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Mt s Bi tp ancol - andehit - axit

Gv: Trn c Ninh

Cu 1: C4H9OH c s ng phn ancol l A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. D. 5. Cu 2: un ancol c cng thc CH3-CH(OH)-CH2-CH3 vi H2SO4 c 1700C, thu c sn phm chnh c CTCT nh sau A. CH2=C(CH3)2. B. CH3-CH=CH-CH3. C. CH2=CH-CH2-CH3. D. CH3-CH2-O-CH2-CH3. Cu 3: Cho mt ancol X tc dng vi CuO nung nng, thu c mt anehit no n chc, mch h. CTTQ ca ancol l A. CnH2n+2O. B. CnH2n+1OH. C. CnH2n+1CH2OH. D. CnH2n-1CH2OH. Cu 4: Cng thc tng qut ca ancol no, a chc, mch h l A. CnH2nOa. B. CnH2n+2-m(OH)m. C. CnH2n-2Oa. D. CnH2n+2Om. Cu 5: Anken sau CH3-CH(CH3)-CH=CH2 l sn phm loi nc ca ancol no di y. A. 2-metylbutan-1-ol B. 2-metylbutan-2-ol C. 3-metylbutan-1-ol D. 2,2-imetylpropan-1-ol Cu 6: un mt hn hp hai ancol no n chc vi H 2SO4 14Oo C thu c 10,8 gam nc v 36 gam hn hp ba ete c s mol bng nhau. Gi s hiu sut phn ng t 100%. Hai ancol trn c th l: A. CH3OH v C2H5OH B. CH3OH v C3H7OH C.C2H5OH v C3H7OH D. C2H5OH v C4H9OH Cu 7: un nng hn hp 2 ancol n chc A v B vi H 2SO4 m c nhit 140oC, ta c hn hp 3 ete. t chy mt trong 3 ete thu c trn th thy to ra 13,2g CO 2 v 7,2g H2O. Vy hn hp 2 ru ban u l: A. CH3OH v C2H5OH. B. C2H5OH v C3H7OH. C. C3H7OH v C4H9OH. D. Tt c u sai. Cu 8: un nng hn hp 2 ancol n chc A v B vi H 2SO4 m c nhiet 140oC, ta c hn hp 3 ete. t chy 0,1 mol 1 trong 3 ete thu c trn th thy to ra s mol H 2O - s mol CO2 bng 0,4 mol.. Vy hn hp 2 ancol ban u l: A. CH3OH v C3H5OH. B. C2H5OH v C2H3OH. C. CH3OH v C3H7OH. D. Tt c u sai. Cu 9: Hp cht hu c X ( phn t c vng benzen) c cng thc phn t l C 7H8O2, tc dng c vi Na v vi NaOH . Bit rng khi cho X tc dng vi Na d, s mol H 2 thu c bng s mol X tham gia phn ng v X ch tc dng c vi NaOH theo t l s mol 1:1. Cng thc cu to thu gn ca X l: A. C6H5CH(OH)2 B. HOC6H4CH2OH C. CH3C6H3(OH)2 D. CH3OC6H4OH Cu 10: Cho m gam mt ancol (ru) no, n chc X qua bnh ng CuO (d), nung nng. Sau khi phn ng hon ton, khi lng cht rn trong bnh gim 0,32 gam. Hn hp hi thu c c t khi i vi hiro l 15,5. Gi tr ca m ? A. 0,92. B. 0,32. C. 0,64. D. 0,46. 0 Cu 11: Oxi ho 1,2 gam CH3OH bng CuO t , sau mt thi gian thu c hh sn phm X (gm HCHO, H2O v CH3OH d). Cho ton b X tc dng vi lng d dd AgNO3/NH3, c 12,96 gam Ag. Hiu sut ca phn ng oxi ho CH3OH l A. 76,6%. B. 80,0%. C. 65,5%. D. 70,4%. Cu 12: Cho 15,6 gam hn hp hai ancol (ru) n chc, k tip nhau trong dy ng ng tc dng ht vi 9,2 gam Na, thu c 24,5 gam cht rn. Hai ancol l : C. C3H7OH v C4H9OH. D. CH3OH v C2H5OH A. C3H5OH v C4H7OH. B. C2H5OH v C3H7OH. 0 Cu 13: un 2 ancol n chc vi H2SO4 c 140 C c hn hp 3 ete. Ly 0,72g mt trong 3 ete em t chy han ton thu c 1,76gam CO2 v 0,72g H2O. Hai ancol l? A. CH3OH v C2H5OH B. C2H5OH, C3H7OH C. C3H7OH, C4H9OH D. C2H3OH, C3H5OH Cu 14: Cho 15,4g hn hp gm ancol etylic v etilenglicol tc dng va vi Na th thot ra 4,48 lt H 2 (ktc) v dung dch mui. C cn dung dch mui ta thu c cht rn c khi lng l? A. 22,2g B. 24,4g C. 15,2g D. 24,2g Cu 15: Cho 1,97g fomalin (X) tc dng vi dd AgNO3/NH3 to ra axit v 5,4g Ag. Tnh C% ca dd X bit P hon ton A 38,07 B 19,04 C 35,18 D 18,42 Cu 16/ Cho 0,1 mol hn hp hai anehit n chc, k tip nhau trong dy ng ng phn ng ht vi Ag 2O trong dung dch NH3 d, un nng, thu c 25,92g Ag. Cng thc cu to ca hai anehit l A. HCHO v C2H5CHO. B. HCHO v CH3CHO. C. C2H5CHO v C3H7CHO. D. CH3CHO v C2H5CHO. Cu 17/ Cho 14,6g hh 2 anehit no n chc ng lin tip nhau t/d ht vi H2 to ra 15,2g hh 2 ru. CT ca 2 anehit l A. HCHO, CH3CHO B. CH3CHO, C2H5CHO C. C2H5CHO, C3H7CHO D. C3H7CHO, C4H9CHO Cu 18/ Cho 0,92 gam mt hn hp gm C2H2 v CH3CHO tc dng va vi AgNO3 trong dung dch NH3 thu c 5,64 gam hn hp rn. Phn trm khi lng ca C2H2 v CH3CHO tng ng l A. 28,26% v 71,74%. B. 26,74% v 73,26%. C. 25,73% v 74,27%. D. 27,95% v 72,05%. Cu 19/ Oxi ho 10,2g hn hp hai anehit no n chc lin tip nhau trong dy ng ng, ngi ta thu c hn hp hai axit c trung ho hon ton vi 200ml dung dch NaOH 1M. Cng thc ca hai anehit l A. HCHO v CH3CHO B. HCHO v C2H5CHO C. C2H5CHO v C3H7CHO D. CH3CHO v C2H5CHO Cu 20: Chia hn hp 2 anhit no n chc thnh 2 phn bng nhau: - t chy han ton phn 1 thu c 0,54g H 2O - Phn 2 cng H2 (Ni, t0C) thu c hn hp A. Nu t chy hon ton A th th tch kh CO 2 thu c ( ktc) l? A. 0,112 lt B. 0,672lt C. 1,68 lt D. 2,24 lt Cu 21: Cho 0,1 mol anehit X tc dng vi lng d AgNO3(hoc Ag2O) trong dung dch NH3, un nng thu c 43,2g Ag. Hidro ha X thu c Y, bit 0,1 mol Y phn ng va vi 4,6g Na. CTCT thu gn ca X l?

