinasi ................................................................ 25
1.2.3.10 Jangka .................................................................................. 26
1.2.3.11 Balok gores ........................................................................... 31
1.2.3.12 Alat ukur tinggi ...................................................................... 32
1.2.3.13 Penitik pusat ......................................................................... 34
1.2.3.14 Palu ....................................................................................... 35
1.2.3.15 Meja rata ( surface plate) ...................................................... 37
1.2.3.16 Balok vee .............................................................................. 37
1.3 Mengebor .............................................................................................. 38
1.3.1 Mata Bor (Twist drill) ....................................................................... 38
1.3.1.1 Bagian-bagian mata bor ........................................................ 38
1.3.1.2 Macam macam mata bor ....................................................... 39
1.3.1.3 Macam macam mata bor pembenam .................................... 40
1.3.1.4 Bentuk kepala mata bor ........................................................ 41
1.3.1.5 Sudut mata bor ...................................................................... 42
1.3.2 Pengikatan mata bor ....................................................................... 44
1.3.3 Mesin bor ........................................................................................ 44
1.3.4 Kecepatan putaran mata bor ........................................................... 46
1.3.5 Langkah pengeboran ...................................................................... 48
1.4 Mereamer .............................................................................................. 49
1.4.1 Macam macam reamer ................................................................... 49
1.4.2 Penggunaan reamer ....................................................................... 50
1.5 Menggergaji ............................................................................................ 50
1.5.1 Daun gergaji tangan ........................................................................ 50
1.5.2 Pemilihan daun gergaji berdasarkan pemilihan spesifikasi .............. 51
1.5.3 Kecepatan langkah menggergaji ..................................................... 52
1.5.4 Pemasangan daun gergaji .............................................................. 52
1.5.5 Pemegangan dan penekanan gergaji .............................................. 53
1.5.6 Langkah penggergajian ................................................................... 53
1.5.7 Pemeliharaan gergaji ...................................................................... 55
1.6 Memahat ................................................................................................ 55
1.6.1 Pahat ............................................................................................... 55
1.6.2 Macam macam bentuk pahat ........................................................... 56
1.6.3 Cara memegang pahat .................................................................... 57
1.6.4 Cara memahat ................................................................................. 59
1.7 Menyetempel .......................................................................................... 61
1.7.1 Fungsi stempel ................................................................................ 61
1.7.2 Spesifikasi ....................................................................................... 61
1.7.3 Persiapan benda kerja .................................................................... 61
1.7.4 Penyetempelan ............................................................................... 62
1.8 Mengetap dan menyenei........................................................................ 63
1.8.1 Langkah pengetapan ...................................................................... 65
1.8.2 Langkah menyenei ......................................................................... 66
1.9 Menyekerap ........................................................................................... 67
1.9.1 Macam macam sekerap tangan ...................................................... 67
1.9.2 Penggunaan sekerap tangan .......................................................... 69
10 Menggerinda ............................................................................................ 69
1.10.1 Mesin Gerinda ............................................................................... 69
1.10.2 Roda Gerinda ................................................................................ 70
1.10.1 Tingkat kekerasan roda gerinda ............................................ 70
1.10.2 Tingkat kehalusa ................................................................... 72
1.10.3 Struktur Roda Gerinda .......................................................... 72
1.10.4 Jenis abraasive ..................................................................... 73
1.10.5 Jenis Perekat ........................................................................ 73
1.10.6 Bentuk Batu gerinda .............................................................. 74
1.10.7 Penandaan roda gerinda ....................................................... 74
1.10.8 Kecepatan kelling roda gerinda ............................................. 74
1.10.9 Kecepatan keliling roda gerinda ............................................ 75
1.10.10 Pemeliharaan roda gerinda ................................................. 75
1.10.10.1 Keselamatan kerja menggerinda ...................................... 77
BAB III PENUTUP ........................................................................................ 78
4.1 Kesimpulan ............................................................................... 78
4.2 Saran ........................................................................................ 78
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ...................................................................................... 79

.............................. 12 1................ Manfaat .... 17 1.... 8 1....1 Tujuan dan fungsi melukis........2 Spesifikasi Kikir ..................3 Pengikiran bidang dasar 2 dan 3 .....................................6 Cara penggunaan kikir ..3 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan jenis gigi.....1.........7...................1.1..........1............2...................1....................................6 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan ukuran panjang ..........1.................... 13 1.............. 17 1...............1 Pengikiran lapisan terak ..........2...1..............1...................... 18 ........................................1 Menentukan bidang dasar ............... 16 1...................... 10 1.. 4 1............... 7 1.2 Mengatur ketinggian ragum..... 10 1...............................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Gerakan dan ayunan kikir ...........7...............5 Mengikir radius ......................................... ii BAB I PENDAHULUAN................................. 12 1................................ 15 1.................................................4 Arah pemakaian kikir .... 10 1.................................................................................................................4 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan kekasaran gigi.............1 Pemegangan dan penekanan kikir .1................... 2 C... 6 1............................................................................................. i DAFTAR ISI ............................ 8 1..........................5 Pengelompokan kikir berdasarkan penampang ........................5............................. 6 1....................... 17 1............... 11 1............................................................. 1 B.............1.....................................1.........................................1.... 2 D..........5.............6.5... Rumusan masalah ........ Tujuan ... 2 BAB II TEORI DASAR KERJA BANGKU ............ 6 1.........3 Pencekaman benda kerja ...........4 Mengikir miring ..................................... Latar belakang ...........................................5............................................6....1..............................1....................................................1........1............1 Mempersiapkan benda yang akan dilukis................................2........... 6 1........................5.....DAFTAR ISI KATA PENGANTAR ..............................................................6................1.......................................2 Pengikiran bidang dasar......... 4 1...... 16 1................................1........................3 Kecepatan langkah mengikir ......... 5 1.........1...............1.......................1 Bagian bagian utama kikir ...........5 Kikir.......... 1 A..... 4 1...........4 Pemilihan kikir .........7................................. 3 1.....7......................1............1...........3 Peralatan kerja bangku .............. 14 1..................................................................................6............2 Melukis ......... Mengikir ........5................7..............

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