A. CH3CHO

B. OHC-CHO C. HCHO

D. CH3CH(OH)CHO

Cu 22: Cho 2,9g mt anhit phn ng phn ton vi lng d AgNO3/NH3 thu c 21,6g Ag. CTCT thu gn ca anhit l? A. CH3CHO B. HCHO C. CH2=CHCHO D. OHC-CHO ,as + NaOH ,t + CuO ,t Cu 23/ Cho s chuyn ho sau: C2H6 Cl Vy C l cht no sau y ? B C 2 A A. Ru etylic B. Anehit axetic C. Anehit fomic D. Ru metylic + H O / HgSO ,t + H / Ni ,t Cu 24/ Cho s chuyn ho sau: A Vy A, B, C ln lt l B C A. C2H4, C2H5OH, CH3CHO B. C2H2,C2H5OH,CH3CHO C. C2H2, CH3CHO, C2H5OH D. C2H5OHCH3CHO, C2H2 Cu 25/ Cho 6,6g mt anehit X n chc, mch h phn ng vi lng d Ag 2O/NH3 un nng. Lng Ag sinh ra cho tc dng vi HNO3 long, thot ra 2,24(l) kh NO duy nht(ktc). Cng thc thu gn ca X l A. CH2=CHCHO B. CH3CHO C. HCHO D CH3CH2CHO Cu26 / t chy hon ton a mol mt anehit X (mch h) to ra b mol CO 2 v c mol H2O (bit b = a + c). Trong phn ng trng gng, mt phn t X ch cho 2 electron. X thuc dy ng ng anehit A. no, n chc. B. khng no c hai ni i, n chc. C. khng no c mt ni i, n chc. D. no, hai chc. Cu 27/ Anehit benzoic c cng thc cu to thu gon l A. C6H5CHO B. C6H5CH2=CH-CHO C. (CHO)2 D. C6H4(CHO)2 Cu 28/ Dy gm cc cht u tc dng vi AgNO3 (hoc Ag2O) trong dung dch NH3, l: a) adh axetic, butin-1, etilen. b) adh axetic, axetilen, butin-2. c) axit fomic, vinylaxetilen, propin. d) adh fomic, axetilen, etilen. Cu 29. Cc hp cht CH3COOH (1), C2H5OH(2) v C6H5OH (3) xp th t tng tnh tnh axit dy no l ng? A. (2)< (1)<(3) B. (3)< (1)<(2) C. (1)< (3)<(2) D.(2)< (3)<(1) Cu 30. Axit fomic c th tc dng vi tt c cc cht no trong dy sau? A. Mg, Cu, dd NH3, NaHCO3 B. Mg, Ag, CH3OH/ H2SO4 c, nng C. Mg, dd NH3, NaHCO3 D. Mg, dd NH3, dd NaCl Cu 31. Axit acrylic c th tc dng vi tt c cc cht no sau y? A. Na, Cu, Br2, dd NH3, dd NaHCO3, CH3OH (H2SO4 c) B. Mg, H2, Br2, dd NH3, dd NaHCO3, CH3OH (H2SO4 c) C. Ca, H2, Cl2, dd NH3, dd NaCl, CH3OH (H2SO4 c) D. Ba, H2, Br2, dd NH3, dd NaHSO4, CH3OH (H2SO4 c) Cu 32. Hai cht hu c X v Y c cng cng thc C 3H4O2. X tc dng vi Na2CO3 v ru etylic v tham gia phn ng trng hp. Y phn ng vi dung dch KOH, khng c vi Kali. X v Y ln lt c cng thc cu to l: A. C2H5COOH v CH3COOH B. HCOOH v CH 2=CH COO-CH3 C. CH2=CH- COO-CH3 v CH3-COO-CH=CH2 D. CH2=CH- COOH v HCOO- CH=CH2 Cu 33. Khi cho axit axetic tc dng vi cc cht sau, phn ng no xy ra?(1) KOH. (2)Mg. (3) Cu (4) CuO(5) Na2CO3(6) Na2SO4 (7) HCl (8) C2H5OH (9) AgNO3/NH3 (10) Cu(OH)2 A. (1), (4), (5), (6), (10) B. (1), (2), (4), (5), (6), (8) C. (1), (2), (4), (5), (8), (10) D.(1), (2), (5), (9). Cu 34. Trung ho 9 gam mt axit no, n chc bng mt lng va NaOH thu c 12,3 gam mui. Axit l: A. HCOOH B. CH3COOH C. C2H5COOH D. C3H7COOH Cu 35.Cho a gam hn hp HCOOH v C2H5OH tc dng ht vi Na thu c 1,68 lt khia H2 (ktc). Gi tr a l: A. 4,6g B. 5,5g C. 6,9g D. 7,2g Cu 36. A, B l 2 axit no n chc, mch h, k tip tip nhau trong dy ng ng. Cho hn hp gm 4,6 gam A v 6 gam B tc dng ht vi Na thu c 2,24 lt H2 lt (ktc). Cng thc phn t A v B ln lt l: A. HCOOH v CH3COOH. B. CH3COOH v C2H5COOHC. C2H5COOH v C4H9COOH D. C3H7COOH v C4H9COOH Cu 37. S ng phn axit cacboxylic, mch h ca C 4H6O2 ( k c ng phn hnh hc) l: A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D .5 Cu 38. Trung ho 0,1 mol mt ax hu c X cn 100 ml dd NaOH 1M, thu c dd cha 9,4 gam 1 mui ca axit hu c. X l: A. axit acrylic B. axit crotonic C. axit axetic D. axit metacrylic Cu 39. 3,15 gam mt hh gm axit axetic, axit acrylic, axit propionic va lm mt mu hon ton dd cha 3,2 gam Br2. trung ho hton 3,15 gam cng hh trn cn 90 ml dd NaOH 0,5M. Thnh phn % khi lng tng axit trong hh ln lt l: A. 25,00%; 25,00%; 50,00% B. 19,04%; 35,24%; 45,72% C. 19,05%; 45,71%; 35,24% D. 45,71%; 35,25%; 19,04% Cu 40 S ng phn axit ca C5H10O2 l A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 Cu 41. t chy hton 1,2 gam mt axit cacboxylic X thu c 0,896 lt khi CO2 (ktc) v 0,72 gam H2O. Tn goi ca X l: A. axit fomic B. axit propionic C. axit axetic D. axit n-butiric Cu 42. Oxi ho 10,2 gam hn hp hai anehit k tip nhau trong dy ng ng, ngi ta thu c hn hp hai axit cacboxylic no, n chc, mch h. trung ho hn hp axit ny cn dng 200 ml dd NaOH 1M. Cng thc ca hai anehit l: A. HCHO v CH3CHO B. CH 3CHO v C2H5CHO C. C2H5CHO v C3H7CHO D. C3H7CHO v C4H9CHO
o o

Cu 43. Thm 26,4 gam mt axit cacboxylic X mch thng thuc dy ng ng ca axit axetic vo 150 gam dd axit axetic 6,0%. trung ho hn hp thu c cn 300 ml dd KOH 1,5M. CTCT ca X l: A. HCOOH B. CH 3CH2COOH C. (CH 3)2CHCOOH D. CH3CH2CH2COOH Cu 45 Khi lng axit axetic cha trong gim n thu c khi ln men 100 ml ru 8o thnh gim n l: ( bit khi lng ring ca ru etylic l 0,8g/ml v hiu sut ca phn ng l 80%). A. 8,3478 gam B. 6,7783 gam C. 6,6783 gam D. 8,4378 gam Cu 46. Cho 90 gam CH3COOH tc dng vi 69 gam C2H5OH ( H2SO4 c xc tc). Khi phn ng t n trng thi cn bng th 66% lng axit chuyn ho thnh este. Khi lng este sinh ra l: A. 174,2 gam B. 87,12 gam C. 147,2 gam D. 78,1 gam